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NEVADA DEMOCRAT, PfBUSIIED EVEUY WEDNESDAY JIORXINO, BY I. J. ROLFE & CO. OFFICE—BROAD STREET, NEVADA, T E RM 8 i For one year, in advance, S? Six month,. j go Three monthx, . Single Copies, a BUSINESS CARDS. _ EOS EH H EIM & B E 0 . WATCHMAKERS AND JEWELERS , SXD IMUI.KRS IN Watthe*, Jewelry, Diamond*, &e. located lor the present, on Commercial Street, Nevada. *om» Rosrramc, kosknhxix, P S —GOIJ) DUST BOUGHT AT THE HIGHEST MAH KCT PRICE, W lf CHAS. W. YOUNG, MAXuracrcaxa or CALIFORNIA JEWELRY , WATCHMAKER, —AND— DEALER IN FIXE WATCHES, JEWELS I', DM " JTOA'O 1F0RN, dr. Junction of Main and Commercial Streets. Nevada. B CHARLES W. MULFORD,. ANKER,— At his Old Stand, on Main Street, Nevada. 1 will pay the highest prices for GOIJ) DUST, L , . ...i rwn-VT\c will nroriire IlraflM ■ 1 Nevada. 1 will pay me niguw UOLD BARS, ami COl'NTY OKBCTtS; Ivulc Ilsaae* fata a ' " najable in any of the Atlantic States Cam.—, in sums to suit ; forward Dust for Coinage at the U. S. Branch Mint, and if desired, will mate advances on the “sight CHECKS on HKKXFX, SATI1EU A CHURCH, Sin Francisco, AT PAR. WILLIAMSON & DAWLEY, BANKERS, and dealers in GOIJ) DUST—No. 30 Main Street, Neva»la, p M Mret'l. ist * i SIGHT CHECKS on Garrison. Morifnn, Frit* & Ralston, Sau Francisco or Sacramento. AT PAR. . BIIJ.S OF EXCHANGE on New York or St. Iouis, at the BY THE FI.ASK OR l*OUN’n. [If F. MANSELL, Sign null Ornnincntnl Pnlnler, All work promptly attended to, and in the best style of the art. Commercial utreet. above Hue, Nevada. 46-tf THOMAS MARSH, SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL PAINTING, Nil. 10 Commercial Street, Nevada. 4--1f F UR N IT l II K W A REROOMS. john McFarland, DKALER IN FVRXiTVRE, BEDS, MATRASSES. PILLOWS, PIL LOW CASES, SHEETS, dr. No. 14 Commercial Street. Nevada. 21-tf ■UNION RfCKNKR, C. WILSON HIM., Bl'CKNER sic HILL, HAVING associated themselves tJ>gethcr In the practice J. r it.. I...Ill atlnml iinimntll' ill fill llllliinMt Cl 111- A1I.1U «Nwn.iniv>i P*- , 1 of the law, will attend promptly to nil husineai con fldeil to their care in Nevada and adjoining counties. Office— Over C. W. Mulford’s Banking House. Main st., Nevada. July 2, 1856.—13-tf H. I. THORNTON, Jr., ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. Omci In Kelsey’s Brick Building, Commercial street, below line stjeet, Nevada. fi 'tf WM. F. ANDERSON, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. Omi*—Front Room, upstairs, Democrat Building, Broad street. Nevada. J. I. CALDWELL A TTORNE Y A ND CO UNSELLOR A T LA W Office, No. 10 Bickxku/h Block. Broad ft. Nevada. Nevada, Aug. ‘27, 1K50.—47-tf if. II. CHARE. r,BO * **** Ml pr * CHASE & HUPP, ATT OK NE YS A T LA }Y. Offtk—Front Room, up atoir*, of Democrat Office, Broad itreet, Nevada. ____ FRANCIS J. Dl’NN, 1IKNKY MEREDITH. m .W & MEREDITH, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LA W OmiT— Seeonil Story of Alban's Brick Building, comer Broad and Pine Street.., Nevada. WM. X. hTKWAIlT, 1. R. X CONNKIX, McC’ONNEIsL & STEWART, ATTORNEYS ASD COCNSELORS AT LAW. Will practice in all the Courts of the Fourteenth Judicial District, and in tlie Supreme Court. OrncR—Crittenden's Ilrick Building, Main Street. [4-tf OVERTON, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. OmcF/—-Alban's Brick Building—rear of the Drug Store— Nevada. 46 tf McROBERTS, FUNSTON & CO., NE V A DA, '* DEALER* IN Family Groceries, Provlalona, Wltiet, Ll quora, mid Miners Supplies. KILBOCKN’8 CORNER, Opposite A. Block & Go’s., corner l*ine and Commercial street*. w. a. m’rorkrts. m. h. jxo. rATrwox. BLACKMAN, HOWARD & CO., IMPORTER* AXD DEALER* IX FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC WINES AND LIQUORS, 85 Clay Street, Bdmctn Batts ry and Front, one Door East of the Railroad Hours. SAX FRANCISCO, WW Order* from the interior command our particular attention. O. P. BLACKMAN. CHAS. WKBB HOWARD, 8-lv C. H. BLACKMAN. a. G. BKXTLT, G. (. WITinxGTOM. WITH1NGTOX & BENTL.Y, DEALER* IN French and American Paper Hanging*, WINDOW Shades, Brass Cornice, Gold Mouldings, Faints kc. Painting of all kinds, and paper hanging execu ted in the best style, at short notice. No. 7, Broad street, Nevada. 49-tf D. & B. LACIIMAN, NO. 60 BROAD STREET , NEVADA. —IIEAI.RRR IX— lUrwarr, Stoves, Tin-Ware, Crockery, die. Ac. S3* All kinds of Tin Ware made to order, 'gt Sept. 1856—49-3m I), A B. LACHMAN. H. B. PALMER, NEVADA CARRIAGE SHOP! No. 18 Washington XT,, above Fkiskies’ Riktait: axt. 0if~ Particular attention paid to REPAIRING, -®* Wheelbarrows kept on hand, and for *_le. Aug. 16, 1656. 46-tf Wholesale and Retail LIQUOR STORE. Main street, near Commercial, Nevada. THE undersigned would inform the public that he has npw on band a most extensive assortment of tho Best Liquors Ever brought to this market. Having rebuilt hts Fire Proof Building, with an excellent Cellar under it, he has every facility for keening any amount of Goods. He will koep a good supply of WHISKEY, BRANDY, GIN, WINES, PORTER, ALE, ALE, CIDER, Ac., kc. Also—All kinds of Case Liquors. Cordials. Syrups, Ac. Which have been selected with the greatest care by com - peteot judges, and which will be sold as low or lower than any other establishment in the place. He will continue the manufacture of SODA at his old place, which is an article to well known too require recoin mendatiou. Dealers ami others wishing to purchase are respectfully invited to call and examine my stock 46 tf J. M FLVRSHUTZ. THE NEVADA DEMOCRAT. TRAVELING CALIFORNIA STAGE COMPANY. THE STAGES of thU Company will leave their Office, at Frisbie’s old Stand, Nevada, aa follows: FOR SACR-AMKJTVO. Leaves Nevada at 1 o'clock. A. M.. and arriving at Sac mento in time for the 2 o’clock boats for San Francisco. Also, at 4 o’clock. A. M.. running via Auburn, as an Ac commodation Line to Sacramento. FOR MARYSVILLE. Leave* the above named Office every morning at seven o’clock. A. M., passing through Grass Valley. Rough A Ready. Empire liitiich. and I-eng Bar, and arriving in Ma rysville at 3 o’clock P. II. FOB FOREST CITY, boW.MKV1l.lJt, PATTERSON, WOLSET’S, MOORE'S, A.VD ORI.KANH FLATS. Leave* every morning at 6 1-2 o'clock A. M. JAMES HAWORTH, Pres’t. C. S. Co. W. S. McRorkrts. Agent, Nevada. [if NEVADA & WASHINGTON STAGE USE. ON AND AFTER JAXCARY 1, 1860, the above Une will run ax follows: Leaving the office, at Frisbic’s old Stand, Nevada, at 8 o’clock, A. M, parsing by Mountain Spring House, Morgan’s, Cokl Spring, White Cloud, Gold Hill and Alplia, arriving at Washington by one o’clock in the afternoon. It is the nearest and best Route to Washington, Omega, Scotchman’s Creek, Poor Man’s Creek, and Eureka. Returning,—The Stages will leave the South Yuba Hotel, Washington, every morning at uine o’clock, and arrive at Nevada by one o'clock P. M., connecting with the .Cali fornia Stage Go’s Coaches for Auburn, Sacrameuto, Marys ville and Shasta. Office—South Yuba Hotel, Washington. A. S. OIJN, Proprietor. W. S. McRonKKTS, Agent, Nevada. [34-tf Spring and Summer Arrangement. TELEGRAPH LINE. Sir Hurt* Coaches from Nevada to Camptotmlle. ON AND AFTER APRIL 15th, the nbofF IJne of Stages will leave the Office of the California Stage Company, at Frisbie’s old Stand, Nevada, every morning, at seven o’clock, A. M., running by Oak Tree Ranch. San Juan, and Hess’ Crossing, arriving at CnmptonviMe at 1*2 M. Returning—The Stages will leave the National Hotel, Camptoiiville, every morning, at seven o’clock, A. M., and arrive at Nevada in time to connect with "the California Stage Company’s Line of Stages for Sacramento City, Ma rysville and Auburn. jExpress Mutter promptly attended to. A. WAGEXER, Proprietor. W. S. McRohkkts, Ag’t. Nevada. [83-tf EMPIRE LIVERI STABLE, Broad Street, Nevada, GEOEOE MAY, Proprietor. THE UNDERSIGNED WOUIJl INFORM HB friends and the public generally, that he has become l*roprietor of the EMPIRE LIVERY STABLE, and as he designs keeping constant ly on hand A Stock of Fast Horses, Would respectfully solicit the patronage of tin* Public. Horses kept by the Day or Week on the most rea sonable terms. ‘20-tf GEORGE MAY. LIVERY & SALE STABLE. At Ike that of Boulder street, near h\rrt'& Banicing House. J. A. LANCASTER, FORMERLY OF THE Metropolis Stable, would inform his friends and the public generally, that be lias ndded extensively to Ids already I.arge and Ele gant establishment of Horses, Buggies. Saddles. Harness, sc, Am*. —they are now prewired to furnish as line turn outs as can la* found in the State. Well trained fleet and eas\ Saddle Horses, well equipped for ladies or Gentlemen will he ready at all times. A long experience in the business and an earnest desire to retain the confidence of his friends, leads him to be lieve he will he able to give general satisfaction. Part U*nlnr attention paid to Horse* on Livery Carriages always in readiness with careful drivers for the use of Balls. l*arties, kc. kc. The quality of our stock will **ermit us to sav that those seekiiur pleasure, or engaged on business would do well to give us a call. J. A 1«ANCASTER. Nevada, Aug. 20. mO.-r-40-tf NOTICE TO TEAMSTERS. WAGON ROAD from Nevada to Downieville, by way of ROBINSON’S CROSSING. Tins Road is in fine condition, and presents the shortest route and best road for Packers and Teams to all the vari ous settlements along the Divide, between the South and Middle and the Middle and North Yubas, by way of Iless’ and Emery’s Crossings. The Road also affords the nearest route fix Packers and Travelers from Sacramento, by way of Rough k Ready, Grass Valley and Nevada, and the mines further South, to" Poor man's Creek. Nelson’s Creek, and all the mining re gion north of Nevada and Downieville. Tills Road is ns easily traveled as that between Sacra mento and Nevada. Four horses cun readily draw from three to four thousand pounds of freight, from Nevada to the top of the hill at Downieville, when the road is not ob structed by heavy rains or snow. W. E. R0BIN90N, Proprietor. June 11th, 1856—40 ly* JESSE S. WALL & BROTHER, DEALERS IN GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS, Miner’s Supplies, l*reserved Fruits, Liquors, kc. No. 55 Broad Street, Neva<la. HAVING completed our new fire-proof building, we are now receiving the largest Stock of Goods ever brought to this place. Having plenty of room, and being secure against tire, it is our intention to keep on hand at all times a full assortment of all articles to be found in similar estab lishments, which will l»e soil to Miners and Families On the moat Reasonable Terms. Our Stock consists in i»art of the following asssortment of Family Groceries, kc. 500 Qr. .Sacks Hour; 10,000 Lbs. Potatoes; 8,000 Lbs. Hams; 8,000 Lbs Goshen butter 3,000 Lbs. S. C. Hams, 100 Bibs, Flour: 3,000 Lbs. Side Bacon; 1.000 Lbs. Lard; With a complete stock of SUGAR, COFFEE, TEA. RICK. TOBACCO, FRESH FRUITS, HARDWARE, QUEENS WARE, GOODS DELIVERED FREE OF CHARGE We invite the attention of Country Dealers to our large stock of Goods. As we have unusual facilities for purchas ing, we are confident that we can sell on such terms as will make it to their advantage to trade with us instead of going below for their supplies. J. S. WALL A: BROTHER, Broad Street. September 16. 1856—tf. BOOTS AND SHOES S MAYERS k Wit. K. COE. (*uccfc»*or* to P. J. Fjipon • sclieid.) corner of Main and Commercial Streets, would respectfully inform the public tliat they have purchased the large and well selected Stock of BOOTS AND SHOES contained in the above establishment, and hope by strict attention to business to merit a share of the public pat ronage. Having just received from San Francisco a choice and well selected stock of Boots and Shoes. Ladies’ and Misses’ Gaiters, Buskins. Slipjiers. Children’* Hhoex, Arc., kc., they would respectfully invite all those wanting any thing in the above line to give them a call, as thev believe, for va riety, quality and cheapness, their stock is unsurpassed in the mountains. Repairing done on the shortest notice, in a workmanlike manner, and on the most reasonable terms. S. MAYERS. Wjf. R. COR Mr. S. Mayers, late of Grass Valley, and Wm. R. Coe, formerly of tlie Broad Street Boot ami Shoe Store, have purchased my entire stock of Boots and Shoes, and I would cheerfully recommend them to the public as gentlemen every way worthy their support, and w'ould respectfully solicit for them the patronage of my old friends and custo mers. [32-tf] P. J- ESPEXSCHE1P. $10,000 WORTH OF FURITUMREI /«B ENTIRE NEW STOCK, THE LARGEST AND best selected ever brought into the mountains, all of which w ill be sold cheap for CASH.' con- BBB sistiug of Bedsteads of all siacs; Cane and Wood Seat Chairs; Cane and Wood Seat Office Chairs* I fining, Card and Center Tables; Extension and Residing Tables; Office Desks and Furniture; Barber’s Cliairs; Wash Stands; Looking Glasses of all sizes; Cane Seat and Back Arm Rockers and Nurse Chairs; Mattresses; Pillows; Pillow Cases; Sheets; Comforters; Feathers, &c. The undersigned would respectfully invite the attention of their old customers and the public generally to their new stock of goods On flu; Corner of Pine ainl Commerelal at*., Where by strict attention to business they hope to merit a liberal share of public patronage. 46-tf ABBOTT k EDWARDB. lOLCTMlV OF PARTNERSHIP— THE rtnership heretofore existing between B. NATHAN HOFFMAN, in the Clothing business, at Rough and was dissolved on the 7th day of August, 1856, by 1 consent. lebts of the firm at the above date will be paid by msiness will be Ul by B. Nathan at tbe old B. NATHAN, H. HOFFMAN. PRINTING, OF ALL hi at tbi* Offica. KINDS, NEATLY EXE- NEVADA, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 1, 1856. Bortov, Aug. 9, 1866. Gentlemen Upon my return lust evening, af ter a short absence from this city, I found your letter of the 30th ult., inviting me to take part in the proceedings of the whigs of Maine, assem bled in Mass Meeting. I appreciate most highly the honor and kind ness of this iuvitation, and should have had true pleasure in accepting it. The whigs of Maine, composed at all times so important a division of the great national party, which under that name, with or without official power, as a re sponsible administration, or as only an organ ized opinion, has done so much for our country —our whole country—and your responsibilities at this moment arc so vast and peculiar, that I acknowledge a keen anxiety to see, not wait to hear, with what noble bearing you meet the de mands of the time. If the tried legions to whom it is committed to guard the frontiers of the Union, falter now. who any where can be trus ted t My engagements, however, and the expedien cy of abstaining from all speech requiring much effort.will prevent my being with vou. And yet—invited to share your counsels, and grati fied by such distinction—I cannot wholly de cline to declare my own opinions on one of the duties of whigs, in what you well describe, as “the present crisis in the political affairs of the country.” I cannot now, and need not pause to claim rate or defend them. What I think, and what I intend to do, permit ine, in the briefest and plainest expression, to tell you. The first duty then, of whigs, not merely as patriots, and as citizens, loving with a large and equal love our whole native land, but as whigs, and because we are whigs, is to unite with some organization with our countrymen, to defeat and dissolve the new geographical party, calling itself Republicans. It would more exactly ex press my opinion to say, that at this moment it is our only duty, certainly, at least, it compre hends, and it postpones all others; and in my judgement the question for each and every one of us is, not whether this candidate or that can didate, would lie our first choice; not whether there is some good talk in the worst platform, and some bad talk in the best platform; not whether this man’s ambition, or that man’s ser vility or boldness or fanaticism, or violence is responsible for putting the wild waters in this uproar; but just this, by what vote can I do most to prevent the madness of the times from working its maddest act—the very ecstacy of its madness—the permanent formation and the ac tual present triumph of a party which knows one half of America, only to hate and dread it; from whose unconsecrated and revolutionary banners fifteen stars are erased, or have fallen; in whose national anthem the old and charmed airs of Eutuw Springs, and the King's Mountain and Yorktown, and those later of New Orleans, Buena Vista and Ohepultepec, breathe no more. To this duty, to this question, all others seem to me to stand for the present postponed and secondary. And w hy 1 Because according, to our creed, it is only the United America which can peace fully, gradually, safely, lift up and-bless with all Rocial and personal and civil blessings, all the races and all the conditions which compose our vast and various family: it is such an Amer ica, only, w hose arm can guard our flag, devel ope our resources, extend our trade, and fill the measure of our glory; and because, accord ing to our convictions, the triumphs of such a party puts the Union in danger—that is my rea son —and for you, and for me and for all of us, in whose regards the Union possesses such a value, and to whose fears it seems menaced by such a danger, it is reason enough. Believing the noble ship of state to be within a half cable's length of a lee shore of rock, in a gale of wind, our first business is to put her about and crowd her off into the deep, open sea. That done, we can regulate the stowage of her lower tier of powder, and select her cruising ground, and bring her officers to court martial at our leis ure. If there are any in Maine, and among the whigs of Maine, I hope there is not one, but if there arc any, in whose hearts, strong pass ions, vaulting ambition, jealousy of men or sec tion. unreasoning and impatient philanthropy, have turned to hate or coldness the fraternal blood and quenched the spirit of national life at its source: with whom the union of Slave States and Free States under the actual constitution is a curse, a hindrance, a reproach; —with these of course, our view's of our duty and the reason of it, are a stumbling block and foolishness —to such you can have nothing to say, and from such you can have nothing to hope. But if there arc those again who love the Union as we love it, and prize it as we prize it; who regard it as we do, not merely ns a vast instrumental ity for the protection of our commerce and nav igation, and for achieving power, eminence, and name amongst the sovereigns of the earth, but as a means of improving the national lot, and elevating the moral and mental nature,, and in suring the personal happiness of the millions of many distant generations—if there are those who think thus justly of it, and yet hug the fa tal delusion, that because it is good, it is neces sarily immortal; that it will thrive without care; that anything created by man’s will is above or stronger than his will; that because the reason and virtues of our age of reason and virtue could build it, the passions and stimulations of a day of phrensy cannot pull it down—if such there are among you, to them address your selves with all the earnestness and all the elo quence of men who feel that some greater inter est is at stake and some mightier cause in hear ing than ever yet tongue lavs pleaded or trump et proclaimed. If such minds and hearts are reached, all is safe. But how specions and how manifold are the sophisms by which they a. e courted. . . They hear and they read much ridicule of those who fear that a geographical party does endanger the Union. But can they forget that our greatest, wisest and most hopeful statesmen have always felt, and have all in one form or another, left on record their own fear of such a party? The judgements of Washington, Madi son, Clay, Webster, on the danger of American Union, are they worth nothing to the conscien cious lover of it ’ What they dreaded as a re mote and improbable contingency, that against which they cautioned, as they thought, distant generations, that which they were so happy as to die without seeing, is upon us; and yet some men would have to go on laughing and singing like the traveler in the satire with his pockets empty, at a present peril, the mere apprehen sion of which as a distant and bare possibility, coaid sadden the heart of the father of his coun try, and dictate the grave and grand warn ing of the Farewell Address.. They hear men say that such a party ought not to endanger the Union; that although it happens to be formed within one geographical section and confined exclusively to it; although its end and aim is to rally that section against the other, on a questson of morals, policy and feeling, on which the ' two differ eternally ajid unappcaseably: although from the nature of its origin and objects no man in the section outside can possibly join or accept office under it.with out infamy at hon!w, although therefore it is a stupendous organization practically to take power and honor and a full share of government from one whole family of States and bestow them substantially all upon the antagonist family; al though the doctrine of human rights which it fathers out of the Declaration of Independence, that passionate and eloquent manifesto of a rev MR. CHOATE’S l.KTTBR. olutionary war, and adopts as its funda mental idea, announces to every Southern ap prehension a crusade of government against Slavery far without and beyond Kansas although the spirit and tendency of its electioneering ap peals as a whole in prose and verse— the lead ing articles of its papers and speeches of its or ators, are to excite contempt or fear of one en tire geographical section, and hate, or dread, or contempt, is the natural expression it leaves in the northern mind and heart; yet that nobody anywhere ought to be angry, or ought to Ik; frightened: that the majority must govern, and the North is a majority; that it is ten to one nothing will happen: that if the worst comes to the worst the South knows that it is wholly to blame, and needs the Union more than we do, and will be quiet accordingly. But do they who hold this language forget that the question is not what ought to endan ger the Union, but what will do it ? Is it man as he ought to be, or mail as he is, that we must live with ov live alone T In appreciating the in fluences which may disturb a political system, and especially one like ours, do you make al lowance for passion, for pride, for intimity, for the burning sense of even imaginary wrong ? Do you assume that all men or all masses of men, in all sections, uniformly obey reason; and uniformly and wisely see and calmly seek their true interests ? Where on earth is such a fool’s Paradise as that to lie found ? Conceding to the people of the fifteen States the ordinary and av erage human nature; its good and its evil; its weakness and its strength, I for one, dare not say that the triumph of such a party ought not to be expected naturally and probably to disu nite tbc States. With my undoubting convic tions 1 know it would be folly and immorality in me to risk it. Certainly there are in all sections and in all States, *hosc who love the Union under the ac tual Constitution as Washington did, as Jay, Hamilton and Madison did, as Jackson, as Clay, ns Webster loved it. Such even is the heredita ry and habitual sentiment of the American heart. But he has read life and books to little purpose, who lias not learned that “bosom friends" may be “to resentments soured,” and that no hatred is so keen, deep and precious as that— “And to l»e wroth with one we love Will work like madness in the brain” He has read the book of our history to still less purpose, who has not learned that the friendship of these States, sisters but rivals, sov ereigns, each with a public life and a body of in terests, and sources of honor and shame of its own and within itself—distributed in two great opposing groups —are of all human ties most ex posed to such rupture and such transformation. I have not time in these hasty Hues, and there is no need to speculate on the details of the modes in which the triumph of this party would do its work of evil. Its mere struggle to carry the government, as that struggle is conducted, is mischievous to an extent incalculable. That thousands of the good men who have joined it, deplore this is certain, but does not mend the matter. I appeal to the honor and conscience of my country, that if it were the aim of a great party, by every species of access to the popular mind, by eloquence, by argument, by taunt, by sarcasm, by recrimination, by appeals to pride, shame and naturul rights, prepare the nation j for a struggle with Spain or England, or Aus ' tria, it could not do its business more thorough : ly. Many presses, many speakers, very many, ; set a higher and wiser example, but the work is doing. If it accomplishes its object and gives I the government to the Northern section of States j I turn my eyes from the consequences. To the I fifteen States of the South, that government will appear an alien government. It will appear worse. It will appear a hostile government. It will represent to their eyes a vast region of States organized upon anti-slavery; flushed by triumph, cheered onward by the voices of the pulpit, tribune and press; its mission to inaugu rate freedom and put down Oligarchy; its con stitution the glittering and sounding generali ties of natural rights which make up the declar ation of Independence. And then, and thus, is the beginning of the end. If a necessity could lie made out for such a party, we might submit to it as to other una voidable evil, and other certain danger. But! where do they find that? Where do they pre- i tend to find it ? Is it to keep slavery out of the j Territories? There is not one but Kansas in which slavery is possible. No man fears, no man hopes for slavery in Utah, New Mexico, Washington, Minnesota, Oregon or Nebraska. ! A National platform to give them to freedom is I aliout as needful and about as sensible as a na tional party to keep Maine for freedom. And Kansas—let that abused and profaned soil have i calm within its borders, deliver it over to the natural law of peaceful and spontaneous cmi- I gration—take off the ruffian hands; strike down the rifle and bowie knife —guard its | strenuous infancy and youth till it comes of age to choose for itself, and it will have forever ! what it chooses. When the policy, so easy, simple, and just, is ! tried fairly and fails, it will be time enough to resort to revolution. It is in fact, because the duty of protection to the local settler was not performed, that the Democratic party has al ready, by the action of its great representative convention resolved to put out of office its own administration. That lesson will not and must not be lost on anyliody. The country demands that Congress, before it adjourns, give the Ter ritory peace. If it do, time will inevitably give it freedom. I have hastily imperfectly expressed my opin ion through the unsatisfactory forms of a let ter, as to the immediate duty of whig*. We are to do what we can to defeat and disband the geographical party. But by what specific ac tiou we can most effectually contribute to such a result, is a question of more difficulty. It seems now to be settled that we present no can didate of our own. If wc vote at all, then, we vote for the nominees of the American or the nominees of the Democratic party. As between them, I shall not venture to counsel the wliigs of Maine, but I deem it due to frankness and hon or to say," that while I entertain a high apprecia tion of the character and ability of Mr. Fillmore I do not sympathize in any degree with the ob jects and creed of the particular party that nom inated him, and do not approve of their organi zation and their tactics. Practically, too, the contest, in my judgement, is between Mr. Bu chanan and Col. Fremont. In these circumstan ces, I vote for Mr. Buchanan. He has large ex rience in public affairs, his commanding capaci ty is universally acknowledged; his life is with out a stain. I am constrained to add that he seems at this moment, by the concurrence of circumstances, more completely than any other, to represent that sentiment of nationality, tole rant, warm and comprehensive, without which, without increase of which, America is no long er America, and to possess at once the power and the disposition to restore and keep that peace within our borders and without, for which all our interests demand, througli which and by which alone we hope to grow to the true great ness of nations. I have the honor to be Your obedient servant, RUFUS CHOATE. To the Hon. E. W. Farley and others; the Whig State Committee of Maine. Kansas. —A writer from Topeka to the Bur lington Hawk Eye, under date of July 6th, says that since the sacking of Lawrence, it is ascer tained that lfiore than forty free State men, and seventy pro-slavery men, have been killed in that territory. Growth of ClUeo. London Is now the greatest concentration of human power the world has ever known. Will its supremacy be permanent? or will it, like its predecessors, be eclipsed by western rivals? New Yorkers do not doubt, and indeed, have no reason to doubt, that their city, now numbering little more than one-third the popu lation of London will within the next fifty years be ijrcater than the metropolis of the British empire. New York with her immediate dependencies, numbers about 900,000. Since 1790 she has established a law of growth which doubles her population once in fifteen yeass. If this law continues to operate, she may be expected to possess 1,800.000 in 1871; 3,600,000 in 1886, and 7,200,000 in 1901. If twenty years be al lowed New York as her future period of dupli cation, she would overtake London by the end of fifty years. London may then have five mil lions; New York will almost certainly have more than that number. Will the star of empire become stationary at New York? The interior plain of North America has within itself more means to sustain a dense population in civilized comfort than any other region of the world. The nu»r of empire cannot be arrested in its western course before it reaches this plain. Its most promising city at present is Chicago. The law of its growth since 1840 seems to be a duplication within four years. In 1840 it numbered 4,379. In June of this year it will contain 88,000. At the same rate of increase carried forward, it would overtake New York in twenty years. If six years be allowed for each future duplica tion, Chicago would overtake New York in thirty-three years. If the growth of Chicago should in future be measured by a duplication of every seven years it would contain 5,622,000 in forty-two years. In 1901, forty-five j ears from this time, the central plain, including the Canadas, will con tain about eighty millions of people. Its chief city may be reasonably expected to contain about one-tenth of this population. Before the end of this century, the towns and cities of the central plain will contain, with their suburbs, not less than half the entire population; that is to say forty millions. How these millions shall lie apportioned among the cities of that day, is a subject for curious speculation.— Hunt's Mer chant's Magazine. An Appeal kou Forbearance. — The Clergy men of Richmond have issued aii appeal to the ultras of all sections of the country, in which they urge moderation and forbearance, and hold this language: ‘ Let us sedulously nvoid every word and deed which can tend to increase the public ex citement and Irritation. Let us give no coun tenance to lawless violence, whether in low or high places. Let us seek by every practicable method, to strengthen and brighten the bond of fraternal union, which should embrace every citizen of our favored States and Territories. And, above all, let Christians fervently pray to the Father of light for his blessing on our rulers, that they may be wise, firm, conciliating and patriotic; anil for our people, that they may be peaceable, prosperous, and happy. We are called individually to self-examination, the con fession of our sinH, penitence, and a reformation of our lives; and by these methods, far more readily than by fierce discussion, can we avert the dangers which are impending over our be loved land. And now we entreat you, by every consideration of patriotism and piety, by the memory of our fathers, by the blood w hich pur chased our liberties, by the illustrious deeds of Buuker Ilill and Yorktown, by the history of the past, by the millions, living anil unborn, whose welfare depends on the preservation of our Union, and especially by our religious pros perity, so greatly increased under our excellent government, to ‘follow the things which make for peace.’ ” Depth op toe Ocean.— Few readers are pro bably aware of the immense depth of some parts of the ocean, and beneath its level surface the crust of the globe is broken up into mountains and valleys quite as varied, or even more so, than the dry land. The following account of the depth at which it has l>een sounded, will give some idea of the vast valleys that exist in its l>ed. The sounding was performed in the Atlantic, 36° 49' S., 30° 6' E. Ion., in a voyage of the British ship Herald, from Rio Janeiro to the Cape of Good Hope. The depth at which bottom was reached was 7,706 fathoms, or 15,412 yards, being over eight miles. The highest mountains on the surface of the globe do not exceed live miles, and the highest peaks of the Sierra Nevada are not more than 4,660 yards, so that the bed of the ocean has depths which far surpass the elevation of the highest points on its surface. The time required for this immense length of line to run out, was aliout nine hours nnil n half! —— “Uncle Tom” Aoain in London.—The Lou don Times, of the 29th ult., has the following item : Yesterday afternoon a long line of carriages, drawn up liefore the Stafford-house, the resi dence of the Dutchess of Sutherland, declared to the west end world that some new attraction had brought together several members of the higher circles. Mrs. M. E. Webb, a lady of col or, daughter of a Spanish gentleman und of a female slave of Virginia, had recently arrived in London, bringing with her a dramatized ver sion of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, composed by Mrs. Stowe herself, for the purpose of a public read ing, and the hall of the splendid mansion in St. James’ had been granted to her by the Dutches, as the site of the entertainment, l’laced behind a reading desk, Mrs. Webb read in a clear voice and with great signs of intelligence, the inter esting scenes that had been prepared for her, and which comprised the most celebrated dia logues and incidents in the celebrated novel. — Without exactly acting the different parts, she discriminated them with a great deal of nicety, and the dark hue of her delicately formed coun tenance gave a characteristic tone the perform ance. The Earl of Shaftesbury and several dis tinguished adherents of the philanthropic party were among her audience which could scarcely lie surpassed in brilliancy. Srxon.AR Marriage.— A young man residing in Bordentown; who was under an engagement of marriage with ayouug ladv, died on Friday last. Both the gentleman aud lady, os well as their families, were firm believers in the doctrine of the spiritualists, and notwithstanding the death of the former, it was determined that the mar riage should take place between tho disembodied spirit of the young man, aud the living breath ing body of his a flic need bride. Accordingly, on Sunday, the marriage cere mony was performed between the clay-cold corpse and the warm, blooming bride. It is un derstood that this was in compliance with the di rections of the spirit of the bridegroom. The devotion of the lady to the spirit or the memo ry of her lov. r carried her through this trying ceremony wivhoat faltering; but it must lead to unhappiness, for she, no doubt, considers herself as the wife of one whom she shall meet in the body never more. Her heart lies buried in the grave with him who should have been her guide and protector. Among all the singular things recorded of the Spiritualists, we have met with nothing parallel to this.— Phil Journal. NUMBER 52. VARIETIES. Walking on Water.— An immense crowd was recently assembled on the bridges and quays of the Seine to witness the movements of a well dressed man, who was walking on the river be between the Pont du Carousal and the lock at the Mint, apparently with the greatest case. He had each foot in a triangular box, securely fasteued with straps round his legs, and in his hands he carried a long balancing pole, similar to those used by rope dancers, ex cept that at each end was attached an inflated bladder. When getting off his balance he dipped the end of the pole, and the resistance caused by the bladder touching the water re stored him to his equilibrium. Marriage or a “Strong-Minded" Woman.— Doctress Lydia Sayer. one of the “strong mind ed,” who lectured on the “wrongs of women” last winter, was recently married at Warw ick, Orange county, N. Y., to Mr. J. W. Hashrouck, editor of the Whig Press, at Middletown, in that State. The ceremony, it is stated, was ]>er formed by the parties themselves, without the assistance of a miuister, at the house of tlio bride’s father, and in presence of a gay com pany. So they go: Lucy Stone, Antoniette Brown, Lydia Sayer, and nearly all the rest of the “strong-minded” women who have figured quite conspicuously before the public for a long time, have been married within a year or so. MaONTFCENT Cypress. — In the gardens of Chepultepec, near Mexico, the first object that strikes the eye is the magnificent cyrpess, called the Cypress of Montezuma. It had attained its full growth when that monarch was on the throne, (1520,) so that it must now lie at least four hundred years old; yet it still retains all the vigor of youthful vegetation. The trunk is forty-one feet in circumference, yet the height is so majestic as to make even this enormous mass appear slender. At Santa Marie do Tula, in Oaxaca, is a crypress ninety-three and a half feet in circumference, which does not yet show the slightest sign of decay. Cause of the Inundations in France. —A cn riouB paper, read In the last sitting of the Aca demy of Science at Paris, expresses the opinion which will seem strange to many persons, that the innndations with which France is atl'ected arc mainly caused by nothiug less than the sirocco from Africa. According to the theory propounded, this terrible wind in passing the sea sacks up a considerable quantity of water, which it carries to the mountains in the center, east and south of France, where it discharges it, and at the same time increases the volume of water by melting the snow. Coalition. —The Calaveras Chronicle says that there is not the slightest doubt that the Know Nothings and Republicans of Calaveras and Amador counties, satisfied that singly they have no chance to defeat the Democratic party, are endeavoring to consolidate themselves so that by the sacrifice of any and every honorable principle they may attain their ends. Fillmore and Douelson—Fremont and Dayton—Fremont and Dayton—Fillmore and Douelson. Fusion and Destruction any way you may fix it. Immense Travel to Europe.— It appears by a statement in the New York Courier that during the last four months, there have sailed from that port and Boston for Europe, in the several steamships, no less than 6,273 passengers, in cluding 1,077 by eight trips of the Collius line; 1,527 by nine trips of the Cunard line from New York, and 904 by nine trips of the same line from Boston: 914 by the Havre line; 824 to Bremen and Southampton, and the remainder by the screw lines of steamers. Scientific Voyage Round tiie World.— The Moniteur de In Flutte announces that the Russian Government is about to have a scientific voyage executed round the world, the direction of which has been confided to one of the most distin guished officers of the Russian navy. This will bn the !19th voyage round the world which the Russians have made since 1803. The present expedition, which will be composed of two cor vettes, was to have left Cronstadt in September. The growing abundance-tif money in Eng land is now so evident, that the New York banks do not fear to expand their discount liue, even when they are losing coin and deposits. They think that there can lie no foreign drain, and therefore apprehend no revulsion. The precarious financial condition of Franco also leads New York capitalists to suppose that a good deal of European capital will now seek our country for a safe and profitable invest mest. Wonderful Preservation —On the 2d Aug. a young man named Wm. Symington, while cleaning out a well near Toronto, Canada West, was buried at a depth of forty feet by the cav ing In of the sides of the well. After thirty hours of incessant exertion he was rescued with but little injury, and was soon as well as ever. Some large stones had formed au arch over his head, to which he owed his preservation. Running a Horse Backwards. —The Paris correspondent of the Boston Post says an Eng lish horse was made to travel backwards on the Champs Elyses the other day by his owner, the Count de Lancosme, to decide a wager. Crab like. the docile animal performed five-eighths of a mile in five minutes and thirty-seven seconds. A sporting item worth mentioning, A very corpulent traveler wns riding through the city of Padua, and several of the inhabit ants, noted far their wit, asked him why he carried his baggage before him ? He replied, “ ’Tis my custom when I go to a town full of thieves.” Unprofitable Robbery. —A few nights since a robber broke open a Rtore on the Mokelumne rivpr, and found in it thirty-seven and a half cents. There were six persons in the house asleep, who were not aware of the invasion un til the following morning. Minister from England. —It is rumored in diplomatic circles at Washington, that Great. Britain will ere long send out a minister to sup ply the place of Mr. Crampton. Lord Howden, formerly ambassador at Madrid, is mentioned. A Flute made of gold is on exhibition in London. The gold was brought from Australia. The weight of the flute is fourteen and a half ounces, the value being estimated at about $650. Tbe workmanship is exquisite. A Hard Case.— James Kelly plead guilty in the San Francisco police court, a few days since, to a charge of petty larceny in stealing a coat. It appears that he was utterly destitute, and only committed the theft from actual want. The Pennsylvania Know Nothing State Con vention. which met at Harrisburg recently, re jected the proposition for forming a fusion elec toral ticket by a vote of 72 against 18. The Memphis Appeal asks—“Why is Fillmore stock looking up ?” and answers its own ques tion :—“Because it is so flat on its back that it can look iu no other direction.” “ Are you guilty or not guilty?” said the clerk of arraigns to a prisoner the other day. “And sure now,” said Pat, “what are ye put there for but to find out?” Brick Church.— A brick church, erected by the Catholics, is now nearly completed at Co lumbia, Tuolumne county. “That’s the eud of my tale,” as the tadpole said, when he turned into a bull-frog.