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The Great Chic Where the Kef A* IX, ^onvemiofi v* % j *? i i I jgggpi I ' Tha PhlnorfA Pnlicaiim in wilir?h thf* i J Republican National Convention will j be held this year, is one of the greatest auditoriums in th^s country. It is built on the site formerly occupied by the Libby Prison War Museum, and the ornamental outer wall of the building is the same which surrounded the museum. The seating capacity of the building is about 15,000. A part of the main floor space only will be nec- i essary for the accommodation of the znjLf 'irjrjLnrfj // // // // jLru-jLf 'JLf THE BOLSTER-MATTRESS. . A New and Useful Adjunct to Furnish' iog of the Home. There is promise of comfort and ease in a newly patented mattress that the inventor will doubtless lose no time in placing npon the market. His idea embraces a sectional mattress, such as is already in general us* PTPpnt that the smaller section is so made that It can be adapted to the f v purposes of bolster or pillow or both. IThis desirable consummation is ac.complished through .the medium of upper and lower portions which' are connected in much the same manner as the two sides of an accordion. The connecting arrangement, however, al'L / THB NEW SBCTIOVAIi MATTRBS3. 1 ? > < though adjustabre to any angle, is so secured as to permit a perfectly rigid adjustment of the raised upper half of the mattress section in whatever position it is desired to be kept. The housewife will doubtless-find in this novel contrivance cause for much gratification, as it will enable her to keep her beds in straight and tidy condition without much of the bother that comes from the tossing about of pillows. The adjustability of the height of the headrest is no iucousiderable feature of the affair. Kitchener and the Duke of Portland. A good story has just leaked out in reference to Lord Kitfhener's visit to the Duke of Portland at Langwell last year. His grace is very affable to His gillies and attendants, and one day when out with one of them, whom we ehall call Donald, he inquired how he liked Kitchener. "Well, sir," was tbe reply, "he's very tweel as a shot, an' a good hand at sa'mon, but he's nairrow." -now s mat.' i always taougat ae iwxs very liberal." said bis grace. "Och! weel, it's just this wev." responded Doaald. "The ither day when he shot a stag be asked me if- I wad tak' a dram, an' I said 'Yes.' He be-, gaa poorin' oot the whiskey into tbe cup. an', by way o' being genteel, I says. 'Stop!' an', dnsh it, he stoppit. 'Aye. he's rale nairrow."?Londoa TitBits. WHERE THE HAGUE PEA TRIBUNAL HO < wThe House in the Wood, Palaces of Queen Will ago Coliseum, >ublican National rsll Be Held. ^ s^n ielegates, and the remainder of this and the enormous galleries, extending entirely around the building, can be utilized for visitors. The buildins is located within a few minutes' walk of the centre of the city, one block from Michigan avenue and four blocks from the lake. It cost $500,000 to build,' md was completed in 1000, and opened for the National Graud Army encampment of that year. Lockless Locked Boxes. The lockless locked shipping case is one of the recent novelties of the Pat LOCKED " L00KL33S " BOX, ent Office. An inspection of such a box discloses neither lock, nor signs of a fastening device, such as nails. Koarvo h5n?nc! nr* rwfhar nnnfritranoft rot uao^o, mu^cg vi vvuvi J VV J the lid may nevertheless be securely | fastened. An examination of the ac- I companying illustration will explain this seeming parados. The fastener is attached to the under side of the lid, and the inside of the walls of the box or package. Firftt Atlantic Turbino. The first transatlantic steamship to j be driven by turbines instead of ordinary reciprocating engines, has been 1 contracted for at Belfast. It is to be j run on the Allen line between England ! and Canada, and will have a gross ton- I nage of 12,000 tons and a contract' speed of seventeen knots. Although 1 this speed is small compared to that j of many of the great transatlantic | liners, it will be greater than that of i any of the ships of the Allan line. The j traffic between England and Canada j does not warrant the expense of a ! taster suip, out toe new vessel wui i be interesting as the first of her kind. ?Youth's Companion. Senator Edinontl*' Dry Jo Ire. \ Tom Cavanaugh, for many yeari Deputy Sergeant-at-Arms of the House, is a Vermouter, and he says that once upon a time Senator Edmunds came near uttering a practical joke; but the Senator was always so grave that Cavauaugh has to offer an affidavit every time he tells the story. He says that j on one occasion Senator Edmunds gave a page boy a telegram, and the little fellow ran off, but immediately returned to ask whether the telegram should be sent over the Postal or West- ' ern Union line. Senator Edmunds 1 looked very thoughtful for a moment, ' and then said: "Send it by Western j Union. They may need the money."? Exchange. | "Dead Mnn" Come* to Life. 1 ? aM f*i*i n vi-iiiia/l TaIin P.ralro wlirt i lived alone at Norwich. England, had j been ill, and, as his house was shut up. a neighbor entered and found him on the bedroom floor, apparently dead. She gave information to the police, and a constable came to the conclusion that Crake had expired, as he was cold and motionless. An undertaker was sent for. but on his arrival he was surprised to find Crake sitting up on I the bed and muttering. He died a few hours later from apoplexy. Last year the British mercantile ma- ' rine sustained 1483 casualties, of which 048 wore complete wrecks. The ! loss of life was 5318. iCE LOS ITS CONFERENCES " Formerly One of the Exelmina of Holland* ' - I ????.? j WUIPPFn ry iwaphimf! Wf llil I i? X-' U I IVI J \ KJ I I I II m Device by Which Number and Vigor of Strokes Mav Be Resuiated. A The view i3 becoming more generally taken that America is a land of enthusiasts and fanatics. American exaggeration, a national characteristic, finds an outlet in the mauy sects, cults. devotees, followers of dietary propagandists. and visionary promoters of ' ? I WHIPPING B7 MACHINE. one kind and another. This Is a mechanical age. Then why not reduce everything to a mechanical basis. The cursory review of the voluminous Patent Office records will show this state | is being rapidly approached. Corporal punishment may be administered with a mechanical whipping rod, such as shown in the Illustration. I HARNESSING IKE TIDE. ********** flow Man Proposes to Convert tlig Waves of the S;a Into a PowerDriving Factor. Man has harneseed ner- 'y ail the elements to do his bidding, and it is not strange that a means has been found to press the very tides into service. A machine for whlc'- a series of patents has just been granted by the United States Government has for its purpose the utilization of the tides of the sea for Iho generation of power. The apparatus, which is designed to be built upon a butres3 at the very shore of tidewater, consists of a walking beam permanently mounted on an axis at the sea end of whose extremity is attached a large float or air-tight caisson, which rises and falls with the incoming or outgoing tide. Ai the further end of the beam is l power wheel, which, through the engagement of a series of ratchets, is forced to re voive as tne oeam rises or raws. To get the most profitable service out of this arrangement the beam is balanced two-thirds of its length, the shorter end being inshore. This results in the transfer of twice the amount of power of the wheel and whatever maI chinery is connected with it is exerted by the tide in moving the caisson. A practica1 application of the power is to be found in seine hauling. THe Smallest Store in Xeir> ^orl> dity. I There are many quaint little corners of New York City aud oddly shaped buildings, but probably the smallest is Hint- hwc nirhirpti which is in Bronx Borough, the corner of Melrose avenue and 161st street, which is a detached building yet complete in itself. Strange Incident of Paris. A man named Armand, his wife and his mother-in-law, all exceedingly Btout, himself weighing 225 pounds, took a cab in Faris the other day. The two women got in first, then Armand, but his weight upset the cab. Armand fell beneath and the women inside against the top of the cab. A young man on the street, alarmed at the screams, turned in a fire ala/m. The firemen arrived on the scene and prepared to throw a stream of water, but the spectators restrained them and righted the caU. . A HARMLESS REPTILE o o o o o D? 1 n U CDilit uj a. 11. in. jimj. F there is anything we need % T ^ to t030*1 more than au* O I 0 other, it is that numerous S insects and reptiles, which WW are held by many persons to be poisonous, are perfectly harmloss. This is especially so of the pine tree lizard, or, as it is often called, the fence lizard. It is true that the lizard has teeth, but they are almost too small to be seen, the finely serrated jaws feeling just like the rough lips or a bass. Moreover, these little saurians seldom attempt to bite, and make interestiug pets. I have a box two feet long,-one foot high .and six inches wide, the sides being of glass and the bottom covered with a white sand to a depth of two inches. With this on ray study table [ have a good opportunity for watching the five interesting inmates as 1 they eat and sleep. Two are males and three are females, easily distinguished by their color. Their color seems to be influenced by the conditions of the atmosphere. After a rain or when they first come out of their hiding places in the morning, many of them are very dark. By holding them in the hand a short time, the coior changes very perceptibly. When my pets are ready to go to bed, they dive into the sand, where they remain covered up until morning. Theu here and there a head bobs up. and gradually the saurians either stretch out ou the sand or prop themselves up on their forelegs in a most comical manner. They soon become alert, and show how keen their appetites are if flies, crickets, grasshoppers, or katydids are thrown to them. Frequently, when one has seized a particularly fat grasshopper, another will attempt to take it away. They are also fond of roaches, but care nothing for hard-shelled beetles. They will not seize an insect unless it is moving, and one often knows when the attack Is to be made, as the lizard opens its mouth just a little way before springing upon its prey. It uses its tongue With the same agility as does the frog or toad, and gorges a large insect TAME LIZARDS A3 ORNAMENTS. aaaAAa miaah i_L_ **,-n-rr or? o on f. 1 rfl LL1ULU LUC OU LUC ? UJ U.O u. swallows a toad. In burrowing in the sand they make several strokes with the right or left forefoot, changing from one to the other; but when this dirt is to be worked out of the way, they use their hind feet with alternate strokes with great rapidity. The female in this way evidently digs into the ground, where she deposits a dozen or more white eggs, which she leaves for the warm earth to hatch. I know of nothing else so easily tamed. When caught in the hand they seldom attempt to escape. Placed on one's clothing, they often sit in the same position for a long time. Knowing thi3 peculiarity, I decorated my little son with nineteen lizards, just to prove to some skeptical people that 1 was willing to back up my assertions wiHi i Hamnnaf-i-nUnn Vcif nno nh. server who witnessed it declared thai it was risky, and that he knew a maD who had lost a finder from the venomous bite of a fence lizard. A teamster who was not afraid to handle a snake could not be persuaded to toucl) a lizard, although they both saw a finger thrust into a little saurian'? mouth. Ignorance is hard to banish, but it easily drives away the truth. They are not only harmless, but beneficial. Lying oil the fences which surround the field of growing crops, they devour many insects as these attempt to enter the fields, thus benefit 1II& LLUT LUUUCliJ, " "? * C li\t "ft'l CV.1%4tion of their value.?Scientific American. Creating New Fruits. Et is the laboratory worker who is coming to the front now as the creator of new fruits. When the cold winds from the north destroyed the citrus industry of Florida work was undertaken at once by the National Government to secure an orange which would, be more hardy than any now of the East; as far north as Philadelphia, is a small, hardy Japanese orange which is only suitable for ornamental purposes and which bears a fruit the size of a walnut. Here was the hardiness. By using this plant as the mother and the tender sweet orange of Florida as the father, and vice versa, hybrids have been produced which partake of the characteristics of both. These hybrids are now beginning to fruit for the first time. They are, of course, not so hardy as the hardy mother, but are much more hardy than the sweet orange, the other parent. The fruit secured has some of the characteristics of a lemon, but is valuable for marmalades and other purposes?and unquestionably can be grown in every back yard in the South.?The World's Work. Cost of War. Wars of the last 3000 years are supposed to have cost $600,000,000,000. Each man who falls ou a battlefield (mbi $2740 to kill 1 A Paradise IT r_: ; 1 i or vniuiiictid Zafferines, a Spanish Penal Settlement, Ruled by Convicts Xavier Duroc in La Revue ? Translated For Public Opinion. ngj?IjSlN- the Zaffarin islands, a 1=1-. i=J few miles from Kiss, off I ft the African coast, is the i?moat astonishing and the most comical fortress that ever was constructed, a penal colony which is absolutely unique and entirely different from what one would expect even in Spain. The largest island contains the town of Zaffariues, which up to six o'clock in the morning is absolutely silent, the ruins and stillness suggesting a town which has been deserted after a disaster. There are not eveu dogs or birds. At six o'clock, however, at the thin tolling of the bell of La Conquista, a tower which is found at the centre and summit of the island, the doors of the prison open, the stores and the heretofore deserted streets suddenly become animated. For ten minutes there is life in the streets, the prisoners scattering in every direction, then they disappear and the town again looks like a dead city. The life, however, has been transferred to the taverns and the hovels; the rooms of the prison are empty, but the wine shops are full, each group of prisoners having its favorite tavern, although many have not attained this degree of discrimination and visit all impartially. Upon reaching the tavern many prisoners install themselves in a corner from which they do not move until it is time to return to the prison. PRISONERS WITH LIBERTY. There is no doubt that this island is the paradise of criminals. Here the prisoners have absolute liberty to devote themselves to sloth or drunkenness, they may promenade freely in thevpen air. play at cards, talk, drink, assault or even stab one another. Some few work, carrying water, performing a crude form of masonry, etc.. while not a few of them manifest by their yawning that they are extremely bored. It is needless to say that every lazy, quarrelsome, drinking gambling individual could easily accommodate himself to such a life, for here he is in his element. At ZafFarines he does not have to battle for subsistence since he is clothed, nourished and lodged at the expense of the state, which does not interfere with his actions and leaves him free to act as he pleases. A single liberty is denied the prisoner and that Is to leave the island; but mis 13 lime uesuea. me uuuruers ot Zaffarines have also a douro in tlie bottom of their pocket, and for those who are not satisfied with the infected< mess served by the prison there is always the table d'hote at which many feasts take place. CARRYING OF ARMS COMMON. The carrying of arms is an almost universal practice, and there are few prisoners who have not in their linen belts a large knife. This latter is not the traditional navaja which bends in the middle and opens with a spring, but a large, solid, pointed knife, and a man who has uot his herramiento is r?rvf o mon of oil A Ifhnncrh linAn hie Jive U UiQU Ub UII. auuv/ugu UpVU U4W entrauce into the prison the criminal is searched, the confiscation of a knife is a rare occurrence. It is possible that at the moment of crossing the prison threshold the criminal has not his knife, but it is certain that he does not go to sleep without his "armed friend." The question naturally arises, Where are these weapons obtained? The answer is easy; they are obtained from the keepers themselves. Authority in the prison of Zaffarines.is merely a fiction, the tru& masters of the place being the prisoners, to whom everything is subordinated. The captain of the place, if he had to live on his salary, could not exist, therefore he installs a tavern and the prisoners make him rich. In this tavern there are sold, besides liquors of all sorts, knives, revolvers, cartridges, etc., the captain being the one chiefly interested in the multiplication of thefts, for the product of these goes to swell his bank account <J AlLiliiUS AO ItUiU-OiiljijEiiVS. Each of the two captains in the place is the owner of two establish- J ments at which they have made a fortune. One of them married the daugh-1 ter of a criminal, his son is an officer, and his daughter is about to marry one of the officers of the place. This is a family of the most eminent respectability. the flower of the high life of Zaffarines. In 1901-1902, at head of one of this official's taverns, there was installed one of the orderlies who was a part of the garrison of the place, and who was under the command of the military son, and although the other tavern-keeping official recently died, his rum shops are kept by an in fantry sergeant. A fifth tavern belongs to a prisoner condemned for two homicides, and the two others are the property of free men who have 110 position in the prison. The penalty of hard and forced labor does not exist in the Spanish penal code, and in the penal settlements only those work who wish to. At Ceuta the workshops have a special organization, but at Zaffarines and other places the work is less well regulated, the only apparent distribution of the men being into brigades. The workman obtains a minimum of thirteen centimes and a maximum of one peseta a day, and for a man who has no family to support, no lodging to pay, the money earned in the penal settlement is really a surplus which few free workmen are able to lay by. Formerly the management of the settlement made certain deductions. for example, xuose men who eunifu less than twenty-five cents receiving nothing until there had been formed a fund of live douros. aftej which the whole wage was paid. T!^p Ave douros was used for the purpose of sending the criminal home on the day of his liberation or to j ay for his capture In case of escape or attempted escape from the island. > - " - ' , _ * ' , " SOME OFFICIAL THIEVES. In tlie management of these reserve fuuds, however, grave scandals took place, the prisoner at the end of his term of service finding but little of the reserve fund at his disposal, the vampires of the administration so confusing the poor wretch that in the end he always left the prison with nothing in his pockets. In 1901 General Weyler decided that there should no longer be formed reserve funds and that each prisoner should receive each day the <1.?A Uiwv\ TViJf. Imn lULai wage uutr LV uiui. xuib uaj uui in any sense assisted the prisoner, for under the former rule the reserve funds, in case the officials were honest, really represented a certain guarantee for the criminal, but now the convict no longer practices economies, gambling houses have greatly increased, and theft is the most ordinary event JIM HUSBY'S PUP Trlampha Were His Until His War Paint Wore Off. "I never realized till last week the force of Virgil's sentiment. "We are able because we seem to be able,'" observer former Supervisor Sackett this morning, as some of the country solons were telling what they would do to fortify Monroe County in event of war between Russia and Japan. Pressed for an explanation, Mr. Sackett said: "A neighbor furnished a demonstration of how appearances go for a great deal in this world. Jim Husby has a dog, probably the most ornery cur that ever walked on four legs. The pup has no more courage than a dove. He has been licked by every canine in the neighborhood. "Jim said he couldn't stand it much longer. He declared that the pup must win a few battles or leave the farm. He decided that the dog. to begin with, looked too cowardly; so with black paint he decorated the dog's face in a most horrible manner. If a man of a bibulous turn of disposition could meet that canine in the gloaming he would forswear rum and lead a temperate life. I never saw a dog illustrated in so fierce a style before. He was a regular Roycroft edition of all that is to be feared in a dog. After Jim had applied the last stroke and had accentuated the jaws with several bold outlines he turned his pet loose. "The pup didn't realize what a change had been made in his countenance and went slinking down the road to be licked by a.big St. Bernard. Well, the big fellow no sooner saw the pup coming than he made ready to fret him. With a growl and a tush he boomed out into the road, and than catching a good view of the cur's bandit-like expression, he paused and eyed him in amazement and some trepidation. The cur thought the big dog wanted to be friends and crept forward. The big dog detected something sinister in the slow approach, and turning with a long drawn howl fled to the barn. The cur was puzzled. At the next house he met a bulldog, which came out to shake him up. But as soon as the bull saw what he was up against he began to tremble and retreated in abject fear. Then the cur began to get chesty. The next dog he met he chased for two miles and scared almost out of his senses. "For the next three days he did nothing but hunt his old enemies. He neglected his meals in order to keep on the warpath. Nothing was too big for him to tackle. Jim held a mirror up before him that he might know what to thank for his transformation. The pup was proud. He began to be a regular nuisance. No dog could pass the farm but what he must hike out and throw down the gauntlet "This got to wearing on Jim's nerves, so one day he washed the paint off. An hour later the cur sallied out and was whipped to a finish by a water spaniel. He dragged himself to the baru and thought it over. Then nosing about, he got the pail of paint, and, taking it by the bail, lugged it out to Jim and mutely begged for another coat of paint. Jim again used his artistic talent Again the pup was monarch of all he surveyed, and now realizing that it was the paint and fearing it would be removed, he sought no more duels. He remained content with being let alone.?Rochester Post-Express. - Too Bnsy to Mako a Noise. A Kansas City teacher of a kindergarten was incapacitated from work one day last week by the following incident. The subject of the lecture and object lesson was animals, birds and then more animals. "Now, children," said the teacher, "I want eaco or you xo mum m sumc animal or bird and try for a moment to be like the particular one you are thinking about, and make the same kind of noises they are in the habit of making." I Here was the command. Here the finale: I Instantly the schoolroom became a menagerie. Lions roaring, dogs barkiug, birds singing and twittering, cows i lowing, calves bleating, cats meowing, etc., all in an uproar and excitement? ali, with one single exception. Off in a remote corner a little fellow was sitting perfectly still, apparently indifferent and unmindful of all the | rest. The teacher, observing him, approached and said: "Waldo, why are you taking no part with the other children?" Waving her off with a deprecating hand and wide, rebuking eyes, he fervently whispered: "Sli?sh?sh. teacher?sh! I a "ooster, and I'm a-layiu' a aig!"?Kansas City Star. Married Sister*. A study in relationship is offered by two families living in and near here. A veteran of the Civil War has a son who married a well-known . jung lady of the county, aDd to whom several children have been born. Later the father of the young man wedded a sister of his son's wife, and the relationships of the two families thus becomes decidedly interesting. A few of the odd relationships thus developed are as follows: The father is the son's brother-in-law and both grandpa and uncle of the young man's children. Thesenior wife is bofiii grandma and aunt of the younger family of children, seuior wife is both stepmother and sisterin-law of the young man, and so on ' ad infinitum,?Wnlln Walla Statpamaa. THY GREAT DESTROYED SOME STARTLINC FACTS ABOUT THE VICE OF INTEMPERANCE. , The Kemedjr For th? Drink DiMM?-W? '.jS Must Delve luto Men's Hearts and Purge Them of the Desire For Tntoxicants?This Only Will Curb the Evil? . ' jl While the woirld lasts, or until Satan ia chained, it is probable that the saloon, a? '~ we know it in khe United States, will re? main. Thia is evident simply because it j 5:?j? become ope of the most effective arta of Satanic invention, and as it is certain that all the fury of hell will be brought to bear in the latter days when the devil re- \'M alizes that the time is short in which ha may work, why should he cease to work through the saloon? Ana, also, as long as cnere a^e wicueo. an?l selfish men in the world, it is reason*. able to believe that the 6aloon will be here, too. Perhaps this implies too forcibly that every saloon keeper is a wicked, selfish man. What we mean, however, is - that one cannot visit any street of wickedness where the saloon is not found. The saloon walks hand in. hand with the devil. 0? . 18 this there is no doubt. There may be some "respectable" saloons with "respectable"' proprietors, but they are few. and *her? we do find them even they do not breed respectability. Mo3t of the greatest religious thinkers of the day are positive thatl if any man has the will of God at what* ever cost he will never find that God's~v?? cation for him is to be a saloon keeper. We cannot abolish the saloon by destroy* ing individual places of business, although? it was often a cause of rejoicing among many families where certain neighborhoods have been relieved by a conflagration. But we have to go deeper than the saloons themselves. We must delve into men's ';? hearts and find why there is such a demand' for saloons. In this way it resolves itself. into an economic question. Decrease thj^ demand and the supply will decrease. The most effective method of decreasing the demand for the saloon is to strive foe the reformation of the drunkard?assist; him in his desire to be cured of his appetite for strong drink. True reformation follows. He daily grows morally, spiritually^ c mentally and physically better and greater in every way. Thus, and only thus, can the demand be decreased. And, as night; follows day, the supply will surely decrease* Wan Moderate Drinker. The American Issue says: One o?' the , greatest obstacles to the development of , ;T|| temperance reform is the moderate drink-. _$ er, and his argument that there are no ills ' resulting from the temperate use of intoxicating liquors. A telegram sent out front . New York, dated December 2, proves, the ,^| fallacy of such argument in one case at least; and if such an ending is possible in. 7 one case, why not in many others? After a surgical operation, George Turner was suddenly stricken down and was taken to Bellevue Hospital, where he died in the * alcoholic ward from what the doctors declared was delirium tremens. His wife. with whom he had lived happily for thhrtyj years, and also his most intimate .friends,} . 43 to all of whom he was always known as a.'. man of very temperate habits, resented, tha statements made by the doctors, and be- t ? '2 lieving that they had blundered, demand* ed an investigation. After the autopsy; ..?-J and statements from attendant^ the cor- '13 oner and physicians declared Turner's death was due to refined alcoholism. Hefound that the victim had been ' fluffering from chronic meningitis and softening or ** the brain, with other maladies of a lesser nature. The advice of the Book is, after all, the only safe course: "Touch not* taste not, handle not." i Alcoholic Normandy. The population of the five .department* of Normandy is 150,000 less than it waa . :-fk thirty years ago, and the decrease is attributed wholly to the excessive use of alcohol. M. Debove. the dean of the Pari* Faculty cf Medicine, shows how alcohol operates in "two directions toward the diminution-of the population?by raising s the average of mortality and by weaken* in? the vitality of the majority that survive. There are placcs in Normandy where the consumption of brandy is more than a quart per day per head of the adult population. Alcoholism is said to have got a firm hold on a large part of the female population. In. the 'fairly, temperate" canton of Tourouve the aver*, age weokly consumption of raw spirits is 4 , little over three and a half quarts for each male adult and about two quanta foe grown up women and young children. ^ Indians Fear Liquor. The chief executives of the "Five Civilized Tribes" resident inr Indian Territory, have recently held a consultation at Enfaula, and determined on calling a general election in the five qattons to choose delegates to an "international" convention, which shall frame a constitution for the State of Jefferson, proposed to be formed onfc nf the Tirecenfc Indian Territory. It was specifically agreed that the General Council of each nation should instruct its delegates to vote for a strict clause in the said constitution prohibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors within the new. State. The Indian citizens denounce the popular political plan of making one State out of Indian Territory and Oklahoma combined, because such a State would inevitably be in bondage to the saloon, which, now has a very solid hold on Oklahoma. p7 Raisin Almost Baffled. The Russian Government is experiencing great difficulty in its efforts to restrict the almost universal use of liquor among the laboring classes. The Minister of Finance eays the Government is anxious "to save the population from the baneful influence; of the innkeepers,, wfet? in order to make large profits adulterated their spirits with noxious and deleterious substances which, were proving ruinous to the lower classes. The average peasant was not content with remaining in a public house until he had spent his last farthing, but often pawned his clothes, furniture and future crops. The public houses were acknowledged to bo the most powerful agents of ruin and disorganization in the economic life of tile Russian people, and threatened the impoverishment of the whole agricultural popu? lation." A Monster Difficult to Kill. The W. C. T. U. recognizes the fact thai; it cannot annihilate liquor in a day nor in a generation. It realizes that the monster it has started out to cono-uer is the most difficult to kill of all the devouring creatures of the earth. The W. C. T. U. knows that the busiest men on the planet are the liquor men; that they work day and night and never sleep. To combtt such an enemy is indeed a discouraging task, and all honor and respect is due to these courageous women who art building up an organization that is growing year by yean* with ever increasing power. The Crusade in Brief. Is it right to license a man to sell drink which will make people drunk, and then fine men and women for eettins drunk? Is it right to license a man to make paupers and criminals, and then tax sober and virtuous people to pay rates to keep them? It is worse than irony to be praying "Thy kingdom come/' while in the nation, we are turning out annually 37,500,000 barrels of liquors, supporting 200,000 prostitutes and 300,000 saloons. The Danish Government, in filling positions on the State railways, will henceforth prefer men who can prove by documentary evidence that they have been total abstainers for at least one year past. Is it right for people to wish the temperance cause success, and at the same time continue to drink ana support the liquor traffic? Whose wife and children do you want toto see weil dressed this year, youi own or the saloonkeeper's? If you help to clotha his family first, you will not have much left with which to clothe you own. If you think his family is bettor than yours, give it the preference. In the xjity of Minneapolis, Minn., there are "3305 saloons. These are confined to ahKarea of only one-twelfth of the city. In that district 147 policcinen are required to keep the peace. In the other eleventwelfths there are no saloons, and in tiiafc vast district twenty-eight policemen arft considered sufficient, .v.'-.