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SOUTHERN FACTORIES. M'LAURIN'S REVIEW OF OUR REMARKABLE PROGRESS. Facta and Figures of Great Significance? The South'* Advantages and Her Splendid Future-- Gnod Reading for Every, body; Much notice has been taken of the recent speech of Congressman John L. McLaurin, of this State, on the new tariff bill pending in the House of Representatives. Mr. McLaurin said: Mr. Speaker: The provisions of this bill taken as a whole disclose such a want of fairness toward the South that a detailed statement, as far as possible, of the condition,, rare opportunities. and vast Dossibilities of that section appears necessary. As a rule, the people of other sections know but little concerning the real situation in the South, and are apparently willing to draw conclusions from a certain amount of misinformation, obtained through prejudice or error. If I can successfully place before them the true condition of affairs, and at the same time dissipate whatever of error or prejudice that may have obtained, I shall deem myself extremely fortunate. For more than thirty years past tne South has been making a courageous and desperate struggle against great odds. It was compelled to meet the destruction and disasters of war, to face new business, labor, and social problems, and in addition rebuild and readjust its entire economic fabric to conform to radically changed conditions. During the first twenty years of this trying period the people of the South smuggled almost unaided and alone. Business investments were denied, commercial credits were difficult and uncertain, and immigration was almost at a standstill. In fact, the unprecedented growth Df manufacturing industries in the North and East, together with the rapid development of the great West, caused, during these twenty years, the >roken and almost ruined South, in a jusiness sense, to be neglected. Meanwhile her people, with heroic nnnfi'nnarl fllO nrn?l7 rtf HllilH WYUUUUjV/UUklUUVU uuv livta v* ng up the waste places and stimulatng lines of productive industry. All labored, all economized, and all >ent their energies to restore their beoved Southland to its proper position n the nation. Slowly, but surely, a orward movement obtained. Hard rork, rigid economy, and a determind spirit at last turned the tide, and he South began to attract the attenion of the business world. Immigraion began slowly and cautiously. The timidity of capital was overcome, avestments in various enterprises rare made, and a new era of progress tub inaugurated. The dark clouds rnicn naa nung so low inreaiennig ver this beautiful and fruitful section egan to lift, and the sunshine of a lighter future forced its way through le rifts. One morning the news was ashed throughout the country that a oung Georgian, filled with love for is section and her people, burning ith a desire to see her wonderful oportunities improved, had stood amid te brains and enterprise of New ngland and declared there was a ew South, and in the name of sound airiness judgment and safe financial ivestments demanded that her advances , opportunities, and material in rests should be recognized. With an eloquence never surpassed, ith facts and statements incontroverole, Henry W. Grady electrified and tonished his hearers at the progress td standing of the South. While aking no apologies for the past, but sen ting loyally to her traditions and emories, he proclaimed a new South udous for development, ready to Blcome immigration, and prepared protect all in life and property, trowing aside sentiment, casting heath his feet all prejudice, he manlly declared that the South should inceforth be considered a part of our mmercial system; that she had own herself competent, had proven rself worthy, of the consideration those who held the power to devel? her incomparable resources. It is a wise act, nobly and eloquently rformed, and earned him tne love d everlasting gratitude of every xe Southern heart. THE TRUE POLICY. With far less eloquence, but with the earnestness I possess, I desire reiterate the sentiments of the tainted Gra^y and supplement his >rious efforts with the feebleness of r own. Mr. Sneaker, the longer I nam in public life, the more I learn other sections,the more firmly I am ivinced that the South shouli strive extend her material interests. It is luty she owes to herself, to the balce of the nation, and to the genera ns yet to come. tame may contend that such sentiints are sordid and do not appeal to > nobler instincts of our people. To such I would reply that disguise it we may, deprecate it as we should, ; the fact remains that the surest Iisport to individual independence, th much that this term implies, lies a well-filled pocket book. Love in ottage, with one's neighbors luxuting in a palace, is usually a myth, ntentment with a crust of bread, He others are living upon the fat of > land, is a delusion, and the indilual independence said to come m poverty and want is seldom, if ur met. The world is becoming re practical and hardheaded every jy and as a result theory and sentint are retreating before its aggressadvance. To get on, push along, i do something, no matter whether be in religion, politics, business, mce, or upon any other lines, are t now the standards by which men judged. n ray opinion, the future happiness I contentment of the people of the ith will be measured by the increase lecrease in the value of their mate1 interests. 'rom the Potomac on the North to great Gulf on the South, and itching from El Paso on the Rio inde to Cape Henry on the Atlantlies what is usaally termed the letween the blue grass of Kentucky Lthe orange groves of Florida, the t plains of Texas and the pine for i of the Carolinas, is found an exse of territory which for fertility soil, variety of productions, and ily climate can not be duplicated any other portion of the globe, ire is scarcely a tree, plant, or cel that can not be grown here, and wants if man are more nearly , by native production than in any other section of the world. For the past decade this section has made apparently rapid strides ia developing its resources, but this development is not a tithe of what should have been accomplished. Yet it discloses what can be done even under oHttohsb Aifciimstanr.ps. and Doints to the magnificent results which should await the future. FURTHER FACTS. Mr. McLaurin then produced extracts from various industrial journals, to show the character and extent of the progress in the South. He showed, among other things, that in 1890 there were in the South: 882,746 more cotton spindles than there were in 1S94, and continued: Whst is true of cotton is true also of woolen mills, since I am informed that the largest woolen mill in America, if not in the world, is located at Knoxville, Tenn. Other industries, such as iron and steel, wagon and carriage factories, tanneries, etc., I can not describe in detail. I sincerely believe, however, that the lime will come when Columbia, Atlanta, and Birmingham will be to America what Birmingham, Manchester and L?eds are to England. When that day dawns, the supremacy of Fall River, Lawrence, and Lowell will be lost forever, and Charleston and New Orleans will be rivals of New York and Chicago. I wish to say further, if the science mining is ever perfected so that the gold in Georgia and the Carlinas can be separated and secured, there will be as wild a rush for the mines in these States as there was for the gold fields of California. I desire to call attention to my own naI tive State, South Carolina. In con tains 34,000 square miles of as fertile land as the sun shines upon, and 1,151,000 of as kind, brave, and hospitable people as can be found on earth. Its geographical location brings it a genial, healthy climale, luscious fruits, beautiful flowers, bountiful harvests, and all the comforts of life which attach to such a favored region. We have what is known as the coast section, the middle section, and the Piedmont country, each adapted to particular lines of production. Our State is traversed by numerous rivers, many of which are navigable. It is otherwise watered, and the annual rainfall is abundant for all agricultural purposes. T? 10QH V>q Am?inon A XUL lUtfV bug i^.LUV?. offered a prize of $1,000 for the largest y ield of corn from a single acre, and Mr,-Z T. Drake, of the county of Marlboro, secured it. Mr. Drake gathered 255i bushels of corn from 1J acre. This seems impossibles except for the fact that Mr. Drake gathered two crops the same year. He planted his first crop in season, and by the time that had matured he had a second crop ready to cultivate between the rows. In this manner he made two crops of corn in one season, and I secured the premium. Marlboro 1 - I uounty, i may say, is one ui mo u<*uner agricultural counties of the South. FIGURES ON FARMING. in 1895 the News and Courier, of Charleston, S. C., with its usual liberality and foresight, offered a prize for the best all round farming in my State. This prize was also secured by a citizen of my home county, Mr. John C. Fletcher. With but 100 acres under cultivation Mr. Fletcher produced at market prices $3,726.45 worth of farm products, ranging I from 48 bales of cotton to 400 dozen eggs. Let those who are seeking new homes remember that in South Uarolina nearly $4,000 in various farm products were made on 100 acres of land. In my opinion, a State with such a record should not want for the very best class of emigrants. Farmers out West have become rich chiefly through the increased value of their lands. Now, when the manufacturing industries increase in South Carolina, population will increase also, and an increased value in our lands will surely follow. The crops of 1893?the figures are taken from agricultural reportswere : Wheat. 1,732,824 bushels; corn, 29,261,422 bushels; oats, 4,767,821 bushels; rye, 23,641 bushels; potatoes, 349,264 bushels;cotton, 747,471 bales; rice, 30,338,895 pounds (this is about one-fourth of the product of the entire country, in which respect South Carolina stands second); tobacco, 222,898 pounds. South Carolina has 115,008 farms, 5,255,237 acres of improved land, and 7,929,415 unimproved. The value of its lands and farm improvements is $99,104,600; value of farm implements and machinery, $4,172,262; live stock, $16,572,410; estimated annual value of farm products. $57,337,985; 59,889 horses, 86,306 asses and mules, 268,293 neat cattle, 494,696 swine, 79,421 sheep (producing 157,707 pounds of wool); the product of milk was 23,833,631 gallons; butter, 5,737,557 pounds, as well as 690,478 bushels of cow peas, 8.018 bushels of beans, and 42,7b7 busnsls or peanuts. Jbromtnis it will be seen that South Carolina, as an agricultural Slate, makes an excellent showing, and that it is admirably adapted for all who desire to engage in farming. Apples, pears, quinces, plums, peaches, nectarines, apricots, and cherries grow in abundance, and all along the 300 miles of coast oranges, figs, lemons, olives, and pomegranites are raised in perfection. Strawberries, raspberries, whortleberries, and blackberries grow spontaneously and in such quantities that they are largely exporied to northern markets. Grapes grow wild in many sections, and can be successfully cultivated in all portions, and wine making has very natural facility to make it a leaaing and profitable industry. The forests are full to repletion of the most valuable timber, there being 10,000,000 acres alone of superior yellow pine, which produces immense quantities of lumber, tar, pitch, turpentine and rosin. There are also the magnolia, sweet and black gum, whilewater, red, black, and live oak, black walnut, elm, hickory, maple, sycamore, ash, cypress, chestnut, beech, locust, persimmon, dogwood, poplar, etc., in fact, about all varieties suita ble for all the purposes of the lumberman, shipbuilder, and manufacturer, and all in great abundance. There is no lack of mineral wealth in South Carolina, as is well known to all who are familiar with the re sources of the State. In building stones are granite of beautiful colors, and porphyritic granite resembling the (^uincy granite, white and variegated marble, gneiss for flagging purposes, white feldspathic sandstone, buhrstone, flagstone, limestone, red and yellow ocher, and porcelain clay of superior quality. Experts pronounce the glass sands equal for glass and crystal ware to that, from which the justly celebrated Staffordshire ware is made. The limestone of the Blue Ridge is much used as a fertilizer arid fldmirahlv answers this purpose. There are also the rich est deposits of bone fertilizers to b< found on the continent. These de posits extend over many miles, anc range in thickness from 6 inches to 11 feet, and in some cases from 500 tc 1,000 tons are found on a single acre, There is a large amount of capital in vested in the development of these deposits, and the output in 1870 was valued at $2,500,000. There are alsc rich deposits of manganese, and pot ash can be cheaply made in the for ests. Among other sources of wealth is the turpentine industry. There ar? many turpentine stills in operation, and the value of the annual product of this article of commerce, which is used for so many purposes is $3,000,000. ADVANUUaAlttiNX 1M Jl&?iraUiUilW. As to advancement in manufactures, the State of South Carolina ranks among the first in the South. The census shows that the increase in South Carolina during the period from 1870 to 1890 was very marked, being as follows: Capital invested in these industries in 1870, $5,400,418; in 1890, $29,276,261, or nearly 600 per cent, increase. In number of hands employed the increase was over 400 per cent., in the amount paid for wages, 350 per cent., and in manufacture products, $31,926,681, or about 350 per cent. Since 1890 all manufacturing industries have increased very rapidly. Our principal manufacturing cities in South Carolina are Columbia and Spartanburg. Columbia, the capital of our State, is beautifully situated and rapidly becoming -an important commercial center. Eight railroads concentrate here and bring cotton from all parts of the State to the very doors of her mills, some ol which are themselves almost surrounded by cotton fields. It is a curious fact that the Granby mill was built in a cotton field, and its brick foundation inrinsed a natch from which cotton was picked while the walls were going up. The Columbia Canal, built by the State at a cost of nearly $L,000,000, furnishes one of the finest water powers in the South. It is estimated at over 20,000 horsepower, with more than 12,000 developed. A power plant developing 8,000 horse power has just been completed for electrical trnsmission. This is one of the finest plants in the country, and the second largest operated by water power in the United States. Columbia has four cotton mills?the Columbia, with a capacity of 1,000 operatives and 35.000 spindles; the Richland, with 500 operatives and 27,000 spindles; the Granby, with 800 operatives and 53,000 spindles; the Congaree with 200 operatives and 7,000 spindles. These mills consume 52,000 bales of cotton annually and furnish labor for a large number of people. The Columbia Hosiery Mills consume about 360.000 nounds of varn annually. The Allen Batting Company consumes about 2,000 pounds of cotton daily. Taken as a whole the cotton manufacturing interests of Columbia are highly satisfactory. Among the other industries are cotton seed oil mills, phosphate companies, brickyards, ice factories and many other minor establishments. In fact, Columbia is fast making her mark as a business city as well as being the capital of the State. COMPETING WITH THE WEST. There are manv other manufactur ing establishments in other portions of the State, of which I have not time to mention. In fact, the State is being thickly dotted with them, and in almost every case they have become profitable to all concerned. Within the narrow limits of a speech it is impossible to touch upon every point, and while I have omitted many such, it is not because of a want of interest in their success. I will make this final statement to all who may feel inclined to make a personal examination of the resources of our State, that in my opinion the real situation is far better than I have given. To us South Carolinians the memories of onr State are very dear. The record of its statesmen and soldiers are kept bright and fresh in our minds. We rememi? :l iu. i -r uer n was iue liumo ui vamuuu, Hayne and McDuffie. It was the birthplace of Marion, of Morgan, and of Sumter. Its soil has been drenched with the blood of the Revolution as well as that of the war between the States. The bones of its brave sons have bleached on every battlefield from Bunker Hill to Appomattox. Amid it all the people of South Caro lina have shown a courage, tenacity of purpose, and devotion to their State well worthy the emulation of all. The great West is no longer the promised land to the swarming mil lions of the North and East. Its op portunities and advantages open to the ordinary individual are nearly exhausted, and the stern logic of events have shown that at first many were more apparent than real. Not that I would attempt to injure or take from those bravo men and women who faced hardship and danger in settling that portion of our country even a fraction of the credit their due, yet I can not escape the conviction that had the time, labor and money practically wasted or lest in the West been diverted to the South it would have made that section the paradise of America. As it now stands, immigration has reached its limits on the North and West, and the home seeker must turn elsewhere to establish his "own vine and fig tree." The South, always mor3 promising, has patiently waited for tnis turn of affairs, and now stands ready to welcome the honest and industrious from all other sections. The reasons for past neglect are plain, and among them may be enumerated tbe prejudices growing out of the war, political misrepresentation, and the strenuous efforts made to people the West. The West was extensively advertised as presenting the greatest advantages for the emigrant. Lands were to be had both by homesteading and preemption at nominal cost. States and Territories, to say nothing of counties, cities, and townships, wore to be organized and the many public places and positions were to be filled. Here were oppotunities for all sorts of ambitious people who had been crowded out or turned down in the older States. Besides these, there were business chances which come only onca in a lifetime, say nothing of the wide range for speculation. Times have changed. The good lands of the West have very largely been taken up or held so high that men in moderate circumstance can not purchase. The alluring public positions, which called many to that section, have all been filled, and the business chances once so at I tractive no longer present themselves Because of this, the South is being I thoroughly looked into by those wh< ! are seeking better opportunities or tb< advantages of a change. Many ol v 4V?/\rn TnAnI Wool ova fnrninff ihoii J UlUiSC VVJJU nuui *? VjOU MAV 1/uvii - attention toward the South, and som< I have made it thoir new home. Does } the South want this immigration? ] > answer, most emphatically, yes; w< want all the honest, industrious mcr and women of the North we can ge! to come and .settle among us. 5 WELCOME TO SETTLERS. ? We will welcome all such mos kindly, and prove to them what South em friendship and Southern hospitali t ty really mean. We will show then > our opportunities! and advantages , will treat them fairly, honorably, anc * - ?1 ? <%M?] Avti) AOTT/-VM 4/\ ft !r/ t iiuparntlil^, auu CIJUCO v ui iu man^ i their new surroundings pleasant and their new ventures profitable. I re peat, we of the South want to increase our material interests; we want (o in crease in wealth and in the influences i which that bringa to a people. W i want Northern thrift and capital tc aid us in this undertaking, and wil] i grasp the hand of every individual in friendship who comes among us for i that purpose. In making this statement I voice the sentiment of all true men and women in the South. CONCLUSION. We of the South should increase 1 our wealth, stimulate our efforts, and strive for higher and stronger commercial relations. We should neglect a plain duty in not asking the assistance of other sections. Are we not of the same great national family, an integral factor of the same great nation? Do we riot stand in the protecting shadow of the same Cons titution and under tne same nag '< wny, men, should our advantages be neglected our opportunities ignored, and our material development delayed? For one I can see no good reason, and I sincerely trust my feeble effort in calling attention to these conditions may be instrumental in some small degree in changing the situation. My love for my native section, my knowledge of her struggles and trials, the honest efforts she has made to repair her broken fortunes and regain her status in the commercial world, her worthiness and sinceritv. and the welfare of her noble men and women, compelled me to make this disclosure of her re sources and plea for justice to her peo pie. SPAIN ALMOST EXHAUSTED. Senor Falma Buys '[hat Is Why Troops Are Withdrawn. Speaking of the reported withdrawal of a part of the Spanish troops in Cuba, Senor Tomas Estrada Palma, the Cuban delegate in New York, said recently: "I am notsurpriaed nor should any one who reads The Sun be so, at learning that Spain intends to reduce her army in Cuba. Well aware that she cannot, by force of arms, conquer the patriots, Spain wiill now try to tire them out by prolonging the struggle, with the hope that our resource? will sooner or later be exhausted. The Spanish government will not naturally, confess to this. War may continue in Cuba as hard as ever an ) Spain will not shrink from making tne world believe that peace h;is been restored. But the truth is that the re duction of the Spanish army is; due to the fact that Spain can no longer maintain her present war footing in Cuba, the cost of which, together with that of the island's ordinary obligations, is something like $12,000,000 a month, as has been repeatedly d eclared by the Spanish authorities themselves. "The best proofs that Spain will not in future be able to meet such enormous expenses are to be found in the Spanish press itself. I have here several clippings which fully explain why Spain's soldiers go back to their homes. Elpais of Madrid says: 4It s evident that the policy of sending to Cuba 100,000 men and expending 800,000,000 pesetas in the war every year cannot last forever. To ask such a thing from a nation of only 17,000,000 inhabitants, most of whose able-bodied men are already under arms, would be absurd.' "Other Bpaniiih newspapers make similar declarations. If such is the language used bj* the Spanish p remier and the Madrid newspapers, I think that I am well justified in saying that the retirement from Cuba of a number of the Spanish soldiers there, fair from being a proof, as alleged, that i;he insurrection has been overcome, reveals that our enemy's resources are at last near being exhausted. It is a fact which nobody can deny that iio Cuban leaders have surrendered, despite the two severe blows which we sustained in the death of Gen. Maceo and the capture of Gen. Ruis Rivera, This shows that no matter what muy fall as a result of the struggle for freedom the Cuban.s to a man are now as determined as they ever were to continue fighting until the independence of the island has been accomplished. "The world often admires Spain's gigantic efforts to suppress the insurrection. It would be more logical to keep that admiration for these who, like the Cubans, deprived of al l ade quate means to oppose a powerful enemy, still bold iheir own with indomitable tenacity. "Spain may say all she wishes about Cuba being pacified; it will none the less remain true that war exists there from east to west, as it did in NDvember last when Spain added 65,000 soldiers to the already numerous army in Cuba. There are Gen. Weyler's daily report of the war to give ihe lie to the story of the pacification. These reports naturally claim victories for the Spanish soldiers, but whether true or not they are evident proof that tne insurrection has lost no ground since the wails of Spanish statesmen such as Senors Sagista and Moret over the failure of their army in Cuba resounded all over the world. But if the Spanish government now thinlrs that it is to the interest of their nation to diminish the number of men to fight us, I certainly will not regre; that they should! do so, for the task Df our own soldiers will thus be made easier." Funny Kind of Peace. On the railroad which is opsrated westward from Habana into the province of Pinar del Rio seven engines have been wrecked in the past three months by the insurgents. Troops patrol the line of the road every day. The stations are forts. The towns are garrisoned. In addition there are 16 different Spanish commands with roving commissions moving about in search of rebel band. Yet that is the province where G-en. Weyler insists that peace reigns. That is Pinar del i .^0# ; CAROLINA'S CROPS. ) 3 THE WEEKLY BULLETIN OF THE STATE BUREAU r 3 _ 3 As Is^uecl Last Week by Observer Iiauer? f Informitfou as to the Progress of Farm* log Operations. t The following is the weekly bulletin of condition of the weather and the crops of the State issued last week t by Observer Bauer: TKMPERRA.TURE. The temperature averaged two de* i greesper day below normal during * i Via rvocf nr ac.lr Tha A a tt iamnawofiiVDa 1 biiu paou uua. 4.L10 uajr bvuip^iavuivu I were wa rm and the nights rather cool, 3 with light frosts on the mornings of I the 11th and 16th, which how ever, did no noticeable damage. The 3 highest temperature reported was 85 on the l!Uh at White Hall; the lowest s was 35 o:a the 13th at Liberty and Sa- : J luda, and the State mean for the week > was 60. The normal for the same L period is approximately 65. | RAINFALL. The rainfall during the week was , light over the entire State, and fell in scattered showers during Wednesday i and Thursday. At quite a number of , places no rain fell during the week. The heaviest weekly rainfall reported \ was 0.69 at Greenville. Twenty two places reported some rain, the average , ' amount being 0.19, and the normal , . ior the week is aproximately 0.82 of an inch. Rain is needed to bring up 1 ; lately planted cotton and for gardens, < also to soften the crust on heavy lands \ that were, until recently, too wet to 3 cultivate and which baked in drying. ( The light rains did not interfere with farm work, which was uninterrupted . during the entire week. ( 8UNSHINE. There was more sunshine than during any previous week of the season. } i Partly cloudy weather prevailed on , i Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, ( ' and generally clear weather the rest i - ? JL. 1_ mi L - M J ' oi mo wee*. j.no percentage 01 pus' sible sunshine for the week was 80, i and the normal percentage is about 70. The nights were generally clear, with the exception of Wednesday night. The estimated percentage of sunshine ranged from 48 at Orangeburg to 95 at St. Paul. The winds varied from brisk to light in force and in direction from t northerly to westerly, i CROPS. The week was very favorable for the preparation of lands and for planting and farm work progressed rapidly over the entire State. Under the influences of bright sunshine and drying winds even low lands became fit ' to cultivate. ' The Bights were too cool for the , best growth of crops, especially cot- ! i ton and corn, which in consequence 3 , are reported sickly in places but gen- ] erally are growing nicely. * i Corn planting made rapid progress 1 during the week and is nearing com- . pletion in the more easterly counties ] and central portions of the State, ' where the early planted is coming up ( to good stands; but stands are damag- 1 ed iu the southeastern counties by cut and bud worms and by birds, which are reported very troublesome, neces- ( sitatiag considerable replanting. In ? the western counties corn planting is j well under way, and that early plant- t ed is coming up. ? Corn planting is now general over x the entire State, and about two-thirds c finished in the eastern portions. , Early planted coming up to fairly good stands, but is not favored by the prevailing cool nights. In the west era counties where the season :s late, cotton planting is given the preference over corn in many places. In the tobacco districts plants are fine and plentiful. Considerable transplanting has already been done. ( and this work will become general ( when rains come to supply the need- t ed moisture. Setting out tobacco is ? in advance of last year. Eica planting has been pushed during the week. In the lower districts. including the Combahee, Salkehatchie, the lower Eiisto and around Charleston two thirds of the crop is planted; but on the Santee and near Winyah bay planting is much delayed g by high water. March rice coming | up well. 3 Wheat, oats and rye are growing i rapidly and look very promising, but | need rain in places. R/e is heading | over the eastern and central counties. | Sweet potatoes coming up in beds. | Irish potatoes doing well but need f T) UltMfl kniTA A 1 n M rtuu. jl umiu uu^a uavu a^fjoaiou iu c Charleston county, but are not nu- | merous as at this time laat year. Reports concerning psache3 are % more favorable generally than last | week, and unles3 injured hereafter g promise a fair crop. Apples and | pears still in bloom and apparently un- ? harmed. ' Gardens growing slowly but are | yielding early vegetables over the | greater portion of the State. Truck- | ing interests need rain and warm | weather for best growth. Favorable reports were received f concerning all the minor crops usual- | ly cultivated at this season of the year. | The feeling of discouragement has 1 disappeared and farmers are pushing \ their work with energy. The national bulletin of April 12 I gives progress of corn and cotton ; planting as follows: "Corn planting ha3 continued, | where not finished, in the southern ? States. But little corn has yet been planted in Tennessee and none in Kentucky. Throughout the Ohio valley preparations for planting have been greatly retarded by excessive t moisture." "Cotton planting is becoming mora general and in active progress over the central portions of the cotton belt. 1 Some has been planted in North Carolina and preparation for planting are in progress in Arkansas. Cold weather has proved injurious in Kansas." The Confederate Italia. The Columbia State says though Gen. Hugh Farley is sick, he does not j propose to let the work which he has t undertaken, that of completing the j Confederate rolls, suffer. His brother, i Mr. L E. Farley, is in the city to push d to a finish the general's work. He \ intends to do so vigorously and for 1 that purpose will have an office in the r State House. There he can be found t by anyone interested in the rolls. To 8 expediate matters he desires that the rolls outstanding in the possession of gentlemen who are revising them be 1 returned to him immediate. He a i already has a number of these valuable documents about completed and if the others are returned as he desires, ? he will soo:a finish all of them. Stormy and Threatening. Mayjor W. B. Stockman, of the United States weather bureau at Cleveland Ohio, was sent to jail by Judge Ong one day last week for contempt of court. Stockman had been called as a witness in a damage case and was expected to tell the jury whether it rained on a certain day. He did not appear when called, and Ong issued an attachment for him. The major was on his way to the court house when the deputy sheriff met him. Judge Ong lectured the major severely. Stockman upheld with dignity that he was busy with work for the United States government, and added that he had written orders from the department to attend UDon courts only when he had completed those official duties. Judge Ong replied warmly that he did not understand that gov CI.uixj.uu.buioxisiAia nt-io ouuvo buu tyuna or that the courts had to wait until they had leisure. He therefore fined Stockman $5 and costs and ordered him committed until paid. Stockman was exceedingly indignant and announced that he would report the case to the department at Washington. Judge Ong told him to do so by all means. The major left the court room in a rage without paying his fine. The judge sent a deputy sheriff after him and ordered him taken to jail. Major Stockman declared that a government official cannot be compelled to attend a civil court when busy and that Jugde Ong will find it out. Judge Ong held a consultation with District attorney Dodge and as a result of the interview the judge decided to remit Stockman's fine. Stockman was accordingly released. After Stockman's release Judge Ong directed that he communicate with the department at Washington to obtain a ruling as to whether government duties take precedence over the court's order. Tried to Kill the King. While King Humbert, of Italy, was riding out on Thursday afternoon a man named Pietro Acciarito, attempted to stab him with a dagger, The king avoided the dagger by rising from his seat. Acciarito seeing he had failed in his attempt to assasinate the king, threw away his dagger. He was immediately arrested by two carabineers, while his majesty calmly Drdered the coachman to drive on. Acciarito declares that he was impellsd to the act by hunger, but it apnAQwa TT AolflX Q TT VlA 11 ffOVArl TTQ ffllO JUV MHVV1WM TMgMV threats of an intention to kill an exsilted person. The Piano for a Lifetime, The Piano of the South, The Piano Sold Most Reasonably. That's the popular Mathashek, sold for a Quarter of a Century past by the old reliable Ludden & Bates Southern Music House of Savannah, Q-a. Its a great Piano everyway, and one )f the many reasons for its popularity is the fact, conceded by all, that it is more specially adapted for our Southern Climate than any other Piano made. Ludden & Bates are now interested in the Mathushek Factory, and have largely reduced Prices on their Latest Styles. See their new advertise XLUUb XJLL hLiia liuuOf anu cv/ cirv ciwiivi Indigestion* From which springs, directly or inlirectly, nearly every form of headiche, and sick headache never sepera?d therefrom, is surely and speedily elieved and cured by the use of 'Hilton's Life for the Liver and Kidleys." One 25c bottle will convince >f its merit. Try it. Sold by dealers generally. The trustworthy cure for the Whiskey, )plum, Morphine and Tobaoco Habits, tor further information address The Ceeley Institute, or Drawer 27, Columbia, l a "MATHUSHEK The Piano for a Lifetime, The Piano of the Sonth, The Piano Sold Most Reasonably. g WESM I The old, original Mathushek, sold by us for over a quarter of a century and the delight of thousands of Southern homes. More Mathusheks used South than of any other one make. * Lovely New Styles at Reduced Prices, cheaper than ever before known. Styles once $435, now $325. $100 saved every buyer. How, because we are now interested In the great Mathushek factory, supply purchasers direct, and save them all Intermediate protlts. White us. LUDDEX <fe BATES, ; Savannah, Gu., and New York City. I MOiLEADINl o lo Danger, in Curijhj One H VDtT, of Foemino Another. )PIUM (Morphine, Laudanum) Etc., Cueed in from foue to slx week*. LIQUOR DISEASE Jurcd Usually in Four Weeks. Al.^o Tobacco Habit and Nervous Diseases. The Cure has been endorsed by the Legis ature of six States and one Territory; by he National Government in the Soldiers' lomes and in the regular army; by many ocal authorities in the cure of indigent lrunkard3 (morphine and liquor); by Miss Vallard, the W. C. T. U ; Francis Murphy, 'foal Dow and the I. 0. <! T ; by prominent nen all over the land; by ;JJj,000 cured paienta, more than 20,000 of these being phyicians. The Leslie E. Keeley Company and the Ceeley Institute of S. C. are res,/ ju-dble cor>orations which could not afford to jmt forth ,ny claim that they- are unable to prove. For printed matter and terms, address, THE KEELEV INSTITUTE, >r Drawer 27. Columbia, S. C. Mention this paper. WE 1 WANT 1 A PA RT\T RR 4.JL *. 11. Ill JL i.1 JULII IN EVERY TOWN. ) \ Postmasters, Railroad Agents, Genera 1, store Keepers, Clerics, Ministers, or any \ other person, lady or gentleman, who can devote a little or all of their time to oar bufll ess. We do not want any money in advance, and pay large commission to those who work for as. We have the bes Family Medicines on earth, and can produce lots of testimonials from oar heme people. ouiiu lur uiau& appucaaou ana circular. Address ; BRAZILIAN MEDICINE CO., r 844 Broadway, Aug ate, (4a SEE HERE. IS YOUR LIVER ALL RIG (T? Ajre your KldQeys la a^tiealtbr condition If so, Hilton's Life (or the Liver and Kidneys will keep them so. If not, Hilton's Life for the Liver and Kidneys will make them so. A 25o bottle will convince you ef this fact. Taken regularly after meals it is an aid to digestion, cures habitual constipation, and thus refreshes and clears both body and mind. SOLD WHOLESALE B7 rh? Murray Drag Go, COLUMBIA, s. a Axroj Dr. H. BAER, Oharleiton.'-S. O. Advice to Mothers. We take pleaaare in callings your attcu uOQ to a remedy so long neeaea in carrying children safely through the critical itage of teething. It is an Incalculable blessing to mother and child. If you are disturbed at night with a sick, fretful, teething child, use Pitts' Carminative, It will give Instant relief, and regulate the bowels, and make teething safe and easy. It will cure Dysentery and Diarrhoea, ritts Carminative is an instant "ellef for colic of Infanta. It will promoU digestion, give tone and energy to the stomach and * bowels. The slok, puny, suffering child will soon become the fat and frolicking Joy of the household. It is very pleasant to the taste and only cost 25 cents per bottle, Sold by druggists and by THE MURRAY DRUG CO., Columbia, 8. 0. Machinery AND Supplies] Engines, Boilers; Saw Mills, Corn Mills, Wheat Mills, Planers, Brick Machines, Mouldere, Gang Edgera. And all kinds of Wood Worfelag Ma chinery. No one in the South can offer you higher grade goads, or at lower prices. Talbott, Llddell and Watertowa Ea?lnes. We are only a few hours ride from you, Write for prices. Light, Variable Feed Plantation Saw Mills a Specialty. V. Q. Badham, General Agent, COLUMBIA, S. C. ENGINES, BOILERS. SAW MILLS, GRIST MILLS, AT FACTORY PRICES. E W. SCREVEN, COLUMBIA, p. C.