SOSES, LILIES, AUD ST ASS.
bt kh, courtl1nd.
R*d rose, why do you pout?
Ah. fhAve found you out;
Yen droop, for a lover bold
~ * Has crown bo cold?so cold.
His heart has bt?n offered and sold
' For yold, sweet rose, for gold.
Lilies, why do you sigh
Under thejasper sky ?
You think of the hazy high lands
Sleeping beneath broad sky rands,
Of the plearu of silver rye lands
And poppits aflame in the rye lauds.
Why, bright 6tars, are yon gleaming
Now while the earth is dreaming?
Will you lend your pearl-lipped light
To the souls who pass to-night,
As they drift away from cur mortal sight
TJp to the Throne-BtepB, pure and white?
Columbia. S. C.
In the Shadow of the
BY DAVID LOWRY.
Fate for once seemed kind to Grizzle
Meade. Even as 'she spoke, her husband,
looking oat of the door after Giles
Ellis, saw Indian Joe walking along the
road. It was plain the lame Indian was
under the influence of liquor.
"I see Ju-ee-mo now. He has had
overmuch rum. and he is going the
wrong way. He should be going into,
*inf nnt ?vf Knlom "
"Indian Joe! The very man, above all
others! Call him in!" said Grizzle j
"Why should I call the drunken vagabond
into my house?to pour rum down
his gullet for nothing?" demanded Dan- <
iel Meade, testily.
"Do as I bid you. Call him in."
The landlord, very much against his
will, called Ju-ee-mo into the inn. The
Indian staggered against the door, then
looked stupidly at the landlord. Grizzle
Meade placed a seat, anu the Indian staggered
It was Grizzle Meade who poured out
the rum he dranfi. It was Grizzle Meade
who stood over him and asked how the
world fared with him.
"World all bad. Everybody going to
the devil. Not Ju-ee-mo. Lots of
witches?lots of witches and devils in
Salem. I see them?the devils. Ju-eemo
see two-legged devils; you see them
"Do you see any lazy devils, Joe?"
The Indian looked up -with drunker
gravity at Daniel Meade.
* "I see?landlord of Globe Inn."
' The landlord frowned and turned away,
but Grizzle Meade laughed.
"Aye?your eyesight is good, Joe."
"Nothing wrong with Ju-ee-mo's eves.
I see Martin Lee cut throat Winslow'E
heep. I see " i
"I don't believe it!" exclaimed tte land,
lord. "What sort of a man was be?" I i
"Peace, Daniel. Pay no attention tc
him, Joe. Yon did see some one kill the i
"Ju-ee-mo saw?0! yes; 6aw him kill *>
horae. Big knife?zzi-ip! So."
The Indian made a qnick movement i
cross his throat, uttering a sound in 1
imitation of that which a knife makes in
cutting a piece of cloth. I
"We know the Bheep were killed, and
the horse. But everybody does not know
what you and I know. Joe. I know who i
killed the sheep, but, like you, I keep my <
own council. 'Tis well to say Martin
Lee did it. Joe."
The Indian looked at Grizzle Meade in 1
horror. He attempted to rise, but Griz- i
zle pushed him back into his seat. He i
looked at the door, but there was no re- 1
lief near. Grizzle Meade's black eyes 1
meanwhile seemed to burn with hidden i
fire. There was a look in her face which ]
the Indian had never beheld there, as she i
said, sternly: i
"Tell to others that Martin Lee killed
"Winslow'6 sheep, but confess to me you '
eaw Giles Ellis do it. He put this fine i
Btory in your mouth." 1
Again the Ind an tried to rise, and again i
Grizzle Meade held him down in hi6 seat. I
"Do not fear. I will never tell it. It 1
does not suit me. But neither does it I
suit me to let you go past my floor without i
telling von that I know who killed the
sheep. You never saw Martin Lee. "Were i
he here now yon would not know h:m.. I
Come, is it not so?" i
Impelled by the mere force of her will, i
the Indian answered and told the truth. i
"Ju-ee-mo did not see Martin Lee.
Kever see Martin Lee. Now I go."
"No, no! you did see Giles Ellis do it. i
Tell me?tell me and my husband here i
how he killed the sheep, and where yon i
were when be did it." I
The Indian looked hopelessly at the !
door again. There was no one in sight, '
so sign of relief. He straightened himself
in his seat, and looking at Grizzle
and the landlord alternately, said:
"I tell truth. You tell I tell truth.
Giles be kill us?kill all up. Hg kill me 1
?2i t?U Lie Filllheep. I 1
eome long by WimIow'b. See Giles 1
Ellis. Wonder what he do. Ju-ee-mo j
hide behind big 6tone. See Giles Ellis 1
go in field. Catch sheep. Take out big 1
. knife, cat ineir tnroats bo.
Ag^iu Joe made the sound of a knife
"He kill horEe. Cut horee all through.
Brave man, Giles Elli8. He see me. Hold
Joe described the manner in which the
knife was pressed against his throat.
Daniel Meade suddenly staggered back,
and, going to a cask, drew and drank o?E
large draught of ram. Then he walked
out of the inn.
"And you swore .never to tell," Grizzle
"Well, you have not told. I told you.
Was it not me told you Giles EIHb killed
the sheep? I only asked you how he did
it. Have no fear of Giles Ellis. Bather
fear me and keep the secret well. Say
to all it was Martin Lee."
"I tell all the same."
"Aye, and see you do not vary a hair in ;
your story. But fear me rather than
Giles Ellis, for when I ask you to tell the
tniib, find yop do eot tell it was Giles
Ellis, it will go hard with you. rear me,
The Indian looked at her wicked eyes,
fixed upon him sternly, as though she
would search his very soul, with fear and
dread of her anger. He rose to his feet.
Grizzle gave him another draw of rum,
took hiii by tbe shoulder, turned his face
toward Salem, and bade him begone.
Already her customers were in view.
The inn would Boon be filled with men
eager to discuss the extraordinary occurences
of the past week. Indian Joe had
revealed all he knew, and his place was
worth ten times more than his presence
"Now, then, Giles Ellis," said Grizzle
Meade, as the Indian staggered back to
Ka.'ern, *we are even. The same rop#
that hangs me will hung you."
T!TT>UN JOE'S AWITL EXPERIENCE.
Although Indian Joe's face was towards
Ealem, and his toes pointing in the right
diiection, he was not sure he was right.
The memory of the threat Grizzle Meade's
words implied, and her shining black,
bend-like eyes, added to the rum he had
im&Tbed, pTbTEiTRJO mUchTbr~Joe'fTbraln.
He scarcely knew where he waa. He stag,
gered on in a stupid, aimless way, encountering
here ana there a passer-by on
the road, aud sometimes he accosted
trees and stumps. 'Jhon he fell prone
npon ti e ground.
"It was dark when he woke up He
Bcrambled over the ground with his hands
and feet, and then stood upright ?nd endeavored
to recall the events o: tLe p..st
Now he remembered his meeting with
Giles Elli6. He remembered bow GiJe6
had spurred him into a recital of tbe
scene he had witnessed, and reminded
him the crime was to be laid on Martin
Lee. He tried to recall Ihe number ol
times he hid been given rum, then slowly
be recalled all the circumstances attending
his last visit to Globe Inn.
Where was he now? As he looked, something
approached him?a monster with
a great, glowing eye. It seemed to Indian
Joe's eyes to be a6 large as a cow?larger.
Ju-ee-mo rubbed his eyes, and looked
again. Yes. the animal was there, moving
about slowly, with curious, swaying
steps. The one eye?it had but one?was
fixed full on Indian Joe. He could no*
avoid it. Now that he observed the mon?
ster closely, it had half a dozen of legs.
It would be useless to attempt to escape
it Avon if if tcaro nnt lnnkincr nt him with
its one great eye. Jn-ee-mo crouched
npon the ground in terror.
Still the e.\ e moved, the creature's lege
moved, bnt it came no nearer. Indian
Joe listened; he placed his hand to his
ear, and craned his neck forward in the
darkneBS. There was a curious sound.
Was it the monster's teeth? The thought
made the Indian's heart throb. A deadly
fear overcame him. Such a sound as that
mortal had never heard until now. All
the witch stories Indian Joe had listened
to in tbe past month were recalled. All
the hobgoblins and devils invented by the
gossips of Salem passed before his disordered
brain in review. This monster 1
was the devil he had heard of. Indian
Joe made a noise that was neither a cry
nor a grunt, but a blending of both.
Suddenly the glowing eye disappeared.
The monster was nowhere to be seen. 1
Indian Joe rose slowly, cautiously, stood
upright, and looked about him. The cool
night wind fanned his cheek. An insect [
whirring pa6t struck him full in the face, >
bnt the Indian had 30 eye, no ear for any- j
thing but the monster that, reappeared; '
that had fixed Its eye on him again. 1
Nowhe_could see the monster'6 legs 1
plainly. He counted tnem. .tignt lege. '
Ihey moved in the strangest way. Some- 4
times they were bunched together. Some- (
times they seemed to be but a single leg.
Then they separated in twos and fours;
then tbey seemed to walk off in pairs.
The perspiration rolled down Ju-ee-mo's
fnee. He wiped hie head with hie hand,
and looked again. The great glowing eye
was swaying; the monster seemed to be
shaking his head at him. Suddenly Juee-mo's
mood changed. He laughed softly
The great glowing eye was a lantern.
It was swinging in a man's hand. Tne
monster with eight legs was four men.
Indian Joe could see their outlines quite
plainly now. But what were they doing"
there, and where were they? They had a
spade and a pick.
Ju-ee-mo crept forward slowly on his
hands and kneee. The lantern showed
him four men plainly, but he could not
distinguish tbem. Now one was down
in the bowels of the earth. Indian Joe
could see the others holding the lantern
near him; could 6ee the man in the earth
stoop and disappear altogether. Was
this, then, the opening to the infernal
regions? Were these men really men, *
or witches, such as he had heard of? 1
Now the man emerged from the bowels
of the earth and brought with him an? ?
T*1 tMA ana
Ubucr, Clou 1U VTUIVO, u u-tc"iuv vvum DVV
the others reaching down, grasping the
figure in white, and lifting it out of the
earth. Ju-ee-mo moved nearer. He
beard voices; his curiosity led him to a
point where he could see and hear. Ii
these were really witches, what a tale he
would have for Salem to-morrow! He
was fascinated by the spectacle the men 5
and the lantern and the cavity in the
Barth presented. He could not resist the
inclination to approach the actors in this '
strange scene. * He moved nearer. His 1
Foot caught a twig, the twig snapped,
and an inBtant later Ju-ee-mo was
stunned by a blow on the head. He was
buffeted and kicked and lifted bodily
from the ground. A dozen hinds seemed 1
to throw him up in the air and strike 1
him as he fell. A score of feet kicked j
and pressed upon him. He was rolled j
Dver, crunched, and left for dead.
When he rega ned consciousness all
was silent The events of the past hour
seemed a dream, but Indian Joe's arm,
his head, and hi6 b ick told him it was not i
ill a dream. He got up with difficulty, j
looked about him in the dark, and seeing ,
what he conceived was the outline of a
house near at hand, he walked slowly
ind silently away. '
When he related this strange experi- <
ince to the people of Salem, they shook <
;heir heads, and some put their tongues .
in their cheeks. Indian Joe's weakness
*as well known. Besides, he had been
jfen half drank the day before. What
more natural than that he should dream
ae beheld theee things? What would the
men be doing digging in the ground? If
it were the evil one, he did not need a
lantern; everybody knew he could piovide
himself with as much light as he wanted
to. And who would be bent on such silly
Pork as dicsrine holes in the earth?
So IndifQ?T0$'6 B'ory found Tew liBten.
t'rs, and no credence.
One effect produced wcs unnoticed al
the time. It weakened his narrative o 1
:he killing of John Winslow'e horse and
sheep. Even the gossips asked each
sther if a man who told such prodigious
lies, and stack to them, as Joe did to hiB,
:ould be believed. j
giles ellis' miscalculations.
When the 6trange story Indian Joe related
came to Giles Ellis' ears, that indi- 1
vidual gave it immediate credence. It *ae 1
politic to do bo. He foresaw the effect il 1
would have upon his statements concern- |
ing the crime charged to Martin Lee. He (
was desirous of meeting his tool. If il
had been in his power to overtake him J
and silence him for a time, he would have 1
done it; but he did cot deem it politic to i
be seen in Joe's company. \
To counteract the ridicule Joe's Ftorj ,
t>icited. GileB Ellis artfully manufactured
a lie out of whole cloth. The mannei '
in which this was done, though ingen* 1
lous, was a6 old as human craft and cun- 1
ning. He himself directed the conversation
to the 6toryJoe had related, then
proceeded in this wise:
"It seems incredible, beyond belief,
neightors, but I have heard of things as I
strange, and not from the Indian, but j
Irom others?responsible men."
A remark like this in those days "%s
sufficient to inflame listeners with curi.
o.sity. Then Giles fenced skillfully.
O, do not quote me in the matter. I
only repeat what I heard. Did you not
hear anything about the finding of Martin
Of course, the listeners knew nothing,
whereupon Giles proceeded in this wise;
"Well, 'tis said?mind I'm only tolling
what was told me?'tio said Martin Lee's
body was found. That somebody dng it
up and moved it away to a sifer place,
where it will never be given up till the
eea gives up its dead."
When the curious naturally asked who
exhumed the remains, and when and
where they were observed, Giles was not
permitted to say more. He affected the
manner of a man who had already told
Bo now the gossips, forgetting the ridicule
thev had heaped uuoa Indian Joe.
coolly repeated the'story of the exhuming
of Martin Lee's body, anl related how
they had been spirited away. Indian Joe
bad witnessed their actions, but he could
not tell how many were tbere. or their
names. And then, too, he was black and
blue with the beating be had received
when discovered by tboso who had carried
away all that was left of Martin Lee.
It will not surprise the reader when he
is told that the last person to bear this
story was the one most interested in it.
John Lee was profoundly ignorant of India?
Joe's extraordinary story, and
nothing or the version GTies Ellis' improved
appendix furni6bed. Once more
the public sentiment turned, and now
numbers believed that Martin Lee's remains
had been exhumed and secreted in
6ome out-of-the-way place by somebody.
But now the queNtion arose?who
helped John Lee? If there were four in
the business, then John Lee bad three
good friends. Who were the friends?
Immediately public opinion fixod on Arthur
Proctor as one of the peisons.
John Lee was the moving spirit, of
course. Possibly the other two were
familiars of the witches!
It was 6uch wretched suppositions ab
these the people offered to Bupport their
opinion when tangible evidence wa6 demanded.
At a time when the chance
remarks o.f mere children were twisted i??
to proof deemed sufficient io hang women
who, until the people became crazed with
the fear of witchcraft, were considered
respectable and worthy, it is not difficult
to imagine the form the story took inside
n-f tnroTi v.-fnTir VinriTB xcViPn thfl Marshal
of Salem encountered Giles Ellis.
"Know ye aught of the story I hear of
John Lee and young Proctor?"
"I can answer both if you will tell me
what you have heard,"
"Well, I have heard that John Lee,
Arthur Proctor, and two others," the
Marshal emphasized the words, "have dug
up Martin Lee and thrown his tody into
"Ah! I did not hear what disposition
they made of the body. I heard the
"Tie Baidyoif know more than you care
"I know no more than I hear others
"You can at least tell me who saw the
"I do not know."
"So, then, you will swear you saw
"That I can swear cheerfully."
Yet spite of this positive assertion,
Giles Ellis continued to be quoted. The
Marshal, who was in the performance of
his duty, heard much that was contradictory
and unworthy a moment's considerition.
He anticipated the result, how.
Bver. He foresaw plainly he would be
ordered to apprehend John Lee aud
irthur Proctor?that they would be
sailed upon to answer the charge that
hev had exhumed and tossed the remains
-? wt av_ rr?
L)I JXLH 2~l 1II uetJ liiLU llit? oca* uc uoou
lbove all things to confront Proctor and
Lee with Giles Ellis, whom he now both
iieliked and dreaded.
There was a coolness, a self-satisfied
manner, a lofty bearing, that proclaimed
to the world Giles EIIib pUced a propel
estimate on himself and all belonging to
aim. He was a man who asserted himself?who
questioned, others, but relented
anything like criticism on him 01
lis motives. The world has improved
lomewhat since Giles Ellis lived, bat his
:ounterpart is to be found in every
:hurch, township and ward in the coun;ry
The Marshal of Salem parted from
jiles Eliis with many misgivings of
>vil. In his secret soul Samuel Hobbs
leemed Giles Ellis a consummate hypocrite.
But he dare not atterhis thought.
3n the contrary, a whisper might work
nuch mischief. HiB duties were euffi:iently
disagreeable now, but he had it
n hie power to soften misfortune to hie
riends, and chief among them, as we
lave seen, he esteemed John Lee.
[TO BE CONTINUED. 1
The Yalae of Fish as Food.
Professor W. 0. Atwater has just con?^??
??^ ?i.? J., iVtA oK/i m i _ I
ciuueu uu ciuauBLivt; bluu) ui iuc vu?u?cal
composition and nutritive values of
food fish and the aqnatic invertebrates,
which is presented in the lost report
issued by tlje United States Fish Commissioner.
Therr is ample variety of fish food in
this country, as Professor Atwater tells
us that we may select from no less than
1000 different species of fish.
The following are the deductions as
to the food value of fiab; Comparing the
Sesh of domestic animals and ol fish, the
latter contains more water and less fat,
find hence less nutritive material pound
for pound. In the fiesh of the flounder
there is sixteen per cent, of nutrients, in
the codeichteen, while in lean beef there
is from twenty-five to thirty-two per
ce^t. The fatter fish, as the herring,
mackerel, salmon, shad, and whitefish,
approach nearer to beef. In dry or salt
5sh the nutrients are increased, and
salted codfish contains twenty-eight per
:ent., salt mackerel forty-seven, and
Jesicated cod as high as eighty-two per
:ent. Oysters have little of the nutriints,
only from nine fo nineteen, lobsters
ibout eighteen per cent. In the consumption
of fresh fish, as bought in the
market, by the pound, the quantity of
refuse, bone, skin, is more considerable
by comparison than that of meat, unless
1 piece of the latter with too much bone
It has taken a number of years to make
;ht public get rid of the idea that in
xif-inrr fich it. was nrnfurinor additional
quantities of phosphorus. Professor J
i.?watej\Js very emphatic in regard to 1
his. He says:
4'There is a widespread notion that fish
jontains large proportions of phosphorus,
ind is on that account particularly valuable
for brain food. The percentage of
phosphorus in the analysis of fish is not
arger than is found in the flesh of other
inimals used for food. But if even the
ish were richer in phosphorus, there is
30 proof that it would on that account
ue better for brain food. The question
5t the nourishment of the brain and the
aources of the intellectual energy are too
indeterminate to allow decisive statements
and toe abtruse for speedy solution.
There is no experimental evidence
to warrant the assumption that fish is
more valuable than meats or other food
material for the nourishment of the
brain.?New York Times.
The Ram in NaYal Warfare.
Naval authorities assert that rams will
be the most effective weapons in the
Daval conflicts of the future. In the
building of every battle-ship nowaway?
much attention is given to making the
stem as powerful as possible, in order
that she may ram an adversary effectively.
Methods of conflict on the sea are reverting,
curiously enough, to thoso
practised 2000 years ago, when Rome
was mistress of f.he waves. Then vessels
of war were propelled by two or threo
banks of oars, now they are driven by
two or three screws. Then, as now, the
most deadly blow was 6truck with the
ram. Then, as now, the commanding
officer stood in a "conning tDwer,"
directing the movements of the ship, issuing
orders for the launching of missiles
against the enemy, and at the critical
moment "giving the stem" to an opposing
craft. Iu order to conceive the
power of a modern ram, imagine a ship
weighing 5000 tons driven at a speed ot
fifteen miles an hour against a floating
antagonist! The force of the blow can
be figured out by multiplying the mass
into the square of the velocity. Twin
screws help quick steering so much that
a vessel so equipped is hard to strike,
but practice in this kind of manoeuvre is
obtained by European officers with twinscrew
launches, which, with well-padded
bows, rush at each other, and tight
as men do with soft gloves.?Boston
THE SANDWICH ISLANDS AND
Size and Government of the Islands
?Honolulu, the Capital City?
A Fast Dylnjf Race?
The National Food.
rOR some time past it
has been asserted that
the people of the
Sandwich Islands has
d esi re d annexation
with the United
fx W States. The New
W i la York Advertiser asI
II serta ^at new
? ff w was elected on the
\ annexation issue, and
in an article on the
islands and its people
:SS^ J gives some interesting
information. The Hawaiian Archipelago
comprises a group of eight inhabited islands,
2000 miles southwest of San Francisco.
They have an area of 6480 square
miles, being about equal to Connecticut,
Rhode Island and Delaware combined,
and having a population twice the size
of that of the least populous State in the
Union, Nevada, and considerably more
than the last admitted State of Idaho.
The chief city is Honolulu, the capital,
with a population of 23,000. The Government
is at present a limited Constitutional
Monarchy, with a form as to its
rojal branch superficially like that of
England, but with a constitution modeled
after that of the United States. ExnAwo,
;Q jn four Ministers
Cl/UUTb UV/ II Wk <w .
appointed by the Sovereign. The Legislature
con8ists of two bodies of twentyfour
members each, the Upper House be- i
ing composed of nobles who are elected i
by voters having an annual income of
$600, and who are able to read and
write. The electors of the Lower House
must be able to read and write, and pay
at least $5 annually in taxes.
The first glimpse the tourist gets of
the Hawaiian Islands is bleau and for~
J ?> !-= >
r * p
1 ' f
bidding, and, therefore, disappointing,
ns seven days of steaming to the south i
and west under bright skies, and through
balmy, velvety northeast trade winds i
usually arouse visions of verdure-clad ]
hills and tropic bowers. Instead of this, <
however, the peaks of Oahu, on which 1
Honolulu is situated, rise bare and jagged i
against the sky. They are 2000 feet i
high, and time was when they presented
a truly tropical appearance, hut of late
years wild goats have denuded the inac- <
cessible eastern portions of the island of i
their verdure. But with the aid of a <
nioce i frinao nf crrefnerv is seen alone
6IU4iW ^ ? -**n * w
the base of the cliffs, where the bottom- i
lands have been utilized for sugar plan- i
Off to the southwaid looms Molokai, '
the island on which the lepers are sequestered.
Two or three hours' sailing,
during which the southern extremity of
Oahu i6 rounded, and the port of Honolulu
bursts into view from behind an imposing
promontory called Diamond
Head. The capital city, with its 23,000
people, lies on a partially land-locked
bay, and rises gently Irom the water's
edge to the foot hills, embowered in
palm and vine and a wreath of tropical
flora in endless variety, for the enterprising
inhabitants have transplanted
every available tropical plant from all
parts of the world. The city itself is
quaint and picturesque, and to the American
eye affords a delightful novelty that
doep not pall after months of residence.
There is a large Chinese quarter, tnai ior
residences are almost invariably low and
made of wood, for the islands arc subject
to earthquakes, though none of any
severity have occurred in recent years,
practical purposes is a section of Hong
Kong transplanted bodily to the "Peaceful
Isles." Several thousand Portuguese,
mostly from the Azore Islands, have settied
in one portion of the town, building
little cottages aud cultivating gardens.
The Kanakas arc, of course, everywhere.
The more pretentious and luxurious
homes are, as a rule, those of
Americans and English and the more
wealthy natives and half-castes. The
In the business section the buildings
rarely rise beyond two stories, though
many of the public buildings are imposing
and would be a credit to any rich
community. An absence of chimneys
strike the stranger as peculiar,and there
is probably not a heating stove or a fireplace
in the whole city, and no excuse
for any, as the temperature is like an
American June at its best the year
Honolulu is itself a littla Paris in all
the things that appeal to the senses,and,
too, a Paris uv.der the Empire. There is
mor'j wealth and more luxury than in
any city of its size in America. It has
sixty-seven miles of streets and drives,
fifteen miles of street railway, reads by
electric light and talks over 1300 telephones.
It has a public library, a college,
public hospital, an elaborate pub
THE 110YAL PALACE. '
lie school system, education being compulsory,
a fine State theater, a Y. M. C.
A. DUliaiDg, guuu Wttict wumo auu n
large paid tire depertment,equipped with
the best machines. One fire company
is composed entirely of Chinamen, and
when it is called out other spectacular
attractions have no charms for the public.
Among other public institutions
may be mentioned the Old Folks'
Home lor native Hawaiians, a public
hospital and the Oahu State Prison.
The native Hawaiians are dying out,
as did the Maories of New Zealand,
and from much the same causes. There
are now about 40,000 full-blooded natives
on the islands, and about 8000
half-castes. The former are decreasing
at about the rate of two per cent, a year,
and it is estimated that they will practically
disappear as a race in ab out thirty
years. It is believed that 100 yeara ago,
when Captain Cook discovered the
islands, they supported a population of
400,000 souls. Even the most conservative
estimates place the number at not
less tban auu,uuu. to me simpie isianu
~ * i
ers of that period the discoverers were
supernatural beings who breathed flame
and smoke. They believed that Cook was
the great God Lono, and worshiped
him as such. The history of the islands
during this period reads like a Scottish
border war tale. The islanders were
then at the height of their powers, physical
and mental. They were brave to an
incredible degree, and generous to a
fault. But Cook, after sailing away,
came back arrogant beyond measure, and
abused the hospitality of the natives,
destroying the superstitious adoration in
which he had been held. A rupture occurred
over Cook's attempting to recover
a boat stolen by some of the Kanakas. In
the dispute one of his men killed a native
cbief. This infuriated them, and Cook
himself shot a man who had hit him with
~ * * I J
a stone. In tne struggle ne waa ueuru w
proan. This settled the subject or bis
deityship. They exclaimed: "He is no
god!" and killed him at the water's edge
us he was endeavoring to escape. Peace
was patched up afterward, but the downfall
of the race commenced at that time.
In the face of probable extermination,
and in spite of the fact that the
native is getting crowded out between
the plodding industry of the Chinese in
the lower walk of life and the aggressive
commercial policy of the whites,
yet he is happy and cheerful, apparently
content to take what comes and alike
regardless of the value of money or
what the future may have in store for
him. The Dative Hawaiians are averse
to field work, and not, as a rule, being
able to bold positions requiring executive
or administrative ability, they are
forced into those walks of life where
1 ' ? - mAnfol uffnrf
nenner great, pu^siuai uui wtuu?
is required. They are very satisfactory
as policemen, hack drivers, firemen and
longshoremen. As stevedores and deckhands,
their equal does not exist on
earth. As common sailors, boatmen and
cowboos they show marvelous skill and
The native, uncontaminated by foreign
influence, is happy, carelcss, fond of
fiowers and music, fhll of sentiment and
wholly untouched by sordid cares. If he
takefc a fancy to one, no favor is too
great to lay on the altar of friendship. If
not. he will even refuse to do business
with the obnoxious stranger. The love
of flowers is a marked race characteristic.
and the group of Kanaka women
making wreaths on the sidewalk flower
market is one of the picturesque
sights of Honolulu. As the women
grow old they run to phenomenal obesity,
and no woman is too old or too fat to
bedeck herself in wreaths and garlands
on such a trivial occasion as going to
market. She may be barefooted, ana
A NATIVE CANOE.
her Mother Hubbara, which is the uai
versal dress among the lower classes,
may be torn, but she is not fully dressed
without a jaunty sailor hat having a
crown of natural flowers rising on the
brim. The national drink is "sandpaper
gin," and the national food is poi.
This is a paste slightly soursd, made
from the taro root. These roots are
about the size of a turnip, and on being
pounded, to extract the fiber, produce
a flour, starchy in chsracer, which is
mixed with water and allowed to ferment.
It 1b properly eaten with the
fingers. Paste so thick that oue finger
only is required to capture a mouthful ie
ono-finger poi. Fermenting a day longer
it becomes thinner and requires two
fingers to properly handle it. It is then
called two-linger poi. Beyond the fourfinger
limit it becomes unmanageable
and requires thickening with fresh stock.
Poi is eaten with a little salted fish as a
relish. It is really indistinguishable from
common bill sticker's paste somewhat
soured. The taste for it has to be cultivated,
but once acquired it is found an
ideal hot-climate diet.
The present ruler, Queen Liliuokalani,
who ascended the throne upon the death
of her brother, King Kalakaua, is a per
son of much culture and dignity, ana is
very punctilious in matters of court
etiquette. She has a stipend, as Queen,
of $20,000 per annum, to which is added
the income of the crown lands, amounting
to about $75,000 yearly, a sum sufficient
to maintain royal state in very
The royal castle is an imposing structure
located in a large park. There is a
standing army of sixty-four men all told.
The late King endeavored to establish a
navy, and procured one steamer which
he refitted and thanned, and sent of? to
annex Samoa to his kingdom. The exploits
of the navy in this enterprise have
never been equalled outside a comic
opera. Hawaiian royalty costs the people
about $150,000 per year.
Doi'S That Work Hard.
The ccntTe of attraction at Linz was
the market-place. There were to be seen
every morning scores of the queer teams
DOG STEED OF AN AUSTRIAN WOMAN.
composed of peasant women and big
work-dogs that so offend the American
eye in Austria. '
Women and dogs! Why are these two?
the only two of God's creations that are
capable of giving themselves, entirely
and unreservedly, over to man's service;
the only two capable of kissing his hand
if he strikes, and of loving even the foot
that brutally kicks?why are they so
often coupled together in their humiliation?
In the churches of holy Russia there is
an inner sanctuary where men and boys
may go at will, but which is " forbidden
to women and dogs." And here in Austria,
stronghold of haughty and "chivalrous
aristocracy," of imperial pomp and
conservative pride of race, one of the
saddest and commonest sights of the road
are these two, literally narneesea together,
toiling along with wagon3 loaded
with country produce or city merchandise,
sometimes with hugh cans of mils.
The dogs always seemed to me to b<
pulling under protest, and out ot fear ol
a cutting little whip which is ever in the
woman's hand, hanging above them like
the sword of Damocles, writes a traveler
in Outing. After stopping they usually
bark excitedly when ordered to resume
their task, rhe Austrian tells you this
barking is for joy, and because they positively
love to pull.
Gammon! A dog toiling along, harnessed
to a wagon, is a painful eight,
and this most devoted of man's fourfooted
friends, when in that position,
wears the unmistakable stamp of the de
- ? ? j _ j I
gradation of slavery, ne Das aesceuueu
to a scale of society immeasurably lower
than that to which he, by virtne of his
character and intelligence, belongs.
8omehow, one's sympathies go out to
the dog, even more than to the woman.
One unconsciously reasons the matter out
on a descending scale. The woman is
her good man's slave and helpmate# but
the work-dog looks the very 6lave of a
slave. The woman with the whip seems
to be revenging herself on him for the
humiliation of her own position.
A New Pond Dredger.
People in old mill towns and villages
who are desirous of preventing the spread
NEW POND DREDGER.
* * -1 * ?211 UA infOFQflfoH
oi miasmauc diseases win uc iu?.u.vU
in the mechanical appliance shown in
the accompanying illustration, which
has been designed by an English inventor
for removing mud and refuse from
ponds, canals or other stretches of water.
His machine consists of a box-shaped receiver,
mounted on broad, hollow
wheele in such a manner as to allow the
bottom of the arrangement to slide upon
The end and bottom of the dredger'are
movable, so that when it is being hauled
back the gearing allows the end to fall
upon the ground. When the rope is
tightened the bottom slides in place, and
the open end, which is lying flat, is pulled
to a vertical position, thus causing
the machine to act a9 a scoop. At a recent
test of the apparatus upwards of a
ton of sludge was brought to the bank
every journey. The use of the sliding
bottom is intended to allow of the
dredge being easily emptied when
brought to the shore.
The Chemical Action of Livln?.
The mere maintenance of conscious*
ness involves considerable chemical
action in the braiD, and the variations of
temperature due to attention, pain, or
other sensation are small. Narcotics and
anaesthetics suspend the chemical functions
of the nerve cells.
In a dog. made insensible by anaesthetics,
there is no longer a rise of temperature
on stimulating its brain with
electricity, and Professor Mosso suptoses
that the physical basis of the men
tal processes is of tne nature of chemical
The cartridges of Germany, Austria,
and Belgium have a groove at the end
instead of an enlargement at the base, the
advantage of which is that the cartridge
is packed more easily.
He Walks on His Hands.
Jules Keller, the famous gymnast,
whose arms take the place of his legs,;
was born in Prussia twenty-six years ago.!
When a lad he was apprenticed to a
trapeze performer. When he was twel7?
years old he was performing in St. Petersburg
with his master, who used to!
catch him as be swung off a trapeze.
One night he dropped Jules, who fell
fifty feet, striking on his legs and back,
and he was taken home to die in the
?<old mother's" arms. Instead of dying
Keller recovered a little of the sense of .
feeling in his legs, while the strength:;
which had been crushod out of theni
found its way into his hands and arms.
For three years he was confined to h&v
bed. Then he began practicing the feat*>?
tilttb LlttVC iuauc uiiii tatuviui u? puavr
ticed until he felt sure that his .bodjr.
would follow unerringly the orders at'i
his fingers. Then he sought a public ea*^
gagemeat and obtained it on the
strengh of his baluster feat. ThUcp'ri-"
sists in his running upstairs on his hands
and sliding down a banister, also on his
hands, with his paralyzed legs balanced
in the air. Of all the feats which Keller
has since added to his repertory this first
one remains the most popular. The
athlete's hands, on which he walks,
jumps, slides and does all sorts of difficult
things, are smooth and firm,but not
mrm , ,."VMaori
The young Maori women are often
very gbod-lookir.g, with splendid black
or dark brown eyes, masses of black
hair?never wool?snow-white teeth,
and supple, round, well-shaped figures
and limbs. They develop ve'y early, a
girl of thirteen or fourteen being quite
woman and often a mother; and, as they
get older, they soon become coarse and
ponderous. They are of a laughing,
MAORI WOMAN A2JP CHILD.
good-natured, amiable disposition, and j
thoee who have come within the sphere '
of their charms say they have wonderfully
It is not uncommon for white men to *
many Maori girls; but the initances of .
white women marrying Maori husbands '
are extremely few. The half castes are !
a very handsome race, some of the giils
being perfect belles.
Many of them are as good as they arc
agreeable. They are usually delicate :
and the women bear few children, if 3
any; so that there is no likelihood of n
mixed population springing up to any
large extent. The process is entirely one
of whiteniag the Maoris, not of blackening
Ail 0Yen-Like Atmosphere.
I met yesterday an old friend who had
just returned from Arizona. He looked
thin and worn, and was glad to get back
to. a country where the heat was )
bearable. ('I came t&rougn luma
a week ago," he said, "and of all the hot
places this side of a great future it
is the hottest. Thert were only six poor
men in the coach on the Sante Fe on
which I lay panting. We stripptd to our
undershirts and summer trousers and
gasped as we came thtough that valley.
There at Yuma, which is about the near,
est thing to the Mexican 'sun, silence
and adobe,' nothing is done by the railroad
company but take on coal an<|pvater. J
It is so hot there in the summer monthg,
that they can't handle railioad'iron, apd ,
the atmosphere in the valley, which i8/below
the level of the sea, is absolutely
thick and is hard to draw into the lungs.
It's like molasses?not the least bit of
aggeration."?Kansas City Times. ? 1
Tounsr Van der Million?"Wouldn'tit
be rare fun for us to become engaged just
for the summer, you know?"
She?"Just the thing! I never did
believe in long engagements."?Life.
A ride for a :vager, between Berlin and
Vienna, the competitors traveling in
opposite directions, has been arranged
between a number of German and Austrian
officers. The Emperors William
and Franci9 Joseph both give prizes, the
first of which is to be a thousand pounds.
Table lamps of crystal with white lace
shades are a crazc among people who
have sufficient money to buy them.
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