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BBYOND THE MOUNTAINS.
Imbglad, so glad to know IWt Jost beyond the mountains, las the land of pure delight? Itokod of crystal fountains? Thelaad of youth, of lor* sublime; Tfc? farad where friends ne'er sever, Bat walk and talk, yes, on and on, Forever and forever. tkaow it's only just beyond 1%o rough and rugged bills. Where wo will meet chose gone before? Where there's no pains or ills; Aad we will take them by the hand, Worget death's chilling river, Aad in tbe sunshine of His love We'll live and live forever. ayond the mountain's snow-crest peaks, Beyond the sunset's glory. We'll find a land where all is love? The land of ancient story; She land of peace, of milk and wine, Where* is no fitful fever: Whore crystal streams we've seen In dreams Flow on and on forever. Bejrood the mountain high and blae, Bey?oad the stars above it; Beyond the sun with dazzling glow, Beyond all we can covet? k m sweet home for you and me Beside the golden river, where friends will meet and loved oa?3 greet, And live and love forever. Sia not far beyond the hills, Beyond the sunset's splendor, To where we'll meet on Eden's shore 3b sunshine calm and tenderWhere hearts will no more be bowed down, or hands with cold will shiver. But vespers whisper sweet and low, Forever and forever. Jb that fair land are many eyes Awatchins for my coming; in the shade of sylvan boughs A true love-song are humming. Iknow they'll take me by the hand So help me o'er the river, Where I can view elysian fields Forever and forever. llove to think of that bright land Where angry storms ne'er gather; Trinf??TT **7inrlc iL'tfli nKillmr* mail Are uot allowed to enter; Wbvrw all is gay, as blithe as May, And all is summer weather, And sunlight pure will light our way, Forever aud forever. m ?Picayune. ME. WINTHROPS COAT. BT STEWART CHAPLIN. Fr. Waldo Archer, the portrait painter, Ired, about three years ago, in one of those pretty studio buildings on ThirtyitvcQth street, in New York city. If jou have ever been through the street jou must remember the buildings? .Philadelphia pressed brick, each story set back further than the one below, and v-th a sloping roof of ground glass rising tock to the next story. Mr. Archer was not as well kDown Iken as he is know. lie had not as yet Minted that portrait of Leonard P. Jenkins, Vice-President of the Q., P. & W. PaUroad, which made such a stir at ffce spring exhibition at the Academy in I8S6. But he had already attained reasonable success, and had a pretty wife who was a painter, too?not of portraits, Vat of china?that dainty sort you have 1KB at the great china stores, wild roses %ith the morning dew on them and M?ckl>erry vines m their autumn colors. You felt almost certain you could see hem stir a little in some passing breeze, as jou looked at them. Xre. Archer had herself done the housework in the little fiat some time?she I d not nnd it much 01 a burden. And ?ovr, their only servant was an old col red man who had brought them a letter from some dear friends of theirs in the Sooth. He had come to New York to ]?ok up a child be had lost after the jrar, but had only found that the child was dead. The Archers did not know what to do -with the old mau, at tirst. He used to tome iu in the afternoon to see if they lad found him a place. Mr. Archer would be painting away at his easel on the blue < oat perhaps of General, or the ball dress of a laay of Jishion, and his wife would be fitting in her low, rattan chair reading aloud to him from Kobert BrowniDg or Dr. Holmes, or somj other of their favorite writers. whe:i there would come a knock d the door, and in would walk Alexander Maxwell St. Clair, bowing low and twinging back at arm's length his high, white leaver hat. He was a tall, gaunt old m.au, solemn 3b appearance until he began to speak, when his face lighted up finely. Mrs. Archer always laid her book ( down at once and asked him to be Mated, but he would only bow and |r smile, aau remain standing, and say, W>wing his head fluently while he apoke: "Well, sir, any news for me to-day, r:w He always said "Sir," but He evidently asked the question of both. There never was any news. Mr. Archer "loaned" him a little money now and then, "till he could find a place," and linally they took him themselves, in Mlf-defence, Mrs. Archer said, and he soon became an established member of Ike family. He could cook, and wash and iron, and ' sweep, and scrub, not ouly could, but did. He "tended" the door with much state and solemnity, made all the pur bases et the grocer's and butcher's, and, m fact, rendered life quite another thing lor Mrs. Archer. She said that formerly, when she read to her husband from Whittier or Lowell, she was always seeing visions of boiling potatoes and baking bread floating between the lines. How Bhe turned all such visions over to Alexander. One day a handsome carriage with a iaint red monogram ou the |>anel, topped before Mr. Archer'3 building, and in a few moments a geutleman was shered in by Alexander?.Mr. Winthrop. Mr. Archer knew the name. He had ?een it in the papers often. And he knew where Mr. Winthrop lived, in a irreat, double, browu stone house, wiih guttering plate-glass windows, on Ki th aveane, a corner house wiih a square oriel window projecting diagonally from the orr.er ou the second floor. Mr. V, iiuhrop had seeu some of Mr. Archer's portraits at the Academy Kxkibitiou. and recently hud i tea" especially pleased with oue he saw at a friend's house oa Fifty-seventh street. He wanted to have Mr. Archer paint his portrait, and had come to arrange for the first sitting. They agreed on Wednesday of the following week for the time, and at two 'clock on that day Mr. Winthrop's carnage brought him again. He had Alexander go down to the carriage and bring up a package containing Prince Albert coat he was to wear durimg the sittings, So he put it on, and alter much discussion and many experiments as to his position, he was Anally ted and Mr. Archer was at work. Now the coat was a handsome one. Alexander had seen handsome clothes in his day, at the South, and he noticed this one as soon as it appeared on the scene. The material was a rich diagonal, and i( was lined and faced with expensive silk, and fitted like a glove. When Mr. Winthrop went away thai day, he left the coat. ' I will leave it," he said. "I should be sure to forget to bring it every time." Alexauder wrapped the coat up and put it awny on a closet shelf. After that Mr. Wint rop came nearlj every "Wednesday, for a good manj weeks, and then the portrait was finished at last, ana was sent away, ic mam a line picture. Mr. Winthrop was a tall, well-built man, with a strong, vigorous face a little Hushed, and a bushy head ol hair just beginning to turn gray, anc Mr. Archer had caught bis best ex> prcssiou perfectly. Every one who sa^ it was delighted. Mr. Winthrop and Mr. Archer had be comc very good friends, and Mrs. Archei h'id fallen into the way of sitting in the studio while the work \vn3 going on, wit! her painting or sewing. Bat Mr Winthrop was a busy mau, and after th< picture was done it w;is a long timenearly a year?before he came again. One day the carriage brought him once mo: e. The An hers were both al home. Mr. Archer was at work jusi then on a port: ait or a pretty cnua wul blue eye? and sunny hair, dressed ie black velvet. They had a very pleasan' half-hour together, and then Mr. Win throp rose to go. "Oh, by the way," he said, as he stood by the door, "it just occurs to me that ] ha e a coat here. I forgot it when ] went away. That was a favorite coat ol mine, if you can lay your hand on it now, without trouble, I'll take it." "Oh, surely, said .Mr. Archer. "I'll let Alexander get it," said Mri\ Archer. "Coat?" said Alexander, when he was summoned in, "Coat?"?I wish I could give you his voice, a9 well as his words, ?the strong raeiancholy in its tones, and a faint, illusive accent,?too faint anc too illusive to be' represented at all it type. "Don't you remember the Prince Al bert coat 1 had here, Alexander?" asked Mr. Winthrop. "Steius's if I did, now," said Alexander, bowing his head, a littlo on on< side, at short intervals, and looking steadily at his own boots. "Seems's if i recalls that coat, an' yet"? "Oh yes. Alexander," said Mr. Archer, "of cou:se you remember that coat, Go and look for it. It must be her* somewhere." Alexander shambled about the studio, looking not only in the closets, but ic all sorts of impossible places, undei ! chairs and behind boxes and pictures. Theu he went shu:fiing through th< ' other rooms, noi-ily openiDg drawers,inspecting shelves, looking into trunks. Mr. Winthrop resumed his seat,mean ! while, and the talk ran on again. Bui ! Mrs. Archer exchanged looks with hei 1 husband. j Alexander returned after a short time. "I can't seem to fin' no coat about," he said, bowing and bowing, and lookI ing at the floor, and the ceiling, and the pictures, and everywhere but at Mr. Archer. "Somefin must have happened j to that coat." "I will look lor it rayseir, Alexander, said Mrs. Archer, in a tone of displeas: ure, and so she departed and looked through the drawers and trunks aud closets, but with no better results, j "Well, Mr. Winthrop," she said, ae she came back, 'Hhere certainly issomei thing mysterious about the disappearance ; of that coat. I cannot find it. But we i will have a thorough search for it, and will send it to you." I So Mr. Winth op went rolling awaj in his cairiase." | "Alexander," said Mrs. Archer, when i he was cone, "don't vou remember that 1 coat Mr. Winthrop left here:" ! "Coat*" said Alexander, bending his j head on one side aud beginning to bow, i ''why, yes, I do reraemb' that coat I perf'ly." "Anddid you really look for it just 1 now as hard as you knew how?" j Well," s.iid Alexander, as if weighj ing his words very carefully, "well, now, not just as hard as I has sometimes done thiugs: well, no." "And did you really expect to find it where you looked "Well, now,' said the old man, "jus1 where I look, why, no, I can't say I die expec' to see it ..us' there." ; "Alexauder," said Mrs. Archer, in i severe tone, "I believe you have nevei told me a falsehood, bo you know where that coat is?" I "Well, now," he said, "Isupposeldc know where th.t coat is, well, yes." "Why, I am shocked, Alexander,' said Mrs. Archer. "*Vhere is it? Whc has it? Have you sold it?" "No." "Uivea it away ?" j *l>0. "O, Alexander, have you been wear ing that beautiful coat?" i 4,Well, now Mis' Archer," said Alex 1 auder, looking her in the face now, anc holdiug up two black hands with theii | white palms toward her, "if you wil i pause & momene, I wish to say a few words to save ray character from sacri ! lege. I have not wore that coat." I "Who did?" ' "Well, Mis' Archer, Mr. Archer have ; that very coat on hisself, this verj | minute!" Alexander's feelings here overcame ; him, and he turned and fled to th< kitchen. j Mr. Archer tore off his coat and looked ! at the tailor's name. "I never had h m make me a coat,' he said. "Why, this does look lik< the coat, to be sure. But it looks like my coat, too, only a great deal better.' I "0 Waldo!"' was all Mrs. Archei could say, as she sank into her low wickei chair. 1 "Don't you remember," he said, hall !a -ghing and half in consternation, "that 1 have said several times lately that I mu<t be growing stout, my coai was getting so tight j" Mrs. Archer nodded and laughec again. Fro.ii the kitchen came afaintsnickcr, It was the first time they had evei kuown Alexauder to give way to levity, "I shall sit ritfht d>wn and write tc Mr. Winthrop," said Mr. Archer,' finally. "I can't send h m the coat now, but I'll tell him I'll paint him a pictun to console If in for his loss." And he did.? Youth's Coiiijmiii >:>. A N >i;s. Smokeless Locomotive, A novel lo omotive engine has beer on cxh bit'on at ."almyra, Wis. Excep the noise of its wheels moving upon iror rails it is noiseless and smokeless. Th< steam after use in the engine is con ! densed in a new manner, and the watei at the boiling point is re-used. All tin wheels of this locomotive are diive j wheels, being ko arranged as to give then easy control of the car on curves and oi J uneven tracks. j J. F. Morris, of Brunswick, Ga., ha) a curiosity in the shape of a postal card, ' on which are wrirten 1400 words, whicl i can be plainly read. , WOMAN'S WOULD. i PLEASANT LITERATURE FOR ! FEMININE READERS. Favorite Tints for Gloves. Good Housekeeping gives its readers this [ | information about the kind of gloves \ worn by ladies this season: "The fa[ ; vorite color for the coming season with ! refined women is a dull tan color, r 1 although there are beautiful old mode j ! colors imported in button suede gloves, I and three shades of gray?silver gray, the 5 medium gray and iron gray. 1 he inoaquetaire suede glove in pnie tan color is j a regulation glove for evening wear. ; ' These gloves range in lengtn Irom a sixj button length to gloves long enough to . reach to the shoulder. Mosquetaire I gloves for evening are also imported in black, pearl gray,cream white and other . tints. The proper glove for brides is a . cream white mosquetaire kid, which ? should be long enough to fully turn the I ' plbow, with a dress with elbow sleeves." , | ] ! A Novelty In Albums. | A novelty in the way of a receptacle | for photographs was shown by a lady i who had just completed one for hei ; drawing-room. I'pon a piece of canvas t about twenty-five inches square had been i painted a design representing a bit ol t gray stone wall, with a window deeply t set in. Around the outer edge of the - | window fell a graceful vine, while upon the stone sill was placed a jar of purple I 1 and white lilacs. Diagonally across the [ bottom of the canvas had been placed a [ ?econd piece forming a pocket, the scene I j being painted over it so as not to break t the design. Into this pocket was thrust i two or three photograph?, while the back ' ?^ AAnOTMR aiina 1 itlA/l VTT1 fr Vl Vino ITlf aofl'n Ui vlio tan ro5 was nucu nii<u uj forming several roVs of pockets?enough I to contain an indefinite number of pic? . hires. This canvas vras mounted like a L screen, and except for being smaller might easily hare been taken for a screen L by any one unacquainted with its use.? I New York World. I A Female Hermit. "Have you seen Rosanna?" is the ques I Hod, says a Virginia correspondent oi the Baltimore Sun, put to all newcomers - to Jordan's. Rosanna is one of the i; "points of interest." An eccentric r, maiden of some sixty summers, living 1 alone in a frame cabin on the hill above j us, wearing raiment cut from grain -! sacks, a hood of sheepwool, military ' boots and a belt, the buckle of which J i bears the letters C. S. A. Having been left an orphan many years ago aud i falling heir to many acres of land, she I ccfohtioVinr] n valnohlp fnim well HfnplfpH ' with horses and cattle. Her losses by the raids through the valley were so J heavy that her faith in mankind was shaken. Her life has since been a goli; tary one, permitting no companions but her dog, sheep, cows and pigs. She t ploughs, sows and reaps her own fields, f j refusing to employ male help. She is i intelligent to a surprising degree, a 1 bright conversationalist, clothing hei ' sentences in choice English. > Improvement of the Hair. : | But hair must be carcfully cultivated to grow even in length, supple, silken , ind gra eful in color. Everything is encouraging for the improvement ol ' hair if time can be given it. The same treatment will not do for different kinds 1 of hair by any means. Strong, stiff, naturally moist hair needi a weekly 1 shamnooino' and dailv and niehth brushing, with exposure to the morning 1 and evening sun, which is a great stimu1 lant to the hair. Thiu, soft, drj hair needs tender care, but with either the first step toward improvement is thor' ough washing of the scalp and hair, which collects dust its entire length. To cleanse it the various alkalies, borax, ' ammonia, carbonate of potash and washing soda are used, and the strong hair 1 will bear them, but they burn the life out of thin, dry hair. ' The Venetian ladies drew tteir hail through a crownless hat and let it ' stream over the brim to dry, and you may follow the example, sitting in the sun if poisible an hour. Light is a great stimulant and preservative to hair, and 1 it is well to open it when dry and let the wind blow through. The sun will ' cause the natural oil of the hair to flow , ?or the head may be held to the fire till . the dry hair feels moist. A smart brush1 ing ni^ht and rnorniug, careful braiding before slet-p, and an hour spent once s 1 month clipping forked ends, will insure a ! rapid growth of hair, if the general healtli ' is good, without other treatment. II you want a stimu'aut at night rub a little 1 * ' ? .v . . - . e i.1 1 _ ' oil oi lavenaer m rne roois 01 me nan , with a shampoo brush. Do not irritat< the scalp by harrl blushing. Regu'ai 1 care is better than overdoing.?Slurlcij ' Dare. Ornaments of Peafowl Feathers. i The prettiest story that has rorae acro9! the water for this long time, sajs "Woo i Gatherer" in the ew York Comnur in j Adier'incis t:iat about Princess Mauc of Wales, who, it issaid, gathers pe.ifow [ feathers from the royal barnyards, beside! begging them of hi r friends as well, and ' works them up into dainty hind screen! ' | that are afterward sold at fancy fairs foi | the benefit of poor children, and fetch s : pietty penny. Apropos of whi(*h, th( ' : Wool Gatherer would tell all who inr j ti ne to fol'ow the royal lead, either foi i the sake of sweet charity or the adorn' ment of their own abiding places, thai J ihe soft, smoke-gray down of wing and fail co-.etts is the be.-<t Dossible edsrina . fo.- such screens, and that by peeling the , iuner edge of the long tail feathers thej | may get something for covering tee * i bundle* that can be woven in and out, ) 1 a terdivers fashion1, and closely approach I the effect oi' basket-carved ivory. In the r I So: th, before the war. a peafowl feather r j "fly bru-h" was the essential mark ol .! gentility, and the Ion# handle w s alf 1 ways rovcred with weaving of the ' ( shredded stems. The small slave ^ who "kept off flics1' ha l a tale:! ior goi::g to sleep in an upright I position,'and generally managed to hit the master or the guest of the occasion ai lean once, and more often twice oi ' thrice, in the course of a meal, while the r | butter and the old fashioned high silver ' ; "casters'* were almost e ,ujlly favorite , ' points of attack. During the war pea; lowl feather fans, made by se.ving the ' small eyes or neck and breast feathers upon pas;aboard or palm leave5 were all : thei::ye. and some that linger in 0111 memory were of workmanship so exijii s'te that they would not suffer by contrast with the feather fans now im1 i | ortid. Mut altogether the most artistic ' use of such plumage was made by an old 1 i ladv so drawn and twisted with rheu5. matism that she could barely use the ' | iiugers of one hand. She was much ri alone and reading after a while palled 3 i on her. In youth she had been a flower J maker, and when one day her small 1 grandson lilted her lap with bright feath1 ers she amused herself and him by clustering them up after the manner ol rose petals. From that she began to i form them into blossoms of all sorts? , roses, camellias, pinks, asters, dahlias l! and so on, using the plumage of wild | birds in natural tinti, those of geese, - ' i docks and pigeons for the white flowers, and making leaves for all of the smal green and blue-green feathers from th( peafowls' neck and breast Though nol exactly natural looking, many ot the sprays and bouquets were really artistic, while their construction served to fill with interest m ich time that would i otherwise have been intolerably lonely. Homo Perfume Distillation. Women generally have a habit of tuct *?- 12**1? 4- av* in fVioit 1 Illg lUllC ua^3 Ul oa^ucu punuwi iu bureau drawers and pinning them in theii i dresses, b::t they as generally are indiscriminate in choosiDg the odors, somei times buying heliotrope, sometimes violet, and again rose. There is much mo:e refinement and daintiness of feel? ing, beside a quaint, and certainly sweet, i coquetry, in keeping always a perfume of one's own; it becomes theu almost a part of one's being. If one is fond of the . fragrance of the rose an investment in a i few of the long, peculiar vials containi ing atlar of rose and keeping them in ' various places amid the possessions is a much more enduring way of perfuming than using sachet powder. However, , the best way of using s;.chet powder is to make a thin pari, the size of each . bureau drawer and trunk tray, of thin , s lk or cotton and one layer of cotton wadding, over which the sachet powder ' is sprinkled, leaving one end but loosely sewn, so that the scent may be easily re, newed. The faint-tinted cheesecloths - j /? 4.1.; j win:-n come now are very gooa iur mu , purpose. If a dozen of these pads are , made at some leisure time the size ol k one's trunk they will be found extremely , convenient to lay between dresses. It ia also a good plan when a new dress come: home to have a tiny bag of scent at once serfn into the waist. Kew beginners at concocting the pot-pourri for the rose , jars are apt to use too much spice; essential oils are much better than any spices. Our grandmothers well knew the de! light of stealing the perfume from the t flowers, and their "still-room," where . were all conveniences for this, was a part of the machinery of every home. Id our country vast quantities of flowers gc to waste and we send to France for oui perfumes, yet nothing is easier nor more r womanly than to make the perfumes frnm Annr/iro wVlirh W6 U9e. IntO J large, flat, clean ear then ware vessel poui , some purified fat, lard and suet mixed, , I warm su iiciently to make it liquid. Throw into it as many scented flowers ol one kind as it will contain. Let rem&ir twenty-four hours covered, then straic L off the fat and add more flowers, repeat ing the process every day for a week. The method of liberating this essence ol of flowers from the fat is very simple, j Permit it to harden, cut into small cube: I and put into spir ts of wine. The deli ( cate odor immediately transfers itsel: | from the coarse fat to the spirituoui solvent, and such a strength of perfumi . is procured with little troubie as woulc j cost a great deal at a perfumer's.? Ohitago Times. \ ; Fashion Notes. Black braiding is the rage just now. All white flowers are worn by brides Two materials are utilized in some o the wraps. i Silver and coral is the newest combi i nation in fancy jewelry. A conspicuous figure of walking jack ' ets are great fiat pockets. 1 Dull-surfaced cloths, elaborately braid , cd, are liked for short wraps. Artificial hops are a fashionable garni f i ture for black evening gowns, j Combinations of green with blue, brown, and Venetian red are seen. 1 Green, brown and terra-cotta is a fa vorite color combination in millinery. Ostrich plumage is used in unlimitec ' quantities to trim hats, but is seldon used upon bonnets. Mfttfllaaae nloakinrrsand brocatelles ar< I ? O ,' of such thickness that the raised figure I appear as if quilted. = Rope interlacing of gold and silve ; appears in the oruamention of brooches i; buttons, bracelets, etc. ' I Hears' fur and others of long, shaggy ; fleece prom'se to be fashionable trim ' miDga oa winter cloaks. ' I Various shades of gray green and gra; | blue are conspicu-m* in the recent im" j | portations of dress fabrics. , I Some of the new ribbons are stripec P in three tones, with a narrow stripe o [ satin separating the shades. i' Nearly all of the browns show yellow i i?h tints this season, except the time f honorud fa orite, seal brown. ) | New walking boots are lacsd in front r, the uppers being made of the material o ; the dress and foxed with russet. Spectacle cases of silver gilt, orna ' mented with Moorish designs M colore) enamels, are both light and handsome. 'Ihe latest addition to the gray shade 1 are crepuscule, of twilight gray, cor | done, a wood gray, and c.ichoue, rubbe i ?ray[ Tolaire is a cold, grayish blue, anc [ particular stress is laid upon the state . mcut that it is the color of the north L polar sky. j | The wide Empire sash, passed twici : \ around the waist and knotted low on on i sidi', is seen on numbers of imported fal s' costumes. j The very latest fancy in waists o ' j gowns for grown women is the guimpi j bod ce, very much like the guimpe waist '; of little giris. | j Tarn down collars of lace are agaii | popular, and they are made of blacl ' j Chantiily and cream white Oriental lace; ' in various shapes ! The silks of our grandmothers are re [ a^pL-ariug, and they aie especially suita ,' ble for the Empire and Directoire coa . tuines now in vogue. "' The new French friezes are among th< ' warmest tieece-woven cloaking that come i ' for children's wear. They are very ! thick, but light as a feather. ;} The newest ribbons for dainty articles ;: of lingerie are of grosgrain, with straighl ' j satin edges. Watered ribbons with 1 j feather edges are still used, however. New waterproof garments come in the ;! form of loose fitting Uaglans and New' i markets with capes, and in plaid*, 1 checks and stripes, with tine velvet tinish. The ends of ribbon bow3 and the fringes of cut cloth are given the finish 1 of passementerie spikes ur balls on man;. ,. of the dressiest garments for b.g aud lit; tie people. i Velvet is still the favorite finish foi : | corsages, and appears in collars, cuffs, j vests and revers. Moire is still u*ed to | a limited extent, but faille or royale silk j is preferred. The china crape collarette is of all colors, sometime matches the gown, but more often is in contrast, is always stiff]j fluted, and sometimes edged with a buttonhole scallop in silk floss. . After a lengthened period of trying and severely simple fashions of wearing the hair, there is a return to elaborate and pictureaQue coiffures, which will in many cases necessitate the use of heavj plaits, twitches, etc. a * ' ' " ' i WALKING STICKS. i t , THEIR ORIGIN AND HOW THE! CAME INTO USE. I I Abraham the First Man to Us? i Can??Walking Sticks iii Modern Times?The Cane as a Deacon's Badge. The antiquity of the cane or walking stick is a little obscure. Here and then history has mentioned a walking stick i but the article in those times, like th< people, seemed best qualified for war Abraham introduced the fashion o nflrrwiniT afiolra WllPtl Via WPnk 1111 intr "-""J *"b " -r ' the mountains to sacrifice his son he toot ; a stick with him as a companion. Ther i Moses smote a rock with a rod and th< , rock immediately gave forth water. Th< three wise men from the East are painted, i though not described, as carrying sticky , and it id often mentioned in iiiblica ; history that shepherds u-ed a two-storj walking stick to guard their Hocks, dogs i not being generally known in thos< l days. Adonis, the Adonis of mythology, h;.d a sort of walking stick given him t that was magical in its power, but h( paid little attention to his present, hav> ing a mania*, for the cross bow. And . with a short jump into Greece, jusl > across the Hellespont, the Alemann: i carried short, thiok sticks as aidearm: i to their broadswords. ! Having apparently fulfilled their mission as wcapogs of war, walking sticks i fell into disrepute. For centuries noth i ing was heard, or at least nothing wa? i written about them that outlived time. ; ! In the last chapters of media-val history nn m n fA iko frAnf hllf flQ Oil ) . tliCjr V/HU1U bu UUV 1IVUV, MMK Ms, ?u H. v.v? of preserver's wardrobe instead of thede I stroyer. It is said that in the sixtcentt century physicians began tie carrying i of canes as an emblem of their o.iice. In > the court of France, in the days of th< i latter Louis, the court physician carriec i a hollowed cane tilled with smelling ) ?alts.^ The custom extended to England, ; and in the canes of some of the physl ? j cians all sorts of medical properties wer< i j stowed. The fashion developed into th< 11 doctor placing disinfectants in the cham r ' ber of his walking stick when he wa i obliged to associate with contagious dis< , j eases. I It seems that "the Mexicans first usee i ' canes in America. Whe the Spanisl i j conquered the country a queer custon was introduced. The chief executive oi , ! the town carried a st ck with a gold 01 f j silver head. It was a kind of sceptre. The people, ol course, rareiy Knew now 3 to read or write, and when any one was wanted for a crime one of the Mayor') (' subordinates would take the cane, find 3 the culprit and place it horizontally upor 3 the latter'8 chest. The proceeding was 1 equivalent to a summons, and the mar - J had to appear before the Mayor undei the penalty of being cast into prison. This custom was borrowed from Spain, where it still prevails in the more inr portant sections. The English, first to dispense with th< sword, doubtless originated the scheme j of using a cane as an article of fashioc merely. It is said of Dr. Johnson, the philosopher of the last ceutury, that h( " had a weakness for canes which grew out of a prospective slander. Samuel Foote was an actor of very little merit, but as a mimic ai d caricaturist j:rob . ably never had an equal. Foote was a ' cripplc, having but one leg. Johnsoc aiected to despise him. Foote wai i anxious to obtain recognition from sc great a man, and he thought it would ! gain him the acquaintance of the philosoi pher and the applause of the public il he would mimic Johnson. He thereupor *! announced that he would burlesque hint J on the stage. Johnson learned ?f Foote'f i intentions. "How much can a stout cane be pur , chased for?" he asked of a friend. I j "Half a crown," was the reply. "Then," commanded Johnson, in hit peremptory way, "here is a crown. 13uj 1! me a doubly stout one. I'll make thai ' ' fellow walk with no legs." | Shortly after Johnson died the walk 1 in?? stick fell into disuse. A crutch madi | T shape was airected for a while, bui i never gained popularity, and the walk j | ing stick cariic to the front once more | and its place as an assistance to gentle ! manly carriage has never since beet j | usurped. I I The cane of early American history, i like that of Biblical times, was part o! j the repertory of the leaders of the Church. It was the principal badge ol the deacon. The cane was about fiv( feet long. One end was embellished j with a big nob, the other with feathers. ' When the small boy rebelled against th< I straight-backed pew he got a rap on th< head with the uncharitable end of th( 1' cane. If the head of the family got t< j dreaming about his old English hom< I; and the cosy little nest in one of th< : shires the turkey's plumage on th< j I deacon's cane feathered the sleeper int< I Hfft acrfrin. . ?%> ?o j The Irish have always been associated with a blackthorn stick of short acc thick dimensions. They used thesi queer little sidearms in the invasions oi the English kings and in the religious ? wars. Even in its unpolished state th< e blackthorn stick is one of the mos ' cherished by cane connoisseurs.?Net York Graphic. [ Fishint? for Fish. Sir James Crichton-Browne tells, ii 1 an English magazine, the story of ai i amateur angler who went to fish in i f Scotch stream, provided with the fines) rod and reel that money could buy, thf . most invisible tackle, and the most im . proved fly-hooks. He threshed th< . water for hours without getting a nib ble. and then had the mortification o , seeing an old fisherman near him pull ou: j the trout by dozens, with nothing but t ' bit of stick, a string aud a hook baited with worms. The amateur angler looked on puzzled and disappointed, and thee 1 went up to the old man and asked him "What is the meaning of this? How 1 comes it that I, with the many perfect appliances, can catch nothing, while ! you, with only the clumsiest of tooli, arc so successful?" ,;Themeanin'o't," the old man made answer, "I take to be this, sir: that I'dg fiishin' for fish, an' ye're fishin' foi ; fun.' i ? A Credulous Farmer. A queer case of ciednlity has come tc light in Carlisle. For three weeks a band of gypsies were cn. amped neai Littlestown, a village just across the Cumberland line, in Adams County, and on Wednesday Jacob Eelker, an old farmer, conferred with them and was told that any money he might hide on a certain spot on his farm would double itself in a night. To te-%t the matter he placed $10 in deposit and the next mornng found $20. This so elated him that he went to the Littlestown Bank, drew ; out $800, and deposited it, but next morning, to his dismay, the $300 was gone, and so were the gypsies. The ; gypsies were captured and four of theii number lodged in jail in Adams County. Philadelphia Timot. Waiting for a Ballwaj Collision. "Ours is a profession that tries men's soul," said a train despateher. "Not . withstanding that m late years the different railways have adopted rules which thoroughly systematize the business, even with all the safeguards a little . bit of carelessness or dereliction of duty 1 is liable to cause trouble, and not only ! loss of property, but in many instances is attended with loss of life. "I remember some years ago when I had charge of trains on a Southern road, where te.egraph offices were few and far > between, of giving an order to the 2 operator at a certain station to hold the i north bound passenger train for orders. 3 so that I might help the south bound passenger train to make its meeting * point, the latter being somewhat late. > The operator pepeated the holding order, i L for wn cn 1 gave him *U. K- I tnea | 1 gave the southbound train an order to use some of the north-bound train's time j to make the meeting point. Instead of ; holding the north-bound train for orders, 1 the ope:ator let it go by h m. The road . was crookcd, and as both trains were I between telegraph stations, I started to | walk the floor and wait until I should | hear of their coming together. The suspense was terrible, almost unfitting me for my other duties. As good luck would have it, the north-bound train, which had undisputed right of the road, was delayed before reaching the meeting point. When the first traiiwreached a telegraph station I felt relieved, but the strain had been so terrible on my nerves that I wns not good for much for several days, and the experience will ever remain in my mind.?tit. Louit Globe-Democrat. Maryland's Bivalve Industry. DuriDg the oyster season about nine hundred oyster punjie3 and bugeyes from Baltimore, Aid., with an average of seven men each, and about one thour sand boats of other descriptions, with [ an average of three men each, make a 5 total of over nine thousand men that I are dredging, tonging and scraping the r Chesapeake bay and its tributaries for ' Maryland's favorite bivalve. If to these . we add the trackers and farmers whose } fruit and vegetables find their way into > the tin can, and the boxmakers, solder. makers, railroad and steamboat trans5 portation men, draymen, and the bro, kers, commission men and storekeepers who handle the packed goods, it is 1 hardly too high an estimate to say that t one-fifth of the people of this State are j directly or indirectly interested in the f canned goods business. Al out eight million bushels of oysters are taken annually from the Chesapeake r bay and its tributaries. I.arge quantities , j of raw oysters of select size are shipped j j annually in square cans, which are I packed in ice, and very large quantities j J are shipped in barrels, being kept cool in 5! trausit by a liberal supply of ice. All , canned oysters that have been steamed r enough to take the ^loss from the oyster, and have then been put into hermetically sealed cans, are called ''cove oysters." j ! About three million bushels of oysters go annually into "cove oysters," and re, quire about twenty-two million cans to j' contain them. Baltimore city packs [ j nearly all the "cove oysters" that are , i packed in this State and nearly all in the j [ I'nited States.? Pacayune. r ~~^ [ A Code of Barber's Ethics. f One of the most interesting things which the German papers have been writII ing about lately is the establishment of i; a code of barbers' ethics. It appears )! that some time ago a call was issued for > a Congress of Barbers to asse nble at I Berlin. Four hundred of them responded and there was an interesting meeting f which lasted three days. When they t adjourned they had formulated a code of II trade ethics, which is well worth the i attention of their American brethren. Here are some of the new regulations: ! In future the operation of shaving must I invariably be begun on the left cheek, ! and the old style over there of applying ?' the lather to the face with the hand r i must be stopped and brushes used for t that purpose. No barber will be per| mittca to remain a member of the asso : ciation who persists in holding a customer 1 3 by the nose while shaving him. To t their everlasting credit be it recorded - that a majority of the Congress decided I , that in so fur as talking to customers I was concerned a great reform was necesi rary, therefore they decreed that the 1 barbers should confine themselves to the , careful shaving or hair cuttiug of thefr f patrons and not allow their tongues to : ramble during the operation over the I domain of politics, commerce and j J philosophy, literature and the arts. Still I the Congress has left a loophole ior escape, siuce on motion of a Hamburg ) barber it was resolved that an observa} tion on the weather by way of greeting i or farewell would not imperil an artist's > standing in the association.?New York i j Graphic. ? ??n 3 A Kentncky Terror. }. "Do you remember Craig Tolliver," said a drummer to a Chicago Mail re! porter, "who was shot about a year ago? I, I wa^ down in that section of Kentucky 5 just before he was killed, and was in ^ Morchead on circus day. If you were J never in a country town on circus day, a, let me tell you, you never want to be. , Tolliver was known throughout Kastern 0 Kentucky as the terror of Rowan County. He was as nervy as he was wicked, and with a little, whisky aboard and a brace of good pistols, which were part of his being,he would face a band of Comanche 1 Indians. The day I refer to Cooper & 1 Uailey'S CirCUS ^1 imiin. luau ww mo 1 name) gave a performance in Moiehead, t the county scat of Rowan, and Tolliver 5 came to town to see the show. He was ; loaded with tanglefoot whisky and the JI butts of two large navy revolvers pro trnded from his hip pockets. While f I watching the man in a ticket wagon t1 selling tickets an idea struck him. He * went around to the opposite side of the 1 : tent, cut a long slit in the canvas, piuned 1 b:tck the ends and proceeded to admit 1 the people at half rate, in opposition to : j the wagon at the main entrance. Those ' who had no money were passed in com: pLmentary. ! "The circus people came down upon ? him with a whoop, but he used forcible arguments, and handled his navies so ! gracefully that the show contingent ac? cepted the situation and made the best ' of a bad state of affairs. Prehistoric Fish in Solid Rock. A most remarkable discovery has been > made at the Salomonic Quarries in Indii ana. The blasts at this tjuarry are set " off by a battery, and are very powerful. llcceutly a blast opened up a tissue i which was filled with clear water, brackish to the taste. The hole was i about twelve inches wide, ten feet long ? and eight feet deep, the bottom and insides being solid rock, and completely i isolated. The water in it was as in a ; marble basin. In the water were found ' numerous fish and frogs, which differed from the ordinary species in that they had no eyes. From the surroundings t it would seem that the fish and frogs ' i, had lived there thousands of years. ' Several places in these quarries show traces of volcanic action. ? Commercial Enquirer. j POPULAR SCIENCE. There is no known antidote lor ciorat* of potash poisonmg. One of the latest advances in electrical illumination is the lighting of the Liondon omnibuses with electricit y. The British Hedicai Association has investigated 4234 cases of diseased lives, taking them from 25 years of age npward. A French savant, M. dc Bcc, says that the nose is losing its function among civilized people. When the sense of smell vanishes the nose will have to go too. A Buffalo fN. Y.) teacher of chemistry is reported to have discovered a method of refining Ohio petroleum, which till now has refused to give up its extra charge of sulphur. Dr. Isaac Ott has showed by cases of disease that there are points in the brain ?on the furface and at the base?whose function it is to preside over and keep onnatnnt thfi nf th? hndv. vv.v...? """"" ? -* J A medical writer says that sleeping on the left side favors bronchitis, aqjl sleeping on the right side increases a tendency to constipation, while sleeping on the back produces frightful dreams. Among recent achievements in photography is a portrait copy taken by the light of .a Cuban fire beetle in thirty seconds and a photograph of the aurora borealis. To obtain the latter had been declared an utter impossibility. Mr. Gladstone, who is one of the best examples of physical preservation extant, eats simple meals, with claret for lunch, and claret or champagne and always port for dinner. A formula of his is to cnew every morsel thirty-three times. It is found that nearly every kind of glass; especially that containing manga* nese, is liable to a change of color by the action of sunlight, but the glass can be restored to its orig nal color by heat. Stained glass in windows thai has changed tint through solar action can thus be restored by heat. It is stated that "a grayish black coloring may be obtained on copper by placing the object for treatment, after being well cleansed, in a weak solution of flour of sulphur. When a caustic effect has, after a short time, been produced, the ob ect is rinsed, slightly heated ana brushed with a stiff brush. Mount Elbriz, in the Caucasus, has been ascended. The hero of the aareature is Baron Ungern Sternberg. At an altitude of 15,20u feet he discovered an enormous crater.. He speut three nights on the mountain at the successive heights of 'jOOO, 14,760 and 17,340 feet. Breathing was not attended with any difficulty. Dr. Cryer says, in the Philadelphia Medical Timet, that he has, among his patients, members of the same family, representing five generations, each lacking the left lower lateral incisor tooth. An interesting feature of this romarkable instance of heredity is that one of the of the same familT has a super* numerary lower incisor. Dr. Shepherd expresses in the Lancet the belief that consumption is due to a constant irritation of the air passages, ! and that cold air breathed at night is one j of the greatest irritants. Those who lire | most of the time in the open air are tho I least likely to suffer from phthisis, be[ cause their lungs are so accustomed to | cold air as not to be irritated by it at j night. A recent analysis of the potat(^shows | that the starch in the tuber is'chiefly ' ot ft rnmnamtivelv late neriod of its growth. In an early stage the experij menter found of ash 10.8 and of starch J 16.4. The same variety yielded when near maturity but .70 of ash and 24.4 starch, showing that the proportionate increase of starch toward the end of tho growing season, was very great. There is much less water in a potato tuber toward the end ?f its growlh than in the earlier stages. It is from these facts that ''new" potatoes are more waxy than those that are ripe. An Improvised Air Gnn. It is generally known that air is an elastic substance, but few persons haTe any idea how extremely sensitive to ! pressure. A New York Mail ani Expre.$ I reporter had the fact impressed upon him by the humorous demonstration of a | professor in physics whom he had called j upon in a college laboratory. "Whtr# shall I nlace this empty bottle?" asked the professor's young assistant, taking from the table a widermouth bottle, which had been used in some experiment before the class. "Take care, that bottle is not empty!" replied the professor, carefully taking j the bottle from him, "there is something , very powerful in it." He then took * ~ small cork from the drawer and holding the bottle in a horizontal position placed the cork in the neck and said to the assistant: "Blow that cork into the bottle; we'll see if there is room for it." j The l ov brought his mouth quite near to n.Kiofo flin pnrlf was looselT lilU UJJCUiUg n uvtv buv vv*? # lyin? aud taking a long breath gave * sudden puff. To his great surprise the cork, instead of falling into the bottle trembled a moment where it lay and thra was forcibly blown into his faCfl. "You see," explained the professor, with a laugh, "that bottle is not empty. It is so full of air that no more can be blown into it. The only effect of blowing against the cork was to compress the air behind it, which is so elastic that the moment the pressure was removed it exj anded quickly aod forced the cork out of the neck, apparently against the current from your lungs. When you try the experiment with your friends you must see that the neck of the bottle is perfectly dry, or the cork will adhere to it and spoil the fun." Fecundity of Fish. It has been calculated that, as fish produce so many eggs, if vast numbers of the latter and ot the fish themselves were not continually destroyed and taken, they would soon tiil up every available space in theieas. For instance, from 00,0^,0,000 to 10,000,000 codfish are annually caught on the shores of Newfoundland. But even that quantity seems small when it is considered that each cod yields about 4,500,000 eggs every season, aud that even 80,000,000 have been found in the roe of ft single cod. Were the 00,000.000 of <od taken on the coast of Newfoundland left to breed, the :10,000,000 females producing *>,000,000 eggs every year, it would give a yearly add tiou of 150,000,000, 00.0,Otiu young codfish. Other fish, though not equaling the cod, are wonderfully prolific. A herring woighing 6 oz. or *" oz. is provided with about 30,. 000 eggs. After making all reasonable allowances for the destruction of eggs and the young it has been estimated that in three years a single pair of herrings would produce 154,000,000. Buffon calculated that, if a pair of herrings could be left to breed and multiply ua> disturbed for a period of twenty years, they would yield an amount of fish equal in bulk to the globe on which we live. Kerosene oil is responsible for ninetenths of the fires that take place ia China. / i