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HIGHEST ON EARTH. THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT IS LOFTIEST OF ITS KIND. Interesting Details of the Origin, Erection and Completion of a Great Obelisk?Wonderful View From the Top. T 7EW people who have never Been 1=/ the Washington monument I (ion nntipoivo nf its fitrentrth. ; ' w ?? ? yr . the statuary of Washington which represents the father of his country is simply execrable in taste and horrible in drawing and execution. ir its majesty, and yet its grace I and beanty of outline. Indeed, it may -well be regarded as one of the architectural wonders of the world. It is the loftiest structure ever reared by man. From the base line, or, rather, sill of the door of the main entrance, to the apex of the cap-stone is exactly 555 feet and four inches. This makes the Washington monument the tallest edifice or structure in the world. The next highest is the famous old Cheops pyramid in Egypt, which is 543 feet, but as that is of im* mense area at its base and rises in easy slopes to the summit, old Cheops conveys little more impression upon the eye than would a lofty mountain from a plain. The great cathedral at Cologne has a spire which reaches into the heavens 524 feet, and there is a cathedral at Antwerp whose spire extends upward 476 feet St. Peter's spire, or rather, dome, at Rome, is only 448 feet. When the big tower on the City Hall in Philadelphia is completed it will rival the Washington monument, but even then will not equal it, for it is only designed to run that up 535 feet. The great Washington obelisk, therefore, stands alone in the grandeur of its elevation, the symmetry of its outlines and the solidity of its construction. The world has never seen anything like it before, nor is it likely that the genius * ? j ? _f :n UU patXIULIMLU UI ULi?U WU1 ugouu attempt so ponderous a work. As there is never likely to be another Washington, so it may be safely said that there will never be another memorial bnilt to commemorate him or any of his successors. The great Washington shaft will stand alone, as , long as the Republio lasts. Thousands have made the ascent on foot, but it is a dreadful task, and there is a certain something in the awful solitude?the sense of being shut in within fonr solid walls, with the -dimmest of lights, that makes nerV' Tons people long for the end. But th,ere seems to be no end. There are p 900 iron steps to climb. True, the staircase is broad, but the faces of the Steps are worn smooth with the tread of many feet, and the end?well, the the end is afar. Long before you get to the top yon wish you had not started. The guide books will tell you that you can stop the elevator at any of the landings and get on, bat that is a fiction- The elevator makes straight runs. Like some of the elevators in Chicagu, it runs as a limited v .express, though not a very fast one, for it takes seven minutes to cover the CIS feet which lands one at the plat. form under the capstone. To the man f who starts to walk up there is enough to interest him in tne study of the memorial stones, the intaglios and r-: k\ . ? .'i m'' '.f.V k ;v " I v WASHINGTON MONUMENT. other tablets which adorn every fiftyfoot level as high as 200 feet,but above that everything is a dead blank. One sees nothing but the dim light of the incandescent lamps reflecting on the cold granite walls, the steel skeleton frame of the stairway and the endless wind and wind and wind upward. They were a dear old lot of enthusiasts who conceived the monument, and right manfully did they prosecute the work. The movement began away _ -i- _ 1 onn _ _ / ? i c r% a dock m jloz?, wnen uaie <e oeaion, then making enormouB sums oi money 1 on the Government printing contracts, first mooted the project. They got interested with them old Peter Force, George "VVatterson, Librarian of Congress, and William Cranch, an old land owner, and formed a society, and they succeeded in getting Chief Justice Marshall, then in his eighty-fifth to act as President. The first idea was to build the monument by dollar subscriptions, but it was Boon JaUw/I iUta **rsxnl/l T^ I 1UUUU KJLUO rr uuiu ^iv/w n xu ujUA. , the society several years to raise $80,000. Then they raised the "ante," bo to speak, and in a short while they had about $100,000?enough to begin on plans at least. Every man over forty years old remembers in his school books and current prints pictures of the "proposed monument to George Washington." When the committee was raising money they sent this print out broadcast and thousands of them are to-day stored away in the garrets of the country. This was the design of Robert Mills, at that time an arch"* itect of the Capitol. His design was a huge building in the form of a circular peristyle or colonnade 250 feet in diameter and 100 in height. At points equidistant on the roof of this structure were to be bronze equestrian statues of Washington, modeled from studies of various incidents in his career. From the middle of this circular colonnade was to rise an obelisk 500 feet high. This design was bold, but the society abandoned it because of the cost, and resolved upon the plain obelisk that we have to-day?a lucky change, many think, for most of ^ k ... . ROBERT C. WINTHROP. It was a noted crowd that witnessed the laying of the corner stone of the present structure, July 4. 1848. Among them, was the venerable Mrs. Alexander Hamilton, then ninety-one years old; George Washington Park Custis, then proprietor of the Arlington, and father-in-law of Robert E. Lee; Mrs. Dolly Paine Madison, " ' Tfc -J x . -\/T TA? Widow or tQe uuiju t VIEW OF MONE^fEKT FBOM DOl Quincy Adams, widow of another exPresident ; Chief Justice Taney, Lewis Cass, of Michigan; ex-President Martin Yan Buren, and Millard Fillmore, who had just been nominated for Vice-President -with Zachary Taylor. Robert C. Winthrop, the Speaker of the House, delivered the oration, and it will be remembered that at the final completion of the monument and its formal dedication, February 22,1885, the then venerable Mr. Winthrop was ag^in present, one of the most honored guests. But for many years after 1854 the project lagged. The association got to the end of its money (it had raised and spent $250,000) and then the thing stopped. The monument was up 165 feet, then it was housed over and so remained. Nor was it until twenty-two years later, in 1873, that Congress could be induced to do anything. The spirit engendered in the centennial year set the machinery in motion, and the press and people took the matter up in such vigorous shape that Congress made an appropriation to begin the work of completion. The result wasx that in eight years thereafter the work was complete. On December 6, 1854, the capstone was set and the work ended. It is a mistake to suppose that the great shaft is a "marble column." It is not. For the first 400 feet the main structure is of blue granite, the lower walls being fifteen feet thick. The thickness of the walls decreases until about the 450 feet level, when they cease, and the rest of the altitude is reached by solid blocks of marble, from two and oue-half feet thick to eighteen inches. Inside this, however, is built an interior structure and p.rcn, witn a Keystone wnicn supports the capstone, that weighs just one and one-half tons. Inside this Bhaft rise fonr iron standards, which run Irom top to bottom of the opening. These are bolted to the inner walls and form the framework of the Btairs and elevator shaft. They are marvels of strength. In fact the -whole interior of the great shaft looks and is as strong as the 3teel frame of any of Chicago's sky scrapers. If it were possible by any natural or other force to topple over or disturb the Washington monument from its perpendicular, this interior structure alone would keep it from CAPSTONE OF THE MONUMENT, SHOWING THE ALUMINUM TIP. coming down. There ia never the slightest vibration, deflection or movement, the result of either cold or heat. The elevator as one of the largest and strongest ever made. It is suspended by four two-inch steel cables and is drawn by a 175 horse power engittt in the basement of the shaft" Everything about the elevator gives way to safety precautions. The safety clutches are double clutches. The frame of the elevator is light but made of the best of steel. The elevator is limited to thirty people, but it would carry weight three times that number. But it runs very slow?another measure?and no amount of persuation will induce the elevator man to get a move on him. After looking at the shaft from a distance one is surprised to how much room there is in the platform from which a visitor looks out over the country. On each of the four faces of the pyramidal cap are two lookout windows. From the ground they do not look larger than bull's eyes, but once up there there is room for ten people at each window. Fifty people can move about on the upper ??3: J i. lanumg huu ucver uuue gci iu mu other's way. The view from this landing is one of the grandest ever spread before the human eye. It makes a nervous person shake a little, and not every one cares to glance downward to the base of the shaft, for the effect is disturbing. By the laws of perspective, parallel lines converge in the distance, and the effect of this is that the base of the monument, by convergence of its two visible corners, seems smaller at the bottom than at the top, and the sensation is that the whole shaft is just about to topple over. By the same laws of perspective objects not so far away look smaller, even though they be larger than those in the greater distance. V" I 5^"Sfip* <v' 1' ' WvmP2'd ? ^f|j| ra OP THE NATIONAL CAPITOL. Thus the Capitol looks a good deal smaller than the old ship house in the Navy Yard, a mile farther oft. And the tower of the Soldiers' Home, two miles farther away, looks twice as big as the dome of the Capitol. A** lnlAvnofin^ ofn/lw nf fnn mnnn. J*ll 1L1 fV/JL OVUVAJ V* VUV U1VUM ment is the tablets?the memorial stones, which for more th&n a generation a patriotic people and an admiring world have been sending to adorn the interior of tbe structure. These tablets date from away back in 1849, and some of them are immensely funny viewed at this late day. All sorts and kinds of human impulse seem to have prompted these memorials. National patriotism, local pride, oorporate vanity and rivalry, religious z^al, private greed and hope of gain, all these conditions are visible, and not only visible, but palpable. Some of the tablets are very elaborate and must have cost a great deal of money. Tho-e, for instance, seDt by the cities of New York and Philadelphia are splendid specimens of marble sculpture. IN THE ELEVATOR. Virginia did not content herself \?ith one tablet, but has a dozen, in which naturally references to the "Father of His Country" and "Virginia's Noblest Son" predominate. The Western States are but poorly represented. Some of the tablets which seem now odd and 1 out of place are those, some of them very handsome, donated by the old 1 volunteer fire departments of the vari- 1 ous cities. There are others, too, by individual fire and hook and ladder companies. The chief aim of the fire ( laddieB of the past seems to have been to get their individual names emblazoned upon the tablets of fame. Thus every memorial sent by an engine or hook ana iaaaer company nas tne name of every member cut in the face. New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore seem to have got up a aerous rivalry as to which should have tho biggest representation in the monument. Some of the offerings are very elaborate sculptures in marble, and must have been costly. The favorite designs were representations of old hand engines, hydrants, with hose coiled about, firemen's hats and trumpets in vignette, and pictures of fire laddies rescuing women and children from burning buildings. Of Sunday-school tablets there is . no end. It looks as if during the ten years before the war every Suudaysohool in the Eastern States had accomplished a memorial tablet for the Washington monument. And the same i with the Odd Fellows and Masons, who have, altogether, over seventy " five offerings; some of them my handsome. Foreign countries are also represented by Brazil, Arabia, China (in native language), Greece and one |I isllSi ENTRANCE TO THE MONUMENT. from Switzerland inscribed, "This block of stone is from tlie original chapel built by William Tell in 1338, at the very spot, Lake Lucerne, where he escaped from Gessler." Some of the lesser tablets are very odd. In 1856 B. Norris &Co., locomotive builders of Philadelphia, got out a locomotive in basrelief, carved in marble, and, with their name and occupation on it, the stone now occupies a conspicuous place. New Bedford, Mass., sent a stone with nothing on it but the name of the town and a representation of a big harpoon, which, of course, at the time, told its own story. Another old stone is a block of granite, inscribed "From D. D. Hitner's Quarry, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania." Mr. miners "Quary's" fame is thus perpetuated through countless generations. The control of the monument is vested with the War Department, and it is under immediate charge of Colonel Wilson, of the public buildings and grounds. Congress appropriates $12,000 annually for its maintenance. ?Chicago Herald. Calilornia Flying Fish. Eastern anglers unacquainted with the California flying fish find novelty in its peculiar habits and characteristics. Fish are supposed to confine themselves to the water, but a fish that oan fly does what man is unable to do successfully. The California flying fish, which in-. habits the coast from San Diego to Monterey Bay, is, of all flying fish of the world, the most remarkable for superior powers of 'flight. It is no mere skipper, like the so-called flying fieh of the Atlantic, commonly known as the "skipjack," but is a true flier, tbe same as a bird. Tbe flying fisli swims rapidly, having an exceptionally powerful tail. On rising from the water 1 the movements of the tail are continued some sec* onds until the whole body is out of the water. While the tail is in motion the pectoral fins vibrato rapidly and the ventral fins are folded. When the action of the tail ceases the pectoral and ventral fins are spread, and, so far as can be seen, are held at rest. On this plane of outstretched fins the fish seems to sail through the air several feet above the water, without any perceptible movement of its wings. As the fish begin to fall the tail touches the water and the motion of the pectoral fins begins again, enabling the fish to continue its flight for a quarter of a mile or more, A a 1\tt A foil inf A TOO for mifV? uuu guuu \jj u luii IUVV ?uw nwiv* > *?* a splash. While flying it resembles a huge dragon-fly. The motion is swift; at first it is in a straight line, but this becomes deflected to a curve, the pectoral fin on the inner side of the arc being bent downward. The fish is able, to some extent, to turn its course and shy off from a vessel, although the motion of the fish seems to have no reference to the direction of the wind. These fish are about eighteen inches long. Frequently they fly in flocks. One of the amusements of the guests a n <-in w Qon T^ifi/v/% 1 CI txv n ocaoiuc uutci UCUI uau x/icgu ig vkj spear flying-fish at night. With a torcb, rowboat and spear the angler patrols the ocean not .+'ar from shore. The fish fly at the torch, thus becoming easy victims of the spear. It is novel sport to. have the fish literally flying into the boat. Ardent sportsmen have tried shooting these fish on the wing in the daytime with some success. ?San Francisco Examiner. Illiuiitability of Space. "A cannon ball," says Sir John Herschell, "would require seventeen years to reach the sun, yet light travels over the same space in eight minutes. The swiftest bird, at its utmost speed, would require nearly three weeks to make the tour of the earth. Light performs the same distance in much less time than is necessary for a single stroke of its wing; yet its rapidity is but oommensurate with the distance it has to travel. It is demonstrable that light cannot reach our system from the nearest of the fixed stars in less than five years, and telescopes disclose to us objects probably many times more remote." Farmer Greene's Mistake. Farmer Greene first invests in a new hat?and then in a hair cut.? Judge. Eurasians (half-breeds), according to a recent decision of the Indian Government, are not to be allowed to enter British regiments, or even to form a regiment by themselves. REY. DR. TA1MAGE. THE BROOKLYN DIVINE'S SUNDAY SERMON. Subject: "Hadasssah." Text: "A.nd he brought up Hadaaaah," ! Esther if.. 7. A beautiful child was born in the capital of Persia. She was an orphan and a captive, her parents having been stolen from their Israelitish home and carried to Shushan and had die'!, leaving their daughter poor and in a strancre land. But an Israelite who had been carried into the same captivity was attracted by the case of the orphan. He educated her in his holy religion, and under the roof of that crood man this adopted child began to develop a sweetness and excellency of character, If ever equaled, oertainly never surprised. Beautiful Hadaasah! Could that adopted father ever spare her from his household? Her artlessness, her girlish sports. her Innocence, her orphanage. had wound themselves thoroughly around his heart, just as around each parent's heart among us there are tendrils climbing and fastening and blossoming and growing atroneer. I expect he wag like others who have loved ones at home?wondering sometimee if sickness will come and death and bereavement. Alas, worse than anything that the father expects happens to his adopted child? Ahasuerns, a princely scoundrel, demands that Hadassab, the fairest one In all the kingdom, become his wife. Worse than death was marriage to such a monster of ln'qulty! How srreat the change when thid young woman left the home where God was worshiped and religion honored to enter a palace devoted to pride. Idolatry and sensuality ! "As a lamb to the slaughter!" Ahasuerus knew not that bis wife was a Jewess. At the instigation of the infamous prime minister the king decreed that all the Jews in the land should be slain. Hadassah pleads the cause of her people, breaking through the rulps of the court and presentin? herself in the very face of death, crying, "If I perish, I perish!" Oh, It was a sad time among that enslaved people! They had all heard the decree concerning their death. Sorrow, gaunt and ghastlv. sat in thousands of households, nnd mothers wildly pressed their infants to their breasts as the days of massacre hastened on. praying that the same sword stroke which slew the mother might also slay the child, rosebud and bud perish4nrr In fKa oomo Kloof But Hadassah la bus7 at court. The hard heart of the king Is touched by her story, and although he could not reverse his decree for theslaylnpr ot the Jews he sent forth an order that they should arm themselves for defence. On horseback, on mules, on dromedaries, messengers sped through the land bearing the king's dispatches, and a shout of joy went up from that enslaved people at the faint hope of success. I doubt not many a rusty blade was taken down and sharpened. Unbearded youths arrow stout as giants at the thought of defending mothers and sisters. Desperation strung up cowards Into heroes, and fragile women grasping their weapons swung them about the cradles, Impatient for thnm to strike the blow In behalf of household and country. The day of execution dawned. Government officials, armed and drilled, "cowed before the battle shout of the oppressed people. The cry of defeat rang back to the palaces, but above the mountains of dead, abovi 75,000 crushed and mangled corpses, sounded the triumph of the delivered Jews, and their enthusiasm was as when the highlanders eamo to the raHaf of Tnrtfennw. nnd tha Enc lish army, which stood In the very jaws of death, at the sudden hope of assistance and rescue lifted the shout above belching canton and the death groan of hosts, crying: "We are saved! We are saved!" Mr subject affords me opportunity of illustrating what Christian character may be under the greatest disadvantage. There is no Christian now exactly what he wants to be. Your standard is muoh higher than anything you have attained unto. If there be any man so puffed up as to be thoroughly satisfied with the amount of excellency he has already attained, I have nothing to sny to such a one, but to those who are dissatisfied with past attainments, who are toiling under disadvantages which are keeping them from being what they ought to be, I have a message from God. You each of you labor under difficulties. There is something in your temperament, in your worldly circumstance?, in your calling, that acts powerfully against you. Admitting all this, I introduce to you Hadassah of the text, a noble Christian notwithstanding the most gigantic difficulties. She whom you might nave expected to be one of the worst of women is one of the best. In the first place, our subject is an lllustration-of what Christian character may be under orphanage. This Bible line tells a long story about Hadassah. "She had neither father nor mother." A nobleman become her guardian, but there is no ona who can take the place of a parent. Who so ableat night to hear a child's prayer, or at twilight to chide youthful wanderings, or to soothe youthful sorrows? An individual will go through life bearlng the marks of orphanage. It will require more strength, more persistence, more grace to make sach a one the right kind of a Chhris:ian. He who at forty years loses a parent must reel under the blow. Even down to old age men are accustomed to rely upon the counsel or be powerfully influenced by the advice of parents, if they are still alive. But how much greater the bereavement when it comej in early life, before the character ia self reliant, and when naturally the heart is unsophisticated and easily tempted! And yet behold what a nobility of disposition Hadassah exhibited! Though lather mother were gone, grace had triumphed over nil disadvantages. Her willingness to self sacrifice, her control 07er the king, her humility, her faithful worship of God. show her .to have been one of the best of the world's Christians. There .are those who did not enjoy remark able oarly privileges. Perhaps, like the Deautnul oaptive or the text, you were an orphan. You bad huge sorrows In your little heart. You sometimes wept in the night when you knew not what was the matter. You felt sad sometimes oven on the playground. Your father or mother did not stand in the door to welcome you when you came home from L long journey. You still feel the effect of early disadvantages, and you havo sometimes offered them as a reason for your not being as thoroughly religious as you would like to be. , But these excuses are not sufficient. God's grace will triumph If you seek it. He knows what obstaolesyou have fought against, and the more trial the more help. After all, there are no orphans In the world, lor the great God is the Father Of us all. Again, our subject is an illustration of what religion may be under t'ne pressure of poverty. The captivity and crushed condition of this orphan girl and of the kind man who adopted her suggest a condition of poverty. Yet from the very first acquaintance we had with Hadassah we find her the same happy and contented Christian. It was only by compulsion she was afterward taken into a sphere of honor and affluence. In the humble homo of Mocdecai. her -adopted father, she was a light that illumined every privation. In some period In almost every man's life there comes a season of straitened circumstances, when the severest calculation and most scraping economy are necessary in order to subsistence and respectability. At the commencement of business, at the entrance upon a profession, when Jriends are lew and the world IB airaia 01 you uecuuso iuoid is ? possibility of failure, many of the noblest hearts have struggled against poverty and are now struggling. To such I bear a message of good cheer. You say it Is a bard thing for you to be a Christian. This constant anxiety, this unresting calculation, wear out the buoyuncy of your spirit, and although you have told , perhaps no one about it cannot I tell that this Is the very trouble which keeps you from being what you ou?ht to be? You have no time to think about laying up treasures In hpaven when It Is a matter of great doubt whether you will be enabled to pay your next quarter's rent. You cannot think of strivine after a robe of righteousness until you can get means enough to buy an overcoat to keep outtheoold. You want the bread of life, hut you think you must get along without that until you can huv another barrel of flour for your wife and children. Sometimes you sit down dlscouragod and almost wish you were dead. Again, our subject Illustrates what relicion may be under the temptation of personal attractiveness. The inspired record save of the heroine of my text, "She was fair and beautiful." Her very name signified "a myrtle." Yet the admiration and praise and *. ' / r. ' flattary of the world did not blight her humility. The simplicity of her manners and behavior equaled her extraordinary attractions. It is the same divine goodness which puts the tinge on the rose's cheek, and the whiteness into the lily, and the steam on the wave, and that puis color In the oheek and sparkle In the eye, and majesty In the forehead, and symmetry Into the form, and gracefulness into the gait, but many, through the very charm of their personal appearance, hava been destroyed. What simperlngs and affectations and Impertinences have often been the result .of that which God has sent as a blessing! Japonicas, anemones and heliotropes never swagwr at the beauty which God planted In their very leaf, sepal, axil and stamen. There are many flowers that bow down so modestlv vou cannot see the color In their cheek until you lift up their head, putting your hand under their round chin. Indeed any kind of personal attractions, whether they be those of the body, the mind or the heart, may becomo temptations to pride and arbitrariness and foolish assumption. The mythological story 1 of a man who, seeing himself mirrored in a stream, became so enamored of his appearance that he died of ttie effects illustrates the fatalities under which thousands of both sexes have fallen by the view of their own superiority. Extraordinary caoaclties oause extraordinary temptations. Men who have good moral health down in the valley on the top of the mountain are seized of consumption. Monlmla, the wife of Mithrldates, was strangled with her own diadem. While the most of. us will not have the same kind of temptation that Hadassah must have felt from her attractiveness of personal appearance, there may be some to whom it will be an advantage to hold up the character ofthe beautiful captive who sacrificed not her humility and earnestness of disposition to the world's admiration and flattery. The chief secret of the beauty of the violet la that, away down In the grass, from one week's end to another, it never mistrusts that It is a violet. Again, our subject exhibits what religion may be under bad domestic Influences. FTftdoMnh was flnfttnhftd from thn trodlv home Into which she had been adopted and Introduced Into the abominable associations of whloh wicked Ahasuerus was the center. What a whirl of blasphemy and drunkenness and licentiousness! No altar, no prayer, no Sabbath, no God! It this captive girl can be a Christian there, then It Is possible io be s Christian anywhere. There are many of the beat people of the world who are obliged to contend with the most adverse domestic Influences, children who have grown up into the love of God under the frown of parents, and under the discouragement of Dad example. Some sister of the familv having professed the faith of Jesus is the subjeot of unbounded satire inflicted by brothers and sisters. Yea, Hadassah was not the only Christian who had a queer husband I It Is no easy matter to maintain correct Christian principles when there Is a companion disposed to scoff at them and to asoribe every imperfection of character to hypocrisy. What a hard thing for one member of the family to rightly keep the Sabbath when others are disposed to make it a day of revelry, or to inculcate propriety of speech in the minds of ohlldren when there are others to offset the instructions by loose or profane utterances, or to be regularly in attendance upon church when there is more household work demanded for th'e Lord's day than for any secular day. So I speak to any laboring under these blighting disadvantages? My subject Is full of encouragement. Vast responsibilities rest upon you. ' Be faithful, though you stand as muoh alone as did Lot in Sodom, or Jeremiah in Jerusalem, or Jonan in rwneven, or HaaasBah in the coart of Ahasuerus. There are trees which grow the best when their roots clutch among the jagged rooks, and you verily have but poor soil in whioh to develop, but grace is a thorough husbandman and can raise a crop anywhere. Glassware is molded over the Are, and in the same way you are to be fitted as a vessel of mercy. The best timber must have on it saw and gouge and beetle. The foundation stone of yours and every other bouse oame out only under orowbar and blast. Files and wrenches and hammers belong to the ohurch. The Christian victory will be bright just in proportion as the battle is hot. Never despair being a thorough Christian in any household which is not worse than the court of Ahasueru9. Finally our subject illustrates what religion may be in high worldly position. The last we see in the Bible of Hadassah is that she has become the queen of Persia. Prepare now to see the departure of her humility and self-sacrifice and religious principle. As she goes up you may expect grace to go down. It is easier to be humble In the obscure house of her adopted father than on a throne of dominion. But you misjudge this noble woman. What she was before she Is now?the myrtle. Applauded for her beauty and her crown, she forgets not the cause *f her suffering people, and with all simplicity of heart still remains a Worshiper of the God of heaven! Noble example followed only by a very few. I address some who, through the goodness of God, have risen to positions of Influence in the community where you live in law, in merchandise, In medicine, in meshanics and in other useful occupations and professions. You hold an influence for good or for evil. Let us see whether, like Hadas>ah, you can stand elevation. Have you as much simplicity of charaoter as once you evidenced? Do you feel as much dependence upon God, as much j-our own weakaess, as much your accountability for talents Intrusted, or are you proud and overdemanding and ungrateful and unsympathetic and worldly and sensual and devilish? Then you have been spoiled by four success, and you shall not sit on this throne with the heroine of my text. In j the day when Haclassah snail come to the grander coronation, in the presence of j Christ and the bannered hosts of the redeemed, you will be poor indeed. Oh, there are thousands of men who can easily endure to be knocked down of misfortune who are utterly destroyed if lifted up of success. Satan takes them to the top of the pinnacle of the temple and shoves them off. Their head begins to whirl, and they lose their balance and down they go. While last autumn all through the forests there were luxuriant trees, with moderate out branch and moderate height pretending [ but little, there were foliage shafts that shot ] far up, looking down with contempt on the whole forest, clapping their hands In the breeze and shouting, "Aha, do you not wish you were as high up as we areV" But last week a blast let loose from the north oame rushing along, and grappling the boasting oaks hurled them to the ground, and as they went down an old tree that had been singing psalms with the thunder a hundred summers cried out, "Pride gceth before distinction and a haughty spirit before a fall." And humble hickory and pine and chestnut that had never said their prayers before bowed their heads as much as to say, "Amen!" My friends, "Good resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to humble.'-' Take from my subject encouragement. Attempt the service of God whatever your disadvantages, and whatever our lot let us seek that graoe which outshone all the splendors of the pal* aces of Shusham. Remarkable Surgical Experiment A wonderful surglc.il experiment has just been performed on Edward K^rwin, of New Haven, Conn., whose baofc was broken by a fall. Dr. W. W. Hawkes, of the local hospital, found tho vertebrae separate! by an Inch, also the cartilage lacerated and a profuse hemorrhage. He removed the broken processes of the vertebrae and wired the vertebrae to keup them in place. Kerwin is on the high road to recovery. A similar operation was but onoe before performed In Connecticut and that was by Dr. Hawkes. The South's Prospects. Reports from all parts of the South show a steady tendency toward improvement in business circles. N>t o:irninL?s of Southern railroads are showin,' an Increase over the u? l?ot Mar The stock | currespuuiiju;^ uw * ? holders of a leading N?w England cottou mill company having vote! to sp-jnd $G00,D00 in building a n?w cotton mill in th? South, several otherN'ewEniland companies are expected to follow tho example. A Lonjf March Tor Cavalry. The cavalry troops at Fort Bowie, Arizonia, wUch have been ordered to Fort Logan, near Dxuver, Cal., will march t&e entire distance, 720 miles. About forty davs will be allowed for the march. It will be the longest march made by cavalrymen since the opening of railroads. A Prehistoric (iiant Unearthed. The skeleton of a prehistoric plant ha9 been exhumed at the old fort in Kentucky twelve miles below Portsmouth, Ohio. It is I eight feet high and four feet acrose the I Bhooldeis. * LATEB NEWS. Cobxell Student Taylob, sentenced for contempt by Justice Forbes, at Ithaca, for refusal to answer all questions relative to the chlorine outrage, was ordered released by the Court of Appeals. Mary Kebsee was shot and killed by Frank Bezeck, at Olyphant, Penn. The girl had refused to marry Bezeck. Louis Kessleb, of Buffalo, shot and killed his wife and then himself at Holland, Erie County, N. T. Evebett P. Wheelee, of Now York City, wa3 nominated by the dhepard Democrats for Governor against David B. Hill, and the third ticket was completed by indorsing Lockwood and Brown. The State Democracy, at its County Convention, nominated the Committee of Seventy's ticket for Now York City, with the substitution ofEdward J. H. Tamsen instead of Otto Kempner for Sheriff, and Dr. Anderson instead of Dr. O'Heagher for Coroner. The twenty-third anniversary of the great fire was celebrated In Chicago. The Department of State has received from the Chilean Government the fall amonnt of the awards made to America by the recent Chilean Claims Commission, aggregating more than $250,000. There was a report in Yokohama that the Japanese had captured Che-Foo ; a second ' Japanese army is said to be advancing upon Monkdet). Dusing a fog a freight train running over a crossing near Chertram, Kent, England, struck a wagon fall of hop-pickers, eight of whom were killed and five badly injured. The following city and county ticket was placed in the field in New York City by Tammany Hall: For Mayor, Nathan Straus; for Recorder, Frederick Smyth ; for President of the Board of Aldermen, Augustus W. Peters; for Judge of the Superior Court, Charles H. Truax; for Sheriff, William Sohmer; for Coroners, John B. Shea and Jacob A. Mittnacht. The funeral of ex-Governor Andrew G. Curtin took place at Bellefonte, Penn. Oliver Wendell Holmes was burled at Boston. The twentieth annnal convention of the American Bankers' Association was held at Baltimore. The American Debenture Company, of Chicago, failed, with liabilities of $1,500,000. The President has appointed A. D. Garden United States Marshal for the District of West Virginia, vloe S. S. Vinson, resigned. Some thirty lives were lost in the storm in Newfoundland waters, and about fifty vessels are ashore there. It was reported that the Czar of Bussia had pyromia. Professor Leyden was summoned. Fbance, England. Russia and Germany , have agreed to form a quadruple alliance to protect foreigners in China and to put an end to the war between that country and Japan. finiyrM a totter t . a wt .ttr's TEH New Head of the G. A. R. to VisII Eastern' Departments. Commander-in-Chief Thomas G. Lawler, of the G. A. B., has established his head* nnoi4oM In fVin rtlfr nt Til Tf iff announced unofficially that he will 8009 visit New York and other Eastern depart* THOMAS O. LAWLBB. ments. 8lupe the war Commander-in-Chief Lawler has been one of the most aotlve members of the Grand Army, holding every office from Po9t to Department Commander# For many years he served as Colonel of the Third Regiment National Guard of Illinois, and was Postmaster of Bockiord under Presidents Hayes, Garfield and Harrison.' He is a prominent business man of Boekfonl* GIRL AERONAUT KILLED. She Falls 1600 Feet From a Ballooq at Frankllnvllle, N. Y. Beatrice vonDressden,the young lady bal? loonist, made an ascension on the Franklin-r vllle (N. Y.) fair ground at 5 o'clock p. m., and when over 1600 feet from the earth fell Kollnnn anrl wftS InStSIltlV killed. Jtuiu LUO Ulliivvu UUV. MX* ? She had a paraohute attachment, and was either trying to loosen It and lost her bait ance, or became unconscious. Great Inter-* eat was taken In the event, because Miss Von Dressden was a nativo of the town. In recent years, however, her home nas been la Frankfort, Ky. She bad been a professional aeronaut for tkree years, an 1 in that time has made twenty ascensions. She had just passed her seventeenth birthday, and was pretty and vivacious. When the hour for the ascension arrived the wind was blowing rather strong, and | she was advised not to make the ascension. I Her father and mother, who were present, tried lb dissuade her, but she declared that she would not disappoint her hundreds of old friends, and the balloon was released from Its; moorings. It went up all right, but somewhat more rapidly than usual. At a height of About 1600 feet the orowd below saw that Miss Von Dreasdsn was preparing to make her parachute jump. She appeared at the side of the basket trying to unfasten the paraohute, which was attached to the balloon. In some way, not olear to those below, she lost her hold of both the balloon and the paraohute, and her body came whirling to the ground. The body struok within the fair grounds and was imbedded nearly a foot in the ground. The girl had worn the costume ordinarily worn by aeronauts, so as to give freedom of limb, and it was torn open by the force of her tall. She was dead when the people L 5 *?-? ? "11 V? <-?* K/\nao nrnva Kmlran rCHCIlKU UOl, UUU Oil UWI l/v/uoo r.??v. V.??M Her father and mother wero among the first ;o rench the body and their demonstrations 3t griet were terrible. The accident brose ap the fair. DYNAMITE ON THE STOVE. Five Persons Killed by the Recklessness of a Michigan Miner. John Ravell, a miner, of Ironwood, Mich., put a half box of dynamito on the kitchen stove to thaw it out for use in the morning. The family, consisting of seven persons, was gathered about the stove, chatting over the Hvent9 of the day with'a neighbor, Mrs. Peterson. Suddenly there was a terrific explosion, hy which the following were killed: John Ravell, Peter Ravell. Dan Ravell, Louis Ravell, Mrs. Louise PetersoD. The three others present wore terribly injured. The house was blown to atoms.