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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, January 14, 1891, Image 4

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Tiie Press and Banner
?. i
^"Published every Wednesday at |2 ]
a year in advance. J
Wednesday, Jan. 14, 1891. !
Trial Justice*.
In this county there are several placen to be
filled by uppoiDtment to the otttce of Trial |
Justice, ami in ench case there is a greater or
_ Jess scramble for the place. j
The anxiety to get the place leads us to i
think that there must be considerable profit. |
iu It, and thinking thus it occurs to us that it <
might be well to reduce tlie salaries some !
We have taken no part, as yet, for or against
any candidate, and have no idea that we
would have any influence, even if wo exerted ]
But while on this subject, we would remark (
upon the (act that we have heard thatGover- (
nor Tillman has said that he would give no
man an appointment who voted for Colonel
^ HaUcell.
Such a course may he well, and It may be
wlBe, but we do not think bo. I
In the drat place, a mere 'rote does oot qual- <
Ify or disqualify a citizen for holding Judicial 1
& or other offices. (
In the noxt place. The alleged course of the
Governor is impolitic, and can have no other
effect than todlminlsli htsiwn Influence over
-the whole people whose Governor he is. Lit- ]
tie discriminations against ditlerine?or err- t
ing?politicians may do during an exciting
campaign, but we submit that when as the
Chief Executive of this State Governor Tilly
man goes behind the returns, and attempts to
punish any class of respectable citizens and '
deny them the right to hold office, he makes
i a. iiunui&c.
We understand that one of our former trlnt
f. J iBtlces wu left out for the reason that he was j
| among the few white men In this county who
voted for Haskell.
Governor Tillman ought not to forget that
thla is tbe home?the nativity?of ^Colonel
llaekell, and however erroneous or impolitic
4 his race for Governor, yet the people here, almost
without exceptlou, voted for Mr. Till&
Many of them voted for Mr. Tillman Irom
choice, but It is also trae that many others
would have preferred to have voted lor Mr.
They voted for the Democratic party, and
they did so to prevent breaking up the party.
i ana in me nope iuai Mr. J iuroau oy dis wis- l
dom and conservative official career would
disarm opposition, by proving that he would !
make a good Governor, who would be true to
his friends and conciliatory to his opponent. >
The Press and Banner has, in its humble ,
way, sought to prevent a disruption of the
Democratic party, and those of us who op- <
posed Mr. Tillman's nomination, but who j
voted for him at the election, can only trust <
to him now to unify the party, and brinit ,
pence and harmony to our rauks. ,
Governor Tillman ought to Bhow that he i? <
above using his official power to gratify a lit.
^ tie resentment against the private citizen. .
As the Governor of the whole people, ho <
|| should not resort to such things.
B Even though he had the right, he ought to ,
* show that he has a larger heart and kindlier i
hand than to exercise petty spite against the J
humblest citizen who petitions for his favor. |
We have faith in Governor Tillman's abili- I
ly and integrity, and with a wise and con J
servative administration, he may com <
k inand the respect and esteem of even those <
who opposed him. It Isn't customary for the J
"r officer to lug bis campaign grievances to his ,
r office with him. '
I Governor Tiiiman was elected to office by (
' an overwhelming majority, thousands oi ,
ihese votes being from men who personally t
preferred to vote lor Mr. Haskell, but who ,
acted, as they thought, patriotically, In the eifort
to preserve tho integrity and unity of tlx
Democratic party.
Now, let Mr. Tillman know in the applicant
other qualification for office than the manner |
of his voting.
N To enquire how a citizen voted before he
I', can receive appointment to office is not up ,
our notions of the highest standards, and wc '
sincerely trust, If Governor Tillman, In hit> ^
anger, made such a test, that he will In hit- (
calmer moments, rise to higher grounds and
act from more worthy and more noble mo- '
I ves than that of revenge.
We believe Mr. Tillman will make a good I
s Governor, and we should be sorry to see iiIk [
record marred by an act which we think Is
not up to the high standard which has govern- 1
ed his ExcoliejX*-. in other matters, that arc |
8 ol ruore importance thair that of listening to i
H? "petitions from citizens who seek official rec- '
, ,
m What May Yon T '
gS We propose, as a piece of Interesting mat- '
m ter, to pabllsh our entire subscription llstlr> ;
jffi a little while from now. The names are ar- 1
H ranged alphabetically at each post office. (
showing the date to which each subscrlbei i
H has paid.
^1.' In order that we may make as eood a show- j
lug as possible it is hoped that our Irlend,
rc will call attention to any errors which may <
gg exist as to the dates opposite their names, s
? and we would feel further gratified if everv (
Nubscriber would pay up before we make the <
publication?this last request being as mucl '
in behalf of the credit of the list as for our t
own profit. I
83 In order that all may have an opportunity j
to pay np before the publication, we give notice
now of our Intention to do so. tf <
3H m m _ i
h| Irreverance.
H . It seems to us that Christian people have ex- 1
H haunted their inventive ten I us and satiated :
tlieir depraved appetites in search of ways In |
Kg which to desecrate the most sacred of the reli
jEB' glous holidays? the birth of our Saviour. Re- j
(H cently a College magazine said: "The faculty >
H k indly gave ua two days for Xmas tb is year,"
and this magazine is published from an insti- j
tntion, nil of whose tutors are professed Chris- ,
Bag tians. Truly we makeprogress. ^
jffi ?i
I? Wanting His Time.
Hg The Rev. Mr. Tolaon of the Missionary Bap- i
jBE tut has gone to Columbia, and baa nosed
H around and unearthed more rottenness and
? wickedness than was known to exist by the
Pro oldest inhabitant. Mr. Tolson Is simply
H bringing a reproach to the church, and dotny
n an injury to public morals, by advertising the
9Gjj places of wickedness. It he would preach
aner the manner and exampleof our Saviou
jg|j he might effect some good, and not make
himself a figure before the public. But, pe H
haps, he Is seeklug filth and notoriety. He
?aS seems to have found both.
BaS The YorkrHle Enquirer.
The good old Yorkvllle Enquirer came
fflB again last week as natural as life. It looks
H . just as It did before the fire,and we hope thai
Ian appreciative puono may extenu to it oon
even a'more liberal patronage than It bad be- <
fore It met with Its great io?s by Are. The I
Enquirer is perhaps the best specimen or j
typography and press work to be found <
among the country press of the United 1
States. Mr. Grist, In establishing the En- J
quirer bos built Tor himself and his children I
a monument of which any man might wtll 1
be proud.
The McCormick News believes that McCormlck
1h the cnmlog city of tbls section. Th?> J
jSKjg mineral wealth which Is hidden in the (
SgH| eurtb, the production* of the soli, and the
EEjS? central location of the place, all ;jo to make a J
b&lj big town in the future. May the dream of '
ffStm the News be realized.
pjjPff All thought of an extra session of the I,<?g- l
tSra Ulature has passed ont of mind.
Due to Ills Efficiency anil Vigor.
The Columbia correspondent of ihe Chnrlestou
World says:
Tlie board of phosphate commissioners met
Lo-day with all the members present.
A. W. Jones, of Abbeville, was elected
phosphatecommissloner. He received three
out of five votes and his elrction wns then
made unanimous. Mr. Jones is at present
auditor of Abbeville county. Gov. Tillman
stated that Mr. Jones election was due to the
3ffiplency and vigor with which he prosecuted
his work as auditor. The salary of the Inspector
Is81,500 and he will be required to
make Beaufort ills headquarters.
The election of Mr. Jenes was quite a surprise
tocycrybody here, as nobody knew that
tie was an applicant for the place.
Theeleciion, we Deneve, is ior nix years
tiiul lb a deserved promotion of a faithful and
affioient officer. Mr. Jones will likely make
bis work tell on the phosphate business, and
wedonht not he will make big returns to the
? mm ?
The "ft*enl?ynn."
The NVesieyan Christian Advocate comes In
new dress, und Irom its new office In Atlanta.
The "Wesleyan," like the "Southern," la
ilways gladly received at the PreBS acd Banner
Who Will be Andl(*r?
Now that Mr. Jones has been appointed
phosphate commissioner, there will be a *ajancy
in the Auditor's office. Already applicants
are getting In line to present their
? ??
tietliDK Ready Tor Court.
Last nlgnt the offices on Law Range were
ighted up and we presume the lawyers were
>usy at work preparing for court.
I'ariouM Officer* of the A (I. Come
to Abbevllle?"Tke Object of Tlieir
VlNit Unknown.
Last Friday evening a special train brought
a town Mr. Caldwell, Mr. Tulcott, Mi. Green,
ind olher high officials of the Richmond and
Danville system.
They inspected the grounds about the depot,
talked up town,and after looking around, reurned
to their cars and went flying toward
As far as we know, they bad no talk with
iny body, and but few of our people knew they
tvere here, until after they wefe gone. There
s some speculation as to the object ol their
it is thought that they contemplate various
mprovements and accommodations at their
A side track will be put in between Mr.
Penney's house and the depot, running up to
ind perhaps beyond the Oil Mill.
A new passenger depot is to be built on tbe
Main street, not distant from the Oil Mill,and
the old depot will be used as a freight depot.
The new passenger depot will be put In such
position as can be reached by ladies In muddy
Separate waiting rooms for ladies and the
general pubi'c will be furnished.
The additional side track will be a great convenience
to botti the public and the Ilal Iroad.
Under present arrangements the necessary
ielay in getting freight is annoying to tbe
pufcllc and must be expensive to the Railroad
i\ono noo rvf (ha cr root Malu v I n tin I A'J HI n C thplr
Besides this, under the present plnn, the
ft-illroad will lose much of Its trade In the
shipments of cotton and the products of the
311 Mill.
Because of the delay and annoyance lncllent
to loading cars that must be *o often
ihiftcd, the Oil Mill sends its nil to the depot
jf the (i., C. & N., which is half a mile distant.
While nothing Is known of the cause of the
k'lslt of the railroad officers laBt week, yet we
<re inclined to think that they were Induced
o come here on account of the fidelity of our
ocal agent in giving thecompaoy facts which
ivere important to their best Interests. Mr.
Brown, the local depot agent. Is a llveenergelc
officer, who Ik jealous of tho best interests
>t his employers, and it seems that he intends
o net his full share of busluess forhis road, or
:lse let the company know the reason for not
loinu so. While Mr. Brown was looking after
.he Interests of his compuny, yet the commulity
are none the less obliged to him, for
vhatever Is for the company's benefit Is also
or our good.
It Is said that It is barely possible that u
sonnectlng link between the railroad may be
ioine time an accomplished fact, and that
hen we would have a union depot.
If ivp hurt a union rlenoL It wouldn't be old
Vbbevllle any more.
Firat Annual XeetlDf of the Stockholder*
In the New Bank.
A full meeting or stockholders of this bank
vas held la the Court HouRe Tuesday, Januu
y 13,1691.
Upon call of the roll -101 out of 5.18 shares
vere found to be represented in person or by
>ro xj.
President Parker submitted the first annual
eport of the operutionn of the bank, which
vas entirely satisfactory lo the stockholders.
After payment of current expenses aud op
dying SI,901 to discounts ou anticipated payuents,
the sum of *$86.53 was carried over us
indlvided profits.
The Bank has a handsome new office on the
I'ubllc Square, which is splendidly furnished
n ail its appointments. The vault Is a most
sxcellent one, and atfordB a safedeposlt for all
arsons who choose lo avuil themselves of lis
After some discussion as to whether the Directors
should beelecicd by bullot or a committee
appointed to recommend names for
ileclion.lt was decided that a committee of
ieven be appointed to report suitable persons
or Directors.
The committee consisted of F. A. Connor, J.
tf. King. J. E.Todd, J.S. Graves,!'. P. Quarles,
IV. H. Wliltlock, Jr., A. K. Watson.
The committee alter some deliberation reported
the following lor Directors: Wm. II.
Parker. J. It. Blake, Jr.. F.A.Connor, \V. A.
rempleton, J.S.Graves, J. L. Hughey, H.J.
itnurd, H. P. McGee, J. T. Robertson, who
ivore uuiiuituuuvijr oicticu.
A by-law was adopted providing for the enorcement
of arrears on Instalments of slock,
10 as to provide for their prompt payment.
The BoArd of Directors was authorized to
>pen booksof subscription generally foraddilonal
stock to amount of $?3,000, with authorty
to Increase to $50,000 if they deemed it ad
Usable. All stock which may be hereafter Ismed,
will be sotd for casb, the Instalment
slan not being extended to new stock. New
stockholders will participate in the profltson
iqual terms with original stockholders.
Messrs. Wyatt Alkcn, G. M. Adderson, G. B.
Riley and J. E. Todd of the old Board of Di-ectors
declined a re election.
After the adjournment of stockholders
neeUng, the Board of Directors organized by
re-electing Wm. H. Parker, President, Col. J.
rownes Robertson, Vice-President, vice J. E.
rodd declined, and Julius H. Dui're, Cashier,
n place of A. M. Aiken who declined re-eleo;lon
on account of his health.
The Bank is now practically In the hands of
he stockholders, aud the officers are not so
iiuch hampered by unnecessary rules and redactions.
All restrictions on the sale of stock has been
removed, and with efficient and able officers
:he stockholders have every reason to expect
?liberal dividend next year.
The stockholders were very pronounced in
their expressions of satisfaction in the manjrromfinl
nf Hinlr ofl'wlrfi dnrimr th? luat rpur
The meeting wan marked by harmony and
iood feeling, and every stockholder seemed
hopeful of h bright future for the Farmers
Bank of Abbeville.
A good day's work wus done, and the shareholders
acted wisely In clearing the deck and
preparing for a season of activity and usefula
Annual Meeting: of the Ktockbold*
era In (lint Inntltnlion.
The stockholders in the Abbeville National
Bank met yesterday in the ottice of the
The report of the President was extremely
eratlfyine. and harmony and goodfeellutt
The Bank is in a good condition, having
larger deposits, and having extended aid to
more customers lust year than during auy
Last year something like two hundred
thousand dollars was loaned to people In tne
country, ana in tnis way iiie cbuk is uoiug
jreatgooa to tbo county.
The Bank has a splendid vault, and many
persons owning ready cash avail themselves
of its benefits, and place their money there for
Kate keeping, and Its constantly Increasing
deposits give proof of the prosperity of the
country, and the coufldence of the public in
Its stability. The directors are: Messrs.
aeo. W. Williams of Charleston, ;j. N. Young
jf Due West, and L. W. White. J. <J. Edwards,
R. M. Haddon, W. C. McGowan, J.
Alien Smith.
The officers are?President, J. Allen Smith;
Cashier, B. 8. Barnwell; Assistant Cashier
Lewis Perrin. More polite and efficient officers
of any Ban K are not to be fouud anywhere.
Their unceasing energy and unerring
ludgment bring success to the Bank, and
pleasure to the community.
- - ___
We are in receipt of a very pKasant letter
from Mr. Walter 1>. Tusten, formerly of our
town, but now of Monroe, La. Friends In
Abbeville are always glad lo hear of his prosperity.
Hi* Theory and KcMonlng Don't
Neeiu lo Square With Well EnlAbliMheri
Opinion* and General Accepted
friend, the Aiken Recorder, credits the
Atlxuta Constitution with an uble interview
with Mr. Put Calhoun on the cause* ol' Ibe financial
stringency that has existed for several
weeks, which induces us to remark :
Thai-Mr. Calhoun is a phenomlnai succeis
at accumulating money, we presume few
would deny.
But when he strikes the subject of supply
and demand, and undertakes to reason from
cause to effect, tils utterances are mure interesting
than Instructive.
In connection with what wo are about to
say, It. might be said that tbere are three distinct
departments of Journalism, viz:
1. That corner in a country newspaper
which Is set apart for either the literary hayseed
or the egotistical school master.
2. That part of a city' newspaper which Is
devoted to periodical Interviews with alleged
financiers on the causes and efl'ccts of this or
that depression or plethera of money.
8. The predictions or forecasts of the weather.
Each of these departments may have separate
and distinct errects upon different clas-ies
of readers.
Persons who may be In Jail, and destitute
of Sunday school literature, and all such persons
as are suffering with insomnia, would be
delighted with the productions of the literary
hayseed and the learned school master.
That part of theclly newspapers which treats
of the financial disturbances by way of intertorvlews,
afford humorous or ludicrous reading
in which the speaker gets an airing of
what he doesn't know. These interviews furnish
an abundant meal for all that cIhhs of
oeoole who throw open their mouths, shut
their eyesnnd swallow all tbut is thrown inlo
them. They are than sufficiently Ignorant to
gooff and Instruct those fellows who "don't
take the papers."
The weather predictions and the play upon
words are somewhat akin to the Interest and
aimless object of looking nt the dexterous
showman toss and catch balls.
Here, for Instance, is a solid chunk of something,
which would explain the scarcity oi
"It is due," said Mr. Calhoun, ''to o number of
causes, bat chiefly to tbe defects of our financial system,
Including the un|>ist tariff taxation. It Is true
that the reckless financiering by the Argentine Kepub11c
caused the loss to the Kngllsh of a great mrny million
dollars; seriously embarrassed tbe gnat bouse of
tbe Barings and was felt throughout the entire financial
circle ?f England. This caused the sole in this
country of a large amount of American securities held
abroad, and thus the trouble In dlst?nt South Ainerits
reacted on us. The heavy outlay for large Importations
to forestall the Mckinley bill, and speculative
investments in fixed properties, also contributed to
the financial stringency."
To a scientific financier all that Mr. Calhoun
says may be perfectly plain and thoroughly
But suppose the English did lose money.
ib wuou v uuiub ur onjcrwme aesiroyec.
Homebody has It, and It la worth to tbe world
iust as much to-day an 11 It was in tbe safes of
Sngland before tbe ooming of the financial
Any failure of tbe Barings did not
destroy the money. Even If their straightened
circumstances could contribute to the hard
times, tbe "financial stringency" was on before
their trouble came. Kather, their trouble
was a result of the stringency, and not the
came of If.
Tbe McKlnley bill and the tariff business
may be said to be the deep water Into which
financial prophets retire, when they are at a
loss lor assignable cause, and have nowhere
else to go.
Mr. Calhoun attributes our present trouble
In our fluances in part to the tack of a "flexible"
What Mr. Calhoun means by a "flexible"
currency Is a secret from us. "Flexible" belug
a big word, we will turn to Webster, who defines
the word thus:
"Capable of yielding to the Influence of others
; not luviuclbly rigid or obstinate; tractable;
manageable; ductile; too easy and compliant;
The "flexibility" of the Confederate money
consisted in continued expansion, and we presume
the "flexible" currency for which Mr.
Calhoun yearns Is a sort or depreciated paper
with which to pay off the farmers for their
cotton bales. In business circles only a stable
and fixed currency are of real value.
It Is true that tbe UnltedStates government
oould print any amount of money at pleasure,
but how can it distribute such money
and bow can It withdraw the excessive money,
except in the regular way In a hlcb it now
foe* In and comes out of tbe public treasury ?
No country can prosper with an unstable
Heie'sa solid chunk of wisdom, which must
be very oonsollng to farmers who live In "dry
streaks." Mr. Calhoun says:
"To the extent, therefore, that the crop is a surplus,
tbccurrency becomes distilbuted throughout thecoantry
dMrlcts, and thus the money is n severe drain on
the financial centers.
"To Illustrate It even more forcibly, suppose that the
entire cotton crop, estimated at 7,000,000 bales, was
surplus tble xenr and wns worth 140 a bule. we woald
have a surplus ut 1300,000,000 distributed from the
Curutiiius lu the Bio Grande. The South would be
wonderfully pios erous and yet thediuin under unr
present flrmnclal Ayr torn of $4)0,000,000 from the money
centers and lu dlstiibuie<i woulo have brought ruin
and bankruptcy upon the financial and commercial Institution#
of the country
As the law of supply und demand regulates
the movement or money and crops Mr. Calhoun's
first proposition would never materialize.
When the "surplus" crop began to
drain the mouey centers, the price would go
down, the farmers would hold their crops, and
the money centers would hold on to their
money, no matter whether it was gold, "tlexlble"
currency, or representative currency,
Mr. Calhoun's forcible draft on our credulity
Is amazing. If we bad seven million bales of
surplus, we would like lor Mr. Calhoun to tell
us how the money centers could be Induced to
put their three hundred mlllloDS into our surplus
In Abbeville, when the crop is too large the
price Is depressed, and the farmers refuse to
sell a portion of their cotton.
If Mr. Calhoun had *nid that, whether the
crop whs large or small, It commanded about
the name amount of inouey, he would have
come nearer tho lact.
Mr. Calhoun say>:
'The enormous disbursements lor pensions In the
North and West, as well ss the surplus cotton crop in
"he South, have put an immense sum of money, distributed
in small sums, into the hands of those who
are not bunk depositors."
The Idea that the disbursement of mouey
among the musses who do not hoard or deposit
their mouey would bring hard timed is
something new. The pensions are distributed
with something like regularity, and it is
generally conceded that its circulation adds
to the prosperity ol any particular community.
Here is another proposition that wont hold
goou. Mr. Culhouu says:
"Ano'her Important cause of the financial stringency
wbk-h must not be overlooked, is the fact that the
government through its unjust tariff taxeB extorts in
small sums from the consumers all over this country
a Tact amount of money, which it gathers into lis
treasury. All of this stun it is unnble to gel back Into
circulation, even through extravagant governmental
disbursements, and is compelled to buy with the
surplus bonds ut high premiums. This system not
>nly unduly taxes the poor, but demands fur Its payment
each year nearly one-third of the circulating medium
and hoards large quantities of this medium in
the treasury. When compelled by financial stringency
to adopt the extraordlnurv means of bond purchases
to prevent bankruptcies, this currency is turned loose,
not in general distribution, but only to those who have
least need for It, and who beyond a doubt to somo extent
ho.nd it."
The Government returns to tiie people all
tbe money which it extort* from them.
Therefore Mr.Calhoun's Idea that tbe Government
is responsible for our trouble Is fiilhtclous.
Practically, there Is no such thing as
"hoarding" money. It must be put lu circulation
to be remunerative. As lung as It is
"hoarded" its value ceases. Wnat Mr. Calhoun
says about "unduly taxing the poor" Is
on a par with much else that he bus said. Ali
citizens are presumably taxed alike, in proportion
to their possessions.
The rich put their money in visible property
and cannot escape taxatlou, while the word
"poor" presupposes the idea that the person
referred to has do property.
Mr. Calhoun says:
'You at once see thatas the government Lias sought
bonds at high premiums, it has not only retired to a
considerable extent bank notes HCtuully in circulation,
but it bos, by enhaucing the price of the bonds, rendered
it less profitable to issue currency upon them,
and reduced the only basis on which the banks are
permitted by law to make nny Issue."
Our impression Ik that the Government
buys Its own bonds at the lowest price possi-!
ble. The people own the bonds and the Oov- I
eminent being the buyer, gets them at the.
market price.
If few bonds command a great deal of currency
it would seem that the higher the price i
of the bonds, the belter it is for the country.
After talking very seriously for some time'
flOOlll me uemniuicucns ui u. ucaiuig tut I
rency, Mr. Calhoun gets back to taw. when he I
argues Tor a "uniform currency that would be '
as good iu Maine as in California."
Reading between the lines, Mr. Calhoun has .
mixed his money and his politics. As an advocute
of the Sub-treasury plan. In speaking!
of a new kind of currency?"a representative
currency"?he says: ,
"I mean, of course, a currency, which, when Issued
will havo n representative behind it. Under a judl-,
clous and wise system of banking (his currency could :
i not gel into circulation except there was a represents!
?in<. imhinri It. This reureseiitatlve ought, of course.
| to be something that must be consumed, something
necessary to the life of civilized tnau."
! What Ira man'n shin plasters represented
bales of cotton in a government warehouse, if
that cotton watt "surplus," and represented
no money value?
Or national banks lie snys:
"The present national hanking system, so far as it
confines the iiisunnce of currency to government
bonds, is vicious; but no stronger nor more conservative
banks have ever been organized In the history of
the world." I
How "strong" and "conservative" banks
can be "vicious" Is beyond our comprehension.
Mr. Calhoun says: National banks are "vicious,"
and we need a "flexible" currency, as
well as a "representative" currency. Threw
kinds of money Is loo much: "Flexible,"
"representative," and "vicious."
W e do not pretend to know the causes of financial
stringencies, bnt we suspect that the i
Immediate cause of every "stringency" is ]
from some movement In money centers that i
scares capital, which Is timid, and for a few
weeks afterward, It Is "hoarded."' The |
"hoarded" money J* practically withdrawn j
from circulation. This withdrawal from clr- i
eolation, or from deposit In banks, creates distrust,
and hence the temporary crash. <
The aggregate money of the world is about I
the same all the year round, but local causes I
tend to make It plentiful or scarce in partlcu- <
lar sections, as the people may or may not |
have something to sell or to buy. I
If each individual citizen would determine <
or solve the financial question ror nimseii, dv i
setting his own estate In order,all will be well i
with ns. The mala, and first question is, In- !
dividual prosperity. If the Individual succeeds,
the government will be all right, even 1
If it Is Inflicted with "vicious" currency, "rep- i
resentatlve" currency, and "flexible'* cur- i
rency. <
Let every man look out for the currency. <
When In possession of a reasonable amount of i
gold or "representative" currency the citizen
is sufe for a comfortable old age, freed from 1
the deprivations, cares and labors which pov- '
erty demands of him who Incked frugality In
early life. 1
Rain, Rain--V 1*1 tor* Coming and Go*
lug?Week of Prayer?New Piano*
for Nnny Home*? Capital 1*1* in, ^
the drawing City.
Greknwood, 8. C., Jan. 12,1891.
Rain, ruin. We have surely had over our
share lHtelj. Some of our older citizens fully
expected a snow on Thursday, but rain alone
came. (
Hon. C. A. C. Waller made a flying vlnlt to <
Clinton over the new road on last Monday. i
Mr. tt. S. Rpurkmnn, who has been abseDt ,
for the past ten days on a visit to his friends
and relutlves In Georgetown, returned Mon- <
day. His friend* are glad to welcome blm ]
homeagoln. ? <
Mr. A. J. Sproles left Sunday for Augusta,
where be will bo engaged In business fur a |
month, perhaps longer. i
Mr. T. F. Riley went to Augusta on business |
last week.
Mr. C. K. Jordan, one of our popular young j
men, has accepted a position In Greenville.
He will leave on the 20th fur his new home. |
The good wishes oi nluvtof friends go with |
blin. We regret to lose him from our midst.
Messrs. A. J. Hell and T. Darlington spent |
Sunday In Greenville.
Mr. M. WIHIe Miller, of Anderson, was In \
town last week for a short while.
Mr. Bradley, the new assistant in the Male i
College, arrived Tuesday, and has begun bis
The week of prayer was observed here in
the Methodist, Presbyterian and Baptist
A neat, platform has recently been erected
in the rear of the Baptist church for the use of
the choir. i
Mr. C.O.WHller spent Saturday and Sunday i
at home with his family.
We are glnd to learn that bo many of our
citizens are realizing the great pleasure and i
happiness derived trom having a piano In the
home. Some one has said, "a house without
a piano is like a rose without Its perfume, a
bird without its song." A great many pianos
I hui'o Koon uolrl In fsium rAAAnflv hv un pntiir.
prising Augusta firm.
A goodly number of little tola Ave and six
years old, entered tbe Female College last
Greenwood I# Justly proud of her two flourishing
Institutions of learuiug, the Male and
the Female Col leges.
M ifiH Uattle Reynolds retnrned Saturday after
an absence ot several weeks spent pleasantly
with friends In FiorldH.
Mr. W. 8. Montgomery Is here on a short
visit. He has many friends here who are always
glad to see him.
There was no preaching In the Presbyterian
church yesterday,owing to theabsenceof Mr.
Matthews, who left (Saturday for Lowndesv
I He. where he was summoned to preach tbe
funeral services ot bis friend, the Rev. Sam.
HI ley.
Mr. John Vance, of Louisiana, arrived in
tbe city on Saturday. He is visiting his sis- j
ter, Mrs. C. A. C. Waller.
Messrs. John Barksdale and Ed. Reynolds i
are in Florida. j
A company of capitalists visited Greenwood
last week with an eye to future Investments.
They could not do better any where
In the up-country than riant here, where the i
climate Is excellent and lands are not very 1
dear, considering the many railroads and other
advantages. F.
All About the Town ot Due Wot.
due West. 8. c.. Jan. 12, 1891.
Mrs. Fleming of Laurens is In town.
Have bad a great deal of rain in last few
The Colleges are moving along In good
shape. ]
Mr. J. F. Cu'lioun, Jr., left Saturday to take
charge of a school at Welbrldge.
The week of prayer was observed with regularity.
A young Doctor from Chappels visiting Duo '
Weal was somewhat disappointed thai bis
lady love was not here. j
A new theological student from the U. P.
Seminary at Alleghnay entered the Seminary i
here last week. This tnalces eleven studen
t*. i
Major Thompson of Anderson County is j
dead. He was the father ol Mrs. W. F. Pear- |
sou and was 84 years old. He was burled at j
Vareunes Church. Rev. H. C. Fennel preach
ed the fuueral in the presence or a large |
audience. j
Mr. L. 0. Cowan of Kingman, Arizona, has |
Just been elected Judge ol Probate the second
time by a large majority. Judge Cowan is i
the brother or Dr. C. B. Cowan and Mr. Win.
Cowan of this place. I
It I* a general hope that the corner stone or i
the new College building can be laid with
Imposing ceremony at the approaching Com- f
mencements. This will be an auspicious .
time. I<eteverybody come.
Judge Hoillngsworth married a eolored
couple the other night. Furnishing the cere- i
inony and the prayer. For further particulars
apply toMr. Frank Oerk. I
All subscriptions to the new Erskine College
building can be forwarded to Prof. P. L i
Grler, who is now the acting treasurer. Ho
will receipt you with thanks. We think we
can promise our friends of Abbeville County |
one of the handsomest buildings of the whole
up-cuoiitry?ono that will be a pride to the ,
Mr. P. L. Lowry left last week to go into j
mercantile business In Louisville, Ga,
Mr. W. W. Bradley of Troy will assist Prof.
R. B. Wilson In conducting the Greenwood
Male High School. Mr. Bradley Is a good (
teacher. He and Prof. Wilson ought to pull
well together. ,
When In Greenwood last week on buslne?s, ,
we attended the daily prayer meeting. We
were somewhat startled, having taken a back ,
seat, to be called on by the presiding minister,
Rev. Mr. Carter, to lead In prayor. We
were counting on the fact as we supposed, ,
that the minister did not know us. We were ,
glad to see that the leading men of Greenwood
attended these meetings.
Mr. Terrel, Superintendent of Rail Mai!
Serviced promises to make ibe efforts 10 have
mail service put on Ibe new Road from Clinton
on this way.
Mr. A. R Lathan will take charge of a
school at Hickory Grove, S. C., in a few
days. i
Mr. J. K. II<>o<l left for Anderson last Monday
to locate there for (he practice of law.
Mr. JamesHitton aud MissSallle Hilton are
on a visit to Atlanta.
Mr. R C. DuPro's family left for Columbia
lust Friday. Mr. DuPre has a position on the
There is to bp a new brick dwelling putnp
helwi-iMi Mr. Asuew's store and that of J. T.
McLMll A Co.
We attended the annual stockholders meeting
of the Greenwood Bank last week. The ,
Rank Is In a good condition. The stock
is held at 130. The deposit fund is about
SiKi.000. R. S. O.
The DiNclmrffe of HI* Official Dnty
Will Not Interfere With Ills Law
Editor Prrss ami Jit inner :
As there is uti impression among some of
our citizens that my duties as LieutenantGovernor
would necessitate my Hying in Columbia
during my term of office, please allow
me to say through your columns, that my official
duties only reoulre my attendance in
Columbia while the Legislature Is in session,
and that my time and attention will still be
devoted to the practice of my profession.
Intensely Cold Weather Reported In ,
Great Britain and the Conlliieut. j
London, Jud. 12?Throughomureat Britain 11
intensely cold weather still prevails. Dense
fogs are general, but there has not been any '
more snow. In the Hebrides the tempera- J
ture Is 5 de?rees below zero. I
The Continent is still Buffering from snow I
storms, so severe that several express trains '
between Hamburg, Cologne, Berlin and '
Vienna have been snowed up. Mails have j
been considerably delayed throughout Eu- '
rope. , ^
Paris, Jan. 12.?The Seine and other French !
rivers are frozen, except In mid stream. The
harbor of Geneva is frozen over (he first time
since 1AJ0. I
' g ...
DifttlngalMhed Capitalist* Vlewinn
tbe Lnnd?The Foundation* of a
Great Manufacturing1 City in Ab<
vllle County.
On last Thursday morning an importani
neeilug wax held hi the new town ot Calhour
Palls, at the Junction or tiie Suvunnab Vullej
ind G., C. & N. Roads.
The down passenger train from Atidersor
auued there Gen. w. w. Humphreys, Col. J
L. Trlbble, Messrs. O. Glesberg, P. K. McCully
md others. '
Moon afterwards an engine and two prlvali
:ara with Mr. Cecil Gabbett. Hon. Pal Cal
iioun.Col. Wm. P. Calhoun, Mrs. Win. P. Cal
3011D, Col. J. H. Averlll, and Messrs. Harriot
jf New York, and Brown, of Ohio, aboard, ap
peared on the spot. CapL Dodson, of theG.
J.<t N., was also present Mr. Gabbett Is Gen
?ral Manaser or the whole system of tbe Cen
Lral of Georgia; Mr. Pat Calhoan Is genera
counsel of the same road, and Col. Averlll 1
Superintendent of the P. K. & W. C. Roads.
Messrs.Gabbett and Averlll were looking al
Ler their road, and Mr. Pal Calhoun wanted ti
see after the estate Of his uncle, and also mee
Lhe gentlemen from Anderson In the interea
of Calhoun Falls. The ground was looker
aver and talked over, and good results ma:
follow the conference.
in me auernoon captain uouson Kindly pi
loted the special train over hid road to Abbe
vllle, where It came to leave Col. and Mra
Win. P. Calhoun. Mr. PatCulboun and part:
then returned to Augusta.
From what Col. Win. P. Calhoun sayvtheri
teems to be great improvements and develop
TientM ahead lor the Western part of Abbe
/llle count;.
He Always Has Nometbing Good t<
Say, and Always Hays It In dhor
Ninety-Six, S. C., Jan. 13,1891.
On a recent trip to Abbeville I was quit
iurprlsed to see so much Improvement golni
jn. The towu seems to be on a boom, an<
.here is life in theoid villugeyet; ere long w
i.xpcct to Bee her putting on city airs.
Margie Williams, a young colored woman
caught, tire lust week, while in the Held pick
ng cotton and was burned so fatally that Bh
The lovely Miss Lilla Cowan, of Due Wesl
jut uow teaching mutlo at the Laurens Fc
mule College, was In towu last week vlsltlni
the Misses Bozeuiao.
Mr. A. J. Quattlebuura, of Greenwood, wa
In Nln?f.v-Hix on Hnturdnv.
Ninety-Mix but a real live batcher and
good one ai that. Something ahe baa neede*
lor a long time, a "butcher's shop."
Mr. B. 8. Jones, of Greenville, was in towi
last week. He baa grown to be a bandsotu
young man since he left ua. We scarcely re<
Dgnlzed blm.
Mr. J. A. Ouzls has purchased and moved t
the old Merrl wether larm near town.
Miss Annie Rudd, of Laurens, who baa bee
visiting Mrs. Kogera, ban returned home.
Cotton lias begun to come In after a Ion
pause. We very much fear tbat those wb
have held It will not realize tbelr expect*
tlous. "Dear cotton."
Mr. John Utaey, of St George's, Capt. Jac
Ualhoun, of Ciimon ward,and Mr. f.C. Stuari
of Ureeuvllle, have been w JSlnety-81* o
business and pleasure.
Mr. Jamea Kogera sold a lot of nice Berk
shire pigs and a Jersey bull last week.
Mr. John (J. Foucbe's new house Is nearln
completion, and be will move in soon.
Mr. Noab Griffin has rented the Booze
place aud gone tu farming. Success to yoi
Miss Mamie Maynard, one of the most a<
compllsbed and efficient teachers iu the cour
ly, bas charge of Oakland Academy iu Coi
Mr. John A. Moore left recently on a tradln
expedition, having several mulea aud horsei
The trial Justice office Is still vacant.
Hard rains last Saturday and Salurda
The patrons of ML Lebanon Academy ar
fortunate in the selection ol a teacher. Tbl
time it is Miss Matlle Anderson, a graduate c
the Willlamston Female College, and daugb
ler of Dr. W. L. Anderson. Miss Andersou 1
well qualified and thecommunlty Isfortunat
In securing her services.
While at Abbeville last week we look die
ner at tbe McCants Hotel, kept by the Mlsse
MnffeutR. fcvrrtierlv of NlnpLv^ii It la nwiH
less to say that their bill of fare Is "par exce
Supplies are beginning to roll IntoNinet;
91x, and ere long our merchants will be pr<
pared to furnish unytblng and everythin
necessary for mun ?nd beast on the best am
most accommodating terms.
Guano agents can be seen at Ninety-Six a!
most every day in the week. Our larmer
should remember that ourOll Mill here make
Oral class fertilizers. Our money should b
kept at home. EAST END.
4 Fiona Scribe Give* Sunday Break
era a .Lick?All Boris of Persona
Lowndesville, Jan. 12th, 1891.
Mr. W. M. baker went to Abbeville oi
Messrt. J. O. Harden and Sing Boles were a
Abbeville Wednesday.
Messrs. J. H. Bafiklii, H. A. Tennant am
Mrs. Loutle Huckabee were at Abl>evill
Mr. Conn Prince of Wllllamston came dowi
Monday on a visit to his kinsman Mr. E. M
Dufre, bluee then ha-s visited other relatlvei
in this community.
Mr. O. Johnston and family or Trenton
moved into the Baskiu house Wednesday
Mr. Johnston lias opened out a stock of good
in the store formerly occupied by Mr. K. A
Airs. J. n. raraer or Aunusia, ua. reacnet
here Wednesday on a visit to the family o
tier brother, Mr. J. X. Latimer, and other rel
Mr. D. S. Scott moved Into tbe Presbyterl
iu Fanouage Wednesday.
Mr. J. T. Latimer ha* bad bis store on De
pot Btreet nicely painted, aud It makes i
tiandaome nppeurauce.
Messrs. Allen and Cooley bave bad tbe In
ilde of tbetr store painted, wulcb greatly im
proven it iu looks.
Mra. J. B. Moseley Laving been reelected
will again lake charge of the school In thl
place, on or about the drat or February.
Mr. J. O. Chambers was called to Atlanta01
business ou Wednesday.
Mr, J. B. Franks left Saturday morning foi
LJharleston, will be absent for several days.
MiasLlllle Burr of Oreeuville citurie dowi
iuturday to take churge of the Ridge scbool
Mr. B. Bolln Allen made a flying visit U
Anderson Saturday.
Mr. H. J. Power or Anderson was In towi
Saturday night, the guest of Mr. J. J. Most
Kev. U. W. Hlott of Williamston tilled th
pulpit in the Baptist church In this place yet
iuy. He -gave his hearers a good ser.uioo
Mr. Jhh, Slurk had h tine horse which hi
eutered at the Oreenvlile Fair some llu
ago, as u fast trotter, and won the prize. Hi
bus had the horse in tralulng up there fo
loine time. He learned a lew days ago tha
Ills horse was dead.
There Is a colored woman In the Latlme
section who weighs ittd pounds. Sue cauno
enter an ordinary sized door, in the, regula
way, but must take it corkscrew fashion, 1. <
with a twist and a push.
Ti? said that the hands at work on the rail
road brldue on the (i., (J <k N. across the fcia
vannah, worked all day upon It, yesterda;
week Bgo How is that for "high" in u clv
llized country?
Judge Wm, Moore at this wrltlug is quit
SICK. Xliu liinijjr menus uuvo tu' mo ?j/vvu,
We are sorry to say that Miss Marcy Cham
tiers has been very 111 lor a few days past
We are glad to know thut she is lruprov
I ng.
Uov. J. E. Beard has a lot of flue Bible
which he will sell cheap.
The above named pastor occupied his ac
customed place In the Methodist church. 11
had however, to preach to a good many empt;
pews. Tbese days a good many Christian)
seem to be of the good weather sort.
This writer a few days ago, saw In th
Agriculturist a few lines of poetry copies
from an old manuscript In the British mu
scum, written by some rhyming seer. 1
will be food for thought for lovers 01 the cu
"If Christmas day on Thursday be
A windy winter ye shall see.
Windy weather In each week,
And hard tempests strong and thick.
I tie summer biihii uegouu ana ury
Corn aud beast shall multiply,
That year Is good, tor land to till,
Kings and princes shall die b y skill.
If a child born I tint day shall he,
It shall happen right well to be.
Of deed?, he shall be good aud stable,
W Ise of speech and reasonable.
Whoso that day goes thieving about,
He shall be punished without doubt.
And if sickness that day betide.
It shall quickly from tbeeglide."
The undersigned, together with Mrs
troupe, auu meir uouguicr ojjt-ui. u unj <> ><
Lwo nights of last week very pleasantly be
{Inning on Tuesday, wllh the family of Mr
J. F. C. DuPre, and Mr. J. II. Dul're at Abbe
^1 lie. Ah Is well known, a visit to either I
fraught with much pleasure. Mr. J. F, C. Du
['re showed us In his hot house, an orang
ree, about three feet high which bore eigh:
Ine oranges last year, one of which bunj
jpou the tree till Christmas day, when It wa
suited and eaten by the iamlly. Lovers of th<
jeaulliul would do well to visit bis pit. Tnej
ivould bo well paid. TROUPE.
1,600 yards of calico, best quality at Scent
ier yard, P. Rosanberg <Jt Co.
THE 0., C. ft N.
| * 80
Track laying and Brldjce?balldlnff Be- e<
Intr I'mibMl With Energy. rC
While Hie passenger Hiid freight schedules
are being run regularly North (rum Abbeville |
. the workmen aro pushing theSouthern end of. P
' j the road toward Atlanta. I f'
M The.track has been finished to Savannah:
, i River?seventeen milts West of Abbeville?.^
ami (he work of building the iron bridges ?'
I across the Savannah Id progressing roost satis.
factor! ly.
.1 The work at the river consists of two Iron ^
. bridges and n wooden trestle across the Island. ?
From the Carolina bank to the Island ires- 11
. tllng, and one span of 12) fcetof Iron bridging,
span the arm i?r the river which runs between 9
' us and the island. All th:>t trestllnK and the f!
' brideo is finished. Tie track has been laid 11
across the Inland, unci tae temporary work lor ?.
the next span of the Irou bridge la nenrly np. f
K:oni the Island to the Georgia bank there ]
Will he three spans of the Iron brluge. The "
' total length of the trcstllng and bridges from
Carolina to Georgia in 2,100 feet. .
I The road runs under the Savannah Valley ?
* Railroad, and stone piers and an iron bridge *
T will support the road up stairs. *
' "The side track connection between the two ^
roads has been completed, and the depot *
r builder Is on the ground, putting up the *
? buildings. 0
s While it Is thought that the passenger trains
r will not run beyond this place until Elberton f
; is reached, yet it Is believed that the company 1
: will send their freight trains forward to the
' Savannah Valley Road, at an early day.
. The Railroad Commissioners will be soon
" asked to "receive" the road as tar as the Savannah,
when the line passes beyond their
: Jurisdiction. a
' The bridge builders have until the first of
. March to complete the bridge across the Sa- viinnah,
but with lavornbie weather the track- r.
* laying will be far on the road towards Elber- JJ
ton before that time.
It is said that a construction force has been ,,
organized to work at track laying from Athens h
toward Elberton. and tlmt they are expected ,,
to go to work this week. h
With two tracklaylng forces at work, the
) Iron will soon be stretched between Athens v
? and the Savannah River. t
1 The G., C. & N. will be a blessing to all that
part of the country through which It passes,
and It opens new territory, and turns our
faces in new directions. With the road finish- h
3 ed to Atlanta, we hope to have swift trains
E going pusl us every day, and we may then ex- g
3 peet to become neighbors and friends of the
a cities of Elberton and Athens. ,
e 9 *
; Well Known Abbeville Preacher la
g Treated With Denerved Considers*
1 (Keowee Courier )
a Dear Courier: Allow me a little space In
d your valuable paper to return my sincere
thunks to the good people of Walballa for the
kindness shown to me and family on Tburse
day, January 1st, 189L On that day the mem bersof
the Baptist church and other friends
came to my residence and took possession of
o myself and family. Each one who came
brought some necessary article. The ladles 1
n went into the dining room and In a few mo- J
mcnts arranged the table and announced '
g that dinner was ready. And such a dinner! 1
o Everything to be desired and tempting to tbe
i- appetite was there in rich abundance, and
In the corner of the room were bundles wlthk
out number. Tbere was coffee, sugar, rice,
l, grits, preserves, Jelly, syrup,Jdrled fruit, flou -;
u potatoes, fresh meat, Jt<-? ac.. It was all done
In respect and through kindness to tbelr pas[
tor. It wa< a happy day for pustor and people.
It will be long remembered. In this
g public way I return many thanks for tbe
gifts so kindly donated. God bless you, dear
>r brethern, sisters and friends. This kindi,
ness binds my heart to you, and may this <
year,?so pleasantly begun, be spent by us to
tbe glory of God, the advancement of his
i- cause, and tbe bettering of humanity. I apn
predate your kindness, thank you for your
kind rememberanee of ub, and pray Clod's
g richest blessings upon you.
I. R. W. Seytaour.
* January 1st, 1891.
>f They Organise to EntnbllNh a Refinery
of their Own.
e Florence Time*.
The Independent cotton mills of the Stale
B have united to establish a refinery, wblcb Is
. to be placed In Charleston. The cuplt&l stock
|. with which business 11 to be begun will be i
820,009, and tbe refinery will have a capacity
.. of 200 barrels a day. The corporators t?re to be ?
v C. 8. McCullough and E. R. Mclver of Darlinga
ton, W.C. Miller, W.H. Bird, C. w. Seignl-I r
3 our, T. A. Wilbur and J. T. Thomblll of *
Charleston, and II. M. Gibson ofColumbia. J
|. Tbe mills that go Into the "Mutual Refine- 8
s ry"nre Florunce, Abbeville, Anderson, Bel
* ton, Barnwell. Dillon, Darlington, Edgefield, a
e Oreeuwood, Marlon, Ninety-Six,St. Matthews
Seneca, Spartanburg, Union, Easley, Colum- j
bla and some of(tbe Independent mills of
The object of Lae combination as explained f|
to a Times reporter by one of the gentlemen
Interested In tbe Florence Oil Mill, Is to place
tbe Independent oils mills In competition
with the Standard Oil and Southern Oil trust. I
* Heretofore these two have commanded tbe
market, because crude oil lii absolutely ...Itb
out value and could only be soli) to the "ene- *
my" who alone awned the refineries when
a once the oil Is refined the world is the market,
and the demand Is continually ieoreast
This will make the very dependent "lnde1
pendent" mills Independent in fact as well as :
e In Tume.
Contributed Locals.
Abbeville, 8. C, Jan. 13,1891.
t Court begins next Monday.
LastSabbatb was a real March day. ?
h Married, *on the 7th instant, by Rov. Dr.
Sloan, Mr. Frank M. Wilson and Mirs Zula
Neel. All of Abbeville County. Our bc-st
1 wl8he? go with the happy couple.
r Mr. David A. Ward'aw, wltu hit beautiful
. young bride, has moved to his Homewood
cottage. We wish them much happiness and
_ prosperity in their own "Home, Sweet
Home." .
Mrs. Roger* and Mrs. Maynard of Mount
a Carmel were shopping in Abbeville last
Mr. W. J. Mayna.d of Mount Car.
met went to Greenville last week on business.
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Huckabee of Lowndesy
viile were visiting In Abbeville several days
last week.
1 Weureglad to report our friend Mr. Doc
Jones of Mount Carmel convalescing and
. hope he will soon be fully restored to
1 Mrs. M. C. Irvln of McCormlck accompanied
by her brother, Jimmle Smith, of Mount
' Carme.i were In Abbeville last Thursday on
u Mr. E. M. Osborne and his charming wife
2 of Ninety-Six were visiting friends and rela
? Uvea in AbDovuie last ween. ,
The young people enjoyed a party last A
0 Friday nlicbt at Mrs. Dr. Marshall's, ,
1 Misses Kate and Sullle Marshall havejust .
, returned from a pleasant visit to friends
a and relatives In Anderson and Green- ?
e vllle.
g The week of prayer ended with services in
r the Methodist church last Sabbath night,
t Dr. Lowrlo Wilson preached a most excellent
sermon Ki a lurge and attentive congregar
I Mr. John McAlllster;from the Valley fide
r was In Abbeville lH?t Monday for the first A
) time In twelve months. He thoughtour town
was certainly on a "boom," as he noticed a
. many Improvements. He reported his father A
who has been quite sick, better. a
l. Several new cottages are now being built i
. In Abbeville and others In contempla- a
tion. a
o Several gates swinging across the side a
y walk on Magnzlne street are a nuisance and a
we respectfully call the attention of the a
. counoll to the fact. I
The G., C. and N. r
h The Georgia, Carolina and Northern rail- a
road is Mulshed to the Savannah river on the | a
nlHo Tho arnrt nf hrlrtun hntldln? I T
>. 0?iUllu??mu. - ? , 4
e Is golug on and by October 1, 1801, tbe Sea-1
y board Atr-Line systrrn which now extendi;
t from Portsmouth, Vh., to Abbeville, 8. C.,
will It Is confidently expected, be running
e through trains between Portsmouth and At1
lanta, Ua. |
i. This road Is very thoroughly built. Stone |
t culverts and Iron bridges have been put up
i. along the line, and the construction has been ;
slow, but complete in every way. The new
system is composed of the following roads,:
viz: I
Seaboard & Roanoke 80
Roanoke <S Tar Klver 36
Raleigh 4 Gaston 97
LouUburg Branch 10 ^
Durham <s Northern -M
Raleigh & Augusta 98 : .
Pittsboro Branch 10;
Carthage Branch 11 rf
Gibson Branch 10 |,
Carolina Central !OT! t,
Georgia, Carollua and Northern 263 v
Total .931 0
The grade from Abbeville to Atheus, u?., j
i Is finished and ready for the ties, and a very ji
j i material portion of the work between the lat-!
. j tcr place and Atlanta Is finished. The road '
.! traverses a splendid country. From Ports-'"
. I mouth, Va., to Monroe. N. C., there Is a fine |
B strip of cotntry yielding pine and oak lum->
. I ber, tobacco, grain and fruit. From Monroe 1J
0' the line passes through Chester and Clinton, c
t, two stirring young towns in South Carolina, r
Greenwood, the Junction of four railroads, '
R is bound to become a large town. It Is the *
3 center of a rich (arm country, From the Sa- fl
r vantiah river the road runs through Elbertoa {,]
and Athens, the finest cotton bearing ridge r
. in Georgia and wholly untouched by a rail L
line. From Atheus to Atlanta the road will si
8 opeu some splendid stone quarries. This f
Is bound to become a modern system. .
' I
/ ... , . ..
L *
~ -. . . -?\.V v . '0-> - T rrttfcjC*.' J - J-J
A Clemnon Caliche Circular.
The following clrcoiar letter from theCtem- -;
m Colleue trofttaw will Interest the railway
tmpnniesntid all those interested in stock <
usintfand buying fertilizers:
January U.1891.
By an Act of the General Assembly, aprovcd
Decemlier 23. 1(10. all the functions
id duties of the department of agriculture.
icludlng tbe official fertilizer iiiapectlon of
sutb Carolina, were devolved upon the board
r trustees of the Clermon Agricultural Col>*e
ofSouth Carolina.
The attention of the general freight Agent
Fall railroads operating In tills State 1* acirdlngly
caiieJ to the following extract
-om thn General Statute*. Section 565:
* * "And all railroad companies and
tber common carriers are hereby prohibited
om delivering any commercial fertilizer
liat does r.oi bear the prescribed tag or other
vldence that the tax hft< been pnld. *
!very person or corpomtlon violating this i
ectlon shall forfeit to the State a sum of
inney equal to the value of the fertilizers
* * received, shippedordelivered,"etc.
Cottonseed meal is a fertilizer, and must
ear the tags Issued by me, unless It Is sold to
peclrlcally as a "stock food." I would sugent
to railroad agents the advisability ot reHiring
from botli ablpper and consignee,
rhen cotton seed meal Is offered for shipment - * ,
rlihnut taps. a certificate that It is to t>? a?cd
nly ua ' utock food."
The board ot trustee* Intend to enfoire thla
8 well an all other requirement* ef the ferHirer
law. R. W.Simpson.
Prealdent Trustees C. A. C.
? ^ i ? ?
The Animal Man. t
Here la Babb'a definition of Ood's Image
nd likeness, i
Vhe man la an animal who can l>? flattered .
nd coaxed Into anything bat once you atari }
drive til in the mule?llke natare la npperlOflt.
A man la an animal who tblnka be la a title
tin god on wheels, and never reallzea that
e lan't until be 1* dpwn flat on his bac^ wltlr
lie malaria and a woman baa to wait on
A man la an animal who la desirable whan
ou are In trouble, because the brute in bint .<
elQggreater.be can awear mora and hit out *
trnlghter from the sbonlders than you
A man is an animal who eat* the very best
ie can get and wbo prefers to drink the name
uallty, but frequently becomes a tank for
toldlng bad whiskey.
A man is an animal made for the benefit of
roman, and the more she can get oat of him
n the way of kli dnesa and love the mora he
las fulfilled the daty in life, bat?with all hU
suits we love plm still.
. Who Can Beat Bel|Mtre4r
Young men, this is tbe first question your
smployers aak themselves when business be?meti
alack and when it ii thought necessary
<o economize In the matter of salaries.. "Who ?
?n bent be spared?" The oarnecles, the
ihlrks, tb? makeshift*, somebody's proteges,
tomebody's nephew, and especially come*
}ody's good-for-nothing. Young men. please
remember that these are not the ones who
ire called for when responsible positions are
to be filled. Would you like to range your
)wd future for a position of- prominence t <
Would you like to know the probabilities of I
pour getting such a position ? Inquire withn!
What are you doing to make yourself
trainable in the position you now occupy f
[f you are doing with your mlgbt what yonr
lands find ' to do, tbe chances are ten to one *
.hat yon will soon become so valuable In Ibal
position that you cannot be spared from it
ind then, singular to relate, will be the very
lme wben you will be sought oat for promoJon
to a belter place.?Printing Times and
The Pine Fibre Factory Bnrned.
Tbe pine fibre factory at Croft's, In Aiken
bounty, was destroyed by fire last Tuesday
evening. The fire was discovered in the wet
ootn, tlie place where the straw was first decorticated,
und which Is always saturated
ivitii water. All bands worked bard to ex.Ingulsh
the flumes, but as test as they were
3Ut out in one point they would start in an)tber.
The building was well supplied with
>ateiit fire extingulshess which worked well
md saturated It wllh water, but failed to put
>ut the tire. All of the light machinery was
lestroyed. but some of tbe heavier, together
ivith the two bollerq and engines, do not seem
? have been much Injured. Tbe factory will
>e rebuilt at once. ?
^ ??A.
X. Hill Jt Sons Locals.
Just received, another lot of choice uneanrasseti
hams at A. M. Hill & Hons.
A fine lot ofNorthern cabbage Just received
it A. M. Hill & Sons.,
Just received In cans. strlngltss beans
>eerlessoorn. engllsb peas, blackberries and
teaohes, If you waut anything in tbeso
;oods call on A. M. Hill A Sons. / .
Anolbor lot of fine Northern apples Inst
irrlved at A. M. Hill A Sons.
Fresh lemons, and orange* Just received at
LM. Hill A Sons.
b *V w mm mm ? ?^ w ~ ^ ?
' / '
In Effect Jan. 11, 1810.
{Train* ran by 75th Meridian time.)
~ =
No. No. No. No. No.
13. 15. 9. 17. 45. 1
,t Charleiton.. 7 00 ...
iT Columbia II 0" 6 00
,t AUton .. 12 18 0 68
,t Onion .... 2 10
,r Spartanburg.... 3 IS
ir Tryon 5 W
r Saluda fl 27
jr Flat Boek.. 0 54
,r HenderaonvllJo. 7 U7
,r Asherllle 8 00
.r Hot Springe 9 40
,r Pomaria. 12 81 7 18 A.M.
it Prosperity 19 55 7 38 7 20
,r Newberry 1 13 7 47 7 401
,v GoldviU* 8 4S
iT Clinton V iv
,rLkuren? 9 4oi
,v Ninety-Six 2 50 P.M. 8 57|
,v Greenwood. 8 13 A..M. 9 20.P.M.
,v Hodge* 3 85 9 46 6 15
kr Abbeville 4 15 6 15 10 261 6 00
.r Bflton I - 10 451P.M.
,v Belton f 4 30 10 .'5 11 00
,r WilllamBton ?... 4 58 11 17
.r Pelzer I 6 00 11 28 I
Lr Piedmont -..I 5 17 11 42 I
,r Greenville... i 6 ("0 12 15 | *Z
,r Andorsnn 0 27 P.M. 11 27
v Pendleton.- I 0 23 A.M.I
, r8onec*.. 9 00 (
,r Walballa.. 8 05
a- AtlinU 12 00
[PM. I
No. No. No. No. No.
14. 18. ie. 10. 44.
n Charleeton_ 9 43 ?
Lr Columbia 5 flOi - 9 50 ,
ir Alston. - 4 45 | 8 48
Lr Union.. 2 51
ir Spartanburg. 1 30|
ir Trjoo - 12 S7|
ir Saluda 11 40|
it Flat Rock 11 15
ir Hendersonrille 11 Oil
ir Asheviile 110 101
.v Hot Springs.. 8 82 j
,v Pomarla. I 4 10jP.M. 8 82|
Prosperity 3 40 7 33 8 11
ir Newberry.. ?... 3 10 7 17 7 54
.vGoldville I - ? ?2
,v Clinton j - 8 3S
,v Laurens. I - . , J ??
.v Ninety-Six I 1 30 6 13 A.M.
|?0 ?| ? ? ?? A M ^06
,v Bolton |Ti 05! < 40 4 23
,v Wlilinmston jlO S3i 4 0o
,v Pelzer 10 27} 8 53
#v Piedmont 10 10| j* jj*
,v Greenvillo, I 9 50j r. p^P
ir Anderson :10 17, 3 >> P-M..
tr Pendleton 9 34) P.M..
.r Seneca. | 9 001
,v Walbalia. I 8 30| | j
tlanta ia.M;I ' I
Train*1*. 10,1a, 16, 17. IS, 44, 45 daily except Sunay.
Main Line trains 13 and 14 dally between ColinMa
and Hot Springs. l>aily except Sunday bcAi.rnn
nnil Orwnvllle. Pni.man Parlor Ser
ire between Coinmblu and Hot Springs, N. C., witliut
change of airs,
D. CARDWELL, Div. I-asa. Apt., Columbia, 8. O.
J AS. L. TAYLOR, Gen. Pass. Agent, Washington,
>. C.
SOL HAAS. Traffic Manager, Richmond Ya.
Mr. Philip C. Garrett,! of Philadel>hia,
an honored and philanthropic
itizen, known for his interest in opressed
races, in particular for his deotion
to the welfare of the Indians,
as I. een appointed by the President of
he United States a member of the
loard of Indian Commissioners to ^
ucceed tue late uenerai unnioa rs. ^

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