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Established 1844. $2.00 Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville, S. C., Wednesday, August 2, 1922 Single Copies, Five Cents. 78th Year. 'I CROP CONDITION IS 70.8 PER CENT OF NORMAL?THIS YEAR'S CROP PLACED AT 1,1449,000 BALES. BOLL WEEVIL INFESTATION ft 9 Trt ESTIMATED Ai i-iu/m ?*.?? .v 80.2 PER CENT TOTAL. Washington, Aug. 1.?This year's cotton crop was placed at 11,449, 000 bales of 500 pounds gross weight in the second forecast of the season announced today by the Department of Agriculture, basing its estimate on the condition of the crop July 25 which was 70.8 per cent of a normal. There was a decline of 0.4 points in condition from June 25 to July 25, th? condition of June 25*having been 71.2 per cent of a normal on which the first forecast of the sea son, 11,065,000 bales of 500 pounds gross weight was based. The average change in the last ten years between June 25 and July zo was a uw of 3.9 points. The condition of the crop on July 25 by states follow: Virginia 80; North Carolina 78; South Carolina 60; Georgia 54; Flor ida 65; Alabama 70; Mississippi 74; Louisiana 70; Texas 72; Arkansas 81; Tennessee 85; Missouri 90; Ok lahoma 75; California 95; Arizona 86; New Mexico 85. The final outturn of the crop the Department announced, uc ger or smaller than forecast today as conditions developing during the re mainder of the season prove more or less favorable than average. Crops of previous years and the July 25 condition in those years fol low: Year" Crop July 25 Condition 1921 7,953,641' 64.7 1920 13,439,603 74.1 1919 11,420,763 67.1 1918 12,040,532 73.6 1917 . 11,302,375 70.3 1914 (rec'd) __ 16,134,390 76.4 1912-21 (av) . 12,279,348 72.9 The acreage of cotton abandoned to July first was summarized at 7.1 per cent, the Department announced in a supplemental statement issued in response to Senate resolutions. County agents reported 80.2 per cent and reporters of the crop re porting board estimated 71.3 per cent of the total acreage was infest ed by the boll weevil. In its supplemental report the De partment announced 295 replies as to abandonment of acreage had been received from commissioners of ag riculture and the agricultural agents of the various counties in the cotton j growing states. There are 846 cotton growing counties so that the 295 re plies received account'for only about 34 per cent of the counties. The estimate of acreage of the crop reporting board, issued July 3 which was 34,852,000 acres, related to cotton in cultivation on June zo after practically all of the indicated abandonment had taken place, the Department's statement said. INTERESTING TALK. Miss Virginia Galloway of Due West was in the city this week for a visit to Mrs. M. R. Plaxco. Miss Ga'.bway spent last year in Wheat land, Wyoming, with Dr. and Mrs. Phifer and has just returned to Due West. Before returning homei she made a trip to tne coast ox Cali fornia and through Oregon. She vis ited Yellowstone Park and came d?wn through Ohio for a visit to relatives. She has much that is en tertaining to tell of her trip. * ? I *11 . Miss Killingsworth in ADDevme. , Miss Lillian Killingsworth is vis iting: her aunts Mrs. Fannie Milford and Miss Corrie Killingsworth, at their home on South Main street. Miss Killingsworth has been teaching in summer school at Raleigh for the past six weeks. She is always a wel come visitor to Abbeville. ' MORE MEN NEEDED TO PRODUCE COAL ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND WILL TURN TRICK?UNITED STAT ES CHAMBER OF COMMERCE ANNOUNCES RESULT OF IN VESTIGATION OF SITUATION Washington, Aug. 1.?Addition of 100,000 men "of equal producing ef ficiency" to those now mining coal would insure a supply of coal ade quate for the country's needs, ac cording to a report made public to day by the coal bureau of the cham ber of commerce of the United Stat es. The bureau based its calculation htr 1 8F> (100 TtiPTl UU tuc |/1UUUV.W1VU Ktj the number said by the department of labor to be at work in the mines? of something over 5,000,000 tons in the week preceding the railway shop men's strike. There are positive indications, the bureau said, "that certain industries in various parts of the country have reached an end of the bituminous re sources." A development of the strike which has caused much con cern, the report declared, was the interruption of coal delivery at Lake Erie ports for shipment to the North west. According to the bureau the chief point of issue between the miners and operators was found to be "the basis upon which the operators shall deal with the miners"?whether on a national or district basis?with the "check off" holding the next position of importance. The report estimates that $15,500,000 was collected an nually by the United Mine Workers' national organization from the "check off" and that about $7,000, 000 of this was paid out to weigh men employed by the union to veri fy weights of coal which was paid for by the ton. EXPLOSION OF GAS CAUSES INJURIES More Th&n One Hundred Persons Hurt in Chicago and Neigh borhood Terrorized. Chicago, Aug. 1.?More than 100 persons were injured and an entire 1.1 1 J j. V>ir neignuurnuuu icuun^cu wu?j wj the explosion of more than 4,000, 000 feet of gas and the collapse of its container. The blast, accompanied by a tow ering column of flame, came without warning and spread burns, desola tion and fear through a district cov ering about six blocks and peopled mostly by foreign laborers. A group of boys playing baseball more than 100 yards from the gas plant had their eye brows burned off and their hair singed and suffered burns on their faces. The millions of feof nf ms. ienited from some mvs terious cause which engineers have been unable to explain, lifted the top off the huge circular tank. After the explosion the tank col lapsed?a mass of glowing, twisted iron. The loss was placed at approx imately $50,000. SENSATION IN NEW YORK New York, Aug. 1.?The govern ment cotton report created a sensa tion in the local market today and led to excited buying which quickly advanced October to 22.85, repre senting a rise of about 165 points. The condition was only 70.8 and lower than any of the private condi tion figures. The trade was fully prepared for a condition of 73 . or better. To make the report still more bullish the abandoned acreage reported n'oc nniienallv Vllfrli VISITORS FROM DUE WEST. Mr. Seldon Kennedy, Selden Ken nedy, Jr., and Rev. and Mrs. N. E. Smith of Due West were in the city Wednesday morning. 10 BE VOTED FOR ON AUGUST 29TH.?ENROLL MENT SAID TO BE NEARLY r\aiioi i? tuit Ar iaon F5. J uv/udll i n/\ i vr 1 ^v. TIMATED THERE ARE 2,000 CANDIDATES Columbia, Aug. 1.?Democratic enrollment throughout the state which nearly doubles that of the last election year, 1920, is forecasted by the reports that are reaching Harry N. Edmunds of Columbia, secretary of the state Democratic Executive Committee. The reports are slow in coming in, but those received so far indicate an enormous enrollment of Democratic voters, as compared with the figures of two years ago. Newberry, with two small pre cincts missing reports an enrollment of 5,874 as compared with 3,898 two years ago. Sumter county has an enrollment this year of 3,825. In 1920 the club rolls showed 1,978 names. In Union county the enrollment runs close to that for Newberry. The rolls show 5,554 this year, as com pared with 3,406 two years ago. Richland county has enrolled this year 12,669 as compared with a to tal last election year of 7,172. The county Democratic executive I committees will meet in all the counties next Monday to complete arrangements for the first primaries on August 29, and the second prim ary two weeks after that date. It is roughly estimated that there will be two thousand candidates whose names will appear on ballots throughout the state in the first pri mary. The enrollment is heavier than ever before in the state's his tory, due largely to the women's en rollment. These facts will make the election machinery the largest and most bungersome the state has ever handled. It will necessitate the use of more boxes and election managers and persons to count the results. The county committees will make ar rangements to meet the demands of this increased enrollment. OPPOSITION TO TOLBERT Dial May Ask Harding to With F draw Nomination. Washington, Aug. 1.?Efforts were understood today to be con templated by Senator Dial Demo crat, South Carolina, to have Presi dent Harding withdraw the recently submitted nomination of Joseph Tol bert, Republican national committee man for South Carolina, to be Unit ed States marshal for the western district of South Carolina. Senate confirmation of the nomi nation of Mr. Tolbert has been held up temporarily and it was learned today that a number of Republican as well as Democratic Senators were opposed to favorable Senate action. Senator Dial has issued a state ment in which he makes several charges against th^ national com mitteeman. Friends of Mr. Tolbert here, however, deny the charges. GERMAN MARKS STILL DECLINE IN NEW YORK New York, Aug. 1.?The price of German marks dropped to 14% cents a hundred, a new low record in the early dealings in foreign exchange today but rallied later to 15 1-4 cents Demand sterling and continental re mittances also eased slightly. .Foreign excnange aeaiers repuiu that little commercial business is being transacted in marks, German business firms for several weeks past having made all contracts" on a dol lar basis. A large percentage of the marks now being bought are being 'acquired by individual citizens for I transmission to relatives and friends in Germany. LOYD GEORGE TAKES HOLD OF THE PROBLEM?TELLS PARLIAMENT GREECE WILL NOT INVADE NEUTRAL ZONE AT PRESENT. London, Aug. 1.?The action of reece in threatening to march on onstantinople and proclaiming iTtonomy for Smyrna and its Hin ?rland again has forced the diffi alt Near Eastern problem to the jrefront in diplomacy. Premier Lloyd George in an im ortant statement to Parliament >day was able to give reassuring ? X 2 - ? ^oo ?? *tM i-U A /IWlfllfl iiurmauun cuiitcniing unc v-nou > the effect that Greece had re ffirmed its previous undertalqing ot to invade the neutral zone, in uding Constantinople, without the >nsent of the Allies. The pre tier expressed the opinion that le motive for the Greek action as to expedite a settlement of le Near Eastern question. He add i that a meeting of the powers liefly concerned would be con 2ned to discuss the situation. Great 'Britain, France and Italy 11 are agreed not to permit Greece > force matters by a march upon nnofontinnnlo Hllf tVlOV OTP hv nO leans agreed on a general policy jncerning the Near East. It is >nsidered that it was knowledge of lis disagreement which induced reece to attempt to force the situ aon by proclaiming the autonomy f Smyrna, hoping by so doing to revent the proposed solution by re irning this territory to Turkey. Meantime it is not generally be eved that Greece will proceed to ie extreme. Although she* is as ;mbling large forces of troops at odesto the cowers are taking the ecessary steps to resist any at-1 tmpt upon Constantinople. A strong | ritish fleet is gathering in Turkish; aters and allied reinforcements re being sent to Turkey. One view of the situation taken 1 political circles here is that the love of Greece is a bluff on the art of King Constantinople to save is face in his own country and in uce the powers to recognize him. TIPPERARY IS CAPTURED ree State Troops Continue to Gain In Ireland. London, Aug. 1.?The town of 'ipperary was captured by Free tate troops Sunday morning, says dispatch to The Times from Dub in. The attack was commenced aturday by troops from Dublin. No progress was made for some ours, owing to the absence of ar illery. The irregulars were well ortified and commanded the main oad with machine guns. The firinc died away just before! lidnight but was renewed at 5 'clock in the morning and the 'ree Staters succeeded eventually 1 getting around the town and urned the positions of the irregu irs. Sharp house to house fighting ollowed, but the town was won nd forty-four prisoners were taken. IEW ORLEANS COTTON JUMPS $8.50 A BALE New Orleans, Aug. i.?cotton umped $8.50 a bale at the local xchange today immediately after le reading of the Department of Ag iculture's report, placing the con ition of the growing crop at 70.8 er cent of normal. October touched 2.50 and most active months were arried from 169 to 171 points high r than yesterday's close within a sw minutes after receipt of the overnment's report. COTTON MARKET. Cotton on the local market today Lt no 1 o /.onfo rougllt UU x-^ vcuw. I LEADERS KNOWN IN MINE MASSACRE FIVE HUNDRED MEMBERS OF MOB CAN BE ARRESTED.? REPORT OF NATIONAL COAL ASSOCIATION PLACED BE FORE GOVERNOR OF ILLINOIS Pittsburg, Aug. 1.?The National Coal association in a statement issued here tonight announced completion of a "sweeping impartial investiga tion of the Herrin massacre" declar ed that the leaders of the mob were known and that at least "500 mem bers of the mob can be arrested any time that Attorney General Brund age of Illinois gives the word." The association in laying its Evi dence and finding before the govern or of Illinois statement said: 'Particular emphasis should be laid on the point that survivors of the massacre are able to point out the official of the United Mines Workers of America who gave the word to take the unarmed prisoners off the roads into the woods and shoot them down in the manner of an army squad executing spies or traitors" says the announcement. The statement adds: "The National oal association re ports supports the contention of the Illinois attorney that the massacre was not spontaneous." The statement announces that its investigation corroborated stories of "barbarous treatment of wounded" an reported by press associations and newspapers and declared that some bodies were found to have been "branded." cccrrTs nc QTRilfF.fi NOW GET ATTENTION Industrial Disturbance* Making Themselves Felt Upon Business, Says Review. Washington, Aug. 1.?Industrial disturbances have begun to make themselves felt upon business, but the outstanding feature of the great er part of July has been the contin uance of business and industrial ac tivity at the relatively high rate re cently attained, according to the ? Mimmawir lectins) VlV iliuiitiny ouuiiiiaij ioouvu ~j jthe federal reserve board. Production has shown further in creases in some lines, the board de clarfed, while in those normally af fected noticeably by seasonal influ ences the decreases have been rela tively slight. "As the current month progress ed," the board said, "the effects of coal and railroad strikes began to make themselves felt. This influence has served recently to resttrain pro ductive activities in various lines, nntir^flhlv iron and steel. The plans recently announced by the adminis tration are expected to reliev^ the situation." Bituminous coal mining has fallen off greatly since July 1, the board declared, and consequently stocks have been further drawn upon. An thracite production the board assert ed, has been neglible and stocks, with the exception of pea sizes, prac tically exhausted. The petroleum output, however, the board found, continued large with stocks accu mulating. Agricultural prospects, the board said, are still very satisfactory for the country as a whole, although 'there has been considerable deterio ration in the condition of wheat and oats. Fruit crops were reported to be above the average and the tobacco outlook in general was excellent. HOME FROM SUMMER SCHOOL Miss Mary Lou Bowie has return ed home from the Winthrop Sum mer School. Miss Bowie will teach next year in the school at Hamlet, vr n will Jiavp eharere of t he seventh srade there will tT'ain the girl Scouts. RAILWAY EXECUTIVES REIECT PEACE PLAN COURTEOUSLY BUT NONE THE LESS FIRMLY DECLINE PRO POSALS OF PRESIDENT HARD. ING TO SETTLE STRIKE. HOOVER ON HAND. New York, Aug. 1.?Railway ex> cutives of the nation today firmly but courteously rejected the program advanced by the Harding adminis tration for the settlement' of the rail strike. Willing to accept condition- ' ally two suggestions put forward by the White House?that both sides abide by wage decisions of the rail road labor board and that law suits springing out of the strike be with drawn?the heads of 148 roads de clared emphatically that it was im possible to reinstate strikers, with '* * unimpaired seniority rights, the third provision in the president's plan. After being told by Robert S. /, Lovett of the Union Pacific that there was no moral or practical rea son for budging from their position, the executives disbanded, caught the \ first trains for their respective head 4uaibCiD auu muivawcu wum vuv/ were going ahead and would operate their roads with forces they had as sembled since the shopmen walked out on July 1. The decision not to yield on the question of seniority was made known to the White House by tele graph after the rail heads had lis tened to a 20 minute address by Secretary of Commerce Hoover who, as direct representative of the presi- \ i dent, told them in effect that the ad ministration held the seniority ques tion of minor importance in com parison with that of upholding the .3 railroad labor board. This action was . taken in the face of a letter from . President Harding addressed to T. DeWitt Cuyler, chairman of the Am erican Association of Railway Exe cutives, embodying "the terms of agreement, as I understand them, '"> upon which the railway managers , . and united shop crafts workers are to agree preliminary to calling off'. the existing strike." f '-yl President Harding had closed his letter with these two sentences: "I need hardly add that I have ???="? frt Koliovo i-Vipsp terms will be l^OOVU VV WtAVT V WMW~V __ _ accepted by the workers. If there is good reason why the managers can not accept, they will be obligated to open direct negotiations or assume full responsibility for the situation." In addition Secretary Hoover had urged upon the executives at their meeting when the text of the Harding letter was read, that settle ment of the rail strike was impera tive in view of the complicating con ditions introduced by the coal strike. BIG FIRE IN HONG KONG American Hotel ia Badly Damaged By Flames. Hong Kong, Aug. 1.?The most . disastrous fire that has swept the European business quarters in Hong Tr ?mt ttoqtkj Virnkp out to A.UJlg 1U1 man; night and is still burning fiercely. Among the buildings badly damaged is the Carleton Hotel on Ice House Road, the only American hotel in the city. CAMPING AT ANDERSON. Dr. and Mrs. F. E. Harrison and their family left Monday for Ander sonville. They will spend about two weeks there camping on the Harri son plantation. The trip to Anderson ville was made by automobile. , COMING HOME. Dr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Davis of Augusta, arrived in the city this af ternoon just as we were cocking: our !_i.: traV nflF this TSSUe. They come to spend sometime at the home of Mrs. Davis's parenta, Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Stark.