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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, October 03, 1894, Image 10

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ADeallWiM Lands
Wt for MnM MM
BY LEON LEWIS.
CHAPTER XV.?(Continued.)
"What Is the man driving at?" demanded
Baker.
"Why, he has learned from Jerry
?kldder or otherwise that the title to
the Alusseisneii Bonanza is id iuibs
Sower and myself, as you have long
been aware, and he Is determined to
force us to a transaction of some sort
that will leave him and his prospective
rather- in-law In possession. Ten to one
be wiU not scrnple at any cost to get us
out of his path. *
You have yonr deeds with you?"
Yes, and fortunately Gaddler's attention
has not been directed to them." .
"That's good," commented Baker. "If
we can only get clear of this place between
now and morning, we'll place
iham on record during the next for ytight
hours, and thus put a barrier in
the way of this murderous plotter.
Wheife is Jerry and Daisy all this time?"
"They've gone home to protect the Intel
ves from Hiram Skidder, who, with
his son and daughter, came West on the
tery train taken by his brother. They're
having a high old squabble over the
wild lands' which have slipped through
their fingers, bnt Just which one of them
tthe most dangerous for us it would be
rd to determine. Hiram has gone to
.the mine, or in that direction, but I
think Jerry and his men will keep him
at a distance. If we can get out of here.
1re mayjet become masters of the situa
tlon. Yoa mast nave maae irieixis wiin
Borne ooe in the house, Charley?"
Yes?with that woman yon see hovering
about?Mrs. Cotter, who has been
G&ddler's housekeeper ever since he
took possession of these premises. She
will befriend us in every way she can."
Well, how are we to Ret out of this
box?" asked Perry, looking around Intently.
"Can you suggest anything?"
"Yes. First of all, patience. No doubt
upper will be sent up to us, and after
that we may look for a visit from Gaddler.
If he shows up here without an
escort, we must have some very serious
dealings with him."
"And if he remains away?" suggested
Mrs. Rankle.
"In that case," replied Baker, "Mrs.
Cotter may be able to give us a hint for
onr guidance. At the worst, let us~ be
hopeful and patient"
The silence that succeeded was broken
ky Baker, who said to Perry:
"You are armed, of course?"
"Yes," replied Wynans, "for the reaKm
that I have offered no resistance." t
"You've had no chance, I suppose?"
"Not the least. Gaddier has had sis
or eight men on guard over us ever since
;we reached Coster, so that we could do
ao less than conform to his orders.
Have you a revolver?"
, "Yes, but no ammunition.*
I can supply you, If your caliber ta
the same as mine."
The question was soon decided favorably,
and then Baker remarked:
"That's a point gained. If we don't
get clear of these ruffians before daylight
I shall be greatly mistaken."
The idea of escape gathered new
trength in the hearts of the prisoners
every moment, as they continued theii
confidences and consultations, and in
the course of a few minutes had beoome
their 'one hope and thought.
They did not neglect, however, to- do
ample Justice to a solid repast that was
placed before them, In due course, by a
couple of Gaddler's men.
The only drawback to the feast was
the forced eclipse of Charley Baker, who
was obliged to beat a retreat to a closet,
and to renaaln there until the withdrawal
of the enemy, but he found thai
his friends had quietly put aside ample
supplies for him.
The shades of night succeeded to twilight,
but lights were duly furnished the
prisoners at the suggestion of Mrs. Cotter,
who found occasion to pass a few
moments with them and give them some
information.
"Mr. Gaddler Is very nrach elated wtth
Ms success in capturing you," she reported,
"and is treating all of his men
so liberally that they are In a fair way
to become as drunk as fiddlers. He himself
Is drinking like a fish with one or
two of his favorites, but he can stand up
tinder a cargo that would swamp an
, ordinary man?cxcuse the simile, my
late husband was a shipmaster?and it
-would be rash to count upon his taking
board more than he can carry."
She listened a moment to the voices of
the guards on the staircase, and resumed:
"We must not think of going until
quite late, when these men will be helpless
or asleep, bat in the meantime there
Is a great deal to do, and you can depend
upon me to do it."
A few questions were asked and answered,
making plain the situation, and
Mr3. Cotter vanished.
The wait that succeeded, as might
k* )ioan oTnoptfiH nrnvi^H f> xrorv lnn/7
cne.
The prisoners had even begun to have
some apprehensions for the success of
their plans, when they heard the heavy
and uncertain footsteps of Gaddler approaching
their door.
He was in a condition which the widow
of the shipmaster would have doubtless
described as "throe sheets In the
wind."
"What! still up?" he crtod, with
maudlin gravity, staring from one to
another, as he entered and closed the
door, placing his back against it
"As you see," replied Perry, poshing'
a chair toward the villain. "We are
waiting patiently to have a few words
with you."
The visitor sank Into the proffered
ch; r, his glances continuing to wander
around him
What ao you want?" he asked.
"This young gentleman will tell you,*
was Perry's answer.
At that moment Gaddler felt the cold
muzzle of a revolver against his forehead
.
Half turning, fie saw .Bauer.
What! yoa alive and here?" gasped
the ruffian, quaking with terror.
"Asyou see," was the answer. "No
noise, now?not the least movement!
You are our prisoner, and Mr. Wynans
will bind you!"
The measure was soon taken.
"We'll even gas you. if you are un->
civil," added Baker. "In fact, we'll do
100 without waiting for you to betroublojsome."
The action was suited to the word, and
the arch-schemer was at the mercy of
'.his enemies.
At just this moment there came a
iquiet knock at the door, which "Perry
jhastened to draw ajar, coverinp the
iaperture with his body, and looking ouu
"It'sonly me," announced Mrs. Cctter,
slipping Into the room and closing th5
door. "Ah, Mr. Gaddler has taken passage?
Good!"
"Then the way of escape is open?"
queried Perry excitedly in a whisper.
"Yes, sir, at least as much so as it can
l>e with such a dangerous crew around
5*5," replied the housekeeper. "The
worst of the men nave turned In witn
their boots on, and are in such a drunken
stupor that they'd only sleep all the
harder If it were to come on to blow
great guns. But two or three are scudding
about, more or less out of their
reckoning, and I propcse to avoid them
.as I would a lee shore in a Rale of wind.
Fortunately we've only to slip our caDie
and run!"
All was bustle in a moment
"I've stowed awav provisions for at
least three days under the stern seat of
the carriage," pursued Airs. Cotter, "and
have put three breechloaders in tne
hold of the craft for use In case of need.
If one of you will now come with me
and help mo hitch up the horses "
"Let me be that one," 'interrupted
Baker, moving toward the door with the
VifinsfltoBiwr ?T,rv?lc vnurselves in a
moment Mrs. Cotter and I will soon
have the carriage In waiting."
The couple vanished with this remark,
and Perry closed the door as
Baker had suggested.
"Oh, I hope they win not fail," exclaimed
Mrs. Rankle, retreating a few
steps before the furious gaze Gaddler
turned upon her. "Was ever a human
being in a more ticklish situation?"
At this moment a furious scuffle resounded
on the staircase, accompanied
by a suppressed shriek from Mrs. Cotter
and followed by a heavy fall, and then
all was still.
"What's that?" ejaculated Perry,
drawing the door open cautiously ogam
"What has happened?"
. CHAPTER XVX.
FBOJX SAD TO WOBSa
The anxiety of Perry and hl3 frtebds
I was soon relieved by a glimpse of Mrs.
Cotter, who came hurriedly up the
stairs.
She was pale as a ghost, but outwardly
calm.
One of the men on guard recognfeed
Mr. Baker," she reported, as she reached
the door, "but he met the crisis in the
right way, knocking the fellow down
and choking him Into silence and submission.
"Where is he now?" asked Perry.
"Mr. Baker has shouldered him and
carried him to the stable Dont be
anxious. We shall be backJ In a few
minutes."
And with this she again vanlsheed.
The event proved that Mrs. Cotter's
performance was as good as her prom
lse, tne carnage, witn ua^er on toe dos,
soon appearing at the front door.
' "Of course Gaddler goes with us," remarked
Perry. "It will be quite a
feather in our cap3 to lodge him In
prison."
We need not pause upon the transfer
to the carriage, which was accomplished
with due secrecy and dispatch, but not
'without some attention from Gaddler's
hirelings, who were readily silenced and
dismissed by Mrs. Cotter, the darkness
of the night being tco Intense for them
to form any clear idea of what was
transpiring.
Perry took his place beside Baker, the
'ladies having possession of the body of
the vehicle.
As to Gaddler, he had been strapped
'upon the baggage-rack at the rear of
the carriage with as little ceremony as
If he had been a case of boots.
The start was taken quietly enough, |
so as to avoid arousing the suspicion 01
such of the followers of Gaddler as were
conscious of it, but at the end of a few
minutes, when the carriage had reached
!the level of the plains. Baker ventured
upon an easy jog wherever the conjuration
of the country permitted.
; "Of course we are going straight to
the mines," wa3 all Perry deemed It
necessary to say to the ladles. "If we
don't give the Skidders a wholesome surprise
in the course of the morning, I
will be greatly mistaken,"
Once relieved of ail fear of pursuit,
Baker diew up with due caution, banding
the reins to Perry and leaping
lightly to the ground.
"Of course you are not entitled to a
bed of roses, Mr. Gaddler," bo remarked,
as he stepped up to the prisoner and
proceeded to remove the gag from his
mouth. "But we have no wish to be unnecessarily
severe?to the contrary. If
iyou will be reasonable, therefore, we'll
allow you the use of your tongue."
"Curse you! I only wish I had you
where you have mel* returned the prisoner.
"To think of your turning up so
unexpectedly at my secret retreat, when
I supposed yon to be dead! And that
Mrs. Cott?r *
Baker interrupted this tirade by aD
emphatic gesture.
"Another word," hesaW, sternly, "and
I will close your mouth again, and leave
It closed until we reach the mines'"
The prisoner comprehended, relapsing
Into a sullen silence.
What a ride was that which succeeded,
with its frequent routes and snail's
pace, and with the dull, drear canopy of
? ? ? '??? ? ! Anft n < f?V> AMAH f Kft tmL 1
oil UilUIVdU SUlliCJO uiguu uvci IUO Uidror
erS!
* With the great plains, too, as variegated
with wood, rock and water, thru
spreading out in such immensities
around them.
There wa3 no sign of a dwelling, oi
even of the presence of a human beinR
other than their own party, In ail that
solitude.
No fence, no regular road, nothing to
Indicate any other occupancy than thai
of the thousands of cattle which traver:?
these plains occasionally, feeding a)
they go.
It was a new experience for all, thai
momorable ride, even for Baker and
Mrs. Cotter.
Bound to a rack, as It were, jostled
and pitched, It was such a ride for Sam
Gaddle.* as ha had never imagined?
painful, humiliating, and seemingly
eternal
Baker did all he could with his limited
knowledge of the country, as thus trammeled
by the darkness, to keep the carriage
in the right direction, but frequent
changes and rectifications of their cour;fl
were necessary, and it was only because
the parties possessed good compasses
that they did not miss their way altogether.
At last, with the first gleams of the
new day, the travelers halted at a brook
to water uhelr horses and take theij
bearings anew, as well as to make a
hnrried breakfast.
They were about to resume progress
when an ominous galloping began to reBound
in the tops of the fringe of trees
beside them.
As they listened, this galloping grew
louder, Indicating the approach of the
unseen riders
"Our flight has been discovered, ft
seems," exclaimed Perry. "Tao enomy
is coming!"
The announcement was like a new
lease of life to Sam Gaddlor, who uttered
an awful yell, with a view to telling
his followers where he was and revealing
his situation.
"This way, all!" he shouted, with the
fury of a demon. "Save me!"
Perry's hand flew to his revolver, and
his eyes blazed with fury, as ho realized
what his prisoner was doing, but he did
no'i shoot him, as had been nis first impulse.
Instead, ho gave him a blow on
the head that left him temporarily senseless.
"And now to get out of this!" ho exclaimed,
springing to his former seat on
the box, "Let their go, Charley, for
what tliey are worth! It's do, or die!"
In another moment the carriage had
pulled up the bank, gaining the level of
the prairie, and thus emerging into full
view of the pursuers, who greeted it
with yells of the w.ldost rejoicing.
"There are ab*out a dozen of them."
muttered Baker, plying his wliiD. "At
' . ri . ' '' v;. r-:. p;
" ' .',k ' .t . i - V'y," ' '
AGRICULTURiL,
TOPICS OP INTEREST RELATIVE
TO FARM AND GARDEN.
A HINT ABOUT STRAWBERRIES.
H yon wish to grow largo strawberries
next year, keepyonr young plants
of this year's setting well cultivated
and clean. Apply about 400 pounds
of mixed fertilizer per acre, and repeat
the same early in the spring. The
ground must be soft and weeds not al1r>TPo/l
Tho Timrvirtinn nf fertilizer
tbelr head 19 that chap who recognized
me as I desoended the stairs with Mr3.
Cotter."
"They're well mounted, of course," returned
Perry, regarding the approaching
horsemen with a critical eye. "But
they'li not find us so easy a piey as they
Imagine."
No one could hope, of course, that tbe
carriage could distance the fleet-footed
horses of the pursuers, but the prairie
presented a well-defined descent as far
as the eyo could reacn, ana jferry Knew
that the chase would not end with the
first mile or the second. He felt, too,
that he could sell his life dearly with
the aid of the three rifles which lay In
the. carriage behind him.
Pass them op here, please," he said,
wtth a gesture to Mra Cotter, while
Baker cave all his attention to getting
the carriage under fall headway, "and.
have no fear. The form of Gaddler is
between us and his people, and they'll
take good care not to send too many
bullets In this direction until they are
near us "
At what a wild gallop the horses we're
now going, with the favor of their down
grade, can be Imagined.
"Of course wo are handicapped,"
growled Baker, after another glance at
tbe pursuers, "but their horses are no
fresher than ours. "
The situation was now as clearly defined
as anything could be, the carriage
flying with all the._speed of which the
five norses attached to it were capable,
even under the spur of their wild excitement,
and the pursuers rending the air
with their cries as they came on like a
thundering tempest.
"They're gaining," at length announced
Elfle, when there could be no
longer any doubt of the fact, "but not
very rapidly."
Nodding assent, Perry looked to hte
rife, while Baker piled his whip with
renewed vigor, at the same time encouraging
his horses with his voice in
such a way as to bring out their best
gait
Onward! Onward!
A mile had already been traversed at
this break-neck speed and the main
group of the pursuers had gained scarcely
ten rods upon the fugitives, although,
like Perry and Baker they were getting
all thev could out of their horses.
But there were two of them who bad
taken the advance considerably of their
fellows?.the talL, formidable ruffian with
whom Baker bad dealt so promptly and
a wiry little half-breed.
Nearer and nearer -came the couple,
as the wild flight was continued, and at
length they proceeded to get their rifles
in readiness for action.
"They mean mischief," recognized
Perry, facint? around on his seat, which
was of courso elevated above the body of
the vehicle. "It will be luck, however,
rather than skill if any harm is done on
either side until they are nearer or our
pace is moderated."
A snot came from the half-breed at
this moment, whistling near the fugitives,
but Its only effect was to quicken
the speed of the horses.
"I'll give them a response," cried
Perry.
Tho report of his rifle succeeded and
a cry of Joy escaped him. Fortune had
favored him. and the tall, formidable
pursuer in the lead, who was evidently
the head of the whole gang, ha J tumbled
from his saddle.
"Good!" muttered Baker. "We have
made a beginning."
[to be costeuted.]
TEMPERANCE.
SO POLICE SEEDED.
In the County Tyrone, Ireland, there la ft
district of sixty-one square miles, inhabited
by nearly 10,000 people, having three great
roads communicating with market towns,
in which there are no saloons, entirely ow
ing to the self-action of the Inhabitants. Tho
result has been that there Is not a policeman
In the district, the poor rates are one-half
what they were before, and the police magistrates
testify to the great absence of crime
and disorder. ?The Templar.
"BEEB 31 AXES SIEJI PAT."
The "fat" exhibited by the beer-drinker
; and sometimes by persons suffering from
other disorders is really not a fat at all. Instead
of being a body-warmer, it consists of
bits of partially digested flash-forming food
which the system really required but which
it was unable to assimilate ofringto the presence
in the body oi the alcohol which the
beer contained. The appearance of this sort
of "fat" then, Instead, of being an indication
of a well-regulated system, is nature's
method of stowing disorder there; Instead
of being a sign of health, it is an unmistakable
symptom of disease.?A. W. Gutridge.
AS EXPEBMENT WORTH TBTISO.
A novel experiment In thefltjht against tho
saloon Is being tried at New Kochelle, N. Y.
A large two-story building has been hired
and furnished at a cost of $3000, contributed
matnly to the Christian people of the town.
The ground floor is devoted to a refreshment
room, in which tea, coffee, lemonade and
sandwiches are sold at cost price*,; a reading
room supplied with dally and weekly papers,
and an amusement room whore there are
appliances for chess, checkers, dominoes,
etc. The upper floors are oocupled by
dormitories and shower baths. Here a man
may get a bath, bdd aud breakfast In perfect
cleanliness and neatness for thirty-five cents.
THE YELLOW PETER.
Intemperance Is rated as one of tho <?blet
predisposing causes of yellow fever. "From
my own knowledge," says the author of
"Tropical Diseases," "as well as from the
observations of others, I aver that those who
drink notbincr but water, or make It their
principal drink, are but little affected by the
climate, can undergo the greatest fatitrue
without Inconvenience, and are less subject
to the contagion of troublesome or dangerous
diseases." "For twenty years," Dr. L.
C. Ward writes from Sumatra, "I have had
the opportunity of observing tho comparative
effects of the use of spirituous liquors
and less stimulating drinks by different
classes of the natives : and I find that while
the later expose themselves with Impunity
to every degree of heat, cold, and wet, the
former can endure neither wet nor cold, for
even a short period, without great danger
to their health."
THE WOESISQMAS'S GREATEST CXRSE.
The debasing, brutalizing influenoe of excessive
drinking and saloon environment
falls upon the laboring class as ot our peoplo
with more disastrous effect than upon those
better favored by fortuno. Tho dreadful
vice of intemperance has made frightful
j havoc among our hard-working people.
| What else bat this spendthrift vice coma aiflict
a largo portion of our people with
poverty so hopeless as to ba like an incurablo
disease, a people to whom countless
millions are yearly paid? What olse huddles
so many of them into the swarming
tenement houses? I make no odious
comparison between tho intemperance
of the wealthy and the intemperance
ot the poor. The heathenish vice of
drunkenness is an abomination whereever
its foul presence is known. I only state
a fact which cannot be set aside?a fact
which the philanthropist and the statesman
cannot ignore?namely, that the greatest
curse blighting the lives and desecrating the
homes of the poor in this country to-day is
the curse of drink.
Tho homes of comfort and luxury are,
alas, too often blighted by tho presence of
the demon of intemperance, and drunkenness
among the wealthier classes of peoplo
is equally odious and even more disgraceful
than among tho poor. But the poor are
greater sufferers, and hence enlist our deeper
sympathy when intemperance blights their
lives, for, in addition to the heartache and
sorrow which tho vice entails upon rich and
I poor, it adds the horror of penury, beggary
and hopeless degradation to the lives of the
I children of toil.?Father Cleary.
may appear large, but so will the crop
next spring.?Home and Farm.
SHTPFTSa LIVE POULTRY.
Poultry raisers would find that they
could realize considerably more from
their live birds if they would use a
little thought and discretion in the
way of slrpping them. Coops should
not be overcrowded and should be sufficiently
strong to stand the journey
without coming apart. Hens and
roosters should be kept separate if the
highest prices are sought.
Another point is that Monday is a
poor day to sell poultry, as housekeepers
depend largely upon the relics
tt\t\ol V>aai/1aa if ia
Ui LUC uuuuajr ioooi | uwoauwo) *v
wash day, so that the cooking is reduced
to a minimum. Hence Monday
ia a bad day for a shipment of poultry
to arrive on the market. Shipments
should be so timed as to reach the
market from Tuesday to Friday, -when
enough will have accumulated to supply
Saturday's demand.?New York
World.
i
THE QUANTITY OF SEED WHEAT PEB ACKE.
The usual quantity of seed wheat
used is five or six pecks per acre when
sowa broadcast. If a drill is used, one
bushel is quite sufficient ou good,
well prepared land, as then the plants
will tiller numerously, and make large
stools, having ten or more stems. It
is this thickening of the stand that
gives the large yield for the small
seed, and it goes on most successfully
on good land. Otherwise the plants
have not strength to thicken in this
way, and the stand will be thin unless
more seed is sown. This is the reason
why the best farmers use only four
pecks, against six used by others,
whose land is not rich enough to cause
the plants to make so many shoots. It
is very desirable to examine the seed
very carefully for weed seeds. Some
of'the most successful wheat growers
do this by hand, going over the whole
of the seed and picking out the weeds.
It is scarcely possible to avoid sowing
some weeds unless this careful examination
is made.?New York Times.
DEEP PLOWING.
In horticulture as well as agriculture
there has always been a difference
of opinion, says Meehan's Monthly, as
to the value of stirring the soil deep.
The discussion is another illustration
of the point often made, that differences
of opinion frequently come from
not understanding what each side of
the disputation means. If we have
six inches of rich surface 6oil and
plow twelve inches deep, supposing
that could be done, all this rich surface
soil is thrown to the bottom and
the poor soil brought to the top. This
would undoubtedly be an evil, as
plant food is always in the best condition
for assimilation by the plant
when it is near the surface, so that
oxygen can act on it.
To bury the food out of the reach
of oxygen is literally to starve the
plant. But deep soil is certainly an
immense advantage to any plant,
whether grown by farmer or gardener.
What is known as subsoiling, that is
loosening of the subsoil, while still retaining
it as subsoil, leaving the upper
surface where it was originally,
near the surface, is one of the very
best practices in either farming or
gardening. If the question should be
stated, is it right to burv good surfaoe
soil below the surface? there
would only be a negative side to it.
SHEEP FOB THE BEGDCJER.
It is easy to muddle the novice with
ft variety of advice, and to get away
from the possibility of doing that I
wish, writes Professor J. A. Craig, to
offer the following hints as the most
valuable and concise that occur to me:
First?Study your farm conditions
and learn exactly what sheep will thrive
best upon it. Second?If you are not
able to purchase even a small flock of
pure breed or high grade sheep, then
put all you can advantageously in a
pure bred ram and after that do the
best you can in buying ewes. Start
right, even if upon a small scale. The
sheep will rapidly increase. Third?
In purchasing a ram get one fully developed,
strong in bone, straight
shaped, and thoroughly typical of his
breed and sex. 1 have always had an
intuitive liking for the lamb that will
leave a group of his fellows in the fiekl
and boldly iront you. Fourth?Do
not purchase sheep that you have to
trust in for proper development. It
. is only the experienced breeder who
crn forecast development. Fifth?
Never take an ill-doing sheep, even if
it is cheap, with the expectation that
it will become right. Sixth?In selecting
sheep, if possible handle them so
that you may know how much of their
form is due to themselves and how
much to the shears. Seventh?Select
as critically as you can to a chosen
type. Uniformity is a cheap feature
for you to buy and yet a valuable one
in a flock. Eighth?There is no sheep
that embodies perfection in sheep
qualities. Judging between different
sheep is a checking of weakness and n
balancing of qualities. Be inclined
toward the sheep that appears to be
better every time it catches your eye.
Ninth?The purchaser trill find it to
his interests to select from the field
sheep and thereby shun tho-e that
have been fitted for show. Tenth?
The b?-st time to buy is usually in the
fall. Provision may be made with the
seller to have tho owes served by a ram
of different breeding from the one you
bay and thereby you add another season's
use to the ram of your flock.?
Connecticut Farmer.
FARM BUTTEi: MAKING.
There is now more interest felt in
butter making on the farm than for a
good many years. The reason tor
this is that guoJ butter brings a fair
price, while the pr-or stud' brings I
nearly nothing A farm buttermaker,
discussing the matter from
his own experience in the Stockman
and Farmer, says:
As soon as the milk is drawn from
the cows the cream is separated from
it with a hand-separator. The
capacity of this machine should be
about thirty-five gallons of milk per
hour. We have it regulated so that
it will take about one gallon of cream
from every seven gallons of milk. As
soon as the cream is separated from
milk the can containing it is set in a
tank of cold water, where it is kept at
a low temperature until we have
enough of cream for a churning, when
all is ripened together. At thia sea*
son of the year we churn the cream
from three days' milk at each churning.
To ripen ceam we beat it up to
seventy degrees and add about onehalf
pint of starter (sour skim milk)
to each gallon of cream; then set it in
a room where the temperature ia
about seventy degrees, and in about,
twenty-four hours the cream will have
acquired the necessary acidity to be
in condition to churn.
We churn with u barrel churn, in
which the churning is done by concussion.
The cream is churned at a
temperature of about sixty-six degrees
in winter and about sixty-two
in summer. The use of the thermometer
is very important in the
management of cream. As soon as
the butter forms in small granules
about the size of wheat grains the
churn is stopped, and after standing
a few seconds the buttermilk is drawn
off, then enough cold water is added
to float the butter; then the churn is
closed again and given two or three
revolutions and this water is drawn
off; then more water is added, and
the operation is repeated until the
water contains no trace of milk.
After standing a few minutes to
drain the butter is removed from the
churn and weighed, and then spread
upon the butter worker. Por each
pound of butter three-fourths of an
ounce of salt is distributed ovef it
with a fine sieve. This salt is then
thoroughly mixed through the butter,
then it is let stand about one hour for
the salt to dissolve, and then thoroughly
worked over again in order to
remove all the brine. It is now ready
to make into rolls. All our butter is
sold to private customers, and we put
it up in rolls of two, three, four and
five pounds each. When ready to
transport to market each roll is
wrapped in parchment paper, and
over this a sheet of manilla wrapping
paper.
FAE3I AND GARDEN NOTES.
Fungicides are a preventive, not a
cure.
The scale insect cannot be destroyed |
with the ordinary insecticides.
Wheat is a good feed for horses, but
it must be given with discretion.
Healthfulness of stock, from which
to propagate, is of the first consideration.
Judicious shipments in advance of
local competition offers the largest
promise of profit.
It is an easy matter to injure the
pastures from overcrowding. Look
ahead a little* and avoid such an oocurrence.
Some varieties of tomatoes eeem
more susceptible to disease than others.
Vigor of plant, productiveness and
quality of fruit should determine selection.
The economic of commercial fertilizer
is dependent upon other supplemental
conditions as well as the facts
of the available plant food contained
in them.
The best way to clear a woods pasture
of sprouts is to turn in the sheep.
If you happen not to have a flock buy
one. Perhaps you will find them useful
in other ways. *
Manure is fertility, that is, food.
Place it where the young feeders can
get it well mixed in the very finely
Tf. ia nnt fKa fonlf. r\i
jJLll YtHiW" ?w ?? - ?
the plant, usually, if it does not thrive.
While oats are an excellent horse
feed, it is not alone because they are
oats, but because of the amounts and
proportions of the more valuable nutrients,
fat and protein, contained in
them.
A ripe bean crop leaves the soil
porous and dry and robbed of its '
minerals. It needs a dressing of
phosphates and the cultivator rather
than the plow if it is planned to have
a wheat crop follow.
Routine work is tiresome to young
or old in any calling. Make the farm
work as light and pleasant to the
you ig folks as possible. Remember
they cannot seo it from the same
standpoint as can a man.
It is an old adasre. but one contain
ing sound sense, that little boats
should keep near shore. This will apply
in agriculture as well as in other
lines of business. The place for the
fanner of small capital is on fie small
farm.
Veterinary inspection is compulsory
in France for all the Government stallions,
and no stallion is allowed ta
stand for public service without the
Government veterinary certificate that
he is sound and free from all hereditary
unsoundness.
An English journal claims that 1500
pound9 of salt sown to the aero will
check the rust in cereals, protect oats
against the grub and wire-worm, check
potato disease, dissipate fungoid of
mosses, make rough grasses more palatable
and sweeten herbage generally.
The green fleshed cantaloups are generally
the favorites, and these, as well
as the more tender plants of different
kinds, may be had much earlier
by starting them in flower pots,
and transplanting them to the open
ground as soon as danger of frost is
past.
When a horse is being driven on the
road li3 should not at any time be alI
liie ttnmanh xvitli n, ,
large quantity of water. So far as is
possible the rule should be to give j
water frequently, and, while he should I
have all that lie will drink, it should j
be given in small doses.
Get the boy interested in the farm
by giving him something of his own to
be interested in. And do not make
the mistake of taking it away from
him as soon as it has acquired some
value. The problem of reconciling
the boy and the farm is not a very
difficult one if you go at it in the right
I manner. i
y i * ;;;V '* ' t
UNLINED GOWNS.
SUGGESTIONS FOB CHEAP EVENING
FROCKS.
The Secret of How One Dollar Can
Be Made to Do Duty for
Ten?The Waved Hair
Fashion.
i is ft tnruty secret, says
a New York letter to theDe|
| troit Free Press, that is well
(T worth imparting to all womankind
whioh appreciates the value
of making one dollar do duty for ten.
The idea is to make up a number of
fluffy, filmy evening frocks that cost a
mere nothing and can be worn over
crisp, warm silk Blips.
In many cases these are worn over
complete undersuits of silk.
Any one of the three designs here
shown can be reproduced in the materials
described for less than $20.
LIGHT AND CHAP
They were taken from gowns thought
out and worn by a clever English girl,
who went to New Orleans and fell in
love with Creole styles.
The first dress, like the other figures
given, was made in the French
quarter of New Orleans, and cost all I
told 819. The materials were canaryyellow
organdie, pure white footing?
a plain-edged lace of net?and yellow
satin daisy ribbon, which gave a sparkling
finish to the lusterless organdie.
As can be seen in the design, the
gored skirt, which has a round bell
sweep at the bottom, is finished with
a wide foot flounce of the organdie,
surmounted by a narrower one, headed
as well as edged with the footing.
The waist is the low cut baby model,
ttUVi a fnll wavftd neck frill Dut on
without heading; this is also edged
with the footing and at the top line of
the half-inch hem there is a single row
of the ribbon. '
The neck is filled in with a round
yoke made in alternate rows of the
footing and heading, through which
passes the yellow ribbon to tie in front
under the low upstanding throat ruffle
in a loose bow.
The sleeves are the usual nightgown
model generally liked for unlined
dresses; with a tighti3h elastic in the
wrist facing to enable the wearer to
shorten or lengthen them at will.
They are finished at the bottom with
a drooping footing edged flounce, outlined
at the hem, as is the neck one,
with a single row of the ribbon.
Worn with this brilliant little costume
was a slightly pointed belt with
a back bow and long ends of canaryyellow
grenadine ribbon, down the
centre of which ran a satin band with
a raised wheat ear figure.
The next toilet, though perhaps not
as elegant as the bird-like yellow, was
without doubt the most wearable of
the three. It can effectively be made
'frrWk
MrXMM
din^TEB DEES.?.
in any of the crisp, gauzy wasli cottons,
muslin lawn or dimity. The original
Ol Ilim lUUUCi \y u.z> ui i
bloom pink figured dimity, with trimmings
of net-top fancy lace and narrow
pink <*atiu ribbon. The three tiny
foot rt,files at the bottom of the wide
gored skirt are headed as well as
edged with narrow lace.
The neck and sleeve flounces are of
the net-top lace, six inches wide, and
with this costume a straight girdle of
the peach-bloom satin belting is worn.
Instead of silk, the simple hemmed
petticoat and half lowunderwaist fiiat
went with it were made of unfigured
dimity the color of the gown.
A very dress-up little frock indeed
one would call the third figure. Nile
ppp'r
r*t. '
:.!... s ,-. v-^JSbS!
green silk mull, narrow black
ribbon and French blonde lace?not
the old-fashioned blonde lace, bnt a
new, net-like web of silvery white
with thick raised figures?composed
the costume from which it was taken.
Unlike the canary-yellow and peachbloom
batiste, it was worn over a lowcut
slip of Nile green satin, which
satin, by the way, had once composed
qn evening dress and was now deftly
pieced in innumerable places. Here,
too, is another bit of information that
may be of nse to some women, whether
in New York or New Orleans. This
costume costs exactly $2 for the making
; it was fashioned at home under
the English belle's supervision by a
colored dressmaker who charged one
dollar a day for her services!
It is sufficiently elegant to be worn
all winter as a dinner or home evening
dress. For its exact reproduction,
eight yards of silk mull a yard
wide, fifteen yards of black ribbon
half an inch wide, and ten yards of
the blonde lace in a five-inch width
' - -M
'I
ansa is effect. . h
would be necessary. I
how to wave the hair. b
The fashion of waved hair brings H
about a new method in the use of the H
old fashioned curling-iron. The hair Hj
must no longer be crimped, bat mastH
be laid over the head in large,
natural-looking waves. The entire
gecret lies in the fact that the iron iflHj
no longer applied to the tip of thoHj
tress of hair and the hair wound over^H
it, but the tress of hair itself is wound^B
around the iron, beginning as near^f
j the scalp 03 it is comfortable to hold^l
I the heated iron. The illustration^!
shews better tnan words exactly now^n
this is done. 9B
The parting of the hair, which^H
proves so unpopular when it was first^H
introduced, has been accepted chielly^H
by those persons of a Madonna typa^M
of face, for they can bear this severe^!
style of hair dressing. The delicate^H
fringe of curls which so many maidens^M
still continue to wear is too becoming^Hj
to the majority of American girls to^H
j be driven out of fashion."
ViTsTSR H-iT.S. Hflq
Among the winter hate arriving
! a lot of red, -a-hite, blue, green and^H
j butter colored felts, made with a^H
i plain, rather stiff round brim and pv^H
goda shape crown. These will havc^K
velvet birds, velvet wings and voIvet^H
and plush flowers, most notably chry-^H
santhemums and dahlias. Velva^^H
roses and plush flowers ara also seen.HB
tll? kim/1 cs n n t-> orn y\ 1 -jo -rtrvcclht
XilC.lC UiiC cu ;io u.o
made of pressed velvet and also o^H
plush. Some have wings of satin^^J
where the feathers arc closely imitatec^D^
by cleverly arranged folds. This
departure ought to satisfy those whc^H
have made so much outcry abou^JH
using real birds. |H|
?ILLiOW3 FOR COIIFOHT.
Among the lesser articles of orna^^B
merit and comfort that go so far to^H
ward making the home dainty, sofJHH
pillows hold an importart place, anc^^H
are now used whenever there is th^H|
least excuse for them. In man^aB
homes the feather beds that have beeiHB
long in disuse are now renovated o^^H
thoroughly aired, and their content^^B
used for a variety of decorative cush^^H
ion?. The feather cushions are noHH
so luxurious as those made of downHH
but they answer very nicely: and, o^^fij
course, cost much les$. The.covering^Hj
of these pillows should, r.s a rule-, b^H|
quiet and unobtrusive in tone. BrillHH
iant reds, blues and pinks can seldon^^B
be used with artistic effect, being
satisfactory when a decided contras^U
with some sober-liued chair or cnucl^^M
covering is desired. A blight cusuioiHHl
on a slate-colored chair would be preL^^S
ty, and so woulJ a light blue one ii^Bg
contrast with a dark green chair; bu^H|
unless one is certain thaf such higl^^H
colors will harmonize with their
roundings, it is much wiser to choos^Hl
quieter hues. |H
Wild hogs, it is said, arc abuncir.n^Hjfl
along the Colorado River. Bjafl

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