Newspaper Page Text
VOL. IV, NO. 1.
NEVADA DEMOCRAT, PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING, BY I. J. ROLFE & CO. OFFICE-BROAD STREET, NEVADA, T E RM S « For one ve*r, in advnnce. JjjJ Six months. 2 oo Three months, 25 ct „ Single Copies. BUSINESS CARDS. ROSENHEIM & BHO. WATCHMAKERS AND JEWELERS, AND DEALERS IN Watehct, Jewelry, Diamond*, «toe* located for tlie present, on Commercial Street, Nevada. HOW RORENHEIM, * AR0X *<»****"’ P. S.—GOI.D DUST BOUGHT AT THE HIGHEST MAR KET PRICE. 46-tf CHAS. W. YOUNG, MANUFACTURER OF CALIFORNIA JEWELRY, IV A T C H M A K E R, -AND-*- DEALER IN FINE WATCHES, JEWV RV, VIA MOW WORK, dr. Junction of Main and Commercial S r .a. ‘"d-,. CHARLES W. MUl .OED, BlHKE H, — At hla Old Stai •; Haio Nevada. I will pay the highest p m foi '• >Li aI n . KOI J) BARS, and COUNTY ORDERS v,). procure Draft, parable ir. anv of the Atlantic States. ' nad*., m Euroj, in .urns to Kuit; forward Dust for Co. • » ■«* Branch Mint, and if desired, will make “sight CHECKS on DREXEL, SATHER & CHURCH, San Francisco, AT PAR. _________________ WILLIAMSON & DAWLEY, -w, ASKERS, and dealers in GOI.I) DUST —No. 30 Main SIGHT CHECKS on Garrison. Morgan, Frits & Ralston, San Francisco or Sacramento. AT PAR. BILLS OF EXCHANGE on New \ork or St. Louis, at the BY THE FI .ASK OR POUND, [tf F. MANSELL, Sign anil Ornamental Painter, All work promptly attended to, and in the best style of the art. Commercial street, above Pine, Nevada. 46-tf THOMAS MARSH, SIGN AND ORNAMBNTAL. PAINTING, No. 10 Commercial Street, Nevada. 42-tf K l R N ITVRE WARK ROOMS. john McFarland, DEALER IN fVRNITURE, BEDS MATRASSES, PILLOWS, PIL LOW CASES, SHEETS, dr. No. 14 Commercial Street. Nevada. 21-tf WTANTON BUCKNER, C. WILSON UII.L, BUCKNER & HILL, HAVING associated themselves together in the practice of the law. will attend promptly to all business con 5ded to their care in Nevada and adjoining counties. Office— Over C. W. Mulford’a Banking House. Main st., Nevada. July 8, 1856 —43-tf II. I. THORNTON, Jr. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. Office— In Kelsey's Brick Building. Commercial street, *low Pine street, Nevada. 51 tf WM. F. ANDERSON, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. OFFICE— Front Room, up stairs, Democrat Building, Broad tr#*t. Nevada. J. I. CALDWELL I TTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Office, No. 10 Bicknf.ll’8 Block, Broad >>t. Nevada. Nevada, Aug. *27, 1850.—47-tf . m iv r*H iMK (IROi 8> HIPI*. * '•“'CHASE st HUPP, AT TOR NE YS AT L A W. Offce— Front Room, up stairs, of Democrat Office, Broad :re*t, Nevada. FEANCT8 4. DUNN, HENRY MEREDITH. DUNN A MEREDITH, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELORS AT LA W Office —Second Story of Alban’s Brick Building, corner Broad and Pine Streets' Nevada. i. R. M’COXXVLL, WM. M. KTFWAKT, McConnell & stewart, attorneys and counselors at law. Will practice in all the Courts of the Fourteenth Judicial I>i*triet. and in the Supreme Court. Office —Crittenden’* Brick Building. Main Street. [4-tf OVERTON, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Office—Alban's Brick Building—rear of the Drug Store — Nevada. 46-tf McROBERTS, FUNSTON & CO., NEV A DA, DEALERS IX Family Groceries, Provisions, 'Wines, Li quors, and Miners Supplies. KILBOUKN'S CORNER, Opposite A. Block A Co’s., corner Pine and Commercial streets. W. 8. M ROBERTS, M. If. FCX8T0X, JNO. PATTLSON. BLACKMAN, HOWARD & CO., IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC WINES AND LIQUORS, 85 Clay Street, Between Battery and Front, one Door East of the Railroad Ho u.<e. SAX FRANCISCO, Mir Orders from the interior command our particular attention. O. P. BLACKMAN, CHAS. WEBB HOWARD, Ely C. H. BLACKMAN. O. E. WITHINOTON. A. O. BF.XTLY, WITHINGTON & BENTL.Y, DEALER. 4 IX French and American Paper Hangings, WINDOW Shades, Brass Cornice, Gold Mouldings, Paints he. Painting of all kinds, and paper hanging execu ted in the best style, at short potioe, 49-tf No, 7, Broad street, Nevada, D, fc B. UCHMAN, NO, 60 BROAD STREET, NEVADA pi-. Harware, itorea, Tin-Ware, Crockery, Ac. dir. tfg- All kinds of Tin Ware made to order. • Sept. 1*56 —49 3m I). A B. LACHMAN H. B. PALMER, NEVADA CARRIAGE SHOP! * No. 10 Washington ht., adove Frisries’ Rkstaikant. MMC Particular attend,at paid to REI'AIRIXG, “S# Wheelbarrows kept on hand, and for sale. Anar 18. 1*56. 46 tf Wholeaalr and Retail LIQUOR STORE. Main street, near Commercial, Nevada. THE undersigned would inform the public that he has now on hand a most extensive assortment of the Beat Liquors Ever brought to tL.s market. Having rebuilt his Fire Proof Building, with an excellent Cellar under it, he has every facility for keeping any amount of Goods. He will keep a good supply of WHISKEY, BRANDY, GIN. WINES, PORTER, ALE, ALE, CIDER; &e , &c. Alan—All kinds of Case liquors. Cordials, Pyrupa, &c. Which have been selected with the greatest care by com petent judges, and which will be sold as low or lowe, than any other establishment in the place. He will continue the manufacture of SODA at his old place, which is an article to well known too require recom mendatiou. Dealers and others wishing to purchase are respectfully invited to call and examine inv stock. 44 tf J. M 1XURSIIUTZ. THE NEVADA DEMOCRAT. TRAVELING. CALIFORNIA STAGE COMPANY. THE STAGES of thin Company will leave their Office, at Frfabie's old Stand. Nevada, as follows: TOR .SACRAMENTO. Leaves Nevada at 1 o'clock, A. M.. and arriving at Sac monto in time for the 2 o’clock boats for San Francisco. Also, at 4 o’clock, A. M., running via Auburn, as an Ac commodation line to Sacramento. FOR MARYSVILLE. Leaves the above named Office every morning at seven o’clock, A. M., (Missing through Grass Valiev, Rough & Readv. Empire Ranch, and l/>ng Bar, and arriving in Ma rysville at 3 o'cl«»ck P. M. FOR FOKB*T CITY, DOW.NHCV1LLB, PATTKR80N, WOIRY'A, MOORE’8, ANT) ORLEANS FI.AT8. Leaves every morning at 6 1-2 o’clock A. M. JAMES HAWORTH, 1 Wt. C. S. Oo. W. S. HcRobkrtr, Agent, Nevada. [tf NEVADA & WASHINGTON STAGE DINE. ON ANI) AFTER JANUARY 1, 1856. the above Line will run as follows : lA*aving the office, at Frisbie’s old Staud, Nevada, at 8 o'clock. A. M. (Missing by Mountain Soring House, Morgan’s, Cold Spring, White Cloud, Gold Hill and Alpha, arriving at Washington by one o’clock in the afternoon. It is the nearest and best Route to Washington. Omega. Scotchman's Creek, Poor Man’s Creek, and Eureka. Returning,—The Stages will leave the South Yuba Hotel, Washington, every morning nt nine o'clock, and arrive at Nevada by one o’clock P. M., connecting with the Cali fornia Stage Co’s Coaches for Auburn, Sacramento, Marys ville and Shasta. Office—South Yuba Hotel, Washington. A. S. OL1N, I'roprietor. W. S. McRobkrts, Agent, Nevada. [34-tf Spring and Summer Arrangement. TELEGRAPH LINE. Six Horse Coaches from Nevada to CamptonviUe. ON AND AFTER APRIL 15th. the above Line of Stages will leave the Office of the California Stage Company, at Frisbie’s old Stand, Nevada, every morning, at seven .'’clock, A. M., running by Oak Tree Ranch. San Juan, and Hess’ Crossing, arriving at CamptonviUe at 12 M. Returning—The Stages will leave the National Hotel, CamptonviUe, every morning, at seven o’clock, A. M., and arrive at Nevada in time to connect with the California Stage Company’s Line of Stages for Sacramento City, Ma rysville and Auburn. jfcir’ Express Matter promptly attended to. A. WAGENER, Proprietor. IV. S. McRonKRTK. Ag’t. Nevada. [33-tf EMPIRE LIVERY STABLE, Broad Street, Nevada, GEORGE MAY, Proprietor. THE UNDERSIGNED WOUIJ) INFORM HIS friends and the public generally, that he has become Proprietor of the EMPIRE LIVERY STABLE, and as he designs keeping constant ly on hand A Stock of Fast Horses, Would respectfully solicit the (>atronnge of the Public. HOT Horses kept by the Day or Week on the most rea sonable terms. 20-tf GEORGE MAY, LIVERY A. SALE STABLE. At the fbol of Boulder street , near Ferre's BanJcing House. J. A. LANCASTER, FORMERLY OF THE Metropolis Stable, would inform his friends and the public generally, that he has added extensively to his already Dirge and Ele gant establishment of Horses. Buggies, Saddles. Harness, kc. kc. —they are now prepared to furnish as line turn outs as can be found in the State. Well trained fleet and easy Saddle Horses, well equipp'd for ladies or Gentlemen will be ready at all times. A long experience in the business and an earnest desire to retain the confidence of his friends, leads him to be lieve he will be able to give general satisfaction. Particular attention paid to Horses on Livery Carriages always in readiness with careful drivers for the use of BalL. Parties, kc. kc. The quality of our stock will permit us to sav that those seeking pleasure, or engaged on business would do well to give us a call. J. A. LANCASTER. Nevada, Aug. 20, 1856.—R3-tf NOTICE TO TEA3I8TERS. WAGON ROAD from Nevada to Downievillo, by way of ROBINSON’S CROSSING. This Rond is in flue condition, and presents the shortest route ami best road for Packers and Teams to all the vari ous settlements along the Divide, between the South and Middle and the Middle and North Yulms. by way of Hess' and Emery's Crossings. The Road also affords the nearest route for Packers and Travelers from Sacramento, by way of Rough k Ready, Grass Valley and Nevada, and the mines further South, to Poor man’s Creek, Nelson’s Creek, and all the mining re gion north of Nevada and Downieville. This Road is as easily traveled as that lwdwcon Sacra mento and Nevada. Four horses can readily draw from three to four thousand (jounds of freight, from Nevada to the top of the hill at Downieville, when the road is not ob structed by heavy rains or snow. W. E. ROBINSON, Proprietor. June 11th. 1856—10-1 v* JESSE S. WALL & BROTHER, DEALERS IN GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS, Miner's Supplies, Preserved Fruits, Liquors, kc. No. 55 Broad Street, Nevada. HAVING completed our new fire-proof building, we are now’ receiving the largest Stock oiGmsls ever brought to this |»lace. Having plenty of room, and being secure against fire, it is our intention to keep on hand at all times a full assortment of all articles to be found in similar estab lishments, which will be sold to Miners and Families On the most Reasonable Terms. Our Stock consists in part of the following asssortniont of Family Groceries, kc. 500 Qr. Sacks Hour; 10,000 Lbs. Potatoes; 8.000 Lbs. Hams; 3,000 Lbs Goshen butter With a complete stock of 3,000 Lbs. S. C. Hams, 100 Bllis. Flour; 3,000 Lbs. Side Bacon; 1.000 Mm. I-ird ; GAR, COFFEE, TEA. RICE, TOBACCO, FRESH FRUITS, HARDWARE. QUEENSWARE, kc. kc. /Hr GOODS DELIVERED FREE OF CHARGE We invite the attention of Country Dealers to our large stock of Goods. As we have unusual facilities for purchas ing, we are confident that we can sell on such terms as w ill make it to their advantage to trade with us instead of going below for their supplies. J. S. WALL & BROTHER, Broad Street. September 16, 1850—tf. BOOTS AND SHOES. S MAYERS & WM. R. COE, (huccphswh to P. J. Eh pen • scheid,) corner of Main and Commercial Streets, would respectfully inform the public that they have purchased the large and well selected Stock of BOOTS AND SHOES, contained in the al»ove establishment, and hope by strict attention to business to merit a share of the public j»at rouage. Having just received from San Francisco a choice and well selected stock of Boots and Shoes. Indies' and Misses’ Gaiters. Buskins. Slippers. Children's Shoes, kc., kc., they would respectfully invite all those wanting any thing in the above line to give them a call, as they believe, for va riety, quality and cheapness, their stock is unsurpusse<J jp the mountains. Repairing done on the shortest notice, in a workmanlike wanner, and on the most reasonable terms. 8. MAYERS. Wm. R. COE. Mu. S. Mayra, late of Grass Valley, and Wm. R. Cob. formerly of the Broad Street Boot and Shoe Store, have purchased my entire stock of Boots and Shoes, and I would cheerfully recommend them to the public as gentlemen every way worthy their support, and would respectfully solicit for them the patronage of mv old friends and cuato mm. [32 tf] P. J. KSPENSCHEID. $10,000 WORTH OF FURITUNREI ENTIRE NEW STOCK. THE LARGEST AND best selected ever brought into the mountains, all of which will be sold cheap for CASH, con sisting of Bedsteads of all sizes; Cane and Wood Seat Chairs; Cane and Wood Seat Office Chairs* Dining, Card and Center Tables; Extension and Reading Tables; Office Desks and Furniture; Barber’s Chairs; Wash Stands; I/x>king Glasses of all sizes; Cane Seat and Back Arm Rockers and Nurse Chairs; Mattrasses; Pillows; Pillow Cases; Sheets; Comforters; Feathers, kc. The undersigned w'ould respectfully invite the attention of their old customers and the public generally to their new stock of goods On the Corner of Pine and Commercial «ta., Where by strict attention to business they hope to merit a liberal share of public patronage. 46-tf ABBOTT k EDWARDS. Dissolution op partnership— the Partnership heretofore existing between B. NATHAN and H. HOFFMAN, in the Clothing business, at Rough and Ready, was dissolved on the 7th day of August, 1856, by mutual consent. All debts of the firm at the above date will be paid by B. Nathan. The business will be conducted by B. Nathan at the old Stand. B. NATHAN. 51 3t* H. HOFFMAN. JOB PRINTING, cutfJ at this Office Of ALL KINDS, NEATLY EXE NEVADA, CALIFORNIA, AVEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 8, 1856. The United States has run it* race as a Republic. Its Democracy is ripening into anarchy, the fruits of which will inevitably be despotism of some sort or other.—Cana dian Journal. This paragraph, says the Buffalo Courier, is hav ing a great newspaper run. It is endorsed by some of the papers, and denounced by others a libel ou this country. It is not strange that such an opinion should be honestly entertained by an editor who derives his knowledge of the condition of affairs from extreme partisan jour nals, and who assumes that their tone fairly expresses the sentiments of the mass of the peo ple of this country. It is a source of satisfaction to those who look with suspicion upon demo cratic institutions, and who regard a republic as an innovation upon monarchy and a problem of doubtful solutiou, that this Union is convuls ed w ith internal dissensions, and that a party that openly places the motto “Disunion'’ on their banners has sprung into existence. They very properly regard a movement for disunion as the step preliminary to despotism, and chuckle over it as a proof positive that the experiment of self-government is destined to be a failure. This is not the least among the evils attendant upon the organization of a sectional party in the north. For the time being it destroys the moral influence of the nation abroad, and affords despots an excuse to speak lightly of the go vernment that has for almost four score years been the exponent of the will of a free aud in telligent people. It is not to be denied that we arc, as a nation, somewhat demoralized. The opportunity which our institutions offer to unprincipled and ambi tious men to excite and mislead the popular mind has not been unimproved, aud as a result we have the temporary agitations whose work ing are seen in Kansas and California, and to a lesser extent, in the fanaticism which is daily developed in Fremont demonstrations in the Free States. But those who affect to discover in these spasmodic convulsions and disgraceful riots the seeds of revolution, mistake the temp er of the American people. They are rather the evidences of a temporary abberration induced by circumstauces. They do not indicate di sease in the body politic, but only the moment ary ascendency of bad men and corrupt influen ces, which created for the hour, a misapprehen sion of right. The mass of the people are un coutaminatcd, aud arc as deeply as ever im pressed with the value of this Union, and the superiority of our system of government. Let the issue be squarely made on the question of the preservation of the Republic, even at the sacrifice of individual opinions of policy and justice, and an overwhelming verdict would be rendered for the Federal Union at all hazards. The only danger of disunion is to be found in the tendency of our people to seize upon single isolated principle, and, in the fervor of excite ment, to rush to extremes in its advocacy. The only security in this danger is in disseminating among the people correct views of the nature of this government, ami the relative position of Federal and State powers. The National Gov ernment has simply the authority delegated to it by the State Governments, and limited by the Constitution, and any attempt to exceed this au thority is so far a stop towards despotism. The really vital question in the present campaign is whether the Federal Government has the power under the Constitution, to prohibit slavery in organized or unorganized Territory, which is the common property of the confederation of States. The Democracy claim that it has no such clcarly-detined powers, and that at all events, it is .contrary to the spirit of the origi nal compact between the States to exercise it. Regarding this as a doubtful power, they con strue it against the General government, and concede it to the people in each locality. In opposition to this theory stand the Black Republicans who assert that the power to pro hibit slavery inheres in Congress aud that it shall he exereited to stop the extension of slavery under all circumstances. They are determined to press this point to the “bloody issue” and to dissolve the Union rather than to yield it. For this reason the term “disunionists” is properly applied to them, and the odium of it must Ik* borne by them. Should they obtain the control of government and carry into effect the meas ures they propose, the spirit of the Constitution would be violated and disunion would be the in evitable result. If those who arc the victims of monomania on the extension of slavery would but consider that new questions in a government like ours are not to be settled according to the dicta of any class of men, but according to the spirit of the original compact between the States, the posi tion of the democracy would be sanctioned by every man w ho wishes for the perpetuity of this Union. If this great principle be kept in mind, there is yet a glorious future in which the Re public may “run its course.” “But,” as has been well said, “if false principles of constitu tional interpretation are to prevail, and either the State or Federal governments permanently transgress, on the rights of the other, then in deed the disasters will come, for then the bal ance of the Constitution will be destroyed.” According to tlie correspondence and the ar ! tides which we find in the English journals, Russia does not deport herself after the peace dike a power which felt humiliated. On the con i trary, she carries herself with a haughty air to wards her kite enemies, and especially towards England. She refused the English Commission er admittance to the fortress of Kars, and be fore surrendering that Asiatic stronghold to the Turks, she is demolishing all the works as thor oughly as the Allies destroyed the works on the south side of Sevastopol. She raises a ques tion of boundary in Asia with Turkey, and ole sthately squares to her own interpretation of the treaty of peace. Then we find them building a new fortress at the mouth of the Danube, preparing to recon struct the Sevastopol docks, and strengthen her defensive works at Nicolaeiff and Odessa. Her Baltic fleet is being increased by new war steam ers, and Croustadt is to be more strongly forti fied than ever. The Aland Islands are to be re garisoned, and, no doubt, in due time, the Bo marsund fortifications will be replaced by new works not so easily destroyed as the old ones were. On every side, Russia is actively aug menting her powers of defence and attack. Such are the practical answers which Russia makes to the bombast of the English press about her exhaustion and humiliation in the late war. The war, in fact, settled nothing, and effected nothing beyond au enormous waste Of life and treasure. The Eastern question still remains a source of disquietude and fear. The “Sick Man” has not improved, but grown worse under the treatment of his Western physicians. “The lib erties of Europe” may be disturbed on any day. Nothing of practical value has been done to promote the independence and prosperity of the Danubian Provinces. Not a single people, state or country in Europe has been bettered by the war. Oppression is ranker now over Europe than before the war commenced. And intelligent far-seeing Americans have been abused and denounced because they with held their sympathies from the Allies while they waged a war whose barren issue they foresaw and predicted. They were not deceived by sham professions, and the result has justified there reserve. Popular liberty gains nothing by the Russian war, and England has lost and not gained by it, because she feared to strike a bold blow for popular right6 in Europe.— N. Y. I Sun. The Danger of Disunion. The Itumlium after the Peace! General Jnrltgon and Air. Buchanan. Tlic most disreputable attempt yet made to Injure Mr. Buchanan—says the Washington Union —is that which seeks to irtuke the impression that Gen. Jackson lacked confidence in him on account of his conduct in the unfortunate diffi culty as to the charge of “bargain and corrup tion’’ which grew up out of the election of Mr. Adams in 1825. We have already published two letters from Gen. Jackson’s son, Andrew, in which he triumphantly vindicates the memo ry of his father, and entirely refutes the allega tion that Mr. Buchanan did not enjoy his entire confidence. It will be remembered that An drew Jackson waB induced to appeal to the public in consequence of the disgraceful viola tion of all decency and propriety by the publi cation of certain confidential letters of his fath er. One of these private letters, an extract of which was so published, purported to bear date late in February, 1844, and in this extract Gen eral Jackson alludes in terms of dissatisfaction to the conduct of Mr. Buchanan in the affair re ferred to. We now have information from Nashville, Tennesee, that the person who has thus violated General Jackson’s confidence, and furnished for political effect what purports to bo an extract from one of his private letters is Major W. B. Lewis. The gentleman who gives us this information was one of the most inti mate friends of General Jackson, and a member of Mr. Polk’s cabinet. In regard to the alleged extract he says: “1 shall not believe that he (General Jackson) ever so expressed himself until I sec the letter in his own handwriting. Such tricksters could easily add to or cause a word which would en tirely change the whole meaning of a sentence.” As we understand the matter the whole credit to be given to the extract rests upon the asser tion of Major Lewis that he has furnished the copy of it for publication. By the very fact of thus abusing the confidence reposed in him by General Jackson lie forfeits all claim to credi bility'. The fact that he has suppressed the resi due of the letter furnishes strong evidence that the extract is either not genuine or that it is garbled and altered so as to pervert its true meaning. Every honorable mind is justified in pronouncing it a probable forgery, unless Major Lewis produces the whole letter in General Jackson's own handwriting, and together with it, the letter of his own to which it was an ans wer. The gentleman before alluded to not only asserts, as a fact susceptible of proof, that Gen. Jackson approved the selection of Mr. Buchanan by Mr. Polk as a member of his Cabinet, before the appointment was made, but that after it was made, and after the date of the pretended letter to Major Lewis. Gen. Jackson wrote to Mr. Polk, expressing his cordial satisfaction at the appointment of Mr. Buchanan. This letter is in existence, and its contents are so directly contradictory of the pretended extract, that it strongly corroborates the conclusion that the extract is a forgery. FAsniox.uu.Ks at Saratoga. —Wo find in the correspondence of the New York Herald, the following: The circumference of a fashionably dressed woman here, is about seven feet and a half, and when two of these animals got waltzing togeth er, they look like a large balloon inverted. The daily occupation of the fair creature begins with dressing in elaborate morning attire, and promenading to the Congress Spring, where she takes two or three glasses of the water. Re turning, she lias a sylph-like breakfast—then dresses for a drive. After the drive she takes an anti-prandial snooze, or receives a snob or two. Then comes the work of dressing for din ner, for which she appears like Villikius in the song in “galliaut array,” with all sorts of dia monds and things. Dinner is at three, and tills up two hours. Next comes riding, and in the evening the fair flowers of creation dance to the music of Monks’ Band or vagabondise barehead ed about the streets of the village. Such is the daily life of the Saratoga belle. She gets up a good many flirtations, and she likes it. Look at that splendid creature in pink—she has al ready exhausted three waltzing men and is now flirting with a thin youth in the corner. lie is telling her that he is oil'for Newport to-morrow and wants a bit of her hair before he leaves.— She tries to look sorry but is really thinking whether he could give her a brown stone front in a good street and ten thousand a year. The daily life of the snob at the springs is about the same ns that of the belle, if he is a la dies’ snob. He is her cavalier serviente, and revolves around her hoops. He is treated as she treats her lap dog, and is thrown a smile with the same air that Fidele receives a chicken bone. But it is the styh among some snobs to call “these women a bore, y r ou know.” These last named snobs piay billiards, smoke awful su gars, drive horses which are bought, and the buyers sold at the same time, nml otherwise spend their time in those healthy and invigora ting sports which make the American snob so valuable a member of society. The ladies’ snob is preH'erablc to the horse and billiard snob. Ilonuoits of this Jau, of Vienna. —But let us listen for n moment to the voice of a more recent victim of the Austrian Court, the young and patriotic Count Gonfulonieri, whose crime it was to be an Italian and to love his country. In a few of the most awful lines ever penned, thus he wrote the story of his life: “ I am an old man now, yet by fifteen years my soul is younger than my body! Fifteen years I existed, (for I did not live, it was not lire,) in the self-same dungeon, ten feet square! During six years I bad a companion; nine years I was alone. I never could rightly distinguish the face of him who shared my captivity in the eternal twilight of our cell. The first year we talked incessantly together; we related our past lives, our joys forever gone, over and over again. The next year we communicated our ideas to each other on all subjects. The third year we had no ideas to communicate, we were beginning to lose the power of reflection. The fourth, at intervals of a month or so, we would open our lips to each other, if it were indeed possible that the world went on as gay and bustling as when we formed a portion of man kind. The fifth year we were silent. The sixth he was taken away—I never knew where, to execution or to liberty ; but I was glad when he was gone, even solitude was better than the dim vision of that pale vacant face. After that I was alone. Only one event broke in upon my nine years vacancy. One day (it must have been a year or two after my companion left me) the dungeon door was opened, and a voice, I know not whence, uttered these words: “By order of his Imperial Majesty, 1 intimate to you that your wife died a year ago.” Then the door was shut, I heard no more. They had but flung this great agony in upon me, and left me alone with it again.” Professor Morse in Europe.— Prof. Morse, the inventor of the renowned Magnetic Tele graph, is now on a visit to Europe. A cores pondent of the the Philadelphia ledger furnishes some interesting matters relating to his recep tion in England and France. Every kindness was shown him by scientific men, particularly those connected with the Telegraph. Among the first to call on him was M. Faraday, the most eminent electrician in England, and Mr. Brett, Ot. O’Shaughnessy, Mr. Bright, Dr. Whitehouse, Count dc Nourby and others, hast ened to do him honor. Settlement of the Central American Queh tion. —By the steamship Hermann, arrrived at this port from Southampton, we have dates to Aug. 15th, 1856. The Central American ques tion has been definitely settled. So far as Hon duras is concerned, the matter has been arrang ed between Lord Clarendon and Sir Don Victor Herran, Plenipotentiary for Honduras in Lon don. The treaties drawn up by these negotia tors have already been signed, and consist: 1st. Of a general treaty of amity and com merce. 2d. Of a convention for the adjustment of all claims of British subjects on the government of Honduras, and for the extinction of any Indian (Mosquito) tribes within the territories recog nized as pertaining to Honduras; and 3d. A convention for the restoration of the sovereignty of Honduras and of the Bay Islands. The convention for the restoration of the Bay Islands is that which from the circumstance of their occupation and colonization bv Great Brit ain having lieen regarded in the United States as a flagrant violation of the Clayton and Bul wer convention, flrst claims attention and will excite much interest. The convention restores those islands to sovereignty of Honduras, only stipulating, on behalf of the people who have established themselves there under the British occupacy, the perpetual enjoyment of certain rights and privileges. The ground upon which the restoration is made is the importance of preserving neutral the route of the proposed in ter-oceanic railway through Honduras. Sucli are the terms of the arrangement be tween Great Britain and Honduras, and it will only require the approval of the Legislature of Honduras, which will lie given of course. It should be observed that the Government of France has ngrecd to the article guaranteeing the Honduras railway as an appendix to treaty with Honduras already existing. It is well un derstood that these guarantees secure an amount of public interest in this railway which insures its speedy construction. In respect to the remaining issues in the Cen tral American complication, it has been agreed between Lord Clareiulou and Mr. Dallas, that the port of San Juan deNicaraugua (Grey town) shall return under the sovereignty of Nicarau gua, subject, however, to the same stipulations with the Bay Islands. The Mosquito sovereign ty, so called, is to disappear forever, and the Mosquito Indians are to concentrate themselves within a certain defined territory, within which they shall have, for a term of years, such pos sessory rights as arc accorded to the Indians on the “American Reservations.” Meantime they are to enjoy a small annuity from the State of Nicaraugua, to be fixed by arbitrators, who are to be appointed in the same manner with those charged with similar duties in Honduras. Such is the final result of the Central American im broglio, and we cannot doubt but that it will prove satisfactory to all parties interested, with the possible except ion of Guatemala. — N. I' Eve State Register. Famine at the Cafe de Vkrds. —Arrival of American Svitlies. —Letters have been receiv ed in New York from A. J. Martens, Esq., Uni ted States Consul at St. Vincent, Cape de Verds announcing the arrival of the flrst shipment of provisions sent out from New York for the re lief of the starving population of the islands.— Of the value of this timely aid, our readers may form some idea, from the fact that the Govern or General had found it necessary to proceed in person to the neighboring coast of Africa to ob tain supplies of food. The first of the New York vessels which reached the islands was the N. Hand, whose owners, Messrs. Rices <fc Co., generously plueed it at the disposal of the com mittee of subscribers. Two others followed close on her track, and no doubt arrived short ly after. Immediately on the receipt of the first cargo of provisions, Mr. Martens took steps to have it properly distributed. With thin view he directed a circular to the different Administra dores de. Coiwetlo, requesting them to receive and supply the provisions to all who were really in need of them, and recommending that they should call in the aid of the Vicars of the differ ent parishes to assist them in making a discrim inating distribution. Tlie quantity of provis ions remaining at the time of this opportune ar rival was so small that it became necessary to distribute them in rations quite inadequate to sustain life for any lengthened period. It must be gratifying to the benevolent individuals who contributed to the New York fund, to know that the aid which they so promptly furnished has been the means of saving large numbers of hu man beings from perishing. Charter Oak.—The interest felt all over onr country, in the old Charter Oak of Connecticut, is evinced in the fact that the same morning the tree fell, there were applications to Mr. Stuart, from residents of Texas, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi,(the President of Jefferson College iu that State,) Minnesota, (for the Historical Soci ety in that Territory,) for fragments of the tree to tie preserved as sacred relics. One man ap plied for a piece for a cabinet of Natural Histo ry in Sail Francisco, and for a cane for Rev. Horace Bushncll of that State. Both of his re quests were complied with. It was estimated that a cord and a half of wood was carried off tlie morning the tree fell. .Mr. Stuart, however, provided watchmen to see that undue liberties were not taken; and he had a guard about the tree all night long. The fate of this tree will lx; commemorated centuries hereafter. Old men bowed with age, begged a sprig iu commemora tion. They had heard the story of the tree in their childhood, and were saddened at its fail in < their old age.— Uart. Courant, Nonsense for Nonsense. —Suvaroff, the half- . mad, half-savage Russian General, used fre-: qucntly to ask the young officers and soldiers the most absurd questions, considering it proof of smartness on their part if they gave a prompt reply, and hating, above all things, ‘I don’t know,’ as an answer. He one day went up to a sentry, and, as the man presented arms, Suvar off said: ‘Tell me how many buttons are there on tlie uniforms of fifty thousand men?’ ‘I can’t say,’ replied the soldier, very naturally; upon which the marshal, according to custom, liegan to abuse him for his stupidity. The sol dier, however, knowing Suvaroff’s character, took courage, and said : ‘Well, sir, perhaps it’s not a question your excellency could Answer yourself; for instance, there are my two aunts, will you please tell me their names?’ The man’s quickness atoned for his impudence in the eyes of the General, and tlie soldier was made a cor poral the next morning.— Records of the War. Precocious Bov. —A country schoolmaster, happening to be reading of the curious skin of an elephant. ‘Did you ever see an elephant skin ?’ he asked. ‘I have, shouted a little six year old, at the foot of the classs. 'Where? he asked, quite amused ot the boy's carnesncss.— ‘On the elephant,’ said he, with a most provok ing grin. Once upon a time it took thirteen years work foi a laboring man to purchase a Bible. In the year 1272 the wages of a laboring man were Ichh than four cents a day, while the price of a Bible at the same period was $180. A common laborer in those days must toil ou industriously for thirteen long years, if ho would possess a copy of the word of God ! Now, the earnings of half a day will pay the cost of a beautifully printed copy of the sacred oracle* WHOLE NO. 157. VARIETIES. Colt’h Pistoi,s. —There is a paragraph going the rounds of the papers to the effect that Col. Colt’s invention of the revolver is no novelty, and that pistols of a similar construction have long existed in the Tower of London. This is a fact. At the great exhibition in 1861, was shown a pistol in the collection of ancient arms, which, in construction, nearly resembled that of Col. Colt. It had six chambers, but it was the barrel which revolved. It is perfectly pos sible, however, that Col. Colt had never seen or heard of these pistols, as it is more than likely that the officials in charge of the armor did not themselves know of their existence. In the ex citement consequent on the great exhibition, they were, however, disentombed, and were re garded with much cariosity. Bridging the Ohio. — Another stupendous mechanical undertaking is about being inaugu rated at Cincinnati. The people of that enter prising region are moving in earnest towards erecting a bridge across the Ohio to connect Cincinnati and Covington. Proposals are in vited for laying the abutments, and the con struction of an immense suspension bridge is to be immediately proceeded with. The stock has all been paid in. The bridge will not, so it is said, interfere in the least with river navigation, as the arches are to be fully sixty feet above high water mark, thus allowing the tallest chim neys of boats to pass beneath it without the slightest trouble. A Plagiarist Exposed. —The Westminster Review of August, lashes justly and without mercy the literary piracy which Dr. William Smith, in his “Latin-Euglish Dietionary” has committed upon the labors of our countryman, I’rof. E. A. Andrews, a piracy the more cen surable because I)r. Smith, after availing him self of Prof. Andrews’ work, and appropriating it under his own name, has the effrontery in his preface to disparage the work which he found so useful. The article will convey a wholesome lesson to the whole pack of plagiarists. Longevity.— Mr. John Y. Newcomb, of Well fleet, Cape Cod, is now living at the great age of ninety-four years and four months. His wife is also living and is ninety-one. This couple have lived in the married state seventy-two years and seven months. They are worthy and respectable people, and have passed a prolonged life of as much happiness as usually falls to the lot of mortals. They have hatl five children, three of whom are now living. Their descen dants are quite numerous. It is related of Thomas F. Marshall that a judge having once fined him thirty dollars for contempt of court, he rose and asked the judge to lend him the money, as he hadn’t it, and there was no friend present to whom he could so well apply as to his honor. This was a stum per. The judge looked at Tom, and then at the clerk, and finally said—‘‘Clerk, remitwMr. Mar shall's fine. The State is better able to lose j thirty dollars than I am.” Overdosed by it. — The Liverpool papers say that a portion of the English people are about us sick of “dramatised Uncle Tom” as they are of the “Kars heroes.” Mrs. Webb has heenf | holding protracted meetings at Stafford House, and would like to eularge her sphere of opera- I tions, but they are getting sick of it anil say | “she will not take.” They have been overdosed by the Kars heroes and Uucle Tom. Curious ip True.— An exchange says that one vote in the United States Senate annexed Texas to the United States. Mr. Hannegan, of Indi ana, cust that vote. One vote Lu the Indiana Legislature elected Mr. llannegan to his place in the Senate. That vote was cast by Madison Marsh, of Staunton county. Mr. Marsh was chosen to the Legislature of Indiana by one vote. Robbery by Mexican Officials— The San Diego Herald , of Sept. 13th, states that Mr. Ward, who left that place about tliree weeks previous, with a load of provisions for the salt mines of San Quentin, in Lower California, had his team and goods seized by the authorities of Santa Tomas, on the ground that they wauted the articles anil had not the means to procure them in any other manner. RonnEiiY in the South. —The Santa Barbara Gazette lias information that a robbery was com- * mitted on the Olivas Rancho, below San Buena ventura, oil Sunday evening, Sept. 14th, by a large party of men, (one report says thirty) who broke into a house and succeeded in car rying off $4,600. Two men have been arrested, and are in the custody of the authorities at San Buenaventura. Long Lease of Office. —The present post master at Jonestown, Lebanon county, Fa., was appointed under Thomas Jefferson’s adminis tration, by Gideon Granger, then Postmaster General, oil the 33d September, 1802. He is now eiglity-oue years old, and docs all the bus iness himself. Child Killed by a Rat.—A child eighteen months old. named Philip Cumio, whose parents reside in Now York, was bitten on the scalp while sleeping, by a rat. A physician who was called was unable to stop the flow of blood which ensued, and the child died. There is a family of four persous living in Suftield Ct., who bear the following relations to each other: Husband and wife, son and daugh ter, father and mother, brother and sister, uncle and aunt, nephew anil niece, and first and so-' cond cousins. At the celebration of the Fourth of July, in Binghamton, the Ilou. Daniel S. Dickson, the President of the day, introduced the following toast: “The Women of the Revolution- Moth ers of men and patriots. The Women of to-day —Hoop! hoop! hoop! Hurrah!” Expedition to Meh ii.i. a Yai.i.ey. —The Ma-‘ rion (Ala.) Commonwealth understands that John C. Reed, of that place, is raising a com pany of enterprising young men, for the pur pose of exploring the Mesilla Valley, and, if practicable, colonizing that country. Statue of Washington. —The Boston Gazette learns that several gentlemen have it in con- - templation to erect by subscription a collossal statue of Washington oil horseback, on the ris ing knoll of ground on the Common. The police of St. Louis have succeeded in breaking up a gang of counterfeiters. Two of the principals, James Murphy and John W ise, were arrested, and a large quantity ol spnrious coin and counterfeiting implements were seized. A countryman trading at a dry goods store in Hartford, recently, refused a bill of the Char ter Oak Bank in change, on the ground that as the charter oak had fallen the bill was perfect ly worthless. It was a proverb among the Greeks that a. flatterer who lifts you up to the clouds has the same motive as the eagle when he raises the tortoise in the air—he wishes to gain something by your fall. The Philadelphia papers say that the whole numlier of victims by the recent disaster on the Northern Pennsylvania railroad is 62, of whom 49 were males and 13 females. “ Come out. of the wet,” as the shark said, when he sucked in the little fishes. Mrs. Mungovan died 1 at Lowell, recently ‘ ’ the advanced age of 107 years ... at