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The Ex-President Nominated on the First Ballot at Chicago. Details of the Proceedings of the National Convention, The secon \ Democratic National Conven tion to meet in Chicago, ill., oe^an its session with the same vigor and intensity of feeling shown in the earlier contest, which resulted in -Mr. Cleveland's first nonainat ion for the Presidency eight years ago. The vast hall in which the convention was held? that huge, unpainted, woolen, boxlike wigwam down on the lake front?began to gather in the flower of the National Democracy soon after the hand on the big clock over the Chairman's platform had ticked past 11. THE DEMOCRATIC WI Almost up to the hour of meeting the sound of hammers, hurriedly driving; the Jast nails into the woodwork of the galleries, echoed through the haU. In the concluding rush a number of the Intended decorative effects had to be abandoned and others were materially changed. Though ugly enough from the outside, the Wigwam was a bower of beauty within. Its bare timbers were almost completely hidden beneath festoons and covering of flags and bright colored bunting, masses of hot-house plants and myriads ot palms and flowering shrubs. GROVER CLEVELAND, OF NEW YORK. At 12:42 Chairman Brice came to the front of the platform, and, standing with gavel in hand, said: "The convention will come to T have the Dleasure of introducing the Rev. John Rouse, who will open the proceedings with prayer." The Rev. John Rouse was a smooth faced long haired, young man, dressei in the can onicals of the Episcopal Church. He looked over the assemblago for a moment, and. spreading his hands, he said: "Order." TheD, folding his hands, he began his prayer. At its conclusion Chairman Bnce announced that by direction of the National Committee the Chair presented to the convention as its temporary officers the gentlemen named in the list, which he handed to the Secretary, who read it as follows: The Hon. W. C. Owens, of Kentucky, Temporary Chairman; Secretary, S. P. Sheerin, of Indiana; Assistant Secretaries, W. H. Dovle, of Pennsylvania; H. Shepard, of Virginia; C. Tilley, of Missouri; L. A. Rowley, of Michigan; R. E. Wilson, of Mississippi; C. D. Freest, of New York, ani J. C. Swayen, of Illinois; Principal Reading Clerk, the Hon. Nicholas M. Bell; Sergeantat-Arms, Richard J. Bright, of Indiana; Official Stenographer, Edward Dickinson, of New York. ~ ISAAC r. GRAY, CF INDIANA. The list was adopted without opposition, and then a committee escorted Mr. Owens to the platform. Mr. Owens made a short aidress, and then upon motion of General Bragg, of Wisconsin, the rules of the last Democratic Convention were temporarily adopted. The following resolution was introduced and adopted with great applause: The Convention theh aijourned to 11 o'clock a. m., on the following day. Second Day's Proceedings. Temporary Chairman Owens called the nnmin.r dnaiiin tn nrJer at 11:32. and Rev. Alfred Heary, of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Chicago, delivered a prayer. Senator Palmer made a long speech, which was enthusiastically received, after which the Committee on Credentials made its report, giving Arizona and New Mexico six delegates each. The report of the Committee on Permanent Organization was then made and adopted. It made William L. Wilson, of "West Virginia, Permanent Chairman. Mr. "Wiison was escorted to the platform by Don M. Dickinson, J. F. Duncombe, John R. Fellows, Joseph C. Richardson and M. L. Clardy. His speech denounced the "Force bill," and attacked the McKinley law. \:/ / DAVID B. KILL. OF NEW YOKK. The Committee oa R'lles next made its report, in which it su&ta.ned the unit rule. This rule Cleveland's opponents had attempted to set aside. Mr. Phelps presented a cavei to Chairman Wilson, the members of the National Committee were named and ex-Uuvernor Campbell, of Ohio, made a short speech. The Committee on Flatforrr. not being ready to report the convention, at 1:43, took a recess to 5 o'clock. When the convention reassombled at five o'clock there was a decse nia?s ot parboiled humanity boneatb its wooden roof. As far as the eye could see overJ available chair was taken, and thoro muse havo beea several ] hundred more than 20,000 Democrats laughing and sweating, the bulk of them in their shirt sleeves and all of them ready for a night of excitement and hilarity. It was 5:30 when Chairman Wilson rapped the meeting to order with the Missouri zinc j gavel and introduced the Rev. Thomas Green, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, who sent up [ to heaven an eloquent prayer. After a tantalizing delay of an hour waiting for the Platform Committee a motion to adjourn was voted down. The delegates wanted to get at the rea! business as speedily as possible. At 6:30 p. m. the Committee on Resolutions entered the ball. Colonel Charles M. Jones, of Missouri, made the report of the committee. He offered the platform, which was read in a strong, clear voice by ex-Secretary Vilas. Cleveland's name came in near the opening, and its mention evoked a volume of applause that continued just eighteen minutes. It was an unearthly roar such as few men have ever heard and ons t&at is not likely to be heard by the average man twice in a lifetime. Michigan went wild and Don Dickinson waved his Cleveland banner. Men jumped a. I ~ f 3S iwi v GWAM AT CHICAGO. up in their chairs, beating the air with their arras, bats and handkerchiefs, and the ladies performed their lull part in keeping up the excitement. The big brass band joined in the turmoil, but at tne distance of a few yards it was impossible to distinguish a note tbat was played. In all this tumult the New York delegates kept their seats as silent and unmoved as statues. When quiet was finally restored, Mr. Vilas was permitted to continue the reading 01 toe pj&biurui nuuuuu amvuo ? , terference. Chairman Jones, of the committee, moved the adoption of the platform, and on this moved the previous question. Delegate Neil, of Ooio, who was a member of the committee, offered an amendment to the tariff plank of the platform. Delegate Neal made a speech in support of HORACE BOIIS, or IOWA, his amendment. ' Henry Watterson, of Kentucky, took the platform and spoke for the amendment. Ex-Secretary Vilas referred to the amende ment as unnecessary and vicio us. Colonel Jones ended the discussion by accepting the amendment. A roll call of States was ordered on the motion to make the amendment a substitute. The amendment was carried by a vote of 564 to 342. T. M. Patterson, of Colorado, desired to have incorporated into tbe coinage plank the little word "free" before the wora "coinage." jhx. Patterson's minority report was rejected and the platform was adopted at 9:15 P. X. The Chairman then announced that the next question was the call of the roll of States for nominations of candidates for President. At this the convention loudly cheered. When Alabama was called a delegate named Fenlon jumped on his chai r and moved an adjournment, but without heeding the motion the Secretary proceeded with the call. WILLIAM C. WHIT NUT, OF NEW YORK. Arkansas yielded her place to New Jersey, and Governor Laon Abbett rose to place the name of Grover Cleveland before the convention. When Governor Abbett named Cleveland the hurrah of an hour before was renewed. The delegates sprang to their feet, many of them mounted chairs, hats were thrown into the air, and the noise of the cheering was deafening. Michigan's banner waved aloft again. When Governor Abbett came to the review of the modern heroes of Democracy each was cheered from Russell to Boies, but when David B. Hill's name was nentioned Tamm&ny and the New York delegation led a demonstration second only to that which the Cleveland men had made. Just behind the Chairman Dr. Mary Walker stood, almost alone, waving a white handkerchief in the face of the convention. After eight minutes of noise toe uaairmau meu to rap me tuuvoutioa to order, but some one brought in some lithographed pictures of Mr. Hill and held them aloft. General Sickles stuck one on the end of his crutch and waved it above hi3 head. The demonstration had continued seventeen minutes when Ed. Murphy waved the Hew Yorkers to their seats. " ?jV JOHN M. PALMER, OF ILLINOIS. A minute later the whole convention came to its feet to stare at a spot w the crowd at the north end of the ball where two polict| men were bending over a prostrate form. A woman had fainted. She was carried out and then, with partial order restored, Governor Abbett went on. Governor Abbett was permitted to conclude his speech JOHN O. CARLISLE, OF KENTUCKY, at 10:12 p. M. A renewed outbreak of cheers took place as he sat down. The Michigan delegation hoisted the Cleveland banner again, and ten minutes were given to uproar, the band assisting, while j occasional peals of thunder reverberated above the din. The rain began to drip in on the Chairman's desk, and also began to pour in on the ladies sitting at his right, and umbrellas were put up for protection. The a i - ? ARTHT7R P. QORMAX, OF MARYLAND. Chairman stood his ground, but was perceptibly soaking. An umbrella was raised over his head, and he took shelter under it. The Secretary vainly endeavored to resume the roll call. The lightning meanwhile was flashing vividly, and the torrents of rain forcing; their way through the root increased in volume. Colorado being reached, yielded_to the State of New York. W. C. De Witt, or Brooklyn, made his way up the aisle and nominated Senator Hill. After Mr. De Witt bad finished his speech nominating Senator Hill Colonel John H. Fellows seconded the nomination. The roll call was then proceeded with in regular order. Connecticut seconded Grover Cleveland. No other nominations or seconds were offered until Illinois was reached. A. W. Green seconded Cleveland's nomination for that State. WILLIAM L. WILSON1, WE9T VIRGIJTCA. Indians, by William E. English, seconded Cleveland. Iowa was the next State, and Hon. W. E. Duncombe, of Fort Dodge, nominated Horace Boies in a strong speech. At two minutes after midnight he took the platform to nominate Iowa's Governor. He finished at 12:18 and the applause which greeted the nomination was as boisterous and piolonged as the name of Cleveland had elicited. The entire New York delegation joined in the demonstration for Boie>, led by Governor Flower. The Kentucky delegation split on the roll call, Henry Watterson seconding Boies and Hon. J. A*. McKenzie speakiDg for Cleveland. Louisiana seconded Boies. Massachusetts, by Patrick Collins; spoke for Cleveland. Minnesota seconded Cleveland. So did Missouri. Montana seconded Boies. New York asked to be passed. Pennsylvania seconded Cleveland. South Carolina said it wanted Boies. South Dakota also svrung into the Boies column. Tennessee, seconded Clbveland. Texas was a unit for Cleveland. Senator Daniel, tr:?Hill UJL v u^tuia, acuuuuvu Bourke Cockran then opposed the nomination of Cleveland in a speech of an hour's duration, made just before the roll call, but promised the support of New York to the nominee. A vote was ordered at nearly three o'clock a . m. The roll of States was called without confusion until Arizona was reached, when it was evident that Cleveland would be the candidate. Then there was great confusion in the hall, but the roll was con eluded to the end When Alaska was reached his nominatio was made certain. WILLIAM B. MORRISON, OF ILLINOIS. Ohio then moved that the rules be suspended and Cleveland be made the nominee by acclamation. Daniel, of Virginia, seconded the motion. It was carried. On motion of Dickinson, of Michigan, the convention then adjourne 1 until two P. M. The vote by States wasas follows: Alabama?Cleveland, 6; Morrison, 4; Campbell, 2; Hill, 2. Arkansas?Cleveland, 10. California?Cleveland, 18. Colorado?Hill, 3; Boies, 5. Connecticnt?Cleveland, 12. Delaware?Cleveland, t>. Florida?Cleveland, 5; Carlisle, 3. Georgia?Hill, 5: Gorman, 4: Cleveland, 17. Idaho?Boies, 6. Illinois?Cleveland, 41 Indiana?Cleveland, 30. Iowa?Boies. 36. Kansas? Cleveland, 20. Kentucky?Carlisle, 6; Boies, 2; Cleveland, lij. Louisiana?Boies, 11; Cleveland, 3; Hill, 1; Gorman, 1. Maine?Hill, 1; Whitney, 1; Gorman, 1; j Cleveland, y. Maryland?Cleveland, 6; Go mau,9XMassachusetts?Cleveland, 24, Hill, 4; Boies. 1; Ru3sell, 1. Michigan?Cleveland, 28. Minnesota?Cleveland. 18. Mississippi?Hill, 3; Gorman, 4; Boies, 3^ Cleveland, 8. Missouri?Cleveland, 34. Montana?Boies, 6. Nebraska?Cleveland, 15; Gorman, t. Nevada?Boies, 4; Gorman, 2. New Hampshire?Cleveland, 8. New Jersey?Cleveland, 20. New York?Hill, 72. North Carolina?Stevenson of Illinois, 16%; Morrison, 11; Cleveland, 3)?: Boies, 1. North Dakota?Cleveland, 6. Ohio?Cleveland, 14; Boiea, 16; Carlisle, 5; Hill, 6; Gormar, 5. Oregon?Cleveland, 8. Pennsylvania?Cleveland, 64. Rhode Island?Cleveland, ^ ^ South Carolina?Boies, i?; am, o; wenr land, 1. South Dakota?Cleveland, 7; Boies, 1. Tennessee?Cleveland, 24. Texas?Hill. 1; Boiee, 6; Cleveland, 23. Vermont?Cleveland, 8. JAMES E. CAMPBELL, OF OHIO. Virginia?Cleveland, 12; Hill, 11; GormtD, 1. Washington?Cleveland 8. West Virginia?Cleveland, 7; Pattison, 1; Gorman, 3; Hill, 1. Wisconsin?Cleveland. 24. Wyoming?Gorman, 3; Cleveland, 3. Alaska?Cleveland, 2. Arizona?Cleveland, 5. District of Columbia?Cleveland, 2. New Mexico?Cleveland, 4. Oklahoma?Cleveland, 2. WILLLAK it. BTT8SILL, 0* 1fl(W10JIU8?tfg. Utah?Cleveland, 2. Indian Territory?Clevelan 1, 2. Totals?Cleveland, 616K: Hill, 112; Boies, 103;liorman, oo^\ oteveuhiu, iv-r^, MorrisoD, 5; Carlisle, 15; Campbell, 2; rattersoo, 1; Whitney, 1; Russell, 1. Life ot Grover Cleveland. Grover Cleveland was fifty-five years old n March IS last. His father was a Presbyoerian minister, and he was born in the parsonage at Caldwell, N. J. When he was four years old his father accepted a call to Fayetteville, cs. Y., where the son went to school. Afterward his father moved to Clinton. In his seventeenth year the son became cierk and assistant teacher ROSWELL P. FLOWER, OF NEW TORff. in the New York Institution for the Blind in New York Uity. In 1855 he went to Black Rock, now a part of Buffalo, and aided his uncle, Lewis F. Allen, in the compilation of a volume of the "American Herd Book." Heafterward helped prepare other volumes of the same work. In August, 1855, he became a clerk in the law office of Rogers, Bo wen & Rogers. Four years later h 3 was admitted to ttte Bar. On January 1, 1863 he was appointed Assistant District Attorney of Erie County. New York, and he held the office three years. In 1869 Mr. Cleveland became a partner in the law firm of Lanninsr, Cleveland & Folsom, and continued the "practice of law until 1870, when he was elec:e.i Sheriff of Erie County. At the expiration of his three years' term he formed the law firm of Bas?, Cleveland & Bissell. In the fall of 1881 he was elected Mayor of Buffalo, an I in the following year Governor of New York. He was nominated for the Presidency by the Democratic National Convention at Chicago on Julv 8. 1884. and was elected, carrying New Yors State by 1047 plurality over James G. Blaine. He had 219 votes in the Electoral College and Biaiue had 182. ROBERT E. PATTISON, OF PENNSYLVANIA. Onthe2il of June, 1SSG, Mr. Cleveland married Frances Folsora, daughter of his old Buffalo law partner, in the Blue Room at tne White House. He has a daughter, Ruth, born in New York City, Saturday, October 3, 1891. The Democratic National Convention at St. Louis in 1S88 renominated Mr. Cleveland by acclamation. Harrison beat him, get i ting 283 votes in the Electoral College to 165 i for Cleveland. Since March 4, 1889. Mr. Cleveland has practiced law in New York City. DEMOCRATIC PLATFOEM. Declaration of Principles Adoptei by the National Gonvention. The platform as adopted by the Demo cratic National Convention at Chicago i as follow: Sectio^I.?'The representatives of th> Democratic party of the United States, ii National Convention assembled, do re affirm their allegiance to the principals o the party as formulated bv Jefferson am exemplified by the long and illustrious lint of his successors in Democratic leadershij from Madison to Cleveland. We be lieve the public welfare demands thai these principals be applied in tht conduct of the Federal G-overnmenl through the accession to power of the party that advocates them, and we solemnly declare that the need of a return to these fun damental principles of a free popular gov ernment,based on home rule and individual liberty, was never more urgent than now, when the tendency to centralize all power at the Federal capital has become a menace tc the reserved rights of the States, thai strikes at the very roots of our G-overnmenl under the Constitution as framed by thi fathers of the Republic. Section 2.?We warn the people of out common country, jealous for the preservation of tbeir free institutions, that thi policy of Federal control of elections, t< which the Republican party has committed itself, is fraught with the gravest dangers, scarcely less momentous than would result from a revolution practically establishing monarchy on the ruins of the Republic. It strikes at the Nortt as well as the South, and injures the colored citizen even mon than the white; it means a horde of deputy marshals at every polling place, armed witl Federal power; returning boards appointee and controlled by Federal authority; the outrage of the electoral rights of the peopU in the several States; the subjugation of the colored people to the control of the party io power and the reviving of race antagonism! now happily abated, of thu utmost peril tc the safety and happiness of all; a measure deliberately and justly describe! by a leading Republican Senator as "th9 most m famous bill that ever crossed the threshold of the Senate." Such a policy, if sanctioned by law, would mean the dominance of a self-perpetuating oligarchy of offica holders, and the party first intrusted with its machinery could be dislodged from power only by an appeal tc the re.-erved right of the people to resist op pression which is inherent in all self-governing communities. Two;year3 ago this revolutionary policy was emphatically condemned by the people at the polls; but in contempt of the verdict tha Republican party nas defiantly declare! in its latest authoritative utterance that its ?U2c?ss in the coming elections will mean the enactDieDt Of the Fnrn^ hill Riiri the luurnnfcimi nf despotic control over elections in aJl the States. Believing that th9 preservation of Republican government in the United State* is dependent upon the defeat of this policy of legalized force and fraud, we invite the support or ali citizens who desire to see the Constitution maintained in its integrity, with the laws pursuant thereto, which have given our country a hundred years of unexampled prosperity, and we pledge the Democratic party, if it be intrusted with power, not only to the defeat of the Force bill, but also to relentless opposition to the Republican policy of profligate expenditure which in the short space of two years has squandered an enormous surplus and emptied an overflowing treasury after piling new burdens of taxation upon the already overtaxed labor of the country. Section 3.?We denounce the Republican policy of protection as a fraud on the labor of the great majority of the American people for the benefit or the few. We declare it to be a fundamental principle of the Deuicratic party that the Federal Governmenc has no constitutional power to impose and collect tariff duties except tor tho purposes of revenue only, and we demand that the collcction of such taxes shall oe limited to the necessities of the Government when honestly and economically administered. Section 4.?Trad? interchange on the basis of reciprocal advantages to the countries participating is a time-honored doctrine of the Democratic faith, but we denounce the sham reciprocity which juggles with the people's desire for enlarged roreign markets and freer exchanges by pretending to establish closer trade relations for a country whose articles of export are almost exclusively agricultural products witn other countries that are also agricultural, while erecting a Custom House oarrier of proaibitive tariff taxes against the rich countries of the world that stand ready to take our entire surplus of products and to exchange therefor commodities which are necessaries and comforts of life among our own people. Section 5.?We recogniz-s in the trusts and combinations, whicb are designed to enable capital to secure more thau its just share of the joint products of capital and labor, a natural consequance of the prohibitive taxes which prevent the free competition which is the life of honest trade, but we believe their worse evils can be abated by law, and we demand therigii enforcement ot the laws made to prevent aad control them, together with such further legislation in restraint of their abuses as experience may show to be necessary. Section 6.?The Republican party, while professing a policy of reserving the puolic land for small holdings by actual settlers, has given away the people's heritage till now a few railroad and non-resident aliens, individual and corporate, possess a larger area than that of ell our farms between the two seas. The last Democraticadministration re ersed the improvident and unwise policy ol the Republican party tonc'aing tn9 public domain, and reclaimed from corporations and svndicate?. alien and domestic, and re* stored to the people nearly one hundred million acres of valuable land to be sacred!> held as homestea Is for our citizens, and we pledge ourselves to continue this policy until every acre of land so unlawfully held shall be reclaimed and restored to the people. StCTiON* 7.?We denounce the Republican legislation known a$ thi Sherman act of 1891) as a cowardly makeshift fraught with possibilities of danger in the future which should make all of its supporters, as well as its author, anxious for its speedy repeal. We hold to the us? of both gold* and silver as the standard money of the country, and to the coinage of of both gold and silver without discriminating against either rueta! or charge for mintage, but the dollar unit of coinage of both metals mu3t be of equal intrinsic and exwalltQ AP Ka a A iiufaH th r All cr)\ in ternational agreement or by such safeguards of. legislation as shall insure tbe mamtainanci of the parity of the two metals, and the equal power of every dollar at all times in tbe markets and in the payment of debts, and we demand that all paper currency sball be kept at par with and redeemable in such coin. We insist upon this policy as especially necessary for the protection of the farmers and laboring classes, the tirst and most defenceless victims of unstable money and a fluctuating currency. Sectio.y 8.?We recammeni that the prohibitory ten per cent, tax on State bank issues be repealed. Section 'J.?Public office is a public trust. We reaffirm the declaration of the Democratic National Convention of 187d for the fjkfnr-rt f,h? mril !J?:*viea and wa call for the bouedt enforcement of all laws regulating the same. The nomination of a President, as in the recent Republican convention*, by delegation* composed largely of his appointees, holding office at his pleasure, is a scandalous satire upou free popular institutions and a startling illustration of the methods by which a President may gratfy his aubition. We denounce a policy under which Federal office-holders usurp control of party conventions in the States, and we pledge the Democratic party to the reform of these and all other abuses which threaten individual liberty and local self-government Section 10.?The Democratic party is the only party that has ever given tne country a loreign policy consistent and vigorous, compelling respect abroad and inspiring confidence at home. While avoiding entangling alliances K has aimed to cultivate friendly relations with other Nations and especially with our neighbors ] on the American continent whose destiny is closely linked with our own, and we view with alarm tho tendency ] to a polios of irratioa and bluster, which is | liable at any time to confront us with the alternative of humiliation or war. We favor the maintenance of a navy strong enough for ali purposes of National defence and to properly maintain the honor and dignity oc tne country abroad. Sectio.v 11.?This country has always rn me aomnnons or tae czax and to secure to the oppressed equal rights. We tender our profound and earnest sympathy to those lovers of freeJom who are struggling for Home Rule and the great cause of local self-government in Ireland. Section 12.?We heartily approve all le gumiaia eaorw to preventtne umtea orates trom being used as the dumping ground for the known criminals and professional paupers of Europe, and wo demand the rigid enforcement of the laws against Chines* immigration or the importation of foreign workmen under contract to degrade American labor and lessen its wages, but we condemn and denounce any and all attempts to restrict the immigration of the industrious and worthy of foreign lands. SECTION 13.?This convention hereby renews tne expression of appreciation of the patriotism o' the soldiers and sailors of the Union in the war tor its preservation, and we favor just and liberal pensions for all disabled Union soldiers, their widows and dependents, but we demand that the work of the Pension Office shall be done industriously, impartially and honestly. We denounce the present administration of that office as itv competent, oorrupt, digraceful and dishonest. Section 14. ? The Federal Government should care for and improve the Mississiopi River and other great waterways of th9 Republic so as to secure for the interior States easy and cheap transportation to the tidewater. When the waterway of the Republic is of sufficient importance to demand the aid of the Government that such aid should be extended on a definite plan of j continuous work until permanent improveI ment is secured. Section 15.?For purposes of National defence and the promotion of commerce between th# States we recognize the early construction of the Nicaragua- Canal and its protection against foreign control as of great importance to the United States. Section 16.? Racognizine the World's Columbian Eroosition as a National undertaking of vast importance, in which the general Government has invited the co-operation of all the Powers of the world, ana appreciating the acseotance bv many of such been the refuge of the oppressed from every land?exiles lor conscience sake?and in the spirit of the founders of our Government we condemn the oppression practise! by the Russian Government upon its Lutneran and Jewish subjects, and we call npon our .National Government, in the interest of justice and humanity, ujr uu JU31. auu proper metma, to use its prompt and best efforts to bring about a cessation ot these cruel persecutions towers of the invitation for extended and the broadest liberal efforts being made by I them to contribute to the grandeur of the undertaking, we are of the opinion that ' Congress should make such necessary financial Drovision as shall be requisite to the maintenance of the National honor and public faith. Section 17.?Popular education being the only sate basis of popular suffrage, we recommend to the several States most liberal appropriations for the public schools. Free common schools are the nursery of good government and they have always received the fostering care of the Democratic party, which favors every means of increasing intelligence. Freedom of education being an essential of civil and religious liberty as well as a necessity for the development of intelligence, most not be interfered with under any pretext whatever. We are opposed to State interference with parental rights and rights of conscience in tne education of children as an infringement of the fundamental Democratic doctrine that the largest individual liberty consistent with the rights of others insures the highest type of American citizenship and the best government. Section 18.?We approve the action of the present House ot Representatives in passing bills for the admission into the union as States of the Territories ot New Mexico and Arizona, and we favor the early >j?iuinn rvf ail thA Territories havinar accessary population and resources to admit thsm to Statehood, anl while they remain Territories we hold that the officials appointed to administer the government of any Territory, together with the Districts of Columbia and Alaska, should be bona fide residents of the Territory or District in which their duties ara to be performed. The Democratic party believes in iiome rule and the control of their own affairs by the people of the vicinage. Section 19.?We favor legislation by Congress and State Legislatures to protect the lives and limbs of railway employes and those of other hazardous transportation companies and denounce the inactivity of the Republican party and particularly the Republican Senate for causing the defeat of measures beneficial and protective to this class of wageworkers. Section" 20.?We are in favor of the enactment uy the States of laws for abolishing I the notorious sweating system, for abolish| ing contract-convict labor and for prohibifrI ing the employment in factories of children | under fifteen years of age. ; Section 21.?We are opposed to all sump' tuary laws as an interference with the in dividual riguu# ui weuiucu, j Section 22.?Upon this statement of principles and policies the Democratic party i asks the intelligent judgment of the Amer> ! can people. It asks a change of administra1 tion anil a change of party in order that J there may be a change of system and a , j change of methods, thus assuring the main! tenance, unimpaired, of institutions under j which the Republic has grown great and powerful. AMERICAN HEBOES. | Brave Men Who Hare Risked Their Lives for Others. Thomas Meehan, a river man of New York j City, has saved twanty-five live3. I William Downing, a railroad conductor of Oil City, Penn., saved Ave liva3 during the I recent catastrophe in that city. Frank D. Ring, of Denver, Col., has been | presented with a gold medal by the Govern- ' tnenfc for saving Ave lives. His acts of her.> j ism were performed while he was a citizen < of Jersey City, N. J. I The son of Admiral Kimberly has rec9nt1 ly received a siiver medal fro n tha M&ssa| chusetts Humane Society for rescuing an I older comrade from drowning while swim minz in Boston naruur. Captain Nicholas Murphy, of Boston, is one o? the most uoted life savers in Amer I ica. Durin? the period of thirty-five years he has saved upward of 10<) persons from drowning, his first rescue being rua ie waen he was fourtesn years old. Fathn* Duren, a Catholic priest of Spring Gar ten.near Madison, Wis., whoresiujl the daughter of M. Orsmi, a Paris millionaire, from drowning in the Me iiterraneaii Sea last winter, nas b<?en pre-'nte '. by h*r tather witu $35.(WO, waici the pries: wiLl devj:s to charitable purines. RETALIATION OH CANADA Urfjetl by the President in a Message to tlie Senate. In a State paper sent to the Unite! States Senate in answer to a resolution of February 24 last, call ng for information relative to reciprocity negotiations with Canada, the President sounds the death knell of that I ??:a?*- ?"'! '? rar^-nmnn.-ij thflifc Congress procaal t?> retalidti upon the Dominion for its persistent denial of the rights of American citiz?ns, guaranteed by the treaty of Washington, iu connection with the navigation of Canadian cmals. The President, iu his communication says that his answer to the resolution was delayed at the suggestion o? the Secretary of State until the conference, Juue 3, took place between the Secretary ani the British Minister and Mackenzie Bowell and George ?. Foster. Joan W. Foster also appeared on behalf of the Government of the United States, at the request of the Secretary of State. Work ha3 begun on a mining tunnel which is to be two miles long and will tap six of the principal mines iu the C'our n'Alene District in Idaho. The tunnel will tak9 the place of tramways and railroad lines In transporting ore to the concentrating plant. Colonet, Hbndrick Von Stamp, of Denmark, and Miss Mildred Hammond, of Baltimore, Md., a few days ago were married in a cemetery over the graves of the bride's nnaUi WATERY GRAVES, I Numerous Deaths by Drowning lal Various Places. H Nameroaa reports of deaths by drowning K have been received from various parti of H the country. B Five children were drowned in the Ohio H River, at Neville Island, a few miles west of H Pittsburg. Psnn., the other afternoon. They H were Paul Pittock, aged three; Rnfus Pit- H toelr, nine; Maggie Pittock, twelve, andH Ada Pittock, fourteen?children of T. H C. Pittock, a prominent business man? H and Edna Ricnardson, aged thirteen, the H daughter of a railroader. The children wer* H plavmg in a buggy that was standing on the K high bank of the river, jumping up and down in their play, and the buggy toppled! H over the bank, throwing all into the water.' H The current was very swift and only onsH body was recovered. B Three boys, the eldest eloven years wAiinffMf nlnn WOffl Hrownftd In auu VUO JVUM^WOB UIMW, " ? - - -- ?? ? lake at New Libson, N. J. The eldest was the son of Joseph C. Lotts, Superintendent of the Burlington County Almshouse farm,* and his two companions were Inmates at the Almshouse. They were bathing and one of them got beyond his depth. The others went to bis assistance and all were drownwL Mrs. George Van Hise, well known In Trenton, N.J., was drowned in the Delaware River a few days ago. Mrs. Hise waa temporarily insane. It is not known whether her death was the result of suicide or accident. Frank Weston and George Murray, aged six and eight respectively, quarrelled on a boom at the foot of Mason street, Grand Rapids, Mich. Frank tried to toss George into the river, and both fell In and ware drowned. Two (brothers, Joseph and Arthur Fournier, aged fourteen and eleven year* respectively, were drowned while baching in Taunton River, Fall River, Ma3s. \7hile bathing in the Morris Canal, at Newark, N. J., ten year-old William Besett was drowned. THE LABOS WORLD. t * _ - \ New York cash girl* get 11.50 a weefc * Thi formation of a National organisation of engraven has been set on foot. The Californians are alarmed by report! that Japanese cheap labor is being brought in. Chinese laborers are to be imported into Africa to teach the natives how to cultivate tobacco. AiraTRAiXAir colonies are proposing con* blned action against the importation of colored labor. The sponge industry of the Bahama Islands employs 500 boats and nearly 5000 Workmen and boys. It is calculated that the aggregate annual income of the working classes of England is about II, 500,000.003. The National Federation of Sailors, recently organized in Chicago, is taking steps to form an international organization comprising America, England, India and Australia. A law in operation iu Missouri compel* railroad companies to fill or block all switches, frogs and guard rails with the best known appliances for the protection of euv? ployes. Governor Flower has' issued a pardon to Joseph Barondess, tU9 leader of tne New York Cloakmakers' Union, who was oon?#am av+a*?4>? n <? mrtnjv M Vlt'bCU CU1U 9DU(^UV;?U IU1 VAHWI viu^ *mvmv^ a condition of ending a strike. The report of the Secretary of the Order of Railway Telegraphers to tne convention? at Chattanooga, Teno., showed a membership of 26,000, with a protective fond 0<^H 180,000 and a general fund of 940,000. KE The superintendent of the new elevated road in Chicago makes all applicant* for^H conductorships sing him a song or two. Ha^H is determined to nave clear-voiced young men who will not mumble hoarsely the^H names of the stations. HI 15 the United States the average expendi-^H ture per family is stated at <011 in thecotton^H industry and only $394 in the woolen indua-^H try, a difference of 1*217, while the differenci^H in income is only #5. and that In faror the industry in which the expenditure P?^H t a mi I J is least. VH KILLED AT THE MONUMENT? Lightning's "Work at the Big Or?aA Statue in Chicago. |j| Three persons were killed, two serioualj^H injured and the Grant Monument in Llncoh^H fark slightly damaged in a short but fiarc^B thunderstorm which visited Chicago, 111., few nights since. The killed were Lewifl| Myer, Lira. Shelbv, of Chicago, and an tm^^H known man. The injured were Harr^^H Philips and Mrs. Mattie Olson, also o^H Chicago. Bfl The catastrophe was the result of a bolt o^H lightning which struck the monument in th^H corridors of which nearly fifty person^H sought shelter. At the first signs of the apH| proaching storm, Lincoln Park in which tn^H monument stands, was covered with peopl^K who had prepared to enjoy the cool of th^H evening. The storm Degan with slight shower which rapidly de^H veloped into a smtll hurricane, accom^Hjj panied by a downpour of rain, vivid fiashe^H on lightning and 'terrific pails of thunder^H When its fury was at its height, a blindin^H flash struck the statue, taking its cours^H dire:-tiy tUrough the little crowd which ha^H sought safety in its enclosures. Every bod with the exception oi mrew mea, to the ground but all were uninjured excepHE those named. The bolt did not strike th^H bronze figure oi! Grant and the damage t^H the monument will be covered by a fei^H dollars. A DETEEMINED SUICIDE. I Einrlinjj Her Child to Her, a Womai^H Lies Down in a Pool of Water. Mrs. Mary Clark and her child, two ao^H a lialf years old, were found in a stream water back of her housa in Hubbardstoi^^H Mass., a few afternoons' agi^H She had tied the child / to h^Bj with a piece of apron and then jumpjd int^^B the water lying face down. The water otbe^^H wire would have been scarcely enough drown her. Got a Lanch sn Him Onc?. h8m A certain small Tom was sroing oi^H tn innchonn hv invitation, sava New York Times. Ilis mother wjKl anxious he should behave well, bii^H wisely recalling that simplicity is essence of all true politeness, ga^H him but once caution: "Act, TonHB as if you were at home; take wh^H you want with a 'Yes, please,' ar^H decline anything with a polite tbank you;' be as honest as at o^H own table"?trusting that with confidence established the continu^H home sowing of preceDt and examp^H would bear its fruit. At night ToHH reported results. "I guess I did right, mother," he said, "thougbflfi got a laugh on me once." "Wh^H was that?" inquired his moihe^H "Well, we had baked apples, aiflE when it came my turn to ber serv^^B Mrs. C. said: 'And now, Tom, whi<^H apple do you want?'" "You told he^H of course," interpolated his mothe^Hj as the boy hesitated a little. "Y^H| know I have often explained that itHB pood manners to give a cnoice wn?w one is asked." "Yeswmother, I to^B her, and that was the laugh. I sai^H The one I want is none.'" Studlod About Everything. The modem idea of combination teaching was well illustrated t^H| other day by a small boy, who w^^n asked what he studied in the publ^H schools. He answered: "Oh, ever^H thing?free-'and drawing, an'cookiz^H| an' bacteriology, an' music, an' speHH brum analysis, an' sewin' on buttonHfl an' agricultural chemistry, an' dis^Hfl washin', an' everything."