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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, March 28, 1888, Image 4

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Subject: "The Age of Swindle."
Text: *' TV lose trust shall be a spider's
?*&."?Job viii, 14.
The two most skillful architects in all the
world are the bee and the spider. The 0119 !
,,rv Q ei 1 nro ? m o nti fortfAn' o t%rl fka nf'Knf I
t/uio V4|y u ongat uiutiaiavuvi j aim vuu vwuvi i
Duilds a slaughter house for flies. On a !
bright summer morning:, when the sun comes
out and shines upon the spider's web, b<v ;
decked with dew, the go^amer structure
seems bright enough for a suspension bridge
for supernational beings to cross on. Hut
alas for the poor fly,Which, in the latter
part ot that very day, ventures ou it. and is
caught and dungeoned and destroyed. The t
fly was informet that it was a free bridge. !
and would cost nothing, but at the other end
of the bri lge the toll paid was its own life. J
The nest day thei-e comes a strong wind, and
away goes the web, and the marauding
spider and the victimized fly. 80 delicate
are the silken threads of the spider's web
that many thousands of them are put to- j
fether before they become visible to the ,
uman eye, and it takes 4,000,000 of them to i
make a thread as large as the human hair. |
Most cruel as well as most ingenious is the
spider. A prisoner in the Bastile, France, j
bad one so trained that at the sound of a
I violin it every day came for it* meal of flies, j
Jota, theauthorof my text, and the leading
scientist of his day, had no doubt watched j
the voracious process of this one insect with '
another, and saw spider and fly sw >pt down
with the same broom, or scattered by the j
same wind. Alas, that the world has so many >
designing spiders and victimized flies.
There has not been a time when the utter j
and black irresponsibility of many men bav- j
ing the financial interests of others in charge
has been more evident than in these last few
The unroofing of banks and disappearance 1
of administrators with the fluids of large
estates, and the disorder amid pustoffice j
. accounts and deficits amid United States
officials, have made a pestilence of crime j
that solemnizes every thoughtful man and j
woman, and leads every philanthropist and i
Christian to ask: What shall be done to stay |
the plague? There is a monsoon abroad, a
typhoou. a sirocco. I sometimes ask mvself
if it would not be better for men making
wills to bequeath the property directly to
the executors and officers of the court, and 1
(appoint the widows and orphans a commit- !
tee to see that the former got all that did not '
belong to them. The simple fact is that
there are a large number of men sailing I
yachts and driving fa-t hordes, and members
of expensive club houses and controlling |
country seats who are not worth a dollar i
if they return to others their just rights. I
Under some sudden reversa they fail, |
'and with afflicted air seem to retire from
the world, and seem almost ready for j
monastic life, when in two or three years
they blossom out again, having compromised
with their creditors, that is, paid them noth- :
ing but regrets, and the only difference be- j
tween the second chapter of prosperity and ,
the first is that their pictures are Murillos in;
stead of Kensetts, ana their horses go a mile
in twenty seconds less than their pr?de?es.
sors, and instead of one country seat they
have three. I have watched and have noticed
that nine out of ten of those who fail
in what is caiiea nign me, nave more menus
after than before the failure, and in many of
the cases failure is only a strategem to escape
the payment of honest debts and put the
world off the track while thty practice a i
large swindle. There is something woefully i
wrong is the fact that these things are pos- 1
of all, I charge the blame on careless,
indifferent bank directors and boards having
in charge great financial Institutions. It j
ought not to be possible for a president or
cashier or prominent officer of a banking in- I
stitution to swindle it year after year with- ;
?A T mill iiM^ar+ol-Q fA CQTT fhnt"
' UUU UCbOVb UU. A TV All UUU?* WiMkO bv v..??
if these frauds are carried on for two or
three years without detection, either the
directors are partners in the infamy and
pocketed part of the theft, or they are guilty
of a culpable neglect of duty, for which God
will hold them as responsible as he holds the j
acknowledged defrauders. What right have
prominent business men to allow their names
to be published as directors in a financial
institution, so that unsophisticated people
. are thereby induced to deposit their money
in or buy the scrip thereof, when they, the |
published directors, are doing nothing for
the safety of the institution. It is a case of de- 1
(- ception most reprehensible Many p.-opie wicn
a surplus of money, not needed for immediate
use, although it may be a little further on
indispensable, are without friends competent
to advise them, and they are guided solely by
the character of the men wnosj n >mes are
associated with the institution. IVhen the
crash came, and with the overthrow of the
banks went the small earnings and limited
fortunes of widows and orphans, and the
hopelessly aged, the directors stood with !
idiotic stare, and to the inquiry of the
frenzied depositors and stockholders who had
lost their all. and to the arraignment of an j
indignant public had nothing to say except: i
" We thought it was all right. We did not
know there was anything wrong go- j
ing on. It was their duty to Know. I
They stood in a position which deiiiriAri
tho imrnln with the idea that
I they were carefully observant. Calling
themselves directors, they did not direct. 1
They had opportunity of auditing accounts
and'inspecting the books. No time to do so i
Then they had no business to accept the position.
It seems to be the pride of some moneyed
men to be directors in a great many institutions,
and all they^ know is whether or not
thev eet their niviuenos retjuiariv. mm meir
names are used as decoy ducks to bring others
near enough to be made game of. "What, first
of all, is needed is that five thousand bank d L- I
rectors and insurance company directors ra.sign
or attend to their business as directors.
Tho business world will be full of fraud just
as long as fraud is go easy. When you arrest
the president and secretary of a bank for an
embezzlement carried on for many years, 1
have plenty of sheriffs out the same day to
arrest all the directors. Th9y are guilty
either of neglect or complicity.
We must especially deplore the misfortune
of banks in various parts of this country in
that they damage the banking institution,
which is the great convenience of the centuries.
and indispensable to commerce and
the advance of nations. With one hand it
blesses the lender, and with the other it
blesses the "borrower. Tin bank was born of
the world's necessities, and is venerable with
the marks of thousands of rears.
We also deplore abuse of trust funds, because
they fly in the faee of that divine goodness
which seems determined to bless this
land. We are having the eighth year of unexampled
national harvest. The wheat
gamblers get hold of the wheat, and the corn
gamblers get hold of the corn. The full tide
of God's meny toward this land is put back
by those great dykes of dishonest resistance.
When God provides enough food and clothing
to feed and apparel this whole nation like
Princes, the scramble of dishonest men to get
mo -e than their share, and get it at all
hazzarJs, keeps everything shaking with uncertainty
and everybody asking: " What
next;" Every week makes new rove'.a
tions. , How many more bank Presidents
and bank cashiers have been speculating
with other people's money, and
how many more bank directors are in
imbecile silence letting the perfidy go on, the
great and patient God only knows! My
opinion is that we have got near the bottom,
AUD TT1JIU U(U pi i^JWCU 11 UUi mo uuo
bubble of American speculation. The men
who thought that the judgment day was at
least 5,003 years off, found it in 1888,1887 and
lSsKi; and this nation has been taught that
men must keep their haads out of other people's
pockets. Great businesses built on oorrowen
capital have been obliterated, and men
who had nothing have lost all they had. I
believe we are started on a higher career of
prosperity than this land has ever seeu, if,
and if, and if.
There is one word that has deluded more
people into bankrupcy and State prison a nd
perdition than any other word in commercial
life, and that ia the word borrow;
that one word is responsible for
all the defalcations, and embezzle
ments, and financial consternations of the
last twenty years. When executors conclude
to spe?ulute with the funds of an estate committed
to their charge, they do not purloin,
they say they only borrow; when a banker
makes an overdraught upon his institution,
he does not commit theft, he only borrows.
When the officer of a company, by flaming advertisement
in some religious papers, and gilt
certificates of stocks, gets a multitude of
country people to put their small earnings
into an enterprise for carrying on som8 undeveloped
nothing, he does not fraudulently
take their money, he only borrows. When a
young man with easy access to his employer's
money drawer, or the confidential clerk by
close propinquity to the acoount books, takes
j a few dollars for a Wall street excursion, he
I expect* to put it back; he will put it all
back: he will put it all back very soon. He
only borrows. What is needed is some man
of gigantic limbs to take his place at the
curbstone in front of Trinity Church, and
when that word borrow comes bounding
along, kick it clean through to Wall street
ferry boat, and if, striking on that, it bounds
clear over till it strikes Brooklyn heights or
Brooklyn hill, it will be well for the City of
'"Why, "when you are going to do wrong,
pronounce so long a word as borrow, a word
of six letters, when you can get a shorter
word more descriptive of the reality, a word
of only five letters, the word steal?
There are times when we all borrow, and
^"?Anrr loffiUmntfllr nnn hnrmw with the
divine blessing, for Christ in His sermon on
the mount enjoins: "From him that would
borrow of thee turn not thou away." A
young man rightly borrows money to get
his education. Purchasing a hou?e and not
able to pay all down in cash, the purchaser <
rightly borrows it on mortgage. Crises 1
come in business when it would be wrong
for a man not to borrow. But 1 roll this
warning through all these aisles, over the
backs of all these pews, never borrow to '
speculate; not a dollar, not a cent, not a ,
farthing. Young men. young men, I warn
you by your worldly prospects and the value
of your immortal souls, do not do it.
it i naa oniy a wonuijr weapun iu use uu
this subject I would give you the fact fresh
from the highest authority, that !K) per cent. ,
of those who go into speculation in Wall
street lose all. but I have a better warning .
than a woraly warning. From the place
where men have perisheJ?body, mind and
soul?stand of, stmd of! Abstract pulpit
discussion must aside on this question. Faith
ana repentenc-e are absolutely necessary, but
faith and repentance are no more doctrines
of the Bible than commercial integrity. Render
to all their dues. Owe no man anything. ,
And while I mean to preach faith and re- ,
l>entence, more and more to preach them, I do ,
not mean to spend any time in chasing the ,
Hittites and Jebusites and Uirgasites of Bible ,
times, when there are so many evils right ;
around us destroying men and women for time
and for eternity. The greatest evangelistic ,
preacher the world ever saw, a man who ,
died for his evangelism?peerless Paul? ,
wrote to the Romans: "Provide things lion- ,
in sk'lit of all men:" wrote to the .
.Corinthians: ' Do that which is honest;"
wrote to the Philippians: "Whatsoever
thing* are honest;" wrote to the Hebrews:
' Willing in all things to live honest!}*." The
Bible says that faith without works is dead,
which being liberally translated, means that
if your business life does not correspond
with your profession, your religion is a humbug.
Our religion ou?ht to mean just as much
on Saturday and Monday as on the day between,
and not as a mere periphrasis of sanctity.
Our religion ought to first clean our
hearts, and then it ought to clean our lives.
Religion is not, as some seem to think, a sort
of church delectation, a kind of confectionery,
a sort of spiritual caramel or holy gumdrop,
or sanctified peppermint, or theological
ana'sthetic. It is an omnipotent principle,
all controlling, all conquering. You
may get along with something less than that,
and you may deceive yourself with it; but
you cannot deceive God, and you cannot
deceive the world. The keen business man j
will put on his spectacles, and He will iook
clear through to the back of your head and
seo whether your religion is a fiction or a
fact. And you cannot aide your samples of
sugar, or rice, or tea, or coffoe if they are 1
false; you cannot hide them under the cloth
of a communion table. All your prayers go
for nothing so long as you misrepresent your
banking institution, and in the amount of the
resources you put down more specie, and
more fractional currency, and more clearing 1
house certificate-!, and more legal tender j
notes, aud more loans, and more discounts ;
than they really are, and when you give an '
account of your liabilities you do not men- \
tion all the unpaid dividends, and the United '
States bank notes outstanding, and the in- ]
dividual deposits, and the obligations to other
banks aud bankers. . An authority more
scrutinizing than that of any bank examiner '
will gto throuzh and through and through '
your business." ~ I '
Let me say in the most emphatic manuer | 1
to all young men, dishonesty will never pay. j
An abbot wanted to buy a piece of ground, 1
and the owner would not sell it, but the
owner finally consented to let it to him until '
he could raise one crop, and the abbot sowed
acorns, a crop of 200 years! And I tell you, [
young man, that the dishonesties which you ,
plant in your heart and life will seem to be '
very insignificant, but they will grow up un- '
til they will overshadow you with horrible 1
darkness, overshadow all time and all eter- !
nity. It will not be a crop for 200 years, but '
a crop for everlasting ages. '
I have also a word of comfort for all who '
suffer from the malfeasance of others, and '
every honest man. woman and child does
suffer from what goes on in financial scampdom.
Society is so bound together that all
the misfortunes which good people suffer in
business matters come from the misdeeds of
others- Bear up under distress, strong in
God. He will see you through, though your .
unslortune snouia iw ceniupiea. iruuusuphers
tell us that a column of air forty-five
miles in height rests on every man's head and ]
shoulders. But that is nothing compared 1
with the pressure that business life has put 1
upon many of you. God made up his mind I
long ago how many or how few dollars it i
would be best for you to have. Trust to his i
appointment. The door will soon open to <
let you out and let you up. What shock of <
delight for men who for thirty years have l
been in business anxiety when they shall suddenly
awake in everlasting holiday. On the <
maps of the Arctic regions there are two
places whose name3 are remarkable, given, I <
suppose, by some Polar expedition: "Cape
Farewell1' and "Thank Goi Harbor." At this 1
last the Polaris wintered in 1871, and the i
Tigress in 1S73. Some ships have passed the <
cape, yet never reached the harbor. Bui ]
from what I know of many of you, I have
concluded that, though your voyage of life i
may be very rough, run into by icebergs on i
this side and icebergs on that, you will in
duo time reach Cape Farewell and there bid 1
good-bye to all annoyances, and soon after
drop anchor in the calm and imperturbable <
waters of Thank God Harbor. "There the i
wicked ceasa from troubling, and the weary <
arj at rest." i
Temperance IMews and N'otca.
Whisky will take a man down-hill faster ]
than a toboggan.
By Queen Victoria's orders, no intoxicating 1
liquors will in future bo allowed upon the <
premises of the People's Palace, in London. 1
The man with clean stables and fields, well- '
housed cattle and implements, and who has ,
dollars for books but not a cent for rum, is a
desirable debtor, but he does not borrow
| often. I
i The British National Temperance Society
i has, somewhat awkwardly, been made the j
legatee for $1,200 by the will of a deceased ]
wine merchant, the money to be given as j
' fKnot, fltroa flscavs An fntal Ahsti
yi ? -? ? vw --
nence. ,
The Pall Mall Gazette says: "The atten- i
tion of the Woman's Christian Temperance <
, Union of the United States should be turned 1
without delay to the statement made by Lord <
I Onslow in the House of Lords. Lord Onslow
| said the attempt to establish an international j
compact prohibiting the sale of strong drink i
to the South Sea Islanders had broken down, I
! owing to the refusal of the United States to <
' enter into the agreement.
> It is suggested that each State that has a
banner announce to its W. C. T. U. local
: unions that this banner will be given into the
custody of the union securing tne largest per
cent, of increase in membership in 1888, and j
that the national banner, now in custody of y
the State of Now York, be placed at the next s
! National Convention in care of the State *
which shall this year most largely increase j
| the per cent, of its membership. This gives (
an equal chance to the smallest and to the <
largest state.
j Notwithstanding the fact that Milwaukee
! brewers recommend their beer as "non-in!
toxicating, healthful, refreshing and invigi
orating, conducive to health, prosperity and
| happiness, and beneficial alike for old and
' young, male and female," the Northwestern
i Life Insurance Company, whose headquarters
are in that city, will not issue a policy to
any members or employe of these brewing
companies. This position was not taken from
a moral standpoint, but because the statistics
show that these men did, as a rule, before
their time.
vn.y Missionary rreas, or iTenton, r*. o.,
who has been at work among the poor and
! Aif?? fitd loaf, fan
uuiui tunat-o in iiiau tin; av* wu? hwv wm
1 years, in his report for 1887, says: "I still
j find the liquor traffic the fruitful cause of
! most of the evils in our midst and the chief
hindrance to the iniprovonient of the morals
of the people and the greatest drawback to
the prosperity of our city."
Of 1,545 men and boys admitted to Clinton
State Prison, between August, 1880,and July
28, 1887, 28o acknowledged they had been
habitual drunkards; 1,0241 claimed to be moderate
drinkers; 221 claimed to be strictly
temperate, and 1 evaded or refused to reply.
On the Road.
The snow is white, the way is stern and sore,
Wide, blinding wastes behind us and before;
And tho' we soon shall see a stiller shore? J
The road is long.
The gaunt, gray wolves are famished for
their prey,
But we are bound, and hungrier than they:
The fruit will fall when we ourselves are
The road is long.
We leave strong hands to cleanse away th?
Tho' we plod on along the shuddering plain
To marching music of the creaking chain?
The i oad is long.
The sands of Tyranny are slow to run.
A. iasl that this and many a morrow's sun
Must ve the goal ungained, the work undone?
The road is long.
Dur lives were ladder-rungs; the Cause moves
The light shines fair as ever it has shone;
Twill blaze full bright ere many years be
The road ii long.
We are but bubbles breaking in the sea,
l'he strong, slow tide that one day will be
We shall not know it?yea, but it will be.
The road is long.
?Graham li.Tomson, in Independent,
Is It a Crime?
We mean the liquor traffic. "We ueed not
stop to consider the sale and use of alcohol as
i medicine, though on scientific authority wa
may raise grave doubts as to its medicinal
ralue; it is the death-dealing traffic of the
saloon, that concerns the family, the church,
society, the community and the State. That
it is an evil, a vice, and the prolific hot-bed
5f vices, no one doubts. That it is a crime,
we unhesitatingly declare; and as a distinguished
writer, Mr. T. IV. Higginson,
says: "There are not words enough nor stroDg
enough in both Webster and Worcester to
iescribe the enormity of its crime."
Crime, according to Webster, is any violation
of law, either human or divine; an omission
of a duty which is commanded, or the
commission of an act which is forbidden, by
law." Again, "a gross offense, in distinction
from a misdemeanor or other slight offense.
Hence, any aggravated offense against morality
or the public welfare; any outrage or
great wrong."
And that mightiest creative genius that
bas ever graced the pages of literature with
the fruits of his intellect, Milton, who in
his lofty conception of the nature and rela- I
tion of things, and in grasp of principles,
stands unrivaled, says in language that we
might apply to the present question:
"Author of evil, how hast thou disturbed
Heaven's ble?sed peace, and into nature bro't
Misery, uncreated till the crime
Of thy rebellion!"
Of what good is the liquor traffic the
author.' It is the undisputed father of many
evils in the community and throughout the
land. See the offspring, and you may know
the parentage. As the boy of whom John
B. Grough told, said: "I know Mr. A 's
saloon is finished, because I saw a drunken
man come out of there."
Z Tried by all the rules of justice, morality,
virtue and right, the traffic in intoxicating
liqurs stands convicted of the darkest crimes
that have cast their black and blighting
shadow over humanity and stained the
records of time. It lays its unholy hands on
the most holy and sacred things of life, the
Sabbath, the family, character, virtue,
truth; and turns to you citizens who love
your children and want to see virtue and
morality maintained, and sneeringly says:
14 What are you going to do about it?"
We may consult jurists, physicians, police
:ourts and prison managers, and the united
rod universal testimony is that " full 85 per
:ent. of all the convicts give evidence of having
in some large degree keen trepared and
snticed to do criminal acts by the use of alcoholic
Shall the saloon, the mother of so many
iriminals, whose only business is to deal in
just such crimes as curse the community and
is all men hate?shall she belch forth this
volume of crimes and yet herself guiltless go?
Shall she hold on to the law with one hand
while with the other she snatches her victims
from our homes and pitches them into the
streets, into the courts, into the jails, into
the lunatic asylums, into drunkards' graves
ind a drunkard's hell? Let a multitude of
voices respond, "No, never!''?Rec. L. F.
Bickford, in Demorest.
He Struck for the Woods.
Here is a story that Sam Jones told in the
First Methodist pulpit last week, says the
Atlanta Constitution. He said:
"I was making a prohibition speech in
Robertson County. Tennessee, last year, and
noticed on the right of the platform a
bleared, bloated fellow, who was about three
parts drunk?each part a third. As I talked
be would screw his fist into his eyes and wipe
iway the tears. After the speaking 1 went to
i friend's house perfectly exhausted and lay
iown. The lady of the house called at the
ioor in a few minutes that a man wanted to
See me.
" 'Tell him I am tired,1 I said, 'and please
sxcuse me.'
" 'That is all right,' she said, 'anyhow, bejause
he is a drunfcen, ragged vagabond.'
I said: "If he is that sort of a fellow let
him in. I used to belong to that gang myself,
and I never go back on them." The man
in T fminri >10 wna th*v HmnlrAn
XlUiU ill, MUU A "WW ?"
fellow who had listened to me speak.
He said: "Mr. Jones, I don't want any
money. Money can do me no good. I am a
ruined man. Drink has made me a wreck.
A short time ago I had a happy home and
household. A tew weeks ago I buried my
wife, having crushed every drop of blood out
of her heart before she died. My two boys
are at the Orphan's Home in Nashville. One
of them is a little blind fellow. My two girls
are in Murfreesboro, and this (here he pulled
a little black cap out of his pocket), this is
the last thing to remind me that I ever had a
household. It is my little blind boy's cap.
Now, I do not want any money from you,
but I just got an idea from the way you
talked that maybe you had some sympathy
forme. If you have, pray forme. Goodby."'
And he started off.
" 'Hold on here,' said I, and I called up Mr.
Taylor, my secretary, and said: 'Frank, go
up town with this man and wash him all over
Wltn SOUp, ttUU put/ tt now auiu ui tiuiuca uu
bim from head to foot and bring him back.'
In an hour or two he came back, and I did
not know him. 1 had to be introduced to
bim over. I took out $1 and handed it to
him and said: 'Railroad fare in this Stats is
three cents a mile?here is ?1. Now, you get
on a train and rido thirty-three miles, no
matter in what direction, and get the conductor
to put you off in the woods when your
thirty-three miles is out, and then you strike
out through the woods for a new life.'
"The fellow did exactly as I told bim. I
jjot a letter from him the other day, and he
said that he got into the woods and struck
for a new life. He got a school, sent for his
children, rented him a home, and was doing
Drunkenness in Rnssia.
I saw more drunken men in Petersburg on
;heday of my arrival than I had seen in all
,he rest of Europe during a four months'
stay, writes W. E. Curtis, in the Chicago
Vews. The peasants of Belgium have a poor
*eputation for temperance, but I saw more
Jrunken men in Petersburg on my way from
;he station to the hotel the day of my arrival
;han I saw in all Belgium. Not only does the
Russian religion fail to secure sobriety and
:hastity among the peasants, but it is openly
barged that the pnests encourage intempermce.
They are not accused of pouring liquor
lown the mouths of their parishioners, nor
>f exhorting them to get drunk on vodka,
nit the-chargo is made, openly and often,
hat the Russian priests advocate the use of
ntoxicating liquors as necessary, because of
lie severity of the climate; that they never
epruvo ui uuftamcoo uiiiutig ,
but they discourage thu organization of temjerance
societies, and that they multiply
:hurch feasts, which are little more than
Irunken carousals. The mujik will get drunk
vhenever he can; he may be depended upon
or that and needs no encouragement; Dut
he motive of the priests for opposing sobri(ty
and resisting temperance work is tbat
he chief men or each parish are generally
he manufacturers of spirits, who in many
listricts allow the priests a regular and often
i liberal subsidy for permitting the natural
ippetite of the peasant for stimulants to go
inrestrained. Then, again, the chief revenue
>f the government is from the sale of liquor,
imounting to over $200,000,000 in old Russia
done last year, not counting the sum filched
>y the collectors, which annually is very
Great Captain of Salvation.
Great Captain of Salvation,
Lift up Thy standard high;
Thy truth teach every nation
Beneath the bending sky.
Where'er the night rejoices,
With kindling star on star,
There let the Gospel voices
Go forth to realms afar.
Where'er earth's gladsome water*
Go flashing to the sea.
There let her sons and daughter* !
Thy willing subjects be.
Where'er the circling ocean
TTiasAq the neonled shore.
Let men pay their devotion,
And Thee as God adore.
Great Captain of Salvation,
Send Thy last mandates forth;
0 South, go, take thy station.
And keep not backj 0 Nortn.
Soon may the note victorious
Break forth, like sea on sea,
And Thy fair legions glorious
Win this lost worid to Theel
?[J. E. Rankin, D, D., in Indepenpenfc J
"What Can X Dor'
During a voyage to India, I sat one dark
evening in iny cabin, feeling thoroughly unwell,
as the sea was rising fast, and I was a
Cr sailor. Suddenly the cry of "Man overrd!"
made me spring to my feet
I heard a tramping overhead, but resolved j
not to go on deck, lest 1 should interfere with ;
the crew in their efforts to save the poor man.
' 'What can I dof" I asked my9elf, and instantly
unhooked my lamp. 1 held it near
the top of my cabin, and close to my bull's- j
eye window, that its light might shine on the j
sea, and as near the ship as possible. In half j
? fimA T invfnl prv ''It's I
a iiiiuum a biiuo x uwt u wuv * ? j i ? - I
all right, he's safe!" upon which I put my
lamp in its place.
The next day, however, I was told that my
little lamp was the sole means of saving the
man's life; it was only by timely light which
shone upon him that the knotted rope could
be thrown so as to reach him.
Christian workers, never despond or think
there is nothing for you to do, even in dark
and weary days. "Looking unto Jesus," j
lift up your light; let it "so shine" "that men I
may see," ana in the bright resurrection I
morning, what joy to hear the "Well done I" I
and to know that you have unawares "saved j
some soul from death 1"?{Selected.
Undertone* of Scripture.
Now, iust because the scriptures are no
cunningly devised fable, but full of the truth
of life, they are also full of life's own evanescent
phenomena; phenomena as elusive of
analysis as a smile, a flush, a glance of the
ava on int/mnHnn nf tha voice. There are
in every New Testament book, as in any I
chapter of real life, fervors, Bighs, heart- j
tones, tears half-discernible, laughter unmistakable,
plays upon words, deft and delicate !
railleries and ironies, the impress of which |
the Greek tongue, plastic as Pompeian ashes, j
has preserved. Translate them? Well, ves; :
when you can dig the fly out of the amber, |
and write out on paper the song of the sky- |
lark I
Did I say these untranslatable trifles are
important? Yea, verily! As important, as j
infallibly in place and necessary, as any I
transient minor third in the heart of a B?- j
thoven symphony, modifying, modulat- |
ing, sweetening all that went before and all j
that is to come after. The whole heart of
Christ was in that brief but intense look at
Peter during the trial, quite as much as in
the prolonged and towering denunciation
of the Scribes and Pharisees. And just so |
there are peculiar eddies in the main flow ;
of Greek expression, incidental flashes of
meaning as quick and as vanishing as the ;
lightning of the human eye, but almost as
emphatic and effective as whole chapters.
You remember, for examble,* that the sighs
which the two sisters uttered over their dead
k-AfUai. af Af fKa TflfA f^Anti
Ul ULUOl au bUO lOVU VL Vuw ?- V ?w- -- |
cal to a syllable in our English version. I
And even in the Greek, Mary's lament only >
differs from Martha's in the position of a |
single word, the possessive "my," but it is '
obvious enough now that simple transposi- 1
tion discloses the whole contemplative and 1
affectionate side of Mary's nature. Trifles ) !
Nay, the very central fire of the Scriptures !
sometimes flames out into these changeful i
photospheres of feeling and fancy, that enswathe
the rigid and literal orb of truth.? I
Professor Marcus D. Buell.
Deep Sea Soandlnfs.
The adaptation of animal life in the ocean
to surrounding circumstances, while showing
the design of a Creator, affords also a strik- j
ing analogy of the adaptation of the spiritual 1
life, bv God's grace, to tho3e various condi- j
tions in which a Christian may be placed. '
Professor Bailey believed that tbe ocean lied I
was one vast mortuary, because if the ani- J
malcules had lived there their frail little |
textures would have been subjected in their j
growth to a pressure upon them of a "column ,
of water 12,000 feet high, equal to the weight I
of 400 atmospheres." But if we can once j
prove that animal life does exist, we see in i
this a striking instance of the universal law ]
of adaptation.
We turn from the king^m of nature to j
the kingdom of grac1 a I we may say to
every child of God in th de th of doubts and ,
distresses, "God is faith*..j, who will not ,
suffer you to be tempted above that ye are j
able." The history of the church of Christ '
is one grand illustration of the law of spirit- I
? * - J?? m il\r*T ia I
uai auaputuuu. lUO nuiu, A'* J gi moil
sufficient for thee," has been tried by count- !
less children of sorrow, and each has been
able to testify to its force and its truth, i
Every minister of Christ of any experience,
and every student of the history of the
church of Christ, has seen the child of God
supported under a weight of trial which he
might deem phenomenal, did he not remember
the promise, "My God shall supply all
your need according to his riches in glory by
Christ Jesus." Under the pressure of the ;
heaviest external calamities, many a Christian
has said with St. Paul, "Our light af- 1
fliction, which is but for a moment, is work- j
ing for us a far more exceeding and eternal
weight of glory."
The absolute stillness which reigns in the 1
depths of the sea has its analogy in the silent |
submission to God's will?the soul rest which I
has been found in those who have been led !
/lawflia n# ^iVina /%Vi n o4-nnirirm Tkana !
is something very impressive in the thought
that while the surface of the ocean is ever
restless?liable to be tossed by storm and
tempest?there is ji vast region in the ocean
depths where all is still, silent, and at rest.
Sir Emilius Bayley observes that the silence
of the soul before God is a very high attainment
in the spiritual life: and that "only
unto God my soul i3 silence" (literal rendering
of the opening sentence of the sixty-second
Psalm) expresses the resignation of absolute
trust, the perfect acquiescence of the
soul in the will of GooL"-^Frora Glimpses i
Through the VeiL J
When we come back from the battlefield. I
weary yet victorious, we may look for our
King of Peace coming to meet us with bread j
and wine and his own priestly blessing, that I
we may be strencthened ana refreshed by
himself. ?[F. R. HavergaL
The humanity consists not in a squramish ,
ear; it consists not in starting or shrinking
at tales of misery, but in a disposition of
heart to relieve it. True humanity apper- j
tains rather to the mind than to the nerves, j
and prompts men to use real and active enHaorrtru
fr\ aronnfn fhft ns?firma whi'ph {t. cno.
gests.?[C. J. Fox.
The world's history is a divine poem, of !
which the history of every nation is a canto,
and every man a word. Its strains have i
been pealing along down the centuries, and <
though there have been mingled the discords j
of warring cannon and dying men, yet to 1
the Christian philosopher and historian? '
the bumble listener?tnere has been a di- !
vine melody running through the song which 1
speaks of hope and halcyon days to come.? !
[J. A. Garfield.
Spiritual Pacta.
That whisky is the key by which many gain ;
an entrance into our prisons and alms houses. I
That brandy brands the noses of all those j
who rannot coveru their aDDetites.
That wine causes many "to take a winding j
way home.
That punch is the cause of many unfriendly j
That ale causes many ailings, while beer
brings many to the bier.
That champagne is the source of many real i
That gin slings have "slewed" moro than
tha slings of old.
Eleven tnousana nine nunareaand Torty- j
seven British soldiers in India are members i
of the SoWjotf '{$41 4^0cia- J
"The Trim Little Cow in R)d."
They sing of the graceful Jersey,
The queen of the modern churn,
The beautiful cow who^e butter
To masses of gold will turn,
We dim not one ray of glory '
That over her fame is shed, i
But here's to the '"little Devon,"
The trim little cow in red.
The beautiful, haughty Shorthorn,
The "red and white and roan,"
I The elegant white-faced Hereford,
Will sneer at our cow and groan.
But brave is the little Devon;
She holds up her shapely head,
And stands by her chosen colors,
The trim little cow in red. *
?The Voice.
Revolutionizing Meat Curing. '
The Frcnch ministry of agriculture has 1
caused a number of tests to be made
recently, ail showing that meat can be 1
preserved by sugar in a much more satis- 1
factory manner than by salt. Though
the salt is somewhat cheaper, yet its ]
effect is to destroy, to a certain extent, i
the nutritive Qualities of the meat with
which it is brought into contact. Meat ,
packed in sugar retains its juices. It is i
thought that the result of this investigation,
combined with what is already ,
known a3 to the preservative effects of ,
sugar, may lead in time to important .
changes in the meat-preserving industry.
A Pretty Conceit. 1
It is related by the American Garden '
how, by simple means, a pretty plant 1
pieue may uu uiimu^uu, uy a unuic
of board, the top of a barrel in the model,
on which a mound of rich light earth
was placcd, and covered with pot plants.
A white fuchsia was tied to a rod in the
middle, two white begonias and Swanley
white violets were set alternately half
way from it, and delicate wood and
climbiDg fern trained between, the mold
being hidden by selaginella fringing the
edge. Of course such a pyramid needs
to be kept under glass to preserve its
beauty, or else it must be kept'in a greenhouse
and brought out for occasions.
The plants were knocked out of small
pots, and the balls of earth sunk in the
mold without disturbinf? the roots. The
middle fuchsia was not more than twenty- 1
seven fnches high, and the other plants '
carefully graduated in size to keep the
pyramidal outline, which was gracefully
relieved by the sprays of fern. A dozen
small plants could hardly be arranged
with better effect.
Apples for Animals.
We used to feed apple pomace to cows,
says an Ohio farmer in the New York
Tribune, and they relished it keenly.
Feeding apples to cattle is rather difficult.
i ,Too many founder the cows, sometimes,
and they dry up for weeks. Some
cows choke of them. I have known
cows to break in and eat all the apples
they wanted, and their flow of milk
would much increase. On another occasion
half the herd foundered: some of
jl -x? 3 a. 1 ..z ~ j
mem streicneu out uau uncu iieuny up
for week3. Year before last we cut
appies until the cattle got used to them; [
then turned them into the orchard for a '
short time; but then some of them went J
back on their milk. Last year we were
more successful. I found by allowing 1
them to cat apples for ten minutes twice
a day, they did well and the flow of s
milk increased. Leaving the cows in '
twelve minutes, one of them foundered '
a little. One cow choked on apples 1
twice. We tied her nose up and pushed
the apple down with a rakehandle. But '
a cow that chokes will continue to do so, j
unless she runs in an orchard all the j
timo f!n?q will cut Arvnloa tli.it hnora i
will not touch, and to pasture an orchard i
with cows is a good way, if the trees !
have been trained high, as they should be.
Plant Early. (
Considerable loss comes from neglect ,
of the prompt start for garden crops. ,
The only plausible reason for delay is the ,
fear of frost. But the injury nine times ]
out of ten is greater from drouth of
summer than from frost in spring. Peas, ,
roots, lettuce, etc., are so hardy that f
they seldom suffer, even from a pretty
severe frost; corn will bear a slight frost, 1
for if slightly nipped it will continue to j
crow, and make as good stalks generally ,
as if ieft untouched by frost. Ia early '
planting, although the weather subsequently
may not be favorable for the
plant's rising so quickly above ground as 1
when the soil is warmer, the seed sends '
forth roots, and these obtain greater size '
and strength to push the stalks forward
more rapidly when they come up than !
from later planting. Beans are more 1
tender, bit I have occasionally seen ^
them escape frosts which at other time3
killed them?the reason of which I could
not divine, for the circumstances of the
two cases were apparently precisely alike. .
For garden crops, considerable risk may 1
be taken in early planting, for in ca?e of *
loss by frost it ia little labor to replant, J
and things get so forward before .the !.
summer's excessive heat or drouth comes 1
on, that tfiey Scarcely sufrcr to any great j
UAIUUI. I'Ui ui'iu n Iki\*u Uib WV
much larger, it i9 bettor to wait planting
sufficiently late to ensure the crops
from May frost?. Where the soil is naturally
rich, or if poor, well fertilized,
the crops push up so vigorously as to
make them much less susceptible to unfavorable
weather of any Kind. This
shows the necessity of putting the
ground in first-rate condition before
planting, and adding any fertilizer during
the growth of the crops, necessary to
ensure a paying yield. .. ^ ^
1 .1 ill. 1L- IT L
nuniutjrL'u wuu iue mixuy twueucui
papers read at the New York Institute's (
meetings this winter was one by Mr.
Gold, of Connecticut, on "Treatment of (
Permanent Pastures." In this paper *
Mr. Gold called attention to the impor- 1
tant fact that the way in which pastures 1
are fed. whether closely or otherwise, J
has much to do with their permanence :
in value. It is possible to feed a pasture j
so closely as to dwarf the grass roots and *
kill the large growing species. Too r
light stocking favors the growth of a
coarse and useless vegetation, choking n
out sweeter and richer grasses. Dairy 3
cows, unless fed some grain, impoverish [
pasture more than young stock or fat- *
tening animals. The fields are apt to be s
too flush in June and too bare in August. ?
Kather than these extremes, feed some j
grain or sowed corn in the scant season
and do not allow pastures to run into e
?aa(1 In Tnnn Paatnrn nff-On lwnnfib/1 C
by a change of the live stock kept upon ^
it. Sheep will eat and destroy the white |.
daisy and wild enrrot. The tread of 11
sheep has a marvellous influence on the n
physical condition of certain light lands, f
Horses may be profitable changed around l!
with cattle,consuming much rank growth ^
that is refused by neat stock. Young "
cattle may be advantageously pastured J
in connection with dairy cows which ''
have a habit of spending their time about ^
the entrance to the pasture. It is well 8
to have trees in the more e'.ewated parts, c
thus encouraging the animals to leave a<
their droppings where they are most ?
needed. *
|"or a real permanent pasture we must
cherish and retain the very best grasses
that are fitted to the soil, the climate
and the treatment our pastures receive.
Sometimes ploughing and re-seeding is
the only resort. But consider other remedies
first. Cut the bushes, trees, and
destroy such weeds as can be banished
without ploughing. Drain and irrigate.
Dress with bone or ashes, and do not
expect very sudden improvement.
Farm and Garden Notes.
Never allow your domestic animals to
be teased or ill-treated.
Really good butter is sometimes spoiled
by the use of inferior salt.
Milk scalded with the cornmeal is a
orood oroducins food.
Cob-meal ground line is claimed to be
of value in fattening sheep.
Liberal feeding of ashe*, salt and charcoal
to swine, at all seasons, is very generally
believed in.
One farmer claims that he can manure
bis farm with clover at less cost than to
haul manure.
Waste of fodder is pitiful after all the
labor and care expended in gathering
ind saving it for a time of need.
If the cow is a good milker cottonseed
meal may be fed to her after she is
mif nn rrrs??i ns Inner na oho will Pflfr. if.
^ tD
Blooming plants in the greenhouse and
window niu>t be screened from the
brightest sun in order to retain the
Hotbeds should be sheltered from
winds as much as possible. Do not neglet
to screen them, by some means, on
tne windy side.
Pick over the beans and select good
5nes to plunt. Better sell the poorer
:>nes at a low price than plant them.
Plant the best of everything.
If we breed what the market demands,
the purchaser will come to us; but if we
io not breed what the market calls for,
we must search for customers.
To enrich land that is poor we must
tiave manure or its equivalent in vegetable
matter, or apply plant food in some
shape to induce the growth of vegetation.
r\ P aaUIa f V* o f Ttrna oitnr\AOO/1
liiU UICCU Ui taiuc iuaw naa ou|/|/v?9wv4
forty years ago to do well enough on
itraw as winter fodder has become exiinot,
because there is now a better clas3
sf farmers.
Sow in hotbed seeds of asters, balsam,
Chinese pink, Chinese primrose, cineraria,
petunia, phlox drummondii, portulaca,
ten weeks' stock, sweet wilham,
verbena, etc.
Grapevines in the garden and vineyard
should be pruned. The necessary
pruning of all kinds of fruit and hardy
arnamental trees can be well performed
it this time.
An English poultry keeper reports that
five Aylesbury ducks, which had water
to driuk only, and a panful for a wash
jometimes, laid from Feb. 15 to Jan. 10,
178 eggs, eighty per cent, of which pro
iuced live birds.
The cheapest way of getting rid of lice
[a a hen house is to dissolve a pound of
joap in a wash boiler of water. Let it
:ome up to aboil, add one quart of kerosene,
and sprinkle,' while hot, over every
part of the hen-house.
Horticulture is taught in the common
schools in Germany. The pupils are required
to bud, graft, transplant, plant
seeds, etc., and they are given instructions
on the subject of plant growth,
idaptation of varieties to soil, climate,
The discussion of honey plants revealed
the fact that Alsike clover is the
lUYUlilC, UC11J?? UULU CAtt'llt'Ub UO U uvugf
producer and a forage plant. One member
said that it was a good feed for milch
cows, and thus was able to make "the
land flow with milk and honey."
Many newly struck bedding plants
will now be potted off, and old, woody
ar half woody plants that have been kept
dormant, such as fuchias, pelargoniums,
crape myrtles, lantanas, hydrangeas,
Dlcanders, pomegranate?, roses, etc., can
be re-potted and started into growth.
President Smith, of the Wisconsin
3tate Agricultural Society, thinks that
irtificial watering, as ordinarily done, is
>f very little benefit, and has estimated
:hat to water properly an acre of cabbages
or strawberries in a dry time requires
at least thirty thousand gdlons of
For disinfectants about poultry bouses
ind sbcds, smoke from a wood fire is
ine of tbe best; also sulphur. Ia using
:he latter, close every opening and chink
where air can escape, place a pound or
two of brimstone, in small pieces, in an
iron pan, and let it gently bum, leaving
;he house shut up for the day if possible,
The Isthmus of Panama.
If we are to believe reports that have
jcen current in regard to the mortality
imong employes on the Isthmus of Panlma
ever since the beginning of the conduction
of the Panama Railroad early
,a the 'fifties, we can but conclude that
the isthmus i* one of the most insalubrious
places on the earth. It has passed
into a common saying that for every tie
[aid in constructing the Panama Kailroad
the body of a laborer was buried,
which, if true, would fix the number of
3ead in the neighborhood of one huuilred
and twenty thousand. This story
has gained such extensive currency, and
has in it so many sensational elements,
that it were almost a pity it should ever
be spoiled. But beyond doubt, when
H.n tmfli io hrntiorht tn lifrht llV some
luthentic historian, it will look so little
like the story that has gone abroad that
they will scarcely be regarded as holding
towards each other even the slightest
appearance of kinship.
. When the Panama Rai.'road was taken,
contracts were made with intended
3migrauts to California to carry them to
:heir destination on condition that they
vould labor a stipulated length of time
m the construction of the railroad,
rhese laborers had the California fever
n the worst form, and generally took
he first opportunity to jump the agreeuent
and make their way to California,
md among those who could not get
;way their impatience bred great disatisfaction.
Those who got away lost
io time in spreading the report that they
iud escaped a veritable death-trap, conidcring
this a good answer to their
on.science and public opinion for break g
their contract. Rival lines of travel
et pass no opportunity of aiding in the
xteusion of the report, until finally it
ame to be regarded as an established
Similar influences have been at work
a the reports spread in regard to the
lortality of laborers on the Panama
' ? i J
anai. Mucn maiana unuouineuijr mere
t at points along the line, and, like the
sst of tropical Amcrica, it is subject to
isastrous" epidemics of yellow fever,
'he Isthmus of Panama does not bid
lir to become at an early day a favorite
ealth resort, but the stories that have
one out, first and last, about the deadly
haracter of the climate are simply exoperations
of the highest degree promptd
by opposing interests.?American
' :."v' . 55^
In determining the distance of stars,
angular measurements are made at intervals
of six months. ? J
Among the German exports to this
country is grease extracted from wool,'
and shipped as a substitute for glycerine.
Dr. Sturtevant, of New York, says . 3,
the injurious effects of distillery grains
are only seen when fed under unhealthful
conditions. > ;
Dr. Herme3 and his assistants in the
Berlin Aquarium have recently concluded
interesting experiments demonstrating
the fact that fishes sleep.
A fossil egg in the Paris Academy of
Sciences measures 34? i*chc3 one waj
and 29 inches another. The original is
supposed to have been the egg of a bird
three times as big as an ostrich. j
Chloride of nitrogen is said to be aa
explosive vastly more terrible than dynamite
or melinite, and Dr. Gotterman, of ./ft
Gottingen, Germany, says that he has
got it into a controllable shape.
During the past ten years no less than ,
six species or North American birds
havo become extinct, and it is claimed
that the English sparrow has been the //4
main cause of their disappearance.
Dynamite is a mixture of nitro-glycerine
with some more solid material to give
body. It can now be bought for twentyfour
cents or less par pound for a thirtyfive
to forty per cent, mixture, which is ' ~ -M
the quality generally used.
The reason hair curls when wound on
a hot iron is that the moisture on the
sida r.prfr t-.lio irnn hftinor pvanorated bv
the heat, the cells in that part approach
each other more closely, and this shrinking
of one side causes a bend or curve. ( ' ? '0
A French scientist advances the theory,
in a paper read before the Societe de
Biologie, that obesity is a nervous disorder,
and should be treated by avoidance
of mental and physical fatigue, and a diet
of eggs, soup. milk, rice and potatoes.
Messrs. Wm, H. Cramp & Sons., of
Pittsburg, Penn.. who are now engaged
in building the dynamite cruiser, have
received a contract from the Italian Government
for the construction of a forty
foot pneumatic gun. It is to be in three
sections, and is to throw a 600 lb. shell.
The nettle is among the substances
which science ha3 put to use during the
past few years. This weed is evenbeing
cultivated in Germany, its fibre having ... i*
proven valuable for a variety of textile
fabrics. In Dresden a thread is produced
from it so fine thata length of sixty miles
weighs on 2? pounds.
The meteorological phenomena accompanying
the building of railroads in
Mcxico are receiving the attention of * '
scientific men in that country. Recent
serious damage done by washouts on the
northern section of the Mexican Central
Road was due to waterspouts bursting on"
the track, and it is a curious fact that
waterspouts seem to be attracted by the 'r
iron track and telegraph Wires.
Two observers, a French and an Austrian,
have recently shown the curious
effect exerted upon the acuteness of
any given sense by the simultaneous ex
ercise ox any oiner sense. j uejr suun, /j
for instance, that, hearing is improved by
light, especially red or yellow, and that
this action is reciprocal and is exerted on.
every sense by all others. The results
are very curious and interesting.
M. P. Lcdeboer said before the
Academy of Sciences in Paris that although
it. had long been known that
a magnet raised to a red heat loses
its magnetic properties, it had only lately
been determined by direct measurement
at what actual degree of temperature
iron ceases to be a magnetic body. By
his experiments he showed that iron remains
magnetic up to 650 degrees C.,
after which a rapid variation is noticed
in its magnetic condition. At 750 degrees
the magnetic properties are scarcely
perceptible, while at 770 degrees they
disappear altogether.
A National Mnsenm.
"There is a movement on foot to establish
a great national library and
museum pertaining to American history,"
said a New Yorker to a Ccmmrcial
Advertiser reporter. I have just learned
that the idea is assuming something of
a definite character, and that several
wealthy gentlemen have become interested
in it and have promised substantial
assistance. Briefly, the plan, as outlined, .
is to establish in New York a great
library that shall contain every book or
paper relating to American history from
the time of the discovery of the continent,
covering the military operations^
$ivil administration aad travels^ tfro
formation of the several slates, terrlto2*
ries, cities and civil divisions, and everything,
iu fact, touching all parts of the
AKTT nf fKio nAiinfw f
"The museum is to contain relics;
souvenirs, documents and everything
of interest relating to the growth and
development of the new world that can
be secured. These material evidences of,
historical facts arealwaji interesting and
become more valuable as time progresses.
The Military Service Institution of the
United States, of which Major-General
J. M. Schofield, United States army, is
president, has already got a r&re collection
of books, trophies and relics which*
are at present on Governor's Island, where
the war department has set aside for
them such rooms as could be spared for ,
the purpose. This Colleton might^
perhaps,* become the nucleus of the
library museum. Then there is the collection
of the New York Historical So
cieiy. iuts sucicijr uuo uu^iu u
present quarters and is looking for &
change of location. ??
A Horse Dies or a Broken Heart. '
An incident illustrating the affectionate
nature of a horse is told by the
Georgetown (Ky.) Enterprise: "Eugeno
Moore's noted horse, Villain, died last
week of loneliness. He was eleven
years old, and from the time he was a
colt was greatly attached to his master.
In winter's cold or summer's heat Villain
was always ready to carry his master on
his back or draw him in a buggy.
Shortly after Christmas he was sent to
vsvoni/i in cnnnrl winter, and hia
"r ? '
owner failing to put in an appearance
for several weeks, the horse pined away,
refusing to cat any food, and finally
died. He was given a decent burial,
and, while no monument will be erected
over his remains his gentle disposition
and noble qualities will long be remembered
by those who kuew Vil'.aiu."'
: ?
A Leap Year Artiste.
She played the harp and mandolin.
With most entrancing grace;
An inspiration seized her soul
And glowed from her sweet face.
Shr* played upon the soft guitar.
He heard it and declared
That to the player of the tune
Naught elsa could be compared.
He felt hor further power for when
With these she'd gotten through,
She turned and with exquisite skill
The fair one played him too.
?Merohant Traveler
. 4

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