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FOR PROFITABLE DAjlRYitNG | Both Good Cows and Abundance of j Home Grown Feed Needed Clemson College.?.The idairy vtw is a machine for converting the ffeeds that are grown on the farm, specially the Toughages such as j lays, pastures and silage, into hu-J, nan food. If this work is to be done ( ^profitably it is necessary to have ( ike most efficient machines, that is , aws which have the inherent ten- ^ deney to manufacture feeds into j aailk. and to be large in size and to ,] Save sufficient capacity for consum ing large quantities of feeds. The , afa'ffty of the dairy cow to convert 1 ieeds into milk and butter fat de- < pectds largely upon her breeding. ] She must come from a productive 1 Azeed and her immediate family of , hreed must be large producers j according to J. P. LaMaster, Chief of the Dairy Division, who says Ukat in addition to breeding, the ! good dairy cow must have the gen- ( ?r*l wedge shape of the dairy ani sal, together with constitution and ( quality. j The best dairy cows use 50 to 70 ] jercent of the feed consumed for j 'maintenance and body functions. \ Therefore it is easy to see that the , cow which consumes the most feed, , 2 she is the proper kind, will pro- i cftice the largest quantity of milk j and butter fat and will in turn 1 osake the greatest profit. i] Together with the proper indi viduality and breeding, the dairy < firaner must consider seriously the kind and amount of feed. Too many fecmers are figuring how they can seduce rations to the lowest pos sible amount rather than to deter mine how more feed can he produc ed for the dairy herd. Unles^ the eaws are properly fed, there is no season to expect them to jjwrve profitable. Since the purpose f a dairy cow on the farm is to fnrBi'sh a home market for the feeds produced, those farmers who $ave started into the dairy business i/J/vn rvnT?rtlio fir> f# m ncf ^UUU. luc luca vj ^uiuuaoiii5 u*vcw aif* tfieir feed will sooft learn that thej: are merely exchanging their cream or milk checks for purchased feeds. The first consideration for the I Banner is to produce all the rough ages needed for his herd. These < Boagh^es are pasture, alfal ia. pea vine and other legume hay, soiling crops possible for dry wea tjfeer in July, August and Septem ber and also silage crops such as aom and sorghum. The grain for tfar <fairy herd may be provided in xactt crops as corn, velvet beans, ! mzts, peanuts and cottonseed meal. < AH of these feeds can be and must 1 tte produced on the farm if dairy < Seeming ser\'es the purpose for ' wfc'ch it is best suited. 1 ] HAVE MELON SEED AT HOME CLemson College, July.?One of i most important means of intro-ji inthranose of melons and | j related crops into new localities is ] lor thje seed. The usual method of i saying s?ed on a commercial scale is z jctspcmsitilte for this condition. 4 + The. seeds within the fruits are I free a? infection even when the out- s rode of the fraite are badly diseased. 1 Btet when the seed are to be saved, r tfet ?ntfre melons or cucumbers, as tike <case may be, are usually broken 1t p in a large vessel of some kind and c afflo^ed to ferment for a day or two I to tree tne seeds irom tue puip. it a is easy to see that 6uch treatment i X?Tes many chances for the seed to i Reeome infected with disease spores, t Introduction of anthracnose into s m new region can usually be prevent- c ad by saving seed at home, suggests * Ufa:. C. A. Ludwig, Associate Plant * JfiKthoIogist. If the fruits are cut * pen and the seed removed carefully, ' It should be possible to keep them s iree of infection even when disease 1 m present. The practice of allowing 1 ttfce pulp to ferment can do no harm ' fZ disease spores are not present, but ' r ariK be safer to omit the fermenta- , ftiucj iftless the seed can not be clean- : ?T readily without it. Where disease 1 is present, the seed should be steril- ; Med before planting a sa further pre- ' wrticra, even though it seems al most certain that they have been kept . Sree of contamination. ?ST TO F WATERfMEiL/OjN ANTHjRAGNOSE |v . . 'T Plan Now' To Keep This Disease Out of Next Year's Crop (Jlemson |CoUege.<?-Requests for information which have come to the Botany Division and personal ob servations of members of the Divi sion have shown that anthracnose >f watermelons is unusually lestructive this year. 'Growers should take note of this fact and ake precautions to prevent a simi ar outbreak* next year. It is too ate now to do anything for the jrotection of this year's crop, ad rise the botanists, who say that watermelon anthracnose is very iifficult to control, once it is estab ished; and that no single measure will succeed. Prevention will prove satisfactory; but it is not possible ;o cure a plant once diseased. The disease is carried from one fear to the next on the seed and on nfested manure. The first thing to lo is to sterilize the seed unless it s definitely known that they are :lean, by soaking them for five min utes in a solution of corrosive sub imate at the rate of one ounce in J gallons of water and then rinsing n clean water. This should not be elied on to control the disease, es pecially if the malady was in the vicinity the year before. A further lecessary precaution is spraying ivith Bordeaux, 4-4-50. This should De begun when the vines begin to run, followed with a second appli cation when the young melons are setting and a third albout ten days to two weeks later. Spraying should not wait on the appearance of the disease in the field. Control becomes almost impossible at that time. It should be understood also, that all the usual sanitary measures such as rotation of crops, avoiding infested manure, etc., are very im portant in insuring a crop free of the disease. In this connection the saving of seed at home from the best plants in the crop is one of the 'best prac uvea a mvivii giuwcr lynuw, especially if he does not already have the disease in hi? crop, and( provided he does the work carefully so as to prevent infection getting1 to the seed. Commercial seed pro-j Auction is carried on under condi-j tions which render seed infection almost inevitable. PLANT RUTABAGAS THIS MONTH. Clemson College, July?Rutabagas should be planted between the 15th )f July and the 15th of August. In ;he eastern part of the State the 15th >f August is not too late, but in the :entral and western parts it is better ;o plant the middle of July, advises 3rof. C. C. Newman, Horticulturist. The land should be thoroughly jrepared by plowing and harrowing intil a perfect seed bed has been 'ormed. The fertilizer should be an >lied broadcast at the rate of 800 to .000 pounds oer acre, after plowing ind before harrowing. A fertilizer ;nalyzing 8 per cent phosphoric acid, : per cent nitrogen and 3 per cent otash will give good results on a andy or sandy loam soil. In clayey oam soil it is not necessary to have nore than 1 to 1 % per cent potash. The main trouble in growing ruta iagas is in securing a good stand luring the hot summer months. Ex lerience has shown that when the eed are planted in furrows two nches deep and covered by simply unning a wheel of an old wheel, arrow or planter over the row the eed will be mashed into the soil md covered sufficiently. Then when he seed germinate, the roots will >e near the moist soil and will there ore stand drought well. When ilanted on the surface they will be low about germinating and when ney ao germinate tne young plants nay die on account of drought. A )out a pound of seed will plant an icre in rows about three feet apart. After the plants have come up to 1 good stand and have formed the :ourth leaf, they should be thinned ;o 10 to 12 inches apart in the row, ind cultivated clean, the soil gradu illy worked towards the plants. The turnips will be ready for use ibout the first of November, but ;here is no necessity for harvesting ;hem until the weather has turned ARMERS ery cold, say the first of December, 'he turnips are pulled up and the >ps cut off below the hud and the Dots banked by covering with soil, en to fifteen bushels of turnips may e put in one bank and piled up in one shape. They should be covered laacf civ inches of soil. Turning ut up in this way will keep in peer set condition until the weather be ins to turn warm in the spring. Foi The Big, Quick Fortunes i vested small sums in Tex; came in at Burkburnett $] HIC Pattillo Higgins, who disc night?has discovered a n field that promises to be o WITH HIM?TO JOIN H PATILLO HIGGINS ViM#r?tid?t of S. P. SOUTHERN f oc I un BM * ir.Pkim IWMX n?U ftr tM PM1 ta THIS IS TO CER signed citizens of Be aPy acquainted wit! dty; we have kr.owr believe him to be pc worthy. He is a ru We knew within 01 Mr. Hiffgins discovoi in the year 1802, and developed that it w dollars. He said thj thousands of barrels the-exact spot whei now found. Mr. Higgins des? discovering and dev f"ieJd: A. Deep Well has already 1 operating there. You ha1 on the ground floor and g EVER DISCOVERED IN f Higgins is a Winner?IS NER! A FIVE TIMES \ COMBINATION TO PLA GET The Higgins-Mexia Oil Co r>f Field Onerations. He Well at Barbers Hill. TO MAKE THE BIG M< NOT AFTER. YOU'VE GOT A CHAN< HAS DISCOVERED FIV ER'S BASIS! BEAN RUST Clemson College.? Growers of beans for the fall trade are warned , that in several places last year the < bean rust was so severe as to be : an important factor !n production, and that the only way to control this disease is to plant resistant varieties. Therefore, in planning i for this year's crop care should be taken to select a variety which win do well even if exposed to innocula- ! tion with rust spores. The following recommendations are based on studies of susceptibility made a few yeans ago at the Virginia Ex- ' tune.' \ n Oil are always made from the discov* as, arimng new territory, mavc iyiau LOO jumped to $20,000! $1,000 investe 1GINS DISCOVJ overed the Beaumont, Humble and Go ew Oil Field?Barbers Hill! He got on ne of the greatest in the world! He N 1M AT THE START ON A STARTER HIGGINS' GR1 Made $25< on P Hi "Where J Rich Overnigk . OIL WIZARD B. I. Endorses PafiHo HiggiB* 'A CI PIC RAILROAD CO. c* oi Vic^Ptoidcnt ttxiWafi, Tens, Xojnrt l?u, 1113. io H0M to with *11 llnonrf U?* yMri;M( (landing ?ai rtpautioa It # TIFY, that we, the undcr aamont, Texas, are person 1 Pattillo Higgins of this i him for many years, and irfectly reliable and trust itive of Beaumont, Texas, ir personal knowledge that ed thz Beaumont Oil Fieli he said when the field waj ould be worth millions of at single wells would flow of oil per day. He located e all the big: gushers aro :rves the whole honor of eloping the Beaumont Oil fa Real ?uate and Incur*net Captnlfct Sec CftfC Printer Jrwtlrr M|>. Beaumont Lbr Co. tm In.in lUr.Ci, YOUR BIG CHANCE! jeen brought in at Barbers Hill. The I ire an Opportunity now of a lifetime?j ret in on what lo?ks like the NEXT BI TEXAS! JACK A WINNER! WINNING NOW! If you da go into VINNER IN A PROVEN GUSHER FII >Y! IN AS A STARTER has iust been organized with Pattillo has selected acreage of great value r )ney in oil, invest before a s ;e here to get in with pattili e great oil fields, as a star" periment Station varieties to use.-^-Hodson, green pod, refugee, early Mohawk, May queen, improved Goddard, Low's champion, early refugee, Mexican red, black valentine, giant string less, Longfellow, yellow eye, bird eye, bountiful French's horticul tural, round six weeks, dwarf horti cultural, Warren, white marrow, full measure. Burpee's stringless, white kidney, golden eye, Detroit, Hodsori wax new pearl, Wardwell, challenge, crjysbal (white, FSlagolet, Webber, .California, currle, scarlet wax. dwarf black, Keeney's rust less, Marblehead, Tennessee won s In ery of new oil fields ! Time and tim< E FORTUNES WHEN OIL CAME II d with Pattillo Higgins at Beaumont IRS A NEW Fl ose Creek Oil Fields?that brought 1 the ground early and secured acres OW OFFERS A LIMITED NUMBCF 'S BASIS. EAT RECORD Ft-st Texas Fi^fd Dtscovered b 4\/f\. U*. h JJ \$C?s\ajl4 if^y VOUZ-v jusA/o / Ati. Pre*. Ill Nm*L Bank Cashier. 1m Nar'l. Bank Drugs Ut Merchant Real Ejtata Merchant Phyuctan Physician Foundry Lumber Sec. Chi Co. Attorney Local Land Agt. S. P. Ry. Attorney Pre?. Light Co. VP,L.E.&.W.Ry Po?rma?ter Mayo* Beau Ntt'l. Bank Real Sherift CWngjoesnian Rett Estate County Clerk Attorney-at-Lay AHiggin: >ig companies are i Chance to get in ggest oil fielb Oil, back a win :ld is a good Without >1 L Higgins in charge lear the Discovery TRIKE IS MADE? LO HIGGINS, WHO rER ON A START send details Starters. Name P. 0. R. F. D. (o State der, Brockton, horticultural pole, lazy wife, Indian chief, everbear ing and Mont d'Or. Varieties to avoid.?Pink, snow flake, navy pea, tepary pinto, Lady Washington red valentine, Tennes see green pod, McCaslan, Virginia cornfield, Burger's stringless, cut short, Kentucky wonder, Dutch case knife, royal corn, Powell's prolific, creaseback, golden * cluster, and Kentucky wonder wax. Ore cars from lake steamers to Pittsburg carry as much as 100 tons j of iron ore each. ?u sag Ten ?y ***& IMATION COUPON ITILLO HIGGINS 5 Turnbow Bldg. ouiton, Texas. obligation on my part, s of your Bonus offer to r St.).