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Abbeville Press and Banner
Established 1844. $2.00 Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville, S. C., Monday, July 3,1922. Single Copies, Five Cents. 78th Year. :i| TREASURY FACING LARUE DEFICIT NEW YEAR OPENED SATURDAY WITH A BUDGET DEFICIT ES TIMATED AS HIGH AS $485, 000,000.?OLD YEAR ENDED WITH FRIDAY. Washington, July 1.?The gov ernment balanced its budget for the fiscal year 1922 ending today. To achieve this result of the federal financial operations for the year was described by Under-Secretary of the Treasury Gilbert as "no mean accomplishment" but for the fiscal year 1923 opening tomorrow he declared the prospects "are not good," with a budget deficit esti mated as high as $485,000,000. Final treasury reports for the closing fiscal year will not be available for a day or two but Mr. Gilbert, who has charge of the gov ernment finances, declared that ex penditures for the year would be less than $3,900,000,000 or $500, 000,000 less than was estimated as necessary iby the spending depart ments at the outset of the year and that there would be a small sur plus of receipts, : 'That this has been accomplish ed," he said, "in the face of the .Twn<?iwrts that con Ui^U^TVAWWAV fronted us at the 'beginning of the year is due to .the unremitting ef forts of the government depart ments and, establishments under the firm leadership of the President to reduce current expenditures to the utmost limits consistent with proper administration. As to the coming year the under secretary pointed to the possibility of a deficit greater than already estimated as, he contended appro priations for the next year have not been passed by congress, nowever, he maintained, the government "owes it to itself and the rest of the world to keep its finances clean and balace its budget for 1923 as in the three previous years, and the only way to accomplish this is to reduce expenditures already esti mated, ,and avoid new avenues of expenditure to such an extent as may be necessary to wtpe out the 1 ?3 J inaicai?u uan.n. Discussing the handling of the public debt during 1922, Mr. Gil bert declared that with the ap proach of the end of the year the total gross debt of the United States was about $22^950,000,000 a total reduction of over $3,600, 000,000 since its peak on August 31, 1919. This was accomplished, he ex plained, by the application of $1, 000,000 balance in the general fund made possible by lessened ex penditures and outstanding maturi ties; application of about $2,000, 000,000 of repayments . by foreign governments; receipt of funds from salvage and other assets remaining over from the war aggregating a bout $1,400,000,000 and the appli cation to -debt retirement of about $1,000,000,000 of surplus tax re ceipts daring the fiscal years 1920, 1921, and 1922. For the future, he asserted, liqui An + is\v\ n-f +lu> nii.Kl i/? win havp to ibe accomplished chiefly from surplus revenue receipts, and par ticularly through sinking fund and other accounts as the treasury bal ance has been reduced to as low as consistent with proper conduct of government business. 'Enough has been accomplished, Mr. Gilbert states to assure suc cess of treasury's plans for refund ing the $7,500,000,000 short-dated debt consistng of victory notes maturing in May 1923. Treasury certificates of indebtedness and war saving certificates. Mr. R. L. Mabry and family, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Peebles and Dr. and Mrs. J. R. Nickles will celebrate the fourth by a fishing trip at Mr. Thomas P. Thomson's. ME APPROVES TARIFFON WHEAT FIXED AT THIRTY CENTS A BU)SHEL? THE DEMOCRAT IC LEADERS SAY COST WILL AMOUNT TO HUNDRED MIL LION DOLLARS Washington, July 2.?By a vote of 38 to 12 the senate approved to day a tariff of 30 cents a 'bushel on wheat. Democratic leaders declared dur ing the debate which preceded the vote that this rate would cost the Atmerjican people! $100,000,000. (Senator Mo Cumber (Republican) of North Dakota, in charge of the measure, stating frankly the par |pose of the rate was to keep above the world level the price or Nor thern spring wheat from the Da kotas and Minnesota, said he did not think the tariff proposed would he carried on to the consumer, but even if it was it would not amount to $2 a year to each consumer. iLeaders sweltered through a four hour session of debate. Des pite the fight, however, the minori ty split on the final vote, Senators Jones of New (Mexico and Kendrick txr OTivtinfl* ttn+.h the solid oi vr y\nuui& wvuiuB ..... -? Republican majority for the com mittee rate which ia an increase of 5 cents ovef the house rate but a decrease of 5 cents from the exist ing emergency tariff duty. With the wheat fight ont of the ' way the senate made unusual rapid progress on the bill, approving several scores of committee amend ments. The first to be agreed upon 1 was a duty of 78 cents per 100 pounds on flour or 28 cents over the house rate. Other rates ap- ' proved included: Irish potatoes, 58 , ABnto mn Tvuinds. house rate ! x- ' 42; dried, 2 3-4 cents a pound, house rate 3 1-2; potato flour, 3 cents a pound, house rate 1 1-2 cents. ? Tomato paste, 45 per cent, ad valorem, house rate 28; tomatoes preserved in any manner, 15 per , cent, house rate 10 per cent. Onions, 1 cent per pound; house rate 75 cents per hundred pounds. , Cocoanut9 were transferred to the free list, but cocoanut meat, prepared, was made dutiable at 4 cents a pound against the house rate of 4 1-2 cents. TO nfflc at> nrorvQrar? "^TITlfc ivawyo vu vu ?? --? increased generally over both the house figures and those originally recommended by the committee. DEATH OF REV. MR. YOUNG The Rev. Charles S. Young, a re tired minister of the Associate Re formed Presbyterian Church, died at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. W. W. McDill at Due West, Sabbath, July 2nd, after being in feeble health for a number of years. The deceased is survived by a widow and the following children: J. M. Young of Honolulu, Charles Young of Iver ness, Fla., Mrs. Smith of Tampa, Fla., Miss May Young and Mrs. Mc Dill of Due West.' Funeral services were conducted at the Associate Reformed Presby terian Church at Due West this af ternoon by Rev. James P. Pressly, the pastor, and interment was in the adjoining cemetery. COL. McKEE HERE. Col. John W. McKee of Columbia has been in the city for several days, a guest of the Eureka Hotel. The Colonel is riding in one of the Win ther cars made by the automobile concern with which he is connected. His friends are always glad to see him. < DR. ABELL HERE Dr. R. E. Abell of Chester was a business visitor in town Saturday and Sunday and will return later in the week for the Hospital Birth day festivities. SHOPMEN QUt IN NATION' TRANSPORTATION MACHINE CON OUT INTERRUPTION?THOU Si SUMMONS?EMPLOYERS j MAKE NO MOVE TO (Chicago, July 2.?With the coun- c trywide strike of shopmen declared t by union leaders to be virtually 100 per cent, effective, the nation's great a transportation machine continued its c work without interruption. s Railway executives were unani- v mous in expressing their belief that f the strike would have little effect on the operation of their roads and at t the same time asserted that any J move toward a settlement would have c to come from the United States labor c board or the employees. B. M. Jewell, president of the rail- ^ way department of the American Fed- 1 eration of Labor, who yesterday re- s fused to appear at a federal inquiry * into the strike call, reiterated that the only basis for a settlement waB t for the roads to agree not to put in- 1 to enect wage aecrees leteuuy ed for the shopmen by the labor ^ board. ? Ben. W. Hooper, chairman of the J labor board, declared in a formal statement that the power of the gov- \ ernment, coupled with public senti- t ment, will give every protection to 1 every railway employee who re- 1 mains on the job and to all men who ? take the places of the strikers in the 1 present walkout. s Mr. Hooper asserted that the strike c was called against the decisions of federal tribunal over rulings laid t down after careful consideration of \ '' ' v . *mi_ . | J cne eviaence on ootn siues. ine men ^ who take the places of the striking f shopmen will render a public service, i tie declared, and should therefore be t immune from the characterization of i 'scab" or "strikebreaker." c The walkout began in all sections c !>f the country promptly at 10 a. m. e and in many places took on the aspect I of 4 holiday, the men singing and \ cheering as they threw down their e tools. As reports came into uniifli r headquarters during the day, leaders t asserted that the ranks of the strik- r ers would number more than three- \ RflADfl (MQ uurmu uivlu i Chicago, July 2.?The cut of about $135,000,000 in the wages of some 1,200,000 railroad employees \ which became effective at the y same time that a 10 per cent, cut T in freight rates amounting to about ] $400,000,000 went into effect, still ' leaves hourly wages measured in j actual buying power above the ^ wages ot ijuecemoer, iyif, just i>e- j fore governmental control, accord ing to figures compiled by the Uni- r ted States railroad labor board. t Machinists, who are among the , shop employees on strike, were cut ( 7 cents an hour. They averaged ( 77.3 cents and now average 70.3 ( cents. In 1917 the rate was 50.5 j the newly hourly rate being 39 per cent higher. Cost of living, accord ing to board figures, is 17 per cent, higher than in December, 1917. The board figures the new hourly ^ rate for machinists 19 per cent. ^ greater in real purchasing power ^ than in December, 1917. - ( Car men, cut 9 cents an hour, now have an average hourly wage of 64.4 cents as compared with i 37.7 cents in December, 1917, the * board figures show. This represents a net increase of 71 per cent in 1 actual purchasing power of the hourly wage, the board maintains. Average hourly earnings of ma chinists, according to the board's figures, are 15 cents an hour less * tnan under tne peaK rate estaDiisn ed by the board in May, 1920, but ' the real value is figured as 7 per ' cent. gTeater due to the drop in ? the cost of living. ^ f T WORK WIDE STRIKE riNUES ITS ACTIVITIES WITH ^DS RESPOND TO UNION'S \SSERT THAT THEY WILL SETTLE DISPUTE. [uarters of the 400,000 membership >efore night. "Train operations are just as usu il and we are carrying crowds, even in the extra sections that have been ittached for the holiday pilgrims," vas the word from the general of ices of the Northwestern lines. "I do not expect the strike to in erfere with train movements," said 5. M. Felton, president of the Chi :ago Great Western railroad and :hairman of Western rail executives. 'The experience of the Union Paci ic and Southern Pacific and other oads that have had extensive shop itrikes, shows no interruption of ;ramc is to De expectea. . 'Chicago, July 2.?Railway execu tes, union labor leaders and the Jnited States railroad labor board narked time today in the country wide strike of shop menf while train service continued uninterrupted by Saturday's walkout. B. M. Jewell, head of the shopmen, who ignored the orders of the labor >oard to appear before it and explain lis action, spent the day at union leadquarters receiving reports from ill sections of the country. While he efused to give any figures, he as lerted that the walkout was "practi :ally 100 per c|nt." With the union leaders refusing to reat with the labor board, the rail way executives asserting that the iifAs Awtinalw knfnrAnn fVflir UOj/UbC noa ClUU ClJ v^bnwwu vuv*? ormer employees and the govern nent, and the labor board assuring he full protection of the govern nent, interest in railway circles was entered on Detroit, where the exe :utive council of the United Broth rhood of Maintenance of Way Em rioyees will meet tomorrow to can rass the strike ballot of the track nen. Hope was nen. Hope was expressed by the rail ail executives that the mainte lance of way men would not join the 175 POINTS TODAY "Say them words over agin." The government report on condi tion and acreage of the cotton crop vith its estimate of the size of the >ext crop, was announced today at L2:15. The condition was placed at 71.2, the acreage was reported to be 54,852,000, while the estimated field of the growing crop was an lounced at 11,065,000 bales. The condition figures and the esti. nated yield were below what the ;rade expected, and the market made in advance of 175 points before the :lose. Spot cotton would have brought >n the Abbeville market today 24 :ents per pound, which is the best )rice in many days. And everything depends on the veather from now on. Just now the :otton is clean and growing. The :onditions will not be any better than ;oday as the season progresses, while ;here is every chance that with bad veather, the figures will be lower. Such being the case, cotton may be jxpected with any unfavorable turn >f the crop to bring much higher jrices, as we see it. Keep you eye on $1.89, The Press ind Banner and Ed. Smith. HOME FROM WASHINGTON Miss Annie Roche of Washing ;on, D. C. is in Abbeville spending l Afr P A. iwnne wii/ii iici -. ? iloche. This is the first visit to Ab jeville that Miss Roche has made in sometime and her many friends velcome her back. HOUSE TO TAKE LONG VACATION (SESSION SUSPENDED UNTIL AUGUST 15 WITH DEMO CRATS VIGOROUSLY OPPOS ING ACTION?GO HOME TO ENTER CAMPAIGNS Washington. Julv 1 TVm linnsp of representatives adjourned to night at 9:49 o'clock until August 15, thus giving members opportuni ty to return home to look after their campaigns while the senate still is at work on the tariff. |Deriioc<rats, opposing adjourn ment almost solidly, forced a roll call. The vote to quit was 171 to 43 with two voting "present." "The Democrats Having voted with their fingers crossed, I now move that the house be adjourned," said Representative Mondell, the Republican leader. There Was a shout and a wild race to taxicabs waiting outside to rush members to outgoing trains. In opposing adjournment, Demo crats insisted the house ousrht to stay in session and act on Henry Ford's offer for lease of Muscle iShoals. On objecion by Representative Montague (Democrat) of Virginia, Mr. Mondell failed to get through a request that all members be given five days in which to extend their remarks in The Congressional Re cord on any subject relating to legislation. To enable the (house to dean its affairs, a technical session of the senate was held at 9 o'clock for signature of last minute bills by the senate's presiding officer. "Washimgton, Jlul^ ?Although two-thirds of its session was devot ed to cleaning up( conference re ports so the 'house might start on its vacation, the senate made more rapid progress today on the tariff bill than it had in any single one of the 60 odd days the measure has been before it. Thirty-eight amend ments to the agricultural and food schedule were disposed of, this number including those relating to all cereals, except wheat and rice, consideration of which Was defer red. An outstanding feature of the day was the victory of the Republi can agricultural tann dioc in na fight for a duty of 20 cents a bu shel on corn, an increase of 5 cents a bushel over the house rate. EDWARD MARTIN McCAIN Edward Martin, the oldest child of Dr. and Mrs. J. R. McCain, of Decatur, Ga., and a grandson of Dr. and Mrs. J. I. McCain of Due West died at the home of his parents Fri day of last week, and was laid to rest in Decatur Saturday. The lit tle fellow had been a ipatient suf ferer for months and death came as a relief to him from his illness. The parents have many relatives and friends in Abbeville who will sorrow with them in the loss of their first born. WflMF FROM HOT SPRINGS Mr. and Mrs. R. N. Tiddy and children, Richard and Sarah, re turned from Hot Springs, Ark., Saturday after spending a month there. Their friends will be glad to know that Mr. Tiddy's health is much improved. The visit to Arkansas was pleas ?nd -Pull ?vf new experiences. an i auu m m *? v*. 4m but the people of Abbeville are pleased to have Mr. Tiddy and his family at home again. FOR BASEBALL LEAGUE In this issue is an advertisement for bids on the right to sell cold drinks at the ball park during the games of the Carolina League. Send ;n your bid by 12 o"clock Wednes day, July 5th to J. Allen Long. FRAZIER WINS NORTH DAKO- | TA NOMINATION ?DEFEAT- :| ED CANDIDATE IS CHAIR. 1 MAN QF FINANCE COMMIT* I TEE -Va xl Fargo, N. D., July . 1.?-Belated reports today ,$rom Wednesday's statewide primary in 'North Dakota seemed to bear, out early indie a nons that Jjynn-J. itrazier, Moil Partisan, had captured the Repub lican senatorial nomination 'by a majority of less than 10,000. While Porter J. McCumber, the state's senior senator and chair man of the senate finance commit tee, dropped behind Frazier in re turns tabulated today, reports from a number of the scattering precincts favorable to McCumber tonight cut down to less than 2,000 the margin that separated them. Friends of McCumber here, con ceding his defeat, admitted that most of the missing precincts un doubtedly would be favorable to (Frazier, bu insisted the latter's plurality would fall considerably short of the 15,000 to 20,000 mark league quarters have forecast. TUT T> A LLU.CailWU.UU) \JVV. IV. A* JLlUOyvO) x, Independent, had a lead of 16,000 over B. F. Baker, tNon-ORartisan, in (the Republican gubernatorial .con test and Independent 'headquarters , declared tonight there seemed no reason to alter its prediction of a /J 10,000 plurality foT Nesfcos. In 1,151 of the state's 2,064 pre cfincta tabulated on the senatorial race, iPrazier had 76^98 and Mc Cumber 74,062; a gain for MdCum- 4 ber over the last previous totals, *;< due largely to the "mopping up" Sjj of precincts In nearly territory ' "..a known to be favorable to the sena- -.'J tor. . J The same precincts in the guber --j.?:-i i?l xt??.? oc _ natural! wuicsi, gave nvauus ou, 828 and iBaker 69,270. It was esti mated at tabulation headquarters here that Nestos' lead was nearly as great as the total outstanding vote which, it is agreed, is largely in Baker erritory. vat PRESBYTERIANS CALL PASTOR i' -y. Rev. John A. McMurray of Fayette Ville, N. C., Given Call. At a congregational meeting in the Presbyterian Church held yester day morning, it was voted to ex. tend a call to Rev. John A. McMur ray, now at Fayetteville, N. C. The congregation voted a salary of $3,000 to accompany the call. A delegation of elders and deacons from the church will visit Mr. McMurray and extend the call in person. At the meeting it was further de cided to tear away the present manse and build a modern residence for the pastor. The matter was re ferred to the deacons. Rev. Mr. McMurray is 37 years of A-f HflVl/lcAn age* lie is a giauuubt vj. College, and of the Columbia Theo logical Seminary. He has also had special training as a minister at Princeton Seminary. He is in the prime of life, a minister of accom. pliahments, and the local congrega tion of Presbyterians will be fortu nate to secure his services as pastor. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETS r At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the democratic party held today, the following dates wer$ made: The first campaign meeting in Ab beville County will be held at the 'Abbeville Cotton Mill Tuesday, July 18th at 7:30 p. m. The date heretofore for Calhoun Falls is changed to the 12th 0(f Aug ust at 2:30 p. m. Filing of pledges must be in by 12 o"clock M. on July 17th. Mr. Walter Mars of Mt. Camel was here Monday on business.