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The Abbeville press and banner. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, April 19, 1893, Image 1

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The Abbeville Press and Banner!
BY HUGH WILSON. ABBEVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 1893. ESTABLISHED 1844||1
RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE.
DISCRIMINATING AGAINST WOMEN.
The Pastor Excommunicates a
Young Lady from the Second
Presbyterian Church of Columbia,
While His Own Brothersin-Law
are in Full Communion.
THE OFFENCE CHARGED 18 VIOLATION OF
THE SABBATH DAY AND THE EARNING
OF AN HONEST LIVING.
-The
Men Ilnve Never Been Cited Before
the NpmnIod, but the Woman
whm Promptly Turned Out of the
Church.
The State, Friday.
Iu tbe Charleston Presbytery a most remarkable
case, fall of intense Interest In tbe
city?and, when tbo questions involved arcconsidered.
It may be said all over tbe country?bas
been In progress /or the last two
days.
It l? llic L'utw Ui iUiMS oauic mc?iio, nuu nap
suspended Irotn the Second Presbyterian
Church id thlR city because ?ne had to work
m lew hours lu tLe local telephone exchange,
in order to keep her position aud make her
own living, li In simply a question oi Sabbath
observance that this particular church
Is trying u> enforce, and, as shown Inthear
gum* nt, this young lady was made the particular
object of such eniorcement, while
there are others In the cbuicU who likewise
woik on Sunday.
When the Presbytery reconvened yesterday
luorning tbeca?e wub at once resumed. The
judicial foramlitee reported that ithud found
l he "records" correct aud the cierk lie<uu to
rtau the papers Id the caso. The original
eoinpiaint was lead without any comment
and is as follows:
the complaint,
Statk ok South Carolina, \
Cuar.estou Presbytery. /
Alnsley M. Moatelth jdiI]
Emma M. Moutelth, |
Complainants.
a t vs. ^ > ^ | Coin/il iliit.
lue oessiuu 01 tue nee- f
t.nd Pres b y le r 1 a n
Cnurcu ot Coluiubia,|
b. C., Respondent*. j
Tbe Complainants above named, complaining
of me Respondents, herein allege:
1. That the said Alnsley H. Mouteiib and
Emma M. Mouteiib, bis wile, are coinmuniog
members or the second Presbyterian Church
or Columbia, S. C., and thai at tbe time hereinafter
mentioned, Sadie M. Means, a sister
of tbe said Emma M. Mouteiih, was also a
communing member of said churoh.
2. Tbat on or iboat the M day of March.
1S93, the said Sadie M. Means was orally sum- i
raoued by tbe Rev. G. A. Blackburn, tbe pastor
of said church, to appear before the session
of said cbnnb at a meeting thereof, to be
held on said 2id d?y of M-ircit, lriW.
3. Tbat in response to said summons the
said Saldie M. Means appeared before tbe session
of the Second Presbyterian Chnrcb and
in response to certain questions from the i
pastor, toachlng her occupation and especial- i
j> as it required her to work on lbs Sabbath i
day, she slated to said session tbat she was
then employed as an operator in the Tele- i
phone Exchange in tbe city or Columbia and <
that as socb employee worked in" tbe office on
Suudays from tbe bour of 9 o'clock to tbe <
boar of 1 o'clock. i
4. Tbat said session, through its moderator,
anted the said Saldie M. Means to relinquish
aid employment, but that said Stdie M.
Meann? who is dependent upon herowu labor
lor ber living?decilnrd to do so, wbereupoa
the said session suspended her from the comniunlon
of tbe said cbuich.
5. Further your complainants show tbat i
no formul charges of any offense were ever
tublfd, or. otherwise prelerred against the i
said Sadie M. Means; nor was "process" of
any kind ever Issued against her. That the
action of tbe session In the premises was In- i
formal and based solely upon the admission
of said Sadie M. Means, that in the discharge
of ber duties as an employe of the Telephone
Exchange, she was required, and did attend
at the office of tbe said Telephone Exchange
from tbree to four hours on Sunday as bere- i
Inbefore slated. <
0. That the said Sadie M. Means II ves with i
these complainants, and in a large measure <
looks to them lor protection, coinlort, counsel '
and advice. <
7. Tl.at shortly after the said action of bcs- (
sIod, to ult: uu the31*t day of March, 1893, 1
ihese complaluaii:s, adopted a letter to the
licv. G. A. Blackburn, moderator ot said ses
nlon. asking for u copy of the proceedings
had against the said Smile >1. Means: and at
the saran time gave nolle* to tbe session of i
their Intention to eomi-iuln to the Presby- <
tery on account ol their wild action, stating
in Che said notice of complaint the reasons i
lhertfor; a copy ol which said notice and
jeasons are hereto attached, as exhibit A.
Tbt-t on or alout the 5th day ol April, 1893,
your complainants received from Mr. C. W.
huber. clei k of said a sslun, a copy of said
proceeding, and, upon inspecting the same,
learned lUnt said session did Dot record "a
lull statement ol the lads aud the Judgment
rendered." hut only their conclusions from
ihe tacts staled, thereby presenting a case unjust
to the accused and prejudicial to her
cause.
8. Aud your complainants further show
ihat many other members of the said Second
l'resbyieriati church, of longer standing than
thesaid Sadie M. Means, are iu similar employment,
of a putdlc nature, whereby tbey
are required to work on the Sabbath day, and
j et no notice thereof has been taken by tbe
said session, whereby an invidious exception
lias been mude in her ca?.e, and unwarranted
by any pra-ed'-nu> in said church.
*9. Thut your complainant* have served
upon the said session additional reasons for
ibis complaint and have hereto attached a
copy theieof marked 'exhloltti "
10. And your complainants further show
that the action of said session is contrary to
the coustliuiiou and laws of our cliurcb; and
liuds no warrant or authority iu tbe word of
Uod as Interpreted by our standards.
Wherefore, your complainants ask tbat tbe
ncttnn of said session susuendlmr the said
Smile M. Means Iruiu the communion of the
church be annulled, and tbat the said Badle
M. Means he restored to full communion and
jellottflilp In the said church.
Tne clerk look up exhibit A, wblcb was a
notice o( the complainants tbat au appeal
wou'd be Uken in the case. It was upon exhibit
B, which was in the shape of an amended
complaint, tbat tbe cblef discussion arose
and the Quibbling over the technicality of
what made up the record was kept up until
tbe hour of adjournment for dinner.
OK COURSE MK. BLACKBURN OBJECfS TO
EVERYTHING.
In each of tbe cases of the amended com}>lalnt
tbe Rev. Mr. Blackburn eutereti an obection
as to the admission of the complaint
us amended. There seemed to be no trouble
on this score until some one asked what efJect
tbe objections would have upon the admissibility
of that part ol tbe record. Mr.
Benttle, tbe moderator, explained, and Mr.
Blackburn Insisted tbat each of bis objections
be recorded as a part of the minutes.
The moderator ruled, after some discussion,
that the record before the court was made up
of all ttie papers mat came up through a
proper channel from the Second Presbyterian
Church. Mr. Blackburn wanted to have
bis objection overruled so that bo could have
some actlou taken that would be definite.
Ool. McMaster thought that the discussion
was useless as the whole question was whether
the Church has the right to dismiss members
who tiud it uecassary to do this class of
work.
Dr. Smith, of Columbia, said that the entire
question was upon what made up the
proper records and if the ruling of the chair
was not satisfactory to appeal from it.
Dr. Fllnn wanted to know whether the
amended complaint was admissible.
Mr. Blackburn said that It had never come
up before the church authorities.
Dr. Flinn stated that the amended complaint
was filled as soon as the records upon
which It was based could be secured.
Mr. Blackburn said that the amended complaint
was not made up till the day before
Presbytery mel and It could not have been
.considered by the church authorities.
Then some one suggested that the Judicial
commlttee's report covered the entire court
record and necessarily included the amended
complaint.
I .
Dr. Flinn?I maintain that this amem
complaint is In order, and I want the raw
ator'6 opinion upon that question.
The moderator said he had not yet
pressed an opinion upon the admissibility
the amended complaint. There was so
discussion as to the way In which the mot
ator should express an official opl nlon as
the construction of the committee's rep
Dr. Smith, of Charleston, said that the sess
ought to have a 1 lghi to construe the rep
as it thought best. Dr. Girardeau said t
the only question before the body \
the question rs to the resularlty of
report. Col. McMaster said that there was
u?e to quibble over what made up the
cords, that all of the paper* had been si
mltted and every document wasa part of
record.
The Rev. Mr. Hay, of Edlsto Island, s
that, the committee only considered the oi
Inal complaint and did not discuss 1
amended complaint.
Dr. Beattie ruled that the only quest!
that he had positively decided was that
was legitimate to have the objeotloni
corded.
Dr. Girardeau?What in world are we i
ing? That committee tells us that It did i
report on the regularity of the amendmen
aud we are acting on them. We'll Just hs
to rule them out.
t>a?? Mm Vln/utnt Pon tna err\ rtn
consider a matter the contents of which w<
never before the committee?
Mr. H?v?Dr. Glrardean In perfectly rltjhl
Mr McLees. of Orangeburg?We only c<
sldored the orieiual record an(J suggested tl
the matter ralebt be reconsidered.
Dr. Fllnn stated that the amended co
plaint had bean filled as pood 'm posslb
that the efforts to get at the records of t
court unon which It was based were starl
on the 25th Inst.
Mr. Blackburn differed with Dr. Fllnn.
Dr. Fllnn rend a letter In which a rerjni
was made for the action of the chord) e
tborltlefl.
Mr. Blackburn?That was a private letter
Dr. Fllnn?It Is signed hy J. W. Rub
clerk, and If that Is not official. I don't kn<
what Is. The Inquiries that were then start
did not bring any Information until the 5
of April, so It was absolutely impossible
have filed the amended complaint earlier.
Dr. Beattle, after a continued discussion 1
the question, ruled that the amended co
plaint was not a part of the records.
Dr. Fllnn appealed from the decision of t'
moderator but his objections were not si
tained.
It was finally agreed that the matters co
tained In the amended complaint would
admissible In the argument to be made 1
the complainants.
At this Juncture >t was decided to take a :
cess until after dinner.
The Presbytery wis called to order at
o'clock, and the case of Miss Means was :
sumed.
Dr J. William Flynn appeared for the co
plalnant. Miss Means, and Rev. Q. A. Blat
burn represented the respondent, the Sesst*
of the Second Presbyterian church.
Dr. Flynn began his argument by statL
mat ue opposeu not in ms own ueuuii, out
the request of the complainants. "I wan on
notified yesterday that I was expected to j
present Miss Means In the case. It is n
pleasant to engage In a controversy wl
men, especially with brethren of the chore
but cases often arise in human affaire wb?
It In necessary to have conflicts which are n
desirable, and when suob conditions arise
Is the duty of every one to meet them u
shrlnklngly."
He hud no desire to Injure or to Impai
any one concerned in the case, and bop
that nothing he might say would besoco
st rued. He wished It distinctly undereux
that he did not Intend to assail the chart
ter of any one, and, appearing, as he did,
the mouth-piece of others, his stateinen
should be construed as those of whom be re
resented, and that they were given to him
writing.
Referring to the constitution of the Churc
lie showed that In order for lawful coinpial
ants to be recognized by a Presbytery tb
must be members of a Church, submitting
lis authority and regulations, and that lb
can appeal only under condemnation, ai
the appeal or complaint may be made 1
the condemned or soiue one acting for him.
Dr. Flinn stated that all courts might er
synods and presbyteries might err, and t
cause of this the right to appeal was grante
The charge in this case was that the cou
of the Second Presbyterian church bad erre
and the appeal was to annul the sentence ar
restore the complainant to her standing
the cnurcb.
All recognize the law of the Sabbath, ar
the provisions for exceptions under this la
are limited to acts under two beads?necesj
ty and mercy.
The question now is, Shall the charge mo<
against the complainant constitute a viol
lion ot the Sabbath. The Presbytery must <i
clde this question one way or the other,
tbe sentence stands uuannulled the responi
b'.llty rests on the Presbytery, the Synod at
on the Southern General Assembly alike, ac
their votes must be cast with regard to tt
laci.
They were not to be deterred irora votlt
by any outside luflueuce In the way In whli
they wore ueclded in view of the responBibl
ty resting on them. In voting you must d
L*lde whether any work, to sustain life fori
stance. Is considered a violation, giving tl
charity of feeling that we expect from otnei
1'be complainants do not assail tbe charact
[>f those aualnst whom they complain. Tl
sbarge Is Injustice, and is based on the lac
which I will now present.
THE ILLEGAL TRANSACTION.
First?No charge of offense was ever mad
as none In recorded, and what Is not record'
cannot be considered.
Miss Sadie Means, a young woman, wltho
a mother, modest and retiring In dlsposltlo
residing with her sister and brother-ln-la
was engaged In the Telephone Exchange <
flee, where her service* were required fron
to 1 o'clock on Sundays. On the 23rd
March she was brought before the session
the Second Church and suspended from mei
bership because ol this alleged Sabbat
breaking. No charge was ever formal
made against her, as there was nothing ]
corded of It.
Dr. Fllnn here referred to the oonstltutli
of the Church as to the manner of makli
charges, supporting his argument to the 1
formality or the charge.
TAKING ADVANTAGE OF HER INEXPE
IENCE.
The session was under the Impression tb
Miss Means had committed an offense, ai
their action was founded on that Impresslc
Miss Means knew nothing ol the technics
ties of law governing sessional courts, ai
was consequently at a disadvantage. Alls
entitled to counsel In such cases. In this s
had none, but she would have demand
counsel If she had known that she was en
tied to It.
A church should bring Its charges In wt
lng, and the session cannot consider t
charge until a secoud meeting, ten days af
the nrst, and all persous Interested must
cited to appear at that meeting. Such w
not done in this case. No charge was made
writing. Miss Means was summoned befc
the session without notification.
SQUIRMS.
Rev. G. A. Blackburn?Mr. Moderator, I
slst on facts, and the statement that she v
summoned Is not a fact.
Dr. Fllnn?I am presenting facts as civ
me. The respondents c in refute It If It is i
true. It Is a question between the compla
ants and respondents. These statemei
were furnished me In writing. I give tbi
as I have them.
MISS MEANS ASKED TO OIVE UP A GOOD J
FOR A LESS DESIRABLE ONE.
| Dr. Fllnn continued, saying that M
Means was suminonded to the pastor's stu
aud in the presence of the pastor and the t
i sion ol the church she stated that she worfe
on the Pabbath. She was urged to stop wo
Ing on Sunday, and was offered a situation
Mr. McCreery in his more, but the salary:
being as Urge as she was then receiving i
declined the offer. Ten days before the 1
of March she applied for a letter of dismlsi
the case having not then been brought,
was not granted. There was no record
charge against, her or citation of witnesses
that time. There was nothing to India
that charges were about to be preferred ?
she was presumably In good standing in 1
church. Why then was the letter not grn
ed? If they Intended to prosecute there Is
record of it. Until an Indictment Is recon
ttie court regards her in good standing.
ih?v rttil not reouire a full statem
of the fuels to be recorded. She received o
a verbal summons from Mr. Blackburn to
tend the session meeting.
Mr. Blackburn?I object to this slateme
It Is not true; she was not summoned.
Dr. Fltnn?The Inlormatlon Is furninhec
given me. It is a question between the
spondent and the complainant.
THE DOUBLE QUESTION.
He said she did not state that she hablti
ly violated the Sabbath, except in aquest
embodying these words. She simply s
that 8he worked, and it wa? construed
mean that she violated the Sabbath.
Mr. Blackburn?No such question wua ai
ed.
<|e(1 The Moderator?We cannot allow any far
Jer- ther Interruptions.
"Do you still habitually violate the Snbbatl
ex- by working in the Telephone Exchnage?" wa
?i the double question asked her. Good men of
>me ten commit errors through the fallacy of t
ler double question which in itself Implies an ac
to cusatlon.
ort
ion WANTED MISS MEANS TO STUDY TYPEWRIT?rl
INO, AND RUN THE RISK OF GETTING
AN INFERIOR JOB.
the The pastor offered to Day the expenses ol
no teaching her typewriting and stenography
re- This she also refused. "Since when dldltbe<
ub- come a crime to refuse a position in any
the body's store, or refuse education at anothei
man's expense ? Hpr pride would not allow
aid her to accept the charities of another whec
lg- she could make her own way in the world.
:he
THE MEN ARE EXCUSED?MISS MEANS IS EXID"
COMMUXICATED.
It
re- The charge against the session was injustice.
It was too partial. The same kind ol
do- treatment was not given to a number ol othlot
ers who are members of this church and who
t8 worked on Snnday. Among the names mentve
tioned hy Dr. Flinn were those of Robert
Stuart Marks, who is employed on the Registo
ter and Is often engaged until early Sunday
)re morning; Mr. Swygert?who, It is claimed,
employs a substitute on Sunday and is doubly
guilty?the gatekeeper at the railroad ; E.
^"n. A. Lewis, foreman on the railroad, who often
iat does Sunday duty; W. R. Girardeau, of the
Richmond and Danville Railroad office, who
m_ has to meet one train on Sunday ; Claude
la. Girardeau, who is employed at the express of
jjp uce hdu uueu ima ouuusy wuiiv ; uuu jiuuct
e(j Glenn, who Is employed at tbe Columbia poetoffice
and has to do Sunday work. Dr. Fllnn
stated Mr. Olenn admitted be was equally
Bflt: guilty with the young lady.
There two conditions under which work on
Sunday ih allowed, namely : cases of necessity
and of mercy. But these cases are appllca0
ble to all If to one, and uo distinction should
be made. Large institutions cannot be rep.1
gulated to Ut special cases Servants are
,.h made to do work on the Sabbath. Why
tQ should this girl who works on Sunday to
support life be cast from the Church of God ?
The great question confronting the Church
? now is whether it should turn out all the
good men whose business requires them to
work on Sunday.
as- doesn't answer specific questions, but
)fl. deals in generalities.
*>e Mr. Blackburn then began his argument In
for defense of the course of tbe session. It was
entirely general, and did not meet the spec!tic
re- points made by Dr. Flhin. He spoke of the
importance of keeping inviolate tbe two
4 great institutions given by God to man?marre
rlage and the Saboath. The tendency lo violate
the fundamental law of these Institutions
was becoming greater every day, and as the
upholding of society depends upon them they
on should be kept religiously Inviolate.
ng DEKYING MISS MEANS THE RIGHT TO
J41 * BE HEARD.
iy
re- The party upon whom the sentence was
ioi passed does not complain. It Is made by one
th who was not present at the session's meeting
;b, and who har been a member of the cburch
ire only two <>r three months. Miss Means was
ot the only one present besides the members of
it tbe session, and no complaint is presented
- from her. The complainants claim that we
don't know the circumstances, and we therein
fore can't prosecute Intelligently.
**4 nr Vifnn?Thot. 1a rnnr pnnutrnnltnn of it.
j'Jj POOR PREACHING AND POORER REASONING.
lc_ Anything contrary to the word of God Is a
as violation of It. Tbe violation of tbeSabbatb
lt8 is specifically forbidden In tbe fourth comKmandment.
He said that the telephone was
not a necessity because it was used only bs
hotels, livery stables, newspapers, etc., which
lb, were not necessities. He said necessities were
a- divided lato two classes?emergencies aud
ey the avocations of life such as are required ol
10 a guard at a penitentiary or an attendant to
the asylnm. Necessity must apply to the
id work and not to tbe person dolug the work.
>y He said one violation of the Sabbath was aR
b id as another. If members of tbe Church
r: were suspended for gambling, stealing, lying,
*e- etc., then they should also be suspended for
*1. Sabbath breaking. One was as much violarl
tlon of God's law as the other,
d* Mr. Blackburn then discussed tbe matter as
{Q to whether thin telephone exchange work
in was necessary work. He said tbe telephone
exchange whs a Sabbath-breaking Institution;
>d the use ol the telephones was breaking the
aaooam. in id is particular c*t?u lucre wiw
certainly Sabbath breaking.
Ho went on to show that Miss Means was
not required to work on Sunday; that Mr.
a- McCreery, one of the members of the cburcb,
le- bad asked her what salary she received and
If bad offered ber a position at the same salary
>1- In bis store, which offer she declined. H#
?d himself had aeked ber to study typewriting
>d and stenography at bis expense.
Nothing that was not contained In tbnt record
furnished by the session to the Presby>?
tery should be considered. All these charges
3h were not before the Presbytery at all. In re>1
gard to how the young lady came before the
le- session, he quoted the session of the cburcb
n- law which be claimed governed the case, and
be said all that talk amounted to nothing,
rs. There was a legitimate way for the complaint
er to come before the Presbytery, which was exbe
plained.
its
DIDN'T CARE WHETHER PKOCEEKINGS WERE
REGULAR.
He said that the complatnt Dr. Fllnn'was
le^ discussing confused the pastor throughout
CV4 WUU tut) DCdOIUU. UO WttO UUbtUDio, tiunc?v>,
to defend himself, but to defend tbe action
at of tbe session. He did not cure what wus said
>n, In the complaint; it made no difference
w, whether tbe allegations made were true or
Jf- not. He knew that tbe young lady had been
i9 working there for some time. He did all he
of coald to get her to leave.
of Tbe session had formed a fixed plan governin
lng Sabbath breaking, and It required tbat no
h- member of tbe church should break the Sably
bath. There wa3 not a case of such Sabbathre
breaking In the Second Presbyterian Church
so far as he knew. It was his Intention to
an proceed against Miss Means. He had tried to
Qg convince ber and gel her to stop in time,
n- She refused and there was nothing left for
blm to do but act. He told her be would have
to institute process against her. He had fully
,K~ explained to ber her rights In the matter and
told her that she coula get any member of
t tbe congregation to defend her. "It was the
"J work of tbe Lord tbat I was doiug. Why
should X do his work in an underhand way."
ji" SPLITTING HAIRS.
She said that she wished to come before tbe
session and she was asked by him to tlx a
f, time. She came and so It happened tbat tbe
matter came up. He told ber again before
,.t the court convened to give up the place. She
y1 made a statement tbat she k new that she was
t?r violating tbe Sabbath. He said that the seshA
slon had to come before the presbytery with
an accurate and true presentation of the case
and what was there was such a true statement.
,1? Could it be possible that tbe complainants
ir? who were not present knew more about what
was done than the session members themcaltroa?
Cnnlrl Ihd vprnnltv of these com
plainanta be placed against that of the ses|n.
sion T
pus He could not give Miss Means a letter to
another church after the case had begun. It
en would have placed the session in a fix If It
iot granted a letter to her. He knew that a great
In- many hard things were being said about 111 in
Qta and the session, but they could stand It.
em In reply to a question from Dr. Fllnn he
said the session had not formed the same
opinion of the case as he had previously doue
ob Miss Means said she had violated the Sabbath
day; had used that very identical word.
There was no necessity of her violating the
Iss Sabbath. It was not a necessity for her to work
dy on Sunday and she bad no right to do it. The
ies- session could not have acted otherwise than
:ed it did. Indefinite suspension was absolutely
rk- necessary. I f they had let that case go by
by they would never have beeu able to enforce
Q?t discipline In the church in the future had it
'he done so. "If there ever was a case of Sabbath
3rd breaking this Is one. If that Is not clear to
sal. this court I cannot make It any clearer." The
It Church had acted similarly in itiSU when it
of passed resolutions deprecating the breaking
at of the Sabbath dxy, and required that the
ite discipline of the Church should be applied to
md all known violations. He quoted similar resthe
olutlons passed by "your own assembly" in
n
no Mr. Blackburn then branched out Into a
led discourse on the sanctity of the Sabbath day
At and the necessity of its observance. It was a
ent u*y always considered holy by the Anido
nly Saxon Church of early times, and It was lor
at- them to stand up against all the world. It
was a day religiously observed by the Presbyot;
terlan Church from its earliest foundation.
This evil of Sabbath break lug was about to
1 as swamp the Church of today. It bad to be
re- stopped. If tbe Presbytery did not sustain
thesesslon then the responsibility was upon
It. If those charges were sustained he could
not remain the pastor of that church six
ial- months longer. He knew that nineteenIon
twentieths of the congregation were with the
aid session In the matter.
to Dr. Fllnn asked him whether he knew II
any of the members whose name* had been
3k- quoted as working on the Sabbath day were
so working.
1
Mr. Blackburn answered that this did
bear on this particular case.
i Dr. Fllno?Would tne Church now re
s nizeany member applying for member
who works on Sunday In a legitimate
i necessary business ?
Mr. Blackburn?It would be lnconsls
lor the Church to do it.
Mr. Gilliam?Did the young lady volnn'
ly say I hat she thought her work sinful ?
Mr. Bluckburn?Ye.", sir!
mk. FLISS IS behalf of miss mean!
' Dr Fllnn was then heard In reply. He i
that it was true ibat people had been sto
' to death for violation of the Sabbath day,
; called attention to the fact that this was
r accord with the early laws of the count
themselves and was not Id accord with G<
1 law. While Sabbath observance had
creased from what It was In the days of tl
. forefathers, he did not think ibat the ven
tlon of the world for the day had decres
any. It was as much a sin to ride on the ?
bath day as anything else If Rome fanat
' persons m> considered It. Telegraph w
were used on certain occasions by member
justsucb bodies as this for evangelical b
nosfi. Was tbat a crying violation of the ?
hath ? He said that there was danger of s<
people by their peculiar ideas drilling av
from the truth, in their zealousness. He b
the necessity for the work must be in
work Itself. He asked Mr. Blackburn to
what he meant when be said that only s
work as was absolutely necessary should
done on the Sabbath day.
Mr. Blackburn replied that It was only J
tiflable In caseB where it wus necessary
preserve life or property.
THE YOUNG LADY DID NOT LIKE MR. BLA
BURN'S COURSE, AND ASKED FOR HER
LETTER OF DISMISSAL.
Dr. Fllnn remarked tbat the telephone i
a necessary thing to use on the Habbath
any other time to call physicians, etc.
said he believed the yoang lady to be an c
nest Christian and that she felt offended
the course of the pastor and this easily
counted for her desire to withdraw from
church. The session had misconstrued !
course. He believed that the peace and pi
perlty of the church would be better servei
the young lady's complaint was served. Ii
bard to draw a line and say that certain W(
was necessary and other not necessary,
they ran people out of the church for si
reasons It did away with the whole object
the church, which is to Christianize 1
world. It would not lnjare the discipline
the church to sustain the young lady. 1
chief aim of the church was to sanctify co
anns/t Ua obM K Ka .innM n/v( ?\a(
illv/u ncuno. uc nam bU'ii uc tvuiu uw pw
blysee bow.Mr. Blackburn could class sue
case as tbls with cases of burglary, steall
and lylDg, In tbe category of Sabbath-brei
log.
There was a llttle general talk and tben i
Presbytery took a recess till 9 p. in.
The nlgbt sessiou began with the dlspc
tlon of Important business, after which i
case of Miss Means was once ruore resum
Mr. McMaster asked that all be given
opportunity to express their views on i
case. On motion, Ave minutes waB made 1
limit in which each should express bis op
Ion.
DR. GIRARDEAU THOUGHT IT WAS JUST
TAKE A l'OOR GIRL BEFORE A PREJUDICED
COUBT.
Dr. Girardeau thought that tbe sessl
should be sustained, as, under the clrcu
stances, it could not do otherwise than dec
as it did.
Col. McMaster: Doyou consider It Just
take a poor girl before a prejudiced co
without council and treat her In thlsmannt
There are two modes of trial, by process a
without process. In case of a voluntary c<
fesslon, there was no alternative but to do
tbey did.
Tbe RevfJ. B. Dunwoody, expressed hi
self as In favor of sustaining the action of I
session.
The Rev. T. B. Hay said tbal this case i
pealed to the chivalry of the members, and
was bad that a young lady should be the o
to bear the brunt of a decision In so Imp
tnnt a matter, but if the session Is not s
talned he could not see how any one cot
hereafter be taken up on the charge.
Dr. W. G, Yardell thought that the you
lady had Judged her owu case In her con!
slou. and the session could not have acl
otherwise under the circumstances.
The Rev. J. L. McLees thought that t
should have taken the position offered 1
by Mr. McCreery. He thought the sessl
acted rightunder the circumstances.
Dr. Tadlock thought that the action of t
session correct, only having doubt as
the grade of Dunishment.
TRIAL WITHOUT PROCESS.
Dr. S. M Smith thought tbat trial wltb<
process was out of place, because the pas
had given her the alternative of a confessl
or being turned out; so tbat she could do no
Ing but act as she did. The case then did i
come under the bead of case9 without p
cess. The only time for action was the ev<
Ing she was before the pension, as the actl
then wan Anal. She should have been i
monlshed then, and if necessary suspend
afterwards. Nearly everybody violates I
Sabbath In one way or othei\ and If one
disciplined all should be. Where shall 1
line be drawn between necessary and i
necessary Sabbath work ?
The Rev. D. J. Brlmm thought that the t
a\r\r\ chnnM hfl BIlQffitllPri.
The Rev. H. G. Gllland thought that I
mutter of her confession removed all bla
whatever from the session for Its action. 1
session did right.
Rev. N. K. Smith thought that the mani
of action of the ttesslon lrregulivr, but
would sustain Its action.
Elder John Conant said that he was cc
polled to work on Sunday, and knew hot I
who did not do so. If any were to be pi
lshed for It, let It not be this poor girl, wt
so many men, recognized as members
good standing In the church were now ca
mining the same sin. "We are nil equally
the mud and let us all come out equally a
be treated equally while therp. A de'eti
less woman should not be made the exampl
MISS MEANS HAD NOT A FAIR Till AL.
Col. F. W. McMaster covered his object!
to the case with an unanswerable arguroc
He said, first, Miss Means had not had a 1
trial; second, that the Judges were pre
diced, and therefore incompetent to try I
case: third, that the expression reported
have been used by Miss Means lu her con
sion was not such as would ha\a been ui
by a young lady, and he did not hesitate
say that he did not believe she made use
the expression ; fourth, she bad no counse
the trial; fifth, no opportunity whs given
laymen to discuss It; sixth, that. It was f
running the power of-the officers of
Church to that of a Catholic Bishop; seven
because nine-tenths of all Christians say it
a harsh Judgment; eighth, because It \
partial, other members of the same cbu
not belne touched for the same offense.
Elder \V. B Thompson said t liat the Chu
must preserve the sanctity ol tlie Sabbu
but that It must refrain froin doing any 001
wrong, and he thought a poor woman v
being deeply wronged in tills case,
thought the statement reported to be nr.i
by Miss Means in her confession, very
markable for a young lady. He could i
conceal his doubt tqat she made such a stu
raent. He could not agree with the sessii
Elder Fraser could not atrree with the i
sion and was dissatisfied with its action.
J. A. Enslow thought that the session sho
be sustained If ihey wished the courts of 1
Church to be of force in such cases hereafl
Eider James Allan thought it a questl
whether It was a sinful occupation In wh
the young lady was engaged, lie thought
110 more sinlul than the work of a dome!
servant.
Dr. Atkinson camo in late and exprew
his views, being the same in substance
those of I>r. Smith,
THE VOTK.
The matter then came to a vote, and I
action of the session was sustained by t
following vote:
Not to sustain the complaint?Girarde
Dow, Vardell, Me Lees, Heattle, Dunwoot
U-... A H.,onn Urlinm fjtllii
Smith (N. K.>, Trenhoim, Mlkell, W'alpr
Moirison, Aull, KnMow, Legare, Lelund?:2
To sustain complaint, favoring Miss Menr
Allan, McMaster, Peterkln, Thompson, V
llams. Kiaser?li.
Sustaining the church in part?Dr. Sail
of Columbia and 2.
I Not present?Brackett, Bedon, Wei
Johnson.
I Excused?Suber, Conant, Klinn and Bia
]burn.
MR. RI<ACKItl7RN HAS IMPROVED HIS M
AI.S.
j The Rev. (>. A. Blackburn asked and
celved the privilege of making a statement
regard to other cases of Sabbath-breaking
ferred.
He said that when he came to the pastor
he had rather loose ideas about Sabbn
" keeping, but that his views had been mati
ally changed since, and by earnest endoa'
i he had brought about a reformation In
congregation.
not TWO BROTHERS-IN-LAW OF THE PASTOR OF d
THIS CHURCH WORK BUT AN UNPRO- w
fillip " TECTED WOMAN IS NOT ALLOWED (4
and TO REMAIN IN THE P
COMMUNION. ?
tent li
Before this, however, six men had been re- P
tarl- celved In the church who worked on Sundny. a|
Since the change of views on the mailer, the tl
session could not suspend these men because Jt
that would be breaking the covenant with
s' them, so they are allowed to remain In the w
aatd church sttll working on Sunday. Ho said t?i
ned that the case of Miss Means was the fourth ei
but case of the kind, but failed to state the dispo- ai
i in sltlon of the tirst three. hi
rles I>r. Fllnn asked If these men had been al
tKl'g lowed to live thus In open violation of the M
de- Sabbath law while this young lady was taken
ieir up for receiving affirm Hive reply, Dr.
era- Fllnn asked: "Can this Presbytery sanction
ised such a state of things as is set forth in Rev. "
5ab- Mr. Blackburn's explanation, namely, that
leal members of the church are living by cov- 'r
ires enant In known sin. which is openly de- P?
s of nounced and punished In other members?" ;
II a |
iab- THEY ADJOURN RATHER THAN DISCUSS THE
imp FACT THAT MEN WORK ON SUNDAY.
^ A motion to adjourn was made, evidently ct
th,i to prevent this very pertinent question being In
pushed for au answer. This places the Pres- re
h oyi/ery ill fuiiieimun ui a uiirnnun, ?iiu nu
L,r? answer to It would be interesting,
oe er
comment. tl<
US- in
to The decision caused much comment among de
all who heard It last night. Several church- of
men of note say they cannot understand how
ck- m a church there could be made such a rule re
which the officers apply only to those Joining ni
the church subsequent to Its passage, and do >0
not enforce in the Mlmllar cases of members c_
vas who became members before the rule was put
nr In force. Viewed In any light, the cane Is deHe
stined to attract much attention, and. as it
>ar- Is understood that an appeal to the Synod
at will be made, It is far from ended yet. ??
ac- ?f
the The State, Saturday.
hor The publication of the full story of the re- ac
"Pf; markable case of Miss Means of this city,
a." brought up In Charleston Presbytery, was the ?]
' sensation of the day yesterdaj, and etery>r*
where It was talked of by Presbyterians and au
persons of other denominations. Many pejr a?
lch sons throughout the city were loud In their b0
?' condemnailon of the course of the "session" Wl
the and of the Presbytery In sustaining lis action. mj
of The sympathies of the community appear to
be with the young lady. dc
<bi- the preacher worked on sunday and
a rested toe balance of the week. ]
Ing of
ak- Leading Presbyterians of the city de- hj
nounced the course of the session and the
the Presbytery in unmeasured terms, and one
gentlemen said that 11 Miss Means was guilty, qj
)sl- you might carry the thing still further and ^
ihe say that the Rev. Mr. Blackburn himself was M
ed. equally guilty, as be did about the same H|j
an amonnt of work on Sunday, after practically jn
the resting all the rest or tlie week, for which he pa
Lhe received his salary. He only cited this as an
in- extreme case, and does not mean to say that *0
the work of spreading the Gospel should be Ra
? classed as work. no
de
religious intolerance.
re<
The majority of those persons talked to od st<
th? subject unhesitatingly pronounced the Tt
?D matter as the outcome of religious lntoler- ah
. , * ance of a mof-t antiquated slmpe stl
icie xhe younK lady has the great satisfaction ol up
knowing that the mass of the people of Col- nr
J umbla approve of her course and ao not be- 10
, Ileve what has been done reflects on her as a
5J"T Christian lady In the least.
_na The case bobbed up again yesterday morn- DI
)n" Ing In Presbytery and afforded some lnterestaB
log developments, showing that the trouble .
thus begun is destined to cause a great deal ol " J
discussion In the higher bodle?t)f the Presby- llc
"De terlan Church and attract the attention of the
entire country as a modern sample of roll- .
?JY glous intolerauce. x
ne OMINOUS RESOLUTIONS. fef
or- gu
U8. Quite a sensation was caused during the af- ^h
jld terooon session. It might be termed the most ch
sensational event of the entire hearing of the an
ng case. It came in the shape of certain resolu- i
eg- lions which, if they are passed by the Presby- gei
ted tery at Its fall session, will overturn all the ]
present conditions of church membership. Bei
the tal
ier PKOTEST IN BEHALF OF MISS MEANS. t>e
on At the morning session Dr. Fllnn filed with V.\
he the clerk the following protest on behalf ol UJ;
the complainants, which goes on the record . \
and will come before the synod or the general vj
assembly: *
The undersigned respectfully protestagalnst the
Presbytery's action refusing to sustain the r!
,nf complalntol a. H. and E. M. Monteith against
jnr the .Second Presbyterian Church of Columbia v"
nn in the case or .Miss Sadie M. Means, ror me R.
,h. following reasons:
J0t 1. Miss Means was avowedly disciplined
ro. and suspended Indefinitely from the com- r
en. munlcn of the Church by said session with- aj
on out due process or law under par. 234, Rules ol ge<
ld. Discipline, on the ground that she appeared rQ
l?d before the session and confessed that she bad
,ue habitually violated the Sabbath by worklug ,h
ls lu the central office of the telephone company te(
t)e In Columbia, whereas, the faot was brought mi
' out In hearing the complaint that Mlsa Means fe,
was Informed by the pastor thattbe work In be
,eg. the telephone office was an offense under our bv
law. for which session would be compelled to '
,j)e discipline her, either according to due process
me of law or without process, on her concession,
-hp As the facttkf her work in the telephone office "
was not denied, and as she was Informed that co
... session bad already decided that it was an of- by
he fense. she had small choice in deciding wbetb- mi
er she should be tried formally or whether she ?r
,m. should admit a patent fact which the court ot
bad already decided, made her guilty before th
the law. Jh
lcn 2. The only action ever taken by session In ?n
jn Miss MeauR' case was on the 23d of March, ?P
when she was present before session by prejn
vious agreement between berand the pastor, 1
nd and on the uilcged confession above described cw
pg she was Indellnltely suspended from Church
e>> communion. The penalty was unduly severe
* and should have been preceded by the milder th
form or disc'[>llne, even if session's view of caj
the offense was correct. J
lon 3. The fact was brought oat In hearing the Ml
complaint thut several members of the same th
'{I Church were allowed without censure to en- '
* gage in various kinds of work on Sunday, de
LJhe such as woi k In connection with railroads, th
to "l"C WlliXW, fe.s
Not only Is session thus partial In its dealings
,e(j lu this matter, but according to the statement
made to the Presbytery by the pastor of the
Qf church, the persons above referred to are by
I a, open agreement allowed to continue doing ,
what session regards as a heinous sin and v'l
H8t punishes as a grave offence In others. Ml
the 4- It was brought out In hearing the comth
plaint, that while Miss Means was In good
Is standing, she requested of the pastor a letter
ras of dismission to another church. Sofarasthe
rch records show there was neither any reason
why this letter should not be given nor any
rct, trial of the presentation of the request to the
ltjj Presbytery. As Mlts Means had made a law3
a ful request which was refused, her retention
va8 in the Church against her will, and contrary
jje to covenant and legal provisions gran tint; her
a transfer when desired, the whole proceedre
Ings were null and void.as there was In eq,ol
uliy under session's Jurisdiction at the time
tte. of her trial.
on 5. It was not proved In court that the work
iegl done by Mf-j Means was a disciplinable of- 'eI
fense under our law.
Id 6. Your protestant therefore believes that ?c
the the action ol session, sustained by the Presby- j?1
er tery, was not for the edification of the church M3
ion" or promotive of truth ahd righteousness. Re- De
Ich spectfully submjlted, J. Wm. Flinn. ?'
, It Of
HJC MR. BLACKBURN STILL PURSUES HIS VICTIM. ^
. When the reading of the protest bad been j
,e completed, Dr. Girardeau called attention to Pe
as the fact that the session had a right to file an
answer, and suggested as Mr. Blackburn had i
?0 iho conuinn'a renresentatlve. he I
Uppcait-VA OCT ~
should be the one to prepare the answer. This 1
Lhe permission was eranted by the Presbytery, tol
"|ie and Mr. Blackburn prepared the followlugan- j
swer: n|<
au. 1. Miss Means' coming voluntarily Wefore im
jythe court, as shown by the record, no process
nd' of law was allowable except that contained '
>le* In P'ir. 23-1. Rules of Discipline. It was also "R,
[), ' shown by personal statement that Miss cel
)s? Means knew that she was violating the law of '
,-j|. (tod without any information from her pas- lie;
tor. It was also shown that she was Informed wl
th of all her privileges and chose to.voluntarily pe
' confess her guilt. ah
8|)f 2. Par. 158, Rules of Discipline, describes ]
the circumstances under which discipline Is er,
ck- to be administered, and the record shows that "
there was no repentance shown by Miss ?'
Means, but that she persisted In her sin. No p
" nAnlrl lm?fl hppn KP-I I
OK- Oilier Ct'liHurc mciciuio luuiu mm<v wvw .
I en ted. Sp
3. There was no statement of any other ch
cases of Sabbath breaking In the record of the en
case, nor did the respondent admit that there (
J" were any other cases In the congregation that 8h
re* were parnllel with the case of Miss Means, cu
. Nor was It until after the case had been de- .
'\ie elded that any explanation of the differences .
I , between the case of Miss Means and others In I
j*rl* the congregation who worked upon the Sab- j e>
My hath was given. But If there was any si ml- ;
II ,H larlty In the cases, while the session would be W
open to the charges of neglect and fullureof^gh
uty Id these cases, this case would in t
ray he affected thereby.
4. There Is nothing In the record of the cai
t show that the request for a letter was ev<
resented to the session, but subseqner
vents have proved that Miss Metins was n<
) good and regular standing at the time tn
atilor said that It would be useless tor her t
pply for a letter. No church can grant a cei
flea te of dlsmlBsion to a person to avoid
irilcial process.
5. It was shown in court that Miss Mean
as habitually violating tbe fourth conr
landment. That tbe work in which she wn
leaned whs not itself a work of necessity
id that there was no necessity compellln
Br to do It.
R. T1LACKBURN MORE A STICKLER FOR RE<
ORDS THAN A BELIEVER IN JUSTICE.
Dr. Smith offered some exemptions to th
icords of the Second Church's session in thl
i8e as presented to tbe Presbytery. One wa
lat tbe action of the session was not const I
itlonal; another that the cane was not strict
a case of process; another that tbe penalt;
uposed was too severe.
In reply to Dr. Smith's motion, Rev. Mi
lackburn said that after a Judicial aotloi
id been taken tbe minutes could not b
tanged or reversed. The sentence Impose*
the case was tbe lightest allowed, and hi
? ? ? v?? luu wujvcoiuu ui raibu iu ouupur
18.
Dr. Smith?I have hnd considerable expert
ice In church courts and If yourconstrnc
on is correct, I have been wrong In severs
stances. I have suspended members fort
'finite period of time, and at the expiratloi
this p.-rlod repeated the sentence, until thi
sabi llty was removed, and lu case it was no
moved, then suspended them for an indefl
te period. My opinion Is that the law al
ws this and contemplates this mode of pro
dare.
mk. blackburn again.
Mr. Blackburn explained bis constructioi
definite and indefinite saBpennlon and tta<
lenses to which they apply, differing mate
illy from Dr.Smith. He Bald that the cour
id officially sustained the sentence and thui
iy argument against the severity of the sen
nee would amount to nothing.
rhe question of adopting the exceptions U
e record was brought to a vote. Dr. Fllr.t
tempted to say something in behalf of th<
sendments, bnt was cat short by Mr. Black
irn, who moved to table it. This motloi
if. carried, only tbree voting against it. Th<
Inutei were then adopted as they stood.
lESN'T THIS EXCITE YOUR SYMPATHY F0I
THE ACCUSED T
Mr. Blackburn furnishes the following copj
the official record of the case banded ap bj
e session.
'The session met at tbe call of the Moriera
r in the pastor's study. Present: Rev. O. A
ackburn and Elders McCreery and Saber
sslon opened with prayer by tbe moderator
iss Sadie M. Means being present stated thai
e habitually violated tbe Sabbath by work
g In the central office of tbe telephone com
ny In this city. She was then exhorted t<
ve up that employment. This she refused
do. Mr. McCreery, after Inquiring wbai
lary she was getting, asked her If aho wouk
>t rather have a place in the store. This shi
cllned. The pastor then stated that he bad
guested her to give up her place and stadj
?nography and typewriting at bis expense
ius was Bbe solemnly warned of tbe dangei
e was Incurring In making her choice. Sb<
11 k/Mirauaf o/lhai*AH tA har nrirfWViA TKUM
>on the session suspended her Irons the com
union of the Church, according toChaptei
Section 5,224, of the book ol Church Order
"C. W. Suber, Clerk."
l atkinson introduces a resolution
which was a stunner. >
Dr. Atkinson oflered the following resolu
>n, which created qnltq a stir among thi
embers of the Presbytery:
iVhereas.lt has transpired in the Presbyter]
at the Second Church of Columbia bat
long its communicants certain personscon
isedTy, both by themselves aud the Besslon
11 ty oi theoti'enseof continual violation o
e Sabbath, for which the sesMon of sak
lurch has recently suspended a member
d
iVhereas, the Presbytery has sustained sale
salon's action; therefore
[lesolved, That tbe Presbytery enjoins said
jslon of the Second Church of Columbia U
lie immediate step? to compel said mem
rs to cease their known and confessed slni
thin less than time or to proceed u
sclpllne them likewise.
Vlr. Morrison, one of tbe elder delegates, of
red the following ameudment, which Ur
klnson accepted:
rhercfore the Presbytery enjoins all Church
under its care to take.Immediate steps tc
mpel any of their members who may bt
oiutlng the Sabbath to cease such violation
lTHER than face the music, presbytery
adjourns instanter.
rhe introduction of these resolutions caused
jommotlon about tile ball. Tbedelegatet
amed to realize what their action meant
view or tbe fact that n great many or tnos<
10 bad voted to sustain tbe session bad lefl
e city, and the matter could not.be submit
1 to the same members, It was decidec
erely to docket It. This was done. Tbe ef
:t of this Is to leave tbe resolutions over U
considered by the fall session of the Pres
tery.
THE CASE WILL GO TO SYNOD.
The case Is going to tbe higher Presbyterlar
urts beyond a doubt. There are three wayi
which tbe synod can come to consider th<
atter. In the first place whether an appea
a complaint Is filed or not tbe full reoordi
the case as it now stands on tbe mlnntes o
e Presbytery goes up for the Inspection o
e Synod. It Is customary for the Synod tc
vestlgate, upon tbe motion, all ?uclT casef
pearlng in such a record. Then an appea
n be made. ?
But tl>Is has to be made by tbe party con
rned directly. Inasmuch as tbe complain
t? herein are the relatives of the younj
iy, this method will not do. It will b<
rough tbe last method, no doubt, that the
se will go up. ^
[t Is in the nature of a complaint wblcb
Iss Means' relatives can file for her. It bat
e same effect as an appeal.
VIIss Means' representative has ten days tc
clde what course he will pursue In tbe fur
er prosecution of tbe matter and has nol
t decided upon It.
??#
To Clone Ht Six O'clock.
IVe the undersigned merchants of Abbe
I le agree to close our stores at 6 o'clock from
ay, 1st, to Sept. 1st, 1898, Saturday excepted
w. Joel Smith & Sons,
White Brothers,
R. M. Hill,
J. O. Edwards,
R. M. Haddon, 1st, June,
P. Rosenberg & Co.
Reese <fc DuPre,
J. H. Lntlmer.
Aug. \V. Smith,
J. F. Miller,
K. W. Cannon, ?
G. A. Douglass,
C. P. Hammond dt Co.
Senator Hemphill and Hon. F. B, Gary
l yesterday for Chester, Rock Hill and
artanburg to attend a meeting of the
iard of Trustees of the Industrial School
Women which will be located at one ol
e points above named. Preparations have
en made by each one of the towns to give
oyal reception to the trustees. Messrs.
jmphlll and Gary are devoted to the cause
education and are especially Interested In
a advancement of women.
Jev. J. G. Henderson will preach at Upr
Long Cane next Sunday morning.
? ? ?
Phe Nations Pride, "Bnby Ruth" smoking
jhcco. Try It at Speed's Drug Store.
ntow young ladles, If you want something
je In stationery, don't buy until you see that
eat Speed's Drug Store.
^ nice line of artist supplies, such as tube
ints, brushes. Pagers crayons Jsc., just reved
at Speed's Drug Store.
fow is the time to paint, your house, don't
elect it. A little money spent In this way
II improve the looksof your property fifty
r cent. Lead, oil. colors, m ixed paint &c.,
yays on hand at Speed's Drug Store.
3on't forget to see that new Hue of station/.
Just received at Speed's Drug Store.
V nice 1Id6 of pipes and smoking tobacco at
eed's Drug Store.
f you want something very choice in a
ring suit oi clothing and a stylish hat, you
n find them ut the store of White Brothel,
Jo to White Brothers and buy your white
li ts, negligee shirts, underwear, collars and
ffs, cravats and scarfs.
White Brothers are now showing the most
sirable line of China and Japan mattings
er offered in this town.
\ll the fadles of the county should see
hlte Brothers stock of silks, surahs, Benlines
and Dress Uoods generally.
~ * V . ...
ON THE ROAD. :
;r Over; the H1IU and Far Away.
>t Leaving Donnalds March tbe twenty-ninth
e for an extended visit to Virginia, I Jhonghta 'S
^ few dots by tbe wayside might be of Interact '
- to your reader*.
a Arriving at Greenville at about live o'clock
we fonnd several kind friends at tbe depot %
8 awaiting oar arrival; among them. the at?
i- tractive Misses McGee, and Lillian Mattlaon. ' ^
s ?nd the genial L S. Mattlson, and hta (Mend S
r, Mr. Loi\ We enloyed seeing these friends
g very much, and they helped aa to pan ' v.>3*
off In a wonderfally pleasant manner what
, would have been a weary walling tor the . Hd
north bound train, which was several boars
ii?tp. mupine us to miss connection In Danvllle.
Virginia. Tbernn to Danville was an- -' M
* eventful. Twelve hours waiting here was ' J#
H very pleasantly spent to some of as, It being
8 almost like home. 'TIs a nice city, largely a :
* manufacturing one. Botb cotton and tobacco
r factories abound, the latter largely predom- <3|Q
V Inatlng. It Is said to be one of the finest to- ''3m A
bacco markets In the tobacco states. It nodonbtedly
has a bright future, and we hope to "
7 see more oMMater on. At this time we felt .fl
J anxious to be off to Spencer, Henry ooanty,
1 Va., onrmaternal home.
B Leaving on the Dauvllle & Western R. R., 9|
t we we re soon rapidly, as such a crooked road
would admit, speeding our way towards the ji-ja .9
' mountains. The Valley of Dan. which oar -ttStW
road ran through for several miles, is a bean- -.SfB
1 tlfnl place wben In cultivation, At this time *'JM
1 there was nothing but the bare level valley, , vS '
1 it being too early for vegetation of any kind- -Ml
~ in this region. Ontoftbiswe plnnged .into -Z'?, .<<
1 mountains, some of tbem simply awe-lnsplr*
Ing in their lofty grandeur, These lofty iSm
" mountains covered with a heavy and nata? "
" ral forest, which, with one vast labyrinth of . -tM
.vy and laurel as an undergrowth, present a
most beautiful sight. The rati road follows a '
little sparkling creek that twists at every flaw ,
i c a r<4 a tho roll rnaH rtivuialnw 4# f ?* ' ''
3 one mile; and the road Is so crooked that VSfclB
you can sit In the rear car and see the engine
l at any point on the road. Some one Jokinglyi
remarked that you could shake hand* with .'gS 9
- the engineer from the rear car. There are y-M
some very picturesque points.on this road, 'SitiM
> not the least Is a tloy little grist mill, named .-jm
i "Snowbird >1111" by the surveyors, I suppose
i on accountofltsdlminutlveslze?ibontlOxlCb
- Its roof is covered with moes, and It la run by >5 e
i a bright sparkling Utile stream whoae sprays,! . <!?i 1
} as they dash over the tiny little wheels. look o SnH
like millions of diamonds sparkling In the ' /
sunlight Of course it takes an artist soal to
1 appreciate anything so anetontoand dllapidated.
The place has been visited bysrtlstS ' ^f^B
of note, who have portrayed lta beauties on
' canvasss. The conductor Invariably calls 39U
' out, "Snowbird Mills!" on approaching thla va l
spot, so that tourists can get a glympse of thla
picturesque little spot. n
Two o'clock Friday found ns at Spenoer,
almost at the foot of the Blue Ridge. To*
South Carolinian, who knows nothing about
1- mountain?, the scenery Is grand. We found ' m
- a most Joyous and royal welcome here, and
- expect U) spend many happy hours among .
> these old Virginia hills, notwithstanding^ the . :'MI
> towns will claim the larger potion or our
| time. We hope to visit west Virginia before - ^
returning to South Carolina and posalblrthe ? J
Yellow Sulphur and the Greenbrlar White - %-aM
I Sulphur Springs, and may possibly have
r unmAlhlncr in cov nn? nntv ohnnt ihAOA hnt
other points of interest that we hope to take /Sag
r In, both in Virginia and North Carolina be- ' WS?M
' fore taking our departure for South Carolina. a I
Everything here is about a month later 1 ~.:'Su
than it is in South Carolina except frost, ,
r which usually comes abont a month sooner J&9~h
in the fail, vegetation Is Just beginning to 3
put out. The climate is salubrious and invlg- '
. orating, and one soon feels its healtbglvlng
and stimulating influence. A tramp over o ??
the mountains, or up and down Its creek and
river banks in search of sport, gives one an
appetite tbat? nothing but a Virginia supper " ^ i
3 or dinner could satisfy. The water here can \
not be surpassed. It is clear as crystal, and
cold as ice on the hottest Hammer day. Bat v i
we enjoy nothing more thau the grand for- 'foW
est. In our part of Soutb Carolina we have JIM
i so little natural forest. Here there are ' "-U^H
j stretches of turnpike road that traverses -ugH
| miles and miles of unbroken forest; and
the Ivy, that we find only on our river banks .
, lu South Carolina abounds everywhere here,
1 and when In bloom, presents a natural plo,
ture that would rival aoything that art oonld sSSM
' produce, and, In viewing this picture of :^1
' grandeur and sublimity, we turn from natnre 1
" to nature's Qod with a heart brlmftil of JS*
; thankfulness for so much that goes to make
' life beautllul. For fear of writing too tfluch '
I will close. Lena.
' TEACHERS'" ASSOCIATION. |jj
In the Fercoion Academy, Abbeville,
Thursday, April 20, 1893, 10 A. M. ; I
PROGRAM. J
i Invocation?Rev. S. T. Mcintosh. 1
> Address or welcome?^resident rergusoa tfa
t Academy. Response by President Asaocla- \flj
I enrollment. I
Is It a good Idea to prevent whispering la - -M
> oar common schools? If so, >ow woaldyoa .'.;a
prevent It ??Miss Carrie B. Ri. ale, Miss H. E. ;:3
Gogglns and George W. Martin. j
Can a school be governed without a rod? A
If bo, bow ??Thomas J. Walker, Rev. John L. ]
Turner and J. G. Wardlaw Lee. j
At what age or period sboald a child take 3
Mathematics or Language??Geo. Anderson, J
C. H. Hollo way and Rev. S. A. Neely, i
night session. { 9
7 P. M.?Devotion?Rev. D. S. Klugb, D. D. 1
What is the value of the Teachers' Assoclatlon
??Rev. B. W. Turner and otbers.
Teachers Love Feast.
second day?friday.
' 9.30 A. M?Devotion?Rev. D. T. MoDaniel, :1;
A. B.
How to Teach Morality In our Public
' Schools.?H. R Latimer, W. L. Moragne and
Rsv. E. W. Williams.
' "The Schools of Long Ago."?Miss Seanle
1 N. Waller and Miss J. L. Sea more. i
What ar<j the Two Main Objects in Teacb1
lng a Child Reading??R. B. McDowell, H.S.
Cbappell and others.
Map Drawing; its Value.?Miss Lucia M.
Harper, Miss Sal lie H. Hunter and others.
Use and Abuse of Diagraming.?J. 0. Turner,
U. O Callaham and Jobn J. Reynold#. 1
Committees reports and general business. J
Adjournment. I
D. S. Klugh, President. ]
W. L. Moragne, Cor. Secretary. j
Unclaimed Letters.
List of letters remaining in tbe post office,
at Abbeville C. H., S. C., for tbe week ending
April 10,1893:
B?Mrs. S. Ballenger, Jeff Burner, John W. ;l3B
Barnes. %
C?O. P. Cambell, Mrs Motile Connington,
Kate Cracker, Miss Hallle Coleman, Edgar
Cox, H, T. Cown. Jjf
G?J. W. Greene, Miss Annie Green, Mr?.
Allison Greeu.
H?W. B. Harrison.
J?Miss Mary Johnson, Benjamin Jenkins,
M. J. Jones.
K?Mrs. Sue Keller.
L?Miss Mamie Lomax, Miss Lettle Logans.
M?J. M. Miller, Mlllage Marshiel,B.P. MarI
tin, Morrison Miller.
N?Nepton Newel, John C. Xoland.
P?Willis Pearson, A. L. Pressly, Mrs. Ma,
mle Porter, Mrs. Mattle Lander Prince, Charlotte
Perrln.
R?Aaron W. Itodgers.
S? Miss Hannah Silllns, Mrs. Llla Spear
Iman, j. v..mion ovitty dims, Mies Jennie
Slmllu, Miss Mamie Stuart.
W?Miss IiUclndla Wardlaw, J. A. WJ1|
llams, B. J. Weatherford. Mrs. Grlzza Wilson,
| James Weir. T. N. Tolbert, P. M.
. '"M
! An endless variety of ladles and gents ties I
at White Brothers. They are very handsome <
aud cheap.
j Now Is tbe time to buy your negligee sblrta
i laundrled and unlanndried. From thecheapj
est to the finest, come and see them whether
| you want to buy or not, Aug. W. Smith's Is
| the place to find them.
j A beautiful line of negligee shirts at Aug.
I W. smith's and he Is selling them cheap.
Colored shirts, laundrled collars and cuff's
to match at Aug. W. Stnlllis.
* Keep your linen white by using octagon
Soap. Aug. W, Smith.
The next time you come to town look at our
new clasp for plow handles. Ane. W. Smith.
If you want u good smoke, don't torget the
place. Speed's Drug Store.
^Victor heel sweep*, all sizes, with extra
1 wings, from 18 to 2(J Inches, at A, W. Smith's.
i Call and examine our grain cradles, the best
i In the market. Aug. \V. Smith.
| Pure apple vinegar, four years old, Aug.
, \V. Smith, sole agent. . -]
I Buy your victor heel sweeps, extra wings
and Bolt* from Aug. \V. Smith.
I
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