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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, January 17, 1900, Image 8

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by the
roniul and about I.ulltner
H^B^^H^^Knetime felt the nml a new
lew months ago by the encour HHHPTot
their pastor, Kev. Henry stoke*,
^an effort to raise the necessary amount
H^BWhi'. np an up-to-date new church at Salem.
^WFliey were successful, and Monday the old
church was torn down and a new one will be
bee 11 u at once.
Mr. J. J. Johnson and his Mister. Miss Nannie
Jonnson went to Anderson Tuesday and
spent a lew days. The lirst named will In a
lew days bid us adiau, and go to Prattvllle,
Ala., where he goes to accept a position ol
book-keeper in mo rruuvino .uchuuuibv^.
We are sorry to lone hiiu, as a citl/.en. He
was born and reared in ibis section?is well
known to all of our people, and all unite In
honoring bitn because of his undisputed
worth. Not one of his acquaintances, here or
elsewhere, but whose good wishes will follow
him to his new home, and can but hope tbat
be may there, as every where, that business or
pleasure for even a short time has found him.
take tbat high stand in business and social
circles tbat be so well deserves.
Auditor W. W. Hrwdley was represented
here Thursday and Friday by Mr. Marlon
Mann In taking returns of property, lie reports
a busy time while here. Our people
seem to have been unusually careful thU year
In attending to this important matter.
This is the 10th of January and our dirt
roads are still lu good condition. With so
long a freeze and now some ruins upon the
roadi would quickly change them for the
Our cotton weigher reports that he has not
weighed as many bales of cotton by more
than a third as was weighed here last year.
There Is a shortage of about 1 ,:J00 bales, which
is a considerable lulling off for a place of the
size ot tb is.
A few days ago we heard that a gentleman,
a cotton buyer, contracted sometime ago with
a firm to buy cotton for It during the /all aud
winter?that the cotton limits of the firm
were so low that the buyer had not bought
lor the firm a single bale, and yet the firm at
the end of every month sends a check for the
amount of wages promised.
Friday evening when the Anderson bound
nnunenver train reached about a mile above
ibe depot it was rocked by some young colored
hopefuls, and it is said, that some of the
stones throwD broke through the glass into
the coach and tbat one or them struck u white
child on the head. The conductor stopped
the train and he and another gentleman
jumped oli and ran and cought one of the
boys, and as soon as found out who he was he
was turned loose. It will be reported to the
^ railroad authorities tor settlement. Probably
' s a sound external application ol sprouts could
Shave been easily settled and perhaps the best
I way. There are in this section a number ol
jnegro "Young Americans" who If not pat. to
1 work and a free use of the rod made wheu
T needed will later on, either become jail birds
^ or candidates for the hangman's halter, and
they will be fortunate if they escape becoming
principals in a first class lynching frolic.
Early Friday morning five of Air. J. M.
Daniel's children were bitten by his own dog,
supposed to have been mad. It is said that
be telegraphed to And?rson lor Dr. Orr and
Dr. Henry yesterday. The dog had been acting
strangely for several days, but little notice
was taken of it. In these days of danger
because of mad dogs no chance ought to be
taken in such matters.
Mrs. J. H. Latimer, of Abbeville, spent
several day6 last week with the family of Mr.
J.T. Latimer.
Mrs. J. M. Latimer went to Anderson Saturday
to spend sometime with ber daughter,
Mrs. Tom Hill.
Friday night at the home of Dr. J. B. Moseley
his daughter, Miss Nellie, gave a "Donkey
Party." The initiated are cautioned against
concluding from the name tbatonly members
of the long eared quadrupeds composed the
company. No, no. The gathering consisted
of Miss Nellie's town and country friends. In
fact it was a coming together of fun lovers.
There was a donkey present, but It was upon
canvans, was the centre of attraction and was
the cause of all of the fun. Troupe.
_ ^
F.OKaiceiuciK KIiikn ? W?il<liii? Pre*
MentM of (aolil. Silver mid Cut GImn.
We have conclusive reasons for believing
that cupld Is conducting an unusually vigorous
campaign in our midst aud the seed is being
sown for a big crop ot weddings.
R. C. Bernau, the jeweler, informs us that
he sold last month a great many rings tbat
had the appearance of engagement rings, although
some of the bashful purchasers claimed
they were for "sisters." As such sales are
business secrcts he absolutely refused to give
names, but several cost over $23.00 each,
which would indicate that some of the Oriandos
have confidence in the constancy of
their Rosalinds. Bernau says prices for engagement
rings range from ?150.00 to ?1.50. but
that prices are no measure of affection. Cupld
wnnlH coom tn he n Kilpnt. hnt. worv offlflont
partner of the jewelers, even if an e
one to the lovelorn. ijernau -** -' *&>'? he has
provided~ a fin? storr *jT,er' cu
?nKPB .ad d?her c~--abie wedding presents,
and ilvlte8 ?v? friendu and relatives of the
y- ??Py couples to look around as he Is sure
_ they can find something that will suit thei
? -* taste and purses.
No man can be right while he is
wrong with God.
Abbeville-Green wo od
$ 550,000.
WRITE TO OR CALL on the!underslgned
or to the Director of your Township
for any information you may dealre aboul
our plan of Insurance.
We Insure your property against destruo
tlon by
and do so cheaper than any Insurance Com
pany In existence.
. Remember we are prepared to prove to yon
that ours Is the safeit and cheapest plan of
Insurance known.
J. R. BLAKE, Jr., Agent,
Abbeville, S. C.
Abbeville, S. C.
W.E. Leslie Abbeville Township
S. M. Benjamin Greenwood '
H^BMIhAU^Iboun Ninety-Six
BBMMBBm. Donalds
ii ^re
9^SSB^niRH|SV!ily, avoid
HHMnw|^pri]e if
tender skiti
Hi^Koo clo.se contact with
HnKBl^^ege tables. Slice the pepHHQ^H^wise
for frying, and, after
Ig^Hnng the seeds, lay them in cold
Mrer for fifteen or twenty minutes.
T)ry them, sprinkle with salt, dip in
flour, and fry, or rather saute, in good
hot dripping or olive oil for live or six
minutes. They should be soft and
browned slightly when done. Serve I
them as an accompaniment to steak or I
chops or hash, or as a side dish with
cold meat.
CORD Will!
con tract for a
Quantity of Split Four-Foot
Pine Wood,
j if early application is made at the ofiice.
Make your coutracts at once. If you delay
you may not be able to sell your wood.
Apply to
Jan. 2,1SW0. tf MILL OFFICE.
jT l. ran.
mrm nn itt tminci
flliM U* Abii AllXUO,
All orders promptly filled. Store first door
below Stark's Stables.
JaD. 3,1900. tf
'? ours nih.
1st, 1900.
The Rate of State, County, School
and Special Tax, Including One
Dollar Foil Tax, Une Hollar
Commutation Tax,
raise supplies for the fiscal year commencing
January 1, 1SD9, notice is hereby Riven
tbat the office of County Treasurer of Abbeville
County will be open for the collection of
taxes for said fiscal year from Monday, October
Kith, until Saturday. December .'list, withAND
McSweeney. Governor of the State, the time
for the payment of taxes is extended to February
l, I'JOO.
Rates per cent, of taxation are as follows:
State Tax 5 mills.
Ordinary County Tax "
School 3 "
Sinking Fund I "
Total \\\<,
In addition to the above a special tax will
be collected fnr school purposes as follows:
Town of Mt. Carmel ? mills.
T.owndesvlle ! mills.
Sharon - 4 mil IB.
Bethel 8 mills.
Due West... 3 mlllH.
Willif?'^ 3 mills.
.. oi Abbeville:
Retiring Railroad Bonds and
paying interest on same 1 yt mills.
Special School, retiring bonds
and paying interest on same 5% "
A poll tax ol One Dollar per capita on all
male citizens between the age of 21 aud CO
years, except such as are exempt by law, will
be collected.
A commutation road tax of One Dollar will
be collected the same time as other taxes
from all male citizens between the age of 13
and 50 years, except such as are exempted by
law. Unless said tax Is paid by first of February,
1900, four days work upon the public
highways will be required under a contractor.
Taxes are payable only In gold and sliver
coin, United States currency, National Bank
notes and Coupons of State Bonds which become
payable duriug the year 1900.
January 2, 1900.
Apportionment of the Public
School Fund of Abbeville
County for the Year
Amount tobe disDlstriet
No. of bursed by districts
School. for scholastic year
District No. 1 S 212 55
District No. 2 95
District. No. H 612 93
District No. 4 247 88
District No. 5 10> 35
District No. 6 LSI 90
District No. 7 4.5145
District. No. ft .165 78
District No. 9 <W5 95
District No. 10 918 (J5
District No. 11 703 97
District No. 12 517 55
District No. 13 . (194 lil
District No. 14 89> 70
District No. l'? 52S :U
District No. Hi 32s' 95
District No. 17 4(i5 75
District No. 18 109 (J5
District No. 19 495 10
District No. 20 346 55
I District No. 21 393 22
District No. 22 I.301 HO
District N"o. 23 !:><? 7S
District No. 24 24!) 01
District No. 25 40" 50
District No. 20 - M 58
District No. 27 177 31
District No. 2S 37125
District No. 29 -147 50
District No. 30 3H (T.
District No. 31 40$ 10
District No. 32 233 04
District No. 33 306 10
District No. 84 215 15
District No. 35 IWl 70
District No. 36 107 ;>0
District No. 87 445 7S
District No. 38 15
District No. 39 070 20
District No. 40 277 20
fc^Mstrict No. 11
J. 410 6S
^ 12
-?- lfrinn them to me, i will give you j
the hightiit market price tor them.
House and Lot for Sale. ;
A desirable dwelling house and;
Lot on Main Sirei.*t, Abbeville. is offered |
for sale. at a fair price, and on accornmodat-1
Inn terms. Apply at the Pcess and Banner |
Jan. 3,1900. tf
I ? | I
0? <V
<&u/ >
6. A. Douglass.
o, j?
"K <0
\ /
J. L. HILL & CO^
Carriage Keponliory to the Htore room
recently occupied by Mr. J. V. Kerr. Our specialty
lulliiuuuvuv unuuiu
These wagons were given tlrst. prize over al
competitors at the Nashville Exposition. We
also have a full stock of ,
Bnggies, Carriages, Harness, &c.j
Give us a call before buying. We guarantee
jr. L. HILL <6 CO.,
No. 3 Rosenberg Block.
x P. B. ?
JJruggist, - - A
Complete and Selected St ck
A M Line of Toilet and Hoosel
?Al^ ?M I L
We have in stock and arriving dai
well selected GROCERIES that we
0 1-2 cent9 cotton and an abiding cou
ways wants the BEST iu the line ol
only for
Liberal Quantities,
We will, thereiore, uuring uib
the wants of the most exacting, whi!
PRICES within the reach of ALL.
(JERIES, keep ua in mind.
No. 4 H<
Undertaker a
Coffins, Caskets a:
With all the appliances for emnalmini
perieoce in this line ensures satisfaetmi
NaIim tn 1
iWlilj{j IV 1
Returns of Personal Property Mu
Before the 20th of February,
for Neglect.
ville County in the matter of niaki
l'JOU, I will be at:
Calhoun Falls, January flth and 10th
Lowndesville. January lltli and 12th
Mt. Carmel, January loth and lGth?
Williugton, January 17th?Weduesd
Bordeaux, January 18th?'Thursday.
McCormick, January 19th and 2Uth?
Donalds, January 23d and 24th?Tue
Due West, January 25th and 2Gtli?T
Long Cace, at residence of A. F. Cah
Antreville, at McAdatn's store aud
February 2()th.
Brvant'9 Cross Roads, from January
Abbeville, from January 1st to Febri
Remember that parties having credit:
are liable to prosecution, by the Audito
^When parties wish corrections made
by tl^j^they must pres
Foreign Exchange elgnr lends In Abbeville!
.Mi I lord it Dui'rc lias m>I<i Iweuty-sls; thousi
aud since February TOlIt, IS'JU.
Dr. Hill's Headache Powders, both old and
new style, at Mllford it DuPre's, thedrngglsts.
Phoee 107.
l)r. Hill's headache powders both old and
new style at Speed's.
Nice Farm for Sale!
T\V-> HUNDRED ACRES, In two miles of
Abbeville. Pine wood enough on It to
pay for one-half ol it?the NOBLE PLACE.
Apply to AUG. W. SMITH.
Oct. 8, IS90, tf
Farm Hands "Wanted.
Good steady and industrious colored
men, single or married, with families to
work the whole year for Cash payments and
KeiMemeniK monthly. Apply to Hollow Creek
Farm, Toale's P. O., Alkeu Co., S. C.
Nov.'J2, 1SU9. o mo. *
land wilbin the Incorporate limits of the
I town of Abbeville. Can bo divided into two
I tracts of twenty-five acres eacb. Titles per1
feet. Terms easy. Price low. Apply to
Nov. 1st, '99.
THE place to carry yonr "3ICK WATCHES
and BROKEN CLOCKS, where they wlft
be looked after and attended to at all hoars of
tbeday with skill and experience. No tarnIdc
you away; or Bending Patients off to have
tbecn treated elsewhere, bot I will pat them
going at prices to salt the times.
WfiMinir Prats Cinch, y
*"" ?' '
?_J L
Prices Down,
"> . 1
Abbeville, S> C.
of Fore Drugs acd Clieiicals,
lolfl Articles at Beasoiaile Prices
ly, (he most attractive assortment of
have ever had. An ,intimation of
fidence in the fact that Abbeville alf
edibles, caused us to contract not
But Higher Quality.
corning season be able to cater to
le at fbe same time we shall keep
Wheu in quest of CHOICE GRO)tel
nd Embalmer.
nd Metallic Cases.
<t. Thirty-three yearn of busiues* ej
a and guarantees the beat results.
st be Made at Its Market Value
, 1900, Fifty Per Cent, Penalty
Uf? their return tax for the fiscal yeai
?Tuesday and Wednesday.
?'Thursday and Friday.
Monday and Tuesday. t .
-Friday and Saturday.
sday and Wednesday.
'hursday and Friday.
from Jarnmrv loth to February 20th.
, v.. W ...... - J ... V
Wakefield's store from January 10th t(
10th to February 20th.
ary 20th.
i and not making a fair return of same,
r aud County Board.
in the number of ucres of laud heretoent
their plats to the Auditor or hit
-.m_ -n...ia.?. ! . i'i? uci- ^iimm-JLa1 ui'
rp\VO WOOD SH??l*s ami a BLACK^MITH
Shop, cllUHlwl ncrosH the street from
Walllnglord iV Ku>sell's Sl'thles.
Oct. 14, is;?. If I'rtVe, S. ?*. I
Abbeville, S. C., March 0,1S99.
"Vntino is herebv eiven that in accor
dance with an Act of the General
Assembly, and in conformity with the
requirements of the State Constitution,
the books for the registration of
all legally qualified voters, and for the
issuing of transfers, eet., will he open
at the office of Supervisors of Registra-1
tion in the Court House, between the
hour 9 o'clock a. m., and 3 o'clock p.
in., on the first Monday of each
month, until thirty days before the
next general election.
The Board of Registration is the
judge of the qualifications of all
applicants for registration every male
citizen of this State and of the United)
State, twenty-one years of age, who is;
not an idiot is not insane, is. not a
pauper supported at the public expense,
aud is not confined in any public
prison, and who has not been- convicted
of burglary, arson, obtaining
goods or money under false pretenses
perjury, fcrgery, robbery, bribery,
adultery wife beatlne, housebreaking,
receiving stolen goods, breach of trust
with fraudulent intent, fornication,
sodomy, incest, assault with intent to
ravish, miscegenation, larceny, or
crimes against the election laws, and
who shall Have been a resident in this
State two years (except ministers in
charge of organized ch'ttrches and
teachers of public schools, and these
after six months residence in the
State,) a resident in the Couuty for
six mobths, and in polling precincy
four months, and who cau read any
Section in the Constitution of 1895, or
can understand and explain any sec
tion of said Constitation when read to
him by the registration officer or officers
shall be entitled to registration and
become an elector upon application for
such registration. If any person has
been convicted of auy of the crimes
above-mentioned, a pardon of the
Governor removes the disqualification.
In case any minor who will become
twenty-one years of age after the closing
of the Books of Registration and
before1 the election, and-is otherwise
qualified to register, makes application
under (fath showing he is qualified
to register, the Boards shall register
such applicant before the closing of
; the books.
1 Any person whose qualifications as
an elector will be completed after the
closirtgof the Registration Books but
; before the next election shall have the
L rigbt to apply for and secure a regisf
tratioq certificate at any time within
t sfxty days immediately preceding
3uhe closing of the Registration Books,
I topdn am application under oath to the
facts entitling him to such registraI
The registration or voters muse oe
I by polling precincts. Ttiere must be a
I Book of Registration for each polling
precinct, that is for eacti township, or
parish, or City, or town of Jess than
five thousand inhabitants, or ward of
cities of more than five thousand
inhabitants. Each elector must vote
in the polling precinct in which he
resides. If there is more than one
voting place in the polling precinct,
the elector may vote at any voting
place designated on the registration
certificate. The Boards must designate
in the registration certificate the voting
place iu the {tolling precinct at
which the elector is to vote. If there
is more than one voting place in the
polling precincts, the Boards shall
designate on the certificate the voting
place selected by the elector.
S. 8. BOLES,
Board of Supervisors of Registration
: pft
Condaased Schedule In Effect
December 10th, 1699.
Lv. Charleston v j? t m
' Summerville. i ri * 5!
" Branch ville ? ? ? *5
' Orangeburg ,? f? ?
" KinKviUa j* * *?
Lt. Bavannah 7. v??nft i S
" Barnwell ".^S? * ?
" Blackville * ? * 5
Lv. Columbia }i95 *.{?
" Prosperity Mj ir ? ?
" NewWrr ? S 5 15
Ninety-Six J ?9 ? ?
r " Greenwood. ^ 19 B m. IflSS
Ar. Hodgoe 8 00 a m 2 16 p m
Lv. Abbeville 7 20 135 p xn
At. Balton 865am 8 10 P m
Lv. Anderson 8 20 a m 2 85 p m
Ar. Greenville 10 10 am 4 16 p m
Ar. Atlanta.(Cen.Time) 3 55 p m 9 00 2_S
fcv. Greenville n HO p m 10 16 a m
" Piedmont 0 00 p m 10 <0 am
" Williamson 0 22 p in 10 56 a m
^r. Aiirinraon 1 15 p"m 11 40 a in
Lv. Belton 045pm 1116am
At. Donnalda 7 16 p m 11 40 a m
Ar. Abbevill# ti 10 u m 12 25 p m
I Lv. Hodges 7 36 p m 11 66 a m
Ar. Greenwood 8 00 p m 12 20 p m
r ' Ninety-Six 12 55 p m
M Newberry 2U0 p m
" Prosperity 2 14 p m
M Columbia '. 3 iiO p m
Ar. Blackville ti 0j a ni
- ' Barnwell S 20 a m
M Savannah ^ 5 15 a ID
f CvTKTnKville 4 <?f p m
" Orangeburg 584pm
" Branchville C 17 p m
" Bummerville 7 88 pm
Ar. Charleston . 8 15 p
gn y0a^i sTATi?ysIToJp
; Ul? Lv..Oharle?ion..Ar 8 Lip T 00 a
12 00n 7 41a " Summerville " 7 38y 6 62 a
1 ffiR H RK a " .BrnnohvilJe. " 6 Oi t> 4 fifl a
S 60a 0 23a " Orangeburg - 6 Mp S?a
4 80a 10 15& " Klngrllle * 43p 2 32g
EiTa Lt..savannah At 6 Sa
4 00 a ? ..Barnwell.. j> *
1 m> " .JilackvilJe .... 8 06a
8 80 a ii 40 ? " Columbia" 3 ??P
?07al2 ?p ""..Alston.... ? ?? ??
10 04a 1 28p " ...Bantuo.... 1?* 1 fip
10 20 a 2 OOp " Union ''X ?* T ?P
10 89 a 8 38 P " ..Jonesvill#,. ( ?.KiJ|p
10 64 a 2 87 p " -....Pacole t.... W; Ifitf ; .* "JP
1123 a 8 10 p Ar Spar taa burr Ly 11 4B?;?*gP
11 40 a 8 40 p Lr Spartanburr Ax 1117 ? *0|g
2 87 p 7 00 p ArT..Asheville ...lt 8 w >18 ?y
"P" p. a. "A" a. m. "N" alflfct. '
Pullman palace sleeping cara on T?JlBLsWimd
86 37 and &5, on A. andC- di vision. DtaUnjoaW
on therfu trains serve all nu-ala ?JlToat?.
Trains leave Spartanburg,
northbound. 7:08 a. m., p.m., 6^ J. a.,
(Vestibule Limited); ?out}&^ '
i.r.n m 11-34 a. m , (Vestibule LuMtttt)
l^jrnUnsWe Wi eeaville. A. "^- 'UTiolOTi,
The Draft of the Wide Tires Materially j
Lighter Than the Narrow on Nearly All 1
Hindu of Iioadu ? Broad Wheels Better
on the Farm?Cost No Greater.
Elaborate tests of the draft of wide
and narrow tires, extending over a
period of \y2 years, have recently been
completed by the Missouri agricultural
experiment station at Columbia, writes
a correspondent of the St. Loaie GlobeDemocrat.
Those tests have been made
on macadam, gravel and dirt roads in
.11 JilA.1 J _ "1 it.A
ail UUUU1UUIJH, ULIU aisu Uli (UU iueauu<v.i
and plowed fields of the experimental
i Contrary to publio expectation, in
nearly all cases the draft was materially
lighter when tires 6 inches wide were
used, than with tires of standard width.
The load hauled was in all cases the
same, and tho draft was most carefully
determined by means of a self recording
I On macadam streets, hard and
smooth, as an average of all tests, the
difference of draft was in favor of the
; 6 inch tire, and the same draft required
to haul a ton load with narrow tires
over this street hauled more than 1J4
tons with the broad tires. On gravel
roads the results show that the draft required
to haul 2,000 pouuds with narrow
tires hauled 2,610 pounds on the
broad tires. ^
On dirt roads, dry and hard and free
from ruts, the broad tires pulled more
?-* XL:?a i_I.x ? n noo
mail uue-iimu iiguier, biiicw ?,iuu
pounds could be hauled on the broad
tires with the same effort required to
haul 2,000' pounds on the narrow tires.
On a dirt road cut into ruts by the narrow
tires in the ordinary travel, with
hard surface, the results are in favor of
the broad tire, after the second run,
even when the broad wheels are run
over the ruts made by the narrow tires.
On mud roads, spongy on the surface
and soft underneath, the broad tires
drew one-half lighter tban the narrow
tires. Three thousand and sixty pounds
on the broad tires pulled as light ad
2,000 pounds on the narrow. On the
same road, when soft and sticky on top
and firm underneath, the narrow tired
pulled materially lighter, the difference
>' ...
[From L. A. W. Bulletin.]
amounting to an average of one-third,
or a load of 2,C6G pounds could be
drawn with tho narrow tires as easily
as 2,000* pounds ou the broad
Wben this same road bad been wetjjgM
great depth by continued rains, an?
the mud had becom^ .stiff and ,Hticfa|
bo that it would gather on the whfl&jJ|
the difference was again. largely |B|
vor cf the narrow tirea?|^9 this aa||p
load of 8,200 pounds was drawn with
tbe same draft on narrow tires as J
2,000 ponnd load on tbe broad tires.
These two are tbe onjy condition? <n
tbe dirt road in which the narroW tiraj
showed to advantage--viz: When
surface is too we^aofy or sloppy M
compress under thebrtad tirea^andjj
underlaid with a hard, dry finbetraifrijnlL
In the nature of the case this con^fi^
Ui luttu biuiauo ia vji cijuu uuiauvu. u
the rains cease, a few hoars of itnJLin
the spring, summer or fall will
surface materially, or so that ^9
compress and pack under theJfroiH
tires, enabling a given load to bedraw*!!
over its surface with the wide-wheels
with much less draft than di the narrow
ones. If more rain falls, this substratum
is softened, and the, narrow
tires cut deeper, resulting in a greatly
increased draft, compared wii&tiie
The second ^d^ion^
h?vft hpflm fifcrikinalv in favor of tbfl
broad wheels. When the meadowajBtj
soft, from 8,000 to 4,000 poandcj^B^f
be hauled on the broad wheels wirai the
same draft as that required to haul a
load of 2,000 pounds on the narrow
wheels. On stubble laud and plowed
grouuJ the results are favorable to tha
broad wheels. * V,
The experiments praotically demon
strate that the impression that the brqad
wheels in the average condition of ruijjiii
will increase the draft is wrong.
In round numbers the sum of $20,000,000
is paid out each year for tbe
maintenance of our publio roads outside
of the oities. This estimate does not
include the cost of permauent improve
; ments. All improvements jijubi tumo
from expenditures above thfs amouut.
It is well known that the narrow tired
vehicles are among the most destructive
agents known to the public highways.
These public roads may be maintained
at a greatly reduced expense by substituting
6 inch tires for the 1% inch tires
now used. Inasmuch as the cost of the
wide tired wheels is not greater than
that of those now in use, also considering
that they are as durable as the narrow
tiro wheels, and the fact just demonstrated
that the draft is not increased
by their u6e, but in the average
case materially decreased, remove the
last objection against the gradual adoption
of the broad wheel on the farms,
the country roads and city streets. For
the farm and country roads the tires
should not be less than 6 inches wide.
For the city streets 4 inches should be
the minimum width.
f' ^
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Our fee returned if we fail. Any one sending
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widely circulated journal,
faciurers and Investors.
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ed'H Drug Htore.
> A* '? ?'
Acta ma a Cement to Knit tho Stone Together
Wlien Properly Used?Action of
Water on the Roadbed ? Prevent* Dust ,
w?r?Tree* and Hedges. \
The part played by water on crushed
etone while undergoing rolling is eev- .
I eral fold. In practice broken stone completely
wet down is thoroughly rolled
with a roller weighing ten or more
i tons. The wet surface of the angular
, rock fragments permits a more thorough
| compacting, as the water acts as a luj
bricant, allowing the stcnes to slip by
i one another with greater freedom than
would be the case were the fragments
dry. At the same time the water retains
the powdered rock resulting from
, abrasion of the particles and holds it
between the fragments.
This process is reactionary and cumulative,
for the presence of the powder
of attrition acts through capillarity to
take up and retain still greater quantities
of water until the spaces between
thn meres of broken stone composing
tbe upper part of the road become com- .
pletely filled with powdered rock. Not
a little of the cementing or bonding of
a road during rolling is in reality the
effect of capillarity existing between the
grains of powdered rock and the adjoining
This principle may be observed on
our seashores and sand roads. While
wet, the beach or road may be firm and
unyielding, allowing heavily loaded
teams to pass over them, but when dry
such places are impassable for heavy
teams and difficult of passage for all
kinds of vehicles. In tbie case cementing,
as ordinarily understood, plajs no
part in producing adhesion between
the grains. Upon drying, the grains are
entirely free to move over one another,
haviDg lost the water which served to
bind them together.
When a macadam road is thoroughly
compacted, a careful inspection will
fcbow that the fragments of broken stone
are olosely packed together and the
spaces between are filled with a fine
pondered rock, which, if derived from
a suitable road material, carries a-small
percentage of clay. Any of ourcommonly^used
road stones contains an appreo&bl?
quantity of clay disseminated
in particles in the feldspar whence
ifcfaaa peen derived by the weathering
of tf&fipek prior to its removal from
jffiajmicroecope shows that the feldspaBprOTrtraps
and granites and other
loigsttkmea is never entirely free from
a OCTgmAa'ble amount of kaolinization
or affi^litiion to clay. This change has '
?*aken^3$ce,'in the crust of the earth to
a great&pth, and no road material can
containiaidtjpars free from more or less
of this mineral, depending upon the
characteiHtif the rook and the amount
, of weajbraftng to which it has been eub>.
'jected.'jSp&tbe gradual wearing of the #aWonai>';fe
thB ntimsivfl action of the
Seels of carriages, and the
Is, a small bat important
lay is liberated, and this
n with any clayey ma- , ;;
iy have been added to the , i
to fornish the necessary
ement to knit the broken |,
together. It is not to be \
at an appreciable quantity ?
'is'more undesirable
?n defying, the powdered^
> after'the manner of a |
3 serves not only to bind 1
fway; but to retard the f
iy differential motion of
oyer one another while . i
the loAd ia passing along the road. A
wetfta?-of\ the superficial portion of a
roacw'S^during rains tends by the ex-'
pansion of the cement to knit the sur,
face together and make it impermeable
to the.passage of water. ,
Fromi|A theoretical standpoint it
vo^^jfeem probable that a certain conditionof
moisture instead of being objectionable
to a roadway undergoing >
oonetant use is rather desirable than
t ^erwffe'rA condition of moistneai.
j prevent loss of material worn j
I .toe by. the abrasive action of the wind,
fr and the presence of a thin film of wet
f dust acts as- a oushion to protect the
^ [fragments of rock froin the rude touch i
i Ijmd impact of passing traffic, thus less$ning'tbe
wear and tear of the surface.
In the same manner the moiat cement i
operates' to distribute the bearing surfaces
of the broken stone and to reduce
the loop! intensity of the friction between
one rock and another, although
cement in this condition will tend to
allow a greater freedom of movement
.among the broken stones, and hence in * j
this way inake the surface more yieldins.
Assuming that the loss through J
increased abrasion of material resultingN ;
from moist cement between the rock
fragments is equal to the saving due to \
the cushioning effect of a small quanti- H
ty of moisture on the surface, there still
remains a saving to the road by the
protection afforded by preventing excessive
loss through tbe action of the
j wind.
It is the custom in England to plant
! hedgerows beside macadamized roads
j in order to insure a rapid drying of the
road after a rain by the sun's action. I
; In Germany it has been the practice to |
, plant fruit trees, particularly the cher- '
rjt w liuc iii xuuce tiitj ujuiucii)' lice
may be seen along the roadsides, serving
the doable purpose of food for silk- .
worms and shade. J
In this country no precedent has I
been established in the matter. The I
states in deciding this question must of ?!
course consider latitude and longitude
1 as affecting the character of the trees j
that will flourish therein and their relation
to climatio conditions.?C. L.
TT _ 1 4 / ? ?.l ... 1. .. 1 i
xie uesu serves uuu >\ iju uuijr oci\cs .1
his fellow-men.
Has it ever occurred to you that you
could do a great deal more work if you
squandered less time in needless
i worry ?
Not to be ministered unto, hut to
ministered, is the secret of Christmas
Day; the secret of all jo^, peace
growth, and power.
i Lethargic natures because they are J
incapable of ardor, often criticise the
zealous for losing their self-control.
A tepid temperament maintains selfpossession
aud covets no better possession.
The noblest natures are not Jd

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