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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, January 18, 1899, Image 7

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HHQ Queer Facts Abou
<? and His Moham
HI Americans have now a Snltan for a
fellow citizen.
[py His title is Saltan of Sala. We
have annexed him, together with the
^ V Philippine'Islands. His subjects are
all devout Mohammedans.
He is everything that a Saltan
shnnld be. He has a harem and a
BB grand vizier. He bowstrings his
Ha enemies and friends, and is in constant
danger of assassination.
The Sains are a small group of islRg
ands stretching between Mindanao,
the southernmost of the Philippines,
m and the northeast corner of Borneo,
W the second largest island in the world.
W They have a population of 4000 people,
I and an area of 950 square miles.
I The inhabitants of the Sulus are
F called Moros. It is their chief peculiarity
to be Mohammedans. The
foundation of the race is Malay, as in
the Philippines, but the Moros have
been strongly influenced by Arab
w'" In the seventeenth century an Arab
named Said Ali conquered the Sulu
/ Islands and forcibly converted the na'
- - tt J 1_*1 r~i
} tives to isiamism. ne ana ui? iuifx
lowers took large numbers of wives,
and thus added an Arabian strain to
' the Malay race.
The Moros are governed by sultans
t , and by hereditary chiefs called datos.
The latter are often supreme in their
own domains, but are supposed to give
homage to the Sultan of Sulu.
The Sultan lives as we expect a Sultan
to. do. He has a great harem,
replenished by periodical raids among
. , all the Philippine] Islands. He has a
grand vizier, and a barber who tells
him stories.
1 The Moros are not particularly
obedient to their Sultan. Sometimes
' u | m "iifin'
^ they kill him and sometimes they sel
Tip another in his place.
They are the fiercest and bravest ol
all the races in or near the Philippines.
Their skill in the use of their
curved knives, or barongs, is marvelous.
They have defeated the Spaniards
again and again with plain steel
against firearms. Spain made no sort
of effective occupation of the islands
until 1871.
Dean C. Worcester, the acknowledged
American authority on the
Philippines, devotes considerable attention
to the Sulu Islands, their rival
Saltans' and the blood-curdling features
of life there.
A few years before the SpanishAmerican
war, the Spaniards deposed
Mahmond, the rightful Saltan of Sulu,
tnil ftrvnmntAfl in liifl nl?i<A a ftllief.
nnder the title of "His Excellency,
Paduca Majasan Malauna Amiril
Mauinin Sultan Harun Narrasid."
The Spanish bad invited the rightful
Sultan to come to Manila and be
invested with his crown. Remember/^AH/^OUD,
* ilPP
ing that a predecessor, who receive
a similar invitation, had been kept i
' prison for life by the Spanish, th
Saltan did not respond. Thereupoi
the Spanish pnt Harun in his place.
That did not worry the legitimal
Saltan. Haran occupied the palac
in the citv of Sala. carefully sruarde
bj Spanish soldiers. Mahmond o<
cupied the rest of the island with 10
000 Well-armed followers.
i '
t the Ruler of Sulu ^5
medan Subjects. <:>
The most interesting character in
Sulu is the old Sultana, mother of
the Sultan Mahmond. Although born
a slave she married a orevious Sultan.
She hastened his depasture from this
world with corrosive sublimate. When
Harun was appointed Sultan she sent
him an offer of marriaee, but he declined
it, as "he wished to die a naRoYal
tnral death." Mr. Worcester remarks
that she has a genius for organization,
but a mania for poisoning.
While General Arolas, one of the
few competent Spaniards, ruled the
Sulus they were fairly quiet. When
he left his successor thought he could
collect taxes from the Moros. Haruu
called them together and asked their
decision. They promptly decided
not to pay the tax.
On the day appointed for paying
the tax Harun presented himself before
the Governor with a large num1
ber of followers. They were admitted.
Harun presented a large bag of pearls
to the Governor. As he took them
' Harun drew a barong?the Moro
sword?and split the Governor's skull
to the chin. The other Moros fell on
the Spanish soldiers and slaughtered
them all. Then they destroyed the
The Sulu Moro is a born warrior.
He disdains to work and expects his
wants to be supplied by his wives and
slaves. He has many excellent quali
ties. He gives much time to the care
of his arms and to perfecting himself
in their use. He tries to terrify an
opponent by making hideous faces,
uses his shield very skilfully and
keeps his legs in constant motion, so
that .a blow below the shield may not
disable them. In battle he is the
bravest of the brave.
Absolute indifference to bloodshed
is one of his most prominent characteristics.
He will cut down a slave
merely to try the edge of a new
Sometimes a Moro goe3 head-hunting.
This is considered a very sportsmanlike
proceeding. The hunter
takes with him a big and handsomelyworked
basket, which he slings over
i his shoulder, a3 an Ameiican would a
1 fishing basket. In this he puts the
human heads which may fall to his
; skill.
The Moros believe that he who
takes the life of a Christian thereby
. increases hia chance of a good time in
. the world to come. He who dies tak.
ing the life of a Christian is sure to
. be transported at once into the seventh
From time to time it happens that
i one of them wearies of his life, and
desiring to take the shortest road to
glory he bathes in a sacred spring,
i shaves off his eyebrows, dresses in
white and presents himself before a
pandita (priest) to take solemn oath
(jurament&r) to die killing Christians.
He is then called a juramentado. He
hides a barong, or kris, abont his
L person or in something that he carries,
and seeks tne nearest town. If he
can Rain admission he snatches his
weapon from its concealment andrnns
[ amnck, slaying every hnman being in
his path nntil he is finally himself dispatched.
So long as the breath of
i life remains in him he fights on.
Eye-witnesses informed Mr. Wor
d cester that they had seen juramentados
n seize the barrel of a rifle on beinj
,e bayoneted and drive the steel furthei
i, into themselves in order to bring the
soldier at the other end of the piec?
:e withiu striking distance and cut hin
10 rl r\-u.*n
d The number of lives taken by oe?
b- of these mad fanatics is sometimes al
most incredible, but he is eventually
killed himself. His relatives have <
celebration when ^ the news of lxi
death reaches them. They say thi
just as night is coming on they se
him riding by on a white horse boun
for the kingdom of the blessed.
General Arolas, the last Spanis
Governor, established a guard hous
on the only road leading into the cit
of Sulu. Here every Moro comin
from the country was compelled t
halt and give up his arms. If he ai
not halt at once ho was shot dead.
"Accidents" often happened at th
guard house, however. One day
Moro passed through and gave up hi
barong as usual. When he came ou
he claimed it. Before going away h
handed some cigarettes to the soldier!
They laid down their guns to ligi
the cigarettes. Quick as a flash th
Moro whipped out his barong am
sliced off the head of the soldier uear
est him. Then he inflicted mortal in
juries on two others and crippled
third for life. At last the sergeant go
his rifle and shot the Moro dead.
In one of the Sulu Islands ther
was a dato, or great boss. Once
bullet struck his clothes and he es
caped uninjured. Thereafter he wa
regarded as having a charmed life
and the people worshiped him. H
was very gracious to the America!
One day a native rode past them 01
a fine horse.
"Do you admire that horse?" aske<
the dato.
"Yes," said the American.
"Then you shall have him," sail
the dato courteously, at the same tim
raising his rifle and shooting the ride
The Moros are fairly orthodox Mo
hammedans, although they have en
grafted on the religion many feature
peculiar to themselves.
The Moro3 believe that the sun
moon and stars are the light of God
to "dominar" the whole world. Ther<
are no other worlds than this in th
universe, but there are beings who in
habit the air above us and the eart]
^ .J
Deneatn our ieec. xney worsmp urou
and die like ourselves. There is on
God, namely, Toohan. He is omni
present, omnipotent and omniscient
Without him we cannot apeak. Hi
form is that of our thoughts. Am
mals have spirits, but they are not lik
the soul of man, and vanish into thii
air when death comes.
Bishop TIklion Taken Charge of tti
Aleutian Islands and Alaska.
Among the passengers arriving re
cently at New York was Bishop Tikhot
newly appointed head of the Russia
Church in America, although nomic
ally he is Bishop of the Aleutia
Islands and Alaska.
He was met at the pier by the Rut
sian Consul General and members c
(He has arrived on his way to h
diocese of the Aleutian Islanc
and Alaska, and is the new head 1
the Russian Church in America
the Russian colony in New York Cii
and escorted at once to the Russif
Church, at No. 323 Second avenu
where, in accordance to the custom
hi3 church, he conducted a service
thanksgiving for his safe arrival.
A reception followed upstairs in t!
apartments of the rector of thechurc
where the Bishop will reside durii
his brief stay in New York before g
ing to his new field of labor. He
ha received representatives of tl
different associations and national
ties belonging to his flock, includii
Servians, Arabians, Montenegrins ai
Russians, kissing each man's brow
the man kissed his hand.
Bishop Tikhon won the hearts
all present, not only by his words, b
* - v *
a>SO l)J I11H UtJUULllUl a.iLLiyi.ii;it,jr bi
cordiality of manner. He is ta!
slender, witli long light brown ha
and the reddish golden beard whi<
is distinctly Russian.
Bishop Tikhon's secular name
Vasily Bellarin, He was born
| 1865, and has attained his promine
! position at an early age even for
j Russian ecclesiastic. He was gra
uated from the St. Petersburg The
logical Academy in 188S, and imm
diately entered upon pedagogic wor
at which he continued almost to t!
time of his elevation to his prese
ecclesiastical rank. He recent
served as Bishop of Liublin ai
Vicar of Kbolma, the Warsaw dioces
His new diocese is said to be t
largest in tbe world, as it includes t
1-^1- ?c \T.-vwt-U A mawina a r* A aai
prise3 about thirty parishes with
many churches and seventy chape
} Statistics of the class of '97 at Print
i ton show that fifty-five members a
f studying or practising law, twenl
5 seven are studying medicine and twe
i ty three are in theological schools.
Now that the peace treaty has be
? signed the warships are to be paint
. i white again. This fact lends color
j | the belief that harmony has been pi
i inauently restored.
A Spanish Judge Openly Accused of
e the Battleship's Destruction,
,0 The El Beconcentrado Makes Serious
a Charges Regarding the Blowing Up
8 of the Maine?Meeting Place of the
Conspirators Was Well Known?The
? .TnHirn Hllllnff In Snaln.
it Havaxa, Cuba (By Cable).?An open
e charge regarding the blowing up of the
United States battleship Maine has caused
something of a sensation here. The charge
Is made in the organ of "Cuba Libre," the
El Reconcentrado.
El Beconcentrado openly asserts that
Zacarias Bresmes, a Spanish judge, now a
fugitive from Havana, was actively .engaged
in the plot which resulted In the destruction
of the Maine. The paper gave a
sketch of Bresmes's career previous to last
February, charging him with various
crimes. The paper says:
"Wben the Maine came into Havana harbor
Bresmes openly declared In the Spanish
cafes that such an act of audacity on
the part of the Yankees could not pass without
stringent punishment. His threats
were direct and boded destruction to the
American ship. His associates were Felipe
Gonzales, Dion Sio Vega and Euseblo Az3
olio rinl?nt firmniards. Others with him
were officers of the volunteers.
"These men boasted that the Yankees
were about to get their due, though no
a charge can be directed against any save
Bresines. He and the kot-heated Spaniards
of Murailo street met nightly at a house
near the corner of Murailo and Habana
0 streets, where the public know the plot
a against the Maine was concocted and all
arrangements completed,. When the explosion
took place Bresmes was in the
3 Tacon Theatre with friends. At the sound
of the explosion he cried: 'There gees the
e Maine!'
_ "Champagne was drunk in honor of the
terrible event at tho moment when others
were vaguely, inquiring of one another
1 what had happened."
Bresmes's name was mentioned before
3 the American Court of Inquiry, but not
sufficient evidence was forthcoming to
warrant any action, and all reference to
him was suppressed in the published reel
The Cubans here almost withont excepe
tion regard the charges of El Reconcenr
trado as beyond dispute. Bresmes Is now
said to be hiding in Spain.
3 Lacks Nineteen Vote* >"ecc?sary to Reflection
to the United States Senate.
* Habbisbubo, Penn. (Special).?Matthew
? / S. Quay was renominated for the United
9 States Senate by a caucus containing 109 of
0 the 164 Republican members of the Penn.
sylvania Legislature. He received the votes
li of all of those present, but fifty-one aDti
I Quay ItepuDiicans reiusea to iuibuu mo
q caucus. The total membership of the Legislature
is 254. It follows that the vote
which Mr. Quay received is nineteen less
than a majority.
3 The anti-Quay leaders confidently claim
that the man they are fighting cannot
be re-elected to the Senate. On the
6 other hand, the Quay people and Senator
a Quay himself express confidence of ultimate
victory. They say that of the absentees
two members of the House, Snyder
of Luzerna and Clark of Washington, were
kept 'away by sickness, and will vote for
Senator Quay. This would leave him seventeen
votes short of the number necessary
to elect, and the efforts of the Quay leaders
are now directed toward securing these
u Senator Hale'* Re-Election Assured.
Augusta, Me. (Special).?The general Republican
caucus of the Maine Legislature
n lias unanimously nominated Eugene Hale
for re-election to the United States Senate.
Senator Barrows Renominated.
_ Lansiso, Mich. (Special).?Senator J. C.
"* Burrows was unanimously nominated by
the Republican caucus to sucoeed himself.
As the Republicans have a large majority
on joint ballot the re-elaction of Senator
Burrows Is assured.
Senator Davis Renominated.
St. Paul. Minn. (Special).?The Republi-?
I/lon/inci hna iinnnlmnnalv rp.
call lU^ioimng -?
nominated United States Senator Davi3.
This Insures his election, rs the Republicans
have n majority of ninety in th$ Legislature.
Ilie Document Is Referred te the Foreign
Relations Committee.
y Waseixotox, D. C. (Special.)?When the
? Senate went into executive session on Wed'
nesday, tbe Peace Treaty, which had just
been received from the President, was laid
before tbe Senate by Mr. Frye, who occupied
the chair, In the absence of the VicePresident.
The treaty was not read, but the President's
message accompanying it was.
19 This was a simple letter of transmittal,
Is without any word of recommendation or
0f suggestion, and was only a few lines in
\ length. On motion of Senator Davis, the
treaty was referred to the Committee on
Foreign Relations and ordered printed for
the use ot the Senate.
in The presentation of the treaty aroused
e considerable discussion among the Senu?
tors as to its probable ratification. The
01 impression gained from what Senators say
of is that the treaty will no doubt be ratified.
iC * - - Deliver*
H1a Inaugural Address Before
lg Connecticut Legislature.
?" Hahtford, Coan. (Special).?The biennlui
16 session of the General Assembly opened on
j1.? Wednesday, and Governor-elect Lounsbury
was escorted from his hotel to the Capitol
by the Hartford and New Haven compnnid
ies of the Governor's Foot and Horse
as Guards. After the Governor and the other
officers bad taken the oatli of office
, the Inaugural address was delivered before
01 the Assembly in joint session. The message
at referred to the advisability of retrench1(J
ment in State expenses; favored good
i] roads, suggested changes for the National
Guard, anil recommended that steps be
lU" taken for the passage of a constitutional
jh amendment to provide for the division of
tho State into Senatorial districts of equal
jfl population.
A Widow's Terrible Death.
Mrs. Lu.cretia Kent, a widow of Sprlng,a
field, III., met her death in a terrible way
by starvation. One hand was pinioned under
a heavy folding bed when she was
ie- found by a friend. The body was badly
jj decomposed, showing that death had oc.
' curred many days ago. The woman lived
6 alone in the'house.
,ly A Military Honor For Koosevelt.
id President McKinley at Washington will
ie. nominate Governor Roosevelt for the brevet
lie rank of Brigadier General for gallant conhe
due: at the battle of Sau Juan.
m" ( The Lubor World.
as In San Francisco a move is on foot to
Is. amalgamate all the unions in the central
body?the Labor Council.
>g. Judpe Meyers, of Bloomington, 111., has
' decided that the union labor only clause In
contracts has no standing betorethe court,
v" The native laborers of Mexico, the peon,
In* receives from llfteen to twenty-five cents
per day in Mexican silver at common laoor.
The strike of the ?rocors' employes of
en Paris, France, has suddenly collapsed. It
e(| is stated that many of the strikers obtained
0 The Boston (Mass.) city councjl has ordered
all city departments to advance the
wages of laborers iu the city employ to
$2.25 per day. _
A Deadly Polion Sent to Another In ? Present
Can?e? ? Widow'? Death.
Nsw Yobk Citt (8peclal).?Mrs. Kate J
Adams, a widow, fifty-two years old, died
suddenly a few days ago at her home after
taking what sh-j thought to be a dose of
one of the effervescing salts used to relieve
headache. The physicians who attended
her and the Coroner's office are equally
certain that she tod.i one of the deadliest
poisons known?cyanide of potassium?
and that the investigation ql the case will
result In disclosing one of the most daring
poisoning cases ever attempted in this olty.
The case in many ways is similar to the
now famous Botkin-Dunnin* case.
The present case has added interest in
the ffcct that, if the police theory Is correct,
the poison was Intended for Harry Cornish,
the physical director and manager of the
Knickerbocker Athletic Club, who received
the package by mttl containing the poison
as a Christmas gift.
Mrs. Adams complained of a headache,
ana the poison wa3 plven to her for bromo
seltzer. Mrs. Adams was at once attacked
I by violent nausea and convulsions and died
Jii twenty minutes, uornisn, wuo iusiou
.the mixture after she displayed alarming
symptons, suffered Intensely, and narrowly
escaped the death which is supposed to
have been planned for htm.
It is believed that a woman; inspired by
jealousy, intended to murder him because
of his attentions to another, as the package
was addressed in a woman's handwriting.
But that, it is hinted, may have been
a ruse of a male murderer to escApe detection.
The police are working on the case.
A BUI to Compel the Governor to Sign
Fifty-nine Death Warrants.
Topeka, Kansas (Special).?a bill was introduced
In the Legislature Thusrday compelling
the Governor to sign the death warrants
of all persons convicted of murder in
the first degree. The bill also provides
for the putting to death within the period
J of one year of all convicts now in the penitentiary
under death sentence. There
are fifty-nine such convicts. The number
has Increased from year to year, a result
of the present law relating to capital punishment,
which leaves the slgniag of death
warrants optional with the Governor. No
Kansas Governor has ever seen fit to sign a
death warrant.
The bill is the result of the recent; trial
and conviction of John Collins ofl the<
charge of having murdered his father. J.
S. Collins, a Topeka capitalist, last fall.
Governor Stanley reoently declared that
he would not sign Collins's death warrant.
! The passage of this bill wouia compel mm
to do so or resign. Mr. 8tanley says he
will resign before he will sign the death
warrants of the convicted murderers in the
penitentiary. "I will never permit myself
to become a mncderer, even under the
sanction of law," he deolared..
Traated Employe of an Express Company
Absconds With 860,000.
Sax Autosio, Texas (Special).?The looal
office of the WellsrFargo Express Company
13 out a money package containing $60,000.
The money was sent here from Houston for
the Southern Pacific to meet its pay roll
west from this city to El Paso. It
arrived Wednesday morning, and was
given to C. A. Beeler, the WellsFargo
.money delivery clerk, to hand
over. Beeler started for the station,
and was seen en route. Four hours after
his departure his wagon was found
five miles west of the city in a thicket, the
horse almost dead from the effects of hard
driving, Inquiry developed the fact that
no delivery had been maae. There was no
evidence of a struggle In the vicinity where
the vehicle was found. Beeler had been in
the employ of the company for nine years,
and enjoyed the confidence of all. Hu
spent several years on the frontier as a
cowboy. _ . .
Fishermen Sue For Money Found on the
Body of a La Bonrtfo/rne Victim.
Boston, Mas9. (Special).?A unique admiralty;
case was heard In the United States
District Court a few days ago namely,
a libel brought for salvage for the
saving of United States and Frenoh
money of the value $1,050 found
by Gloucester fishermen on what
t be Jaw terms a derelict at sea. The derelict
in the case wa9 the dead body of a
man, believed to have been a victim of the
dlsasterto the steamer La Bourgogne last
July. The body has not been identified.
The libel was that brought by the owners
of the fishing schooner William H. Cross,
in behalf of themselves, her master and
orew of fourteen men against the property
found. The body was burled at sea, nna
all efforts to find relatives of. the derellot
have failed. After hearing the case, Judge
Lowell took the matter under advisement.
Many Persons Witness a Tragedy In the
Street In UloomBeld. Ind.
Bloostfield, Ind. (Special).?Thursday
afternoon Dr. ?. E. Gray killed Mrs. Lizzie
Skinner on the street within 100 feet of the
railroad station In plain vie* of many peopie.
He stabbed her fonr times with a surgical
knife, and she died instantly.
Gray made threats that he would kill the
woman on Thursday. He was watching
for her at the station, as she was coming
to take the train. After the kllttog he Immediately
gave himself up. Mrs. Skinner
left a former husband on account of Gray,
and he has deserted a wife and family for
Dr. Gray is about thirty years old, and is
a son of J. W. Gray, one of the most prominent
physicians of the county.
I A Man and HI* Wife Confess to Poisoning
h Soldiers' Home Inmate.
Milwaukee, Wis. (Special).?Albert Funk
| and his wife were arrested a few night3 ago
for the murder of Chris Melga for his
I money. The murder was committed two
I weeks ago, and Drs. Washburn and Wilson,
who conducted the post mortem, pro|
nounced it a case of heart failure. Funk
j and his wife have confessed to having put
I a large dose of rat poison into a cup of
coffee whfcli Melga drank a few hours beI
? Klo of I,
IUIC UIO ugubu.
Funk Is a teamster andjhas been working
for a dollar a day. He was In bard 9tralts.
Melgo was about sixty-five years old and
I an inmate of the Soldiers' Home. The
j victim was supposed to hare a large sum
of money about bim, but the Funks got
only $40 as a reward for their crime.
A Faith Cnrlst Die* of Burns.
Mrs. J. Weller, of Omaha, Neb., was so
I badly burned by the explosion of boiling
j turpentine on a store that she died Tues)
day nlgbt from the < fleet of her injuries.
I Her husband and two son9, Wayne and
| Hartley, were also slightly burned. The
I members of the family are Christian Scientists,
and refused medic&l assistance.
Mrs. George's Trial In 3Iarcli.
Mrs. Anna George, the woman accused of
having murdered George D. Saxton,
brother-in-law of President McKinley, at
Canton, Ohio, will not be placed ou trial
I before about Maroh 1.
Kevrsr Gleanings.
London had seventy-two fatal cases of
| influenza in six weeks.
Australia will join with Canada in deI
fraying the cost of a Pacific eable.
' ti>? fuirnorj about Saleai. Ore., are con- |
sldering the project of ti co-operative
The French were reported to be fortifying
Tahiti, the prlucipal Island of the Society
Consul Washington at Alexandressa
thinks there Is a good chance for American
wind mills in Syria.
An American has founded Buskin Hall at
Oxford University, England, forthe benedt
of poor young men.
y V \\ ' 1' ':v'- "
ikiTrsutTiAiui i reenu rnuuruTS
Jill bnun I iv/linu UUWWVII wvinmna* V I
taaaonTText: "Christ and Nlcodemaa,"
John ill., 1-16?Golden Text: John '
HI., 16 ? Commentary on th* Day's
Leiion by th? B?v. D. M. Stearna.
1. "Now there was a man" (R. V.). In
verses 11, 22, 23, of chapter 2, we read that j
the disciples believed and many believed,
bat then we read that' Jeans did not com- ]
mlt Himself unto (believe in) men, fov He
knew what was in man. Then we have HIjj
dealing with this man, a ruler of the Jews,
and revealing Nlcodemus to himself, that
he might know God, for tliig greater
than riches or wisdom or might (Jer. ix.,
23, 24).
2. Nlcodemus knew that Jesus was at
least bent of God and that uoa was witn
Him, and his soul was hungering for mora
of God, and he felt that Jesus had power to
help him, yet, being a ruler and Jesus be- <
lng evidently a very humble person, not
having been taught in any of the eohools, 1
nor having, like Saul, been brought up at
the feet of Gamaliel or any great teacher of
the day, he soems to think It wise not to
come at first to Him too publlclv.
8. Jesus passes by the seeming compliment
and, recognizing the longing in the
heart of Nicodemua, tells him briefly the '1
only way to see the kingdom for which he
longs. To be born of God (1-13) or from
above" (margin) is the only way. No human
wisdom nor royal lineage nor position'
among men can entitle any one to see or
enter the kingdom ,of God. It must be a
work of God in the heart?nothing less
than the receiving of the Son of God
(chapter i., 12).
4. Nlcodemus, though very religious and
a ruler of the Jews, was only a natural man
and understood not spiritual things. He
could only think of a natural birth.
5. A little more fully Jesus now states it,
hof tn ha hnrn nf flr.il mflftns to be
" /'"b --? ?
born of water and of the Spirit. By calling
up three witnesses?Peter, James and Paul
?and by comparing I Pet. i., 23, Jas. i., 18;
Eph, v., 26; John vi? 63, we learn that
water suggests the Word of God, by which
tho Spirit always works.
6. The flesh Is the natural man. the man
not subject to nor controlled by {2od. He
may be Intellectual. educated, talented,
wealthy, a good citizen, moral, philanthroplc
and.ln every way all that could be
deslred~a& a loving, father, son or brother,
yet If only that nev?r see the klngdopi of
God. He that hath the Son hath life, but'
he that hath not the Son of God hath not
life, whatever else he may have (1 J^hn v.,
7. "Ye must be born again." There is
much teaohing nowadays to the effect that
there is a. spark of the divine nature in
every one and that it only needs to be developed,
but suoh Is not the teaching of the
Word of God, which says that tbe carnal or
natural mind is enmity against God, for It
is not subject to the law of God, neither,
Indeed, can be (Rom. vlii., 7).
8. We can /eel the wind as it blows upon
us, but we oannot tell whence it came nor
whither Its destination. ThuB the Spirit ;
moves ana worus. in me aurnaus ui uou.
1., 2, the Spirit of God moved upon the face
of the waters, and God spake, and there
was light. So God, by His word and Spirit,
shines in hearts and gives the knowledge
of Himself, causing life and fruitfalness :
where all before was waste and void (II
Cor. iy., 6, 7J.:'
9. "How can these things be?" The blind
was groDlnff for the light and but very
dimly perceiving. These spiritual things,
so simple to the Spirit taught, wore too
much for the natural man, even though he.
be a ruler, u I have wondered if one reason
why the wisdom of this world dislikes the
book of Daniel and would fain have done
with it is that there, as perhaps nowhere
else, is shown the utterimpotence of such
wisdom to deal with the things of God.
10. A master of Israel should know something
of these things, for in Ezek. xxxvi.,26,
27, it was written: "A new heart also
will I give you and a new spirit will I put
within you. I will put My Spirit within
you and cause you to walk in My statutes."
Gabriel was sent from heaven to cause
Daniel to know, but here is a greater than
Gabriel, and yet Nicodemus does not un,
11. This Is the third verily,' verily of our
lesson. Only In this gospel do we find the
double verily or amenor in truth, tfhd He
who uses it is Himself the Truth. He knew
all things and all men, even their utmost i
imaginings. He said through Jeremiah:
"I, the Lord, searoh the heart; I try the
reins" (Jer. xvii., 10).
12. There are celestial and terrestrial
things as veil as bodies, but the glory of- ,
the one differs greatly from that of the
other (I Cor. xv.t 40). The kingdom, although
not of this world, is to be set upon
this earth, and will Include the whole world
(John xvlii., 36: Dan. vli., 27: Hab. if., 14),
bat there is a new Jerusalem to come dowu
oat of heaven from > God, in the light of
which the nations of the earth are to walk.
13. What wondrous sayings are here!
While He was on earth He tras in heaven;
He came down from heaven, and do6s He
say.that as man He had ascended opto
heaven? If so, we must believe it. But
what about John xx.. 17, "I am not yet ascended
to My Father?" That was in His
resurrection body,
14. Our Lord Jesus never made light of
or In any way discounted any record la the
Scriptures, but spoke of them as realities.
Here He refers to the incident of Num.
xxi., 6-9, where the people, dying from the
bite of fiery serpents, were to look upon a
brazen serpent which Moses, at God's command,
lifted upon a pole high enough for
all to see, and when any dying one beheld
the serpent of brass he lived.
15. The Israelites bitten were as good as
dead unless they looked. Nicodemus was
as helpless to save himself as a bitten Israelite;
so are we. When a bittea and dying
one looked where he was told, he saw
1 * ? ? -1 ??W4/?K wo a ntneinff
tne resemDiaucw ui mm nu?,u ? ?
his suffering and probable death, but It
was fastened to a pole, and thus In the
place of death to Itself. <
16. In Jesas Christ on the cro9S for our
sins we set tne love of God as it never was
seen elsewhere. We see the fulfillment of
Gen. lit., 15,21; Ps. xxll.;.lsa. 111}., and every
other Scripture concerning His sufferings
and death. We are not asked to understand
it nor to grasp its full significance,
for that would be Impossible, but, like the
bitten Israelite, we are asked to behold
Him and believe He is for ine. Then we
are assured that through Him wo have life
and can never perish. All who are helpless
and'turn to Him and simply receive
Him are born of God. It is evident from
chapter xix., 39, that Nicodemus received
Him, aid the secret disciple became the
bold coafessor.?Lesson Heloer.
Movement Started at a Meeting Convened
by the Prince of Wales.
The Prince of Wales presided nt a private
meetlDg at Marlborough House, London,
*Ua /1uw innvonuH hv Mm tn fc?lkl4
steps to check the spread of tuberculosis.
The Marquis of Salibury, tho Enrl of
Rosebery, and a number of noted scientists
and physicians spoke of the urgeut
necessity of educating tbe people in th*
means of preventing consumption and of
checking the spread of tuberculous disease
amonp cattle. Special stress was laM
upon the importance of erecting open-air
The Prince of Wal^s, who promised bis
heartiest support to the movomeat, said
Great Britain ought to follow the good example
set before her in the United States,
Germany and eisewhere, in the effort to
stamp out the disease. He mentioned tho
fact Uiat the Queen had ordered tho destruction
of thirty-six of her dairy cows,
which had been found to be suffering from
tuberculosis. It is an example, he urged,
tuch as the farmers ought to follow.
Convicted of Being ? Common Scold.
At Fair Play, a little town in Maryland,
Mrs. Jennie Mickley was committed to jail
for ten days the other day as a common
scold under an antique statute of colonial
times that has never been repealed. The
prosecution was brought by her husband.
Charles Mickley, a respectable mechanic,
Industrious and sober, who brought his
neighbors as witnesses to testify to her
bad temper and unruly tongue. Mrs. Mlckl?y
is said to be a good-looking woman,
thirty years old, and has two children.
aged nine ana nve years, who nave suifered
much from her ungovernable passions.
This is the first aflse ot the kind
known in that n?-t of Maryland since the
* *// * l;V%<
*.V V ' , f-'.' ' - . ? *rV '
11 !
rhankAglring ? The KeatonablenM* ^
Gratitude ? Problem of "Clirtst'i fw
eon ? Think and Thank ? Christ fa
Breath, lood and Drink. > - f
For early and for latter rain; ~
For fields so vast with fatness crowned jflKg
For banner feared on land and main; .
For peace In alf our borders found?
Almighty God, our'tbsnlu ite bring,
.Thy mercy and Thy goodness slngl m
Ehat we did stay onr vengeful band; . . - \
That we did not our honor stain; ?
rhat In Thy fear we took our stand,' >
Fought not for glory nor for gainNot
unto us?no praise we claim;
The honor be to Thy great name!
rhat heaped with sacrifices rare
Our country's altar blazed again;
rhat life and limb we did not spare,
Nor failed to quit ourselves like men?
We thank Thee, and exult in pride
O'er those who uvea,oer those waoaiea.
That we some dim perception show .?
Of what is meant by biotherhood; ,
That we Thy poor remember, (hough
The evil mingles wuh our goOd?
We thank ihee,ior thougu biowot heart,,
We yearn to turn the beit?r port.
That Thou dost signal honor lay
Upon this nation, and oraala
Thai we like Israel display
Thy power, and inane. Inypurpose plain?
We bless The., Worsnip'xhee, content
IX we may be Tnine instrument. 12;
?8. J. Underwood, in Zion's Herald. j3$j
The Beaaonablenes* of Gratitude.
Too many peopie regard, gratitude as a '
duty to which they are compelled by virtue .
of their religion. Bat gratitude is a spontaneous
and eminently reasonable function. .
of the soul. It rests, indeed, upon the mom
of dependence, but it can never b*
whipped into action. It springs into < *" v.
life of itself. A child does not stop
to reason about his motives befora \jy
showing gratitude to his parents; to /,
Is simply gratefal because he cannot help
it When he looks back from, t^ stand point
of his mature manhood he <nm, also, that
the BDontaneous action of his child heait
was also most reasonable. The man tinder- 3
stands the meaning of parental-care'and -;J
the largess of love into which he entered la r
the old home days, and he knowB folly that
no thankful confession of his childish -Hps went
a line beyond his reasonable earvice.
Thus it to with our gratitude to God :M
for the measureless bestowments of HI? - ,3
abundant love. We may nof see today luwr, ' '
reasonable our gratitude for them really la; j'.MaS
but some time we surely, shall. In the ua- . ' J
tried future even this will b? revealed* Wo
see it now with partial clearness. But not yet
all. We must enter ihto conspiracy with th? , < &
coming years for the perfect view. Only let as
bold fast that which we have. Our gratitude
to the Heavenly Father Is no tender; \Si
passing tentimcnt; it Is a sweetly reasonable
function of the soul. All our past warranto
it; all our future invites It; Ood Himself,who : ^
reasons together with men in tbe highest
life of the soul, inspires and sanctions ode
thanksgiving. <
Problem of Christ's ^Person. . ? .'J
The fact simply Is that tbe actual and hto? . {
torical Jesus Christ, the Christ of the go?-' '
pels and the church, was a man with a btfc- ' ^
man will and human freedom, who, by thagrace
of Ood, through. His human faith. '\;f
overcame sin and destroyed death, and bq
redeemed and exalted human.nature and V"!
human life to Its true human destiny ol onenees
with Ood and eternal life ; and in Hli
humanity, which is ours, once sinful, now ' ^
holy,- once dead and now alive, we are all "
now sanctified and risen. , The true Chrto- ^
tian explanation of this act and,fact is that
as It is human, so also is. ,it .divine,
and that (here could have been no such ha- :
man act that was not divine; that -Jesua . ,
Christ, as man, so realized' in Himself the y
/H?Ua ?Anl(?nnr humonlh; hAAAHOA TU* flrtd. . ;1
U1VJUU iCIMHjT MUIUUUXJ! v-t-ittm.. ,j
He so humanly realized Himself In humanity. ,, ? Sj
And, moreover. Dot only was.the complete . ',v
humanity of our Lord an historical fact.' bat
only as human coold He havd Wen really divine.
God fulfills Himself In'tfhd not instead ?
of, or as a substitute for.'HtS works, whether , >5
they are natural or spiritual. We repeat
that a redeeming God only reveals Himself ')
In a redeemed humanity.?Prof. W. P. G.
Dubose; in Ecumenical Counoils.
Think and Thank
Don't let us forget to be grateful for the
common mercies; not only for recovery frost ? I
illness, but for unbroken health4, for proteetion
from accident; for that bfcat of gifts, a .
place to work in aid work to do; for the
group, for your parents, your children.
Thank Him for the love that binds together
brother and sister, lover and friend. Thank.
Him for the family, that blessed institution.
out of which grow all othSr good institutions.
Thank Him if your f&(nily has not ;
not been invaded by death. Thank.
Him for the memory of th6 loved ones
it any have beeu taken away. Thank , 5
Him for the goodness that mude yon a bob.
native or adopted, of this land most favored
by His smiles. For blessings temporal and
blessings spiritual, for blessings personal,
family and national, for such multitudinoas
blessings that when you attempt to count
them you find them more in number tha*.
the stars in the heavens or the - sands upon
the seashore?for them all thank Him who
is the giver of them all! Think, and as you.
think, thank!?Bev. G. B. F. Halloek, fax rj
Presbyterian. .
Christ In Breath, Food and Drink.
What is thtf sign that a Christian man is ;
near to Christ? The man who Is near to M
Christ often turns with faith and love 4
to Christ, often pronounces His sweetest
name, often calls upon Him for help, often
turns his eyes, thoughts and heart towards *
Him. Christ the Lord naturally reveals
Himself upon his lips and'in his glanae,
because without Chrht'he is powerless,
joyless. The man who is for from Christ x .
seldom, very seldom, turns his thoughts
towards Christ, and even then not with.
hearty fai:h and love but only through some 1 /
necessity, and as to a person who is little
known to him, who does not delight his
heart and who has no attraction for him.
This is why we see that those who are near .
to Christ do aot let Christ out of their
thoughts ar>i heart, they live in Him; He is
their breath, food, drink, dwelling?everything.?"Father
In the Light of ChrUt. * " -V"-?.
Take short views. Do not attempt U* '
climb the high wall till you get to it, or f
light the battle till it opens, or shed tears
over sorrows that may never come. Bo
careful lest you lose, the joys that you /
have by the sinful fear that God may J
have trials awaiting you. He promises M
grace sufficient for today, but not one M
ounce of strength for tomorrow. Yoa . fl
cannot create spiritual sunshine any fl
more than you can create the nurniog
ptar; but you can put your soul where Jesos fl
Chri3t is shining. The closing year is a fit- *
ting time to Inventory your mercies
blessings. Set all your family to the puc^R^H
of the one hundred and third Psalm, anH|^H
hang on the wall these mottoes: <;A merrS^^^H
heart is a good medicine" aad *'He that
*- ?*-l ? faoQ^ mhi
or a cneerrui nenrc aum a tuimuum
?Theodore L. Cuyler, D. D.
Is there anything that pleases 70a
than to bo trusted?to bave even a
child look up into your face, and put out^^^^^l
hand to meet yours, aud come to you d^H||
fldinglyV By so much as God is better
you are, by so much more does be love
trusted.?Henry VanWke
Survived Hi* rallbearer*.
Herman Grunberg, of San Francl&^^^^H
Cal., died a few days a?o nf the Pacific
brew Home, aged 102 years. Nlnete^^^^H
years ago he bought a coffin, had a shro^^^^H
made and selected his pallbearers. He
burled In the casket he kept for so
but he survived all but three of the
chosen to bear his remains to the grave
An Iowa Xown Without Smith*.'
In all the town of Hayes, Iowa, there^^^^H
not n resident who bears the name
Smith. This fact was brought out by^^^^H
inquiry from Postmaster Gordon, of
oago.asto a letter which had been
dressed to J. W. Smith at Hayes.
Postmaster of the Iowa town replied t^HH
there were no Smiths there.

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