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The Press and Banner 49-PubllBhed every Wednesday at $2 a yoar In advance. Wednesday, March 28, 1888. The Persecution of J. H. Smith, of Colnmbin---I? tlic Democratic Party to be Destroyed ? The Netvt and Courier in the last few days has assumed agrcat deal of virtuous Indignation because the people of the Fourth Ward of Columbia recently nominated J. M. Smith for Warden. We believe several persons were voted for In that election. J. M. Smith received nearly one-half of the entire vote of the people, distancing all competitors In the race. Tne ivews ana lvut-ilt iiu? vuoi6w .Smith with being corrupt when he represented Barnwell in the State Senate in Radical times, quoting from the Report of tho Committee on Frauds, to prove the allegation, and then, it seems to us, that paper dosires to use the election of Mr. Smith as an argument against the systom of primary election?tho Inference being that tho people are incompetent to elect their own officers. If we understand the iVwi and Courier aright it would now have the Democrats of the city of Columbia to bolt the ticket. If we err not, this Is the situation In brief. If not out of place, we would remark : That the tone and;tetnper of the attack on Mr. Smith does not impress us favorably. We have beard other expression of disapproval -* "? fYiurirr in the I U1 tu? wuinui luv V...W. v. ... ? matter. The Prett and Banner has In times past pro ? tested against the resurrection of that old Report on Frauds. If the Democrats In 1877 compounded a felony with Mr. Smith or any one else, It Is very little to their credit. But If they, did compound a felony, and then pretended to forgive, excuse, or condogn the act, then we do not know of any proceeding more repulsive to our nature?after pretending to forgive?than to charge the offence again. The bringing of old charges which were settled in the years that is past, are in our opinion, about the same as the waving of the bloody Bhlrt, by "our friends, the enemy," or the renewing of the charge of treason, after amnesty bad been extended. As honorable men we should protest against tbe rating up oi oia miDgs, wureu nuv. tied. la there never a time when these cases are settled or barred ? There are no doubt many good men in South Carolina who haye plenty of glass windows, and the man who has not some of these transparencies, has taken very little part in the affairs of the country during the last thirty years, or else he has been an exceedingly wise man. If the people of Columbia may bolt the tloket, then the people of any other municipality or county can do the same thing. An Orphan, ho to Speak. Until we get the Georgia, Carolina ana Northern road, the people of Abbeville county are somewhat at a loss which way to turn. The trade of thlB section has been almost entirely withdrawn from Charleston. The trade which has been going to Augusta will be diminished, unless our farmers get accommodations on terms which oost them less than thirty or forty per cent, for a few months. Some of the trade which went to Augusta last year, will come to Abbeville this year, for the reason that money and goods could be had here on more reasonable terms than in Augusta. Our bank has money which it lets out at the rate of ten per cent, without the Incidental loss and cost of S3 to 84 in shipping cotton. The day for hauling cotton about, all over the country, to sell It has passed. It Is worth about as much in one market as in an other, and the cost of local freight commissions, etc., Is Just so much loss to the farmer. Death of Klalcomli Erwln. Our Honea Path correspondent Informs us of the death of Malcomb Erwln, which event occurred at his home last Saturday morning, at the age of 64 years. In his death Abbeville county has lost a patriotic citizen, and the church has lost a liberal supporter of the gospel. Mr. Erwln came to this country 6ome forty years ago, wlthont money and without special qualification for business, but he went to work with a determination to improve IiIb condition in life, and the handsome estate which he leaves, J Ul- " 1lKo?oHiv In oWllnir nilbliC UUU HID UUIO Ut AA Uui iiitij .?* f measures or tbo interests of the church attest the aucceas which rewarded his efforts, and would be a proud record in any man's life. Many eltizens will regret to hear of the death : of so geod aman. A Remarkable Surgical Operation. A lelter which was published in the Atlanta Constitution a few days ago will interestmembera of the surgical profession gonerally, perbapa, but appeals particularly to the pride of the surgical staff of the Hampton Legion, one of whom undoubtedly performed the opera41 * ~ TVia InHnr i a o C frtl InWC LIUII 111 qUUBUUU. JLUC IVVlbl ?*W *v*.v .. . "The undersigned was of the Union force engaged tn action with the Hampton Legion, before Richmond, on October 6, and having been wounded, an desirious of finding the surgeon who, now being unknown to me, performed an operation upon my left arm. At theulmelwas commanding Company C, 3d regiment New York cavalry, and was taken prisoner October 7. The operation referred to ?removing the elbow Joint on the left arm? * was performed on the field ou the right-hand side of theDarbytown road, about four miles from Richmond. It was done In a tent, and there were two surgeons present. The operation nmort nnt. to Be of a remarkable charac ter, and I am very anxious to find the surgeon who did It, if alive, in order that he may be made aware of his skilful work. If he should be living, and this meets his eye, it would be a great pleasure for me to send him a photograph or my arm, to be followed later by a visit of myself. ' Ekooh Stahler, "2,116 Third avenue, Minneapolis, Minn.'' The News and Courier says. The surgeons of tbe Hampton Legion were all South Carolinians and gentlemen of eminenoein their profession, and tbe skill displayed by them on the battle-fields of the war has been no less conspicuous in their practice In time of peace. We cannot, therefore, undertake to name the one whom Capt. Stabler seeks to Identify, but, with the exception of Dr. John T. Darby, they are still living and can doubtless decide this interesting question among themselves. The survivors are Drs. J. Somers Ruiit. F. L. Parker and F. L. Frost. of Charleston; 6. W. Taylor, of Columbia; J. J. Bore man, of Nlnty-Slx, and D. McLaurln, of Sumter, and to them Capt. Staliler's letter Is referred for the attention it deserves. "It Should be Read by All." AtcOormick yews. Editor Wilson, of the Press and Banner, gives a full account of the church services at Abbeville. Bishop Duncan's sermon is published, and the names of the first members of that church are before the public. It la of great Interest and should be read by all. The dime reading at Dr. J. B. Moseley'e on Friday night was a very enjoyable occasion. Between thirty-five and forty persons were present, and the readings and music were instructive and charming. Such social gatherings are quite improving, and is ealcuki nrl f noAnlo nf i n nr community closer together, and develop the liner feelings of the young, and beget in them aspirations which will shape and determine their characteristics in after life. This organization is a fine acquisition to Lowndesville. Miss Sallie Donald of Williamston is on a visit to her brother and his family, Mr. J. Q. Donald. The rebuilding of Wardlaw's bridge 1 over Little River, was let to Messrs. Gilliam Bros, for $187.50. Mr. William Lee, of Anderson County, has been visiting Mr. Berry B. Alien. Mb. D. H. McGill, of Hodges, was in town Saturday on professional business. Fertilizers are still in demand. ; The like has never been known be- ? fore. 1 hr? y*+zjer, L GRAPE VINE TELEGRAMS FROM NINETYSIX. All Sorts of Talk In the Town of Busy Men and Pretty Women?A New Face at tbe Door, My Friend A Sheriffs Bee In IIIn Bonnet. Ninety-Six, S. C., March 27tb, 1888. Some of the ladles thought I was rather hard on them In your last Issue In regard to the temperance question. .1 acknowledge I spoke rather plainly, but as the old saying goes "desperate cases require desperate remedies," and if they will turn out in the future I will as warmly compliment them for it as I have heretofore regretted their absence. Col. J. H. Rice has Just handed us Capt. J. A. Peterkin's "talks with the cotton planter." No farmer should be without a copy. It Is a complete, concise, compilation of things that are of interest to everybody who pretends to farm. _ ^ Col. Prince, of Anderson, candidate ror solicitor, was in town lnst week visiting his sister, Mrs. L. M. Fouche, and at the same time shaking hands with many old and new acquaintances. Dr. \V. H. Holland, surgeon dentUt, has rented an office In our town aud says he prefers to practice amoog the people who have known him from his youth up. The Doctor has been a hard student and we are satisfied his work will give satisfaction. Capt. W. T. Branch, (and who li it that does not know Tully Branch,) was In town recently. He is made of the right sort of stuff and is fit to fill any office within the gift of the people of old Abbeville. He shakes your hand Just as he did twenty years ago, when he had no "bee in his bonnet." If the good people of the county are willing he would like to be Sheriff. He has never asked for office before and we trust he is not too late. So come out on primary election day and give him your suffrages. You made me say last week that Capt. Hale had returned from tbe North-West when It should have been North-East, as he had just returned from Boston, New York and Baltimore. Cousin William Rogers was In town a few days ago looking after his many friends and customers. We notice Mr. George Cromer, of Cow Groye, shipping a fine pair of pigs to parties in Newberry county. Wade Hampton, the fine trotting stallion, property of J. Monroe Wise, of Trenton, was on exuioiuon on me puduc square ou lust Saturday. He is a good one. Miss McCaslan is here visiting friends. Mr. M. F. Sanders after a few days indisposition is out again looking a little pale from bis confinement. Mr. AV. R. Cooper shipped last week by express some fine fox hounds to parties at Jeniper, Ala. Col. Walllngford received another lot of fine three year old mules last Saturday, which he sells cheap lor cash or In fall time with good paper. Mr. Laurence Dantzler, of Coronaca, was In town a few days ago looking after mules or horses. Col. Gaines, of the Auguita Chronicle, dropped down on us last Friday. He says Augusta is on a boom. Mr. D.H. Tompkins, one of the best farmers besides one of the most practical men near Ninety-Six, says be has tried all the breeds of cattle and hogs and at last decided that the Jersey cow and Berkshire hog is better adapted to our county than any other breeds. He is eminently correct. Capt. Jack Myers has moved to his farm In EOeefield county near NInoty-Slx. Mr. Thomas Duckett has turned his attention to farming and will plant extensively. Success to you. Bro. Duckett. We notice that the Greenwood Tribune has nominated Capt James N. King for County Chairman. Capt. King would make a fine executive officer and the people could not reward a more faithful democrat. Miss Annie Baker, of Lowndesville, is visiting friends in town. Mrs. C. T. NVhltten and family have gone to Alabama to visit her 6on. MIsb i?hnle Cason, of Greenwood, is sojourning for a time with friends in our city. The quarterly meeting of the Methodist church was held at this place on lastSaturday and Sunday. Presiding Elder A. J. Cautben who lives here presided. Misses Ellen and 8allle Whltlock, of New Market, are here visiting their sister, Mrs. J. T. Miller. EAST END. RILEY'S BANDOM BATTLE. A Ooed Man for Solicitor Pr?tty lloppen?Snnday School Scholars ?Farmers, Merchant#, Railroads, and Other Matter*. Rileys, S. C., March 19, 1888. A o 1U tin root onrl Violno a llftlu lata fl few times, I come again. Last weeks wind felt like It was determined to blow us off, but we are still here, and want to stay until we give Will McGowan a rousing vote. Our people have not commenced to talk politics yet, but all feel a deep interest in seeing Will McGowan our next Solicitor. Farmer are driving with a vim, guano and compost are being put in the ground. Will McGee is laying in his Spring stock of goods, he is noW prepared and anxious to furnish all his friends with groceries, dry goods, &c.. Ac., at rock bottom prices. Our young people have been having quite a gay time for the last fetf days. On last Wednesday night Miss Emma Riley gave her friends a leap year party, which was attended by a large crowd, and was enjoyed by all. On Friday night most of our young ladles and young men, attended the hop at Hodges. They report good dancing and a lovely time in general. Our Sunday School Is increasing In members. Some of the Hodges young men attend quite regularly?glad to see you?will have our streets worked by-and-by, so you can take your Sunday aft?rnoon drives with a little more pleasure. "Sammle" has a new setter doe?all he needs now Is for some one to go along and kill the birds for him. D. V. Sharp has been visiting friends In the mountain city, his friends hardly knew him when be returned home. J. B. Agnew paid his Greenville friends a visit lasi week?he likes to visit thoBe partshe gains a few pounds every time. Mrs. M. B. McGee is on a visit of some length, to her son, J. W. McGee, of Westminster. Mrs. E. B. Merriman, Is at home again after a visit of several days to her father. In Aiken. Dr. Willie T. Jones has another medical student at his home, which he speaks very highly of. Klley & Co., continues to gin a few bales of cotton occasionally. One of our neighbors has planted beans, guess he is looking for a hard time this Summer and thinks he will be In time to have a few messes before his bacon gives out. One of our best farmers says he is going to be ready to plant cotton next week, and if the weather is warm he may plant-he plant* early every year, and generally makes the best cotton in the neighborhood. When a "fellow" has not got but a few seed, we think he had better wait a few days longer. Our people don't talk railroad as much now as they did of olU?they are too busy?but we take time to go to the cut occasionally and look up, to see if we can soe the oar? coming, but we can't. We reckon it is still at the <jrr?eii> me uuu j_.uureuB uouut uiv*reenviiie. NAVILLUS. A HANDSOME MONUMENT AND A DESERVED EPITAPH. The Ilandlwork of Skilled Mechanics on Italian Marble Mark the Spot Where Sleeps the Honest, Fearless, and Incorruptible D. Wyatt Aiken. Messrs. Leaveil <* Gage,of Greenwood, S. C., who are carrying on the marble business, have Just completed and put up In Greenwood cemetery a very handsome monument for the late Hon. D. Wyatt Aiken, and we do not hesitate to say the monument Is one of the handsomest In the country. It is made out of Rutland Italian marble and stands 14 feet high. The monument Is In sections, consisting of a bottom base, second base, with the name Aiken cut In beautiful raised capital letters. Next comes the die with the follow JUg lUQ^ll ULiUIl UUt tUUIUUIl, VII Ulo W U5t B1UU, cut In raised letters, D. Wyatt Aiken. Born March 17,1828. Died April 6,1887. A devoted Husband and Parent. A faithful Elder In the Presbyterian church. "He that belleveth In me, though he were dead, yet shall he live. On the North side, cut in capital block sunk letters, Is the following inscription : Colonel of the 7th South Carolina Volunteers, during the Confederate war. Four years a member of the State Legislature ; 1864-1868. Ten years a Representative of the 3rd District In the United Statu Congress; 1876-1886. One of the founders of the Patrons of Husbandry. And on the South side, also In capital block sunk letters the following Inscription: Faithful and fearless, tried and true, honest and honorable, Independent and Incorruptible, fearing God, and guided In all the walks of life by the one unvarying rule of right, D. Wyatt Aiken was a son of whom South Caro Una had moro than reason to be proud and a citizen whose Iobb Bbo baa every reason to mourn sincerely and long.?From News and Courier. Next to the die comeB a beautiful "Gothic" cap and lastly comeB the spire, which 1b octagon shape, with heavy folds of drapery hanging down to within 2 feet of the ban* of spire, having four tassels hanging to bottom of drapery. Too much credit cannot be paid Messrs. Lea veil & Gage for the artlstlo manner in which tho work was executed. Their trad? Ik increasing to such an extent that Mr. Leavell was compelled to sell out his furniture and undertaking business to assist Mr. Gage in the marble business. They have now about fifteen Jobs to finish. One of them goes to Kentucky and one toGreenville. Their work will compare with any In tho country for beauty of finish and fine proportion,and they deserve to succeed, both being young men and ' doing their own work. May success attend them. THE AUDITOR AND THE BANK DOUBT AS TO HOW THE BANK SHOULD MAKE A RETURN. A SIntter of Importance to the People of the State?Ik all the Capital Stock of a National Bank Liable to. Taxation ??Interesting; Correspondence A Nice Question of Law. As a matter of public interest we herewith print the correspondence betweon County Auditor Jones and President Wardlaw of the National Bank at Abbeville. Each officer is conscientious in the discharge of bis duty, and each is seeklug light as to what the law may be on the subject. Auditor Jones of course has no other object in view than a faithful discharge of his duty to the people, and President Wardlaw has no other motive than to know his duty In the premises. It Is simply a legal question which only those having authority may decide. The legal fraternity at this place are looking for the decision of the Comptroller General with some degree of lntcreat. Letter of Auditor Jonos t* President Wardlaw. EXHIBIT "C." Auditor's Office, Abbeville, 8. C.. March 22,1888. To the President and Ocuhier of the National Bank of Abbeville, 8. C. : Gentlemen?Your attention Is called to the laws governing banking institutions of this State. nee uenerui ouiluiicb ui ouuvu vuiuiam, title III, Chapter XI, of the assessment and taxation of property : Sec. 198. All snares of the stockholders In any bank or banking association, located In thlsState, whether now or hereafter incorporated or organized under the laws of this State or of the United States, shall be listed at their true value In money, and taxed in the city, ward, town, or Incorporaied village where such bank is located, and not elsewhere: Provided, That the word6 "true value In money," as used In line three of this Section, shall be so construed as to mean and include all surplus or extra moneys, capital, and every species of personal property of value owned or In the possession of any such bank. Sec. 199. The real estate of any such bank or banking association shall be taxed in the place where the Bame may be located, the same as the real estate of individuals. Sfc. 200. There Bhall at all times be kept in the offlco where the bustness of such bank or banking association is transacted, a full and correct list of the names and residences of the stockholders therein, and the number of shares held by each; also, a list of all persons, parties, corporations or agents, who may at any time have any deposit, either personal or general, in such bank, which shall be at all times, during business hours, open to the inspection of all State and County officers who | are or may be authorized to list or assess the value of such shares for taxation. SKC. 201. It shall be the duty of the President and Cashier of every such bank or banking association, between the first of June and twentieth of July, annually, to make out and return, under oath, to the Auditor of the County In which such bank or banking association may be located, a full statement of the names and residences of the stockholders therein, with the number of shares held by each, and the actual value, In money, of sucn shares, together with a description of the real estate owned by said bank. Sec. 205. If any bank or baukingassoclation shall fall to make out and furnish to the County Auditor the statement required by Section 201 within the time required herein, It shall be the duty ot said Auditor to examine the books of said bank or banking association, also to examine any officer or agent thereof, under oath, together with suoh other persons as he may deem proper, and make out the statement required by said Section, and enter the value of said shares on the duplicate lor taxation. Any bank officer failing to make out and furnish to the County Auditor the statement, or wilfully making a false statement, as herein required, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, together with all cost and other expenses Incurred by the Auditor, or other proper officer, in obtaining suoh statement aforesaid. You will please comply with the law and file statements at once, as I am now making up my duplicate. Respectfully, A. W. JONES, Auditor. United States statute referrod to by Auditor Jones: 8fc. 0219. Nothing herein shall prevent all the Bhares In any association from being lnoluded in the valuation of the personal property of the owner or holder of such shares, in assessing taxes|imposed by authority of the State within which the association is located; but the legislature of each State may determine aud direct the manner and place of taxing all thesharesof national banking associations located within the Slate, subject only to the two restrictions, that the taxation shall not be at a greater rate than is assessed upon other moneyed capital iu the hands of individual cstizens of such States, snd that the Bhares of any national banking association owned by non-residents of any States shall be taxed in tho city or town where the bank Is located,and not elsewhere. Nothing herein shall be constructed to exempt tbe real property of associations from either Strte, county, or municipal taxes, to the same extent, according to its value, as other real property Is taxed. Reply of President Ward law. exhibit "d." The National Bank oF Abbeville. Abbeville, S. C.. March 24. 1838. Mr. A. W. Jones, Auditor, Abbeville county. Dear Sir:?Yours of 22 Inst., received and noted. As yon know, we made a return for this Bank within the time prescribed by law, and we take It that the object of your letter is to call attention to some supposed error in this return. Our return, as made, called for $37,000 subject to taxation, and was based, as we thought, on the requirements of the law, and on the usual custom ot Banks In this State. Our capital, 1 January, 1888, was 800,000. We deducted therefrom u. S. Bonds, which we are required by law to deposit with U.S. Treasury, and which are not liable to taxes, (see Sections 3701 and 5413 U. S. Revised Statutes.) 512,500 Redemption, required by law to be at all times In bauds of U. S. Treasurer P00 813,000 Amount taxable $!7,000 If you say that we have circulation issued on these bonds, we would reply that we get as circulation, (which is nou taxable) only 40 per cent, of the face value of these bonds (on which we had to pay a large premium) and that on said circulation we nave to pay to U. S. Treasurer an annual tax of one per cent, and that anything more would bo a double tax. Should you insist that the law requires the tax to be paid by the shareholders, and that it is only a matter of convenience to them that it Is paid by the Bank, we would Inquire If they are not each entitled to a discount of their pro rata proportion of these non-taxable U. S. Bonds, which would make the aggre Bank being of recent date, we placo the value of the stock at par, as the small balance we had on hand, In way of surplus and undivided profits, is more than counterbalanced by the large premium on U. 8. Bonds, which we were enforced to pay in order to secure a corporate existence and by the dividend paid since 1 January. Our wish Is to do Just what is required of all the National Banks in the State, even if we are wrong in our opinion as to the law, and to reach a definite decision on this point, we would respectfully reguesta reference of this whole matter to the Comptroller General of the State. Respectfully yours, A. B. WABPLAW, President United States statute referred to by Major Wardlaw. Skc. 3701. All stocks, bonds, Treasury notes, and other obligations of the United States, shall be exempt from taxation by or under State or municipal or local authority. Set. 5113. The words "oblieution or other security of the United States' shall be held to meaa all bonds, certificates of Indebtedness, national [bank] currency, couponds, United States notes, Treasury notes, fractional notes, certificates of deposit, bills, cnecks. or drafts for money, drawn by or upon authorized officers of the United Stales, stamps and other representatives of value, of whatever denomination, which have beeu or may [be] issued under any act of Congress. Letter ef Auditor Jones to the Comptroller General. Abbeville, S. C., March 26,18S8. Hon. J. S. Verner, Comptroller General, Columbia, 8. C Deak Sir?On Jan. 19, 1888, Mr. BenJ. S. Barnwell. Cashier of National Bank of Abbeville, made a return to this office staling the l 4 1 -* .. ?/ onM l.n n lr enlilA/if 4/% ttlluu u1 blic uiupul ^ \jl ouiu uuun out/i^v ia/ taxation to bo tnlrty-seven thousand dollars. I am now making up my duplicate for tho present year, and when I reached this Item I remembered that I had seen liIs sworn statn- f ment of the condition of the Bank on Dec. 7, 1887, and Feb. 14,1888,as published In the l^ess and Bannei-, copies of which I enclose you ( marked Exhibit "A," and Exhibit "B.'' I therefore wrote to the President and Cashier i of the Bank on March 22d, 1888, a letter, a copy of which I enclose marked Exhibit "C." On j March 24th, 1838, MnJ. A. B. Wardlaw, tho President or the Bank wrot. me a letter a copy of which I enclose you marked Exhibit c "D." According to my construction of Hp- e vised Statutes, Section 201, It Its the duty of the officers of the Bank to make a return to <3 this office between January 1st and February 20th annually, the (shares. &o., In order that the Auditor may know how to assess those shares, &c., for taxation. According to my construction of Revised Statutes Sec. 202 and Revised Statutes of the United States Section 5219, the State has the right to tax all the shares of stockholders in National Bankspaid in and so far as that right is concerned it does not make any difference what part of the stock so paid in has been Invested in United States Bonds. According to my construction of Section 204 Revised Statutes, and Section 5219 of the Revised Statutes of the United States.lt is my duty to charge up the shareholders with the amount of their stock and their pro rata share of the undivided profits, and then the Rank may pay the taxes and charge them up to the shareholders. You will see from MuJ. Wardlaw's letter that he differs from me In my construction of the law. He asks that I refer the matter to you. Please give me instruction as to the law and my duty in the premises. Very truly and respectfully, a. w. Jones, Auditor .Abbeville County. kxhirtt "a." Report of the condition of the National Bank of Abbeville, at the close of business December 7th, 1887: RESOURCES. Loans and discounts 8 29,603 70 United States Bonds 12,500 Oo Duo from roserve agents 47,155 5S Due from other National Banks 407 11 Due from Stato Banks, ifcc 5,425 45 Furniture, <fcc 1,000 00 Current expenses and taxes paid 1,417 07 Premiums paid 3,000 00 Bills of other Banks 7,120 00 Currency, niclcles, &c 19 70 Specie 8,285 80 Legal tender notes 10,530 00 Redemption fund 562 50 8127,026 23 LIABILITIES. Capital stock paid 8 50,000 00 Surplus fund 2,000 00 Undivided profits 7,281 16 National Bank notes outstanding 11,250 00 Deposits subject to check 55,945 07 Demand certificates deposited 600 00 8127,026 23 EXHIBIT "B." Report of the condition of the National Bank. Abbeville, S. C.t at the eloso of business February 14, 1888: RESOURCES. Loans and discounts 8 87,966 24 United States Bonds 12,500 g Duefiom reserve agents .. 71,417 25 Due from National Banks 676 61 Due from State Banks, &c 2,939 44 Furniture and fixtures 900 00 Expenses and taxes paid 384 03 Premlnms paid 2,750 00 Bills of other Banks 8,325 00 Currency- 16 24 Specie 7,573 70 Legal tender notes 3,811 00 Redemption fund 502 60 3144,822 04 LIABILITIES. Capital stock paid in 8 64,600 00 Surplus fund 8,000 00 Undivided profits 4,295 23 Banks notes outstanding 11,250 00 Dividends unpaid 80 00 Deposits 60,329 41 Certificates deposits 1,268 00 S144.S22 04 ? i? i ALL ABOUT RAILROADS. A Scries of Articles Which Citizens Should Read?An Outline of the Subject Upon Which They Will Treat. The publishers of Sct ibner's Magazine are now able to announce that In June number they will begin the series of Illustrated articles on railways, of which a brief announcement was mnde In the prospectus for the year 1888, The great Importance and wide interest of the subject are shown by the fact that In the United States there are about 180,000 miles of railway (nearly one-half the total In the whole world, although the population oi lins country is vuiy huoul oiic-iuiri.ici.iiui that on the globe.) These roads have cost more than $8,500,000,000, and their earnings for the year 1887 were about $900,000,000 of which two-thirds was expended In maintenance. From these figures it is evident what a vast amount of the capital of the country is invested in railways, and how large a number of people draw their support from this source. In the State of Illinois alone there are more than 50,000 people who are dependent upon railways for their occupation. Nor is it only in their vast material Importance that their Interest consists: the enterprise and Invention that they have enlisted, perhaps more than any other undertaking; the wonderful feats accomplished in their construction ; and the intelligence, foresight, and skill called for In their workiDg, give to everything connected with them a special attraction for all Americans. The articles which have been planned for Scribner'a Manazine will treat the whole subject from a point of view ol popular interest, presenting the greatest information in the most attractive manner. Among the papers already arranged forand to be published during the year are the lolow'Dr&. J mt l iit uuiiuiiJ^ ui ti iiwiiuau, iijuiimn vuiun Clarke, the engineer of the Poughkeepsle Bridge and of many great achlevments in railway construction. Engineering feats, by John Bocart, State Engineer of New York, and Secretary of the American Society of Civil Engineers, who will write of great tunnels, bridges, curves, GtC. Passenger travels, by General Horace Porter, the Vice President of the Pullman Company, who will write of those conveniences which have been brought to suoh perfection In this country, for tlie comfort and luxury of railway passengers. "Locomotives! and cars, by M. N. Forney, Editor of The Railroad and Engineering Journal, author of the very widely known "Catechism of the Locomotive." Mr. Forney will describe the development of Locomotives onH novo ntwl (tvnlnin tholr nnnutrnpfinn There will also be articles on Administration of single roads and systems; on the picturesque and human side of the railroad Employee's life, and on other branches of the subject. A great quantity of material has been collected for the Illustration of these articles. In this respect the pulisliers have been aided generously by the leading railway companies of this country nnd Canada, who have put In their bands much valuable photographic material. A number of artist have also been employed in studies of characteristic scenes of railroad life and work for the illustration nf finfh nanpr. The scheme for this series of articles has received the hearty approval of many of the most prominent railway menoftho United States, and cannot fall to have an absorbing interest for th?"great body of Intelligent people who enjoy the advantages of railway traffic without an adequate Idea of the Immensity of the system and the perfection of its organizations. BRIERWOODB CORD WOOD. Bud* and Blooms?Devout Wormbippers? Hawk Catchers?New Comer ?Marriage or Young People A Need of the Public Schools. Briekwood, S. Cv March 24, 1888. Trees and plants, with bud and bloom Just beginning to shoot forth, cry "down with you winter." But stem winter refuses to yield to their demand, and still "holds the fort." This scribe, in company with Mr. I. A. Keller, viewed the interior of tho new Methodist church in your town last Wednesday. With such an Inviting church in which to worship, no member ought ever to be absent unless providentially hindered. Mr. J. W. Rykard Is the boss crow, hawk and dog killer In the county. Woe unto the crow that eats his corn. Woe unto the hawk that catches his chickens, and the dog that sucks his hen e?gs. Messrs. T. J. Davis and T. A.Cobb have each placed a number of nicely sawed cross-ties on the A. <& K? for which they find ready sale. Mr. Parkor Adkins, of Verdery, has purchased the "Bond place" from Mr. T. N. Nlckles and will probably make his home among ur after this year. A better community In which to live could hardly be found. The piles of car wood that have lain on the railroad banks for a long while, a dead weight on the owner's hands, have all been disposed of through the wood racks, except about a hundred cords which is now being put through by Messrs. Morrow and Scott. Mr. Edmond Anderson has been confined to his bed for a week past with some heart affection. Condition not much Improved. Died. Monday evening, Murcli 19th, Infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Franklin Adkins. Mrs. Louisa Malone Is quite sick with fever. The prayer meeting at the home of Mr. W. 0. Anderson wus well attended. Mr. Will Adams aud Miss Maude Hutchinson were married last Hiibbath. Both residents of the famous "East side of Hard Labor." I suppose that every teacher in the common schools has more or less worry on account of Lhe Indifference of some parents in the matter of supplying their little ones with proper books. For this reason ine irusiees buouiu uu willing to supply school charts, and thug, in a measure, remove this hindrance. For a nlco spring suit call on P. Rosenburg t Co. Spring clothing! Spring clothing .'2 P. Hose n berg & Co. Seersucker coats and vests! Seersuckor :oats and vests!! P. Rosenborg & Co. Cotton flannel coats und vests, something lew for young men. P. Rosenberg & Co. Neck-wear! neck-wear!! the pretlest line n town. P. Rosenberg & Co. The prettiest line of spring and summer iravats ovor brought to this market. P. Roenberg&Co. j For a nice spring hat call ou P. Rosepberg t Co. 1 ROARING ROCKY RIM ] EVENT OF NOTE AND PFBSONAL MENTION IN THE SEVEN HULLED CITY. Pretty Vinttori?I'jly Ninnerii?Making Soap Oreaseof a Plrkaalnny? Mad Dogs?Adjourning n RellgUns Service Without a Doxology Lowndesville, March 26,1888. Miss Louise Calhoun, came up from Latl- i mer on last Monday and spent the day here. I Minnie I.ee Harper, woo has spent some- I time In Anderson returned to ber borne, at ' Harper's Ferry on last Monday. Miss Willie LeRoy went to Mt. Carmel last Monday and returned here on Saturday. Dr. T. J. Hester of Hester was upon our streets for a few hours the first of last week. Dr. J. T. Baskln, having received his picket fencing for his garden and yard was here last week, Laving It put up which adds greatly to the appearance of his place. Miss Sallie Donald, of Donald ville came here last Thursday to stay sometime .with her brother Mr. J. Q. Donhald. Mr. Martin, of Spartanbure la now visiting the family of her son, Uev. W. 8. Martin. Mr. J. W. McCalla, of Elbert County Ga., spent day or two in this community last week. Mrs. Kate Bryan of Columbia came up from Augusta last Wednesday, spent a few hours with her father Col. W. Jas. Lomax and returned that night. Dr. Walter Sherard, of Cook, was hero last Saturday hunting guano. Jno. Giles (col.) had his little child pretty badly burned by partly falling Into a pot of hot soap. Another change In schedale on our railroad. One train has been removed and the other making its headquarters at McCormlck, passes this point going North 12.37, going South 4.13. Mr. J. A. Ke'ly, had his wagon at depot and while loading It, his horse became frightened, _ ran off. and tore up things generally. ^ Mr. A. M. Ervln, one of the wide awake merchants of the "Centre of Gravity" spent a J day and night in town last week. Old people used to say, that about the mid die or Aiarcn was tnetime ror "wnippoorwin storms." If that is the name of the one, that we had last Tuesday night~I do not care to see another. The thunder, lightening, rain and wind, will cause It to be remembered for sometime. Mrs. J. B. LeRoy, was quite sick for several days, since my last, from the effects of a very ^ severe cold. Last Thursday a young man was detected in purloining a spool of thread from the drawer in the store of Messrs. T. Baker & son. This was the third offense of a like kind. The I erring one was told to "go and sin no more-" I Rev. W. S. Martin, dog "stop," known by | every one around here, as a very kind docile creature, has been missing for several days, and the supposition is that it has "run mad.'' Mr. J. H. Montgomery, agent for Teeter's 6 textile filter coffee pot, was here a day or two last week in the Interest of this, said to be, econmlcal and effective coflee-maker. Our store and tin house procured the night to make them. Wenre pained to Announce the death of Miss Janie, th ird daughter of Col. W. J.JLomax which occured In Augusta Ua., on last Mooday. Mr. J. H. Latimer, near Abbeville, has Just spent a day or two, here, hiB old home among relatives and Irlends. Our town authorities having had so little use, for a calaboose, three or four times in twenty years have bad ours torn down, and will hereafter substitute therefor, If occasion requires, alog-cbaln, metal wristlets and a post. Messrs. D. L. Barnes and W. M. Baker have formed a partneship for the sale of wagons, harness, whips, <fcc? a supply of which they will oouRtaully keep on hand. The meeting of reading club at Dr. J. B. Moseley, on last Friday night, was an lmprovement upon predecessors, at least as to . members present, and amount of fund& raised Mrs. J. T. Barnes of Barnes Station Is now ' here to spend a few days. A few days ago Mrs. R. B. Hutchison, of the , Fork sent this writer a hen|egg that is quite a a curiosity in shape. If It was large In proportion to length, it would be "a whale." A long, lean, lank dog Iwaa shot and killed herein town on yesterday which was supposed |to be tnad. If I was| a poor doc: I would carefully avoid the public highway, unless I wanted to end my existence. Mrs. W. R. Buchanan or Cokesbury Is now visiting at our bouse. Her friends and relatives are very glad to. have her amongst J tbem. "Once upon a time," a Are "broke out", not a great ways from here, near a church, in which services were then being held. An old man who bad been fighting It for sometime, and could do nothing with It, concluded to go , up and get the preacher and congregation to 1 help him. stepping Inside of the door and addressing himself to the preacher said. "You can stop right thar, the whole world is aflre out here." 1 reckon the fire was Just out. TROUPE. HARPER'S MAGAZINE FOR APRIL. Beantiftal In Print, Charnlnf in Picture Delightful In Spirit, Valuable in Matter. Harper's Magazine for April Is not only full of interesting and Instructive matter in type and illustrations, as usual, but its tone has a note of lightness in It most proper fora spring time Number. The opening article is about Algiers,'its people, its climate, and its oustoms, and was written by F. A. Bridgman, the artist. It is 1 profusely illustrated with engravings and fac-simile reproductions from Mr. Bridgman's own paintings. Many of these are full-page pictures, and are -most artistic from every point of view. The poetry of the Numder Includes two reprints: Wordsworth'sTThe Shepherd, looking Eastward, softly said," and tne old Englisn song, "Sweet Nelly, my Heart's Delight?' In M1n?Ua?a/? Ktt AK-a/1 Uo rcnno J. Ut7 lUrUiCl 10 lliuntiuvvu UJ wi x aiauiin, In a drawing used as the frontispiece; the lat- . ter blossoms Into two full-page sketchersln E. A. Abbey's best style. Other poems are by Andrew Lang, Elizabeth Stoddard, Richard E. Burton, and Dora Read Qoodale. There are two complete stories In Harper't Magazine for April: "Ananias," a dialect sketch, by Joel Chandler Harris and "Chita: a Memory of Last Island," by Cafcadlo Hearn ?a powerful novelette of tblrty-four pages In length. William Black also continues "In Far Lochaber," the Interest of which constantly grows. C. Coquelln discusses "Actors and Authors" from the point of view of the practical, successful player as well as of the great artist, " and his comments on the "business" of the stage are vastly entertaining. The article Is in a measure supplementary to the one, written also by M. Coquelin, twhich appeared in Harper's Magazine for May, 1887, called "Actors and Acting." It Is profusely Illustrated with portraits, as well as soveral sketcnes representing Sardou and Sarah Bernhardt at a rehearsal. iTnnonoDo TvArr f!nrrlnr.M hv William F.l. Hot Griffls, contains a full description |of art expressed in ivory by clever Japanese artlats. Ivory carving had its rise in the demand of the tobacco smoker for delicate Instruments to minister to bis vice. The meaning of the ourlous figures which the Japanese carvoln this substance Is also given. The article Is illustrated by seven pictures. The City of Columbus, Ohio, is fully described by Deshler Welch. Its good points are brought Into prominence, and its natural and architectural beauties are pointed out. The letter-press is supplemented by::numerous illustrations of new buildings and natural scenery in and about the place, "j In "The Humors of a Minor Theatre" will * be feund an account of the kind of amusement which the inhabitants of poor districts In London enjoy. It Is melodrama, of course, and of a rare kind, too. This artlclels written by F. Anstey.and illustrated most cleverly by rruuenun. iwuidiu, Charles Dudley Warner glveB his impres- ? slons of Minnesota and Wlnconsln In his se- 1 conil article on the Great West, The beauties of St. Paul, Milwaukee, and Madison receive due notloe, and the intelligent progress in the a science of farming in Wlnconsln especially, Is dwelt upon at length. Names are mentioned occasionally, ana credit is given where credit is due. Mr. Warner's observations In regard to the tendency of "practical" education will doubtless be widely objected to. Captain Charles King, U. S. A., describes, 1 under the title of "The Leavenworth School," i the efforts of the United States Government to give to infantry and cavalry officers of the army the benefits of advanced education similar to those enjoyed now Iby thefenglneere and artillery in institutions at Willet's Point and Old Point Comfort. The success of the Leavenworth School, after many trials, is fully described. R. f. Zograura has contributes! numerous Illustrations for the article, some fi of tliem full-page. There is much martial ~ spirit In them. In the Easy Chair George William Curtis points out the meaulngof the Sharp trial, so far as the legal profession is concerned;: WIN liam Dean Howells reviews some recent books, with reflections by the way: and Charles Dudley Warner in the Drawer has something to say about stupid dinners, and how to prevent such misfortunes. In addition to this article, there is much other Interesting and amusing matter in the Drawer. Clever originality Is shown in "The Musical Conceit." Relnhartand Bannard contribute sketches. Au Honored AbbeviUo Preacber In Deoatar, Ala. II Decatur News. The Presbyterian church on Oak street is served by Rev. J. L. Brownlee, a gentlemen of U scholarly attainments and more than average pulpit ability. His congregations have in* _ erased one hundred per cent, since he assum- Q ed pastoral oversight of tbe charge, and his exceedingly ornate discourses always edifles and Instructs. Like the other house of worship, the Presbyterian ohurch is too small to accommodate the congregation. There are _ now 90 n^cmbersof this church; a few month* sincc there wore less Mian 31). On the same I lot where stands the church a two story par-1 J| sonage is belug erected. | 1888?28, 29, 30, 31-1888 HAVE YOU HEARD OF TEE ill AM) SPRING OPENING | ' MIT .T J WBRY ? - ? ?? *?. r* a n i mm t u s | 28, 29, 30 and 31' MARCH P ? ?v ?j w *i i i_ _ n ?.i uon t ran ro oe rreseut. 1X7 E SHALL SPARE NO PAINS IN THE COMING OPENING TO 8UBPA8S ALL TV other efforts, and to place on exhibition the largest and moat varied assortment of MILLINERY, DRESS GOODS & TRIMMINGS iver before offered to the PEOPLE OF ABBEVILLE AND VICINITY. MIIililNERT LATEST FRENCH AND AMERICAN DESIGNS IN +<& : O* . f HATS AND BONNETS. \ Special deslrni in TRIMMED HATS AND BONNETS. THE NEWEST SHAPES JOTH TRIMMED AND UNTRIMMED WILL BE SHOWN. High Class Novelties in ' r. aOIRE SILK8, JET SETS, TRIMMING BRAIDS, JET PANELS, BRAIDED SETS, BRAIDED PANELS. The largest assortment la Upper Carolina and the latest designs. GLOVES. SILK AND LISLE THREAD. DRESSED AND UNDRESSED KIDS. " s: H OSIXB1T. LADIES, MISSES AND CHILDREN In BALBRIGAN, FAST BLACK and COLiDRS. Immense Stock of Parasols N ALL THE LATEST PATTERNS. IN ALL THE LEADING STYLES AND COLORS. Black and Colored Silks, Black and Colored Henrietta Cloths, Blaek and Colored Torchin Cloths, > i ^ "i n z J3iacK ana ^oioreu. v^assiiucico, French and English Sateens, Lace and Swiss Flouncings, "White and Colored Lawns, Swiss Embroideries, Linon De Dacca, India Linons. Plaids, Stripes and Checks, Suitable for Combinations. SHOES ! SHOES! REMEMBER ! Our P. Cox and Zeigler Shoes IN LADIES, MISSES AND CHILDREN re not surpassed for STYLE and DURABILITY In this or surrounding markets. TRY 'HEM AND BE CONVINCED. Lnd now BEAK THIS SISUKIiiV of the whole matter. WE BUY OUR GOODS AT HEADQUARTERS OF FASHION, )R0H FOIST HANDS, 4ND FDB SPOT CASH, 10 BARGAINS AWAIT YOU IN EVERY DEPARTMENT. ~ ? ,, . mn nDnPI) nv UUflPT ViVPT^F 14TPMT L?KIU5?iMJ fUI' 111 un .UAU?, lu un^u v., TYLES AN? LOWEST PRICES. < I I - ?I1H I SPECIAL NOTICE. I** Aim VviAnJe wVin r>a?nnt. attftTid on either of the 1U UUJL JK XAVUUO TT U? ? ?vvv?.?m -? ? ? OPENING DAYS, we would say, that it affords us pleasre to show goods at any time, and we wait your conveience. Respectfully, ft. HI. HADDON & CO. '