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. WMBHTHEHII. CHINA AND JAPAN CONDUCTING A DESULTORY FIGHT. Famine in the Camp of the Beseiged In Korea?Killing Cavalry Horses for Food?A Japanese War Ship Sunk?A Cowardly General Sheds His Uniform and Flees. / A despatch from. Shanghai says the Chi Bt?e lorces m cut) uoriuoru pun ui nuica an hemmed In by Japanese and, being without ?uppli?s, are obliged to kill their cavalry horses for food. All of the foreign employes In the Japanese dockyards are being dismissed, presumably to conoeal the extent of (the Injuries sustained by the Japanese war hips In recent engagements with the Chinese. ; A despatch from Shanghai says that, according to statements ot Chinese officials, the Japanese war ship Hiyel, after an engagement with the Chinese cruiser Chen Jxoen. sank while endeavoring toreach Japan In order to make repairs. The Japanese cruiser Yayeyama Eon has been docked at Kagnsaki for repairs. The dook is carefully guarded and no foreigners are permitted near it. Japanese advioes say that the Mikado and the Japanese Ministers of War and Marine have gone to Hiroshima to observe the embarkation of iarge detachments of troops which are being sent to the seat of war. The correspondent of the Central News at Shanghai telegraphs that the Chinese transport ship Chean, while proceeding for Formosa, with 1400 troops on board, was wrecked at Chetung. The soldiers and crew were conveyed to the shore in safety. French mall steamer abont to sail for Japan was boarded at herwharfln Shanghai byofflclals who Insisted on searching the ship for Japanese passengers, it being claimed that a number of Japanese military officers who had been trained in Europe v . wert on their way back to Japan to enter active service. The Frenoh captain refused to allow his ship to be searched and threatened to call a Frenoh war ship to his a sslstance' if the Chinese officials persisted. The threat was effectual and the Chinese retired. Three of the most powerful vessels of the Chinese Southern squadron have been ordered to proceed to the Gulf of Pe-Chi-Ll and join the Northern squadron. Chinese stealers at Shanghai are being put under the protection of the British flag. A despatch from Shanghai says that Korean reports agree with those of the Chinese concerning the defeat of the Japanese troops t Tatung Biver. Wounded Japanese solHers are arriving at Chemulpo dally. Some Chinese Reverses. Further Intelligence is publishM regardS: the Chinese war vessel Kwang-iTI, whloh de good her escape after the engagement w? TmImOK liMAHiilni* fA tHo v^?r\rvrf AP ft. VUWUIjAV. awu.vimj ?*, -- Japanese search party, the Kwang-Yl was lound lying In shallow water In a small bay hist west of Caroline Bay. She was a per|ect wreck. It is thought that the vessel was ttrnok in several places in the hall, and that fe running away she took the ground, and When the offloers realized that they could hot get her off they fired the magazine and tan. Near the quick-firing guns on the starboard side a number of bodies were lound. Ic the commander's cabin near the mast ware compasses, signal flags, etc., and Ihree corpses standing erect. One was supposed to be the commander. Several shot holes, were noticed just above the waterfine /showing that the Japanese gunners did Iheir work well. The wreck bore testimony I the terrible power of qulok-flring and other modern guns. A detailed account is now available of the Chinese defeat at Seikwan. The Chinese camp was situated on a hill at Seikwan, an important position on the Gazan?or Yashan ?road, about seventeen miles from Gazan. In front of the hill are rice paddies and marshes, crossed In the middle by a little stream whloh runs Into Gazan Bay, and a narrow path leads up to the hill. It was a position easy to defend and hard to attaok. At midnight the Japanese army began to joaove. the two wings forming two separate companies. As Has aireaay Deen saia, mere was only one path to the hill, and there was bridge over the stream which had to be (loosed. The main body crossed the bridge t 2 o'clook, bat when the last detaohment iras on the point of crossing, about three, V ?ver flve hundred Chinese troops in ambush near the bonk cuf: off the bridge and opened fire on the detatohment at about thirty or v forty metres distance. The Japanese troops were at first confused, but finally rallied, lushed upon the Chinese with a shout and bore them down. In this skirmish, on the Japanese side, six men were killed by the memy, seventeen or eighteen were drowned, and fifteen or sixteen were wounded, though Ike fight had only lasted fifteen minutes. Sbe Chinese fled; leaving behind eighteen or > feineteen killed, Among whom was aa officer, run! two prisoners. All was then quiet for two hours. At 6 o'olock the Japanese pened fire, and the two wlnus attaofeed the Chin666 at the same time. The Chinese began to retreat toward Gazan, and at halfpost seven?that is, after an hour and a half ?the battle was over. The Japanese officers praise highly the Skill of the Chinese artillery at this fight. The Chinese loss may be computed nt over kv> killari nnrt wnnndnil. matin? a total ?> oyer 600. The Japanesa loss In the sec* u:?i fight was a little over twenty wounded. Toe behavior of the Chinese General Ohe utterly belied his reputation, and showed him to be a man of no great military attainments, for when the Japanese troops attacked 111* camp he deserted it, threw away his uniform as an encumbrance to flight, and left behind papers which, as a General, he should sever have allowed to leave his Bide. It Is sot known where be fled. The Japanese army pursued the Chinese tor twelve miles to Yoran, a little village bout five miles from Gazan. As a Chinese attack was expected that night, a strict outlook was kept, but the night passed quietly. At four o'clock the next morning (80th) the army marched upon Gazan. It was expected that the Chinese would make a desperate tend,at Gazan, and there was a general boding that the storming of Gazan would be attended with heavy losses, but on arrival there the army found, to its astonishment, - that the trenches were deserted, with many hundreds of thousands of rounas of powder and six or seven hundred bags (containing to to each) of rice. They had all fled to ln(nr? of flft7nn MWUUlVUIJ UlfcJ WMWW V.V V? Ibese had attempted a night attack oa the Mtooet. but had beaten ulsod. PROMINENT PEOPLE. a QtrxK* Victoria pays over 84000 a year tr doctor's fees. Besatobs Chaxdlkb and Hill are warm personal friends. Thomas Bailey Aldbich Rets $200 for a poem of two verses. Tawhiao IL, the Maori King, Is dead. His death was due to Influenza. It 1b estimated that the Emperor of Germany travels about 18,000 miles a year. Helen Gould will beautify Roxbury.N. Y.. the birthplace of her father, by building a lake. Douulas Tilde*, the youn:: artist who is making so trrdat a reputation as a scu'ptor, tea deaf mute. Taielivlne war Governors are Sorscru?, of Bhodn Island ; Curtin, of Pennsylxinla, and Oglesby, of Illinois. fvittwt Ta-pbtvi's nrcan. the Reictbote. is ndTocatin the cultivation'of better relations between France and Germany. Gekebai. Hahuisox ha=i ha 1 his hulr anil whiskers so closely cropped that h"s IntU mate friends scarcely recognize him. It wa9 the hoist of th? late John Arklns, f tho Rocky Mountain News, that he went through the war without risini| abovotho rank of corporal. A dispatch auoounoes the death at Klldypart, Ireland, of Lieutenant H'?nu, owner of the cutter Galatea, which competed for tho p- America's cup in 1S3G. It is said that the Ohio Southern Railway baa the youngest railway superintendent in lhe word. His name is Honier T. Dick and he Is twenty-three years of age. A wab correspondent, in the person o! Julian Ralph, has gone out to Japan to gather incidents of the Oriental contentions lor the benefit of Harper's Weekly. The diploma conferring the freedom of the university town of Jena on Prince Bismarck is the thirty-first document of the received the ex-chancellor. &L' , LATER NEWS. The steamer Portia arrived at New York with a portion of the unlucky Cook Greenland party. She reports colliding with the schooner Dora SI. French, all of whose crew was lost but one. Th* People's Party Convention, at Saratoga, N. Y., nominated C. B. Matthews, ol Buffalo, for Governor, and sold convention decorations at auction to raise campaign funds. W. F. Bbeckjtan, a farmer of Roseman, Oregon, shot and killed his wife and stepson, Robert Ring. The tragedy was the outgrowth of domestic discord. Secbktaby Caelisle has informed the UA V??fi ? A fffll* fl1ls ou^ai ^tyv\fc? iuui uo uus uu ?? thcrity to appoint bounty officials. Forest flres of Immense proportions have broken out In North Africa and In the south of France. Mobe than 3000 deaths from cholera occurred In Bussia in the last week. Is the United States Circuit Court of Appeals at Philadelphia th9 decision of the United States Circuit Court of New Jersey in the Eiison-Westinghousa infringemsnt case in favor of Edison was reverie J and the costs put on Elison. The Republicans of Colorado nominate 1 Albert W. Mclntire for Governor. A tobnado swept over the north end of Memphis, Tenn., which badly damaged the Louisville and Nashville shops, tore up a dozen residences, turned over a bridge, ani injured several people. Raht Culp was killed, Wilkes Vandall fatally hurt and several people badly injured. Property los3 about 950,000. "? j- tv cimia I J.hz JMSVaoa vornuuauu oiam vuuiuunuu at Carson nominated General R. P. Keating for Governor and J. E. Glgnoux for Congress, with a fall State ticket. TJJie platform contains an indorsement of President , Cleveland. The Secret Service Division of th9 Treasury Department has issued circular letters announcing two new counterfeit United States note3; one a 85 national bank note and the other a counterfeit $10 United States sliver certificate. Gexz&al Schofield ha3 decided to release all Indian apouts In the army, filling tbe places made vacant by regular soldiers. Haytian rebels fired on President Hlppolyte's daughter, and ten of the ringleaders were executed. The remains of the Comte de Paris have been deposited in the vault of the Cathollo Church of Weybrldge, where Louis Philippe and other members of the Orleans family who died in England were burled. The Dao de uneans maae a iormai uuauuucomoui ui his olalm to the French throne. : COUNT OF PARIS DEAD. The French RoyaltaC Leader Succumbs to Cancer of the Stomach. The Coant of Paris died at Stowe House, London, shortly before eight o'clock, a few mornings ago. He began to sink visibly at midnight, but at intervals was clearly conscions, recognizing the Countess and his children as they beat over him and murmuring words of affection for them. All the members ot his family were around him when he died. The official medical certificate saj-s that death w;is duo to Intestinal obstruction, canoer and exhaustion. Louis Philippe. Albert d'Orleans, Comte >de Paris, son of the late Due d'Orleans and grandson of the late Louis Philippe, King ot the French, was born in Paris, August 24, 1838. He was only ten years old when the revolution of February, 1848, broke out, and he accompanied his family into exile. He was educated at Claremont. in England. In the autumn of 18G1 the young Prince, with his brother,the Due deCuart res,accompanied by tholrunole,the Prince de Jolnville, came to hft TTr*I<aA Qiufna nnr* the* fwn hrrtthnra an* tered the army with the rank of captains of volunteers. They served on General McClellan's staff till the conclusion of the campaign in Virginia, in June, 1862. when they returned to Europe. In 1871 the Comte de Paris was. after some delay, admitted a member of th^Natlonal Assembly at Versailles, under M. Thiers President of the French Republic, and, on December 22, 1872, the Assembly voted the restitution of the property of the Orleans family. After the death of the Comte de Chambord, which occurred on August 24, 1883, the great majority of tho legitimists acknowledged the Comte do Paris as his successor In hts claim to the French throne. In 1880 the French Government introduced and passal the Expulsion bill, forbidding the soil of France to the direct heirs of families that had relgnei in Franoe. The measure was chiefly directed against the Comte de Paris, who, accordingly, left for England in Jul)-. The C)mte de Paris married his cousin, tho Princess Marie Isabelle Francoise d'Assise Antonia Louisa Fernanda, eldest daughter of the Due de Montpenaler, on May 30,1864, and had six children?two eons, Prince Louis Philippe Robert, born February 6, 1869, and Prince Ferdinand Francois, loru September 9,1834, and four daughters, MURDERERS HANGED, Two Criminals Executed the Same Day la New Jersey. At Jersey City, N. J., Bernard Altenberger, thn mtif.loMr nf Rutin Rnnn of Rnmn V V was hanged at 10.04 o'clock a. mM on the day fixed for his execution Lawyer Salinger at 9 o'clock had applied to Judge Ltppincott for a writ of error. THis was refused. At the gallows Altenborger was pale, but cool. At 10.23 o'clock he was pronounced dead. The body was cremated at Fresh Pond, Long Island. Altenberger made a statement, sayIns; he had no idea of killing Katie Rupp until he reaohed Jersey City from Rome, N. Y., with the intention of getting married. Then, he said, it occurred to him that if he got out ol work he could not support a family, and he asked her to live with him without being married. She refused and he shot her. At Mount Hollv. N. J.. Weslav Wnrnar Trnq hanged for the murder of Lizzie Peak. The drop fell at 10.36 a. m. The crime was committed September 18,1892, in a jealous rage. Warner's only defenoe was that he was very drunk at the time. NEW BICYCLE RECORD. J. P. Bliss Makes It In 1:52 3-5, Paced, With Flying Start. J. P. Bliss rode at Hampden Park, Spring, field, Mass., the fastest mile ever made on a bicycle, establishing the record for the paced mile, flying start, of 1.52 3-6, and incidentally lowering the threequarter-mile record to 1.28. He wus paced by three tandem teams?Githens and Lumsden, Cooper and Silvie and Arnold and Warren. The previous records for the distances were 1.53 4-5 for the mile and 1.24 4-5 for the three-quarters, made at Waltham on July 28 by H. C. Tyler. Bliss has become well known to bicyclists by the records established by him on the same track on August 22, when he rode the paced half-mile, with flying start, in 54 3-5 seconds, and made the same distance, with standing start, in 581-5 seconds. A GERMAN VICTORY, The Natives Defeated, With the Lobs of 100 Killed and Wounded. The German garrisoa at Kilwa, Afrloa, . was attacked by a force ot 2000 natives on September?. After two hours' fighting the natives were repulsed, with the loss of 100 killed and wouaded. The Germans lost only two men. A renewal of tho attaolt was expected. ME AS TOE mm THE HERO OF THE NORTHWESTERN FOREST FIRES. Cnglneer Root's Story of Ills Train's Backward Race With the Devouring Flames?It Reads Like a Chapter of Horrors?Herded Like Sheep In a Swamp. The experience of Engineer James Root on <he doomed train which saved so many livos during tho devastating forest flre3 in the Northwest Is one that will not bo met with moro than once in a lifetime and reads like a chapter of horrors. He was taken to his home in White Bear Lake, Minn., on tho first relief train, accompanied by Mrs. Root, who met him at Pine City. His injuries do not consist of severe burns. He is suffering from the severe mental strain and the awful physical ordeal through which he went. He suffered heat so intense that weaker men would have died from its effects, and all the way during that fearful run he was compelled to breathe the suffocating fumes of smoke that made night of the day, bo black was it. Tho cuts on his tace and neok from the falling glass of his cab window are not serious, and the doctors say that all he needs to pull through Is rest and absolute quiet. About 6 o'clook In the evening, after he had become somewhat rested, a reporter wa3 admitted to the darkened room in which he was lying at his home on the corner of Bantling avenue and Fifth street. Hs was unable to say more than a halt dozen words at a time without stopping to rest, and sometimes his words were cut short by a sharp Bpasmof pain. But the stnry in his own words Is thrilling alai03t beyond comparison. After Mrs. Root had moistened his Hps with cold water the engineer sank back; among the cushions on his coach, and for a moment closed his eyes as he recalled to his memory the scenes of the night before. Then in a voice scarcely louder than a whisper he began: "When we left Duluth Saturday afternoon the air was heavy with smoke. At Carleton the smoke was so thick that it became necessary to light the headlight, which was done by Fireman Jack McGowan. I spoke to Jack about it, and said I guessed we were going to have rain. We never thought the Are was so near us. On rffld on through the night of smoke the engine rushed on its way to Hinckley. We were due there at 4 o'clock and arrived three minutes late. As I pulled into the station I saw an excited mob of peo? pie who took my train by storm. That was the first intimation I had that we were so near the fire. The people were terror Jtricken. I could not have started the engine without running persons down on the tracks in front of me. I received no orders, and as my train was completely filled with passengers wbo had boarded it while we were standing there, I was about to pull the throttle to cross the Hinckley bridge when a wall of flame fully ten feet high burst through the rolling smoke right In front of """'no /MitHncr nfT all hooe of making I ?o ? r the bridge. I noticed that the wind was from the south, and knew then that the Are must have already crossed the bridge and destroyed it, so I reversed the engine and we began a race with the flames bock from Hinckley. 'There was not much time for thinktncr, bat I remembered a shallow marsh, known as Skunk Lake, about six miles back and north of Hinckley, and I made up my mind to reach that lake, come what might. There was no other salvation. The wind was blowing the Are in the same direction we were going, and the flames raced along In the tall. grass on both sides of us, almost keeping pace with the speed of the train. I put on mv heavy coat and pulled it over my head, and Jack got back in the manhole of the tank. He would stand up and throw water over me a9 long as he could stand tho heat, and then be would retreat to the manhole again, and in that way we got to Skunk Lake, not more than two minutes before the flames. We piled out of the cab, Jack and I, cutting off the air and kicking the cars down about two car lengths, and made for the lake, getting there just a3 the flre struck us. It was awful." Engineer Boot continued, after resting a moment, "And I hope I may never live to go tnrougn suon au eipencutu u^uiu. Are swept right over us, and we had to lie flat in the water for a titno. , After the first sheet of flame passed over ua it was not so bad, but still the heat was terrible. The woods were burning all around us, and to add to the horror of the time the train caught on Are and the cars burued fiercely, radiating an awJul heat, whloh affected U9 almost as much as the first Are, we were so near the track. For four hours we remained in the water, and then the ground began to cool sufficiently at the edge of the lake so that we were enabled to stand on the bank ( by wrapping our heads In coats. Later I went to the engine and sank down on the hot seat of the cab, the engine having passed j through the fiery ordeal almost unscathed. 2 did not fall asleep, but into a kind ol stupor, from which I was'not fully aroused until the rescuing party came for us with hand cars. So far as I know there were only two persons on our train who lost their lives. They were a couple of Chinamen who could not be gotten off the train, and they were burned to death on the cars. It must have been a terrible experience to those women and little children whopas39d the night in the water of the lake.'* "How did you get away from Skunk LakeV" the reporter asked, as Engineer Root stopped to rest a few momeats aaa called for some more water. "We stayed there until about 6 o'olock la the moraiag, when a relief party came through from Missioa Creek, about four miles south of Qlackley, oa huad cars. It was Impossible torua aa engiae through, aad they took us away, a few at a time, uatil the eatlre number wat safely landed at Mission Creek, where wa were taken on a work train to Piae City. At that point we were taken on board the Duluth special and brought home." Eaglneer Root Is a man of the rugged, fearless type so commonly met with in hi3 walk of life. He is fifty-one yjars old aad has run an engine on the Duluth road seven years, and duriag most of that time he has pulled the Duluth limited passenger trains. STATE OFFICERS ARRESTED, Governor, Auditor and Treasurer of Mississippi Charged With Felony. Held to answer la the sum of $1000 to the -1 i , , t cunrge 01 uavieiuuiuuaiy i*>?ueu uiuucy in the semblance of United States notes Is the situation in which Governor J. M. Stone, Auditor W. W. Stone and Treasurer Evans, of Mississippi, now find themselves. The United States Marshall received Auditor Stone's surrender at 5 o'clock p. m. Treasurer Evans was out of the city, and Governor Stone was attending an offl? cial meeting at the Penitentiary. The Governor anticipated his arrest, however, by employing Judge Campbell, the most distinguished lawyer of Mississippi, to defend the State, which is in reality the party in the oasp. William J. Burns, Special Agent of the 8ecret Service, charges the Governor and other officials with having, on June 15, 1894, "unlawfully and feloniously caused to be J minted, photographed, and made and aided n printing, photographing, and malting a certain print and impression in the likeness of notes of the national bank currency, against th~ peace and dignity of the United States." Then follow descriptions of the five-dollar, ten-dollar and twenty-dollar State warrants. Governor Stone said : "I had no purpose to violate any United States law, and 1 do not believe such law has been violated. The matter will come before a court in which I have the utmost confluence. I therefore do not care to discuss it." The penalty for the crime charged against the Governor, Auditor and Treasurer is a fine of not more than $5000 or imprisonment at hard labor for not more than fifteen years, or both. Among the architects who are preparing plans for the new mint building in Philadelphia is Edward V. Williams, a colored man, who resides in New York City, and who htis designed some very dainty suburban cottages. It Is quite a question whether there was ever crowded into two consecutive weeks a3 much cloak business as has been done in New York City during the past fortnight. THE NEWS EPITOMIZED* Eastern and Middle States. The New Hampshire Democratic State Convention at Concord nominated Colonel Henry 0. Kent for Governor. Noel Maisson was executed in Pittsburg, Penn., for the murder of Mrs. Sophia Raes. Police Captain John T. Stephenson was dismissed from the New York Department for accepting bribes. J. Coleman Dbatton has beffun suit in Waw .Topoou fnr fpnm his wife, th9 daughter of the late William Astor. Hallett Borrowe is named as co-respondent. Some ^0,000 men have resumed work in the Braddock manufacturing district In Pennsylvania. The largest steel plate in the world has been rolled at Chester, Penn. J. 8. Eheehan and David Forsht were killed and nine others wounded at Lock Haven, Penn., by a collision between an engine and a freight train.. Thomas Green and James Kane were seriously hurt. W. T. Wiksob, a retired business man of Brooklyn, shot himself to death in a room in the Aster House, New York City, the motives for the deed being unknown. The power house and pumping station ol the Pocantico Water Works, near Tarrytown, N. Y., was struck by lightning and burned. The towns of Tarrytown, Irvington, Dobbs Perry and Hastings were left without running water. The two months drought in the Eastern and Middle States was -brought to an end by a refreshing storm from the West. A violent rainstorm visited New York City and vicinity, accompanied by thunder and lightning. William Smith was killed by lightning In Newark, N. J.# A EArLHOAD wreck occurred a short disfmm thn nentral shaft in Hoosac Tun nel. North Adams, Mass. William Turpeny, of Fort Edward, N. Y., and George Minnlok, of Fitchburg, both brakemen,were killed and twc passengers were seriously injured. Extreme heat and two thunder storms kept New Yorkers uncomfortable. There were many prostrations. Genebal Superintendent James A. Barden was killed by an explosion in one of the Pennsylvania Coal Company's mines in Pittston, Penn. The Lexow Committee resumed its investigation of the New York Police Department. Evidence was brought out showing collusion between detectives and pawnbrokers in the - handling of stolen goods. Captain Meakim was involved in the protection of green .goods swindlers. , . Maine went Bepubllcan by a largely increased majority. Henry B. Cleaves, the Republican candidate for Governor, has a plurality over his Democratic opponent, his managers said on the day after the election, of 80,000. Sonth and West. Govebnob Peck was re-nomlnated by tha Wisconsin Democratic State Convention at Milwaukee. Senator Vilas was Temporary Chairman. Twenty-thbee Indians perished In the forest fires near Pokegama, Minn. The Governors of Wisconsin and Minnesota think that the sufferers In their respective States can be relieved without outside aid. At Memphis, Tenn., the Grand Jury returned indictments for murder in the first degree against W. S. Richardson, J. Laxton ana F. T. Atkinson in connection with the lynching ot six oolored prisoners near MillIngton. - . Trnr fln-rn* Piantors' Convention at New Orleans declared In ftvor of an alliance with the Republican party on National issues. Robert J. lowered the world's pacing record, held by himself, at Indianapolis, Ind., to 2.02 Secretary Hoke Smith and Speaker Crisp took opposite views on silver in their Atlanta, Ga., speeches, Crisp declaring for free coinage. Mas. Maby Ellwobth and her son, at Oriole, Mo., shot a neighbor dead while her daughter looked on. At a largely attended meeting of citizens held at Memphis, Tenn.. to condemn the lynching of th9 six colored men $1100 was contributed to a fund to be used in aiding the families of the dead men and assisting In the work of running down their assassins. Repobts from the manufacturing oentres of Ohio and Indiana show a general revival of industries. Heavy falls of rain quenched the forest fires in Wisconsin and Michigan. A fioht took place in Savannah, Ga., between union and non-union 'longshoremen, mostly colored. About one hundred shots were fired. Mark Cain, white leader of the non-union men, was fatally shot. A number of colored men received slight wounds. High winds caused the forest fires around Ashland, Wis., to rage fiercely again. The town of Dalton, Ohio, was burned by an incendiary, the loss being $250,000. Washington. Secbetaby Carlisle began an Investiga tlon of the sugar division 01 tne j*ew xora. Custom House. Gene rax, Henbt Etjoexe Davizs, late Major-General, United States Volunteers, is dead. Bear-Admiral Erben was retired. The Canadian lumber reclproolty provision of the new Tariff law having been accepted by the Dominion, lumber from that country will be duty free hereafter. The continued spread of oholera in Europe causes considerable anxiety among officials of the Marine Hospital Service at Washington. Generax, Schofxeld telegraphed orders for the withdrawal of troops from the Coeur d'Alene mining district of Idaho. This retires from special duty the last troops called out during the railroad strike. Secbetabt or AaniotrLTUBE Mobtox left Washington for New York, whence he sailed for Europe on a six weeks' tour. The Secretarv was accompanied by his family. During bis absence Assistant Secretary Debaey will be Aoting Secretary. Secretary Carlisle settled me aispurea flsh sections of the Tariff bill by deciding that all fish imported into the United States, unless the product of American fisheries and unless packed in ice and frozen, are dutiable at the rate of ten per cent, ad valorem. The State Department has been notified of the alleged unwarranted arrest of American missionary teachers in Turkey. In the report of Special Agent Alexander J. Wedderburn, of the Agricultural Department, on adulteration of food,.it Is claimed that the extent of adulteration is fully fifteen per cent., of which two per oent. is injurious to health. Foreign. The SDanish Bishop of Urgel proclaims himself ruler of Andorra, the pigmy republlo. In a speech at Konigsberg Emperor William rebuked those Prussian nobles who have opposed bis agrarian policy. Hostilities are again renewed with vigor in Eio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and the insurgents have declared for a monarchy. Eioht persons were killed and thirty serlouslv injured in a railroad aocldent which occurred between Noyon and Chauny, In France. TWENTY-ONE KILLED, Russian Farmers Who Wanted Their Money Back Commit Murder. A story of wholesale murder comes from Poganovka, , a village of Samara, Russia. Eight farmers living near the village employed twenty-one laborers to help sow their land. Tho laborers performed thoir work satisfactorily and were paid the stipulated money. The farmers th*n conspired to get the money back; and Onally decldod that tho only way of doing so would be to kill the laborers. When the latter were enjoying a siesta together they were set upon by the farmers and every one of them was killed. The furmers then robbed the bodies and burled them. The absence of the laborers aroused suspicion, and the police Investigation led to the speedy arrest of the eight', murderers. Th* pay rolls for the services of the militia during the railroad and mining strikes In Illinois show a total o! 1211,157. . OFFICIAL CROP BEM STATISTICS FEOM THE AGRIOULTUEAL DEPARTMENT. The September Condition of Corn, Wheat, Oats, Rice, Tobacco and Apples?The Area Under CloverHeavy Decline in the Corn Average. The report of the statistician of the De partment of Agriculture for the month ot September shows a decline in the condition of corn to 63.4 from 69.1 in the month of August and 95 in the month of July. This Is a decline of 5.7 from the August and 31.6 from the July condition. The change 13 marked in nearly all of the great corn States. The present condition is 75 In Kentucky, 70 In Ohio, 55 In Michigan, 80 in Indiana, 73 in Illinois, 51 in Wisconsin. 60 In Minnesota, 40 tn Iowa. 70 in Missouri, 45 in Kansas. 15 in Nebraska, and 16 in South Dakota. In most of the Southern States the condition has risen and a good crop is certain. In addition to the unfavorable prospects arising from the low condition of the growing crop, reports from eight States, viz.. Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin,'Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska and South Dakota, in response to a special inquiry, show that out of an aggregate of 40,878,984 acres planted in these States there have been cut up for fodder or abandoned 15,506,000 acres, or 38 per cent., which is a little over 20 percent, of the entire area planted in the country. The percentage of that cut up or abandoned by afotoa ranni+lno la rfa follows ? Indiana. .06 : Illinois, 10: Wisconsin, 21; Iowa, 35; Missouri, 16; Kansas, 53; Nebraska, 81; South Dakota, 81. The oondltion o-f wheat, considering both winter and spring varieties, when harvested, was 83.7 against 710 last yea* and 85.3 in 1892. The reported conditions from the correspondents for the principal wheat-growing States are as folio W3: Ohio, 102; Michigan, 91; Indiana, 103; Illinois. 101; Wisconsin, 92; Minnesota. 84; Iowa, 92 ; Missouri, 91; Kansas, 58 Nebraska, 40 ; South Dakota, 32; North Dakota', 74; California, 88 ; Oregon, 88; Washington, 67. In the East: New York, 86; Pennsylvania, 91; Maryland, 98. Virginia reports 78; Tennessee, 78; West Virginia, 93; Kentucky, 92; Texas, 92. In the principal wheat States there has been considerable improvement In condition since July report. In parts of the wheat region the crop is fully up to expectations, and in other parts the yield has exceeded anticipation. The average condition of oats is reported at 77.8, against 76.5 on August 1, 77.7 on July 1, and 87 on June 1. The returns for rye show an average of 86.9, against 82 a year ago. The condition of barley has risen nearly two points daring the month, the September average standing at 71.5 against 69.8 in August. There is a decline in September condition of buckwheat ol 12>? points from that of August, the general average being 69.2, aginst 77.5 last year. The area under clover seed Is reported as 71.9 of that for 1893. The condition is given at 69.2, which is much below the average, thus Indicating a very short crop. The general average ol condition for rice Is 89.4. The average oonditlon of apples has fallen durine last month from 44.0 to 40.8. The condition of peaches is 21.1; potatoes, 62.4, a decline of twelve points since last montti. The condition of tobacco is 74.5, against 75.9 last month. / HELMHOLTZ IS DEAD, The Eminent Physicist Snccumhs to a Stroke of Paralysis. Professor Herman Louis Ferdinand Helmholtz, the celebrated physiologist and physician, died at Berlin, Germany, at the ape of seventy-three years. Death resulted from a second stroke of paralysis. Herman Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz, the celebrated German physiologist and natural philosopher, the most distinguished man of bis day in his special field of research, was born in Potsdam, Prussia, on August 31, 1821. His father was an instructor in the local gymnasium, and his mother, whose maiden was Caroline Penn, came from a branch of that family which settled in Germany at the time of the religious troubles in England. He, from his youth, was a devoted student of the physical sciences. After his graduation from a Berlin medical school he became attached to one of the hospitals of that city. He then enlisted as an army surgeon. He was appointed to the chair oi anatomy in the Academy, of Fine Arts at B?rlla in 1848, and remained there until 1855, when he removed to Konigsberg and practiced as a profossor of physiology. From there the professor went to Heidelberg, lecturing on the subject of physiology. He was the author of many standard works on the physiological conditions of the impressions of the senses. In 1873 the Copley medal of the Royal Society of London was awarded to him in recognition of his eminent services toscience. He had already been admitted to foreign membership at the French Academy, In 1883 Emperor William I issued a decreo by which he was raised to "the status of nobility." Finally, in 1891, he was made President and Director of the Imperial Technical Institute of Physics at Charlottenberg, a foundation under the control of the Department of the Interior for the experimental furthering of exact natural inquiry and the technics of precision. The i Government, in a professional way could confer upon him no higher honor. Helmboltz was aristocratic in tastes and in appearance. Physically he was talJ, with unusually broad shoulders, and a wellbuilt figure. His face was cleanly shaven, save for the iron gray moustache, and he had a fin*, straight nose, and a pair of penetrating steel-gray eyes. He was alwayfl recognized on the streets, even in a crowd, by his fine carriage and figure. Ho was very popular among the students and beloved by the German people of all Classes, uu iub occasion ui neiuiuuui a seventieth birthday anniversary in 1891 he received honors which few men have won. Addresses, honorary titles and presents were shoirered upon him seemingly in endless procession. Every civilized land paid its tribute to bis genius. Helmholtz came to this country last year to se? the World's Fair, and delivered a lecture on his discovery of the ophthalmoscope. He spoke in English, and the many persons who had gathered to hear him listened with rapt attention. Professor Helmholtz was ranked by the scientific world as one of the greatest men that ever lived. His especial gift was the application of mathematics to physics. ___ A LIVELY TORNADO, It Turns Over a Car and Kills Two Persons. A tornado at 3.10 p. m. struck the roar coach of the Iron Mountain passenger train No. 47 when it had reached a point about a quarter of a mile west ol the Charleston (Mo.) Station, which it had left but a lew minutes before. The train was moving about twenty miles an hour. The whole train, with the exception of the i engine, was overturned. Two persons were killed, one was prooably fatally, injured and several were more or less seriously hurt. The killed are: Fred McClellan, three years old; Mrs. Parmelie Dempsey, Bertrand, Mo. The following were the injured : A. D. Lehming, Alto Pass, Hi., probably fatal; James Coyle, express messenger, bruised; John Lawen, conductor. The whirlwind came from the south. It was not more thirty yards In width. A remarkable thing about It was that it pussed between two small wooden houses standing on the south side of the track, not more than twenty yards apart and not more than thirty yards from the track. Matt deer are dropping deafl by the wayelde in Washington and Penobscot Counties, Maine. A local newspaper shrewdly suspecta that the malady will disappear when hunt? ing can be done openly and above board. Iw France the forage crops, artiflolal and natural meadows,promise so well that no importations of hay will be neoe9sary this year. ITCWSYQLEA1HNQ3, Calitobxia has female tramps. The bicycle rage has spread to India. Chicago's present area Is 185 square miles. Gbeat Bbitaix has eighty profit-sharing firms. Cab-fabe Is 2% cents in Ghemltz, Germany. Pebu and Ecuador are "spoiling for a fight." Dublin, Ireland, has neither cable nor electric cars. Amebican securities show a substantial gain In London. Atlanta, Ga., Is going to have a new elarht-storv hotel. The Populists failed to carry a single county in Arkansas. New Yobk Cit? is overrun with buyers, mostly from the South. The new Criminal Court Hous9, New York City, was formally opened. The Mid-winter Fair surplus Is expected to amount to about $200,030. Gebman-Rcssian colonists in Kansas are returning to their old homes. CosrnrtTED improvement in business 1s shown by the trade reviews. The Peary relief expedition has been reported "as well" at Godhavn. The Salvation Army Is planning a campaign In tho Hawaiian Islands. The long drought Is causing great loss to farmers and dairymen in New York. The fads this year among the rioh people of the East are bicycles and catboats. It is now estimated that Chicago's drainage canal system will cost $25,000,000. 11?? ^MnnAlal rtAn /\ If J nn a f Taroa mni>. JL.HE iiuguwat vvuutiAvu Vk avaim mv*chants Is said to bo better than for years. Chinese In Japan and Japanese in China are under the protection of American consuls. Since la9t May at least 40,030 French-Canadians living in the United States have returned to Quebec. Shore from forest flre3 became so dense In Boston, Mass., that artificial lignt was necessary at noon. Advices from China indicate that the war party is now in power and a vigorous policy & to be pursued. English wheat crops are looking very bad in consequence of almost continuous rain for three weeks. The English apple crop is roported to be very short. Last year's was tne heaviest known in twenty years. Pittsbubo cotton tie manufacturers find they can compete with foreign manufacturers without protection. The first ocean cable ever laid in New York Bay has just been put down by the Commercial Cable Company. The California dried apricot crop this year will reach the enormous total of 12,000 tons, or nearly double that of any previous seaBon. Fearing pleuro-pneumonla the Belgian Government has ordered quarantine of all American cattle for forty-five day3 after arrival. Miss Elizabeth H. W. Lobd, who died in iqualor in Brooklyn, had $13,009 in bsak at DawmUlf \ftx wKlrth aha laff f/\ Af*a UVUVU AJ\Jk V? | kIMW *W?k fcV U i w? T. DeWltt Talmage. The National Treasury has been lifted ont ot the financial rut. The Treasury receipts for August foot up more than ten milllot dollars In excess of expenditures. The establishment of a permanent bureau for the exhibition of the resources of the Southern States was decided on by the development convention at Washington. It Is estimated that on an average 4000 bushels a day, containing 250 oysters to the bushel, or in all 10,000,000 a day, are received in New York City alone during the season. An unfailing sign of the revival of business is the increased demand for money at the banks and its incident higher rates for loans. This is the business condition re* ported. The Rev. Dr. Burtsell arrived at New York City from Rome, and said that an Apostolic Delegation would be established to pass upon all questions affecting the Roman Cburch In this country. Bt the burning of the home of Mss. Irene Taylor, at South Aoton, Mass., there were destroyed priceless heirlooms and historical articles ot colonial times Intended for the Massachusetts Hiatorioal Society. THE LABOR WORLD. Ix Italy bakers get $4 a week. Gebmany has 240,000 Union men. Miners in the far West are on strike. The K. of L. claims 759,000 members. Detroit bos makers have organized. Telephones employ 10,000 Americans. Illinois miners average 835 a month. Fifteen American firms cut diamonds. San Fbancisco has Chinese shoemakers. Colorado has a co-operative association. Debs spoke at Omaha, Neb., on Labc* Day. Eusiness is improving among the building trades. Diamond cutters from Holland are locating In Providence, R. I. The cost of the British Labor Commission Will be over ?230,000. In Illinois mines last year sixty-nine miners were killed while at work. One man can make 600D tin cans a day by the aid of improved machinery. Syracuse (N. T.) teamsters struck against increasing the size of wagon boxes. The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters, organized in 1861, has 41,000 members. The dues ot the Newsboys' Union of Oakland, Cal., are twenty-five cents a montb. T nrfolnar fir A olt juou19 gaipcilicio pivrtwt?* ?- men doing their work around engine houses. Ik the textile trades and mines of Austria a week of seventy-two to ninety hours is not uncommon. Ax impression Is growing that strike against largo corporations are hazardous experiments. This year, for tho first time, Labor Day was celebrated throughout the country as a National holiday. Twenty-five thousand men are said to be employed in producing and handling New York's oyster crop. A diamond cutting factory is In courso of establishment by a firm from Amsterdam, Holland, in Brooklyn. Colored men are being importe 1 to take the places of striking minors at Boslyn, Wyoming. The minors get eighty cento a ton. The Chinese laundrymen of Boston are about to form a trust for the purpose of keeping prices for work up to the proper standard. Employes of a Manchester (England) iron works have done more and better work in a year under the eight-hour plan than ever bel'ore in nine hours. The Boston Board of Aldermen has decid ed against contract labor on city work, aud advocates that not less than $2 a day shall be paid to laborers. The report for tho year of tho Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen shows 2J,500 members and an expenditure for death and disability claims of $1,000,000. Edward Pebo, the oldest locomotlvo engineer in Canada, was crushed to death in Westvilie, Nova Scotia, by tho wheels of his locomotive. He had been running an eugiaa ou the tracks of the Intercolonial Mining Company for a quarter of a century. CRUSHED BY A REDWOOD. Two Women, Who Waited Alter a Warning, Were Killed. A party from San Francisco, including W. W. Higginson, second officer of the steamer Oakland, hL wife and daughter, William Spohn and Ed. Reed, wero camped on Gar? cia River, ten miles from Point Arran, Cal. Early in the morning they were awakened by the crackling of a large redwood tree. Tho men ran, but tho ladies stopped to dress. The tree fell over both tents, killing 3lre. Higginson and her daughter Sadie, and breaking a leg ol both Spohn and Redd. ' V~Y:.yr '..I ' ' V. POPULAR SCIENCE. Disease is often cured by ocean travel. When a person is hysteriijal often times a portion of the body has absolutely no feeling. Speoies of snakes that are enemies of one another in captivity will coil up into their winter sleep in the same bundle. Sanctorious, an Italian physiologist, estimates that five-eighths oi all the solid and liquid food taken are exhaled by the skin. The liver seoretes a kind of animal sngar. In the hepatic tissue this haa been found in the proportion of two parts in a thousand Blind persons acquire so great a delicacy of touch at the tips of their fingers that they may really be said to see with their hands. Lieutenant Bersier, of the French Navy, has invented a compass which does away with a steersman, as the compass steers the vessel itself. Involuntary muscles are generally pale or nearly white, and are "composed of cells or granules about 1-3000th part of an inch in diameter. Professor John Milne, one of the jTreates fc living authorities on earth quakes, say3 it is not likely that they ever result from e^ctrical disturbances. The tensile strength of wrought iron rods varies as the square of the diameter. A one-inch rod will support 7000 pounds and a two-inch rod 28,000 pounds. Seasoned timber is but little liable to decay under the influence of a dry atmosphere and will resist decomposition for an indefinite period when kept totally submerged in water. Berlin naturalists are interested over the arrival in the Zoological Garden of three Damara ostriches from South Afrioa, a species said to have never before been seen in Europe. Maxim's semi-flying machine, or aeroplane, traveled a distance of 500 feet clear of the track provided for it, and then, lifting the car off the track, landed it and smashed it in a field. The scientists have decided that the average workingman requires daily in his food not less than tour ounces of proteids, two ounces of fat and eighteen ounces of the carbo-hydrates. Dr. Goriansky, a Russian physician, claims to have foand that the juice of raw cranberries given freely, pure or diluted with an equal part of water, is an excellent means of relieving thirst and vomiting in Asiatic cholera. Abram Barton, of Bristol, England, has devised a submarine boat for which he claims a speed of fifteen 1 knots. It is shark-shaped and is propelled by twin screws located at what would be the fans of the fluke in the fish. - Cost ot Hunting In England. A few years ago the usual estimate for maintaining a thoroughly firstclass pack was $2500 for every daj hunted; then it went up to $3000, and now it will average very close to $3,? 500, making an entire oost of $10,< 500 for one week's chase of the little red animal, while in the "shires" it will fall but very little short of $15,? 000, if, indeed, it will not in some instances run higher. And all this is a tribute to fashion I The sportsmen of the old regime were not so fastidious as to pink and tops, nor required sucn a reuuuc m servants. Hunting was the sole incentive, and they had fiilly as much sport and killed just about as manj foxes, even if their hunts were nol turned out in such elaborate fashion Nowadays, however, the master whc neglects to put the hunt atield in the best style fails in office quite as much as if he missed giving good sport, The huntsman, two whippers-in, and two second horsemen must all b? turned out in pink and leathers, and the huntsman and first whip have twc good horses a day; and it takej money, and plenty of it, to support a hunt on this scale. Then there is thf servant who goes afoot to dig out th? fox when he has gone to earth, and the eight to ten dollars to the game* keepers for eaoh find on their respective beats. Besides wnich horses and hounds have frequently to be conveyed by train to distant meets, while there are few huuts that are not obliged to hire coverts to save them I from falling into the hands of shoot ing tenants to say nothing 01 me euro and expense of keeping them up once they are rented. It is not very difficult to see where $10,000 to 815,000 per week goes when it is remembered that the basis of all this sport and fashion is the kennels and stables, with their fifty to sixty couple of hounds and thirty t<? forty head of horses, that must be fed and receive the very best of care from the most capable and trustworthy attendants.?Harper's Magazine. Cariosities ot (ilyceriae. One of the great advantages oJ glycerine in its chemical employment is the fact that it neither freezes noi | evaporates under any ordinary temperature. No perceptible loss bj 1 evaporation has been detected at a temperature less than 200 degrees F., but if heated intensely it decomposes with a smell that few persons find themselves able to endure. It burns with a pale flame, similar to that from alcohol, if heated to about 300 degrees, and then ignited. Its nonevaporative qualities make the compound of much use as a vehicle for holding pigments and colors, as in stamping and typewriter ribbons, carbon papers and the like. If the pure glycerine be exposed for a long time to a freezing temperature, it crystallizes with the appearance of sugar candy, but these crystals being once melted it is almost an impossibility to get them again into the congealed state. If a little water be added to the glycerine no crystallization will take place, though under a suffi * * ' 1 it- - ?A? _:ii cient degree 01 com me wavei nm separate and form crystals, amid which the glycerine will remain in its natural state of fluidity. If suddenly subjected to intense cold, pure glycerine will form a gummy mass which cannot be entirely hardened or crystallized. Altogether it is quite a peculiar substance.?New York Telegram.