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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, November 20, 1889, Image 1

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T'n. Abbeville Prjss and Bannef. |
Ladies' and (
Has the Largest St
In all the new Wraps and
tory of New York, they guarant<
and Dress Goods in Upper Carol
Goods Trimmings are the finest
from ioc. to $1.25 per yard.
ored Dress Silks in the best brai
Ladies Collars and Cuffs, Copioj;
rand Colors. Clement and Bal
member I can save you money c
: 1
HAVE Received tlw
OUR line of Ladies and
Shoes for WEAR and STYLE is
Wear the
We call especial attentior
line of GROCERIES this season.
Samples in our CARPET EXHIB
his home CHRISTMAS.
October 16, 1889.
The State of South Carolina,
Eliza W. Mabr}-, Administratrix of tho
Estate of I). L. Mabry, deceased,
riaintiir against Eliza L. Mabry et al
Defendants.?Complaint for Sale of
Land to pay Debts, &c.
at Abbeville Court ilouse, on SALEDAY
IN DECEMBER next, for the
payment of debts, tho following described
real estate of I). Lucien Mabry,
deceased, to wit: All that tract of land
situate in said county and State, containing
Three Hundred and Sixty-live Acres,
more or less, bounded by lands of I>. L.
Morrison, J. H. Cheatham, Maddux
lands and Donnald mill tract.
Torms of Sale?On e-half cash, the balanco
011 a credit of twelve months, with
interest sceured by bond of purchaser
and a mortgage ol' the property. Purchaser
to pay for papers.
Jinlgo Probate < -ourt.
Nov..flth, 1889.
The State of South Carolina,
Selina T. Mcl'rory, as Executrix, Ac.,
Plaintiir, against Mary 10. MK'iory
et al, Defendants.?Complaint to Sell
Land to Pay Debts.
-a 4ul?..5iia c.' r?
ai iuv vumi uuuw, v.j wn
the payment of debts, tlie following described
real ostate belonging to the estate
of Dr. J. II. McCrery, deceased, to wit:
All of thr.t tract or parcel of land situate
in said County and State, consisting of
One Hundred and Seyeuty-Five Acres
more or less, bounded by lands of Dr. .1.
L. Pressly, E. I". Lipforil, E. \Y. Watson,
P. Kosenberg and others.
TERMS?One-half cash, the balance 011
a, credit of twelve months, with interest
from day of sale, the credit portion to bo
secured by bond of purchaser and a mortgage
of the property. Purchaser to pay
for papers.
Judge Probate Court.
Nov. 8, IKS!), 3t
Notice to School Trustees".
rpHE scholastic year of ISSIKK), having comX
rnenced with the first of this mouth the
trustees are hereby authorized to open ttie
public schools of Abbeville county as soon as
they may deem it best.
Nov. 0, lS8t>. School Com.
For Sale.
A l[\ ACRES OK LANI), well timbered and
1?|U watered, with tenant houses, situated
on the (?. ?Sr C. It. It. near Ninety-Six. For
terms address
Moreana, S. C.
Butler, S. ('.
tfov. 13,1889,2t ?
Children's Wi:
ock of Ladies' and (
Abbeville County,
Materials bought direct from the
2e fit and style. I offer one o
Iina, at the very lowest price.
I have ever handled. Black
Colored Dress Goods in all the
nds, guaranteed not to split.
>e Lisse, Veilings. Ladies Kic
I's Shoes for Ladies and Childrei
>n every dollar you buy.
Bought by Them.
Gents Shoes are unsurpassed.
; established. The Ladies E<
the Gents Douglas Shoes."j
Ladies P. Cox Shoe for style j
and elegance is unsurpassed.
We challenge comparison with
ll. \a/__ij r.? j i
uie vvori<J tor uurauiuiy anui
Prices of the above goods. |l
i to our Large Line of HOSIER
We pay SPOT CASH and
ITOR. Don't forget SANTA
Master's Sale.
The State of South Carolina,
John F. Campbell against Dolphin Wilson et
BY virtue of an order of salp made in the
above stated case, I will oflVr for sale at
pubiic outcry at Abneville C. II., S. C., on
SAL KIM V IN DEi'EMIiEK. 18S!>. within the
legal hours of sule, the following described
property. Kltuuto in said state ami Counts', to
wit: All that tract or parcel of land, con
Fifty Acres,
more or less, bounded by lands of James Evans,
15. F. Miller, Limus Pinckney and Wilson
Nash, tiie same being lot No. 31 ot the Marshall
tract and having such shape and form as
are represented by a plat of said land on record
in the olllce of the Secretary of State.
TEKMs OK SALE?One-hall cash, balance
on a credit of twelve months, with Interest
from day of sale, secured by bond of purchaser
and mortgage of the premises, with
leave to purchaser to pay all cash. Purchaser
to pay for paperB.
J. C. KLUGH, Master.
Nov. C, 1SS9, tf
The State of South Carolina,
AV. Townos Jones, as Administrator, &c.,
Plaintiff, against Eliza Killingsworth
ct al, Dofondants.?Complaint to Sell
Land to Pay Debts.
at Abbovillo Court House, S. C.f on
tlio payment of debts, the following de
scribed real estate belonging to the estate
of \V. N. Ware, deceased, situate in said
County and State, conl:ii:iiii<j
One Hundred and Sixty Acres,
more or less, hounded by Snliuln liiver
James Cook, Estate of Win. Maddox and
TERMS?One-half cash, the balance on
a credit of twelve months, with interest
from day of sale, the credit portion to be
secured by bond of purchaserund a mortgage
of the property. Purchaser to pay
for papers.
Judge Probate Court.
Nov. 8, l.ssil, :;t
Sheriff's Sale.
Thomas L. Moore as Administrator of Estttte
of Kliza l'errin, deceased, against
Thomas Christian?Execution.
T>Y virtue of an Execution to me directed, in
J-' the above stated case, 1 will sell to the
highest bidder, at Public Auction, within the
legal hours of sale, at Abbeville Court House
r>.. \tn V II A V I ha Mil dnv nf llliY'li'M I) V? A
]>., 18S!>, all the right Title and Interest of
Thomas Christian, the following described
property to wit:
<?E IIOV.SE and I-OT,
containing one Acre, inorc or less, and in the
Town of Abbeville, S. (J., bounded by estate of
Catharine Alston, Washington Street, and by
an Alley leading from the above street to the
Village Spring.
Levied on and sold as tlie property of Thomas
Chistlan to satisfy tlie aforesaid Execution
an<l costs.
TERMS?Cash. \V. D. MaNN,
ShcriU' A. C.
November 7th, 1780.
Fair Warning.
ALL persons indebted to RUSSKLL <V
1HJ11NS will save costs by calling on
M. I\ DkHIUTHL, Esq..aiuliiettllng.
Nov. (J, 1KSII, tf
nter Coverings.
Children's Cloaks in
Manhattan Cloak and Suit Fac f
the largest Stocks of Millinery
My line of Millinery and Dress
Goods in all the new materials
new shades. Black and ColCorsets
In ten different styles.
J and Cashmere Gloves, in Black
l, every pair guaranteed. Re
Uctober 23, 1009.
K of GOODS Ever
The reputation of the Douglas
igle Shoe is not a whit behind ;
Wear the
Y. We will handle a good
get all discounts. Look at
CLAUS will make our house
& SON.
Sheriff's Sale.
G.W.Cromer against J. I. Cromer?Warrant
to seize crop for rent.
"13 Y virtue of an Warrant to mo directed, in
the above stated case, I will sell to the
highest bidder, at Public Auction, within the
legal hours of sale, at J. I. Cromer's residence
on TUESDAY the 10th day of DECEMBER,
A. I)., 1889, the following described property
to wit*
Six Thousand Pounds of Need Cotton,
more or lew. Five Hundred Bundie*
of Fodder, nil Corn and Cotton
In field ungnthered.
Levied on and to be sold as the property of
J. I..Cromer, to satisfy the aforesaid Warrant
and costs.
\V. I). MANN,
BbcriffA. C.
Nov. Uth, 1889.
ON t he 3rd day of December 1889, the person
al property of the estate of John Gauldendeceased,
will bo sold to the hiehest bidder,
consisting ol household and kitchen furniture,
stock &c.
Oct :J0th, LS8U.
For Sale.
H., I will sell FOUR HUNDRED
AND SIXTY-TWO ACRES of what Is known
as Long Co ne Cotton Lands.
Tract No. 1. Known as the McCaslan Tract
ACRES, with all necessary iinprovemen
Tract N?>. 2. Known as the Dowtin Tract
ACRES, with all necessary improvements.
Tract No. 3. Known as the Watson Tract
ACRES, with a two-story six rooms
house, bai n, stables, tenant houses, Jcc. These
lands are bounded by lands of the Bradley
Estate, Hunter Bros., G. A. Hanvey, Joe McCants
and W. P. Wideman. For further particulars
apply to
Greenville, S. C.
Nov. 18th, ISS'J.
Sheriff's Sale.
Eliza L. Lyon n^ninst John T. Lyon, as
Executor of Elizabeth Lyon, deceased?
BY virtue of an Execution to me directed, In
the above stated case, I will sell to the
highest bidder, at Public Auction, within the
legal hours of sale, at Abbeville, S. (J., on
MONDAY the 2nd day of DECEMBER, A. I).
Its*!!, the following described property to wit:
All that tract or parcel of land belonging to
and upon which Elizabeth Lyon, lived at the
time of her death, containing
Three Hundred and Sixty Acres
more or less, situated In Abbeville County,
South Carolina, bounded by A. J. Ferguson,
Mrs. S. A. Bai ksdale, A. L. Gillespie, Miss
Eliza Kyle and others.
Levied on and to be sold as the property of
Elizabeth Lyon, deceased, to satisfy the aforesaid
Execution and costs.
TERMS?Cash. \V. I). MANN,
Sherlll'A. C.
Nov. 9tli, 1N.SH.
90,000 Brick,
tl Cash, positively.
t. w. McMillan.
Nov. G, 18S9, :tt.
Master's Sale.
The State of South Carolina,
Grcig & Matthews against Jane Kay.
DY vlrLueof aa order of Hale made In the
^ above slated case. I will oiler for sale at
public outcry at Abbeville ('. II., S. C? on
SALEDA Y IN DECEMBER, 1*8!), within the
legal hours of sale, the following described
property, situate In sulci State and County, to
wit: All the Intereste- nveyccl by .Jane Kay
by :he mortgage given by her in the above
stated case in all that tract, or parcel of land,
known as part of the O. II. Key place, containing
Two Hundred Acres,
more or less, and bounded by lands of F. M.
stone on the South and Ka.st, by lands of M.
A. Blgby on the West, and the Columbia and
Ureenvilie It. It. on the North.
TERMS OF SALE?One-half cash, balance
on a credit of twelve months with Interest
from clay of sale, secured by bond of purchaser
and mortgage of the premises, with leave*
to purchaser to pay ull cash. Purchaser to
pay for papers.
Nov. C, 188!).-It Master.
Master's Sale.
The State of South Carolina,
Itosa P. Morrow et ul., ngpinst James
Barnes et. al.?Partition.
V vlrlnonf on nr.inr r\f cnU mnrlft It-* thft
nbove stated case, I will oirer for wile at
public outcry at Abbeville C. II., S. C., on
KALEDA Y IN DECEMBER. l.sS!), within the
legal hours of salo, the following described
property, situate in said State and County, to
wit: All that lot or parcel of land, known as
the C. V. Barnes homestead, located in the
town of LowndcRville, on the South side of
Main street containing
Six Acres,
more or less, bounded by lands ot the Watkins
estate (now Sturkey) Mrs. M. M. Mitchell
Eind others.
TERMS OF SALE.?One-half cash, balance
011 a credit of twelve months with Interest
from day of sale, secured by bond of purchaser
and mortgage of the premises, with
leave to purchaser to pay all Ciish. Purchaser
to pay for papers.
Nov. (i, 1389, it. Master.
Sheriff's Sale.
O'Connor & Bailey against Thomas McGettlgan.?Execution.
T)V virtue of an Execution to me directed,
in the above stated case, 1 will sell to the
highest bidder, at Public Auction, within the
legal hours hours of sale, at Abbeville Court
House on SATURDAY the 10th day of NOVEMBER,
A. I)., 1889, the following described
property, to wit: A lot of goods belonging to
riiomas MoGettigan, consisting of
Bar Fixtures, One Iron Safe, Boer
Cooler, Looking Glass, One Lot
of Barrel*,
and other things too numerous to mention.
Levied ou and to be sold as the property of
Thomas McUettlgan to satisfy the aforesaid
Execution and costs.
TERMS.?Cash. W. D. MANN.
November 1,1889. Sheriff A. C.
Sheriff's Sale.
R. H. Devlin against John F. Adams.?Warrant
to seize crop for rent.
"O Y virtue of an Warrant to mo directed, in
-L* the above stated ease, I will sell to the
highest biddor, at Public Auction, within the
legal hours of sale, at his residence on FRIDAY,
the 15th day of NOVEMBER, A. D.,
1881), the following described property, to wit:
Five Hnnderd Bundles of Fodder,
I more or less, Five Bales of Cotton,
One Hundred Bushels of Cotton
Seed, more or less, One Lot
of Roughness, Corn and Cotton
:in field ungathered.
Levied on and to be sold as the property of
Johh F. Adams to satisfy the aforesaid Warrant
and cos!s.
Oct. 29.1889. Sherlfl A. C.
The State of South Carolina,
ADuvvTur rnriVTV
Probato Court.?Citation for Letters of Administration.
By J. Fuller Lyon, Esq,. Judge Probate
WHEREAS, J. W. Sign has made suit to
me, to grant him Letters of Administration
of the Esuite and effects of Ida P.
Williams, late of Abbeville County, deceased.
These are therefore, to cite and admonish
all and singular the kindred and creditors ot
the said Ida P. Williams, deceased, that they
be and appear before me in the Court of Probate,
to be held at Abbeville C. 11., on Tuesday,
November 19.1889, after publication hereof,"at
11 o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause
If any they have, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my hand and seal of the Court,
this 1th day of November in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and eightynine
and in the 114 year of American Independence.
Published on the 6th day of November, 1889,
In the PrcsH and Runner and on the Court
House door for the time required by law.
Judge Probato Court.
Nov. C, 18S9, tf
Tie Slate tf South Carolina,
P/m-iti+tt nf AVtViAtrillp
James A. I'nrtlow, Fl:iintin?, against E. II.
Perrym.in, M. 11. Flnley, et. al., Defendants
To the Defendants E. H. Perryman, M. 11
Flnley, \V. S. Partlow, J. II. I'urtlow, S. E.
Perryman, John M. Partlow, M. J. Richardson,
S. T. Whltlock aud F.J. McKellar.
required to answer the complaint 111 this action,
which Is filed in the Probate Court, for
the said County, and to serve a copy of your
answer to tho said complaint on the subscribers
at their office at Abbeville Court
House, South Carolina, on Tuesday the ."51st of
December next; and if you tail to answer the
complaint within the time aforesaid, the
plalutiir in this action will apply to the Court
for the relief demanded In tho petition.
Dated October 'JDtli, 1831).
Judge Probate Court.
Plulntllf's Attorneys.
To E. II. Ferryman, M. It. Flnley, W. S. Partlow,
J. H. rart low, S. E. Perry man, John
M.Partlow and F. J. McKellar, Absent
Take Notice?That the summons and
petition lu tills aetiou is now on iilu in tliis
Judge Probate Court.
October l'.?, 18?'J,Gt.
Notice to Debtors and Creditors.
ALL persons Indebted to the estate of the
late UODEUT TUOHNTON, must make
immediate payment, and all persons having
claims aitainst the estate are requested to prevent
the same without, delay, or be barred.
Administrator. {
A Few Paragraphs Wiiicli (ho Fiirmor
>1 i^hl Urnd with fi'rolil.
If. J3. Stone, Texas University Station.
It Is desired to call Attention to some of the
practical hk well as seicntUlo features connected
with the liu I Is and meal as a stock food.
The practice is not a now one, except in the
sense that the whole cotton seed oil Industry
iM recent, and hence none of its outgrowths
can have been long established. Probably
the first attempts at systematically feeding
an exclusive radon of hulls and meal on a
large sen 1c have been made within four or live
years. These eases have been local, confined
to the vicinities of the oil manufacturing centers
like New Orleans, Memphis, Houston,
Little Hock. Raleigh and Atlanta, and hence
have not attracted general attention.
Up to the present time nothing likcaneco
nomical ulilizution of the cotton seed Mulls
has boon attempted, the common practice
having been to burn thcin under the mill
boilers as a cheap means of disposal, and even
the valuable ashes thus produced have been
largely exported toother parts of the country.
As an absorbent for bedding stock they arc
found to undergo rapid decay, giving olf perceptible
quantities of ammonia, and hence
arc not regarded with favor by those who
have tried them in this way.
The process of separating the kerkels of the
cotton seed from the hulls, in the oil mills,
consists essentially In crushing and cutting
the seeds and dividing the two portions by a
system of screens and shakers. At first sight
it would seem to be a physical imnosslbillty
for an animal to consume any appreciable
quantity of the hulls thus produced. They
consist of fragments of seed coats one-sixteenth
to one-fourth inch in diameter, of
dark brown color, very tough and teathery
and entangled in a mass of cotton fibers,
which still adhere to the outside of the hulls
and which the ginning process falls to entirely
remove. It is apparently the most dry and
tasteless form of animal food which could be
found. It is a matior of difficulty to reduce it
to anything like a suitable form for analysis.
In the mortar it forms an elastic felt, while it
is scarcely amendablo to any grinding process.
Taken into the mouth it is harsh and
dry. Mastication promotes an abundant secretion
of saliva as would be only natural
with any similar material. It has very little
taste and that apparently duo to the small
particles of the kernel remaining with the
hulls. Altogether they possess apparently
few inviting features as a food. In spite of
this, it is said that animals which have never
seen the hulls or meal before, soon acquire an
eager appetite for them, and after a lew days,
prefer such a diet to one composed of hay ami
corn. Probably this is due to the meal rather
than the hulls which, as already noted, arc
well nigh tasteless.
From the large amount of fibre on the hulls
the danger of balling up or producing stopSages
of the bowels might be anticipated.
ut we have been unable to learn 01 a single
such case, nor Is there even a tendency toward
constipation. On the contrary, the effect
upon the bowels Is loosening, which,
with an excess of meal, may develop into
"scouring." this is t,ne wen kdowq result 01
excessive feeding of cotton seed meal in connection
with other materials. The hulls anil
meal seem particularly adapted therefore to
being fed together, the effects of each counteracting
the other.
All ages and conditions of cattle have been
fed for beef. Naturally the same general
principles which apply in other methods of
feeding hold good here. Poor, scrubby animals,
too young or too old, and in bad condition,
are unprofitable under any system.
Two and a half to four years is the best age,
according to some authorities; In Houston,
Texas, steers from four to six years old were
most profitable. Steers are preferred to heifers.
The best season is winter; summer feeding
has been found unprofitable. The feeding
should last three or four months, and the animals
disposed of as soon as they have reached
a stand still iu tho Increase of weight. It has
been noted that, if carried beyond this point,
hull-fed cattle arc liable to degenerate, especially
on tho approach of warm weather. An
average steer should receive at the beginning
three or four pounds of meal dally, gradually
increasing to six pounds. After six weeUs
the feed may bo increased to eight or ten
pounds. During the whole time as many
hulls should be given as the animal will ear.
but no more. Stress is laid upon these two
points, viz: The feeding should be done with
regularity and system, and no excess of food
should be allowed to accumulate in the
troughs, since the hulls, especially when wet
by the "slobbering" of the cattle, quickly becomes
sour and offensive.
The ration mentioned above is that fed at
Memphis, and costs nine to nine and one-half
cents dally per animal. At Raleigh, N. C., for
steers of 750 pounds weight, the ration was
four or five pounds of meal and twenty
pouuds of hulls, and costs seven ccnta dally
per animal. At Houston, Texas, seven
pounds of meal and twenty pounds of hulls
were fed dally ut a cost oi six to nine cents.
Beef, produced In this way. Is said to be of
unusually fine quality. At least It haB no objectionable
features. The lean portion is
bright In color; the fat wnlte and brittle.
The butchers complain that animals fattened
la this way have an excess of kidney fat. It
is also claimed that such animals shrink less
In live-weight in shipping than others. A
steer weighing 1,030 pounds gross yielded 630
pounds net.
In the local dairies In the vicinity of Memphis,
Tennessee, cotton seed hulls nave been
fed as a substitute for hay for twelve or fifteen
years, and so thoroughly has the practice become
established by reason of its success, convenience
and cheapness, that the dairymen
wound be at a loss if deprived of the hulls.
In the New Orleans dairies the use of hulls is
universul, and the demand so great at times
that hulls, for feeding purposes, have been
shipped thence from Memphis.
Cows soon learn to prefer the hulls to hay.
The ration feed Is subject to more variation
than in the fattening pens. An exclusive
diet of hulls and meal is less commonly fed.
Hulls, wheat bran and cotton seed meal or
hulls, wheat bran and corn meal aro often
fed. The ration in a leading Memphis dairy
is two or three necks ol hulls, four quarts of
wheat bran anu two quarts of corn meal daily.
In these and in other rations the bulls
are regarded as supplying the "roughness," 1.
e., the coarse part of the food. In this respect
they are cheaper than hay, costing only onethird
to one-half as much per ton, last, as long
nrwl orn fnf mnro pnnvnnlnnt. 1n Imrwllp. fet?d
and mix. The milk and butter obtained from
hull feeding are considered tree from all objectionable
qualities. As regards the amounts
produced in comparison wijh other methods
of feeding, there are no records; but the fact
that the hulls have established themselves so
thoroughly in common practice speaks well
for theirelllclcnty. It is believed that an excess
of cotton seed meal fed to cows in call,
induces abortion. This idea is also ourrent
In other localities where cotton seed meal is
fed and the hulls have never been seen, and
apparently cannot bo ascribed to the latter.
Cows are maintained In good condition on
the hull diet. Ill one case, where only hulls
and cotton seed meal were fed. It was found
that the tendency to put on fat was prejudicial
to the production of mi lie. In conclusion,
we have found absolutely no reason why the
cottou seed hull may not be substituted for
hay or dairy feeding with entire safety and
At Ualcigh, N. C., a few sheep were fod upon
hulls and cotton seed meal exclusively, and
though originally very inferior animals, became
"line mutton," and the trial was considered
an entire success. Also at Houston, Texas,
good results are reported from feeding
sheep iu tills way.
From the result of our inquiries given above
the feeding of cotton seed hulls to fattening
and dairy animals would seem to be a successful
practice. As to how far it may be extended
is a question to be determined by the
supply of hulls, prices asked and cost of
transportation. Strong recommendations in
their lavor are the ease and convenience of
handling, their freedom from dust and the
coarse, innutritions and sometimes harmful
..... tnciii Ifcj 1 ?i Imv unci <lmii* nnnnrr>nt health
fulness and good clK-cts upon tho animal.
Colton seed hulls cost in Memphis from 52.50
to33.00 per ton. An ordinary box car conlains
about ten tons, or if bailed, twenty
tons, but in this case they arc liable to damage
by beating, and shipment loose or in
sacks is recommended. They alsoheat quickly
when wet, even in tho loose condition.
The present supply is large in most of the oil
manufacturing conters, by far the larger proportion
being burned under tho boilers as a
means of disposal.
My scoclc of writing pads, box paper, tine
linen note, envelopes aud stationery generally
is larger and more complete than over.
Would be glad to have you examine it before
buying. Speed's Drugstore.
(Scntlemcn should wear Karl and Wilson
collars and cuffs. They are the best made.
For sale by 1*. Rosenberg & Co.
Ladies winter wraps. I have the largest
stock in the up-country. W. 10. Hell.
J cases of dress goods to anivo this weekW.
E. Hell.
1 ease of millinery to arrive this week. W.
K. Hell.
2 eases ladles winter wraps to arrive this
week. W. K. Hell. |
Story ol'a Cotton Hnlo in Two Clinp*
T!ic Rural Carolinian, Sept., 1874.
Important truths cannotbe too cl'ten repealed;
and to attract attention to them and
deepen their Impression, they should be presented
In as many and as varied torins aw possible.
Tlie poverty of the cotton grower; the
Impoverishment of tho soil; the ruinous effects
of the credit system; tne costiless of the
complicated process by moans or which the
great. Southern staple Is sold, transported to
the North or to Europe, manufactured, and finally
brought back, in the shape of cloth, to
clothe the original producer, are by 110 means
IHCIS, iiiuj nuvy (it't'll kcb iuilii hi iiicpc
pages again and again ; but the desired ofleet
nas not been produced. They must be reltcriited,
and we shall continue to repeat: "Diversify
your crops; avoid debt and liens; buy
for cash and, by co-operation In Granges or
Clubs, secure the economies of extensive and
first hand purchases ; sell your produce with
the Intervention of as few Intermediates as
possible, so as to get as large a share as you
can of what the consumer finally must pay
lor it." At present, however, our purpose is
simply to introduce a paper in which the lesson
we desire to Inculcate is thrown into nnratlve
form and may therefore get read, reflected
on and talked about, when a plain
statement of the same facts would command
but little attention. This story of a cotton
bale Is snid to nave been written by Mr. John
i5. Noathery, of Raleigh, N. 0. We find it,
credited to the Raleigh Crescent:
I was raised in Wake county, North Carol 1
na, by a farmer of moderate means. At an
early age I learned from a conversation between
the farmer and a neighbor, that the laud
on wnlch 1 was raised was mortgaged toaHultlmore
firm, who had furnished fertilizers for
the soil, and also to the Raleigh merchant
who had sold supplies of Western bacon and
and corn for the support of the field hands,
and Northern hay and oats for the mules.
The farmer complained that the necessity had
forced him to pay a heavy fee for drawing and
recording the mortgage securing the commission
I noticed that the mules on the farm were
poorly fed, ar.d that as they passed the lot
gate ihey eagerly nipped a few bunches of
luxuriantclovcr which had sprung up from
seeds dropped out of the Nothern oats. The
farmer said as the mules passed on, "I would
sow an ucre In clover, but I need all my best
luiid for cotton."
I have nothing very remarkable to tell you
concerning my youthful days. I observed
that the hands employed in the field were
poorly clad. Most of them wore coarse,
cheap, Northern made clothes, shoes and hats,
and from their rude talk 1 found that they had
very little education. The wives and children
of these farm laborers frequently came to the
Held, and I saw that the women wore Northern
calico dresses, and that the children were
growing up In ignorance.
After being picked and packed I was taken
to Raleigh. The commission merchant said
to the farmer: "Cotton is flat to-day, but I
expect it will go up soon." The farmer sighed
anil replied: "vveu,i gueas. x wcui/ iuiv a
large new brick store, and accidentally heard
the merchant say to the clerk: "Insure this
bale of cotton and charge Mr. A. with Insurance
and storage." 1 remained shut up for
some time, when the farmer came one duy
uud the merchant said to hltn: "Cotton Is no
better, but I Hin compelled to have some money.
I will ship your bale to Baltimore and do
the best 1 can with it."
A dray soon came up and I was hoisted into
It. the merchant said : "Have this bale insured
and directed to W. & A., Baltimore.
They will pay the freight and insurance."
I was hurried over the railroad to Norfolk,
and thence by steamer to Baltimore. I was
then stored for some time, when I was sold to
an agent of a Rhode Island manufacturer.
As I passed out I heard the merchant calculating
how much was due him as storage and
commission on my sale. My purchaser was
also busy In getting out his Insurance on me,
and arrauging to pay freight 0.1 me to Rhode
Nothing occurred on the route to my destination
worthy of remark. When I arrived at
the factory I found several thousand friends,
raised in North Carolina. I noticed the women
and children seemed cheerful, but none
of them wore Southern made boots, or Southern
made clothes, or are Southern bacon.
The dray horses were well kept, but did not
eat Southern hay or oats. The owner of the
factory, they said, was very rich, and hal
made his fortune manufacturing cotton cloth
for the New York market. I was hurried
through the factory, and came out a bolt ol
nice, smooth cloth. I was hurried into a bale
of cloth for a New York wholesale house, and
as I went out I overheard a conversation ol
the mill. He said he was realizing handsome
profits from his factory and besides, he wus
giving employment to a hundred families,
and was one of the largest taxpayers in the
I then went to New York to the establishment
of one of the merchant princes, and
was delighted to hear him say to a clerk,
"Send this bale to Messrs. Tucker, Raleigh."
As I had passed over the route before, it wat
not new to me, and I arrived safely in Raleigh
in less than a week. By chance I was put on
the bottom of a large pile of cloth, and having
nothing to do, I entered into a little calcu
latlon. It was as follows:
I have changed hands often. First, the Raleigh
merchant realized his profit and storage.
Then the insurance agent. Then the
railroads got their freights. Then the steamers
got their freight. Then the Baltimore
merchant got his storage and commissions,
Then the .Northern insurance agent got hla
per cent. Then the manufacturer got his proifts.
The 2S"ew York wholesale merchant Rot
his per cent. Then the railroads and steamers
got their return freight, and the insurance
man got another per cent. Messrs. Tucker
must have a per cent, and?
Here a clerk reached down and pulled me
out with a jerk, and, lo and behold! my old
master, the man who raised me, said he
would take me, "that he wanted some 'narrad'
homespun," and I was bundled, and am
now at my old home, in Wake, expecting
shortly to be cut up.
I believe when Mr. Tucker's clerk broke the
thread of my discourse, I was making a calculation.
I bad told how the following persons
realized profits on me:
1. The Raleigh cotton factor. 2. The railroads
and steam lines. 3. The Insurance
agents. 4. The Baltimore merchant. 5. The
Northern railroads. 8. The Northern Insurance
companies. 7. The manufacturer. 8.
The wholesale merchant. 9. The railroads on
return freight. 10. The insurance men on return
risks. 11. The retail dealer.
These parties all show a deep interest In me.
and I wish to say 1 entertain no unkind feelings
toward any of them. Tho profits they
realized from me were legitimate and proper.
But I feel very kindly for the man who raised
me, and when I considered that he paid all
these accumulated profits added to the original
cost, I did not wonder that he dressed
poorly and was hard pressed to support his
family. I have travelled around and listened
to calculating men talk, and 1 intend to whisper
a word to him through the Crescent.
What I want to say Is:
Hutse your own hogs. Don't buy Western
bacon at a high price when cotton is ltablo to
be at a low price! Sow an acre or two in clover.
It will save corn and enable you to feed
your teams, better, and will cost you less than
Northern oats and hay. I will enable you to
feed your cows better, and they will give
more and better milk. Your calves will grow
larger and make finer cattle. Raise your
own corn and wheat. Don't plant all cotton.
If your land is poor, sow peas and Improve it.
Save all your barn-yard manure, compost
your vegetable mould, and dou't buy worthless
Smith & Son have the best 50 cents jersey
jackcts you ever saw.
Wo have some very fine black diagonal
goods for those who want their pants made
at home. P. Rosenberg Jc Co.
Itistimoto think of sowing turnip seed
and we.are prepared to furnish Dutsls pure
and fresh seed. Smith & Son.
Sportsmen call on Smith ?fc Son when In
need of anything in the shooting line
Breech and muzzle loading shot guns, reload
in.' imnipnicnts. shot, nowder. shells and
cups tit very low prices.
Gentlemen cnn pot a complete outfit at the
store of White Brothers.
Jersey clolh anil eiderdown In 'all the new
shades at Haddon's.
All who appreciate good tlour should buy
from P. Rosenberg & Co.
Great bargains 111 shoes at P. Rosenberg <fc
Spocial attention is called to our stock of
Jeans. P. Rosenberg & Co.
A large stock of ladies and gents trunks
and gents valises always on hand. P. Rosenberg
& Co.
The astute man of business deposits his
money in Hank to keep it safe, and to have it
convenient to check against as funds are
needed, therefore, deposit your money with
the National Hank 01 Abbeville.
Faithful and prompt attention guaranteed
to all matters of business entrusted to the
i euro of the National Hank of Abbeville.
Another large lot of Hour just received and
it will pay you to price our Hour before buying.
P. Rosenberg & Co.
Buy your turnip seed from Smith A Son,
ami you will be sure to get good and lresli
For dress goods go In \V. IC. Hell.
Vnlnablc Present* to be el veil to
Lucky Snbscrlber* of (be The ITewi ' Ip
and Courier.
The News and Courier, of Charleston, 8. C.
has long be.^ recognized as the leading news
paper of the South. It Is progressive in spirit* 'i
and fully abreast of the times in all particulars.
It has a news service that records all /;*
happenings of Interest whether occurring at 'M
the North Pole or In the heart of Africa. It
?ives special attention to American news, and j
as a purveyor of Southern news It has no superior.
In short, if you wish to keep informed
as to the news of the South, you must have raj
The News and Courier. It is lively and .-J!
sprightly, with feature*! that adapt It to every
member of the family. It has an editorial ->
page lull of sound Democratio doctrine, an en- /-ij
teriaiuing love story, a carefully conducted i
Agricultural Department, a Chess colamn, all
the news of the week, a puzzle column, and ,'-3
many other bright and distinctive features.
Now is the time to subscribe for this lncomparable
southern newspaper. Why? Be- ?
cause special and unprecedented Inducements 9js
are offered. On February 22, 1890, there will
be distributed among those who subscribe be- Jp
tween now and that time ONE HUNDRED A';*
VALUABLE PRESENTS. These presents are \ *
given to lucky subscribers. As subscriptions
are received, thn subscriber receives a numi>ered
receipt. On February 22, numbers corresponding
to the receipt numlfers will be
placed in a bag in the city of Comnbla, and .. ?
drawn out. by a child. AnotberBhlld will
draw from another bajr a card wiiirahe name ;'j
of one of lite alfts on it. The owner a? the recolpt
having on It the number drawn from the
bag will be entitled to tho present drawn from 4 -5V
the other has. In this way all will have an
ei]iial chance.
Here are some of the presents, which are
given away absolutely without cost to lucky 5
subscribers of The News and Courier.
A Trip to Europe and Hack, or, If preferred, J-3
a Trip to Call fori) la and Back.
One of Emersion's Finest Un.'leht Pianos.
An Elegant Suit of Parlor Furniture.
A Gentleman's Gold Watch.
A Sewing Much inc.
A Inrge number of other valuable and use- 'r<
fill articles, Including a number of the staa- 3
iinrd works of English Literature.
The above presents, fifty In number will be i
given to fortunate subscribers to The Sunday
News and The Weekly News and Courier, V;
who on or sifter October .TO, 1889 pay 32,60 for . ''?
one year's subscription to those two papers Vr
and to those subscribers to The News and K
Courier who, on or after October 30, 1889, pay f \
one year's subscription to that paper, and de- J
sire to slinre in this grand gift distribution.
The subscribers to The weekjy News and w!
Courier, have a special lot of gffts to be dlstributed
among them. There gifts, fifty In
number, will be given to lucky subscribers. .:1
who, on or after October 30, 1889, have paid * a
?1.00 for a year's subscription to the Weekly $
News and Courier.
Prominent amone these special gifts for
subscribers to The Weekly News and Courier |
A Superb 12-Stop Organ.
A New Home Sewing Machine, with all at
ALady's Gold Watch.
A Set of Walnut Bed-Room Furniture. ~k
5 Tons of High Grade Fertilizer.
A large assortment of the Great Works of
Literature in handsome bindings.
These ?re only a few of the many gifts to be .
distributed. You will get the full equivalent
of your money in the newspaper, and you . Jj
may recclve a valuable gift besides.
Further information In regard to this unprecedented
distribution of presents can be *
found in the columns of
The latest American and Parisian designs la ^
hats and bonnets, also a beautiful line of hat
trimmings in feathers, birds, flowers, ribbons, ?j
&c. This is our opeulng'day, give us a call. . : '?]
R. M. Haddon & Co.
Chenille art applique for fancy work at Had :
ClOUS. /
Rope silk, wash silk, flllingsilk, embroidery ,idj
silk, arresene, 4c,, at Haddon's.
The handsome line of l'rench 'flannels fin*blouses
and jackets ever brought to Abbeville
to be had at Haddon's.
Lunch baskets at W. E. Bell's.
Baskets of every description at W. E. Ball $3
Shoes for boys and girls in nil grades, and *?fjl
very cheap. P. Rosenberg & Co.
We have a splendid stock of boots and .'Vjffl
shoes. Call on us when In need of the same.
' Smith & Son.
We are sole agents for the celebrated "Fin,
ger" home made shoes. Smith & Son.
Go to Smith & Son's for the old reliable
i "Hanover" boot.'
A nice line of ladles Jersey Jackets to be
i j found at Smith & Son.
Go to Smith it Son's for cheap patterns, 5 ,
cents each.
Wo are making strenuous efforts to estab
llsh closer aud iarj:cr business relations with ' --?
i the farmers of our county, and we hsve yet to
tied the fanner, who having once kept a
Bank account,and fully realizing its advan- JfR
tages, that would return to the old system of 'fM
doing business. The National Bank of Abbe- *w|
Mon^y can bo saved by calling on us for ,. aj
your clothing. P. Rosenberg & Co.
Startling bargains in summer goods at W. 2j
; E. Bell's. v
Special barganls lu ladles shoes at Wm.E. ^
I Bell.
Our men's dress shoes at S2 and our ladles
button shoes at SI and 81.75 surpasses any ,* -" :!
ever shown In this market. P. Rosenberg &
First buy a valise, and then fill It with floe -v 13
clothing, the very best unlaundrled or laun- v 'a
dried shirts, drawers, socks, collars, handker- vj^
chiefs, cravats, uudersbirts, and whatever 7%
1 else you may chose to buy.
Look at those beautiful carpets and rugs at ^
the store of White Brothers.
Carpeting was never cheaper than it Is this ' ij
season. As a spccial bargain, a good quality
of Brussels carpeting Is offeredat 50 cents per f _>
yard. White Brothers.
Don't forget to buy yonr clothing from.--''
1 White Brothers. Their stock of^Fall and . 'js
Winter suits and overcoats cannot bd stir,
passed. Try a suit of their elegantly fitting ,
, clothing and then in the future you will not ,'ja
, have any other make.
Remember we carry a lineof Priestley's eelebrated
black and grey silk warp and all-wool r -tiaj
fabrics. These are the most thoroughly reliable
goods in the market. They are made of
the finest silk and wool and are the same In
qualltp, weJght width and shade. R. M. Haddon
?& Co.
Smith & Son have a good lot of red rust $58
proof oats for sowing. Call on them for yonr
seed. /
Tf you want a real stylish hat at a bargain '..ij
call on P. Rosenberg & Co.
All shapes and styles of hats at lowest
prices for men and boys. P. Rosenberg & Y'^v^
Stelson hats in all styles at Si and J5. Thejr "ilff
are the best made. P. Rosenberg & Co.
\jro 10 ?muu oc rsoii ior isxas reu rusr pruoi i>
seed oats. f
Smith & Son's is the place to get good ttesh
turnip seed, and Buists Is the best kind to '.sjll
The greatest bargains in Jerseys can be . y'**?l
found at II. M. Haddon &Co.
Full lino Fall and Winter calicoes, ging- ,*,5^
hains andSatinesat R. M. Haddon <fc Co. _
If you want rust proof red oats lor seed ,.';j
you can find the purest and best at the Btore
of White Brothers.
Gentlemen who want a real fine BUit and
the best fitting clothes should buy from P. ,
Rosenberg &. Co. '
Every one is cordially invited to inspect ^3
our Immense stock of fine clothing. P. Ro*
sen berg & Co. v' &9fl|
250 Jersey Jackets black and colored at R. M. '?
Haddon & Co.
Priestley's celebrated grey goods in silk and
WlJUl UIIU 1U Ull H'UUl guuus to UO UUU Ufc littU* . g
Choice Blue Stem Seed Wheat can be
bought from White Brothers. Also Seed
Barley at SI per bushel. White Brothers.
If you want pure blue stem home-raised rj
seed wheat, call on R. M. Hill, R. W. Cannon, , j}
or W. A. Tempietou. 4t.
Smith St Sen keep a splendid stock of hard- Vs!
ware, tools, nails, plows, cuttery, Locks and
We have Just received a fine stock of haff
aiul caps. Prices low enough to suit all, give
in a look before buying. Smith & Son.
I will offer great bargains during this
month and Salesday In September. W. E.
Flour J ! 'lour! buy your flour from P. Ro- '
son berg >1 Co. 1 fl
Now is the time to prepare to do without
Western hay Ac., by sowing barley and rye.
Smith St Son have received a choice lot of fine
fresh barley and rye for seed.
White Brothers havojust received one thousand
bushels rust proof red oats.
Is money worth having! If it is, why not
try to save some by making your Fall and
Winter purchases from P. Rosenberg <fc Co.
Be sure and see those 25o. double width Henriettas
and Cashmeres before buying. You
can find them at Haddon's.
Shoe polish best grade at 11. M. Haddoo
A i -D.
4 ' - 'mi

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