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The Nevada Democrat. [volume] (Nevada, Calif.) 1854-1863, October 01, 1856, Image 2

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NEVADA DEMOCRAT.
ft. I,. Jmrhlmmn I* on. *jwit li* Hih city H»
will deliver the Democrat to subscriber*, ami i» authorized
to receive subscription*, advertise monte. Ac., and collect
and receipt for the same.
J£, 1*. Turney is our agent tbr Patterson and vicin
ity. Ho is authorized to receive subscriptions, advertise
ments, 4c., and collect ami receipt lor the Mine.
■wv ozvvvw WV>/WWVN
Hoof;* ft Co» arc onr authorized agent* for San Kran
««co, to receive advortisements, and collect for the *amc.
A. Badlam, J.s, is our authorized agent in Sacra
mento City.
Democratic Nomination*.
FOR PRESIDENT,
JAMES BUCHANAN,
of Pennsylvania,
roll VICE PRESIDENT,
J. 0. BRECKINRIDGE,
of Kentucky.
StAte Nominations.
For Presidential Electors.
AUGUSTIN OLIVEKA,
GEORGE FREANOR,
P. DELTA TOItUE,
A. C. BRADFORD,
For Conmu,
CHARLES L. SCOTT, of Tuolumne,
JOSEPH C. McKlBBEN, of Sierra.
For Clerk of the Supreme Court,
CHARLES 8. FAIRFAX.
For Superintendent of Public Instruction,
A. J. MOULDER.
County Nomination*.
For State Senator.
S. H. CIIASEa
For Assembly,
w. c. Wood, Parker H. Pierce,
E. M. Davidson, Phil Moore,
MiCHjEI, Cassin.
For Mieriff,
S. W. BORING.
For County Clerk.
RUFUS SHOEMAKER.
For Piatrict Attorney,
W. F. ANDERSON.
For County Treasurer,
T. W. SIGOURNEY.
m-
For Assessor.
MARTIN BRENNAN.
For Public Administrator,
F. II. NICHOLSON.
For County Purveyor
JOHN L. GAMBLE.
For Coroner,
E. II. DEN.
For Sup’t. Public School*,
J. L. WHITE.
For Supervisor*,
V.'M, SCOTT, 1*1 District,
HENRY EVERETT, 3.1 District.
NEVADA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 1, 185<i.
Fremont'* Htntc*innn*lil|>.
In the significant words of Mr. Wei inter on
Another occasion, it might well he asked wheth
er the nomination of Fremont was one fit to be
made. Men of higher genius, of greater expe
rience in political ufl'nirs, were presented to the
Republican Convention, which selected him ns
the eandidntc and representative of the “pecu
liar institution” of modern Republicanism. If
the laborer is worthy of his hire—if those
who toil should reap their reward, then,
indeed, was this nomination doing injustice to
those men who for years have been identitled
with (lie principles inculcated by this parly.—
There was Seward, and Hale, and Chase, and
Sumner and Oiddings, and a hundred others of
abilities far surpassing any of which Col, Fre
mont has given evidence. Besides tills, until
Fremont was spoken of as the candidate of this
party, who over dreamed that ho entertained
sentiments in unison with the rabid, fanatical,
blble liuling, union hating sect, who are rally
ing to his support, and shrieking for freedom,
\\h le they curse the land that gave them birth.
No one out of the social circle in which he
moves, could have suspected such a tiling. But
it seems to have coino to the knowledge of Sew
ard, Banks, Grccly, and the most ultra of the
higher law disciples of that school, and pleased
with the wonderful discovery, that n man born
in South Carolina could fraternize with them,
in a crusade ngainst the South, they could
scarcely coulaiu themselves until he was apoth
cotiscd as the idol to whom their deluded fol
lowers should bow. Nominated at the sugges
tion, and by the help of the most ultra of the
fanatical sect, he rejoices in the ardent, enthusi
astic support of the abolitionists and disunion
ists from Win. Lloyd Garrison, down to Abby
Foster. This may bo harsh language, but it Is
true. It may be equally true that many better
men, who do not sympathize with tho black line
doctrine, have allowed themselves to be seduced
into an association of which they would be
ashamed, if fully couscious of their true posi
tion.
It Is, however, of Colonel Fremont as a man,
and a candidate for the Presidency, that we
have to do. To rational men, the fuct as to
whether he did or did not eat a mule, is
of no consequence—or whether he ran away
with a hnnsomo young lady. Exploits like
these have bceu performed by others more stu
pid than the Colonel, and will, doubtless, be
again. To serious thinking men, his record as
a public man, is of greater interest.
Equipped at the expense of tho United States
government, and furnished with a company of
experienced voyagmrt, Col. Fremont crossed the
plains in 1845. To the liook which he was thus
enabled to muke, descriptive of the country
over which he was led by Kit Carson, he is in a
great measure indebted for all the notoriety he
now enjoys. It is true the lunik is Bill of inac
curacies and blunders, proved to be such by
subsequent explorers. Iluudrcds of thousands
of copies of this book were printed by order of
Congress before its inaccuracies were discover
ed, and distributed gratuitously all over the
United States. Thcro were no 'great heroic
achievements in this excursion, nor is there any
great merit in the style or composition of tho
journal. It is in the usual form of a diary,
giving the daily incidents by the way and de
scriptive of the country—its topogrupliy, the
objects animate and inanimate which were met
with. After this, by order of tho government
he was again sent out with tho express object
and purpose of examining and making report
of the most practicable route for a railroad be
tween the valley of the Mississippi and the Pa
cific. IIow well uud satisfactorily he performed
this service is evidenced by the fact that he re
commended and for a long lime contended for
a pass which proved to Ire one of the greatest
elevations of the Rocky Mountain*.
Fremont Iwd, however, acquired a considera
ble notariety in connection with these explora
tions, and upon the admission of California as a
State, he became a Senator. In this field he
was equally unfortunate as in that of explorer.
On the 10th day of September 1850, he took his
seat, and on the same day, he gave notice that
on some subsequent day, he would ask leave to
introduce certain bills, and amongst them, A
bill to regulate the working of the placers and
gold minus in California, to preserve order by
granting temporary permits to actual opera
tives, to work the same in limited quantities.
As be hal thus threatened, he did introduce
that bill. The bill provided for the appoint
ment of agents to travel through the mining lo
calities, to cut up the ground into lots of thirty
feet square, grant a permit to work that, and to
tax the miner for the privilege. The following j
is one of the sections of the bill:
“Sec. 7. And be U further enacted, that the re
spective Agents shall demand and receive for
the use of the United States for a permit to
work a placer by manuel labor, at the rate of
dollars a month, and for a permit to work
a mine with machinery, at the rate of dol
lars a month, for as many months as the appli
cant shall demand, not exceeding twelve months
in either oase; but new permits may be granted
to the name persons at the expiration of the
first, with a right to continue operations in any
place in which he was working.
The good sense and intelligence of Senators,
at once saw the injustice of the bill, the dangers
of vesting such powers in agents, to parcel ami
the mineral lands; and also the impropriety
of undertaking to draw a revenue from tb»
hardy industry of the miners, and therefore the
bill was warmly assailed. Col. Fremont was not
disposed to yield, nnd made battle, insisting up
on the government taxing his constituents. In
reply to Mr. Felch of Michigan, here is what our
California Senator Col. John C. Fremont had to
say in defense of his hill:
In U. S. Senate, Sept. 25,1850,
Under consideration a hill introduced by Mr.
Fremont, to regulate the working of placers
and mines in California, and to giant permits;
&c.
Mr. Fremont said—The Senator from Michi
gan [Mr. Felch] who has made the motion to
strike out the whole bill, and to insert a sub
stitute, does not object to these principles, but
on the contrary, supports them, uud objects only
to details. Adopting the principles of the hill
and its leading provisions, he objects to the
machinery, as we may call it, of executing the
system : objects to the agents, to the permits,
and of course to the turn which is to be paid for
the permit, lie would seem to leave the law to
execute itself, thut is to say, leave every man
to act for himself under the luw. If the honor
able Senator was as familiar with the working
of things in California ns we who have drawn
up the bill for which he proposes this substitute,
I believe he would never have introduced this
proposition. It would never work well any
where; hut would throw every thing into dis
order and confusion, and make every man judge
and jury in his own case. Laws must have of
ficers to execute them, and 1 think none could
bo more cheap, convenient, nnd suitable to the
people, than such as this bill provides for.
In the first place, there are agents who arc to
reside each in a gold mining district, grant the
permits to applicants, visit the mines, and with
a jury of six disinterested men settle all disputes
equitably ami promptly and without the delay
and expense of a resort to a court of justice for
every little question that grows up among the
miners. To see that the agents are faithful and
attentive, a superintendent of gold mines is eve
nted, whose business it is lo superintend all the
agents, examine their hooks and accounts, hear
complaints against them, take appeals from
their decisions, and suspend them nnd appoint
others ip ense of misconduct. The superinten
dent is thus armed with strong power over ttie
agents and for the benefit of the miners. It was
considered necessary to have this strong con
troling power present with the agents and the
miners, that ail possible attention should he
paid to the faithful execution of the act, and
the Immediate redress of all wrongs. The su
perintendent is necessary to give regularity to
the operations of the ngents, to hold them all
accountable, and to lie the head of the system.
To accomplish these purposes, an authority upon
the spot is indispensable. The quantity al
lowed to each person is ample, * * thirty
feet square is to In: the size of a lot to Is 1 worked
by manual labor in a placer—two hundred and
ten feet, or about one aero, is to be the size of
a lot in a mine, to he worked by machinery in
the rock— AjyKndix tu Oon. Ulobe, l'art 2d, 1 it
SeMion 31st Orngrcee, page 1370.
In spite of all that Fremont could do, howev
er, the common sense of statesmen revolted
ugainst the proposed imposition, and the hill
was rejected. Fortunately, this able, and faith
ful representative's career was a short one in
the Smate. lie certainly did distinguish him
self, hut in a way altogether unenviable. lie
distinguished himself by being alone in a meas
ure for trusting extraordinary powers to de
pendents of the government, and in proposing
to levy an onerous nnd extraordinary tax upon
his own constituents. He, who should have
stood there ready to resist such a proposition If
coming from others, was found the most ready
to make it himself. Thut Col. Fremont is a
great man, uud a wise and prudent statesman,
who can doubt after this!

Kai.sk Report.- A rumor was circulated in
this place on Saturday morning lust, that Cbus.
Steinuiitz, a butcher at Washington, was found
murdered the night before between White Cloud
and Alpha. The rumor proved to be without
fouudntiou.
From rup Plains. —A company of emigrants
passed through this place on Suuduy last, hav
ing crossed the plains this season. They had
with them about two hundred head cf loose cat
tle, which, together with the work oxen, were
iu excellent condition.
CoMMt’TKn.— John Roberts, convicted of a
murder in Placer county at>out a year ago, and
who was sentenced to lie hung on Friday last,
had his sentence commuted by the Governor, to
imprisonment for life.
Reitulican Meeting.— A small number of the
infatuuted party culling themselves by tLe above
title, got together on Wednesday night to listen
to the more infutunted Crocker. CroelK r is said
to he very souud on the woolly question. We
shall >uke occasion to look into the reports of the
U. S. Supreme Court at the first opportunity to
satisfy ourselves whether it be true.
A. A. Sargent, K. N. nominee for State Sen
ate, happening to be somewhere iu the neigh
borhood, was called for and came forward and
announced his determination to go North. Con
sidering that it has only been week or two since
the Journal indignuniiy spurned the idea of any
decent man ulmndoning Mr. Fillmore because
of his slender chances, this surprised us just a
hale.
J. E. Hamlin, of Broad strt'et Book Store, 1ms
our thanks for San Francisco papers.
Democratic Ratification Meeting.
The mass meeting of the Democracy held in
front of the American Exchange, on Saturday
evening last, very far exceeded in numbers
and enthusiasm any meeting which has been
held in Nevada during the present cam
paign. Delegations were in attendance from
each of the several townships, and nearly every
precinct in the county was represented. It is
estimated that from fifteen hundred to two thou
sand persons were present, giving a hearty and
cordiul response to the eloquent speeches which
were made. At sundown a salute of thirty-one
guns was fired. The Democracy of the country
about heard it and came swarming in. The
“Nevada Democratic Club” formed in proces
sion at the foot of Broad street, each member
wearing a white satin badge bearing the like
ness of our candidate for President. Along
the line of the procession were numerous trans
parencies inscribed with patriotic sentiments.
On one was represented the Federal arch formed
of thirteen blocks, representing the Old Thir
teen, with the Keystone firm in its place. On
another was painted a noble Buck with his
antlers up leading the way to the White House,
while far in the rear followed the woolly horse.
• The Union, the whole Union”—“Let no star
be blotted from our galaxy”—“The Federal
government should exercise all its constitution
al powers to construct a Pacific Railroad 1 he
Ark of the Constitution—withered be the hand
stretched out to destroy it”—“That country Is
most prosperous where lal>or commands the
greatest reward,” were amongst the mottoes
under which the host of Democrats were mar
shalled.
The stand was handsomely decorated with the
Flag of our Country, while overhead was sus
pended the stars and stripes, andVinderneath it
was seen the names of our candidates, “Buch
anan and Brcekenridge, Democracy and victo
ry.”
On the arrival of the procession at the place
of meeting, the assembly was called to order by
Henry Meredith, Esq., who nominated for offi
cers Dr. Wm. J. Knox as President, and II. P.
Swcotland, of Bridgeport; Cupt. Henderson, of
Eureka ; John O'Donnell, of Washington ; Mr.
Penbcrtliy, of Grass Valley ; Judge Henton, ol
Rough and Ready ; and J. P. Burke, of Little
York, for Vice Presidents, and John McFarland
and E. G. Battaile for Secretaries.
In consequence of a misundortanding with re
gard to the hour of meeting, l)r. Knox not be
ing present at the time, David Bolden, Esq., was
called upon to preside.
Charles L. Scott, Esq,, Democratic candidate
for Congress, was introduced, and spoke for an
hour and a half in a speech replete with argu
ment, bolding the audience in deep attention
throughout, lie was followed by A. C. Brad
ford, candidate for elector. The address of Mr.
Bradford sustained the high reputation w hich
tie lias won as n popular speaker. It was well
Interspersed with pointed anecdotes, giving a
zest to bis eloquent and patriotic sentiments.
\V. I. Ferguson was then introduced, and was
welcomed with cordial applause. The interest
to hear him was manifested by the eagerness
with which the throng pressed tow ards the stand
to hear what he had to say. At nearly midnight
he closed Ids prilliant effort, amid the loud and
fervid applause of the multitude who still re
mained, enchanted by his impassioned eloquence.
Three cheers were then given for Buclinunn and
Brecki nridgo, and the crowd retired to their
homes.
Robberies. —A man by the name of Jns. M.
Sanburu, was robbed on Saturday evening last,
while on Ids way from this place to Selby Flat.
Mr. S. was on horsebnek, ami when near tlie
Sugar Loaf gap, two men met him, caught his
horse by the bridle, presented n pistol, and pro-'
ceeded to search him. Uo bad eigiity dollars in
one pocket, and upwards of a hundred in the
other. They found the eighty dollars, and sup
posing that to be all lie had, searched no furth
er. They then gave him back ten dollars, and
permitted him to go. They never spoke while
committing the robbery, but made themselves
understood by signs.
Two other men were robbed the same night,
near the same place. One of them, Mr. J. W.
Daw, lind only a dollar and a quarter, which
tlie robbers took. These robberies wore un
doubtedly committed by the same parties.
Two teamsters were robbed of altout a hun
dred dollars in money and a pistol, at the half
mile house, on Thursday night last. The mou
ey and pistol was taken from under their beads
while they were asleep. One of them awoke
just in time to see the robbers making oil' with
his money and pistol.
On Monday night at the same place, seven
men were robbed. Tt is supposed by our inform
ant that cloroforin was used, as the rooms were
entered, the clothes of the occupants taken from
under tbeir heads, and relieved of whatever mo
ney they contained, yet no one was aroused, and
the discovery was not uiudc uutil morning. One
man lost thirty-five dollars, the others less sums.
On the same night the house of Mr. Foster,
within a few rods of the above place was enter
ed, and Mr. F’b trunk taken out, carried across
the road and broken open. A watch lielonging
to a gentleman in tlie house was taken, but we
have not learned that they obtained auything
else. Its is to be regretted that these outrage*
which have become of common occurrence, are
perpetrated and tbc villiarts escape detection and
the punishment the crime so well deserves.
Taking it Coolly. —The Journal of last week,
seems determined to keep up its spirits in spite
of w Uni and weather. The news of the election
in KeuLtcky, Missouri, Arkansas, North Caro
lina, etc., is pronounced of the “most cheering
and inspiring character.” We thought so—and
also that the “results,” (seeing that they were
democratic results) “could be counted as so
many victories.” It is pretty generally admit
ted, that those who win are victorious, and
therefore look upon the remarks of the Journal .
as entirely superfluous. We should think that
article had lieen prepared with great care, for
there is sufficient ambiguity in the phraseology
to do credit to Tallyrand.
Ei ueka.— We call the attention of the Town
ship Committee of Eureka, to the call in another
column for a meeting on next Saturday, at Or
leans Flat.
Ftb Doc's.—We arc under obligations to Sen
ators Wm. Bigler and J. B. Weller, itad to Hon.
J. W. Denver, for valuable public documents.
ltrpublk'Mit Me«»lng «t Pntt«r*on.
Patterson, Sept. 27th, 1856.
Editor Democrat: —Our quiet little village
«us startled from its dull •roprlety on Thurs
day evening last, by a couple of Republican
political preachers, called by way of distinction
Crocker <fc Tingley. The first named is a jolly,
good natured, Falstaffian looking gentleman;
and the last, a severely logical looking individ
ual. with a grim visage on which might be traced
“woman’s rights” and “limited philosophy. ’
After making a very serious bow to the audi
ence, he led ofT in a melancholy, “mud-drag”
way; but some time elapsed ere it could be dis
tinctly ascertained whether he meant to inflict
on us a hymn, sermon, or political lecture; until
he got steam up and hit a certain iron horse in
the same manner as the bull, in the anecdote
he facetiously told us. But unfortunately, the
result was different; for the rash bull was
Blain in the tilt; but this one mounted the horse
and walked him painfully aero is an imaginary
railroad trick, which he kindly told us was iu
process of construction by a certain Mr. Fre
mont and a few other enterprising persons. The
logical speaker was in favor of a railroad him
self, and assigned as a reason that he suffered
some from a long journey across the plains, and
preferred a “safer and speedier communication
between here and the Atlantic States!” After
a painful repetition of puerile railroad nonsense,
he eulogised the chief engineer [Mr. Fremont]
in a tone as dolefully solemn as “Gray’s Elegy
in a Country Churchyard,” seemingly impressed
with the idea that he was not
“Forbade to wf.Je thro’ slaiiiriitor to a throne,
And shut 'nt* gate* of mercy on mankind.”
Mr. Crocker attempted a critical disquisition
on the proficiency of Franklin Pierce in modern
history, and gleefully chuckled when hesapieut
ly announced that he might have read Robinson
Crusoe—went on to prove himself a Jefferson
Democrat, mnspeur, tarn reprochi— loosely asser
ted everything in a general way, selected from
scraps of the Republican press of the day. Nu
merous stale annecdotes garnished the discourse
but were worn so thin, that they were unappre
ciated by the crowd.
Another gentleman followed on the same
side, with a few more annecdotes, and their
brevity was their chief merit. James II. John
son was thpn loudly called for. and addressed
the meeting in a speech of rare ability, vindica
ting the claims of the Democratic party on the
hearts of tho people, indignantly and eloquently
flung back the filthy slanders heaped on the sons
of the sunny south as well as on the gallant De
mocracy of the North—adverted sharply to a
certain Coolie Bill, which some gentlemen now
advocating Republicanism sustained in a Cali
fornia Legislature, and triumphantly concluded
amid a perfect tempest of applause, when three
cheers were called on for Buchanan, which were
given with a ringing energy and enthusiastic
spirit, from two thirds of the assemblage. Some
of our more liberal minded Republican citizens,
had the generosity to gracefully compliment
Mr. Johnson on his brilliant effort.
The Fillmore men still profess to ire sanguine
of success, notwithstanding the desertion of their
lile leader, and the Latin quotation of the learn
ed associate, soothes their unexpressed sorrow
at his defection.
ltcspecl fully Yonrs,
“Snap.”
Ukpiiilu.'an Meeting at San Jlan.—We learn
that tlie Republican meeting at San Juan on
Saturday evening last, was by no means fatis
factory to the gentlemen who went there to eu
lighten the good people on the political issues
of dm day. Mr. Crocker and Judge Tracy were
voted too tedious, and consequently were induc
ed to make their speeches more brief tliau usual.
Ditto Col. Tingley. A. A. Sargent was called
for loudly by bis quondam friends, but on mak
ing his appearance, the indignant K. N.’s raised
such a clamor that he was unable to speak at all.
Organize. Democrats, we call upon you to or
ganize. Be up and doing. The day when we
arc to test the affection of the people for the
honored principles transmitted to us by Jeffer
son and Jackson, is near at hand. If those great
and honored patriots -still rule our spirits from
their urns,” put your bands to the plough, and
look not back. I’ut forth the might which lives
in the breast of Democracy, and the land will
i>e freed from tire pestilence of sectionalism,
ngniut which wo are warned by the immortal
Washington.
Improvements. —We have to keep our eyes
open constantly to the improvements which are
lieing added to our town in the we.y of brick
buildings. Riley and Hunt have commenced
a brick building on Broad Street, next to the
building being erected by Judge Caswell. It
will be forty-five feet front, with a depth of
seventy feet, one story high. Next below, Mr.
Riley has purchased the lot of Z. I’. Davis, and
is putting up a two story building. He is also
about to commence a two story brick on the
corner of Commercial and l’ine streets, on the
lot formerly ow ned by Mr. Stiles.
Meeting at Grass Vali,ey. —A large and en
thusiastic meeting of the Democracy of Grass
Valley was addressed on Friday night last, by
tlwsc eloquent champions of our cause, Messrs.
Scott, Bradford and Ferguson. The ball is
rolling ou, gathering volume and strength in
our neighboring township.
New Store. Mr. I,. Bon man has just opened
a handsome stock of dry goods, &c.. under our
office. The Misses Tackney have a millinery
establishment in the same store. Ladies, there
will be “loves of bonnets" there in a few days.
Mpuder ok Dr. Marsh.— On Thursday morn
ing last. Dr. John Marsh, the owner of a ranch
near Mt. Diablo, and who hns resided in Califor
nia some eighteen or twenty years, was fouud
murdered about two miles from the town of
Martinez. His body was considerably cut and
mangled, as the watch of the deceased was gone,
and there was uo money found on his person!
it supposed that the murder may have been
committed for the purpose of robbery. I)r
Marsh was a graduate of Harvard Uuiversity,
and was. perhaps, the most accomplished eehol!
ar and liuguist in the State. He was the author
of a history of California, which was published
in several successive numbers of the California
Star, in the spring of 184a One man was af
terwanls arrested by a party that left Martinez
who had in his possession a wallet belonging to
the deceased.

Mr. A. S. Nugent and Lady g : ve a Cotillon
party at . now Tent, to-morrow. (Tlmr-d-ivt
evening. '' " ,r 1
Cot.. Fremont—A Leaf from California His
tory—A statement having been made by the
Sacramento Daily Times, to tlic effect that Jose
Santos Bcrrycsa was stamping the lower coun
ties for Fremont and Dayton, that gentleman
has published a card, of which the following is
an extract. As a leaf from California history
it will be found interesting, while it shows up
the Republican candidate for President in nc
enviable light:
When the “Bear party’’ revolution commenc
ed, 1 was Alcalde of the country north of the
Bay of San Francisco. At the capture of So
noma. myself and two of my brothers were taken
prisoners. In a few days Col. Fremont arrived,
and proceeded on to San Rafeal. There a bloody
tragdy was enacted, the particulars of which I
leave’ others to speak. One of the murdered
men on that occasion was my grey-haird old fa
ther of sixty years. He had been sent from San
Jose by my mother to see after the safety of her
sons and others of their family. He came peace
ably, and did not dream of danger, whether fall
ing' into the hands of friends or foes of the exist
ing government.
The next day Col. Fremont returned to Sono
ma. Some of the old settlers told me of the
shooting of the three men, and remarked they
were sure one of them was my father. Soon
after Col. Fremont passed the door of my prison.
I called to him, and told him he had killed my
father. He said it wus not so. Just at the mo
ment one of the soldiers of his company came up,
and ou his person I recognized the tereje always
worn by my father. Ou it I saw the'marks of
fresh blood. I pointed to it, and said to Col.
F., “that tells the tale—he is dead; will you
direct the man to give me the scrape? —I wish to
send it to my mother.” Col F. replied that the
straw belongd to the soldier ; it was the booty
he had won, and he could keep it if he liked. I
tahied to the man and asked his price for it. lie
said twenty-five dollars. The money I pulled
out of my pocket and paid him, and thus obtain
ed the article. «»•«»»
I leave it to the reader to say how ardent must
be my support of Colonel Freinout, and how
manv speeches i ought to make in his favor.
JOSE S. B ERR YES A.
The following is the statement of Jasper
O’Farrel, Esq., in reference to the above men
tioned acts:
I Was at San Rafael in June, 1846, when the
then Captain Fremont arrived at that Mission
with his troops. The second day after his arrival
there was a boat landed three men at the mouth
of the Estero, on Point ban Pedro. As soon as
they were descried by Fremont, there were three
meu(of whom Kit Carson was one) detailed to
meet them. They mounted their horses, and after
advencing about one hundred yards, halted and
Carson returned to where Fremont was standing
on the corridor of the Mission, in company with
Gillespie, myself and Others, and said, “Captain
Fremont, snail I take those men prisoners?”
In reply, Fremont waived his hand and said “I
have got no room for prisoners.” They then
advanced to within fifty yards of the three un
fortunate and unarmed Californians, alighted
from their horses, and deliberately shot them.
One of them was au old and respectable Califor
nian, Don Jose S. Bcrrycsa, whose sou was then
Alcalda of Sonoma. The other two were twin
brothers, and sons Don Francisco de Haro, a
citizen of the Puebla of Yorb Buena. J saw Car
sou some two years ago and spoke to him of this
act, nud he assured me that then and since, ho
regretted to be compelled to shoot these men,
and says that he intended to make them prison
ers ; but Fremout was blood-thirsty enough to
order otherwise. And he further remarked, that
it was not the only brutal act he was compelled
to commit while under his command.
I should not have taken the trouble of making
this public, but that tie- veracity of a pamphlet
published by C. E. Picket, Esq., in which he
mentions the circumstance, has been questioned,
a history which 1 am compelled to say, is, alas!
too true—and from having seen a circular ad
dressed to the native Californians by Fremont,
or some of Ids friends, calling on them to rally
to his support. I therefore give the above act
publicity, so as to exhibit some of that great
warior’s tender merciesundchivalrous exploits;
and must say that i feel degraded in soiling pa
per with the name of a man whom tor that act
I must always look upon with contempt, and
consider as a murderer and a coward.
JASPER O’FARREL.
Brutal Murder.— A man by the name of Wil
son w as brutally murdered near Mariposa, about
two weeks ago. The unfortuuntc man. says
the Mariposa Democrat, was working near tUo
Wild Goose Rauch, three miles from this town,
on the road to Stockton. On last Friday night
a friend left him in his cabin, which was a log
one with a canvas top, and Mr. Wilson was in
good health and spirits. On Saturday morning
following, his partner went to Mr. Wilson's cab
in to ascertain the reason of his being so late to
w ork, w hen to his horror he discovered his part
ner weltering in his own blood. The uufortu
nate man was lying in his bed with his skull
terribly fractured, and the brains aud blood
oozing from the cracks. A hatchet was found
near the door, the butt of which was stained
w ith blood-evidently being the instrument
used by the fiend in accomplishing his diabolical
purpose. The clothing and utensils contained
within the cabin had been thoroughly overhaul
ed by the murderer. As Mr. Wilson was known
to have some six ounces of gold dust aud about
twenty-five dollars in money in his possession
it may have liecn this sum that tempted the vil
lain to commit the murder. Mr. Wilson, we
understand, still lives but no liopeR are enter
tained of his recovery. He is speechless, and
his skull is awfully disfigured. Mr. Wilson
came to this country from Australia, and had
but one arm, his left having been cut off above
the wrist some years ago. Suspicion has not
(alien upon any particular person, and the per
petrator of this cruel deed is supposed to have
jteen one of the numerous highwaymen who now
infest this region of the State.
Decision.— The following opinion given hy
the Supreme Court on Monday, the 8th, will be
found of interest to residents of this county.
Laforge vs McGhee:-The only important
question involved in this case, is the power of
the Board ot Supervisors to set apart a portion
of the revenue of the county ns a fund for cur
rent expenses.
In the absence of a statute on this subject
there is no doubt that the supervisors, as tbe fis
cal agents os the county, might direct the dispo-
S m 011 °/o S r< '. TP "' les - 1!l,t th e ae' creating the
office of Couuty Treasurer provides that the
warrants drawn on the treasury shall be paid
In the order of their registry; this amounts to
an appropriation, and a general law cannot be
suspended or repealed by the Supervisors, par
ticularly when no authority is conferred on t hem
to perform the particular act.
In the case of Thompson vs. Rowe, 2 Cal rep
ho decision turned ou the facts, that the leek
h ri co . nferrc d Penary lowers upon the
Oouit of Sessions with regard to the countv rev
enue, which was devoted expressly to the enr
m.t expenses of the yea.-. We know of no rule
ot construction which would authorize the Su
pervisors w ho are the creatures of the Legisla
ture, in changing the order of payment directed
la ''- < ? r diverting the revenues of the couim
from their legitimate purposes
Judgement affirmed. Mitirt C J
Iconc,lr: Terry, J.' '
Mrs Keating, the w idow of the’man who
was k'Hcd by P. T. Herbert, is dead. The
shock ot her husband s death, says the Concord
Democratic Standard (N. II.). killed her. She has
left several orphan children.
Mr. Wm. Ross, has been trmking extensive
prepara ,ons for the ball which comes off at his
Hotel, on the MarysflKp in ,i r Pl , n a r*
!«1 road, on Friday Fr ° noh Cor '
Church Festival. - The* ladies of Crass Val
ley will hold a festival at 'he Congregational
Cliuch in that place, on Thurday evening, Octo
ber 9th, to aid the congregation of the Metho
dist Church, of Nevada, in replacing their
building destroyed by the late fire. The gene
rous purpose contemplated by these ladies, we
trust, may prove a successful appeal to the libe
rality of our citizens, without respect to sect w
persuasiou.
New TnEATER. —We ltfarn that Messrs. Frl*.
bie <fc Bain have commenced building a new
theater on the site of the one destroyed by the
late fire. The structure will or* £f»y feet front
on Washington street, and one huudreu T *ct In
depth. The interior will be finished in a style
superior to any building Of the kind in the
mountains.
Bali.. —A Ball, given by Chas. E. Pearson and
H. A. Holcomb, comes off at the National Ex
change, Broad Street, to-morrow evening Octo
ber 2d.
Rev. Mr. Morrow, of the Metluxlut Episcopal
Church, will hold service over Boswell & Hanson's store,
foot of Main and Broad street*, on Sunday next, at half
past ten o’clock, A. M.
Tou ndilp Democrats of Ne
vada Township, will meet at the Democratic Gub Room,
foot of Broad and Main sts., on Saturday, Oct. lltb, at two
o’clock P. M. for the purpose of nominating candidates for
Justice's of the reace, and Constables of Nevada Township.
By Order of Township Commiitke.
Eureka Township Committer.-.The above
Commmittee will meet at Orleans Flat on Saturday next,
at 2 o’clok P. M. A full attendance of the committee is re
quested, as business of importance will bo brought before
them.
Masonic notice.—the members of Nevada
LODGE, No. 13, F. k A. M. are hereby uglified to
m<et at the new Masonic Hall, 'Kidd k Knox Block. corner
oCBroad and Pine streets; on Saturday evening, October
11 tli, lKftfi, to atlcnd to business ot importance. By order
of W. 0. ALBAN, W. M.
Atte 4: Thos. P. HaWLKY, Fepy. 52-21
IX)R SALE —O.s'K BRICK lJOC"g, TWO FRAME
BUILDINGS, and one LOT. centrally located. Enquire
at this Office. 62-tm
AMERICAN EXCHANGE CIGAR STORE,
Conin' of Main and Wa. hington Streets,
Undersigned keeps constantly on liand the choicest
.1. brands of Havana CIGAR. 1 * together with the best ar
ticles of Chewing and Smoking TORAOCO. For sale, who.’c-
Hale and retail. [52-tr] A. WITKOWSKI.
FOR SALE, A NEWSPAPER PE
JRIODICAL & STATIONARY BUSINESS at the
flourishing tow n of Orleans Fiat Nevada Couuty, with
a list of 140 subscribers to daily papers and some fid week
lies. and an Atlantic Vow*™*nor and Magazine business, of
$120. by each Mail Steamer, which can easily be doubled
by an active per.-on. This town is the centre and source
of‘supply for the mining towns of Moort Flat, Woolsey’s
Flat. Snow Point, Humbug City, Relief Hill, Minnesota,
Chip.-’ Flat, Smith’s Flat, Uc.
To any per-.ou that wishes to go into a very profitable,
and laphily inc.va'i; g busince*, the present presents the
most favorable opportunity that can be offered, none but
those who poss<*j the ( A>H REQUIRED apply, as the
Oflfcv 14 at a Great Sacrifice.
Addict oi whnl L b tter, call hi person, upon Curtis
A Co., Orleans Flat, when tlie business will 6c shown and
all satUiitciory information given.
r.j j.v ' CttRfi & CO.
AUCTION SALE'S! -
P. W . T A1I.O E5
AUCTION AND COMMISSION MERCHANT.
Fire Proof Brick b’tore on Commercial Street.
Especial attention will l>e given to out doer Real Estate,
and every description of property and Merchandise, in Ne
vada or any part of the County.
i) k" N T i i’&i on I'tiUic and Private Silt.
Nevada Sept. 30. lbo'J—52-tf.
Fall & Winter Clothing!
iiLOCK &, co.
A. UIAfVIV VU.,
Comer of Commercial an:l Pint Strcelt,
NEVADA.'
Uron.n rail t!ic attention of Hit) citizens of Nevada nr
Nurrouivlinti country their large and wellassorb
ttock ol l ull and w 1 Clothing, Ate., c m.dsting in pait
Coals.
( lolh and Fancy Casginiere Business Coats;
Surtotitf*. u’trt. an ! other styl-.M of O.erooats
Cloth ami lo -; nap Talinis;
. j-Mu <• i-.i r> , ifliiii i,',
Blue Pilot an t R’a\or Monkey JackeU,
Fine Black Cloth Frock Coats;
Goto mixed 0assimore Coat-.
Vests.
Black Siik VeI.et Vests, ( latest style;)
Black Figu vd > I! , Cassiiiicre and rfatin VolU;
Fancy and l'lain a -sinicre Vests.
T’asits.
Plain and Fancy Pants;
Flain and Fancy Fitinett 1’r.nts;
Black Doeskin and Casaimere Pants;
Tweed and Kentm ky Janes l’unts.
SlilrU and Prnwcr*.
Davi> k .Tones’ Pa'ent .Shi (large stock;)
"ilk Undershirts ar.d Drawet •;
White and Gray Me, ino Shirts and Drawer*;
Flannel, Cheek, and Hickory Shirts.
hats.
Black, Brown and Pearl French Hate;
Black. Brown, and Pearl Wool llxU.
JSlniikctfl.
\\ hite, Blue, Red and Gray Blankets,
Domestic.
Four-fourths Brown and Bleached Sheeting.
Together with a int-ge assortment of
GENTS FURNISHING GOODS,
In eudle«s variety.
U n fiber.
Dyclipiwr ships “M. I). Sutton.” "Polynesia,'’ and ‘
bin Hood, ffp are ,u receipt of a large stock of India ]
ber teats, (black and white, some with capes.) Boots
1 ants, 'mporled direct from ttie New York manuf.cto
which wil! be offered to the trade at San Francisco pr
freight added. y
A. BLOCK k CO.
N. \;t ;t. "< |.t 29, hid.—*»2 tf.
I^STH AY NOTICE—/ AMK TO THE ENU.<1S
J ,v. f „ the urwlrrsik nod. on the German Ranch, near Col
Ida Hill, a DARK BROWN PONY, marked by a Spa
brand on the left l ip. The owner can have the saiu<
proving property uud paving charges.
52 a "* ' A. MASC
STATE OF CALIFORNIA, COUNTY OF NEVADA -a
p Ill's H to until- the public that the c.i pennrr
heretofore existing between CLEVELAND fc HlIJS lYr
rs of the Vtrripia House in v.mii, i. n.:. a 1
etors of the Urania House in Nevada, is this dav dis,
oil by mutual consent of all jwirties concerned, bv and i
the understanding tl.at S t ierbcck k Hiles are to in all
standing debts a-aiost said firm, »u-l all deman.U due
firm are to be paid, to
V , „ , SPEKBECX 4: IIILBS.
Nevada. Fept. 19, 1859. —52-3w«
OT ATE OF CAUFOUXIA, COIN
p Township of Bough and Beady: as J u
lli !(rr*» A llontcs I u
COUNTY NEV;
Before A.' Henton VF “““ ".-JuatiC. «
SAMUEL MOKHISON vs. WAINEh KFJJ.ER The m
of the ctate ot (AHforma to Waiues Keller Uraeting —
are hereby suminonwt to appear before the undersi
at his office in said Township in the County of Neva.tr
Saturday the 11th .lay of October, A. D. ls&h, at 11 o’c
A M., to answer unto the complaint of Samuel Morriac
the sum of seventy dollars and seventy-five eents ,,,*
count, tiled in the nfflen of the said Justice when’m
men, wiil be taken against you for the «id amoum
gether with costs aud damages, it you fail to anpear
answer. ei*pe»r
Civen under my hand this 29th day of Sept. A I) 1
A. HEXTON, j' r.
State of California, County of Nevada, Townshi
Rough A; Beady. It apjearing to :uy satisfaction t
good cause ot action exists in tavot of said r iaintiir
against said defend. -1 and that the ca.K m.idc i“ 1
|S provided hy the bisection of the act ,Lhlu7
ceediugs in civd casec«. guiaiuig
It is tliereforc ordered that service of ..
said defondent lie made by publishing the siane “n tb
i a,la Democrat, a paper publlshtsl in Nevada City to
Ciliinty, lor the period ot two weeks 10
Given under „iy hand this 2 Hi, day o! SeoL A D
- 5 - - w A IltoNTOX, j/p. for £m T«w.
JTATK OF t' A LI FOR VIA COUNTY OF NE
& K ™"-' = —JusUce a^
s.vmi el Morrison vs johv ti
the State Of CaRfornia, to John StaS^O^U^JfS
MM m T nrf ‘i° M ' in ,h « "ndemigned
dav 1 l i. Tow.uehip in the county of Nevada on
Gnen under my hand thia 29th day of Sor t y D
A. HENTON, J
C * Ufor » i » .County of Nevada, Township of
,B ; vl >• 11 appearing to my satisfaction that .good
of action exist,. j u f svor of B ';,i , ' llml ‘good
tkm'hSt *-*! - 1- -Z'l
lion MIM la^(Tng pS'Vto'^, 1
It is therefore onlero.1 that seretoe „r Cit ’ 1 *
against said defendant by publishing thesmwto'fi
vada Demoino. a publisl.H to NVv. da Jt.
county, for Uie period of two weeks. ,y 1
r,. ’ . - - "ITh".
G.yo,j wUt my hand thi,. 29th day of = r ..f X n
V IfFVn.V ' ■ M’ A. I>.

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