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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, November 30, 1887, Image 2

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THE LAND OFFICE.
Commissioner Sparks' Resignation
Accepted.
The Vacancy Not To Be Filled fo]
the Present.
Lantl Commissioner Sparks has reeeivet
Trom the President a letter accepting his res
ignation. The resignation of the Land Com
urissioner was brought about by the differ
?nces which existed between him and Secre
taiy Lamar concerning some railroad lam
grants. Some days since Secretary Lama
wrote a sharp letter to Commissioner Sparks
declaring that one of them would havi
to retire from the Interior Department, anc
that this alternative would be submitted tc
the President. Thereupon Mr. Sparks sen
in his resignation to Mr. Cleveland, who ac
eepted it. While declining through courtesj
to the President to give the letter to the press
the Commissioner said that it was extremely
kind in tone, and expressed the President'i
full appreciation of his services to the coun
try ns Commissioner of the General Lane
Office.
V 1 feel like a galley slave just released,'
? :a 4.1.,* rv.,v,T?,:cc;rt!i?!- n r-nrrAsnondent
" anil but for the fact that I am sick I would
be in the best of spirits.
"Of coarsc," he continued, "this is not a
pleasant ending of my administration, ant
when I reflect that I have given nearly thre<
years of almost incessant hard brain-rackinj
Work to the cause of the people for but litth
more than my board; when I remember that
am at least f 10,00o worse off today than I \va
0:1 the day I came to Washington, and whei
I review ray work of the last three years anc
positively know that my course has been tb<
right and honest one, and that my position ir
the case at issue is unquestionably correct
why, when I think of all these things, with ?
consciousness of having done my whole dutj
fearlessly, I cannot help wishing it wer<
otherwise. Yet I am by no means unhappy
I need rest, and I shall "remain in Washing
ton during the coming winter and take il
easy."
The General Land Office is now in charg<
of Assistant Commissioner Stockslager, as if
will be probably until Congress meets anc
the Pres.dcnt can make the official change!
which ho has been considering for th<
past lew weens. i nose wdu may m
safely supposed to know what is go
ing on say that Mr. Stockslager wil
remain Assistant Commissioner, and thai
Mr. Lamar will not name any one for the
place, leaving the vacancy for Mr. Vilas
who is to become Secretary of the Interior
Mr. I^amar going on the Supreme Couri
bench, to fill with a man of his own choosihg,
There are various speculations as to whe
this man will be. It is believed the new
Secretary of the Interior will prefer his old
friend and law partner, Judge Byrant, now
Assistant Attorney-General, for the Post
office Department, to any one that can
be suggested. This is likely for va
rious reasons, the first of which i;
that neither Mr. Vilas nor Judge Bryanl
would regard it as courteous to keep om
of the best places in the Postoffice Depart
ment when the incoming Postmaster-General
might have some one that he would prefer ir
such a confidential position as Judge Bryant
now holds; In the next place Mr. Vilas know.'
exactly what Judge Bryant's ability is. Thej
have worked side by 6ide for twenty years
Judge Bryant has been the counsel of th(
firm and Mr. Vila? the orator. They ar<
complements of each other to aremarkabl<
degree. Between them there is always th<
best understanding.
THE COUNTRY'S CROPS,
Latest RcDorfs of the Depart ment
of Agriculture.
The Department of Agriculture reports the
yield of corn 19.9 bushels per acre on abo'.il
73,000,000 acres, or 1,453,000,000 bushel:..
About 5,000,000 acres are reported as abandoned
beforo ripening. On ihe acreage
planted the average would be 18.0 bushels pei
acre, the same as in 1SS1. The com surplus
States average slightly less than in 1881, the
thirty-one other States mire. The quality ol
the crop is much lower than usual in the dry
region, and the proportion of merchantable
corn is below the average.
The potato yield has been reduced, first by
drought in the West, and later by rot, mai*.'lyin
the Atlantic States. It is about the sanit
as in ii&l, or fifty-four bushels averago p2i
acre, making a crop of about 134,0j0,00;,
against 108,000,00.) bushels last year.
The tobacco yield per acre is very low in
the shipping and cutting leaf belt, especially
in the West. The average reported per acre
is: For Maryland, (533 pounds; Virginia, 000:
North Carolina, 485; Arkansas, 520; Tennessee,
430: Kentucky, 505; Ohio, 015 for cutting
and cigar leaf; Indiana,397; Illinois, 403.
On the acreage reported in the August investigation
this will make scarcely more than a
third of a crop.
The picking of cotton has progressed rapidly,
and the harvest is already closed, except
in the soils which have resisted the adverse
influence of the season. The October condition
indicated a yield per acre three or four
per cent, less than last year, with nearly one
per cent, increase of area. The result in fractions
of a bale indicate a crop of about 0,300,COO
bales on the acreage of about 18,040,000,
or 33. b of a bale per acre.
PROMINENT PEOPLE.
The Prince of Wales has just entered upon
his forty-seventh year.
Mr. Moody will hold revival meetings at
Louisville next January, m a tabernacle that
will seat 5,0J0 poople.
Commodore Joseph B. Hull is the old
jp~v officer in the American Navy. He has
served twenty-four years.
General Miles, the Indian fighter, has
bean presented with a handsome sword by
his admirers in Tucson, Arizona.
The wealthiest of the Judges of the United
States Supreme Court is Justice Bradley,
whose fortune is estimated at $750,000.
The King of Corea furnished his winter
palace with $18,000 worth of American
chairs, beds and tables. Ho has bought an
American steamer for $28,000.
The Duko of Argyl's latest hobby on his
Scotch estates is the American starling. Inverary
is said to literally swarm with species
of this plucky, hardy warbler.
Mr. Herreshofk, the blind builder of famously
fast steam yachts, always askat
a hotfl for a light, bright, cheerful room.
we can feel the atmosphere if he cannot sec
the sunlight.
John Wanamakeu, tho Philadelphia mer
chant, is said to carry the heaviest life insurance
of any American citi/en. The policies
on his life amount to $0*H),OUO, premium or
which is $30,000 annually.
John I. Blair, the riches? man in New
Jcr.-ey, owns three railroads in Kansas, twe
in Missouri and one in Iowa. Althougl
seventy-four years old, und worth a dozer
millions, he is still planning new moneygetting
projects.
Piuses Wai.dkmar, of Denmark, onm<
near shooting tho Czar at a recent hunting
party in tho Nyrup forest He mistool: hin
in the dark for a stag, and ha I a sure aim ai
him and his finger on tho trigger before h<
was undeceived.
Thk Khedive of Egypt is a strict mono
eaniist. He lives wilh his 0110 wife and chil
dren at his palace in Isaialia, near the Ni!(
bridge. Every morning he rises betweei
4 and 5 nrnl takes two hours' exorcise. Be
tween 7 nd 8 he drives to tho Abdin palace,
where he holds state receptions, receives tele
grains and attends to the affairs of state.
Among the successful men who u-nm fx.u
graph operators in early life are Andrew (,'ar
negie, Theodore N. Vail, of the Bell Tele
phone Company; ex-(iovfcrnor Bullock, oJ
(Georgia; ex-Governor Cornell, of Now York
W. J7 Johnson, the publisher; E. H. John
Bon, the President o: the Edison Company
Thomas A. Edison, D. H. Bates.the President
of the Baltimore and Ohio Telegraph, am
Colonel Richard dowry, Western Superin
tondout of the Western Union.
Governor waterman.of California, npor
assuming his seat recently, had all the monej
in the state treasury counted, insisting upor
every seal of every bag being broken. Th<
money, $1,100,000, was all there, and th<
Governor gave an elaborate dinner to all wh<
>ad a hand in the coirnt.
Walter Lkwelliit, of Durham, N. C.,
lias the gaeatest curiosity of the county ic
the shape of a Dominique hoa which "possesses
on each side oj its head a diminutive
horn, cur lad un like a ram's
THE HIWSSUHMABT.
Eastern and Middle States.
Heru Most, tho Anarchist leader, made a
fiery speech in New York tlio other night,
threatening vengeance upon the Chicago police
and Judges and tne Justices of the
United States Supreme Court for their action
in the cases of tho four Anarchists
, hanged in the Western metropolis.
Later figures give Hart, Republican
candidate for State Treasurer of Pennsylvania,
a plurality of 44,8i>3 votes.
1 A. S. Hatch & Co., a well-known New
i York firm of brokers who have been operating
on tho bear side of the market, got
caught in the recent rise of stocks and have
- been forced to suspend. The liabilities are
, about $250,000.
j ! A railroad depot and extensive car stables
in Brooklyn have been destroyed by fire.
r About 150 horses were burned to death. To,
tal estimated loss, $100,000.
n : Spi*TOR.TnsFPH R. Hawley. of Connecti
1 cut, was married a few days ago in Phila>
delphia to Miss Edith Horner, of England,
t who has been for several years one of the
- head nurses at the Block ley Hospital in the
T Quaker City.
i ! With only a single dissenting voice the
? members of Plymouth Church, Brooklyn,
8 have extended a call to the Rev. Charles A.
* Berry, of Wolverhampton, England, to take
' the place of the late Henry Ward Beeeher.
, I The annual dinner of the New York Chamber
of Commerce brought together a notable
[ assemblage of prominent business men.
Among tne speakers were Secretary Lamar,
Chauncey M. Dopew, Mayor Hewitt, and
[ Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlin, of England.
A letter of regret from President Cleveland,
was also read.
3 , The strike of the 11,000 miners in the
[ ' Lehigh coal region reached a crisis a few days
s since. The company declared that if the men
x would not work they must vacate the houses.
[ The company owns 400 houses there.
i i Charles Canovan, a stalwart young New
l York porter, was bitten on October S by a
, dog, A few days since svtnptoms of hydroi
phobia appeared, and after suffering horrir
bly for forty-eight hours he died.
i
" South and West,
? r>- ?111 1.-1.1 foil
I I AUUIMA, VJtt., Will IIUIVA IICAt IOU VII3 Kl
i the grandest expositions ever gotton up in
5 j the Southern States.
> I The flames have destroyed one-third tho
' business portion of the town of St. Peter,
s Minnesota.
The remains of the five dead Anarchists?
! Lingg, Spies, Engel, Fischer and Parsonswere
interred in the strong vault at Waldheim
Cemetery, Chicago, with much pomp
and ceremony. Eulogies were spoken over
the coffins of the dead, brass bands
played melancholy music, singing societies
sang mournful songs, red emblems
of anarchy were draped about
the caskets, magnificent floral pieces
were displayed almost by tho carload, thousands
or sympathizing friends gathered to
participate in the final exercises and to parade
i Dehindthe hearses, and 250,000 people wit!
nessed the funeral cortege as it passed through
the streets.
I John Arensdorf, tho wealthy brewer, is
| to be tried the second time at Sioux City,
Iowa, for the murder of Rev. George C.
Haddock, a prominent Prohibitionist
Investigation showed that Anarchist Lingg
killed himself with a dynamite bomb and not
I a fulminating cap. Fielden and Schwab,
j whose death sentence was commuted, have
i been placed at work in their life prison at
Joliet, 111.
Five laborers were killed in a freight train
collision, at Averill, Minn.
Stephen H. Culver (colored) and two of
his children, one an infant and the other a
boy of nineteen, perished by the burning of
his house near Severn, Md. His wife and
two children escaped.
A Finnish workman at the TVickes tunnel,
tr a. ?l?4. 1 l.jlj t
lUUUUXUit, Miub aim nuiDi uujiu xjiu anu ukj 1111
Linburg and then shot himself through the
heart.
i Eliza Randall, a nineteen-year-old colored
girl of Quitman County, Ga., killed her
father wi th an ax, because he forbade her going
out after dark.
A boy's lighted cigarette caused a fire at
Little Rock, Ark., which destroyed property,
including a large amount of cotton, valued at
$300,000.
! The richest gold mine in the world is re!
ported to have been discovered near Prescott,
Arizona.
Washington.
The Ministry of Agriculture Building in
> Brussels, the Belgian Capital, has been
burned. The loss is heavy.
1 Most of the many prisoners arrested for
participating in the riot in Trafalgar Square,
[ London, escaped with a line, but some were
sentenced to four and six months' imprison1
j ment
! I Advices from Panama say that the out
loook for the Panama Canal is gloomy.
More than $160,000,000 have already been
expended on this great work, and $600,000,000
additional will b s needed for its complepletion.
There are 15,000 men employed.
Land Commissioner Sparks' resignation
has been placed in the President's hands.
Foreign.
The number of sailors treated by the Marine
Hospital Service during the past fiscal
year was 45,314. The receipts were $570,227,
and the expenditures $461,330.
Fifteen members of the National League
were sentenced at Kilrush, Ireland, to one
month's imprisonment at hard labor. They
were removed from the court room singing
"God Save Ireland i"
The Lighthouse Board's estimates of appropriation
needed for the liehthousj establishments
of the United States during the next
, fiscal year aggregate $2,167,500.
During the past fiscal ye&r 51.002 claims
against the Goverment were passed upon, ag|
gregatiug $168,404,773.
Many Department officials are busy with
their annual reports.
Don M. Dickinson, of Michigan, has sent a
despatch to the President, saying that he
would accept the Post Office portfolio
' if the Senate would unanimously confirm
him, otherwise he would not.
A DINNER to Mr. Blaine was given in Paris
a few days since by Dr. and Mrs. T. W,
Evans. Fifteen people, including Uni ed
1 States Minis: er McLane, participated. After
the dinner there was a reception.
THE LAB0E WORLD.
The Brotherhood of Carj)enters transacts
its business in six different languages.
It is estimated that 1,000 textile workers
are idle in Philadelphia, owing to slackness
of trade,
The Knights of Labor hive declared war
upon the Lehigh coal operators who are re;
sisting the miners' demands for higher pay.
j At the recent elections the entire Union
i Labor ticket in Labette County, Kansas,was
, successful by majorities ranging from 50 to
, ""'jo.
i The troubles between tho miners and operators
in southern Illinois, have been settled by
a compromise. The miners get about half
, tho advance they demanded.
\ : The coke workers of the various coke
; mining points, have been holding largely
uu ^uiinmoviiiu, i win.,
* for tlio purpose of fortniug un organizutiou
5 on a lar^o scale.
The glass manufacturers have decided that
every glass factory in the East will bo shut
down in case a strike of the Western glass>
workers takes place. It is claimed that 7,000
1 ' hands will be involved.
i The Co-operative Association which con'
ducts a grocery store at Passaic, N. J., has
: declared a dividend of ten per cent, after an
existence af about three months. The stock
holders are all Knights of Labor.
| Irwin Bleichakt, who runs a shiftingen'
gine at Lebanon, 1'enn., claims to be the
youngest locomotive engineer in thy country,
' if not in the world. lie is only eignteen, and
' has teen at the business two years,
t A. A. Caultox, of the Executive Board,
I Kn:ghts of Labor, has gone to Kansas to 111.
ve.stigato the standing of the leaders in the
celebrated Southwest strike, whose trials are
, soon to take pi ce at Fort Scott. If entitled
to suppo;t, tne Knights of Labor will give
them all the financial assistance needed and
will see that they have good counsel.
A blanket mill, said to be the first on the
African continent, has just been opened at
Cape Town, worked bv Cattir girls, who rece.veI
cents a day. The report of the Kaiping
colliery in North China, made by Kwong
\"ung Wang, gives 20 cents as the daily pay
of enginemen, 15 cents for miners and 18
' c?nts for door and switch boys. The cotton
and jute mi.Is of Bomoay pay their opera'
tives ?ro-a 10 to 12 cents a day.
UNITED STATES ARMY.
Lieutenant-General Sheridan'} <
Annual Report.
i
Eecommending an Increase o! 1
5,000 Men in the Service.
Leutenaut-General P. H. Sheridan has pre I
, sented his annual report to the Secretary of i
War. Prom the report it appears that at tn<
date of the last consolidated returns the armj
consisted of 2,200 officers, and 24,230 men
including Indian scouts. Troops have beer i
continually occupied in patrolling the
Oklahoma country, and havo been successful
in keeping intruders out ol
that region. The gradual spread of railroads
throughout the Territory can, however,
ultimately have but one effect, and
General Sheridan is now of opinion that
Congress may well consider the advisability 1
| of opening up portions at least, of this coun- i
try to settlement. (
In order to quiet the restless young men
I among the Crow Indians, the report says,
J General Ruger has been authorized to enlist '
about thirty of their number as scouts and
1 take them to Fort Custer. The Crows have
always been friendly, and make it a boast that .
they nave never killed a whito man, and it J
would be a pity if anything should now occur
to disturb the peaceful relations so long i
standinc. General Sheridan is confident
that General Ruger will be able to effect a
permanent settlement that will be satisfactory
to the Crows as well as to the Government
In regard to the concentration of the army
in the larger posts, the report says that the
work on the new post at Denver, where
it is proposed to place ten companies,
will shortly bo commenced; that at San
Antonio has been progressing favorably
daring the year; the ground for the new
post near Chicago will pass into the possession
of the Government at an early day, and
at Fort Knelling both the reservation and
other attendant conditions are favorable
for the establishment of a large garrison,
and only some additional buildings
are required for their accommodation. The
reconstruction of Fort Riley has been
actively prosecuted during the year, but
before it can be completed, additional
appropriations will be necessary.
General Sheridan expresses regret that the
very rapid decrease in the number of deser- >
tions from the army during the previous 1
t.wn voiirc ho<5 not, hpen pont.iiinpd: the I
increase is, however, very slight, bejng only
about one half of one per cent more than last
year. The desertions, as a geueral rule, he
says, are mostly confined to soldiers in the
earlier years of their first enlistment, and to
men who enlist only for a temporary occupation,
for transportation to a different section
of the country, or for apparently the mere
pleasure of deserting. These latter form
no inconsiderable part of tho whole number,
and it is not possible to recognize them unless
they happen to be personally known to the
recruiting officer, it is probable that they
will continue annually to swell the number
of deserters.
General Sheridan renews his previous recommendations
touching the increase of the
army by 5,000 men and perfect ng the oranization
of the infantry arm by the addition of
two majors and two companies to each regiment.
General Sheridan says that "the measures
which would most promote the efficiency
of the service would be the passage of a law
authorizing the immediate retirement of
those officers, about eighty in number, in
whose cases such action has already been ?
recommended hv military boardR. or who <
have for [some time been absent on account |
of sickness from ther commands with i
but little prospect of ultimate recovery." ]
Attention is called to tho needs of the ]
army in the matter of improved small arms, i
and General Sheridan says: "The Spring- '
field rifle still remains the weapon of our '
service, and it is undoubtedly a very good i
one. In my opinion, however, the magazine ]
gun must "be the arm of the future, and |
a glance at foreign armies shows that fu1 j
ture to be very near at hand. Every lead- i
ing country abroad has either adopted a 1
magazine gun or been actively engaged in ]
experiments looking to the development of <
an effective system. With us, progress in
this direction appeal's to be very slow, and, <
as far as I know, no very decided steps have I
been taken during the year, nor any definite l
conclusions yet reached." i
The report says that the condition of our ]
coast defences has continued to deteriorate '
during the year, and that they would bo of i
little real service in time of war. 1
General Sheridan concludes his report with i
the following remarks concerning State 1
militia: "I am strongly in favor of the gen- \
eral Government extending all possible aid i
to the National Guard of the different States,
as they constitute a body of troops that in
any great emergency would form an import- i
ant part of our military force. They should <
be armed with the. l>est weapons, amply 1
provided with complete camp and gar- I
rison equipage and instructed in the various
drills and exercises according to the tactics <
and systems followed in the regular army. ]
According to my observation and experience,
most of the State troops now march well and 1
handle the gun well, but they are deficient in j
discipline and in all the duties that teach a !
soldier to take care of himself while in camp i
or upon a march. This defect can best i
be overcome by establishing some system
of encampment under the control and direc- i
tion and at the entire expense of the general
Government In the development of such a
measure the entire army, as well as myself
personally, will be glad to render such assistance
as lies in our power, and I recommend
tbat the favorable consideration of the subject
may be commended to Congress.''
,
A PRINCE'S PERIL, '
_____ 1
The German Crown Prince Has
Cancer of the Throat. ,
Tho German Crown-Prince, and successor '
to the throne of Germany, has long been suf.
fering from a throat trouble, and it is now
admitted that tho disease is of a canccrous
character. A Berlin dispatch says:
Sorrow and excitement prevail among all
classes. The one question on everybody's lips
is: "What will the next few hours bring?'
Prince William to-day sent a t?legram to the *;
Emperor, saying: "Father looks very well."
The latest report from San Reino is to the
effect that the Crown Prince is composed,
mi/I rwsonnllv writes telezrams for the Em
peror, but that he has not spoken since Saturday,
except in cases of absolute necessity.
It is said on authority that all the doctors
agree that the Crown Prince is afflicted with
cancer, but that a further examination is
needed to decided whether it will be necessary
to excise the whole larynx or only
part of It
All court festivals have been stopped. The
hunting party fixed for .Saturday has been
countermanded. The National Zeilung in
a long article cites several casea
as dangerous as that of the Crown
Prince, which were treated with success
by Drs. Haen an l Bergman. Medical men
deny the assertion of Dr. Storck that it is too
late to operate. Successful cases are on record
in which cancer appeared fourteen
months before operation.
IMPORTANT DECISION,
The Highest Conrt Declares the
Driven Well Patent Invalid.
What is known as tho driven wen parent,
which has boen several times before the
United States Supreme Court, and which has
always been sustained, has now been declared
invalid in an opinion by Justice Blatchford,
based upon the record in case No. lti, Andrew
Green and others against George Hovey,
brought to Washington by on appeal from
the United States Circuit Court for the
South?ru District of Iowa.
The Supremo Court holds that the fact,
now made to appear for the first time in tho
driven well litigation, that the invention was
I used in public o.t Cortland, N. Y., by others
than Oroen more than two years Deiore api
plication for patent was made is a fa? t which
? fatal to the patent's validity. Tht> decree
the Circuit Court in favor of the alleged
infringer, Hovev, is nQirmed.
WniLE out hunting recently in Todd
County, Minn., John Aulttnan. of Little
Falls, discovered the bones of a huuter who
had b?en eaten by wolves. As he stooped to
examine them the animals surrounded him
' and he had to fi^ht for his life. He sniceod^d {
I in killing seven at llieai on J r jachoJ home in i
j safety.
. ,*v;">i .
LATER NEWS,
A great scarcity of coal exists in many
quarters, and higher prices are predicted.
Six men -were blown to fragments by an
explosion in the packing house of a dynamite
company's works, near Ishpeming, Mich. Not
a trace of the men or building could be
found.
James White swore in Joliet, III., that the
president of the Lambert & Bishop Wire
Fence Company gave him $5,000 to set fire to
the building. Insurance companies have
paid $100,000, and now seek to recover.
Thomas beasle\*,a Kentuckian of weight,
is dead. He was forty-seven years old, and
weighed when in good health 485 pounds.
A bronze statue of John C. Breckenridge,
lias just been unveiled at Lexington, Ky.,
with appropriate ceremonies.
Lewis D. Baldwin, a Doputy Collector
of Internal Revenue, was shot dead at Lexington,
Ky., by Thomas M. Green, a staff
correspondent of the Cincinnati CommercialGazette.
Green received a flesh wound in
the side. The shooting grew out of an old
quarreL
An* official list of the members of the next
Eiouse of Representatives shows that the
House will consist of 168 Democrats, 153 Republicans
and 4 Independents. The Indejendants
are: An lerson, of Iowa; Nichols,
of North Carolina; Hopkins, of Virginia,
and Smith, of Wisconsin.
Dr. Mackenzie, the German Crown
Prince's physician, declares that his royal
patient's throat trouble will eventually prove
fatal. Tracheotomy may have to be performsd
at any moment, and after that the
Prince caunot live longer than two years.
The Central Bank of Canada, at Toronto,
lias suspended. Its paid up capital was $500,m.
'pttt* rfnnrMQV \v O h _"vAll T1 (T vlflq Ha?
itroyed by fire in the Canton River, China.
About 400 passengers are supposed to have
been Inst.
A RIOT IN LONDON,
More Than 200 Citizens and Forty
Policemen Injured.
London has been the scene of a Sunday
iot of the fiercest character. The cause of
;he trouble was the attempt to hold a public
neeting which had been interdicted by the
jolice. In the collisions which followed 4,000
jolicemen were pitted against an angry
:rowd of 100,000 men, and the military were
iaally called out. Particulars of the disturbince
are given in a cablegram as follows:
Mr. Robert Cunningham Graham, Member
)f Parliament for the Northwest Division of
Lanarkshire, an advanced Liberal, so-called,
lid notrspeak to his Socialist friends in Trafalgar
Square to-day as he had threatened to do
n defiance of the police. Tens of thousands of
lis excited followers hastened to the Square
;his morning to resist the carrying out of the
'ukase of the military despot," as they chose to
;all Sir Charles Warren's proclamation: there
hey met 4,000 metropolitan police, and after
lumerotis skirmishes and many serious coniicts,
dispersed in disorder, carrying with
them hundreds of broken heads and
cruised bodies, and a lesson they will not
;oon forget. Mr. Graham was clubbed
"or his pains, arrested and released on baiL
The scene has not been eaualed since 1866,
when the people, asserting tue right of public
neetine. destroyed the railings around
Hyde Park. Four thousand policemen
1- rtP flio onnmnfthos f/?
UUii pLW5U03IUU Ui I'lio u^/pt ww
Trafalgar Square at an early hour.
They had been on the ground but a short
time when various societies, Socialist,
Radical and Irish, approached the Square
:rom every direction. The paraders were
leaded by bauds of music, and they car ied
banners and mottoes. The police attacked
and dispersed each group as it arrived
loar the Square. Fierce fights took place
in the Strand, Northumberland avenue,
Whitehall, Pall Mall and other adjacent
streets. One of the societies succeeded in entering
the Square, but was repulsed after a
bloody fight,in which Commoner Graham was
seriously injured. Mr. Graham was subsequently
arrested for attacking the police. At
1:30 p. M. the crowd in the vicinity of the
square numbered 1C0,0C0 and th police were
powerless to disperse thom. Cavalry and
infantry were summoned to the assistance of
the police, but no charge was mado, as tho
people of their own accord began to disperse
it dusk.
About 200 citizens and forty policemen
ivero injured. Fifty persons were arrested,
imong them was the Socialist Burns. Some
if the injured were well enough
to leave tbe hospitals after treatment.
One patient was dreadfully burned
with vitriol squirted from a syringe. Another
" * ?*- v.~ Turn
lcciarts buau uO r? uo uujvtiv^u. A..v
policemen were stabbed with knives.
It was noticeable that the crowd, while
tio'-ting the police, cheered the cavalry and
infantry posted in the middle of the
Square ready for action in case the crowd
broke the police line. If the crowd had succeeded
in breaking the lino it is believed that
the riot act would have been read, and the
infantry would have been ordered to fire.
OLEOMAKGARINE,
Facts From the Internal Revenue
Commissioner's Report.
Internal Revenue Commissioner Miller, in
txis annual report, recommends the appointment
in his office of an additional head of
iivision to carry out the provisions of the
Oleomargarine Act. The enforcement of this
act, Mr. Miller says, has been attended by
some extraordinary results. The total receipts
for the first year in which the law has
C?
Doon in iorce wero uum c* i^mv
was not anticipate;!. Practically the tax has
been in excess of the two cents prov.ded for
by the law. By dividing the total receipts
by the number of pounds removed for consumption
or wis, the tax per pound is found
to be 3 3-10 cents.
There is one significant fact shown by the
returns. The number of persons doing business
under the Oleomargarine Act has been
reduced from a maximum of ?,:J02 to 1.5S4.
This is not due alone to the low price of butter
which prevailed during some month3 of
the year, but to the fact that the business has
been turned into a monopoly. The Commissioner
beiievos that the law ought to be
changed so as to impose a tax of two cents
per pound upon the manufactured substances,
such as oleomargarine oil, which are intended
as substitutes for butter fat; also upon
the mixtures of such substances with butter,
and upon imitations made by mixing butter
with beef fat, lard, etc.
VEBY OLlTpEOPLE.
When Mrs. Sarah Klinck died in her home
at Peoria, 111., recently, she had lived 103
years.
Mrs. Job Jenkins, of Glen Gardner, N.J.,
received a pension of $'J00 the day she was
10J years of age.
The oldest citizen of Greenfield, Mass., is
A. Kellogg, who is 92 years of age, and
destined for 100.
Mrs. Magdalene Boggs, of Milton, Ind.,
is 104 years of age and in excellent health.
Her sight has failed her, ho?tt-\vr, and she
has but one tooth left.
Uncle Ruben AVhite, the oldest colored
man in Southern Ohio, died lately at the age
XT ,, Wnr op
ul jl/*. no wu9 i4jl uul r
and leaves ft widow aged U3.
A Connecticut Yankee named Burritt
lives in Ithaca, attends to his business regularly,
and is in vigorous health at 02. He is
the oldest jeweler in the State.
John Teste, of Monmouth County, New
Jersey, is dead at the age of 101. He never
was outside the borders of his county, and
never saw a railroad or a steamboat.
"Drones do not live to see a century," says
Mrs. Clarissa Cox, of Wakefield, Mass. "I
am just 100 years of ago, and it is all due to
hard work, of which I have always had plenty
to do.
In a chatty, intelligent and cheerful manner
Mrs. Frances Edgar, of Philadelphia, relates
the incidents attending Lafayette's visit
and tells of her first glimpse of Washington.
She has just passed her 100th birtiiday.
They have just buried at Southwold, Canada,
Duncan Campbell, a man of immense
Btature, who was years of ago. He was
the strongest man in Elgin County, and with
a clear mind and memory up to the hour of
his death. Ho was a Scotchman, coming
here in 1831.
I RAMEE AND JUTE.
i
| TWO NEW SOUTHERN INDUS
TRIES DESCRIBED.
( What the Ramee and Jute Plant.'
Are?Their Cultivation in the
Southern States?What
They Produce.
Richard Owen says in the Chicag(
CuKrent: The cultivation of ramee am
jute with success and profit has recent'.*
been so fully demonstrated in Louisiun;
jjnd Texas that it becomes indirectly a:
interesting fact even in the North. Judjr
I ing irom me imuruiauuugivcu icgaiumj.
the two plants, in a pamphlet by Emili
Le Franc?one issued from the govern
I ment printing office in Washington city
' 1813, urging their cultivation, and a sub
sequent publication by the same autho.
describing the mode of culture and th.
success attending crops of considcrabl<
area, raised in Louisiana and Texas
there is no longer any doubt connccteo
with the profitable cultivation of bot!
plants.
A letter by Mr. I. Juvenet accompany
ing the first bale of second crop of rame<
for 1887, ispublished in the New Orleans
News. The beautiful fibre (of which a
' friend has sent me a sample) is four feci
long, white and glossy as silk. It wa;
raised on the. plantation of Captair.
Henry Willett, near Algiers, on the op
posite side of the river from New
Orleans.
Mr. % Juvcn*t has already sold to the
different parishes in the State 400,00i<
rumee roots, and expects to sell a million
this year, for fall planting. Mr. Charles
I Dirmayer, tlie Secretary of tne ".Kx
change," to which the bale was sent,
says, in replying: "I am confident that,
in a short time, ramee and jute will be
classed among the leading resources of
the South." The editor adds that some
samples of cloth woven from ramee wen
sent to his office, and that they equal th
finest of silk.
If all that is hoped from these product1
should be realized, the North would be
benefited not only by having cheaper pro
ducts for goods almost equal to silk, but
by having ground, now cultivated disadvantageously
in wheat and corn, un
suited to that latitude, devoted to the
growth of a useful textile fibre, foi
which our corn and wheat can be profitably
exchanged.
A few details regarding the two plants
may interest your readers.
Kamee?This fibre has been cultivated
for many years in Asiatic countries, and
sold, when woven into various goods,
under the names, "Japan silk," ''Canton
goods," "grass cloth," "Nankin
linen," etc. In China the fibre is calico
Tchon Ma; in India, Rhea or Rhaea; in
Java, Ramee. It grows to the height ol
five to eight feet, the fibre being fron
four to six feet long, and when properlj
prepared, white and silky. It may tx
asked how can the United States com
pete with the cheap labor of India anc
China, iu raising this valuable plant, as
well as jute? Simply by bringing
greater intelligence to its culture anc
preparation. It is planted somewhat lik<
corn?4,000 roots to the acre?and car
be successfully weeded and harvested bj
our labor-saving machinery. But th<
chief improvements over the Chines<
methods of rotting the plact, like hemp,
which greatly impairs its whiteness, anc
? -1" ?'1" r)ofo/>h?n?r the hnrlr hv hand
uicu oivvrij uviuvuiujj ??
labor, is the American invention of t
"decorticating machine," consisting ol
corrugated rollers worked by steam, anc
sold by Mr. Juvcnet, the inventor, al
$300, while the most complete cost'
$1,000. The "Encyclopedia-Britannica,'
says: "A cord spun from ramee was
found to sustain a weight of 252 pounds,
while a similar cord of Russian hemp waj
estimated by the Admirality test not tc
bear more than eighty-seven pounds."
Jute is obtained fiom two species ol
Cocrhorus, C. capsularis and C. olitorius,
essentially alike. The pamphlet above
mentioned considers Texas best adaptec
for jute, but Louisiana for ramee. Jute
is inferior to flax and hemp in s'4'engtb
and tensity, but takes brilliant and delicate
shades of dye. Immeuse quantities
of the fiber are consumed in the manu
facture of gunny bags of different
grades, and for packing cotton. Already
r early as in 1874 over 30,000 persons
were employed in Scotlaud in producing
jnte fabrics. One factory in Dundee employed
5,000 operatives, and coverec
twe;ity-iwo acres oi gruuuu,
One of the pamphlets above alluded
to, mentions that a French gentleman has
offered to establish a manufactory ol
rauiee and jute in New Orleans, when
ever he can be assured that there is acre^
age enough planted in the Southern
States to produce sufficient raw material,
Already our commercial travelers taking
orders for furniture carry their samples ol
beautiful ramee cloth, with which thej
offer to upholster at about the same rates
as rep or haircloth. Thus the outlooi
leems encouraging.
Nickel and Its Uses.
When refined and used in its pure
state, nickel is one of the most brillianl
&nd durable metals ever discovered. II
rcceivcs a beautiful polish, will nevei
l :_u ? nnr? ia vJpfnallv in
luraisu iiui tui i i'uv.j uuv as* < ?
destructible. Its best qualities are al
most unknown to the general public,
though the craftsman is familiar witl
them, having utilized them in the manufacture
of deiicate and expensive instruments.
The public knows nickel onlj
as an ingredient, with copper, in the
clloy of our fivc-ccnt picccs, and in the
form of clcctro-plating over iron, foi
cutlery, grates, etc., where immunity
from rust and tarnish is sought. It;
luster and strength make it superior tc
silver itself for many household articles,
because it is not easily discolored b\
acids, and does not wear out its "gooc
clothes," as silver-plated wear must do,
to maintain a respectable appearance,
Solid nickel is in use in Germany as i
lining for b..'h-tubs, is employed for cji
and carriage furnishing.*, and it take.'
the plate of steel, brassand silver in th<
manufacture of knives, forks, buttons,
ornaments, harness and saddlc-ry trimmings.
Koison, the great electrical in
ventor, has found it nccrs?ary, because
superior to iron, in m inufacturing th<
. U..4. U...
Iii'.'it generator 01 ciccimny, uuu u.u
been compelled lo send to Europe to ob
tain it in sufficient quantity. The sup
ply lrom this country comes from Con
nccticiit and Pennsylvania chiefly, ant
can be increased.
A Repntntiou for Humor.
President Lincoln said once that th<
best story he ever read in the papers ol
himself was this: Two (Quakeresses wer<
travelling on the railroad, and wer<
! heard discussing the probable tennina
tion of the war. "I think," said th<
first, "that .Jefferson will succeed.'
" Why does thee think so ?" asked th<
other. " Because Jefferson is a praying
man." "And so is Abraham a praying
man," objected the second. "Yes
! but the Lord will thiuk Abraham u
J joking," the first replied, conclusively. J
Boston Budget.
POPULAR SCIENCE. . J
A case has been reported in which leprosy
seemed to have been contracted
through vaccination with virus, from a
child in whom the disease subs quently
developed. The child was a native of
the tropics, and leprosy had previously
existed among his relatives.
By the improved method of welding
by electricity a broken bar of metal can
be easily reunited, or bars of different
metals welded together, and those metals
which previously resisted welding most
strenuously, are now joined with case,
while those previously easily welded re ???
4-V./\ no??a Ktt fl.n nnnr nrnnnoo i
llJltiLl buc oaiac uj iuc uvn |/i
Mr. W. Mattieu Williams thinks that
the instinct which guides the swallow
southward in autumn is probably of a
very practical and unpoetic kind. Its
food is chiefly flying insects, whose
development ceases with the advance of
cold from the north, and in migrating
the bird is simply following its retreating
food supply.
The gold mines of Australia continue
to be veiy productive. Some of them
are more than 2,000 feet in depth, and
| many will be sunk even lower than that
in the near future. This is contrary to
the predictions of old mining experts,
who said many years ago that no gold
would ever be found in Australia at a
greater depth than a hundred feet.
There are now cables on almost ever}
sea and ocean bed, the total length of
wire laid being nearly 113,000 nautica1
miles. There are nine cables connccting
Europe with America. The first that
was laid dating from 1858. So great,
also, has the advance been in the operative
aspect of cable telegraphy that practically
no more difficulty is felt in repair- '
ing submarine lines than in attending to
defects in those on land. It is seldom
any serious derangement of telegraphic
system takes place. >vnen it does ic is
of comparatively brief duration.
A surprising ignorance in geographical
matters prevails even among people of
culture. Many examples of this have
been lately collected by Colonel Sir
, Charles Warren. In one case an educated
surveyor could not free himself of
the idea that Paris was north of London,
and another located the west end of London
toward the eastern coast. Out of
thirty well instructed men, from eighteen
to twenty years old, about eighteen
were under the impression that while
the sun rises in the East, the stars rise in
the West.
An appearance as of being hollowed
out has been remarked in the surface of
I the hard, green sandstone rocks, near
Lima, Peru, and was ascribed by Sir
Charles Lyell to the result of water
i action on ancient and subsequently e'.c1
vated sea beaches. Mr. Nation, of Lima,
i however, who has been observing the
f rocks for twenty-five years, is satisfied
, that the hollows are increasing in size
f and in number. He believes that they
. are the work of a cryptogamic plant, a
15/iVinn wViiVh ifl -in ftrtlVP VftfTfitation
I during the foggy season, the swelling of
i whose cells causes a scaling of the rock.
; A remarkable case of suspended
I growth-power is recorded by Dr. Max;
well J. Masters, of London. A tree of
l the common Ailanthus was cut down,
r and the stump buried just below the sur:
face. Growth appeared, ten years cer;
taiuly, probably fifteen years after,
, though there had been no sign of vegeI
tation in the intervening period. The
fact is of great importance in connection
i with the maintenance of life in vegetation
f for long periods under glaciers. In tho
I "Proceedings of the Academy of Natural
t Sciences of Philadelphia for 1884," good
s reasons are given for the belief that
' plants covered by ice in Alaska for over
i one hundred years, still kept alive and
grew after the ice-sheet was removed,
i The maintenance of life in Ailanthus
? roots ten years without growing, so near
circumstances favorable to growth, is a
[ greater feat of Nature than the retention
, of life for 100 years under the low tem>
-nerature beneath a elacier.
I 1 ~
A Hero of "The Mutiny."
There is a movement in England for
i an increase of the pension of John Di.
vane, the private soldier who won the
t Victoria cross, by leading the way to the
r capture of the Cashmere gate at the
j stormiug of Delhi, India. He lost a leg
on that occasion. " There was," he says,
1 "a hitch, nud then a call for'Who'll
| storm the battery?' and the bhoys said,
'Johnny, you go on, and we'll be after
t ye.' And I said, 'Come on, bhoys,
s death or glory!' And we went on, and
f presently I fell down, and, when I came
. to mesclt, I found my leg was gone, and
. -I said, ' Never mind, John Divane, me
l bhoy, here's a shilling a day for ye foi
loif.' And when I heard the list of pinr
sions read out and heard I'd only tip|
pincc a day, I croid." Divane did not
r get the "death" he challenged, but the
5 ten pennyworth per day of "glory"
[ which he did get, docs not seem much
of a reward for a man who started the
turning point of the capture of Delhi,
I > XI e -t 41.. iha
anu, mcrciuri', ui vwc aujypicooAw* v*. 1**^
mutiny. He is now G4 years old, and
5 gel 8 a living by peddling fish in a donkey
t cart at Penzance.?Boston Traveler.
t ?
r The Pepper Crop.
All pepper grown in Sumatra says W.
S. Bennett, is dried by the beat of the
| sun on the ground; hencc it contains
. more or less sand. The pepper grown in
. Singapore is dried in a kiln. In Maltv
r bar, the small, round, berry-like fruit
> grows somewhat loosely to the number
? of twenty to thirty on a common pen\
dulous fruit stalk. They are at first green
r then become red, and, if allowed to ripen,
3 yeliow; but they are gathered befors
, completing maturity, and by drying in
that state turn blackish-gray or brown.
\ When one or two berries at the base of
I the spike begin to turn red, the whole
spike is pincnedoff. Next day the berries
| arc rubbed olf with the hand, picked
t clean, and dried for three days on mats !
r in the sun. The vine produces fruit in
j two seasons of the year. The flowers of
the principal crop appear in September
with the laius 01 tue hrst monsoon, in
1 the latter end of December the berries
. begin to ripen, and arc gathered in
, January. The flowers of the second crop
? appear in Mar. h and April with the rains
5 of the little monsoon, and the fruit ripens
. and is gathered about July and August.
. Each vine may be reckoned upon as pio.
ducing 1 /lbs. of pepper.
,
A Queen's Heart.
The Nantes Museum, which is one of
the richest departmental museums iu
France, has just acquired a small casket
I of no little historic interest?namely:
' that in which the heart of Anue of lirit5
t ny, Queen of Fiance and Na\arro, was ]
3 placed at her death. The casket, which !
" is of massive gold, is made in the shape j
J of a heart, and inside the filagree !
' work on the outside are nine fleur-de-lis j
5 and nine trefoil tiowers, with the follow>
ing motto: "Cuevr de' vertus ornc dig?
ne.nent covronne." The casket is ati
trilnited to Joan Perreal, painter in or}
diniry to the King, ^vho was ordered by
Francis to paint the Queen's portrait
when she died at Blois in 1514. I
.
AN OLD YEAR SONG.
kn through the forest, disarrayed
By chill November, late I strayed,
A lonely minstrel of the wood
Was singing to the solitude:
I loved thy music, thus I said,
When o'er thy perch the leaves were spread*
Sweet was thy song, but sweeter no^f
Thy carrol on the leafless bough.
Sing, little bird! thy note shall cheer
The sadness of the dying year.
When violets pranked the turf with blue
And morning filled their cupe with dew,
Thy slender voice with rippling thrill
The budding April bowers would fill,
Nor passed its joyous tones away
When April rounded into May.
Thy life shall hail no second dawnSine.
little bird! the snriusr is eon*.
And I remember, well-a-day!
Thy full-blown summer roundelay,
As when behind a broidered screen
Some holy maiden sings unseen:
With answering notes the woodland rung;
And every tree top found a tongue.
How deep the shadel the groves how fa r! ;
Sing, little bird I the woods are bara
The summer's throbbing chant is done
And mute the choral antiphon;
The birds have left the shivering pines
To flit among the trellised vines,
ur ian iae air wica scented piumes
Amid the love-sick orango-blooms,
And thou art here alone?alone,
Sing, little bird! the reft have flown.
he snow has capped yon distant hill.
At morn the running brook was still, '
From driven herds the clouds that rise
Are like the smoke of sacrifice;
Ere long the frozen sod shall mock
The ploughshare, changed to stubborn rocfc.
The brawling streams shall soon be dumb,
Sing, little bird! the frosts have come.
Fast, fast the lengthening shadowB creep,
The songless fowls are half-asleep,
The air grows chill, the setting sun
May leave thee ere thy song is done,
The pulse that warms thy breast grow-cold,- >
Thy secret die with thee untold:
The lingering sunset still is bright,
Sing, little bird! 't will soon be night. ,.>1
?Oliver Wendell Holmes.
PITH AND POINT, j|
The tippler's favorite book?A quarto*.
A carpenter's work generally got$against
the grain.
v.~
A chap being ask what he took for ?
cold, replied: "Four pocket handker
chiefs a day." \
Dr. Collyer says work is like medicine. :
Perhaps that is why so many try to avoids
it.?Detroit Free Preen.
One reason why the homely girl take*
the scholarship prize is because she looks ''f,
into books more than into mirrors.?Picayune
.
Considering the price of fashiouablebonnets,
we begin to think the wor?h
" millionaire " is but a corruption of milliner.?Life.
Cowardice is usually to be abhorred,
but an amateur musician who is afraid te touch
a violin would be universally respected.
? Washington Critic.
Young Wife: "I want ydu to kill a
chicken for me to-night, John." Youn^;
husband : "All right. Just toss me *hunk
of that cake."?New Haven Newt. , '
"Never allow a fish to lie if he can be'
hung conveniently," says a popular cookbook.
This is also a good rule to apply
to fishermen, as well.?Somen die Journal.
"
Between the ages of thirteen andeighteen
years a girl knows something. From
eighteen to twenty-five she think* >
she does. After that she wishes she did.
? troia ijcuj.
In Costa Rica there is not a single mil- -i
linery store. Married men who want
tickets for Costa |Rica should go up to
the office before the rush begins.? Ne*
York Newt.
The meanest man so far on record live*- >
in this city. His wife asked him to giv?
her a pet, some animal that would stick
to her, and the next evening he brought
home a leech.?New York News.
"Here's Webster on a bridge," said.
? v - I J.J J._ n__<_
Mrs. 1'artingcon, as sue imuueu hi me ?
new unabridged dictionary. "Study it
contentively, and you will gain a gooddeal
of inflammation."?Texas Siftingt.
They went to see the city,
Two of the rural class,
And one blew in his money,
And one blew out the gas.
The one who blew the gas out
Was buried yesterday;
Dead is the other alsoDead
broke, that is to say.
?Boston Courier,
"Hove to hear the welkin ring," said
Cedric,sadly. "It may be so," quoth the
Princess de la Swampoodle, placing her
tiuy hand upon his new overcoat, "but
give me a wedding-ring."?Neu> York
Journal.
Family man (to family physician).?"I
wish you would give me my bill for professional
services during the past six
months, doctor?" Family physician
(making out bill).?"The amount is very
small, Mr. Smith. I am sorry that I
haven't been able to do more for you."
?Epoch.
Britisher?"And have you any?aw?
pawk?in Cincinnaughty like Hyda
Pawk, ye know?" Miss Bacon?"Any
pork! Well, in good round fat numbers,
1 should say about 50,000 to the square
mile." Britisher?"Fifty thousand square
ra:les of pawk! By jove, now you really
surprise me, Miss Baccn."?Harper't
R'+tr.
"Mv family is very ancient," remarked
an English tourist in Ohio. "It dates
buck to the Crusades." "So does mine,"
replied the Buckeye. "My mother was a
Crusader herself. And what a noble
stand they made against tho liquor
traffic, too." "Aw," said the Englishman,
considerably mystified.?Pitttiury
Chron icU.
"Sir, I love your daughter Mercy,
Pray believe me, Mr. Ferry,
For he."self, and not her money;
. Trust me, I'm not mercenary."
Come the answer like an echo,
As the heartless Banker Ferr>
Coldly looked the youngster over
And responded: ''Mercy? Nary!"
?Chicago Tribune.
Carious Freak of a Millionaire.
There arc so many ways of spending
aud of losing a fortune that
perhaps nobody desires to be informed
of a new method for this
purpose. I heard yesterday, however,
of a plan which seemed to me so ingenious
and so admirably calculated for dissipating
any amount of money that I
cannot forbear recounting it. It seems
that a young man found himself, on the .
death of his father and mother, in unrestricted
possession of $l,.r)00,000. When
the period of mourning had expired, he
bought a small circus and traveled about
with it in the capacity of chief showman,
llow long the fun lasted, or what small
sum the circus properties fetched when
they were sold at auction by the creditors
of the concern, I am not informed.
?Boston l'oit.

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