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ABBEVILLE, S. C. j Wednesday, Nov. 28, 1888; Twelve Pages. Concerning Xoisc. :'T can bear the heat very well," said J a student forced to spend a summer in j the city, "but I can not endure tliej noise." Possibly he did not stop to; consider that, in making such a dccla j ration, he placed himself, in illus i trious company. Thomas Carlyle "could not abide" a noise, especially flint- of fhp mnrninor r;rowimr of cocks. I Wallenstein, accustomed as he was toj the din of battle, had an unconquerable dread of the barking of dogs, andj even the clatter of the large spurs fashionable in his day. In order toj ensure quiet, he engaged twelve pa-i trols to make regular circuits about his house night and day. Neither Julius Csesar nor the philosopher, Kant, could tolerate the crowing of poor chanticleer, who. indeed, seems to have very few friends among flip sinrlinns and sensitive. Schopenhauer exceeds almost all lovers of quiet in the extravagance of his denunciation of noise. He declares that the amount which a man can bear with ease is' in inverse ratio to his mental power. "If I hear a dog barking for hours on the threshold of a house," he writes, "I know well enough what kind of brains I may expect from its inhabitants." A writer in the Popular Science Monthly asserts that noise is one of the most injurious influences of city life.) It may not be sufficiently loud to attract the' attention of those accustomed to it, but, if continuous, it acts as inevitably upon the nervous system as water in dropping upon a stone. Experiments made upon animals show that when they have been subjected, for a number of Lours, to the vibration of a tuning-fork, their nerve centers became irritated, as certainly ?" fiKore wAiil/1 Ka ofTontfifl P (19 iiiUOV/UlUL UVVXO uvwiu ww M"vwvv? by an acid or an electric shock. The injurious effect of ordinary noises has been recognized by the authorities of European cities, and, in some cases, the nuisance has been suppressed. Heavily laden carts are not admitted to certain streets of Berlin, and in others they are only allowed to , pass on condition that the horses walk. The street-cars of Munich have no bells, and those of us who live in places where these bells are not used on Sunday can testify to the relief atfonHonf nn Hie onncpnupnt, "npftrp and ' IVUUMU* V? quiet." The amount of the matter seems to 1 be that the city dweller must regard noise as one of necessary evils of his condition?one to be borne philosophically, and requiring a large stock of grace and patience. Happy, indeed, are they who, through the long, hot months, are only disturbed in their . morning slumbers by the song of the birds, or the crowing of cocks. lour Specialty. That means "excel at something. Make a specialty of something, and excel in it. Do not be content to do it well; do it in the very best, or most rapid, or in some distinguishing way, , by which you will come to be known in connexion with it. If it is bookkeeping, or sweeping, or drawing, put 7/ourself into it, and do it as others have dreamed it might be done. Do not be content to sing us well as Susy, or to sew as much as Mary, or to walk as rapidly and easily as your older sister. Find out how they did this thing, and then apply yourself to bring your .specialty, whatever it is, to perfection. It will require patience, industry, and self-sacrifice; but it will pay in the long run. Good work of any kind pays, and it is the only kind that pays. Accuracy pays ; so does rapidity ; I so, too, of neatness, thoroughness, audi other qualities which you will be cultivating, i>erliaps unconsciously, while! sounding the heights and depths of your specialty. And it pays, too, to hale a "specialty." So mauy people, are "bright," "quick," "intelligent,"; but almost useless to any one needing skilled help, because they have scattered their forces over too much surface. In twenty years you may learn to do one thing well, so well that you could command a price or a position anywhere ; but you can't have learned twenty equally well. Gather up your euergies, your time, resolution, patience, and talent (for you have a talent for something) for your specialty, and work right toward it. I mean, of course, make this your main business, and others subordinate to it. Try to do well "whatsoever your hands find to do," but bestow your greatest efforts on the oue thing. A good steer is worth more than an indifferent bull, and keeps with half the trouble. Fasting without almsgiving is a lamp without oil. f * Conycjlnj; ail Idea Dclicatcly. A prominent Albany clergyman, who lived for some years in the South I and is quite familiar with the typical plantation darkey, tells of a gentleman of his quondam acquaintance who had a faithful old body servant whose word, with his master, was law. liefore making an important purchase, or in fact taking any step which might have serious consequences, the old darkey retainer was consulted and his opinion was usually final. One day, however, the old servant was away f.om home, and in his absence the master made a purchase of j alior.se. wneiner or not me auuum was a line bargain the story does not explain, leaving it rather to be inferred from the old darkey's comment upon the matter when he returned. With some qualms of conscience and au inexplicable feeling of insignificance, the Master led the old servant into the stable and exhibited his < equine purchase. "Well, Sam," he said finally, breaking an awkward silence, "why don't you say something? What do you think of my bargain ?" < The old darkey scratched his white wooly head and answered slowly: : "Well, massa, I war tryin' ter t'ink ob i a varse from Scripcha dat 'pears ter me ter be applicable right heab. I can't somehow, git it into my ole head, but I know it ends wid de words, 'An' his money am soon 1 pa'ted !"?Albany Journal. The New England deacon of the olden time was gifted with piety, good 1 sense and an epigrammatic way of 1 speaking. In the "Tradition of the Bellows Family" mention is made of a Deacon Foster, of Walpole, who proposed to an aged widow by offering ' "to go the rest of the way to heaven with her." The offer was accepted. One morning he rode up to the door of a lady in great haste, and told her that a neighbor, Mrs. Carter, was in sore trouble, as she had been violently taken with a "serious and painful breaking-out about her mouth." The lady at once went to her house, ' and discovered Mrs. Carter going j about her duties, and nothing unusual! on her face. Surprised, she told her 1 of the deacon's message. "Well," answered Mrs. Carter, "I i know what he meant. When he came j this morniug, I was giving Ben Carter ? ?2 ? *? -T I?*3 frtv Ulo navolaoD- ^ a piece ui my uimu iui mo ness, and the good deacon thought my 1 temper made my speech a little un- ' scriptural." ' Misquoted Lines. , < It is a peculiar faculty of human memory to misquote proverbs and poe- , try, and almost invariably to place the credit where it does not belong. Nine men out of ten think that "the . Lord tempers the wind to the shorn lamb" is from the Bible, whereas, ( Lawrence Sterne is the author. ( Pouring oil upon the troubled wa- . * ? It 5 ? ? 1 <vn/v<nUn/] 4" V* /\ TT/\1 1V1 /V lers" IS U1SU ttSUHUCU IVJ mc iuiuuje whereas it is not there; in fact, no one knows its origin. ; Again, we hear people say: "The ; proof of the pudding is in chewing the string." This is arrant nonsense, and the proverb says: "The proof of the ( pudding is in the eating thereof, and ( not in chewing the string." Nothing is more common than to ( bear : "A man convinced" against his will, is of the same opinion still." This is an impossible condition of ( an opinion and at the same time hold to an opposite one. What Butler wrote . oont!il*1/> "tT/> fhat V>tW CUiJUClIUJ ocnoii/iu . WUMV complies against his will, is of his own opinion still." j A famous passage of Scripture is often misquoted thus: "He that is with- , out sin among you, let him cast the first stone." It should be : "Let him first cast a stone." Sometimes we are told: "Behold how great a fire a little matter kindleth," whereas St. James said: , "Behold how great a matter a little , fire kindleth," which is quite a differ- j ent thing. , We also hear that "a miss is as good as a mile," which is not as sensible or forcible as the true proverb: "A miss of an inch is as good as a mile." "Look before you leap" should be : "And look before you ere you leap." Pone is generally credited with hav- j iqg written, "Immodest words admit of no defense, for want of decency is , want of sense." They were written by | the Earl of Roscommon, who died be- } fore Pope was born. j ?!>* , Carful observation leaves little doubt ' that a moderate dose of beer or wine , would, in most cases, at once diminish the maximum weight which a healthy , person could lift. Mental acuteness, ] accuracy of perception, and delicacy i of the sense are all so far opposed by , alcohol, so that the maximum efforts : of each are incompatible with the indi- t gestion of any moderate quantity of , fermented liquid. A single glass will ( often suffice to take the edge off both mind and body, and to reduce their ca- , pacity to something below their perfection of work.?Dr. W. Brinton. j ? >? , , It is better to be nobly remembered < than nobly born. J; Ten Trne Friends. Ten true friend* yon have WTUrx <n o rnTP Upon cach side of you Go where you go. Suppose you ai e sleepy. Tlicy lielp you to bed; Suppose you are hungry, They sec that you're led. They wake tip your dolly And put on her clothes, And trundle her carriage Wherever she goes. They buckle your skate-straps, And haul at your sled: Are in summer quite while. And in winter quite red. Now, with ten willing servants So trusty and true, Pray, who would be lazy Or idle?Would you? Would you find out the name Of this kind little band ? Then count up the fingers On each little hand. Biographical Sketch of George IV Williams. The memoirs of an eminent bus iness man, one who from the smalles of beginnings, and by virtue alone o indomitable strength of will hai fought his way, against powerful con tending influences, to the front. rank) of his calling cannot fail to be inter esting and instructive. Such a gentle man is the subject of the present bio graphical sketch. George Walton Williams was bon in Burke County, North Carolina December 19th, 1820. The Williami family are of Welsh descent, havinj emigrated to America on account of re ligious persecution. In 1799, Edwan Williams, an enterprising member o the family from Easton, Mass., cam* South and located in Charleston, S. C. a few years later he removed to th< mountains of North Carolina, anc formed a partnership with Danie Brown, a successful farmer and mer chant. He soon afterwards marriet Mary Brown, daughter of his partner and, of their numerous children born George W. Williams is the fourth an< youngest son. When three years old his father, Major Edward Williams removed from North Carolina to th< more genial and fertile regions of Na coochee Valley, Ga., where he pur chased a large and valuable tract o land, and here, on the very border o Civilization, indabited princijjally b^ Cherokee Indians, Mr. Williams'; childhood and early youth wen passed. His father was a man o great energy, and through his untir ing exertions the fertile valley wa brought into a high state of cultiva tion. Major Williams first introducet herd's grass, timothy and clover, ant Bstablished cheese dairies, shoe factor ies and like improvements, and in thi; way did much to advance the agricul tural and industrial interests of North ?ast Georgia. Major Williams appreciated th< value of character, and trained hii 30ns to habits of temperance, industry and self reliance, setting before then In his own life a worthy example ai did his most excellent wife, a womai Df great energy, piety and benevolence The subject of this sketch, in hii fourteenth year, lost his good mothe ?a severe loss to one who was so mucl indebted to her for his early training and consequently home lost much o its attractions to him. "Ravine a nenchanfc for trading, hi; natural instincts led him to regard th< commercial world as his proper spheri Df action; he determined to try j wider field to develop his pent-up en srgies. Major Williams posessed horses, bug cjies and money, but as his son insistec an leaving home in Lis teens, the fa ther declined to offer him any facil ities, imagining that the inexperience! youth would return the sooner to tli< parental roof. Nothing daunted, th< boy set forth on his journey of 0111 hundred and fifty miles to Augusia Ga., in October, 1838. The young adventurer believed tlia "Where there is a will there is a way.' He started on his two strong feet propelled by a resolute will and untir Lug perservance. At that time then were but ten miles of railroads in tb< !*reat State of Georgia, and but a fev hundred in the whole South. Hat there been thousands they would no have availed a boy with only ten dol lars in his pocket. To lessen his ex penses, he made a bargain with a kini neighbor, who was going with his wagon loaded with the mountaii products to Augusta, Ga. He ussistei in cooking and scotching for his board The board, of course, was rough, ami the lodging at night on the ground but this out-door life developed tli< muscles, aud was an important train ing for a boy starting out iu life witl i determination to succeed. The jour aey of one hundred and fifty mil?! was made in seven days, at an expenst [>f twenty-five cents! He was now imong strangers, iu a strange land Fortunately, he procured a situation with Mr. Daniel Hand, in a whole sale grocery establishment, at th< nominal salary for the first year of $5( md board. He was prompt, activ< ind industrious, did whatever he un Jertook to do, well, and was evei watchful to promote the interest of hit employers. Mr. Williams's genius for businesi rapidly developed. At the age o twenty-one he purchased the interes af Mr. Scranton, and became a part aer, the name of the firm being changed to Hand & Willams. One the first acts of the young merchan on becoming a member of the fire was characteristic of the man. E had been taught by his father that was wrong to traffic in spirituous ] quors. One half of their stock 3 trade consisted of such goods. E persuaded his partner to abandon thi branch of their business. It was pr dieted that they would lose the mo profitable part of their trade by th course. Mr. Williams would not a low pecuniary gains to turn him froi a course that he believed to be rigli With a firm trust in Providcnce, 1 continued to prosecute his businei with his accustomed energy and for thought. So far from losing by li bold step, there was, from year to yea a handsome increase in their profit Fourteen years had come and gor since Mr. "Williams left his Nacoocb< - home. He had, by his superior bu t iness talents, accumulated a larger ca] f ital than could be used to advantag 3 even in their extensive Augusl - house. 3 Having been for some years favo ably impressed with Charleston, 1 visited that city in 1812, and estal lished the wholesale grocery house < Geo. W. Williams & Co., on strict) temperance principles. The sales i g the Augusta and Charleston housi were soon increased to two millio dollars per annum. Mr. "Williams wi j elected a director in the State Ban 1 f of Georgia at Augusta, at the ear] B age of twenty-three. It was in th . well managed institution that 1: I gained his first knowledge in bankinj j Just in the prime of vigorous mai j hood at the breaking out of the wi between the States, we find Mr. Wi j liams at the head of two of the large , commercial houses in the South, a ' alderman of the city of Charle j ton, chairman of the committee < ways and means, which position 1 held during the entire war; director ? g the bank of South Carolina; also < j tWo railroad companies; the financi; counsellor of a host of friends, evi f ready to engage in all public worl f and enterprises which looked to tl f prosperity of his adopted city au B State. During\he war, through h g j untiring exertions, thousands of tl f destitute poor were supplied dail with food. On the landing of tl g Federal troops, Mr. "Williams secure their services in extinguishing tl j fires in various parts of the city. E j thus saved from the flames, and di tributed, food enough to feed 20,01 s people four months. It was not M Williams's intention, atthecloseof tl war, to engage again in the mercai tile business, but to establish a bank, o In 1865 he proceeded to Washin) 3 ton for the purpose of procuring I * A' - TTM A. XT.i* 1 -n. , cnarter ior ioe r irsi ixuuuuai duuk i j Charleston. Before this was accoc 3 plished however, he was solicited b j friends and customers to return to h old business, and his was the fir 3 house to resume business in Charle r ton, after the war. He at once cor j tnenced the erection of large war houses in the burnt district for tl f storage of cotton, and his extensii stores on Hayne street were filled wit 3 merchandise. He also opened a ban] 3 ing house, and in a short time wi 3 fully immersed in business, His firj x received as much as 75,000 bales . cotton in one season, in cash vail about $5,000,000, besides doing a gr rerv and fertilizinsr business of man j millions. Some fifty partners have been ass " ciated with him in his long busine 1 career, many of them having bet 2 brought up from the humblest offii 2 grade, and many have retired wil 2 fortunes. Mr. "Williams has divid< ? including interest, profits arisir from his various firms since he bega * business in Augusta, Ga., in 184 more than twenty-one million of dc t lars. This will show what ten dolla " will do when handled by one of M ? Williams's push, thrift and energ; - and is a valuable lesson lbr the yout ' just starting in life. The banking d * partment of Geo. W. Williams an 1 Co.'s business increased to such an e: * tent, that they found it necessary 1 " secure larger accomodations for thj ^ branch, and in 1S75 Mr. Williams pu: 5 chased the fine brown stone buildinj 1 1 Broad Street, which had been erec 1 ed by the State Bank of South Can * lina art a cost, of $100,000. To tli ^ eligible location he removed the Ca > olina Savings Bank and the bankin 3 department of Geo. Williams & C< " Since then, Mr. Williams has devote 1 himself almost exclusively tobankinj " His object in establishing the G'ar< 3 lina Savings Bunk in conjunction wit i the banking business of Geo. W. Wi 1 liams and Co., was to all'ord persoi * of moderate means an opportunity < 1 husbanding their resources. He fe * that a savings bank properly conduc 5 ed would tend to encourage frugality } industry and thrift among the labo i ing classes, and also teach the youn the habits of saving and economy. . r New York Journal commenting upo i Mr. William's character, says: 3 "Your phrenological developmen f indicate uncommon energy, warmtl t of temper, severity-when aroused, an . ability to impress people with the p delinquences. You have great Fira I ' i , . oflness; yon can take positions, and maintain them unflinchingly. Somen.ltimes people think you headstrong, [e and all who know you well expect it that when you make an effort to ac i. complish anything that it will be done n promptly and thoroughly. You [e should be known for dignity, ability it to manage, to lead, to direct. e- You have a strong love of justice, st which gives to your moral tone elevais tion and strength, and it tends to j.' make you censorious. You are more n honest than devout; have more hope t. than faith, and in the daily affairs of ,e life you brace yourself up with configs dence in your own power and in the B. prospects which are before you, trustis ing to the energy and to the enter* ! Uf-U T* yvr-* JJl'JSU Willi WHICH nuviucuuc uaa crus. (lowed you rather than to the special ie interposition of Providence to work )e out your purposes. You incline to use g. oars, and, if Providence send a favor0. able wind, you adapt yourself to it; but if not, you work your way with ta the oars. You believe in sails, but you believe more emphatically in oars, because oars are within your own conr trol, while sails depend upon someie thing over the supply of which you b- have no control. You would like a business which required sharp and y earnest effort rather than one which n required more skill and talent. You 29 would prefer to be a business man n rather than to be in a profession where one had to wait for a call, a patient, or k a client. ? You recognize the dangers that He 19 in your way and seek to make everyie thing safe, and though you will drive rapidly, you keep a sharp lookout for a" the course you steer. You are ambiir tious to triumph over opposition, have moral independence to carry your st views as a part of yourself, and it is n not common for you to lean upon oths" ere for advice or assistance." 0 Mr. Williams is endowed with ie strong will-power, great tenacity of 0 purpose, is.quick in perception, fertile i in resources, is active and energetic, a with a tough, wiry, rather than a roer bust frame, enjoying uniformly exeellent health, not having been sick a day in fifty years?, except for two l.d weeks with yellow fever in 1852. His 18 life has been one of devoted industry and earnestly practical results. In^ ured from youth up to close application to some useful occupation, Mr. Williams is as actively engaged as at *e any former period of his life. In his business transactions he does not 3" wflLte time or words, but acts, as it V) were, by intuition, rarely stopping to r" reason, but reaching his conclusions ie by his first impulse. "Instinct," he 3" says, "is honest, while reason is subject to a thousand influences and is =" often unreliable." Mr. Williams has & allowed himself few seasons of repose " or recreation, but lias found time to a" visit Cuba, Canada, various portions '.y of the United States, and has made the tour of Europe twice. 8 An example of the wonderful ver,s" satility* of Mr. Williams is found in Q* his literary works. Amid the turmoil ^ of a commercial career, and during 10 the busy years through which he has passed to the honorable position he ^ how holds, he has found leisure to present to the world in literary- form 13 some of the results of his vast exper^ ience.' From time to time he has written, modestly, without effort or 0. pretensioD, yet with an ability which iy would do credit to some of the practised pens of literature, a series of letters upon topics of high interest. His "Letters to Young Men, Success and ss Failure, Making and Saving," may :n be perused with profit by all who cc wish to emulate the worthy example nf n TOfirtliv tnnn There is no citizen in the South, who, by his teaching, and example, IU and by the introduction or' wise and >) beneficent measures, and by the foun1" dations of a financial institution for the encouragement of the young, by r* building and founding commercial houses, has been of more benefit to the } city and State of his adoption than c~ George W. Williams.?The Finan! cicr. c :o J Joliu Chinaman's Pen. r" The pen with which John makes his tea-marks is a curiosity. It is a hair brush placed in a quill, and is very much like the little brushes sold with 19 toy paints. When he writes he never r" touches his fingers nor wrist to the pao per, but grasps the quill in the middle 31 anil begins to paint very much like an l(^ artist retouching a picture. Singularly = enough, there is not an instance of a 3" Chinaman being unable to write his language, and many of the laundrymen who speak pigeon English can 1S read and write our language quite ^ well. It Remedies for Burns.?1. Wet the *'> spot immediately and cover thick with r" common baking soda, letting it remain ^ on from fifteen minutes to half an ^ hour. 2. Have a bottle of lime-water n and sweet-oil mixed in equal proportions and shaken together, and apply ts with a feather or pour it on a linen rag 2 and put this on the bum. 3. Peel an 1(j Irish potato and grate it; put the jr grated pulp on the burn, renewing it j. frequently. ~ ' ";" |rl Early Prohi bit Jon In JTc w Tork. d At the annual meeting of "the | American Social Science Association," \ which we had the pleasure of recently ? attending at Saratoga Springs, N. Y.t ^ the following was read by the Rev. ( Henry R. Traver, of Saratoga, *from 1 "Documentary History of New York," j vol.2, page 592. Tiie occasion describ- 1 ed beiug a Council held at Albany, 1 July fitb, 1754, by the chiefs of the I T*!.? ,, I11VC xMlUUIlS, IIIC ^uiiiuiisa^uucip* +f from Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut and Virginia, and the Governor and officials of New York. Extract from address of "the Chiefs of the Five Nations": . ' Brethren?There is an affair about which our hearts tremble, and our minds are deeply concerned. This is the selling of rum in our castle9. It . destroys many, both of our old and young people. We request of all the } Governments here present that it may * ' be forbidden to carry any of it among the "Five Nations." Brethren?We are in great fears that * it may cause murder on both sides. | The Cayugas here present now declare J in their own name, that they will not ] allow any rum to be brought up river, I and those who do must take conse- 1 quences. ' j Brethren?We, the Mahawks, of 1 both castles, have also one request to 1 make which is, that the people who , v are settled round about us may not be suffered to sell our people mm. It keeps them poor,?makes them idle and wicked, and if they have any money or goods they lay it all out for * rum. It destroys virtue and the pro- ^ gress of religion among us. We have a friendly request to make to the Governor that he wm retp us to Duna > a chapel at Canojohery, and that we may have a bell in it, which together with the putting a stop to the sale of . > rum, wili make us religious and lead better lives."?Documentary History ; of N. Y., vol. 2: page 593. [We are glad to send the above | through our columns to about eight thousand editors in the United States. *William Penn had no trouble with the Indians. How many Indian / wars might have been prevented by the proibition of the sale of rum to the Indians.?Our Dumb Animals. m 9 Presbyterian* On Peaee. ' ? ;Jg A committee on Peace appointed by the London Meeting Friends, prepared a Memorial urging the apoption of Arbitration as a substitute for War, .. in all cases of international disputes. Copies of this were presented to tho Pan-Anglican Conference of Bishops of the Church of England; and to the '. Pan-Presbyterian Conference, held in London in the month of July. The bitter body'adopted the followingfavoiv able resolution respecting it: "At Hixeter ?ian, uonaon, juiy izia, 1888. The General Coancil of the Alliance of Reformed Churches holding the Presbyterian system being met V and constituted: Resolved inter alia: ?'The Council, having considered the -the Memorial from the Society of Friends on the subject of Peace and the use of Arbtration as a substitute for War, are.happy to express their entire and hearty concurrence with the sentiments of their brethren. We hail with joy the settlements of International disputes already effected without an appeal to arms, and see no reason why this method of adjustment 6hould not be applied in all cases whatsoever. In view, therefore, of the many miseries of war, and of the intolerable burdens which preparation for it imposes upon the nations, they commend the whole subject to the sympathies and prayers of the Churches they represent, in the hope that He whom we worship as the Prince of Peace will more and more > ' incline the hearts both of people and rulers to settle all their differences nnnflnl fn l'Qoann onH fnrhonrnnnA \JJ till l W iVttOWU *V* w v*uvwy and not by force.,?Extracted from the Minutes of the Council, W. 0. Blakie, D. D., one of the Clerks of Council." A Stopper for Rats.?A correspondent says; "Soak one or more newspapers, knead them into a pulp, dip them in a suitable solution of oxalic acid. While wet, force the pulp into any crevice or hole made by mice or rats. Result?a disgusted retreat, with sore snouts and feet, on the part of the would be intruders." "V'Now, George, you must divide the cake honorably with your brother. Charlie." George?"What is 'honora- ! ' bly,' mother?" "It means that you must give him the largest piece." George?"Then, mother, I'd rather Charlie would cut it." Proper Food.?Raw Indian meal is bad for chickens; it hardens their crops and kills them; better feed cooked pudding or scalded meal with pepper in buckwheat, cracked corn. ?.?. A "holy war" is as absurd an expression when applied to killing men ae a "righteous sinner." m m Hay or other ground food is indis pensable, and ground corn or hominyis better than when it i9 whole.