Newspaper Page Text
YOL. IY, NO. 9.
NEVADA DEMOCRAT, PUBLISHED EVERT WEDNESDAY MOUSING, BT I. J. B.OLFE ft CO. OFFICE-BROAD STREET, NEVADA, T E R5f S i For one year, in advance, 99 SU month*, " 99 Three moutiis, 3 L. . Single Coplee. M rU BUSINESS CARDS. KO S ENH El M & BEO. WATCHMAKERS AMD JEWELERS, AtTD DlilJIU IN Wttthri, Jewelry. Wimondi, d(e. At their Old Stand, Main Street, Nevada. Moan aossMfim, aaaoN aoiae*BB«, r. 8. GOLD DC ST BOUGHT AT THE HIGHEST MAR ijtrr trice. wf CHAS. W. YOUNG, nmnmmsu or CALI FORM IA JEWELRY, WATCHMAKER, -iNU— DEALER IS’ FIS’K WA jri/XS, JEWELRY, DU MOS’D H’URK. dr. Junction of Main and Commercial Street*. Nevada. CHAELES W. MULFORD, BjIIKE R,— At hi* OH Stand, on Main Street, Nevada. I will pav the highest price* for GOLD MIST, GOLD BARS, and COUNTY ORDERS; will procure Drafts parable in anv of the AtUntic States. Canada, or Europe, m sums to suit; forward Dust for Coinage at the U. S. Branch Mint, and if desired, will make advances on the aame SIGHT CHECKS on DRKXEL, SATHKR k CHURCH, San Ersncirro, ATTAR. tf WILLIAMSON & DAWLEY, BANKERS, and dealers in GOLD DUST—No. 30 Main Street. Nevada, . . . DRAW BILLS OF EXCHANGE at sight, in sums to suit biurchasers, on CHAS. MORGAN Si CO.. NEW YORK, DARBY A BARKSDALE, ST. LOUIS. ■SIGHT CHECKS on San Francisco or Sacramento, at par. 4mr*Qi R'KSILVER. BY THE FLASK OR 1‘UUND. [tf F. MANSELL, Sign and Ornamental Painter, All work promptly attended to, and 111 the best style of the art. Commercial street, above Tine. Nevada. SO-tf THOMAS MABSH, SIGN AND ORN A MENTAL PAINTING, No. 10 Omunfirinl Street, Nevada. 42*1 f KIIUIITl T R£ \V AREROOMS. JOHN McFAELAND, DKAI.RK IN mcnsmitE, HKDS, m atrasses, pillows, pil low CASES' SHEETS, rfr. No. 14 ('omniorriftl Street. Nevada. 21-tf iTANTOji UVCKNKR, C. Wll.SON 1I1LL, ni;( K\ER JL HILL, JAVINIJ a-unwiated them<«dve* togelher in the practice "l of the Iaw, will attend promptly to all businea* con led to their care in Nevada and adjoining countie*. Omen—Overt'. W. Mullord'* Hanking House. Main at., t’eva-la. Julv 2, 1*6*.—43-tf . YANT, DAVID HBLUBN. BELDFa.V YANT, AT TOR iV K Y S AT I. A W. Om«ie.—No. 4 Second etory of Alban's Brick Building fi-tf. Owner Broad an«l Pine Strata, Nevada. K. I. THORNTON, Jr., ATTORSKY AN1) COUNSELOR AT LAW. Ornen—In KeHev'ii Brick Building, t'ommercial "Ireet, below line afreet, Nevada. 51 tf WM. P. ANDERSON, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. Omc*—Eront Room, up atairs, Driuocrat Building. Broad atrset. Nevada. J I . CALDWELL ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. Omen, No. in Bt< knki.i.’m Block, Broad £rr. Nevada. Nevada, Aug. 27, 1*6*.- a. a. chaae. tf <;eo. a. hut. CHASE Ac HIPP, AT TOR N E YS A T L A W. Orrm—Front Room, up stair*. of liemoerat Office. Broad lltreet, Nevada. FRA.'KIff J. DrWH, HRJIRT MIRIWTH. DVXK & MEREDITH, a ttorxkvs asd counselors a t la w Omen—Second Story of Alban's Brick Building, corner Hr«a4 and I*in« Streets, Sernda. I. a. H’OOffNEIA, WM. M. STFWABT, MeCOKNEY.L A STEWART, ATTOR SKY'S ASD COUNSELORS! AT LAW. Will prartire in all the Courts of the Fourteenth Judicial District, and in the Supreme Court. OmcB—Crittenden’s Brick Building, Main Street. [4-tf W. O. von POEI.I,MTZ WI. D PHYSIC! AX A HD SURGKOK , Tenders his jiroltoiiiotial services to the citizens o JNeva* da amt vicinity. Orms—At Frank Thayer's Drug Store, No. 14 Commer cial street. [3-tf_ “OVERTON, FHT8ICIAN AND SUlldEOX. Obki—Alban's Brick Building—rear of the Drug Store— Nevada. 40 tf Mr ROBE RTS, PIN8TON Ai CO., A' h' V A D A , DEALKKS IN Family Groceries, Pn.vl.lnn>, Wines, I.l qnors, and Miners HappUrl. KILBOl'RN’S CORNER, Opposite A. Bock k Co’a, corner Pine and Commercial street*, w. s. a’ramsts. j*. n. rrNsioE, jvo. nnwoM. BLACKMAN, HOWARD k CO. IMPORTERS AND DEALERS I* FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC WINES AND LIQUORS, 83 Clay Street, Mvm Battery and Front, one Door East of the Railroad Ifoute. .SAX FRANCISCO, SRT Orders from the interior command our particular jtUutloo O. P. BLACKMAN, CHAS. WKBB HOWARD, » ly C. H. BLACKMAN - . AMERICAN EXCHANGE CIGAR STORE, Comer of Main and WashingUtn StreeU, f ■ 'HE Undersigned keepe constantly on liand the dioteest JL brand! of Havana CIGARS, together with the bent ar ticle! of Chewing and Smoking TOBACCO. For sale, whole pale and retail. [62-tf] A. WITK0W8K1. ■■gyftflPALMER& McKENNEY, NEVADA CARIRAGE SHP! No. 10 Wasbimgtor st.. abotr Frisbes’ Rdctauraitt. ftf Particular attention paid to REPAIRING, -R Wheelbarrow! kept on hand, and lor Dale. Aag. 18, 1866. 40 tf S. E. WITBISGTON. A. C. BR.VTLT, WITHINGTON & BENTLY, DEALERS I.M French and American Paper Hangings, WINDOW Shades, Bran* Cornice, Gold Moulding!, Paint* Ac. Painting of all kind*, and paper lunging execu ted in the beet style, at short notice. 40-tf No. 7, Broad street, Nevada. D.& B. L ACIIMAN, A"0. 60 BROAD STREET, NEVADA. —DEALERS LV— Harwarv, Stowes, Tin-Ware, Crockery, Ac. Ac. „ NV All kinds of Tin Ware made to order. -M Sept. 1850 —49 5m D. k B. LACHMAN. JOB PRINTING, OF ALL KINDS, N'EATLT EXh euled at this Oflice. THE NEVADA DEMOCRAT. TRAVELING C ALIFORNIA STAGE COMPANY. nriHE STAGE? of this Company will leave their Other, at 1 Frubie'a old Stand, Nevada, a* follows: FOR RACRAMK-NTO. leave* Nevada at 1 o’clock, A. M., and arriving at Sac mento In time for the 2 o’clock boats for San Francisco. Also, at 4 o’clock, A. M., running via Auburn, as an Ac commodation Line to Sacramento. FOR WARYSVII.1.R. leaves the above named Office every morning at seven o'clock, A. M., passing through Grass Valley, Rough k Ready. Empire Ranch, and Long Bor, and arriving in Ma rysvilk- at 3 o'clock P. M. FOR FOREST CITT, nOWNTEYlI.LF.. PATTER-SON, WOLMET’S, MOORE’S, AND ORLEANS FLATS. leaves every moaning at 8 1-2 o'clock A. M. JAMES HAWORTH. Pres’t. C. 8. Co. W. 8. McRobertr, Agent, Nevada. [tf NEVADA di WASHINGTON STAGE LINE. ON AND AFTER JANUARY 1, 1868, the above line will run as follows: leaving the office, at Friable's old Stand, Nevada, at S o’clock, A. M, passing by Mountain Spring House, Morgan’s, Cold Spring. White Cloud, Gold Hill and Alpha, aiTiving at Washington by one o'clock in the afternoon. It is the nearest and best Route to Washington, Omega, Scotchman’s Creek, Poor Man’s Creek, and Eureka. Returning,—The Stages will leave the South Yuba Hotel. Washington, every morning at nine o'clock, and arrive at Nevada by one o'clock P. M., connecting with the Cali fornia Stage Co's Coaches for Auburn, Sacramento, Marys ville and Shasta. Office—South Yuba Hotel, Washington. A. S. OIJN, Proprietor. W. 8. McRohkrtr, Agent, Nevada. [34-tf Spring and Summer Arrangement. TELEGRAPH LINE. Six florae (hache$ from Nevada to CamptonriUe. ON AND AFTER APRIL 15th. the above line of Stage* will leave the Office of the California Stage Company, at Krisbie’s old Stand. Nevada, every morning, at seven o’clock, A. M., running by Oak Tree Ranch, Son Juan, and lie**’ Crossing, arriving at Caraptonville at 1*2 M. Returning—The Stages will leave the National Hotel, Cnuiptonville, every morning, at seven o’clock, A. M.. and arrive at Nevada in time to connect with tlie California Stage Company's Line of Stages for Sacramento City, Ma rysville and Auburn. Express Matter promptly attended to. A. IVaGENER, Proprietor. W. S. McUouerts, Ag’t. Nevada. [33-tf EMPIRE LIVERY STABLE, Broad Street, Nevada, M lv on hand GEORGE MAY, Proprietor. THE UNDERSIGNED WOULD INFORM HIS friends and tlie public generally, that he lias become Proprietor of the EMPIRE LIVERY STABIJC, and as he designs keeping constant A Stock of Fast Horses, Would respectfully solicit the patronage of the Public. jfSf Horses kept by the Day or Week on the most rea sonable terms. 20-tf GEORGE MAY, LIVERY & SALE STABLE. V.l IX STREET, NEVADA. J. A. LANCASTER. FORMERLY OF THE Metropolis Stable, would inform his friends and the public generally, that he has added extensively to hi.-* already I-arge and Klc gant establishment of Homes, Buggies, Saddles, Harness. Arc. &c.-r-they are now prepared to furnish as fine turn outs as ran be fonnd in the State. Well trained fleet and easy Saddle Horses, well equipped for Ia«lie-i or Geutlemeu wili be ready at all times. A long experience in the business nnd an earnest desire to retain the confidence of his friends, lends him to be lieve he will be aide to give general satisfaction. Particular attention pale! to Horst s on Livery Carriages always in readiness with careful drivers for the use of Balls. Parties, Ac. &c. The quality of our stock will permit us to say that those necking pleasure, or engaged on business would do well to give us a call. J. A. LANCASTER. Nevada. Aug. 20. 1856.—46-tf JVOTICK TO TEAMSTERS, WAGON ROAD from Nevada to Downieville, by wav of KOI II NSON \S CRf tSSIN( i . This Road is in fine condition, and presents the shortest mute and best road for Packers and Teams to all the vari ous settlements along the Divide, between the South and Middle and the Middle and North Yubas, by way of Hess’ and Emery’s Crossings. The Road also affords the nearest route for Packers and Travelers from Sacramento, by way of Rough k Ready, Grass Valley and Nevada, and the mines further South, to Poor man’s* Creek, Nelson’s Creek, and all the mining re gion north of Nevada and Downieville. This Road is as easily traveled as that between Sacra mento and Nevada. Four horses can readily draw from three to four thousand pounds of freight, from Nevada to the top of the hill at Downieville, w hen the road is not ob structed bv heavy rains or snow. W. E. ROBINSON, Proprietor. Juno 11th. 1856—40-1 y* BOOTS AND SHOES. S MAYERS k WM. R. CY)E, (successors to I*. ,!. Espen • eclieid.) comer of Main and Commercial Streets, would respectfully inform the public that they have purchased the large and well selected Stock of BOOTS ANH SHOES, contained in the above establishment* and hope by strict attention to business to merit a share of the public pat ronage. Having just received from Ssn Francisco a choice and well selected stork of Boots and Shoos, ladies' and Misses’ Gaiters, Buskins. Slippers. Children’s Shoes, ifcc., Ac., they would respectfully invite all those wanting any thing in the above line to give them a call, as they believe, for va riety, quality and cheapness, their stock is unsurpassed in the mountains. Repairing done on the shortest notice, in a workmanlike manner, and on the most reasonable terms. S. MAYERS. Wm. R. COE. Mk. f*. Maters, late of Grass Valley, and Wm. R. Coe, formerly of the Broad Street Boot and Shoe Store, have purchased my entire stock of Boots and Shoes, and I would cheerfully recommend them to the public as gentlemen every way worthy their support, and would respectfully solicit for them the patronage of my old friends and custo mers. [32-tfJ I*. J. ESPKX3CHKID. $10,000 WORTH OF FLRITUYRE l rm H ENTIRE NEW STOCK. THE LARGEST AMD best selected ever brought into the mountains, all of which will be sold cheap for CASH, con HHH stating of Bedsteads of all sires; Cane and Wood Seat Chaim; Cane and Wood Seat Office Chairs* Dining, Card and Center Tables; Extension and Reading Tables; Office Desks and Furniture; Barber’s Chairs; Wash Stands; Looking Glasses of all sices; Cane Seat and Back Arm Rockers and Nurse Chairs; Mattraases: Pillows; Pillow Cases; Sheets; Comforters; Feathers, kc. The undersigned would respectfully invite the attention of their old customers and the public generally to their new stock of goods On the Corner of Pine and Commercial its M Where by strict attention to business they hope to merit a liberal share of public patronage. 46-tf ABBOTT k EDWARDS. Great Destruction of Property by the late Fire $1,500,000. New Stock on hand. NEVADA SHOE STOBE. Commercial Street, Next Door Below Landecker't. J, F\ HOOK would respect fully inform his old customers and the soS public, that he has recently purchased a large and well as sorted stock of BOOTS li SHOES and lias BKOPENED hie store on Commercial Street, (neat door below Landecker’s Brick Store) where he will be happy to serve all who may give him a call. He has a full stock of Ladies' and Misse*' SHOES, Gent. E’ine BOOTS and GAITERS. and a splendid assortment of MINING BOOTS, constantly on hand. REPAIRING done on the shortest notice. The ladies and Gentlemen of Nevada, are respectfully invited to call and examine my stock. Aug. 26th,—47-tf. J. V. HOOK. BRENTAKO & FIKTH, Con>kk Maix axn Firm Stkkkth, Nonui Sax Ji-ax, Nevada County, WHOLESALEAND RETAIL DEALERS IN Clothing, Gente Furnishing Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Blankets, A India Rubber Goods. KEEP constantly on hand the largest and best Selected Stock of Clothing Ac., in all its various branches to be found in any Mountain town. The citizens of San Juan and surrounding towns, will find it to their advantage to give us a call, and examine the PRICE and QUALITY be for* purchasing elsewhere. BRKNTANO A FL'RTH. North San Juan, Sept., 8, 1866.—18-tf JOHN BOUE, FRENCH INTERPRETER AND TRANSLATOR, MONEY 8ROREK. f' 1ENUINE French Wine*, Cognacs, Ac. The very beat VJ Ground Ctyflfo in the City. Persons who wish to get a fair interest fyr tbeir money wift do well by calling at hi* office. J. B. can *pare one or twp honr* in the afternoon, and will give lemons to Ladies and Gentlemen in the French language aud Fenraaoship Terms moderate. 3 tf No, 13, Ikoad street. Nevada. NEVADA, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1856. GROCERIES. SAN FRANCISCO GROCERY AND PROVI SION STORK. MOTTO! "Small Profit* and ftnlfk Returns.” The undersigned would respectfuu.y soijcit the attention of the Families and Miner* of Nevada and vicinity to their well selected stock of Family Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, dse., Which cannot be <■ veiled in quality, and at the lowest pri ce*. One of the firm constantly being in San Francisco, affords us unequalled facilities for purchasing, by which means we feel confident to be able give GENERAL SATISFACTION AS TO PRICES. We have also on hand Mining Implements of best makers. N. B.—Hotel Keepers, Restaurants and Country Dealers, would find it to their advantage to give us a mill before purchasing elsewhere. A. ALEXANDER. N. IL—All Goods rellverrd Free off Charm. No. 3ft Broad Street, BickneU’s Building. 48-tb T. ELLARD BEANS ft CO., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, q,ue*nsvrare, Mining Tools, Ac., Ac. At the old favorite Stand of HAMLET DA VIS. IN the Fire-Proof Block of Kidd snd Kno*. op[>o*it* the United Btates Hotel, 62 Broad Street, Nevada. HOTEL AND FAMILY STORES, In every variety and of the choicest qualities. *#-GOODS DELIVERED FREE OF CHARGE'S* September 17th, 1846—50 tf LANDEKER A GATZERT, —DE.tir.KS IS— Qroceriei and Provisions, Keep constantly on hand a fuix supply of all articles suitable for the Market, in their Fire Proof Building, on Commercial St. Where they will be happy to wait upon all that visit them. J. 8. I.ANDKKER resides at the Bay, where he is con stantly purchasing for the house here, and no effort* shall be spared to always keep on hand a full assortment of the best quality, which will be sold at a low profit. GOODS DELIVERED FREE Call and see for yourselves. J. S. I.ANDEKER. Nevada, Sept.' 18d6.—48tf BA11.EY GATZKRT, BUY FRESH HEALTHY FIX>UR !! THE XEVADA FLOUR MILLS ARE MAKIXG THE bat Flour in this Staff , MINERS and others who wish rood Flour, will do well to enquire for that made at the above Mill. Nearly all the merchants keep it for sale. —FOR SALE AT THE MILL— Ground Bnrlry, Middlings, Shorts, And Bran. 46 tf W. J. TILLEY. GREGORY ft SPARES. HAVING removed to their new stand in Kidd A: Knox's building on Pine at., one door above the U. S. Bakery, are prepared to wait upon their old friends and customers, and the consumers of Grub generally, according to Gunter. Having a large and well selected stock on hand consisting of GROCERIES, PROVISIONAL MIXING TOOLS, CROCKERY WARE, HARDWARE, WOOD AND WILLOW WARE, Ac., &r. We feel confident that we can please, and sell goods aa low as the lowest, but not lower, as some have it. We give a general Invitation to call and see us. Oct. 29. 1856. E . DE YOUNG*. CO., WHOLESALE AM) RETAIL DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions, Liquors, Crockery AM) GENERAL MERCHANDISE. No. 65 Broad Street --- - ------- Nevada. HAS ON HAND the following articles, which will be sold at a small advance for the ready GASH. Hams in brine, Extra Clear Pork, Extra Clear Bacon, Ixrd, in kegs and tins, New Goshen Butter, Brandy, Gin and Whiskey, Porter and Ale, .Schnapps, Port and Claret Wine*, Cal. Butter, in hk 101b. tins Champaigne Wine, New Orleans Sugar, ('rushed Sugar, Bar Sugar, China No. 1 Sugar, Carolina Ktcc, Cliiua Rice, Boston Syrup, Lemon Syrup, Assorted Syrups, Black and Green Teas, Sperm Candles, Adamantine Candles, Can Eruits, iu all varieties, I<amu Wicks, Tobacco, of various brands, Cigars. Barrel Hour, 8. R. Flour, Plain Hour, Potatoes and Corn Meal, Brooms and Shovels, Hatches, Axes and Files. Knives, Forks ami Spoons, lick and Axo Helves, Hoes, Hill and Castile Soap, Starch, Cant pit inc, lamp Oil. Iron and Tin Ware, Wrapping k letter Paper. Smokad Beef, Cal. and Goshen Cheese, Nails, assorted sizes, Shot, Powder and Fuse, lanterns. Cal. and Chili Beans, Bayou Beans, Ground Coffee*, Java and Rio Coffee, Cotdu Rica Coffee, Dried Apples, Chili Peaches, Salt, In Hacks and boxes, Barley and Wheat, Jellies and Jams, in glass, Red Herring, Cocoa Shell, Tatmioca, Indigo, Maxe, Nutmegs, (.loves. Ginger. Alsnire, Pepjier and Mustard, Cream Tartar, Saleratus, Washing and Raking Soda, VenniciTla and Macarona, Mackerel, Yeast Powders, Pickles, in kegs and glass, (Yan berries. Tomato Catsup, Pepjier 8auco, Assorted Sauces, lie Fruits, Quicksilver, jriinn ami «»iua. .u I.Ainp Glasses. Also a variety of other articles too numerous to mention. Our endeavors shall not be required to please those that should favor us with a call for any of the above art cles, or we defy competition for the quality and pricks of our “ All Good* purchas'd vf tor, delivered FREE OF CHARGE and noth punctuality. "6* k Deyoung & co. Nevada, fVspt. 1856 —1 if JESSE S. WALL & BROTHER, DEALERS IN' GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS, Miner’* Supplies, Preserved Fruit*, Liquors, Ac. No. 55 Broad Street, Nevada. HAVING completed our new fire-proof building, we are now receiving the largest Stock of Good* ever brought to this place. Having plenty of room, and being secure against fire, it is our intention to keep on hand at all times a full assortment of all articles to be found in similar estab lishments. which will be sold to Miners and Families On Use most Reasonable Terms. Our Stock consists in part of the following asasortment of Family Groceries, Ac. '500 Qr. Sacks Hour; 10,000 Um. Potatoes; *,000 Lbs. Hams; 3,000 Lbs Goshen butter 3,000 I.bs. 9. C. Hams, 100 Bibs. Flour; 3,000 Lb*. Side Bacon; 1,000 Lbs. lard; With a complete stock of SUGAR. COFFEE, TKA. RICE, TOBACCO, FKES11 FRUITS, HARDWARE, OUKENSWARE, \ST GOODS DELIVERED FREE OF CHARGE We invite the attention of Country Dealer* to oar large stock of Goods. As we liavc unusual facilities for purchas ing, we are confident that we can sell on such terms as will make it to their advantage to trade with us instead of going below for their supplies. J. S. WALL A BROTHER, Broad Street. September 16, 1*56—tf. KEYSTONE MARKET. THE SUBSCRIBERS liaving just completed their New Store, near the foot of Main and Broad streets, beg leave to'inform their friends and the public that they have now removed to the above Stand, where the}' are prepared to serve their old customers and the public with The Choicest Meat* nnrl Vegetables which can he fonnd in the Market, and at prices low enough to be in keeping with the times. We kill none but American cattle of the best quality, and keep always on hand a good supply of meats of all kinds. KENT A MCALLISTER. Nevada, August 20th, 1846—16-tf Fresh Meat! Fresh Meat!! CITY MARKET, Broad Street, Nevada. JAMES MONROE would inform his old customers and the public generally. u.at he has re-established his MEAT MARKET on Broad Street, and is ready to furnish good Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal and Vegetables as before the fire. He will he happy to wait on all. and assures them that he designs keeping the best meat to be found In Cali fornia. Nevada, August 20, 1850.—16-tf, UNITED STATES BAKERY, Pine Street, first Door below Kidd A Knox’s Brick Store. THE UNDERSIGNED, having rebuilt and fitted np their BAKERY, on the site of the old stand, are now pre pared to furnish their old customers, and all who may give them a caR, with all kind* of BREAD and CAKE at prices to suit the times. BOSTON BBOWN BREAD AND GRAHAM BREAD of a very superior quality, constantly on hand; also, Pratt, Lemon, Found and Sponge Cake. Wedding Parties, Families and Restaurants supplied with every variety of Breed and Pastry usually found in New York Bakeries, at wholesale prise*. A good assortment of PIE FRUITS, JAMS, JELLIES, FIGS, PRUNES. TAMARINDS. STRAWBERRIES, Ac. KW FRESH EGGS and CHEESE constantly on hand 'SR 12 tf DREIFOSS A LEPPERT. Wo»«tr IVrwtpaprr*. The Newspaper Record, recently published by Messrs. Lay « Brother, contains an immense mass of interesting facta iujrelation to the origin and progress of that tremendous engine for good or evil—the Newspaper Press—in the Old and the New World. From this valuable work we glean a few facts in relation to the pioneer pa pers in this country. The first attempt to establish a newspaper, In North America, so far as can be ascertained, was made in Boston in 1690. A copy of prob ably the only number of this journal is in the the State paper office in Loudon. It is dated September 26, 1690—a sheet of four quarto pa ges one of which was blank. It was devoted to a record of passing events—foreign and domes tic. It was spoken of by the Legislative author ities as a pamphlet, which “came out contrary to law, and contained reflections of a very high nature.” This pioneer journal was printed by Richard Pierce, for Benjamin Harris. In 1690, Gov. Fletcher, of New York, caused Wm. Bradford—who came to this country with William Penn—to re-print a London Gazette, containing an account of an engagement with the French. But the first regular American newspaper was undoubtedly the “Boston News Letter,” which was commenced on the 24th of April, 1704, by John Campbell, a Scotchman, who was the Post master of Boston, and also a Bookseller. It was twelve inches by eight, two pages folio, with two columns on each page, and printed in small pica type. The publisher set forth its claims as follows: “This News Letter is to be continued Weekly; and all persons who have any Houses, Lands, Tenements, Farms, Ships, Vessels, Goods Wares or Merchandise, Ac., to be sold or let, or Servants Runaway, or Goods Stole or Lost, may have the same inserted at a reasonable rate, from twelve pence or five shillings, and nut to ex ceed; who may agree with John Campbell, Postr master.” Notwithstanding these sirong induce ments to advertisers, the News Letter did not abound with advertisements, for sometimes it had one but about as often none. At the end of fourteen years, the circulat ion of the paper w as only three hundred copies. When it was six teen years old, the publisher gave notice that copies would lie printed on a whole sheet of let ter paper, one half of which would be blank, on which letters might be written. In 1719, a new postmaster had been appoint ed, and in December of that year, he started the second Anglo-American newspaper—the “Bos ton Gazette,”—William Brooker, proprietor.— The last News Letter took umbrage—(some thing that does not need shaking before taking) —at the “introductory advertisement” of the Gazette, and this was the exciting cause of the first of those terrible newspaper wars that now so frequently convulse editors and communities in this country. The third American newspaper, was the “American Mercurie,” which appeared in Phil adelphia, on the 22d of December, 1719, from the printing office that Wm. Bradford had estab lished, and which was then under the control of liisson. The fourth—the “New England Cournnt”— was established at Boston, August 18th, 1721, by James Franklin, elder brother to Ben, the immortal. Mr. Franklin, as a reason for a third newspaper in Boston, stated that the News Letter was “a dull vehicle of Intelligence;” whereupon, Campbell said Franklin “was a jack of all trades and good at none.” The Cournnt responded tartly in what the News called “hob bling verse.” This war of words stimulated Campbell to publish his Letter for two months on a whole sheet. In 1722, Campbell sold his pa per to B. Green, who died in 1733. when John Draper, his son-in-law, took it aud continued its publication until 1744, when he died, and his widow continued its publication until 1776. It was then discontinued. The Boston Gazette, with various publishers, was continued till 1762. Frauklin was an independent mau in spirit, if not in purse—and the Couraut was an out-spo ken paper. The Legislative Council accord ingly took the Couraut into consideration, and its publisher was imprisoned for four weeks, but this did not crush the spirit of the journal, the Council insisted that the contents should be su pervised by the Secretary of the Province.— Frauklin refused to submit his “copy,” and the paper was issued with the name of Benjamin Franklin as publisher, who was then an appren tice in his brother’s office. The Courant died in 1727. The fifth Anglo-American newspaper—the “New York Gazette -appeared Oct. 16, 1726, printed by William Bradford, who, though at that time sixty-five years old, continued to pub lish it seventeen years, when he sold it to Jas. Parker. Files of it are to be seen in the libra ry of the New York Historical Society, and it is said to be a neat specimen of typography.— Printers' Register. Tkhpest at Los Anoei.es.— On Wednesday, our locality was visited by a tempest of such vi olence, long continuance, and its effects so de structive, as seldom before has been experienced by even that much revered Individual; the old est inhabitant. In the morning, the usual breeze sprung up, but before two o’clock it gave indications of becoming a gale. From that time it increased in violence, and by noon it raged, a furious tempest. Nor did it abate its fury till night shrouded the earth in darkness. The dust and sand were lifted from the earth, and carried along, a continued cloud, envelop ed everything, and obscuring every object from sight. The houses on the opposite side of the street at times could not be discerned. All travel on the roads was suspended. So thick was the cloud of sand, that from noon the sun became obscured. Teamsters could not keep the road, all efforts to guide their animals being fruitless. Many of them could not find out, even by groping on the ground, whether they were on the road or on the open plain. In the city, awnings disappeared in the early part of the day. Houses were unroofed; sheds, stalls and stables were ruthlessly knocked about. Indeed, nothing but the most substantial build ings resisted the storm. In fact, from the beach at San Pedro to the coast range of mountains, nothing was visible but clouds of sand. The worst of it is, that the sand was deposit ed in places several feet deep on the pasture lands, thus inflicting the severest calamity on stock-owners, by depriving the cattle of what little food they were able hitherto to pick off the already parched and Imre pasture grounds. The amount of injury in this district is incalcu lable. Such a miserable, melancholy day has not be fore been experienced, and we hope we never again shall be called upon to endure so disagree able an infliction. A similar tempest, but not so violent, occur red In this vicinity, in March, 1845, rendered memorable by being the day on which was fought the battle of Cabnenga, between the Cal ifornians under Pico, and Micheltorcna's forces. —lot Angela Star. • How to Know Them, —The be$t and most certain method we know of to tell wbat a man’s political opinions are, Is to look at his hat—If it is new, the chances are ten to one that he is a democrat; if his boots are also new. you need ! make no enquiries about him, but set him down as certain.— Maryu'itte Express. Central American Combination*. A correspondent of the San Francisco Ikrald , writing from Granada, says : The hostile relations existing between Nicar agua, and the adjacent Governments have pre sented continually a threatening aspect since the rash invasion and humiliating exodus of the Costa Rican army. The abdication and flight of President Rivas tended to aggravate the dis order of the country, and to menace it with vio lent civil and political eruptions. The unwar rantable treachery of the chief officer of the Government and a majority of the ministers of State, and the capture and execution of Sal azar, the master spirit of the treasonable fnc tionists, were inch proofs of crime and retribu tion as could not fail to provoke the mutual an imosity of the betrayer and betrayed, and in spire an eager emulation for retaliatory recom pense. The Nicaraguan traitors, with charac teristic ingratitude, arraying themselves against their American allios and benefactors, wooed the sympathy and substantial aid of the neigh boring States of Central America, with the per fidious design of expelling from the country those whom their necessities required; the mal contents and conspirators succeeded in effecting an offensive and defensive league with Guate mala and San Salvador, and a contribution of forces was levied from each of those States to unite in waging an exterminating war against the Americans in Nicaragua. That the despot ic government of Carrera should have affiliated with the project of opposing the growth and prosperity of liberal institutions is compatible with all its antecedent history, but that San Salvador, the centre of liberalism, the first al ways in Central American reform, and years ago ambitious of annexing its fortunes and iden tifying its fame with the great Republic of the North, should co-operate in a war so wholly op posite and repuguunt to all its former aspira tions, is strange and inexplicable. The fact however, exists, and San Salvador, uniting with Guatemala, its hereditary foe, has precipitated a war with the Patriot party of Nicaragua, its hereditary friends and allies. The negotiations of the RivaH conspiracy faction, resulted in the forced levy of a thousand troops from Guate mala, four hundred from San Salvador, to which was added six hundred from Leon—the head-quarters of the conspirators—and a few hundred Legitimatists or Cliamorristas from the different towns and haciendas of Nicaragua. Murder and Robbery on the Plains. —On Thursday of last week, a man by the name of Paul Merely arrived in Placcrville, says the American, from off the Plains in a very destitute condition. Mr. Merely left .Salt Lake with some fifteen companions, who with him furnished teams, and were near the Sink of the Humboldt on the 15th Oct., when during the night, ihey were attacked by a large band of Indians, head ed by two white men. They resisted to the best advantage. Two of their companions were kill ed during the night, and after daylight, two more. The others then tied. Mr. Morc ly was driving a team, and when the buv ages got all the party had besides, they took the team he was in charge of, stripped him en tirely naked and permitted him to proceed.— Mr. M. traveled in this condition some four days without food—he finally obtained some clothing but no shoes—when he arrived at the trading post of Mr. Black. Other emigrants have also suffered. Russia. —The St. Petersburg correspondence of the London I’oit says: .‘‘A joint stock compauy has just been formed at St. Petersburg, under something more than government patronage; for the greater part of the shares have already been taken by various members of the Imperial family, and by some of the more ancient and powerful Russian nobility. Twenty commercial screw steamers of the lar gest class, are to be built in the first instance. Some of them will be constructed in America, some in Englaud, and a few in the Gulf of Fin land.” The discovery of coal, of a most excellent quality, in the Ural Mountains, in Russia, is confirmed beyond doubt. A Striking Confirmation of Scripti rk.— One of the most interesting of the monuments of an cient Rome, is the triumphal arch erected to commemorate the conquest of Jerusalem by Ti tus, who after the destruction of the temple, made a triumphant march to Rome, bringing with him a long train of captive Jews, and the rils, among which were the sacred vessels of temple. This procession is represented in the sculptures on the beautiful arch, which thus furnish an illustration of the Bible no where else to be found, these being the only represen tations that exist of the sacred vessels, the table of the shew-bread. the golden candlestick with its seven branches, and the silver trumpets used by the priests to proclaim the year of jubilee.— The Roman Senate and people little thought when they erected this monument to a defied emperor, that they were erecting a monument to the true God, in the verification of prophecy and divine history. A recent traveler says, not one of the Jews of Rome, of whom there are about 6,000 will even at this day pass under the arch of Titus, although it spans one of the thoroughfares of the city; they shun it as a me morial of the subjugation of their nation, which has never been retrieved, and regard it with aversion. The following from the New York Ijtft Illut tratcd, embraces two of its rough and tum ble sketches of characters that appear in the streets of New York : “A straight, trim-built, prompt, vigorous man well-dressed, with long brown hair, beard and moustache, and a quick watchful eye. He steps I alertly by, watching everybody. Charles A. 1 Dana, the chief editor of the New York Tribune i a man of rough, strong intellect, tremendous ! prejudices iirmly relied on, and excellent inveu j tion. Down on the other side goes one with a dry, ! spare, hard visage, black eyes, and huge white beard of somewhat ragged appearance. lie strides along regardlessly, and rapidly—a book in his hand, a thought—and more too— inside of his head, a most rustical straw hat out side of it, turned sharp up behind and down be fore, like a country boy’s, and a summer coat streaming liag-like from his shoulders. It is William C, Bryant. The white bearded scrawny I striding old gentleman is, if not our foremost I and noblest poet,' abreast with the most; and ; moreover, a strouir, valient, and uncompromis j iug—and more yet, and rarer—an absolutely fair and courteous, political newspaper editor, ; on what side it is unnecessary to say. . A Question. —The following question is now lie fore the Hitchabobpackwack debating soci ety ; “Which has ruined the most men—giving credit or getting trusted!” We shouldn’t won der if this led to a considerable wrangle. The Clamor J'ublico, mentions the arrival of a Frenchman at Los Angeles, who fought at Se tapol, and afterwards receiving his discharge, started for the United States, He left France with only the sum of $80. From Santa Fe to Los Angeles, he had journeyed alone and on foot. Working Cheap.— Dr. John Hastings acts as City and County Physician at San Francisco, free of charge. WHOLE NO. 165. VARIETIES. Indian's about Marysvikle. —General Sutter has furnished the Marysville Herald the follow ing returns of the Indians in that vicinity, ac cording to tribes. The aborigines are rapidly becoming extinct. According to this authority, there are of the Hock tribe, at the rancheria near Hock farm, ten men. seven women, and three children; of the Yukulmey, seven men, four women, and one child; of the Olash, ten men, nine women, and one child. The number of the Yubas will not vary materially from one hundred —men, women and children. Broke Jau The Oroville Record says that two prisoners escaped on Saturday night, from the jail in that place. They dug their way out with a pewter spoon. The Record says tile quality of the mortar is about the consistency of “ chicken-feed ” made with corn meal and water. This is accounted for from the hricks having been laid during the hot weather of last summer, which being perfectly dry, absorbed the moisture from the mortar, leaving nothing but a crumbling mixture of dry lime and sand to hold them together. The Minnie Rifle.— A proof of the great dis tance a Minnie rifle will carry a ball has been given at Madgcburg. Some soldiers were firing at n tnrgct at l,000paces; laborers were at work 700 paces beyond, which was thought to be a safe distance; but one of the poor fellows was mortally wounded by a bullet. A sheep has been accidentally killed in England, withl the Enfield rifle, from a distance of 2,500 yards. Heavy Police Business. —In Boston, Daniel Gilmore, a little boy, admitted that he had sto len thirty cents worth of bread from Mr. A. Sandford. Ho was fined three dollars and costs. In the continued case of John Fisher, the de fendant plead guilty to stealing three blankets of the value of $3, property of the inhabitants of the city of Boston. He was sentenced to the House of Industry for five months. Claims Against Adams A Co.— On Saturday, Nov. 22d. Gilbert A. Grant, referee, made a re port to the Fourth District Court of San Fran cisco, from which it appears that the claims against the firm of Adams & Co. amount to $1,155,494. The creditors have until Saturday Dec. 6th. to show cause why the report of the referee should not be confirmed. An English Miseil— Daniel Dancer, when lie had £3,000 a year, used to beg a pinch of snufT from all of his friends, and when the box was full bartered its contents for a tallow can dle. But his parsimonious ingenuity appears contemptible in comparison with that of the Russian miser, who learned to bark that he might avoid the expense of keeping a dog. Judgment aoainst the Folsom Estate.— On Saturday morning, Nov. 22d, in the U. S. Cir cuit Court, the jury in the case of the United States vs. the Executors of J. L. Folsom, re turned a verdict in favor of the United States for the sum of $186,658, with interest from Nov. 14th, 1855—amount due by deceased on his ac count as Quarter-Master. Mexico.— The True Californian is informed, by private letters from Mexico, that President Coraonfortlias made offers to England and the United States, to sell the province of Sonora, Lower California, and a part of Chihuahua, for the purpose of relieving the enibnrrasments by which he is surrounded. Population of Cuba.— The population of Cu ba iB estimated at the present time, at about 1,- 600,000. Of these 650,000 are white, 750,000 are slave black, and about 200,000 free black. By a royal order of 12th March, 1837, free col ored people were prohibited from landing in Cuba, on any pretence whatever. Suicide.— A man named nenry Debring com mitted suicide in San Francisco on Tuesday the 18th inst. by shooting himself throngh the heart with a revolver. The deceased was a native of Germany, aged thirty-two years. He was sup posed to have been insane. Large Woolen Factort. —At the Bay State Mills, in Lawrence Mass., there are annually manufactured 400,000 shawls, valued at up wards of $1,500,000. The mills consume 40,000 pounds of wool in a day, or upwards of 12,000,- 000 per year, requiring annually the fleeces of at least 3,000,000 sheep. Thf, Mariposa Grant. —It is stated that the Board of Supervisors of Mariposa countv have assessed the great Mariposa grant of Col. Fre mont at $1,000,000, the taxes on which, at the present rate of taxation will amount to upwards of $17,000. Walking Match.-- James Ken novan and an Englishman, named Trainor, are soon to have a walking match, in San Francisco, for $500 a side. They are to walk together, and the first who stops shall have lost the bet. The champi on’s belt also goes in. Suipment of Specie. —The Panama steamer, John L. Stephens, which sailed on the 20th nit., took out $2,075,331 in specie; the Nicaragua steamer Orizaba took $263,711 —making a to tal of $2,349,042. Centennial. — The centennial annlverslty of the introduction of printing into New Hamp shire, was recently celebrated in grand style at Portsmouth, in that State. Promit.— The city of Sacraroento'sent per last steamer by Wells, Forgo A Co., to the house of 1 Weils, Fargo A Co., in New York, the sum of $63,000, to pay the coupons of January, 1857. Fillmore and Fremont.— Fremont has car ried four caunties in the State—Santa Clara, Almeda, Santa Barbara, and San Luis Obispo; and Fillmore only two—Yolo and Colusa. Emigrants. —There arrived in the city of New York the present year, up to the 15th of Octo ber, from all foreign ports, 111,395 emigrants. To the same date in 1855, 111,032 arrived. Water Strike. — Posters have been lately stuck up in Oroville oalling for a meeting of the miners, to take into consideration the high price charged for water. Fast Building.— The Chicago Times says that three thousand seven hundred and fifty build ings have been erected in that city since the commencement of the present year. Petrified Tree. —A petrified tree was found in Santa Rosa Valley last week, at the depth of twenty-five feet below the surface. The Comet again Seen. —The states that the comet was seen from San Francisco on Monday morning, Nov. 25th, at 4 o’clock. The Oregon Papers are again agitating the question of applying for admission into the Union as a State. Funds on Hand— The County Treasurer of San Francisco, reports the funds oo band M amounting to $28,587,08. Dr. Scott. —The Trustees and congregation of Calvary Church, San Francisco, have reftwed to accept the resignation of Dr. Scott as pastor. Ole Bull. —Ole Bull is lying dangerously ill at the Sulphur Springs, Iowa. Mr. Rix, Assemblyman from Humboldt, was elected by a majority of one vote. At it Again.— Wirsen, the snake charmer, is again giving his exhibitions. The number of deaths in San Francisco dur ing the last week, was 24.