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Abbeville Press and BanneHj
Established 1844. $2.00 Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville, S. C., Monday, October 2, 1922 Single Copies, Five Cents. 78th YearJ^fl SUilf COURT ' GETS SHIP CAS EAi^LY DECISION; EXPECTE1 FROM HIGH TRIBUNAL.?TW< BRITISH BOATS TAKEN B DRY NAVY OUTSIDE 3 MIL ZONE BRINGS ACTION. Ckicago, Sept. 30.?Early decisio by the United States supreme coui upon the question of federal joirisdic firm n-TAv fnrpifm vessels eneasred i illegal activities outside the thre mile limit, was forecast in goverr ment circles today after informatio Jtad been received that Federj Judge James M. Morton at Bosto had "certified" that question to th highest tribunal in the case of th schooner Grace and Ruby. With the October term of the su preme court opening next , Monda the government is prepared to as for expeditious consideration of th question as constituting the crux o the prohibition enforcement . cam paign along the coast lines of th United States. It is the custom o the court to grant such requests ani government officials expressed hop today that a basic ruling soon woul be had from which they could pro ceed in Jealing with matters now i: controversy with foreign govern meats as a result of effort of prohi bition_, agents to stop the flow o smuggled liquors. Necessity for early action was in creased today by information tha the British government was about t request the release ^f' all vessels o British or dominion registry, whicl have been seized beyond the thre mile limit, uffless they were capture While engaged in traffic with th * ? Ji - -P 1.1^: sfcore tarougn tne medium 01 uici owe boats. The British decision wa based, it was said, on recent instruc tiona from President Harding to Pre hibition Commissioner Haynes and t officials of the customs serviee tha they must confine their operation against foreign shipping to the mj rine limit fixed by international lav Judge Morton, in sending th Grace and Ruby cases to the suprem court,, set forth that the questioi which he desired to have ruled upor was whether his court "had jurisdi< tion of libels for forfeiture and fo penalties against a British vess< seized by a coast guard cutter on th high seas," under the circumstancc which obtained in the case of th fZvanc*. on Ruhv. I The case has been selected by th department of justice as a test fc the several cases which have arise 'since Commissioner Haynes began t pay social attention to the rum rui ners of the sea. Officials here sai tlie selection was deliberately mad because the facts as stipulated b the government and the defense i the trial at Boston were specificall 4 in line with the argument on whic the government must rest its claii to jurisdiction. GERMAN MILLS NEED COTTON Low Buying Power of the Mar V Blamed for the Crisis. Washington, Oct. 1. German co ton mills are facing a shut-dow through inability to buy raw m< texiaLs, said a report to the con merce department today from E< wazxi T. Pickard, chicf of the te: tile division, who is in Euroj making a survey of the textile si uation. Heavy depreciation of the buyir poorer of the German mark abros he declared, has made it almo ?:U1^ nonrnon /?/vffnn mil I LLl lUl vw?v/?. ..... to expand their working capit sufficiently to cover their raw m: te^ial obligations. TO INSTALL AB. ALLEN CAMF Orlin K. Fletcher of Augusta, Gs .is expected in Abbeville tomorro to install Camp Ab. Allen. M Fletcher will be accompanied by s: comrades from Camp Archie Butt < Arrr-i-ta, Ga. ZAIMIS WILL HEAR E NEW GREEK CABINET D FORMER MINISTER WHO HEAD0 ED GOVERNMENT WHEN CONY STANTINE WAS EXPELLED IS E CALLED BACK TO^AUTHORITY BY REVOLUTIONISTS. n Athens, Sept. 30.?Alexandre Zai:t mis, who was premier when Constantine was expelled from Greece n. in 1917 and whose father headed the e Greek cabinet when King Otho I was dethroned by the revolution n 1862, has been selected to head the tl new ministry, which is composed of n independents, Venizdists and milie tary officers. e It is now stated that Constantine plans to reside in Palermo, Italy, i- A favorable impression was creattr nA V?ir fViQ nrnolflmatinn of the revo J VU VJ V?tW k lution committee that the arrested e political and military leaders shall f remain in prison, but that the mant ner of their trial shall be left to the e future national assembly. f The French and English ministers d emphasized to the committee that e trial of these persons before a revert lutionary tribunal would create a - bad impression throughout Europe 11 and suggested they be given a trial - such as was accorded former Premier - Gaillaux of France. The revolutionary committee's determination to sit in supervision over - the acts of the cabinet until a govt ernment founded on the will of the 0 people, as expressed by elections, can f come into being seems to be based h on the idea that the vital interests of 0 the nation demand such procedure. ^ The army backed by the navy, e stands ready to push on the war efr fectively in Thrace, but its leaders s believe that their past experiences justify prudent control in Athens by military representatives until a geno uine people's government comes into t power. s The arrest of a number of former l" government leaders is described as r' being due to a desire to impose juse tice as an example to future possible e offenders. One allegation put forward is that, while in power, the l? leaders refused to listen to the advice of England that so long as Con'r stantine was allowed to remain on ^ the throne, the cause of Greece was e hopeless. < !S ^ . , ? . , , , uoionei sonatas, neaa 01 tne rev6 olutionary committee, has announced that the national assembly is ree girded as dissolved and that new ,r elections probably will be held in n November. o H DEATH OF S. F. CROMER di Lei y S. Foster Cromer died this mornnj ing, Oct. 2, 1922 at 9:30 o'clock at yjthe residence of his niece, Mrs. W. , Frank Nicklps with whnm Vip madp ? his home. He had been sick about T1 three weeks and was in the 74th year of his age and was the son of Philip and Dorothy Ann Cromer. He was born near Abbeville and has n. ^ lived in this county all of his life. Mr. Cromer never married. He was identified with the business and ^ farming interests of the county and had accumulated considerable propi erty* Funeral services will be conducted Tuesday morning at the residence by )e Rev. C. E. Peele, the pastor of the Methodist church of which he was a member. Interment will be at Long lg Cane cemetery. Mr. Cromer is survived by twc st J brothers, Lindsay Cromer of Clinton js and T. T. Cromer of Greenwood a! county, and one sister, Mrs. Jane a_ Boyd of Emmet, Ark. McCORD BARN BURNS > The barn of W. F. McCord near i., iown on the Greenwood road burnw ed to the ground Thursday night. He r. lost one bale of ginned cotton, sevix cral hundred bundles of fodder ami )f ;ther farm produce. The loss was i-omplcte no insurance being carried COIN REPORTS NO!FAVORABLE AVERAGE CONDITION PLACED AT ONLY 52.5 PER CENT?DESPITE INCREASE IN ACREAGE, YIELD W' L NOT BE MUCH GREATER.?-THIS STATE LOW. New York, Oct. 1.?Reports of the cotton crop for the month of September are not favorable and indications point to still another cut in yield. According to the latest returns, gathered under an average date of September 24, estimates of percentage condition have been lowered 7.5 to 52.5 per cent. This figure, which represents the opinion of more than 1,600 competent correspondents of the Journal of Commerce, compares with 44.7 the low record figure estaolished a year ago, and a ten-year average of 62.4 per cent. The Septemoer, 1920, I npr oonf n/Utirtn was estimated at 63.9; 56.8 the year before and 58.1 in 1918. It is, in fact, the lowest level, with the exception of last year, in more than twenty years,, although not the largest drop. At this time in 1921 the ?er cent condition had fallen 10.4; the year before there was a decline of 8.7 per cent and in 1919 8.1 per cent. In view of the above it has again been necessary to revise estimates of production and a condition of 52.5 folowing the government's method of calculation and using the government acreage of 34,*852,000 indicates a possible yield under normal conditions of approximately 10,583,600 bales. This compares with last year's actual yield of 7,953,641 bales, 13,439,603 bales in 1920, and 16,134,930 bales in the banner year 1916, |Uther private estimates 01 cotton j condition range from 49.0 per cent I to 52.4 per cent. j An examination of the foregoing | shows losses were far less drastic I than last month. For instance, the Oklahoma condition declined 12 per cent, against a previous loss of 20.4, Mississippi, 6.3 against 15.7 and Texas only 6.8 against 15.3. Next to Oklahoma the largest reduction was Tennessee which fell 11.1 with Arkansas a close second at 10.3. The smallest loss was reported in Alabama, namely, 5.1. South Carolina with a decline of 7.4 shows the lowest mama % +- >41 A TTT"K I 1 n 4* Vt a j UUIiUlHUIi -ZA.V| vav highest is Missouri at 10.0. MEETING HELD SATURDAY In Court House to Discuss Tobacco Raising Well Attended About seventy-five farmers and business men met in the Court House Saturday to discuss tobacco growing in Abbeville County as a money crop. County Agent C. Lee Gowan, presided and introduced J. N. McBride, Assistant General Development Agent, of Florence; E. L. King, Tobacco Specialist of the Southern j Railway and A. D. Robertson of ( Hamlet, N. u., JUeveiopment Agent for the S. A. L. who made short talks. These men think that Abbei ville has some fairly good tobacco , soils; but the farmers would need a man trained in the growing of to bacco to instruct them. Another meeting will be held next I Friday at 2 o'clock at the farm of W. J. Quick on Little River. Mr. Quick is interested in the growing i of tobacco in this section as a money ; crop; having cleared over a thousand dollars on six acres in tobacco > this yeai\ i A good many Abbeville County 1 farmers will plant an acre or two in ( tobacco next year to try it out. Working along this line are such farmers as S. J. Wakefield of Antreville and S. G. Thomson of Abbeville. Calhoun Falls Visitors. Mr. and Mrs. P. S. Bosler, Aleene > and Edgar Bosler and Miss Add;e Lathan, accompanied by ITenry I Manning of Spartanburg, were in \ Abbeville from Calhoun Falls Sat1 urday. SUGGESTS CHANGE . IN PRESENT LAW HIGGJNS WOULD RECLASSIFY RAIL EMPLOYEES?EXECUTIVES OPPOSE CLAIMS OF UNIONS AS TO STATUS OF CHIEF DIPATCHERS. Chicago, Sept. 30.?Enactment of an amendment to the transportation act to reclassify employees of carriers entitled to its benefits was suggested today by John Higgins, president of the' Western Association of Railway Executives. He made the statement near the close of a hearing by the United States railroad labor board of rules disputes involving 39 darriers and subsidiaries and the America^ Train (Dispatchers' association. Two main issues were involved? two weeks' vacation with pay and the status of chief dispatchers, J. G. Luhrsen, president of the urtion argued that chief dispatchers are subordinate officials anil as such work under* rules applicable to trick dispatchers?namely, the eight hour day, relief and overtime agreements. Mr. Higgins, supported by Dr. C. P. Neal, representative of Southeastern roads and John C. Walber, heading the Eastern group, opposed the union's claim declaring \that chief dispatchers have been delegated the power of division superintendents and therefore, under rulings of the interstate commerce com mission should not be included in the scope of tho transportation act. The transportation act provides that subordinate officials and employees shall come within its scope, o oro rwr?1 TVw> njiiit viiivioio o& w VAVtuuvviy A >IU term subordinate officials interpreted one way by the union and in another manner by the. carriers caused the dispute between the carriers and the train dispatchers over the status of chief cispatchers. In order to eliminate dissension in tha future, Mr. Higgins stated the transportation act should be amended to clearly define officials and employees. Minor rules at dispute were taken up by orders of the labor board mem bers and the hearing partly finished. They will be resumed next week. LAND SALES TODAY Master Sells Several Tracts of Land This Morning. Sales were made in the following cases this morning by the Master of Abbeville County: Bank of Donalds vs. Jefferson Mattison, et al, 17 3-4 acre tract. Bought by E. C. Donald for $300.00 Reynolds Meschine and others vs. Xouise M. Clinkscales and others, 660 acres, sold to J. M. Nickles as attorney for Mrs. Louvania W. Shelor, for $2350.00. Tn Mm nf Frank Fetzer vs. O. E. devlin, et, al, 183 were sold to R. F. Davis, attorney for $1100.00 and the 136 acre tract was also sold to R. F. Davis, attorney, for $1300. VALENTINE GOES BACK Jessci Valentine, has been taken; in custody on the order of Governor Wilson G. Harvey,* and will be re-! turned to the Abbeville County chain gang and will have to serve the remainder of his life sentence. SEEING FLORIDA VISITORS Dr. and Mrs. C. H. McMurray, John and Otis McMurray, Mr. and Mrs. Alf Lyon, Elizabeth, Estellc jnnd Branny Lyon, Leon and Julian (Ellis motored to Bollcvuc Sunday to1 see Mr. and Mrs. Bates of High Springs, Florida, who are in Abbe-J ville County renewing1 old friends, j Mrs. Bates was Miss Fanny Lites be-l fore her marriage to Mr. Bates. / v FEDERALS BATTLE I REBELS IN JUAREZ TEN PERSONS KILLED IN BRIEF I CRASH.?ONE BATTALION RE: BELS, IMPRISONING OFFICERS AND RELEASING PRISONERS IN JAILS. El Paso, Tex., Sept. 30?Ten persons were kill and more than a score < wounded in a clash between rebels < and federals in Juares today, follow- 1 ihg the revolt of the Forty-third < battalion, a part of the Juares gar- : rison. The clash between the loyal ] federal troops and the rebela was a surprise and lasted but a few minutes, ending when the rebels exahust- # ted their supply of ammunition. In a public exhibition this afternoon Gen. J. J. Mendea took away the colors of the battalion. Army officials declared this to ;be the great est disgrace possible for a body of troops, Loyal members of the rogi- ( ment will be transformed to other units. General Mendea declared. i Army officials said the uprising was purely local in character and that while the men sympathize with General Murguia, they expect no further outbreaks. The revolting soldiers of the One ' Hundred and Forty-third battalion about the prisoners stationed at the Meocican city released all 1 prisoners from the city jail, impris- i oned their officers'and took possession of the town looting starting shortly v after 3 o'clock in the morning. Police and custom , guards were stunned 'by the sudden , rebellion and offered but little re- t distance. < A number of American men and women were among those released from the jail. Other prisoners in- ; eluded those sentenced on charges , of murder. < American troops wero posted at 1 the international tbridge and along i the border of the city. Upon the re- < tirement of the rebels they gave Americans permission to cross the 1 bridge. ' FARMS UNWEILDY Farms Should Be Made Smaller in Many Places. Large tracts of land in Abbeville County should be cut up and sold to dirt farmers. We have too many large and unweildy farms. Abbeville has 79 farms with over > 500 acres;; il9 with over a 1,000 acres and one farm with over 2,000 acres. . Greenwood has 103 farms containing over 500 acres; 23 of the | Greenwood farms have over 1,000 acres and two have over 2,00 acres. Laurens has 111 farms with over 500 acres to the farm; 29 of these have over 1;000 acres and four farms in Laurens county have over 2,000 acres to the farm. About five good dirt farmers on one of these five hundred or a thousand acre tracts now owned by one man would make business hum. TO WINNSBORO BY AUTO Mrs. T. J. Raycroft, Mrs. Henry Pressly and the two Pressly children left today for Winnsboro. They went through the country, Mrs. Pressly driving, and will stop over tonight in Columbia and spend the night there with Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Bradley, and make the trip to Winnsboro tomorrow morning. They expect to return to Abbeville about Thursday. COTTON MARKET. Cotton brought 21 cents on the local market today. Futures closed: Oct. ___ 20.18 Dec. ___ 20.51 Jan. 20.35 March . ... 20.42 May 20.37 D. H. Hill and J. M. Nickles spentl Friday in Lawrens on business. JAIL EXECUTIVES Jl HEARD BY BOARD >ISCUSS STATUS OF CHIEF DISPATCHERS?SCOTT ANNOUNC- 4g ES EVER GROWING LIST OF LINES TO AGREE TO PEACE PLAN. Chicago, Sept. .30.?Arguments y'r an the status of chief train dispatch5rs?whether they are officials pr their right to inclusion in the wage and rule agreements between carriers and the American Train Disaatchers' association, occupied the United States railroad labor board today. While the board was hearing ar* guments by the roads' eocecutives, ;v John Higgins of tile' Western roads John G. Walber of the Eastern carriers and Dr. C. P. iNeal of the v I * ' Southeastern group. Ben W. Hoop- M er chairman of the board, was closeted with D. B. Robertson, 'head of \ ; it. M J ^ *l v tne rauroaa nremen 3 organiwuoii* President Robertson asked for. tha conference with Chairman Hooper to discuss pending rules disputes with all the 202 clitss one carriers, of "+ %,_ the United States. They have been before the board for several months. The two main issues in dispute are the union's request for'two firemen or automatic stokers on all engines of over 200,000 pounds and expen- ,'v ses while away from the home. At the same time John Scott secretary of the federal shop crafts announced that 3. M, Jewell had signed agreements with additional road conferences arranged by Mr Jewell, assisted by Daniel Willard, president of the 'Baltimore and Ohio, were ' pending, Mr. Scott said. a All representatives of tne rail. roads before the board today oppos-. - ^ Somali /4a fVio organization for two weeks' vaca- tion a year with pay and the classification of chief dispatchers as subsrdinates. Under the terms of the transportation act subordinate officials are governed by its provisions, while officials are not The question" of vacation was over shadowed in importance by the controversy oyer the status of chief dispatchers. Most of tae day was given td arguing the duties and powers and whether they are sufficient to class them as officials. Presiden/t Robertson's visit w^th _ t Chairman Hooper today was regarded as an effectual sincerity of any rumors that the Big Four brotherhoods are attempting to dodge the ~ labor board. The rules he discussed with Chairman Hooper were first placed before the carriers in 1919 later taken up by a mediation board during federal control ana suosequentlv carried to the labor board in 1920. /via SEE CLEMSON-CENTRE GAME Abbeville was well represented at the Clemson-Centre game Saturday. Among those who attended were: % W. M. Langley, R. E. Cox, George Cann, Joe Hale, L. W. Keller, Willie Keller, Earl Graves, Allen Haskell, Clinton Link, Walter Winn, Marshall Leach, Mr. and Mrs. G. T. Barnes, Misses Gladys and Sara Barnes, Mr. and Mrs. D. T. Smith, Dr. and Mrs. G. A. Neuffer, Frank, Happoldt, and Claude Neuffer and Willie Bowie, E. W fl-rpornrv. Prank Harrison. Gott lob Neuffer, Wm. P. Greene, Bill Greene, Tom Howie. Frank Thornton COAL DIGGING ON BIG SCALE NOW Washington, Sept. 30.?Coal snined during the past week was estimated at about 11,000,000 tons today by tho Geographical Survey. The week's hard coal productions will amount to between 1,800,000 and 1,000,000, the report said and the softcoal output will ibe fro?m 9,600,000 to 9,900,000 tons. :tj?& . '