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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, August 18, 1886, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026853/1886-08-18/ed-1/seq-2/

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New Mexico newspapers tell of a
44norther" that passed over the northern !
edge of Lincoln county a few weeks ago, 1
accompanied by hailstones as large as a !
mail's fist, doing great damage to sheep. <
One man lost :),000 killed, another 5,000, !
a third 4,000 out of a herd of 5,000 Me- I
rinos and Costwolds. Several beeves
n.'i anmp rnft1/* were killed, and it was
rumored that the hail killed two herders i
also. 1
?7" i
General Jubal A. Early writes to the
Lynchburgh (Va.) News to contradict the
etery that during the closing days of the j
civil war General Lee intentionally ex- j
posed himself to death. General Early, j
who can speak on the subject from per- i
sonal acquaintance, says: "No; while j
General Lee did expose himself very (
greatly, often to the great distress of his ]
officer and soldiers, he did not 6eek ]
death because he foresaw defeat, but he i
determined from the beginning to share <
the fate of his people in victory or de- j
The National Board of Firo Underwriters
celebrated the twentieth anniver- ,
eary of their organization at New York,
recently, Vice-President Ileald deliver- j
ing an address reviewing the experience ^
of twenty years. The amount paid out
for fire losses last year in this country
was $53,000,000, and in twenty-five
years the losses paid amount to $738,000,000,
which is moro than half the re- 1
warning national debt. Our total losses
"by fire average $ 100,000,000 a year, |
equivalent to one fifth of our annual
growth in wealth, and this burden is
growing faster than wealth grows,in MrHeald's
There is a rising prima donna in the '
West, according to a newspaper writer 1
in Los Angeles, Cal. He writes: "There 1
is a woman here who is selling small
fruit and vegetables to educate herself
in music. She has been, she says,
'starved for music all her life,' but now, J
at forty years of age, in spite of poverty
and discouragement, she is cultivating
her voice, which is really a fine one. An '
odd and pitiful sight was this woman,
with her broad sun hat and linen duster,
at the piano the other day. playing and i
?inging for a wealthy invalid, while her i
vegetable wagon stood waiting at the 1
door." '
Texas and Rhode Islaud have been en- '
gaged in endeavoring to define their '
boundaries. The big State has a claim 1
of sundry hundreds of thousands of acres 1
against the United States lying on the
head waters of the Red River, and the
little State lias a claim of sundry scores ^
of acres at the mouth of the Pawcatuck.
The Texas and the United States Commissioners
have adjourned without agree- 1
ing, the former claiming everything up 1
to the North Fork of the Red River, and (
jr., 7
the latter everything down to the South
Fork. But Rhode Island and Connecti- 1
cut seem likely to come to terms, and it 1
has been reported that the former will 1
acquire four acres in Narniansett Bay, <
which will be a handsome addition to <
her domains, even though the new ac- <
quisition is all under water, and its popu- '
Jation natives in their oyster beds. (
===== I
Lieutenant Schwatka, in command of '
the New York Thnes's exploring expedition
in Alaska, is over six feet high, 1
and weighs two hundred and fifteen
pounds. It was he who discovered in
King "William's Land, in the arctic seas, ^
evidences that Sir John Franklin and his
party had really perished. It was he ^
%sho, a few years later, sailed twelve
hundred miles on a raft on the dangerous ^
Yukon River, in the polar regions, and
explored also the remaining eight hundred
miles of that previously uuknown ^
atream. To-day the Lieutenant Is supposed
to be climbing Mount St. Elias, the
(highest peak of North America, its eleTat
ion being almost four miles. If he
xeaches the sn>wy summit, he will be the ^
first person to have rccomplished that
feat. The Smithsonian Institution wanted ^
r? send him cn the same errand, but was | ^
put of funds. He expects to bring back
fcnany facts and specimens valuable to
science and deposit the:n in the Museum
pi Natural History at the Central Park,
and in the museum of Princeton College,
v /where his assistant, Mr. Libbey, is a processor.
( The New York Graphic says that
|*?nothiug is more interesting to those who
jive on Statea Island or at one of the little
bayside villages than to witch the incoming
an 1 outgoing 6teamers and vessels
on the daily trips up and down the
|bay. The first thing that one realizes is
that Great Britain rules the ocean, for
?ier blood-red flag is found on nearly
fevery ship, from the colossal Atlantic
. . liner to the moribund and leaky fishing
mack from Canada. Most of the Brit.
- -
isli flags, however, are on iron ships.
,The wooden vessels that are to be seen by
the thousands in the bay fly the flag* of
Norway, Germany, Portugal, Spain and
Italy. A good many of them seem too
Totteu to cross Lake Michigan, much less
ithe ocean. Some Norwegian "ships"
come in that are not 100 feet long. But
when you see en American vessel she is
worth looking at, and is conspicuous
among those of other nations by reason of
her towering but graceful masts, long,
sharp hull, trim and taut top hamper and
general tidy appearance. Most of the
fiea-going American ships are engaged in
the California trade. Some English ocean
^ ?? <Vn? tv,.. i,? ;
iXHiiips arc ouiu umv uu^ui ta-Miv uu uua- j
taken for first class Atlantic liners. The 1
majority of the iron freight steamers ap- *
pear to be engaged in the transportation i
of live cattle, and are easily distinguished ?
by the rough "wooden houses that run tho \
whole length of the dtck. They lie out i
in the bay and the cattle walk aboard
from a lighter alongside, when it would
seem much less troublesome and expen- J
eive for the steamer to go right up to the
dock and take the cattle from the cars, f
thereby saving one transhipment." t
Postoffice statistics show that last yeai
279,000,000 stamped envelopes wore sold
by the government. They were wortt
$5,773,000. Envelopes which in 180?
cost $4.80 ppr 1,000 can now be sold foi
fcl.SO per 1,000, and the extra letter size,
then costing $G, are now sold for $2.40.
rhc proposals for bids for the next foai
years will include two sizes called baronial,
about three or four inches, for the
benefit of ladies who like to use fancj
oote papers.
In Egypt, on the River Nile, as well as
in Italy, on the Po, the custom cf traveling
for bee pasturage has been continued
from the remotest ages to the present
time, as there is about seven weeks difference
in the vegetation on the Uppei
and Lower Nile. "They use large fiatboats
holding from sixty to one hundred
trives of bees, and float slowly along as
ihe vegetation advances. The sinking
af a boat to a certain depth in the water
indicates when they have filled the hives
w ith honey.
The area of practical agricultural lands
in this country is immensely extended bj
practical irrigation. In all the Territories
west of 105th degree of longitude
this method has added millions to the
ralue of the producing soils and wonderfully
extended their capacity. In Aii
zona, especially, irrigation is aiding tH(
apid development of the Territory and
Jemonstrating its productiveness. The
practice is to flood small grain from
:wo to four times during the season.
Fruit and grass need less water. The
\rizona canal is over forty miles long,
md irrigates nearly 100,000 acrcs oi
and. Other canals are now in progress
jn the Lower Gila which will irrigate
5ver 200,000 a?res. In New Mexico,
ilong the Rio Grande, a large canal was
recently completed which is expected tc
bring more than 200,000 acrcs into cultivation.
"While these great water supplies
are of first-rate consequence to th<
development of the rainless districts,
they are nevertheless the origins of gi
cjantie land monopolies.
A recent investigator has mado anafy
ses of popular brands of paper cigarettcs.
ind has been rewarded with some startling
discoveries. In the manufacture ol
jne of the best known brands he finds
that valerian and tincture of opium are
used in large quantities to,give the cigarettes
their delicate flavor a.nd well-knowr
soothing property. Another flavoring
material is made from the tonka bean(
which gives the so-called "Havana flavor"
to a cigarette. It is known that thii
bean contains a deadly poison called mel
lolotis, seven grains of which have beer
found sufficient to kill a dog. Othei
drugs and substances equally deleterious
to the health are used in doctoring, col
oring and flavoring the tobacco from
which cigarettes are manufactured, and
the symptoms of cigarette poisoning car
be discovered in any one who has usee
them to excess for a long time. The
?? -ii --- ?
iniy remedy is 10 give iucm up cuuuij
)r "taper off," as most cigarette smokers
ire oblige 1 to do, at frequent intervals.
So overpowering, however, is the force
)f the habit that when its victim onc(
jives himself any license at all, the number
that he will smoke every day is only
imited by the number of opportunities
Lieutenant Greely, to whom Arctic
idventure ought, one would suppose, tc
ae a nightmare, is confident that new
Arctic expeditions wil soon be under;aken.
Lieutenant Ilovgaard is planling
one which is to take Cape Chclyus.
tin, in Siberia, for its base, and Franz
Josef Land for its objective point. IIow
lear Franz Josef land extends toward
he coast of Asia, we are without knowl:dge.
Ilovgaard's plan is a joint land
md water expedition, the men to travel
>n 6leds over islands and ice, and in theii
;hips when clear water offers. Two
English expeditions are projected, one
)f which proposes to reach Franz Josef
Land directly from a Scotch port, folowing
the course which has been sailed
jy Leigh Smith; the other passing west
>f Spitzbergen, and establishing its base
it the Seven Islands. Nordeoskjold is
joingto East Greenland with an expediion,
which, if fair weather should prove
;empting, may strike across for Franz
fosef Land, passing north of Spitzberjen.
It will be noticed that all the Arc
ic explorers?English, American, Dansh,
Swedish and Austrian?agree that if
he Pole is ever reached, it must be by
,vay of Franz Josef Land. The Russian
government a'one is pushing a party?
argely a sledge party?by way of the
Tana River to the new Siberian Islands,
vhich are nine hundred geographical
niles fiom the Pole. And this country
las a sledge party in Alaska, -which will
)ush forward to the southern shore of
he Arctic Ocean, and will establish a
jase for future operations somewhere
lear Point Barrow. Arctic expeditions
ire kept up, not so much by their yield
>f scientific knowledge, but by the spirit
>f adventure which animates our race,
foung men volunteer because it is a
)lueky thing to do, and they want fame.
>o far as practical results arc concerned,
hey have added little to our stock of
cnowlcdgc. But they have tended to
cecp alive an instinct of adventure, and
* * -- -1 - er?? jj A. _
I readiness 10 enuure suutring unu 10
:onfront the grave, which are the best
raits in human nature. The courage
vliich leads a young man to sail into the
aws of almost certain death in the evcrasting
ice masses of the North Pole,
nerely to solve a geographical problem,
s the quality which makes great soldiers
uid pa'riots, and furnishes a country
vith leaders against times which try
nen's souls.
The strongest intoxicating liquor iu the
vorld is probably the Sham-sho, used by
he natives of Bujmah, and said to be
nade of rice and lime. It is so powcrul
that it will dissolve ft rifie-bullet in
hirty minutes.
1 s
. Sudden Death of the Country's t<
Most Prominent Democrat. ^
A Sketch of His Long and Event" ?
ful Career. &
. f<
Hon. Samuel J. Tilden died suddenly on
( the morning of the 4th at a quarter before nine
at his summer residence, Greystone, on the in
^ Hudson. He had been suffering for a day or hi
' two past from an acute attack of diarrhoea
i and nausea, which greatly weakened him. he
Although this was known to his family to
circle and physicians, apprehensions of his ^
immediate decease were noi entertained. U(
Drs. Charles E. Simmons and Samuel Swift
were attending him in his illness, and were le
at his bedside during the morning. They j*1
ministered to his wants and gave him stimu
lating potions, but ttie attacn naa so greatly
, worn on him that his heart was affected. It
failed to act at the hour named, and he died (
in a moment. His death was peaceful. Miss
) Gould, a niece of Mr. Tilden, and his valet, ^
Louis, wei e present with the doctors when
the Democratic leader raised away.
Mr. Tilden was seventy-two years and five
, months old.
, Messages of Condolence.
Upon hearing tho news of Mr. Tilden's si
death President Cleveland sent the following
telegram: ?
Col. Samuel J. Tilden, Jr., Yonkers, X. 1":
I have this moment learned of the sudden .
death of your illustrious relative, Samuel J.
Tilden, and hasten to express my individual
sorrow in an event by which the State of ef
New York has lest her most distinguished pi
' son and the nation one of its wisest and most
I patriotic counselors. si
} Grover Cleveland. tl
( Governor Hill immediately sent the follow'
ing dispatch from Albany: tl
Co'. Samuel J. Tilden, Yonkers, X. Y: 01
j I learn with deep regret of the death of
your distinguished uncle, Samuel J. Tilden. te
> 1 tender to you and the other relatives my ts
S3 mpathy in your great bereavement. In his
1 death the country loses one of ber most emi- ^
nent statesmen aud our own Stat j one of its a
} most illustrious son?. Pleaso ijform me at
your earliest convenience of the date which .
may be fixed for the luneral, as I shall en- bL
deavor to attend. David Hill. 01
Governor Hill also issued the following
proclamation: n
Vnoir 1 CI
J Ui Ala v/i' ?< n jl vna r i w
Exkcvtivi: Chambkr. f
I announce to the f eoj le of the f?ta1:e with C
l sincere regret the death of Samuel J. Tilden. H
I Attera long and active career devjtodto A
1 the public good and the rendition of arduous
I aud conspicuous services in behalf of the peo- 0f
pie, he this morning pea efully pas-?d away w
1 at his chosen retreat at Greystone, on the ^
l Hudson. The country loses one of its ablest ^
statesmen and the State of Now York
^ one of its foremost citizens. He was .
s twice a representative in the State
Legislature, a member of two constitutioual E1
conventions, Governor of the State lor two . .
j years, and in 1S7U was the candidate of one
, of the greatest parties of the country for the
' Presidency, and received therefor the elec- gc
toral vote of his native State aud upon the
popular vote was declarer! the choice of a F<
majority of the voters of the United States, in
As a private citizen aud in every public
station he was pure aud upright, and dis- vi
charged every trust with fi ielity. His last L,
public utterance, which attracted uui- st;
, versal atteution, exhibited the same go
' spirit of unselfish patriotism which
? characterise! his whole career, aud tr
was on lehalf of strengthening the de- ?
fences of h'S country that he loved so welL .
It is meet that the close of such a life should r>
be marked with more than passing notice.
The Legislature not being in session at tho
. time, I commend to the people of the State
, such expression of respect for his long, faith- 85
' ful aud honorable services as they deem an'
propriate. Now, therefore, it is hereby di- th
recle 1 as a mark of regard for the distin- ti<
guisbed dead, that the Hags upon the Cnpitol bs
and ur on all public buildings of tho Slate, cr
in ludiDg the armories and arsenals of tho
' National Guard, be displayed at half-mast Jj,
1 until and including the day of the funeral, fr
nd the citizens of the State for a like period *h
are requested to unite iu appropriate tokens se
1 of respect.
i Given under my hand and privy seal of the
State at tho capitol in tho city of Albany,
this 4th day of August, iu the year of our u*
Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty
six. David B. Hill. "
When Mr. Tilden's death was learned in
; the House of Representative*, shortly after D(
its occurrence, Mr. Morrison, of Illinois, of- J CI
fered and the House unanimously adopted i Ni
i the following resolution: "That tho House St
of Representatives of tho United States has
hoard with profound sorrow of the death of
that eminent and distinguished citizen, Samuel
J. Tildou." gj
Many other messages of condolence from ^1
prominent citizens all over the country were 3.
sent to Greystone. Governor McEnery, of
Louisiana, issued a proclamation on the afternoon
of Mr. Tilden's death, paying a tribute
to his qualities as a statesman and recommending
that all public offices be closed on ?c
the day of his funeral. In many cities
throughout the Union flags were djsplayed
at half mast, and numerous Democratic associations
passed resolutions of sorrow.
Sketch of Mr. Tilden's Career. Ai
Samuel Joue* Tilden was born at New Leb CI
anon, J>. i., February tf, loH. tie came ui
from an old and highly honorable family,
the remotest member of whom he had any
fositive knowledge being one Natbauiel g,
ilden, who was Mayor of trie City of Tenter- jj
den, Kent, England, in 1G23. This gentleman je
removed with his family to America in 1IK54
settling in Scituate, Ma^, Mr. Tilden's
father was a thriity merchant of New
Lebanon, who, on account of his integrity
and good sense, especially on political questions,
was admitted to terms of intimacy i
with Martin Van Buron. His mother de- g^.
scended from William Joue.s, Lieutenant- ,
Governor of the colony of New Havon and
reputed to be a son of Col. John Jones,one of P?
the regicide judges of Charles L, whoso wife 1
wns n sister of Olivor Cromwell. Iu his nine- th
teenth year Mr. Tilden eutered Yale College, 1
but he pursued his studies with such iadefatigable
; eal that his health gave way aud
he w as compelled to drop out of the couif e.
Amoug his classmates were William M.
Everts and Chief Justi e Waite. As soon
as ho had sulliciently recovered ho re- da
sumed his studies at the University of New }
York, graduating in 1887. Ho was then n
young man of only twenty years, but he
had made a more profound study of I ho pro'u- "u
lemsof political economy than many of the I
so-callt'cl statesmen who had served their spc
term in the Nat'onal Legislature. Ho real y Co
was quite a political philosopher even at that pr<
earlv are. and while a student iu tho law Ac
oilice of John W. Edmunds in Now York, ho ]
wroto several able articles on tho j olitical N.
situation. Ono of thoso was in defense of Pros- sta
ident Van Buren's policy aud caused consid- soc
orablo discussion in the newspaper world she
as to whether it were not a production ag
of the distinguished gentleman himself. As ,
soou as he had been admitted to the bar ho .
opened an office of his own on Pino Street, in
New York City. Although embarked in
professional life of a kind which railed for
the most arduous application, he did not lose *
his interest in politics. He continued to ex- P?
press his opinions through the press aud
occasionally spoke at political meetings.
lS soon (is the Presidential campaign of 1
ad fairly opened, in which James IL F
as a candidate, Mr. Tilden founded
few York News in connection with Ji
I'Sullivtin. The following year ho was s
> the Assembly from the city of ?
fork, and elected as a delegate to
anvention which was to revise tuo Const
ion of the State. The estrangement betw
10 friends of Mr. Polk and Mr. Van Bu
1 consequence of the election of 1!
aused Mr. Tilden to retire from politics .
Dnflne his attention to the law. This w<
n-tunata move, without wlni-n his sut
uent success and fame as a lawyer cc
ever have been achieved. He imm; Jiat
egan a series of triumphs at the bat- wt
ave him a great reputation. Fr
up to the time he retire! from {
jssional life, one-half the great railv
jrporations north of the Ohio and betw
le Hudson and Mississippi Rivers, were
>me time his clients. For some time j
Jding the war he was the confidential
iser of Dean Richmond, the leader of
democratic party in the State of New Y(
1 1872 be was again elected to the >
'ork legislature. He was elected G
ner of New York in 1S74. His elect
5 Governor paved the way for his n<
lation to the Presidency iu 1876.
The history of Mr, Tilden's Presiden
tndidacy is too fresh in mind to ne? 1 m
ian a notice. His nfime was brought bel
le Democratic National Convention of 1
i St. Louis, and, alt.hough he was bitt<
sposed by leading Democrats of his c
tato, he was nominated on the secor.d ba
y the following vote:
Tho election resulted in the famous o
fol /lionnto nnrl flm coofinrr nf Mr TTO.
j the decision of the commission. Mr. '
ju wa3 proposed us a candidate ag
1SS0, but a letter was .reod fr
m refusing to allow the use of
ime. Since that date "hoj had li
lietly, mo ;t of the tima at his coun
>use on the Hudson, with occasional vis
' his house on Grametfcy Square,"New Yo
ibuilt a few years ago at large exper
it he had since spent very litie time th<
jt visiting it at all last winter.
His most recent public utterance was a 1<
tter advising liberal, appropriations for <
vor.'and harbor defeat e\ Mr. Tilden 1
iver married. His fortune has been e
lated at all the way from six to twe
Mr. Tilden leaves one sister, the mot
t the late Col. Felton, and several nephe
jildren of his brothers Mo^ea and He:
Force, of Washington, leads the Lea;
lort stops in fielding.
Thk Bostons have won eight strai
ames from the Washing tons.
Hugh Daly, ths one-armed pitcher,
sen engaged by the Milwaukee Club.
Seven of the Chicagos were fined
Lch, recently, for breaking tempera
Estkrbrooe, of the New Yorks, is c
dered by many the finest third basemat
10 League.
The Detroits are "great1' base runnersle
first Chicago game they made four r
f of sixteen hits.
The Southom League cities want more
intion given to the employment of he
ilent in their clubs.
The steady, every day pitchers are
Jit in the long run. The phenomenal hi
tendency to explode.
Thirty-two of the 113 homa runs m
jr the League, so far this season, were 111
1 the Chicago grounds.
The St Louis League men are poor b
inncrs. and they lose a large number
lines through this fault
Scott, the first baseman of the Baltim
lub, has muffed but one ball in three yet
e has twice led the first basemen of
merican Association.
The Athletic management has decided
fer $1,0J0 in cash to any physiciau v
ill fix up pitcher Coleman's arm. Tho p
in the elbow and is not believed to be
Madigan, of Washington, is the young
aver that ever faced a League club
tchar, or ever fig ured in a match gai
lie boy is only seventeen and weighs al>
8 pounds.
Last year the Detroit Club came very n
>ing; into bankruptcy; now it is said to
10, (XK) ah?ad of thu; season so far: The "1
3ur'' cost $12,0J0 and have proved a g<
Ti. ti,A A A
vlikj an^uviabiuu uiuu snatj
ctories is the record for this season,
auiii has it. The Athletics have won ei;
raight, and Pittsburg and Louisville ei
ven struijjht.
Tiie Detroit team ranked first in the b
Dg and liaiding averages of the Natio
;ague up to recent date. Brouthers of tl
ub had l;he best batting average, wl
ichardson and Manning led in fielding
cocid base and left field respectively.
The Nevrark Club, who are L>callv kno
the Little Giants, deserve their title. Tl
ive beaten so:ueof the strongest clubs
e National League and American Assoc
>n, including the De^roits, and playe
ird tan-inning game with New Yor
a -k club.
Til e Detroit Club was the first one of 1
;agueto win a series,having won ten gan
om the Kausas City. In thosie ten gac
e Detroits made ninety-five runs, thir
veil earned runs. Ill) hits, with a total
0, and fifty-two errors, to the Kansas Cit
irty runu, tourfcoa earned runs, seven
ro nits, with a total or eignty-muo, a
ae;;y-nin3 errors.
Won Lost. Won L>
itroit <V5 14 Philadelphia.. 3!)
licago ?0 IS Boston 29
ew York...47 23 Washington..11
i. Louis 21 49 Kansas City..15
IKou Lost. Won If
;. Louis ...55 ifl I Pittsburg 44
ooklyn. ...44 Jo | Cincinnati...43
thletic 3i <3 Louisville... .46
iltimore. ..28 48 | Metropolitan.29
H'on L-ozt. Won L
tica. 36 .18 I Binghamton .19
>ronto 3(5 24 j Buffalo.......28
racuso... 31 !36 I Hamilton....SI
>chester .. .36 19 j Oswego 14
H'on Jjont. Won L
tlanta 44 26 I Macon. 31
ugusta 21 SI ! Savannah....38
larleston...33 36 i Nashville. ...33
lattauooga .19. 34 [ Memptis.... 31
iron Lost. Won L
ridgeport...23 31 I Waterbury...35
arttord 27 23 Newark. 39
>rsey City.. .27 34 1
rnE latest come ; is traveling- at the rate
i,OQJ miles au hour.
The Central Ne . York hop crop is i
rted a total failure.
Our government loses $1,000,000 a year
a smuggling of opium.
rnis year's Ci.liforn'a wind product is <
nated at 25,000,00 J gallons.
A direct cubic betwejn this country a
azil is to be laid, during the fall.
About 80,000 barrels of oil are produc
ily by the wells of P?nnBvlvania.
Hiss gexevieve "Ward will arrive
s country aoouc ino ist or oepiomi.H
0 will then begin rehearsals for "1
gju's Favorite.''
H. Sardou is eigagel in writing a n<
ictacular play for Sarah Bernhardt a
juoliu, thj great Fren h Cotnodian, to
>dueed oa their return to Paris, after th(
oerican tours in 1SS>.
Hiss Maud Banks, daughter of Oener
P. Baalw, who has been studying for tl
go for several years, will make her deb
?u at Portsmouth, N. H. It i3 said th
> will enter upc n a theatrical career uiu
linst her fathers wishes.
jORD Bothschild tried to induce Sar
e, the Spanish violinist, to play at a inu
1 entertainmen; in his London house i
ltly, but the musician's terms were so hi]
it even the mod ern Croesus decided to d
use with his services. Sarasate dislikes
tch to exhibit himself at private entertai
mts that he asks the most exorbitant pri
tor th?i giv# it bluat refosiL
the _?_
Eastern and Middle States.
few A Baptist church at Reading, Fenn., vat T1
the wrecked by a dynamite explosion.
itu- About 20,000 Knights of Labor met in
e?n New York the other night and protested
ren aeainst the conspiracy laws. The speakers .
S40, advised political action and a political boy- Al
and cott of all officeholders opposed to justice for
is a labor. |
)3?* Contractor Maurice B. Flynn has been
?ula expelled from the New York County Democ- _
racy organization for his pledge ot four Al- *
dermen to vote for the confirmation of bill
om Squire, the indicted Commissioner of Public ore
>ro- Works. " ^
Lee Brothers, proprietors of the largest !?f.
. boot and shoo factory in I^ee, Mass., notified ~
>re- ^eir employes that their placa would be
a(j. closed from August 14th to August SOth, and ?Dg
that upon resumDtion of business all their 'Al
>rk? workmen must sign a certificate that they up<
j * do not belong to and will not join any labor iml
(oY. organization while in the firm's employ. ^ne
;ion By the explosion of an o!d condemned boiler
om- in a machine shop at Lanford, Penn., four fr:
men were killed and eight seriously injured. ?'??
tial The building was thoroughly wrecked. ^
.ore James A. L. Whittier. the Boston law'ore
yer charged with emlo'.zling $125,000 of the tw?
property of Harriet Reid, which was in his by
srly care, has confessed and been lodged in jaiL fav
Snow fell on the 3d in parts of Northern it p
New England. tioi
Sonth and West. ^
' 59 Leander Moodt, a desperado, was taken ^
?4 from th) Seymour (Ind.) jail and lynched ?
for assaulting a ten-year-old girl. ^
is Part of a train went through a bridga into due
7 the Wabash river at Bluffton, Ind. Three the
jec_ railroad employes and a tramp were killed. rail
ye3 Governor Ireland, of Texas, has been in "
I'll- communication with Secretary Bayard and wit
am the American Consul at Eagle Pass concern- as t
om ing the arrestand execution of Francisco Ras- tioi
his ures, a naturalized American, bv Mexicans, tbo
ved There is much excitement on the border on as t
try account of this and othsr outrages by Mexi- pre
jits cans, and many young men in Texas are en- niy
rk, rolling for war.
ise, Miss Jane McArthur lost her life in a J"?'
;ref heroic effort to save a family from drowning n
on the Upper Sun River, Montana. Miss P~
rag Mc Arthur succeeded in rescuing three of the
our party, but was caught in a fatal embrace by Jr
was the fourth person she tried to save, and they . *
sti- went down together.
nty During a sham fight at the Indiana State tax
. encampment one militiaman was mortally
ner wounded and twenty-fivo wero prostrated niir
Jf. with the heat.
The Citizen's ticket has triumphed in the mo:
Louisville (Ky.) municipal election. less
The Alabama State eliction has resulted ?bj
in the success of the entire Democratic State Por
tickot, healed by Seay for Governor, by a Pur
large majority.
s06 Five children bathing in the river at Ot- f,
tumwa, Iowa, were all drowned. ^
ght Near Brookfield, Mo., John Garn?r was tire
arrested for a misdemeanor, when his brother cat<
has Edward killed the constable, nearly chopping con
h's head off with an axe. As a neighbor bui
|25 came to help the constable Garner killed him moi
nce also and than escaped, pursued by a crowd the
bent upon lynching him when captured. whi
on. The California Legislature has voted for and
! in a United States Senator to succeed the lata tax
Senator Miller, whose position has been tem- the
t porarily filled by Senator Hearst, a Demo- safc
uns crafc" A. P. Williams, who was nominated tbiat
the Republican caucus, received a major- clai
ity of the votes in both Houses. The Dem- wit
ocrats nominated Senator Hearst desi
>me act*
Washington. ^ot
the TnE Senate confirmed the nominations of 0Jj j
lve George A. Jencks to be Solicitor-General and pos
of John B. Redman t") be Collector of Interado
nal Revenue for the district of Maine. ter|
at^e The Senate rejected the nomination of if ii
James C. Mathaws, the colored man of Al- cha
as3 bauy, N. Y., who was nominafed to be Re- gpe<
of corder of Deeds in p ace of Fred. Douglas?, this
Twenty-seven Senators voted against and fif bet
ore teen for confirmation. Fourth Auditor Shel- "
irs. ley. of the Treasury Department, and Mr. inst
the Tinan, for Surveyor of Customs at San Fran- a r<
cisco, were confirmed. mei
to The Naval Construction bill, which passed is c
, l.tl tt ~ 0 r* ; j? / t iw+r.
fQO wotii n'jusea ui \^uugi es-j, uioviuw iui Jtirge iuvi
aiu additions of vessels to the Navy. legi
in- The correspondence of Secretary Bayard ^.:'r(
with the Mexican Government regarding the tne;
jest arrest of Cutting, tho Texas editor, was sib- '"J11
' as mitted to Congress on tha 2d. Mr. Bayard o;c
ne. demanded the release of the imprisoned jour- reI}
aut nalist.
a err
Four more private pension bills were
ear vetoed on the 2d by the President. 1
be Tiie Senate in executive session on the 2d affc
3ig disposed of a larg-s amount of unfinished the
x>d business. R. S. Dement's nomination as imi
Surveyor-General of Utah, was reoicted, as ver
rht were nominations of J. W. Free- as
yt. man for United States Marshal seel
rht in Tennessee, T. H. Kinman for Postmaster ger
Jch at Jacksonville, Fla, and O. B. Porter for the
Indian Agont. The nominations of Fitz ent
i. John Porter to be a Colonel on the retired of
^ list, B. B. Snially for Collector of Customs as i
l at 'or Vermont district, and Mr. MeGraw wit
ila *or Internal Revenue Collector in "West Vir- to i
"at were confirmed. mil
' Miss Alice E. Msixleham, tho great- the
grand-daughter of Thomas Jefferson, who me
was dis charged from a clerkship in the Pat- ??r,
le^ ent Office, Las been reinstated. the
'pt the
:ia- ?unt
1 n. Fnr^J cm.
-- ? |
k s Additional appointments to the British ope
Cabinet are as follows: Attorney General, wh
the Sir R. E. Webst?r; Lord Chamberlain. Earl anc
nes ofLathom: Judge Advo:ato-General, Right dai
lies Hon. W. T. Marriott. tio:
fcV- Gerhaxy has been secretly training car- ficii
o* rier pigeons in France for war purposes, dial
J 3 General Boulanger, the French Secretary of lati
ty" War, has ordered an inquiry. ing
u Abbe Franz Liszt, the great pianist and
composer, is dead in his seventy-sixth year.
More new Tory appointments: Secretary
wt> of State for India, Sir Richard Assheton
25 Cross; Lord Privy Seal, Earl Cadogan; Col- s
S3 onial Secretary, the Right Hon. Edward ^rj(
53 Stanhope; President of the Board of Trade,
43 the Right Hon. E-iward Stanley; Lord Ad- b;ll
vocate, the Right Hon. J. H. A Macdonald; A
_ Solicitor-General for Scotland, Mr. J. P. jari(
oat. Bannermau-Robertson: Master of the Horse,.
g Duke of Portland. W01
oo According to alvices from Quebec much
! , distres-i exists iu Labrador in spite of recent wif
denials. die
The Republicans have retained their ma- T
jority over the Monarchists in the French tjcl)
elections. .
03 Further rioting is reported from Belfast, ^
aa Ireland, the mob at first triumphing over no*nrtlira
Int.tAr finnllv fir at). killing T
a young man and wounding seven, feoldiers jn g
Mt then charged bayonets aad cleared the .
85 streets. Many policemen were wounded. eraJ
21 L
33 , t-i^?^
, silv
Vg Theodore Thomas is conducting a series big]
25 of summernight concerts in Chicago. ?
The National Saengerfest held recently
at Milwaukee was an immense success. ti
John S. Clarke, the comedian, has de- (Per
cidcd to abandon his projected American at ^
. Ax Australian actor named Henry E. Wal- .
ot ton is going to make a starring tour of this P
country. Ti
f?* Mr. Frederick de Belleville will be solv
the principal actor in Miss Coghlan's support futn
in next season. ?
Mr. Rubinstein {rave to various London
59" charities ?1,500 of th3 proceeds of liis fare- fche
well concert in that city. Kau
nd Miss Lynsdale, a youog American ac- in L
tress who recently made her debut with Miss jors
;e(] Uenevievo Ward in England, is said to give T
great promise. 1
in Miss Genevieve Ward will arrive in t^ie
sr. this country about the 1st of September, meu
'he She will then begin rehearsals for "The c.
Queen's Favorito." ,jst'
!w M. Sardol* is engaged in writing a new . .
ud ipectacular p'.ay for Sarah Bernhardt and %
be Cojuelin, tho great Fren h Comedian, t> bj
;ir produced on th.'ir return to Paris, alter tli.-ir son i
American tours in lS8i tjje j
nl I Arrc? Tifn'n Ravits daughter of General .
bo N. P. Bauks, who bos b.>en studying for tho j"?
ut stage for several years, will make her debut w
at soou at Portsmouth, N. H. It is said that Pr
ch she will enter upon a theatrical caroar much gene
against her father's wishes. t^au
a- Lord Rothschild tried to induce Sarasi
sate, the Spanish violinist, to play at a musi- miSi
e- cal entertainment in his London house re- Asso
ejh cently, but the musician's terms were so high Men
is- that even the modern Croesus decided to dis- Tjnit
so panse with his services. Sarasate dislikes so
n- much to exhibit himself at private entertain- su^
c* meats that he asks the most exorbitant price Colo
ratbw than give a bluot refusal. Ecu?
le Bill Taxing Oleomargarin
Signed by tlie President
proving the Measure, but Sug
gesting Additional Legislation.
'he President has signed the Oleomargarin
. and sent a message to the House of R<
sentatives stating his reasons for approi
it and suggesting some additional legL
ion. In the message ho says:
I have this day approved a bill orlginat
in the House or Representatives, entitle
1 act defining butter, also imposing a ta;
>n and regulating the manufacture, sale
Dortation and exportation of oleomargar
This legislation has awakened mucl
erest among the people of the countr;
1 earnest argument Las been addressod t
Executive for the purpose of intlueuciu;
action thereupon. Many in oppositioi
re urged its dangerous' character a
ding to break down the boundaries be
*en the proper exercise of legislative powe
Federal and State authority. Many ii
or of the enactment have represented tha
iromised greet advantages to a large por
1 of our population who sadly need relief
L those on both sides of the question whoa
rocacy or opposition is based upon ni
ader "foundation than lccal or persona
?re ;t have outnumbered all the others.
This, upon its face and in its main fea
es, is a revenue bill, and was first intro
*d in the House of Representatives,when
Constitution declares that all bills toj
sing revenue shall originate.
The Constitution has invested Centres
h a very wide legislative discretion, Dotl
x> the necessity of taxation and the selec
1 of the objects of its burdens. An<
ugh, if the question was presented to mi
tu original proposition, I might doubt thi
sent need of iucreasxl taxation, I deem i
duty in this Instance to defer to the judg
it of the legislative branch of the Govern
at, which has been so emphatically an
mcei in both houses of Congress upon thi
?:age of this bilL
Moreover, those who desire to see removec
weight of taxation now pressing upoi
I eople from other directions may well Lx
titled in the hope and expectation that thi
iction of an additional subject of interna
ation, so well able to bear it, will, in con
ency, be followed by legislation relieving
citizeus from other revenue burden:
dered by tlio passage of this bill, evei
re than heretofore, unnecessary and need
ly oppressive. It has been urged as ai
ection to this measure that, while pur
ting to be legislation for revenue, its rea
pose is to destroy, by the use of the tax
powers, ona industry of our people foi
protection and benefit of another.
If entitle! to indulge in such a suspicion a
asis of official action in this case, and if en
ly satisfied that the consequences indi
;d would ensue, I should doubtless fee
strained to interpose Executive dissent
; I do not feel called upon t) interpret thi
tives of Congress otLerwise than b1
apparent character of the bil
ich has been presented to me
I I am convinced that tin
es which it creates cannot possibly destroy
open and legitimate manufacture anc
> of the thing upon which it is levied. I
> article lias the merit which its friend
in for it, end if the people of the land
h full knowledge of its real character,
ire to purchase und urfe it, the taxes ex
ed by this bill will permit a fair profit to
h manufacture and seller. If the existenc<
the commodity taxed and the profit!
ts manufacture and sale depend upon dis
ing of it to the people for something els<
ich it deceitfully imitates, the entire en
ir.se is a fraud and not an industry; anc
; cannot endure the exhibition of its rea
racter, which will be efi'ccted by the in
ction, supervision and stamping whicl
i bill directs, the sooner it is destroyed th<
ter, in the interest "of fair dealing.
Such a result would not furnish the firsl
?nce in the history of legislation in whicl
jvenui bill produced a benefit which wa
rely iucidejtal to its main purpose. Then
ertainly po industry better entitled to thi
idental ad vantages which may follow thi
slation than our farming and dairy in
?sts, and to none of our people shoulc
y be less begrudged than our farmers ant
rymen. '1 he present depression of theii
upations, the hard, steady and often un
nmei ative toil which such occupations ex
, and the burdens of taxation which oui
iculturLts necessarily bear, entitle then
(very legitimate consideration."
he President next refers to the "defense
>rded (by the bill) to the consumer againsi
fraudulent suLstitutiou and sale of ai
tation for a genuine article of food o
y general household use," a:id con lude:
follows: '"The fourteenth and tifteentl
lions of tho bill, in my opinion, are in dan
of being construed as tin interference witl
police powers of the States. Not bein;
irely fatisQed of the unconstitutional^]
th.'se provisions, and regarding then
lot being so connected and interwovei
h the other sections a-s, if found invalid
ritiato the entire measure, I have deter
led to commond them to the attention o
House with a view to an immediate amend
at of the bill if it should be deamed nece3
y, and if it is practicable at this late day ii
ses.uon of Congress. The fact, too, tha
bill does not take effe?t by its term
;il ninety days have elapsed after its ap
iroval, thus leaving it "but one month ii
ration before the nest se-sion of Congres
en,if time dees not now permit, thesafet;
I efficiency of the measure may bo abuii
itly prote.ted by remedial legislative ac
1, and the desire to see realized the bene
il results which it is expected will imme
tely follow tho inauguration of this legis
on, have had their in Cuence in determin
ray official action."
eriocs labor riots have occurred at Cam
Igo, Mass., growing out of a lockout i
lire's great pork-packiug establishment
l sailboat capsized in the harbor at Por(
d, Me., and seven members of a famil;
e drowned, as follows: Wellington Mas
i, aged seventy years; Jane Masters, hi
e, aged sixty-nine years, and five chil
he South Carolina Democratic Stab
;et, nominated at Columbia, is headec
State Treasurer Richardson for Gover
he National Encampment of the G. A. E
San Franci co was largely attended. Gen
1 Sherman was the hero of the occasion.
eadino Republican members of th<
ise, just before the close of the session
seuted Mr. Carlisle with a handsom
er service, costing $-500, in token of thei
ti appreciation of his administration a
;ie boiler explosion iu the LansforJ
in.) machine shops was even worse than
rst reported. Five men were killed and
uty seriously injured, seven of thein with
)ably fatal result.
IE New York City Trades Unions have reed
to take iudependent political action iu
re elections.
iomas Moonlight for Governor heads
list of candidates nominated by the
sas Democrats a1 t'ieir Stit.1 Conveut.'ou
eavenworth. The p'a form warmly e ies
Cleveland's administration.
"dge Shields, a prominent member of
N'atchez (Miss.) bar, while laboring under
tal aberration committed suicide.
C. Cunningham for Governor heads the
jf candidates just nominated iu Arkan-as
h? Democratic Executive Committee.
iK uotniuatiou of Herbert F. B -echer,
af H'.'ury A Yard Beecher, t> an o'lice in
'ar West was withdrawn during the clos
days of Congress, as it was understood
ould be roje.-ted by the Seuat \
tOMiNEXT nominations conlinne 1 by the
ite in its Last hours are as follows: Na;ic-l
H. It. Dawson, of Alabama, Comionerof
Education; Thomas C. Bach,
ciate Justice cf the Supreme Court of
taua: E. Spencer Pratt, of Alabama,
ed States Minister Resident and ConGeneral
to Persia; Owen McCarr, of
rado, United States Consul General in
idoi\ Consuls: Bethold Greenebanm, of
J California, at Apia; R. H. Jones, of New
Mexico, at Chihuihua; Richard M Stud den * .
I of Manzanillo, Mexico, at Manzanillo; John;**
Devlinlc, of Michigan, at Windsor, Ont; Alt- ^.
< gustu9 M. Boyd, of Tuxpan, at Tuxpan.
Postmasters: Robert Newell, Salem, N. J.; r
W. R. Chappie, Little Falls, N. Y.; Christopher
Whitney, Franklinrille, N. Y.; A. W.
- Copland, Detroit, Mich.; Orlando Humphrey,
Nyack, N. Y. Tha nomination of
William L. Bancroft, to be Collector of Customs
for the district of Huron, Mich., was
e rejected. About forty nominations were left
y- unacted upon.
r' The British Parliament reassembled on the
*" 5th, ex-Premier Gladstone taking a seat on
the Opposition bench anl shaking hands
j cheerily with friend or foo.
r A fire in the Austrian village of Ulanoff N .
t, destroyed 150 houses.
A Tartar has attempted to assassinate
h the Grand Vizier of Turkey, shooting at him
3 twice and then pursuing his carriage with *
j drawn sword. The would-be assassin was
s The factions at war in Belfast, Ireland, re? |
r ne wed their rioting on the 5th, and both Bides -j
a attacked the police, who attempted to quell '
t the disturbance. The police responded to the $
stones thrown at them with revolver shots. i
a Many rioters were severely wounded.
j ?
r Disaster to a Schooner?Six Ladies
and One Gentleman Drowned.
Details of :he calamitous accident by which
. six ladies and one gentleman lo,t their live*
I are given by the New York papers as fol*
? lows: /
I It Was on Tuesday morning last that the
_. schooner Sarah Craig left Spruce -street
wharf in Philadelphia carrying one of the
merriest parties that ever left the old Quaker
9 City. The party had been made up for a trip
of ten days and intended to visit Cape May. -I
Atlantic City, Long Branch, Eay Ridge ana
j Coney Island. It consisted of tne venerable
9 wife of T. Hood Steven?, the President of an
9 insurance company, aged fifty-five years,
I her two daughters, llrs. Cora E. Astcons
and Miss Mamie Stevens: Miss Emma Merritt
, and her sister, Rebecca Merritt; Miss Maud
' E Rettew, Chester Clarke, the chief telegrapb
. operator of the Pennsylvania Railway in
Philadelphia; Z. W. Jordan, F.W. Hall, Max*
cius Bolkley and Alfred Potter. With the
| exception of Mrs. Stevens, all were yoanjf
I uevpiw. awu omer laaies were on do&to,
but afterward left the schooner owing to sea
' sickness. A coloied cook and a colored
waiter assisted Capt. Edward C. Ruland
, and his crew of two men in providing
for the comforts of the tcunsta.
'* With a gentle soa aud mild breezes th?
j cruise was one long delight. Cape May and
Atlantic City were both visited. The',
? schooner left the latter place for New York -"""*'
Friday morning at daybreak. All day the
i sky was blue, the water glassy and the sun
' The sky began to grow gray at about six
. o'clock. The dark Navesink Highlands wer?
j half a mile away. It looked like rain. Thei
ladies and gentlemen sat down to supper on.
deck under the cool shadow of the big white
maim ail and jib. Just then a blaetc cloud
? appeared in the sky and a few drops of
1 rain splashed on the deck. Captain
" Ruland requested the ladies to go into the
I cabin, and they laughingly tripped down the- t
? companion way, followed by tneir four eecorte,
who were laden with chairs. The rest
" of the ttory can better be told in the lan- .< '
guage of Mr. Jordan, one of the survivors:
| "We had hardly got below," he taidj. j
} "when a puff of wind struck the vessel and
1 shook her badly. Captain Ruland fastened
his rudder wheel with a pin and ran forward
1 to let down the jib. The jib stu^k fast and '
' couldn't ba-brought dowu. Mr. Potter, Mr.
. Hall and Mr. Bulkley ran up on deck tohelp
pull down the jib. Just then a second
burst of wind struck the yachtand threw bar
9 over on her side. Tin sea came swirling into'
the cabin. A sudden movement of the water
9 threw me into the companion way and I was
3 dragged out by Mr. Potter. The ladiesJ
and Mr. Clark were behind and all means
j of escape was cat off, as the deck
1 sank under the surface. The sea
r washed over the vessel in perfect breakers.
I saw all the men banging on to the side, up
to their waists in water. The air was full ?f
r hailstones. 11 any of them were two inches
1 in diameter. One of them gave me a black.
eye. Wo ha-i to ha-ig on with all our
' strength and keep our head* down to keep
' the bail from tearing our eyes out
J ''My God! I hope to uever live 6uchail:
' hour again. We could hear the ladies crying
3 pitifully inside and beating their hands ana.
1 heads against the walls. 1 would have given '
a thousand lives for an axe to cut a hole and.
1 let them out. Their prayers and moans al>
most drew us insane as we drifted along
T helpless save them and waiting for death
1 ourselves. But the thing that almost froze.
1 my beart was a white hand and'
arm that were stretched out of a.
' deadlight under the water. It was one of
' the young ladies appealing for help. I
' crawled over and tojk hold of the hand III
clung to mine, but I could do nothing but
1 cry. As the young lady's crie3 be :am?
t weaker I took a ring from her finger as gen3
| tly as I could. Then the band and arm sank
H. I 1.:., 1 T l,T
UiiUK aua x u^ai u au amui nun, x uur v buy
a ring in my pocket.
3 "We took one of the fenders from the side
f of the schooner and tried to break a hole
l* through the vesrel and save our friends, but
it was all in vain. Twice I was washed
' into the sea and twice I clambered on the
wreck. In the distance we could see two tugs
> and we tried to signal them. At last the
i- yawl of pilot boat I^o. 5 appeared with two
men in it They asked us to get into their
boat but we refuse j, for we could still hear
the ladies beeging for their lives inside of
the vessel. What we wanted was an axe or
a tug to tow us into shallow water,where we
could get at our friends. The mate of our
boat, Mr. Ferguson, was sent with the yawl
0 to ask one of the tug-boati to help us. Then
we hoisted a coat on an oar and waved it.
> Soon the little tug William Cramp came up to
us. The Captain of the tug asked us to come
' on board, but Ave all said we could not leave
'< the schooner while there were living pers
sons in her. The Cramp threw us a line
. | and we fastened it to the traveler. We
were towed ror a rew minute? toward snore
and then the line tore away the traveler and
9 a portion of the bulwark with it. The
1 storm was so furious that the tug was driven
u off, but she manage.! 13 pick up one
of the stewards and one of the crew, whowere
in the w ater. Then the big tug B. T.
? Haviland daslied up to us and threw us a
. hawser. Captain Kuland tried to pass the
line to us but was jerked iuto the sea. Then
we were all dragged on board of the Cramp
a with lines. The sea was s) high that the
Captain of the Oamp asked to get under
' the lee of the big tug to keep from
being swamped. As the two tugs approa-.hed
r we jumped from the Cramp to the H&viland.
3 By this time th9 screams of the ladie3 had
ceased and we could hear nothing but the
howling of the wind and waves. All night
we towed the wreck against the tide, and in
the morning we grounded her at the Uovern1
ment dock on Sand}* Hook."
Captain Gully, of the tug Haviland, dove
i for the bodies and recovered six. The seventh
was found the next day. All were taken to
Philadelphia and buried by their grief*
stricken relatives.
The health of ox-President Arthur is now
sa;d to be considerably improved.
Mas. Margaret Vav Cott, the evange
list, is making a tour or cne vvmce siountains
au I holding occasional meetings.
Cleveland is the first American President
to whom Prince Bismarck has seat a
personal letter and a photograph.
Senator Blair, of New Hampshire, is a
total abstainer from intosicatiug drinks, bat
is a groat smoker of tweaty-iiv>.*-eeat cigars.
Ex-Governor Moses, of North Carolina
who is now an inmnteof the Massachusetts
Penitentiary, is said to bo in a failing condi- ^
Senator Hearst, together with another
California millionaire, have recently purchased
350,000 acres of land in Northern
Francis Murphy, the temporance agitator,
says that he has administered the pledge
to GO,00J persons since last September. He is
still at work in Ohio.
Mme. Ristori, the great Italian actress,
is writing her autobiography, and it will
come out simultaneously in Italian, English,
French and German.

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