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/REV. DR. TALMAGE.
THE BROOKLYN DIVINE'S SUNDAY SERMON. Isabject: "The Rustic in the Palace." Text : "I will go and nee him before I die."?Genesis xlv., 28. Jacob had long since passed the hundred year milestone. In those times people were distinguished f&r longevity. In the centuries afterward persons lived to srreat age. Oaleu, (the most celebrated physician of his time, took so little of his own medicine that he plved to 140 years. A man of undoubted ??-,4- ?? ofor>/^ in T7.nffUnd ITtJfOUilV UU IUO n Huooa r-. ? [swore that ho remembered an event 150 years ibefore. Lord Bacon speaks of a countess iwho had cut three sets of teeth and died at ,140 years. Joseph Crele, ot Pennsylvania, lived 140 vears. In 1857 a book was printed .containing the names of thirty-seven persons who lived 140 years, and the names of eleven persons who lived 159 years. Among the grand old people of whom we have record was Jacob, the shepherd of the Jtext. But he had a bad lot of boys. They [were jealous and ambitious and every way unprincipled. Joseph, however, seemed to be an exception, but he had been gone many years, and the probability was that he was dead. As sometimes now in a house you will find kept at the table a vacant chair, a plate, a knife, a fork, for some deceased member of the family, so Jacob kept in his heart a place for his beloved Joseph. There sits the old man, the flock of 140 years in their flight having alighted lone enough to leave the marks of their claw on forehead and cheek and temple. His long beard snows down over his chest. His eves are somewhat dim. and he can see farther when they are olosed than when they are open, for he can see clear back into the time when beautiful Rachel, hia wife, was living aad his children shook the oriental abode with their merriment. The centenarian is sitting dreaminsr over the past when he hears a wagon rumbling to the front door. He gets up and goes to, j the door to see who has arrived, and hi3' iong absent sons from Egypt come in and announce to him that Joseph instead of being dead to still living in an Egyptian palace, -11 ftf nrimfl minlstflp.i next to the king in the mightiest empire of all the world! The news was too sadden ,and too glad tor the old man, and Ms cheeks whiten, and he has a daz9d look, and his staff falls ont of his hand, and he would have dropped had not the sons caught him 'and led him to a lounge and pat cold water on his face and fanned him a little. I In that half delirium the old man mumbles something about his son Joseph. He ftays: "Yon don't mean Joseph, do you?! my dear son who has been dead so long?! ;You don't mean Joseph, do you'/" But after* they had folly resuscitated him and the news; was confirmed the tears begin their winding . way down the crossroads of tho wrinkles/ and the sunken lips of the old man quiver,i and he brings his bent fingers together asj he says: "Joseph is yet alive. I will go and! see him before I die." It did not take the old man i great while to pet ready, I warrant yon. He put on the best clothes that the shepherd's wardrobe could afford. He got into the wagon, and though the aged are cautious and like to ride slow the wagon did not get along fast enough for this old man, and when the wagon with the old man met Joseph's chariot coming down to meet him, and Joseph got out of the chariot and got into the wagon and throw his arms around his father'3 neck, it was an antithesis of royalty and rustioity, of simplicity and pomp, of filial affection and paternal love, which leaves us so much in doubt about whether we had better laugh or cry that we do both. So Jacob kept 4IT tv111 ?a onrl aaa > him before I die." What a strong and unfailing thing Is parental attachment! Was it not almost time for Jacob to forget Joseph? The hot suns of many summers had blazed on the heath; the river Nile had overflowed and receded, overflowed and receded again and again; the seed had been sown and the harvest reaped ; stars rose and set; years ot plenty and years of famine had passed on. bat the love of Jacob for Joseph in my text Is overwhelmingly dramatic. Oh, that is a cord that is not snapped, though pulled on by many decades I Though when the little ohild expired the parents may not have been more than twenty-flve years of age, and now they are aeventv-flve yet the vision of the cradle, and the childish face, and the first utterances of the infantile lips are fresh to-day, in spite of the passage of a half century. Joseph was as fresh in Jacob's memory as ever, though at seventeen yoars of age the boy had disappeared from the old homestead. I found in our family record the story of an infant that had died fifty years before, and I said to my parents, "What is this record, and what does it mean?" Their chief answer was a long, deep sigh. It was yet to them a very teaser sorrow. What does that all mean? Why, it means our children departed are ours yet, and that cord of attachment reaching across the years will hold us until it brings as together in the palace, as Jacob and Joseph were brought together. That is one thing that makes old people happy. They realize it is reunion with those from whom they have long been separated. I am often asked, us pastor, and every pastor is asked the question: "Will ray children be children in heaven and forever ohildren?'' Well, there was no doubt a great change in Joseph from the time Jacob lo3t him and the time when Jacob 'found him? between the boy seventeen years of age and the man in mid-life, his forehead developed with the great business of state?but Jacob was glad to get back Joseph anyhow, and it did not make much differenne to the old man whether the boy looked older or looked younger. And it will be enough joy for that parent if he can get baok that son, that daughter, . at the gate of heaven, whether the departed loved one shall come a cherub or in full grown angelhood. There must be a change wrought by that oelestial climate and by those supernal yeare, but it will only be from loveliness to more loveliness nnd from health to more radiant health. 0 parent, as you think of the darling panting and white in membraueous croup I want you to know it will be Sloriously better in that land where tliere as never been a death and where all the habitants will live on in the great future as long as God! Joseph was Joseph, notwithstanding the palace, and your child will b9 your child notwithstanding all the reigning splendors of everlasting noon. What a thrilling visit was that of the old shepherd to the prime minister Joseph! I see :he old countryman seated in the palace looking around at"the mirrors, and the fountains, and the oaiTed pillars, and, ob, how he wishes that Rachel, his wife, was alive and she could h*ve come there with him to aaathalr ?nn in his creat housn! "Oh." says the old man within hims^II, *'I do wis*i Rachel could bo here to see all this!" I visited the farmhouse of the father of Millard I'illmore when the son was President of the United States, and the octogenarian farmer entertained me until 11 o'clock at night, telling me what great things he saw in his son's house at Washington, and what Daniel Webster said to him. and how grandly Millard troated hia father in the White Houae. The old man's face was illumined with the story until almost the midnight. He had just been visiting hia son at the capital. And I suppose it was something of the aam9 joy that thrilled the heart of the old shepherd as he stood in the palace ofthe prime minister. It is a great day with you when your old parents come to visit you. Your little children stand around with great wide open eyes, wondering how anybody could be so old. The parents cannot stay many days, for they are a little restless, and especially at nightfall, because they sleep better in their own bed, but while they tarry you somehow feel there is a benediction in every room in the house. They are a little feeble, and yon make it as easy as vou <yin for them, and yon realize the? will probably not visit you very often?nerhnns never again. You go to their room after they have retired at night to see if the lights are properly put out. for the old people understand candle and lamp better than the modem apparatus for illumination. In the morning, with real interest in their health, you ask them how they rested last night. Joseph, in the historical scene of the text, did not thinlc any more of his father than you do of yonr parents. The probability is, before they leave your house they halt spoil your children with kindness. Grandfather and grandmother are more lenient and indulgent to vour children than they ever ^ere with yon. And what wonders of revelation in the bombazine pookot of the one and the sleeve of the other! Blessed Is that home where Christian parents come to visit ? Whatever may have been the style of the architecture when they came, it is a palace before they leave. If they visit you flftv times, the two mo3t memorable visits will be the first and the last. Tho^e two pictures will hanar in the hall of your memory while memory lasts, and you will remember just how they looked, and where they sat. and what they said, and at what fTsrnre of the oarpet, and at what <1oorslll they narted with you. givincr you the final eoodby. Do .not bo embarrassel if your father come to town and he hare the manners of the shepherd, and if your mother come to town and th6re be in her hat no sign of costly millinery. The wife of the Emperor Theodosius said a wise thincr when she said. "Husbands, remember what you lately were aud remember what you are and be thankful." By this time you all notice what kindly provision Joseph made for his father. Jacob. Joseph did not say: "I can't have the old man around this place. How clumsy he would look climbing up these marble stairs and walking over these mosaics ! Then he would be puttine his hands upon some of these frescoes. People would wonder where that old greenhorn came from. He would shock all the Egyptian court with his manners at table. Besides that he might get sick on my hands, and he might be querulous, and he might talk to me as though I were only a boy. when I am tho second man in all the realm. Of course he must not suffer, and if there is famine in this country?and I hear there is?I will send him some provisions, but I can't take a man from Padanaram and lntrodu2e him into this polite Egyptian Court. What a nuisance it is to have poor relations!" Joseph did not say that, but he rushed out to meet his father with perfect abandon of affection, and brought him up to the palaoe and introduced him to the emperor, and provided for all the rest of the father's days, and nothing was too good for the old mau while living, and when he was dead Joseph, with military escort, took his father's remains to the family cemetery. Would God all children were as kind to their parents! If the father have large property, and he be wise enough to keep it in his own name, he will be respected by the heirs, but how often it is when the son finds his father in famine, as Joseph found Jacob in famine, the younir people make it very hard for the old man! They are so surprised he eats with a knife instead of a fork. They are' chagrined at his antediluvian habits. They are provoked because he cannot hear as well as he used to, and when he asks it over again and the son has to repaat it he bawls in the old man's ear, "I hope you hear that!" How long he must wear the old coat or the old hat before they get him a new one! How chagrined they are at his independence of the English grammar! How long he hangs on! Seventy years, and not gone yet! Seventy-flve years, and not gone yet! Eighty years, and not gone yet! Will he ever go? Thev think it of no use to have a doctor in his last sickness, and go up to the drug store, and get a dose of something that makes him worse, and economize on a coffin, and beat the undertaker down to the last point, giving a note for the reduced amount, which they never pay. I have officiated at obsequies of aged people where the family have been so inordinately resigned to Providenoe that I felt like taking my text from Proverbs, "The eye that moskethat its father and refuseth to obey its mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out. and the youut; eagles shall eat it." In other words, such an ingrate ought to have a flock of crows for pallbearers! I congratulate you if you have the honor of providing for aged parents. The blessings of the Lord God of Joseph and Jacob will be on you. I rejoice to remember that, though my father lived in a plain house the most of his days, he died in a mansion provided by the filial piety of a son who had achieved a fortune. There the octogenarian sat, and the servants waited on him, and there were plenty of horses and plenty of carriages to convey him, and a bower in which to sit on long summer afternoons dreaming over the past, and there was not a room in the house where he was not welcome, and there were musical instruments of all sorts to regale him, and when life had passed the neighbors came out and expressed all honor possible and carried him to the village ltlachp9lah and put him down beside the Bachel with whom he had lived more than half a century. Share your successes with the old people. The probability is that the principles they inculcated achieved your fortune. Give them a Christian percentage of kindly consideration. Let Joseph divide with Jacob the pasture fields of Goshen and the glories of the Egyptian court. Ana nere i wouia use to sing me praises ol the sisterhood who remain unmarried that thev might administer to aged parents. The brutal world calls these sacrificing ones peculiar or angular, but it you have had as many annoyances as they have had Xantippe would have been an angel compared to you. It is easier to take care of Ave rollicking, romping children than ot one childish old man. Among the best women are tho3e who allowed the bloom of life to pass away while they were caring for their parents. While other maidens were sound asleep they were soaking the old man's feet or tucking up the covers around the invalid mother. While other maidens were in the cotillon they ware dancing attendance upon rheumatism and spreading plasters for the lame back of the septenarian and heating catnip tea for insomnia. In almost every circle of our kindred there has been some queen of self sacrifice to whom jeweled hand ufter jeweled hand was offered in marriage, but who stayed on the old place because of the sense of filial obligation until the health was gone and the attractiveness of personal presence had vanished. Brutal society may call such a one by a nickname. God calls her daughter, and heaven calls her saint, and I call her domestic martyr. A half dozen ordinary women have not as much nobility as could be found in the smallest joint of the little finger of her left hand. Although the world has stood 600t) years, this is the first apotheosis of maidenhood, although in the long line of those who have declined marriage that they might be qualified for some especial mission are the names of Anna Ross and Margaret Breoklnridge and Mary Shelton and Anna Etheridge and Georglana Willetts, the angels of the battlefields of Fair Oaks and Lookout Mouutain and Chancel lorsville, and though single life has been honored by the fact that the | three greatest men of the Bible?John and | Paul and Christ?were celibates. Let the ungrateful world sneer at the maiden aunt, but God has a throne burnished for her arrival, and on one side of that throne in heaven there is a vase containing two jewels, the one brighter than the Kohinoorot London Tower and the other larger than any diamond ever found in th? districts of Golconda?the one jewel by the lapidary of the palace cut with the words, "Inasmuch as ye did it to father ;** the other jewel bv the lapidary of the palace cut with the words, "Inasmuch as ye did it to mother." "Over the Hills to the Poorhouse" is the exquisite ballad af Will Carleton, who found an old woman who had been turned 3ft by her prosperous sons, but I thank God I may find In my text "Over the hills to the palace " As if to disgust us with unfllial conduct, the Bible presents us the story of Micah.who ftole the 1100 si;okeis from his mother, and the Btory of Absalom, who tried to dethrone Ms father. But all history Is beautiful, with stories ot filial fidelity. Epamlnondas. the warrior, found his chief delight in reciting to his parents his victories. There Roes iEneas from burning Troy, on his shoulders | Anchises, his father. The Athenians punished with death any unfllial conduct. There poes beautiful Ruth escorting venerable Naomi across the desert amid the howling of the wolves and the barkint: of the jackals. John Lawrence, burned at the stake in Colchester, was cheered in the flumes by his children, who said, "0. Gort. strengthen Thy servant and keep Thy promise !" And Christ in the hour of excruciation provided for His old mother. Jacob kept his resolution, "I will co and see him before I die." and a little while after we find them walkinar the tessellated floor of the palace, Jacob and Joseph, the prime minister proud of his shepherd. I may say in regard to the most of youthat your parents have probably visited you for trie last time or win soon pay you sutu ?? visit, and I have wondered if they will ever visit you in the Kind's palace. "Oh," 3-ou say, "I am in the pit of sin !" JoseDh was in th<; pit. "Oh," you say, "I am in the prison of mine iniquity!" Joseph "vas once in prison. "Oh," you say, "I didn't have a fair chance. I was denied maternal kindness !w Joseph was denied maternal Attendance. "Oh," you say, "I am far away from the land of my nativity !" Joseph was far from home. "Oh," you say. "I have been be? trayed and exasperated !" Did not Joseph's brethren sell him to a passing Ishmaelitish caravan? Tet God brought him to that em ^ blazoned resldenci*. and if you will trust His grace in Jesus Christ you, too, will be empalaced. Oh, what a day tbat will be whon the old folks come from an adjoining mansion in heaven and And you amid the alabaster pillars of the throneroom and living with the King! They are coming up the steps now, and the epauleted euard of the palace rushes in and says: "Your father's coming! Your mother's coming!" And when under the arches of precious stones and on the pavement of porphyry you greet each other scene, will eclipse the meeting on the Qoshen highway when Joseph and Jacoft fell on each other'3 neok and wept a good while. But, oh, how changed the old folks will be! Their cheek smoothed into the flesh of a little child. Their stooped posture lifted into immortal symmetry. Their foot now so feeble, then with the sprightliness of a bounding roe as they Bhall say to you, "A spirit passed this way from earth and told us that you were wayward and dissipated after we left the world, but you have re| pented, our prayer has been answered, and I ?a? tioro ami nq we used to visit you on j earth before we died now we visit you in your new home after our asoension." And father will say, "Mother, don't yon sea Joseph is yet alive?'' And mother will say, "Yes, father, Joseph i3 yet alive." J And then they will talk over their earthly anxieties In regard to you, and the midnight supplications in your behalf, and they will recite to each other the old Scripture passage with which they used to cheer their staggering faith, "I will be a God to tnee and thy seed after thee." Oh, the palace, the palace, the palaoe I That is what Richard Baxter called "The saints' everlasting rest." That is what John Buyyan called the "Celestial City." That Is Young's 'Night Thoughts" turned into morning exultations. That <3 Gray's "Elegy In a Ohurohyard" turned to resurrection spectacle. That is the "Cotter's Saturday Night" exchanged for the Cotter's Sabbath morning. That is the shepherd of Salisbury Elains amid the flocks on the hills of eaven. That is the famine struok Padanaram turned into the rioh pasture fields of Goshen. That i3 Jacob visiting Joseph at the emerald castle. The Thirst of Plants. Haberlandt has calculated that a field of rye, during its growth and development, absorbs 334 tons of water per acre; oats require 570 tons, and wheat 489. The water, sucked or pumped up by the roots from the soil, traverses the tissues of the plant, depositing nutriment therein, and finally is evaporated by the leaves. This process is called transpiration. As the soil furnishes the supply of water, that supply, in order that the plant can develop itself normally, ouglji to equal at least the volume of water given off by the leaves. Should this equilibrium be broken, the leaves droop, become dried and fall. Not only does the plant languish from an insufficient supply of water, but the energy of its green matter cells decreases. The assimilation of earbon ceases, and the growth of the plant is stopped. It is the same thing in rearing stock. If badly fed the animal will be stunted. The transpiration of the plant is ten times greater in presence of full light than in obscurity, and during cloudy weather the transpiration is less by one-half than under the direct action of the solar rays. Judge, then, of the suffering of vegetation when rain is absent, and the sky clear and the sunlight continuous. The only resources the plant has, in the absence of an artificial supply of water by irrigation, is to send its roots +;''non into .'he anil "Dfihorain vaj/cj.mg ? has traced the rootlets of wheat to a depth of eighty inches in the soil. The botanist Wolkens corroborates these views still more forcibly in the course of his voyage in Egypt and Arabia. One of the silent characteristics of the roots of plants in the desert is their enormous length. Plants whose height above the surface of the soil never exceeds the length of the hand hare the root at the neck as thick as the thumb, tapering to the volume of the little finger at the depth of two yards. It is to their vast descending rootlets that the plants of the dosert owe . their existence, and are able to light the burning heat, which would cause a branch of the same plant, if detached, to wither away in the course of five minutes. Primitive Modes ot Cooking Game. "The man who goes off on a hunting and fishing trip should be ac f-i - ji ?iiu 11 _g quaiuteti waiii we primitive muuea un cooking Ms game, a9 sometimes his lunch gives out, falls overboard, or disappears in a variety of ways, and then his interior department begins to holler." It was Tom King, the wellknown veteran sportsman, who helps to hold up the official dignity of the internal revenue bureau, who was speaking to some novices with the rod and gun, at the Biggs House, and he proceeded to give them some valuable pointers. "Of course the wise man don't run the risk of going hungry, but it is mighty easy to add to the pleasure of a quick snack if we only know how. Some day when you go a-fishing, and manage to catch something, build a red hot fire on a flat rock, just before the time you get ready to eat lunch. When it has burned merrily for about fifteen minutes, take a fish and clean it and then brush the fire away from the rock, blow off the dust oi the ashes and slap your fish down on it. Turn him over and over to prevent burning, and in a few minutes you will have a broiled piece of ecstasy that will make you treat every other fish you may have in your bucket or creel exactly the same way. When you are hunting in the fall you can enjoy a bird with your luncheon as well with very little trouble. Of course you will stop to ' eat your snack by a spring, and in this country there is usually a good deal of clay in such localities. Get a fow Vionilfiila nf nlftv fiiifl -mnicfon if until it becomes thoroughly plastic, then draw a biril and pack the clay well into its feathers and cover it about an inch thick. In the meantime you will have built a rire. Just drop the clay-covered quail into the hot coals, cover it up with tire and let it stay there about fifteen minutes. Roll it out and break it open. The feathers will all come off with the baked clay, and you will have a bird cooked in its best style, as none of its natural juices have escaped. Knowing how to do these things adds a great deal, I assure you, to the pleasure of sport, and a couple of fellows can have a great deal of fun in preparing such By Ivan feasts." ?Washington Star. Tons of Horse and Mule Steaks. During the year 1893 the people of Pari j consumed 21,291 horses, 229 donkeys and forty mules, the total amount of such meat sold in the markets ot thH French capital being set down in round numbers at 4615 tons' MOST NOTED BINE. jr. "THE OLD LADY OF THREADNEEDLE STREET." The Bank of England, 200 Years Old, and Its Peculiar Methods of Doing Business ?Once Robbed by American Rogues. ONE of the richest and best known old ladies in the world has been celebrating with becoming prid9 and dignity the 200th anniversary of her birth. Though during the whole course of her long and busy life she has never been outside of London town, the fog, noise and bustle of the English capital do not seem to have in any way af THE BANK NOTE LIBRARY. fected her health, and, despite her great age, she is reported as being hale and hearty and giving every promise at the present time of living to celebrate another centenary of her birth. The venerable dame in question is fondly styled by many millions the "Old Lady of Threadneedle Street," but to the lords of trade and finance, the staid and formal gentlemen who worship forms and reverence titles, she is always respectfully referred to as the Bank of England. The credit for the founding of the k ~ THE BANK ( Bank of England belongs in the main to William Patterson, a shrewd Scotch merchant, then doing business in ? counterfeit bills, duly signed and accepted, and the bank officials advanced the money on them. On one occasion the forgers neglected to date the acceptance, and the bank requested the acceptors to supply the omission. In this way the frauds were finally brought to light and the forgers caught and sentenced to life imprisonment. Hills died in confinement, but the Bidwells and McDonald were released on ticketof-leave some years ago. Their stealings from the bank amounted to over $5,000,000. The British Government takes no part in the management of the bank, which is wholly in the hands of the stockholders. Its affairs are directed by a committee consisting of the governor, deputy governor and twentyfour directors. Eight of the latter retire yearly, but are usually re-elected as long as they court the honor. The governor and deputy governor are elected to serve for one year, but each is generally accorded a second term. They each receive an annual salary of $5000 and each director $2500 a year for his services. Despite the small salary attached to it, the governorship of the Bank of England is an honor zealously sought for by London's ablest and shrewdest bankers. David Powell, the present governor, is now serv ing his second term, having baen previously deputy governor and a director of the bank. The Bank of England has two branches in London and nine in other chief oities of England. The London branches issue no notes, but that is the principal function of the country branches. Ordinarily about 60,000 notes are paid out in a day, and as many new ones issued. The bank gives employment in its several departments to over 1000 men. A physician in the employ of the bank looks after their health. When a clerk asks for a leave of absence because of illness he is examined and the physician also visits him at his home while he is sick. Superanuated olerks receive a pension, so it will be seen that the old lady is not unmindful of the wants of her children. M i .London. Jtrattereon later tell on evil days and died in poverty, but the institution which he founded still stands for all that is sound, safe and enduring in the world ruled by shining gold sovereigns and crisp ?5 notes. From its foundation, says tli& New York Press, banking in the modern sense of the word may be said to date. The capital of the bank at the outset amounted to $6,000,000. This sum has been several times increased, and for the past sixty years has amounted to.the vast sum of $72,765,000. The bank has also a reserve fund of $lb,000,000. For managing the public debt of Great Britain, a privilege it has enjoyed ever since it was founded, the bank receives $1,235,000 a year. Its remaining profits accrue from the use of its deposits, on which it never allows interest, and from its own capital. It pays a handsome yearly dividend, and its shares, few of which are ever offered for sale, are now quoted j at abont $uuu eacn. Since 1844 no notes of a smaller denomination than jBd ($25) have been issued. The largest notes issued at the present time are for $5000 each. But once in its history, during the trying and critical period of the Napoleonic -wars, has the bank suspended specie payment, and in all parts of the British Empire its notes have always been accepted as legal tender. There is but one exception to this rule, and that is at the bank itself. There they must be paid in gold, and every note issued by it?its present note circulation exceeds $125,000,000?could be paid without impairing in the smallest degree the capital of the institution. When a note issued by it is paid back into the Bank of England, even though it has been in circulation but au hour, and has never been without the walls of the building, it is at once canceled and a new one issued in its place. During the first century and a half of its existence the Bank of England was ofteu made the victim of the forger and counterfeiter, losing in this way sums aggregating ?10,000,000, but in recent years it has suffered few losses of this kind. The notes now issued by the bank defy the Tliov nru xrnvr Innn* vuuuugii&iwwjii axivj v ?v.ij ivuQ) I very wide and very ugly. The paper is of remarkrble whiteness aud the ink used in printing intensely black, i For many generations a Hampshire I family named Portal has manufactured j nil of the note paper. It is all made by hand from tbe purest and cleanest j linen and each note has three rough : or uncut edges. The most successful series of frauds j ever perpetrated against the Bank of I England were committed, not by Eng- i lishmen, but by Americans?George and Austin Bidwcll, George McDonald and Edward Hills. Their forgeries were of notes of discount. The bank was in the custom of accepting bills of exchange on deposit, without verifying either the signature or acceptances, and filing them away until thoy fell due. The Bidwells and their aids, by a clever maneuver, secured the needed introduction, and one of them opened an account at a branch of the bank. From different parts of the world they sent to the bank hundreds of bundle stands for nine tons of the purest gold. In the basement of the bank are also to be seen the barracks wherein BULLION TRUCK. fell )F ENGLAND. Since 1734 the office of the Bank of England lias been in Threadneedle 3treet, in the very heart of London. Without, the bank building is plain, grimy and unprepossessing. In its centre is a small courtyard, in the summer months planted with fragrant flowers, and singularly fresh, green and beautiful. There is no noise, bustle or confusion, and on all sides are to be seen the quietude, solemnity and decorous absence of haste which befit the home of so aged and opulent a dame as the Old Lady of Threadneedle street. If the visitor is so fortunate as to be equipped with a director's order to view the bank he will be taken into a basement, through a great iron door, at wmcn a watcnman is always on guard, and ushered into a round, low vault, crowded with small trucks piled high with gold. Each truck holds ingots to the amount of $100,000, and the walls of the vaults inclose more than ?125,000,000 worth of the precious metal. In another apartment hand presses are at work printing the notes for which these piles of gold ingots are the collateral. Each j of these presses can piint 3000 bank notes in an hour, and could one enjoy I its output for a single day he would have an income greater than that of any millionaire. Every gold coin that comes into the bank is weighed in a room set apart for that purpose before it is again put into circulation. The coins are weighed by a machine that automatically separates those of full weight from the deficient ones, at the same time crushing the design on the latter, I* 1 ,'i i irroirii I Mm hi [&' i;i?i!l 'I' h ili if 1 Uli ^UjlaSU j i jJtl.i.ION (CiiLAK. [ ufter which the/ are returned to the , Government mint to bo recoined. The , loss on light coins is sustained by those | depositing theui. The treasury of j the bank is a gloomy room, the walls j of which are lined with fireproof cup- j boards, each containing some 80,000 |1 sovereigns, or an equal amount ot j notes. A small bundle which the custodian takes from one of the cupboards and allows the visitor to handle for a moment, in itself represents a princely fortune. The bundle weighs much less than a pound, but contains a thousand notes, and each of the notes w for ?1000, or $5000. The tiny ' '1 lfiSTili!TTffli! SIX WORLD'S FAIR BUILDINGS DESTROYED BY FIRE. Incendiaries Fire the Great Structures la Three Place3?The Terminal Station and the Manufactures, Electric, Mining, Machinery and Agricultural Buildings Burned. All the main buildings of the World's Falrf at Chicago, except the Horticultural Building, the Woman's Building, the Art Palace, the Machinery Hall and the United States Government Building, were almost entirely; burned a few nlght3 ago. They wore the! property of the Columbian Exposition 8al-| vation Company, and had been purchased' from the Exposition Company for about' $90,000. The Are was discovered by several boys In the southwestern corner of the first floor of the terminal station. When first seea: it wa3 but an incipient blaze, and tho boys endeavored to stamp it out for several: minutes. They were unsuccessful, however, as the fierce gale which was then blowing from the southwest fanned the fire, and be* fore an alarm could be turned in the fire had reached the second story of the building., Owing to the distance which separated! most of the engine companies from the scene of the fife there was considerable delay in getting a stream of water upon thai blazing structure. The first alarm was im?i mediately followed by a three-eleven call and this by a special call for ten engines.] for its protection thirty-six soldiers are quartered from seven every evening until the next morning. These soldiers are provided with supper by the bank officials, and a library collected for the purpose helps them to while away the long hours of the night. Many a mor?3 irksome task than guarding the gold of the Bank of England falls to the lot of Tommy Atkins. Not many old ladies have their nightly slumbers guarded by three score stout men of arms, but then there are very few who possess so many treasures and such stores of gold as does the one in Threadneedle street, w;ho, while celebrating her 200th birthday, gives no sign of age, decrepitude or decay, and will doubtless be as hale and hearty, as rich, staid and respectable in 2091 as she is to-day. New Trees. The German Dendrological Society, which is presided over by Baron Von St. Paul, of Fischbach, in Silicia, consists principally of practical gardeners, nurserymen, scientific botanists, officers of forestry and country gentlemen. The aim of the society is the introduction of new trees and shrubs into Germany and to test their usefulness or ornamental value. For this purpose it is proposed to plant arboretums in different parts of Germany, which, of course, will also contain the old and well known species of indigenous trees and shrubs. It is to be hoped that an enterprise of general interest like this will meet with the necessary support of the authorities and the public in general. ?New Orleans Picayune. ??? The Etiquette of the Fan. There is an endless etiauette in the use of fans, and with the Japanese the fan is an emblem of life. The rivet end is regarded as the starting point, and as the rays of the fan expand, so the road of life widens out toward a prosperous future. It is also said that the Japanese ogi originally took its sh^pe from their wonderful mountain, Fujiean, which represents to them all that is beautiful, high, and holy. When one begins to understand all this, there comes a salutary feeling of ignorance, and we perceive that the Japanese may claim to be among the great symbolists in the world. A finnan no nf atnrfv michfc ttirn - J O ? the most hardened European into a Japonophile.--The Spectator. Hothouses on Kails. A new method in horticulture has been devised in England. The Pali Mall Gazette describes it briefly thus: A HOTHOUSE OX RAILS. By a system of moving glass-houses on wh eels, with or without heating appara tus affixed, running on rails, crops whi ch are to be forced, protected or ripened, in succession may be brought under the glass as they stand in the soil or on stages. Obviously, a more rapid and at the same time more economical production of fruits, flowers and vegetables may be anticipated if this system be found as serviceable practically as it sounds theoretically. Our intermittent climate will be regarded with contemptuous indiffer ence, and that sneiter ana control 01 temperature which have hitherto had to be supplied at great coat should be now obtainable by the mere possession of these glass-houses on wheels. ?New York World. To Raise tlie Drowned. A very effective method of raising the drowned, used on the lakes of New York and elsewhere, and which can be used to advantage on our rivers, is given us by a gentleman of experience, and is as follows: Take a half-gallon fruit jar, fill it half full of unslacked lime, tben put on the rubber and screw the metal top perfectly air tight. Perforate the top with small holes, attach a weight and sink the jar in the locality where the body of the drowned person is supposed to be. As the water seeps into the jar the lime gradually become3 slucked and generates a gas, which, in ten minutes' time, will cause an explosion with the force of dynamite, raising every object to the surface within a radius of -- "" t l ? littv leet. xaose wuo uavc seeu mc operation say it has never failed to bring the desired results. ?Rich Hill He view. Attempted Assassinations. Against Alexander III., of Russia, very often; Aipiionso Xil., of Spain, 1.X7S and 187U; Amadeus, of Spain, 1H72 ; rrince Bismarck, 1806 and 1<S74 ; Francis .Joseph, of Austria, 1S50; George III., England, 1780 and 1.S00; George IV., when regent, 1817 ; Humbert I., 1878; Isabella II.. of Spain, 1847, 1852 and 1850; Louis Phillippe, six attempts from 1835 to IS16; Napoleon I., 1800 ; Napoleon III., twice in 1855, once in 1858; Victoria, 1840, twice in 1842, once in 1841* and again in 1882 *, William I., of Germany, 1861, 1875 and 187S.?Chicago Herald. New York State has 412,422 families, nearly twice as manj as the number of houaea. Jtfy tne time toe nrst aetacnment or engine#,' was fully at work the terminal station was! a mass of flames and the Are had leaped' acro38 to the Administration Building. In twenty minutes the dome o( this beautiful structure fell with a terrible roar and' sparks and blazing brands were carried by the wind north and northeast of the Mines,' Electricity and Agricultural Buildings. Tha Electricity Building wa3 the flret to take fire. In a few minutes it was enveloped in flames and at 7.10 o'olock the glass roof * collapsed and the iron frame work of tha structure fell in. At 7.15 o'cock the east end of the Mines and Mining Building fell in and the names became 30 tierce tnat end engine companies stationed between the Electricity and Mines and Mining Buildings had to fly for their lives. Engine Company No. 8 were compelled to abandon their engine* and had to oat the. horses from the traces. One of the animals succeeded in getting away, but the other was suffocated. The Are was communicated almost stmultaneou3ly to the Transportation, the Manufactures and the Agricultural Buildings. By hard work, however, the tlremen succeeded in savins: the greater part of the Transportation Building, but the other two buildings were soon enveloped in flames, and by 9.15 o'clock the last of the framework of eaoh had fallen in. N When the firemen first reached tbe spot an engine company wa3 detailed to prevent the Are from communicating with Machinery Hall, For some time the effort was successful, but with the four immense structures?the Terminal Building, the Electricity and the Mines and Mining Buildings and the Administration Building, ?on fire at the same time, the heat became so intense that Machinery Hall was abandoned also. The direction of the wind, however, being away from the building, enabled tbe firemen to save part of it. What 13 left of th? gilded statute of the Republic, near the eastern end of the Court | of Honor, the central point of interest for thousands of visitors to the Exposition, now looks out upon a waste of ruins and ashes. The six large structures which formed the boundaries of the Court of Honor were burned. The fire wa3 of incendiary origin. The buildings destroyed were the Terminal Station, Administration, Manufactures, Electricity, and Mining Buildings, Machinery Hall, and the Agricultural Building. % The Art Gallery, which has been reohristened the Field Columbian Museum, and the Government Building were saved, together Vith the minor buildings south of Machinery Hail and the Agricultural Building. The fire started almost simultaneously at three points, so selected as to afford the best! possible opportunity for the spread of the flames. THE NEWS EPITOMIZED;. Eastern and Middle States. ' A. Natiohal convention In the intere*4 good roads was opened at Asbnry Park,N. /.i Feusr fires burned over thirty miles at valrmhlfl timber land near Doughty Mill?| n7j. THnrrr-*OTO buildings ware burned tztj Edwards, Lawrence County, N. T., and' twenty-two families were made homeless. Thkee men were killed and two fatallf hurt by a fall of coal in a mine at Nanticoke, Pern. The Boston House of Correction prisoner# mutinied and showed fight until the officers opened Are and shot one of them in the cheek. Commodore Frrre, of Boston, has received' notice of his promotion. He will be mada Rear Admiral, to succeed Admiral 8kerrett. At his own request the latter will be put on tho retired list. South and West. The California International Midwinter Exposition at San Francisco has officially i closed. Exhibitors will now be permitted to remove display^, but the management1 will keep the Exposition open as long as sufficient exhibits remain to constitute attraction. Populists In Michigan nominated Dr. A. W. Nichols for Governor. Two persons were killed and thirteen wounded by the fall ot a balcoay In Hinton, W. Va. Engineer Robebt Paot, who was bitten, by a dog recently, began barking when his . train was running near East Alton, 111. His, fireman overpowered him, and stopped the train. Representative M. C. Lisle, of Kentucky. died at Winchester, Ky. United States troops were ordered to tho Cceur d'Alene country In Idaho. The town of Conconnully, Wash., wa? visited by a destructive cloudburst. Washington. Secbetart Carlisle has directed that steamship companies must support detained immigrants. The President sent to the Senate the supplemental report ot Secretary Gresham, containing additional correspondence regarding the situation in Samoa. The correspondence is voluminous. The President nominated John 0. MeGuire, Surveyor at New York ; John H. McCarthy, Marshal for Southern New York; James Parker, Marshal for New Jersey; William A. Beach, Internal Revenue Collector lor the Twenty-first New York District, and E. J. Taylor, Customs Colleotor at Niagara, N. Y. * Pn<.st?n The British Government addressed China and Japan in the interests of peace, and will try to bring about a friendly settlement of the Korea dispute. Cholera is spreading in St. Petersburg, Russia : th*re were several deaths at various places in Europe. The Prince of Wales's yacht defeated the American boat, the Vigilant, again in English waters. The passenger steamship Vladimir, bound from Sebaatopol for Odessa, Russia, was sunk in a collision with an Italian steamship near Eupatorin. on the west coast of the Crimea. Fully sixty lives were lost. The wind failed in the race between the American yacht Vigilant and the Prince of Wales's Britannia on the Clyde, Scotland; the Britannia drifted in tlrst and the pria# was awarded to her. Gcillsmin*. a schoolmaster of BussieresLes-Clermont. France, accidentally killed one of his small pupils while giving them & graphic history of rne assassination of President Carnot. The poor teacher, distracted at his de^d- ti)> ! to'lfMI hlmsal* "William TValsh, the last but one of those who defended Baltimore against the British invasion in 1814, is dead. He was fourteen1 years old at the time, and was pressed Into the service to mold bullets.