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L ?? W The Press and Banner ? V tafl'iiblinhed every Wednesday at 3'2 a ear In advance. Wednesday, July 1, 1903. ?? ? CI A Conservatory of Music. ; lt Prof. L). X. Baldwin, of Marietta, (Ja., lias t< been engaced by the members of "Baldwin's P1 Military Band," recently organized in tliis u city, as Instructor and director. In connec- ti tlon with Ills Band be will open a Conserva- . tory of .Music, and will take a limited num-1 bi ber of private scholar on violin, inan.loiln, | d< coruet, <Ve. l'rol', Baldwin comes highly "i recommended from some of the largest cities ' b? In Georgia, where lie lias for thirty i ears |m>t i ai conducted bands and orchestras under his I own uaine. Those who wish to avail themselves of this j opportunity will do well to consult l'rof. !lt k Baldwin at the Glen Ethel Hotel for terms, &c. j ]t. (>ood K very wllere I'sell. W Bransford's Clifton" is guaranteed by the maker to be the best Hour in the market. It . ,a 1b carefully milled from sound wheat, making [ bread that Is mire, wholesome and nutritious ?Just what the American people need for! their daily food. Besides 'Cliltun" Ik an all- rfl rotod flour, being as well adapted to making j cake and pastry as it is bread and blK-uits. i L.T. AT. M.Alt Her. 11 j ll< Summer .School. ro The summer school for white teachers will 1 be held in the Graded School building at Ab- j |" bevllle. beginning at 10 o'clock, Monday, July [ J" 27th, 1903. Tbose who intend to teach in this | County next year are expected to attend. I F. C. DuPre. j * County Sup't. of Education. e" Summer School. The Kummer school for negro teachers will 1 ta beheld at Greenwood, S. C., beginning Mon- i so day, July 27ih 1903. You are expected to at-1 ar tend and remain during the session of the i 1st school. F. C. DuPre, J / - . Couuty Sap't ol Education. It __ P! Xolice. Notice. On account of extensive change* on lines been In trouble for past few days and will tie cutoutforashort time on either Thursday or .J Saturday, possibly both. Wn). M. Ham well. 2? Manager A. T. Co. W( Your (iufNtN Will 1'riiNe It. Why not try a sack of Bransford's "Clifton?" Mi You will never know bow good it Is until you 1 use It. Your uetghbor rinds It tbe best flour fri In tbe market, and your home people as well re as your guests will praise your bread, cake as and pastry If made of ' Clifton" flour. L. T. co <& T. M. Miller. A Chaniilnic Young Woman. Miss Adelaloe Bowie Rlggs left Monday j after a dellghttul visit here. Miss Rlgg* is a |n. handsome young woman an?l Is possessed of a j)0 charming personality. She has many warm Ull friends and admirers In Abbeville. j j. < V . Gone to Alabama. pit Mr. William J. Latimer and Mr. Philip Le Cromer left the city last Wednesday morn\ ing tor Alabama, where they represent L'n- ho derwood A Underwood, manufacturers of 1 stereoscopes and views. They will return to J'P1 r ' . . Clemaon next year. br< _ . coi The Eureka. The work of gettlug ihe Eurek a hotel ready iie i fhr hnafnoiui nrnffr^cpN urpurillv. Mr. J. L). /-.# Kerr has been awarded the contract for lur- wi Dishing the hotel, and contractors from tin abroad are here looking for plumbing con- |*r tracts. Abbeville will now have a line hotel. mc > Notice. We beg to notify our friends, and the public generally that we have secured the services oi j, Mr. 8. T. Jackens, a practical plumber and ^ tinner, and are again prepared to sure yau in * these lines. Abbeville Hard ware Co. IU1 Clean Up. Joi All lots and premises will be Inspected ,lv from time to time from now on. A full use , of lime is recommended. James Chalmers, wt City Clerk. ^ / For Sale or Kcut. A newly finished five room cottage, centruly -j; located witb good well of water and vegetable an, garden. K. E. Hill. the ? F Who Jh He? ?n( Who Is It that makes the Fewer-gallons; wears-longer paint? wlI Miss BrowjJ, a beautitul aud accomplished jj",' r young lady of Rocky Mount, N. C., is ou a t visit to her sister, Mrs. J. R. Blssett. on upper Main street. Miss Brown Is quite an artist and has several handsome paintings on exbl- ,, bltion In the store of J. Hayne MoDill. t ri Mrs. W. A. MfLLKR went to Greenwood tur Saturday wbere~sne will speud a low days for before returning to her home In Spartanburg >1 SBS has been the guest of her father Mr. 11. lasi P. Mcllwaln (or the pait two weeks. serl Mrs. J. H. Holcombe of Divlsboro, Ga., Is ^he expected in the city thlsalternoon to see her lo 1 daughter Miss Evelyn who is sick at Mrs. j, Taggarts. Mr. Will Wilson has repainted his lovely A ? home on Main street. It would be quite an Improvement to our city ii others wunld fol- J*8' low his example. Jj'r Miss Corrie Holllngsworth Is expected 0-j.| home after a pleasant visit to friends in con Spartanburg, Gafi'ney, Ninety-Six and Spar- i?? tanburg. be* Mr. F. A. Gambrell is quite sick with malarial fever at the Miller Hotel. His frieudr vlsh for him a speedy recovery. M Miss Bessie Collins and Miss Kate Cooper On have returned to their home In Tocoa, Ga.. chu after a p easant visit to friends in the city. uni Mrs. W.E. Owens was painfully, but not ^ seriously hurt, by a frlghteneil horse last rrle Saturday at Melrose Cemetery. tMrs. Janik Beaulky.oI Atlanta, is in the ' city spending a few duys with her lather Mr. t,<or W. L. McCord. ?"r Miss Nannie Gilliam hr?s accepted a school, in Asheville, N. C., and will leave the first ol August to take charge of her work. O ^ The friends of Mrs. John Clark will regret sou to learn of ber illness and hope for tier a at i speedy recovery. vici Miss Stewart has finished her work with aflt C. W. Kendall and will return to her home In ce,t! a few days. Mr G. T. Tate went up to Spar^tnburg last week on business. Mr. W. N. Pollard spent Saturday and Sunday with friends In the city. Dr. and Mrs. E. E. Piatt aud son are visiting their parents Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Sign. Miss Belle McKenzle spent a few days with vrr : loidkivcn Jnot nera. L Mr. Hltt and family are visiting friends P" and relatives In Tocoa, Ga. . Notick H. M.Tate & Co.'8 cost sale In an ! other column. 1 & all ft fast K We are constantly replenu ishing our stock of Samples hoi and are still selling Shirts, m < Underwear, Hosiery, Belts, J."" Umbrellas, Neckwear, Sus- ti?i penders, Towels, . Handker- elej chiefs, Gloves, Skirts, Waists an and very many other articles j^jj at exactly wholesale prices, rig: A. M. Smith & Co. H'*1 tlx. ' UJI' faci A Tribute lo Hie Memory of .tlrn tjo] nHlllle iHCKHrl UllKlirtt. r| Darling Mamie, one year ago your work h?. was finished. You lmve passed through the t>\ shadows of darkuess into the marvelous 13?( light. Sleep on aud take thy rest. pre O Mamie! what happiness if we were Pal with you, livt To press one kiss upon your brow, (jjjj O how happy jou are darling, . . < For the Angels have you now. . u O darling you have left us j*j . We will see your face uo more rewi 'Till this weary life Is o'er VOt When we will meet you on the golden the 8bore- pla O the happiness! when we meet you, All our sorrows will be o'er There the weary cease from trouble f11 And sad partings come no more. itig wb is i <roiner-Riirn?. poi Mr. J. <\ Kurns, of thin city, and Mifs Mh ude St. Claire Cromer, of Abbeville county, pla were married at the home of lhe bride Wednesday morning. Kev. John I). Pitts, of Laureus, performed tlie ceremony. The bride and groom passed through the city Wednesday on their way to the mountain*. } Mr. Burns Is a prominent merchant of this city, a member of the firm ol J. C. Burns & ? Co., and Miss Cromer is regarded as one of the mottt beautiful and accomplished women of .... Abbeville county.?Greenwood News and ??? Vlewi. b ! 1 EAST EX!>. k'li:it Sets anil Celtic 0:1 llis kimi^s in t o 11 iitry ami in Town. I Abbeville, S. C.. .ImieJW, 1!H)3. rows 'i'N< ii. VKusrs i:i'<;s.\ni> tkkks. After jiiture de'lheratlon and much dls-| Iks I on ir city council laid the axe to the! ?otol t "Swamp Ash" last Monday alteri>on an li>wu came trees, l>iik;s and all. and j >night K* air on MurhzIiic Hill is Irish and j are, anplazza* are sought with great pleas-] re aflebelnt: compelled to remain insidei ... I....... \\'ll.? IW ... ...... .-..,1 I... t I I... n- H?'U3 ?? " }->vc?tiv%? ?" etil ml tin- lings and trees might not nve caivil sickness? Wo are glad I hoy are ?wn hi hope wince tlie cause lias been reioved t-"llunslve effects will forever more eone.Dowu with nil lhe swamp a*h trees id t belongs in our city. KKNIlS COMINti AMI UolNli Mr. umMrs. J. O. Marshall and children, ler a fmsaut slay with homefolks, will live toCV tor their home In Andersnn. .Miss .\ry Uul're is visiting relatives at einsi?n_ Mr. C ' Hammond went to Greenwood si wei't"1 business. Mrs. Ml syiuti left yesterday lor Winder, n., to v;t relatives. Mrs. I.ribert Caldwell will leave tomor- ' iw to vit relatives in Greenville. Mr. Wliam H. Hammond ol Camden is siting Natives and friends in the city. .Mr. auitnot is one (it the old veterans, and Is ?ne the'ss a true and tried veteran in rail- , ad serve, having been a tai ill fill engineer out 35 ^ars. He Is here at ills old borne king needed rest, and his friends extend iiiin hearty hand shake and a cordial -1 come Mr. \VJ. Hr.vson Is now in the train *eroe of tl Seabourd. His friends wish hltn ocess. ?tl have no fears but flint lie will be i tlcient nd M)?u gain flic goodwill of Ins 11 ploy h. Mr. Mt'ali, of Polz?r. who wo hear is to ku chige of Abbeville's new hotel very , ou. wi lu the city lust week looking ouuU, kinii a bird's eye view of the prem?s. M.*s. C/. Hammond, after a delightful visto friels and relatives in Greenville anil ' ediuot; returned home last Saturday. Mrs. ties and daughter alter a pleasant iy wit relatives left yesterday tor W'lliinston where they will speud souiellme th reiaves and friends. Mrs. liury A. Williams and sister. Miss ] iderso after spending a delightful visit i th Ca.. and Mrs. S. N. Williams at their j storic omo on Secession Hill, left last 1 >ek forlielr home In Klchtnond. Va. Mr. an Mm. Wm. Penuey loft lat-t Satury for lalneavllle, ua? to visit Mr. aud rs. WllLawsou. v Mrs. Hiith, of BateaburK, Is visiting her end, >s. \V. Ii. t'asou. Mrs. Smith will he m^mb'ed by her many Abbeville friends Miss >aisy Harden, and who is now welmed atMrs. Smith. 01:1*1,1 AM) STRAY SHOTS AI.ONU ROUTK NO. 3. Jr. W ler Wilson and family are now 11 vi in tt dwelling formerly used as a store u?e, a.l are as happy as it is possible to be der si'h tr> ihkcircumstances. klr. J nes Sherard aud granddaughter, ss Faule Lou Sherard, alter spend)ok a "asauNlsit with Mrs, Maggie Sherard ol banotaud Mr. W. (.!. Sherard aud family. Abbfille. returned last week to their mentvH.S. C. )r. Fncis L. Parker, of Charleston, after ?ndI:i a most delightful visit with his HherrMHj. Arthur Parker, at his pretty intrybome?"Ilocky Urove"?returned to e cltjlast Thursday where he remained ; gue ol relatives until Saturday, when left >r Hock Hill where he was the guest an ol army chum for several days. He II joliMrs. Parker today (Wednesday) on ?lr wv to their mountain home In t ash's Vaey, where tin y will spend the sum r. liss aura liaskln is visitiiik relatives at ilfUIO. ] Ir. Jlin A. Wilson whs in the city last indujselling some flue sheep for Wilson 1 ntheiof Grain Ridge Farm. I lr. iigene Link, niter fi struggle with a ,-ere of niumpK, Is about well, and re- 1 jied loud'iy to business In the city. His < indsvlll llnd hltn dt the Ice hou.se of Mr. aes t Miller, where he is prepared to keep >m col. Irs. 'latcele .Sherard of Lebanon had the Kfortne to loose a splendid farm horse last ok. 1 lissLoucinda Ramey was the guest ol s. SA Hammond last week. RHKiES NEED LOOKING AKTEK. ^ wo irldgfs on the Charleston road need < etil'n. Call oa the writer and he will give > necssary information. "\ 'inerains have lallen along Route No. 3. , J w believe have been prelly general. ?ss 1 trowing fast and farmers are hustling 1 Id ad young, b:g and Utile, are sculli ng h tb hoe chopping out the grass. Cotton i cm look well and ai'e growing nicely. I ips re in very good condition, most of c m ceur ol grass and in good shape. I'EKSONAI- MENTION. _ . lonFrank 15. (iary was In Charleston last da>and Saturday on business and re nedboine Sunday, leaving again Monday Ail croon. C. Owens was thrown from a buggy I Sturday aud received painful but not loudnjurles. Her many friends are glad esaped so miraculously aud Is now able >e u> and about again. KOKACTKO SEUVICKS AT M. K. CI1DKC1I. wtk's series of services began in the ihoUt Episcopal Church of this city on ttnday morning aud will continue outi the week in charge of pastor, Rev. P. \V?ls. Services everv morning at 11 ocl and at night at 8:30. The public are illaly invited to attend and assist in maktto services helplul to others as we.l as tig >em.fltted themselves. out; sick folks. r?. J. It. Kennedy Is now-lying quite ill. tfts account, the bell at the A. K. I'. ire was not rung last Sunday night for onservices. r oe Jones has a very Rick child. Many n<t feel deeply for the family In this hour :re.t anxlety. and hope the life of the litoH' will be spared. lip- a, week's Illness MrR. P. 1). Klugh of t Ik-kens is up again aud able to be about donestlc duties. tie angels reckoned him home. n ast Friday Samuel Kulton, the infant nfllr. and Mrs. S. K. Kiillni'swnrth. died Lliar home in this city. The funeral ser?s vere conducted tit the home Saturday, c r vhlch Interment whk made at Melrose tefrry. Many friends extend sincere symliyto the bereaved parents. 'God needed one more angel cbl)d Amidst His shining band, iiid so He bent with loving smile And clasped our darling's hand." A ?JQC^ Ml Of REGISTRATION 'hi books for the registration of I lejally qualified voters, and for the litg of transfers, eet., will be open :h? office of Supervisors of Registrai) bi the Court House, between the jr!) o'clock , a. in., ami 3 o'clock p j ( :m the first Monday of each < urn, ami Kepi open ior inree sue-: she days in each month until rtj days before the next general , :ti>u. j in/ person whose qualification* as' elector will be completed after the dig of the Registration Hooks but lire the next election shall have the (it to apply for ami secure a regiaLion certificate at any time within ty days immediately preceding j closing of the Registration Books,! man application under oath to the Is entitling him to such regi.strail. 'he registration of voters must be p<41iiiK precincts. There must be a >kof Registration for each polling ciuct, that is for eacu township, or ? tA... *. C 1 * I. .. isn, or city, or town <n ie*s uum . i thousand inhabitants, or ward of j es of more than five thousand labitants. Each elector must vote. the polling precinct in which he j ides. If there is more than one j ing place in the polling precinct, i elector may vote at any voting ee designated on the registration .ilicate. The .Boards must designate the registration ceitilicate the votplace in the polling precinct at ich the elector is to vote. If there nore than one voting place in the l?ng precincts, the Boards shall ignate on the certificate the voting :1 ctA u?*lt>ft.t?rl 1 >v the elector. CJ. H. MOOItE, li. O. McADAiMS, 1 \VM. 0. HHA'-V, ioard of Supervisors of Refristralior lie lament, best selected stock of paints ' r displayed in Abbeville at. apeeds' Drugstore. I ' fT1' ... . BURDEN OF BAD ROADS. Vant Dipraxr They Aiiuuuliy I'lac oa the Farmer. Ia a country as large as tbat i: which we live, with the greater part o Its producing regions widely separate from the markets which they servi tlm mfttt-pr r.f trsinsnortation is one o vast importance, writes lion. Marti: Dodge in Forum. This applies partici larly to our agricultural products; foi while a great portion both of our mat ufactured output and of our fart growth must l?e moved loug distance by rail or water before reaching a mai ket, practically all of the latter mus also be transported for greater or les distances over the public highways The question of marketing these agr: cultural products, amounting in th United States to $1,000,000,000 annua! ly, on terms that the dealer can affor to pay and the grower to accept, ofte: reduces itself to a question of chea and quick delivery; in other words, t a question of economical transports tion. As far as the railways and steamshi lines are concerned, this problem ha been dealt with very intelligently an satisfactorily. Skill and money hav hopn nnrilipd -without stint to the nrc vision of enlarged means of convej ance, Improved ways and increase power. These influences, under tli stress of strong competition, have rt ducod long distance freight rates to i reasonable level. There is one phase of this transports (Jon problem, however, which has af proached no satisfactory solution. Tha is the matter of wagon road haul. A has already been said, while the great er part of our farm products travels b; steamship, canal or railway for a poi tion of the journey to market, vlrtuall; all of them are conveyed for some dis tance over the public highways. It i unfortunate that this is often the mos sxpensive part of their journey. It ha been shown by mathematical demon stration that It costs more to move s bushel of wheat or a ton of hay tei miles over the average country road Df the United States than to trauspor the same burden 000 miles by railwa; ar 2,000 miles by steamship. It ha konnnnn/1 mor?T? ffmoG In flifPnrnnt nnrf "iUUj HUivw W.U.V.VUV 3f tbe country that farmers have le crops go to waste because the cost o hauling them to the nearest market o railway shipping point over wretche< md ill kept roads amounted to mor than could be realized for them after ward; whereas, if good roads on whicl heavy loads could be hauled had beei at hand, the same crops could hav been marketed at a small prolit to tb producer, while the economic gain re suiting from their application to usefu purposes would have been very consid jrable. HIGHWAYS OF EUROPE. France Lends In Syntem of Bnildini and Maintenance. Two hundred years ago England ha< ie worst roads in the world becaus ie peasantry living on the roads alon ,vere required to work them, says th< American Asphalt Journal. In speak ng of them Macaulay says "that i oute connecting two great towns whicl lave a large and flourishing trade witJ sach other should be maintained at tb :ost of the rural population scatters jetween them is manifestly unjust I vas not until many toll bars had beei riolently pulled down, until the troop; iad in many instances been forced t< ict against the people and until mucl >lood had been shed that a good systen vas introduced." Every class now contributes to th< naintenance of the road system In Eng and. The French have probably thi nost efficient laws and regulations Ii he world for the building and repair ng of highways. The minister of pub ic works has the general superintend tnce of all roads and ways by land ant >y water. There are four classes o: oad recognized by law?namely, (1 mtlonal, (2) departmental, (3) military 4) crossroads. National roads are bull ind kept up by the national treasury departmental roads are a charge upoi he departments through which the: >ass, and part of the military roads ari cept up by the government and par >y the departments through which th< oads pass. r\ci fira lrrmf nn hxr tVu IUU ViiVOOlVaUO Ufcb UVW v?^r J :ommunes, though sometimes In thinly K>pulated regions these communes re leive assistance from the government (specially when these roads become o: mportance. The national roads are paved like i ftreet, having an average width of 52^ 'eet. The departmental roads are 51 ,'eet wide, and the military and cross oads are of variable width. Piles o )roken stone are placed at convenien listanees, and a man is constantly em )loyed in repairing each section. ConccrnlnR Side DItcliea. When the road is in an excavation freat care should be taken that a sid< litch is provided on each side to carrj iway the water so that It 6hall not rui lown the middle of the road, as Is fre luently the case. Every road shoul< lave side ditches, even one that run: jtraight down the side of a hill. Thi s+p#>nnKt rnnd needs the side ditch most Dut often has none. Frequently tbi ivater runs down the middle of thi :oad on a side bill and wears it lnt< jullles, whlcb are a discomfort an< perhaps dangerous in botb wet weatbe md dry. Tbe water must not be suf fered to run In tbe road, but must b> made to run off the road. Cities and Rondo. One of the speakers at the goo< roads congress at Buffalo maintains that If the tide of migration to ou cities is to be turned it will have to b lone by means of roads that make eas; communication with the surroundinj country. In that light tbe good road question takes on a new aspect. 1 t t r?<-j J. W. Jlclioe'!! locals. Try AlcKee's Purity ColFee l">c '2 for 2jc. Try our Knglisli cured shoulders. Try it gallon of New OrlcanH Syrup at M fvoo'h,(10c per gallon. h'reeli cheese at 20c per pound. He sure uud see uk before you buy yoi 'rult jurs. If you need jelloy glasses cull at McKae's. If some nun would j>ut more print pie into politico they would not tal (o much about the small interest the nave in it. j SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. .. e jlK'iiib ol .11 ore or liilcrcftl Coa- 0 ill I llO SllltC. ll Newberry Herald and News. ! ^ f | The coiumencemeut exerclsenof rheTliorn-j i week, narking the close ot a very successful' A , year. | The Cox Cotton Mill of Anderson sold 1001 f bales of cotton Inst week at 11 cents a pound. The mill still has on hand enough cotton to. Q run until the new crop comes in. A mistrial was had In Charleston last, week I In the case of Itibert K. Schroedi-r on the m f chargeof fraudulent, voting. making the sec-1 oud case tried as a result of the Vou Kolnltzl" CJrace senatorial campaign last summer aud | j with the same result?mistrial. il1 Kershaw county will fall In line and have a! s 'contereuce for good roads on the lith day of o > 'August. I , I The largest tobacco warehouse In the State ? it , Is being erected at Darlington.. The proprle-J "j g tors arc J. s. limit, ol Oxford, N. C., and J. H. Cokcr, of Darlington. The war department has s'et apart ?.">!!l."i ? [. for the use ol t ho mi lit in on the encampment this summer and $IS,12G.M additional lor the e purpose of buying tentage and supplies. The [_ details of the encampment will be arranged , this week by Adjutant General Frost and the a other commanders. D n A Chilian steamship came into Charleston harbor last week ou a draught of 27 teet, passP Ine over the shoale?t part of tiie Bar an hour 0 before high tide, and with four feet to spare. ^ This Is the dreppst draught vessel that bus , I" ever entered Charleston harbor. A negro woman tried to hang herself with aj fl] rope made from her clothing, In a cell alj ^ P Charleston police headquarters last week, c She was cant:hi in the act by an officer in hlsi =1 , nljrht rounds. Id! n The 12 year old son of Mr. F J. Holwlck of gj g Spartanburg came dangerously near losing! 11 hl^ life by coming In contract with a wire of " *" the Hell Telephone Co. made live by contact io r. with an electric light wire. The boy was , frightfully burned In a number of places, but wa? finally restored to consciousness. e The negroes of Columbia are discussing the 01 advlsatilltiy and means of boycotting the cc street cur line on account of the recent city _ a ordinance requiring separate accommoda- J* tlons lor the races. "Their patronage is conslderable and a boycott from them would et i. mean a good deal of loss to the street car com- ?r pany. Two boys belonging to one of the beit faml- al t lies of Columbia, of 15 and 12 years of age, eo- ei tered the house of Mr. S. J. Blackwell while ig. 3 his family was out of the city and took about 8200 worth of goods, concealing It in different 61 places. Their names have not. been made w ' public. Their tarn lilts have offered to send w - them'to a reformatory. , It is reported that Greenwood is to have a Q( f national hank; with Mr. S. H. McGhee.of the j. (Irm of Johnstone <& Welch & McGhee, as p, president. Mr. William Colem?n Is of those f? 3 la'ge interested. Capital, $50 .000 t U S District Attorney John G. Capers was tr in Washington and had a long Interview with a] 3 government officials .Saturday. For the con A I- veuience of Inhsbltants or Sullivan's Island "f lie has had established a postofllce at Atlau- t* 1 tlcvllle, on the northern end of the Island. ta a tl 3 SS t w [ The South Carolina College a s for Teachers. ?J t f1 f Although nearly approaching its centetmial anniversary, the South Carolina 6i r College shows none of the decrepitude al 1 of old age, bat rather Increasing signs W e of vigorous life. A new departure of j ^ ,, great Importance to the College and to ' ic the State has just been inaugurated. : w 3 For some years the College has had a ; Q 3 department of pedagogy, for the train6 ing of teachers; but last winter, for the j w e first time, the Legislature created a w number of endowed normal scholar- b< ships, one for each county. It is the ] intention of the Trustees and Faculty ic to set these scholarships upon a high aj plane, and to seek thereby to qualify w superior young men for positions of ^ leadership and influence in our public . . schools. However largely womtn may be employed as teachers, the work of f superintendence, direction and control & must continue to be most largely in the N hands of the men; and it is to supply gi 3 these teachers of leadership and in- hi e fluence, in the community as well as in ft e the schools, that the College will chiefly s aim, through these scholarships. Hence, . 3 no young man under nineteen years of . age will be eligible, and preference will al j be given to those applicants who have a ^ already taught with success for at cl least one year. a A special and technical course of g] e study has been established, on a high j yet practical plane; and it is intended t that this department shall be worthily entitled to be called a "College for 1 Teachers." All the work will be dis3 tinctively normal, and apart from the hi 3 regular College classes. The Trustees fc and Faculty feel sure that in preparing be J a body of strong and well equipped p( i men teachers the College will aid in ai supplying one of the most important a needs of the State. They hope, also, ' that this work, in its success and its w results, may meet with such public ap- Q1 proval as to lead hereafter to its still T further enlargement. ti< Circulars have been issued giving the ir details of regulations and course of n< study, v es The present session, now nearly ended, has been very encouraging. Not , a ripple has disturbed the internal peace of the College. The new Presi- al dent has won golden opinions, and has 65 more than maintained the confidence j es and affection gained in his long service ' d? as professor. The friends of the Col- j It lege look hopefully forward to the con- | tinued success and increased usefulness | m of this venerated institution, which will , soon enter upon its second century of honorable history. lie Watchful. ai The wise merchant knows when to g< adopt new plans and how to accom- P' plish any given purpose through the T ideas of others. It is well to try to ^ furnish all the ideas, but it is foolish to turn down a good idea just because some other person furnished it. t0 What is needed is business, not origi- ^ nality. If all the business could be ^ done by one man and all the ideas be furnisned by another there would soon be a change of conditions, for the man n( doing the business without ideas iG Kn nninrSiiAiaH flint man with ideas was encroaching on his territory. The merchant with ideas and business will he able to use g. ? the ideas to hold the busiuess; and m - the merchant with business and with-j ' F out i(leas will either have to adopt the | i ideas of others or he willing to let: ^ - apart of his business go by default. ! 80 1 I Jt is not advised that a merchant be a i n 3 j pilferer of ideas, because that mer- i ^ e chaut will soon come to grief. The j man who has not enough ability to ! w * organize some things may not have e enough ability to apply the things B originated by others, but the one who 0 makes a poi it of picking up surges- m 3 lions from here, there and everywhere, r i which will help in his business, and ai I then busies himself seeing that his tQ e | business keeps up to the ideas, will fj, I have reason to be glad of what he w' i.mn.l ,.c i,;u i ?..i.|ar.i, u.m. i? .'v v mo fc in combiudiug ideas uiul business, to ^ bis own advantage. ^ r Angels without wings are the btst. ;01 p They are not so ily. j \ A man may eat, drink and be merry pc 1 ?provided he doesn't have to eat his 8 words. " When some men know their duty ^ they try to dodge it by asking advice. An automaton manufacturer recently made a. toy tramp- but it wouldn't work. c. When charily begins at home with some men they lock the door and _ keep it there. ur No man is always right?and if he:T\ is a married man it's ten to one that he's never right. A whole lot of people love to sing ^ "Rock of Ages elefl for me" if they can | >v enjoy a softly cushioned pewj_\vhile'-p 'y (JoiugBo. " I1? = I TWILIGHT IN MY GARDEN. pnrple twilight, from thy dim receasee Pale memories steal and shape themselves anew, >ft breezes stir and lift fuir phantom treim, Tears mingle with the sacramental dew, nd shadowy bps are wreathed with tender smiles, And loving hands shine faintly through the gloom 1 'is not alone the rosea' fragrant hearts That flood the dewy dusk with rare perfume. he loved and lost with noiseless feet ara straying Among the garden's old familiar walkfl. wonder do they hear the fountains playing And see tho lilies swaying on their stalks? twilight time, when all earth's jars and fret Die out, and quiet reigna on every hand! , ho knows but for a little space perchance The dear ones slip from out the ' 'summer land?" H. Hedderwlok Browne in Chambers' Journal. PRIMITIVE HOOS1ER CABINS. irelllnKB Constructed by the Earlier Settlors Tn Indiana. In the primitive Hoosier cabin?rough, QCUULJ1, Dliiipio auuuua??liiuix? gcuuauo ippiness has been enjoyed than in all the tie, costly mansions in the great city of ew York. Thousands of wealthy, re>octable men and women are living toly who were born, reared and married in ich humble cabins. And there are milons of people living today who have no lea how these cabins are constructed. The pioneer from somo of the old east n or southern states, with his wife, six : eight children, gun and dog, would >ine to Greene county in Ms covered agon, which was the family abode until 3 crected his cabin, which was construct1 thus: Cut about 40 logs 8 or 10 ichcs in diameter, 20 of them 16 feet long id 20 of them 14 feet long; 6lopo the ids off half and notch the other half to t; put chunks in tho cracks of the logs id daub them with mud. The gables ere made of shorter logs until reaching v.***- 4a nolln^ flirt nnmh f."hn pnHa clnrvvl jwn to suit tho pitch of the roof. It being now ready for covering, cut jles 5 to 6 inches in diameter, 16 feet mg, or the length of the house, notch icm down on tho gables about 8K feet rnrt. Cut down a large oak tree, square le butt and saw cuts four feet long, spilt icm in blocks about six inches square, iko a frow and rive boards half an inch lick, lay them lengthwise on the aforekid poles or rafters, breaking joints; eight them down with small poles. You re now ready for the floors. Cut poles x inches in diameter, length the width ! the cabin, for lower joists; place them jout four feet apart; cut a tree?general linn or some soft wood?saw logs about x or eight feet long; split into slaba nout three inches thick; hew smooth. rith these make tho floor. The door is lade of boards tho same as the roof, only mger. Tho fustening is a wooden latch ith a string hanging on the outside, no window, 14 by 10 inches, has greas1 paper for glass. The ceiling is made ith poles for joists covered with clapjards. Now comes the most scientific mechanal part of cabin building?tho fireplace id cnimney. saw ouc aouuo t>i* iccu ido out of one end of the house, six feet igh from tho ground; case up the aperirc. Inclose this aperture, extending ick far enough for tho back wall of the replace and as' high as the aperture, ow dig yellow clay, dampen and with a nail maul beat down and form the jarth, jambs and back wall. Generally le jambs and back wall are about a foot lick. Now split sticks the proper length ir tho si2e of tho chimney?the sticks bout an inch thick and wide. Maka mortar of the yellow clay and build your limney to the desired height. This makes comfortable dwelling without nails, ass or paint. Move in and have a "hoe )wn."?Linton Call. Black'* Method of Writing. It is said of tho late William Black that s literary method was a slow and painil one. Ho thought about a proposed )ok for months before he put pen to pa jr. He conjured up tho chiof incidents id characters and lived with hia person?cs, so to speak. When ho came to the riting, ho was obliged to have perfect lict. Ho could bear no noise at all. liose who complain of his endless descripons of scenery will bo interested in knowig that ho made careful and elaborate Jtcs of that scenery, of localities and pecially of atmospheric effects. "If one docs not correctly and completeframo a character or an incident with 1 the circumstances of tho time," he tid, ''one gets only a blurred paga For cample, one may say, 'It was a beautiful iy.' But what kind of a beautiful dayf i must be described so that the picture lall bo beautiful and finished. Every huan being in real life has a background, id must have in a novel if tho story is to jpear real to tho reader." Nerve? Well, Rather! A woman shoplifter was caught stealing 1 umbrella ono day in a Philadelphia dry jods store. But it was decided not to osecute her if she would pay for the urn:ella, valued at $2.50, which she did. ho next day she returned and requested i see the manager. When that surprised jrson could recover himself sufficiently ask her business, the woman calmly ild him that sho had been pricing um ollas in other stores and found she could irchaso ono like her own for $2 and she anted to know If ho wouldn't refund her ) cents. As a tribute to her monumental irve the 60 cents was handed her in since.?New York Tribune. Sonthcy and Scott. A letter ot Southey's recently sold in ngland contains an interesting prophecy ho poet writes to a friend: ''My profits pon this poem ("Madoc") in the course 12 months amount precisely to ?3 17s. L. In tho same time Walter Scott has Id 4,500 copies of his 'Lay of the Last instrcl' and netted over ?1,000. But y acorn will continue to grow wnen ma urkey bean 6liall have withered." But ho reads Madoc now? Splcea. Ginger is tho most wholesome sploe, ace, cinnamon and nutmeg the most slicate, while allspice has a coarser flavor id one disliked by many. White musrd and "celery seed givo an appetizing ivor, and when tho seeds themselves ould detract from tho appearance of a lish they should be placed in a muslin Lg and discarded when the relish is nned. A man's ledger does not tell what he Is what he is worth. Count what 1b in an, not what is on him, if you would low what he is worth, whether rich or tor.?H. W. Bcecher. Wales Is tho richest part of Great Brit* n in mineral wealth. A. B. WARDLAW, Dentist. OIHre twor Kendall's Storr. Vpril 15, luo:>. tf iIONEYto LOAN, ON COUNTRY PBOPEBTT. WKITli Mli. dw. C. Dugas, Augusta, Ga. June-17, 1903. itw GOOD ROADS DEPARTMENT. Commerce and Transportation May ! Have Place Iu Cabinet. Good road enthusiasts are confident that the bill providing for the creation of a new government department will be passed at the coming session of congress. The measure, as proposed and as it will be backed by the good roads people, provides for the establishment of a department of commerce and transportation or commerce ana putmc works. It is intended to establish under its direction a bureau of good roads. At present the bureau of public road inquiries is under the department of agriculture. It Is also the intention to place bureaus uow under the direction of the interior and treasury departments under the proposed department of commerce. President Moore of the National Good Roads association recently said: "I have talkrj with a great many members of congress this summer, with the result that I am confident the new department will be created at the next session. Every senator and representative I have seen favors it "Heretofore the politicians have not understood the situation, but now they are getting their eyes opened. The nonnlo nrp nlsn hecinnincr to see some thing must be done toward building permanent good roads. Our mission is to educate, and In establishing this department and making a liberal appropriation for it the government will also be educating. No one expects the government to build the roads. Such a proposition would be foolish. The government can, however, build sample roads and thereby let the people know what the advantages are. The states must build the roads. "The railroads are Interested in a movement for good roads because they realize good roads are essential to their Interests. At present shipments practically stop in a large part of the country for five months every year because the farmers cannot get to the railroad stations. The result is the railroad companies inuai. u\y uu uavc tais cuuugu to carry the business when the farmers can get to the stations. This compels them to keep large numbers of cars Idle much of the- time, and as they don't want to maintain any more rolling stock than Is absolutely necessary they are usually short of cars when the rush comes. With good roads all over the country the traffic would be distributed through twelve months of the year. This is the reason the railroads want good roads." STATE AID IN NEW YORK. "What It Is Accomplishing For Road Improvement. In a recent bulletin reviewing the work of road ImDrovement in New York state State Engineer Bond says: The legislature appropriated $420,000 for road Improvement this year, and In the three years In which road Improvement work has been In progress 20 roads, having a total mileage of 45 miles, have been Improved at a cost of $367,600; that 36 roads, having a mileage of 122 miles, are now undergoing Improvement at a cost of $773,730; that funds have been awarded for the Improvement of 3 roads having a mileage of 7 miles at a cost of $56,600, and that plans have been approved by boards of supervisors of 12 counties for the Improvement of 47 roads, having a mileage of 134 miles, which would impose an expense upon the state and the counties, if adopted, of $1,091,443. When all the roads already Improved, those under improvement and those whose improvement Is suggested have been Improved, 106 will have been constructed In 23 counties, covering 310 miles, at a cost of $2,289,874.35, of which the state will have paid one-half and the counties one-half. ROAD PROGRESS IN OHIO. Improvement Does N< : Keep Face With the Demand of the Times. Ohio has by no means kjpt pace In the matter of roadbuildlng throughout the country districts either with the progress made In steam railways or In the Improvement of city streets, where within the past twenty-five years the old macadam and bowlder thoroughfares have given way almost entirely to the more perfect and lasting granite, brick and asphalt, says the Cincinnati Commercial Tribune. It Is true there Is In this state a law which enables the townsmps tnrougnout Ohio to Improve their road system, known as the free turnpike law, and It has done wonders for the common roads of the state during the twentyfive years or more that It has been In force. Perhaps a few other states have similar laws, but they are not general. The ordinary country roads throughout the country generally are, as they have always been, things to avoid in the season of freezing and thawing, during which they are usually impassable. Road Frogrei* In Tennessee. Judging from the enthusiasm which attended the recent annual meeting of the Tennessee Good Roads association, much work in the Improvement of highways will be accomplished in that state next year. The convention was not content with academic discussions of the advantages of good roads, the best material for roadways and the like, but took practical steps toward a realization of the ideals. To secure united action throughout the state and to build up an organization which would be strong enough to demand legislation each county court was urged to send three delegates to each annual meeting of the State Roads association. It was decided also to ask the legislature for the appointment of a state engineer to consult with county superintendents in the matter of roads and bridges and for legislation which would permit the employment of jail inmates in roadmaklng. Toilet sets, manicure set*, vanes, leather nooiin, and Hue cologne, at Milford'a Drug Store! Fresh caudy every week at Milford'a Drug Stry. Call oil \j. T. & T. M. Miller for your cu rents, raisins and citron. Old mountain Buck Wheat just arrived. We also have the self raining buck wheat. L. T. &T. M. Miller. Shoe Sale?>0 pr. ladles button shoes and sUnners, broken lots, former price S1.2<> to * **" /laiintnr ttt Hinl >1UW Ull UUIJ^UIU v.yuun-t > IIVI don't). ]\li. Speed has anything you want In the line of druKH, stationery perfumery toilet article** and confectionary. HIh prices will nuit the size of your pocket book. s /, ;v-- . * ;:T h Seaboard Air Line Bail way. Double ilniljr scrvice botwcin New York, Tampa, Atlanta, New Orleans and polnta South anil West. in tm'ci April 1 *, i?w. SOUTHWARD." Dally Dally No. 67. No. 87. Lv New York, P. It. R 12 65 pin 12 10 am Lv Philadelphia, P. R. K.... 8 29 pm 7K0aro Lv Baltimore, I*. R. R 5 45 pm 9 84 am Lv Wanhlngton, W. 8. Ry 7 00 pm 10 46 am Lv Richmond, S. A. L. Ry 10 35 am 2 15 pm Lv P.-Uraburg " 11 17 am 2 57 pm Lv Norlina " 1 35 am 5 15 pm Lv Henderson " 2 22 am 6 03 pm Lv Itale'gh " 4 00 am 7 33 pm Lv Southern Pines ! 6 00 m 9 36 pm Lv lliimlet " 7 25 am 10 40 pm Lv Columbia J " 1100 am 12&5am Ar Savannah " 2 20 um 5 06 am Ar U e __ A if g iA; pui 73 1U BUI Ar St Auciistlne " " 155am Ar Tampa * Tlalm 6 00 pm ? No. 88 No. 41 Lv New York. N. Y P. a N + 7 55 am 8 55 ptn . Lv Philadelphia " 10 16 am 11 21pm Lv New York,O D.S.S.Co...f 3 Mm - Lv lUltlaiore BS.l'.tX. + 6 80 pui Lv Washington, N. aW'.B B 6 80 pm Lv Portsmouth, S. A.L.Ejr..... 9 05 pm 9^25 tun Lv \yoldon ? 1145 am 1155 am Lv Norlina ? 150 am 140 pm Lv Henderson u 2 22 am 2 10 pm Lv Haleivh " 4 00 am 4 00 pm Lv Southern l'lnes " 6 00 am 0 16 pm Lv Hamlet " 7 80 am 10 40 pm Lv_wiimlDffton 8 30pm Ar Charlotte " f0~06im 10 45 pm Lv Cheater - io 25 pm 1 35 pm Lv Greenwood. '? 12 33 pm 3 43 am Lv Athens " 2 50 pm 6 06 am ArAi'nnuit " 4 00 pm 8 00 am Ar Augusta, C. &W.C... ... 5 80 pm ............ Ar Mucon, C. of Ga.......?77.7 7 20 am lTSS am Ar Montgomery. A.&W.P 9~20am 6 25 so Ar Mobile. L.ic N 2 55atn .......... Ar New Orleans. L.AN 7 15 pm ..?.......r ArNashvllie. NTc.&St.L 6 40am 6 55pm Ar^lemphls 7. 8 45 pm 8 45am NORTHWARD. Daily Dally No. 8U. No. 88. Lv Memphis, N.C.&StL 12 45n'n 8 00 pin Lv Nai>hvilio 9 30 pm 9 80 am Lv New Orluans, L. AN 8 16 pm Lv Mobile, L &N 12 40 am Lv Montgomery, A.&W.P 6 45 am 100 pm Lv Macon. C. of Ga 8JH) am 4 20 pm Lv Augusta, C.& W.C 10 10 am ...... Lv Atlanta,}8.A.E.Ry....~ 12 OOn'o 8 10pm Ar Athons " 2 57 pm 11 25 pm Ar Greenwood " 5 15 pm 2 05 am Ar Chester " 7 17 pm 4 15 am Lv Charlotte ' 7 25 pm 5 01 an) Lv Wllmlngtou = 3 80 pm Lv Hamlet " 10 80 pm 7 50 am Lv Southern Pines " 1118 pm 8 45 am ' '* Lv Raleigh " 1 25 am 11 15 am Lv Henderson 14 2 58 am 12 50 pm Lv Norllna a 3 45 am 1 45 Dm Lv Weldon " 5 05 am 8 00 pm Ar Portsmouth " 8 00 am 5 86 pm Ar Washington, N.&W.8 B 6 56 am Ar Baltimore. B.S.P.Co 16 80 am Ar New York, O.D.S.S.CoT. +5 00pm I Ar Philadelphia, N.Y.P.iN... t6 46 pm 5 10 am Ar New York . " 8 18 pm .8 00 am NoT8? So. 64. Lv Tampa S A L.Ry 9 00 pm 8 50 am Lv St. Ausastlno " 6 40 am 6 90 pm Lv Jacksonville ' ? & 46 am 7 60 pm Lv Savannah " 115 pm 12 10 am Lv Columbia jj " 6 35 pm 6 80>m Lv liamlet ' 10 80 pm 8 56 am Lv Southern Pines" 11 18 pm 9 45 am Lv Raleigh u 1 '25 am 11 50 am Lv Henderson " 2 68 am 1 10 pm Lv Nnrlina " 3 40 am 165 pm Lv Petersburg u 6 49 am 4 09 pm Ar Kiobmond " 6 85 am 4 66 pm Ar Washington, W. 8. By 10 10 am 8 36 pm Ar Baltimore, P. E. B 11 52 am 11 25 pm Ar Philadelphia, P. B. B 1 8C pm 2 26 am Ar New York, P. B.B 4 15 pm 6 80 am Note.?t Daily except Sunday. $ Central Time ? Eastern Time. ? -* r tJ G. W. FULLEB, Local Agent. Abbeville, S. C., April 10, 1903. Keep Cool You don't have to go to the Arctic regions to be refreshed. Ice cream or ices are much more delicious when the appetite is sharp?when you are hot. It takes only a minute to queeze a few lemons and add some sugar and water. Three minutes after that you can have a delicious lemon ice, if you use a Peerless Iceland Freezer (One Motion.) SCREEN DOORS, SCREEN WINDOWS, WATER COOLERS, FLY FANS, FLY TRAPS, WICKLESS BLUE FLAME ? STOVES. . 7he Sherwin-Wllliama Paints Com the Earth Abbeville Hardware Co. J PAGE "If WIRE FENCE '.,1 B. K. BEACHAM, Art., 1 ABBEVILLE, S. C. March 11,11)03. tf Estate of Sinn Holcoi. Dec'fl A ' Notice of Settlement and Application for Final Discharge. TAKE NOTICE thftt on the 3rd day of .July, 1903, we will render u final account ' of our actings aud Joins" as Executors of the Estate of Simpson Holcomb, deceased, iu the ollice of J udge of Probate for Abbeville Conuty at 10 o'clock a. m., and on the same day will apply '.or a final discharge from my trust as such Executors. All persons having demands against said flstato will present them for payment on or Oeioru that day, proven and authenticated or be forever barred. W. B. Acker, Executor. Mrs. G. F. Holcomb, Executrix. June J, 11)03. ll you will call at Speeds' Drugstore yoo cku get a free sample of Entbymore Tooth Paste. If you expect to paint any this spring it will pay you to see me belore you buy your nnint. anvt.liinc (rnin thn nhfanest to the I best at SpoedH' Drug Store, I i . - *'i v#*S aa'" |'&'