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THE NATION'S PIMIH
THE PUBLIC DEBT STATEMENT OF THE TREASURY. An Increase of Nearly .$1,000,000 in December?An l: nfavorable Show ing as to the Government's Ke? ceipts and Expenditures ? The Gold Reserve. The United States Treasury Department's monthly public debt statement and statement o' receipts and expenditures just issued present an unfavorable showing. The public debt during ueoember was increased nearly $7,000,000. The sohl reserve decreased 82,000,000. thft Treasury surplus nearly $5,000,000. .and Government receipts, compared with December, 1892, fell off $10,750,000. There was a trifling increase ot $90 in the interestheaiing debt during the iast month : an increase of $2,063,361 in the non-interest-bearing debt; a decrease of $4,324,061 in the Treasury surplus, and a decrease of $25,850 in the debt on which interest has ceased since maturity, showing a net increase in the debt during the month of $6,861,662. The gold reserve in the Treasury on January 1st amounted to $30,891,600, against $82,959,049 a month ago. The Treasury surplus, including the gold reserve, amounted to $90,375,555, against $85.199,616 a month ago. Treasury gold assets aggregate $158,379,369, against which there are gold certificates outstanding amounting to $77,487,769, leaving, as before stated, a * * free gold balance of nearly $81,000,000. Silver assets aggregated $506,544,266, against which there are silver certificates and silver Treasury (Shftrman act) notes outstanding amounting to ??7,Y**,boo, leaving a auvor balance of $18,799,611. Ot the outstanding silver liabilities $334,584,504 are silver certificates and $153,160,151 silver Treasury cotes. The pubiio debt, less the cash in the Treasury, is $873,230,362, or $37,798,197 more than it Wiis a year ago. During the calendar year ended December 31, 1892, the debt decreased $5,975,653. Of the debt as it stood at the op-nrag of the present year, $585,039,310 is interest-bearing debt, made up mainly of four percent, bonds. Government receipts last month amounted ' to $22,312,027, a falling off in the aggregate conpared with December, 1892, of $10,754,936. Jfore than $7,000,000 of this comparative falling offinrevenue Is due todimlnished customs receipts, which during Deoember aggregated only $9,153,215, and nearly $3.000.000 is due to diminished internal revenue receipts, which last month amounted to $12,05C.32S. Expenditures last month were $50,058,260, or about 23,500,000 le6s them in December, 1892, Receipts from all sources during the last six months, or lor the first half of the cur* rent fiscal year, aggregated $151,715,444, a failing off, compared with the corresponding months of the previous fiscal year, of $42,535.596. Diminished customs receipts account for about $31,000,000 of this comparative loss of revenue, and decreased internal revenue receipts for nearly 811,000,000 of it. 8o far during the current fiscal year internal w>ciinno rooointR pnn ahead of customs reve nun $4,000,000, and for the last six months aggregated in round numbers $74,000,000, agninst $70,000,000 revenue from customs. Expenditures during the last six months, or the first half of the current fiscal year, aggregated $189,379,773, or about $1,000,000 less than for the corresponding months of tlie preceding fiscal year. Pension payments so Jar during the current fiscal year in round numbers havo amounted to $73,000,000, against $80,000,000 for the first half of the pre' ceding year. War Department expenditures were $5,500,000, and Navy Department expenditures $2,000,000 greater during the last t>ix months than during the first half of the preoeding fiscal year. They aggregated during ihe last six months in round numbers $31,.500,000 in the War and $16,250,000 In th* .Navy Department. THE SWISS PRESIDENT. Once a Tramp and a Soldier in This Country. i, switzzblasd'h hew president. John A. G rat wold ia a humble farmer living near Mlddletown, Ohio. In 1858 a stranger applied at the house of Gratwold's father for food and lodging. He gave his name as Frey and said he had been exiled from Germany for a political offense. He was given work and sent with John to . ' -the forests, where for a whole winter they Uvea in a nut ana oaoppea wooa. r rey was a jovial, good-natured fellow, and he and young Gratwold became very Intimate. Frey claimed to belong to a wealthy Swiss family and to have been a student in Germany, where his political affiliations caused his 'banishment. In the winter of 1860 Prey went to Illinois, and the next year enlisted in the army. His military oareer was quite brilliant, and he \ soon became a Major. He was captured at Gettysburg and confined in Libby Prison, where, after a few months, he was condemned to death as a retaliation for the sentence pronounced upon Captain Gordon, a Confederate prisoner, by the Union authorities. Captain W. Y. Stewart, another Confederate officer, was held as a hostage for the Threatened execution of Prey and the sentence was never carried out Frey was paroled at Aikens Landing, Yo., In January, 1865. He was broken down and f>eemed to oe on the verge of deuth, and he decided to return to his native land to die. He recovered, however, in the bracing air of Berne, and In a few years became prominent In politics. In 1882 he was sent to this country as Switzerland s representative, but resigned In 1887, His success in the political arena then became a matter of universal comment. Ho was Secretary of War, and held other offices, and at the recent election was chosen President of the little Republic. For many years the Gratwolds, in whose hearts he had always held a place, lost sight of their employe and friend. He had never forgotten them, however, and a few days ago John received a letter from M. Frey, re ^ calling early scenes and telling or the sue0698 tuat crowned his now declining years. BIG FAIR FOR ATLANTA. Cotton and Sub-Tropical Exposition to be Held There. At the meeting of 200 of the most prominent business men o' Atlanta, Ga.. it was ananiraously decided to begin at once on (he Cotton States and Sub-Tropical Expoiitlon, which will be ready for opening in about one year. The raeetint: wa9 the most representative ever held in Atlanta, and the citizens pledged themselves for any amount necessary to make the Exposition the most complete ever undertaken by the South. The Exposition will cover an 1 display not only the resources of the South, but will have special reference to Mexico, Cuba, Jamaica and the Bahama Islands, with all of which close trade relations are expected on the readjustment of the tariff. Permanent organization wa3 ordered effected, and the movement put on a practical basis at once. The Exposition will be held on the grounds of the Piedmont Park, in the suburbs ot Atlanta. A PAHiur of twelve children lived in Hillsboro,Fla.,in 1851.These and their descendants now number 300. several of whom are over eighty years old. Only fprtji-[our have died. I LATER NEWS. The New York Legislature at Albany met and organized br the election of Georce R. Malby as Spaaker of the Assembly and Charles T. Saxton as President pro tem of the Senate, the Governor's message was road in both Houses. Mbs. Ansiis Hackett'b lodgin^-houso at Buffalo, N. Y.. burned. There were no fireescapes. Two persons are dead and five may die. Ex-Conoressman Orlando B. Pottek was stricken with apoplety on the street in New York City and died at tho Democratic Club a few minutes afterward. The total loss by tho burnin? of the Globo * ? x T% 1 if AORA A(\f\ TKA iaeaire, rsosrun, uiass., wm ?ojnfuu?. .mv> Hanlons lose $75,000. John Stetson says he will at once rebuild. A qoakryman at Roxbury, Mass.. let fifteen pounds of dynamite fall. The explosion killed three men, injured others, and damaged near-by buildings. Rivals? between the towns of Frazier and Dayton, in Iowa, led to a flght, in which Marshal Larson, of Dayton, was killed and many men injured. A fbeioht train crashed into the rear of another freight ten miles east of Lawrence, Kan. The caboose, a passenger coaoh, a carload of lumber and a carload of hogs were burned. Four men were killed, five hurt. A two per cent, tax upon individual incomes of over $4000 and upon corporate incomes was agreed upon by Democratic members of Ways and Means, with increased tax on bonded whisky and an extension of the bonding period, a tax on playing cards and an increased tax on cigarettes. Several more anti-tax riots occurred in Sicily, in which eight persons were killed and many wounded by the troops; public buildings in two towns were set on Are by mobs. Wae operations between Nicaragua and Honduras have commenced. At a conferenee of the heads of the municipal departments, New York City, it was decided to provide work for the poor by carrying on public improvements. The Republican State Convention at Harrlaburg, Penn,, nominated Galusha A. Grow for Congressman-at-Largo from Pennsylvania, and adopted resolutions denouncing tho Wilson Tariff bill and tno i'resiaenc s Hawaiian policy. A fire in Toledo, Ohio, destroyed property valued at 8550,000. A kobbebs' den has been discovejed under the Agricultural Building at the World'? Fair, Chicago. Bdbolabs blew open a "warranted burglar-proof' safe in the vaults of the Franklin Grove Bank. 111., and destroyed $20,000 ol the bank's money, leaving but $5000 as booty. The Commissioners appointed by the Secretary of the Interior to negotiate with the Shoshone and Arapahoe Indians in Wyoming for the cession of a portion of their lands to the Government have made a report in which they state that they couia not reacn a iair agreement with the Indians and consequently dropped the negotiations. George W. Savage, United States Consul at Dundee, Scotland, is dead. He was born at West Point. N. Y., in 1815. Increasing alarm is felt by the Italian Cabinet over the troubles in Sicily ; 40,000 troops are already in the island, and another section of the reserves has been called j out; Ave people were killed in an anti-tax riot. MANCHESTER'S SHIP CANAL. The World Invited to Send Its Fleets Through It. The Manchester (England) Ship Canal has been opened to general traffic, and Manchester becomes a port of entry. Tha weather was fine, the sun shining brightly, and the banks were lined at many places by thousands of spectators anxious to witness the passage of ocean-goins: vessels to Man- , Chester. Fifty thousand tickets had been issued, and these admitted the shareholders and their friends and others to points of vantage near Manchester. The procession started at an early hout from Warrington, on the Mersey, sixteen miles east of Liverpool. At the head of the pro cession was thesteamer Norseman, carry fKa /iipflrttnra Qho xzriq follower! bv other * "*> ? steamers bearing the members of the Corporations ol Manchester and Salford. A number of sen-going vessels, decorated with flags and bunting, joined these steamers at th? Modewheel Locks. The crowds alone the banks of the canal numbered over 100,000 persons. There were twenty-five cargo-laden vessels in the procession. Some of them were from the leading British ports, while others were from Mediterranean ports, Holland and Norway. The first cotton cargoes consigned direct to Manchester from the Southern States are expected to arrivo on the steamers Ohio and Verango from New Orleans and Glenisle and Finsbury from Galveston. Pvoftrf-sirKT wrirto,) wflll nnd the vessels were locked through the canal with considerable rapidity. The first six vessels of the fleet occupied three hours in making the passage to Salford Dock, a place that has now three and a half miles of quays. All the swing bridges over the canal worked admirably. The trading vessels, when they reached their destination, were berthed as speedily as possible, and were at once boarded by eustoms officers. The wcrk of unloading was then begun, dockers from Liverpool, Glasgow, Newcastle and other forts having been engaged. The route of the procession was about fourteen miies long. Probably 750,000 persons visited some part of the canal during Ihe day. SMOKED WHILE BOBBING. HIii Cigar Ashed Fell in a Keg of Powder, and He Was Killed. William Mack paid a peculiar penalty for burglary at Geesbend, Wilcox County, Ala. About midnight he broke into John Pettway's general merchandise store, and proceeded to ransack, the place. TT_ 1. _ I J no tU'Jtv n ixviii iiar? ?uuw?,aoo ouu lighted it while he did his work of invoicing the stock aud taking what he wanted. As he walked about through the rear of the store, some ashes from his cigar fell into an open keg of powder. The explosion which resulted blew the building to pieces and threw the burglar a hundred feet away. He died next morning. devoured" by ants. A Woman's Punishment for Witch-' craft in South Africa. A terrible punishment has been inflicted uj.onawoman in Pondeland, Cape Town, South Afrisa. who was accused of causing the death of her child by witchcraft. The woman was bound to a stake planted in the' middle of an ant hill, and her body, previously stripped of all clothing, wassmeared from head to foot with grease. The ants, attracted by the grease, swarmed all over the unfortunate creature and eventually devoured her. The English apple crop was a very good onf> this season and nnnles have been so plentiful that the farmers have fed them to their cows. The method pursued wa3 to i Rrind the apples to pulp aai mix them with I straw chaff. /' IE IID-WINTER FAIR CALIFORNIA'S BIG EXPOSITION INFOEMALLY OPENED. Thousands Visit the Magic City In Gol den Gate Park, San Francisco? The Formal Exerciscs DeferrcdUnvelllnga Memorial of Sir Francis Drake?Various Attractions. The California Mid-winter Fair has been informally opened to the public in Golden Gato Park, San Francisco. A memorial in honor of the landing of Sir Francis Drake on the Faciflc Coast was unveiled in Golden (iate ?"arc. Owing to the rainy weather and the delay In arrival of exhibits, mostly foreign, from Chicago, the formal opening of the Exposition was not made. The band was ir, attendance, and many of the features we* ir full blast. The buildings are in Gulden Gate Park. There are Ave main structure, the Administration, Manufactures and Liberal Art9, Agricultural and Horticultural, Fine Arts, and Mechanlo Arts buildings, all of whioh arc grouped around a parallelogram In the oentre of whioh is an electrio tower over 250 feet in height, several artistically arranged loontains, statuary, -and a ..wealth of palms, flowers and shrubs. This Is known as the Grand Court. Many buildings surrounding the ooart and scattered in every direction over 160 acres are special building; srected by the different. Statee, . counties, and " concessions for their exhibits. The Manufactures and Liberal Art? building is the largest on the grounds. Its dimensions are 462 by 237 feet. This building is Moorish in design, with all the picturasque effects to which that style of architecture readily lends itself. The most striking architectural feature is the Horticultural and Agricultural building. It is in the Spanish mission style. The dome Is 100 feet in diameter by 100 feet In height, ?nd around this dome on the outside is a roof garden. The extreme dimensions of the main i II j I 1 iftft u Iamsv+K UUUUUI^ IU1U auuoA <uo xw 1001 m iuujjiu vjj 100 feet In width. The structure contains the greatest display of the products of the soil of California ever brought together. The Fine Arts building is to be a permanent structure, and it is constructed of bfick and iron. The concessional features are numerous and interesting. There is a modest counterpart of the Ferris wheel in the Firth wheel, whioh is 125 feet in height. There ire Chinese, Japanese, Hawaiian, Eskimo, Canadian and German villages, An sstrich farm, a Colorado gold mine, aT^cenlo railroad, a Santa Barbara aquarium containing a dozen sea lions, 31 reproduction of old Cairo, a Turkish theatre, a Moorish mirror maze, a reproduc lion 01 Anue nttiuitwu; o uuhuku, uiu iuol, but by no means least, a '49 mining camp. This camp occupies a space 450 feet long and 250 feet wide. In the centre is a street, lined on each side with old-time shanties, which do service as newspaper offices, saloons, hotels, theatres and gambling houses, as in the days of yore, representing a typical mining town. Mackay's, Perkins's and Jones's cabins are set up Just as tlioy were when the millionaire miners desertod them. The camp promises to be one of the most interesting spots on the Exposition grounds, as it Is the Intention to faithfully represent the days of '49 by mock duels, trials, lynohlngB, and other episodes 01 UlOtiO biirnuK tiuico. PEENDEEGAST CONVICTED, The Murderer of Carter H. Harrison to Be Hanged. The jury In the case of Patriok Eugene Joseph Prendergast, the murderer of Carter Henry Harrison, Mayor of Chicago, ad juded him responsible for his act ana recommended that he be hanged. Now the death watch sits outside his cell in tho county jail. The verdict of the jury was agreed upon after a deliberation of a little over an hour. The morning of the last day of the trial was allotted to Alfred 8. Trude. who argued to convince the jurymen that Prendergast knew he was committing a crime when he took the life ol the Mayor. Judge Brentano followed PATRICK Z. PBZNDEBOAST. with Instructions to the jury, lengthy, but explicit, providing for every contingency or doubt which might arise in the minds of those who were Prendergast's judges. The jury retired at 1.25 o'clock. Prendergast sat Builen and silent. After a while he was taken back to his cell in the jail, and the tension which had kept the men and women subdued was relaxed. The Harrison family was represented by Preston Harrison, son of the murdered man. Suddenly, at 2.28 o'clock, in the midst of general conversation and laughter, came a I bailiff's voice calling, "Take seats now, gentlemen." Every eye was turned toward the door and the buzz of conversation died away. Judge j Brentano led the way, followed by the jury and bailiffs. The Sheriffs deputies who had gone to the jail to bring In the prisoner returned with him. Walking with guards in front of him and guards behind him, Prendergast advanced slowly to his seat. Jail Clerk Ben Price, who accompanied the assassin, urged him to "brace up and keep your mouthshut." Prendergast obeyed the latter injunction only. His bravado had fled and he came belore the court and the jury cringing and afraid. He dropped mio ms seai against the wall and guards stood over him. His lips hung apart, a pallor spread over his face and ho stared vacantly in front of him. The silence was broken by the voice of Judge Brentano saying: "Have you agreed upon a verdict, gentleman?" "We have, your Honor," replied Foreman Slitter, handing the document to the Jud?,e, who gave it to the Clerk. That officer opened it in the midst of breathless suspense and read: "We, tbe jury, And the defendant, Patrick Eugene Prendergast, guilty of murder in the manner and form as charged in the indictment, and wit lix his punishment at death."' When the Clerk uttered the word "death" Prenderyast made the Catholic sign over his breast with his right hand. Not a word esAnnalinQ. ""J"'? "t? After the jury had been polled and Prendergast had been removed. Attorney Wado entered the formal motion for a new trial. Then the crowd quietly dispersed. Preston Harrison wont to Mr. Trude and thanked him earnestly for his able services and personal interest in meeting out justice to the murderer of his father. His remarks were free from exultant feeling. He believed that justice only had been done. New England's macicerei eaten mis seo? son wa.s 51.44S barrels, an increase of some 2000 barrels over that of last year; 16.000 over that of the yesr before, and more than three time3 tbe catch of 1890. This does not, however, indicate a steady growth of tha industry, for the size of the catch fluctuates greatly. In 1838 it was over 40,000 barrels, and fell to between 16,000 and 17,000 the two succeeding seasons. / *r v; . . - . Af c-H > ' THE NEWS EPITOMIZED. r j. Eastern and Middle States. The road house known as the Casfi situated in the centre of South Lakewc Park, N. J., was burned. The six-montl old daughter of Henry Alexander, t manager, was thrown by its mother fr< the second story to people who were tryi to rescue the inmates of the building. T mother in . her excitement threw the eh over the heads of the crowd and it fell up the ground and was picked up dead. Fbee kitchens for the hungry poor hn been opened in different sections of N' York City. At New York City, the St. Nicholas Ban! capital is found to be impaired $270,000. Mbs. Hettie hrnkle, the oldest inhabits of Quaker Valley, Pennsylvania, died a fi days ago at her home in Quakake, aged 1< The total number of arrests made frc all causes in New York City during 1893 w 85,612. Of this number 18,622 were femali According to the record the police have hi bored 127,530 people under'the name lodgers, of whom 66.788 were males a 60,744 Jemales. This is an increase over It vaflp J KWhele entertaining a party of friends Now York City Mrc. Magnus Ahlberj Christmas tree caught fire. She leaped wl her babe out of a fourth story window the street below. The child was instant killed, and the mother was fatally Injured. While suffering from insanity due to i attack of the grip. Swlnthin 0. Shortlidg Prinoipol of Shortlidge's Academy for Youi Men at Media, Penn., shot and killed t wife while walking with, her in a count road near the sehooL John Y. McKanx, of Gravesend, n. Y., w indicted for election frauds on seven feloi and four misdemeanor oounts by the Exti ordinary Grand Jury in the Kings Coun Court of Oyer and Terminer. South and West. "Uhbib" JSTAM8, the noted robber ai murderer, has escaped from jail In Fresn Cal. A colobkd man under arrest shot ai mortally wounded a constable at Spartan burg, 8. 0. The latter returned the fk killing the colored man. Mitchell and Corbett were arrested Jacksonville, Fla., to test the validity of tl State law against glove fights. Rev. Db. A. W. Read committed suicide Atlanta, Ga^ by shooting himself in the het with a shotgun. He was born in Virgin seventy-four years ago, and was a llonizt preaoher in the Baptist Churoh. Colonel Chables T. O'Febball was 1 augurated Governor of Virginia at Rio mond. At Kenesaw, Neb., Fred 8m(th, a boy sixteen, accidentally killed his mother, Mr J. D. Smith, while handling a revolver. Foun lives were lost in Omaha, Neb., fha raault nf a hawt ? ?? WA u uiuuaou U UUiCO VUL mings hurled a lamp at a oompimloa whlc exploded aud burned to death the four mt in the room. Washington. srpebvisnfo Architect O'Roubk* h made his report on work done on Fedei public buildings. Pbesident Cleveland and hla party i turned to Washington from their duok shoe ing trip. Two httifdiied ato sixtt "schoolmarm from Brooklyn, New York and adjace towns did the sights of the capital durii the Holidays. The President's New Yoar'b reception wi attended by 5000 people. Receptions we given Cabinet officials and a ball by Ambass dor Pauncefote. Two harmless cranks we arrested at the White House just before tl reception. The Chilean Government has notifli Secretary of State Gresham that it cann accept the proposition ot the United Stat for an extension of the existence of tl United States and Chilean Claims Cor mission, now in session. Colonel J. Hampton Hooe, of Virgin! United States Counsel to Amoy, China, h been dropped from the consular service, as result of an investigation of the charg against his integrity. Foroigrn. The Brazilian Foreign Minister stated th PfllrAtft'fl fnr/tM hnH wnn n afh of WiniK roy and another in Bio Grande du Sal. Pbiwe Ministee Gladstone practical tells the unemployed of Great Britain th Government is not a charity. A heavy storm swept over Port Philip Ba Australia, doing considerable damage shipping. The steamer Alert was wrecki at Jubilee Point and thirteen of her crew ai two passengers were drowned. Fifteen persons were drowned during fog in Amsterdam, Holland, and in t Zuyder Zee. Captain Picking has cut off the sho leave of the sailors of the American fleet DJa T.ir>ni?>\ Dfo-ril oa nronanflnn o uuoil \j, ?jl , cw u yigwaunuu a^uuj yellow fever. A thousand deaths from oholera have o curred at TeneriHe, one of the Cana Islands, since the beginning of the outbrea Ddkino a charity carnival at Nijni No gorod, Kussia, ou the Volga .River the i broke, and a large number of people I into the river. Twenty-oight persona we drowned. PROMINENT PEOPLE. Hen-hv Geobqe is on a iecture tour. Sexatob David B. Hill is fifty years old The King of Italy eats only one meal a da Senator Voobhees is an Ohio man, agt eixty-3ix years. Qceen Viotobia has a military guard fifty men and three officers. Thirteen nephews and nieces of the la General Lilly, who was unmarried, villha' his 82,000,000 estate divided among them. It is said of Judge Francis Marion Cox, c Macon County. Missouri, who died recent! that he carea lor and educated eigntet orphans. John Hill, of Derby, England, is thougl to be the oldest living Odd Fellow. He nearly ninety-one years old and was initiat< in the order in 1S23. Gcand Dijke Ebnest of Hesse is to man Princess Victoria, eldest daughter of ti Duke of Edinburgh, in April. Cotn a grandchildren of Queen Victoria and fir COl'8. IIS. Vi-priori Rfctrtwt.nttpn who started tl anti-slavery movement which led to the ei fnmchisement of the Africans In the Frenr colonies, has just died in Paris, aged eight; eight years. Lawrence Gbojtlund, of Washington, tl Socialist writer, is going to lecture in Kai gas. He thinks the field is ripe for the 01 gauization of a new political party, the corn* stone of which will be Socialism. The class of 1827 in the Yale Medlca School has become extinct by the death < Dr. Henry Bronson. Dr. William Woodrui da.es of 1826, and Dr. Nelson Isham, class c 1828, are the oldest living graduates of tt school. Miss Alice Fletcher, the ethnologist, n .-is a dav from the Government as I special agent of the Indian bureau whil making the allotment of lands for India tribea. This is the highest salary Uncle Sai has ever paid any of his daughters. General Jose M. Hernandez, who n sided recently in New York, but who is revolutionist, a patriot and a candidate fc the Presidency of Venezuela, has been pron inent in half a dozen revolutions. He he seen the inside of more prisons than an other distinguished man in .South Atnerici United States Senator-elect Thomas E Mautin, of Virginia, never smoked or dran intoxicating liquors. Ho is forty-six yeai old, short, thick sst. and doesn't look unlik Thomas B. Reed. He is au able lawyer, an is iu ino employ 01 mo io^ui uepatuucm \ the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. Coa pany. Within the large house In Washington o< cupied by Archbishop Sntolli there is not woman to be seen. All the servants ai men, speaking Italian, and only his intei preter talks English. Satolli has but on fad, and that is a fondness for birds. In a moat every room of the bouse there is eage of birds, and the whole resident aonmolllm n mummnth aviftrv Fohtt Ohioans, of the new religion know as Ornish, ore going to Tiftoo. Ga., soon t raise fruit on a lifty-acre tract there. NEWS FBOM FAR ANDNEAB 10. J* THE LATEST FOBEIGN AND ^ . DOMESTIC DISPATCHES. ng Two American Sailors Shot by Govon ernntent Soldiers in San Domingo , ?Yellow Fever in Virulent Form 1 ive Reported to Prevail In Rio, Braew zil?The Secret Service Report. ^ia The news of another outrage on American sailors was made known In New York by the int arrival in Brooklyn ot the Clyde Line aw steamer George W. Clyde. Two sailors of the schooner Henry Crosby, which had lost her bearings in trying 33 to maice Azna. can uommgo, were jrl shot and mortally wounded by Domio( nlcan soldiers while attempting to land at Q(j Old Axua to get information as to their mt whereabouts. The outrage was oommitted December 11, but the populace of San Do. mingo City, which is eighty-four miles from , Azua, were still talking of the affair when J? the Clyde came away, two days later. Old Azua harbor is ten miles away from r? Azua, and in approaching the first named y Captain Stubbs, of the Crosby, lost his bearings. His schooner dropped anohor and the in captain ordered four of his sailors In the long :e, boat In charge of the chief mate to Ascertain ig the exact position of the craft As the boat ds drew near the beaph a dozen soldiers In ry Dominican uniform were seen running toward the surf. Without warning of any kind as the men leveled their carbines at the occuQy pants of the long boat and fired, a- A bullet from the first volley hit one of ty the rowers in the back of the head and a second shot from another round laid low the ohief officer. The uninjured men then hurried back to the Crosby with their mates. All were thor? id oughly frightened, but Captain Stubbs was o, beside himself in anger. He was for going. ashore and dealing vengeance then and 1(i there. But he weighed anchor instead and us- went to Agua, where he sent a complaint to q the American Consul at St. Domingo City. . ' That official has forwarded the papers to wasuiiigwii. 16 Yellow Jaokrat Rio. at It Is announced on advices from Bio 1(] de Janeiro, that yellow fever has broken ja ont at that capital and five deaths from the 3d disease are already reportod. Much sympathy is expressed for the plague and war stricken Inhabitants. The Brazilian Government is taking every n" precaution possible to prevent a spread of the plague, but the work Is greatly hamof pered by the condition to which the city has s. been reduced by the war. Many of the poorer parts of Bio de Janeiro a8 are said to be in a terrible condia tion of filth and neglect, and the poor jh food which the inhabitants have been compelled to partake of, owing to the scarcity of provisions and the high prices, resulting from the rebellion, has provided the yellow fever with a terrible opportunity to spread in such localities. as It is added that the fever which has broken al out is not of the mild form which is more or less familiar to the warmer of the Houtn | ,0. American ports, but is the worst form of el vomito, or black vomit. s? Railway Failures For the Year; nt The record of railroad receiverships for lg 1893 probably closed with the story of New England written on its last page. The acu count of that of one of the darki?t periods re of financial distress the country has ever a. known. Within twelve months eighteen per re cent, of the entire railway mileage of the 10 United States, representing fourteen per cent, of the entire capitalization, has gone into the hands of the receivers; or a total mileage of 32,557 and a capitalization of ot *653,840,000. 03 The total of bonds and stock involved 16 reaches the enormous amount of $1,669,a* 000.000. Twenty-four companies have, since Janua, ary 1 last, been relieved of their receivers, as either through foreclosure sale or reorgani a ization. In ten years 259 foreclosure sales & have taken place. During the same time there were 308 receivers appointed- Three roads have remained under receivers since 1888. and four others since 1880. ^ Murderous Tramps In the West. < A gauk of tramps armed themselves with Hy stones and clnbs, and, taking their rtand on i at the south end of the Market Street Bridge < across the Des Moines Biver at Ottumua, Iowa, In broad daylight, ordered every citlsen who passed to stand and deliver. 8lx J? persons were robbed of all they had. One ] farmer w;is pulled from his wagon, and, , after being brutally beaten, was robbed of all his money. ( a A boy named Phil Armstrong resisted I he them, when they laid hold on him and he | . was severely beaten by the ruffians. His life re was uaved by the timely arrivul of the police, at They resoued him from the tramps after a 1 iat hard fight. Three of the tramps were ar- j rested. The others escaped. , ( Secret Service Work for 1893. k. The report of A. L. Drummond, Chief of , iv. the Secret Service Division of the United 1 ce States Treasury, maae ro (secretary uarusio i B11 for the year 1893. Kates that the Secret 8ar? i r0 vice officers arrested 494 persons during the . year, almost all of them for counterfeiting. The most dangerous thing to be on guard 1 against now, according to Chief Drummond# ore bills that are raised by having a /Iguro added. The counterfeiters have found the manufacture of bills 60 difficult that thpy have resorted to the easier and more satis- I factory method of adding a figure on a bill | y. and making a $100 bill out of a $10 bill. Sisters Dead by Their Own Hands. ol Miss Ella O'Rourke, tvrenty years old, who 1 resided at Council Bluffs, Iowa, committed I ta suicide at St. Pau), Minn., by taking two < /e ounces of carbolic acid. Her sister, Mrs. Muggie Nunnemalcer, committed the same act by the oame means on Christmas Day at < 5' West Superior, Wis. The husband of the < >' latter is a gambler. \ ;n ' Killed by a Boy of Nine. J* Moses Humphrey, colored, aged twelve, was stabbed to death at Columbus, Miss., by Rust Hughes, colored, a?ed nine. The ] latter says that he was attacked by three \ T boys and killed Humphrey in self-defence. :e ra Two Burned to Death. 1 3t - ?< Tne residence 01 jdod rruuu, cuiuiou. at 1(J Paducab, Ky., caught Are, and be/ore the a? flames extinguished two of his children ,tj aged four and seven, respectively, were J._ burned to death. l?- STATE OF IOWA WINS. r !r The Charter and Three Millions of Property of a Railway Forfeited. )f In the Supreme Court of Council Bluffs, Iowa, Judge HcGee handed down his de,e clsion in the case of the State of Iowa against the Omaha and Council Bluffs Railway and s- Bridge Company or Iowa, ana tne umana a and Council Bluffs Railway and Bridge Comie pany of Nebraska. The suit was brought sevn eral months ago to have the charter of the n Iowa corporation forfeited, and oust the Nebraska corporation from the use of the 1 j. streets of Council Bluffs for its motor line, i In anticipation of the decision the court )r room was well filled. j. The decision was very long, but closed with the announcement that the company's ? charter was forfeited to the State with its u three millions of property, including the ' Missouri River bridge. The attorneys for the ' I* defendants requested the privilege of filing * a supersedeas oond to suspend the judgment ' j pending an appeal to the Supreme Court, J , where the case will go. The Court said that the question whether " the case was of such a nature that a supersedeas bond could be allowed was one on which he wisned to near me auorueya uo fore finally entering judgment. He would a suspend the entering of judgment until such :e hearing should have been had. The anr nouncement of the decision called forth a burst of applause. i a ] :a A MOUJfTAix Hon that has been terrorizing resideuts of Grand Ronde, Asotin County. \ Wash., for some time past sprang into a ' n eatr.p of miners, knocking onoof them shusp- J ;o less. The beast was fought with blazing pins knots and finally cornered and captured. i AGRICULTURAL. TOPICS OF INTEREST RELATIVE TU U AK31 i\S> U UAltUIiil. BUILDING ON THE FARM. During open weather in winter a t?ood deal of building can be done. The framing may be done in cold weather under shelter, and with fire if needed for warmth. When once raised and enolosed the inside work can be done at any time. Carpentering work is always dull in winter, and the neglected jobs, building silos, poultry houses and ice houses, can be done much more cheaply in winter than at, anv other tifiie.?American ? ? Cultivator. BEST GRAIN FEED FOB H0BSE3. The best grain feed for matnre horses is about two-thirds corn and one-third oats in winter, and twothirds oats with one-third corn in the summer. This is at ordinary work. When not at work the ration may be lessened, the corn being cut down more nnifl nnliuia animal ioTtrow mau rug uiuo, umuoo iuu A*# ? V*^ thin in flesh. For rapid fattening warm mashes of corn meal and wheat bran may be given while idle, bnt it should be changed to hard grain some, days before beginning work. Clover hay is more fattening than timothy. Oats are the grain for horses that must be driven fast or far, and for growing colts. ORCHARD DRAINAGE. Orchard land needs to have the moisture drained off after the frost is out of the ground. If well underdrained, day soil, underlaid with clay, is best. It has been proved by observation that ground so underdrained is but little affected by long spells of wet weather or by drouths, and'success in fruit growing can be safely insured. Whether level or rolling, each orchard should have a system of tile drains laid from three and one-half to four feet deep. Care should be taken in laying the tile with regularity. Any depression in the drain will be filled with a deposit, and roots will find earth to take hold of and thus give trouble. ?American Farmer. SOAPSUDS AS A FEBTTLIZER. ' Soapsuds are valuable as a fertilizer, both for the potash or soda of the soap and the matter which is washed from the skin or clothing. The skin wears quite fast, and the soap dissolves the exfoliated Bcales from it, as well as some other animal matter of a nitrogenous character. This soon decomposes and evolves ammonia, as anyone may discover by tlie odor of the waste of the washtubs if it is kept a few days in the warm weather. Ammonia is one of the most valuable of all fertilizers. If this waste of the household is gathered in any convenient receptacle and deodorized by means of plaster added to it, or by the addition of some sulphate of iron dissolved in it, it will make the best liquid fertilizer for flowers. OEEEN MAKTOETG. The practice of green manuring or plowing under green crops to improve the soil is as old as the hills. The old Greeks and Eomans fertilized their lands in this fashion, and it was probably done by the Egyptians and Asyrians before them. Red clover is the crop generally preferred. On dry, poor and sandy soil, however, where clover fails, foreigners ase sparry, which is called the "clover of sandy soils." If sown early, it is 3aid to produce three crops in one seaJon. Sainfoin, which belongs to the leguminous order of plants, is largely used ibroad, but the trials made of it in this country have not been generally successful. This also applies to white iupine, which is generally regarded in the south of Europe as the best of all plants for green manuring. Cow peas jeem to be the best American crop for renovating worn-out soils, particularly if they are light and porous. , BUTTEB TESTJ> ABBOAD. At the Royal Agricultural Show at Chester there were thirty entries for the butter test. Prizes were awarded for cows over 1100 and cows under nuu. xn tne neavier ciass me urui prize went to a 1400-pound Shorthorn ;hat gave forty-four pounds, nine Dunces of milk in two milkings of one lay, from which one pound 10$ ounces Df butter was made. The second prize jow weighed 1263, also a Shorthorn, thirty-one pounds fourteen ounces of milk and 1} pounds of butter, and the third prize, a Shorthorn Red Pollcross, weighing 1142 pounds gave forty-seven pounds of milk, which made Impounds of butter. In the lighter-weight class the Jerseys won the prizes. A 1000-pound cow won first prize with 29|>spounds of milk that made 2* pounds of butter; the second prize cow weighed 950 pounds, gave forty-one pounds of milk, which made 2? pounds of butter; the third weighed 834 pounds, gave 38j pounds of milk, which made two pounds three ounces of butter, which, being the largest yield of butter in propor- ' tion to weight of cow, was awarded the champion prize. hints for the garden. Vegetables should be grown rapidly : to be tender and sweet. Never at any time let them be stunted. The garden should not be made so large that proper attention cannot be given to till parts of it. From the time the Beed is planted until the vegetable is 1 gathered it must have constant care to produce a first-class article. In the first place, land should be selected for 1 the garden that is free from weed seed, and is naturally in good condition, then barnyard manure should be ap- 1 plied. There are many vegetables that we almost valueless if not grown rap- ! idly. Among these are the eggplant. Brussels sprouts and cauliflower. In many gardens these plants grow well < until time for them to mature, when, without any apparent cause, they cease ' to grow. This is generally caused by ' lack of plant food or lack of moisture. 1 Wfien tnc neaas Degin to iorrn an npplication - of liquid manure once a week will greatly increase the size of the plant. One of the best ways to ap- : ply this manure is to fill a large barrel with barnyard manure and pour water 1 on this and let it-run through the ma- I nnvA i'tiIa ana4.1iOl* harntl thftt il '-J below it. Then, it can be taken out __ and applied to the plants. It coets , J very little to do this, and the vege- 9 tables -will more than pay for the ' trouble by their increased size and their better flavor.?American Farmer. BH LIBEBAIi WITH THE COWS. There is no foolishness worse than J that of being stingy with cows. It is ,1 an attempt to get something out of - 1 nothing, which never has and never | can be done. Cows that are fat will, f if they are good milkers, gradually u lose their surplus fat, which will go ^ into the milk pail. But, aside from ; this, every ounce of either fat or al- ,3?j bumen in the milk that a cow furnishes * must oome through the food she eats. C. P. Goodrich, in Hoard's Dairyman, relates the following incident^ showing how short-sighted farmers may be: M "inere was a man on a farm near myt > place; he had the farm four or five years. He was paid $400 a year to run the farm by the owner. .The $ owner asked me'to talk to him about taking good care of the cows, feeding, etc. I talked to him about feeding, watering, cleaning and taking care of A them, and he did first-rate with the cows. Now this man thought that because there was so much money made } keeping cowb that he would run in debt for the farm, so he bought it. He had some good cows, but do you suppose he kept on feeding the way iy he had been? Mo, indeed, i asjcea \ him what he got from these cows, and Vj he tells me that $24 was all he got per \ cow, and he says, 1 wish I was not so poor, so I could feed. * I tell him he will always be poor if'he doesn't feed. I tell him to run in debt and get some feed, or else kill his cows and be done with it."?American Cultivator. . . . ' FAHM AND GAEDKK NCTZS. Stem wood should now be cut back. Money spent for trees is a good in- 1 vestment if the trees be properly cared ' -i for. Fruit trees will not succeed where the land is wet. Ground that is too wet for farm crops is too wet for tho orchard. If your apples freeze during tin cold weather the injury to them wilJ be much lessened if they are kepi from the air and allowed to thaw verf gradually. In planting trees for ornament 09 the farm, preference should be given to native growths, as foreign or imported ones are more apt to winterkill, and are, in general, less reliable. Limbs to be used for grafting in the early spring may be cut at any time when the ground is not frozen. They should be carefully kept where they will neither dry out nor be too moist. If covered with earth and given good drainage it is all they need. The inventors are at work for the ' cheese maker as well as the butter maker. Recently a machine has been invented, which in connection with a ; thermometer, enables the operator to determine whether he has the desired! humidity for the variety of cheese he' is making. Give the growing chicks a taste of ] boiled potatoes, and notice how they | "go for them." In many places the , potato crop is large and this vegetable cheap. It is even cheaper than corn, but if fed in connection with corn and other articles of diet, it is a great help to raise yonng stock economically and successfully. It will pay any one having fruit to sell to buy new barrels to ship it in. , , A prominent Faneuil Hall dealer said j to us the other day that he could get a better price for No. 2 apples put up in good shape in new barrels than he could for No. 1 apples put up in old vegetable barrels. The above will apply as well to all other kinds of produce.?New England Farmer. A successful cultivator of gooseberries says that he had a row of twentyfive bushes that had clean culture for a number of years; they mildewed , badly. He then quit the clean culture and the grass grew, and to his surprise, he had no more mildew. The yield was at the rate of 6000 quarts to the acre, the bushes being set five feet apart each way. The variety was the Downing. The flavor of pork can be improved by giving the hogs a balanced ration. A balance ration is a stated amonnt of food which contains elements to make growth and fat, or in other words to feed the entire body. When this is done the pig will be healthy. A healthy pig will make, when killed wholesome meat. No one has a right to so feed animals that their meat will not be wholesome. Farm Poultry says: If your object is eggs, solely, the Leghorn male would be best. If, however, you consider eggs and meat, a Plymouth Bock or "Wyandotte male would give you ' a : j DITUS nvtru^iu^ tk puuuu opiovo jluvaq at maturity thau the Leghorn male, aud the females will also be great layers. Consider whioh point you prefer, and the use the male that will give you that poiut. It is reported that a Michigan man "cleared $100 for two years" from 500 gooseberry bushes set on half an acre of land. The average price is about $2 a bushel. In picking the limbs are i usually stripped and the leaves fanned out, but as the leaves should not be picked more than is necessary this is d not the best way. They are cultiva- I ted after the blossom falls. The best M soil for them is both clay and sand. flj Loss of feathers is almost always I caused either by want of green food or having no dust bath. Let these wants, therefore, be properly supplied, 0 removing the fowls, if possible, to^^v ^ (Trass run. For local application sqmo w recommend mercurial ointments, but we prefer an unguent composed of sulphur ftud creosote. Nothing, however, will restore the feathers before the next moult, suys the American Poultry Yard. A French method of preserving grapes in something very close to their J natural condition has some interest at this season. Shoots of the vino bearing, say, two branches of sound grapes each, ure placed in bottles or vases Hlled with water containing charcoal in solution, ine uuiuoa ?io tucu hung along the edges of notched shelves in a dry place. It is said that if the water be renewed from time to time grapes so treated will keep in good condition intc April.