Newspaper Page Text
MY. DR. TALMAGE.
l^THE CROOKYN DIVINE'S SUNDAY SERMON. &uDject: "ah in aii." y Text: Christ is all and in all."?C0I03 lans iii., 11. p Returned after the most eventful summer (of my life, I must shortly and as soon I recover from the sea vovaee arive you an ac [count of our mission of bread to famine[Stricken Russia, and of my preaching tour (through Germany, England. Scotland and Ifioland; but ray first sermon on reaching ibsre must be a hosanna of gratitude to iChrist, and from the text I have chosen, I 'have found that the greatest name in the ocean shipping, and from Liverpool to Mos?ry\?^An an/9 T?rt wnr, UUU liUIU M,U3*;un tw inburgh and Belfast and Dublin, is Jesus. ! Every age of the world has had its historians, its philosophers, its artists, its jthintcers and its teachers. "Were there hisjtoriesto be written there has always been a Moses, or a Herodotu?, or a Xenophon, or a jjosephus to write them. Were there poems ito be constructed there has always b?en a \Job or a Homer to construct them. Were (there thrones lustrous and powerful to be (lifted there has always been a David or a Caesar to raise them. Were there teachers demanded for the intellect and the hearts Ithere has b'.on a Socrates, and a Z?no, and Plonnfhp? and a Marcus Antoninus com ing forth on the grand and glorious mission. Every age of the world has had its triumphs of reason and morality. T jere has not been a single ag3 of the wor.d which has not had .some decided system of religion. Tho Piatonisin, orientalism, stoicism. jBrahininism and Buddhism, cjnsidering the ages in which they were established, were .not lacking in ingenuity and tore?. Now in ;this line of beneficent institutions una of inoble meD, there aopears a pjrsoaacs more iwonderfui than any predecessor. He came .from a family without any royal or aristoHa oomo a f-V*lilPHn mfv. chanic. He had no advantage from the schools. There were people beside Him day after day who had no idea that He was going |to be anything remarkable or do anything remarkable. Yet notwithstanding all this, and without any title or scholarly proieaeion or flaming rhetoric He startled the world .with the strangest announcements, ran in collision with solemn priest and proud ruler, and with a voice that rang through temple and palace and over ship's deck and moun tain top, exclaimed, "1 am the lignt or tne world! Men were taken all aback at the idea that that hand, jet hard from the use of the ax, the saw and adz and 'hatchet, should wava the scepter ot authority, and that upon that brow, from which they had so oitan seen Him wipe the sweat of toil, there would yet come the crown of unparalleled splendor and of universal dominion. We all know how difficult it is to think that anybody .who was at school with, us in boyhood has got to be anything great or famous, and no wander that those who had been boys with Christ in the streets of Nazareth and seen Sim in after years in the days of His complete obscurity, should have been very slow to acknowledge Christ's wonderful mission. From this humble point tbe stream of life flowed out. At first it was just a faint rill, hardly able to find its way down the roc2, but the tears of a weeping Christ added to Itn TOlnmA. ?nd it flowed on until hv the beauty and greenness of the banks you might know the path the crystal stream was taking. Oa ana on, until the lepers were brought down and washed of their leprosy, and the dead were lifted into the water that they might have lite, and pearls of joy and promise were gathered from the brink, and innumerable cnurches gathered on either bank and the tide flows on deeper and stronger and wider until it rolls into the river from under the throne cf God. mingling billow with billow, and brightness with kaMfvkfMam an/1 t'nn wlfK i'aw anrl hrvotnna V1WUVUCM, OUU ??*vu JVJ, t*UU with hosanna. i I was looking at some of the paintings of the artist, Mr. Ken sett. I saw soma pictures that were just faint outlines; in some places you would see only the branches of a tree and no trunk; and in another casa the trunk and no branches. He had not finished the work. It would hare taken him days and months pernaps to have completed it. "Wall, my friends, in this world we Ret only the faintest outline of what Christ is. It will take ail eternity to fill up the picture? so loving, so kind, so merciful, so zreat! Paul does not, in this chapter, say of Christ He u good, or He is loving, or He is patient, or He is kind, but in His exclamation of the text he embraces everything when he says, "Christ is all and in all." t I remark in the first place, Christ is every .hinc in t.h? Rihl? T do not onrft where I open the Bible. I find Jesus. Ia whatever poth I start, I come after a while to the Bethlehem manger. I go back to the old dispensation, and see a lamb on the altar and say, "Behold the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world!" Than I 50 and see the manua provided for the Israelites in the wilderness, and say, "Jesus, the bread of lite." Then I look at the roc-i which was smitten by the prophet's rod, and, 03 the water gushes out, I say, ''It is Jesus, the fountain opened for sin and for uncleanuess." 1 go back and look at the writings of Job and hear him exclaim, "I know that my Reoaeemer liveth." Then I go to Ezakiel and I find Christ presented there as "a plant of renown," and then I turn over to Isaiah and Christ is spoken of "as a sheep before the shearers." It is Jesus all the way 'between Genesis and Malachi. Then I turn over in the New Testament and it is Christ thm narmhlp it 1* nhrist in tha miracle, it is Christ in the evangelist's story, it is Christ in the apostle's epistles and it is Christ in the trumpet peal of ths Apocalypse. I know there are a great many people who do not find Christ in the Bible. ? Here is a man who studies the Bible as a historian. Well, if you come as a historian, you will find in this book how the world was mada, how the seas fl?d to their places, how empires were established, how nation fought with nation, javelin ringing against barb?geon, until the earth -was ghastly with the dead. Yon will see the coronation of princes, the triumph of conquerors, and the world turned upside down and oacic again and down again, cierc ana scarrea wuu ^reat agonies of earthquake and tempest and battle. It is a wonderful history, putting to the blush all others in thi accuracy of its recital and in tne stupendous events it re cords. Hotner ani.Tnucydides and Gibbon could make great stories out of little events; but it took a Moses to tell how the heavens and the earth were made in one chapter, and to give the history of thousands of years upon two leaves. There are others who come to the Bible merely as antiquarian?. If you come as an antiquarian, you will find a great many odd thing* in the Biole?peculiarities of manner and custom, marriage and burial; peculiars\t rl r?r? a fun ca ti ri a 1o pplaninrr nine AVICSUli U*W C, VUUIW, v. ^?w-? amulets and giriles and tinkling ornaments. If you come to look at military arrangements, you will find coats of mail and javelins and engines of war and circuaivallation and encampments. If you look for p> cu!iar musical instruments, you will fiai psalteries and shizinoths and rams' horns. The antiquarian will find in the Bible curiosities in agriculture, and in commerce, and in art, and in religion th?t will ke?p him absoroed a great while. Taere are those who come to this Bible as yoj would to a cabinet of curiosities, and you pick up this and say, "What a strange sword that is!" and '"What a peculiar hat this is!" and "What an unlooked for lamo that is!" and the Bible to such becomes a British Museum. Then there are others who flad nottiiag ia the Bible but the poetry. Well, if you c >me as a poet, you will had in this book faultless rhythm, and bold imagery, aud startling antithesis, and rapturous lyric, and swaet pastoral, and instructive narrative, and devotional psalm; thoughts exprassel ia a style more solemn than that of Montgomery, more bold than that of Miltoa, more terrible than that of Dante, more natural than that of Wordsworth, mora impassioned thiu that o" bollock, more ten ier than that of C'owper, more weira caan mat or opsosar. This great poem brings all $he gems of the earth into its coronet, and it- weaves taa flames of judgment in its garland and pours eternal taar.-nonies in its rhythiu. Everything this book touches it makes beautiiil', from the plain stones of tlu summer thrashing floor, and the daugnters of Nahpr tilling the trough for the camels, and the lish pools of Hesbbon, up to the psalmist praising God with diapason off storm and whirlwind, and Job leading forth Orion, Arcturus und the Pleiades. It is a wonderful poem, and a great many paople reud it as they do Thomas Moore's "Lalla Rookh," and Walter Scott's "LidvoJ the Lake," and Tennyson's "Chargeof the Light Brigade." They sit down, and are so aosoroeJ in lookin* at the shells on the shore that tbsy for I get to look off on the graat ocain of God's mercy anl salvation. Then there are others who cams to thi3 book as sceptics. They marshal passa^asrainst passage, and try to get Matthaw ana * - ?Knpa a /lie 1 Luke in a quiri 01, uuu numu uu>u ? crepancy batween what Paul and Jani9s says about faith and works, and thuy try the account of Moses concerning the creation by moJern decisions in science, an J resolve that in all questions bat wean the scientific explorer and the inspired writer they will give the preferenca to the geologist. These men ? these spiders, I will say ? suck poison out of the a wee test flowers. Tney fatten their intiielity upon the truths which have led thousands to heaven, and in their distorted vision prophet seems to war with prophet, and avanorAlist with e vamralist. and anoitU with apostie, and it tnay can find sane bad trait of character in a man oi God mentioned in Rihia ,>APPion GAw and flap their wings over th9 circass. Because they cannot understand now tae wnale swallowed Jonah they attempt tha mora wonderful feat of swallowtnz the monster whale of modern suepticism. They do not believe it possible that the Bible sSory saould bj true which says tnat the du nb ass spalce, wniie they themselves prove the thing possible by tueir own utterances. I am amused i>eyoad bounds when I hear one of these men talking about a future life. Just ask a man who rejects that Bible what neaven is, and hear htui befog your sooi. He will ^*11 you that heaven 19 merely the development of the internal resources of a man; it is an efflorescence of the dynamic iorcas into u scata ui okusieu um transcendental lucubration, in clo3e juxtaposition to tlxe ever present '"was" and the great "to be'' and the everlasting "no. Considering themselves wise, they are tools for time, fools for eternity. Then there is another class of persons who come to the 3ible as controversialists. They are enormous Pres jyterians or fierce Baptists or violent Methodists. They cut the Bible to suit their cre?d instead of cutting toeir cree.1 to suit the Bible. If the Scriptures think as they do, well; if not, so much the wors3 for the Scriptures. Toe Bible is uierelv the whetstou** on which they sharpeu ! ths dissecting knife of controversy. They come to it as a government in time of war r imes to armories or arsenals for weapons and munitions. They hare declared everlasting war against ail other sects, and they want so many broadswords, so many mus ket?, so many howitzjrs, so many columbiaas, so much grat>e and canister, so many fieldpiece* with wnich to rake the field of dispute, for they mean to j^et the victory though the heavens be darkened with the moke and the ear tn rent with the thunier. What do they care about the religion of the Lord Jesus Christ. I have seen some such man coan bach from an ecclesiastical massacre as proud of their achievements a3 an Indian warrior boasting of the number of scilp; he has taken. I have more admiration for a man who goes forth with his fists to get the championship than I have for these theological pugilists who make our theological magazines ring with their warcry. There are mec who seem to think the only use of the sword of truth is to stick somebody. There is one passage of the Scriptures that they like better than all others, and that is this: "31es;ed be the Lord which teacheth my hanisto war and my fingers to fight." Woe to uj if we come to Uroa's wora as concroversi&usu<, or as skeptics, or as connoiss-urs, or as fault findars, or merely as poets! Lac us go forth and gather the trophies for Jesus. From Golconda miaes we gather j the diamonds, from Ceylon banks we gather the pearls, from all lands and kingdoms we I gather precious stones, and we oring the glittering burdens and put them down at the feet of Je3us and say: "AU these are Thine. Thou art worthy." We. go forth again for mora trophies, and iato one sheaf we gather all the scaptera of ths earth, of all royaltisa and dominions, and then we bring the sheaf of sc apt era and put it down at the feet of Jesus and say, "f hou art King of kings, and these Thou has oonquered." And then we go forth again to gather more tronhies. and we bid the redeemed of all ajes, the sons and daughters of the Lord Almighty, to come. We ask them to come and offer their thanksgivings, and the hosts of heaven bring crown and palm and scepter, and here by these bleeding feet, anl by thit riven side, and by this wounded heart cry, "Blessine and honor and glory and power be unto Him that sitteth upon the throne and and unto the Lamb forever and forever P' Tell me of a tear chat He did not weep, of a burden that He did not carry, of a battle that He did not fight, of a victory that He did not achieve. "All in all is Jesus" in the great plan of redemption. I remark again, Christ is everything to the Christian in time of trouble. Who has escaped trouble? We muse all stoop down and drink out of the bitter lake. The moss has no time to grow on the buckets that come out of the heart's well dripping with tears. Great trials are upon our track as certain as greyhound paci on the scent of deer. From our heart3 in every direction there are a thousand chords reaching out binding us to loved ones, ani ever and anon some of tbese tendrils snap. The winds that cross this S2a of life are not all abaft. The clouds that cross our sty are not feathery and afar, straying like docks of sheep on heavenly pastures, but wrathful and somber and gleaming with terror they wrap the mountains in fire, and com9 down baying with their thunders through every gorge. The richest fruits of blessing have a prickly shell. Life here is not lying at anchor; it is weathering a gale. It is not sleeping in a soldier's tent with our arms stacked; it is a Dayonet charge. We stumble over gravestones, and wa drive ou with our wheel deep ht* rtM wif. r\t irra ra? Trnnhla hnx wrinkled your brow, an 1 it has fro3ted your head. Falling in this oat tie ot lite, is t tiers no angel to bind our wounds? Hath God made this world with so many things to hurt and none to heal? For,this snakebite of sorrow, is thsre no herb growing by all the brooks to heal the poisou? Blessed be God that in the Gospel we find the antidote 1 Christ has bottled an ocaan of tears. How many thorns He hath plucked out of human agony! Oh, He knows too well what it is to carry a cross, not to help us carry ours! He knows too wail what it is to climo the mountain, not to help us up the steap. He knows too well what it is to be persecuted, not to help tnoso woo are imposed upon, n.9 Knows coo well what It is to be sic*, not to help those who suffer. Aye, He knows too well what it f is to die, not to help us in our last extremity. Blessed Jesus, Thou knowest it alJ. Seeing Thy wounded aid?, and Toy woundei hancC tnH Thy wounded feet, and Thy wounded brow, we are sure Tny knoweat it all. Oh, when those into whose bosom we used to breathe our sorrows are snatched from us, blessed be God, the hiart of Jesus still beats, and whan all other lights go out and tne world gets dark, then we see coming out from behind a cloud something so bright and cheering, we know it to be the morning star of the soul's deliverance! The hand of care may make ycu stagger, or the hand of persecution may Deat you down, or the hand of disappointment may beat you back, but tnere is a nana, am it is so Kina, ana it is so gentle, that it wipeth ail tears from alt laces. WORDS OF WISDOM. Prejudice is bia3 independent of the facts. If i3 a small word, but a huge obstacle. He who cares not to return may go anvwhere. Heart's ease i9 a flower that grows on j the gravo of desire. He who deserves nothing has no right I to complaiu of anything. Suspicion, envy, revenue and rcmcrse are the four vulture.3 of the heart. The apt use of symbols is the great art for ruling the operatiDns of human braius. He has an ignoble soul w ho is unwilling to serve a ro^al cause uulcss tirst decked in its livery. The meiely surprising surprises but a few times; the intrinsically admirable is ever more ana more aumireu. Be not pliant wax for outward circumstance to seal. Make your own thought the mould, your own will the stamp, of your life. Everything else of time melts into eternity without resistance or complaint. Why does not man? Only because he is sinful and discordant. * I TEE 1TEWS EPITOMIZED. Eastern and. Middle States. At a meeting of the paper makers of the United States, held iu New York, it was resolved that owing to the shortage in materials entering into the manufacture of paper the prices of all kinds of paper would have to be advanced. The cholera scare has caused a great decrease in the importation x * /fAnntriAQ of raw materials irum iui c.su Minister Bolet-Pef.aza, of Venezuela, abandoned his intention of sending from New York a vessel in pursuit of tbe steamer South Portland, supposed to contain munitions of war for the Venezuelan revolutionists. True bills were found by the Grand Jury at Pittsburg-, Penn., against Colonel Hawkins, Lioutenant-Colonel Straator and Surgeon Gimm, of the Tenth Regiment, National Guard of Pennsylvania, for assault hnt?orc in tliB Private lams case. Monuments were dedicate at Gettysburg. Penn., by the Sixteenth Vermont and tho Twenty-3econd Massachusatts Regiments. John Shavor, agsi sevanty-five, whib sitting at a winaow ia Schenectady, N. Y., was struck by lightning a few weeks apo, partially paralyzed and marked with a scarlet circle on his right cheek, below the eye. A few nights ago there was a terrific crash of thunder, and Mr. Shavor's daughter ran into his room, where she found him dead ou almost the same spot where he was struck beforeHugh O'Bonnell, the Homestead (Penn.) strike leader, nas been held without bail on a charge of murder. Ex-Speaker James W. Rusted, of th? New York Legislature, died at his home ?in Peekskill a few days ago, a god fifty-nine. Judge George F. Werts has formally accepted the Democratic nomination for Governor of New Jersey. The three-masted schooner John Burt, laden with 23.000 bushels of corn, bound for Oswego, N. Y., was wrecked near the mouth nf Ric Sand? Creek on Lake Ontario. Ono of the crew and t'ae woman cook ware drowneJ. A cyclone swept over the Eastern District of Brooklyn, Eist New Fork and Lon<* Island City. In the Eastern District of Brooklyn six houses in course of erection were blown dovrn. Two boys were killed and one lad and a workman were severely injured. A four story building in course of erection in Long Island City was demolished. Orie wan was killed and thrae sustained probably fatal injuries. Terrific wind and snow storm prevailed on Mount Washington, New Hampshire, tli9 wind reaching a velocity of 100 miles. Wire communication with the Glon House and the Summit was cut off and trains could *v?<Mmfain nn orortlinf. fit not get uuwu kud uiuuum.u ? ?- ?_ snow and ice. As the result of a quarrel about $75 Frederick Mellenburg, a septuagenarian, murdered his wife, seriously shot his stepdaughter and committed suicide at Pateraon, N. J. Governor Russell was renominated at the Massachusetts Democratic j3tats Con* vantion at Boston. The New York People's Party State Convention was called to order at Syracuse. Nominations were made as follows: For Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals, Lawrence J. McParliD, of Lockport; for the ' electoral delegates at large?Thaddeus B. Wakemau, of New York City, and I. E. Dean, of Honeoye Falls. Chief Fost.il Inspector Edoarton ar? r?stei at Philadelphia, Pann., six couspirators who have succeeded in robbing the inaitei of over $10,000 worth of articles of all sorts. The men were drivers in the employment of the Union Transfer Company, engaged in driving the mail wagon3 ostween the Postoffice and the railroad stations. Sonth and West. A fa.bt freight train was wrecked at Dayton ("thin hw a olT.wanr.rtlH hrtV who turned the switch. He said that he want?d to sea a big: wreck. Ten cars were smashed and piled on each other ani freight scattered over the debris. 8antana Cara and Daniel Oarcia, cousins and natives of Mexico, got into a quarrel over a woman at Sandigo, Texas. Garcia was shot three times, Car a once; both were fatally injured. Six men started to ride no in the skip at Eureka mine at Bessemer,Mich., contrary to orderf. and when about 200 feet from the bottom tbe skip dumped, four its occupants being hurled to the bottom of the shaft and killed. Sevrjt dead and three injured is the result of a railroad wreck which occurred at New Hampton, Iowa, a few days ago. J. H. Wicke3, a New York millionaire, fell out of a window at Detroit, Mich., and was instantly killed. His neck was broken. Robbers entered the bank of Ben E. Snipes & Co., at Roslyn, Washington, at 4 p. m., a few days ago, covered the employes and customers with revolvers and stole $20,000 from the safe. As they rode away they opened fire and shot the cashier in the leg and a colored man in the hip. At Kalamazoo, Mich., Lee Struble, Chas. Burton and George and Morris Castleman got into a quarrel while chopping wood. George Castleman was killed and bis brother fatally wounded by an axe wielded by Burton. Engineer John Elmore was killed aud Firemen Ben Garner and Sam Estes and Conductor W. R. Lambert injured by the explosion of a locomotive boiler new Pratt Mines, Ala.. Howard, the county seat of Mint>r County, Iowa, has been nearly wiped out by fire. ilr. and Mrs. R. B. Allensworth were caught in a building and killed. More than fifty hoase3 ware destroyed, uosj, $iw,ujv. Four Chinese have disregarded the circulars recently issued by the Chinese Six Companies, and have been registered at San Francisco, Cal., under the Geary Registration Act. The Wisconsin Supreme Court rendered a decision declaring the apportionment ma Je by the extra session of the Legislature invalid. The Connecticut Supreme Court desiled in favor of the Republicans iu the contested election oases. Washington. Rear Admiral Br.vham has been ordered to proceed with his flagsnip* the Newark, now at Genoa, to Cadiz, to escort the Queen ~ *- -i.- "...I / Q I Kegenc oc opam to xiuhvb, vmuuci ?, where the next day a statue to Columbia will be unveiled. The Bennington, wnich is now at Cadiz, will accompany the Newark and the fleet of Spanish vessels and participate in the ceremonies. Admiral Gherardi arrived at the Mare Island tCa'.l Navy Yard from Washington. Rear-Admiral Brown surrendered the flagship Baltimore to him and then hoisted his flag on the Thetis. Postmaster-ikxetiar. Waxamakbr has issued an order to esta'dis'i the free delivery service, to commence December 1, 1892, ia among other place?. Greenfield, Mas3; Perth Amboy, N. J.; Leominster, mass.: meaii, Pean.; Braddock, PenD.; Water vi lie, M"., and New Rochelle and Port Chester, N. Y. The Secretary of the Interior has approved the allotment of lands to the Seneca Indians and the eastern band of Shawnees in the Indian Territory. There are 175 of the former and 250 of the latter, who will receive sixty acrcs of land apiece, and. in some cases, an additional eighty acres, where the land is used for grazing or is not fertile. Tite Interior Department announces that the Cherokee Commission has opened negotiations with the Kiowa, Comanche and Aneebe Indians for thu sale of their reservations in Indian Territory. Foreign. ^ A tvpttoox wrecked 5900 buildings on th? lUUKIll iSKlU'.;>, U'jUi uapu. Thk Yellow River has again overflowed its banks in China. Twelve towns have baeu inundated and many lives lost. Edmund Johnson, Consul at Kohl, Germany, has been removed for false representation as to his military services and for fraudulent practices. Tbe case has been under investigation by Secretary Footer for a month. Mr. Johnson was first appointed to the consular service in 1372. The Chamber of Deputies, which constitutes the Electoral College, has just declared Porflrio Diaz Presideut of Mexico for four years from the 1st of ne* t December. Sib William Johnston Ritchie, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, is dead, aged seventy-nine years. The number of deaths from the cholera within the whole Russian Empire, from the beginning of the epidemic, is officially reported at 185,640. Trie British Consulate at Mozambique has reported to the Foreign Office the drowning of an exploring party of two Englishmen and five Germans at the mouth of the River noma. CANADY A~SUICIDE. Sensational Death ot an Ex-Sergeantat-Arms ot the Senate. W. P. Canady, ex-Sergeant-atiArms of the United States Senate, committed suicide at bis home in Washington a few days sines, in a most sensational manner. Canaay, since his retirement from publio Kaon nnnHiipf.inan a'Anprfll hrnlrer. age business. About a year ago h9 took J. Q. A. Houghton in partnership. Houghton was the monied mau of the concern, and at various times advanced some $15,000 for the wild-cat schemes of his partner. For some time there has been trouble brewing. Houghton was dissatisfied with the management of Canady, and on several occasions the two have been heard quarreli- k ing About 7 o'clock in the evening Houghton came into the office and put $2000 iu cash in the safe and left for the night. Canady slept in the adjoining room. About six o'clock next; morning Charles W C^AirAnnnn mhrt i?AAmo in flin VlrtllcQ JUi kJbO T CUOUU, nuw luuuia <u tuu Iiu ujk| beard some one calling for help. He ran down stairs and located the cries in Haughton's private office. On his opening the door a strange sight met his eyes. At the dumb waiter door stood Canadv, tied and gagged with a piecs of his night shirt drawn across his moutb. Steveusoii quickly cut the prisoner loose and Canady said that between 2 and 3 o'clock that morn ing he was awakened from sleep by threa 1 *?/*!? 4nfA fha WAntM uurgmia, wuu i/uuci mm iuw vug wuuci iwvm j and at the point of the pistoi msie him open I the safe. They then ransacked his partner's papers and tied him there to the door. A messenger was sent at once tor Mr. Houghton, and when the latter arrived Canady told him his 6tory and pointed to the empty safe. Houghton flouted the story, accused Canady of robbing the safe and left the house saying that he would at once put the matter into the hands of the police. Canady then locked himself in, and going to his cot threw himself down and put a bullet through his brain. When the police arrived they:had to force an en trance and the lifeless body of Canady was found on the floor iu a pool of blood. Canady was about fifty years of age, a native ot Horth Carolina, and was a Colonel in the Confederate Army. COLUMBIAN STAMPS. New Serie? to be Issued to Mark the Discovery of America. r' n llnnAW.mi.nf kftfl fn I AUOiUaiVUIvV 4/C^?l VIUVUV U(N W issue what will-he known as the Columbian series of postal ? stamps, to be famished by ihe American B ink Note Company of New York under a contract just signed. The denomination * of all of tae series have not a* yet been fully determine I voon, b?t they wilt embrace all of the present series and probably some others. The new stamps will be of the same height as the present series, but twicj as long, the increased size being thought necessary in order properly to display the illustrations. These are intended to commemorate the discovery of America by Columbus, and savon I rtf f.hn iJltiitr.tfciun* have alr?irlv been decided upon. These are the "Discovery of America by Columbus ?First Si?ht of Land;" ''Columbus's Fleet at Sea." from Re vista de la Mina; "Landin; of Columbus," after the Van der Lyn picture in the United States Capitol; 'The Santa Maria,11 Columbus's flagship, after Alfred Harris3e; "Columbus Asicinz Aid of Queen Isabella," and "Columbus Rsciting the Story of His Discovery to Ferdinand and Isabella ou His Return From His First Voyage." On one of the denomination* will appear a portrait of Colntfibm. it is expected that the entire series will be put on sale January 1, 1893, and during the succeeding year will entirely supersede the present series. It is expected that the net revenue to the Government from the sale of these stamps will be very large, and that their sale to collector* wilt largely exceed any previous issue. It is also believed that this issue will greatly stimulate interest in the exposition, both abroad and at home. CHOKED TO DEATH. A Woman Kills Her Son and Two | Other Little Boys. Three small children, Charles Brown and Georgia and John Bogart, the first a son of Lsonara Brown, or Smith, as she is known, formerly of Mt. Holly, and the other two being children of William Bogart, were choked to death a few days ago at Bordentown, N.J. The deed wa3 done at the house of Bogart, in Chestnut street, by the insane mother of Charles Brown, in the absence of the Bogart?, who had gone to the Interstate Fair at Trenton. Tae guilty woman afterward went to police headquarters and gave herself up. THE SUOVENIE COINS. The Design lor the World's Fair Halt Dollar Selected. The design for the five million souvenir half dollars has been agreed upon by the World's Fair people and Mint Director Leech. The face of the coin will contain Lotto's head of Columbus and the reverse side his caravals, under which are two ?;lobes. Across the globes will be the figures d02 TTndnr f,h? elobes will be the year in which the coin Is struck, 1892 or 1893. Director Leech said he hoped to have one million of these souvenirs pieces struck this year and the remaining four millions early in 1893. KILLED AS A JOKE. A Live Wire Fastened to Machinery Which a Workman Handled. . T. R. Vincent was killed at Kansas City, Mo., a few days ago by what was supposed to be accidental contact with an electric wire in the house where he was employed. The Coroner next day found that two other employes, attempted to play a practical joke upon him, attaching the electricli^ht wire to a picce of machinery which Vincent handled during the day. When he came iu contact with the ma ik *?|| cbinory and pincei his nam uyyu if uo dead from the shock. England Is beginning to feel nervous about its Ambassador to Morocco, who has not been heard from since the fanatical populace refused to let him* raise the British rlag. and he raised it in spite of them. If the act of a few fanatics should lead England to occupy Morocco there would be trouble in the Mediterranean at once. France would never consent to have any one, even remotely connected with the Triple Alliance, in Morocco. - - ? ? - i., tJ.ot Clur. iMir XIUl HMI.1L.II1U IUIII ?.T UIIUU v-.. many may, by hook or by crook, got possession of a fastness opposite Gibraltar. Thus her two secular enemies would hold the keys of the Mediterranean. She wou'd tight sooner than permit this. The nail trade is said to be looking up. Certainly; think of the campaign lies that will have to be mailed between now and November.?Detroit Free Press. "You are tht only girl I ever loved." "Then we would better part I don't want to marry a freak."? j Life. - ; CHINESE FARMERS. COTTON AND RICE RAISING ON THE YANG-TSE K1VER, Three CroDS a Year?Primitive Tools ?Cow Plowing in the WaterChinese Wages?A Chinese Farmhouse. ^ HE Chinese farmer is C" "" is id abject poverty. l- IMA I rode up the YangMfcw *\ MlAv' t9e K,ans ^'ver as *ar E"wfessi'irSSc* 39 ^an^ow< 800 miles. ^ifSCyS The Yang-tee is an(fvwL*1r-l!w IrfwL ?^^er Mississippi *w4?>T.RiTer- w^?^e t>?t* j/J. jif W$s/torn is ridged with |d^S'f^a?/ broken levees anddot'j?3Bi3&? ted with graves a3 thick as haycocks on a New England meadow. The farmer's house is always a hut, writes Eli Perkins, in the New Vdun Tf 1Q nnnnmlltf Knilf /if vino XUIXV kJUU XI/ iO ^CUCiailJ UUlIb VI 11UC straw and looks like a straw stick in Illinois with holes eaten into it by sheep and hogs. It would be a poor cow shed in America. When not made of rice straw it is built of rough boards or adobe bricks one story high, has paper for windows and is thatched with rice straw. It has no chimnej and no stove. There are no flowers about it as with the Japanese. A pig and a cow may occupy the same hut. The pig is a scavenger with big black ears. The farmer has a few chickens and ducks, but never eats tham himself. He never sees a newspaper. He has no carpet, no musical instrument, no books, and seldom a clock. The floor of bis house is hard ground. His bed is straw. He has no windows In his \ __ L..1. T- .* i. 1. 1* nouse or uuu xa wiuter ue cuvers aimself with rags to keep warm, and in r. \ iwrjfiSS A CHINESE C summer be is almost naked. He sows his barley or rice in a bed, hoea them by hand, reaps them with a sickle, and winnows them in the wind. A quarter of an acre is a big farm. He has no knowledge of politick. China might have a big war and he would never hear of it till troops marched into his rice field. The tools of the average Chinese farmer are a basket, a tea kettle and a four-tined hoe. This hoe is very heavy, and is used for spading as well as hoeing. He raises it in the air as a blacksmith raises bis sledee, imbeds it in the earth, and pulls it forward. The food of 400,000,000 people is cultivated by this one implement. A trashing machine or a reaper is never seen in China. The Chinese put as much labor on an acre as an American farmer would on twenty acres. A Chinaman will raise enough on an acre to support a family of seven and pay his dollar and a half in taxes. The size of a Chinese farm is from a hundred feet square to three acres. A quarter of an acre will keep a man busy, but he will raise three crops a year on it. First he raises barley or wheat in the winter. When the wheat is heading, cotton is sown broadcast. After reaping the barley and wheat in June the little cotton is seen coming up. Then the barley roots are pulled up and the cotton comes on. It is in beds and is all hoed by hand. It grows low and has a short stable. Chinese cotton would not bring three cents a pound in New Orleans, and the yield is about 200 pounds to the acre. Men and women draw the crops to market on two-wheeled carts. Cotton is not baled but crowded into sacks like wool. Horses are seldom seen on a farm in China; men and women do the work of the horse. A Chinese farm laborer gets about four or five cents a day and his rice. Notwithstanding labor being so cheap in China the superior skill of our American cotton planters and the good quality of their cotton and its cheap price is destroying the cotton industry in China. China will have to give up cotton and 20 into rice, barley and peanuts. Last year the Chinese raised only 100,000 bales of cotton. The raising cf silkworms here will always thrive, and silk A CniNESE FARMHOUSE. will be reeled from the cocoons into skeins by cheap five cents per day labor, but silk weaving will have to go to England and America, where they use power * rr'? ?*11 Kq raiooil in lOOmS. It'll Will mrrujo uv ?? ?? China, where five cont labor oan pick the leaves. The tea plant is the same as our camellia or japoaica. If rice is to be raised after barley and wheat, the land is flooded with water. Men and women, knee deep in water, pull the harrows. Then the rice is sec out in the water in hills a foot apart. It is common to see women working in the rice field covered with straw garments to their knees, After the rice is harvested a full crop of radishes is put in. In order to irrigate for rice water is pumped on to the laud by hand, though sometimes a revolving belt covered with hnrkpts is nronelled by a buffalo cow which walks rouud and rouud like thrashing horses in America. Rice in China is worth about a dollar a bushel. A Chiuatuan can live on four bushels ot rice a year. This, with pea nut oil, tea, and a little sugar, costs about $5 a year. "You think five dollars a year in America," said Mr. Leonard, o?r Consul Genera!, "is cheap liviDg, but if a . - * ~ man in Chicago should lire on boiled wheat with a little cotton seed oil, tea, and sugar, he could lire as cheap a3 the Chinese. It is meat which makes living expensive in England and America. It takes eight pounds of cereals to make a pound of beefsteak, and where you get a pound of beefsteak it is only worth about a third as much as a pound of wheat or corn. Americans reduce the nutritious quality of their food thirty fold, oy feeding it first to the animal and then eating the animal. "China," continued Mr. Leonard, "filinnnrt* 400.000 000 hflinrrQ Hiifr. ?rr 1 ' they eat the cereals. America could \ *" THE CHAISE FOKKED HOE. support four billion people if they would eat corn and wheat like tbe Chinese. But instead of that, Americans feed eight pounds of corn to a sheep or stear and then eat the steer." The Chinese cow oi the Yank-tse is a semiamphibious animal. You will often see her grazing with her head entirely under water. This is the animal that a well-dc-to farmer uses for plowing, instead of hia wife and daughter. He uses the milk and muscle of the poor cow. It is pathetic to see this patient old cow plodding along through the rice fields knee deep in mud. The plow she is drawing is a rude bit of a log with an iron point. A digger :ow plowing. / Indian could make it. It was used before Noah went into the ark, and it will be used a thousand years tron now. The Chinaman never changes. Propagation of Cholera Germs. , , The culture of the cholera germ is an exrtemely interesting though very simple process. An upright glass tube, as shown in the j illustration herewith, \] is filled with gelatine, and when the latter has hardened sufficiently a germ is inj serted in its centre by means of a platinum needle. . The germ at once begins to incubate, and in a few days it has multiplied a u thousand fold. The, germs eat their way I down through the gelatine, and t h o ? mm. ^ I mass assumes a funnel shaped form, which gives the gelatine a clouded appearance. The single germa * are invisible to the ' W/w/Xnfc naked eye, but can be seen in large masses. V/mp-^ vv tieu magnmea ouu diameters the single fffi gerin becomes plainly visible. It has a crescent-shaped form, _ somewhat like that of ? a comma, and thej \\ sometimes blend toV gether in the form of a spiral. Dr. Koch discovered the cholera germ in India in 1883.?New York World. Lonor Flnire? Nails. To allow the nails to grow to an inordinate length is common in China, as an indication that the owner follows a sedentary occupation or leads a life of leisure. Long nails on the right hand would interfere with the use of the brush (corresponding to our pen), and would therefore reflect unfavorably on the person concerned, as tending to show that he did not davote himself to composition and literary exercises, the pride of every educated Chinese. They are almost always confined to the left hand, therefore, and are at times very long, delicately-chased iilver cases being worn to protect them. Some years ago I met a Chinese gentleman who had carefully guarded the growth of the nails on the third and fourth fingers, the former for some ten years, the latter for over twenty-five. The nail on the fourth finger, when the silver protector was removed, was some six inches or more long, and twisted like a corkscrew. Some few months later, this gentleman, owing to an accident, broke the nail. His grief was as great as if he had lost a uear relative.?Notes and Queries. January 1st was not made New Year's Day in Engfand until 1751. The proper beginning of the year is in March, which is the beginning of spring, when nature bursts out into life again iu the dowers and the trees. Evolution ol the Watermelon. NO./ MK ?Judgs. A Big Tree at the World's fair. California is to be honored by having a section of one of her famous big trees made a prominent feature in the Government building at the Columhian Exhibition at Chicago. The section of the tree will be twenty-three feet in diameter and thirty feet long. This will be divided into three parts, and these will be placed in tneir natural position, one * above the other, and so arranged as to form something like a two-story house. - - * A ..in -THE WOODCUTTERS' LOFTT PLATFOBM. The contract called for a tree twenty feet six incbcs in diameter, but the tree actually found will be three feet greater in diameter. Ther are, of course, larger trees in the forest, but the requirement was that this section should be perfect in all respects, cylindrical, straight and without a burn in the bark, and this was the largest found to fill all ' these conditions. The tree selected is one-known as the 4'General Noble." It measures thirty feet in diameter near the ground, but as the object was to have the section of the same diameter at > 'v both ends, as nearly as possile, a piece is . ' being taken out of the tree at some diatance from the ground. To do this and to preserve the section from harm by * falling as well as to meet other requirements has proved to be a work of con- ? siderable magnitude. The idea is not to , ' '-^Wk send a solid section, but, rather, the rim of the tree hollowed out and cut into segments of suitable size, and all to bo numbered so that they can be erected at Chicago so as to look from t&e exterior . fa like a solid section of a sequoia thirty feet in height. The three parti into which the section is being cat consist* of two parts of fourteen feet each, to i>e hollowed out, and one two feet thick . / ,?f9 which will serve as a floor between the two stories, as it were. In order to accomplish this work it became necessary to cut off the top of V;; this great tree at a height of fifty-four feet from the ground. This is done by building a staging around the tree at that height, where the woodsmen will cut off the upper portion, as shown in the accompanying illustration, and let it fall. This is a work of great difficulty. In order to avoid danger to the men and iDjury to the lower portion of the tree, a big block is inserted in the cut on the , if l'o fn full fin that its " &1UC UU >T U1VU ?t M ?V a?..<iT - weight when falling will cause it to jump off far enough to avoid all danger and . A;; damage. When this has been done the. , section will then be cut off by cross-cut saws twenty-four feet in length, made purposely for this work, at the places indicated by the cross lines in the illus* | tration.?San Francisco Chronicle. Making the Dumb to Speak. There cannot be an instance of a person born dumb regaining speech, for no one can regain what be never possessed, though he may acquire it. In speaking, however, of persons born dumb we must exclude the vast majority of those called deaf and dumb, for their inability to * , 4.U-* speak arises irom no mauurmnuuu ui tug tongue, but they remain speechless because, having been deaf from birth or early childhood, they have never heard the conversation c4 others, nor learned to imitate it. Large numbers, who in this sense have been deaf and dumb all their lives, have learned to speak by signs or by the motion of the lips, or by sounds such as ordinary persons produce. It is difficult to tell generally whether a person is dumb from birth, because the defect is not at first suspected. But there are cases of real congenital dumbness. It arise from injury to the lingual nerves, or nerves of the tongue, or from general or local debility. But it may arise from a visible causc, from the child being tongue tied, the fraenum linguae, as it is called, or bridle of the tongue?a membrane underneath it?extending too far forward towards the tip of the tongue, so as to prevent the tongue being expended or put out. This may make it impossible for the child to suck, and, if not relieved,may interfere with its speech. A surgeon can snip the thin part of the fraenum, care, however, being taken not 3 ?.u.. i;nn?ol arfArir Tfc is not to enaauger mc uu8um ?,. certain, however, that a tongue tied pereon could not speak, for Jussien, on? hundred and sixty years ago, recorded the case of a girl of fifteen year old, who had never possessed a tongue, and yet could speak without inconvenience, and persons learn to do so who have had their tongues to a great extent removed.? Yaukce Blade. Jewels and Their Us?s iu Watches. Few people understand just what is the practical value of the 4-jewels" in a tiue watch. These tiny bits of preciou* --* ;~ 11fir*<ra*' nf fch<* scones are set m mu ? machinery?or "movement," as it is called?where the pointed ends of the little pivots turn and tarn contiuualiy. This constaut grind of the sharp little points would wear away the hardest metal. Only the hardness of a precious stone can resist the severe lriction. Garnets are sometimes used and sometimes sapphires. These, being harder, are put luto the new improved, quickwinding watch, which adds to its wearing qualities. It is oue ot the marvels of the watch trade, that a jeweiied watch of this high grade can be sold so cheaply.?Boston Cultivator.