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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, October 20, 1886, Image 4

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The Press and Banner. '
Wednesday, Oct. 20, 1886.
Voloni'l J. 1*. RicliiirdMHi'* Speech at
Wo copy the recent speech ait Florence l?y
'Colonel .1. I'. Kicluirdson, nominee for (Jovor-j
r>or. It will he found interesting reading, if
not instructive. We have no unkind criticism
?n nnike or that sneecll. but We su-iucst tluit it
is a? notable fur what il does notcontaiu as|
for what il docs contain.
As \vc understand, nobody has over charged j
that, our Democratic ollleers have been corrupt.
We do not therefore si>e the force of
Colonel IMclinrdson's defence of them.
Coloiul Richardson says:
"Now, if we add the interest on the public!
debt. ti? th? levy forSiate purposes in l*tt> we;
avi 11 have about 5"o-,n:n>, which is precisely !
vital the taxation is to-day, for before I left
lr.y ojHeC, X made the calculation and found |
that i be taxation [in ls-r.J is in fact somewhat
than il was in l.v;s."
-Wain tax-paying people are not able to un* j
der?tand that sentence. The tax levy IkisIuI
that, time increased from ! '<$ to ~>!j iniils. j
They are also further nonplussed when they
are told that the assessed value of our proper-1
ty is now $:?O.IKK),UOO more than it was in l.ssO.
AVhen they are told that the phosphate royally
Was mure in 1S-than it was in lfSStt,
1hey aro further troubled to make Colonel
Richardson's statements square with the facts j
as suited by "A Small Tax-Payer," from Berkley
county?(the Comptroller-General, we pro
*u rrw*
Col oft M Richardson, hkeothcr public spenk^
'ers, or writers for the press, holds i;p the tuna,
tic asylum, and the appropriation t?> thc&tutc
house, as instances where there was an in.
crease of appropriation. "A Small Tax-Pay.
0i\ 1 wlio was dclcndipg ti>c government from
- 1*. ?? M? Till- I
XUC Cliai'gCSOI miiuc A'H. iitiiimn,
admits that there has been an increase
?>f expenses in nearly every depai tmentof the
government. It would, we think, have been
interesting to know why there should be an
increase of expense to about lifiy perecnt. in
ilie Executive Departments, from isso to 1*.\>.
Tlie increase in the appropriation to the lunatic
asylum was in about the same ratio.
Colonel Richardson indulges in some beautiful
figures of speech when he thinks of our
unfortunate fellow-citizens who are to l ej
taken care of in the asylum, but lie lias nothing
at all in particular to say of the increase
of expense in the Executive Departments.
What Colonel Richardson has to say by way
of comparing the taxes in .South Carolina and
other States, in one sense, is very assuring,
but the comparison does not oiler suflieient
reason for the increase of the levy while the
assessment from year to year has increased.
His talk of the increased receipts from the
phosphates is of little Interest to ??. The oftrepeated
assurance that these phosphate receipt*
would reduce our taxes, has utterly
failed, and our taxes have increased, as the re1
celpts from phosphates Increased.
What advantage is tlie Increase of the faxa.
Me property of the State, and what profit is
there in the increase of phosphate royalty, if
the increased receipts do not go to the reduction
of our taxes? I.et our politicians conic
' down to business and explain tt is?
The per capita tax of the ultrcrent States
means absolutely nothing, except to prove
the poverty of our own people. If we were
richer, wc would pay more taxes. For instance.
the man who owns ?2>),(NK) worth of
property would pay SKO in taxes while the!
man who owns only ?50 worth would pay only
fifty cents. Has the man with only $">'>,
any thing of which to congratulate himself in
tie matter of taxes? lie has not, but it
means as much as the comparison of the
State taxes by Colonel Richardson.
By Colonel Richardson's statement, we
would infer that the average citizen of New j
lOIK is aimui seven umusiis rim ii? iiu-hmi-.
11 ^e citiz -il of South Carolina. To prove that:
tills theory is correct: Charleston, with its
_ tii.iKW inhabitants paysabout tlieone-fifth parti
of the tax< s of the .State, whlla Abbeville,
v.'ith its 40,000 inhabitants pays about the one-1
tiiirticth part of the Slate taxes. The per
capita theu for every man, woman ami child
in Charleston county, is, If we have mndeno
inlstaUe in the calculation, about $300, while j
the per capita for every man, woman and]
chikl In Abbeville county is only $1.2.3, and!
yet the same taxes arc levied upon the value
of the property owned by caeh citizen, no
matter in what part of the State he may live,
v . Colonel Richardson's talk on the situation
of ten years ago, repeats a story which is fa.]
miliar to all of South Carolina, Ihc truth of
which may be vouched for by every citizen.
That paragraph in reference to the debt and
the manner in which the fraudulent debt was
separated from the actual or valid debt was to
ilie point, and entirely crcditablc to the
speaker and to the State.
His reference to Charleston, and her recent
misfortune, was well said, and entirely appropriate.
If Colonel Richardson, or any other well informed
person,?omitting all buncombe and
tspicad-eagle-Fourth-of July flights of oratory
?would do a public service if he
would come down to plain facts and tell the
people why our taxes have been increased,
while tlie total amount of our assessment has
also been increased, and while receipts from
the phosphates has kept pace with thomj
in the increase. The stubborn fact, is
known of all mm, that our tuxes have been,
Increased, and it might just as well be admit. |
ted. The increase is a fact which cannot be !
concealed. The only question is, have our
Legislative and Kxeeutivc officers acted wisely
and for the good of the people, in incrcas
jng the expense of the government? That is
the question.
I.et our politicians acknowledge tlie fact
which is patent to every one. and devote their
time and talent to explaining the necessity
lor the iucrease.
The Tilliiwsn Movement.
We publish in another column a.i editorial
from the Xcirbcri-y Observer on the Ilan?oni-|
Tillman controversy. In connection with it, i
we won hi say that any proposition which!
looks to the bettering of the condition of the'
people and which has for its object a rcdue-j
tion of the taxes, must have the sympathy of
:i large proportion of our people. The/Vcs.*j
iftnl Manner is in entire sympathy with such a
movement, but we have taken no stock in the
wholesale effort of Mr. Tillman to bring the
State and iu officers into public contempt or
ridicule. We have not published Mr. Tillman's
letters because of their temper, and foi
the reason that we endeavor to exclude from
?>ur paper such literature as abounds with
coarseness or abusive epithets. We believe
the State officers?Legislative, Kxecutive and
Judicial?since is7? have been men of lire
prouchablc private character, and of unsul-j
Hedoflicial record, and therefore cannot talunart
in the personal abu?-e'of the men who!
may have been our otticial representatives.
JJut for all this, we believe our Legislature has
fallen into errors, or Into habits of extrav.v
gancc, against whleh aets the people have a
right to protest, and we believe tint Mr. Till-'
man has inaugurated a movement which will
result in f^ood. In our humble way of think-1
ing there is no earthly excuse for an inercasc
of our rate of taxation, when the assessed
properly of the State lists increased >:!<?,mm,out,
and when the receipts from our phosphate
royalty IsSKJl.uot)more than it was in isjhj.
t-y . .
In revislnjionr li?ts, a few weeks bnek, some
of our contemporary exchanges were imiiilisitioU'dly
omitted. We have restored their
j jiaino as best we could; but if we have passed
over ans who desire the Mirror, tliev will
4>'dige us by sendiu^ a postal to this olliee.?
CutJiotic Mirror.
&*- This reminds us o/ the supervisor of hij-hAvays
who put up a danger signal at the ford
?>t a liver, a? follows: "When the water cov- '
?-rs this murk, it Is dangerous to fold the
fct.eam." i
The Schools.
While it may be lawful foi the school trustees
to op n the public schools on the first of
November. it they so determine, yet it. would
seem Dial those trustees who are not in sympathy
Willi the School Commissioner in the
reduction of the salaries of teachers, might
defer action until the incoming Commissioner
is installed intoolliee. Il is hisdetermiiiatiou
to have the salaries reduced, so tli.lt t lie school
term may he greatly increased, hut if the
schools are opened on the first of November,
and the present high salaries maintained for
two months a great part of the public money
lor the school year will be exhausted before he
assumes the duties of hlsoflice> The school
ycar.it seems to us, should commence with
the School Commissioner's term of otliccsaud
end with his term. l?y the present system of
overlapping the School Commissioner has the
management of but one whole school term.
Tl is is the season of the year when enterprising
publishers of newspapers propose to
get country editors to act as agents for their
publications. We may be mistaken, but wo
are of lite opinion that if the country editor
would rely on his own efforts, and not upon
merits of it distant publication, that his prosperity
would be increased. Almost every
mail furnishes us with propositions to club
with some publication. In a long career, we
tiave at different times tried the clubbing
plan, and we have never made a cent by it,
but have incurred expense for postage, had
trouble in writing letters, and an endless
amount of vexation. The Press and r.annr.r
docs not propose to go into clubbing business
just now.
TriK anti-prohibition newspape rs continue
to publish statements as lo the blighting effect
the ciosing of tlie barrooms have iiad,
aud repeat stereotyped remarks in reference
to the failure of the law. It is indeed
strange that tho whiskey papers should protest
against tho increase of tho sale of
whiskey, and it is equally strange that the
prohibitionists should insist on tlie passage of
a law which will increase its sale.
The .JimIro an<l Other Ollicors of the
Court (?et 1><mvii to flnrtl Work?
Notes of their Progress.
The October Term of the Court of General
Session*convened last Monday morning at
ten o'clock, his Honor J. II. Hudson, presiding.
Solicitor Orr and stenographer Aiken
were in their usual places. Sheriff Dul're,
Cierk Zeijrler, Deputy Clerk Conner, Jury
Commissioner Dulloek, and other attaches
were on hand.
The Judge made no general charge to the
grand jury, his remarks being contiucd to the
bills to be submitted.
Alter the charge of the Judge, Mr. Parker
rose and stated that in pursuance of a resolution
passed at a meeting of the liar last week,
lie had been requested to ask his Honor to
continue all criminal cases until the February
Term, where the defendants were out of
Jllliuil UUIIU, illiu 1%/ lliv mnc wi v??w
Sessions ('mat to a jail delivery only; thai
owing to the crowded condition of the Sessions
docket in the iw-t, and the time taken
up l?y tliis Court, the civil docket had become |
very tnticli crowded,and it. was proposed to]
give as much time 01 this term as possible to
the trial of civil cases.
The Solicitor making no objection, the
Judge no ordered, but before doiug so delivered
u wholesome lecture to the members of
the Huron the valuable time consumed in
the Corn t of General Sessions in the trial ol
every trivial cause ; that neither money nor I
glory was to be sained, as a general rule, but |
by long and numerous speeches, unnecessary
cross-examination of witnesses, criminal
Causes were prolonged beyond all necessity,
and the civil causes of far more importance
and value to the Har and community were
pushed out of their place; rights were thus
denied by the law's delay, which had grown
to besuch a previouswrong: that parlies who !
dht not wish th perform their contracts could,
by lighting a ease In court, get the benefit of
an indefinite slay law.
These remarks were greatly ei<joycd by the 1
audience, somu ot whom attempted to ap- j
plaud. hut were decidedly suppressed by the
Sherlll' in his familiar and well known cry oi |
'Silence!" There being no further inlerrup j
tion the business of the Court was proceeded J
Mr. Joel S. Bailey was excused from serving!
as a grand juror for the reason that he lias)
moved out of the county, lie having made
Waterloo his home.
Mr. Samuel J. Hester was excused from .serving
as juror because of his age.
Mr. .1. II. Wat-on was excused for the reason
that he li.id served as grand juror last
year ?
Capt. J. R. Carwile was excused for reasons
which were satisfactory to the Court.
The appeal from trial Justice court in the
ease of tnc State against John liond, the mer* j
ilsof which we did not get into. It seems
that two or three trial Justices had figured on |
ii. The Judge said the whole proceeding was ;
Illegal, and the ease was wiped out.
The Jury thought Kpli Williams had been J
guilty ot larceny from the Held, and the]
Judge will during the term of the Court, deliver
a lecture to him on the evils of theft.'
and give him an opportunity to make rcpara-1
lion to the State ami to society. We do not '
know the n unc of the attorney.
Mr. K. 11. <iarv did his best to convince (lie
jury that Elias Noble and Solomon Noble j
were not. guilty of assault and buttery of n
high mill aggravated nature, but ibe jury
found tlicm guilty. and they, like tEph \V*i 1 - J
lisuns, will be offered an opportunity to work
un the Columbia canal.
The State's witnesses failed to convince the
grand jury that William Pendleton and Henry
Williams hau offended the peace and dignity
of the Slate, and they went bence rejoicing
in a safe deltveraucc Iroin the baud of the
The ease of the State against Spencer Cot limn
Indicted for murder in the killing of
Henry Adams Inst summer, was tried yesterday
moruiug. The case was submitted to the
jury of which Mr. U. S. Galloway was foreman.
Alter consultation of half an hour the J
jury brought in a verdict of not .guilty, l'ar-i
kcr & McGowan and Calhoun k Mabry for de-1
In the case of the State against Lucius:
Thomson for carrying concealed weapons, the !
defendant was found guilty. \V. X. Gray don |
for the defendant.
In the case of the State against Alexander
Johnson, charged wiih murder in the killing
of Adam Unit:on, the ev idenee was taken and
the speeches of counsel were delivered. The |
.fudge will deliver bis charge in the case on
the assembling of the Court this morning, j
IVrrin A- C-ithran and l\u ker it- McGowan for
the defence.
At the close of the day yesterday, thf> .TudiC 1
sounded calendar No. 1 ol' the Couit Common j
Pleas, ar.d found a large number of cases
ready for trial. The jury cases will be taken
up next Monday morning, and the whole
week will be taken up in the trial of such
causes. |
The lawyers seem in earnest and arc deter-i
mined to dispose of much of the business now !
on the calendar, which has been crowded of
late because much of the time has heretofore
been consutnrd with the criminal business.
The General Sessions will probably adjourn
this afternoon, when the Judge will immedi-|
atcly tin into equity causes, the hearing of j
which he intends to devote the remainder of'
the week.
Wr nciico among the visiting lawyers: Maj..
I?. F. Wliitner, of Anderson; Messrs. A. K. |
Xorrls. W. .1. Moore. I>. II. Magill. of Hodges:
\\". j. Ulehey, Ks(|., of Laurens; \V. K. iilake,
K-i|., n!' Green wihkI.
The grand jury will make their present-'
m<-nt this morning, and the jurors will be j
.V <'ISizen or Abbeville Takes a Xew
House in Ml. Carniel. iiikI is I>eligliteil
Willi Hi* Reception.
M r. ( 'a i! M kt? 8. C., Oct. IS, 1S?C>. '
E'Iitor Press unit Itmnur:
11: i v 1 u ; recently left dear old Abbeville, the!
home of my childhood, my thoughts naturally
revert back to the dear friends we have left, |
and just here allow me through yourvalua-i
hie paper to express tlie gratitude of in.vseli
and family lor I lie many kind acts extended
to us by our neighbors and friend* before we ?
led lor this our new home.
We arrived about I o'eloek ]?. m. of Hie same
tiny, all safe and without accident, and owing,
to the careful <lrivinir of our trusty tcmnsters,
not a thing was broken All praise to them.
Our new cottage is pretty and conveniently
arranged, ami through the courtesy of our
ob;iging landlord will soon be finished, when
we will be most comfortably situated anil perfect
iy at home. Our welcome here by this
kind and good people was shown liv acts of
kindness and cordial greetings, sueh as "wo1
welcome yon," "'wc arc glad !o see you," Ac. |
Ourtirst visit was to lint house of mourning
where duty and sympathy for bereaved
friends railed us. Oh, what jrrlef and sorrow
was tin-re! We have seldom if ever at tended 1
u fit net ul wljens there was sueh heartrending
trric-i" and so jxreat and x<-nerid sympathy j
.shown. Too iiitieh praise eannot he given lo
this generous and syinpnthelie eonmiiinity.'
Kvery store was elosed the entire day and all |
business suspended, and every one .seemed
sad over the death of Win. A. Scott, one of
Mi. Carmel's best eitizens.
If my letter is not east into the waste l>ac- I
ket, 1 m.iy write a'jain. \\*i111 kind wishes for
you and tiie people uf Abbeville, I remain i
yours truly, M.
i t'a]?lain liirK'N tttporl ? Prraltlcnt |
llaiiiiuett** liCUrr-'WiiniiHi; Voice j
From Johnston ICcmoI iition in ;
ICeferenre to Delegate* to Ntork-;
liolilcrs Mt'ftiiis.
A I. a meeting of the (ax-payors at Cokes-1
jinny, on Momlay, October is, Dr. Willie T.
; Jones was elected clinirinau. Air. II. L.
CA/.. -.I......
j The chairman stated that theolJectof the
mooting was to discuss the financial condij
tion of the Atlantic, Greenville and Western |
i Narrow (tango ltallroad, and also the proposi-1
it Ion of giving the road to Messrs. Susong &
Chief Kngineer Kirk being present was called
upon to make a statement of the iiflairs of |
(the road. Alter advising the stockholders to
, stick to Mr, Hainmclt, he reported snbsian-j
tially the same facts, which he iiad given a]
| few days ago to the Greenville Xcict, as foli
! ' Some confusion and misapprehension
{about the financial condition of the road
have been caused," said Capt. Kirk, "by the
'method of estimating liabilities and assets
I followed by Mr. rope, the treasurer."
] Capt. Kiik then proceeded to explain that.
1 Mr. l'ope drew a line across the road at the;
I Saluda river and estimated that when all the I
grading has been done below that plifc the!
| road will be $32,000 In debt. In other words,
the grading below the Saluda will cost about!
$32,(XX) more than the available funds below
I the river will pay. Hut all that grading has
j not beets done. The five miles next the river
j Is the heaviest part of it, and has not been
touched. The road now owesjust S2H.-IG0 with
$1,i): t) more due for rights ol way and salaries
from the 1st of this month to this time?say |
$27,400. Of this Sl>.000 is due Mr. Sullivan, the
contractor. The assets of the road below the!
Saluda arc S15.0KI in bonds and $7,000 in cash i
notes, a total ol S2-i,i>00, leaving a deficiency
below the Saluda. Hut this side of the river
I there is a large sum of untouched subscriptions,
ample enough to pay, for all the grading
from Urecnvillc to Hamburg and leave a
surplus. So far from being insolvent the
road, taken as a whole, has a large balance In
its favor, and even cutting it at the river the
section below Is but S5,'HA) behind, although j
that amount may be increased by S3,000 to
$">,000 in the next six weeks.
As to his estimate, Capt. Kirk says that (lie !
records will show that they were not $200 out |
of the way anywhere. The gradihg Is done,
he says, in the sections where no subscriptions
were obtained and it will be plain sailing
through the townships that have subscribed
enough to pay for all the work done
in them.
' Mr. II. li. Odiornc introduced the following |
j resolution:
Kcsbivcrf, that a regular fleet ion be held on
the S!?th October to elect delegate* to the annual
meeting on tlieJth November at Ninetysix,
and that three managers be appointed to
conduct said election, and polls to lie opened
from 10 in. till '2 p. 111., and that C. 1j. Smith,
George Jones and J. 15. Agncw be appointed
Mr. C. I-. Smith moved to lay the motion on
tLe triple. Lohf.
The resolution was Ihen adopted, by an |
overwhelming \ote.
Mr. Odiorno then read the following letter
from President Hamniett:
Gkeenvit.t.e, S. P., Oct. IB, 1880.
Mr. Howard L. Udiurnc, Cokcsbunj, 8. C.:
1>i:ak SIK?
***** * *****
The company is not seriously embarrassed, I
and no one need feel the least alarm. There
is no debt that cannot be easily paid by pro-}
dent management, and the road built, owned ;
and controlled by the stockholder as origl-1
nally intended. I do not believe there has
ever been a road built in South Carolina thai |
was not at times more seriously embarrassed I
than this. It only needs courage, pluck and j
prudence to carry out the original plan.
As to the proposition of Messrs susong A I
Co., as far as I have ever heard or know of Its j
conditions, I would not consider it for a mo-!
ment. It would be business suicide to accept j
It. What is it you are asked to accept ? Ij
don't know. Men whoso financial standing!
and credit I know nothing about, ask you to j
surrender your road to them for nothing.
They tell you tlicy have backers, but refuse to!
give their nau.es, say they will extend the j
road but refuse to say where. It is the verl-1
with llio wind, or with some wild rumor, that j
you cannot find the substance of, or any body ;
that can t? U yon. That, is Hie way it st rikes
mo. I do not accuse Messrs. Susonji <S Co. of j
an intended wrung, hut they no doubt want;
10 make money and a large amount of it. {
The tax-payeis have put their money into]
tiiis thing for an honest purpose and they i
should not bo deceived. J have not time to1
say more. II. I\ Hammktt. j
After which Mr. Odiornc rend the following!
extract from the Edgificld Monitor :
"Two weeks ago we had something to sayi
witti reltii'cncc to tl:c proposed sale of the'
Atlantic, Greenville and Western Kallroml, J
and we took the occasion to cautiou tliej
stockholders against any hasty action in the i
matter. The proposition to civo the stockholders
second mortgage bonds for their stock ]
may be a fair exchange, and yet it will be I
taken lor granted t lint these second mortgage .
bonds will not lie worth the paper they are'
written on. Hut why sell the road at all?;
We believe tlmt if the stockholders will re-'
elect Mr. Iliimuictt. to the Presidency of Hie
road, and give him a board of directors who J
will oc-operate with Jiim, theentcrprprisecan j
and will be put tiirough In good time, and;,
without passing out of iheir hands. We hope i
that Johnston, and nil of the other Town-I
ships, will send delegates to the Ninety-Six!
meeting who will view the matter in this!,
light. And we hope they will inquire well
and thoroughly into that so-called "compromise,"
and sec if the risihts and interests of
this road were properly reeognized and
guarded in the terms. Delegates should go
there determined to sift the whole matter to
the bottom."
Capt. J. X. Cochran then addressed Ihe meet-! <
ing advising the people to be very caretul as I
to who they elected as delegates, and caution- j
ing them not to yo into the trade with their 1
eyes shut. He thought that as long as the!
company had a dollar it was better for them ;
to hold on to t tic road. After we had exhausted
every dollar that we could get, ami could j
go no further with Ihe work, it would then be ji
time to talk about selling out. to an unknown!
set of men, who had not even made a i
proposition in writing, and whose personal |
identity was not known to th is people. But)
If it should be thought wise to sell out we!
should require s-eurity in a hundred thousand
dollar gilt edge bond for the faithful per- J
formancc of the work, and also a deposit in ]i
hank sutlieient for the payment of Interest on ;
the township bonds.
The Farmers of Rordrnax, Magnolia ,
anil Calhoun Townships in Session
Feeling that Their Interests are
Imperilled Thoy Take Ominous
Pursuant to agreement this society mot at j1
Mt. earnicl 'ast Saturday, Air. J. F. Boykiu, |
president. molding.
Mr. .1. s. Norwood, the regular secretary be
lug absent, .Mr. \V. P. Calhoun was requested !'
to act as secretary.
New names were called for, and the follow- j
lnsiaddcd to the list of members: W. 1>. Mars, I
J. ! '. tSiticrt. K. A. Mars, J. \V. Jones, L. W. '
l'rcssley ami t'apers Itiley.
Reports of committees wore railed for. I)r, j1
J. A. CJlbert reported for the Bordeaux com- j
mil tee that all the merchants had agreed I '
there to cease to buy cotton in the seed, except!'
Mr. ('orley who was absent, but his agent had 1
stated that no more would bu taken in.
Information was given that all Hie merchants
in Mt. Carmel had agreed not to buy 5
any more cotton. jj
The Magnolia committee, th rough Mr. Hen- \
ry T. Latimer, report that in that townsiiip '
no merchant, was buying eoi.jon except Mr. I
Aid, and that Mr. Gcorgo M. Smith would {1
take in cotton alter next Wednesday, if Mr. '
Aid did not stop doing so. |<
It was reported that none of the merchants I
were keeping their books in acco:dance with 1s
III*' IllW. '
The followlncr resolution was passed: I'
SVukicka.s, We, as farmers, deem it great- >
l.v detrimental to our interests for cotton to,j
be purchased in the seed as is now the ease by '
some of our merchant*; and, whereas. we,(
have requested those dealing In seed cotton J
to cease to do so on the grounds set forth, now J
licxiilvctl. Thai, a committer of five be np-j*
pointed to indict all merchants in Mnimnlia, 11
Calhoun and Bordeaux townships \vi)0 have '
been ami still insist on buying cotton in the,1
secil after next >lontluy evening.
The following con mil I tee was appointed for 1
Magnolia anil Calhonn townships: 1!. I..1'
Junes, A. < >. (irant, M. M. Tarrant, 1>. A. Hoyd 1
anil .1. S. Norwood.
For Bordeaux It was decided lo appoint. a I
commit lea of only two. ])r. J. A. (Jibcrt and
Samuel f.'iide were appointed.
A resolution was passed instructing the
president to call a meeting of the club at any 1
time; he might deem it. necessary.
The member* of the club urged that the ,1
committee* appointed take immediate and!
decisive action, as it would soon he too lute to,
accomplish any good.
The dub adjourned subject to the call of the j
proj-ldcn t.
J. F. BOYICIN, President. 1
W.m, r. C.u.iioL>', Sccrctary i>ru tan. 11
Ex-I'rcslilcnt Ilniniiictt Gives tlic In*
M?le History.
I Enterprise and Mountaineer.]
Ascertain statements liavo been made by
officers of this company tts to Its financial
condition, which statements have been published
in the papers and commented upon by
the press gcneraly, I ihink it due to the members
of the Hoard of Directors and to the
stockholders that tlic latter shall know all
the facts upon which the Hoard of Directors
acted, and the information and representations
that tnllucnced their action.
At tlic rucentmectlng or t-iiestocKneuters at
Ninety-Six on tlic 17lh of September, it was
announced by the treasurer unci vice-president,
(who is also the chief engineer,) tJiat the
assets of tlic company would not be sufficient
to complete the grading ol the road. That
the deficiency will bo more than S30,00f). This
was a surprise to the Board of Directors and
to the stockholders. On the lath of July last
(two montiis before the meeting alluded to)
the following statements were furnished me.
One by Mr. F. M. Pope, Treasurer, of t he assets
of the company; and the other by Mr. W.
J. Kirk, Vice-President, (who is also chief engineer.)
These estimates were furnished at.
my request, as reliable data, for me tn submit
to the citizens of Augusta, where I was going
to meet, nn engagement made with them by
the Vice-Prcsldeii t to represent the claims of
the road to their consideration. These statements
were thus used by me. The twoofiiccrs
named accompanied me to Augu-tannd hoard
these statements used by me. They are now
in my possession and are in the handwriting
of the officers named. The statement of the
treasurer of the township subscription Is
known to be correct. The individual subscriptions
arc not doubted, therefore his statement
must bo substantially correct. The estimates
of chief engineer of tho co<t of grading
the line were relied upon by the board and
they acted upon tliein. The following are the
statements referred to:
.Statement of F. M. Pope, treasurer, made lor
July Iotli, 1SS6.
Ninety-Six Township bonds . ? 20,(100
Oak Lawn 8,600
Sullivan- 13,300
Cokesbury 16,200
Dunklin 11,900
Johnston 9, 000
Pine Grove 10.300
Total township bonds Slt)l,l0'?
Piedmont Manf. Co subscription $ 7,50%
Pcl/.cr Mauf. Co 7,~>00
Notes town of Johnston 3,18"
Notes town of Trenton, (not. taken) 1,500
Notes Old Wells' or G. W. Turner's 2,600
Individual subscriptions 800
G. W.Turner at Old Wells' for cross
lies 1,090
John C. Sweargin, subscription lumber
on 65') acres of land, stock to be given
to him for same for 1,000
To'al individual subscriptions 2>,080
Total .subscriptions $120,450
From this take all the Individual subscriptions
below that of G. \V. Turner,
and also those for cross ties and
timber. $ 2,800
And there remains admitted to beabsolutciy
available 123.GS0
chief engineer for grading the line, ma le for
July 15,1886 :
Greenville to Ware's, 20 miles S 27,500
Ware's to Stewart's contract, 16 miles... 8,000
SlewartVt contract to graded line, 7 mile 11,000
Graded line 11,000
Ninety-Six to Johnston's, 30 miles 8U,<*00
Johnston to Hamburg,28 miles 21.U001
Total, 121 miles from Greenville to
Hamburg .?115,400
From this I estimate the co-t of grading
from Greenville to Piedmont,
which is not now to be let to contract,
11 miles 5,720
Total estimate for grading from Piedmont
to Hamburg $109,080 j
Actualsubscriptlous known to beuvailablc
F.stlmate for grading Piedmont to
Hamburg $100,080 j
Surplus left $ 11,000 i
Note.?In this, I have not estimated the ex-j
pense of the engineering corps, salaries, right I
of way, discount on bonds sold or expense ac-'
count; but whatever they may amount to,!
I here is si I,ihm to setoff' against them, a< far as
it will go. At the date these estimates ami
statements were made, (15th July,) Mr. Sulli-I
van hud, I think, completed liis first contract j
ana n u:i(i oecn esumaicii ior puymcui.
Messrs. Stewart <fc Co. had stopped work on
theirs and removed to their second contract
but. thelt work on their first hud been estimated
for payment and nothing was heard of
under-estimates of engineer and could not
have been, because these statements were
based upon the actual work done. There have
been no new developments since to my knowledge.
It is sui'.cd by those who claim to know,
that there were no under-est i mates by the. cnglner
between Ninety-Six and Hamburg; that
the estimates from Hamburg to Johnston
were a little under, but those from Johnston
to Ninety-Six were over-estimated, and that
the two combined were actually owr-esttmaled.
If the facts as stated here are true, iti
is difllcult to see wliere there have been uuder-cstimates
and consequently, why there
should be a deficiency of means to grade thei
road. Messrs. Pope and Kirk, whilst we were
In Augusta, propored to me to take the assets]
thcu available and grade the entire line, and j
I know no reason now, why it cannot be done, i
or why there should be a deficiency of a dol-l
The pre u nipt ion Is. of course, that whent
the officers are asked to particularize and.
show the over-estimates, arid the deficiency,
they will he prepared to do so to the satisfaction
of the stockholders,and will be able to
make the statements of available assets and
estimates for grading, agree with those they
furnished on the loth of July?aud if they differ,
explain why, together with all the particulars.
The stockholders will probably want
such an explanation. II. P. Hammett.
Politic Meetliic ?if Cllixon<i In tlie III
terCMt of (he Proposed Road?President
Mills Give C'liecrlnjf Acco
51 nits.
Last Friday evenln? a public meeting of onr
citizens was licld In the Court House. L. \V.
Pcrrin, Ksq., was culled to the chair, when he
proceeded to state that the object of the meeting
was to advance the interests of the Chester.
Greenwood mid Abbeville Rail road, and
to hear from President Mills who was present
with us. Mr. Perrln said he was pleased with
the prospects of gutting the irond. In fact, lie
said, lie thought the success of the enterprise
was assured, if the pr-oplculong the line would
lend a reasonable encouragement by the giving
of money and ths granting of the right of
way. The time for work had come,and we
must show our earnestness by contributing to!
its success.
Major Alii Is, President of the company, gave
an incite into the w orkings of the company, j
and the success with which they had .met A |
corps of engineers (irc now at work on the
Monroe end of the line and most of the road ;
troin Chester to Mouroe has already been sur-j
veyed. The money is already in bank to de- j
fray Chester's part < f the expense of the sur-j
vcy to the Laurens line. The people of Ches-;
terare greatly aroused In behalf ot the road
nnd are now united in th<*lr sympathies for
the enterprise. lie said that $5,000 would he
necessary to survey through Laurens and Ab
uevuiu L'ouiiiiL'n iij Miu roiYiiiiiiuii 11virr. uuii i
that the greater portion of tliis amount must j
lie paid by AbbcviIlu county, us the line would j
run through only a small part of Laurens'
c<ntnty. The money to survey the Georgia!
line trom the river to Atlanta Is in bank and j
two sots of surveyor? are at work on the line
In Georgia. Including the corps now at work j
between Greenwood and Abbeville, there are
four corps of surveyors at work between Mon->
roe and Atlanta.
The Legislatures of Georgia and South Oar-!
olina will be applied tout their next sittings
lor an act authorizing tlie consolidation of*
Ihcentirc line from Atlanta to .Monroe. With |
? rich corporation with money In hand to;
build the proposed read, the building of the.
road may be set down at least as one of the |
possibilities. The :>nly question now Is,
where the road will te located.
At the conclusion of Major Mills remarks,
subscriptions were >nlied for. Mr. l'arkerI
said that a friend had subscribed and that
lie himself would be one of ten to subscribe!
flOO. ( apt. !<. W. White said that he would
jive5100. Mr. W. McGowan said that lie;
tvould givesSa. Mr. L. W. smith said that he j
ivould give 5>">0. It was then moved that a
ominittee be appointed to solicit subscrip-j
>ions, tho mover asking to be excused from
serving. Messrs. I,. \V. Smith, S. ('. Cason,
Hid .I. Miller were appointed on that com-;
nittcc. Altera partial canvass they reported |
W.IOO as subscribed. News received from j
Greenwood yesterday report SI/iiHl in cash j
Vom that tou n. Inc eased subscriptions arc
?x pee ted from each p ace.
A movement is on foot to organize a new;'
oute from Atlanta to New York of which the
'hosier, Greenwood and Abbeville l?allroad
diall i?ea part, and the belief prevail* that ,
here is n demand for such a road, ami that if;
he people along the proposed line do their 1
ivhole duty, that we tvlll get the road.
The people of Abbeville have had some cx-!
icrience In letting railroads go by them, and
t. is earnestly lionet: that every man along .
lie line may lend his countenance and aid to!1
his our only ami last chance to got an iinporr
ant line nnross tho ?w tin try.
President. Mills Is enthusiastic in the work,
tncl ts giving his whole energy to the prosecuion
of Hit! work. lie will nodouht aecomtlish
as much as could any other man under ;
he sun. Good luck to him,and success to his
ititilli in l'viiiciitlo. <
The editorials In tho J'rcss anrl Ihnmcr, on
tm entra session thougti u liitlo strongly
,vorded arc regarded hereabouts as rlgut in I
iriuolple.?li. >v. (J., in Abbeville Afcssemjer. i<
-#? THE
OtiNt and Dry Wcnlhcr?Snakes and
Preachcm - - - Departing ('Itlxcnx
and Moving: Stores?Car Loads or
Ice and Rnnnwny Horses?Cnpt.
Raonl and Chivalrous Youths?
Fire in a Gin House?Music and
Koiixs in flic Female College.
Greenwood, h. C., October 18, 1880.
If no one has told of the fact, perhaps you
will be surprised to know that we are having
very dry weather and that the roads or very
Miss Laura Itlctabourg, a gnyid daughter of
Mrs. K (J. Chappell was bitten twice by a
large highland moccaslon on la>t Wednesday
night. Her sufferings for a sliort were almost
' unoearaoie.
Itev. G. H. Carter has accepted a call of the
Baptist church here for the lirst and third
Sabbaths of each month during the next year
commencing with the first Sabbath in November.
Mr. Carter has secured a dwelling,
and will soon make Greenwood his hortie.
Mr. J. It. Smith, of Charleston has purchased
the dwelling on Byrd street, now occupied
by Dr. B. W. Cobb, and will make this place
his future home. To all such Greenwood extends
a hearty welc >rae.
Capt. Geo. It. C'aldweld, of Phoenix has sold
all of his property and will in a short lime
leave for Washington Territory where he expects
to spend the remainder of his life. He
is a man of sterling qualities, and we hope
that !> will not be disappointed in his expectations.
The old store of Lee and Bailey, which has
been an eye sore on the public square for several
months, having been rolled out there to
give place to the new brick building, has
been rolled to the rear of Mr. James Ballc.v
lot. on Ilag street where it will be repaired
and used as n grocery store.
Dr. It. \V. Cobb has brought the lot and
house on .Cokesbury street, above A. St. C.
Lee's of Mr. J. W. S proles. Ho will repair
and occupy the awelllttg In a few weeks.
Mr. W. 11. Moore of Cokesbury was in town
last Friday. We would like to Induce him to
become a citizen of our town, were It possible
for us to do so. Comedown. For you there
is a welcome.
The Chester, Greenwood and Abbeville
Hail road, will be built, and there are no
would-if-we-could probabilities about It. All
that Is necessary for us to do Is to pay subscriptions
as specified, vote a light tax If
necessary, and above all show by our action
that we want the road. The route is a practicable
one, as auy one can see and we are sure
that the services of hopeful Schotield will not
be needed in securing the means of completing
the work.
Miss Minncr Hilton, of Ninety-Six is visiting
Misses Sarah and Bessie HH1.
On last Friday while a horse, belonging to
Mr. J. T. McKcllar, was being driven to a
wagon by Mr. Stanley Crews, it took frignt
and ran away, tearing the wagon to pieces.
Mr. Crews who is more than eighty years old
was thrown from the wag m but not seriously
Messrs. Lcc & Bailey sold twelve carloads,
more than two hundred and (flghty-eight
t'aonsmd pounds, of icv during the Summer
mouths. A large part of this amount w?S
i shipped to various place*.
I Mr. Owen Dukes, of Hampton has come to
j this place for the purpose of opening a lum
ner ana ouuuers supplies esiaoiismiiciii.
I He will in a short time be able to 1111 all or1
dors for articles In that lin<\
I Dr. T. \V. Chiles, of Ninety-Six was In town
I Inst Thursday. Ii was his first visit to Mils
place sltiee 1871. Many changes have been
made within the la*t fifteen years, and liewas
ut) e to recognize but few building.
Dr. K. (J. M ir:iu, of Ninety .Six wis in town
during the greater jiart of last week.
The first tipple wagons i"r<>111 the mountains
that we have seen this season, were on the
streets last Saturday. Some of their fruit
was very tine.
Homo of our chivalrous young men will
soon commence to practice for a grand tour- j
nument, whi-li will take place during the
Christmas holi lays. The victorious knight
will cr.iwn his fair lady a-- queen of grace and
beauty on the evening following the contest.
Capt. \V. G. Hioul and his .Secretory Mr.
Andrew Anderson, spent three d iys of last
week in town making arrangements for thej
consolid it ion oi t ic munng.-inunt of the Port
Royal and Augusta, Augttsta and Knoxville,
Greenwood, Laurens and Spartanburg, Green-1
villi? and Laurens, and Savannah Valley I
ral:roals. rapt. Kaoul met the directors of i
the Uroonwood, Laurens nnd .Spartanburg:
road here on last Friday. He will meet the!
directors of tlie Savannah Valley road at
McCoriniek to-day, and the directors of the
Augusta and Knoxville road In Augusta on
the 27th iust. The new combination will be
known us the Port Iloyal utid Carolina Wcst-j
ern Itaiiway. We do not known yet whether]
ono of the directors of the new management !
will be selected from this place or not, but I
do think that since Greenwood can rightly j
claim the maternity of one of the roads |
which made possible the construction of
others. She ou^ot to be allowed at least,
one representative if ouly for the sake of
court esy.
On last Fri.lny all of the real nnd personal
properly belonging to the estate of Martin j
JIackett, within the limits of the town wnsj
sold at auction by Air. T. C. Lipscomb the
p-vr-entor. Thrt sale was \v#>ll attended lliul I
real estate brought fair prices. The lot on I
which t':e dwelling st-inds, containing about <
lour acrcs was sold to .Mr. J. F. Kelhtr for six |
luindied and fifteen dollars. The remaining
seventeen acres which are somewhat rough |
and hilly were divided into twenty lots and j
sold separately, bringing an average ol a lit-,
ler more than eight dollars per acre.
Mi<s Willie lieitoy of Lowndesvillc is visiting
Miss Lenna Blake.
One of Mr. J. 11. Oldlian'sglnning establishimnIS
cnmc mar liolng ImrncJ one day lastweelc.
Matches in the c itton which was be-1
lug ginned ignited and In a moment tlie lint
was in ilamcs. A steam tire extinguisher
which is attached to the boiler of his engine
wa> Immediately put in operation extinguishing
the tire in a few seconds.
Mr. T. K. lilaekwell. of Walnut Grove was.
in town last Friday, lie Is one of the few farmers
who are making money by close personal
attention to the farm, nothing else will
secure success In that, or any other vocntlon. i
Prof. 8. P. Boozer is again able to take |
charge of his school.
A concert for the benefit of a charitable In- J
stitutlon In Charleston will be given in the;
Female College next Friday night. MAC. !
.lfouey mid Good Cheer for (lie Iiuiltler
oT tlic Chester, Greeuuood and
Abbeville Itallrnad.
Greenwood, s. (!., Octobcr 19,1880
Maj. Julius Mills, of Chester, president of
the Chester, Greenwood and Abbeville ltaii-[
road having arrived on the train from Abbeville,
the citizens of our town and community
were at once notified by Major Waller that |
it was desirable to Hold an miurin:il meeting
of the friends of the newly organized railroad
enterprise over which Major Mills presider,
so that all might learn of what lias
been accomplished and of the glowing possibilities
of the near future. To (his call or Invitation
a majority of our l>usinc?s men, and
public spirited citizens responded, and at
eight yesterday evening Waller's Hall was
almost filled. In a few appropriate words by |
Intendant Waller, Maj. Mills was introduced i
to tile audience, lie spoke about forty mln-j
utes, first describing the route, naming tliei
different townships through which the road !
will pass, and the amounts which these townships
have already given with what they are
willing to uive in future. He then spoke or
the encournglngoutlook, which predicts the!
sure and speedy success of the enterprise
closing with an earnest appeal to all sub
serlbers and those who would now subscribe'
showing them the necessity of immediate
payment of at least fifty per cent, of the original
subscription, so that the engineering;
corps now In the field may be supplied with
improved instiumcnts, first class and com-!
fortable outfits, and above all, paid promptly j
while surveying and locating the road this!
Jnlcndant Waller then spoke a few words, I
expressing f r the directors their high ap-'
proval of what has been accomplished by i
Major Mills. He then asked all present to:
show their confidence in the undertaking
aiul In t-lio officials in a substantial manner
when with only 0110 exception every (subscriber
promptly signified their willingness
to pay tlic flft v per cent askeel for. Nearly
fourteen hundred dollars were paid fo .Mr.;
Waller tills mornini:, the remainder will he
forwarded to the treasurer soon. Kvpryuody i
is enthusiastic and eager to Improve our op-1
portunity of securing this great line and out-;
iet to the Northern marts of trade. MAC. i
Rogers & Co., of Au!{i)Sta, Qa., Is headqnar-1
tcrs tor choice seed wheat and red rust, proof
oats. Send In your orders. This house has:
always made war on high prices. Their moito
is: Se|l the veiy best poods for the very
least money possible. Tlicy make It to the j
Interest ot the public to trade wjth them, i
1'hey guarantee all poods lo -jive satisfaction
or no trade. This ho??c is |>iiil<liii*r up a
mammoth business In ??-'orgln and Carolina,
i'hey can deliver tlooils at a?> depot, in two or
throe days after order Is sent in. Ship them
your cotton and order you rgoo|ls from I topers !
fli Co., 115 Jaeksou Street, Aupustu, Oa. HR!') :
Mrs. Tap<rart will give you nil tho selecting
it dress and trimming to suit. Win. K, lii.ll.
10-20 (
I will sell you dress goods, wraps and clonics
us cheap as you can buy in Augusta oy olse-:<
where. Win. K. Hell. 1020
I.ar?re stock of ladies' and children's shoes,
ladies' and misses' corsets, hand satchels,
ilrcss extenders and dress shields. Win. E. I
Uell. 10-20. 1
Polite clerks ready and wllllusr to stiow <
mods, ai><! will guarantee prices aud quality !
ji material. Wm. 1J. liell. 10-20 |
Ilor RnlIrOn?l Ik in the Balnnce, nn?l
it Turn One Way or the Other may
Make or Unmake the Place.
Ninety-Six, 8. C., Oct. 19.18S6.
There will be a meeting of tlic stockholders
of the Atlantic, Greenville and Western Railread
at Ninety-Mix on the 2!ith Inst., for the
purpose of ek-ctiiig live del< gales lo represent
them al a stockholders meeting w hlch Is
also to be held at Ninety-Six on Ihe 41 h day
of November next. It Is Important that the
meeting on tlie&lth Inst, shall be well attended.
Tiie questlonjof selling out our road, wo
t presume, will eome up, and men who will
represent tlie views of the people on this
question should be elected.
Mr. John M. Taylor has taken the position
of salesman with Mr. A. Morris and will be
; glad to sue those of his friends who will call.
I Thr> little Hon of Dr. .1. H. Watts, Ilvlm/ near
I Watts' Ferry accidentally shot himself In the
; list it (I one day last week. Tne wound is not
Don't forget to attend the stockholders'
at Ninety-Six on the 2!)th. Business of importai.ee.
As yet very few oats have been sown?the
weather too dry and ground too hnrd.
Mr. Hammett Is bitterly opposed to the
"sell out" of the Atlantic, Uicenvillc and
Western Railway Company and says It would
he the "veriest business snleideto do so, or
even consider the proposition." Husong &
Co. are sharp financiers. They know there Is
big money In it. Let us hold 011 to It. It is
true our bonds have depredated somewhat,
hut with careful management- they will appreciate.
Some of the friends have asked,
what have the bonds been sold a: ? I will
state as far as I know, some have brought 75
cents, some70cents; one block sold to one ol
the officers of the road, he orly paying 66%
cents. Some have brought DO cents, purchased
by contractors in work at a high figure,
15 cents per cubic yard. The Fame work
could have-been done for cash for about 9
cents to 10 cents per cubic yurd. So you will
see that 10 per cent, discount on the bonds
and 50 per cent, advance on the work will
bring the bonds down to a very, very low figure.
S 10,000 were hypothecated for the loan of
<5,000 from the Greenville Hank. The bonds
and subscriptions north of the Saluda River
and at I'elzer arc as yet untouched. The
] grading from near Ware's Shoals to Johnj
ston's has been completed. Capt. Sullivan
' will soon be through fiotn Augusta to Johnston's
and i.hen we wld have nearly ?5 miles
of road graded. The debt as reported at tbe
last stockholders' meeting as being 332.403 has
dwindled down and we are satisfied will not
be over half, if that much. Mr. Hammett Is
tor building the road according to the original
design and believes if the road Is prudently
! managed there will not he a deht of overS5,000
to 810,0)0. It is simply Idle talk to think or
selling the road out. We can build it and
hold it. If there is anything to be made by it,
let taxpayers have the benefit. I have had a
great deal to say about this road In the past
year and I cannot sit by and see the people
lose it without making: on effort to save it.
[ have given you sufficient warning and I
hope the stockholders generally Will tarti out
nud see to it that proper men are elected us
delegates to the meeting that is to take place
here at Ninety-Six on the 4th of November.
I do not think these meetings have been sufficiently
advertised. A written notice tacked
upon the side of a house or tree In each township
will not reach tbe people, when we have
newspapers in all the counties along the line.
Messrs. Frazier and Turner have returned
f.c;.. Ciiaritoloii. Vilici'o tiiey carried stock.
Cant. W. J. Kirk, Vice-President and Chie.f
Engineer of the At'antic, Greenville and
Western Railway was in town last week.
The suggestion of our friend S. P. B, will
be duly considered. If after mature deliberation,
and we are not sold out, we find
It to our advantage to accept his proposition.
Those of our people who have read Col.
Richardson's speech at Cheater think It superb.
Miss Moore of Ashevilte, ST. C., is here
hoarding with her uncle and attending Prof.
Cork's school.
The Rev. Mr. Probst and wife, parents of
onr efficient railroad agent. arc here for
! the winter. They reside at Gettysburg, Pa
i Mr. Jam s Rogers has some Improved plow
stocks for sale cheap. EAST END.
Personal Mention?"Dn<?t to Dnst">?
What hii Enterprising Merchant
May Find?Other Matters.
Stony Point, S. (j., Oct. 18, lrsg.
There Is little pleasure now In either walking
or riding; dust, dust, every where. Every
one wishing for rain, and especially our farmers.
who are unable to sow their grain as the
ground is too hard to think of plowing.
The cool weather is causing the col ton to
open slowly, consequently but little is being
carried to market.
Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Smith, of Tip Top, spent
a day or two with Mr. J. C. Caldwell's family
I lust week.
, Miss Laura Wells, oneof Greenwood's sweet
and attractive young ladles, has been on a
weeks visit, to Mrs. G. P. O'Neali.
I l)r. and Mrs. F. B. Connor, of Laurens, have
been spending some lime with Mr. David
Aiken's family.
Mrs. L. R. Dantz'er, of Hodges, is in town.
1 Annie, inf.int daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David
Aiken, is we regret to say, quite sick. We
wish for the little one a speedy recovery.
One of our bright little fi lends has had a sad
experience with flying rocks, as he was accidentally
e truck In the mouth with one recently,
which has c.iused him the price of two
Irout teeth. Our advice, Clayton, is go to Dr.
Wilson, at Greenwood, who will make good
your loss in a most artistic manner, and to beware
of rocks.
| Mr.D. D. Itampey had the misfortune lo lose
one of his fine colts a few days since. Cause
of death unknown.
| Col. Law will soon leave on his annual trip
; to his phtntnllous In the lower part of the
j State.
I The many friends of Mrs. C. C. Law will be
pleased to learn that her .health has been
much improved by her sojourn in Darlington,
and that she will return to her home in a few
We had the pleasure a few days past of being
shown over the mammoth new store at
Ciironaca, by the proprietor, who Is that model
merchant. Mr. .Joel S. Anderson. In this
house every one can be pleased as lo quality
and price. Mr. Anderson lias been a most
successful merchant, and Coronaca should be
congratulated upon having had him locate In
its centre. Mr. Anderson will find the Pre**
and Itanncran exccllentadverllsing medium,
and as he Is a wide awake business mun, we
have no doubt but that he will try it.
We learn that Dr. J. A. Lomax has recently
lost six tine cows with some unknown disease.
Can it be pleuro pneumonia? We think there
should be some Investigation In the matter.
Miss Daisy Martin, a bright and interesting
young lady of Smithville, Is In town.
Jane Parker, an old and highly respected
colored woman, died at her home near town
a few days past. Peace to her ashes.
What has become of our friend "Sugar?"
Has he given up tho quill for the yard stick?
Come,"Sugar," you have been inquired about
nffnti onniiir)i fliwl writs* lln thp m:itiv infpivst
ing items from your town. JJULCIO.
? 0 $
Can flip State Afford It.
[Sumter Watchman and Southron.J
Wc see the News and Courier and Columbia
Register arc earnestly calling for an extra session
of the Legislature to devise means for
raising mony to loan to Charleston at a low
rate of interest, ro enable her to repair the
earthquake damages.
The county papers have said but little on
the subject because it seems ungracious to oppose
any measure looking to the rehabilitation
of stricken Charleston, but we arc inclined
to think that a general opposition is
felt to such a move.
The present debt of the State, though comparatively
small. Is sufficiently burdensome
to cause restiveness among tho tax-payers,
anil they will hardly couseDt that the debt
should be almost doubled, even with a fa'r as- j
so ranee that Charleston will pay the interest.1
We think sr.eh an act on the part of the Legislature
would be of doubtful policy, and do l
not believe it would pass, and as considerable
expense would attend an cxtm session. Governor
Sheppard will do right In refusing to!
make I he call.
In 1SS1, we believe, there was almost a famine
in some parts of Sumter county, and |
meetings were held, and resolutions adopted j
asking tor some assistance from the Stale, j
These resolutions were ridiculed by some who .
now favor State uid to Charleston, and we can
not see where Charleston has claims equal to I
t bore of our famine stricken farmers at that'
time. We can not see why Charleston should
by the aid of the Stale, borrow money at 4 per
cent, while there is a mortgage over the farm-,
ers' interests for which 10 or 20 or 25 per cent, i
is paid. We ean not perceive why sections of
the state, whose people were in danger of nctr
ual starvation should bo neglected when the:
call for help Is made, while Charleston, whose
iUlt- eilllllHlliiunij mvij otivst?*v? w
There is no claim made tjmt Charleston ennnot
borrow tlie money for rebuilding, but she
wants it at 4 per cent. Ami so do we nil. Money
at 1 per cent, would enable every prudent
and industrious farmer in Sumter count
ly to Ret crcn with tin* world in live years;
mid why should they not have it as well a*
Charleston ?
No, Si>uIh Carolina ean not afford to mftkp
the proposed loan because it would not bii
I gnarantep prices on ali goods, and all I
usU tlie ladius is. to ?{ive me a chanec to show
them. Wni. K. Hell. 10-20
I can't be undersold on dress poods, trim-'
mings. New styles in dress tirods received
every week. Wm. K. Hell. 10-20
Remember l don't consider it. any trouble to
show :roods, oven if you are not ready to buy.
This Is one way 1 h.ive advertising my business.
Wui. Iv I Jell. 10-2H
Tlic attention of ladies is called to the celebrated
(.Vntcnn-ri tivc-lmltini kid gloves sold
Ijy While I'rolhcrs* ThU srlove is of the same'
eliaractur with Alexandre's Rlovc, but much
lower In price. I'Uty are sood?no mistake.
Charleston'^ Misfortunes Recited?
Fire, Wag Cyclone, Earthquake^
These Fonr.
Keowee Courier.
The press or the State has In most cases Indicated
lis opinion in reference to affording
relief for rebuilding Charleston. A majority
of the papers are opposed to an extra hesslon
or the Legislature for cbls purpose, and Gdv.
Sheppard Is reported as sayihg that no-organ- ,
iz?;d effort in Charleston or elsewhere'htfs
been made to induce him to convene the Legislature
for the purposes indicated, and 'It
8<-ems probable that he will not act unless he
Is satisfied the people of the State de-ire him
to do so.
There is abundant evidence lo show tint
tho destruction of the property of the people
of Charleston by the earthquake is an extraordinary
occasion which woulfl Warrant the
Governor in convening the Legislature for
the purpose of considering the propriety of
granting relief lo the unfortunate people of
In 1>'3S a destructive fire consnmed a largfl
amount of the property, real and personal, of
the people ol Charleston. The Governor
thereupon convened the Legislature In estra
session, and, on the first duy of June In that
year, authorized and granted a loan of two
million of dollars, which, when realized, was
loaned to the people of that city for rebuilding
tlie same. Every dollar of this large sum
was repaid by the borrowers, and the people
af the State did not lose anything by their
generous guarantee.
In 1S01 Cliarli stlon was sgilr. visitd by a
most destructive fire, but war was raging hi
the time and tho great loss scarcely attracted
attention. The war over desolation was to be
seen on all sides in tlie devoted city. Then
years of Radical rule?Infinitely worse than
tire and war?followed with the nsaul disastrous
In the midst of those misfortunes much of
the trade and commerce pf the elt" was diverted
into other channels. With the political
success of 1876 hope returned and the people
went to work heroically to rebuild the
waste places. Tlie manufacture of phosphates
and the truck business, with the trade
and commerce retained, inspired the people
of Charleston with the hope that their former
greatness and prestige might be restored. In
all this they have merited the well-done of
the people of the State.
In isso it disastrous cyclone destroyed a mlltlon
dollars worth of properly; and now the
terrible earthquake has destroyed 85,000,000 of
property, excluding the great relief a (lorded
by i he generous ptoplc of the whole country.
This Is the condition of Charleston to-dor.
It Is our chief city and lias paid snDtrally
about one-fifth of the taxes of the State. She
not onfy doo? thly, bnt pays the interest on
several millionsof her public debt promptly i
and a largo tax to maintain her city govern*
Charleston cnnnot recnpenite for many
year?, II'at all, without help. We cwnnot
afford to see the metropolis of the State straggling
hopelessly ncatust faie. I.et her have
reasonable nld. When she rebuilds she can
repay. The credit and honor of the old city.,
under aU her adverse circumstances, have .
DOt tilled her lu the past; neither da we bo
I love that they will iu the future {
Letter from Prof. Hood in which fee
Shown that Much of tke Exhting
Public l?obt of the State In for
Bonds Issued lu Aid of Charles ten
Forty Years ago.
Editor Press and Banner :
Yours ol yesterday, enclosing a clipping
from the Ktouiee Courier, aud asklug information
as to the relation ol the Stale to the rebulldiug
of Charleston in 1SJ8, has l>ecu received.
1 have not acccsB to more than a limited
supply of state Acts, and official reports; and _
theroiore, I cannot refer tons ninch data as I
would like in the examination of the matter.
You will tiud Act lor rebuilding the City of
Cliiit k'Sion in Vol. 7. page lott. Tills is the Act
that gave origin to thai curt of the Suite debt
called "Fire J.oun Uonus and fct>ck." Vou
c.in trace thein in the annual report* of
Comptrollers ana Treasurers ever since. I
think the Bonds were 5 per cent, and matured
In lies, or 30 years after ls>ae. While the
Stock was 0 per cent, and matured in 1870. It
was issued probably two years later than the
Honds. They were issued by the Slate Junt 118
any other Bonds and stock are sold, the money
loaned to parties in Charleston to rebuild
with, the borrower 10 pay Interest to the - A
fttiite lor what he borrowed f<>r a long term,
aud finally the prim-lpsd. Of course ihe argument.
was, that the interest paid by the borrower
would put the money In tbe State
Treasury by which she In turn would have
ihe menus thus provided to pity the interest
on the Bonds aud Slock. And lliat when all
these loans matured and were paid, it would
provide the State with the amount needed to
pay tbe principle ol' the Bonds and Stock
when they would become due.
I have no means of knowing whether the
State eollectcd all the loans from the Borrowers
or not. Itis certain, however, tbat she
either did not realize enough in this way or ;
else that she did not so apply It. Some if
the Bonds aud Slock was doubtless paid, bat
in 1*71, the last date I have examined, the
Comptroller reports ?774.085.9) of it slill outstanding
in its original shape. In the mean
time, n large volume of its past due interest
had been lunded under the Act of I860, the
Funding Act under Governor Orr nnd came
out as an interest bearing debt, bat not
under the name of Fire Loan. The Interest
funded then was probably not far from $150,
iwiik ii. uie inientv Mini. oecame uucuuiing
uiid just niter the War, while either
crcditors would not receive ilie Confederate
money or the Stale wan unable 10 puj interest
In iiny funds. The Orr funding Act would
show the ex net amount. These two amount*
put togetherare abouta sum begin- ^
ning to look well up to u million. I do not
know whether It was nil consolidated under
Act of 1873 or not. 11 was not I n act of 1874, for
the reason (there may have been reasons why
some was ucver consolidated) that they had
fallen due previously, and the Act of 18*3
made no provision for computing Interest on
them after their maturity, and the holders
claimed the interest for the interval, but the
Treasurer had no authority by the Act to
compute it. Th?re was then probably
enough interest accrued to raise the debt to a
million, as the interest had then run without
payment on at least the Stock si nee'1870, four
years, being about SI7.5X) per year. Now, suppose
they were afterwards funded under the
consolidation Act of'73, at 50 per cent on the
dollar, the debt still remains a half million
on which we are paying interest, 44 years after
the occasion that called it into existence.
The Keoiccc Courier says the original amount
was SJ,i)00,000. In that he may be correct, I am
not in a condition to rectify it. But of
one thing I am certain, that, after all due allowance,
we have paid over that amount In
Interest on It. and all "For sweet charity
sake." Of course it Is a pity of the people of
Charleston. So it Is of any body that suffer a
The theory that Bonds can be Issued, the
money loaned, interest, to stand for interest,
and principal for principal, Is plausible. But
in practice, it won't work according to the
theory. When the little loans are paid back
into Hie Treasury, the Ronds arc not ready for '
liquidation. They arc not matured. Then the
arcu men t turns another corner and says the
loans as paid in can go to a sinking fund But
who has ever seen a State preserve intact a
sinking fund? Emergencies arise, or aro
supposed to be on us, and the sinking fund is
diverted, and the debt stays. Slates are aU
ways poor, and w hatever fund is available is f
In variably called Into service. The evil day
Is pushed forward, and .the bonded debts go
on increasing.
We can do much for Charleston bv charity,
but we cannot afford, on anv proposition to
undertake to make her loss good. Charity
h s already done a good part by her, and will
doubtless do more if needed. If she had used
the excess of her charitable fund as a loan
and building fund with preference to the
mon' ueeiiy, snB coum nave uuaum. nuiiuii
the city with it in a Jew years. No doubt
hundreds of houses need but little to rnakp
them servo the purposes of lite and business,
ami what more Is really necessary? Tho
funds on hands will do much of that for the
real needy. The rich can rebuild for them*
You are rteht to oppose State nld. If tho
primaries wore not over, it would, in my
mind.be a question of snflieient gravity to
submit to candidates. I hope I do not feel
unkingly towards any people afflicted as
Charleston Is, but State aid means more
pressing: times to us as long as we live, and to
generations to come.
1 have written hastily, and not used words
and constructions as carefully as I would
have jloslred, nor have 1 had ihe time and
mean? to examine the matter as 1 wish r
could, but } feel safe In saying you will
me substantially correct in the facts.
Yours truly,
Rojrers & Co, are selling flour at Sl-oO per
barrel; hac^injr Im pounds at 7-Ji cents. Ship
your cotton to lingers it Co., anu order your
grocel ies.
There is no surer place of bein? suited in
ready-made clothing' than the store of Whit.)
Hrotheis. Their stock in this line is immense.
Come all, men, youths and boysl }ind be clod
for the \\ inter. 10.13
White Brothers hive a larger stock of carpets
and rims than ever before. Call and look
at them. They are very handsome. 10-13
ladles will please bear in mind that the
C<'iiiiiii>' 7.eialer shoe is made by Zcisrler Rr ..
of I'blladelphla. Much an article can be ha4
at the store of White lirothets. 10-J3

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