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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, December 04, 1907, Image 2

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President Makes Public a Letter
Explaining His Action.
"In God We Trust" Cheapened?Used
as "Incitement to Sneering Ridicule"?If
Congress Orders Him
to He Will Put It Back.
'Washington, D. C.?In answer to
one of the numerous protests which
have been received at the White
House against the new gold coins
which have been coined without the
words "In God We Trust," President
Roosevelt has written a letter which 1
he made public. The letter follows: 1
"When the question of the new 1
coinage came up we looked into the (
law and found there was no warrant j
therein <\-?r nnttiner 'In God We Trust* !
on the coins. As the custom, al- '
though without legal warrant, had J
grown up, however, I might have felt
at liberty to keep the inscription had 1
I approved of its being on the coin- 1
age. But as I did not approve of it,
I did not direct that it should again
be put on. Of course, the matter of 1
the law is absolutly in the hands of
Congress, and any direction of Con- 1
gress in the matter will be immediately
obeyed. At present, as I have '
said, there is no warrant in law for
the inscription.
"My own feeling in the matter is
due to my very firm conviction that 1
to put such a motto on coins, or to I
use it in any kindred manner, not
only does no good but does positive
harm, and is in effect irreverence,
which comes dangerously close to sacrilege.
A beautiful and solemn sen- 1
At- - i- I
tence sucn as xae one iu quesnuu
should be treated and uttered only
with that fine reverence which uecessarily
implies a certain exaltation of
' Any use which tends to cheapen
it, and, above all, any use which tends
to secure its being treated in a spirit
of levity, is from every standpoint
profoundly to be regretted. It Is a
motto which it is indeed well to have j (
inscribed on our great national monuments,
in our temples of justice, in
our legislative halls, and in buildings
such as those at West Point and An- ,
napolis?in short, wherever it wiX
tend to arouse and inspire a lofty
emotion in those who look thereon. |
But It seems to me eminently un- ,
wise to cheapen such a motto by use .
on coins, just as it would be to ;
cheapen it by use on postage stamps
or in advertisements. J
"As regards its use on the coinage, |
we have actual experience by which
to go. In all my life I have never
heard anv human being speak rever- ,
ently of this motto on the coins or !
show any signs of its having appealed j
to any high emotion in him, but I (
have literally, hundreds of timc3, ,
heard it used as an occasion of and
incitement to the sneering ridicule
which is above all things undesirable
that so beautiful and exalted a phrase
should excite.
"For example, throughout the long 1
contest extending over several
decades on the free coinage question,
the existence of this motto on the (
coins was a constant source of jest |
and ridicule; and this was unavoida- (
ble. Every one must remember the ,
innumerable cartoons and articlea j
based on phrases like 'In God we j
trust for the eight cents,' 'In God we ! (
trust for the short weight,' 'In God I (
we trust for the thirty-seven cents we ,
do not pay,' and so forth and so on. ,
"Surely I am well within bounds
when I say that a use of the phrase
which invites constant levity of this t
type is most undesirable. If Congress (
alters the law and directs me to re- (
place on the cc;ns the sentence in
question the direction will be Immediately
put into effect; but I verj (
earnestly trust that the religious sen- <
timent of the country, tne spirit oi
reverence in the country, will prevent
any such action being taken."
, |
Pennsylvania Man Withdraws $30C
and Robbers Almost Got It.
Connellsville, Pa. ? After looting '
the New Haven postoffiie three rob' 1
bers crossed the river into Connells- 1
ville and stole a 700-pound sate from 1
the store of A. Gigliotti. They hauled 1
it away on a wheelbarrow, but deserted
it when hard pressed by offi '
cers. 1
The safe contained $300 which '
Gigliotti had drawi out of a local '
bank, fearing it was unsafe. Gigliotti
redeposited the money in the bank.
New Law Closes Delaware Hotels.
Fear of creditors that the local option
law passed at the last election in
Kent and Sussex counties. Delaware, 1
will prevent hotels from being operated
cause the closing of hotels in j
Smyrna and Dover by the Sheriff of i1
Kent County. It is said that forty- j1
one hotels and saloons and twelve
distilleries in Kent and Sussex coun- J
ties will be closed by the new law and
license fees amounting to $7000 re- '
King Entertains Empero -.
King Edward and Queen Alexandra
entertained the German Emperor and
Empress at a state dinner at Windsor
Castle, London.
Railway Traffic Falling Off.
Traffic officials of the roads centring
in Chicago repeat a decided easing
up of traffic since the stringency
in the money market has extended to
the West. There still is a large movement
of export grain, but domestic
shipments have fallen off considerably.
Shah of Persia's Oath.
The Shah of Persia visited the National
Assembly and took the oath oi
alleeiance. swearing to uphold the
The World of Sport.
Mai. W. Eason was reinstated and
A. J. Lewis suspended by the National
Board of Professional Baseball !
Leagues. I.
Richard Croker's Rhodora, a half (
sister to his colt Orby. the Derby
winner, won the Dewhurst Plate at
Newmarket, defeating King Edward's
Ned Hanlon, the manager of the
Cincinnati team, says that he will not
have charge of th? Reds next year, as
he intends to devote all his attention
to the Baltimore club, of which he is
the owner.
Government Working Overtime ti
Turn Out Double Eagles.
More Thau Fifty-two Millions in Coil
Will Be Added to the Currency
At Once.
3 Tho TTnif<?H Srnhp
Mint in this city delivered $1,000,00!
in gold doable eagles to the Sub
Treasury in this city. It is said tha
within the nert three months thi
mint will coin $52,000,000 in doubli
eagles. This enormous amount o
gold will be distributed among th<
Sub-Treasuries to relieve the mone:
stringency. The distribution of s<
much gold is but one of the severa
important moves that Secretary Cor
telyou is making to provide currenc:
to meet the enormous needs of thi
The local mint is well equipped t<
contribute its share of the shower o;
gold that has begun to fall upon ever?
part of the Unitetf States. Many o
its employes are working overtime
tiowever, it being a nightly occurrenci
for coin counters, weighers, adjuster
and others to work as late as 1(
o'clock, the usual hour for quitting
work being 4 o'clock.
New machinery has recently beei
Installed in the mint and its efficienc]
was demonstrated in the operation o
the "split collar," a device for put
ting stars on the edge of the newl:
lesigned double eagles. There ar<
forty-six stars on the edge of eact
piece because of the approaching ad
vent of the new State of Oklakom?
to the Union.
The machinery at the mint is capa
ble of grinding out 4000 of thes<
pieces in an hour. There is now a
the mint enough bullion for the man
ufacture of $20,000,000 in doubli
eagles, but more bullion from variou!
sources is now being diverted to th<
Legislature Shows Itself Ready t<
Adopt Governor's Measures.
Montgomery, Ala. ? The Housi
passed four of the Governor's meas
ures looking toward the regulatioi
of the railroads, but not until the en
tire day had been taken up in argu
The Seiif'e had the same bills up
but adjour. jd while the House argu
ments were going on.
The maximum rate bill which hai
been enjoined by the Federal Cour
tvas repealed. The bill fixing the pen
alties for not putting into effect th<
railroad laws was passed, as was th<
one relieving the Attorney-Genera
and Railroad Commissioners fron
bringing suit, the idea being that thi;
prevents them from being sued.
There are eight bills fixing th<
rates on 110 commodities which an
yet to come up. The objects of th<
measures are to compel the railroad;
to put the rates in effect without i
3uit, the penalties being heavy fo:
Railroads More Likely to Make Som<
Cuts and Keduce forces.
Chicago.?In the face of an an
aouncement that the railroads art
more disposed to reduce forces thai
:o raise wages, a committee representing
25,000 organized switchmei
ind switch tenders from Buffalo tc
:he Pacific Coast entered into a conierence
with railway managers in ar
jffort to force the companies to raise
ivages six cents an hour and grant ar
iight-hour day.
"There is not the slightest possibility
that railroads will raise wages at
;his time." said Slason Thompson foi
;he roads. "There is more chance
;hat they cut wages or curtail expenditures
by reducing forces."
All railroads, it is said, have agreed
)n a policy that promises no prospect
;or better things for workingmen.
Exchange at Rome Forced to CloseAppeal
For Government Aid.
Rome, Italy.?The financial diffi
?ulties in the United States are mak
ing their influence felt on the Italiar
market, and the Stock Exchange
here, unable to resist the downwarc
tendency, decided to close. Befor<
iolng so, however, a resolution wai
passed urging the Government to hell
the credit of the country by assisting
in the formation of a syndicate o
banks, to be under Government con
trol, and by placing at the disposal ol
this syndicate the sum of $14,000,
Nebraskan Insane After Living 01
Goobers and Water.
Fremont, Neb.?Because he under
stood that scientists had reporter
that peanuts contained all the ele
ments necessary to sustain life Ar
chie Venuto, a Frenchman, attempted
to live by eating nothing but peanuts
with the result that he died of ex
tiaustion after a week's goober diet.
At the end of four days Venuto be
came insane and was placed in a hos
pital. He absolutely refused to ea
anything but peanuts thereafter, ant
would drink nothing but water.
Anna Gould's Denial.
Anna Gould authorized a denial o
reports that she was engaged to bi
married to Prince Helie of Sagan.
Plant Atlantic Lobsters in Pacific.
By order of the United States Fisl
Comihisslon4 a- carload of lobster fr:
from the Government hatchery a
Boothbay, Me., will be shipped to th<
Pacific Coast this week for the firs
experiment in breeding the Main*
lobster in the Pacific Ocean
Terrorized by Kidnapers.
Mrs. Angelina Momolita confessei
to the New York police that she wa
forced to aid a band of child stealer
in concealing a boy they had kid
The Field of Labor.
The Yonkers, N. Y., trolley strok
was settled.
The cornerstone of the new iabo
temple has been laid in Kansas Cltj
The cigar makers o? Minneapoli
will try the plan of organizing i
banking system.
The printing trade in Canada em
ploys almost 10,000 people at an ac
nual wage list of $5,540,885.
Ladies' Tailors and Dressmaker;
Union of Boston is to have a weekl
Dswer Id Yiddish for its members.
1 X''- V<HAT4
f JUMP ?*> 'P J
1 ^
5 ?Week's cleverest carto
j According to Statistics, a Large Part of the
I" People Eat Less and Less?Only
j . . 1840?Many Causes Con
'[ ''Washington, D. C.?That a time
5 i of the population of this country mu
the poor do in other countries, is the
supply and surplus, which has recent!
retary Wilson, and which was writte:
division of foreign markets of the De]
> _ Mr. Holmes does not assert that 1
must go hungry for meat. The facts
traded much notice among high offlci
} They admit that his statistics tend t<
* higher meat prices.
Nothing is more common iu thes
" that every one is eating more meat.
* Holmes. He has made a searching ar
on meat supply, surplus and the like
' in the country diminishing relative t(
* per capita declining.
Instead of considering cattle, sh<
' mals, separately, Mr. Holmes, for c
t them as merged into a composite ani
" of a composite meat animal per capi
i declined to .860 of a composite anim
? .900 in 1890, but fell more decidedly
dividual of population In 1900. In (
| there was in the country about .7 o
3 nearly 50 per cent, more than that in
But the consumption per capita
I It is shown that exports of meat an<
I have increased enormously. With a
I country per capita than formerly am
s tendency is for the consumption of i
J Taking 1840 for comparison and
of meat animals to population then a'
followed by a rise to 79.4 in 1890, an
other words, compared with 1840, eac
average, eating about three-fifths as r
From 1890 to 1900 the domestl
> declined almost exactly one-fourth p
At the Department of Agricultu
study of Mr. Holmes' report, with e
bear on the present high prices of.ro
'the department, who has been-lookic
said that the inevitable conclusion ws
of low meat prices; that the tenden
prices to rise even hlgier than they
per capita in the country would keep
creased, and consequently that prices
and more the family of small mean3 1
It much more seldom than at present.
This official also pointed out thi
was constantly growing, but that th<
stantly enlarging. This means a lesi
more people to make a demand on
I prices aoroaa are arawiug au iuucmi
away from the country..
Once Lived as a Husband, and Only Revea
and Bank Clerk?Coming to At
She Could Get Work
Trindad, Col. ? Charles Vaubs
woman who for sixty, years passed as3
- and sheep herder, died at San Rafaef
i ' She was born in France eighty-t
> When eighteen years of age, relying
I living.. She found that she was grei
i After wandering around the country f
J male garb and applied for a man's pi
? Joplin, Mo., and worked there as a be
? All this time she kept her secret
f man. She possessed an excellent edi
- she was offered a position in a St. ,T<
f cepted this, going to St. Joseph befon
A few months later a young woi
man who had promised to marry her.
posed marriage and was accepted. '
her sex on a Bible pledge that she wo
After their marriage they came
i A year or two afterward the "wife" d
he had been deserted and refused tc
Vosbaugh received more or less sympi
" soon forgotten.
Tiring of city life and always fe;
* I Mine Vnahanch fnrfv vears aeo SOU!
| ranch, near Trincbera. She asked f
1 was given to her. Later, when she k
ered except by the greatest of accideu
She remained at the Sam Brown
was brought to San Rafael Hospital
here she protected her secret, refusing
* by the sisters at the hospital that sb(
' attendants.
* Some time later she contracted
velop into pneumonia. Dr. T. J. Fo:
"Mr. Vosbaugh" to partially remove h
Fearing she would die, Misa Voi
t and then, with tears welling in her e
? cheeks, she called for the sister in cl
the second time in sixty years.
Viceroy Lord Minto Says It is Imi
possible to Ignore India's Unrest,
j. Simla, India.?The Legislative
a Council adopted a bill designed to
t prevent seditious gatherings. It em?
powers the provincial authorities to
prohibit public meetings.
Lord Minto, the Viceroy, in a j
j speech in support of the bill, said it I
? was impossible to ignore the warn- I
s ings of recent months?the riots; the I
insults to Europeans, and the attempts
to inflame racial feeling. I
Far Eastern Notes.
Fine tobacco is being raised in Ine
dia on Irrigated lands.
Barbers at Windsor, Ont., have rer
celved an increase in wages.
r> Manitoba flour is1 seriously cutting
into Australian flour in the markets
3 of China.
a Shantung Province, China, may yet
be one of the great fruit gardens of
t* the world.
l* In the first five months of 1907
Calcutta exported 390,000 calf and
?' sheep Bklns, 6,500,000 goat skins,
y 4,500,000 cowhides, a total of 11,390.000.
Money Brokers' Bids Draw Millions
Out of Strong Boxes.
on by Brewerton, in the Atlanta Journal.
i Population Will Have to Do Without It-59.3
as Much Per Capita as in
tribute to This Condition.
is rapidly coming when a large part
st go without meat, just as many of
> fact pointed to in a report on meat
!y been published by direction of Secn
by George K. Holmes, chief of the
partment of Agriculture.
:lie day is near when many Americans
i he has set forth, however, have atals
of the Department of Agriculture.
) show a growing meat scarcity with
e days of prosperity than the remark
This is not the case, according to Mr.
lalysis of the census and other figures
, and finds the stock of meat animals
) the population and the consumption
sep and swine the principal food aniomparative
purposes, has considered
[mal. He finds that there was 1.043
ta of population in 1840. The ratio
tal in 1860, to .838 in 1880, rose to
to .709 of a composite animal per in)ther
words, by the late enumeration
f a composite animal per capita and
is much below the stock per capita.
- ' ? * - 1 O O A
a us proaucis, especially suite ioou,
lower supply of meat animals in the
i with exports of meat growing, the
meat at home to grow less and less.
placing the ratio of the consumption
t 100, the ratio falls to 72.4 in 1880,
d by a great fall, to 59.3 in 1900. In
:h individual in the country is, on the
nuch meat.
c consumption stock of meat animals
er capita of the population.
re there is going on a good deal of
i view to ascertaining how his facts
eat. One of the foremost officials of
ig into the meat situation with care,
is that this country had seen the last
cy of the future would be for meat
were now; that the amount of meat
growing lower as the population inj
would tend upward, and that more
would have to go without meat, using
it the difficulty of getting farm help
) population of the country was con- j
3 number of live stock relatively and
the supply. In addition, high meat
ng export of meat and meat products
led Secret Just Before Death--Ranchman
nerica From France, She Found
Best in Male AUire.
lugh, alias Katherine Vosbaugh, a
a married man, and was a bank clerk
Hospital from old age.
hree years ago, and came to America
upon her own energies to make her
itly handicapped because of her sex..
Or two years as a woman she adopted'
asition. She obtained employment in
>okkeeper for several years.
, and no one doubted that she was a
jcation, and while she was in Joplin
jseph (Mo.) banking house. She ace
she was thirty years of age.
nan of that town was deserted by the
Miss fosbaugh sought her out, proTo
this girl Miss Vosbaugh divulged
uld never reveal the secret.
to Trinidad and opened a restaurant,
iisappeared. The "husband" declared
i make any effort to And her. Miss
ithy at the time, but the incident was
axing her secret would be discovered,
ght employment at the Sam Brown
or work as a sheep herder, and this
new that her sex could not be discov-*
ts. she accepted woric as a camp tUUft. |
ranch until two years ago, when she
here to spend her last days. Even
j to take a bath until she was assured
; could do so without the presence of
a severe cold that threatened to derliam
said it would be necessary for
is clothing for an examination.
3bsiugh at last reluctantly consented,
jyes and coursing down her wrinkled
harge and parted with her secret for
Insane Soldiers From Philippines
Will Be Brought to Washington.
San Francisco.?Seventeen insane
patients, belonging to the United
States Army, who were brought
from the Philippine Islands to the
Presidio General Hospital, will be
taken to the Army Hospital for the
Insane at Washington. Colonel Geo.
H. Torney, Deputy Surgeon-General,
will have charge of them.
A car has been especially arranged
for the convenience or tne patients.
Prominent People.
| Senator Gore, who comes from tb 3
new State of Oklahoma, is blind.
| Lord Avebury, of England, sayj
the United States needs a central
I bank.
: The three living "war Governors"
of the United States are Frederick
Holbrook, of Vermont; Samuel J.
Crawford, of Kansas, and William
Sprague, of Rhode Island.
Professors "William H. Schofield, of
Harvard University, and Arthur T.
Hadley, of Tale University, have begun
their lectures at the University j
I of Berlin.
Railroads Ask Government to Let
Them Give Grain Right of Way
?Hastening Shipments to Get
Gold From Europe.
New York City.?While the local
banking situation continues to clear
rapidly, the general shortage of currency
is causing trouble ( In other
parts of the country. Money is needed
for the movement of crops, and
bankers and railroad men are making
every effort to get grain to New York
and cotton to Southern ports, that
they may draw on Europe for more
A committee of railroad men, representing
the big grain roads, returned
from a mission to Washington.
They appealed to the Interstate
Commerce Commission for authority
to give grain shipments the right of
way over other freight. The Commission
refused to authorize this
violation of the law, but the railroad
men are said to have received the
inumauon somewaere in wasmngion
that they might hurry the grain
along without fear of serious objection
from the Government.
Railroad men declare there is
enough grain at Buffalo to save the
situation if it can only be forwarded
to New York and loaded on steamers.
Europe is anxious to buy, and, once
the grain is loaded, the bankers can
draw against it.
It is understood here that Southern
railroads will rush cotton shipments
to Mobile, Savannah, New Orleans
and Galveston on their own responsibility.
Cotton eiport.s to date are
more than 400,000 bales short of last
year. At $50 a bale, this is a matter
of $20,000,000, which would be a
great help in the present stringency.
One reason for the cotton shortage
is a pool of Texas farmers, who are
said here to be holding two million
bales for a price of fifteen cents a
pound. The current price is eleven
cents. #
There was something of a flurry
when the National City Bank, where
the city has millions on deposit, refused
to cash the checks drawn by
Comptroller Metz for last month's
salary of policemen and school teachers.
Those who presented checks
were told that they must cash them
elsewhere, as the National CityJBank
would only pay them when they had
passed through the Clearing House.
Some 20,000 checks have been issued
to date, and there are 45,000
pet to come. The policemen and
school teachers hold the city's checks
for $2,000,000 and there was much
scurrying among small tradesmen and
friends with bank accounts.
ThA Wall St.rept mnnflv hrnkers
who have been buying and selling
currency during the present flurry,
estimated that they had succeeded,
by the offer of premiums, in drawing
out of strong boxes from $5,000,000
to $8,000,000 of hoarded money.
One firm placed the amount at $10,000,000.
The release of this amount ?? currency,
it is believed, cannot but have
n beneficial effect on the money market.
The demand came largely from
manufacture and large commercial
houses who have to meet heavy payrolls,
and who could not obtain the
full amount of cash at their banks.
One concern, a large smelting works
In New Jersey, bought $100,000, paying
three and one-quarter per cent,
premium. The firm's bank supplied
$80,000 of another $100,000 needed,
and $20,000 will be paid to employes
in checks. The premium ranged during
the day from two to three and
three-quarter per cent, and closed
around three per cent.
"This was one of the heaviest day a
we have had since the present situation
developed," said a representative
of the firm of Bolognesl, Hartfield
& Co. "The premium is very attractive
to those persons with ready
cash, and we are getting many offerf
of both large and small sums. The
demand comes from all classes of individuals
and firms all over the country,
but mostly in this city and vicinity.
The premium may go higher,
or it may go lower; it will depend
altogether on conditions."
At the office of Mann, Bill & Ware
it was*stated that the premium had
been above three per cent. One man
came in during the day who eaid
he had $40,000 in cash to sell. The
offer was at first regarded as a bluff,
but a representative of the firm accompanied
the lucky individual to a
nearby safety deposit vault company,
and the man took out the $40,000
in cash from his box. The money
was in packages bound with slips
just as it had been received from the
.bank when the depositor had drawn
it out. The $40,000 was sold in a
lump to Mann, Bill & Ware, the seller
receiving a certified check payable
through the Clearing House in Clearing
House funds.
Says the Treasury is Not Handling
Money Relief Measures Properly.
Washington, D. C.?Senator Heyburn,
of Idaho, contends that the
Treasury Department is not handling
the monetary relief measures in a
proper manner, and that New York
Island Swept Away.
Elmores Island, between Hinsdale,
N. H., and Vernon. Vt., in the Connecticut
River, has been washed away
by the freshet following the heavy
rains. The island was one of the
landmarks of the river. It was sev*?
i- At r r\ rt V?no vll V
erai acres in exiem, auu >?u u?
Will Evangelize Oregon.
The Rev. Robert L. Paddock. o?
New York, accepted a call to do evangelistic
work among the cattlemen
and Indians of Oregon.
Stub Ends of News.
The Treasury surplus for October.
1907, amounted to only about $450,000.
General William Booth, of the Saltation
Army, arrived in New York
French financial writers are pleased
with the financial conditions or tne
Banks and trust companies in New
Vork City distributed $75,000,000 in
stock dividends and interest.
A mayor's proclamation orders all
theatres and other places of amusemeat
in Omaha closed on Sunday*...
is being favored at the expense of the
West. He called on the President
and asked him to direct the Treasury
Department to deposit no more money
with New York banks until those institutions
shall have paid "in currency"
the reserves which they bold
for the Western banks. The President
asked Senator Heyburn to put
his request In writing and the Senator
did so.
Liability $10,000,000, Assets Twico
That?To Safeguard Property.
North Adams, Mass.?The placing
of the Arnold Print Works, of this
city, and various subsidiary companies,
the Williamstown Manufacturing
Company, of Williamstown,
1 r 11.. DATnnnl Ulnnnfon.
XVIiibb. f tilt? 11U1 Lil I urYUtti luauuiav/*
turing Company, of North Pownal,
Vt.p and the firm of Gallap & Houghton,
of North Adams, in the hands of
a receiver, is regarded by business
men as the best method of safeguarding
the great interests Involved and
the continuation of the properties,
which give employment to about 6000
The control of the Arnold Print
Works and, through that concern,
of the various other companies, is in
A. C. Houghton and William Arthur
Gallup, his son-in-law. The aggregate
liabilities are estimated at nearly
$10,000,000, but the assets are
said to be twice that sum.
Begins the Regulation of Railroads
?May Pass Prohibition Bill.
Montgomery, Ala.?The extra session
of the Legislature called by Governor
Comer to take up the question
of further regulating the railroads
convened and the Governor's message
was read.
The Governor says it is only a quesLtion
whether the State shall control
I the railroads or the railroads control
the State. "The Influence of the railroads
on politics and policies in Alabama
in the past," says the Governor,
"we-all know has been great
and debauching, and the railroads
have not hesitated as to the methods
used in carrying out their policies.
"This influence has brought us
face to face with the conditions as
they exist in our State to-day, which
makes it your duty to fashion the
laws in such a manner as to change
these conditions and remedy the evils
resulting therefrom."
The bills which the Governor wants
passed are drawn by the State's attorneys.
Many prohibition bills were introduced
and the indications are that
Alabama will be voted dry.
SANTA FE FINED $330,000.
Medium Penalty For Rebating Imposed
by Judge Wellbonrn.
Los Angeles, Cal.?Judge Olin
Wellbourn, in the United States District
Court, fined the Atchison, Topeka
and Santa Fe Railroad $330,000
for rebating under the Elkins law.
The fine was what the Court denominated
"an intermediate penalty," the
maximum which might have been assessed
being $1,320,000 and the minimum
$66,000. The Court in a written
opinion, stated that there were
sufficient doubtful and extenuating
circumstances to preclude a maximum
sentence and yet sufficient intention
of wrongdoing shown to make improper
a minimum penalty.
The Santa Fe was convicted on
October 11 last by a Jury in the Federal
Court of granting rebates to the
Grand Canyon Lime and Cement ComA
virrr\n a Tf TtT Q Q fnilTirl
pauj , \JL Xll l^vua. A V IT WM -w
guilty on all the sixty-six counts, after
only an hour's deliberation.
Chicago Aldermen Vote 'Phone Company
What It Wants.
Chicago.?After a continuous session
of seventeen hours the Aldermen
passed a measure at 2 a. m., girI
ing the Chicago Telephone Company
I a franchise for twenty years.
The ordinance was put through
practically as approved by the telephone
The company must pay to the city
semi-annually three per cent, of the
gross receipts of all its telephone
After thirty months the City Council
may'change any of the rates. If
the company contests and is not sustained
by the courts, it shall refund
all excessive charges to subscribers,
together with five per cent, interest.
Latest Figures Relating to Turkestan
Earthquake Disaster.
St. Petersburg, Russia.?A dispatch
received here from Samarkand
by the Official Telegraph Agency,
says that a special representative of
a local paper, who was sent to Karatagh,
in the Hissar District of Bokhara,
which was destroyed by a landslide
following the earthquake of October
21, reports that 3400 persons
were killed there as a result of the
disaster, and that only seventy escaped.
High Officials of Holland and Thnir
Wives Fell Into a Canal.
Amsterdam.?Jonkeer van Pan- |
buys, a Minister of State, his son, the
Mayor of De Leek, and their wives
were all drowned while driving, their
carriage falling into the canal at
Hoogkery during a dense fog.
Jtfnkeer van Panyhus was seventy
years old.
Big Falling Off in Vote.
Comparisons of the registrations
and votes of 1906 aud 1907 in New
York City show that 150,000 voters
who registered in 1906 failed to exercise
the right of suffrage this year.
Dominion Park, Montreal, Burns.
Dominion Park, which is to Montreal,
Canada, what Coney Island is
to New York, was entirely destroyed
by fire, the damage being about
$200,0 00, covered by insurance.
About Noted People.
The Pope is again suffering from
gout. He walks with difficulty, but
continues his audiences.
John F. Stevens, late of the Panama
Canal, was engaged to make a
valuation of President Mellen's railroad
In his ninety-third year Judge
Charles Fields sits regularly in the ,
First District Court, of Northern
Worcester, Mass.
James Allan, of the Allan Steamship
Line, a millionaire, is a Socialist
candidate in the municipal election at
Glasgow, Scotland.
' : v".r-- . ..
Garcia Rushed Burning Powder
Train Through NacozarL
Heroic Mexican Engineer Piloted
? w- t-tx
uangerous rTeigiu rasi oiauuu,
But Perished in Explosion.
El Paso, Texas.?The entire city
Is praising the heroism of James
Garcia, engineer on the Pilares Mine ;
narrow-guage railroad across tnc Rio
Grande in Mexico, who, until he sacrificed
his life to avert the destruction
of a town, was just a plain railroad
man in overalls and jumper.
But the telegraph wires stretching
through the plains of mesquite and'
over the mountains are now humming
with the story of how Garcia saved
Nacozari and Its inhabitants. James
Garcia is being read about and talked
about in San Francisco and in New
York and men will be the better for
the reading.
When Garcia started his train out 3
on the main line of the Pilares Mine
Railroad, behind his locomotive there
trailed six cars filled with machinery,
and provisions and two loaded with
blasting powder. He was bound to
the mines and over the rough roadbed
the train jolted and creaked safely
as far as Nacozari in the mountains.
There it made a stop. The
brakeman made the discovery that
the roof of a car was afire and called 4
to the engineer.
Garcia took one look at the crowded
station platform and the people in
the streets. Then he decided to put
on all speed and rusbf the heavy train
+ Virt fAmn A + fho ftlltflUffa.
where an explosion could do no damage,
he would slow it down sufficiently
to jump, but not until he had
cleared the town.
He communicated his decision to
the fireman and brakemen and they
offered to go with him, but he ordered
them from the train, telling them
that one life was enough to lose.
"Jump for your lives!" he cried in .
The crew leaped and ran among the
villagers crying out to them to scatter
if they wished to save themselves.
Then, alone in the caboose, with the r
crackle of the flames in his ears,
Garcia threw wide the throttle.
The train rushed onward and the
powder cars drew abreast of a section
house in which a dozen Mexicans in
their flannel shirts and steeplecrowned
hats were sitting eating
their lunch. Then there was a terrific
roar and the section house was wiped
out and the train disappeared as if
caught in the grip of a Kansas
twister. The bodies of the Mexicans
were scattered to the four winds, and
of Garcla's there remains only his
torn cap and a few pieces of his coat
To the list of dead was added John
Chisholm, an American boy who Btole
a ride on the rear car thinking it
would be fine fun to ride on a burning
The body of one section hand was
found 200 yards from the section
house. A farmhouse a quarter of a
mile distant from the scene was
wrecked and every window in the
town was smashed, but Garcia had ,
saved it from death and destruction.
An Epileptic in Asylum Confesses
Murders of Girls.
Berlin, Germany.?The series of
local crimes, resembling the "Jack
r> OTI ?? wrl rtra T^nHnn
LUC muiuwio ***
1888-1889, only here the victims
were little girls instead of women,
has been cleared up through the confession
of a printer's apprentice,
named Paul Minow, an epileptic,
twenty-two years of age, who was recently
confined in an asylum for the
insane at Herzberge.
The authorities of the institution
were informed that Minow had been
talking in a rambling manner of the
murders, suspected him of having
committed the crimes, and encouraged
him to talk, with the result t?at
he freely related how he had been
taunted by his mother and sister with
laziness, had gone out into the streets
in a rage, and had vented his feelings
by stabbing without reflection four
little girls one after the other. He
then rambled about the city for a
while, and eventually returned home.
It does not appear whether the
mother and sister were aware of
what Minow had done, but Minow'ff <
mind became so disordered that they
sent him to the asylum ? week later.
Eighteen-Year-Old Boy Killed and
Mayor Forbids Further Games.
Columbus, Ind. ? Earl Ruddell,
aged eighteen years, a member of
the senior class of the Columbus High
School, is dead of a broken neck<
which he received in a football game
played here.
One of the visiting players attempted
to make an eud run and Ruddell
tackled him. The two came together
with so much force that Ruddell'a
neck was broken.
Mayor Cochran will issue an order
that no more football will be permitted
in Columbus. The school authorities
will also taboo the game.
Exchange Seat Sold.
A seat on the New York Stock Eichange
was sold for $60,000. This
is a decline of $30,000 from the high
price of a year ago and of $5000 from
the previous sale, which was made
~ u ~Tvoolra o <rn
UUU U t trru wv ?0-GREAT
Losses Over 91,000,000?Two Thoasand
Persons Homeless.
Iquique, Chile.?This port has been
visited by a fire, the biggest since
1882, which has entailed losses of
over $1,000,000. Seven and a half
blocks* were burned over before it
was under control. The property destroyed
was mostly dwellings of the
poor, and 2000 persons are homeless.
The fire was about one mile from the *
commercial quarter of the city. The
nitrate stores are safe.
Army Officers' Poor Pay.
Major-General Greely, in an interview
at Seattle, said the army was no
place for the poor, as the pay of officers
was too small to allow them to
support their families without runv
ning into debt.
Independent Candidate's Vote. *\
E. Gerry Brown, the Independence
League candidate for LieutenantGovernor
of Massachusetts, received
more votes than the Democratic nom-?

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