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The Nevada Democrat. [volume] (Nevada, Calif.) 1854-1863, December 17, 1856, Image 2

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NEVADA DEMOCRAT.
II. I.. Joachim***** i« oar agent In this city. He
will deliver the Dioiociur to subscribeiji *nd is authorize*!
to ree*ive subscriptions, advm;scinen|Jj Ac., and collect
and receipt for the same. “ *
E, p. Tnrticy is onr agent for Patterson and vicin
ity. lie i# authorized to receive subscriptions, advertise
refute, Ire., and collect and receipt for the same.
Iloog* & Co. arc onr authorized agents for San Fran
r■ t., receive advertUfmerits, and oolloct for the same.
A. Badlam, Jr., is our authorised agent in Sacra
mento City.
NEVADA, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 17, 1806.
The Indigent Sick*
On Monday last Dr. Overton of our city made
to the Board of Supervisors a proposition lo
provide for the indigent aickjof the county which
in every respect commends itself to the favora
ble consideration of that body. If the dictates
of humanity require us to take care of the un
fortunate, and if any provision is to be made at
alt fbr them, we believe that the plan proposed
is the best for the interests of the county and
certainly will insure more comfortable treat
ment of the class of destitute persons who nre
forced to seek relief, than lias heretofore been
extended to them. In this county from several
causes, instead of there being an indigent sick
fund, as contemplated by the laws of the State,
there is a debt now outstanding In the register
ed scrip of the county of over $5,000. It is
next to a worthless drug in the market, and as
this indebtedness can only be discharged from a
fknd arising in a certain way it is not likely to
improve iu value for some time to come. The
consequence is, that no one is willing to accept
It for services rendered to this class of persons,
except for medical treatment, and they are left
at an inclement season of the year without the
comforts so essential to their condition.
Dr. Overton proposes to procure a comforta
ble place for their accommodation; to attend
them professionally, provide a nurse, lire, lights,
food, furniture, medicine, and everything neces
sary for a hospital adequate lo the number of
persons likely to need relief, and to take the
scrip payable out of the indigent sick fund, at
the following rates: for the first four patients
and under that number, at five dollars each per
day; for each additional patient over four, at
three dollars per day. In order to secure the
eounty against all abuse, from unworthy objects
gaining admission to the hospital, and to secure
the dismissal of such persons when convales
cent, he also rccemmeiids the appointment of
two disinterested physicians to whom all per
sons seeking admission shall be referred. Up
on examination if found worthy, the Certificate
of these physicians shall entitle the person to
enter and receive the benefits of the establish
ment. Those physicians are also to visit the
hospital and to exercise a supervision over its
management.
Under all the circumstances of the case, we
think this a very fair offer, t and believe it will
accomplish a highly philanthropic olycct.
For tho support of the indigeul sick, our
State laws provide two sources of revenue,
which is required to be set apart as a fuud ex
clusively for their core and maintenance. The
first arises under the act of 1852, “concerning
passengers arriving iu the ports of the State of
California,” by which the bonds therein requir
ed of all eommnnders of vessels bringing pas
sengers, are authorized to be commuted at not
less than five uor more limn toil dollars for each
passenger. Estimating the number arriving ut
only 2000 passengers per month from all parts
of the world, and commuting tho bonds at the
lowest sum authorized by law, the total amount
would bo $120,000 jier annum. This would
give to the county of Nevada, for n single year
at least $6,000, yet the county Treasurer lias
not received a dollar on accouut of this J'tuid
from the State Treasurer since July 1855, aud
then only $1,200. A recent letter from the
State Treasurer informs him that the amount iu
his hands from the passenger act is “very small,
that no distribution will be made of it till after
the first day of January aud that then there will
be but a trifle for each of the counties.”
It is well kuowu that that delectable scoun
drel, Neel McGowan, was the Commissioner ap
pointed under this act for tho port of Sou
Francisco, and with characteristic turpitude he
refused to execute the duties required of hlm j
or at least failed to pay over the monies collec
ted by him, and therefore but u small amount
has been available from this source. In addiliou
to this, the Board of Supervisors of each county
are required by the net of 1855 “to provide for
the indigent sick,” &c., to levy a tax not to
exceed one-fourth of one per cent, upon all the
real and personal property within their respec
tive counties to be applied to this object. Iu
pursuance of this law, there has been levied
and collected within this county, one-twentieth
of oue per cout. upon all tnxnble property.
This fund, like tho rest of our tax collections,
has suffered from tho failure of the late Sheriff
to pay over the revenues to the County Trea
surer, and tho probability is that not one fourth
of the amount avislng under it lraR been ac
counted for during tho present year. The cou
sequeuce has been that there has been no money
In the treasury applicable to the maintenance
of tho sick and destitute, and our indebtedness
has accumulated to such an extent that uuless
ways aud means are provided it must continue
to increase. It Is to be hoped that in futuro
the passenger law will yield a more abundant
revenue, and we suggest to the Board of Super
visors of tho county the absolute necessity of
Axing the tax at ouc-teulh or one-eighth of one
per cent, instead of ono twentieth us at present.
For.vu Dead. — The body of a inau nura
cd Burget, was found near Pleasant Valley
•bout a week ago; who It is supposed, put u’n
end to bis own existence. The deceased had
been worki ug for Mr. Beckman for some time,
and about three weeks ninoe, started out on a
hnnting excursion. He went to the house ofu
neighbor, and naked for some liquor. The man
knowing him to be in the habit of drinking to
exoess, refused to give him any. He then said
he would go and shoot some quails and sell
them for liquor, and started off. Nothing more
wag beard of him for near two weeks, when his
body wns found, the head and entrails having
been devoured by hogs. His gun was found
ky> with the ramrod out; and it is supnos
ed that he put the muzzle to bis breast and tired
it off by pushing ugainst the trigger with the
ramrod. It is said the deceased has a familv in
tb? states.
The Suite Debt*
ThefccaW decision of the Supreme Court,
declaring the State debt to bate been created
in violation of the express provitfen of tbe Con
stitution, h» been very properly said toinvtBlvej
the fttir tame and pledged faith of our State.
It docs not necessarily follow however, that its
honor is compromised, as yet, however roueb
we may deplore the result which may tempora
rily affect the value of the bonds in the bands
of her creditors. We do not believe there can
be occasion or excuse so far, for the panic
which many are industriously endeavoring to
create. Tlrtkt the decision of the Supreme Court
is correct, and is clearly sustained by the plain
letter of the Constitution, and the intention of
its authors admits of no questiou or doubt.—
How any one conversant with that instrument
could ever have misinterpreted a provision so
free from ambiguity is inexplicable. When
therefore the matter came before the Judiciary,
Its duty was marked out clearly, and in render
ing this decision it has given to the fudameptal
law the only exposition consistent with com
mon sense. As wo cannot take issue with the
coart upon the accuracy of its judgment, nei
ther cau we join in the tirade of abuse, which is
being heaped upon the judicial department.—
The functions of that branch of the government
are prescribed by the same constitution. Under
our system it is entirely separated from the
legislative and executive, nor do we think that
it would be a wise innovation to give to it the
character of an advisory power in the enact
ment oflaws, or the administration of the gov
ernment. The falacy of the Sacramento Union
and kindred sheets in assuming that it was the
duty of the Supreme Court to have interfered
voluntarily before the creation of any debt, is
sufficiently answered by its blunders in discus
sing this question. While it is engaged in ar
raigning the court for not having dragged the
bills of the legislature into its presence for ad
judication, it is equally censorious because
when tbe question was fairly introduced and
properly before It, the opportunity was wisely
taken to depart from the special issue, in order
to correct any further infringement of the fun
damental law. In other words although they
would hitherto have sustained tbe judical power
in usurping a provinco uot delegated to it, they
would now, in a mistaken zeal for the public
faith, have forbidden the performance of a duty
dict ated by a sense of official obligation.
In koeping with the spirit of injustice, which
has prompted the aspersion of the judicial offi
cers, is the attempt made through the channels
of the opposition press to fasten upon the Dem
ocratic party the responsibility of the evils of a
public debt as well as this assumed breach of
public faith. «
The provision of our constitution restricting
the amount of indebtedness to be incurred by
the State government, was wisely couccived for
the purpose of checking a too lavish expenditure
Of public monies, and also to provide against
tho Imrthcn of taxation which in such case must
inevitably fall upon the mashes of the people.
Under the ordiuary circumstances which at
tend the organization of a new State, the limit
prescribed of 300,000 dollars would have suf
ficed for setting in motion the wheel of govern
ment, and have sustained their progress until
the sources of revenue could be made available.
But witli California extraordinary difficulties
and embarrassments wore encountered from the
bcginulug. Unlike her sister States she entered
the Union without tbe pnternal dower, which
had bccu bestowed upon them by the hand of
the federal government. She commenced with
an empty treasury; with everything to provide
for tbe uses of the State; with a meager tax
list compared to her vast territorial extent; an
Unsettled and unsteady population little calcu
lated to build up property of the nature subject
to taxation. Impend of cnpitul flowing into her
borders, as with other new communities, the
product of cxtrnneoua sources, the vast propor
tion of the wealth, produced by the labor of her
people lias gone to enrich the commerce of ev
ery Civilized country on the globe. Looking
to this condition of things all the investigations
of tbe political coonoralst could but lend to the
conclusion that until these obstacles were at
least partially overcome, the revenue within
the reach of government would fall far bclmv
the expenditures, if confined to the most rigid
bounds. We are far from believing that every
appropriation made by our Stale bns been wise
ly made, or that if wisely made that always
wisely and honestly disbursed. Tbcre have
been trt all times a sort of political banditti at
the doors of the treasury greedy for public
plunder. Failing to be satiated, in one they
have pursued their degrading instincts by ta
king rank with whatever party seemed to offer
the best prospect of pillage. Happily this class
are now found in opposition to the Democracy,
loudest in professions of a high morality.
The State indebtedness has been the work of
successive legislatures from the first down to the
last, whether Democratic or otherwise. Accor
ding to the most reliable data the appropria
tions made by tbo K. N. Legislature of lost
year, amounted to as large a sum as those of its
most extravagant predecessors, and far exceed
ed the revenue of the preseut year. Whether
those appropriations were often rnndc for un
worthy objects we take it is no question so far
as the relation of the State as debtor and its
creditors arc concerned. The debt has been
created; the faith of the State has been annu
ally by solemn enactment pledged for its re
demption, and nlthough the forms and sanctions
of the constitution have been overlooked in
creating it the moral obligation rests with us to
sec it paid, and to make such prompt provision
to that end as will prevent the depreciation of
the bonds issued under the several acts for
funding the State debt. These several acts
were passed as follows, and arc supposed to cov
er about the whole State debt.
Aot of 1851, April 29, to cover existing debt
$700,000 payable one half 1st March 1856, the
remainder 1st March 1861, hearing 7 per cent.
Interest.
Act 1852, May 1st, of $600,000 to cover out
standing warrants of controller and such fur
ther indebtedness as should accrue up to 31st
Deo. of that year, payable March 1st 1870, benr
iug 7 per cent, interest.
Act of 1855, March 16th, of $700,000 to cover
indebtedness accruing between 30th June 1853
and 1st July 1865, payable on 1st July 1870,
bearing 1 7 per cent interest.
Act of 1856, April 19th, to fund indebtedness
of State accruing up to 1st January 1857 *2
500,000 payable 1st day of July 1875 bearing 7
per cent, jp teres*.
These acts show the rise of the State debt. In
tc aggregate they amount to the sura of
In reference to the parties now boldiag
the bonds authorized to be Issued under these
several acts, there is probably not 'over $150,-
000 held in this State. It is estimated that the
remainder of the fundable bonds is distributed
about equally between the Atlantic States and
Europe. California bonds it is known have
been used extensively in the State of Indiana as
a basis for the banking business. Our late Con
troller Winslow T. Pierce is President of an In
diana bank and he has probably been instru
mental in getting from $150,000 to $200,000 of
our bonds introduced into the banks of that
State. In Wisconsin, also, a large amount of
California bonds are held by the banks. In
Pennsylvania there are probably at least $200,-
000 of Cal. bonds. Gov. Wm. Bigler is a large
bolder having invested for their benefit a large
portion of an estate inherited by his children.
Of course New York capitalists are holders of
much the greater portion of what are held in
the Atlantic States. It is not known what
amount is held in England. About $500,000 of
the bonds have found their way into Germahy
through the instrumentality of Aug. Belmont,
American Charge at the Hague. The present
holders of these bonds are doubtless purchasers
in good faith and entitled to every proper con
sideration.
As to the course to be pursued In order to
provide for this debt honorably to ourselves
there is it seems but one course, and that is to
present the question directly to the people of
the State. Should the next legislature pass an
act consolidating the several acts heretofore
passed and authorizing the funding of the whole
debt, nud submit it as a matter of justice to the
good sense of the citizens of California we can
not doubt but that it will meet their full assent.
If this plan however should after examination
prove to be inconsistent with tho
then let that itself be so modified that while it
shall provide against nny further accretion of
State indebtedness will insure the extinguish
ment of the present, and preserve our good
name abroad.
Theatrical. —The actors who havo conic
hither are making a decided hit with the lovers
of the drama. A munificent account of full
benches attest the appreciation of n discerning
public. The pieces which have been put upon
the boards during the past week are of a novel
character with us, and have therefore proved
highly attractive to a large portion of the pub
lic. The grand rped-ade toe me to be all the rage
just now, and with a little more time in the pre
paration and rehearsal, with the handsome sce
nery and capacious stage of our theater, might
be produced with a degree of effect far greater.
The Corsican Brothers; the Rag Picker; the
Flying Dutchman, with several excellent farces
have made up the role of performances during
the past week. The beautiful Indian drama,
entitled "Nick of the Woods,” is announced for
this evening. This piece representing a picture
of western life as it was, more than half a cen
tury ago, is replete with stirring incident. The
dramatis person* arc no fictions, but veritable
heroes who flourished on the banks of the Ohio
before the wave of civilization had broken over
the crest of the Alleghanies, and who launched
their "broad horns” upon the Mississippi ere the
first Btramboat had ploughed the waters of the
Hudson. The popular after piece of "Sam
Slick the Clock maker” renders the hill or the
evening oue of rare interest.
Tills City Debt. —The Journal of last Friday
“understands’' that it is seriously contemplated
by the Trustees to run the city in debt beyond
the limit fixed by the charter. The city charter
has a clause prohibiting the Board of Trustees
from contracting debts which in the aggregate
shall exceed five thousand dollars, and we have
good reason to believe that the present Board
have never had any intention of going beyond
this auiouut. The outstanding city scrip which
has been issued this year now amounts to near
live thousand dollars, and the debt has been
eoutractcd principally in making permanent
improvements in the city. It was absolutely
necessary that the bridges, whieh were swept
away by the tire of last July, should be rebuilt,
and instead of leaving this work to be done by
private subscription, as heretofore has been the
case, the Trustees considered that it would be
more just and equitable for the city to do it in
its corporate capacity, so that all would be
compelled to pay alike for improvements which
were for the benefitof the city. These improve
ments ure of the most substantial character,
and particular pains have been taken by the
Trustees to have every thing done at the lowest
possible cost. The expenditures of the city
since the lire have amounted to about fifty-five
hundred dollars, and of this sum, at least four
thousand dollars has been expended in building
and repairing bridges, and other works of a
similar character. The only revenue which has
been collected thus far, has been derived from
licenses. Iu consequence of the heavy losses
sustained by our citizens by the fire, the Trus
tees put oft the collection of the property tax
until near the close of their term of office.
Masonic Elections.— At a stated meeting of
Nevada Lodge, No. 13, F. & A. M., held on Sat
urday evening last, the following officers were
elected for tho ensuing Masonic year: Thos. P.
Hawley, W. M.; A. B. Swan, S. W.; W. L. Phil
lips, J. W.; I. Williamson, Treasurer; J. F. Ru
dolph, Sec’y.; J. W. Hastings, Tyler.
At a regular communication of Minnesota
Lodge, No. 67, F. A A. M., held Monday eve
ning, 8th inst., the following officers were cho
sen for the ensuing year: J. S. Blackwell, W.
M.; A. Whelau, S. W.; S. A. Tyree. J. W.; H.
McNulty, T.; L. Goodwin, S.; C. H. Fish, S. D.;
L. Williams, J. D.; J. Blackbourn, Tyler.
At a stated meeting of Forest City Lodge, F.
& A. M., held last Thursday night, the follow
ing officers were duly elected to serve for the
ensuing year: John Kirkpatrick, W. M.; Wm.
Fleming, S. W.; Geo. Hopkins, J. W.; E. Lev
iugston, T.; V. J. an Doren, S.j James Ga
veny, S. D.: John Baldwin, J. D.; C. J. Hough
tailing, Tyler.
Sekoentit Arms.—Mr. Elias Sadborrough
Rutherford, of this county, will be a candidate
for Sergcnt at Arms of the Assembly at the ap
proaching session.
Common School Meeting.
At % meeting of the qualified electors of the
First School District Nevada township, held
pursuant to notice atFlurshutz Hall In Nevada
on Saturday the 13th inst.. for the purpose of
locating a school house for said district, the
following proceedings were had :
On motion J. H. Bostwick was called to the
chair and \V. F. Anderson was appointed secre
tary of the meeting.
. . The following resolution was then adopted:
Resolved, That Messrs. IV. J. Knox, J. N. Tur
ner, J. H. Bostwick, J. R. Whitney and J. A.
Swartz be and they are hereby appointed a com
mittee to examine all eligible lots for a school
house within the city of Nevada which may be
for sale, and to report the size location and
price of each to a meeting of the qualified elec
tors to be held on Saturday next, the 20th inst.
at 2 o’clock P. 51.
On motion the meeting then adjourned to
meet pursuant to the above resolution.
J. H. BOSTW1CK, President.
W. F. Anderson, Secretary.
Indicted. — Jose Y. Limantour, the great laud
pirate, who claimed nearly all the City and
County of San Fraucisco, under a pretended
Spanish grant, was indicted on Thursday last,
in the U. S. District Court of San Francisco, for
forgery. He was immediately taken into custo
dy, and Ids bail fixed at $30,000. Not being
able to procure bondsmen, be was afterwards
lodged in jail. Emile Lctanneur, the private
secretary of Limantour, was taken before the
grand jury, and on being questioned, acknowl
edged that the papers were a forgery, and said
that he wrote them himself at the instigation of
Limantour. Lctanneur was taken into custody
but afterwards released on his own recogni
sanze. Limantour is indicted under the laws
of the United States, which fixes the punish
ment from one to ten years imprisonment in the
penitentiary.
Laxoton <fc Co.—"N'c are pleased to learn
from the Sierra Citizen that Messrs. Lnngton &
Co. lmve arranged their affairs so that their
business will go on ns usual. When this itelli
gcncc was received in Downieville on Friday
evening last, the joy of the citizens of that place
knew no bounds. Cannon were tired, a bon-tire
lit up, and a torchlight procession marched
through the streets. After traversing the
streets the procession inarched to the residence
of Mr. Langton, who called out by the cheers
of tire crowd, made his appearance, and re
turned his thunks, in a neat .speech, for this ex
hibition of regard on the part of his fellow citi
zens. Altogether it was a spontaneous tribute
to private enterprise and worth, which the most
distinguished of pablic men might have envied.
Ciii’itcu Festival. —The Ladies of Nevada are
to bold a festival on New Years’ eve. at Tem
perance Hall, lower end of Broad street, for the
benefit of the Catholic church. As the members
of this denomination now for the first time ap
peal to the generosity of the citizens of Nevada
in ordor to enable them to complete their church
edifice, we must express the wish that it may
meet w ith a liberal response. A fine supper will
be prepared and «s the occasion is a sort of a
holliday, a band of music will be provided to
please the ear and perhaps to guide the graceful
steps of the quadrille.
America* Excimnue. -This handsome and well
furnished hotel is now under tho management
of Geo. Lewis, whose good taste and accommo
dating manner guaranty that it will be con
ducted in a style worthy of public patronage.
Tho sleeping apartments are newly and hand
somely furnished. To the many who prefer the
plan of the table de hoti, this house will be
peculiarly acceptable. Every thing which the
market affords is got up in fine style and at all
hours. The bar is furnished with the best liquors,
and with the billiard saloon, are conducted by
Messrs. Alston Sc Lillard.
Train ok Saddle Horses.— We learn from the I
Forest City Democrat tbat Messrs. Hiee A Keaton
have established a train of saddle horses be
tween Forest City and Nevada. Persons wish
ing to travel either way can be accommodated
by calling at the Empire Livery and Exchange
stables, Forest City, or at the American stables,
Nevada.
Anniversary Hall. —A Masonic Ball, given
by the Rough A Ready Lodge, will come o(T in
that place on Monday the 29th instant, to cele
brate the anniversary of St. John, the Evange
list. The ball is given on the 29th, in conse
quence of the anniversary falling on Saturday.
A public installation of the officers of Rough A
Ready Lodge wilt be held on the same day.
Pardon. —We understand that steps have beeu
taken to procure a pardon for John Walsh, who
was convicted about two weeks since of an as
sault upon Major Jack Downing, with intent to
commit murder. Petititions to tbat effect arc
now in circulation in this county.
Pai*er kok Salk.— Mr. John Platt, publisher
of the Forest City Democrat, is desirous of dis
posing of one half of tbat establishment to a
good practical priuter.
Snow. There is now more snow upon the
hills in the upper part of this county than has
fallen at this time of year, since the winter of
1852-53. At Alpha it is from three to four feet
deep.
The Board of Supervisors met on Monday
last The principal business transacted was the
granting of licenses for Toll bridges.
E ci*amksu8 Vitus.— This ancient and honora
ble order has been revived in our city, and are
engaged in the initiation of many of our prom
inent citizens.
The Hoads are now in a miserable condition
in this sectiou, in cousequence of heavy rains.
The Sacramento stages are frequently delayed
till eight and uine o’clock.
New Paper.— A new daily paper, entitled the
City Item, lias made its appearance at Sacra
mento. We have not yet seen it.
For the Ati-antic States. —The Nicaragua
steamer Sierra Nevada will leave for San Juan
on the 20th instant, with passengers, Ac. for
New York.
Discontinted.—We regret to learn that the
publication of the Mariposa Democrat has been
discontinued.
Newspaper Poetry.— There are few persons j
outside of a printing office perhaps aware of the !
annoyance occasioned by the class of poets of |
the non/it genus. They are usually importunate
to have their effusions published, In proportion
to their own obtuscuQss and the stupidity ot
their rhymes. Listen to one of them, in whose
“dome of thought” no doubt visions of office
are flitting-—
“As wild in thought and gay of wing
As Eden’s garden bird.”
We beg pardon of the true poet for introduc
ing him by the s'de of this doggerel poetaster.
Great James Buchanan the nation’s pride.
Ever a fitin on his glorious country’s side.
Raised at last up to the Presidential chair,
Now into that arc seat is not, and stays there.
A greater man than Alexander,
And if you want to know the reason, gander;
Cause Alexander cried like a haby,
But James Buchanan wouldn’t a cried if he’d a died maybe.
That last allusion is particularly elegant, and
decidedly historical.
And here is another specimen, the last stanza
of a pome entitled “To a Lady’s Lilly.” “Lis
ten ye nations and be dumb;”
T am the lady’s lilly. all in my prime,
In health and beauty cut off belbre my time;
I die a natural death, which you all knew,
| All mortals soou must for to go.
Shades of Parnassus, arise and cover us.
The District Coi'RT, has been industriously
engaged during the past two weeks in the work
of clearing the docket. Judge Searls is a most
indefatigable officer, and makes steady and
summary work upon the bench. Since his ac
cession to the Judgeship of the 14th District he
has perhaps worked more assiduously than any
judicinl officer in the State, and at the same time
to his credit he has given as great satisfaction.
By the time the term is closed which will be
several weeks yet, he will no doubt clear the
calendar of the cases current upon the docket,
and also of tlje complicated fossil remains of
former judicial ages.
The Weather. — After the recent heavy
snows,'followed hard frosty weather, causing a
suspension of payment at the miners exchequer.
As we go to press however a warm and genial
rain has set in giviug assurance of a speedy re
sumption of specie payments.
Walking Match. —The two pedestrian*, Jas.
Kennovan and Walter Trainer, recently got up
a walking match against time and each other.
They commenced walking in San Francisco on
Wednesday last, at tivo o’clock in the afternoon
continuing till Friday morning at 8 o'clock,
when Trainer began bleeding at the mouth and
nose, and dually gave out, His ancles and
limbs were swollen and sore. Kennovan, how
ever, remained'at his task, and it is said propo
ses to walk 120 consecutive hours.
Ih itiKu in a Ti nnki,. —Two men by the name
of Wm. Ward and Tbos. Davis lost their lives
by the caving in of a tunnel near FolSofn, on
Wednesday last. Notwithstanding the utmost
exertions of their friends, their bodies were not
recovered until Saturday—three days after tbe
accident happened.
IbiorosBi) Tei.kgkath Extension.- A writer
ill the Mariposa Gazelle urges the extension of
the telegraph wires from the Stockton and So
nora lines to Mariposa. The route proposed i*
from Mariposa to Sherlock's, thence on to fiher
j lock’s Flat, from there to Cool ter ville, thence
on to Jacksonville, and from thence to connect
at Chinese Camp. The proposed line would
pass through a portion of the best mining local
ities in Mariposa and Tuolumne counties.
Aiuuvrh.—The mail steamer Sonora arrived
at San Fnincisco at 7 o'clock last evening.
Colored Convention.— The colored people of
California held a convention at Sacramento on
lust week. Their object is to prevail on the cit
izens of this State to permit them to testify in
all cases before our courts, and to improve their
condition generally.
Loss of the Ditto Fawn.— By the arrival of
the bark Mallory, from Coose Bay. we learn
that the brig Fawn, Capt. Bunker, hence for
Umpqua river, was capsized about twenty miles
north of that river in a southw est gale, on the
22d of November. She afterwards drifted
ashore above Franciscan river, and will be a
total loss. '1 he Mate and three seamen were
drowned, and the Captain and the rest of the
crew were rescued by an Indian in a canoe.
The Fawn was owned by Capt. Bunker and Mr.
Mary, and had on board at the time of the dis
aster a cargo worth $00,000. -5. F. IF mid.
Q' aktz Mining in Maiuposa The Gcuelk
says: “At a mill near Mariposa, 80 tons of
quartz has been crushed, taken from a vain re
cently opened—although discovered in 1850.—
Thirty tons, considered as refuse rock, paid §18
! per ton; and the balance, 50 tons, yielded $43
per ton. The vein is favorably situated, and in
thickness varies from eight inches to two feet,
so far as has yet been prospected. Large
amounts of quartz are being taken out at pres
ent—much of it shows gold sufficient to indicate
being very rich.
The Ocean Telegraph.— The N. V. Journal
of Commerce states that arrangements for lay
ing the wire across the Atlantic are not yet
complete, but the telegraph connection between
St. Johns, New Brunswick, and New York, is
very nearly finished. The two marine cables
between St. Johns and Prince Edward's island
and across the Gulf ot St. Lawrence—one over
fifteen miles in length, and the other eight v
five—arc found to be complete and in the best
working order. The entire expenditure on this
important enterprise, up to the present time, is
between six and seven hundred thousand dol
lars. The cost of the ocean survey was de
frayed by the U. S. government.
The Bio Trees. —The Scientific Congress
wh ,ch lately met at Albany. New York, among
other things passed a resolution asking the Gov
ernor and Legislature of California, for the sake
of science, to take steps for the preservation of
the big trees at the back of Murphy’s Camp.-
They did this under the belief that those found
in that locality were the only ones in existence.
The late discoveries in Mariposa county correct
this impression. The suggestion is, however a
good one; nnd steps should be taken to preserve
the celebrated Mammoth Grove as public pro
pelitj .and to prevent the destruction or remo
val of any others of the famous groups
Another account from the East tells of a gar
dener who had 1,500 plants growing, whfck
were laiscd from nuts or seed gathered under 1
apiece fCCS ’ an<1 " h ‘? h Were tberc worth a j
Weaeth of the Mexican Cmum.-A very
' Jssswasa i
lu b K B lllan ",000,000 from whom it is
drawn, but Baron Humboldt believes the esti!
mate to be rather under, than over the actual
The Recent Decision— There are gome
connected with the decision rendered by the 8
premu Court on Monday last, by which n
whole indebtedness of the State,
4300,000,1* virtually declared illegal, whir)
should not be lost sight of. In the first
disposition is manifested by a portion of th*
press to blame somebody or something, becau*
the decision was not rendered years ago, but :#
blame attaches anywhere, it is to the
themselves. It was. competent for any ehJJrr
of the State to bring the.qaeition boftfe
Court of last resort, at nnv time during the W
five years. It could hare been done in the-ca*
of the smallest appropriation ordered l,y fa
Legislature, to meet w Rich, there was no' Y\»4
in the treasury. Iu the next place it is charge
that the Supreme Court has been singularly
tardy in rendering the decision, and that by of.
dinary diligence the matter could have been
disposed of long ago. On this subject wc would
state, that by an inspection of the records it wifi
be found that the case was filed on the 18th of
July. At that time Judge Terry was in the
j hands of the Vigilance Committee, and Judge
! Heydenfelt was absent from the State, and
therefore the business of tho Supreme Court
I could not be proceeded with. The case wasar
j gued in the October term, and was decided in
its regular order. It will thus be seen tbit
I there is no foundation whatever for the insinu
ations indulged in by some of the newspaper!
that have commented upon the subject, and
that they arc to be traced to a petty spleen, the
cause for the existence of which it is difficult
j even to conjecture.— S. F. Herald.
1 V
Camels in California. —The Stockton Ai yw
advocates the introduction of camels into this
State, and on the subject remarks: “The ncit
move in our progress of improvements should
be the Introduction of the camel in Galifortiw
Its introduction iulo our State would produces
revolution iu our mineral developments and in
ternal trade. It is capable of travelling over
one hundred miles per duy—4s known to live to
a green old age, as long as seventy and eighty
years—to go without eating or drinking for
four or five days—to DC able to carry twice the
load of our largest and most hardy mules, it
is the only animal capable of traversing desert*
with safety. It is also equally adapted to rocky
and mountain regions. Caravans in Algeria
sometimes climb rocky slopes at an angle of
forty-live degrees with five aud six hundnd
pounds upon each camel’s back. Rugged and
steep rocky ascents, which could be scaled with
difficulty by any other animal, are passed w ith
entire security by loaded caravans of canids;
even some of the rugged passes near the Red
Sea where the path is ns rough and the zig-zag
turns is short and sharp ns any mule route in
the Alps, are constantly crossed with no diffi
culty. For these reasons the camel is eminent
ly adapted to California and the adjacent terri
lories.”
MAKKJKO.
On the evening of the 14th instant. at the miilenn of
Joseph Ilicluxnlson, Fjq , by Judge T. H. Co*well, Dr. K.
RtbOLfu, and Mm. Jtrua A. sr in, all of this city.
With tlio above notice cninr Much n bountiful supply of
that exhilarating beverage known as lkldsick, an to le.y«l
us to fear a design against our proverbial sobriety. We
however called in tlic aid of a sufficient number of the
Doctor’s friends and ours, and facing the propitious emt
we drank eternal sunshine to the happy pair.
Notic e is hkukky <.ivkn that tuk co-i aht
NKKSHIl* here tofore cxUtin? U-Uvtvn Leo. \\', Aon
#trona:, Mclnlyre K. l‘utn**v. and |i«nr> PleimiM, in the
Livery Stable buHiuvsH. h lhi> tiny iII vuoIvinL Theb tditev
of the late firm will he settled by the under'itfmh. M\
persons indebted to the firm are efttifiunut t jt»\ lap
the «imr to Henry ( lemon*, ns he ix i;ot million?*] *i»‘ <t\.
tie the {lAi tnerxliip accounts.
Nevada, 1‘eueniber 15th, lh.Ofi.
CIO. W. AI'.V-TKO 0.
_] l;2w* McINTYRK l-\ 1 HNI V.
T
coat wns tak<.‘U from the Faahiou Saloon on Commor
cial xtrect. nrar I u.e on Sunday nijrht last, con tain ui£ j*a
pers of value to the owner alone. The per ; oa who mmr
hu>e taken the above property, will confer a r»r
by promptly rcturnm# it to tile subset her.
l‘ec. 10, 1850—11-ti .JOHN M.o;rtrE.
F. & A. M.,
Anniversary ci< St. John tilt Kvuiigcllst.
riilit members of Rough Ready lodge, No. 5f. A t.
A M. will cede Inate if-,. e.iinb er ary ofS . John fir Evan
Itclist by a fiul.lic ili-mon -tniti.il] at Hough .V lti-a.lv, <„,
Monday, ilio limit in-d.. Listen-i (IFAtunlay. the 07th, tli.
proper anniversary.
The exercises will consist ofu public Installation of the
Officers elect, Tor the ensuing year. Iroces-Ioti and Oration
by a distinguished member ol the emit, net dinner, awl to
be followed by a liall iu the evening, at which, the public
are invited to attend All members of the Craft In good
standing arc >r.i ite 1 to attend as guc.t. ol llic lodge dot
ing Ibe cxc.fi-cs of the Jar.
A- (\ KFAN,
U . SJin il,
juijN jju.n u;oiu,f>r
(.FORCE \V. H'EAVLIt,
C. BECKMAN.
Committee ol Arrangement*.
PASSAGE AT REDUCED RATES!!
MCAR .VGl'A STEAMSHIP C CVS. L I V K ,
—TO—
New A ork and New Orleans,
•S A X .1 u A X Li E L S U K .
too MILES SHORTER THAN ANY OTHER ROC IF.
Tli rough Ahead of the Mails.
OXLY DIRECT LIXE FOR NEW ORLEAXS!
ONLY TWELVE MILES LAND CARRIAGE—MACADAM
IZED ROAD.
Departure from Washington Street Wharf.
TJ1E HIGHLY POPULAR ROUBLE ENGINE STEAMSHIP
SIERRA NEVADA,
THOMAS HVSTIKGTOK -
Will leave Washington Street Wharf, with Independent
Mailt, lttssengers and Treasure, on
Saturday, December :40th, at 14 M.
Passengers by this line are landed at San Juan upon the
Company’s Wharf, and proceed immediately by comforUbls
Coaches to Virgin Bay, where they embark at the Wharf,
nhich has recently been rebuilt, upon the splendid new
steamer SAN CARLOS for the Atlantic steamer. The health
of the Isthmus is excellent, and passengers may r.-lv upon
a safe, comfortable and ipocdy voyage through. This route
being 700 miles shorter than any- other, passengers via
Nicaragua avoid the great heat of the Tropics, and tbs
fevers and debility too apt to result from anch exposure
Passengers for New Orleans by this line go direct from Sen
Joan del Norte, without touching at any intermediate port.
The SIERRA NEVADA connects with the favorite steam-
OrieIns EXAS ’ *“*’ K * W York > a «d CALHOUN', foe New
THROUGH TICKETS FURNISHED, INCLUDING THE
ISTHMUS TRANSIT.
ei rd 3 foi'm^? gCr8 l o rc at n ‘! ”I KU>C hpoh the Isthmus, ex
ctpi lor mcolx, while crosg|np\ f
at Ihe Companv’s office
until six o clock, A. M., day of sailing '
l or freight or passage, vpply to
c ~. 1 • E- GARRISON It CO., Agents.
I, ’ corncr Hal ((fry and Washington streets,
Second Floor.
Smal T Tmv?n f V' NEVADA COUNT
and Township. Justice s Court before J M fiar
Jiwtice of the Peace in said Township.
A - Lidxrt <£ Co. es. s. S. Davis and wife
P‘ :ilD,ilf ' !>»'<’ commenced' theirs
- nh0vc < ' < ‘ff‘ n, fen»s for the enforcement of
That'rertai. T l,,Uu "‘MK described premises, vit
* , t r ?,“ U>r - v » u «l«n bouse on the east side a>
thcPhffiJfou i' f Main . hl ‘' uct i in the City of Nevada, next
Died hr Ihf l;* 1111 I!e -; t<; rtint, on the ground formerly oce
i h °,teii wiie ,ins " iud *'"*** to s - 1
whereas, the said lieu of Ihe plaintiffs has been r
lirenb *o~ b <, Ule of this court against the s»
all persons holding or clainiii
atmnhr hef "ro 8 * premises, are hereby notified to be ai
,u f I" e llt ,n the City of Nevada, i
u - waj - «*«»-. theu ,o °
9,11 day of December, 18SA.
•I. M. CLARK, .luxtice of the* Pchct
» ini.. i in o.t -Wn, Atluimlhti
sale Of dw-p fo i «<i, 1-rnying for an ordei
I , ? *®*1 property belonging to said estate: I
T1.or l 2l»v^r‘ d i U v , , nif ‘ bwirin lf of eai.l lietition beret
Tlmrsda), the 15th day of January next, at lOo’cfock A.
- ■ -oil parties interested are'hereby notiftet
attend.
Bv order of
Attevt: .1 p
THOS,
I'oyrwKTf (|srk.
H. f.V-lvm., Judg
lit.

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