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Abbeville Press and Banner
Established 1844. $2 00the Y-"-Tri.Weeklv. Abbeville, S. C., Friday, March 11, 1921 Single Copies, Five Cents. 77th Year.
SITUATION IN PETROGRAD RE
MAINS OBSCURE, ACCORDING
TO INFORMATION REACHING
BRITISH OFFICIAL CIRCLES
IN LONDON. MAY BE TEMPO
RARY STRIKES TO FOLLOW
London, March 10.?After ten
days of conflicting reports regarding
events in Russia, information re
* ceived in British official circles to
day are believed to give something
of a true picture of conidtions there.
It is stated that the anti-JBolshe
vik risings in Moscow which were
more in the mature of trade unionist
strikes rather than military opera
tions have been liquidated and that
the Communists are continuing their
rule. The belief is expressed, how
ever, that settlement of the trouble
was by force rather than by an
amelioration of the economic dif
ficulties and that strikes may be ex
pected to occur at any time.
. The situation in Pertograd re
mains obscure, official circles limit
ing definite statements to the fact
that Kronstadt and several fortress
es on the south shore of* the Gulf
of Finland, are holding out against
the Bolsheviki. The first informa
tion concerning the exact nature of
the Kronstadt revolt Is reported to
t have been received in Finland in a
< newspaper by the Kronstadt revolu
In this paper it is stated that no
attempts are being made to reestab
lish anything z.j proaching the Czar
ist regime or even to overthrow the
soviet system, but that the revolt is
against what is termed the military
dictatorship of Lenin and Trotzky,
by which the people have been rob
bed of the benefits of the Russian
This newspaper disclaims the
leadership of General Kozlovski and
names M. Petrichenko as the leading
member of the revolutionist It de
1 clares that the association by the
Bolsheviki of the .name Czarists and
such reformers as Alexander F.
Kerensky, with the revolutionist is
a dodge on the part of the Bolshevik
propagandists to obscure the real
nature of the Kronstadt revolt and
make it appear to be the work of
foreigners and Czarists rather than
of Russians themselves.
, The presence of Kerensky in Lon
don which became known today af
ter he had been reported to be in
Kronstadt leading the revolutionists
is considered in some quarters here
as indicating the truthfulness of the
butieiueitb ui uie newspaper.
The greatest importance is being
attached here to Wednesday's offi
cial Bolshevik wireless dispatch ad
mitting that communication between
Moscow and Siberia has been cut off
for a fortnight and indicating that
the smouldering opposition of "the
peasants was becoming active. The
belief was expressed here today
that peasant uprisings' would be
more dangerous to the Bolshevik
regime than active military opposi
tion from an isolated fortress such as
Kronstadt, where, if immediate suc
cess did not attend, they would be
starved, while no such success could
be hoped in a Bolshevik move
against he rural population.
London, March 10.?Nikolai
Lenin, the Russian Soviet premier
speaking at the opening of the all
Russian congress of the Bolshevik
party in Moscow Tuesday with
reference to the recent events in
Kronstadt, predicted that the revolt
in that city would be put down
quickly, says a wireless message
from Moscow today.
"The rising, organized ^by France
in conjunction with social revolu
tionaries, will be crushed in a few
days," Lenin declared. "Neverthe
less, we are forced to consider most
seriously the internal situation of
Lenin said the difficulties were
bound up with the questions of de
mobilzation, food and fuel, and
FARM LOAN MADE
WITHIN TWO WEEKS
David H. Houston Returns to Co
lumbia from Washington
Where He Secured Data
Columbia, marcn in.?waviu n.
Houston, president of the Columbia
Federal Land Bank, returned to the
state capital Sunday night, from
Washingon, where he spent several
days in conference with presidents
of all of the twelve land banks of
the country. Mr. Houston states
that th^ Columbia bank will, he be
lieves, be in position to make loans
on farm lands, within about two
The conference in Washingon had
to do especially with the bonds
which the land bank system will is
sue to produce the funds to be loan
ed to the farmers of the country.
Mr. Houston stated today that he
felt sure there would be no trouble
in the complete disposition for
these bonds. They are 5 per cent
Mr. Houston stated that his bank
has many applications for loans. The
application forms will be sent out by
the bank immediately and ?he bank,
it is expected, will be in full opera
tion within a few weeks.
It is stated at the land bank of
fices that old applications for loans,
files before the land bank act was
attached in the courts, are on hand
io ine amount 01 approximately one
and three-quarters of a million dol
The land bank act was attached
in the courts last year and for
months, pending consideration of
the case by the United States su
preme court, the banks ceased oper
ations. The decision of the court a
few days ago, in declaring the act
constitutional, calls for renewal of
activities and the twelve banks
throughout the country are getting
back to hard work again. Mr.
Houston of the Columbia bank, was
called to Washington several days
ago for a conference of land bank
officials. He stated today the con
conference was very successful and
that he believed the result of the
court's decree would be of great
benefit to the agricultural interests
of the country.
NEW PARK FOR ABBEVILLE
Capt. W. L. Hemphill has finished
the laying out of the new park\ for I
the Abbeville Cotton Mill. The park,
when finally completed,, will be one
of the most beautiful in the western
part of the State.
The plan contemplates spiral walks,
tennis court, basket ball court, play
ground for the children, band stand,
rustic bridge and rose arbors, a per
gola, summer house, and numerous
park benches. An expert landscape
gardener will have charge of the
Capt. Hemphill is quite experienc
ed in this kind of work, having laid
out several such parks in this section.
One of the most attractive being that
of the Mollohon Mill at Newberry.
J. A. Ramsey, B. B. Evans and
Russell Evans, who were convicted at
the recent term of the court of man
ufacturing liquor, and who gave no
tice of an intfention to appeal to the
Supreme Court, have served notice
on the Solicitor that the appeal is
abandoned. They were taken. yester
day to the chain gang and will com
mence serving their sentence of six
DR. DOUGLAS TO PREACH
Rev. D. M. Douglas, D. D., presi- >
dent of the Presbyterian College at r
Clinton will preach in the Presby^e- i
rian church here Sunday morning anfd t
stated that the fuel crisis was due to i
the fact that the Bolsheviki had at- '<
tempted to restore industrial life c
too vapidly after the war. The mis- 1
take had been made In distribution
of food stock, he declared, although
they were considerably larger than
in former, years.
The meeting held Thursday after
noon in the Council Chamber for the.
purpose of organizing a Woman's
Auxiliary to the County Memorial
Hospital was attended by fifty-six
ladies and four men. A preliminary
meeting was held a week ago at the
call of Mrs. Frank Nickles, tempor
ary chairman, and Thursday after
noon Mrs. Nickles presided.
The meeting was opened with pray
er by Rev. C. E. Peele after which
Rev. L. J. Bristow talked about hos
pitals, what they mean to a commu
nity and the "hard road" they have
to travel in a financial way. Mr. Bris
tow told also that hospitals have no
redress at the law, that is a patient
may sue for neglect but the hospital
may not sue a patient for fees or
care. Mr. Bristow also told of what
this hospital had accomplished as a
Rev. G.' M. T61ford spoke a few
words of sympathy for the institu
tion and wished the ladies well.
Mr. Rosenberg, chairman of the
Board of Directors, gave the financial
history of the institution for the in
formation of the ladies. The hospital
site was bought for $2,500 and a
building costing $47,000 was erected
and has been in operation for nearly
a year. Mr. Rosenberg estimates that
the plant is now worth about $65000
The cost of furniture was about $4,
500. The total contributions from
people in the town and county in
cluding furniture for the memorial
rooms, money lor the ex-ray macmne,
and for the baby fund has totalled
about $30,000. After this information
the gentlemen left the meeting and
the election of officers among the
ivomen resulted as follows:
FROM OVER SEAS
Foreign Rulers Send Best Wishes?
Other Nations Tell of Kind Feel- i
ing for United States and I
Its People '
Washington, March 10.?Messages
)f felicitation exchanged by Presi
lent Harding and a number of for- <
sign rules expressing hopes for peace '
ind friendship throughout the world 1
vere made public today at the White 1
A note of economic as well as po
itical cooperation was sounded in '
he exchange between Mr. Harding
ind President Millerand of France
vhile most of the messages that
rnssed with South and Central Amer
can presidents voiced a renewed
>ledge of Pan-American solidarity. 1
In addition to President Millerand I j
hose congratulatory expressions in
iluded in the White House announce- "
nent were King Albert of Belgium
Cing Victor Emmanuel of Italy, King .
Justaf of Sweden, King E^oris of
Bulgaria, Sultan Ahed Ghadkar of ^
5ersia, President Pessoa of Brazil
Resident Melledez of Salvador, Pres- j
dent Gondra.of Paraguay, President
^.costa of Costa Riea, President Bus- _
ilos of Venezuela, President Suarez
>f Colombia. President Porras of ,
5anama, President Brum of Uruguay,
'resident Menocal of Cuba and Pres
dent Saave of Bolivia.
After recalling the common trials
hrough which France and the
Jnited States had passed, President
tfillerand's message said:
'The solidarity of France and the!'
Jnited States which so powerfully '
ontributed to their common victory
vill also prove their safeguard dur- 1
ng peace. The political or economic 1
weakening of either republic would 1
nean impairment of the other. Their 1
nterest as well as their sentiment
>ids them to stand by each other, i
ind thus we are sure will be per- '<
jetuated the noble traditions which <
'or nearly a century and a half have \
issociated our two great democra- i
;ies for the common trood of man- !
To the French president Mr. Hard
i thank you sincerely for the cor- i
liality of your appreciated telegrram
President, Mrs. W. F. Nickles; Vice
president, Mrs. T. G. White; Secre
tary, Mrs. E C Horton; Treasurer,
Mrs. C. H McMurray.
Committees to solicit members on
the different streets were appointed
q a fnllnwe
Greenville?Mrs. Frank Welsh,
Mrs. F. B. Gary.,
Chestnut?Mrs. Paul Link.
North Main?Mrs. Sol Rosenberg.
South Main?Mrs. W. P. Wham.
Haigler and by-streets?Mrs.
Laura Love. Mrs. C. C. Wallace.
Nickles?'Mrs. J. R. Nickles
Wardlaw?Mrs J. F. Miller.
Ellis?Mrs. J. C. Hill.
Ferry?Mrs. J. P. Billings.
Church?Mrs. Alf Lyon
Magazine?Mi's. W. E. Owen.
Fort Pickens?Mrs. M. B. Syfan
Cherokee?Mrs. Ernest Bailey.
Vienna?Mrs. Dendy Miller.
Parker?Mrs. C. F. McNeill.
Bowie?Mrs. S. G Thomson.
One dollar a year will be the dues.
The ladies hope to organize the coun
ty along the lines of the Red Cross
Eighteen dollars in dues was col
Iiacted Thursday afternoon and every
lady present enrolled her name as a
member. An active canvass will, be
made of the town and names en
rolled before the next meeting will
be considered charter members.
Meetings will be held the second
Monday in every month and active
work for the hospital will be carried
The object of the auxiliary .is to
i&ise money for the hospital.
To Serve Five Years for Assaulting
Driver?Attempted to Kill Young
Man and Then Took; Car
Camden, March 10?Sergt. Leroy
R.Franklin and Privates Sam Stearn
;md Joseph \T. Dorrity of Camp Jack
kOTi- nlparierl cuiltv here todav to a
charge of highway robbery and lar
ceny and assault and battery with\in
kent to kill. These are the soldiers
vho assautted H. U. Earle some sev
eral miles from Camden a few nights
igo while Earle was driving them
from Columbia to Camden. Earle is
a student at the University of South
Carolina and was driving a car to
make some extra money. The sol
diers admitted that they assaulted
Earle and took his car and watch,
but deny taking his money. They
said they had government property
with them in the shape of field glass
es and pistols and said they were go
ing home, absent without leave, the
sergeant stating that he was coming
to Camden to catch the through train
?oing East. One of the privates said
be was going to Buffalo. The pri
vate called attention to the fact that
they had served in France during the
war. Earle's home is in Walhalla.
The soldiers were sentenced to serve
five "years each oh the county chain
GOING TO MARKET
Mr. W. D. Wilson left this after
noon for the markets of Baltimore
and New York where he expects to
buy the most stylish hats, the short
est frocks, and the gayest. dress
?oods he cart find. His customers |
may be assured of the best when his
new goods arrive.
of congratulations and good wishes,
and assure you of my abiding friend
ship for the Republic and of my very
genuine w'sh for the continued pro
motion of its welfare and the further
strengthening, if possible of the ties
by which the two countries are bound
in historic and fraternal friendship."
The exchanges oetween rung
George and President Harding were
not given out.
OF MURDER CHARGE
Ware Shoals Man Who Killed Al
leged Seducer of His Daughter
Greenwood, March 9.?B. F. Mat
tison, magistrate at Ware Shoals,
charged with the murder of Jim
Shannon, on Decetonber 15, was
tried and acquitted yesterday in the
1 court of general sessions here, the
verdict neing tnat ne was gunuy ui
carrying a concealed weapon, for
which a fine of $50 was imposed up
on him. He swore that on the day
that a child w^s born to his unmar
ried daughter, Ethel, he learned
that Shannon was its father and that
he shot 'Shannon in self-defense af
ter he had refused to marry his
daughter. His wife swore that she
did not suspect the condition of her
daughter until the morning the
baby was born that she told her hus
band about it, that she saw him get
his pistol and that she told him to
kill Shannon. Judge Mattison swore
that he had suspected his daughter's
condition a week before the tragedy.
When he learned that Shannon was
the father of the child, he sought
him out and told him that he had
ruined his daughter and would have
to marry her. Shannon refused, he
said, whereupon Mattison said: 'You
cowardly poltroon, I'll make you do
it." He swore that Shannon laughed
in his face, said he had got -what he
wanted and would see Mattisoa and
his family in hell before heCwould
marry her. Then Shannon advanced
on him with his hands in his pockets
and Mattison fired, he testified,
uuuing wiai 11c uuicvcu btiau 1110 411c
was in danger and that he would not
have fired had not Shannon ad
vanced on him. <Grier, Park and
Nicholson defended Mattison, while
Solicitor Homer S. Blackwell and A.
H. Dagnall of Anderson conducted
the prosecution. The verdict was
rendered late in the afternoon.
The women of South Carolina
have been afraid of being called to
serve for jury duty if they register
ed for the voting privilege. At the
meeting of the Legislature just
closed, a law was lAade which puts
all females on the exempted list
and Governor Cooper has signed the
bill which makes it a law. If the wo
men desire to register they may do
so in perfect safety. Any woman de
siring to vote in the coming City
election must register at the office of
the City Clerk.
ARE STANDING PAT
Washington, March 10.?Ameri-i
can troops on the Rhine are "Stand-!
ing pat," Secretary Weeks said to
day and a similar attitude as to the
Rhne situation growing out of the
occupation* of additional German
cities by the aUies was expressed at
the State Department. No additional
instructions have been sent to Ma
jor General Allen, commanding the
American forces, it was said at the
State Department, and no inquiries'
have been made of the allied gov-)
ernments regarding the sanctions to
be imposed upon Germany, which in
clude collection of customs duties at
the new line established on the
Rhine and their payment to the
American troops, it was pointed
out. occupy their position in Ger
many under the terms of the armi
stice and not fulfillment of the
treaty of Versailles. Consequently it
was considered unlikely that the
State Department would approve!
any plan by which they would assist
in making the proposed tariff barri
er around Germany effective.
Mr. and Mrs. S. P. Morrah, Miss
Ellen Morrah and Miss Emma Ward
law were among the visitors to Abbe
ville Friday. The women were inter
ested in the styles while Mr. Morrah
was hearing the news aroujul the
PROPOSALS AFFECTING THOUS
ANDS OF MEN OFFICIALLY
ANNOUNCED BY WESTERN
LINES, INCLUDING NUMBER
WITH HEADQUARTERS IN
umcago, inarcn iu?wage reduc
tion proposals affecting thousands
of men were officially announced to
day by practically every Western
railway with headquarters in Chi
cago, among them being the Santa
' Fe, Chicago, Milwaukee and St Paul, '
Chicago and Great Western Chicago,
Rock Island and Pacific and the Chi
cago and Northwestern.
The roads will firs\. hold meetings
with their employees in an effort to
reach some agreement regarding
arbitration in wages. If the roads
and workers were unable to reach
agreements the disputes, it was an
nounced, would be allowed to go be
fore the United States railroad labor
"Wages must come down' said G.
Wells, vice president of the Santa
Fe system. "Everybody knows that.
We will in a few days start in a gen
eral readjustment, ask representa
tives of maintenance of way. and
shop workers especially the unskilled
workers, to com? to Chicago and
agree to a more seemly wage scale."
The Chicago, Rock Island and Pa
cific ,and the Chicago and Northwest
ern likewise notified its maintenance
x- x 1
ui way ciiijjiuyees tu uieei iiere mmcu
18 and 21, respectively, for a discus
son of wage readjustments.
New York, March 10?Representa
tives of 2,000 unskilled laborers em
ployed by the Long Island railroad
today failed to reach art agreement
with company officials on their pro
posal to cut common labor wage^
from 48 1-2 cents an .hour to 40 cents.
The matter will re presented to the
railroad labor board for review and
decision the company announced.
Boston, March 10?The New York
New Haven and Hartford railroad to
dy announced a conference of addi
tional classes of employees to discuss
a downward revision of their rates of
pay effective April 16. Employees af
fected included supervisory forces,
maintenance of way, shops, offices,
station forces and dining car and
restaurant employees. The date of r
the conference will be set later.
DEATH OF LITTLE FRANCES
Little Frances Cann, the five year
old daughter, of Mr. and Mrs. M. B.
Cann died suddenly at their home
Thursday night. The little girl was
sick sometime ago with pneumonia
and was at the hospital for a week or
two. She recovered and was taken
home and every one felt that she waa
as well as usual. Thursday night she
was put to bed and Mrs. Cann left the
room for a few minutes. The little
girl called and asked to be raised in
the bed, this was done and she ex
pired in a few minutes. The little girl
has been an invalid all her life and
death is a release from suffering.
Funeral services will be held Sat
Mr. and Mrs. Cann have the sym
pathy of their friends.
IN THE CITY.
Mrs. C. E. Williamson and Mrs.
Joe Little went over to Greenwood
Wednesday. They say they "motor
ed" over, walked up and down the
street, bought all the sandwiches at
:he Candy Kitchen, invested in a
fancy collar and "motored" home.
A NEW BOOK-KEEPER
Miss Mary Hill Harris has a posi
tion with Mr. W. A. Harris as book
keeper and manager of the Pathe
musical supplies. She is pleased with
her work and Mr. Harris's patron3
ave pleased with the new book-keeper.