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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, February 01, 1888, Image 7

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I ~ AGRICULTURAL
TOPICS OP INTEREST RELATIVE
TO FARM ,\.NI> UAHDKN.
The Tomato Worm.
This inject is familiar to every fanner's
boy, and is a common depredator in the
rarden. Its life-history is soon told:
I. large pray hawk-moth (known to I
the entomologists as Ph!egethonthius
celeus) Hies just at dusk, and lays its
eggs on the tomato leaves. In a short
time the eggs hutch into the common
green worms with a spine 011 the hind
end of the back. In a few weeks these
worms or caterpillars heroine full grown,
and going into the ground, pack the |
earth smoothly about them, so ns to j
make a snug cavity, in which they change !
to the quie-cent chrysulid or the pupa t
state. in due time they again emerge j
as large brown moths. Hand-picking
?f the worms is a mo?t effective remedy j
for garden patches. As their work is
conspicuous, it is usually easy to find !
the worms. An excellent method of j
killing the moths is to place molasses j
miTAsi inith nfaift liprr. to which has been ;
I. a ^ pois?n. 0D flat boards in
various pai ts of the garden. The moths
drink the liquid and are killed.?Prairie
Faimcr.
Management of Frnit Trees.
The careful management of j'oun<r fruit
trees is now a maiter for consideration.
Newly planted trees should be made firm j
by treading down the unsettled soil i
about the stems, staking them if neces- j
eary, and, above all thiugs, by protecting !
them from damage l>y mice, rabbits, and '
by 6uns aid. '1 here are 6eveial ways of j
thus protecting youn?r trees; but, after)
everal years' trials of many methods, we ;
have settled down to the plan of wrap- !
ping a newspaper ab >ut the stem from!
the ground upward and tying in four or j
five places with twine. Th;s repels ver-j
min, rellccts the sun's hi-at, and prole ts
from intense fro-t. following a warm j
ptidday hour. It left remaining through I
the.Summer it pr.'tccts t!ie trees from i
borers, keeps the bark clean and smooth ;
*nd healthy. The old-fashioned way of j
whitewashing fruit trees had its valuable I
uses in these several ways, and was quite
~ ? ?5 J ! 1 - A ;
Iellective. but It was riuicun-u mm ;
laughed down by the asthetic philoso- j
tohere and their disciples as an iguor.int
New h'ngland fashion, and many an orchard
has gone to ruin in consequence.
It is a good practice which might be revived,
as it i9 a protection against a 1 the
above evils, and several others to which
fruit trees are subject.?New York Tiuiet.
Prevention of Hog Cholera.
An old Kentucky breeder of 6wine who
has never had the cholera among his
hogs, and who has had time to philosophize
on the subject tells in the Southern I
Planter the five condition of his sue- I
cess.
1. He early adopted the plan of salt-1
I fog all hisanimals iti water-tight troughs,
keeping suit in these ail the time. 2.
Finding after a while that the hogs were
fond ol this and charcoal, he began the
use of both?charcoal when the swine
were closely penned, and ashes with the
salt always. 3. When the bristles and
hair on the animals were reduced by culture
and the forests diminished, he provided
shelter for his hogs, still bedding
them, when convenient, with leaves. 4.
When fhey tore up his gruss by rooting
for worms he put rings in their noses,
but to supply the want of flesh gave
tjbem all the dead lambs and other uselew
meats. 5. In feodmg, for many
years be has abandoned the close pen,
putting his hogs in grass pasture*, allowing
them pure water, green food and exexcise.
The exercise diminishes somewhat
the fat, bnt it is compensated by
nHvantnwa nn/5 when nUDll)
~v w???v? ? I 1kins
are used they are content to eat and
wander about le^s, and a full feed of
pumpkins is worth one-third of all the
Corn fed.
Thi^ correspondent puts salt first in
importance a< a preventive of cholera,
and believer that salt, of all substances,
is the bi;st promoter of digestion and antidcrte
against worms.
Horse Shoeing,
William H. Yeomans says in the Mirror
and. Fin'iiter: It is an old and fully
ncknowrt'dsetl paying, that, "no feet,
no horse*'" or as it mipht be stated in
other language, no m ttter how perfect or
I sound a horse may be in other respects, j
tf he is defect ve or unsound in the feet
he is practically valueless.
In this connection there is another
matter to be- considered, and that is, that
feet that are sound upon a horse may be
rendered unsound not by the c rolessness
and neglect of the owner or keeper
wholly, but by improper and defective
shoeing. If the truth could be arrived
at in the matter there is little doubt but
that a large proportion of those who attend
to the shoeing of horses really do
not know v<?ry much about the aitual
bony structure of 1he foot, or to su h a
degree as t? be able to remedy e .isiing
or threatening troubles to it. it is tarcly !
the ca-?etliat a c ountry smith upon whom !
dependence is placed for shoeing unilcr- j
Iftamle anylning about tlie anatomy ot j
the horse's loot. Because of this lark of'
knowledge the shoeing may be so done 1
as to create lameness, and fiom eoutinu- i
ance of the cause disease of the foot may j
be produced and ultimately the horse is j
ruined. But if the foot is fully under- j
stood, for a trivial )amcnc63 the shoe, by !
being properly set. may relieve it and
finally erne the trouble.
"We have frequently heard It claimed
that faulty action in the horse could be
to a great extent correctcd, but we never
roali-/p<J the same to the extent we have
ince reading that valuaole work by I'ro- j
fessor George K. Hich entitled "Artistic
Horse-shoeing." The author began to
ihoe horses when eleven years old, and
having been in constant practice since !
then, has formed mo.e than lilty diJcrenl |
kinds of shoes, all for a^pe.ihc purpose, J
adapted t-o different conditions of the j
foot, curing some diseases or correct ing I
ome faults of the gait. He succeeds .u j
accomplishing, in treating horses injured
by 1 shoe'Mg, what ordinary black- '
smiths regard as wonders. For the good |
of the.-e paiient and faithful animals j
shoers should instruct themselves iu the
matter of setting shoes scientifically as
well as artistically, so that the noble
!.???? mnti n|\a ininrn/1 rvr minor) '
UUi?V UIUT UVfc WV mjuivx* \ri * uiuv??.
Winter Shelter For Cows.
7n the winter it is necessary, thinks a
wri'er in the Mirror Had Fanner, to confine
cows math in warm shelter# and
even in summer. especially when soiling
ib the practice. iho cows will he in the.r
shelle s not a litile. The successful dairyman
will give the greatest attention to
Btables. In fa< t, the suecessof the dairyman,
wh le l>y no means altogether due
to it, is u unity measured by his stulyof |
sheltering and the wisdom a d caro he
shows in the building and care of cow
Stables
The tirst point is ventilation. Without
it,font a r wiil soon collect in the s.abics
?air fouled not only by the matters
from the lunirs and cutaneous glands of
the animals, but. by the cxha'tftjons, not
jltogctber avoidable, from the;r ?\cro
| ment. This foal air will bo poison animals,
reduce their thrift, and therefore
their production, and favor the appearance
of disease to such an ex'eut that
this alone would justify the necessary j
ventilation. But tiie dairyman, more;
than the bei'f grower, loses by foul airia j
thn stables. It seems ncccs-ary to milk
in the stables; at least, it is very inconveneat,
and occasions an expense of labor.
not to do so; ami the fo:d gusesin
the stable will b;gi'n the contamination
of the inilk as soon as it leaves the udder.
The absorptive power of milk is almost
>urpri-ing, and if exposed, for only a
short time, to the matters that must exist
in an unventilated shelter, the best butter
cannot be made from it. The loss to
the dairyman is generally more than he
imagines.
11 the dairyman also rears his own
cows there is a further reason ror ventilation.
The poisoned blood of the cow is
the blood of the f.itus. The cow confined
in a foul shelter cannot drop a
vigorous, thrifty calf.
For the same reason that he has an unusal
iniere-t in ventilation, the dairyman
lias an nausal interest in light in the cow
stable- Light is as essential to the
health and thrift of cows, as it is to the
health and thrift of nearly every one of
the higher an-imals. But, besides this,
sunlight is an important agent in purifying
the 6tuble. Filth and foul gases
breed in darkness; sunlight is their foe.
The more light admitted into the stable
the less dampness and contamination.
And why should there not be an abundance
of light where glass is chcap and .
can be protected by a few bars? I have !
no excu -e for basement stables so situated
or put so far down in the earth that they
cannot be well lighted; and I am free to
say that I think n majority of the basement
stables are of decidedly doubtful
economy. In the management of dairy
came xne nanuim^ ui mui ,
a matter of imporianr-c, and is intimately
connected with their stabling. We caa- j
not afford to waste this excrement.
Sheep ltaisinff.
A farmer writes to the W iscor.sin Agricnl
>/risi as follows: On e ery farm where,
what wc may terra mixed fanning iecarried
on, a variety of crops raised and
different kinds of stock kept with the
view of feeding, out upon the farm, as
much of toe products of the farm as
jiossiule it is an item to keep a few sheep.
J ust how many should be or can be
kept, will of course di-pend upon cirmimatinees.
Hut many farmers will find
that a few can be made to increase the
proit, aucl in many cases will consume
what in most oases would otherwise go
to waste. A8 it is what we can and do
save thus adds to our wealth. Sheep can
be regarded as something that will aid
us to save. Their products, the wool,
and the lambs can, if desired, be marketed
in the spring at a time when the
average farmer has usually but few products
to market. A cheap shelter is all
that is needed during winter weather,
and if thw is made reasonably warm,
nnd kept dry. very little grain will be
necessary. Lil*c ail other stock, it
pave to keep sheep in a good thrifty
condition. And during the winter
some urain will be found ncccssary; but
if p enty of hay or good fodder is sup
pliecl the amount of gruM neeueawiu ds
found to be small. If the hny orfoddsr
is run tlirough a cutter and bran mixed
with it,ihereneed be but little grain fed.
During the summer they need but very
little attention, if they can have the run
of a good pasture and have plenty of
w;ilcr convenient.
In many respect* they consume what
the rest of the stock leave in the pastures,
and during the winter they can be
kept on roughings, princfpally, rather
than grain, and by planning ahead a
large supply can be serured at small ex
pease. A nice flock of sheep upon tde
farm may be considered in much thesame
light as the poultry. A gicat part of their
living they will pick up, while what we
are oblged to feed them during the winter
is a small item as regards the per cent,
of profit that may be se ured.
Of course, even with them it pays to
use reasonable cau ion to keep them in
good condition economically; but a
good f-helter and a feeding hut can be
provided and the manure we can sccuro
will pay well for the trouble of feeding.
< are should bet.tken to keep reasonably
y<>ung stec't, ami a large proportion
should be ewes, so that in addition to
their wool the increase may be secured.
\Vi:h anything like ordinary care
either the wool or the increase should
be of sufficient value to pay for the
cost, leaving the other for proiit.
In this way they cm be made as profitable
its any other stock upon the faim
so th:>t instead of gulling the grain or
other products, they are fed outto stock,
not only increas ng the profit but also
aiding, very materially, to increase the
fertility of the soil.
Women on Tricycles.
The vromen tricyclics, who are becoming
a numerous b dy an 1 alw.iys belong
to a wealthy, or at h ast well-to do class,
do i ot give a thought to the becomingnc<3
of their attire: ;t is what is most
conveuient, inosi roinfoitab'e and proves
no obstacle to skimming ;ilong a road as
a.* a man. Alter tsventy or thirty
miles of good riding they are not afraid
to go to a cl b supper in their plain,
lin-cy wolsey *hon skills, a blouse or
jeisey waist and ''common sense*' boots.
Their eves are bright, their rheeks ure
red, their spiiits are high:they forget
their clothes for the woman is supcri <r
to ihcm: she i< there at her brst?not at
her woist, as when bverpowered by d ess
and the eudeavor to display it and not
herself to the best advantage.?Jennie
Ju..e,
laick in a Hnm-h-Knck.
"I will let you rub my hump with your
gold if you will give me a -franc," said
a hump backed girl to me one night in
the gambling saloon at Monte Carlo,
writes a correspondent of the CourierJournal.
I looked at her somewhat astonished
at the rema' k, but she se emed
bo mil' h in earnest and so desirous ot tne
small p fee of money tint I gave it to
her and rub ed her hump for luck, put
the money on fourteen and?lost. It was
the stianue^t piece of tipping that I ever
encountered in all my Kuiopeau travels,
yet there are three or four hunchbacks
who arc habitues of the gambling saloon
at Monte Carlo, and who make a living
by le ting the superstitious rub their
lucky hump with money. *
A Frenchman's Love for Jllsiuarek.
A funny incident occurred the other
day at Bergentc, France. A to'-at onrnat
having announced the death oi BisI
marck. the keeper of a cafe, to show his
j patriotism, illuminated his establishment
and put the following no'ico in
I the window: "On account of the death
of Bisina ck, no charge will be made to
j customers." Of course, the patriot was
j wi-ll patroni-ed on tho^e terms.
About eleven in the evening, however,
he discovered that he had bepn
deceived. In a rage he instantly turned
out the lights, leaving hi< guests to yet
into the street ap bf?t they couJd,?Aew
Yuri
11 ninimw in. ??!
IRRIGATION.
VAST TRACKS OF STRRTLE LAND
MADE FICRTIIiB.
A Process Which Adds Untold
Wealth to Th:* Conn try?Land
Formerly Unsalable Now
Worth jjUiOO an Acre.
A new Industry is a new gain for the
human rate, whatever the cranks may
say to the contrary. If any one should
make the desert ' bloom and blossom like
the rose," it is certainly true that one
rose in doing so to a high occasion. We
are able in this country in such matters
in all efforts to go mankind "one better"
all the time.
Heie is an example, gathered, strange
to say, from a report on irr'gation wh ch
the I nited States Senate has just caused
to be published. It is a readable do ument,
because prepared by a man who
knows how to write as well as how to
gather the facts. Agriculture by irrigation
is one of the oldest things in the
history of civilization. The beginnings
of such things are found, we know, in the
dry regions of the earth,which are also,
historically speaking, the most ancient.
rl nnrt r\f t>lf> TIG
J?.. V ,
mnsula, the valleys and plains of China,
the plateau region of Central Asia, the
Arabian lands, the basin of the Mediterranean,
Northern Africa and the semitropical,
the mesas and plateaus of Mexico,
i entral and South America, on the
west side at least, are the o iginal homos
of the irrigators. 1 ncounted centuries
have seen them raiding crops under the
slow percolation of water laboriou3'y applied.
Naturally one would believe smh regions
had a monopoly of the process. As
a matter of fa t we are beating the Old
World at this, even though there are st 11
about GOO.00",000 of the world's inhabitants
to whom water for irrigation is abFolntcly
needed if they are to cultivate
lnnrl in nrdfr tr> rilifift tllfiir OWn food
Yet we have a large region to irrigate
and are already making better time at it
than Ihe others on this planet. From
10<? degrees to 125 degrees of west longitude.
and from the British Dominions to
the lower valley of the Kio fJrande in
Texas, there is.an irregular shaped area
which, if regular in form, would measure
about one thousand mil< s square. It contains
more than one-half of our pnblic
land domain, excluding Alaska, and is
about one-lhird of the whole nat'onal
territory. The rainfall in this region is
from eighteen inches on the east to four
inches per annum on the southwest It
rises in place? to twcnty-iwo inches, but
nowhere rcaches tin industrial necessity
of twenty-eight inches per annum. About
30 per cent., perhaps more, is arable, as
much more pastoral, and the remainder
is mountain and desert. Colorado, Utah,
"Npw Mpvion Wmminf?. Nevada. Ari
zona. Mont ina, Idaho and California are
within its borders.
It will be a great, surprise to most reople
to learn some of the facts about their
irrigation enterprise!*. For example.
California had in 1P80 less thnn 300,0' 0
acres cultivated by its aid. There is in
the southern part of that State over
1,000,000 acres now reclaimed by thi9
process.. T and once worth less ihan $2
now sells from $80 to $800 per acre.
Fruit lande under cultivation will readily
sell at from $500 to $1,500 per
acre.
In the past ten years at lea?t $20,000,000
has been expended in thnt Pfcite in
preparing arid lands, by the construction
of irrigation works, for colony and in-li
-i T -ni x a a? - ? tn
Yiau.li seiuement. a qinnur ?>i h million
persons have been added to the population
since 1880, and nt least $200,000,00')
or more to the taxable valuation.
But one of t' e remarkable facts about it
is that economy in the auric ltural use
of water is being developed more highly
there than ha? heretofore been known.
Utah has developed under Mormon direction
the best "community servire of
water and farm land, and the prosperity
of the agricultural settlement of that peculiar
people is very great. There are
1,500 farms in Utah, not to exceed ?5
ncic* each, which are worth to-day. with
stocks and crops, at least *100 per acre.
Colorado has developped the beet system
of legislative oontrol over the water. It
seems to have sol"ed Ihe dilliculties existing
in California since 1^04. Can "Is
have been constructed in Colorado with
a water stipnly su^'cient to irrigate at
t.hn fluwinfr rntn nf onfi rubifi foot ncr sec
ond lo each l>5 ar'-s for the season Hhat
is, 12 solid inches of water-, nt least
2,200,000 acres of land that produces 80
bushels per acre of the very best wheat
in the world.
These are interesting-farts, and there
are more of them to tc!!. Engineers assert
that it is possible to so conserve the
water supplies from snow and rain,
wliif h ate fownd in the lakes of tho
Ilockic* and the infrequent rivers that
rise in and flow east and southwest from
them, as to obtain water enough to snp
ply the deficiency in rainfa 1 for the
whole of what are called the Great
Plains. At a cost of le^s than a sco-e of
million dollars farming could be put be
yond doubt over an area which would
give 10,000,000 farms of 100 acres each.
The rainfall has decreased if any thing,
west cif 105 degrees, but the earth's humidity
has ii creased with Bcttlo- ent.
f-alt . ake is at least 12 feet Li;.her than
was the case forty year since. ?Graphic.
The White Hoiuse Dinlngr-Room.
The dining -room is gorgeoo9 during
a fita'.e dinner. It is a gieat oblong
parlor, as large as the ground tloor 01
a house thirty feet wide and forty feet
deep, and its ceiling is so hurh that it
would reach to the base of t.ie windows
of i he second story of a <ity house. t
lies at 1 he left of the great promenade
corridor, and its windows look out on
the I'otomac and the monument. ;t adjoins
the I ed Parlor on the east, and it
has windows on the opposite side of the
room whi< h look into the grand conservatory
of the White House. This is now
filled with blooming flowers and tropical
plants, and the glass wh rh roofs it
would carpet a meadow an aero in area.
] ast nii>ht the room was gorgeously
dc oratcd wnh (lowers, th ugh its furniture,
by the way, is rather mean and
clnap A Brussels (-arret w th the figures
of a c imelVha r sh.iw co ers the floor.
J.'ark cream paper lmnirs upon the wal
and a liulit yellow Ircsro hides the plaster
of the ceiling. At til': two ends of
the room >>ieat gold fiaincd m rrors reflect
the i rowd at the t <bio, and these
stand over marble manteh upheld by
pillars in the foi m of a won an's bust,
fa?tr>nf>rl tfl n ivnst like base. Thucni vin
is fairly well clone, and the kindheiir.i d
sculptor has put a pillow on e h
Roman's he.id, in order that the mnriile
mantel may not rest too heavilv upon it.
Thi-se mantels were cove.-ed last night
with pink a'aleat, with a broken 1 m- of
wh te came l a-* running through them,
nd t ie imm nse chandeliers, with their
hnnd ed.H of pendants of pr nmatic c ass
glitter ng like diamonds under the ga>
light, had sprays of ?m . lax hanging upon
them.-Neio Yvrk WML.
HOUSEHOLD HATTEfiS.
A Hint to the Housewife.
At this season of tho year stewed
apples, rears and pluma are favorite ar- I
tides of diet. For breakfast or luncheon, !
in the dining-room or in the nursery, I
there are few table dishes more whole- j
6ome and more delicious than well j
stewed fruit served up with crcam or j
custard. There are many persons, however,
who cannot eat it, on account
ether of the acidity of the fruit or tho
excess of sugar necessary to make it pala4-1
1 ~ ?At r\t pnnn- I
UJI'lU. ' V4 UW uui) Wi v>/ui^v.| wwx~ .
tenet acidity; it only disguises ft, and
its use in large quantities is calculated to !
retard digestion. The housewife may, I
therefore, be g ateful for the reminder j
that a pinch?a very small pinch?of i
carbonate of soda, sprinkled over the
fruit previously to cooking, will save
sugar, and will" render the dish at once
more palatable and more wholesome.?
British M. dkal Journal.
Mutton Suet as a Honsehold Remedy
It is very vexing and annoying, indeed,
to have one's lips break out with
cold sores, but, like the measles, it is far
better to strike cut than to strike in. A
drop of warm mutton suet applied to
the sores at night, just before retiring,
will soon cause them to disnppear. This
is also an excellent remedy for parched
lips and rhapped hands. It should be
i. j * .1..
&P|)1H?CI 711; nigllb 111 LI1C UL|(11U olaiv, nuu
well rubbed and heated in before a brisk
fire, which often causes a smarting
fcensation, buttbe roughest of hands, by
this treatment, will ofteu be restored to
their natural condition by one application.
If every ono could but know the
healing properties of so simple a thing j
as a little mutton suet, 110 housekeeper !
would ever be without it. (Jet a little
from your butcher, try it out yourself, I
run into small cakes and put awayTeady
for use. For cuts and bruises it is !
almost indispcnsible, and where thereare j
children always there Lre plenty of cuts |
and bruises. Many a deep gash that I
would have frightened most women into j
sending for a pliys;cian at once, I have I
heuled with no other remedies than a i
little mutton suet and plentv of good
castile soap. A wound should always be j
kept clean, and the ban 'ages changed j
everyday, or eVery other day. A drench- I
if warm ennn Qiifls frnm the DUTeSt
JUp V. r r soap
that can be obtained is not only
Cleansing but healing; then cover the .
suiface of the wound with a bit of old
white mu lin dipped into me ted mutton
suet. Kenew thedrenching and the suet
every time the bnndnires fire changed,
and you will be astonished to see how
rapidly the ugliest wound will heaL?
Herald qj' llrnlth,
'Good Cheer" Recipes.
Potato Cake*.?Take cold mashed
potatoes.mix twobeaten eggs with them,
sea-on if neefssary, flour the bands and
make into oblong cakes. Fry in beef
drippings and butter. Turn carefully
when browned on the under side.
Parsnip 8tew.?Three 6licee of salt
pork, boil one hour and a half; r rape
five large parsnips, cut in quarters
lengthwise, add to the pork, and let boil
one-half hour; then add a few potatoes,
and let all bnil together nntil the pota
toes are tof% the fluid in the Kettle
should be about a cupful "when ready to
to take off.
CORN-MRAL MUPTOT8.?One CUp Of
meal, one of flonr, oie and one-half cup*
of sweet milk, a little salt, a tablespoon*
fill of white sugar, one egg, a piece of
butter the size of a walnut, one scant
tea9|M>onful of soda, two scant teaspoonfuls
of cream of tartar, or two
heaping tea^poonful* of baking-powder.
Bake in muffin tins.
ukan boup.?TaRe one teacup ot ary
beans, par-boil until the skins will roll I
up when you blow them. Drain, and i
add two quarts of boiling water and a j
little salt. Cook one horr and a half, |
when there should be about a pint of I
water on them. To this add one cup of ]
sweet cream about fWe minutes before
serving. Children like thia very much
I think farmers'. wives are very unw se
in not us ug more cream is cooking. Itis
chcaper and more wholesome than
butter. *
Chicken Sat,ad WrrnouT Oil.?
Mincc line the white meat of cold,boiled
chicken, take one and a half times as
much celery in bulk, having cut in
pieces a quarter of an inch long; prepare
a dressing of three eegs beaten light,
one-lourth cup melted butter, one-half
cup caeh of cream and vinegar, a halftablespoon
each of made mustard and
sugar, with salt and popper to taste.
Mix well and pnt in a di?h over boiling
water, stirring constantly till it thickens
like cu-tard. Pour it over the salad |
when cold, and only a 6hort time before
usin
Nbw Way to Cook Mottom.?Put
the leg of mutton in an uncovered stewpan
with a w.nc glfts.sof water on a brisk
lire. When thu water his evaporate!
and the mutton is a good color pour o er
it a wine-gla-st'ulof stock,seasoning with
an onion, two bay leaves, three sprigs of
parsley, a little thyme, salt, pepper and
other spices to taste. C'o.er the stewpan
and let the contents simmer until
the mutton is done. Before serving
strain the gravy, mix with it half a p nt
of creuiu nnd set it'on the fire. Let it
boil up once and th eken it with two
yolk-; of egtfs. Dish the mutton: pour
the sauce over it and serve.
Bbkk Frittbhp.?One ponnd of cold
roast beef, ten ounces of l.our, one tea
cupful of water, two ounces of butter,
two eggs (the whites), pepper anil salt,
beef d.ipping. Blired the beef as finely
as possible, and season to taste with pepper
?nd salt; make a smooth batter with
the flour and water, blending them well
together, and stirring in the bu ter
(which should first be melted); whisk
the whites of the cg.'S to a stiff froth,
and add them to the batter, and lastly
put in the beef. Stir all well together,
and have some beef dripping boiling
hot in a pan. Fry the fr.tters in this,
but do not drop too much of the batter
in at one time, as it reduces the tempera
tore of the fat, which in Irving should
never be a lo.ved to {jet below the boiling
point. Fry to a nice brown, and when
done drain well and serve on a folded
napkin.
Chinamen in Armor.
Pon See, the Chinaman who interpreted
for the prosi-cuiion in the reocnt
Chinese murder tr :i!s, says the friends of
tlic con ii-t' d men are very ho>tile
toward Jiinise. f and Lee Toy, proprietor
of the < liinesi* theatre, lor the active part
they took. lie add? th it tive or >ix of
thi-se friends, protected by a < oat of
paper mail and armed with pistols and
knives prowl ahout at nifjht, sec \ in# an
opportunity to "get even." These coats
of mail p oteet the upper porion ot the
body, and a e impervious t<? ballets, except
one from a lar<rc sized revolver
which s ouM strike lairly and sipiarelv.
They wejrh from fit'ioin to twenty
p mnds and eo-*t from fn to $">0. A
coat of steel wire is more bullet proof
th n a paper one. The wire coat weighs
about forty poun Itf, aad :j worth .>1?0.
?Portland Oreo -man.
THE ENIGMA.
What the Scientific World Wnnt? to
Know.?A 9.00,000 Offer,
We have published in our columns from
time to time different advertisements in regard
to Brigbt's Disease and its cures.
What is this terrible disease?
We have taken the trouble to make an investigation
from the best sources, and we
give the results to our readers.
What astonishes us is the general indiffcrsnce
given to kidnoy disorders. The kidneys
do not sound the alarm of their diseased condition,
owing to the fact that they have very
few nerves, hence few suspect that there is
any disease in them. Irritation, inflammation.
ulceration set in. and then the little
tubes, of which the kidneys are full, are de- '
itroyed and thrown off, and from this fact
are called tube casts.
AS soon tt3 ILliaueglllB l?u uuic |?aunv iovuii
a question of bow fast decomposition goes oh
before the disease results fatally. If the
proper remedies are taken before final decomposition
or waste of these lubes commences
or becomes too far advanced, that ii
the only and last chance for relief. It is at this
point or before that Warners safe cure
proves so beneficial, and may cure or stop the
wasting away of the kidneys if it has not advanced
too far.
The most remarkable thing of all our investigation
is the fact that the patient with
Bright's disease has no exclusive symptoms,
but has the symptoms of every common
disease.
First he may possibly feel a dull pain in
his back, generally upon one side, which does
not debar nim from his usual business routine.
After a time he may begin to feel
neuralgic pains, or have a slight attack of
what he may call rheumatism, or headache,
with high or dark colored urine, with an unpleasant
sensation in its passage, and after
standing showing an unnatural condition.
Later on, oome tired feelings, loss of ambition
or vigor, or loss of or failing eyesight,
which is very common, with a distressed condition
of the stomach. Any one of these
symptoms is liable to occur..
Tnis no doubt explains why the proprietors
of Warner's safe cure are curing so many diseases.
By regulating and building up the
kllneys, svmptoms of general ill-health disappear.
They justly accuse the medical profession
of treating the effects and not the
cause. Finally if this disorder is neglected
the patient either dies of appoplexy, pneumonia,
heart disease, blood poisoning, consumption,
or any otl-er disease that the system
is most subject to.
There appears to be some on? cause for
nearly every other ailment of the human
system, but up to the present time no one has
been able to fully account for this terrible
malady. We understand that the people of
Germany have become aware of its fearful
fatality, and have offered 400,030 marks
($100,000) to any one that can satisfactorily
explain the causa. _
Mr. and Mrs. Lewis, said to be Ameri-1
cans, have been tra eling for three
months through Europe on a tricycle,
and they say their joint expenses are
only $<>.25 a day, sight seeing expenses
included.
The Homelleat Man la Town,
As well as the handHomest, and others are
invited to call on any druggist and get fret a
trial bottle of Kemp's Balsam for the Throat
and Lungs, a remedy that is selling entirely
upon its merits and is guaranteed to cure and
relieve all Chronic and Acute Coughs, Asthma,
Bronchitis and Consumption. Large bottles,
CO o. nts and $1.
The steel tube of (he great Lick telescope in
California is fifty feet long.
The Sweeteet Girl In Hchool.
"She's the sweetest girl in school!" enthusiastically
exclaimed one young miss to another,
as they passes down the street together."Edith
is so kind, and gentle, and unselfish every one
likes her. And she has lovelv golden hair and
pretty eyes. Isn't it a pity her complexion is
so bad; it spoils her looks. And then fhe lias
such dreaaful heada* hes!" The girls skipped
alon , but it happen-d Ed:th's mother had
h ard what they said. It set herhinking.
What could be d ne fcr th se headaches and
the rough, muddy complexion, thar was sue ' a
trial to her gentle aauehte . f-ho recalled
what she had i ead of Dr. Pie ce's Golden Medical
Discovery, and on the spur of the moment
she slipped into a dru store and bought a upply.
Eaith took it faithfullv, with the result
that it cleared her disordered blood, relieved
the headaches, made her skin soft, fair and
roey, and now she is not only the ''sweetest
girl in Bfchool." bat the most bcauu ui.
Qdein Victoria owns land in nearly every
country In Europe.
Cold Waves
An predicted with reliable accuracy, and people
liable to the pains and aches of rheumatism dread
every Change to damp or stormy weather. Although
we do not claim Hood's Sarsaparilla to be a positive
specific for rheumatism, the remarkable cures It has
effected show that It may be taken for rheumatism
with reasonable certainty of benefit. Its action In
neutralising the acidity of tbe blood, which is the
cause of rheumatism, constitutes the secret of tho
success of Hood's Sarsaparilla in curing this complaint.
If you suffer from rheumatism, give Hood's
SarseparUla. a fair trial) we believe tt will do you
good. Be sore to get
Hood's Sarsaparilla
old by all druggist*. (J i six for $3. Prepared only
hy C. 1. HOOD Jt CO., Apothecaries, Lowell, Mas*.
IOO Doses One Dollar
_ llELsSl
if
"A new theory has been stai
tiip. far^ Women who for ve
plexions would never, under any ci
as it was said to roughen and cc
Soap has been invented, this idc
physician in the metropolitan pro
tients to use it freely every day,
that none but the most beneficii
method of improving the skin.
He holds?with considerable
face become as much clogged by ?
other portion of the body. And
purifier in the bath, its nccd"> mu<
an abundant and regular latherin
kept open, clean, free from the clo?
blackheads, acne, pimples, and a
complexion is the resultant. Not
trouble with most women who ha
year's end to year's end they nev
A WORD 01
There are many white soaps, each rcpres
they ARE NOT, but like all counterfeits, I:
the genuine. Ask for "Ivory" Soap and i
ronyri?bl. ISSfi, t*"
CMi-o-o! C-h-o-oI! (.'-li-o-o!!J
Don't sneeze, sneeze, hawk, hawk,spit, blow,
and disgust everybody with vour offensive
breath. If you have acrid, watery discharges
from the nose and eyes, throat disease, causing
choking sensations, cough, ringing noises
in head, splitting lieadacho and other symptoms
or nasal catarrh, remember that the
manufacturers of Dr. Safe's Catarrh Remedy
offer, in good faith, $ 00 reward for a case
of catarrh which they cannot euro. The
Remedy is sold by druggists at only ?0 cents.
England pays ?15,000,000 a year for imported
eggs.
From N. Y. Time*, Dec. 9,1887.
The fSrnnt Monument Fnnd Likely to Receive
several Thousand Dollars from
au Unexpected Hource.
Funds for the Monument have been coming
in slowly of late, though encouragingly, of
the whole amouut desired (about $250,000) there
has been received to date, about s135,000. Now,
Messrs. Wyckoff, Reamans & Benedict, the
proprietors of the Remington Standard Typewr.ter,
have challenged all other writing machines
to a contest in which it is proposed to
decide the question as to which is the superior
machine.
They propose to deposit $1,000 in the hands
or Mie umpire (wno, oy xne way, uhi iw appointed
hy their competitore); cacli competitor
also to deposit 81,COO. After paying $500 lor
the expense of operators, > be whole Bum thus
deposited is to go to tho Grant Monument
Fund. Jt is to be hoped that at least several
of t ep.e typewriters will accept the hallenjre.
It will be seen that should this challenge be
acccp:ed by three of the competitors of the
Remington, tbe result would be, not only to establish
the superiority of one of the competing
machines, but at the same time to ar ve the
Grant Monument Fund the sum of $3,500.
Connnmptlon Sarrlr Cared.
To the Editor:?Please inform your readen
that 1 have a positive remedy for the above
named disease. By its timely use thousands of
hopeless cases have been permanently cured. I
shall he giaa to sena two uoiues or my remeay
trek to any of your readers who have consumption
if they will send me their Expresi
and P. 0. address. Respectfully,
T. A. SLOCUM. M.C.. 181 Pearl St., N. T.
Oft obscure the road that leads to health,
Unmnrkcd-by board or sign;
Wisdom avails not, powerliss Is wealth
To sooth those aches of thine.
But do not despair, with life there's hope
The cloud conceals the sun;
With Pierce's Favorite Prescription at hand
Yonr life's full course may run.
More truth than poetry in these lines, aa
thousands of ladies all over the land, now
bloomiiiK with health, testify to the tfreatcurative
powers of I)r. Pierco's Favorite Prescription.
adapted by much research and careful
study to the happy relief of all those weak- I
ncasos and ailments peculiar to females. All
druggists.
Washington is said to be overrun with
bridal couples
"Taylor's Hospital Cure for Catarrh" can
now bo liad on ten dav's trial without chargo
from the City Hall l'haimacy, 254 Broad way,
New York. All who suffer from this disease
should write there at once. Free pamphlet.
'RovAt, Glue1 mends anything! Broken hilna.
Glass, Wood. Free Vials at Drugs & Gro. |
ELV'8 Catarrh
CREillJlLK^SS
Iwat nrprtsedafte Rg^^&gESjj ?H 1
using Eltfs Cream BalnU t/? ^ADj
two months to find th* W|i^rri/rh%l)u k! A
right not rtl, which ira. ""It ff?3
closed for twenty ytanBu SfgjM
was open and free at^^f /
the, other. I fetl verj BL.
thankful?R. B, Crt hj wffSjgi
engham, 27B I8//1 Street /n^t
Brooklyn.
A particle Is app'let HBK.?USA. |
Into each nostril and ItU A~\y"? FPI/m
agrecab e. Prlce50cont>?H^^M K-mm w mmgB
at druggists: bv mall, regl?ter.-j, 60 te-k .
ELY BBOTlIERS, 2S6 Oroeawlch St, New York.
*T X
MARVELOUS
MEMORY
DISCOVERY.
Wholly unlike artificial Hjrateaa.
- Jl?_
Any Book learned m uuc irum(,
Recommended by Habk Twain, Richard Procto*,
the Scientist, Hods. W. W. Astor, Judah P. Bksja*
*15, Dr. Huo*, Ac. Class of KjO Columbia Law students
; 200 at Merlden ; 250 at Norwich ; 890 at OberUn
College; two classes of 200 each at Yale; 400 at University
of Penn, Phil a. j 400 at Wellesley College, and
three large classes at ChaUwqua University, Jtc.
Prospectus post free from
PROF. LOI8ETTE. ZH Rtfth A*?- New York.
FRAZER
BEST IN THE WORLD UllLHOb
tr Get tlio Oenuine. Sold Everywhere.
HERB1AND FIFTH WHEEUff&Siis
Improvement. HKRBRAND CO.. Fremont, O.
UA|fF 8TTDT. Book-keeping, PeDmansolp.Anthmetlo,
ilwmC Bhorthand. Ac..tliorouRhly taught bv mali. Clr
CUlarx frco. HKYlNTH COLLKUK, 4SJ Bala (St., Bolfrjo. & t.
AP to 88 a day. Sample* worth *1.50, FRSB
Uvea not uuaer the horse's feet. Write
III W Uruwager Safety Rein Holder Co., Holly, Mich.
PALMS' Bnelnette College* Phlia, Pa. Sltua
tlous furnished. UTe Scholarmilp, 840. Write
TT? YOU want to make MONEY addreea
If J. S. ADA US, Syracuse, N. Y.
I
III
Lsjf-5? {.<*,.
1
ted with regard to the use of soap
ars have been careful of their comrcumstances,
wash the face in soap,
>arsen the skin. Now, that Ivory
:a is exploded, and a well-known
fession recommends his women pa-!
lathering the skin well. He states
ll results will be effected by this
plausibility?that the pores of the
jrease and dirt as the hands or any j
if soap is considered a necessary I
;t be felt equally on the face. f Jty 1
g the facial pores, he claims, are
,rging matter that produces unsightly
pure, healthy, fresh and brighter
mincing matters, he says that the
ve sallow, pasty skins is, that from
er have a really clean face."
?Brwklyn Eagli.
? WARNING.
ented to be "just as good as the 'Ivory'j"
jck the peculiar and remarkable qualities of
nsist upon getting it. !
Pr.-?rer & Gamble.
<>*
v * . .c* ' ' viafi
1
hp. I
In from one to twenty mlnntni never folia to relieve
Pain with one thorough application. No mi*
ter how violent or excruciating Uie txiln, the Rheumatic,
Bedridden, Intlrm, Crlpplwl, Nurvous, Neuralgic
or prostrated with disease may rntffer, Had way*?
Ready Relief will afford luntaut case. It Instantly
relieves and soon cures
Rheumatism, Keuralgia,
Con oh #, Colds.
Cold In the Head, 8ore Throat,
4 ..11..u n ?UA...i./?;A
Pneumonia, Sciatica,
Headache, Inflammations,
Toothache, Congestions,
DIFFICULT BREATHTSO.
Bad tray's Ready Relief is a Cure
for every Pain, Sprains, Bruises,
Pains in the Back, fhent or lAmbs.
It teas the First and is the Only
PAIN REMEDY
That Inntantly stops the most excruciating pains, atlay*
Inflammations, and enre* Congestions, whMher
of the Longs, Stomach. Bowels or other glands or
organs by one application.
INTERNALLY, a half to a teaspoonful tn half a
tumbler of water will in a few minutes cure Cramp*
Spasms, Sour Stomach, Nausea, Vomltlm?, Heartburn,
Nervousness, Sleeplessness. Slclt Headache
Diarrhoea, Colic, Flatulency and all Internal pauM>
MALARIA IN ITS VARIOUS FORMS UUREB
AND PREVENTED.
Then la not a remedial aeon*, in the world that
will cure Fever and Ague ana all other M*lariooa,
Bilious and other fevers, aided by RAD WAY'S
PILLS, so quickly as RADWAV'B READY
RELIEF.
R. R. R. not only cores the patient seised with Malaria,
but If people expose * to the Malarial poison
will every morning take 20 r 30 drops of Ready
Relief In water, ana eat, say a cracker, before goiaf sltZs'i
I hstr will affnnl/s .
l'rice W ccnu per Dottle. Sold by druggists.
RADWAY'S PILLS
The Great Livar an1 Sto.msh Remty
For the (tire of all dl.vrden of tbo Stomuiti, Mr ?f.
Bowels. Sidneys. Bladder, Nerv-msDisoai::*, E"etnal?
Complaint*. L >?s of Amctite, Headache, Constipation.
C.wriveacua, liidixaatlni. Bllloasuess. Fever.
Inflammation of the BowoUw Pile) and all der?ug?mentnof
the Internal Viscera. Pun-ly vegetable, containing
no mercury, mineral* or deleterious drugs.
PERFECT DIGESTION by toklng^Kadwijy"s _
Pills, lly so doing
SICK HEADACHE,
Dyspepsia, Foul Stomach. Biliousness will be avoided.
and the food that Is eoten conirlbutes Its nourishing ...
properties for the support of the natural waste of
the body. ... ?
j jr Observe the following symptoms r suiting from
disease of the Digestive Organ-)-. ConstipaUoa, Inwrard
Piles. Fullness of the Blooii In the Head. Acidity at
the Stomach. Nausea, Heartburn. Disgust of Food,
Fullness or Weight In the Stomach Sour EruoUUIocs,
Sinking or Flattering of the Heart. Choking or Sufl<^
eating sensations when in a lying posture, Dlmneas or
Vision. Dote or Webs before tho Bight K ever and Doll
Pain In the Head Deficiency of Perspiration, YellowQMr.
an<i p.v^Pain in thc91de.Che*t,Llmt?
and Sadden Flushes of Heat Burotns la the F e?S. >
A few dose* of RADWAY'H wl.l free
tN of nil the above named disorders.
Prtee25 cast* yer bo*. Bold br all dnmliU.
rsrgend a letter stamp to DB. SAIMV ATA
CO., No. 3'i Warren Streel, New York, for
Our Book of Advice. -i'A
Vitt. TO GET RAUWAV'8.
OR.KILMER'S
, . *iif^ -ll
IT II P TO H 8 AND CONDITIONS
ThU liiMdj Will Rfllere and Tare.
It Ymir heart thumpe after sudden effortjBldpt
II IUUI beats or flutters, if you have heart
disease, faint spells, fits or spasms.
If Yftll fee* 03 though water was gathering
II IUU around the heart, or have heart dropsy,
If Ynil ^ave Vertigo, dizzy attacks, ringing in ..."
II I UU ears, disposed to nervons prostration, V.
appoplexy, shock or sudden death,
If Ynn have Neuralgia, Numbness in arms or
II lOU limbs, darting pains like Kheumatiszn. '
Ocean-'Weed cures and prevents going to heart
" * Mmnr TA II? A I TU
nwtiia ?i inwt?g.
Sent Free.
BavaainTs, F+ICM $1.00,
ROWBSMTS I
vT MARKm n\^
Gone Where the Woodbine Twineth.
Rats are smart, but "Rough on Rats" beats
them. Clears out Rats, Mice, Roacnes, Water
Bugs, Flies, Bee Jta, Moths, Ants, Jlosqultoea,
Bed-bags, Ben Lice, Insects. Potato Bugs, ? ?
Sparrows, Spurts, Weasel, Gophers, Chip*
mucks. Moles, Musk Rats. Jack Babbits,
Squirrels. .15c. and 25c. Druggists.
" ROUGH on Fain " Plaster, Poroeed. Ific.
" ROUGH ON OOUGHS-^jCoughs, oolda.250.
ALL~SKIN HUMORS CURED BY
ROUGHsHITCH |
"Rough on Itch" Ointment cures Skin Humors,
Pimples, Flesh Worms, Rin*Worm,Tetter,
Salt Rheum, Frosted Feet, Chilblains, Itch,
Ivy Poison, Barber's i tch, Seald Head, Eczema.
60o. Drug, or mail. E. 8. Wells, Jersey City.
R0UGH1PILES 1
Cures Piles or Hemorrhoids, Itchic.". Protruding,
Bleeding. Internal and external remedy
in each package. Sure euro, 50c. Druggist*
or mail. k. S. Wells, Jersey City. li. J.
VV. I,. DOI'GLAS84 MIIOF~tbe arlelul
and only tinnd-newed welt 84 shoe in tk?
world, equals custom made bnnd-MWM
alioea that cant from Stf to |9.
Mi. L. DOUCLAS
$3 SHOE.Viags/
The only *3 8KAMLE98I kHJ
Shoe In the world, with-1 tflhaK-3
nut tK?k? or nails. / EC9X|
Finest Calf, perfect flt,^-/Q WW. 1
ami warranted. Congregs,, Ef3 <y:l
Button oqU Luce, all <" fijihM ui %
stylos toe. As 3tylish Sijf As r?f cd^A
*iul durable as those Tir .<9
coatlnzSiorJti.Bojg^ .A/ ,cB
all wear the W.
^ il od b?tu*a Jf ?Mfa flhoi.]
W. L. DOUGLAS fcZ.GO SHOE Is unexcelled
forlieavv wear. If not sold by your doaler
write W.L. DOIIRLAS. Brop!;???n. ** ?*?.
curefwdeaf
| ??1 P?c*'? Fatsnt birmavio Cesaiom*
I K?* D*m?? Perfectly Bettor* th?
I A^V^^"rJbT\ He3r nj?,wb?th?rlhe5eafn?*>l<raci?4
I'V colilt, ferert or lnjariel to the nxtanl
drums. Invfclbta, comfortable, *lw?yi
" fcq tn portion. Wa?'c, conversation, whl?1
1 +A *W L-- PwiJimM <S?tfn<-tly. W* refer to tbom
J Tfl% U'lnpj them. Writ* to F JUSCOK. 851
y <fl\ ^^IVxxSs! J'r??a'iway. cor. 14ih St.. Stw \'vrk, for
' _ _ ? ^ UlustrttrU book of pnx'ffc, FBEE.
1 hirnr cstci
1 ra s ?
Wl:er f wiy ei:re I do not mean merely to atoD tbein
for a tiinur.nd then have fhcm return again. I ra ^o I
radical core. 1 hast* made the d, of FITS, EPILEPSY
i r FALLING SICKNESS a life lung study. 1
I warrant my remedy to cure the wore* cate*. Bouaua*
others have failed i? no reason for not now receiving a
cure. Send at once for * treatise and a Free Bottle
of my infallible remedy. Give Kzpresa and Poat Office.
'V <J. J{<)(?T. . I*** N>w York.
I DU.'iiVDilU Great English Gout and
I n'air SililSa Rheumatic Remedy.
I "'"ovnl Box, .'I I; ronnd, 14 I'illn.
GOLD is worth $.YJU per lb. Petti t'? Ej< Salra 1?
wurtnJl.tUj, oat u aum m ?c. a uox ojr dealer*
UCyiPIV VflR 801 DIEHS and thalr Widow*
fgl CAIUMII WhII fensloa now for yi>? alL Adtfl
drefin K. H. GeNrnn <t Co (Waahlnirtoa, P.O.
| PHP|" By rwarn null. Faft Dewriltiaa
I tR H P Hoodj'a New Tailor Syateia of 6rn?
tPflSt CiitUa3. SOODY & CO., Cincifir. '."i. 0.

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