Newspaper Page Text
\ MESSAGE 10 CONGRESS
Washington, D. C.?Unusual interest
was manifested in the reading of President
Roosevelt's annual message in
v- i>oth the Senate and the House. The
salient features of the document areas
To the Senate and House of Representatives:
The people of this country continue
to enjoy great prosperity. UnaoubtedHy
there "will be ebb and flow in such
prosperity, and this ebb and flow will
hrt folf mnra nr Iqcc all momhAfS ftf
.the community, both- by the deserving .
and the undeserving. Against ' the
rwrath of the Lord the wisdom of man i
can not avail; in times of flood or
drought human ingenuity can but par- i
.tially repair the disaster. A general :
failure of crops would hurt us. Again, i
if the folly of man mars the genera! ]
well being, then those who are innocent
of the folly will have to pay part I
of the penalty incurred by those who
are guilty of the folly. A panic i
brought on by the speculative folly of 1
part-of the business community would I
(hurt the whole business community. '
But such stoppage of welfare, though I
it might be severe, would not be last- i
ing. In the long run the one vital fac- <
(tor in the permanent prosperity of the
country is the high individual charac- i
i .ter of the average American worker, ]
the average American citizen, no mat- 1
ter whether his work be mental or i
manual, whether he be farmer or wage- 1
worker, business man or professional j
man. . <
In our industrial ana social system j
the interests of all men are so closely
intertwined that in the immense mar
jority of cases a straight-dealing man
,who by his efficiency, by his ingenuity
and industry, benefits himself must
also benefit <,others. Normally the
;wage-worker, the man of small means,
And the average consumer, as well as
ithe average producer, are all alike
helped by making conditions such that
.the man of exceptional business ability
receives an exceptional reward for his
' ability. Something can be done by legislation
to help the general prosperity;
but no such help of a permanently
beneficial character can be given
to the less able and less fortunate,
save as the results of a policy which
shall inure to the advantage of all industTions
and efficient people who act
decently; and this is only another way
of saying that any benefit which comes
ok1 rv on/1 iqcc ^nrtnnntp
must of necessity come even more to
the more able and more fortunate. If.
.therefore, the less fortunate man is
moved by envy of his more fortuuate
Jbrother to strike at the conditions under
which they have both, though unequally,
prospered, the result will
assuredly be that while damage may
come to the -one struck at it will visit
with an even heavier load the oue who
strikes the blow. Taken as a whole
we must all go up or go down together.
The President then turns to the consideration
of corporations in their relations
to the people and the Government:
Yet, while not merely admitting, but
insisting upon this, it is also true that
where there is no governmental restraint
or supervision some of the exceptional
men use their energies not
in ways that are for the Common
good, but in ways which tell against
this common good. The fortunes
amassed through corporate organization
are now so large, and vest' such
power in those that wield them, as
to make it a matter of necessity to
give to the sovereign?that is, to the
Government, which represents the
people as a whole?some effective
power of supervision over their corporate
use. In order to insure a healthy
social and industrial life, every
Dig corporation snouia ue ueiu responsible
by, and be accountable to, some
sovereign strong enough to control its
conduct. I am in no sense hostile to ;
corporations. This is an age of combination,
and any effort to prevent all
combination will be not only useless,
but in the end vicious, because of the
contempt for law which the failure to
. enforce law inevitably produces. The
, corporation has. come to stay, just as
the trade union has come to stay. Each
can do and has done great good. Each
should be favored so long as it does
good. But each should be sharply
checked where it acts against law and
The subject of railway rate regulation
is treated at great length. The ]
following extracts give the President's i
views and recommendations: 1
The makers of our National Consti- 1
tution provided especially that the reg- i
ulation of interstate commerce should <
come within the sphere of the General 1
Government. The arguments in favor 1
of their taking this stand were even !
then overwhelming. But they are far i
stronger to-day, in view of the enor- 1
mous development, of great business <
agencies, usually corporate in form. <
Experience has shown conclusively i
mat it is useless w u.y iu set uuj
adequate regulation and supervision <
of these great corporations by State 1
action. Such regulation and supervis- <
ion can only be effectively exercised :
by a sovereign whose jurisdiction is 1
coextensive with the field of work of i
the corporations?that is, by the National
I am well aware of the difficulties
of the legislation that I am suggesting,
and of the need of temperate and
cautious action in securing it. I should
emphatically protest against iinprop* <
erly radical or hasty action. The first
. thing to do is to deal with the great :
corporations engaged in the business i
of interstate transportation. As I
said in my message of December 0
last, the immediate and most pressing
need, so far as legislation is concerned,
CLOSE SCHOOLS TO SAVE CORN |
Young Woman Teacher Takes a Hand
at Husking Grain.
Topeka, Kan.?A week ago Miss
Emma Cuslmian, a teacher in Brown
County, dosed her school for ten days,
and told tli* forty boys and girls to
go Home ana nop rueu- parents save
the great corn crop. Tlien Miss Cushman
donned husking gloves and made
a hand in the cornfield, and other
young women helped.
Four other schools in that section
adjourneJ to the cornfields for a week.
Lord Carew, the English nobleman,
is a farmer of renown.
.Edward B. Wesley, a millionaire veteran
of Wall Street, .New York, is nine'ty-five.
Dr. George Reicke, the Major of Berlin,
is a poet and dramatist as well as
Lord Radstock has been for more
than twenty years an enthusiastic lay
Charles Denby, the new chief clerk
of the State Department,, has a record
of twenty years' good service in China.
I 1 i ' : ' '
i3 the enactment Into iaw of some
scheme to secure to the agents of the
Government such supervision and regulation
of the rates charged by the
railroads of the country engaged in
interstate traffic as shall summarily
and effectively prevent the imposition
of un.iust or unreasonable rates. It
must include putting a complete stop
to rebates in every shape and form.
This power to regulate rates., like all
similar powers over the business
world, should be exercised with modification,
caution and self-restraint; but
it should exist, so that it can be effectively
exercised when the n?ed
The first consideration to be kept in
mind is that the power should be affirmative
and should be given to some
administrative body created by the
Illegal transactions often occur under
the forms of law. It has often occurred
that a shipper has been told
by a traffic officer to buy a large
quantity of some commodity and then
after it has been bought-an open reduction
is made in rate to take effect
immediately, the arrangement resulting
to the damage of all their competitors;
for it must not be forgotten
that the big shippers are at least as
much to blame as any railroad in the
matter of rebates. The law should
mnkA it rlcar srv that nobody can fail
to understand that any kind of commission
paid on freight shipments,
whether in this form or in the form of
fictitious damages, or of a concession
i free pass, reduced passenger rate
ar payment of brokerage, is illegal.
All private-car lines, industrial
roads, refrigerator charge?, aud the
like should be expressly put under
the supervision of the Interstate Commerce
Commission or some similar
i)ody so far as rates, and agreements
practically affecting rates, are concerned.
The private-car owners and
:he owners of industrial railroads are
intitled to a fair and reasonable compensation
on their investment, but
neither private cars nor industrial
railroads nor spur tracks should be
utilized; a? devices for securing prefer?ntial
rates. A rebate in icing charges.
)r in mileage, or in a division of the
. ate for refrigerating charges is just
is pernicious as a rebate in any other
svay. No lower rate,should apply on
?oods imported than actually obtains
>n domestic goods from the American
seaboard to destination except in
:ities -where water competition is the
controlling influence. There should
3e publicity of the .accounts of common
carriers; no common carrier engaged
in interstate business should
jeep any books or memoranda, other
:han those reported pursuant to law
>r regulation, and these books or
memoranda should be open to the inspection
of the Government. Only
q this "way can violations or evasions
>f the law be surely detected. A sys:em
of examination of railroad ac.'9unts
should be provided similar to
:hat now conducted into the national
Dauks by the bank examiners; a few
irst-class railroad accountants, if
:hey had proper direction and proper
luthority to inspect books and papers,
:ould accomplish much in preventing
wilful violations of the law.
After urging upon Congress the need
>f providing for expeditious action by
Jie Interstate Commerce Commission
n all these matter, the President sugjests
legislation requiring the use of
Mock signals upon railroads and desires
that the excessive hours of labor
:o which railroad employes in train
;ervice are in many cases subjected
s also a matter which may well en;?ge
the serious attention of the Congress.
Taking up the question of labor, the
President dwells upon the Government
lontrol of t^e District of Columbia
ind the factories within its jurisdic:ion.
Uni-anifaK timra chnntd h<> nroner
'actory laws to prevent all abuses in
he employment of women and chiliren
in the District. These will be
lseful chiefly as object lessons, but
>ven this limited amount of usefulness
would be of real national value.
There has been demand for deprivng
courts of the power to issue injunctions
in labor disputes. Such
special limitation of the equity powers
of our courts would be most univise.
The Department of Commerce and
Labor should also make a thorough inres'tigation
of the condition of women
u industry, he declares.
The importance of the present insurince
agitation is dwelt upon. The
President said iu part, regarding this
In my last annual message, I recommended
"that the Congress carefully
consider whether the power of the
Bureau of Corporations can not constitutionally
be extended to cover in:erstate
transactions in insurance."
Recent events have emphasized the
mportance of an early and exhaustive
consideration of this question, to sea
whether it is not possible to furnish
3etter safeguards than the several
States have been able to furnish
nni-rnntinn of thp- flagrant kind
n-hich lias been exposed. It has been
)nly too clearly shown that certain
3f the men at the head of these large
corporations take but small note of
the ethical distinction between honesty
and dishonesty; they draw the
line only this side o? what may be
called: law-honesty, the kind of honesty
necessary in order to avoid falling
into the clutches of the law. Of
course, the only complete remedy for
this condition must be found in an
aroused public conscience, a higher
sense of ethical conduct iu the community
at large, and especially among
business men and in the great profession
of the law, and in the growth
of a spirit which condemns alL dishonesty,
whether in rich man or in
poor man, whether it takes the shape
of bribery or of blackmail. But much
can be done by legislation which is
not only drastic but practical.
Regarding the national revenue
question Mr. Roosevelt says:
SHIP SUNK, FOUR LOST.
The Harlow Run Down By the
nnvor England.?The Belcian steam
ship Philippeville, from Antwerp for
the Congo, reports sinking the steamship
Harlow, of London, southeast of
Dungeness. The Philippeville picked
up nine of the crew of the sinking
vessel and proceeded for Southampton.
Four of the crew of the Harlow
The King of Spain is a skilful and
The Duke of Argyll was sixty years
of age recently.
The Kaiser is now the proud owner
of eight automobiles.
King Oscar of Sweden is perhaps the
most gifted of royal musicians.
The Pope has given $40,000 for the
relief of the earthquake sufferers in
General Cronje passed a short time
in London recently on his way to
In times of peace the revenue must
on the average, taking a series of
years together, equal the expenditures
I or else the revenues must be increased.
Last year there was a deficit. Unless
our expenditures can be kept within
the revenues then our revenue laws
must be readjusted. , I earnestly
recommend to the Congress the need
of economy. As examples merely, I
call your attention to one of two specific
matters. All unnecessary offices
should be abolished. The Commissioner
of the General Land Office
recommends the abolishment of the office
of receiver of public moneys for
United .States land offices.
Yet, in spenking of economy, I must
in no wise be understood a^ advocating
the false economy which is iu the 1
end the worst extravagance. To cut
dojvn on the Navy, for instance, would
be a crime against the nation. To fail
to push forward all work on the
Panama Canal would be as great a
That our rights and interests are
deeply concerned in the maintenance
of the Monroe Doctrine is as ciear as
hardly to need argument, he declares.
This is especially true in view of the
construction of the Panama Caual.
As a mere matter of self-defence we
must exercise a close watch over the
approaches to this canal; and this
means that we must be thoroughly
alive to our interests in the Caribbean
Sea. yanto Domingo, in her turn, has
now made an appeal to us to neip
her, and not only every principle of
wisdom but every generous instinct
within us bido us respond to the appeal.
|We cannot consider the question of
oiir foreign policy without at the same
time treating of the Army and the
Navy, the message continues. Provision
should be made by sufficient
appropriations for maneuvers of a
practical kind so that the troops may
learn how to take care of themselves
u^ider actual service conditions. The
number of posls in which the Army
is kept in time of peace should be materially
diminished and the* posts that
are left.made correspondingly larger.
The President touches upon the
question of the purity of Federal elections.
The subject of immigration is treated
by Mr. Roosevelt in a particularly able
ana tuougiidiu luuuua'.
foreigners 3re desirable and are we!cqrned.
,The President discusses the question
ofi tbe Federal criminal laws relative
to! corrupt officeholders ^.n his usual
bold and ter.se manner.
Tbe public land frauds are dealt
w}th in no uncertain terms.
Tbe ,Jamestown tri-centennial is
bighly commended by the President.
Good work has been done by our
Government in all the territory acquired
by our recent war with Spain,
declares Mr. Roosevelt. Order is rapidly
being brought about and the people
are becoming contented and prosperous.
Reference is made to The Hague tribunal
in a spirit of approval for its
work in the cast.
The President recommends to the
Congress tbe enlargement of the
bounds.of tbe Yellowstone National
Park, the protection of the Niagara
To the spread of our trade in peace
and the defense of our flag in war,
says he, a great and prosperous merchant
marine is indispensable.
Speaking of pensions the message declares:
The soldier who did his duty
in! the time of war should receive the
benefits of a grateful country, but here
as. elsewhere, a strict watch should be
kept to prevent fraud.
The Mississippi levees are touched
upon-and a recommendation is made
that they be maintained in as high
a state of efficiency as is possible.
' 1 1 1 -1 - i.U ?
Mr. uooseveic, as utmiu, .upuvius iue
polrcy of the Civil Service law.
He recommends that Indian Territory
and Oklahoma be admitted as one
State and that Mexico and Arizona be
admitted as one State.
The President dwells upon the work
a-ccomplished by the Panama Canal
Commission, and tells briefly of its
The message recommends more adequate
provision than has been made
heretofore for the work of the Department
In conclusion the President says:
Suitable provision should be made
for the expense of keeping our diplomatic
officers more fully informed of
what is being done from day to day in
progress of our diplomatic affairs with
other countries. The lack of such information,
caused by insufficient appropriations
available for cable tolls
and for clerical and messenger service,
frequently puts our officers at a great
disadvantage and detracts from their
usefulness. The salary list should be
readjusted. It does not now correspond
either to the importance of the
service to be rendered and the degrees
of ability and experience required in
the different positions, or to the differences
in the cost of living. In many i
cases the salaries are quite inadequate,
The White House.
December 3, 1905.
JAPAN TO GIVE $75,000,000.
Provision Made iu Budget For Pres- j
euts to Soldiers ana sanors.
London. England. ? The correspondent
of the Daily Telegraph at Toklo
sends a dispatch outlining the provisions
of the Japanese budget. The*3 include
the withdrawal of the army in
Manchuria at a cost of $100,000,000
and gifts to soldiers and sailors approximating
It is estimated that the total expenditure
called for will be $515,000,000, of
which sum $400,000,000 may be set
down as an outcome of the war.
Texas Bank Looted.
The bank of Carrollton, Tex., was
looted of several thousand dollars by
St. Louis Police "Demoralized."
The Grand Jury at St. Louis, Mo.,
in its final report, speaks of tho police
force of that city as "demoralized
and disorganized," policemen believing
it their duty to commit perjury.
Vanilla Tlanters Complain.
Vanilla planters in Mexico complain
that they are losing money because so
many substitutes for the bean are being
made in the United States.
Cornell beat Columbia at football by
the score of 23 to 0.
H. K. Knapp's Kiamesha won the
Dixie Stakes at the Bennings race
Members of the Meadowhrook Club
put their mounts over sixty-two fences
in a drag hunt.
Walter J. Travis won the low score
prize in the open golf tournament at
Atlantic City, N. J.
The route of the next Glidden trophy
tour has been selected through Canada,
with the start at Buffalo, N. Y.
- -v_. ^
B0MP1IE HAKES REPflRf
Secretary of the Navy^ Issues His
First Annual Message.
HEAVY BATTERIES ARE UPHELD
IjeBHODit Learned by the Ttoctuit War lietireen
Russia and Japan Krotn a Natal
Viewpoint? DiecnfUioit or the Several
Bureaaa of the Department Under
Washington, D. C?In fifty-two
closely printed pages Mr. Bonaparte,
Secretary of the Navy, submitted bis
first annual report'to the''Presidents
and Congress. He 3aid he had not
room to recount in detail the oper;t-1
tion3 of his department in th(> past
year, but limited .himself to pointing
out questions of special interest demanding
the attention of Congress.
He advocates the consolidation of the
Bureaus of Yards and Docks, Construction
and Repair, Equipment and
Steam Engineering, lie insists tnai:,
after all, these four bureaus deal primarily
with the ships of the navy,
and that they ought to constitute new
divisions in one great bureau!
In like manner he holds that tho
Bureaus of Navigation, Medicine nnd
Surgery, the Marine Corps, the office
of the Judge Advocate General nnd
the Naval Academy are all concerned
with the same general subject, namely
the personnel of the Navy, and that
they ought to be consolidated under
one head. He finds that the Bureau
of Supplies and Accounts is practically
in four departments, carrying
with it the Bureau of Ordnance, and
this he thinks ought to' become one
In the higher grade of the Navy service
he thinks the expansion of the
service pught to be recognized by the
creation of two vice admirals, of
whom the senor would command the
Atlantic fleet and the junior the ships
in Asiatic waters. In taking notice
of the age question, in promoting officers
to rank, he does not agree with
| the apprehension expressed that a
[ man of sixty in tlie N?avy is not as
good as a man of forty to command,.
[ when an emergency arises; that, while
his physical strength may be lessened.
J a man of sixty, fitted for the service,
has probably led a healthful life and
has much less tendency to nervous
exhaustion than one of the same age
in commercial pursuit.
He concedes, however, that it is n
hardship under existing circumstances
j that certain well-fitted men cannot
reasonably expect to become captains
| until a comparatively well advanced
, age, and as a measure of r?r.ief he
suggests the re-establishment of the
srade ot commodore and the promotion
of from twelve to sixteen of the
oldest captains to this rank. This
wouitt ieaci ro rue promotion ot ? imc
number of commanders to captains;
[ of lieutenant commanders to be commanders
and of lieutenants to be lieu1
The disaster to the United States
steamship Bennington, he admits, has
led to many suggestions for more competent
engineer officers in the Navy,
j The provisions of the personnel bill
are based upon the theory that a line
officer of the Navy must be a competent
machinist just as in the days
of sailing vessels. He would overcome
the present difficulty by organizing
a service of marine engineers for
shore duty only, corresponding to the
civil engineers now employed at naval <
stations. From these could be recruited
graduates from the best
schools of engineering in the country,
and after a brief apprenticeship in
? ~ ttayiIH ha rma lifiprf
Chicago, III.?After eight weeks and
the examination of 5000 veniremen a
jury was secured to try Charles Gilhooly,
who is charged with causing the
death-of a non union workman.during
Hundreds of veniremen have declared
themselves prejudiced to snch
an extent that they could not give Gilhooly
a fair trial.
Feminine News Notes.
Every one knows tiiat Queen AlexonHrn
is a r>nt lovei*.
The Marchioness of Tweeddale is a
good locomotive engineer.
The Queen of Graece is credited with
being the only woman admiral in the
Tho mother of the late General Wal
ter Q. Gresham is still living, halo ami
Lady Mary Louis*? Douglas Hamilton,
the only child of the late Duke of I
Hamilton, is probably the richest worn- I
ac ia Great Britain.
**" *' " ji'AJ -1 i
THE NEW BRITISH CABINET
Arthur J. Balfour Resigns as Premier
With His Ministers.
Sir Benry Campbell-Bannerman the New
Leader?Honors For Those
Retiring From Body.
London, England.?The political crisis
in the United Kingdom reached a
climax when Arthur J. Balfour, the
Premier, formally harfded in the resignations
of himself and the members
of his Cabinet to King Edward, who
accepted them. His Majesty invited
Sir Henry Cauipbell-Baonerman to an
interview. Sir . Henry arrived in town
'from Scotland,'and the Liberal statesmen
were hurriedly summoned from
all parts of the'kingdom to confer
with -him. 5
A brief official announcement was
made that the Cabinet had resigned,
that the King had accepted the resignations
of his Ministers and that Sir
Henry Campbell-Bannerman had been
It would how appear that the entire
programme had been cut and
dried for some time, and it is even I
probable that the Liberal leader had
already completed his Cabinet.
The meeting of the Frivy Council
has been postponed.
A part list of the honors usually
conferred on the retirement of a government
was issued. It includes a
peerage for Sir Thomas Sanderson,
the retiring Under Secretary of State
for Foreign Affairs, and several minor
honors. It is expected that the honors
to be conferred on prominent members
A f fha raf i rinry ?vATT/i??nmanf -nr t IT ha
VI. V.ut itlll fjVV&lliliiCUb uc
Has Policy Prepared.
One tiling is certain?that Sir Henry '
Campbell-Bannerman has explained
his attitude on home rule for Ireland
to those Liberal leaders who are
known to be opposed to home rule on
the lines of the last bills introduced
in Parliament. Since his speech in
Stirling, which raised such a furor,
Sir Henry has not made any statement,
but it is confidently asserted in
the Liberal clubs that he is ready with
a policy which will gain the adhesion
of the Nationalists and at the same
time avoid raising the isgue as one of
the most prominent planks in his platform.
There is some uncertainty as to
when the dissolution of Parliament
will be effective, but it isnnt>t con-j
sidered probable until after the new.
An infrprMfinz feature of the noliti
cal situation is the prospect of a
closer alliance between the Irish andthe
Labor parties in the new Parliament..
James Keir Hardie, the Social*
ist and independent member, in a po- i
litical speech, frankly invited such an .
alliance. He pointed out that fortyfive
Labor members, combined with
seventy-five Irish members, would provide
a voting1 strength which no gov- '
ernment, however strong, could afford
| COTTON SAVES STATE CREDIT.
Product of Convict Labor Sold in Time j
' to Prevent Deficit. <
' Jackson, Miss. ? Governor Varda- (
man, of Mississippi, sold a large quao- !
, IlilV J' iliua lliCJ IT V/uiu i/v
to replace officers retired, and prevent
j any alarming scarcity of competent
mpn in the Engineering Bureau.
On the increase in the Navy he
points out that within the last two
years impressive lessons have been
learned from the war between Russia
and Japan and that the substance of
this lesson is that morale and gunnery
being equal, victory will fall to
the heavier battery; that torpedo craft
and mines have a real, although somewhat
restricted, field of usefulness;
that superior speed is of value in a
fleet not merely because it enables the,,
avoidance of battle, but because it is
- flnfnal nrm'flipt*
a source oi sucugiu m mv.lu.ai
thnt while there may be some differ-'
ence of opinion as to the value of,
armored cruisers that there can be
none as to the value of battleships
except in Respect of size. The department,
he says, is in conflict as to the
value of 10,000 and 18,000 ton battleships
and after carefully weighing the
divergent views he is not clear that
any sufficiency can be obtained -which
much more money must be expended
in increasing the size of battleships
beyond the plans laid out for the construction
of the South Carolina and
Michigan. They will cost $7,500,000
each, while those suggested by
the General Board of increased size,
would cost $8,250,000 each.
POLICY OF WEYLER FAILS.
New Spanish Ministry to Deal With
Madrid, Spain.?The formation of a
new Ministry in place of the Montero
Uios Cabinet, whose resignation was
accepted, is designed to overcome the
separatist movement in Catalonia, as
General Weyler's policy of repression
has not satisfied either element. Reports
from Barcelona show that the
agitation is still serious. Four of the
leading newspapers have been seized
and the Governor of Barcelona has
EIGHT WEEKS TO SECURE JURY.
Five Thousand Veniremen Used in
Labor Union Slugging Case.
Decision For Theatre Men.
The Court of Appeals, at Albany, N. 1
Y., derided unanimously that theatre
proprietors can regulate the sale ofl T
seats and refuse tickets sold by specui
La Follette> For the Senate. J?
Governor Lr. Follotte, of Wisconsin, ?
announced at Madison that he .would ii
resign and become Senator. f
Mark Twain Celebrates.
Mark Twain was guest of honor at a;
dinner given in celebration of his seventieth
birthday in New York City. f]
? _ . ? . -
tity of cotton which had been raised }
on the State farms by the convicts just
| In the nick of time to prevent a deficit V
in the State Treasury. The sale netted
about $12,000, which will go to the educational
fund. The balance in the
I treasury of Mississippi is'1 now below *
the $10,000 mark, and heavy drafts
are expected soon.
Governor Vardaman has entire
charge of the sale of all the products
of the State farms, and it is probable
that from now on for several months
'the cotton and other products will be
disposed of to prevent the State from ]
delaying payment on its obligations.
Settlement Not Made.
Efforts made to effect a settlement *
of the dispute between the London *
(England) Coal Merchants and the Coal J
Porters' Union have not yet been effectual.
New Disease in London. T
According to a special cable dis- <
piftch the latest disease in London, c
.England, is influ-neuralgia, influenza .1
this year having taken .a new form.
Noted Financier Dead. >
Sir Clinton Edward Dawkins, a distinguished
financier and partner in the
banking house of J. P. Morgan & Co.,
is dead in London, England. 1
Mutiny of Sappers Quelled.
A mutiny of sappers at Kieff, Russia,
was quelled by troops. Fifty of 1
+ miitinnoro toova 1." i 1! Q rJ 4 O T"ir? fll 1
iuc ?f VI C ?tiivu wuvb amvov ^
than a hundred wounded. c
Wages Increased. \
Wages of 'laborers engaged on rail- ?
way construction in Western Canada J
showed an increase, large numbers of t
men being affected thereby. P
Another Football Victim Dead. t
Robert Brown, sixteen years old,
who was injured in a football game at
Sedaiia, Mo., between local elevens,
Perkins to Retire.
George W. Perkins is to retire as
First Vice-President of the New Yor^ c
Martial Law at KiefT. s
Martini law has been declared at :
Kieff, Russia. f
Lumber For Docks.
A Liverpool firm of timber mer
chants, Setli Bennett & Co., are en- ^
gaged in cutting pitch pine timber to
be deported under contract witli th?
United States authorities to the dockyards
at Newport News. > i,
Blame For Railroad Wreck. ?
The blame for the wreck near Liu*
coin, Mass., was piaced on the i*iIot engine
driver of the Montreal Express
and the dispatching system of the Bos- h
ton .iimI Maine. a
STEAMSHIP LOST AT SEA
The Lunenburg Dashed on Rocks
Off Amherst Harbor, Cape Breton.
?]?t?b Lltal Lost u th? Boat Goel Down
?-Captain Amone Tlioae Who
Meat Cove, C. B?Eleven lives were
lost as a result of the striking of the
steamer Lunenburg on the rocks off
Amherst Harbor,.near the Magdalen
Islands. When the steamer struck
there were seventeen persons on board,
including a crew of sixteen and R. J.
Leslie, of Halifax, one of the firm
owning the steamer and a member of
ParHarnqpf; TJrr ac^W^it.occurred .in
a violent-storm,' the .d^jigers of a terrific,
sea < being increased by blinding
snow. ' '4 r
After the ship struck the storm
abated sufficiently for five of those on
board lo row to land. The others decided
to remain on the vessel until
calna weather, but later in the day, unrtpr
thp hp?tin? of tT(?mpndoii8 waves.
t-ie ster.mer began to go to pieces and
it became necessary for them to leave
in one of the ship's boats. When the
twelve men were about halC way to
the shore a great wave swamped their
craft, and the only one to escape death
in the turbulent waters was Captam
Pride, of the Luneubnrg, who managedi
to cling to the boat until help
reached him. 4' 1
In the death list are R. J. Leslie,
Halifax; H. Meersard, steward; R. M.
McDonald, chief engineer; J. Jose,
cook; B. Ham, cabin boy; J. McConnell,
ti. V. Doucette, Delphine Vicneault,
Samuel Vicneault and Joseph
Bourgeos, all sailors, and an unknown
The ''Lunei^urg was cwnmanded by
Captain Pride, and manned prin-.
cipally by men taken from "the ports
up and down the maritime coast. She
was built in 1891 at Mahone Bay and,
with her cargo, was insured for $40.000.
She was of 133 tons net and 260
GENERAL SAKHAROFF KILLED.
Ex-War Minister Shot by Woman, It
is Reported: ' ' ^
London, England?The St/
burg correspondent of thelHHfcie1graph
in a dispatch sent byFarajjjMfl
"Lieutenant-General Sakharoff, exMi
nis'ter "of War, "Was. assassinated.
"The Government had deputed General
Sakharoff to visit the Province of
Sarato|f for ,.the purpose of quelling
the agrarian riots there. * 1
"A woman belonging to the so-called
'flying columns' of the revolutionary
movement called at the house of the
Governor of Sara toff at noon and'
asked to see General Sakharoff.
"She fired three, revolver shots" at
the Genera!, killing him on the spot."
BURIAL BY FORCE. i
Hole Broken in Cemetery Wall For.
Man Averse to Religious Ceremony.*
Ferrol, Spain. ? A wealthy Cuban
named Jose Rodriguez, who recently
:ame here shattered in health and
lied, made extensive charitable bequests
in his will, conditional upon his
burial beiDg held without religious
The parish pries}: refused to admit
rhe body 'to the cemetery, whereupon
Ihe relatives of'the dead man appealed
:o the anti-clerical corporation of the
?ity, whfcn directed them to use force
n effecting an edtrance.
This was done, a hole being broken
n the cemetery wall. There was much
?xcitement over the affair.
PANIC ON IMMIGRANT SHIP.
Hundred Spaniards Jump Into Havana
Havana. Cuba.?There was a panic
>n board the French steamer La
Jhampagne, which brought 800 immigrants
from Spain. The vessel
aking coal on board, when she heeled
>ver and a quantity of water entered
in open port.
? - ? rtfitr 4-hnf fhft ttocoaI i
ovuieoue 1 ttiacu a. uJ iuai lus >vq?v>
yas sinking, and in tlie resulting panic
>ver 100'i.'of the immigrants juaiped
>verboard. It is reported that a baby
All the otjier frightened passengers
yere saved, but a number of them
TOGO TO VISIT AMERICA.
Tap Admiral Will Take Fleet to England
and United States.
San l^Yancisco, Cal. ? Mr. Gri.v:oni,
American diplomatic representative at
Cokio, who arrived here on the Man!huria,
confirmed the report that Adniral
Togo proposes to visit foreign
vaters. He says that the Admiral inormad
him of his intention to take a
rapanese fleet to England and the Unied
States next year. Admiral Togo
iroposes to go vin the Suez Canal, but
s undecided as to what route ne win
ake on returning /ome.
RUSSIAN ARMY STARVING.
loldiers Pillage Harbin?Linevitch iu
a Difficult Position.
Paris, France. ? The St. Petersburg
orrespondent of the Matin says that
?tters received from Manchuria decribe
a terrible situation atoong the
oldiers there. The men are practially
starving and refuse to listen to
heir officers. Harbin has been piliged.
TO ANNEX SANTO DOMINGO.
leybum Offers a Bill to Take in Haiti
Washington, D. C.?Senator Heyburn
itroduced a resolution providing for
he annexation of San Domingo and
laiti to the United States.
Gapon Appeals, to People. \
St. Petersburg's garrison has been
eavily reinforced, and Father Gapon
ppealed to the workmen to cut loose
rom the revolutionists.
WOMAN'S LONE FIGHT ENDED.
'olice Use Ammonia Fumes in Storming
Railroad Car Fort.
Girard, Kan.?Mrs. Ina Berry, who
as held the town officers at bay in a
ailroad car for four days, was reloved
shortly before noon after she
ad been partially overcome by the
nines ol' ammonia.
Aims For Finland.
Great quantities of arms and ammnition
arc boini; imported into Finland
. ' i -
' ^1 I
IN CONSTANT AGONY.1 . j
A West Virginian's Awful Diattwaf
Through Kidney 1 Double**- W.
L. Jackson, merchant, of Parfcersburg,
W. Va., says: "Driving aboKt
Bin bad r?eathe'r
O* brought kidney trottk\
suffered t wen t j,
)i years with sharp,
b cramping pains i*.
J J the hack and urinary;
<f J i disorders. I often
bad to ??et tl? a dozen
^ times at n:?ht'te urin
mite. Retention set
91 ih, and I w-s obliged'
to use- the catheter..
I took to my hod. and tbe doctors faiK
ins to belo. beiran using Doan's Kid
ney Pills. The uriue soon came freely
a^din, and the pain gradually disappeared.
' rl~ "have been ? cured? eiglit
years, and though over"70,""ani 'aa active
as a. boy."
Sold by all'dealers. 50,oent8-a boi*.
Fj?ter-ililt)Uii Co., Buffalo N. X. ,
Drill Sergeant (to raw recruit, wh#
is slow in grasping the tactical der;
tails)?"Now, Murphy; how would yott
use your sword if your opponent feint-:
Murphy?"Begorra, I'd -just tickle,
him with the p'int of It to see if he
was ahfter fakin'."?Harper's Weekly.
ULCERS FOR THIRTY YEARS
Painful Br options From Knees to Jfott
Seemed Inctu-able?Catlcara < \ ?
Another of tboae remarkable curea'tarCuticuia,
after doctors and all else had.
failed, is testified to by Mr. M. C. Mom, of
Gainesville, Texas, m the following Jetter:
avar fhirfV nonra T? ohPFomt! fv/Mk
painful ulcers and; an eruption'from- my B
knees to feet, and could "find neither-doe*?
tors nor medicine to help me until 1 u*ed B
Cuticura Soap,' Ointment and Pills, which ,
cured me in six months. They helped me"H
the very first time 1- used them, and I ukfl
glad ft write this so that others suffering
as 1 did may be saved from misery." 'B
Darwin estimates that there are 100,- fl
ooc8?rvat&m, backed by the scholaraSp^^flj
the editor-in-chief ,Wm.T. Harris, Ph. D. JJk'H
D..U.6: <Jom. of Edtf ditto n/iihd htfndrfjdBof H
UlUUltt VI tur OUUU(HV(9 WfUUH Man
madd the International a standard in theU;S. H
Supremo Court and in all the courts of tbe H
nation, also-In college and putaic ijoboola.
_ OroTer Cleveland'* Ifaaaaeat.
' John S. Wise, says the Boston Globe, H
tells a story of -a sunset stroll with H
Grover Cleveland during which the ex- H
President turned to him suddenly and H
"I ought to have a monument over H
me'wb'PH I die."
"For what particular serviae?" asked H
Mr. Wise. v
"Oh, not for anything I have done, H
but for the foolishness I have put & H
stop to!" 81
The quoted conversation suggest* 'H
that we have^orerlooked a host of he-H
roes and heroines while we have beem H
busy raising shafts and arches of I
granite and marble. The average maa H
In the street, the ordinary womaai&.H
the home, they safely ^deserve monii- H
ments, if monuments arejto be>t?e H
reward of those who refrain', from H
foolish acts inanage.,wh?ttj,it,i?BO H
easy to stoop to folly.
There is aa actor who la more re- fl
markable for his talents than for his jH
On a recent occasion he was appearing
at a provincial theatre, and tite/Hj
heroine, In the course of the play, badt
to observe: H
"Ah! you change countenance!"
moment she pronounced these wordf^M
a voice from the gallery cried out: imH
"Oh, tor heaven's sake, don't st?
him! Let him change."?London Tt-M
They Couldn't Fool Her.
Lady Frederick Cavendish, as prsi-jf^n
dent of the Yorkshire Ladies'.. Couijcil
of Education, tells the following, stjry *j|
In illustration of prevailing ignoraice:
The other day some poor wo main in Bj
discussing the propriety of wasJing H
her child's h~ad, said:. "I know bet- ^
ter than to do that; I've heard erough I
of water on the brain." I. . B
During a wedding at Grafeiwaum, H
Austria, lightning struck the jhureh^M
and tore away the bridegroomi right. H
THE "COFFEE HEART'4 fl
It ia an Uancfrous aw tlio T?bacco Or
"Coffee heart" is commoo to many
coffee users aud is liable tf send the KB
r. Vl i <3 rtl- Jmi- ! rttl t? llA m O- If
KJ \y UCt IV/ UKl \l ? UUb ?wi.b OVIMV
drug is persisted iu.' You am run thft*- H
ty or forty yards and find'out if youe H
heart is troubled. A lady who. was H
once a victim of the "coffee heart"
writes from Oregon: H|
"I have been a-habitual user of cof
fee nil my life and liave suffered very^^B
much in recent years from ailments
which I became satisfied were directly IB
due to the poison in the beverage, such Hj
as torpid liver and indigestion, which
hi turn made my complexion blotchy
aud muddy. |M
"Then my heart became affected.
would beat most rapidly just after I^H
drank my. coffee, and go below normal Hj
as the coffee effect wore off. Some-'^H
times my pulse would go as high agjj^H
137 beats to the minute. My famll^j^H
were greatly alarmed at my condition.
and at last mother persuaded me
begin the use of Postum Food Coffee.^HB
"I gave up the old coffee entirely an^^B
absolutely, and made Postum my so^^H
table'-beverage. This wa3 six montfl|H
ago, and all my ills, the indlgestioaj^^B
t?? AitnA IS MAM nil/1 ? t f ? r\ 4- TT It Aft nf
inactive H\C1 AUIA ucacij ucaii av'uu^^^|
have passed away, and my cotnpIexia*H|
has become clear and natural. iW^H
improvement set In very soon after ]SMB
made the change, just as soon as th'BH
coffee poison had time to work out
my system. BB
"My husband has also been greatly lH
benefited by the use of Postum, audj^H
we find that a simple breakfast wlt^^S
Postum is a? satisfying and oxmH
streactheniiiff than the old
meal we used to have witb tbe?fl^H|
kinfi of coffee." Name given by
turn Co., Battle Greek, Mich. ,
There's a reason. Read the little boofcfl^E
"The Road to Weilville," in pkga. H
- ' *