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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, December 01, 1897, Image 2

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Postmaster-General Gary's Annual Review
of the Work.
He Argues That Thej Would Develop
Thrift Among the People and Tend to
Promote Good Citizenship and the
Gronth of Patriotism?.Ho* to Stop
Lou in Carrying Second-Class Matter.
Washinotok, D. C. (8pecial).?The first
annual report of Postmaster-General James
A. Gary to the President was made publio. '
Its feature is the strong advocacy of postal
savings depositories. Mr. Gary says the
time la ripe for the establishment of postal
banks, and that the addition of a well-organized
system would confer a groat boon
upon an large number of persons and ultimately
be of Inestimable benefit to the
whole oountry. .
The estimates of the revenues and expenditures
for the fiscal year ending June
80, 1898. are: Estimated revenues, f92,974,
647.37; estimated expenditures, 1899,
198,922,760; deficiency, $6,048,112.63.
Mr. Oary in his report touohes on a great
variety of topics. In respect to seoondolass
mail matter carriage he urges the
-?-A??* v-" rin*nmoa nf oAmA mnnaiirfi to
OUitUbUiCUl vjr vuu^ivoo Vi uvuiv ?
remedy the injustice of the present regulations.
"If this were done," he says, "there
would be an end to postal defloits and the
servioe eould be enlarged and popularized
by a broad extension of free delivery without
infringement upon the general resources
of the Government, and eventually
result in the much desired reduction of letter
postage to one cent per ounoe."
Mr. Gary thinks no method of perfeoting
the organization of the Postal Service has
proved more effective than the consolidation
of Postofflces. He regrets that there
are legislative restrictions on its development,
and recommands the repeal of the
five-mile limit consolidation measure in the
1896 Postal Appropriation bill.
Speaking or rural free delivery, Mr. Gary
says the system, wherever tried, has been ,
onnra/ilotAll Rnrl thftt few PT
(jOUCiUUiJIJ ?? ?
pflnditures have conferred greater benefits,
dollar for dollar, than those for this system.
The department's experiment in rural
free delivery, it is said, have proved a
potent factor in attaining what should be
a chief aim of government, the granting of J
the best possible postal facilities to the
farming class.
On the subject of postal savings, Mr.
Gary says:
" Many millions of dollars undoubtedly
are secreted by persons who have little or '
no confidence in ordinary securities and
monetary institutions organized by private
oltizens. j
"It is dead capital," Mr. Gary goes on
to pay, "but if its owners could be inspired :
with absolute confidence in the security of
an investment it fs altogether probable that
the bulk of this fund would find its way I
into the channels of trade and commerce. 1
If the Government undertook this task, I
theservloe would undoubtedly be gladly I
accepted by the people. Their faith in the '
Government is unbounded. '
"The proposition Is an accomplished
fact in nearly every oountry in Europe, in ]
the British dependencies or Dom nemispheres,
and even in Hawaii. In'Great
Britain 7,000,000 depositors have upward of
$550,000,000 in savings accumulated during
thirty-five years, and in ten years fewer
than 10.000 Hawaiian depositors saved
nearly $1,000,000. These vast accumulations
have been made with the least possible
loss to the governments, which guarantee
their payment, and with a minimum of
cost to the millions of doposltors.
"More than a third of the postal savings
accounts in European offices are held by
minors, and over two-thirds by the most
humble callings, It is essentially the bank
of this class. Postal savings would not
confllot with the savings banks, but would
encourage savings rather than accumulations.
The conversion of money order offl
0B3 IUIU BttYlUgO uepuiuvilCD nuuiu ouuu <
afford Infinitely more facility for reoelvlng <
interest bearing deposits than the interest <
paying banks do now."
Mr. Gray finds the most aggressive op- 1
ponents of the postal bank among the I
private institutions engaged in somewhat I
similar enterprises. 1 '
Speaking of other oountries, the Post- 1
? master-General says nearly every country I
permits its most popular coin as the minimum
amount of deposit, varying from 5 j
cents in India to 31 in Canada. Maximum ]
deposits vary from $285 in France to $2435 <
in New Zealand. Deposits over a certain i
amount are non-interest bearing. In sev- t
eral countries the surplus is by law in- <
vested in National bonds. Both deposits I
and accounts are usually small. i
1 The average commission paid to Postmasters'
in oountries where the postal bank i
is established is one cent per deposit. Any ,
account may be settled and withdrawn
from any depository in the oountry. The
telegraph is coming into use as a means of
?- . p v i
inrce inumns juyncuvu cut mo uv*
of the Splcer Family. j
1 Alexander Coudot, an Indian half-breed, ]
-and Paul Holytrack and Philip Ireland, 1
full-blooded Indians, the first of whom was 1
sentenced to death for the murder of six (
members of the Spicer family last February, (
' and had just obtained a new trial from 1
the Supreme Court, and the latter two i
. self-confessed accessories in the murders,
were taken from the County
Jail, at Willlamport, In Emmons County,
North Dakota, and lynched by a mob.
'The lynching apparently had been planned
carefully, and was carried out without a
break in the programme. Williamsport,
where the hanging took place, is about
forty miles from the railroad.
The crime for which the men were thus
executed was the brutal murder of six members
of the Spicer family last winter. The
bodies of Thomas Spic?r, his wife, his
daughter, Mrs. Rouse, and her twin children,
and of Mrs. Ellen Waldron, his motherin-law,
were found at the Spicer home all
horribly mutilated.
Fear that the men would escape punishment
for their crime led to the lynching.
Crashed by an Anaconda.
An anaconda escaped in a Philadelphia
' museum, and before it was recaptured
killed a pony and broke several ribs of ,
one of the employes.
Philadelphia's Gas Works leased.
Despite the protests of many of the people
Mayor Warwick, of Philadelphia,signed
the ordinance leasing the city's gas works.
Yale and Harvard Draw.
Harvard and Yale piayea eacn ocner 10 a
standstill in tbolr football game on Soldiers'
Field, Cambridge, Mass. For two thrilling
hours the two sturdy elevens struggled
over the white-lined gridiron, desperately
disputing every inch of territory and vainly
essaying to cross the coveted goal line. It
was "a case of two teams, each with a strong
defense and weak ground-gaining powers,
and the logical outcome of the contest was
that neither side scored.
Greater New York'* Mortality.
In Greater New York 70,000 persons die
every year, or nearly 200 a day.
Minor Mention.
rpu** KnKnnfn nlomio hoa mnn.
keys in India.
Denver, Col., pays eighty-five cents pet
1000 cubic feet for gas.
Wilford Glover, fifteen years old. of Tropico,
Cal., has confessed to killing Dr. R. P.
Moore, of Los Angeles, for the purpose of
The United State? Supreme Court rendered
a decision holding that the ruilroads
need not file their rates as against competing
water lines.
The new Mills Hotel in New York City has
this rule prominently posted throughout
the building: "Please pay nothing to any
of the attendants."
ia laSeSmxi'tzfJl. J
Washington Item*.
The Cabinet has deolded to send the revenue
cutter Bear to relieve the loe-tmprlsoned
f ramie r Launur aun me umm uauauiau
ofDoisls left Washington for Ottawa; reports
that their mission had proved a fail*
ure were officially denied.
Ex-Congressman Frank W. Mondell was
appointed Assistant Commissioner of the
General Land Office by President McKinley.
Secretary Algers favors the transfer of
the management of volunteer soldiers'
homes to the War Department.
' President McKinley signed the treatj
adopted by the Universal Postal Congrosi
recently held in Washington, thus completing
its ratification on the part of the United
By orders issued at the Postoffice Department
the salaries qj eight-flve clerks of all
classes in the main office and stations of
Brooklyn were raised, making an aggregate
of $8500 increase.
The Secretary of the Treasury deoided
that sugar produoed wholly la Denmark
will be subject to a oounter-valllng duty ol
not less than .135 of 1 oent per pound. This
Is understood to point to a like decision ai
to Dutch sugars.
The State Department Anally decided not
to surrender Jesus Guerra to the Mexican
Ex-Congressman John X. Langston (colored),
of Virginia, died in Washington.
P William Wells, thirty-flve years old. of
Northville, and Andrew Poley, aged fifty,
of Aquebogue, Long Island, farmers, were
found dead in a catboat on the beach neat
Squire's Landing, on Peconlc Bay. The
boat was about half filled with water.
Coroner Nugent summoned a jury and they
rendered a verdict of death by exposure.
Snow storms have made some of the
mountain roads in Vermont well-nigh impassable,
and many drifts have been formed.
Henry Sherry, a lumberman, of Neenah*
Wis., failed with liabilities of $1,000,000.
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson made an
address at the meeting of the National
Grange in Harrisburg, Penn.
Edward E. Jones, bead cleric in t tie American
Book Company, shot himself in tne
New York offices of the concern, leaving no
sxplanation for his act. He died in St. Yin:ent's
The Leather Belting Manufacturers' Association
at its annual meeting in New York
City determined to advance the price of
belting twenty-flve per cent, because of the
duty placed on hides by Congress.
Fannie Eagle Horn and Eliza Flander,
Indian girls, were arrested on complaint of
Superintendent Pratt of the Carlisle
(Penn.) Indian School, and lodged in jail,
on the charge of arson. A mysterious fire
broke out in the girls' quarter. These girls
started the Are with tho intention of burning
down the school, because permisslonto
go home had been refused to tnem.
Arthur B. Moody, member of a wellknown
New Haven (Conn.) family, was arrested
in that town for swindling aD English
artist and two young society women
'Kl^nr V/M-lr Plfv nnt nt hnndq and monflV
la glittering but bogus investments.
The Rev. Dr. George H. Houghton, rector
of "The Little Church Around the Corner,"
the Protestant Episoopal Church of
the Transfiguration, in New York City,
Famous for years for its many theatrical
Funerals, died at the rectory, adjoining the
The jury at Chattanooga, In the case of
Beasley against Chief Justloe D. L. Snodijrass,
of the Tennessee Supreme Court,
returned a verdict in favor of Snodgrass,
refusing to allow Beasley damages for personal
injuries as asked.
Fritz Meyer, or Constantino Stelger, was
sonvloted in New York City of the willful
murder of Polileman Smith, and afterward
admitted that he slew Bellrlnger Stelz, hut
refused to name his aooomplice.
Joseph A. Iasigl, former Turkish Consul
in Boston, was sentenced by Judge Sheldon
In the Superior Criminal Court to State
prison for a period not exceeding eighteen
lor less than fourteen years.
Bishop Doane, of Albany, N. Y., made a
peeoh against jingoism.
Jean B. Guillemot, a boy whose lavish
expenditure of money caused suspicion
:hat he had been implicated in the murder
>f his uncle, J. B. Leplante, tax collector
>f St. Llbolre, Quebec, made n complete
sonfession of the crime to the police of
Blddeford, lie., and afterward repeated it
>efore his parents. Guillemot asserted that
lis aunt admitted her admiration for him
ind assured him if he would kill her hus)and
she would come to Blddeford after a
;ime and marry him.
Harry Potter, thirty-seven years old, wa3
ooking in a 6tore window at Philadelphia.
Ele held an umbrella with a steel rod in it
?ver his head. Above him was an electric
ire light. The end of the umbrella rod
;ouched the iron frame of the lamp and a
jurrent of electrioity passed through bis
>ody to the Iron covering of a coal shaft
n the sidewalk, killing him instantly.
Miss Jessie Irene Peet, of Canaan, Conn.,
in heiress, became tLo bride of her coachnan,
Alfred Herrlman.
Seth Low, at the request of the trustees,
withdrew his resignation as President of
Columbia University, New York City.
William S. Wilson, son of the late United
States Senator Wilson, of Maryland, committed
suicide. ?
Two burglars at Woodsburg, L. I., broke
Into a drug store, rolled out an 800-pound
postofflce safe, and tried to cart it away
an a stolen truck. They were detected,
md fled.
Brown boat the Indians of the ^Carlisle
School by a score of 18 to 14 In the'football
same at the Polo Grounds, New York City.
"n ?^ Tn/IIdna nrnrn hnrllv hllfl". Thft
decisions of Umpire Upton caused muoh
Thomas J. Lyons, a printer, was murdered
in Brooklyn. His body wa3 found in
a vacant lot on Fulton street with the skull
crushed in. Heavy stones were presumably
the weapons used. The ground showed
traoes of a severe struggle with his unknown
assailant or assailants.
Henry Phillips, colored, a self-confessed
murderer, was lynched in the courtyard at
Osceola, Ark., byamoboomposed of prominent
oltizens. The cause of the lynching
was the murder of a merchant.
Countess Ulfeld, ft Russian, killed herself
with a revolver in a police station of Edinburgh.
General Pellieux has been appointed to
inquire into the charges brought against
Comte Esterhazy in connection with the
Dreyfus case in Paris.
General Kempster's brigade had twenty-'
seven officers and men killed and thirtyone
wounded in the recent engagement Id
the Maidan Valley, India.
A London company bought the old Cunarders
Bothnia and Scythia to run from
Vancouver to Klondike ports.
Spanish residents in Cuba between the
ages of fourteen and forty-five have been
asked to enlist as volunteers against the insurgents.
Princcss Kaiulani was wnrmly welcomed
oytbo native element on her arrival in
Honolulu; it was rumored that the object
of her visit to the islands was to be mar
Vhe Czar of Russia has decided to rebuild
the burned Christian quarter of Canea,
Island of Crete. He will enlarge the Greek
Orthodox Church.
Cuban insurgents wrecked a railroad
crain hear Puerto Principe with dynamite.
The explosion killed twelve person and injured
twenty-soven soldiers and passengers.
Telegraph advices from Guayaquil,
Ecuador, state that the town of Loreto had
been destroyed by a hurricane. Only a few
scattered buildings were left standing, and
it Is reported that the loss of life was very
roiint F.sterliazv. an Austrian, is accused
toy implication of "being responsible for the
continued leak of French military secrets.
The sailors and marines belonging to the
German cruiser division, off the coast of
China, have made a landing in force at
Kiaochan Bay, the nearest port to YenChu-Fu,
in the southern part of the Chinese
province of Shan-Tun, where the
German missionaries were recently murdered,
with the view of forcing the government
of China to completely satisfy the
demands of Germany.
IILj# i
An Imposing Group of Building to Be
Erected In Harrlabarg.
The new Pennsylvania State Capitol, as
designed by Henry Ives Cobb, of Chicago,
will be an imposing groap of buildings, so
arranged that from every point of view the
lame Impression of simple and dignified
masslveness will be given. The central
dome will be placed at the intersection of
Btate and Capitol streets so that four different
vistas will open toward it. The legislative
halls will be in the central building,
and on either side, connected by wings,
will be two departmental buildings. The
appropriation of $550,000 is not large
enough to permit the erection of the whole,
structure at onoe,but it is thought that the
legislative halls and enough committeerooms
for pressing needs can be put up
with that-sum, and in all probability completed
within a year from the 1st of January.
The dome and departmental building
can then be erected later. It is proposed
by the architect that the exterior of the
building shall be constructed of Pennsylvania
granite cr marble, the framework of
steel and the interior walls and partitions
of brick and hollow tile. The legislative
building is to be 100 feet high to the base
of the dome and the dome ninety-six feet
higher. The entranoe to the capltol will
be from West State street. A wide corridor
leads to the rotunda, where elevators
run to the floor above, on which are the
legislative chambers. The Senate will have
the western end or toe Duuamg ana tue
House the eastern end. Eaoh ball will receive
light from three sides, Eaoh is to
have a gallery, above whloh is a large space
for caucus and other rooms.
Aglti Not to Be Hanged Until Hit Contract
With the Devil Expires.
At Dover, N. H., Joseph E. Kelley retraoted
his plea of not guilty to the charge
of murdering CashierStlckney, of theGreat
Falls National Bank, and pleaded guilty.
In addressing the court Kelley said:
"This question of retracting my plea all
remains with your Honor. If you will fix
the date of my execution on January 16,
1899, then, your Honor, I retraot my plea
and plead guilty to the charge of murder."
Kelley will be twenty-flve years old on
January 15, 1899, and it has been his reSeated
desire for months that he should not
e hanged until after his twenty-fifth birthday,
for then his contraot with the devil
will expire, he says, and he will go to
Kelley's plea was accepted and the jury
was discharged.
Kelley was pronounced guilty of murder
In the second degree by Chief-Justice Mason,
and sentenced to serve a term of thirty
years in State prison at Conoord.
Father of Swindler r*acenes ?uuo
Dies Because of Hhame.
Alexander Pelky, tbe father of the wife
of Sidney Lascelies, the bogus Lord Beresford,
dropped dead at Fitzgerald, Ga.t his
death being hastened by a keen sense of
the disgrace of his daughter.
Beresford was released from the penitentiary
a few months ago and cut a wide
swath in Fitzgerald. In spite of the faot
that he had been divorced, be captured the
heart of Miss Clara Pelky, whose father denounced
him as an adventurer and refused
his sanction to the marriage.
They defied him, had the ceremony performed
and took a wedding trip. They returned
for a few days and disappeared
again. An investigation of Lascelles's affairs
showed that he had swindled many
business houses.
The father of his wife never recovered
from the shook, and has gradually declined
In health until his death, whioh the physicians
say was induced by excessive grief.
He leaveB property VAlued at $50,000. As
Mrs. Lasoelles is his only ohild, she will
doubtless inherit it.
Charles Page Bryan Minister to China.
The President has appointed Charles
Page Bryan, of Illinois, to be Envoy Extra,
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to
China. Mr. Bryan is a young mao. He has
been prominent in Washington and Chicago,
and his. experience in public affairs
bas been confined to a term in the Illinois
Legislature, where he was noted for his
efforts in behalf of civil service reform.
The Princeton Inn Affeir.
The Presbytery of New Brunswick. N.
J., accepted the withdrawal of Profesor
Shields, of Princeton University, who
signed the application for a liquor license
for Princeton Inn. A resolution was
adopted calling the attention of Presbyterians
to the rule of the church respecting
the liquor trafflo.
Yellow Fever Subsiding.
The South is beginning to free itself from
yellow fever. Muny cities are inviting
refugees to return. The quarantine restrictions
in North Alabama have been removed.
New Orleans has raised the quarantine
against all points, but will exact
health certificates of passengers from infeoted
Politician Commits Sniclde.
A. Gilliam, manager of the Jones-Nixon
Publishing Company, of St. Louis, Mo.,and
Democratic candidate for State Senator at
the last election, shot and killed himself.
No reason is known for the deed, except
that an injury received recently by Mr.
Gilliam in a bicycle accident may have affected
his mind.
Philadelphia Interested In Klondike.
A Philadelphia syndicate with a capital
of $7,000,000, of which C. H. Cramp is the
head, has bought five steamers and will establish
a line from San Francisco to the
Klondike. A great mining syndicate, with
$5,000,000 capital, ha3 been formed in Philadelphia.
Durrani's Kcsplte.
The California State Supreme Court
granted a stay of execution in the case of
Durrant, who murdered two girls in a San
I Francisco church, because of the error of
[ Superior Judge Durrant before the papers
in the United States Supremo Court decision
had arrived.
Prominent People.
The Duke of Argylo has held his title for
fifty years.
Ex-Secretary Carlisle has decided to locate
in New York City.
Senator Gorman will retire from political
life at sixty years of age.
Princess Kaiulani bag sailed for Hawaii
to look for a missing throne.
Major Handy, United States Commissioner
to Paris, has returned after securing
200,000 square feet of space at the great exposition
of 1900.
Mark Twain cables from Europe that the
report that he is out of debt is a lie. The
genial humorist olaims the right to gloat
over his poverty...
v.. ^ V -i" ^ v>.eTATE
Has Gone to Asia ..Minor to Inreitlc>b
the Armenian Tronblea.
On the invitation of the Saltan of Turkey
the New York Herald has sent "an lnde
pendent, fearless and Intelligent commis
sioner to investigate the condition of thf
Christian subjects of the Ottoman Empire
and the truth or falsity of the reports ol
Armenian massacres, with whioh the worll
has been flooded."
The Herald's selection for this woric ia
the Bev. Qeorge H. Hepworth, "whose
character as a Christian clergyman, and
whoso Bermons, as published every Sundaj
in the Herald (or years, gives assurance ol
full sympathy with his co-rellgionists in all
demands for religious freedom, while hli
experience as an observer, writer and
tralnedjournalist, will assure a rigid execution
of his mission. Dr. Hepworth has an
assistant thoroughly familiar with the
country and tbe Sultan's people, and is accompanied
by the Sultan's secretaries. He
is also escorted by cavalry to protoct him
from the roving bands of brigands that infest
tbe country."
Only the Glittering Bayonet* ai the Sol*
dlera Charged Dispersed It.
The timely arrival of troops at CArrollton,
Pickens County, Ala., at daylight
thwarted the efforts of a mob to lynch Bad
Beard, colored, on trial there for assaulting
a seven-year-old white ohlld.
The lynchers were just preparing to close
In on the Court House, where the Sherifl
and a dozen deputies had stood guard over
the prisoner all night, fearing that If an
attempt was made to take him back to jail
the mob would get him, when the Warrior
Guards, of Tuscaloosa, drove up in four
wagons and dispersed the throng.
Excitement was intense and the mob refused
to move until they saw the glittering
bayonets about to be turned upon them.
The soldiers then surrounded the court
house, allowing none but officers of the
court and others Interested to pass the
lines. Court was reconvened at 9 o'clock
a. m. and the trial was proceeded with. By
noon it was over and Beard had been sentenced
b> Judge Pratt to hang on December
An Entire Wedding Party Ground to
Pieces by an Express Train.
A terrible accident bos occurred near
Bielostok, Busslan Poland, resulting In the
death of thirty persons.
A wedding party of that number was returning
from the church to the home of the
bride. All were in one wagon, a huge vehicle,
drawn by eight horses. The road
along which they drove crosses the railway
track on the level, and the driver, either
through carelessness or ignorance of the
train schedule, pushed his swiftly moving
horses upon the crossing just as the express
was coming up.
The locomotive struck the vehicle
squarely, killing many members of the
party outright and mangling others so
that they soon expired in frightful agony.
Not a member of the party escaped.
Greek Invaders Badly Beaten.
Some Greek bands whioh crossed the
Thessaltan frontier, between Diskat and
Domenik, have been repulsed by the
Turks, who killed many of the invaders
and captured a large number of prisoners.
The Turks also seized 160 rifles and 170,000
cartridges belonging to the Greeks.
Klondike Corner In Food.
A miner from Klondike says that the
food supply at Dawson city is cornered by
a few men who bought up everything in
sight last summer and are holding it' fox
fanoy prices. The food supply is insufficient
at best and this corner only adds to
the Inevitable suffering.
New Sealing Conference.
Conferences with a view to settling the*
questions at issue between the United
States and Canada were begun between
Premier Laurler and Secretary Sherman at
the 8tate Department; President McKinley
gave a dinner in honor of the Canadian
Rumla'a New Minister.
Russia has recalled Mr. Kotzebue from
Washington and has appointed as her new
Minister to the United States the famous
Count Cassini, who has long and shrewdly
represented her at the court of Peking.
Mysterious Assassination.
Captain George Farley, a wealthy mill
wright of Wood Glen, N. J., was murdered
in a lonely road by an unknown robber.
Spain's Monetary Supplies.
The Rothschilds and othor great financiers
of Europe wholly cut off the monetary
supplies on which Spuin depended,
Labor "World.
Our railroads employ 827,000 men.
Russia employs 41,000 coal miners.
The National Free Labor Association ol
England has 182,000 members, opponents
of trade unions.
The Pullman Company has 9000 men on
Its payroll. Of these, 4000 are employed al
Pullman, Chicago.
It is satd that 55,000 persons will directly
and indirectly draw pay from the
first city administration of Greater New
It is estimated that as many as 60,000
farmers and others In France make theii
living by the manufacture of Roquefort
. v -^ '> " ' > v 7: - *?,y
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".r .vr J"V:; V
- " . 3
Srlmirol nioftarlrhc Takp<! Pnsspsslnn m
- yvjiiiii mi i/ivuviivii?i i muvw vwvwwiv?< ?
of Kiaochou Bay. fur
_____. ab
rho Kaiser's Demonstration to Afenc* g0the
Bfnrder of Missionaries?1The Ad- in
mlral Occupied Kalochou With 600
Tars Unopposed?The Chinese Garrison tei
at Once Skedaddle Over the Hills. P?
8hanohai, China (By Cable).?Admiral
Diedorichs, commanding the German 0;
Asiatic Squadron, upon arriving in Kiao- of
ohou Bay, on the Shantung ooast, whither m*
he had been ordered for the purpose of ob" wa
talning satisfaction for the reoent murder be.
of two German missionaries, found three Ei
- - - In
forts occupied by Chinese troops. He ar- ^
ranged his ships opposite the forts and oo<
trained bis guns upon them. Then he sent let
an ultimatum to the Chinese oommander>
sailing upon him to evacuate the forts In ]
three hours, after whioh be landed 600 men atl
with six guns, who marohed toward the oa
forts. wa
The Chinese watohed the sailors and pr
marines for a few moments until they be- an
came convinced that the "foreign devils" 1
were advancing in earnest, ana then the W1
three garrisons bolted across the hills be- he
hind the 'forts. The Germans quickly oo- ph
cupled the positions and hoisted their flag,
which was saluted by the warships. The
Chinese General and his family alone did
not flee, and It is said that they received M|
German protection.
Official Chinese here consider that Germany,
by landing an armed force and cap- [
turlngthe forts, has committed an act of ?0
war, Dut tney ao not believe tnat tne renin
Government will treat It as suoh. 'mi
British and American warships have Le
been ordered to prooeed to Kiaocnou Bay to
to watch developments there. It Is said - foi
that the region is immensely rich in mln- tu
erals. The harbor is one of the best on the . ]
whole coast. It is believed that the Ger- br
mans intend to stay there. tti
It is now asserted that the murder of the Be
two German missionaries near Yen-Chu-Fu nf(
was not the work of bandits, as originally Up
understood, but was deliberately planned be
by Li Pung Hmg, Governor of the province, m(
prior to his departure for Seet-ChouaD, of ]
whioh he has been appointed Viceroy. jji
Shantung is one of the largest coast 8h
provinces of China, and about a third of it Vf
forms a very large peninsula jutting out
into the Yellow Sea. This peninsula gives oa"
Shantung an unusual proportion of sea j0f
coast. The Great Canal from Pekin to Be]
Hangohow passes through the provlnoe. i0,
If Germany were permitted to possess her- jja
self permanently of a harbor in China, she 0f
could hardly make a better selection. ]
Steamers in Klaochou Bay are hardly more jul
than a day's sail from Tientsin, the port of th,
Pekln on the north, or from Shanghai on
the south. Itis true thatBhantungabounds ^
with minerals, but little has ytit been done be
to develop the mining lntereet.. ha
; Pa
He Will Probably Be Canada'* Next Governor-General.
Baron Ashbourne, acoording to an Eng- Ri
llsh paper, is to be the next Governor-Gen- 1
eral of Canada, and the Earl of Aberdeen j
will not be succeeded by the D uke of Leeds, mi
as was reported some time ugo. Lord hli
Ashbourne's chief qualification foi jQ,
bis new post, Is a charm of mannei ^
^ N th
which batf made him popular with eventhe gj(
most vehement of his political opponents. ]
He is now Lord Chancellor for Ireland, q(
and will probably be sacceeded in that of- cu
flee by Gerald Balfour, at present Chief i
Secretary for Ireland. jjc
The Bight Honorable Edward Gibson, pe
Baron Asbourne, was born In Dublin in
1838. He entered Parliament in 1875, and
in 1877 was made Attorney-General for Ireland.
He was the chief spokesman for
the Opposition irom 1880 to 1885, when Hi
Irish questions were under debate.
He received his title upon the ,
accession of Lord Salisbury to offloe in
1885, and, in addition, was made Lord a <
Chancellor of Ireland, a post whloh he was ed
given a second time, when Salisbury again c
became Premier in 1895. s
Court Refuaea to Order a Recount on the ^
Anti-Gambling Amendment.
Justices Van Syckel, Dixon and Collins, or jn
the New Jersey Supreme Court, denied the to
application for a recount of the votes on
the anti-gambling amendment to the State 00
Constitution. The opinion, whioh was v0
written by Justice Van Syokle, represents
the unanimous sentiment of the Court.
In the opinion no view Is expressed as to , .
the power of the Court to order a recount.
It is held, however, that the matter of hav- oej
ing a recount is not a matter of private or re<
individual concern, but is one of public fai
policy, and concerns only the Government, be
This leads to the conclusion that the appli- ag
cants have no standing In court. The opinion oo
goes on to say that the matter, being one of ph
public policy, the Legislature had a right
to say how the vote should be canvassed
and a nronlamatlon of the result made bv I
the Governor, and the canvass having '
been made and the Governor's proclama- ba
tion having been issued in accordance jn
with the result of the canvass, the matter
is now closed. 52
Japanese Warship Sink*.
Advice from Japan says that the Japan- ,
ese man-of-war Fu-So ran on a rock neat ^
Nagahama, after having been in collision j
with another ship, taking part in thenBval j on
manoeuvres, and sank on October 29. The I
Fu-So is an iron ship, built in England in | of
1877. She is 220 feet long and of 3718 tons j pe
j all
The Sultan to Give Satisfaction.
The Sultan has declared his willingness i
to give Austria full satisfaction for the j ]
Mersinn incidents, averting in this wa> i Pe
the threatened bombardment of that port j
by the Austrian fleet. j jjr
Cycling Notes.
At Sydney, Australia, on September 15,
Bill Martin, it is saldt rode a mile on the j
highway with the wind at his DacK in l.iy |
The road was a slight incline. { JIc
Somebody wholikes to juggle with figure? | p0
has computed from some basis?he doe? Th
not say what?that there are 10,000,000 gei
bicycles in use in all the world. Ci,
At a recent wodding in Bellport, Long th<
Island, four generations were represented,
all bicycle riders. O. H. P. Robinson, the
chief celebrant, is eighty-six years old.
The Italian rider, Fontana, recently rode ?
from Florence to London and baok in m(
eighteen days thirteen hours, the distance .
being 2625 miles. He rode only in the daytime.
. .. . . ' *
i* Famous American Dentist Expires J
in Paris.
Dr. Thomas W. Evana, the famous Ameriu
dentist who facilitated the flight of the f
a press Eugenie from Paris in 1870, .died
ddenly at Paris, France. He never revered
from the shock of his wife's death!
? died of angina pectoria after twentyar
hoars' Illness.
No American has ever had a more remarkle
career in Europe than Dr. Thomas W.
'{ins. He was bora in Philadelphia about..?
venty-flve yeara ago, and went to Paris ]
1842, where he soon became a favorite
royalty through his advanced methods
d skill in his profession. He atided
to the teeth of the Emperor Naleon.
Empress Eugenie, the members of
eir court and household, and, excepting
teen Victoria and the Bultan of Turkey,
every sovereign In Europe, as well as
many royal personages. He was a man j
graceful manners and many accomplish*
When he went abroad in 1842 dentistry 1
is in a crude state, and Europe 'was far I
hind America in its advancement. Dr. <
rans practically introduced gold fillings
teeth in Europe.
Dr. Evans accumulated a fortune of (35,),000
largely through the favor of Napa- 1
>n, and resided in a magnificent house,
Bols de Boulogne, which is one of
b landmarks to Americans in Paris.
Dr. Evans visited this country in 1876, to
tend the Centennial Exposition, and be
me again last summer. His last visit
ks to make preparations to leave the
inclpal part of his fortune to charitable
d educational institutions.
Bis wife died a few months ago in Paris,
hen he came to this country he brought
r body with him for burial in Phlladelia.
They were without ohlldren.
irriages Stopped, Bride Deserted and
Small Depositors Despoiled.
Three-fourths of the people of Perry
>nnty, Indiana, have been afflicted and
my ruined by the failure of the banks at
avenworth, Marengo and English. Five
wns in Perry Connty suffer, and perhaps
r twenty miles along the river in Kencky
are soattered victims.
President Willett and Weathers, his
other-ln-law, have fled, and in good
ne, for the people would lynch them,
ith spent much time in the banks at
;ht, and all the banks received deposits
to the time of the failure, and it is
lieved the bankers have carried off much
[t is feared Mrs. Willett will die of grief.
)r husband left a letter for her saying
e would never see him asain. Weathers
is a 8anday-sohooi Superintendent.
Pour weddings have been postponed bouse
the prospective bridegrooms have
it their money. One bride has been derted
because her patrimony was swal*
wed up, and manv a tot will look for
nta Claus In vain this winter. Hundred*
honest men oannot pay their debts.
Eli Van Winkle lost $1000 pension money
Bt deposited. Simon Bay and wife sold
elr farm to live in town, put everything
ey had in the bank there and lost all.
rs. Bay walks the streets moaning and
gging for her money. Miss Queen Bird
d saved *190. It is gone. Miss Carrie
.tton, a nurse, had saved $200, which
is taken.
iff Wm to Have Been Hanged, Bat
rought so Hard They Had to Shoot Him.
S. mob of exasperated colored men at
dnight, frustrated la their plan to hang
n, riddled the body of Josh Buff, a crimil,
with rifle ballets and left it lying in
9 pablio road, a mile from Gibson, Ga.
tzekiah Norris, a colored man, confessed
it he shot Baff, and it is known that
was the head of the mob. It
inspires that Buff, who had jost
en dismissed from the penitentiary,
d assaulted Norris's daughter and
reatened to kill Norris if he betrayed
in. He robbed the others, and so tyransed
them that they formed a secret comct
to kill him. They had a rope and
>uld have hanged him, bat he foaght so
sperately, wounding several of them,
at they were foroed to shoot him. Norris
held for trial, but has implicated no
tiers so far.
3hrue Bowles, Ootober 18,1896, Lonlsle
team, in Louisville, Ky.; kicked In
Benjamin Bioh, Ootober 19, 1896, in Tyre,Penn.;
internal hemorrhages. 1
Bert W. Serf, November 14, 1896, Doane
liege team, at Lawrence, Kan.; concas>n
of the brain.
Joseph Kapp, November 14,1896, Alerts,
Brooklyn; hemorrhages of the langs.
Louis Cordova, October 24, 1897, In
.yonne; fractured skull.
Andrew Stafohe, Ootober 26,1897, a New
>rk eleven, at Casino Beach; broken neok.
Robert Orange, Ootober 29,1897, West
id Juniors, in Sewlckley, Penn.; conous>n
of the brain.
Riohard Von Gammon, Ootober 30,1897,
>orgla University team, In Atlanta; con*
sslon of the brain.
William J. Keating, November 9, 1897,
>rth Homestead team, in Swissdale,
nn.; internal injuries.
iseats Some Wyoming Officials Elected
by Foreign-Born Voters.
rhe Wyoming Supreme Court decided, in
sounty contested eleotion case, that the
ucatlonal requirement of the Wyoming
institution, whioh declares that no foreign
rn citizens can vote in Wyoming unless
le to read the Constitution, means that
b Constitution mast be read in English.
Heretofore the numerous Fins and Huns
mining camps who oould not read the
institution in English, but oould read it
their own language, have been allowed
rhe decision unseats several Republican
unty officials who were elected by this
te and gives their places to Democrats.
A Great Food DUcovery.
experiments in the cross-fertilization of
reals and other food plants have been
jently made at the Earl of Winohilsea's
rm in England. The prooess, said to have
en discovered by Mr. Garton, an English
rlculturist, will, it is claimed, convert
mparatlvely worthless cereals into food
ints of the greatest value.
"Feetball" "Wins In Chicago.
Mderman Plotke's famou9 "anti-feet*
11" ordinance met an ignomlnous death
the Chicago City Council. There were
y mourners, and the defeat was decisive,
votes against and 5 for the ordinance.
Resentment Against Sagasta.
rhere 13 a feeling of resentment against
e Sagasta Cabinet in Spain and in Cuba
account of the attempt to establish
tonomy on the island, against the wishes
the groat bulk of the population. Anxation
to the United States is presenting
elf to all as the best solution of Cuban
Pennsylvania Monuments.
Monuments were dedicated in honor of
nnsylvania soldiers who fought at
lickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Orchard
iob and Lookout Mountain.
Mt. Kanler's Altitude 14,528 Feet,
rhe latest computation of the altitude of
>unt Ranier placos Columbia, the highest
Int, 14,523 feet above the level of the sea.
iese figures have been deduced from obrvations
make by*Professor Edward Mcare,
who lost his life while descending
i mountain the night of July 27 last.
America'* Gain.
rames Bryce, Liberal member of Parlia>
mts, said in Aberdeen that several
inches of British engineering had alidy
gone to the United States as a result
the big strike. 1
iMinienRU. MATTRR^
UUillUVUiuuuu "* ** ~ * ii r .
'V : '
Secretary Wilson Submits the Annual
Departmental Report
nAmftndi VAMI?H HC^ylrmtm? BMII fc*
Trade 1b Hone* May B? Built Up, Ilk*' 1 {,
That In American Cat tie? Batter Tor . .
London Coninmpti<m-K?w Method of
Seed XHatrlbatlon?Domeette Settaee*
Wasbxvotov, D. 0. (Special).?TheSeere^^ft
tarr of Agriculture, In his report for the
dual year ending June 90 last/dravifct- retention
to the purpote of the department/
t/> sin tM? olrnnlntton to tnnililu IB'-i .$?
the way of'experience, discovery orinTenHon
that flan interest American farmer*.
"The department will in fat are,*' he say*, .
"help producers to find markets forAt^n*
productions, by getting and spreading information
ooncerning them and concerning
what foreign markets require."
As the result of experidotts ma<ie in thf
raising of sugar beets, the Socretarypiytt
"There Is abundant encouragement to lead
us to conclude that our oounti^-wtjl in ?
low ycoto yiuuuuo vruow buku itnunupir. ?-,?
The department will colleot all $he fact*
regarding the work of this aeasoa aad pufc^ -4v-^:
Hah them for general distribution. The
pioneer work will be pushed energeticallydaring
the next year. The United State* '
paid $882,000,000 the last fiscal year ft* '.
sugar, hides, fruits, wines, an! maw, rice,
flax, hemp, cheese, wheat, h/irleyvheaa#,
eggs, tea, etc., $6,000,000 lor chicory, castor
beans, lavender, llquorloe, opium
poppy, sumac, etc., and $3,000,009 fos.
bulbs, nearly all of which could be grown ,
and prepared for use at home." ..
The Secretary bellerei. that we may 5bulM
up as profitable an export trade In horse*
as we nave had'in cattle, and hs expects In ,j
the near future to inform horse breeders In,,>/
this country as to the requirement* of toti
eign buyers of horses.
An effort Is making on the part of the dfl* ^
part meat te distribute seeds upon a strictly
sdentlfld plan, so that none will be: sent to
farmers living In climates* nbt suitable to .
their successful propagation. TWs.
has been plaoed in ohawre of an oflloer of J>v<
scientific training.
Of tbe results Of experiments in theplac*
lug of fine American bnttiron theXoglish
market, ?he report says: "Buttet from -the
most remote oreamery districts ofthe United
8tates, when property made, can be to ,
transported aa to be delivered in primacondltioh
to consumers In England or oa the
Continent of Europe fifteen or twenty day* .
after maldng. The quality of selected
American bntter is quite equal to the beat. \
offered In London from any other country*,
although, our supply, as a whole, Ja not
nnlform in character asthat from some]otb4gr': '*
sources, notably Denmark. The products
of the United States and of Denmark have
been fonnd to be the only absotatelytture - .
batter imported Into England, all others, ,
Including the product of British. cofoiftetr
contain more or less injurious ingredients,
used as preservatives."- ;
The Secretary devotee considerable .at-.
tentlon to the matter of teaching domeette
soknoe to farm women, and expresses thd j
desire that there maybe opportunity-tor , v
the undertaking of some definite Jtnee of
work In this direction.
The appropriation for meat Inspection '
has been Insufficient, though duuv 'tl)? 1
year all the beef and a great part of $he
pork and other food products exported to
Europe hare been examined aooordlng tola
v. The meat of anfmak Blaoirhterad for
Inter-State trade has not all been inspected* J.
The work.of the Bureau of Aulmal Indus- - ,
try "requires," says the Secretary, "the :
use of an experiment station whew
slderable number of experimentalanlmalf V .
can be oonstantlykept." He recommend* V(
that suitable grounds for such a station b? .,;. j
The appropriation for the weatner. *ey- ; Jj
vloe for the current yealr Is $888,772, whtohj
Is $109,748Jess than the cost of the^rvlee 4
In the fiscal year ending Jane 80,1884. The 1
appropriation for the current year is declared
to he "Inadequate to mapt, t& demands
of the people for & 'material extwt-. don
of the benefits of the sferriee. It is
only with the utmost care, and by requltf
ing from nine to twelve hours' work.every /
dav In the year, including Sundays and
holidays, at a majority of oar stations, tftht - -,~
the important duties of the service can. be .
One of the more lnteres ting parte ofttf. ;report
Is that devoted to the chemical
study of typical soils.
An investigation of the disposition which
Is made of street sweepings and other
refuse of cities has been undertaken by the
chemical/ division and will be prosecuted
vigorously during the eomlng year. The
division hae plaoed Itself In comimtiilofttion
with all the cities of the United States . ..
having a population of 10,000 and over.- It
has also perfected arrangements for obtaining
Information In regard to disposition
of street sweepings ana sewage In the
luMMi ?# YA fKaf *
latgTOl UllrlOS u; XiULUpC, XI 10 uvpuu kUM ?
material advantage will aecnie from this
investigation, both to the oitlee, in respect
of the method of disposing of the revise,
and to the farmers, in respeot of tomuttf
a new fertilizing material at a lowprloe. ;
Drowned Herself In a Reservoir.
The body of the woman found in the recer*.
voir at Hartford, Conn., was identified
that of Miss Alice I. Patton. She had considerable
means,and made her home ?t the
Hotel CapitoL It is believed that she was ^
slightly deranged. Miss Patton's family <
came from Waterbnry, where her father
was well known from keeping a famous
book store called the "Bookhnnt."
Daughter of ? Revolutionary Sire, j'
Mrs. Mary Todd Hall died in Keridan* V'
Hnnn & faw rlxTfl Kirn Mrs Hid] wu Ih*
daughter of Thelus Todd, of-Northfpxd, i 3
soldier in the Revolutionary War. 8hewa>
born February 1805. Her father was draltod J' -I
when sixteen years old and wa* Sent. to J
Fort Grlswold, New London. _ j
Hit Killing No Crime. |
Julian Guinan, the boy who shot and .1
killed Dlstriot Attorney Charles Jones at 1
Carson City, Nev., recently, was exonerated $
by the Grand Jury. The shooting wa*
done beoause it was alleged that Jones had
ruined the boy's sister. . ' >'ij
A. P. A. Headquarters Closed. J
The A. P. A., as a national organization, ; J
has ceased to exist. Its headquarters at $
Washington has been olosed and the prop* J
erty has been sold at auction to satttfy a
debt. -i
Maimcred Thousands.
A special dispatch from the Niger region,
West Africa, says: In order to punish the
inhabitants of the town of Kong, capital
of the Kingdom of Kong, in the Mandingo
region of Upper Guinea, for their refusal
to supply his troops with provisions, Chief
Samory has razed the town and massacred
several thousand natives.
Turkey and Germany Allies.
The despatch stating that a military con*
ventlon had been concluded between Turkey
and Germany has excited profound
Interest and speculation in European capl- ?
tais. |
Agreement on the Sealing Question. 1
The conference of sealing experts in J
Washington resulted in a complete agree- ^
ment as to the situation in Boring Sea. A 9
meeting of the diplomatlo representatives
of the United States, Great Britain and V
Canada was held later, at which the Cana
dians presented a proposition for the ap-^^
pointmeDt of an international commission
to consider all the questions In contro-:
Postal Needs of Greater New York.
Postmaster-General Gary will appoint a
commission to consider the needs of.
Greater New York with reference to postal J
Berriee. J j

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