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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, December 23, 1903, Image 2

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THE MESSAGE
President Roosevelt Sends
His Annual Becommen*
dations to Congress.
. FAVORS MERCHANT MARINE
&n E'fiaustive Review of the .Panama
Canal Question.
Highly Praises the Work of the Jfetr'Departmen?
of Coinfeierce and Labor?
Publicity Will Curb Unfair Corporations?Proper
Attitude Toward Labor
?A Bequest For an Appropriation to
Prosecute Those Guilty of Postal. Land
Office and Naturalization Frauds.
To the Senate and House of Representntivps*
The country is to be congratulated
on the amount of substantial achievement
which has marked the past year
both as,'regards our foreign aud as regards
our domestic policy.
- With a nation as with a man the
most important things are. those of the
household, and therefore the country
is especially to,be congratulated on.
:.rhat has been accomplished in the direction
of providing for the exercise of
supervision over, the great corporations
and combinations of corporations engaged
in interstate commerce. Tlfe
Congress has created the Department
|k cf Commerce and Labor, including the
Bureau of Corporations, with for the
first time authority to secure proper
publicity of such proceedings of these
great corporations as the public has
the right to know.
COMMERCE AND LABOR.
. The establishment of the Department
of Commerce and Labor, with the Bureau
of Corporations thereunder, marks
. real advancc in the direction of doing
^ all that is possible for the solution of
the questions ;.vitally affecting capitalists
and wage-workers. The scope of
the Department's duty and authority
embraces the commercial and industrial
interests of the Nation. It is not
designed to restrict or control the fullest
liberty of legitimate business action,
but to secure exact and authentic
Information which will aid the Executive
in enforcing existing laws, and
which will enable the Congress to enact
additional legislation, if any should be
found necessary, in order to prevent
the few from obtaining privileges at
the expense of diminished opportunities
for the many.
BUREAU OF CORPORATIONS.
The preliminary work of the Bureau
of Corporations in the Department has
shown the wisdom of its creation. Systematic,
intelligent investigation is already
developing facts the knowledge
of which is essential to a right underof
n + Vi rt n Artrlcs n rt rl /lllftno A f
niauuiii^; ui iuc uccu^ auu u u uca ui
the business world. The corporation
which is honestly- and fairly organized,
whose managers in the conduct cf its
business recognize their obligation to
deal squarely with their stockholders,
their competitors and the public, has
nothing to fear from such supervision.
OBJECTS OB1 THE DEPARTMENT.
The Department of Commerce and
Labor will be not only the clearing
house for information regarding the
business transactions of the Nation,
but the executive arm of the Government
to aid in strengthening our domestic
and foreign markets, in perfecting
our transportation facilities, in
building tip our . merchant marine, in
preventing the entrance of undesirable
immigrants, in improving commercial
and industrial conditions, and in bringing
together oix'cpmmon ground those
necessary partners in industrial progress?capital
and labor. Commerce between
the nations is steadily growing
1 r> 71, tv* n n vwl ill A lAtidAnnv A# 4Ka
V- - tu iviuuii;, (iiiu iuc icuucuv.j vl iuc
times is toward closer trade relations.
CAPITAL AND LABOR."
The consistent policy of the National
Government, so far as it has the power,
is to hold in che,ck the unscrupulous
man, whether employer or employe;
but to refuse to weaken individual initiative
or to hamper or cramp the industrial
development of the country.
We recognize that this is an era of
federation and combination, in which
Kreat capitalistic corporations and labor
unions have become factors of tremendous
importance in all industrial
centres. Hearty recognition is given the
far-reaching, beneficent work which
has been accomplished through both
corporations and unions, and the line
as between different corporations, as
between unions, is drawn as' it is between
different individuals. Every
man must be guaranteed his libertv
and his right to do as he likes with his
property or his labor, so long as he dpes
not infringe the rights of others. 'No
man is above the law and no man isjbelow
it; nor do we ask any man's permission
when we require him to obey
it. Obedience to the law is demanded
as a right; not asked as a favor.
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES.
Next the President takes up fiscal
matters, and says that the Indications
are that the surplus' for the present
fiscal year will be very small, if Indeed
there be any surplus. From July to
November the receipts from customs
were, approximately, $9,000,000 less
, ... . than the receipts from the same source
for a corresponding portion of last year.
Should this decrease continue at the
same ratio throughout the fiscal year
the surplus would be reduced by. approximately,
$30,000,000. Should the
revenue from customs suffer much further
decrease during the fiscal year ;tbe
surplus wouiu vanish. A large surplus
is certainly undesirable. Two years
ago the war taxes were taken off with
the express Intention of equalizing the
Government receipts and expenditures,
and though the first year thereafter
still showed a surplus, it now seems
likely that a substantial equality of
revenue and expenditure will, be attained.
Such being the case it is of
^ great moment both to exercise care and
economy in aporoprlations, and to scan
sharply any change In our fiscal revenue
system which may reduce our income.
FINANCIAL SITUATION.
The integrity of our currency is be
yond question, and under present conditions
it would be unwise and' unnecessary
to attempt a reconstruction
? of our entire monetary system. The
same liberty should be granted the Secretary
of the Treasury to deposit cusT-onoinfc
oa is ornnfoH him in tho
deposit of receipts from other sources.
MERCHANT MARINE.
A majority of our people desire, con
tinnes the message, that steps be taken
in the interest of American shipping,
so that we may once more resume our
former position in the ocean carrying
trade. The President urges that a committce
be appointed to report next session
what legislation is desirable or
necessary for the development of the
American merchant marine and American
commerce, and incidentally of a
U<lLXUU<tl UL'CUU man oa'viur ui aucijuaic
auxiliary naval cruisers and naval rc- ;
serves.
IMMIGRATION.
We can not have too much immigra- 1
tion of the right kind, observes the
message, and we should have none at
all of the wrong kind. The need is to
devise some system by which undesirable
immigration shall be kept out entirely,
while desirable immigrants are
properly distributed throughout the '
country. It is also urged that some 1
means be adopted to check gross nat- (
uralization frauds, which are so prevalent
as to be alarming.
--POSTAL FRAUDS. 1
The President recommends that the \
uses of the money which Congress appropriated
to enforce the various Fed- \
eral trust and interstate commerce ]
laws be extended "so that it may be |
available, under the direction of the >
Attorney-General, and until used, for 1
the due enforcement of the laws of the <
J i m mouamaI on/1 AOnOAiO llxT 4
Ulllieu oiaica in gdiciai cinu ,
of the civil and criminal laws relating ]
to public lands and the laws relating
to postal crimes and offenses and the f
subject of naturalization. Recent in- <
vestigations have shown a deplorable i
state of affairs in these three matters ]
of vital concern." He also announces
that steps have been taken by the State
Department looking to the making of
bribery an extraditable offense with
foreign powers. The exposures and l
prosecutions of official corruption in St. 1
Louis, Mo., and other cities and States (
have resulted in a number of givers J
and takers of bribes becoming fugl- <
tives in foreign lands, where they are <
now safe from prosecution.
ALASKAN BOUNDARY. j
The President congratulates the ]
country on the amicable settlement of (
the Alaskan boundary question, and \
incidentally remarks upon the great 1
development of this valuable area of ?
our possessions. The President then |
calls attention at length to the settle- i
ment of claims against Venezuela held j
by Great Britain, uerruany ana limy,
and remarks upon the important part
played by our Government in the just
settlement of the same. He remarks
upon the growing sentiment of the nations
favoring peacable settlements in
such cases, and urges Congress to invite
the Ihterparllamentary Union for
International Arbitration to meet at
the St. Louis Exposition next year.
FOREIGN RELATIONS.
After felicitating the country on the
pleasant relations that exist with all
sister nations, Mr.Roosevelt announces
that our relations with the Turkish
Government remain friendly; our
claims founded on inequitable treatment
of some of our schools and missions
appear to be in process of amicable
adjustment. Also the new commercial
treaty with China is a source
of satisfaction.
RURAL FREE DELIVERY.
The rural free delivery service has
*?-? Jii?. TKA offftnfinn
ueen sie;iuu.v caiciiucu. j.uc .
of the Congress is asked to the ques- 1
tion of the compensation of the letter 1
carriers and clerks engaged in the 1
postal service, especially in the new 1
rural free delivery routes. While a due 1
regard to economy must be kept In '
mind in the establishment of new 1
routes, yet the extension- of the rural
free delivery system must be con- 1
tinued. for reasons of sound public pol- '
icy. No governmental movement of ;
recent years has resulted in greater im- 1
mediate benefit to the people of the
country districts. I
MISCELLANEOUS SUGGESTIONS. 1
The President then hopes the Congress
will continue to favor in all ,
proper ways the Louisiana Purchase
Exposition, and urges that we do all
we can to help Hawaii by constructing j
lighthouses and helping to build up
the commercial interests of the islands, j
Of our insular possessions, the Phil- ,
innines and Porto Rico, it is gratifying
to say that their steady progress has
been such as to make it unnecessary to
spend much time in discussing them.
No one people ever benefited another
people more than we have benefited the
Filipinos by taking possssion of the islands.
Our public land laws need revision
sadly. A great deal of fraud has
crept into their administration, and
scandals are common. It is urged that
they be thoroughly revised. A gratifying
disposition has been evinced by
those having unlawful inclosures of
public land to remove their fences. It
is recommended that Congress enact
remedial legislation to check the cotton
boll weevil, which threatens the entire
cotton industry. The President suggests
a policy of reciprocity in the
granting of patents to foreigners. He
then announces that the practice of appointing.
when possible, ex-army officers
or bonded superintendents as Indian
agents is working well, and says
that prompt heed should be paid to the
need of education for the children in
Indian Territory. In the matter of the
safety appliance law much good has 1
already been accomplished. The law
should be vigorously enforced. No recommendation
of a radical nature is
made in regard to pension matters, but
the work of the Bureau is praised.
Civil Service extension is urged and
the merit system is highly lauded.
ARMY AND NAVY.
The effect of the laws providing a ,
General Staff for the Army and for the
znpre effective use of the National
Guard has been excellent. Great im- ,
proveiqent has been made in the efficiency
of our Army in recent years
Such schools as those erected at Fort !
Leavenworth nnd Fort Riley and the
institution of. fall maneuver work accomplishes
satisfactory results. The
good effect of these maneuvers upon
the National Guard is marked, and
ample appropriations should be made
to enable the guardsmen of the several
States to share in the benefit. The
Government should as soon as possible
secure suitable permanent camp
sites for military maneuvers in the various
sections of the country. The
President then says: "The only people 1
who are contented with a system of
promotion by mere seniority are those
who are contented with the triumph ,
of mediocrity over excellence. "On the
other hand, a system which encouraged
the exercise of, social or political
favoritism in promotions would be even
worse. But it would surely be easy to ,
devise a method of promotion from
grade to grade in which the opinion
of the higher officers of the service
upon the candidates should be decisive
upon the standing and promotion of
4-Vi a lnffnr Tuot oiiaIi n cvafam r>r*r*? aIi
IUtT icX LICi wuot Oll\.U ?. D,TQigui uu U uu*
tains at West Point." Mr. Roosevelt
concludes this part of his message as
follows: "I heartily congratulate the
Congress upon the steady progress in
building up the American Navy. We
cannot afford a let-up in this great
work. To stand still means to go
back."
THE ISTHMIAN CANAL.
On this vital question the message
says: "By the act of June 28, 1902,
' V V . .. ' \
/
I
the Congress authorized the President
to enter iuto treaty with Colombia
for the building of the canal across the
Isthmus of Panama: it being provided
that in the event of failure to secure
such treaty after the lapse of a reason,
able time, recourse should be had to
building a canal through Nicaragua.
It has not been necessary to consider
this alternative, as I am enabled to
lay before the Senate a treaty providing
fnr thp hnildinsr of the r?flDal across
the Isthmus of Panama. Tbis was the
route which commended itself to the
deliberate Judgment of the Congress,
and we can now acquire by treaty the
right to construct the canal over this
route. The question now. therefore, is
ot by which route the Isthmian Canal
shall be built, for that question has
been definitely and irrevocably decided.
The question is simply whether
ar not we shall have an Isthmian
canal.
"When the Congress directed that we
3hould take the Panama route under
treaty with Colombia, the essence of
the condition, of 'course, referred not
to the Government which controlled
that route, but to the route iself; to
the territory across which the route
lay. not to the name which for the
moment the territory bore on the map.
rhe purpose of the law wa3 to authorize
the President to make a treaty
svith the power in actual control of
the Isthmus of Panama. This purpose
ias been fulfilled."
A number of paragraphs of the message
are devoted to a review of our
efforts to secure treaty rights for the
ouilding of an Isthmian canal, and
many matters touching upon the subject
are cited.
REPUDIATION OF TREATY.
Last spring, under the act above referred
to, a treaty concluded between
the representatives of the Republic of
Colombia and of our Government was
:atified by the Senate. This treaty was
entered into at the urgent solicitation
sf the people of Colombia, and after a
body of experts appointed by our Government
especially to go into the matter
of the routes across the Isthmus
liad pronounced unanimously in favor
jf the Panama route. In drawing up
this treaty every concession was made
to the people and to the Government
jf Colombia, and yet when the Colombian
Congress was called to ratify it
o?olna> ?>atifir>atirni WHS HIlRn
[mous. It does not appear that the
Government made any real effort to so.
:ure ratification. The control, in the
interest of the commerce and traffic of
the whole civilized world, of the means
jf undisturbed transit across the Isthmus
of Panama has become of transcendent
importance to the United
States. We have repeatedly exercised
this control by intervening in the
:ourse of domestic dissension, and by
protecting the territory from foreigu
invasion. . ,
In conclusion It is argued that this
country would have been recreant to
its solemn duty to have delayed longer
in availing itself of the offered opportunity
to secure rights and franchises
sufficient to guarantee its immediate
entrance npon the important work of
:anal construction.
PROVISIONS OF PANAMA TREATY.
By the provisions of the treaty tjie
United States guarantees and will [
maintain the independence of the Republic
of Panama. There Is granted
~ J 1 ? ~ t <-TT fKfl
to tne unicea oiaies m puiyuiunj mc
use, occupation and control of a si rip
ten mile3 wide and extending three
nautical miles into the sea at either
terminal, With al! lands lying outside
of the zone necesary for the construction
of the canal or for its auxiliary
works, and with the islands in the Bay
of Panama. The cities of Panama and
Colon are not embraced in the canal
zone, but the United States assumes
their sanitation, and in case of need the
maintenance of order within the
granted limits all the rights, power
and authority which it would possess
were it the sovereign of the territory
to the exclusion of the exercise of sovereign
rights by the republic. All rail,
way and canal property rights belonging
to Panama and needed for the
canal pass to the United States, including
any properties of the respective
companies in the cities of Panama and
Colon: the works, property and personnel
of the canal and railways rtte exempted
from taxation as well In the
cities of Panama and Colon as in the
canal zone and Its dependencies. Free
imm;cm11f?n of the Dersonnel and im
portation of supplies for the construction
and operation of the canal arc
granted. Provision is made for the use
of military force and the building of
fortifications by the United States for
the protection of the transit. In other
details, particularly as to the acquisition
of the interests of the New Panama
Canal Company and the Panama
Railway by the United States and tiie
condemnation of prfrate property for
the uses of the canal, the stipulations
of the Hay-Herran treaty are, closely
followed, while the compensation to be
given for these enlarged grants remains
the same, being $10,000,000, payable
on exchange of ratifications, and,
beginning nine years from that date,
an annual payment of $250,000 during
the life of the convention.
THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
White House, December 7, 1903.
CLERGYMEN ACREE ON DIVORCES
Several In Rhode Island Will Not Marry
Any One Atfer Decree.
Providence. R. I. ? Representative
clergymen of Rhode Island, headed by
Bishop MeVickar, who have been endeavoring
for years to have the State
divorce laws amended, have entered
Into an agreement regarding the marriage
of divorced persons.
Of the number signing the agreement,
sixty-three ministers will refuse
to marry a person of another denomination
than their own. who. having been
divorced, could not marry again under
the ecclesiastical laws'of that denomination;
eighteen agree not to marry a
person who has been divorced for any
cause; 115 will adopt that as their practice
in cases where divorce has been
granted for unfaithfulness and in such
cases to solemnize only the marriage
of the innocent party to such a divorce.
Nearly all the denominations in the
State are represented.
SOMALIS KILL ITALIAN OFFICER
Fort at Darbe Kefn*es Demand to Hoist
Flag and Fires on Artned Dhow.
Aden.?Lieutenant-Commander Chas.
Grabau, an Italian officer, commanding
an armed dhow, landed a party of
friendly natives at Darbe, Somnliland.
and ordered the Italian flag hoisted on
the fort. The commandant of the fort
refused, and Lieutenant-Commander
Grabau thereupon gave him two hours
in which to obey the order, and the
commandant not having complied, fired
upon the fort. The fort replied with
shell killincr Orabau. The dhow then
put to sea and was picked up by the
Italian cruiser Galileo.
Miami Military Institute Burned.
The Miami Military Institute nt Germantown,
Ohio, was burned. The loss
Is $30,000. President O. G. Brown and
Dr. W. K. Brown, dean of the trustees,
at once secured temporary quarters for
about fifty young men, so as to continue
the school until the holiday vaca.
t?n.
GMUmBSBMU
Marines Were Landed to Overawe
New Republic's Army,
TROOPS ADVANCING ON PANAMA
Reporl Brooch) to La Gua.yr? by Frcncb
Steamer?United States Keady to Send
Military Force to the Isthmus?Troops
From All Parts of Colombia Said to
B? in DIoth>n.
La Guayra, Venezuela.?The French
steamer Versailles, which has arrived
here from Savanilla, reports that Colombian
steamers have landed 1100
men from Cartagena near the mouth e?
tho 4trntrt Rirpr Con the Gulf of Da*
rien) to open a way over the Darieu
Mountains into Pana'mia.
Colon, Colombia.?The report brought
to La Guayra, Venezuela, by the
French steamer Versailles to the-effect
that Colombian steamers have landed
1100 men near the mouth of the'Atrato
River cannot be confirmed here. The
United States cruiser Atlanta is patroling
the eastern end of the San Bias
coast and keeping an outlook for any
attempt by Colombia to land troops on
the isthmus, which the Atlanta would
at once prevent. The Atlanta is also
seekiug information concerning the
landing of men at the mouth of, the
Atrato River. As the river is in Coi
V.:.1 itlont-n nmilrl nr?t intorfprp
lUHil/ia IUC Atiuuiu wu.u
with landing of Colombians there.
Washington, D. C.?The statements
given out at the Navy Department
about the landing of marines at Panama
were evidently iutended to mislead.
It was learned that the men were
put ashore not only to give them some
exercise but to make a demonstration
for the benefit of the motley gang of
boys and roustabouts constituting the
army of the Republic of Panama, a
part of which has of late been under
suspicion of another revolt.
There also have been indications that
there would be need of United States
forces to protect the little republic
from a possible attack from Colombia.
It has been fully determined by the
President to treat the canal strip acquired
by the pending treaty as a possession.
and the forces of land and sea
will be employed if necessary to protect
it. . ?
This motive, besides the duty of
maintaining the neutrality of the isthmus.
will give all the pretest necessary
for the use of force anywhere along
the isthmus or iu waters adjacent to
Colombia.
DOWIE TO HAVE WALLED CITY.
Geta Rid of Receivers and Will Shut Oat
the World.
Chicago. 111.?Jplin Alexander Dowie
is again in control of Zion City, and he
proposes to put a wall around it to
keep out worldly people. Dowie's
financial statement was submitted to
his creditors and they were so well
pleased that they joined in a petition
for discharge of the receivers for Zion
City. No objection being made, Judge
Kohlsaat declared the receivership
dissolved. Under the agreement with
his creditors. Dowie'will have a year
to pay his debts, and the creditors will
bring no suits within that time.
Immediately alter regaining control
cf his city, Dowie issued :yi order that
"a wall eighteen feet high and one and
n half feet thick be built around Zion.
Millions of bricks will be used in conofmtftflnflp
fha Kort*ior fhnt TVlll tppn in
Oil UV.IH15 l i-1 <c- hstia.4.&v? VMMb .. ... ?r
quisitive strangers on the outside.
H. P. SCOTT PLEADS GUILTY.
Sentenced to Thirteen Months For Con piracy?Action
to Frotect Friend.
Columbus. Ohio. ? Harry P. Scott
pleaded guilty to conspiracy in the United
States Court and was sentenced to
thirteen months in the penitentiary.
His action was to protect his friend.
Harry J. Hooven, cashier of the People's
National Bank, at Newark, Ohio.
Scott's attorneys gave notice of appeal.
aud a stay of execution was
granted. Scott was released on $10,000
bond. In passing sentence Judge
Thompson said that, admitting Scott
had been misled by friendship, he had
failed in his highest duty, and the laws
must be strictly enforced if the banking
institutions of the country are to be
safeguarded. *
Herbert Spencer Dead.
Herbert Spencer, the philosopher,
died at his home, in Brighton, England.
His health had been failing for
XI rr ? HnmAnnnAltO fill
some mourns, me uc?
publish long appreciations and anecdotes
of Mr. Spencer, whom they universally
describe, as the "last of the
great thinkers of the Victorian age."
Herbert Spencer was born at Derby
April 27, 1820.
Negro to Hang in Washing-ton.
In Criminal Court, Washington. D.
C., a verdict of guilty of criminal assault
was found against John W. Burley,
a negro, and the death penalty
was prescribed. ^The victim was a
five-year-old colored girl. This is the
first instance of the death penalty being
fixed for such a crime in the District
of Columbia.
Socialist Mayors Defeated.
Elections held in twenty Massachu
1- _ J 1~? 11*A A net f
SettS Cities were murseu uy iue ueiem
of two Socialist Mayors, in Brockton
r.nd Haverhill, who have attracted
much notice and who were up for reelection.
The Democrats carried Chicopee,
Lawrence and Woburn.
Active Grocery Trade.
The demand for holiday goods in jobbing
quarters continues a feature that
is surprising the jobbers themselves.
Scalded to Death While Repairing Pipe.
a steam pipe which was being repaired
at the lower bleachery of the
Saylesville (R. I.) Company burst and
James Allen and Michael Mitchell,
plumbers, were scalded to death. Robert
Read, a finisher, was severely
burned.
Chicago For Convention.
Harry New, national committeeman
from Indiana, says that the Republican
National Convention will be held
- " TClthnilf milPll drtllht. tllls
accords with the general prediction.
World's Fair Pointer*.
Palace of Varied Industries. 525x1200
feet; cost $004,000.
Floral clock, dial 100 feet in diameter,
hands fifty fet long.
Forty-four States and Territories appropriate
$5,812,500.
Half a million dollars expended in
decorative sculpture.
| Melon day?500,000 melons served to
visitors without cost.
| : Festival Hall, 200 feet high, in centre
of Cascade Gardens.
Philippine exhibits, costing $1,000,000,
covers forty acres.
" /
RUSSIA MENACES KOREA
Eight Warships Have Arrived in
the East
Alove to Prevent the Opening of Yonc*n??
pho to Trade?Endanger* Agreement
Betxv??n Itugnia and Japan.
Tokio, Japan.?Eight Russian warships.
including two battleships, have
arrived at Charaulpo, the port of Seoul,
the capital of Korea. The Russian Admiral
commanding the squadron has
entertained a number of Korean officials
on board his flagship.
The incident Is the cause of lively
excitement in Tokio, where the visit
of the squadron is being construed as
being for the purpose of bringing pressure
to bear upon Korea not to open
the port of Yongampho. It is rumored
that the Russian Admiral threatens to
land oOOO men and march to Seoul if
Russia's warning against the opening
aP Vrtnoromnhn ic? nnf VinHnorl
London. England.?The Tokio dispatch
announcing the arrival of a Russian
fleet off Chemulpo was communicated
to the Foreign Office here, and
was received with, apprehension. It
was said that if the information from
Tokio was correct it would almost certainly
nullify any negotiations, however
pacific, now proceeding between
Russia and Japan.
St. Petersburg, Russia.?The correspondence
between Baron de Rosen.
Russian Minister to Japan, and Admiral
Alexieff, Russian Viceroy in the
Far East, concerning the modifications
of the Japanese demands, was dispatched
from the Far East recently.
Owing to the time taken in the transmission
of the correspondence, the submission
of the Japanese negotiations
may be delayed several days.
Washington, D. C.?Count Cassini,
the Russian Ambassad6r, has heard
nothing from St. Petersburg regarding
Hip rpnnrt'that n Russian flppt lind ar
rived off Yongampho. Mr. Takaliira.
the Japanese Minister, is also without
information on the subject, aHd Minister
Alleu has made uo report on this
occurrence to the State Department.
FAMILY PERISH IN FLAMES.
Fire Lire* Lost in Burning of Houm at
Clarksburg, N. J.
Freehold. N. J.?Nearly a whole family
pe.ished in the flames that destroyed
a dwelling at Clarksburg, a
village ten miles from here. Clayton
Fowler, forty-two years old; his wife,
Margaret, thirty-six years, and their
four children; aged respectively sixteen
years, thirteen years, two years
and six months, lived in the house,
which was a two-story frame building.
The blaze 3tarted from a chimney
on the lower floor, and when the family
awoke the whole lower part of the
house was in flames.
The eldest child, a boy, jumped from
the second-story window, and escaped
with slight bruises. Mr. and Mrs.
Fowler were either afraid to jump or
were overcome by smoke before they
could reach a window, aud they and
the three other children were burned
to death. Their bodies were found in
the ruius when the fl:e had burned itself
out.
A TOWER OUTFACE.
An Operator Assaulted and Robbed at VIliqulppa
Park, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.?Single handed and
with no chance to summon aid, J. R.
Largonot, the telegraph operator in the
Pittsburg and Lake Erie Railroad telegraph
tower, at Alliquippa Park, a
mile from any habitation, battled with
three negroes. He was beaten into insensibility
and robbed of about 530.
His assailants left him bound in a
chair.
Largonot had just received orders
lor the Cleveland express and was
awaiting its arrival. A knock came at
the door and when he opened it three
negroes forced'their way into the little
office. Largonot drove his assailants
back several times with a heavy
club, but eventually he was knocked
down and beaten until he was uncon scious.
When he revived the negroes had
gone, the office naa Deen tnorougmj
ransacked and $50 of Largonot's money
stolen.
4
MORE FOR MILLER CREDITORS.
Court Bute* in Retard to the S140,00ft
Given R. A. Amnion, _
Albany, N. Y.?A decision was handed
down by tho Court of Appeals in favor
of John B. Lord, trustee in the voluntary
bankruptcy of William Miller,
of the 520 per cent. Franklin Syndicate.
in his suit for recognition as a
creditor of the defunct firm of Seymour,
Johnson & Co.
Lord contended before the Court of
Appeals that he had traced to that firm
*1 <A AAA id nllDflPfid tO
lue JitV.WU luai 111UK1 >u U..VQVU have
given his attorney, R. A. Amnion,
for safe keeping. The money, he hold,
was an asset of Miller given to his attorney
and as such must be considered
as au asset in the voluntary bankruptcy
proceedings.
BATTLE WITH STRIKERS.
Deputies and Miner* Exchange Shot*. Bui
No One Is Hart.
Trinidad. Col.?Strikers in ambush
fired upon a party of deputies and coal
mine clerks near Berwind. The fir?
was returned, and lor half an hour the
fusillade continued, when more depu
ties arrived and the attacking part,v
fled.
The Sheriff gathered fifty men her?
? - a. - fAiirt/l f ll CVTT WOrC
TO qO to tut? 5L"cmr, um iuuuu itv?v
not needed. The Sheriff thinks tlial
trouble will follow. He is preparing tc
take vigorous measures iu case il
comes.
* Chicago Pear Corner.
A South Wate. street fruit firm claim
lo nave all the pears in the world
stored in Chicago in an attempt to cor
ner the market for this fruit. It is
known that there are a million aud a
quarter pears in one warehouse.
To Prohibit Marriage of Degenerates.
The Iowa Society for Suppression of
Disease and Degeneracy has prepared
a bill to be introduced in the comins
general Assembly providing for a phy
sician's certificate of examination be
fore a marriage license "in be issued.
Minor Mentlou.
Governor Odell refuse! to grant a
writ of extradition against William
Ziegler at the request of the Missouri
officials.
Secret service men are planning simultaneous
raids to crush Mafia organizations
in New York, Philadelphia and
New Orleans.
Elaborate tests of a simple device
make railway officials believe that they
have a ventilator that will work aud
cause no draughts.
W. Bourke Cockran will be the Democratic
nominee for Representative in
Congress, to succeed George B. McClelland,
Mayor-elect.
' SECRETARY SHAW'S PEPDRI
Foreign Commerce the Largest in
Hisiorv of the Country.
GREAT DEFICIT IN THE TREASURY
Points Ont in nis Annual Report That the
Revenues Are Failing Off? Makes Few
Recommendations For Changes in Currency
Laws?Calls Attention to the Increated
Holdings of Gold.
, Washington, Dec. S.?The report of
Secretary of the Treasury Leslie M.
Shaw, sent to Congress to-day. is extremely
optimistic so far as present
conditions are concerned, but the estimates
for the fiscal year 1904 show a
reduction of the surplus receipts over
expenditures from $54,207,667 to $14,? j
000,000, while for 1905 there is an estimated
deficit of $23,002,140. The to'-'
tal receipts for the fiscal year ending
June 30 last were $694,621,117 and the
expenditures were $340,323,450.
Although the figures show au increase
in receipts over 1902 of $10,294,837,
the expenditures at the same
time increased $47,284,545. There is
a falling off in internal revenue receipts
of over $41,000,000, but this has
been more than made up by increased
receipts from customs and the sale of
lands.
Secretary Shaw cails attention to the
incrrased available cash balance and
the increased holdings of gold as the
most notable features in the condition
of the Treasury at the present time.
He says also that there is a falling off
in the foreign holdings of United States
bonds. In' 1899 these foreigu-held securities
of the United States amounted
to over $24,000,000: on June 30 last
they had been reduced to $16,806,950.
During the year ending October 31,
1903, 553 national banks were organized,
with a total capital of $34,333,500.
Of these 343 were organized with an
individual capital of less than $30,000.
Secretary Shaw says that the reports
of the national banks to the Controller
of the Currency show that in?':?vidual
deposits were at a higher point
ou September 15, 1902, than at any
date subsequent thereto, and amounted
to $3,209,273,893. On September 9,
1903, they were $3,156,333,499, a decrease
of $52,940,394. . t
The specie holdings of'the; banks on
September 15, 1902, were $36^.236.120.
On February 6, 1903, these holdings
Vio/1 innraoco;! frt t417 <\70 1A1X' -. Thio
uau juv,l iv y^ix i a^v. auio
was the greatest amount of specie ever
held by the banks during the existence
of the national banking system. On
September 9, 1903, specie holdings aggregated
$397,556,167. Of these holdings,
$105,569,894 was in gold coin,
$146,547,220 was in gold certificates,
and $63,307,000 was in gold clearing
house certificates. The balance . consisted
of silver dollars, fractional silver
coin and silver certificates.
The mints coined 184,578,638 pieces
of an aggregate value of $74,203,000
during the year, of which $45,721,773
was gold coin and the balance silver
dollars, subsidiary silver coin and
minor coin. During the last three
months of the fiscal year the mints at
Philadelphia and San Francisco confined
their operations to the manufacture
of Philippine coin.* The bullion
used has been paid for by the Government
of the Philippine Islands and the
United States Government has been reimbursed
from the same source for the
expense of manufacture. In addition
to their full share of this work the
Philadelphia Mint coined 750,000 pieces
of silver for Venezuela and 1,350,000
pieces for Colombia.
The partial repeal of the Spanish
War revenue taxing laws is responsible
for the falling off of collections in
the Internal Revenue Bureau. The Bureau
reports show that the manufacture
of distilled spirits increased 13,152,800
gallons, that 2441 distilleries
operated, a decrease of 497, and that
56,720,179 babels of beer were brewed
an increase of 2.170,052. In receipts
from tobacco, cigars and cigarettes
there was a decrease from '1902 of over
$8,000,000.
The foreign commerce of the year
was the largest in the history of the
country. The imports were valued at
$1,025,719,237. and the exports at $1.420,141,679.
The increase in the past
decade has been more than that of the
two immediately preceding decades.
Our currency system, says Secretary
Shaw, has been subjected to some very
severe tests during the year. Unprecedented
prosperity encouraged the uatural
optimism of the people to an extent
that property of all kinds foupd
ready buyers. A condition heretofore
existed which could not last, and within
a year the market value of stocks
and bonds has depreciated in . an
amount estimated far in excess of the
1 cost of four years' devastating civ"
war.
[ Strlliinjj Figures in the Report.
Receipts for fiscal year, S69-l.G21.il?.
Expenditures for the fiscal year,
$640,323,450.
Surplus, $54,297,667.
Estimated surplus for 1904, $14,000,000.
Estimated deficit for 1905, $23,000,I
000.
[ National banks organized during the
> year, 333.
? Specie holdings of national banks,
September 9. 1903, $397,556,107.
Imports for the year, $1.02^.719,237.
Exports for year, $1,420,141,679,
. Number of coins minted during the
> year, 184,578,638.
Estimated population (November 1,
, 1903), 80,946.000.
: Immigrants passed during the year,
857,046.
Emperor William's Condition Grave.
Information received in Paris,
1 France, represents the condition of
the Kaiser William of Germany as
more grave than is admitted, hut high
official reports from Berlin declare that
the august patient is now not even in
need of medical attendance.
Life Sentence For Murderer.
At Alva, Okla.. Samuel Dipert was
| sentenced to life imprisonment lor the
killing: of William Griffin, cichteen
months asro because he found his wife
talking with Griffin.
The Sporting: World.
Joe Corbett denies that he has slgneo
with Pittsburg.
Bray ton Ives paid to Monroe Salisbury
S20.000 for tbe trotting horse
Monte Carlo.
Henry Chadwielc. the father of baseball,
is seventy-nine years old, aud still
follows the game sharply.
! | The German Emperor has postponed
his ofEer of a cup for a yacht race
Ifrom New York to Cowes for another
The trotting turf authorities will
probably place the records made with
the aid of wind shields iu a separate
class.
?SbI
mm
JIMHOFTHtlH
WASHINGTON ITKKR. HfiHM
The President sent to the Senat^^BBj
recess appointments the nominatioiMB^H
General Leonard Wood and otfl M
which failed o. confirmation at the VB&K
tra session. CgHfl
Rep resen fa fire "W7.A.j5mith. of
igan, introduced a bilr making
le.v's birthday, Jatnia'fy 29, a nationi^^H
holiday, to Oe Known as 'mcn.uuc;^h
Day." _ " '|H
Mrs. Roosevelt is taking advantaee ofl H
her let-up from social responsibilitig^^H
to indulge her favorite pastime of driw 1
ing. .
Former Congressman William flflSH
Springer, of Illinois, died at hia-reflBM
dence of pneumonia, aged seventy-<wHH|
years. .
There is a orospect that Congr J|MH
will take kindly to the liberal sugg^B^H
tioilb for appropriaations for rural
delivery this winter.
Speaker Cannon ejected from iHB
room at the 'Capitol a labor leader wo^H
accused him of packing the HouaH9|
Committee, on Labor. . , flmBK
In hia annual report to Congres^S^KB
retary Moody points out the need in
American Navy of an'organization MR
collect information and give advice. onHfifl
?v>iHfn wit ft flFo ima ft < .
) uiiuiaij auauo. - - 'MPMI
Senator Morgan suggested an inquiry
as to whether subsidized railroads biBvV
prevented the ratification of the HarawH
Herran treaty at Panama.
OCR ADOPTED ISLANDS. w|
The health of the Americah garriso^^Hg
on the island of Guam remains exce&Hj
lout.
The native Hawaiians are beginniq?^H|
to take a deeper interest in politics. 1 fijfl
Porto Rican Republicans have madlH9
application for representation ini the^Rj|
next Republican National Conv^dWggHB
Several hundred Porto RVcan scl^g^H
teachers will probably be brought
this country next summer and glvei^^H
several weeks' tuition in normal^^J
schools. Governor
Taft has appointed a mixefl m
committee, of officials connected witlHH
different departments of the Govern^HB
ment and business men of Manila
consider and recommend a new list
tariff changes for the Philippine. IsHSj
The Philippine' Commission hafl
passed an act to maintain the equalin^^H
of gold and silver pesos by creating*?*
e i <-_? n#
reserve luuu lluuk iuc icucjiy?.o v*
sales of certificates of deposit anf.ijjM
seigniorage on the coinage.
DOMESTIC, j ' JHUN
The Fort Wayne (Ind.i City PesiHH
bouse was burglarized of evcrytbinjH[n
conveniently portable, including tbMH
bedding. Until recently tbe house baflH
been occupied by smallpox patients. flH
There has been a decrease of XO.OjttflBS
school children in Iowa during tIM
past year. VH
Intemperance is supposed to have Ied^Hj
to the suicide of James M. Reeves, at*^H|
reiersourg, va., a sooigun uaviog
used. wHj
Representatives of the striking cost BH
miners of Colorado failed to reach any^
agreement with Governor Wells. ^B|
' Overcome while fighting to escapeMB
the flames, Mrs. H&ttie Sntcliffe and B
her young son wetfe burned to death HBj
at Lot Rock, Mlc|i.^ g|
Pleading guilty ^false entries white Hj
cashier of the People's Bank, at New-^Hj
ark, Ohio, Harry J. Hoover was sen-MH
tenced to five years in^Jail. sgg9
An indictment against NMrs. Rachel,
Richman, of New York, charging ber-^B
with having stolen a $26,00<Wiecklacff
was dismissed, Mrs. Richmah. having
been declared insane. - V-Seven
concerns engaged in' ther^Kj
plumbing supply business were inj^Hj
dieted by the Grand Jury at Chicagc^HS
[11., on charges of being a combinatio^ME
to control prices. M
The recently organized Citizens' In-MK
dustriai Association of Ameri'a wilt Kj
have headquarters at Dayton, Ohio, the H
Executive Committee having selected .S
that city. ; yjjB
At the trial of six policemen charged
with neglect of> -^uty In allowing a
crank to get at President Roosevelt, it
was shown that the door of the rectory,
had been left unguarded.
It has been discovered that names
o; more than eighty persons were carried
on books of St. Lovis (Mo.) poor? <
nouse who were not inmates.
A bank messenger's pouch containing
$7000 stolen from table in registry dlvisioh
of the Baltimore (Md.) post'
cfflce.
The Rev. William Bohier Walker, f J
Christ Episcopal Church, at Jollet, IH., r
has been made a sort of assistaht (fji
Chief of Police by Mayor Crolius to en. < '. ,
able him to conduct an anti-saloon '
campaign.
FOREIGN. mBSi
China was reported to be concluding^BH
?n agreement with Russia by whicli
the latter country's terms for the evac? B
uation and government of Manchnria^
are accepted; China will maintain nom<
inal sovereignty. jH
A conference between the Russian
Minister and the Japanese Foreign
Minister was held, without definite re- Hfl
enlf of TaHa
OUll, at JL UUiU.
During a royal shooting e/foursion
near Madrid, Spain, a shepberd fired
at a member of theKiflg*s household,
against whom^btrliad a grudge. A .
gamekeeper^ghot the shepherd dead.
King'-Alfgaso was near the victim and
was so/Overcome that he returned to
Madrid: ...
The London Tiroes correspondent at
Tangier warns travelers to keep out of .
Morocco at present. Many of the roads
jrtre unsafe and others are closed
against travel by the Sultan.
The growth of the population of Ger- *
many in 1902, regarding which statis?
tics have just been tabulated, was the
greatest ever known, amounting to
902.312, or 15.6 per 1000, compared Hj
with 15.09 in 1901, and 14.63, the av- RM
erage for the last ten years. B?
Russian troops defeat band of Chi- B
nese robbers in Manchuria. H|
United States Consul Davis, at Al- HM
exandretta, Asiatic Turkey, was in- HS
suited and assaulted by police. He;?W
broke off relations and went to Beirut.
Minister Leishiuan has been in- ^
sirucieu 10 investigate lue auuir.
Cubans in a national holiday com-|H|
raemorated the seventh annivei'sary of WW
the death of General Maceo. The an- H
niversary of the death of General Go- B9
mez's eldest son, wflo was Maoeo's BH
aide-de-camp, was also celebrated.- BX
King Alfonso has received the resig- n
nation of the present Spanish Cabinet^ H
The Bulgarian Premier said that the' H[
- outh of that land was being driven H
into -?bellion and emigration. H
The people of Panama greeted the H
signing of the canal treaty with cheera m
and the singing of national airs.
Queen Alexandra celebrated her fifty
ninth birthday at Sandringham, Eng- K

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