Newspaper Page Text
I REV. DR. TALMAGE.
THE BROOKLYN DIVINE'S SUNDAY
Subject: "The Habit of Profanity."
Text: "So went Salan forth from the
presence of the Lord. and smote Job with
sore boils from the sole of his fool unto his
crown. And he took him a potsherd to
scrape himself uithal; and he sat down
among the ashes. Then said his wife unt<~
him: 'Dost thou still retain thine integrity.'
Curse God, and die"?Book of Job, ii., 7, 8
A story oriental ami marvelous. Job was
the richest man in all the east. He had camels
and oxen and asses and sheep, and, what
would have made him rich without anything
else,seven sons and three daughters. It was
the habit of these children to gather together
for family reunion. One day Job is thinking
of his children as gathered together at a banquet
at the elder brother's house.
While the old man is seated at his tent j
door be sees some one running, evidently. ]
from his manner, briuging bad news. "What j
is the matter now?" ' Oh," says the messen- i
ger, "a foraging party of Sabeans has |
I fallen upon me oxen ana tae asses, nuu
destroyed them and butchered all the servants
except myself.'' Stand aside. Another
messenger running. What is the matter
now* "Oh," says the man, "the lightning
has struck the sheep and the shepherds, and
all the shepherds are destroyed except myself."
Stand aside. Another messenger run- j
ning. What is the matter now? "Oh," he
says, "the Chaldean3 have captured the '
camels and slain all the camel drivers except
myself." Stand aside. Another messenger j
running. What is the matter now;'' "Oh, j
be eays. " a hurricane struck the four corners
.or the tent where your children were '
assembled at the banquet, and they are all
But the chapter of calamity has not ended. |
Job was smitten with elephantiasis, or black
leprosy. Tumors from head to foot?fore- j
head ridged with tubercles?eyelashes fall |
out?nostrils excoriated?voice destroyed? |
ATKolofmno frAm fho onf:rA mHv.
Iiuuuiciauiv CAuaiuvtuug nvm vuw v??..v ? j ,
until with none to dress his sore, ho sits 1
down in the ashes with nothing but pieces of J
broken pottery to use in the surgery of his
wounds. At this moment, when he needed
all encouragement, and all consolation, his
wife comes in, in a fret ana a rage, and says:
"This is intolerable. Our property gone,
our children slain, and now you covered up
with this loathsome and disgusting disease.
Why don't you swear? C'ui se God and die!4'
Ah, Job knew right well that swearing
would not cure one of the tumors of his agonized
body, would not bring back one of nis
destroyed camels, would not restore one of his
dead children. He knew that profanity would j
only make the pain more unbearable,and the i
poverty more distressing, and the bereave- |
raent more excruciating. But, judging from
the profanity abroad in our d.ny. you might
come to the conclusion that there was some
great advantage to be reape-l from profanity.
Blasphemy is all abroad. You hear it in
every direction. The drayman swearing at j
his cart, the sewing girl imprecating the
tangled skein, the accountant cursing the
long line of troublesome figures. S?u>aring
at the store, swearing in tna loft, swearing
in the cellar, swearing on the street, swearing
in the factory. Children swear. Men
swear. Women swear! Swearing from the
rough calling on the Almighty in the low
restaurant, clear up to the reckless uUh
Lord!"' of a glittering drawing room: and
the one is as much blasphemy a> the oth;*r.
There are times when we must cry out to
Aha Lord bv reason of our nltvsical asronv or
our mentaf distress, and that is only throwing
out our weak hand toward the strong |
arm of a father. It was no profanitv when j
? James A. Garfield, shot in the Washington
depot, cried out: "My God, what does this
meanf' There is no profanity in calling out
upon God in the day of trouble, in the day
oi darkness, in the day of physical anguish,
in the day of bereavement: but I am speaking
now of the triviality and of the recklessness
with which the name of God is sometimes
used. The whole land is cursed with it.
A gentleman coming from the far west sat
in the car day after day behind two persons
who were indulging in profanity, and he
made up hig mind that he would make a
record of their profanities, and at the end of
two days several sheets of paper were covered
with these imprecations,and at the close
of the journey he handed the manuscript to
one of the persons in front of him. "Is it
possible," said tue man, "that we have uttered
so many profanities the last few days:"
"It is," replied the gentleman. "Then," said
the man who had taken the manuscript: "I
will never swear again."
But it is a comparatively unimportant thing
if a man makes a record of our improprieties
of speech. The more memorable consid* '
eration is that every improper word, every ;
AotV* 1'f ^T*Oi? Hoc n I'a^ari I t ha Knnlr aP (1 /vl'j
VMVU UfWl VU, ?lttO U I VV VtU KMC WWI\ VI WA? J
remembrance, and tliat the day will
come when a'l our crimes of spoech, if unrepented
of, will be our condemnation. I shall
not to-day deal in abstractions. I hate abstractions.
I am going to have a plain talk
with you, my brother, about a habit that
you admit to be wrong.
The habit prows in the community in the
fact that young peopje think it manly to
?wear. Little children hardly able to walk
straight on the street, yet have enough distinctiveness
of utterance to let you know
that they are damning their own souls or
damning the souls of others. It is an awful
thing the first time the little feet are lifted
to have them set down on the burning pavement
Between 16 and 30 years of age there is
. apt to come a time when a young man is as
much ashamed of not being able to swear
. gracefully as he is of the dizziness of his first
cigar. He has bis hat, his boot and bis coat
of the right pattern, and now, if he can
only swear without awkwarkness, and as ;
well as his comrades, he believes he is in the
iasnion. mere are youn? men wno wane in
-an atmosphere of imprecation?oaths on their
lips, under their tongues, nestling in their
shock of hair. They abstain from it in the
elegant drawing room, but the street and the
club house ring with their profanities. They
have no regard for God, although they have
great respect for the ladies: My young
brother, there is no manliness in tliat. The
most ungentlemauly thing a man can do is to
Fathers foster this great crime. *There are
parents who are very cautious not to swear
in the pressnco of their children: in a moment
of sudden anger they look around to see if
the children are present when they indulge
in this habit. Do you not know, oh father,
that your child is aware of the fact that you
swear? He overheaxd you in the next room,
or some one has informed him of your habit.
He is practicing now. In ten years he will j
swear as well as you do. Do not, oh |
father, be under the delusion that you may !
swear and your son not know it. It is an
awiui tning to scarc tne uaoit in a iamuy? i
the father to be profane, and then to have |
the echo of his example come back from other
generations; so that generations after generations
curse the Lord
The crime is also fostered by master
mechanics, boss carpenters, those who are at
the head of men in hat factories, and in dock
yards, and at the h?ad of great business
establishments. When you go down to look
at the work of the scaffolding, and you find
it is not done right, what do you say? It is
not praying, is it? The employer swears?
tne employe is tempted to swear. The man
says: "I don't know why rav employer,
worth $50,000 or $100,000, should have any
luxury I should be denied simply because 1
am poor. Because I am poor and dependenl
on a day's wages, haven't I as much right tc
swear as he has with his large income?"1
Employers swear, and that makes so many
The habit also comes from infirmity of
temper. There are a good many people who,
when they are at peace, have righteousness i
of speech, but when angered thoy blaze with j
imprecation. Perhaps all tbe rest of the '
year they talk in right language, but now j
they pour out the fury of a whole year in one ;
red hot paragraph of five minuter I knew !
of a man who excusod himself for the habit, j
raying: "I only swear once in a great while. !
I must do that just to clear myself out"
The habit comes also from the profuse us? j
of bywords. The transition from a byword i
which may be perfectly harmless to imprecation
and profanity is not a very large
transition. It is "my stars!" and 'mercy on j
me!" and "good gracious!" and "by George!"
and "by Jove!" and you go ou with that a
little while, and then you swear. These
words, perfectly harmless in themselves, are
next door to imprecation and blasphemy. A
profuse use of bywords always ends in profanity.
The habit is creeping up into the
highest styles of society. Women have no
patience with fiat and unvarnished profanity.
: They will order a man out of the parlor indulging
in blasphemy, and yet you will sometimes
find them with fairy fan to the lip, j
and under chandeliers which bring no blush
to their cheek, taking on their lips the holiest j
of names in otter triviality.
Why. my friends, the English language is
comprehensive and capable of expressing all
shades of feeling and every decree of en|
ergy. Are you happy? Noah Webster will
j give you ten thousand words with which to
express your exhilaration. Are v??u right|
eousiy indignant? There are whole armies
i in the vocabulary, righteous vocabulary
?whole armies of denunciation, and
j scorn, and sarcasm, and irony, and carii
cature, and wrath. You express youri
self against some meanness or hypocrisy
in all the oaths that ever smoked up from
j the pit, and I will come right on after you
| and give a thousandfold more emphasis of
denunciation to the same meanness and the
same hypocrisy in words across which no
slime has ever trailed, and into which the
j fires of hell have never shot their forked
tongues?the pure, the innocent, God hon,
ored Anglo-Saxon in which Milton sang and
i John JEJunyan dreamed and Shakespeari
I Th-re is no excuse for profanity when we
i have such a magnificent language?such a
j flow of good words, potent words, mighty
' words, words just to suit every crisis and
every ca?e. Whatever be the cause of it,
profanity is on the increa.se, and if you do
not know it, it is because your ears have
been hardened by the din of imprecations so
that you are not stirred and moved as you
ought to be by profanities in these cities *
which are enough to bring a hurricane of
fire like that which consumed Sodom.
Do you know that this trivial use of God's
name results in perjury? Do you know that
people who take the name of God on their
li.xo in and thoughtlessness are
fostering the crime of perjury? Make the
name of God a football in the community,
and it has no power when in court room and
in legislative assembly it is employed in
solemn adjuration! See the way sometimes
they administer tho oath: "S'heip you Godkiss
the book!'1 Smuggling, which is always
a violation of the oath, becomes in some
circles a grand joke. You sav to a man:
"How is it possible for you to sell these goods
so very cheap.' I can't understand it." Ah!"
he replies, with a twinkle in the eves, "the
custom house tariff of these goods isn't a3 i
much as it might be." An oath does not
mean as much as it would were the name of
God used in reverence and in solemnity.
Why is it that so often jurors render unaccountable
verdicts and judges give unaccountable
charges, and use'ess railroad
schemes pass in our State capitals, and there
mrvit. nn inst rhartres made in tariffs?
tariff lifted from one thing and put upon
What is an oath? Any thine solemn? Anything
that calls upon the Almighty? Anything
that marks an event in a man's history?
Oh. no! It is kissing the book! There is no
habit, I tell you plainly?and I talk to hunjmis
and tnou?an<ls of'men to-day who will
thank me for my utterance?I tell you, my
brother?I talk to you not professionally but
just as one brother talks to another on some
very important theme?I tell you there is no
habit that so depletes a man's nature as the
habit of profanity. You mijfht as well try ;
to ra'se vineyards and orchards on the sides
of belching Stromboli as to raise anything
good on a heart from which there pours out
the scoria of profanity. You may swear
yourself down; you cannot swear yourself
up. When the Mohammedan finds a piece of
paper he cannot read, he puts it aside very
cautiously for fear the name of God may be
on it lhat is one extreme. We go the
other. Now what is the cure of this
habit? It is a mighty habit. Men have
struggled for years to get over it. There are
men in this house of Uoil who would give
half their fortune to get rid of it. An aged |
man was in the delirium of a fever. He had I
lor many years hvvu a u^n^uu mv auu
was honored in all the community, but when
he came into the delirium of this fever ho
was full of iaipreeat on and profanity, and
they could not understand it. After he came
to his right reason he explained it. He said:
"When 1 was a young man I was very profane.
I conquered the habit, but I had to
struggle all through life. You haven't for
forty years heard me say an improper word,
but it hasbeen.au awful struggle. The tiger
is chained, but he is alive yet."
If you would get rid of this habit, I warn
you, my friends, to dwell upon the uselessness
of "it. Did a volley of oaths ever start a
heavy load? Did they ever extirpate meanness
from a customer? Did they ever collect
a bad debt? Did they ever cure a toothache?
Did they ever stop the twinge of the rheumatism?
Did they ever help you forward
one step in the right direction ? Come now,
tell me, ye who have had the most experience
in this habit, how much have you made
out of it? "Five thousand dollars in all your
life? No. One thousand? No. One hundred?
No. One dollar? No. One cent?
No. If the habit be so utterly useless, away
with it. '
But you say: "I have struggled to overcome
the habit a long while, and 1 have not
been successful." You struggled in your
own strength, my brother. It ever a man
wants God. it is in such a crisis of his history.
God alone by His grace can emancipate you
from trouble, (.'all upon Him day an.I
night that you may be delivered from this
crime- Rememljer also in the cure of this
habit that it arouses God's indignation. The
Bible reiterates from chapter to chapter, and
verse after verse, that it is accursed for this
life and that it makes a man miserable for
eternity. There is not a sin in all the cata- |
logue that ? so often peremptorily and I
suddenly punished in this world as the sin of
profanity. There is not a city or a village I
Dut can give an illustration of a man struck I
down at the moment of imprecation. A |
couple of years ago, briefly referring to this I
in a sermon, I gave some instances in which
God had struck swearers dead at the moment
of their profanity. That sermon brought to
me from many parts of this land and other
lands statements of similar cases of instantaneous
visitation from God upon blasphemers.
My opinion is that such cases
occur somewhere every day, but for various
reasons they are not reported.
In Scotland a club assembled every week
for purposes of wickedness, and there was a
competition as to which couid use the most
homd oath, and the man who succeeded was
to be President of the club. The competition !
went on. A man uttered an oath which con- j
founded all the comrades, and he was made |
Presi dent of the club. His tongue began to
swell, and it protruded from his mouth, and
he could not draw it in, and he died, and the
physician said: "This is the strangest thing
we ever saw; we never saw any account in
the books like unto it; we can't understand
it." I understand it He cursed God and
At Catskill, N. Y., a group of men stood
in a blacksmith's shop during a violent thunder
storm. There came a crash of thunder,
and some of the men trembled- One man
said: "Why, 1 don't see what you are afraid
of. I am not afraid to go out in front of
tho shop anddefv the Almijrhty. I am not
afraicl of lightning." And he laid a wager
on the subject, and he went out, and he
shook his fist at the heavens, crying: "Strike
if you dare!" And instantly he fell under e
bolt. What destroyed him' Any mysterv
about it? Oh, no. "He cursed God ana died.
Oh, my brother, God will not allow this
sin to go unpunished. There are styles of
writing with manifold sheets, so that a man
writing on one leaf writes clear throu gh ten,
fifteen or twenty sheets, and so every profanity
we utter goes right down through the
leaves of the boot of God's remembrance. It
is no exceptional sin. Do you suppose you
could couut the profanities of last week?the
j orofanities of office, store, shop, factory!
They cursed God, they cursed His word, they
cursed His only b?gotton Son.
One morning, on Fulton street, as I was
passing along, I heard a man swear by the
name of Jesus. My hair lifted. My blood
ran cold. My breath caught. My foot
halted Do you not suppose that God is ag,
gravated? Do you not suppose that God
knows about it.' Dionysins used to have a
oave in which his culprits were incarcerated,
and he listened at the top of that cave, and
he could bear every groan, he could hear
every sigh, and he could hear every whisper
of those who were imprisoned. He was a
tyrant. God is not a tyrant, but he bonds
over this world and he hears everything?
every voice of praise, every voice of imprecation.
He he.irs it all. The oaths seem to
die on the air, bat they have eternal echo.
They come back from the ages to come.
Listen! Listen! "All blesphemers shall
have their place in the lake which burneth
with fire and brimstone, which is the second
death." Aad if, according to the theory of
some, a man commits in the next world the
sins which he committed in this world?if
unpardoned, unregenerated?think of a
man's going on cursing in the name of God
to all eternity!
The habit grows. You start with a small
oath, you will come to the large oath. I saw
a man die with an oath between his teeth.
Voltaire only gradually came to his tremendous
imprecations; but the habit grew on him
until in the last moment, supposing Christ
stood at the bed, he exclaimed: "Crush that
wretch. Crush that wretch!" Oh, my
brother, you begin to swear and there is
nothing impossible for you in the wrong direction.
Who is this God whose name you are
using in swearing? Who is he- Is he a
tyrant? Has he starved you, frozen you,
tyrannised over you? No. He has loved
foil, he ha3 sheltered you, he watched you
last night, he will watch you to-night. He
wants to love you, wants to help you, wants
to save you, wants to comfort you. He was
vour father's God and your mother's Hod.
He has housed them from the blast, and he
wants to shelter you. Will you spit in his
face by an imprecation ? Will you ever
thrust him back by an oath ?
Who is this Jesus whose name I heard in
the imprecation 1 Has he pursued you all
your life long i What vile thing has he done
to you that you should so dishonor his name ?
Why, he was the Lamb whose blood simmered
in the fires of sacrifice for you. He is
the brother that took off his crown that you
might put it on. He has pursued you all
your life long with mercy. He wants you
to love him, wants you to serve him He
comes with streaming eyes and broken heart
and blistered feet to save you. On the craft
ot our doomed humanity he pushed out into
the sea to take you off the wreck.
IVI.nna ic <ha hand that will 0%'Cr bfl lifted
in imprecation again? Let that hand, now
blood tipped.be lifted that I may see it Not
one. Where is the voice that will ever be
uttered in dishonoring the name of that
Christ? Let it speak now. Not one. Not
one. Oh, I am glad to know that all these
vices of the community, and those crimes of
our city will be gone. Society is going to be
bettered. The word by the power of Christ's
gospel is going to be saved, and this crime,
this iniquity, and all the other iniquities will
vanish before the rising of the suu of righteousness
upon the nation.
There was one day in New England memorable
for storm and darkness. 1 hardly ever
saw such an evening. The clouds which had
been gathering ail day unlimbered their batteries.
The Housatonic, which flows quietly,
jave as the paddles of pleasure parties rattle
the oar locks, was lashed into foam, and
the waves hardly knew whore to lay thezn>elves.
Oh! what a time it was! The hills jarred
under the rumbling of God's chariot. Blinding
sheets of ram drove the catle to the
bars, or beat against the window pane as
though to dash it in. The grain fields threw
their crowns of gold at the feet of the storm
kin?. When night came in it was a double
night Its mantle was torn with the light_!
<n?A ite lnflra worn twisted tlift
Illllga, aau mvw *v? ?vv.w
leaves of uprooted oaks and the shreds ot
canvass torn from the masts of the beached
shipping. It was such a night as makes you
thank God for shelter, and open the door to
let in the spaniel howling outside with terror.
We went to sleep under the full blast of
heaven's great orchestra, the forests with up
lifted voices, in chorus that filled the mountains,
praising the Lord We woke not until
the fingers of the sunny morn touched our
eyelids. We looked out the window and the
Housatonic slept as auiet as an infant's
dream. Pillars of cloud set against the sky
looked liked the castles of the blest built for
heavenly hierarchs on the beach of the azure
sea. All the trees sparkled as though there
bad been some great grier in heaven, and
each leaf had been God appointed to catch an
angel's tear. It seemed as if our Father had
looked upon the earth, His wayward child,
and stooped to her tear-wet cheek and kissed
it. So will the darkness of sin and crime
leave our world before the dawn of the morning.
The light shall gild the city spire and
strike the forests of Maine and the masts of
Mobile, and all between. And oue end renting
on the Atlantic coast and the other rest
ing on the Pacific beach, God will spring a
* ?nt nnnoa in tnlron of
gruao laiuuvn uivu v* ... ?
everlasting covenant that the world shall
never more see a deluge of crime.
' But," says some one, "preaching against
the evils of society will accomplish nothing.
Do you not see that the evils go right on?" I
answer, we are not at all discouraged.
It seemed insignificant for Moses to stretch
his hand over the Red sea. What power
could that have over the waters* But the
east wind blew all night; the waters gathered
into two glittering palisades on either
side. The billows reared as God's hand
pulled back upon their crystal bits. Wheel
into line, oh Israel! March! March! Pearls
crash under their feat.' The shout of hosts
mounting the beach answers the shout o'
hosts mid sea, until, as the last line of tho
Israelites have gained the beach, the shields
clang and the cymbals clap, and as the waters
whelm the pursuing foe the swift finAn
tha wKita lrara of fnnn?
play the grand march of Israel delivered,
and the awful dirge of Egyptian overthrow.
So we go forth, and stretch out the hand of
prayer and Christian etfort over these dark,
boiling waters of crime and sin. "Aha!
Aha!" says the deriding world. But wait.
The winds of divine help will begin to blow;
the way will clear for the great army of
Christian philanthropists; the glittering
treasures of the world's beneficence will line
the path of our feet; and to the other shore
we will be greeted with the clash of all
heaven's cymbals; while those who resist
and deride and pursue us will fall under the
sea, and there will be nothing left of them
but here and there, cast high and dry upon
the beach, the splintered wheel of a chiriot,
and, thrust out from the surf, the breathless
nostril of a riderless charter.
An egg 6f the extinct great auk was
recently sold in London for $1100. It is
said to have been bought for an American.
The Swedish-American societies of
Chicago are endeavoring to collect sufficient
funds for the erection in Lincoln
Park of a monument to the famous
The substance of what is comprised in
and meant bv hvsriene. mav be expressed
in the words, clean earth, clean food,
clean water, and clean air?it answer's
the requirements of every human being.
Certain data lead to the inference that
we do not yet possess more than oneicnth
of those existing, so that even the
present rapid rate of discovery will not
complete our collection of insects in less
than 1000 years. Before the end of that
period many species of to day will have
Those who are in the habit of ind ulging
in raw onions, says a medical man, may
be consoled for the social disadvantages
which ensue by the fact that onions are
*bout the best nervine known. No medicine
is really so efficacious in cases of
uci vuua fji udfaittiii/ij} auu iuvv ivuv w
worn out system in a very short time.
A correspondent of a ^'outhtrn newspaper
points out the fact that the nickel
tive cent piece may be used as a unit of
measure in calculating by the metric system.
It is exactly two centimeters in
diameter and weighs tive grammes. Five
of the coins placed edge against edge
give the sxact length of a decimeter.
Ringing the bells of locomotives by
steam is now effected by an ingenious
apparatus, consisting of a small steam
cylinder placed at one side of the bell
frame ana resting on the boiler; the
connecting rod, which connects the piston
to a three-iuch crank on the btell, is
so constructed that it will vary its
length according to the swiug of the
bell, thus removing any liability of
knocking the cylinder out by the piston
coming in contact with it.
Some one says that a remarkable imifofirvn
K1?ir?Lr TVMilnnf mav mnnii.
factured from poor pine, the quality and
appearance of the article being such a3
to defy detectiou, except upon very close
examination. To accomplish this, one
part of walnut peel cxtract is mixed
with six parts of water, and with this
solution the wood is coated. When the
material is half dry, a solution of bichromate
of pota3li, with water, is
rubbed on it, and the made walnut is
ready for use.
Mr. William Webster, F. C. 8., has
patented a process of purifyiug sewage
by means of the e'ectrical current. The
pollution of rivers by the sewage of
large cities is a constant source of danger
to health; and $5,000,000 is to be
spent in attempting, by the employment
of chemicals, to purify the London
sewage. Mr. Webster's plan consists in
sending a current of ele jtricity from
metallic electrodes through the sewage.
The result, in experiments made on a
very small scale, i3 to set the solid particles
held in suspension in motion, "a
kind of procession taking place from the
top downward, and from the bottom upward..
The Templar Eoys.
We belong to the Templar band.
I And gy its pledge we mean to stand
i We'll work for it with heart and hand
As long as we are able
i When we are men we'll not be dumb,
Or hang our beads and act like some,
I But squarely vote to banish rum
From every home and table.
I The triple pledge we mean to keep;
As now we sow we soon shall reap.
From out the land we mean to sweep
The cause of so much ruin.
From street and alley, square and lane,
We call for help in this campaign:
Oh! may our call be not in vain.
Help us to stop the brewing 1
?Thos. R. Thompson, in Youth's Banner.
Policoman Number Sixty-seven was an
older and more thoughtful man than is
usually found on the municipal force. He
was retained, in spite of his gray hairs, be'
cause of his btaunch integrity. He was apt,
I in his leisure moments, to look below the
! misery and crime which came in his way, to
find their cause.
I ilT woe rtnnn efftnHinop in fvnnk nf Til ft*?
| salcon," he said one day, "when the bar|
keeper set down a blue bottle on the counter,
! and said: 'There are just four drinks in that.'
It occurred to me I'd like to trace up them
four drinks?where they went and what they
' Well," continued the policeman, "a
woman got the first glass. She wasn't an old
woman, nor used to whisky; about thirty
1 yearsold, had been pretty once, and accusj
tomed to having a gay time, I suppose. She
j was on her way home now from a day's hard
; work, tired, and cold, and the whisky was a
| temptation. It would take the place of the
dauce and theatre and fun. She turned down
: into a by-street, and stopped at the door of a
snug, little house.
"I knew her husband, Crafts, the carpenj
ter, a cheerful, hard-working fellow. He
j opened the door, and her baby ran out to
| meet her. She struck it down to the ground
i with an oath. Her husband looked at her,
and fell back as though he, too, had been
struck. Then he picked up the child and car!
ried it into the pretty, warm room. I saw
i the mother lying stretched across the hearth
as though she were dead.
j "The second drink out of the bottle, the
! barkeeper told me, was given to old Stacy,
j He is nigh seventy, and soaked with liquor;
! hlnod. stomach and brain Doisoned bv it.
i There's not a healthy atom of flesh lOin bis
I body, not a good feeling in his bvjj-t, nor
; manly thought in his head. The drink only
i helped, with all the liquor that he has drunk,
I to kill him surely inch by inch.
"By this time I had got back to the saloon,
! and in a few minutes 1 saw a young man
i named Waters stop for the next. He had
been drinking already; I callel to him. I
I used to know Waters, a young clerk with a
| good salary; had a uice little home, and
' pretty wife and babies. H^s quarrelsome in
j drink, and a glass or two upsets him.
"Waters," I said,"don't drink that; you've
! had enough.
! "But he laughed, took his drink, and went
down the street A few minutes later I heard
a row going on and followed him. He had
| picked a quarrel with one of hi3 friends and
! shot him dead. Waters was sentenced to ten
! years; his home is broken up, his wife takes
j in washing to keep her children from starvj
"There was one drink left in the bottle,
j An hour later a young lad came in. a brightj
faced boy, the son of Dr. Bunker. Hi's about
| sixteen now. I've watched him grow up since
t he was a baby in his pretty lace dresses. I
[ know what he is to his mother. They have
' but this oue child. I think they never heard
I of a good or great man that they do not
| fancy Jim will be like him.
; "He tossed off the drink, and went down
the street,with a red face and leering, stupid
eyes. He is on tho same road as w aters ana
j old Stacy. They are a little ahead of hitn.
"I only traced up those l'our drinks; but I
know there is not a drop of liquor which goes
i out of Tuft's saloon which does not help to
, carry discomfort, ill-temper, misery, disease,
, poverty and disgrace into some wretched,un!
fortunate home."?Youth's Comvanion.
Habitual Drunkards at HomeSome
interesting and curious statistics
have just been published by Mr. H. Braith!
waite, of the home for inebriates at Twicken;
ham. According to these tables, which form
the record of fifty cases of inebriety treated
| since ihe autumn of 1885 to the end of 1887,
the average age of the habitual drunkard,
| who either places himself or is placed by
I friends in the home, is about thirty-nine
j years, while the average time during which
I the disease has grown before the home is
j entered is 9.34 years. Twenty-seven of the
| patients entered after signing the habitual
! drunkards act; twenty-three were private,
i In thirty cases the patient was married, in
j eighteen single, and in only two widowers,
i which says a great deal for the "single
i blessedness " which follows the decease of one
j of a married couple. That forty-seven of the
fifty habitual drunkards were also smokers is
worthy of note, and that thirty-six of these
j were of a nervous temperament, accounts
perhaps for their preferenco for the narcotic
! as well as tbo intoxicant. The largest
/ number (forty-two) were of social habit3,
J and in fifteen cases '' company" naa
j brought about the babit of intemperance,
which says a great deal for the truth of
the old text, which points out that "evil
' communications corrupt good manners."
| Seven from among the fifty had had a uni!
vereity education, twenty-four a "good" and
: fourteen a "fairly good" one; and, with reI
gard to occupation, the merchants (nine)
j head the column, whereas only two wine
! merchants are among the number. By far
j the largest number are men employed in
| professional work; next come tradespeople of
! various kinds, and no artisaus or mechanics
are mentioned. Delirium tremens has set in
I once with twelve patients, twice with six,
three times with one and four times with
i another. In forty-five cases the intemperI
ance was permanent, in five it occurred at
I intervals of from one to three months, and
in only one case was." trouble" the cause of
I the disease?business or domestic worry causI
ing, after company, most drunkenness. In
! the eleven cases where other diseases accom|
panied intemperance, the former were of the
i kind which most frequently are results of the
latter. Twenty-three patients had no prefer;
ence for any special liquor; eleven preferred
; whisky, six spirits and four brandy. Wine
i and beer and brandy and whisky had been
I the stum Dling stone or one eacn; ana Deer
j and whisky had caused three to fall. After
! having left the home, fifteen of the patients
I were reported to be doing well, eleven were
! total abstainers, nine had relapsed, seven
1 were still under treatment, one had died and
j of the remaining seven nothing further was
! known. ? Pall Mall Budaet.
Ihe Liquor Waste In New York.
It appears from the recent annual report of
the Excise Commissioners of this city, that
New York now has $018 places licensed to
sell intoxicating liquors to be drunk on the
j premises; that during the year there have
I been H260 licenses issued; that the present
I total number of licensed drinking-saloons,
! exclusive of restaurants, etc., is 7197, a de!
crease of 2tf(i as compared with the number
i April 1, 1887, at tho time of the new classifl
cation of licenses. The receipts from licenses
| during the year 1887 were $1,186,730, an in!
crease over the previous year of $505,2!K). It
a'so appears tnat the number of United
States special tax receipts issued in this city
during the last year aggregated 10,538, being
I 1272 more than the number of licenses issued
' by the Excise Commissioners of the city. This
, would indicate that New York has doubtless
; at the present time fully ten thousand licenssd
and unlicensed drinking-places. If the total
receipts of each would amount for the year
to an average of $5,000?and that is doubtless
much too low an estimate?even then the
general aggregate of tho liquor-waste of the
past year in this city alone would reach tho
enormous sum of $50,000,000.? National Advocate.
Ijiqu-?r in Biirmah.
Profrssor Bryce. M. P., savs that under
| the native kings o( Burmah, the sn!o and use
I of spirits were strictly prohibited, to the
! preat benefit of the Burmese, a rare pocuI
liarly apt to sufler by indulgence in intoxiI
cants. Now, the Goverinent of India ha."
i issued licenses for the sale of spirits, and
j persons familiar with the country expect the
! worst results from this policy. It is deplorable,
he says, to think that the progress
| of British conquest should brine drunkenness
I and debasement in its train. This is a manly
i prote?t against a great scandal. We expect
Mr. Bryce will be prepared at the proper
! time to plead for protection to our own popu|
lation from a similarly debasing traffic at
home.? Glasgow Reformer.
I The Spanish Government, following the
(ead of several of the European powers, is
anxious to arrange for an international conference
on the subject of fraudulent trademarks
in winas and tha adulteration of
Krrp Your Face* to the lifht.
Therfe's a ringing glorious measure
In the march of life, my brothers;
If we listen we may here it all day long,
With an undertone of triumph
No discordance wholly smoothers,
And this is the cheerful burden of the
"Forward! Keep the column moving!
Perfect rest shall be our guerdon
When our missions are fulfilled?our labors
Duty's path lies plain before us,
Whateo'er our task and burden,
If we bravely set our faces to the sun.
"Disappointments may o'ertake us,
Losses, griefs and grim surprises
May assault us in the weary way we go;
Look not backward, but onward ever,
Lol the goal before us rise?.
And the valley of the shadow lies below!
With a hand to help the fallen,
Where the nigged steeps delay us,
Though the reddening summits warn us of
We shall conquer all the evils
That assail us and betray us,
While we keep our faces bravely to the
"Steady! Keep the ra^ks in motion!
Tho' we only be retrieving
The disasters and m'stakes of yesterday,
There is shame in dull inaction,
There is glory in achieving,
If we take one step on the upward way 1
Day by day the distance dwindles,
Foot by foot the steps surrender.
And we dread no more the barriers overpast;
While we breathe the airs serener,
And our eyes behold the splendor
Of the gates where we shall enter in at
Wayside thorns may rend and goad us,
Driving mist and cloud may blind us,
As we struggle up the last stupendous
But remember, and take courage,
All life's shadows lie behind us
While we keep our face3 bravely to the
What a Whlnper Did.
"Do you pray?" These were the words.
They were whispered in the ear of a young
man by a Christian woman. He was thoughtless
and worldly; had often said to the
strivings of the spirit, "Go thy way for this
time." His reply now was, "Do not be so
personal in your inquiries."
A few days after, she whispered the same
question: "Do you pray?" This time the
appeal was lorne in upon his soul as nevor
before. Still he returned a careless answer.
He did not wish to be a Christian now.
Evening came and he was alone. The
spirit whispered, "Pray," and the thought
came, "I wish I did pray." Then a resolve
was made, and he said, "I will pray now."
He knelt, but clouds and darkness seemed to
"I mean to be a Christian sometime;" "I
can be when lam ready;" "Iknow how;"
"i have been taught by Christ'an parents
the way;" "There will be no trouble when I
set out;" "I will wait and see a little more
of the world;" "Time enough yet."
These had been his thoughts for some
years. Thus he had wardered from "his
Father's house" into a far distant country,
onticed by such suggestions of his soul's
greatest enemy. He must retrace his steps.
He must not only turn round, but go back.
He had turned?but where was God J He
supposed he should see him at once. Where
is the Father's house? He supposed it would
be in sight. "Oh! that I knewwhero I might
find him I" This was the cry of his hoart,
now thoroughly aroused to its needs. He
did not then know that it had ever been the
l:nguage of a troubled soul. "The heavens
were as brass." He had heard
the metaphor used; now he knew its meati-ing.
Yet he was resolute. "I will be a
Christian. I will find God or die seeking
him." He prayed that this resolution might
not forsake him. He feared that it might
pass away in his sleep. He was grateful that
the purpose remained as he opened his eyes
on a new day; but the morning brought no
dawning to his soul.
Thus aay3 and nights passed by. Kindest
of friends and the best of pastors tried to
point out the way but all was dark. The sun
of righteousness did not penetrate the clouds.
His wise pastor said:
"Go and tell some ono over whom you
have an influence the resolve you liave
"I know of no ono wiio worna ilston to
me," he replied.
At the weekly prayer-meeting with eager
attention he heard what good men say of
peace and joy in believing. It did not help
him. He thought ho must go out into the
darkness carrying a thicker darkness within.
But the closing lines of tho closing hymn arrested
his attention and let a ray of light into
his heart. The meeting over, he went to his
pastor as soon as he cou'd ana said:
'We have just been singingGo
on to seek and know tho Lord,
And practice what you know,
"I can do that, and I thought perhaps that
is what it is to be a Christian. Is it?"
"Why, my dear boy, of course it is," said
the pastor, putting both arras around him.
From that hour tho young man went forward
slowly, and not always in a direct
course, but still forward.
There was a woman much thoyoung man's
senior who was a bitter skeptic. Sno had
been hardened by sorrow ana tho slights and
frowns of the world. She did not believe in
Christians. She scoffed and raado light of
the new converts, especially this 0110 whom
she had known in his waywardness. Ho was
moved to write hor a letter urging her to boconie
a Christian. The letter written, he
laid it away for a week or more, doubtful
about sending it, believing it would be held
up to ridicule. It was finally taken to tho
office and mailed. It proved an arrow sent
from God. Humbled and groatly broken in
spirit, she sent for this young convert to
snow her how to become a Christian. She
found the Saviour and startod on a new life.
These are incidents o( the revival of 1857-8.
A year or more rolled .'.way. This young
man engaged in busings with an older
brother in a Ifew England oity. God sent to
him a slender boy, who was homoless, friendless.
penniless?we mieht almost sav reckless
?yet bright, earnest, interesting. After
some hesitation and questioning, the boy was
given employment. In a few days his employer
urged him to go with him to the
rooms of the Y. M. C. A, Then he was led
to a prayer-meeting, Soon he became a
warm-hearted, active, useful Christian,leading
others as he had been led.
Not many months passed by and this
young workman was longing for an education,
that he might do more good. The
young employer encouraged the idea and
found a school for him. The woman who
was brought to Christ by that delayed Jetter
was among the first to assist turn, ana
through all his preparatory college and seminary
studies gave him substantial aid and
the kindest care.
"The workman shewed himself approved
unto God, a workman that needeth not to be
ashamed." His consecration to the Master,
hi9 devotion to an oppressed race, his power
and eloquence, have been felt through the
wide land and across the sea. His glowing
heart now ceases to beat :^his tireless feet and
' active brain are now at rest Upon the
marble beneath his familiar name might
truthfuly be inscribed this title, which the
advance has given him: "The Best Beloved
We get a little glimpe of what that whisper
did. Prayer was behind it, and so God
was '"in the still, small voice." Who can
measure its ever widening influence??[H.
Porter Smith, (Cambridge,) in Advance.
[The above is presumably the experience
of the writer and the late Dr. James Powell.]
Sorrows humanize our race:
Tears are the showers that fertilizo this
?Joan la golovr.
A Significant Comparison.
Physical deterioration under the influence
of alcoholic poisoning is attested in many
ways. Dr. Alfred J. H. G'respi, late editor
ot' the Sanitary tieview, says: "I do not
think that any one, competent to judge,could
avoid expressing surprise were he to compare
the appearance of severe wounds among the
temperate and among the intemperate. This
striking difference, which commences to be
well marked a few hours after the injury,
continues to increase, so that at the end of a
few weeks, w uile the abstemious is generally
well, the drunkard, if he has not succumbed,
is usually far from convalescent, and may
be suffering severely." In times of epidemic,
as in cholera seasons, the alcoholic patients
3uffer by far the largest mortality.
WOMAN'S WORLD. ,
PLEASANT LITERATURE FOR
A Perfect Ki n^dorn.
A man can build a mansion
And furnish it throughout,
A man can build a palace
With lofty walls and stout;
A man can build a temple
With high and spacious dome,
But no man in the world can build
That precious thing called?Home.
No, 'tis our happy faculty,
0 women, far and wide,
to turn a cot or palace
Into something else beside;
Where brothers, son3 and husbanda tired,
With willing footsteps come;
A place of rest, where love abounds?
A perfect kingdom?Home.
?lone L. Jones, in Oooil Housekeeping.
The Newest Styles of Fans.
There are an unusual number of novelties
in fans; some are of clear grenadine,
striped with net or with silk, others have
rows of narrow satin ribbon carried across
in such a way that when closed bordering
each rib there are lines of close-set
ribbon bows. A round shaped fan called
tbe Lady Teazle is made of softe3t marabout
with a picture in the centre painted
with Wattcau groups or something
equally delicate. A feather fan to be effective
must be good. One of the most
beautiful is the Prince of "Wales, com- J
posed of three long ostrich pluincs and a
soft curled bunch of tips mouuted in an
ivory or mother-of-pearl handle. The
white one3 are especially lovely.?Mail
jLMumunus anu xneir wearers.
One of the sights of a fashionable
gathering in New York is the splendid
show of diamonds that the mo9t notable
social leaders make. The late Mrs. J.
J. Astor sometimes appeared wearing
,$100,000 worth of gcm3. Mrs. Marshall
O. Roberts has a jeweled corsage ornament
so magnificent that it looks like a
breastplate of diamonds. Mrs. HicksLord's
jewels are said to be worth quite
$1,000,000. For particularly swell
gatherings some of the most fashiouable
women seem literally to empty their
jewel cases upon their persons. At a
great dinner of 100 covers, given in two
rooms, fifty covers in each, some of the
matrons present wore, it is said, as many
as seven necklaces of gems all at once.?
A New Industry for Women.
Here, where there are so many ladies
in reduced circumstances, who ''have
seen better days," aud still want to keep
up appearances, there are many curious
occupation*, writes a Washington correspondent.
A novel means of earning
a livelihood is employed by two married
ladies who used to be active in society.
Just when they were in the height of
society their parents died suddenly,
leaving them with practically nothing
to live one. Merely as a matter of j
fancy, as some ladies take to painting j
or fancy work, one of these had acquired
a knack for making delicious preserves, j
and the other rivaled her in her efforts
to please the palate with the extra fine
cake she compounded. When suddenly
thrown on their own resources they put
their two heads together to devise some
means of earning a living. After a long
talk they struck upon an idea. They at
once set abou* to give it a test. They
went amoDg some of the most intimate
of their wealthy friends, and proposed
to undertake the manufacture of preserves
and cake for their tables. They
secured several patrons, and so well did
thoyvdo their work that they soon had
? vnnnfnhAn fni* iKoiP diltnf'A9 At first.
they went to the houses of their patrons
to do the work. Now they have made ,
a snug little sum of money, and have j
extensive demands for preserves and
cakes, which they make to order at
their own house.
Still Wearing Dead Birds.
Birds are still worn as dress trimmings,
and philanthropic persons of sanguine
disposition have not quite abandoned;
the hope that some day Englishwomen 1
will be sufficiently tender-hearted to abstain
from wearing ornaments that cause
such sufferings to the poor birds. We
read of them, continues the writer, being
killed by hundreds in the breeding
season when their plumage is brightest,
and their nestfulls of young ones left to
starve and die the most merciless and
linserins of deaths. And yet women
wear the little victims and will continue j
to wear tliein notwithstanding all that
may be said or written on the subject.
We no longer hear of dresses garnished
with robins or canaries, but bonnets and
hats are still decked, or rather, to some
tastes disBgured by the plumage of birds.
Some of the artificial flowers used for
ball-dress trimmings are marvelously ac- j
curate copies of nature in form and color.
The texture, of course, is inimitable,
though velvet, in its finer and most
silky sorts, looks not unlike the satin
soft petals of the lily, the wallflower, the j
convolvulus and the petunia. The favorite
tints for evening dress are the becoming )
heliotrope, silver gray, bright yellow, j
and rich orange in the tint now known j
an ''sunset," all shades of brown, from
dark to light, an equal variety in green, j
and the lovely eau-de-Nil color, which is
so bright and responsive to the light.?
Pall Mull 13mlg !(.
Ladies' Sledge Races on the Neva. J
A novelty in the way of new.*, says the j
London Standard, comes from St. Peters- j
burg in the shape of an announcement
that sledge races had been organized in i
the Russian capital, in which ladies of :
the aristocracy aru to be the drivers.
Each fair Amazon will have her own
colors, which will distinguish, not only j
her own costume, but her sleigh and the
harness of her horse. The competitors
must be not less than twenty years of
age and not over forty. The prizes are j
to be diamonds, which have been offered j
by the Empress, the jockey club and !
other fashionable bod es in St. Petersburg.
There is nothing surprising in :
'this novel idea being developed on the '
i.Ncvn, for Russian ladies continually j
startle, if they delight, the cities of the I
west and south ot Europe by the independence,
the originality "and the
f laro'nntir.n of thpir social conduct. !
The raccs will be a lovely sight. I
The dazzling snow, the shilling steeds, I
,thc polished and glittering harness, the ;
beautiful drivers, the sweet" costumes
Imagine the start, the progress, the rattling
pace, nearing the goal, the intense
rivalry, the joys and pangs of energetic j
anxiety, the niomeut of victory, the i ;
triumph of the fair victor, and finally j
the diamonds. They are wclcome to a j
woman from it matters not whom. But ]
imagine the joy of winning a tiara, or j
a necklace, or a stomacher of diamonds ;
in a sledge lace?winning them from
every other woman between twenty and i
forty, and the diamonds the gift of the <
Czarina herself. But to the excitement ]
of driving and competing is to be added <
the still greater excitement of dress, and i
no one would dream of asking women,
"Is life worth living?" who had ever I
listened to them deliberating in solemn |
" ' Va - ;-j* V : '&?
* . :v'r'
conclave over the color, composition and
make of a gown. v.
Mrs. Cleveland's Doable. ? .j. ' v
Mrs. Cleveland has a double in Washington,
whose appearance on the promenades
and resorts of fashionable people
in the West End is creating much interest
and amusement. An air of mystery
surrounds the lady, from the fact that
people generally have no idea who she
is. One thing is certain. She is so very
much like the lady of the White House
that almost every person who passes her
in the street turns to get a good look at
the person they suppose to bo the President's
young wife. From time to time
paragraphs appear in the local papers to
the effect that Mrs. Cleveland was prom- *
enading on Connecticut avenue on Sunday,
or that she was seen takiner an earlv.
morning walk through the We^t End, or
that she was buying violets in the market.
The paragraphs generally concluded
with the statement that she was
accompanied by the large dog "Roy,"
recently presented to her. It was soon
learned that Mrs. Cleveland was at none
of the places at which the papers reported
her to be. Then it was icarned
that the mysterious stranger who so
closely resembled her was the ladyj
who was attracting all the atten-j
tion. It is not surprising that the(
mistakes were made, for the lady does
look strikingly like Mrs. Cleveland.!
She is of the same height, and almost
of the same proportions. She has the!
same bright facc and pleasant smile, and' altogether
is quite as good looking even' .
as Mrs. Cleveland. She is somewhat . \
heavier, however, and her hair and eyes . >
are of a lighter shade. This lady is al- , ways
accompanied by a big dog as she.
walks about the city, but he is larger
than''Roy,'* and a better looking dog,|
T oaf Qltn^nv am/9
jmtw- UUUUUJ iuu uuauunu I?UJ auu
faithful companioa walked out Connecticut
avenue toward Dupont Circle af ,
the great crowd of promenaders were
going up and down that fashionable v,
Sunday thoroughfare. Almost every,
person she meant looked hard at her or
made some comment about how queer it
was for Mrs. Cleveland to be out on that busy
street alone. The lady evidently; . -y|j
knew that she was being stared at, for , ^
she hurried along in an embarrassed
manner, hiding her face as much as poa- sible
and looking straight ahead. The .
occupants of the White House were for a
time greatly puzzled to know how the
various paragraphs mentioning Mrs.
Cleveland's appearance in all quarters of
the city found their way into the newa- ^
papers. They understand the matter
now, and whenever Mrs. Cleveland is
reported as being in some place she was v ,. jM
not, she knows she is the victim of mia;,j
J.:i_ -.1 I.I- I.J.
JU.CULUJ, uuargcuuic tu tuo iauj
who looks likelier.?New York Sun.
A revival of ball fringes is likely to "be
a feature of the season.
Oxidized and applied work is extensively
used on silver jewelry. ;'M
Gold lace and feathery gold ornaments
are in high favor for black lace bonnets.
A novelty for trimming rich costumes
is a floral lace, embroidered in colored
silks and gold thread.
Narrow gold braid is sometimes worn
at the neck and wrists in place of cuffs
and collar or ruchings.
Black parasols will be worn with summer
toilets of every description, and are
shown in great variety.
The sumptuous character of the fashionable
trimmings for costumes surpasses
anything seen in years.
Ombre feathers are a novelty this season
and are very pretty as an accompaniment
to the ombre ribbons on spring
The panels for trimming, which are
sold separately or with vest, cuffs and
collars, are of fine angora wool in black or
color, - The
must charming draperies are go
simple in their lines as to baffle degcrip- , t ?s
tion; the effcct, however, is charming in
the extreme. .
The loveliest silks among the very exquisite
fabrics seen this season are the
Bengalines and these are to be the most 'MS
fashionable as well. y
The dress without a panel trimming ia
too far out of style to be of any consideration
whatever, the more elaborate
this panel is the more stylish it is.
Beautiful passementerie of silver and / ,-j
gold embroidery has the effect of solid '" -u
metal but is very light, the wrought de
sign beiDg carried out in tinsel threads,1
A decided departure quite new this
season is seen in waterproofs, the brocades
in neutral shades of fine silk
dressed with rubber are seen for the first
time in America and are greatly admired.
On fine lampas cloth one may find embroidered
designs which make the most
charming trimming for "white cloth costumes.
These bands are in different
widths for panels .and for trimming the
1 he metal cord and tassel in the Maria
Stuart style is a very stylish trimming,'
and one which will prove very attractive.
It is worn in form of a girdle and . 4
confines the loose Fedora front of a stuff
gown very prettily.
The new bordered woolens are made
up for misses' spring gowns into a plain
lower skirt, with the border at the foot,
and sash or apron drapery and a basque
olnninnr nw.iv from A fathered vest of soft
sifk or?fine white wool.
The byzantine braids of rich tinsel
wrought with colors of brilliant hue are i
shown on white costumes and a brilliant
colored silk vest add to ita effectiveness. On
the imported models a colored sash ,
as well makes it even more gorgeous.
Perca'e and gingham gowns for girls
of ten to fourteen have round half-low
waists, with yokes of velvet, pointed to
the belt and worn over high white
muslin guimpes, or else are lapped from
left to right over a pleated plastron.
Among the season's high novelties are
dress patterns of cloth or other close
woven fabrics, with pinked open-work
borders in guipure patterns. Those for
the skirt are some twelve inches deep, ^
and all are lined with a fabric of a lighter
Costly beaded passeraeuteries arc in
true Oriental richness and effectiveness,
and these wiil be used very profusely
ou elaborate costumes. Considering the
beauty of such trimmings only tho
simplest forms are admissable in the deowma
AF th#* PAcfnmAa
A Valuable Confederate Cent.
Hon. George II. Wright, of Chuluota,
Fla., has in his possession a copper cent
which is worth several times it9 weight
in gold. It was coined by the Confederate
States of America and is modelled very
much after the cent of the United States.
It is claimed that but forty-two of tho
pieces were coincd before the die wna
captured and the manufacture of the coin
stopped. Of these it is believed that not
more than twenty are now in existence.
\s a curiosity it would probably bring
Englishmen are going to build a railway
' : A