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The Abbeville Press and Banner. BY HUGH WILSON. ABBEVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 20, 1892. . ESTABLISHED 1844 ? I THE CORNER STONE. Kpfccli of Col. J. 1*. Thomas a I llie I.ay lug ol Hie Corner Stone ol* the Public St'liool KuildiiiK al \bbevllle. July SO. 1KU2. Mr. Presideut, Ladies anil Gentlemen : Appreciating the high characteristics of tliis commuuity?its elevated manhood and refined womanhood?I teel specially honored In the Invitation to address you to-day. And 1 congratulate myself upon the circumstances ol the occasion. It is pleasant to me that we are not to engage in the polemics of politics, however important in their place, hut in the dialectics of education?that we are to deal with intluer.ces, not cyclonic in their character, but with those that operate like the silent, unseen forces of nature? influence" that tall upon a community like the gentle dews Ironi heaven upon the place beneath? blessing them that give and them that take. The occasion Invites us to consider the teachers work?a work that does so much for home mid Statu. Nor is it possible to mutimJ ty unduly what the true teacher accomplishes in his day and generation, or to honor him too much. His influence survives him, and not ttnfre(|uently he deserves to rank among those "dead l>ut sceptred sovereigns who rule our spirit from t'.ielr urns." More enduring than laurels ol warrior,or bays of poet or wreaths of statesmanship is the elvic ciowii of the masterful teacher. Not wanting, therefore, in true dignity is the purpose lor wnlch we are assembled iu old Abbeville?around which gathers memories of arms as well as arts that "we would not willingly let die." HISTOKV WHICH HAS NOT II REN KILI.Y WRITTEN. The history of education in South Carolina ?a subject so worthy of historic genius?has never been fully written. True, valuable contributions have from time to time been made thereto from the periods of Daleho and of ltamsay to the present time, iiut no artist has arisen to collect these scattered parts and lorui them Into one harmonious whole. Hence our epic of letters, with its sinking episodes, remains to be composed. Much light, however, has, it is conceded, been thrown upon the question in some comparatively recent publications. We refer to i Prof. K. Means Davis's Historical Sketch in i inesuuill (. itiunuu nnuu uuun , lu luv entitled, ' Education in South Carolina, prior to and during the Revolution," by General lid ward McCrady: ana to Mr. Colyer Meri- ] wether's Monngruph, published by the 15u- i ieau of Education at Washington?an admirable treatise more thorough and comprehensive than any hitherto written on the subject ?a treatise well calculated to excite tbe interest and klndie the State pride of .South Caio- < linians. 1 THE CIICRCn AND TIIK SCHOOL HOUSE. To go buck to the beginning in this great 1 matter ol education in the State, one fact con- ! fronts us in the earliest settlements of the colony?the prompt provision for the church ( and the school house. This point, more espe- , dally as to the school, is what General Me Crady's paper establishes. Mr. MeMaster, In his History of the People of the United ( States, having made the charge of the neglect or education in South Carolina prior to and during the Revolution, Gen. McCrady takes issue with the historian and conclusively re futes his statement. He proves that there was no neglect as alleged?ttiai at the clo>e o> vhe Revolution there were twenty-two schools lu the twenty-four parishes and districts into which the State was then divided?eleven public and three charitable grammar schools, and eight private schools. In summing up the results of his acute investigation, Gen. McCrady says: "We have shown, then, that not only were our schools kept optn during 1 the Revolution until actually closed by hi vadlng armies, but that, even amidst scenes of conflict and the distress ot war, our people were alive to the interests of education as ' well as of religion; that nothing but tire and tbe sword closed our school houses." , , EARLY EDUCATION. The truth Ik that the record of these early ettoits in behalf of education as welt as the record of subsequent achievements in the 8ame cause furnishes striking demoustraiion , of the fuct that whether as colony or State South Carolina has ever sought 10 provide tlx* means for the mental elevation of ber sons. The long list?the strong array ot schools, academies and colleges marshalled before us by our historians of education ; the generous support long given to the Slate institutions; the several scheims to develop the old system of free schools and the recent system of public schools; the schools and insiliutes organized lor the training 01 teachers; the crowning provlsloo lor the higher ?duration of woman?a Ions: neglected iribuu?all unite to 8how how this corn mon weal ill, ictlrct Iny I he typical Instincts of Huguenot and Cavaller.ol Teuton and Celt, has nobly and wisely met the obligations growing out of one of its highest functions. From this educational review of the past come inspiration lor the present and hope for the future. MILITARY ANI) I.ITERAItY GLORY. Nor have these educational enterprises that brighten the history of the State failed to produce signal results. It is not possible to measure their influence. That it was wide and <Jeep and strong?this may be taken ior granted. To no other single cause can be ascribed the pre-eminence ot South Carolina in arms ai<u in arts. From this source?from e*.i>inuL> nf Inurniiiu?omtill 11 ml Inrcrp 11ilk sprung her military and her literary glory. U was in her schools ol training and discipline that was born and nurtured the I spirit of her eminent scholaishlp and master- | ly statesmanship. It was in tlrese schools, re- : in forced by the influence ol I he home, that her character was moulded, lu military pies- i tlge, lu the departments ol history, poetry and philosophy, how honorable Is the record I of the Slate! i OL'lt ILI.USTKIor.S IIKAO. 1 For illustration in one line, read the roll of 1 otir dead statesmen?Drayton, 01 Revolutionary lame; Hutledge, of heroic east; Gadsden, firm and intregld; Downdes, author ol the sentiment that the Presidency was an of lice neither to be sought nor declined; Huyue.the (iraceful Trojan v ho measured swords with the Grecian Achilles; McDuslie. the Demosthenes of his day; Pieston, its Ciceio; Calhoun, our Aristoele ic thouuht aud our Cato ^ in public ilfe; Hammond, scholarly and philosophical; and u host ol others, of whom It may be said that they were all strong, earnest, patriotic men. Thus has it been shown what South Carolina has done for education, and what education has done lor South Caioiina. AllUKVII.I.E'S KDUC.VTIOKAI, liKCOKII. Passing now from the State to the county' let us turn llie Unlit upon Abbeville and examine Iter educational record. Kami lair as this record nodouht Is to her citlxenK, our analysis as well as < ur synthesis need be but brief. For a long period oi years the recognized exponent of th? best thought and the highest tone ol the State, no county In South Carolina has a more sugsKSt've educational career. It was on the bequest of I)r. John I>eLa Howe, of Abbeville county, that ttie first manual labor school in the I'nlted states was founded?a school conducted tor many years at Lethe, the home of the testator? the name implying a characteristic ilutMienotlccontribution to the cause of praclicul education lor /charity's sake. Jt was, too, in the County of Abbeville that there existed the school of James L. I.esly, and that of M.J. Williams, among whose student* were men who In after years achieved Ktate reputatlou. THE STOltY OK WIM.INOTON. Hut the greatest of all the private schools, with which the county Is credited, and one ot the most remarkable in the Union was the famous academy established by I)r. Moses Waddell at Wellington, his country seat?so ably eouducted by the founder, and subsequently carried on with varying success by the line ol teachers who one alter another bore the ban ner upraised in 1801 by him, aptly called "the Thomas Arnold ol South Carolina." The story of Wellington reads like a romance of letters. Surely, if any educator has ever deserved llie civic crown, It Is Moses Waddell. the masterful teacher. Time nor occasion allows here the history of his life aud labors, so rich in the Iruitage of great men. Ills was a work essentially grand?suggestive of t lie power of thoughts-the mugicofmind ?illustrative of the victories of peace nobler than those of war. To give some idea of the magnetic Impress of his genius upon the souls * ' of his pupils, It suffices to point to the fact that in the long list of the eminent persons whom he taught, were such types as Calhoun, Mi Jmttie, Legareatid Peti^ru?statesman, orator, scholar, jurist. I>evoted to the classics, not, it seems, magnifying the mathematics, since we find attributed to him no architects or civil engineers or financiers or scientists, the great tame of the master of our ltugby was above all as the moulder of character. We are told by one ol his eulogists that the secret of his success was in his sleepless vigilance over the conduct and morals of his scholars. It has been well said. "No other man In the South has so powerfully impressed himself on men who influenced the destiny of the country as this Willing ton master. He needs no monument, but lives in the great men whom he has trained."' THK SCHOOI, AT C0KES1SUKY. *Nor has this classic county, around which there gathers in the more remote past so I much of educational eclat, been wanting in additional acts oI scholastic* emprise. Tlie sclio(?l at Cokesbury, a Methodist enterprise established in lsil.has done a Rood work in the menial and religious training given to the youth committed to it in its career of more than half a eenturv. KKSKtNK CO LI. KG K. Erskine College and its younger sister, now the shining ornaments of Abbeville county, were each, as Is well known, founded in a strong religious sentiment on the part of the Associate Ueformed Presbyterians of upper South Carolina. The earnest conviction that' the welfare of this church demanded training schools of a classical character led to tlie founding in ISM, at Due West, of Clark and Erskine Seminary. designed only for ministerial instruction, but soon transformed into a literary institution. The evolution was rapid. In ls-'Kl Krskine College, the lirst. denominai fnnvinlili?limt in the State, was or ganized und commenced its mission,a mission conceived in a goodiy spirit,und since prosecuted with Increasing lionorand usefulness and which now promises larger results than any hitherto attained. ASSOC IATK REFORMED SEMINARY. Connected with Erskine in a way somewhat suggestive of an imptrium in iiiipmo?of a wheel within a wheel?is the Associate lieformed Theological seminary, the heir, we assume, of the original Clark and Krekine Seminary. TilK MASONIC FEMALE COLLEGE. In 1S>! was established, under Masonic auspices, at Cokesbury, the .Masonic Female College, the first Institution of the kiud in Abbeville county. THE DUE WEST KEMAI.E COLLEGE. In IStiO, fateful year, under auspices kindred with those under which Krsklne College was started lnlo life, the Due West Female College was founded, being the second institution organized in the county for that noble work of providing tor the higher education of woman, and tiius ministering to the best if latest educational conception of the commonwealth. NO PLACE TAKES RANK OK AUUEVILLE. It thus appears that, as a centre of educational influences, no portion of the state takes rank of Abbeville. The analysis made renders unnecessary further encomium. county has surpassed this in educational enterprise. The names of Lethe and WillingIon and Cokesbury and Due West, now his toric, are suggestive of ventures original, earnest, bold, and what Is highest praise, permeuted all with the essence of pure religion. , WOULD SOT MINIFY THE PRIVATE SCHOOL , In this review of the history of education In South Carolina and in that of Abbeville county?a review deemed appropriate to the 1 object of this assemblage?it Is not intended to minify the part played by the private school, its role in the drama of education, if not conspicuous, has not been the less useful and honorable. For loug years the elementary education of tlie State v is carried on principally In the private schools. From one end [)l South Carolina to the other, these schools kept up the light ?>f learning. Well may we 1 pause to pay a tribute to this corps ot un- , crowned teachers?men and women?oi whom the world knows little, and whose praises men have not sting. Theirs are those forces not less potential because noiseless. 1'heirs Is the heroism of private life. NTot. only in the Action page of novels, < Hut a I no in the book ol real life, I In kingly palaces, in lowly hovels, In calm retirement, and In active strife i Are heroes found?some fameless, unbe- , holden, j Living dim lives, nor seeking to be known. incut. IIIWU'^11 ill OtUCb, uiimu vuvu tuvuiv ( golden I liy cherishing the mow that Is their own. \nd, as some low-voiced streamlet stealeth, 1 hidden In vegetation,and unknown of men, So Uo they let ttieir lives flow on, tilt bidden To give their borrowed water back again. \nd, as t he plenteous moisture glides where needed, , < And draweth wealth and beauty Irotn the 1 sod, I rhus live they, blessing, doing good, un- I heeded By the nay world, but known and owned of ' God. . I rhe statu assumes l'ki mary k ducat i on ( But changed now is the old order of things, fo a large extent the business of primary ed- 1 ication lias beeu assumed by tjie State. The ' Constitution of 1808 introduced Into South Carolina a new system of public education? jne leading to the general, though not uni- 1 k-ersal dethronement, of private schools. The . result is that the public schools have been ] jrought to the front, and strenuous efforts ] tiave, since 1S76, been mude to elevate their standard. Much has been accomplished in Ihe training of the teachers and in the num- 1 t>er of the schools. The chief barrier to pro- ' jress comes frotu the lack of money to give ' lueeompensatlon to the teachers and to carry ' ihe schools on lor the school year. The reve- ' uuederived from the two mills tax and the 1 t>oll tax makes up the regular appropriation ' lor tlie support of the public sclionls. Hut in ' ulonr nf ?i?m iniiiluiiinwi' Af lhl? Mlim 1HC'1 vl ?1 - ' lion has provided lor a special, voluntary tax under certain conservative restrictions, uheie communities elect in this way to supplement the public luud. VOU'NTAUY TAXATION. Realizing the insufficiency of its share of Ihe public fund to make due provision lor tlie ] proper education ol its youth, the municipal- \ ity of Abbeville has decided to augment its , resources through voluntary taxation. This notion makes possible this present enterprise ?an enterprise, which though not attended by the emblazonry of arms or the pomp ol i-eremony. tommends Itself to the better angels of our nature. Hence we are assembled to-day not to commemorate any project of mere material development or any achlevementof the soldier, riiespirlt of the occasion. If less pretentious, Is nobler and more far reaching. In laying with becoming formalities the corner stone of ' this building dedicated to the instruction of her youth, Abbeville reaffirms her ancient devotion to the cause of letters and ro-attests 1 her appreciation of the true, the enduring Interests of the community. tiik kohck of i'ciilic opinion'. More than ever does this cause,especially In it h popular phase, challenge attention. Among the controlling forces that move civilized Htutes are now reckoned the forces of education. In his masterly disquisition, in which Calhoun sounds the depths mid looks to the heights of the science of politics, he devotes a striking chapter to the prospective ef . fects of public opinion on government. More than forty years ago when he made his obser- , vations and recorded his conclusions, he con- j sldered public opinion as having an influence so great as to entitle it to be regarded as a new political element. .Stating that it had already attained a force In the more civilized portions of the vilobe sufficient to be felt by all governments, even the most absolute and despotic, lie added his conviction that it had as yet reached nothing like its maximum force. Kven In our day may be clearly discerned the confirmation of the prediction of South Carolina's great statesman. Public opinion, once timid as a fawn, is now grown bold as a lion. In England ami America it. rules with imperial sway. In continental Kurope it menaces monarchies, defies dynasties and begins to measure strength with standing armies. l*oiti<ak education. I Jul be it noted and emphasized that back of this giant force there Is a mighty influence. Behind the dynamics of popular opinion lay the dynamics of popular education. If now popular opinion Is power?as it crystalizes into law and culminates into rule?how transcendentiy Important that popular educationmoulding and guiding its offspring?should be sound and wise, promotive at once of enlightened individualism and patriotic citizen ship. Hence II follows that Slates In this era of unpnrallelled mental activity can undertake no greater task than to devise the tneaus of creating and fostering a cultivated public sentiment under the operation ot a sagacious scheme of public education. To bring about tills happy consummation may be reckoned among the best achievements of a statesmanship that nobly seeks the welfare of the people. This municipal enterprise Is, therefore, the Sinn and symbol of a sound idea, and presents itsell to the imagination with the dignity that comes from the possibilities of educated mind and awakened conscience. AliltKVIM.K ASt'tKKS. hike everjj other ambitious town, Abbeville no doubt aspires to material development. And this Is well. Hanking and trading fuelIIties ; railroad conveniences; mercantile enterprises; manufacturing establishments; mechanical shops?all these she requires to the end that she inuy enjoy the eomlortu of llleand surround herself with the muniments of the wealth that gives the means to do good. To enlarge her borders, to augment her numbers, common sense teaches that physical agencies ure absolutely essential. CHAKACTKR MORE 1IKAK THAN SCHOLARSHIP. But. above nil and in connection with all suoh agencies, does Abbeville need?what ttie most highly favored communities need? what our poor humaulty is ever needtug?a lurger measure of the wholesome, Hie con serving, tlie vitalizing spirit that conies of re iigion ami education?religion broadened b> eiiucation and education enuobled by reli clou. If the school here projected?upon which we Invoke the blessing of Uod?shall expend lis virtuous energies in subserving this end; If the trend of its curriculum shall be adapted to the demands of the times; i! its training slr.ll I be thorough; if its ethics shall be sound, msiking character more dear than scholarship, then hereafter will the conclusion be that not in vain was tnls corner stone set and the superstructure raised. I'UIIMC EDUCATION t? ITIltIC SAFETY. And what has been here invoked for one of Its communities, let us earnestly crave for the whole State from mountain to seaboard. We <.....1.1 .W.I... ..<. 1.!.... Knttn. P.... n.^llnn ?enthroned like sceptered sovereign in our heart of hearts. Sound education stands acknowledged as the choicest blessing of Suites. Public education is public security. Upon public education rest the unity, the peace and welfare of a people. Upon a noble manhood and a gracious womanhood?made noble and gracious through ripe methods of scholastic and ethical training?are based (lie pillars ol the common wealth. The age we live in is one of unprecedented progress. The genius of the age is menial activity. Our Stale is neither broad in territory nor strong in numbers. Her chief relianctfmust be upon moral forces. I.KTTKRKD I,INKS OK BATTLE. Hence the conclusion: If South Carolina would keep her old place in the Union?if she would take on a new leaseof power, she must sound anew the tocsin of action ; must advance her educational standards, and order forward her lettered lines of battle. LOWUDESVILLE LETTER, "Troupe" Tell* of tlic Actings and Doings of the People in the Seven Hilled City. Lowndesvllie, S. C., July lfi, 185)2. Messrs. \V. M. and Governor Hpeer went to Elbert county, Cia., Saturday on a visit to relatives. Dr. W. M. Grler, according to appointment, nnciinlprl Dip milnlt. in Prnvlrlpnce church Sunday evening at 4 o'clock, and used for the basis of tils sermon 3!)th verse ot the 5th chapter of John, ".Search the scriptures for In thetn ye think ye have eternal llle, ond they ure they which testify of tne." lie handled his subject In his usual lucid and Interesting style. Mr. Victor A. Moore, of Birmingham, reached here Sunday morning for a short stay. In Sunday school In the Methodist church on Sundiy Mr, L. C. Mauldiu was elected a delegate to the Inter-denominational conference to be held at Mt. Carmel, beglnnlug Tuesday night. Mr. J. C. Black, of Antrevllle, was In town Monday. Mr. L>. L. Barnes was called to Anderson Monday on business. The Kev. W.C. Winn, who has charge of a flourishing school at Latimer, had an exhibition at that place Tuesday night, which was quite an enjoyable a Hair. Our place had several representatives thereat. Mrs. B. A. Henry went to Elberton. her old home, Wednesday to visit relatives and friends. Kev. J. S. Porter and Mr. S, P. Epps leftWednesday for tionea Path to attend the District Conference, which began Thursday. Miss Annie Lou Power returned Wednesday from a seveial days visit to friends at Latimer. Miss Meta Allen celebrated her fourteenth anulversary Wednesday evening, to which some of her young friends In town and trom Anderson were invited. The young folk as usual had a splendid time. Mr. James Giles, of Abbeville, spent several lays In our midst beginning Saturday as the ..I liulnf Mm U.'m Mn/.ru Mr. J. O. Chambers left Sunday for Atlanta, GJa., being called thereon important business. Dr. Patrick, of Home. Ga., was In town Wednesday in the interest of a hedge fence, lor which he Is agent. Our people were much pleased with it, and invested in it to a considerable extent. Mai. F. \V. R. Nance, County Commissioner if Due West, was In town Thursday. Ills visIt to us was no doubt of a two-lold nature, i. e. lo look alter the roads and bridges, and push ills candidacy for .Sheriff. Miss Lulie White, of Anderson, came In rtiursday to visit friends and relatives. Mrs. 1*. 15. Allen, of Starr, spent a few days this week In our community, ending ThursJay. Mrs. E H. Matthews, Miss Carrie Matthews ind Miss Marlon Johnston went over to llonja Path Friday. The pastors of tho Abbeville Association, Kev. J. A. Carroll, Ninety Six, llev. E. J. Forrester, Greenwood, ltev. J. A. Drown, Due West, and Kev. I,. M. Rice. Honea Path, will lecture upon the subject of missions, at Midnay, on the '20th at 11 o'clock a. m., and in the Baptist church In this place at K.:i0 p. m. It seems as if we are going to have a lively race for trial justice In our township. There ire already, so rumor says, four candidates In the field, and several yet to hear front. The inly other opening lor aspirants for ofllce, Is that of township school trustee. As there Is IJWb IIJUUII, II IllJJ IIU1IUI, III1U 111' J'Cliju sxeept a ' cussln" occasionally connected with that oltlce it Is noteven presumable LtinL there will be more than fifteen or twenty who will stand for it. The grass, the grass. The oldest Inhabitant Joesn't remember to have seen as much at Llils time of the year. What pulling, pushing ind gouging there has been,?have heard of jue or two hauling it out in wagons. Frost will have to clean some of our crops. Ain't ft fellow who travels 040 miles to see bis best girl sick, bad sick. He certainly has It bad. In the whole range ol the materia medlca, not a remedy to reach the case. Troupe. THE ALLIANCE, Annual Meeting?Election of Officer* ?lilt nt the 1'reNM and Manner. The annual meeting of the Abbeville County Alliance convened at 11 h. in. In theCouit House. The Teachers Normal Institute courteously nrilnnrned and trave us the use of the Court room Irom 11 a. in. to 4 p. m.t for which kindness they received the heurty thanks of the convention. The following sub-a!llanccs were represented: Abbeville, Antreville, Hodges, Pradley, Fork. Green wood, Level Land, Long Cane. Mt.Carrnel, Mountain View, Phoenix, Kidge, Itock Springs, Stony Point, Iroy, Walnut Grove, Willow Spriugs, Belivue, Sandy Hrunch, Lowndesviile, Oak Grove. After routine work President Make announced that District Lecturer Pro. Jos. L. Keitt was present and would address the convention. The lecture of Mr. Keitt was the strongest of the many strong appeals made to this body, and made a deep and lasting Impression upon his hearers. The duty o! A11 ianeeinen was made as clear us it is possible for logic, rhetoric and eloquence to make it. The president at the close of Mr. Keitt's lecture announced that the hour had arrived to enter upon an election ol otlicers for the ensuing year. The retiring address of President lilake was the etlort of his liie. in words of lire lie depicted the ultimate effects of the uprising of 1 ......I ,.r , I, a 111,.I West upon the Nation's financial policy. That a financial polley that had made it practical for thirty thousand men to own more than one-hall of the United Slates would do more to bring the prophesy of MeCauley true than all other agencies combined. That as the great sun disappeared each night beyond the western horizon it found the producers of this great republic belter informed as to the methods that have been used to make the rich richer and the poor poorer. The convention regretted the constitutional necessity that made it necessary to retire Mr. lilake Iroin the presidency. The election of olllccrs resulted In the election of the following standard bearers for the year : President?Dr. Patrick II. Adams. Vice President?J. S. Graves. Secretary?J. V. Jones. Treasurer?W. W. Bradley. Lecturer?J. K. lilake, Jr. Assistant Lecturer?J. W. Gaines. Doorkeeper? II. W. Howie. .Assistant Doorkeeper T. is. .ucioru. Scrueant-al-Anns?W. C. Shaw. Chaplain?'T. W. (irahani. Executive Committee? It. K. lllll, W. II. Stall worth, F. \V. R. Nance. Committee on (iood of tlio Order?R. II. Hughes, Joseph Majors. Delegate State Alliance?.1. Y. .lones. Delegates to ?.1. 15. llolloway, U. K. lllll. Alternates, I'. II. Adams, J. W. Uaincs. The debate on suggestions for tlie irood of the order, anion*; oilier things, resulted in bringing forward the following resolution which was ordered to be; published : Resolved, That this Alliance put upon record its condemnation ami resentment of the course of the editor of the Abbeville Press and Manner in Ills misrepresentation and studied insults heaped upon our order from week to week through the columns of his paper. The president announced that the State Alliance would meet in Columbia on the 27th of July. J. v. Jouch, Secretury. ; THE SUNDAY SCHOOLS. > liilcroslliijf XoIpn or nil IiitereMtlng | Ucetinc ill an Interesting Town. i Mount Carmel, S. C., July 12,18)12. T The Abbeville County Ktiniluy School Coni vent Ion (I n ter-denom Inatlona I) met, In the 1 Baptist Church at!) o'clock p. ?n. Mr. C. V. Hummond read 2:5rd Psalm. Body lead In prayer by Prof. Wm. Hood. The President, Prof. Geo. C. Hodges, and A. B. .Morse, Secretary, absent. On motion of W. A. Templeton, C. V. Ham' tnond was made temporary President,and \V. A.'J'empleton was requested to act as Secretary pro tetn. The minutes of last convention read and approved. The following ministers, superintendents and delegates were enrolled : Rev. \V. A. Gaines, ltev. K. V. Pressly. Rev. Hugh McLees, liev. A. Ij. Patterson, ltev. J. C. Leroy, liev. G. H. Burton. Siri'ERINTKXDKNTS. Beulah?(J. W.Collins. Due West?Wm. Hood. I Greenwood?J. W. Greene. Ml. Ciirmel?Wm. lUlcy. Bethla?M. J. Link. Little Mountain? !S. Knox. Alt. Carmel?W. F. McKellar. Alt. Morlali ?P. J. Grlltln. Lebanon?J. ('. Pressly. Wllllugton?W. E. Link. DELEGATES. Abbeville?C. V. Hammond. Little Mountain?A. M. Erwln. Abbeville?T. L. Moore. Abbeville?B. K. Beaeham. Bethlehem? J. M. Major. Mt. Carmel?M. M. While. Warrenton?R. C. Wilson. Troy?.1. W. Lyon. Greenwood?E. II. Tarrant. Long Cane?J. K. Kennedy. Mt. Carmel?M. L. Kay. Ridge?G. A. Tucker. Lowndesvllle?L. C. Mauldin. Lebanon?A. K. WatsoD. Abbeville?W. A. Templeton. Mean's Chapel?B. F. I'rice. Willlngton?J. O. Hemmlnger. Bethlehem?Turner W. Ellis. On motion of W. A. Templeton, a committee consisting of W. A. Templeton, Prof. Hood and G. W. Collins were appointed to nominate officers for the present year. The committee reported as follows: J. W. Greene, President, Thos. L. Moore. Secretary, and remaining otlleers same as last year. The report of committee was unanimously adopted, and the officers declared duly elected. The President J. W. Greene, took the chair and after expressing his thanks for the honor conferred, suited the first business In order was to receive the reports from the schools. The schools reported through their delegat es as fol lows : Beulati, Baptist?G. W. Collins. Lue West, A. It. P.?Prof. Wm. Hood. (Jreenwood, Presbyterian?E. H. Tarrant. Mt. Carmel, Methodist?Wm. Riley. Mt. Carrnel, Haptlsl?W. P. McKellur. Little Mountain, Presbyterlan?A. M. Erwin. Beth in, Presbyterian?M. J. Link. Lebanon, Presbyterian?J. C. Pressly. Abbeville, Methodist?C. V. Hammond. Abbeville, Presbytorlan?W. A.Templelon. Abbeville, A. K. P.?F. Y. Pressly. Abbeville, Baptist?Thon. L. Moore. Bethlehem, Methodist?J. M. Major. WarrentoD. Presbyterian?R. C. Wilson. Troy, Baptist?J. W. Lyon. Long Cane, A. K. P.?J. K. Kennedy. Ridge, Methodist?(J. A. Tucker. Lowddesville, Methodist?L. C. Mauldln. Mt. Morlah, Baptist?T. J. Griffin. Greenwood, Methodist?C. G. Waller. Bethlehem, A. It. P.?Turner W. Kills. Mean's Chapel,?H. F. Price. Williugton, Presbyterian?J. (>. Hemminger. on motion of C. V. Hammond the delegates were requested to occupy the seats near the front. After singing No. :U:i In Gospel Hymns the convention adjourned wit]i benediction by ICev. A. L. Patterson to meet at !l::50 a: m. in the morrow. July 13,1*92. Convention convened at 0:30 a. m. lievottfinnl pv^twikpq tl l( I tl ct hv l??'V Htllfll Ml! Lees. MI nutes of yesterday read and after correction, confirmed. On motion the following delegates were elected to the .State Simday .School Convention. Prof. Wm. Hood, Rev. W. A. Gaines, C. V. Hammond, Wm. Klley, and J. \V. Greene. Topic?"Nocd of Uetter Teaching and How to Secure It." Opened by C. V. Hammond, followed by Prof. Win. Hood, W. A. Templeton, Rev. Hugh McLees and Hev. J. E. Leroy. Topic?"The llook weStvidy; How to Study It; How to Teach it." Opened by Rev. F. V. Prefsly. followed by ('. V. Hammond, Rev. Hugh McLees and Rev. J. E. Leroy. Topic?'"The Advantage of Teachers Meetings.'" Opened l?y Prof. Wm. Hood, followed by C. V. Hammond and Rev. W. A. Gaines. On motion of W. P. MeKellar, the convention took a recess until 2 o'clock. Helng dismissed with benediction by Bro. W. A. Gaines. The convention re-assembled at 2 o'clock. On motion of W. A. Templeton, Greenwood the next meeting of the convention. Normal Lesson. Study of the Hooks, Writers and purpose of the New Testament Scriptures, by W. A. Templeton. Topic?"What lias the Sabbath School Accomplished and What Remains to be Done." Opened by Rev. Hugh McLees, followed by Rev. Rev. A. L. Patterson and E. H. Tarrant. Topic?"llow Shall we Improve our Sunday Schools?" Opened by Rev. W. A. Ga'.nes, followed by Rev. G. H. Burton, Win. G. Riley and Rev. J. E. Leroy. Cash and pledges ammounting to ?11 taken up for State Sunday School Convention. W. A. Templeton, Statistical Secretary, submittee report as following : Sunday Schools reported 24, teachers, 211. scholars 1.510, amount reported as collected for various purposes S1.1S7.45. Resolution of thanks by Bro. C. V. Hammond was unanimously adopted by a rising vote. Resolved. ''That this Convention extend a vote of thanks to the good people of Alt. Carmcl and vicinity for their kindness In intertainlng the delegates and friends of this Convention." Prayer by Rev. V. Y. Pressly. Minutes rend and contlrmed. After slngitiK 201 Gospel Hymn, and bene diet ion by Rev. G. H. Burton, the Con veil tion adjourned "sine die." Tlios. L. Moore,Secretary, i ? ? NEWS FROM TROY. A Glance al (lie People in Thai Modem i'lly. Troy, S. C\, July IS, 1S!I2. Miss Moselle Tagsiart, of Greenwood, is the guest of Miss M innle Taggart. On account of the Illness of Rev. A. S. Sloan father of our beloved pastor, Rev. T. \V. Sloan, there was no preaching in the A. R. 1'. church last Sunday. Miss Rebecca Bradford Is visiting in Kdgefleld. ? Rev. H.<". Burton preached In the Baptist church Sunday. i 'miiiHi1:ii<w ;irc lii'f'InnlnL' to meet vou on all occasions now, and you are compelled to shake hands with them. Our good postmaster Is sick. our council is doing mdiic much needed work in town. .Miss Carrie Itoyce, of (Jastnnia, N. <' , Is vlsitilit; her sister, Mrs. W. 1'. Wideman. We are clad to know Miss Kiltie Ilernion will lake charge of our school another year. Miss Martha Walker, sister of Mr. James II. Walker, died last. Wednesday. She had been an invalid eleven years. Old Mrs. Itowiek Is lying seriously ill. Several from our town will attend the barbecue at Abbeville t< - lay. Tiie temperance society will give an ice cream entertainment next Friday evening. Watermelons are plentiful and cheap. Miss Mattle ISrown is visiting in Krigefleld. The Conservatives had a delightful meeting hero last Saturday, with a big increase to the roll. What will the farmers do with their crops * They can't clean them now,as it Is getting too late in the season. Capt. It \V. Litcs sowed another crop of oats. This makes the second crop tills year. lie sa.VK they are looking lino. Mr. J. L. Ilurnett and Mr. .(utiles Fisher, of Abbeville, whs In town Sunday. Rev. William Cressly preached in the A. It. 1'. church last Sunday night. Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Kennedy passed through town Saturday. Some of our roads are need Ins work. We hope to have them in good condition noon. A good main* of our country friends had to speii J Sunday In town on account of liiali water. Nick. A lot ot white vests which will be sold at Micou the dollar. Call early, I*. Rosenberg & Co. The Glenn Spring water Is beneficial in many eases of summer complaint. Cull on I), C. l)u I're, at Greenwood, to get water and information, tf. All white goods reduced In price. \V. K. Bell. NINETY-SIX NEWS. / ? Fust End Tells it All, nn?l Mnken Sonic CoiiniM'tils. Ninety-Six, x. July 18,I8!i2. It Is thought by some of our best larroers that the cotton crop is bailly Injured by the I wet weather. The corn lu the low lands will i be a failure unless we have less rain. s A most excellent meeting has been going on ' in the Haptlst church at this place for the i past week. The Hev. Mr. Forrester, of Green wood, has been assisting the Hev. Mr. Carrol. I lie is hi) earnest lorcioie speaueranu hisser nous have been of the very best. I We were a little premature In our congratulations last week. Miss Anna May Watson Is not married. We certainly oITer our apologies, we heard it, we thought, from good authority. Maj. J. A. Stuart's watermelon patch was raised one night last wpek and some of his finest ones carried olf. lie tracked the thief to ills door, of course, a full settlement was then and there made. There have been many changes from Tillman to ShepDnrd In our township aud every day the good'work is going on. Mr. John Gauidin Crawford, of the Sniuda section of Kdgefleld, was up last week. He Is In the lumber business and sold Mr. E. M. Osburn about :io,<X)0 leet of dressed lumber. Mr. Osburn contemplates building a residence on South Cambridge street.. Hurrah for Hillie McGowan. Ho will get a blir vote at Ninety-Six. Everybody should remember to cast a prohibition vote at the primary. There are many men in our community who committed themselves to Tillmanlsm two years ago, who don't know how to get Into the conservative party. They lack the moral courage to say, *'I will no longer be driven like cattle to the shambles. I will no longer pursue a policy that will bring ruin upon my State." They are airaid of their neighbors and nine times out of ten that neighbor !s trying to get office. They think a change ol political opinion is a compromise, in other words they said the "mule was 16 feet high" and they will stick to it if it sinks the State. We have other men in our com- y munlty who claim to be Christians, claim to c livo nn ft lilcrhor nluno than thn nAinmnn horH n yet those same men have apolitical Idol, so a unlike the Christ they worship, that the pro- a fane world stands amazed. They ask if the I: exigencies of the times have made It possible to "serve God and inarnon." Yet indeed, It t looks that way. b Mr. James H. Rice, Jr., and wife are visit- p Ing the home of their father, Col. J. H. Rice, V where they will stay for several weeks. n We see that there Is a disposition on the b part of the Tillmanltes to set aside some of C the present legislators, why Is this? We s think that they are not as subservient to the t will of Dictator Tillman as they should be, li hence they are called Drlftwoou, and told to t stand aside. We are sorry for them and g know It must he humiliating. We notice that the committee appointed to p revise the club rolls mention that J. W. Kou a che and W. W. Kouche are on both the Nine- b ty-Six roll and Coronaca roll. This Is a mistake, Maj. I. W. Fouche lives at Ninety-Six. o .1. Walter Kouche lives at Coronaca Wallace C W. Kouche lives at Ninety-Six and Will Warren Kouche lives at Coronaca. The rolls are all right. At the last convention of Cambridge Lodge K. of P., George M. Anderson was Installed a? Chancellor Commander: A. S. Osburn, VlceChaneellor and J. C Hutchison. Keeper o; Records and seals. Mr. IS. N. DeVore also ^ took the Knights rank. Col. L'tsey left last, week for ('hick Springs, via Harris Lethia. He will be absent for some time. ]>r. Sanders sells the finest cantelopes ever t brought to-Ninety-six. The writer Is under many obligations to t M iss Agnes Rice for a fine 10 pound cabbage, v Nothing could have been more acceptable. Ii Mr. J. W. Payne, one of Green wood's niosl c enterprising citizens was in Ninety-Six a short time last week on business. v As we predicted, the name of Mr. Henry J. v Klnard appeared In last week's Issue ol the t Press and Kanner as a candidate lor the Leg- s islnlure. .Mr. Kinard Is a substantial good II man and If elected will make a good repre- t sentative. I am not quick to tie on to candi- " dates, but I have known Mr. Kinard lor n d long period of years and am natlstted lie Is n far above the average, besides he has a mind k of his own and can be relied on to exercise It t Miss Fanny Dyson, of Edgefield, was up o last week doing Home shopping. e Mr. Kd I tor. Can't we get David Aiken interested In politics, we would like to hear t him on the present situation, candidates, etc. V A Conservative Democratic club was organ b ized M, this place on last Friday evening. Dr. o T. S. Hlake was elected President. J. N\ Lips- v comb, Vice-President and George M. Ander- o son, Secretary. The club numbers near 100 e mem.bers. Resolutions were adopted endors- t Ing Cleveland and .Stevenson andSheppard v and Orr, also condemning the course of a ma ri jorlty of our delegation to the National Convention and repudiating the assertion of b Senator Irby that he and Gov. Tillman con- 1 trolled IKi per cent, of the Democratic voters t of South Carolina. The club Is pledged to use -J all honorable means to secure the election ol t Sheppard and Orr. but will vote for the nomi- 1 noes of the September Convention. Peace and harmony prevailed and the enthuslam b manifested shows that some good work will i be done betweeu now and the :J0th day ol August. t rroi. iirown, 01 me toiumoia remaie <^oi- v. lege was in our midst last week In the Inter- e est of hia college. Everybody was delighted s witli Prof. Brown. We understand several ot t ouryound Indies will go to Columbia College. \ A large number of our Conservative Democrats attended the meeting on the 18th. b Mrs. \V. J. Devore, of Greenwood, was s down last week visiting friends. f Or. T. S. Blake, the President of the Conser- v vative club of this place, is one of the best c men in the township and has the respect and \ confidence of many voters In ttie club. The crop of waterinelous is Immense, but I they are not so good as usual, too much rain. <1 Miss Lizzie Richardson, of Cow Grove, lias t been vlsltlnc friends at Ninety-Mix. f Col. A. MeN. Turner, of the Windsor Hotel, I Greenville, s. C? was down on last Saturday, s Miss Ida Keliar, of Greenwood, and Miss \ Mamie Summers, of Newberry, have been s visiting friends In Cow Grove. r Miss Sallle Turner, of the blocks, Is visiting h her sister, Mrs. J. A. Calhoun. e our old friend Berry Sprott, of Greenwood, was down last Saturday. We are always glad t to see Berry. He is one of the best men in c the county. t We hear the liev. P. M. B. Klnard is going a to pitch his tent near the residence of Mr. .1 i A. Calhoun in Cow Grove. Now we hope r this rumor is true, for Cow Grove needs the a invited prayerR of the multitude. Kor several days we have had good weather c and the farmers have made good use of it. t Mrs. Dr. J. B. Watts, ot Laureus, was over \ last Saturday shopping. East End. \ " ' " J ('anl-Tnil>.Swinsliie< I'ast ami Present 1 Spartanburg Herald ? The practice of one candidate swinging on, ' so to speak, to the coattail ot another candl- v ilate to he drasrged into ofllce, is possibly s more freely indulged at this time than ever ' before but the modern swingers cannot claim 1 originality lor their practice. A gentleman who is well on in years and remembers the incidents dlstincty, related yesterday a circumstance that Indicate that away back In the thirties, coat-lall-swlnglng was successfully practied in Laurens county. I Owen Summerel was an original character 1 who was the father of a race of Summcrels. He resided near Laurens H. and was i known in his day as a witcli doctor. It was the peculiar hallucinations of this ignorant and superstitious man that lie had supernat- < iirjil nower over the witches. When these pesky spirits alllicted anybody in the neigh- <] borhood, tlie donation of a small piece of v silver, which was to be turned Into a bullet, in the hands of Owen settled the matter. > When that distinguished man Charles P. Sullivan tlrst entered public life by o tier Ins: n for a seat In the legislature, some one placed Owen Kummerel also in the Held for le^islat.- e ure honors, merely as a joke. ISut. tlie burlesque came near being serious, for If Kummerel I was not elected ho lacked less than a dozen votes. It was one of the promises of the cam- c paign that if elected Summerel would have f all the trees toped so that? shot-gun would have equal chance with a ritle at squirrels. <| Atone of the campaign meetings the boys |i made Owen speak. Said hc"I am no speaker gentlemen, but I will say that on all public s questions you may put It down that whatever u .It til in le iroy is j is. And half a century later this expression s survives and men are sought tor legislative s halls because they can say, "what Tillman is 1 is." i "(Jive mea legislature in sympathy with g me" is Tillman's cry. Now let us review the peculiar doctrines a man must hold to be in full sympathy with Tillman. ] lie must believe that a man should not be allowed to vote unless ho owns a certain aniouutof property or has gone to school a certain time. 1 llcmust believe that the man who Is worth a million dollars should be taxed just as much s for schools as the man who lias not a dollar in I the world. v He must be willing to tax every man S3.0U li a head for roads and if he can't pay the latter c put Itiin on the block and sell him to the t iilghi'si overseer who bids for his labor. I These are the measures Governor Tillman i promises to carry out il he Is electecd and has r a legislature to do bis bidding. Try a cake of the octagon soap, for sale only by Ileal b & Co. ; CORONACA ITEMS. +. ? Pecelvcil Ln*t Week, but too I,nte to Get a Place in the Paper. Coronaca, S. C.. July 11,1S92. Hurrah! for (Joronnca and community we have the best crops of corn, cotton and small jrain, fine orchards or apples and peaches ind beautiful vineyards, abundantly loaded with magnlticeutjcrops ot (trapes, and last but not least, the mo>t Intelligent, progresdve, cash paying, autl-Tlllmau farmers to be ound anywhere In the county. We are thoroughly antl-Tillman, Mr. Editor, but by no means anti-farmers. Our farmers are our monied men and control things prelty generally about here one ;reat reason of our abundant success. Our little town and community have been ?ery much enlivened recently by the return lotiie of so many <9i our young men from Wotlbrd, Furman and other colleges?notably imong whom are Messrs. John Coleman, Will Nickels, E. A. Stewart, J. Frank and jeorge Fooshe. A cleverer set of young men aever lived in any community. And the young lady visitors?Oh! they are ire so sweet. Miss Johnson from Quarry at ler uncles Mr. W. W. Klugh. Miss Alexanler from Mulberry at IJ. K. Joyce's. Misses Jutne anu isacot, orColumbia, at -ur. a. .h. \i ken's. We are soon to have another church in own which will add greatly to the appearmce of the town and to the comfort and convenience of a good large proportion of the :ongrecation. Old Bethlehem church or rather the new shurch that was built at the old place a year >r so ago, which Is (jjtuated a half mile or nore out of town, has determined to get on vheels and roll up Into town. Arrangements lave about heen completed for the move. Now we want arrangements completed at inoe for a good school here next year.* l/el is have a school meeting and see about em loylng a teacher. Nothing like a good ehool for any community. With thinklng-roen in these parts Its most oo thin a thing In Gov. Tillman after saying o the Cleveland supporters at Chicago, "I tell oil frankly In my opinion (Cleveland cannot arry .South Carolina and that seven-tenths if the Alliance will refuse to vote for him," ,nd then get up on the stump here at homo nd say to the people that he was "Just playng a bluff game." Mark you he didn't say that seven-tenths of he members of the Alliance are opposed to lis nomination, but that they would not support him if he should get the nomination. Veil he has gotten the nomination by a large najorlty and now what of his (Tillman's) fluff and prediction that the people of South Carolina wont support him ? By such an asertion didn't he announce to the world that he people of South Carolina, his followers at east, would bolt the Democratic party before hey would support Grover Cleveland the reatest Democrat In the party? And by ho doing he has slandered his peoile and the whole State and tried by word nd Influence to lead them Into what would lave been the greatest mistake of their lives. Away with such a man as this, fellow demcratsand take up for your campaign cry? Cleveland and Stevenson, Sheppard and Orr. More Anon. PEACH ROSETTE. L Dlnenne which In Killing1 the Pench Tree* About Xinety-Six?Vo Remedy for It. Editor Press and Banner. I write to cull attention to a very aestrucIve, and, for this section, a new disease rhlch luis appeared In the peach trees In the ust few years. It showed Itself In ray orhard first In the summer of 1890. This year I know four orchards near me landed by It, and doubtless there are others ol ,'hich I have not heard. The appearance of a ree affected by It 1b very peculiar. At this oason of the year It Is yellow uniformly, but is distinctive symptom is the tufted form ol lie leaf-growth which eove/s the tree all over ?lth leaf rosettes and gives the name of the isease. I may say that some think this a doilillcatlon of the "yellow*," a disease well nown and very destructive In Maryland, )eleware and other northern States, while thers hold It to be new and to have origlnatd In north Georgia about ten years ago. If this last be so, it has evidently crossed he Savannah and invaded South Carolina. Vhatever Its origin, i?o tree attacked by It ins ever been known to recover. It Is wlthut any exception fatal in every case. A tree irlth the "yellows" at the north may live from ne to 5 years, but Is sure to die sooner or latr. A tree with "rosette" will never survive he first year, unless part of It Is not aft'ected, tKl/?h la uoru rnrw thft whnlfl t.PPA bfillie al nost invariably attacked at once. In this and the past two years I have lost lalf of my peach trees. I counted this mornng In the orchard ol Mr. Jas. Seal, seventeen reeswlthlt. All will be dead by November, k. farmer's orchard seldom exceeds two or hree dozen trees, and will not last long dynu at thin rate. IloHette does not attack apple or pear trees. >ut all varieties of plumbs are liable to take t Twigs with "rosette," like those sent to you o-day, were sent to Mr. J. F. C. DuPre, ol Meinson College, with inquiry as to the dlsase and remedy. If any. lie reported the ame to Prof. J. S. Newman, who forwarded he whole to the Agricultural Department at Vnshlngton and wrote to me as follows: ' Neither remedy nor preventive has yet leen discovered as far as I can learn. I would uggest that nil trees affected be burned to irevent the spread of the disease." Advice eas also received from I)r. Erwln F. Smith, if the Division of Vegetable Pathology, at VashiiiKton from which I qoute : "Tne disease whlcn you described so clearly r what I have called "Peach Rosette' for want if a better name. It occurs commonly hroughout Northern Georgia, but this is the Irst time it has bpen reported from South Carolina. No remedy is known, and the only uggestlon I have felt like making is toadrise growers every where to dig out and burn uch trees as soon as diseased. I should be nuch obliged for any additional information it any time in regard to tbe spread of the disase In South Carolina." This disease has been abundantly proven to >e constitutional or "in the blood" by the iniculatlon of 125 healthy sclous with "rosette" ?uds, every one of which that "set" infected tnd killed tbe scion, so it would seem to be tseless to look for cause of this disease extermlly, like rust in wheat or lice on cabba? md other plants. I would be clad If every render of this arti,1a !(..<?/. (,, Crtnfli i'ir,illnQ tvhrtlu un iinfnr. unuteas to have this disease in his orchard vould write to me at Ninety-Six, saying vhen il first made its appearance? What per lent of iiis trees have been attacked each 'ear? What Is the character of soli and locainn of orchard?wet or dry, clay or sand, etc. I will close with one more caution from I)r. Smith who ha? been investigating this disease or tiie past three years. "If peach-growers vould save their orchards and maintain tbe uccessful cultivation of the peach, the necesty for prompt and concerted action appears o be very great." W. L. Anderson. lluck I.evol. Buck Level, S. C., July 14, 1^92. Mr. and Mrs. Mc, Cobb and their beautiful ittle son. Melton, made a flylDg trip to Buck jevel last week. The outlook at present for a good crop Is beter than it has been for many years. Another tine rain on the 14th. The farmers are still trying to conquer Gon. jreen. The whistle of the engine is heard In every lircction. threshing out the graiu, which Is eiy good. There will be a pic nic at the Powder sprlug iaturday. July Hi. The fruit crop is splendid. Plenty of apples ,nd peaches. Mr. F. A. Buchanan has a tine vineyard and nough grapes to furnish the neighborhood. The protracted meeting commences at Trlnly church on the fourth Sunday. Mr. T. Alfred Cobb had his buggy broken at hurch Sunduy night by his horse being rightened. We are no politician, but think it time to nit. sn much wrnnpltiiir nnit nil iinlto nmi mil together. We were all very much disappointed In not eeinu "S'k" contribution In last week's Press nd Banner. Mr. W. T. Verrell has a magnet which eems to draw lilin in the direction of 'Posurn Trot every Sunday. Miss Kate, the little curly headed daughter f Air. J. H. Pulliani, has been visiting her randmothcr, Mrs. It. A. Buchanan. ii 1 I'm Corn Compared uilh Granville Iteal'M. Hester, s. C'., July 11,1892. Editor Press ami Banner: 4 Hkau sik:?In your isxueof Jflne22nd.you ay 'Mr. A.M. Ilill challenges the county on lis Held of upland corn." I hud Intended writIdk you accept Im: the challenge, but I lad the good fortune to have Mr. Hill In my orn Held a few days ago, so that the argunent is at an end. lie admits that while he ins a good Held of corn, mine is better. So ilease substitute my name for his "on the top ung" and t?ive him second place. Kespectfully yours, Granville Ileal. A nice Hue of uummer lap robes at Smith ?fc Sous. TOWN AND COUNTRY. Some of the Reason* Why People and Money Urnvitnte Toward the Vil- i i?>re. "Something iswrong-the money Is all going to the towns." or words to this effect bare been largely used by a certain class of orators. Let ns see If a.nytiling Is really wrqpg. This country is full of money, and all that any one has to do to get an unlimited amount of It is to sell something. Of what advantage would It be to us if tne currency was Increased a hundred fold If we had nothing to sell. One reason money is going to the towns may be found In the fact that many farmers as soon as they get rich move to town and are no longer counted as farmers. Men come to town for the many advantages to be realized from living in a thickly settled community. No man who Is rich ever moves Into the country. The people in town as a rule, have greater religious and educational advantages, and nave better opportunities ror malting money. Piofesslonal men, mechanics and laborers can earn better wages. Men with money more readily find profitable uses for lt'ln town. Another reason lies in the fact, that men in town, as a rule, have a greater dread of mortgages than people la the country, and even if they should give mortgages they more generally strive to reduce the debt, while on the other hand, it seems that many owners of farming land can't sleep sound until they have a mortgage on It?we believe the word mortgage mean* "death grip." Be it ever so small, a neglected "death grip" or mortgage on h farm will eventually ruin the owner. One reason the farmer does not get rich may be found in the fact, that with cotton culture, he can find no profitable work during the long winter months. During that time his expenses for labor and feed of stock is steadily going on. If he bad profitable work during the winter?or if he could barely save expenses?many farmers would get rich, who now remain poor. The town man, on the other hand, may work nearly every day In the year?If he ao determines. Another reason that money goes to town lies In the fact that money accumulates and * Increases when placed at Interest, and the principal always takes the Interest home with It. The people In the towns loan tboupands upon thousands of dollars to people In the country. The Interest comes to the towns and of course enriches the town people In proportion as the debtors have paid Interest. The banks at Abbeville, for Instance, annually loan to the farmers perhaps In the neighborhood of 8200,000. Nearly all the stock of the banks Is owned by town people, and of course they realize the Interest that the farmers pay, which is to them Just that much clear gain. People In the country do not set as great Importance on Interest as town people, and they seem often to neglect to calculate the results of debt or the great damage they realize by paying Interest, Quite a number of farmers, lor Instance, from patriotic motives, subscribed for stock in the Farmers Bunk. Th?v pay lu their money and then borrow eighty per cent, of their own money, discounting their notes to the bank at ten percent.?receiving 872 on S100 paid in. and giving their notes for SSO. On the 872 which they borrow thpy pay 88 in advance, while on tbe whole 8100 tbey receive at the end of each six months 83, or 86 a year on their 8100?actually paying 82 more interest on 872 than the bank pays on 8100. Many borrowers, however, are beginning to realize their mistake and are selling their Rtock, and a large per ceut. of It ' has gravitated toward the Court House Ir a man is out of debt and feels like invent- . ing in bank stock, the act Is all right, but we hardly think that many men in town would borrow money at ten per cent, dltscount to Invest It In six per cent, securities. Another inconsistency of our people lies In the fact that although the school bonds of the town of Abbeville have been on the market ' for two months, yet they are not all taken. As far as we are Informed, not a single one of them has been sold in the country. Except a few that were sold at Due West, we believe citizens of the town of Abbeville have taken all that have been sold up to this time. These bonds run for thirty years?the annual interest?seven per cent.?is payable March and September, and are non-taxable. According to our way of thinking a better investment could not be had, and it is surprising to us that more of our people do not make greater efforts to secure tbem before they are all sold. It would be a nice thing to own thirty year bonds with seven percent. Interest payable twice a year. As soon as the people have bought all they want tbe banks will nave the opportunity of taking whatever remains unsold. VuilAnal Nation, 8. C., July 14, 1892. We knock At tbe door of your sanctum once again, Mr. Editor, asking for admittance, but we will not attempt to tell you all the happenings that has transpired since our last writing, for If we did it would fill several columns of your paper, and as space is valuable we will give only the most important. "General Green" still holds the fort In this section. ' Thanks to our clever fried P. N. Daniel for a treat to an excellent watermelon on the 4th Inst. A stranger made her appearance In this section on the 24th ultimo. Mr. W. M. Grant 1b the happy father. Miss Kittle Prultt a lovely young lady from Due West spent last week with her sister Mrs.C. M. Cllnkscales. We would suggest the name of our friend W. R. Clark as candidate for the House of Representatives. We are glad to learn that our friend Mr. L. C. Mauldln Is a candidate for Clerk of Court. Lem is well known in the Nation and our boys will not forget him at tbe "ballot box." Mr. W. M. Baker has the oest pasture in this section, and offers to pasture for the public at 50 cents per month?per head. The two antis of the Nation Is looking very sad over the victories Tillman is winning. They see that there is no possible chance for them to get their shepherd, and we believe that the noor sheen are lost, but we "will not leave them for the carrian crow," but will receive them back Into the lines of pure Democrncy again If they will ooly submit. Hurrah! for Cleveland and Steveson as they are the nominees, but Hill was our choice. We learn that the antls In their meeting pledged themselves to support certain office holders. Bro. Farmers you should Investigate this matter as the one whom they are pledged to support Is "on the fence." You office-holders that are "on the fence" dost thou not know that thou art an abomination In the sight of God and men? It Is reported here that there will be four candidates in the field for the Trial Justice, viz: Messrs. John Hardin, C. L. Drennan, J. J. fScott and J. T. Baskin. They all advocate Tillman and Reform, and either of the above mentioned will make efficient officers. Mr. E. M. DuPre, of Latimer, gave us a short visit, on last Thursday. Mr. W. E. Daniel went to Latimer on busi nesson ihsi i nursuay. Mr. J. L. Hall has some very flue cabbage. Mr. W. L. Dawson lias purchased a now buggy Mr. P. N. Pan lei lias purchased of Mr. C. P. Graves the famous pacer "Daisy," and saya lie expects to exhibit her at the next fair. Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Suber passed through this section on last Thursday en route for Lowndesville. Itustlcus. Election of Trinl Justice*. The following are the places for which Trial Justices are to be elected at the coining primary and the clubs that will vote for lhe several Trial .Justices; N i n ety-Six?N1 nety-Si x cl ub. Greenwood?Greenwood, Coronaca and Stony Point clnbs. Hodges-Hodges, Cokesbury and Walnut G'ove dubs. Donalds?Donalds club. Due West?Due West club. Antrevlllc?Antrevllle and Mountain View clubs. Lowndesville?Lowndesville No. 1 and Lowndesville No. 2 clubs. Monterey?Magnolia club. Mt. Carmel?Mt. Carmel club. McCormick?McCormick and Bellvue clubs. Troy?Troy club. Bradley?Bradley, Phoenix and Verdery clubs. Lebanon?Lebanon and Cedar Springs clubs. Hampton?Hampton club. Cochran's Mill?Long Cane club. Abbeville (J)-Ahbeville No. 1, Abbeville No. 2, and Means Chapel clubs. tf THE EAILROADS WIN. - ? ?? Treasurers Enjoined Against Collect* ing Hie Taxes on llie liaised Rail* road Assessments. Greenville Dally News. Cuaki.kston, H. C.. July 15.?In the United States Court to-day .1 udge Simonton signed a decree dismissing the demurrer filed by the state on the railroad tax cases and making the injunction perpetual. The decrees were in the cases of the Northeastern Hall road and (he Central Railroad of South Carolina vs. Geo. II. Walter, treasurer of Charleston county. This concludes the cases arising out of the action of the hoard of equalization in raising tlie assessment of railroad property In the State.