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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, June 21, 1899, Image 7

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' iSrlifii
Devices That the Next V
In all European armies now great
ttteutiou is lieing paid to the signal
jorps, and each nation every now and
ihen vaunts itself over the others with
;he announcement of the discovery of
iome new method of signaling, says
-;he New York Press.
The really reliable systems of mili- J
:nry eigualing aro few, aud none of >
them is exactlj* new. In our own i
army the heliograph and the "wigwag"
system of tlag signals are most
>' "* 1--II .1 I
reiictl upou. iue captive uuuuujj ai
Santiago was only a qualified success, j
but it has not diminished the ardor j
tvith which European powers are
ieekiug to solve the balloon problem.
The bravery and the efficient work of
the signal service men in the war with
Spain received high praise fro~: all
the foreign attaches and from our own
Government, but Europe seems loath
to take up our system of signaling.
With every nation on the Continent of
Europe military signalingisa military
hobby, r.ud each rides its own especial
hobby hard, and spends great amounts
of mouey on it.
All over Europe experiments are
j going ou constantly in military signal'
" '-I "i
V lug. Jiivery Drigui yuuug oujkci uu?
f every crank regaidi the signal corps
as the bouy which sliall make his fame
aud fortune by u ilizing his invention.
Aud it would s?e:n as if every King
and Emperor aud cvM-y field marshal 1
lay awake nigli s to t liuk up some
new iuvention fcr that branch of the
No matter what branch of the service
has to go short on funds in a European
army, the signal corps gets
what money it wants. That the signal
service of an army is of the first
importance is not to be denied, and
our own corps will compare in eft
ficiency with any in the world. But
in Europe the corps is a fad.
The German Emperor is credited
with having said the other day: "So
important will be the part played by
military telegraphy in the war of the
future that the army having the most
efficient system of signaling will hold
& trump card which may be of most
decisive influence on the conduct and
success of the war."
Another German authority says:
"Electric telegraphy, with and with
out wires, is a main branch of tlie
service, and not only with the
'pioneers,' but with every troop, infantry,
cavalry, artillery and railroaders.
The German army, adhering to
its principle of meeting the enemy on
the latter's own territory, must needs
possess greater alacrity in and better
facilities for building electric to!egraph
lines than the French and Russians,
the Austrians and .Italians, who
might be eager enough to "keep war
out of their own territory, but who
are behind Germany in the rapidity of
Neither the German nor the other
European armies rely exclusively upon
the electrical telegraph, which may
fail for various reasons, the principal
one being that the ordinary commercial
lines, as well as the field lines
established in their stead or for the
purpose of supplementing them, may
be destroyed by the enemy or the elements,
thus robbing the commanding
I - * tL . / ?
general ui tut? menus iur cuminunicating
with his subordinate commanders.
The Germans, like other nations,
rely largely upon optical methods of
signaling. The favorite device of this
kind in tho German army is the semaphore,
which is made more efficient
? ? ?' JHE
by Redi's system of cones. The semaphore
proper is quite an ancient device.
It was first introduced by the
French in 1794 for conveying intelligence
from Paris to the armies on
the frontier. As the illustration shows,
tke German Army semaphore is
l . .'J
jGLE for
Var Will Bring Into Use.
similar to oar railway signal poles and
is worked by arms. There is also a,
telescope in the top which commands
the mast at the next station. The
mast can be inserted at auy place. As
to the cone, each one represents a
number, 1, 2, 3 or 4. If 1 and 4 are
down, that means 5, and similar additions
are made with the other
Signals can also be given without
the cone by moving the arms
horizontally against the body, or by
placing them iu any other position
agreed upon.
.At night lantern slides of various
. .3
colors are placed in the ends of the
Personally the Kaiser has more
faith in the captive balloon than in
any other optical means for telegraphing.
The German captive balloon is
furnished with means for photographing,
and the parties in the car communicate
with those on the ground by
means' of- the telegraph or telephone.
For telegraphing an instrument
similar to the Morse apparatus,
arranged in compact form, is used.
The system is practically that used in
this country.
1'or the signal corps of the German
army the brightest men of each battalion
and regiment are selected. They
are thoroughly drilled in all the manoeuvres
connected with the transportation,
the erection and operating of
the apparatuses. Each German signal
station is manned by five privates, a
non-commissioned officer and a lientenant.
In the English army a similar number
of signal men are employed with
each company, squadron of cavalry
and battery. The French employ eight
instead of five men; the .Russians think
four men of each company sufficient
for the service.
The French army employs as optical
telegraph flags and lanterns. The
flags are worked according to the naval
code and Morse alphabet. French
signalers are said to be able to execute
120 movements per minute. To signal
the dot of the Morse alphabet the
French bold up one flag. Two flags
represent the dash of the Morse alphabet.
After each letter there is a
short pause, after each word a longer
pause, the latter being accentuated by
the flag being held over thefthead of
the signal man. If the telegram is
finished the signal man repeats the
last word three times. If the receiver
doesn't understand the operator he
raises a flag with his right hand to his
head. Of course, flag signals can only
be used in daytime.
At night the lantern is employed
when search and flash lights are not
Signal lanterns are handled after
the fashion of the flag?, dots being
marked by opening and shutting the
slide respectively. A dash is marked
by exposing the flame four times
longer than in case of a dot. Thus
dispatches cf twenty words can be forwarded
in a minute.
The Austrians follow the French
method of signaling in all but the size
and form of flags. To the standard
colors of black, white, red, blue and
11 ai _.u n _i
yeiiow iney auu greeu. urcea piajs
also a part in tha Italian flag signals.
i / V'
(X i.
The English largely employ the
heliograph. By means of the heliograph
trained signal men can communicate
with each other at a distance of
fifty miles, whether they have a teleeoope
or not. General Boberts once
sent 1200 telegrams by heliograph in
a single day, That was in Egypt,
.where the sun is very strong.
The English mode of signaling by
flags differs from the French in minor
details, which are kept secret. But
this secrecy doesn't amount to much,
considering that the Britishers, like
other nations, use the Morse alphabet.
The Russians have adopted the
French lantern system for distances
from oneto two miles. These lanterns
are constructed on the lines of bicycle
lamps, having a bnlls-eye lens, and
being fed by oil. On long distances
the Russians use lime light apparatuses
constructed as, follows: There
are two tanks filled with oxygen and
hydrogen respectively. The hydrogen
is lit una, the oxygen gas mingling
with it, produces a colorless flame. A
lime block placed in the flame is rendered
incaudescent and its light, reflected
from a mirror, is sent forward.
The mirror is a powerful paracolic,
I resembliug in shape the eud of aa
egg. The concave portion is the reN
flector. This apparatus is so contrived
that the beam light can be senl
in all directions. The telegraphing is
effected in the same way as the telegraphing
with lanterns by the French.
All the apparatuses described are,
if possible, set up on natural or artificial
elevations. The signal officers
mnst. nlan Iia r.ivrefnl to find a suitable
background for their operations, so
that the signals from the other side
cau be readily interpreted. There is,
however, one great drawback to all
these systems. As all armies use as a
basis for their systems the Morse
alphabet, friend and enemy alike are
capable of reading the messages sent
* Moose and Caribou Cemeteries.
The Forest and Stream contains the
following contribution from a Quebec
correspondent concerning the habit
moose and caribou have of going tc
the same place, season after season, to
shed their antlers:
"The idea of the animals seeking s
definite place for this purpose was
quite new to me, but lately the efficient
Superintendent of Game and
Fisheries at Quebec, L. Z. Joncas,
Esq., has told me that they do frequent
such places, and that this habit
was quue wen Known 10 mm. ne
knew of many and mentioned several
places where horns could almost certainly
be found at any time. And not
only do they go to shed their horns,
but they go there to die. Tbese
places are known as cemeteries, and
whole skeletons are occasionally
found. This, however, wonld be rare,
as the bones would usually be torn
apart and scattered by bears and other
"Mr. Joncas instanced the case of a
gentleman going to a certaiu region
for geological exploration, who asked
for a nermit to shoot a moose out of
season in order to get a good pair ol
antlers. He was told that by diverging
a little from his route he might
reach a place where he would find
plenty of them. He did so and secured
five excellent specimens."
New Game of Lawn Golf.
Those who ar? anxious to ledrn the
game of golf without all the violent
exercise and immense amount of
tramping up hill and down dale which
the real thing calls for, will welcome
the new game of lawn golf. Of course,
golf cranks and enthusiasts will scoff
at it, but lawn golf will give beginners
a very good idea of the rules of the
game, and from this they may graduate
into full fledged golfers.
The most particular and cranky
lawn owner cannot object to lawn golf
being played on the velvet verdure of
his cherished lawn. No holes need be
made in the' ground, and after the
game is played, the clubs and cups
and bunker? can be gathered up,
packed in their boxes, and put away
out of sight.
Lawn golf is played with a small
sized golf ball and implements something
like golf clubs. The course can
be laid out on an ordinary lawn, and
constantly altered at will. In place
of bunkers little fences provide the
necessary obstructions, and, instead
of the holes of an ordinary putting
green, there are saucers of tin, with
holes in their centres. The saucers
are turned upside down in any desired
position, and, as might be imagined,
it is no easy matter to drive a
ball into them.?New York Herald.
The EnglUh Language iti Cuba.
Here is au advertisement that appeared
the other day in a Havana
paper: "This is without doubt one of
the factories of first class and of the
most universal credit, and we affirm
that no other has this credit with
more merits, by the goodnea intelligency
and care employed in the
preparation aud perfectionment of his
productions."?New York Tribune. ?
there la a Question aa to Who Mow Cod
trols Tliem.
In most of tlie cities and towns of
Cuba there is a contest pending ovei
the control of the cemeteries. During
the Spanish regime tiie bunal places
were managed and controlled by the
authorities of the church. The fees
]Hilli?"9y 3 31
frnm the cemeteries formed a consid
eiable item in the revenues of each
parish church. It cost *11 the way
fro in seventy cents to S70 to secure
funeral services and a burial in'these
consecrated grounds. Plots of ground
were assigned to such families ns desired
them on annual ground rent
terms, or else "ovens" in the cemetery
walls, capable of containing a
corpse, were assigned upon an annual
rental fee. If the rent, was not paid
within fire days of the expiration of
any year the corpse was dragged out
and the remains, bones and ashes,
thrown upon the "bone pile."
In the cemetery at Havana when
the Americans took possession of the
city the dump pile contained literally
millions of bones, and thousands of
whitened skulls. The American authorities
have ordered these horrible
stacks of bones buried, and this particular
"aight" can no longer be seen
in the island. Paupers have been
buried with the slightest of earth covering.
Some of the cemeteries are distinguished
by beautiful tombs and pieces
of memorial statuary, imported from
abroad and erected by the richer families
of the communities.
Under the new order of affairs the
city governments are claiming the
cemeteries as municipal property and
the church authorities are tenaciously
pressing their title to them as the
property of the church. In Uienfuegos
tbe commanding general baa allowed
tbe oity authorities to take
charge of tbe cemetery and reform
tbe past abuses. General Brooke,
Governor of the island, has notified
both parties to the controversy?the
church on the one hand and the city
governments on the other?to submit
their claims and proof in each case,
and the decision will then be finally
rendered as to which is the owner of
the cemeteries and entitled to control
Volapuk is Vanishing.
In the later part of the seventies a
German linguist, Johann Schleyer,
was at work on a world lauguage?an
artificial language made out of tbe
principal languages of the earth. In
1879 lie issued a grammar and vocabulary
of the language to which he
gave the name of Volapuk. Volapuk consisted
of 14,000 words, of which about
1300 are root words, a third being taken
from tbe English, one-fourth from the
Romance, a fifth from the German and
the remainder from other languages.
Its grammar was its chief advantage,
being very simple and regular throughout,
was designed to be a useful commercial
language. Its introduction
marked the beginning of a craze. Ten
years after the language was presented
to the public there were no less than
twenty-three publications appearing in
this tongue. In America a paper published
exclusively in this new lingo was
established and 5000 copies of "Handbook
of Volapuk"were sold. But the
(The inventor of Volapuk.)
fad is dying out rather rapidly,though
the activity of some of its friends, especially
in the Volapuk academy in
Russia, show no signs of decreasing.
The obstacles in the way of its becoming
a world^Ianguage are numerous.
It is not at all adapted to those who
1- T>,-vl i ?1> ?r?/3 XTt-1 r\ r.'ori a 71 Iflii.
guages for instance; its great deficiency
was its inability to render the
idiomatic expressions of the various
living languages; while the idea of inducing
a billion and a half of human
beings to give up their mother tongue
for an artificial language is hardly conceivable
at this day.
Tiie Hyacinth Fields of Haarlem.
Holland is still the bulb-grower of
the world. Supremacy in hyacinths
aud tulips is the one distinction left,
which gains a niche for Holland among
the world jjowers. No one who is acquainted
with the figures of the Dutch
i bulb trade and has watched the in
sinuatiou <;f the hyacinth into the
forbidding corners of English urban
life will doubt that Haarlem's industry
is a world power. Ought not then
every Hollander to be proud of Haarlem?
Should not he take off his hat
to every hyacinth bloom he passes?
And if he is not skilled to bow with
' ??? i i \.i f?
grace tiie nower wm teacu mm, iui
the humility of natural beauty invariably
saves the hyacinth from any
Arrogance of bearing. True, it has
not the singulai grace of the daffodil,
which learus the lesson of humility
and bends its head just at the crisis
of its glory; still, the upright hyacinth,
left to its own devices, is never stiff. .
?Saturday Review.
v/iclent Attack on the French President
While at the Auteuil Races.
: Former Anna Gould Crle* "Vive I'Arinee!'*
With the Moyallati?One Man Struck
the Prenidenf, ISat Wan Overpowered
*nd Arrested?Government Decides to
Take Strong Preventive Measures.
Paris, Franc* (By Cable),?President
Loubet, accompanied by the Premier, M.
Dupuy, and the Chief of the Military
Household, General 31. C. Eailloud, drove
to the Auteull races, closely followed by
ftlme. Loubet In a second landau. As they
drovo along the Avenue des Champs Elvlees,
tho crowd bowed respectfully, but on
arriving at Auteuil, they were met by a
violent demonstration, evidently organized,
and directed against the President.
mnnn ncra loubet.
There was a storm of hoots, yells and
cries of "Panama!" "A bus Loubet!" and
"Vive rArmee!" A few shouts of "Vive
Loubet!" were drowned in tho clamor.
A strong foroe of police kept order and
arrested many of the disturbers, including
a man who tried to force his way to the
President's carriage.
Daring the second race the clamor Increased
In violence, and was plainly directed
by a committee of the League of Patriots,
colleoted with their supporters both
before and behind the Presidential stand,
around which a formidable affray proceeded.
At the crisis of the excltment, while
/.bouts of "Vive l'Armee" and "Vive Detoulede"were
heard on all sides, Comte
Chrlstlanl rushed toward the President,
brandishing a stick, and directed a blow
against him, striking his hat.
The crowd rushed upon Christian!, who
only escaped severe handling by being taken
| under police protection. The whole race
course, particularly the infilosure, witnessed
scenes of the wildest excitement.
During the demonstrations n number of
hats labeled "Resignation" w**re picked uj).
Comtesse Bohl tie Castellane, who was
Miss Anna Gould, of New York City, pluced
vSSjBjS. herself at the head
of the Jeunesse Roynllste.
and marched
Gaff* IKI UP HD(1 down the I
tfSff lawn shouting "Vive
Iffig ifgtk l'Armee." Comte
***" 1B> Bonl de Castellane
n . n and bis brother Jean
9k zL W were arrested, but
T j soon liberated.
_ 1 Altogether about
130 arrosts were
vC X \4 u made, one being that
S\ |V} of M. Bonsette.Dep>
) \> uty Mayor of Ar/l
V mentiere9. Most of
' tbe persons arrested
represent some of
comtesse de ca8tel- the best families iu
lake. France. Cointe
Christianl is held on a charge of attempting
to strike the President.
President Loubet remained all the while
quite unmoved, talking to the Premier,
while the officers of bis military household'
were defending him against violence.
Finally, the Prefect of Police ordered the
Republican Ouards to surround the Presidential
Demonstrations and counter-demon3traHnna
<?nnHnuert until M. Lonbet JefC the
race courso. The mounted guards with
difficulty opened a passngo through the
crowd, the President being pursued to the
Inst with boots and yells. Even eggs were
I thrown.
It was noteworthy, however, that the
! people generally cheered him loudly, the
cheers Increasing as he drove toward the
Elysee, which he reached safely.
A special Cabinet council was summoned
to consider the situation. A semi-official
note has been issued, which 'says: "1 he
Government will act with the greatest
energy and will impose respect for the
President and for the State."
The Race-Course Committee apologized
to M. Loubet, who replied that ho could
not think of holding them responsible. He
remarked to an important personage that
he did not intend being intimidated into
Two Boat* Collide on the Lake of Clondt^
The Occupant# All Loit.
Laooan, Alborta (Special). ? Between
| twenty-five and thirty Indians, including
! men. women and children, were drowned
I In the Lake of Clouds, near the Canadian
j Pacific Railway, while crossing to the reservation
to attend a potlatcb.
They wero traveling in boats rudely
I manufactufod of cariboo skins, when 'the
| boats collided. Eoth vessels wore run|
dered useless and the entire party was
lost. A third vessel bearing the skins of
j deer, b?ar, cariboo, mountain sheep and
goats, and mauued by four Iudinus,
reached the spot as the last survivor
slipped from the capsized boat and disappeared
in the Olacier-Fen waters of the
lake. Dense clouds were resting ovor the
surface of the lake and were responsible
'or the accident.
Pardoned by Kins Iluinbert.
On the occasion of a national fete Kin^
, Humbert at Rome, Italy, has pardonod all
| the prisoners who were convicted of taking
' part in the' riots last year. The prisoners
j will receive their liberty, but their political
rights will not bo restored, it requiring a
| general amnesty to restore the pollticaJ
right9 they lost through conviction.
Father nod Son Shot Dead.
News was received at Austin, Texas, ot
the killing of Scott Porter and his son
I Ullmoro, weaicuy siockiuuu uour utuouipu,
j by T. D. Fisher, another stockman. Porter
! and bis soa quarrelled with Fishor over
I the le;i?lQff of a ranch, and the tliree moo
i met and fous:bt It out with rifloi.
Hoy Cr>nfe??p? to Murder.
Feter Graham, aged ilftcen, of Bridge!
port, Conn., has confossod that he comI
mittod tlie murder of a peddior there a Tew
days ago.
Crcllnj; Notes.
In the Rochester (N. Y.) high school there
are uccommodatious for storing 500 bicycles.
The recent census of cyclists in France, 1
which has been made for the purpose ol
taxation, shows that there are 303,649 owners
of wheels. 1
A project Is on foot to build a prand '
... Anl.ili nf fli.1 TlclntTfrtn.^rilhlirr 1
eciau in
race thu yenr. The 9chomei.4 to orect i
0tutid capable of accommodating 300 per
Wheelmen in Mexico cna^ht withouf '
license labels on their wheeU suffer tb< '
Umparary oonflscatlon of their machine! I
and have a dial of trouble in adjusting
. -. " ' *''; . .* *,- y.y * .
Departure of the Cruiser JOlympia
From Hong- Kong.
Salutations Exchanged With British and
Italian Warships?Admiral Wishes
to Avoid Demonstration.
Hoso Koxo (By Cable).?The United
States cruiser Olympia, with Admirai
Dewey on board, has left here on her homeward
cruise. There was no demonstration.
It was blowing and raining hard at
tlie time of the warship's departure.
Consul Wildman remained on the Olympia
until the last minute, with a few friends
of the Admiral, who went on board to bid
him farewell.
While passing the British cruiser Powerful
the band of the Olympia played the
British national anthem and gave a bugle
salute. There was no flrl g. The Powerful
replied with a similar s<. >te, and her band
played "Hail Columbia."
As the Olympla passed the Italian Admiral's
ship the Olympla's band played the
Italian national anthem and gave an Admiral's
salute. The compliments were returned.
Then the Olympla's band played "Auld
Lang Syne," and the band of the Powerful
played "Home, 8weet Home."
Admiral Dewey is apparently anxious tc
avoid all demonstrations.
The Admiral to Visit Chicago and Mil*
Tvankee With the President.
Washington, D. C. (8pecial).?President
McKlnley for the first time gave official
intimation of the time when
Admiral Dewey, would probably reach
the United States, and promised his attendance
at a public function.
Henry C. Payne, of Wisconsin, a member of
the Republican National Committee visited
the White Hnnsft tn iirirn thn Prnalrlflnt: tn
visit Milwaukee some time In October,
and the President agreed to do so,
promising Mr. Payne that Admiral
Dewey would accompany him. The
President will be in Chicago on October 10.
He has promised to go there on that
date, and take part in the oommemoration
of the anniversary of the Chicago Are and
be present at the laying of the corner stone
of the new Federal building In that city.
He told Mr. Payne that at that time he
would run over to Milwaukee and spend a
day, and that as Admiral Dewey would accompany
him to Chicago he would have
the Admiral go with him to Milwaukee.
Loaea Hia Life in 8avlnjr That of a Little
Chicaoo (Special).?Martin O'Malley, a i
crossing flagman, died a hero's death in
saving four-year-old Mabel Smith from
death at Weed street and the Milwaukee
Railroad tracks. The crossing, like many
others, is unprotected, and O'Malley had
stood there for fifteen years, warning
drivers and pedestrians of the approaching
When the outbound 3 o'clock express
came thundering up to Weed street, O'Malley
was on duty, with his red flag in hand.
The little girl was coming down Weed
street In the opposite direction from the
flagman and looking away from the approaching
train. There were others near
by, and it was not until he had warned
ttiem tuat OMalley caugnt algnt oi ner.
He waved his flag and shouted, bat without
seeing him she started to cross the
tracks. Just as the engine was about to
cut her down the aged man made a rush
and reached the track, in time to toss her
to one side. The engine ran over him,
killing him instantly. The girl was uninjured.
O'ilalley was sixty years old, aud had a
record of several otbor rescues.
Rejoiced at the Finding of the Coart of
Foet de France, Island of Martinique
(By Cable).?When the dispatch boat Goe>
land, bearing the superintendent of the
prison and the commander of the marine
artillery, who were designated by th?
French Government to notify Dreyfus of
the revision of his trial, arrived from
Cayenne at the Isle du Diable,
Dreyfus was waiting on the shore.
Although endeavoring to maintain his selfpossession,
he received the official intelligence
with a countenance radiant with
Dreyfus refuses as yet to wear again the
military uniform which he was permitted
to do hv theFrannh (lorernmftnt
Society Women Threatened to Cnt the
British Einbauy Ball tf He Attended.
Madbid (By Cable).?Many ladies of th?
aristocracy objetoted to attending a ball
to be given at the British Embassy
on July 5 when they learned that Mr.
Bellamy Storer. the new American Minister
would be present. Sir Henry Drummond-Wolff,
the British Ambassador, when
(The new American Minister to Spain.)
he was informed of the opposition of the
ladles, which threatened the success of the
ball, visited Prime Minister Silvela and laid
the matter before him, asking him to use
his Influence to get the ladios to reconuider
their determination.
SenorSiivela undertook to arrange the
trouble, with the result that the Iuranta
Isabella and the other ladles promised,
though reluctantly, to attend the ball
A Fatal Collision in Colorado.
A locomotive when taking water at a
tank near Hickman, Col., broke away from
US crew UUU SUIIIOU uu a nriiu iuu uunu
grade. Near Buena Vista the runaway I
crashed into the east-bound passsenget
train. Both engines wore totally wrecked.
Fireman George Boswick was killed, and
Engineer Arthur Lalonde received fatal injuries.
No passengers were hurt.
Spanish Troop* All Leave Manila.
A dispatch from Manila received at Mad
rid, Spain, announces that General Rios
with the remainder of the Spanish troop3.
has sailed lor Spain.
To lJnlarjH I?ry Dock at San Kranclico.
The dry dock at Hunter's Point, San
Francisco, Cal., is to be lengthened CIO feet
on the bottom. This will enable it to accommodate
the largest merchantmen that
go into ihe port, though it will not be
wide enough for some of the big battleships.
It will taka nearly a year to complete
the work.
(tepalm to the Alvarado and Sandoval.
Vn.ol n.'w.r.l nn fi,in?tnmtlnn u
Washington has recommended that $19,.
MK) sball be expended In putting into
jerviceible condition tbo former Spanish
gunboats Alvar.ido and Sandoval. Tba
wort will lie done at tba Portsmouth (N.
H.) Nuvt Yard.
Five Hundred of Our Men Prostrated
by the Heat.
- m
Signal Corp* Men Bravely Rescue a Nam-*
ber of Companion! From the Rebel*?
Spine of Oar Wagon* and Supplies
' Abandoned IJocame of tbe Roujthne**
of the Country?A Vlzoroai Campaign.
Manila (Br Cable).?Hospital tug3 have
returned to this city with Ave hundred
men wounded aud heut-strleken from Lawton's
brigade now advancing on the Morong
The fighting has been most severe. It
was Impossible to maintain a complete
cordon across the country and the Fill
plnos got past oar lines and oat the telegraph
wires In the Mateo Valley so often
that the signal corps bad to abandon
them. Communication from Lawton is _
kept up by way of Paslj?.
Transportation bad to be abandoned,
and even the Signal 8ervlce wagons. Five
Chinese carrieri with the Signal Service
decamped, and 8ergeant Wadalc, with
party, was cut off and only saved from
capture by the prompt action ofLieuten- . >
ant Gibbs.
Battery G, of the First Artillery, was unable
to proceed, and bad to burn its
wagons, artillery and ammunition to prevent
them falilug Into the enemy'9 hands.
Two battalions of the Washington
troops, under Colonel Whalley, on board
cascoes, were towed from Pasl? to Morong
on Sunday and landed under cover of
a well directed Are from the tlnclad army
gunboats Napidan and Covadonga.
The rebels under General Pio del Pilar,
who were intrenched in the outskirts of the
town, reserved their Are until the troops
were ashore and in the open. The American
artillery opened tire on the Insurgents
and drove them from their positions, killing
nlne.ot them and Wounding Ave. The - Washington
troops then took the town,
the rebels fleeing to!the hills.
While the Americans were on their way
to Mo'rong the Insurgents opened fire from
a shore battery at Ancona, thair first shot
striking the Covadonga's awnlug aft at a
range of 3500 yards. The Napldan also
was fired at.
SllaUter of War Orders Ksterb&zy and
General Pellleax InTeittgated.
Pabis (By Cable).?M. Krantz, Minister ;
of War, has ordered an Inquiry into the
subject of Esterhazy's connection with the
document known as the "Liberator" letter:
He has also ordered General Duchesne* to
Inquire Into tlie'm^nner In which General
Pellleax directed information against EatttrUaZ7'
(He forured the document oil which Dreyfus
was convicted of treason.)
Because of Iils nttltude in the Derouleda
case, the President of the. Court of Assizes,
M. Tardif, is to be summoned before the
Hign court oi judicature iuu nttvai iyiour
tenant Gaenard, of the gatrlson at L'Orient,
is to be sent before a maritime tribunal.
Admiral Dewey Reports His Bravery *m
the Navy Department.
Wasuixotox, D. C. (Special).?The Nayj
Department has made public a report from
Admiral Dewey recommending the advancement
of Ensign Cleland DavLs ten
numbers above his present ranlc for strikingly
gallant services rendered in connection
with General JlacArthur's division
in the engagements ashore near Malolo9
and Caloocan. The report presents the
peculiar situation of a naval officer being
recommended for promotion by the cornmauder
of ah nrmy corps and this recommendation
being approved by the admiral
of the fleet.
Eusign Davis took ashore a Colt automatic
gun from the Helena and co-oper
atedwltL Major Young of the Utah Batterj
In MacArthur's advance of Caioocan.
John H. Henderson, of OlUirn, Charged
With Iiobblug the Coucern of 830,000.
Ottawa, Ont. (Special).?John H. Henderson.
an accountant of the Union Bank
Is missing, and it is charged that by false
nnf-rl?a Im hn* rnJihad tha bank of abouf
Henderson is the son of Hie City Clerk ol
Ottawa, and is married. He has been io %
tbo service of the bank for over ten yeare.
It is said that he had speculated unsuccessfully.
The bank authorities state that the
shortage will be fully covered by the bank's
system of guarantee, so that the Institution
wiil suffer no loss.
A SUftgvr.iy Bank Fail*.
The First Bank of Skagway, at Skagway,
Alaska, has closod its doors, with $15,0t>3
liabilities. The assets are said to be $13,000,
but many say but $3330 will be realized.
Judge Johnson ha* appointed J. Q.
Prica receiver. He thinks tiie depositors
will get auout eighty per cent.
Peru'j New President.
Tiie eleotiou of Senor Eluardo P.ornana
as President, aud of Senors Alzamors and
Rraa ini T7i rah i n rl Ant
respectively, of Peru, has been secured by
a trifling number of votes over the miatmum
required by law.
The Labor World.
There are 833 carpoaters' unions ia the
United State.?.
Cramps' shipyard a: Philadelphia novt
employ 5000 men.
The oil woll workers nro agitating th?
formation of a national organization.
The Illinois Legislature has voted to establish
State employment agencies iu Gill- ,
ca >ro.
I'ho recent advance in wages, equivalent
to about twenty per cent., enables tb?
street car men of Pittstmrtf, Penn., to now
earn $2.50 a day of twelve hours.
Cincinnati unions have signed articles CS
agreement with a large shoe factory ther*
<-t ll,n.nnl,hl? llnlrtn Tl.lj U ?!,?.
iii ii& lU^j |b bUVtVUJMIj UUIWUi A UIJ IV kU?
lirjt azjiaashoa factory la tint oitr.
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