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gmi ' '--Pwa Abbeville Press a,nu Banner 1 _ Ustahlished 1844. $2.00 Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville. S. C.. Wednesday, DecemW 20, 1922 Single Conies. Fivp rw? 78th Yea>\ jj MAKING PROGRESS AGAINST WEEVII FURTHER AND\ INTENSJVI TESTS TO BE MADE DURIN< YEAR TO COMBAT PEST DEPARTMENT OF AGRICUi TURE OPTIMISTIC. Washington, Doc. 19.? Step taken by the department of agricu tare to combat the cotton bolli wet vil have brought about a eituatio "*?ore favorable than ever before, Secretary Wallace informed Sens tor Harris of Georgia in a letfce * atade public today by the senator. Mr. Wallace declared his depar ! ment had found effective the dus '%g method and the new metho developed in Florida and had r< queste the cooperation of the wj department in the further testin ?f the possibility of airplane dus 5ng. "With these two major and higl ly promising developments of tfc past year to thoroughly test out th coming season" the secretary wrot ''the scientific forces of the d< partment will be fully occupied an those who have been studying th problem feel very confident thi out of these method* and the on? now in use will be found a satii fnrtrvrv combination for practical! all conditions." The agriculture *ecretary's lettc was in reply to one from Senate Harris, inclosing a communicatio from a constituent who expresse the belief that "half had not bee done by the department whic should have been done." "The damage from the cotto boll weevil varies considerabl from yeo? to year and this lett* coming as it does just at the clos of one of the most seriously ii jurious seasons experienced in ri cent years," Mr. Wallace wrot "no doutbt truly represents th state of mind of a gre'al} many pe< fie in the South. Those, howeve who have been closest to the prol lem realize the difficulties wil which the scientific workers ktd to contend in tlie developmei f control measures for this inse< and consider rather that the a< ancements have been more tha ould be expected. "In fact, just at tne present uu *ke situation is more favorable tha ever before. The dusting methc kM in the face of heavy infesti fcien of this year proved itself ca] able of satisfactory protecting th xjroduction of cotton in large are? f the South. This method seems 1 be especially adapted for the moi productive areas and where tfc staple cottons have been develope aid in those regions where t> yield per acre is half a bale t ?ore the method has been prove atUfartorv. "Just recently, as? you no dout laow, Dr. Newell Mid Mr. Georg ' Auith of the Florida experimei station have published a bulleti pricing a complete and detailed ai count of a long series- of exper Mtents in the usaj of another metho ceatrol. which aippears to be peci liarly adapted to meet the cond Imbs in the Florida region and i tfcer regions of the South in whic tie cotton production practically f fckat before the weevil invasio seems to warrant the conclusio tfcat this will prove to be a chea a?d efficient method over a larg a?ea in the South. The departmei i? just at this time requesting c< deration of the war departmei mi the further testing of the poss Wity of aeroplane dusting1. "The remarkably successful r< wwlts obtained elsewhere by th Method seemed to abundantly just the additional expense that wi lie incurred in a much more oxter sfre test to be; carried on this yeai which should determine conclusiv< ly whether these machines can h WINTER WHEAT IN SOUTHERN STATES Soatk Carolina Has 179,000 Acre* Sown?Condition Above L. Average Washington, Dec. 19.? Winter wheat sowings this fall, estimated 13 by the Department of Agriculture " today at 46,069,000 acres, are the third largest ever planted by the farmers of the country ibut the condition of the crop la somewhat low, >s being 8.4 points below the ten1 year December 1 averag condition J- X I1C CI up ivyvi V4ii^ WVM^M ? n no forecast of the probable produc" tion but in an official statement i- based on average abandonment >r during this winter and average condition prevailed until harvest t- places production at from 575,000, t- 000 to 600,000,000 bushels. Th< d first forecast of winter wheat pro ?. ductien will be made by the croi ir reporting board next May when iti g estimates of acreage abandonee t- during the winter will be an nounced. The plantings this fall of wintei ? wheat are about one and one-haU te ? million acres less than the revisec te estimate of the plantings a yeai ^ ago and about 540,000 acres lesj ^ than those of the fall of 1918 wher the record area wa3 sown. Thej ^ exceed the average sowings of tht last ten years, which is 42,420,000 acrs by almost 4,500,000 acres The average area harvester in th< last ten years is 38,416,200 acres the average abandonment has beeT 9.57 per cent and the range froir 1.1 per cent during the winter oi ** 1918-19 to 31.0 per cenfl during th< winter 1916-17. v The area sown to rye this fall ii 5,508,000 acres, or 11.3 per cenl less than the revised estimatec n area sown in the fall of 1921 whicl y was 6,210,000 acres. The conditio! :r of the crop on December 1, wai >e 84.3 of a normal, compared wit! v 92.2 a year ago, 90.5 in 1920 ant 90.8 the ten-year December 1 aver e' age. ie The average of winter whea sown in Southern States and th< r' condition on December 1, were x follows: .U Virginia, 860,000 acres; condi re tion, 81 per cent. ' North Carolina, 615,000 acres ~ and 83 per cent. South Carolina, 179,000 and 84. 1 Georgia, 219,00,0 and 89. Tennessee, 453,000 and 83. 16 Alabama 23,000 and 90. ' Mississippi 4,000, and 84. ' Arkansas, 85,000 and 83. aWINTHROP GIRLS ie is ;0 The Winthrop girls will arriv< .e at home Thursday and willj liven u] ie things in the city. Misses Adi :(j Faulkner, Annie and Margarei ie Wilson, Mildred Wilson, Hilda Sy )r fan, Lydia Owens, Mary Reec n Moore, Mary Stevenson, Margarel :Dawson, CeiliA Chalmers, Ophelis . and Cornelia Clink/scales, Virginit >e Leslie, Janie Vance Bowie, Carri< Hawthorne, Addie Bowen, Jani? Milford and Ruth Coleman ar< n , among those who will spend th< happy season at home. id j. A LANDSCAPE GARDENER i n Mr. H. B. Burley, who has beer :h in Abbeville for some time, went tc ;o Charlotte for Sunday and spent the n day. Mr. Burley is landscape n gardener and has been at work foi ,p some time beautifying the ground* :e around the Community House, it A FAMILY HOUSE PARTY it i- During the Christmas holidays Mr. and Mrs. R. G. Hagen will en? tertain a family house party having is as their guests Miss Stella Brown ol i- Greenville, Mr. and Mrs. J. G, 11 Hagen, of Columbia and Mr. and i- Mm. Reid Ashley of Level Land. r, v_ depended upon to materially as,e sist in the control of this pest." TRYING TO PUSH SHIP BILL ASIDE . BOTH SIDES STRUGGLE FOR , DOMINANCE IN SENATE. JOHN SHARP WILLIAMS SAYS HE WILL NOT VOTE FOR EITHER MEASURE ) Washington, Dec. 19.? Support' ers of the administration shipping f bill and members of an alliance be tween opponents of the measure ' and proponents of the Norris agri' cultural financing bill struggled for dominance in the Senate today ? without definite result. ' ' The issue, which was before the 5 Senate throughout n six-hour ses* sion, was embodied in the motion > of Senator Norris of Nebraska, 5 chairman of the agriculture com1 mittee, and a leader in the new progressive bloc, to lay aside the ship bill and to take up the Senar tor's own measure to create a govI ernment capitalized agency to buy i and sell farm products. The ques" tion was the subject of numerous i conferences, and several speeches i including the maiden address of r Senator Brookhart, Republican, i Iowa. An attempt was made soon aftez . the session began to obtain unans imous consent for a vote on the , motion late tomorrow and appeari. ed on the point of success, but s t j wrangle over the detail blocked the : j way. Renewed efforts are to be i made tomorrow with prospects fa voring a vote before adjournment 5 Remand that the shipping bill be t laid aside was made during the | session by Senator Brookhart, Sen i ator Borah, Republican, Idaho anc i Senator Fletcher of Florida, leadei 5 of the Democratic opposition to the i measure. Senator Ransdell, Demoj crat, Louisiana, In a four-how . speech, urged prompt passage oJ the legislation while Senator Jones t j Republican, Washington, in chargf > of it, stood firmly ?a his deter 3 mination to keep tho bill before the Senate until rural credits legisla tin could be reported to the Sen ate by the banking and currency committee. Chairman McLean o: Ui.s committee, announced during the day that such action might b< expected early next week. One Senator ?John Sharp Wil liams, Democrat, Mississippi? an nounced he would not vote eithei way on the question because hi said he would feel himself "disgraced either way." He said he hac not thought "it was within the realm of human ingenuity to frame a bill worse than the ship subsidj 1 bill "but that Senator Norris bj 1 his measure, "had accomplished the I JIUyVOOiUiVi 1 CHRISTMAS AT SCHOOL t 1 The schools closed today and 1 iboth teachers and children were made happy by the closing. In most of the rooms Christmas trees vrer? given and the pupils trudged home through the rain with an arm fall of eifts. Major Fulp received sev eral pleasant tokens of esteem a? did the whole corps of teachers. i BIGHAM IS TRANSFERRED > > From Death Houte to Main Call Building Columbia, Dec 19.?Edmund D. 5 Bigham, of Pamplico, who has been confined in the death house at the State penitentiary here for wenty months, pending his appeal from sentence to death for the ki.lj ing of his brother, Smiley Bigham, . early in 1920, was transferred today to the main cell building upon oraers 01 001. j\. rv. oauucrs ou^ci, intendent of the penitentiary who 1 has announced that hereafter no prisoners under death sentence except those who9e execution date has been definitely fixed will be kept in the death house. TALES OF HARDSHIP IN ICY M NORTH" TRUDGED FOR THREE DAYS THROUGH BLINDING SNOW J STORMS OVER ROUGH COUN- ' TRY IN SEVERE COLD?RE- v LIANCE WRECKED i .Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., Dec. 19. ?The tugs Gray and Favorite were expected to reach here today with survivors of the wrecked tug Reliance which was disabled on the rocky shores of the Lizard islands in northern Lake Superior nearly a week ago. Four persons lost their liveB when the small craft founded and a fifth was reported near death toi day from exposure. The dead are Captain John Mc' Pherson, Fred Regan, Gus Johns ' and an unidentified man, who were swerpt from the deck of the Reli ance as they were about to lower a ' life boat with which they hoped to reach the mainland. i Nine of the thirty-six persons ; , aboard the Reliance when shej smashed her propellor on a rock ( , last Wednesday,/were successful in reaching the shore and after a , ' three day's track over rough coun . try, through blinding snowstorms ) and the severe coid, seven reach ed a railway station and came to j i this city. Two were left behind at! i a lumber caimp. They were Jack| ? Hartens an4 Mrs. Bartens, cooks on - the Reliance. Mrs. Hartens may not . survive the shock and exposure, s according to word reaching here. Others aboard the Ill-fated craft . were taken off by the Gray and I Favorite after five days of sufferr ing from cold and hunger and the ; fear that rescue boats might not be . able to reach them. r The fate of those remaining in f the Reliance calbin was not known t until a wireless message yesterday > froun the Gray announced the four . deaths and that the others aboard ? the tug would be brought heTe to day. Captain McPrehson was an old j time mariner and a veteran of f many Lake Superior storms. His r home was in this city. Regan was a > member of the forestry department of a pape* concern ?nd Johns was a . seaman. The fourth v.'ctim was be. lieved to have been another emr ployee of the paper concern and a ; passenger on the tug. 1 Theatrical Producer Bankrupt. ; New York, Dec. 19.?Alleging lia j bilities of $750,000 and assets of j $300,000 three creditors today filed r an involuntary petition in bankrupt> cy against Max Spiegel, theatrical producer of this city. HERE FOR THE WEDDING [ Miss Louise Long of Charlotte, ( has arrived in the city and will take , part tomorrow in the marriage of , her friend Miss Winona Barksdale and Mr. Doyle Hendricks. Mr. and I Mrs. J. D. Bundy of Monroe arrived , * ml i also ana coming on muraaay mc , M-'ss Vivian Hendricks and Mr. Leon j Hendricks of Easley and ?r. and ^ Mrs. B. O. Williams of Clemson ( College. ] SAM HILL HOME < 1 Sam Hill, who is one of the teachers in the Rock Hill schools, is at home fo^ the holidays and will spend the time with his parents, Mr. and Mrs* R. M. Hill. Mr. Hill is makng his way in his chosen profession. FROM KENTUCKY * " on iTi Mr. anq Airs. a. o Layy ui Madisonville, Ky., will arrive in thel city Friday and will spend the holi-j ( day sason with their daughter, Mrs.lc Charlie McNeil on Parker street. 11 OES NOn EXPECT AMERICA TO MAKE LOAN Fewspapers Reject The Idea That a Loan ia Now Possible To Germaay. London, Dec. 19.?Those newsiapers to which the British public ooks for solid and conservatve ;uidance completely reject the ides hat an American loan to Germanj 3 probable, or in her present con litions, possible. The journals bas< heir skepticism on long report: 'rom their correspondents in thi Jnited States who appear to hav< jrolbed important sources of infor nation over the week-end. The possibility of American in ,erven?ion in Europe's troubles stil jngrosses attention here. Two o ;hree of the morning papers reiter ite with more or less striking em )ellishment last week's stories cor rerning an impending loan . Th consensus of opinion, however, i ;hat "there is something in th ivind and that there is a distinc possibility that America in som svay that has not been divulge will take a hand in helping to solv the difficulties which hitherto bai fled European statesmen. The Times, while depreciatin exaggerated optimism, says that tb rumors of American interventio doubtless have a substratum c fact. The newspaper welcomes ind cations of "the fresh Interest an understanding the united States showing in European conditions." The Morning Post, also welcon ing the "obviously increasing intei est" of the United States thin! America "is beginning to recogniz more clearly that sooner or lat< ber own industrial prosperity imu! be affected by the political and ec< nomic conditions in Europe. The Daily News, although it do< not regard American interventio for the present as more than possibility, says: "It is highly probabie that sue intervention would change tl: whole course of events in Europe. In all the comment there is clear eagerness to see interventio and there are many indicatior that this desire is bused on a coi fident belief in the nigh America ideals. NOVEMBER EXPORTS LARGEST FOR YEA Totalled $383,000,000 or $12,000 000 Greater Than October Figure? < Washington, Dec. 19.? Amer can exports in November reache the highest point or the year a< cording to official overseas trad statistics made public today by tb Department of Commerce showin an export business totalling $383 000,000. mi. vr 1 CIO AAA lne iNOveinuei" luucu is f??.,wv 000 greater than the value of Octc ber exports and $90,000,000 greal er than the value of commoditie shipped abroad in November las pear. In comparison with Novembeb 1913, the increase was more tha $138,000,000. A brief statement by the depart nent declared the November r :urns showed that American agT: culture and industry genjjrall; Denefitted from the increasing ex sort business. Detailed analysis o ;he trade, however, has *ot beei nade by the department. DEPUTY SICK Deputy Dale Ferguson, who ha >een holding down the sheriff's of ice during the illness of Mr. Mc L,ane, has the flu and is confine) o his home near the city. Mrs rerguson is sick also. IN ANDERSON Dr. Jack Pressly took Mis: JLadys Brazeale tc Anderson Mon lay and the young lady had hei onsils removed. \NCIENT LANGUAGE 1 BUNG RESTORED I IS SECRETS OF INDIAN TRIBE MAY BE REVEALED? DR. i WILLIAM GA1TES, AFTER r TU/UMTV VI? A DC AC QTI UW. A TT bll 1 A ft b/IUW w w | TELLS OF RESULTS " 1 3 Charlottesville, Va., Dec. 19.? i Restoration of an almost forgotten - language with the aid of an unedu" cated, nearly illiterate self taught fullblooded Indian from the high' lands of Guatamala, has been ac* complished by Dr. "William Gates r of Charlottsville during the past , month. The Indian is a Quiche, aB4 his " language, which heretofore never e had ibeen thoroughly studied, bears 3 the same name. The race and e tongue are offshoots of the ancient * Mayas, whose high civilisation, the e most advanced of any early Ameri^ can people, flourished before the * Spanish arrived in South and Central America. The Mayas built marvelous : J g cities, palaces and temples, the e ruins of which dot Yucatan and n Guatemala. Their descendants are the Indians and a peon class wh'ch inhabit that region today. Only the ^ mountain tribes have escaped the 1S advance of civilization. Through the application of a new scientific metnou, wnich reaches to r" the root of language, Dr. Gates ex^ pect to restore the decadent tongue :e decipher the hitherto unraveled seiT crets of the ancient Maya hieroglyphic writings and inscriptions "J I which have baffled archeologists for centuries, compile books for !s the instruction of the Indians and n eventually restore the literature. a In his experiments the scientist has been recording on a smoked paper cylinder the vibrations of the stylus actuated by the Indian's " words spokon into a mouthpiece, a These records are preserved for ,T1 study of the intricate variations of 18 pronunciation, and already, working with manuscripts written in the n Indian tongues by the earliest *t it*</f Spanish missionaries, Dr. Gates has found a remarkable preservation of the ancient speech. The instruR ment he used is known as the "kymagraph" or wave writer, and was invented by an eminent French, ethnologist for language study. Dr. Gates was aided by.John P. Harrington, ethnologist of the Smithi sonian institution, who has studied d practically all North American In> dian languages. 'e Probably the most interesting e feature of Dr. Gates' work is the g Indian, Cipriano Alvarado, who asi sisted him. He nev/r had written . or read a word until he taueht o * r himself at the age of 25. He lives >- in the almost inaccessible moim- > ... tains of Central America and is of s the purest blood descended from the Maya empire builders. Dr. Gates, who is director gener'? al of the national museum of n Guatemala, has been studying the Maya inscriptions and ruins for more than 20 years. As a result of !" his present studies, he expects l~ shortly to be able to translate thie P entire writing system and reveal the " knowledge and attainments of th? * Maya civilization. Already, several 11 of the cabalistic symbols have be%i read, and it is expected that an announcement concerning the deciphering of great importance to ethnologists and archeologsts will s shortly be made. i THE SHERIFTF BETTER Sheriff McLane is getting better at his home in the city whieh will J ? 4-? Pwinn/la itlA /*?+* L?e ftUUU UCTTO tu XilCUUO 1U bile VJWJ and county. The Sheriff is suffer5 ing from some stomache trouble - and not from blood poisoning from r a tooth as was stated in the Press and Banner on Friday.