Newspaper Page Text
& A SPRING SONG. 0 sunshine, havo you mode the world all golden With wondrous, magic art, Or can it be this light, so new yet oklen, That -Roods my happy heart? 1 cannot tell: I only know to day Life dances in the sunshine all the way. O apple blossoms, ali tue braucnes piummg With feathery sprays of white, A precious flower for me alone is blooming: It opens to the light. * And is it you, with petals falling fleet, Or is it this, that makes the world so sweet? O joyous bird*, I think I hear you singing A glad, exultant lay; R And yet the song that in niy heart is ringing Outsiugs your voice to-day. You cannot learn that song, dear little birds: j *'He loves m?, loves me, loves me," are the ] words. ?Bessie Chandler, iti Lippincott. My Resurrection Prank. BY OKO. II. TAYLOR. I was sitting in my office at the close of a warm summer day in a depressed state of mind, occasioned partly by the . oppressive weather and partly by my pro-1 fe3sional prospects, or rather, want of j prospects. Having sown my wild oats and obtained a medical diploma, I hud j settled down in the little country town of ; W to work up a practice. It was I very hard to leave the activities of the | city and the prankish life of a student for j .the quiet of a rural community and the | sedateaess requisite for impressing the . rural mind with the belief that all medical skill was locked up in the particular knowledge box carried on my shoulders. But the little Town of \V , or that particular section of it in which I had opened an oflice. seemed to my friends, and,- therefore, to me, the only spot on earth not already pre-empted by a member of the medical profession. So there I was, awaiting a verilication of the adage that " all things come to those who wait." I had come very near having a case that morning. A strange young woman had come to the leading hotel of the town the day before, had been taken sick during the night, aud, as there seemed to be nobody to guarantee the payment of her bill in case she died, uiy professional competitors appeared williugthat I should have the job. But the fates were against me, for as I ascended the stairs I was told that the young woman was dead and her body fnrnji/1 Airor frt tho h-Tlil^r UttU VUJUVW V?V? ??v J mercies of the town coroner and underdertaker. Even then the coterie of j ''good and true'' citizens picked up: around the bar-room door had "viewed j the-jwdy"' and retired to meet at some indefinite period and declare that ''the said person, to tiie jury unknown, come to her death by some means to the jury unknown." the pauper coffin was in the room and the pQuper hearse stood at the door. I had been a little dilatory in responding to the unexpected and very early moruiug call, and I had lost the case. So I turned on the stairway and leisurely made my way back to; my office. The business of "working up a practice" in medicine will at times depress the m^st sanguine temperament, aud I was, as I have said, having one of those depressed moods when Bonaparte Laguee, the town undertaker's man-of-all-work, dropped in wearing a very gruesome face and helped himself to a chair confidentially near me. "Sick, Bony?" I asked; for the young j man thmif?h lnnkinr* the verv nicture of ! ~ o a -? 1 i physical vigor, seemed at a loss how to ojijen the conversation. "Naw!" he answered in a tone of strong disgust; <-only sick o' this buryin' business, and o' that measly small boss o' mine. Do you know what he's gone an' j done?'' -"Well, you know the old woman My- J ers that's been a dyin' so long of a disease j that none o' you medicine fellows could ! make out?" "Yes, died last "night, I believe?" "Yes, an' I let that worthless son o' i here have a coffin on tick an' the boss ; lays he'll take the price of it out of my ] wages. Now, it wasn't nothing better ; than a cheap pauper coffin, but I ain't go- j ing to stand the loss if my rich boss can't, | an' he's going to have that coffin back if j I have to dig for it. I'm goiug over to j the cemetery to-night for it, an' I didu't! know but you wanted a good dissect* and wouldvgive me a hand. She'd make : a stunnin' dissect, 'cause nobody knows what she died of. I'm a little nervous ! about goin' over there alone, an' I thought II yuu U UCip U1U get IUC lUJUU A U. ilUl^ you get the body.1' Here was a chance to cliuse away melancholy, and I hadn't had a lark siuce I left college. If I was found out it would destroy all hopes of a practice in W , to be sure, but that didn't mean much, considering how slight a fabric those hopes were built on anyway, and it would furnish me with a reasonable excuse to my friends for quitting the apparently barren field they had selected for me. Besides, was there not hope of unearthing a great medical secret that might hand one's name down to posterity J Added to this there would be great satisfaction in helping Bony to thrust that cheap coftin under the nose of the cravenspirited Worms, the undertaker, and daring him to ri-<k his own reputation by exposing Bonv to the law. Bony's revenge might be at the expense of his situation, but it would be rich'; and it might have the contrary effect of compelling Worms to keep the man and treat him decently in order to keep his own meanness out of the public car. Such arguments as these only needed the natural reaction they created iu a depressed volatile temperament to make them convincing, and midnight saw Bony and nfe digging away like human ghouls at the newest grave in the potters' field of the town cemetery. That is, midnight might have seen us if she had carried her lantern with her, but Mrs. Myers had died in "the dark o' the moon," and we. for greater privacy, had gone without a light. We raise'd the coffin nud its contents and by devious paths and byways bore it to the back room of my office and there turned on a little light" ' The wrong coffin, l>y jingo," was the ejaculation of Bony; and ho dropped with ft half piralyzed limpness into the nearest chair. Then, recovering from his mortification. he went on: "That's thecoffia what we used for the gal at the hotel." Here was a pretty go. The coffin was of no use to JBony; and the unknown friends of the girl would in all probability be on liana in a few days to claim the bedy and take it elsewhere for interment. | "But she'll make a bootiful dissect," " added Bony by way of comfort, when he saw the misgiving expressed on my countenance. "I noticed as how she was a bootiful gal when we was a nailing 'o her up," he went on. "You couldn't do bet. . - tcr 'n keep her, Doctor, seem' we've had the trouble o' gettin' her up. I won't charge you nuthin' fur my share o' the work," he continued, betraying an eager I desire to get out of further interest in the business. "You can use the coffin for kindlin'. It's only stained pine.'' j And Bony turned up the collar of his ( coat and made toward the door, as if this trifling mistake in the matter of coffin* j had destroyed every bit of his vengeful : spirit. "Stop, Bony," I said, "you must help me lift the body out if wc arc going to destroy the evidences of our night's j work," and I lifted the lid I had been j busy unfastening when Bony mad# his bolt for the door. "I can't do it. Doctor," Bony said, in j so tinioious a voice as to surprise me. "I j can't look on that gal'.s face again, no- j how. 1 saw it this morning, an' I felt I queer all day, till the boss meet mc anoui ; that Myers coffin. I can't touch her j again, nohow; I can't, I tell you, no- i how!" And Bonv's piteous wail of "can't?nohow,1' died away in the dis- j tau.-e as he closed the door behind him j I and was gone. j There was a sense of sorrowful im- J pe'euosity left as the ccho of his receding i voice, a* if drawing himself unwillingly ! away from some attractive spell that ! might prove fatal if he stayed. I had lifted the lid and stood looking at the ; dead face until that faint sense of Bonv's piteous "nohow!" was succeeded by a silence so deep as seemed to break my reverie. I turned away, but an irresistible impulse drew me to the face again. There j was not a vestige of disease or emaciation, ; there was uot the sunken eye, nor the j grim pallor of death, but a marvelously beautiful countenance, that wore only a pleading expression, as if to say: "Why have you disturbed my sleep?" It might be only Bony's timorous voict still ringing in my .pars that made the j dead face look so beseeching, but I could ; not break its spell. Turn from it with i what determination I would, sorat I ineffable fascination drew me back again, I even from my window where I had gone ' to catch the first faint glimmerings oJ j the dawn; as if their coming would j release me from my strange situation. Involuntarily I had moved the coffin : lid and looked upon the delicately chiseled j hands and the small and shapely feet. Her clothing was of the commonest sort, and had been worn surely for disguise and : not of necessity. Bony's "queer" feeling ' I understand now, and every time my eyes, i perforce, sought her face. It was the j power of beauty to touch human sympathies. As I looked again there was a shade of j color in the face. The discovery startled j me; the gaze again fascinated me. My ; hand instinctively sought that of the i dead. It was not dead. There was j mobility and warmth in it. Or was it a ' fancy with me, growing out of the warm atmosphere of my consultation room? < Was it my own fevered imagination? ' But the color was still rising in the j cheeks. I was down upon my knees | chafing the hands. In half dazed consciousness I rudely tore away the cover- I ing from the throat, removed the tightly i laced shoes and rubbed the soft, delicate feet. When I looked again there was a | perceptible tremor of the eyelids, and the ! large, lustrous eyes lost something of their fixed stare, they turned a little; my ' subjcct was aiivc! With the knowledge that she lived j came a more intelligent control of my own senses. I set to work and prepared ! a stimulating draught, and then, raising j her in her coffin, I applied it to her lips. | There was a gleam of returning con- j sciousness, a glance at her surroundings, j at the coffin in which she sat, and then j she swooned again. I laid her back upon the pillow of j wood shavings that was part of the fur- j nishing of a pauper coffin and deliberated as to what I should do next. The morn- ' ing light was now streaming in through ; the window aud soon all the world might | kuo'.v what the night had hidden. The j newsboy on his early round at that moment dropped the morning paper from the not distant city on the doorstep, and , instinctively I went to get that wonder- j ful epitome of the last day's doings and . learn if it had got any clue to the history ; of the strange womau who had died at j the hotel. Yes, there it was. The case that the | pcrfunctory Coroner and his 'questors ! had passed over so indifferently, the news- j paper corps had traced in all the warp and woof of this complicated human existence. It was a case of strong, passionate love j without reciprocation; a despairing, desperate love that thinks it can only go out through death. Filled now with both iutercst and pity; ' pity for the fond and grief-stricken parents, aud interest in the unhappy daughter, I returned to the work of restoring the unconscious girl, and soon accom- j plished it. How judiciously I managed to make ' known to child and parents the particulars which had led up to the peculiar situation in which we all found ourselves. In what a kindly light they viewed my midnight prank with Bony; how they i forgave their darling child ana guarded I my reputation may all be imagined when I I say that I am now one of the family. : i and that although I have never worked up much of a practice in W or any- j where else, the fact has never given me another moment's depression of spirits.? ! | Detroit Free Prea. Beer Among the Ancients. A German professor has succeeded in tracing the origin of boer to the land of I the pyramids. An ancient papyrus has i revealed the wrath of an Egyptian father ! who had convicted his son of the dcplori able habit of lounging about the Nile | taverns and guzzling beer. From Egypt the art of manufacturing "liquid bread,' as the professor alTcctionately describes I his favorite bccragc, was introduced into j Ethiopia and the heart of Africa, where ) perpetu.'l summer made it seasonable all | the veur round. The Roman Empire deI ciined because among other things, it ] <iesptseu ueor ana was ueguiieu ny ! stronger but less wholesome fluids. The Northern races overran Italy, according to the same authority, because they had learn-, d to live on bread and beer. Enthusiasm certainly carried the learned professor a long way; and perhaps he has not reached the end of his archaic researches. Is he certain that the Israelites did not have beer with their manna; 01 that there was not a fresh brew served betimes in Eden??Neto York Tribune. Misapplied Ingenuity. Late in the evening one day last week a colored woman by the name of Nancy Annstead came to *V.e store of 0. J. Higgin?, in'Ncw Keut County, and bought goads from him to the amount of $:i.23 and handed him a five dollar note. He, not noticing the note particularly, put it into his puree and f^ve her the change. Some time alter she had left, however, he took out his purse again, ond on 1 joking at the note discovered that it was Confederate. The woman had dyed it a deep green color. Nancy was arrested and jailed.?Petersburg (Fa.) L ie*-Appall. cavern from whence came tne roar, nc sat upon his massive haunches, diguified f aud kingly, and looked out of his glorious eyes at the people who had paid fifty cents to see him without winking. Suddenly his nostrils dilated. There was i something in the wind. That something was the scent of blood which lurked in the fibres of a fifteen-pound chunk of raw beef. A man in a check jumper came toward the cage, carrying a pail containing four of these chunks. The proud beast forgot his dignity and moved uneasily about the front of his cage, lushing his tawny sides with the paint-brush tuft at the end of his tail. The fifteen-pound chunk of beef was lifted on the tines of a big fork and thrust between the bars of the cage. His royal highness grabbed it between his mighty forepaws; but he couldn't pull the meat into the cage because there was a big bone in it. Then he laid down. Holding on to the meat with one paw, he j thrust the other paw out through the bars ! and tried to push the meat iuside. When he found that his eilorts wore in vain ne lay still and uttered a sub-cellar growl, which indicated that he meant business. The man in the check jumper tame to his relief with the big fork. After a good deal of prying aud thrusting, the meat was released and the regal gourmand licked it with his great red tongue. Then he bit about a pound of meat and bone off one corner and crunched it between , his iron jaws. He partly closed his eyes in evident delight as the generous juices ran over his palate. After eating all the meat lie licked the bone as clean as a brannew milk pan; then he licked his chops, aud lastly, his paws. After this general clear-up he looked his keeper as if to say: "Old fellow, that trifle only whets my appetite!" "Come over in this corner and sec the sea lions take dinner,"said Tody Hamilton. The two black, glistening animals were tumbling over each other in their tank, j and uttering curious, impatient barks at | the delay cf the man whose duty it was i to throw thirty pounds of smelts, herring, | or other fresh fish to them each day. j When the caterer arrived he dexterously | threw whole fish into the tank, which [ were caught in the air by the sea lions, and shallowed whole at a gulp. The big grizzly bear, a most magnifi-1 cent specimen of the Americanus gigan- j ticus, was engaged in scratching the back of his neck withoneof li.shind feet when the little Poonah bear, who is his cage mate, told him the dinner hour had come by his significant ? H. The grizzly could not have been vc ingry, for he clasped the Poonoh in a ....-ndly embrace, which must have started the little bear's ribs, it was so very cordial. "That's nothing," said Mr. Hamilton; ' if you will notice the uuder side of the i little fellow you will see that his fur has i been removed entirely by those little at-! tentions of the grizzly. It's fun for the j big fellow. The trouble is that he dou't ] rc;ui/A:u his Mit*u?iu. The two bears disposed of their shares : of beef in a jiffy. On five days in the i week all the carnivora arc fed on beef. Each Saturday their diet is varied by an equal amount of liver. The liver is said to have a beneficial effect in regulating the health of the animals. The hyenas were fed with rations out of hand by "the keeper, and they acted very respectably considering their unsavory reputations. Of all the animals, those of the cat species behave the worst while feeding. The native ferocity of the royal Bengal tiger?arid she is a beauty, with tawny hide marked with black stripes?came to the surface as she dallied with her bloody piece of beef, ller glistening eye, sinewy movements, aud the snakelike suggestiveness of her slowly-moving tail were infallible indications that captivity might blunt but could never eradicate her desire for blood. A.nJnA/1 fUn rJiofinr.tinn rvf li<iv?n rr OIIU till? ^U1UUV( lUU uiouuvuvu vi 4iu> ?u^ killed her man, but her appetite is keen every morning and renewed every evening/ The panthers, jaguars, and wildcats all share alike in the amount of food, and all exhibit an equally ferocious appetite. The monkeys are fed on milk, bread, and vegetables. They are not at all averse to a succulent onion now and then, even if it is eaten without salt, j Of the herbiverous animals, the hippopotamus comes first in the amount consumed. This blood-sweating monster cats about half a bale of hay each day, with an ' occasional dessert in the shape of brau ma>h, carrots, cabbage, etc., and he | drinks half a hogshead of water, and ; still he's thirsty. But of all the animals j none can compare with the elephant for i the dignified case and grace with which i lie environs his grub. His wonderful tensile trunk twists a wisp of hay out of a ' bale, curls it up as daintily sis a lady 1 would twist her cambric handkerchief, f and thrusts it upward and inward into , his mouth with a daintiness which is in! comparable. They drink in p urs. These i mountains of flesh march along to the big tank with a stately dignity and decorum which conveys the idea that they realize ' they are the biggest things in the flesh. ' They are in no hurry about drinking, j either. Everything in the neighborhood . of the tank must be touched; even the t dydrant is carefully examined by the scnI sitive trunk. The ordinary every-day eleI pliant takes a snifter of two gallons at j lirst, and keeps 011 repeating the doseuuI til he is outside of frcin eight to tcu bucketfuls. Then he goes back to his place I mniinirltie twnnti'.nini' r-niim.'illimis. !lll(l I resumes his hay, if it is n hay day; is not, I he eats an occasional Cfbbage, or carrot, ! or a half bushel cf potatoes, as the case ! may bo. One old veteran never drinks | fiom the tank. He wants his drink freshi ly tappe.l, and ?o he tun.s on the water| eock, and drir ;? . from the spigot. | On Sunday all the an:nnl? fast. not. j from choice, b .t from necessity. This ! fast is regarded as a physiological neI cessity by the keepers, and is religiously observed. j "And they know when Sunday comes just as well as you do," said one of the keepers. "You'd natcherelly think they'd fee ravenous on Monday morning; but that's just where ye're off. They hain't nothiug of the kind. And that goes to show us fellers knows our business." Another curious feature of the menagj eric is the camels. They chew their hay I with a curious sidelong motion of the i j jaw. Their split upper lip and pro .7^ |~MENAGERIE MEALS. I| HOW THE ANIMALS IN A BIG CIRCUS ARB FED. Ill/f Chunksof Meat, Tons of Hay and llarrels of Water Stowed Away ?Tlie Elephant's Dainty Method. The basso profuudo of the menagerie roared. The roar was resonant, reverberaul, fearful. It proved that captivity ?nf ininro/] In'iJ nrtfiHlQ .Tll(1<f* nuvi ii.-i j..., iny from the elTeet, lie certainly knew i how to locate his tones. Then he yawned and showed a very open countenance and some very suggestive teeth, and also permitted a very l>rief glance into the red trading teeth give them a peculiarly sinister appearance. The two-headed cow breathes and ; smells with both heads, but her feeding is confined to one. The sacred j Burmese cattle eat common everyday i hay like their American contemporary, ! and court a gentle scratching between the eyes. Straw, hay, bran, cabbage, carrots, nil go down the red lane of the *7,2UU rhinoceros wuu seemingly i equal satisfaction to his nibs from the Nile.?New York Hun. Market Value of (confederate Postage 1 Stamps. !** All postage stamps issued by the Coufederacy have a market value, whether used or unused. The following table gives the prices charged by dealers. They usually pay from one-third to one-half of the prices quoted for the same stamps: j New. Used ! 1801?10c. blue $1.00 JS 1801? fie. green 40 25 1801? 5c. dark preen 40 25 j 180*2? 2c. groeu 2.50 $2.50 ; -1803? 5c. blue 30 25 ! 1*02? 5c. (lark blue 30 25 i 1802?10c. rose 1.00 1.00 | 1802? 5c. blue 5 5 : 1802? 5c. pale blue 2 S ! 1802? 5c. oliio lithographed ? 10 j 1802? 5c. blue perforated 2.00 ? j 18015? 2c. rose 25 1.00 | 1863? 10c. blue 3 5 | 1803?10c. pale blue 5 15 | 1803?10c. blue (outer line) ? 2 1803?10c. blue perforated 2.00 ? | 1803?10c. blue 2.00 2.00 . 180.']?20c. green 5 ? , 1804? lc. orango 15 ? j 18i)4?10c. rose 5.00 ? : The provisional stamps issued by the towns in the Confederate States have a | market value, used or unused, from 90 cents to $150. The 5-cent and 10-cenfc , black of Goliad, Texas, issue of 1861, are ' worth $90. The 2-ccnt black, issue of j 1801, of Mobile, Ala., is worth, new, $S5; | used, $30. The 5-ccnt blue of Mobile, j Ala., issue of 1801, is worth $7.50, used, j The-5-ccnt blue of Charleston, S. C., is-* sue of 1801, used or unused, is worth ! $7.50. The 5-cent red i?sue of 1881 of Ivnoxville, Tonn., is worth $2.50. The 5-cent blue, issue of 1801, of Lynchburg, Va., is worth, new, $10. The 5-ccnt red 2-cent blue, issue of 1801, of Memphis, j'enn., are worth $1 each, if new. Tho 2-ccnt blue and 2-ccnt red of New Orleans, La., issue of 1801, are worth, new, $1.50 each, and the 5-cent red, issue of 1801, of Petersburg, Va., is worth, new, $0.?New York World. Some Old Sirulay Customs. Dr. Eggiestou contribues a paper on "Church and Meeting-house Before the revolution" to tne vcmury. rrom it we ; quote as follows: 4'In Connecticut, per- i haps more than anywhere else, Sunday ' was a sort of popular idol, nor did the j rigor of its observance abate perceptibly I until long after the Revolution. This ex- | trenic scrupulosity about Sabbath-keeping 1 was doubtless the moving cause of the building of the "S.ibbath-day houses;" ! these were little shanties standing on the ! meeting-house green, each intended to ac- j commodate a family during the interval ' between the two services. Some Sabbath- , day houses were built with a stall at one I cud to shelter the horse, while the family ] took refuge at the other, where there was j a chimney and a meagre furniture of rude : seats and a table. Here on arrivul before the first, service the owners lighted a fire and deposited their luncheon, and to this camp-like pluce they came back to eat their doughnuts and thaw the:nselves out after their iirst long sitting in. the arctic' climate of the meeting-house. Sometimes two families had a Sabbath-day house to- 1 o-otlipr! sometimes there were two rooms D * in a Sabbath-day house, that the sexes might sit apai t, for nothing so agreeable as converse between boys and girls was ' permitted during the consecrated time. I hut some parishes in Massachusetts, and \ perhaps elsewhere, had a common "noon- i house" for all comers to rest in. Fireside assemblages on Sunday, whether in the parsonage or the noon-house, were in dan- ' ger of proving delightful to those who were prone to enjoy the society of other human beings, and hence the pastors "were put upon their best contrivances'1 to have most of the interval between the services filled up with the reading alone, of edifying books and other exercises calculated to keep the mind in a becomingly irksome frame. The General's Bad Wound. The General stamped briskly on the 1 tiled floor with his left foot. "I don't doubt it," he said. "It's really remarkiffViinor will br?n1 nil on a ainu iJ\j v? ?,.ru...s ? ? _ sound man. In '03 I got a bayonet wound through the fleshy part of that leg, above the knee. Tliut was a small matter in itself, bat I set out for the hospital by a schooner instead of waiting for a steam vessel. We should have been two days on the voyage, but the wind gave out, and it took us thirteen. There wasn't a doctor on board, and when we got to port that kg was about ready to crawl away. The surgeon looked at it and said: 'You'll have to take chloroform while I cleanse this.' 'No, 1 won't,' said I; 'just have them make me six cocktails.' When they were made I had them set in a row beside me. He took a silk handkerchief and drew it through the wound, bringing out nerves,tendons, muscles, maggots and all. I had the operation timed, and at regular intervals while it was goirg on I took the six cocktails. I'll admit that I came pretty near fainting. After that two young sawbones came and said they were going to take my lop; off. I bad an Irish Serjeant on whom I thought I could depend, and I .said: 'Tim, if these gentlemen don't get out withiu live minutes, put then: out.' 'Bcdad, I wull, sir,' be said, and he raid it in such a way that they left. The wound healed ulj right,as you sce,': the General concluded, "but I'd have a brighter financial future if it hadn't. I'm going to get s?l(i,000 pension arrears next month for my other wounds, and if I'd lost the leg, of course there would be a few thousand more coming to me." ?Pit itwhip.1; In Press. It ill Nye. i I Bill Nye, the Western humorist , was in the city the other day. He is a tall, lauk, smooth-faced, bald-headed sinner who weal's glasses and is as mild find pleasant as a shepherd dog. He began his career as a writer in Wyoming, where he was first heard of as the editor, proprietor and malinger of a paper called the Boomerang. lie had first tried his hand at mining, and in the course of his experience became possessed of a mule l.. nnnmi.mnif When lis vv nu; 11 ju: Uiiuru i/i/vi..wim..n. dropped into journalism lie honored his faithful, long-cared partner by conferring his name on the paper. At least that's what Bill says. By the way, his name is not Bill, but Edgar W. Nye, and lie is one of the most domestic men i-n the country, lie is particularly fond of his babies, and, like all humorits, is as full of pathos as a woman. But he can tell a dialect story a*. well as any man on this revolving footstool.?New York World. Rhyme and Reason. He who talresa paper, And pays his bill when duo, Can live in jwace with God and man And with the printer, too. ?Nashville (N. C.) Courier. - ' * \ : .1 PEARL- FISHING. NATURE'S JEWEL. CASKETS IN CAVERNS OF THE SEA. Sick Oysters Produce the Best Pearls ?Where tho Fisheries are Located and How They are Operated. A recently issued bulletin of Jtlic United i States Fish Commission contains a translation of an interesting report by Engineer SL Weber, of Norway, on pearls and pearl fisheries. "Many mussels," says this report, "cover-the inside of their shell with a layer consisting of ani- , mal membranes and carbonated lime. Thereby a peculiar luster is produced on the inside of the shell, which is called | mother-of-pearl. A smaller portion of 1 this secretion often forms excrcsccuces shaped like drops or kidneys, which cither are embedded more or less firmly | in the inside of the shell, or lie loose in the soft parts of the animal, especially in its so-called beard. These are what are generally known as pearls. The formation of mother-of-pearl is doubtless a natural proccss taking place in certain mussels. The formation of pearls, on the other hand, is ascribed to accidents, and probably is causcd by a sickness of the mussel, or by some wound inflicted on it. This view has been reached by noticing the circumstance that, when the shells are large and the inside smooth, clean and without any holes, so that the mollusks can fully develop, pearls are but rarely found; while the formation of pearls is very frequent when the shells are irregular. Sometimes hundreds of pearls are found in the last-mentioned shells; but frequently scarcely one of them possesses any commercial value. Real pearls are found only in bivalves; but a useful product is found in some univalves." Fourteen varieties are enumerated, the products of which are known to commerce. The sea pearl fisheries are principally confined to the Persian gulf, coasts of Ceylon, the eastern archipelago, Australia, the lagoons of many islands in the Pacific andtoCeutral America. Freshwater pearls have, as a mle, but little lncfnr mirl nrr? rniKPnn^itlv nf orrAnf ' ~ J ? "" b value. During the summer months the Arubs carry on a sort of pearl fishery on the coast of the Red Sea. They catch the mollusks and lay them in the sun so that they may open quickly. The pearl fisheries in the Persian gulf,, especially on the coasts of the island of Bahrein, are also in the hands of the Arabs. The Ceylon pearl fisheries are carried on on the west coast of Ceylon, in the gulf of Manaar, south of the island of the same name and also on the west coast of India, near Tuticorin. Experience has shown that few pearls, and these of little value, come from mussels which are not older than five years. During the fifth and sixth year the value doubles, and in the seventh year it becomes fourfold. The pearls are not fully matured if they are taken out too soon; and, on the other hand, the animal dies if the pearls remain too long in the shells. For these reasons, at the Ceylon fisheries, pearl fishing is prohibited at certain periods. In sorting the pearls they are first passed : through a row of baskets, ten or twelve in number. The eighth basket in the row has twenty holes, and the pearls which do not pass through these are said to have the "twentieth measure." The other baskets io order have 20, 50, 80, 100, 200, 400, 000, 1,000holes, etc., andcach basket has its spccial name. After the pearls have been sorted in this measure they are weighed and their value is noted. China lias pearl fisheries near Piikhoi. The Philippine Islands produce large quantities of mother-of-pearl. The entire region from the island of Tawi-Tawi and Lulu to Baselan is one continuous bed of pearl oysters. Here the Malays and Chinese fish in common. The Lulu fisheries, near Tawi-Tawi, are, according to the statement of an Englishman, Sir. Moore, the largest and most productive of all the pearl fisheries in the East Asiastic seas. The most important pearl fisheries in Queensland are in the hands of Sydney capitalists. The fisheries are carried on by Malays, who dive to a depth of six fathoms. The pearl fisheries on the northwest coasJt of Australia employ a large number of Malays and natives as divers. Recently the English papers have reported the discovery of pearls and mother-ofpearl uear New Zealand. Diving for pearls is one of the principal employments for the natives of the Pacific Ocean. Here, likewise, mother-ofpcarl is the principal object of the fisheries. The oysters live in large colonics, close together, and are firmly attached to each other; they are attached to the bottom by a ligament or band, starting from their body and running through the shell. In the live animal this band is of a dark green, and sometimes gold-bronze color, and the fisherman can tell from the color whether the shells contain pearls or not. The shells reach their full size when they are seven years old. When the animal has readied maturity, it tears itself loose from the stones, opens its shell and dies. The shells arc then covercd with corals and parasites. They become worthless and the pearls are lost. Occasionally pearls are found loose in the shells. These are always of a very fine quality, perfectly round and often very large. But there is hardly one in a thousand oysters which contain such pearls. The natives often lose them, owing to the careless way in which they open the shells. Fine and calm weather is the most favorable for ru??ir1 TMin rlivnrc wfnr nn Qnr.Pl'il suit, but simply rub their body with oil, so the sun may not blister their skin. They remain under the water ore to two minutes, and bring up oysters from a depth of twenty fathoms. They rarely go to such a depth, but the finest oysters are found there. Thus in many fishinggrounds, which were supposed to be exhausted, a great many pearl-oysters are found in deep water. Besides the pearl oyster, there Ls often found in the lagoons of the Pacific Ocean ' a kind of Venus shell, which often con- 1 tain prarls of great value. In the Pacific 1 there is found another pearl-producing ' mollusk, whose shells greatly resemble ! those of the common oyster. They arc 1 always found attached to rocks, invaria- ' bly ouc by itself; and they are quite rare. 1 Their pearls are always perfectly round, f with a fine lustre and a gold color, of 1 about the size of a pea. I' The Central American pearl fisheries ni'i> niirriprl nn nn lmlh Milt's of tllO Istll mils of Panama. In the lower | art of the Bay of Mulege, in tlic Gulf of California, i and near Los C'ovntes, pearls of great I value have been found. It is generally ' supposed that a row of pearl beds ex- ( tends front the Gulf of Darien to Califor- < nia. The fisheries arc carried on from 1 July till October; during the rest of the I year storms and cold weather prevent I fishing. Diving suits are generally used. ! The mother-of-pearl from the Gulf of i Cii'ifornia i<5 whi^c, with bluish black or j yellow bands. The fisheries were earned 1 on to such an oxcess that the size of the i s.x'.i* .iivreused from year to year; fish- ] ing is therefore now permitted only every . fourth year. The entire California fisheries are said to produce from 600,000 to 700,000 pounds of mother-of-pearl per annum. In the Bahamas the small fisheries form an important industry. The pearls found in them are rose-colored, yellow or black; the first mentioned alone r*AOcnaa nnir tto 111 n nuj ?uiut, | la Ohio pearl fisheries are carried on in Little Miami river. The season lasts from June till October. Men and boys wade in the river and bring up the pearl oysters with their feet. The shells are opened with a knife, and seldom are more than two pearls found in 300 oysters. Pearl fisheries are also carried on in the rivers of Norway, Bavaria and Bohemia.? Washington Star. The Mohammedan's Honrs of Prayer. The Koran has fixed the hours that must be consecrated to prayers. These prayers, namaz, are five in number. The most solemn is the morning prayer. It is the salnxh namazi. It is uttered after the dawn, iiisfc lwifnre the risimr nf the sun The second "is the midday prayer," euile namazi. The third, jkindynamazi, must be offered just before the setting of the sun. The evening prayer, aaeham nnmazi, is littered just before the shadows conceal the horizon. Finally, the last and fifth prayer, yatcy namazi, is uttered in the interval after sundown and just before dawn. The hour of prayer is regularly proclaimed to the faithful by the imams, called muezzins, who walk around the balcony of the minarets, singing, in a melancholy voice, this unvarying litany: "God, the most high! I here proclaim that there is no God but God. I proclaim that Mohammed is the prophet of God. Come to the temple of salvation. Great God! God the most high! There is no God but God!" Blind men are usually selected for muezzins, or at least imams that suffer from confirmed mvouia. so that they cannot throw* inquisitive glances toward the women that may be promenading on the terraces of the houses. Christians surround their observance of prayer with a kind of mystery or of reserve that the Mussulmans know absolutely nothing of. In whatever place a devout Osmanli may find himself, whether in his house, in his shop, in the streets, in a public square, doing business, or on a visit, as soon as the hour of the ivimaz is announced, he makes his religious preparations, places under his knees a small rug, or in default of which a handkerchief, turns his face toward Mecca, places his arms in the shape of a cross upon his breast, or putting them to his forehead, prostrates himself, then rises?all this slowly and with strict observance of rules. If he is in a street, he does not permit himself to be distracted and disconcerted by anything, not even by the indiscreet curiosity of the European, who looks at him astonished by this novel sight, but who generally has no desire to ridicule it; for this worship under the open sky, disregarding social conventionalities, lncnnerent to wnatever may be said, lias someting grand and sacred about it that banishes all raillery and inspires respect.?Cosmopolitan. Sham Hysteria. One physician who is considered authority on nervous diseases, doubts very much the ability of any woman to deliberately deceive even an ambulance surgeon by feigning hysteria. He knew of no such cases in medical literature. "It is extremely difficult," said another physician, "to tell sometimes where hysteria is simulated and where it is not. There is always more or less simulation," Flint says that there is a tendency to exaggerate symptoms of disease. It proceeds sometimes from an exaggerated sense of existing symptoms and sometimes from a morbid desire to excite interest or sympathy. It is an important part of the knowledge and tact of the practitioner to make due allowance for tnis tendency. In some cases a morbid perversion of the mind lead3 patients to undertake to practice gross frauds as regards their ailments. They pretend to have extraordinary disorders, and resort to inorpninns efforts atdcceotion. Hysterical malingering' is not unfrequently mixed with hysterical self-deception. There have been several well-authenticated cases in which it wa* found that the patients could, at their will, throw themselves into fits of hysteria. This could be done in different ways. One girl would always go into hysteria when she thought of a certain subject, another by eating certain food, another seemed to have the ability to mesmerize herself, to throw herself into a trance, and keep herself in it. Not long ago a woman in hysterics was brought into a Brooklyn hospital. She was laid on a cot, and she immediately flopped out on to the floor. The doctors set her up in a chair, and she tumbled out again and again, bumping her head and whacking her arms on the floor as if nothing could hurt her. One of the doctors . stepped up to her and began slapping hei j face on either side with his hands as hard ; as he could. After two or three slaps the ! girl jumpe 1 up and threatened to report j the doctor for his cruelty, picked up hei j hat, and walked out witn no more i hysteria than there is in a clam. Hysteria | is often a strike for sympathy. This girl j got the reverse. To some extent she must have been simulating, yet it was a genuine case of hysteria.?New York Sun. The Puzzled Horse Dealer. I have been very much bothered lately, said a horse dealer to a St. Louis GlobeDemocrat reporter, with a question arising out of a deal which has been to me a source of greater annoyance than the 15 nuzzle. I sold a horse to 13. for $80. In a i few days became back with the horse, and | I repurchased the animal for $70. I then ' immediately resold him for $05. The question is: "How much did I gain or | lose on the transaction?" When I bought the horse back for $70 I certainly made j $10, and when I sold again for $05 I as suredly lost $3. Now, if I gain $10 and lose $5 my net gain is, it seems to me, j $5. But, on the other hand, after my first sale I had no horse and $80, while ; ifter my second sale I had no horse and ! Duly $75, consequently I must have lost ?5. At one time, when I think over [lie matter, I congratulate myself on having pocketed u "V" through sharp lealing, while at another i feel like \ i - u I JOllig arounu ueuiiiu me uaru aim i\hi\- , ng myself for liaving been such a , jlank fool. Long Tunnels. The total length of the Severn tunnel i s four miles 624yards. The St. Gothard uunel is 9 1-2 miles. Mont Oenis tunnel T 1-8 miles, Aribcrg tunnel (Austria), 1 J1-2 miles. There is a tunnel in Massa- i, 3husetts 4 3-4 miles; the Standege tun- i nel, on the Loudon and Northwestern, is ! :hree miles long and the Box tunnel ra- j llier less. But the spec ial feature of the 3evern tunnel lies in the fact that 2 1-4 ' miles of it have been constructed from , forty five to 100 feet bolow the bed of a ' rapid flowing tide estuary, ollcring engi- , aecring difliculties which make it the i most remarkable tunnel in the world.? | PJuladelphia Call. j; -? FACTS FOR THE CURIOUS. Microscopes are said to lave been invented by Jansen in Holland about 1590. Bearing coats-of-arms was introduced and became hereditary in England and France about 1192. The town of Denbigh, England, will celebrate the Queen's jubilee by opening a new graveyard. An experiment has developed the fact that a snail can lift perpendicularly, nine times its own weight. Cock-fighting is the natioual pastime in Mexico, but as a rule it is only indulged in on Sundays and feasts of obligation. The term "blue stocking," applied to literary ladies, was originally conferred on a society comprising both sexes in 1760. Benjamin Stillingflcet, the naturalist, who was a prominent member of this society, wore blue stockings; hence the name. -tx The .name "Cradle of. Liberty,'JL as applied to Faneuil Hall, was used by James Otis in his dedicatory speech, 1764, after the building had been reconstructed, and subsequent associations raised this term to the dignity of a prophecy. Harrison Gilbert, of Chicago, III., has a venerable horse. Horse ana man went all through the war without receiving a scratch. The animal is now in his fiftieth year, and is tenderly cared for, living on corn bread and bran mash.. He has not a tooth in his head. A committee was appointed by Congress to report a device for a national seal in 1776. Several were reported, but all were unsatisfactory, uutil 1782 a device was suggested through John Adams, our Minister to England, by Sir John Prestwick, an English antiquary, upon which the present seal was based. . The word assassin, as applied to a murderer, comes from the Assassiniaris, a branch of fanatical Mahometans that settled in Persia in 1090. They trained up young people to murder such people as their chief had marked for destruction. Tli qtt ?my a avfi in. Poroi a fiViAnt 'TV/IU VAkli |/ttbV.V4 ur x mwu* 1258, and in Syria about i'272. The first meerschaum pipe was carved in the early part of the Thirty Years' War, and Wallenstcin is said to have bought it. Now the average number of pipes turned out in the center of pipe manufacture in Germany is 540,000 real meerschaums, 500,000 imitation meerschaums, 500,000,000 wooden pipes of great variety, and many millions of clay , ? bowls. 'j;1 ;* *1 " Motley aud BIsmarek. v. vy . Motley, the American historian, while at the University of Gottingen, made the acquaintance of a student who i&now known as "the man of blood and iron." Bismarck and he became friends, and the friendship lasted until Motley's death. The two students were once arrested and lodged in the guard-house, for singing too loudly in the streets of Berlin one night, as they were returning from a student's festival. In Mr. Whipple's essay on Motley, the following anecdote is told : While Motley was American Minister at the Austrian Court, Bismarck visited Vienna to settle terms of peace with the Emperor who had been Prussia's ally-in the war against Denmark. Arriving too late to go to the office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, he drove to Motley's -1 .yr house, and found the American Minister just rising from a family dinner. The ^ old friends joined hands; fresh viands were brought in from the kitchen,' and the old collegians chatted merrily over their student-life. ' ?' It was long after midnight when Bis- ?j marck departed, unconscious of or indifferent to the fact that the brain of every foreign ambassador at Vienna had been wondering at this incident for hours. What meant this mysterious visit to the American Minister? Was there to be an alliance between Prussia and the United States? Telegrams flew to London, Paris, Turiu and St. Petersburg. Diplomatists taxed their ingenuity to discover what the long visit meant. Charles Sumner, as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, received private letters from eminent persons abroad, nervously asking what the oinnMn/l Haa tho TTnitfid iuii;i Yict? oigiituvu. ,MW w??? States, they asked, determined to depart from non-interference in European affairs, as recommended by the immortal Washington? Mr. Sumner, knowing the intimacy between Motley and Bismarck, smiled, nnd years after, the two gentlemen laughed heartily at the one humorous incident in American diplomacy which disturbed the peace of Europe for two days. The Coughing Habit. Coughing is often under control of the will and the result of habit. There are mauy people who consume a small portion of a life-time in unnecessary coughing. At first a little irritation is felt, a cough is set up. and habit keeps it going until the irritation provoked produces a real and serious disease. Through force of sympathy coughing often bccomes con- * ; tagious." This can bo well illustrated in a schoolroom on restless boys and girls, on a cold winter's day. Let one child set the ball rolling, when the teacher adresses the school?another child takes up the musical note, then another, and still another, until the teacher's voice is as p6werless as if he were in a din of artillery. The 1 1 HacL* on/3 icacucr urmg# iw iiiiti iw mw v?vu.?, commands this uoise to stop. Then for an instant an eloquent silence prevails. In church we may sometimes observe the same thing?when some old lady, who lias had a pet cough for years, sets up a coughing strain, which is soon followed, as if in chorus, by many other members. The poor preacher then wages au unequal contest and may as well stop preaching. These facts should be ample evidence, that coughing is an act under control of the will in very many cases. In such cases a little application of "mind cure" can be made effective. The family physician can often cure chronic coughs not by a prescription but a simple command to stop them.?Health and Home. The Lightning and the Coins. During the terrible volcanic eruptions wliich took place in New Zealand in 1886 many strange things happened. In a small way what occurred to a half sovereign and four half-crowns was as curious as any of the greater results. These live coins lay peacefully in a cash box, Hi? luiir.cnvomiirn lioimr i\1 tfr-rl nn thf> fciiv, ????* vv,"o I""vvv' v~ """ top of the half-crowns. Next caine the storm, in the midst of which the house with the cash box was struck by lightning and destroyed. After the ruins had been dug up, the box was found and opened. It was then seen that the coins had beeu fused together, and, though the face of the half-sovereign was not damaged, the gold seemed to have been driven through the middle of each of the half-crowns, for the center of cacli coin to the size of a shilling was colored as if by gold. A tremendous crop of peaches is looked for this year.