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The Nevada Democrat. [volume] (Nevada, Calif.) 1854-1863, December 31, 1856, Image 2

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H. Ij. Joachlmssen is our agent in this city. He
will ileliver the Democrat to subscribers, and is authorised
to receive subscriptions, advertisements, &c., and collect
and receipt for the same.
E. P. Tnrncy is our agent for Patterson and vicin
ity. He is authorised to receive subscriptions, advertise
ments, fee., and collect and receipt for the same.
lloegs & Co. are onr authorised agents for Dan Fran
cisco, to receive advertisements, and collect for the same.
A. B««llnm, Jr., is our authorized agent in Sacra
mento City.
To (lie Public.
The close of the year 1850, brings our edito
rial career to an end. During the twelve month
which we have wielded the goose quill, it has
been our constant aim to give to the principles
of the Democracy a cordial support, and to
make the ‘'Democrat” readable. If we have
succeeded in accomplishing anything in either
of these points, we have been as successful as
most of men in their undertakings—if we
have failed in both, as Byron says, “what is
writ, is writ, would it were worthier,” &c. &c.
So much for the editor.
In taking leave of the Democrat and its sub
scribers, I most cordially express my gratitude
to the many friends who have extended to me
in numerous ways, acts of kindness, and have
supported mo with a partiality I fear, greatly
above any merit of my own. The paper will,
I trust, be much more ably conducted in future,
and commending it, and its clever and gentle
manly proprietors to the favor of the public,
I am &c. &c.
W. F. Aniiehso.v.
A Slide—Fatal Accident.—A futal accident
occurred on Poor Man’s Creek Ditch, on Friday
morning last, by which one man was killed and
another seriously injured. Patrick Ilubon and
Michael Clark, were living in a log cabin built
just below the ditch. The earth had become
completely soaked with water, and while they
were asleep in the cabin the ground gave way
carrying the cabin and everything in it, into
the ravine, some twenty or thirty feet below.
The body of ilubon was found in the bottom of
the ravine, after the water had washed off the
loose earth. One of his arms was broken in
two places, and his head was completely crushed.
Clark was terribly bruised, his shoulder blade
broken, and the skin almost entirely torn from
his body. Ho is not expected to recover. The :
remains of Ilubon were taken to Grass Valley
for burial. lie was from Sullivan County, New
York, and about twenty-five years of age.
—Since the above was in type, we learn that
Mr. Clark died on Sunday from the injuries he
received at the time of the accident.
Akiiksted. An Indian was arrested near this
place on Saturday last, on a charge of having
murdered a white man, at Whiskey Bar, in Pla
cer county, sometime last summer, lie was
found in a cabin with some other Indians, by
some persons who recognised him. Ho was in
bed at the time, and pretended tliai his back
was broken, and requested them to send out a
physician. They came into town and procured
a warrant for his arrest, which was placed in
the hands of Constable Gregory, who started
out to take him. On arriving at the cabin, the
Indian had fled. Mr. Gregory then told the
other Indians if they did not tell him where the
criminal was, lie would come into town and get
a party of men who would kill them all. They
were so frigheued with this threat, that they
produced the supposed murderer, who was then
taken and lodged in jail, llu will probably be
sent to Auburn for examination.
Stabimn'o Afi'ahi. A diflleulty occurred on
Saturday lust, at Grass Valley, between A. O.
Thoms and a man known by the name of I’ikc,
but which wo are informed, is not his real mime.
Thoms first struck Pike in the face, upon which
the latter drew a knife and stubbed the other in
the breast. Thoms immediately caught the
knife and wrenched it out of Pike’s hand, and
stabbed him three times, indicting a wound in
the face, and two in the abdomen. At last ac
counts they were both living, but it was thought
at the time, that both of them were mortally
Tub Masonic IIall, 111 the second story of
of Kidd & Knox’s building on the corner of
Broad ami Pino streets, is a handsome and com
modious place for tlio meeting of the several
lodges of the order, now in a very flourishing
condition. An inspection of the elegantly fin
ished hall and furniture, gave us great pleas
ure and some conception of the good taste which
is known to characterize this ancient and pow
erful fraternity. The dimensions of the room is
45 by 24 feet. Jt is lighted by a large and beau
tifully wrought chandelier, and the parapherna
lia throughout, is of a costly and unique work
mamship. The Royal Arch Chapter, IS. K. Kane
I.odge, Nevada Lodge of Masons, and the order
of Odd Fellows meet in this Hull.
That last shot of the Journal, over the shoul
der of a lawyer, we confess, has spoiled our aj>-
petite for the keen encounter of its wit ? There
are sometimes, allusions which even malignity
dares not venture upon, and that in the Journal,
in our ritual of taste, is one of them. Wo can
not retort, for we apprehend there is little dan
ger of the editor of the Journal ever passing the
ordeal of fire in any cause, good or bud. We
had ivb Jief violate the feelings of a mail whose
father or mother had been struck by the light
ljing, as to be the author of the loathsome jest
rehearsed in the columns of the dignified organ
of decency.
Catholic Cuuncu Festival.— The Ladies en
gaged in preparing the festival for the benefit
of the Catholic Church to take place this even
ing, we learn have been highly successful. The
liberality which has been generally extended to
them, wijl enable them to make the most sump
tuous arrangements for the contemplated enter
tainment. Wo anticipate a pleasant greeting
for the new’ year, and an agreeable re-union of
friends and acquaintances from ail sections of
the county.
Raffle.— -Thirty fine fat turkeys will bo raf
fled for, at Blaze’s Saloon, on Main street, this
Geo. Welch'and J. E. Hamlin have our thanks
for Sacramento and San Francisco pajiers sup
plied during the pil'd week.
The legislature.
On Monday next the eighth Legislature of
California will convene at the State Capital.
In both branches there will be, perhaps, a con
trolling majority in the hands of the Democrats.
In the Senate, at best, the majority can be but
small. In the Assembly it will be larger, per
haps, than is desirable. Out of an aggregate of
one hundred and thirteen members elect, to
both branches, seventy-seven are regarded as
members of the Democratic party. With such a
command over the acts and measures to be pass
ed. the responsibility of a wise and discreet use
of the power placed in their hands, becomes the
more imperitive, if that were possible. That
the people of the State will look to their repre
sentatives with a keen scrutiny we fuliy believe.
It is their right and duty to do so. They will
look to them to elevate to the places of distinct
ion provided by the Federal Constitution, men
of ability and integrity. Nor will they readily
excuse a wanton waste of time, which should be
devoted to legislative business, iu a contest in
stigated solely by personal motives.
The vexed question of the Senatorial offices is
attracting and absorbing all others. Nor do
we think that undue importance is attached to
it. The interests of California at this time,
apart from the ordinary obligation to select the
best men, require that those of superior qualifi
cations should receive the credentials to the
seats to which our State will be entitled. If
however, the representatives, faithfulfy reflect
ing the wishes of their constituents, should find
it impracticable to agree upon those who should
fill the stations, it were better even to put an
end to the controversy by adjourning the ques
tion to another year than to squander the ses
sion in fruitless efforts, that could be attended
only with evidences of ill feeling, and it may be
with violations of the decorum which should
ever be preserved.
It is scarcely to be apprehended that the duty
devolving upon the present, will be deferred to
another Legislature. With a large and efficient
majority in joint convention, there will be no
difficulty in arriving nt a choice after effecting
nominations. Under the usages of all parties,
of first making caucus nominations, there may,
however, lie some in arriving at a choice among
the numerous nspirants for the honors. A few
sittings of the members together, with a dispo
sition to cultivate a sentiment of harmony, will
doubtless lead to some honorable concessions,
and show the futility of attempting to place in
the office of Senator any man who will bo ob
noxious to the sentiment of any considerable
portion of the people of the State. The really
more prominent candidates, would doubtless,
prove acceptable to the vast majority of the
party, and although to eacli of them personally,
it may be a matter of deep concern, the people
estimate it of more consequence to till the posi
tions with those of sufficient ability and experi
ence, than is usually recognized. The truth is,
that in advance the vast majority of the people
do not enter into the contest, for or against
particular men. They have delegated to their
representatives the task of making a discreet
selection, and yet, for all the consequences of
that selection, either for good or evil, the Dem
ocratic party must stand responsible.
There will be for (bis Legislature other im
portant duties. Many former acts require
amendment, amongst which, we hold, the laws
regulating attachments.
The exigencies of our affairs will doubtless re
quire some new enactments, and one which
should not be overlooked, is that made necessary
for submitting the State debt to the vote of the
people. Others will be proposed which will doubt
less be designed for private agrandizement, and
therefore, however specious may be the defense
offered in behalf of them, the inexperienced
should never give his sanction to any without
fully informing himself of their nature and
bearing. The people of the State have just
given a most signal evidence of their confidence
in Democratic principles, it is for this Legisla
ture to confirm them in a confidence of Demo
cratic men.
Theatrical.— Thu uttcudance at the Nevada
Theater duving the \niHt week has been liiglily
encouraging, wo should judge, to the proprie
tors. A very pleasing addition has been made
to the company, in the person of Miss Louise,
whose extreme youth and versatility of accom
plishments has added much to the attractions.
On Monday evening last, the benefit of Mr.
Warwick was attended by one of the largest
audiences which has been present during the
season—the house being crowded throughout.
It was a gratifying testimonial to the gentle
man, that his popularity with our citizens re
mains unimpaired. At the close of the the first
piece, in response to a call from the audience,
Mr. W. came before the curtain, and in a neat
ami impressive manner, returned his acknowl
edgements to the citizens of Nevada, for the
substantial marks of kiuduess which he had re
ceived upon this, as well as upon former occa
sions. An episode in the way of apiece of dex
trous feucing was introduced at the close of the
Play by Mods. Chauvaland Schmidt of our city,
both accomplished swordsmen, having generous
ly proffered their services, came on the stage
and were cordially received. The exhibition of
an earnest passage at arms between the two
professors of the swo rd exercise, in the pres
ence of a numerous audience, was exciting in a
high degree. After quite a prolonged contest
in which each had his foil broken, the curtain
descended amid the loud applause of the spec
tators. It was impossible for any but an adept
in the art to judge which displayed the greater
skill in the use of his weapon.
Mods. Chauval, it was announced by Mr.
Warwick, is now engaged iu giving instruc
tions in the sword exercise to a class of pupils
at Boswell & Hanson’s Hall, lower end of Broad
Mr. James Maguire, between pieces, amused
the audience with a genuine negro dance, which
was encored and applauded to the echo. These,
with the singing aud duncing of Miss Louise,
afforded a combination of attractions, giving
Mr. Warwick a flue field for his address. The
whole was conducted by him in a handsome
Last evening Miss Demming, who during the
season has contributed so greatly to the success
of the company, took a benefit, but at the hour
our notice is written we are unable to speak of
the attendance.
Chance for a Printer.—The office of the
Amndor Sentinel is offered for sale.
Walker is Nicaragua.—A writer In the S. F.
Bulletin, in a two column communication, draws
a dismal picture of the prospects of Walker and
his followers in Nicaragua. The writer endeav
ors to impress the people of this State with the
idea that the cause of the Americans in that
country is a desperate one, and that they were
in danger of being completely overpowered by
the forces of other central American States,
aided by Great Britain and France. The asser
tions of this writer are not borne out, however,
by other and more reliable informants, and bis
object undoubtedly is to discourage those who
may be disposed to join their fortunes with that
of their countrymen in Nicaragua, from leaving
this State for that purpose. From the various
and somewhat conflicting statements published,
of the condition of affairs in Nicaragua, we can
see no reason why the friends of Walker and
his cause, should feel any uneasiness in regard
to his present position. The Costa Rican for
ces had been driven out of the country, and al
though a few Guerrilla bands might have still
been committing depredations at our last ac;
counts, the war was virtually at an end. We
feel confident that Walker will be triumphant
in his present struggle with Costa Rica and oth
er neighboring governments, and that the
Americans will eventually succeed in planting
the institutions of their own country over the
whole of Central America.
Gov. Bioj.kk.— The organs of the late Know
Nothing party, and several of the self-styled in
dependent papers, in noticing the reception of
Gov. Bigler by the citizens of Sacramento, have
taken occasion to pour out a column or so of
abuse upon the head of that gentleman. The
reception of Gov. Bigler by the people of Sac
ramento, among whom he has long resided, and
by those who know him best, was a flattering
tribute of respect to him as a citizen, and an aj>-
provalofhis nets as a public officer. During
the four years that he administered our State
government, an opportunity was never suffered
to pass by the opposition papers to slander and
vilify him; and now, while he is merely a pri
vate citizen, they persist in the same course,
probably from the force of habit, and stupidly
reiterate the stale electioneering roorbacks of
years gone by. These papers may continue to
vent their spleen upon Gov. Bigler, but they
will never be able to injure him in the estima
tion of the people of this State, or detract one
Ida from his well earned reputation as an hon
est man, and a faithful und efficient public offi
Si’oii'ri.vo Isteujoence.— /as. Kennovan, the
pedestrian, recently made a bet of $500 that he
would draw a sulky six miles in fifty-eight min
utes, over the Pioneer Course, San Francisco.
He made the attempt on Friday last, which re
sulted in his losing the wager, ne undertook
the task, however, before lie had recovered from
his late feat of walking one hundred and six con
secutive hours, and the track was very muddy
at the time. The first four miles he made in
forty-four minutes, but after running to the
quarter pole on the fifth mile, his legs failed
him and he fell. He was immediately borne
from the track, but quickly revived and again
made his appearance, and offered to renew the
bet, provided the trial should take place when
the track was in good order.
Kao Picking. —Since the establishment of n
paper mill in California, the gathering of rags
has become quite a business in the cities below.
In Sacramento there is one individual who has
been engaged in this work for six years, believ
ing that the time must come when they would
be used, and at present it is said he has rags,
worth six thousand dollars, all of which will be
required in a few months by the new mill.
Tub State Finances. —It appears by the Sac
ramento papers that an extensive system of
swindling has been carried on by the otliccrs of
some of the counties, who have been in the hab
it of collecting taxes in oash, and paying into
the State Treasury, depreciated State warrants.
The law, wo believe, requires that the tax-col
lectors shall pay over the same funds which they
collect, making oath to that effect, but this pro
vision has boon avoided by some of the officers,
who have sent the funds to the State Treasurer,
through some person who had nothing to do
with the collection of the taxes. This matter
will require looking into by the Legislature.
Accidents.— Mr. McGuire, who lm<l been but
three weeks in this State, was killed by the cav
ing In of a bank, a few days since at Diamoud
Springs. Every bone in bis body was broken
and a pick-ax driven through his body. At the
same place, a Mr. Johnson was nearly killed by'
a similar accident.
Judge Hetdenfkldt.— It is stated that Judge
Ilej denfeldt is intending shortly to resign his
office of Supreme Judge. The members of the
bar contemplate giving him a dinner on his re
tiring from the bench.
Siiootino Affair at tue State Prison.- A
convict named Pat Gallagher shot another con
vict named McLean at the State Prison on Suu
day of last week. The ball eutered the left
cheek of McLean, and lodged near the brain,
making probably a fatal wound. The gun had
been left in a room to which Gallagher had ac
cess, by a gentleman of San Francisco, who had
been on a hunting excursion in the neighbor
hood of the State Prison.
Installed. —The officers of the several Mason
ic lodges of this place were installed at the new
Masonic llall, on Saturday last, the 27th iiist.,
being the anniversary of St. John the Evangel
ist. As there was no building in the town suit
ed for a public installation, the ceremonies on
this occasion were held in private.
The New Conrr Hoise, is being rapidly com
pleted; the plastering nearly finished, and the
painting far advanced. In the course of a few
weeks it will be ready for the reception of the
County officers, and the sitting of the Courts.
Tue District Court.—The District Court is
still in session, and vigorously at work in dispo
sing of the cases on the docket. During the
past week several important cases have been
disposed of.
Chinese IIotei— It is stated that the Chinese
of San Francisco, arc about to build a large Ho
lt 1 foi the accommodation of their countrymen.
The Last of the Ynus.—The Sacramento
papers give an account of the removal of the
remnant of the once numerous tribe oH uba In
dians, from their old stamping ground, opposite
Marysville, on the Feather river, to theNomee-
Lackce reservation. This tribe was once very
numerous, but we judge, there is some mistake
in the statement that they numbered two thou
sand ten years ago. In 1848 they numbered be
tween four and five hundred; and in 1850, not
over three hundred. Since that time they have
been gradually decreasing, and there are now
but sixty-six, men, women and children, of the
tribe left. Of this number, thirty-six are men,
twenty women, and ten children. 1 he 5 ubas
at first promised to go willingly to the reserva
tion, but when the time arrived, they backed
out and refused to comply. Col. Henley then
told them that he had been ordered to remove
them, and they must obey, at the same time en
forcing his mandates by a strong police force.
Their Chief, Capt. John, is represented as a fine
looking, dignified warrior, and very loath to
leave his ancient hunting grounds for a strange
country. So afflicted were they at the removal,
that they burned everything they possessed even
to the food they had prepared for the winter s
The Indians W’crc once very numerous along
the Feather river. But they were nearly all
carried off by the small-pox, about twenty-three
years ago. From some cause, the Yubas almost
wholly escaped this terrible scourge, which took
off whole tribes In their neighborhood, some of
which must have been nearly, if not quite as
numerous as themselves. In 1848, at a depopu
lated ranehcria, some twelve miles above Yuba
City, as many as two hundred Indian skulls
could have been counted almve the ground.—
They had evidently died off so fast that there
were none left to bury or burn their dead.
Attkmpted Robbery. —Mr. Wm. II. Abell, a
merchant of Oroville, recently called upon the
Marysville Ezprent, and related the following
bold attempt at robbery. lie was on his way
from Oroville to Marysville, and when about
two miles from the latter place, three men
sprang from behind a tree standing near the
road and attempted to seize his horse, lie or
dered them to stand off, at the same time rein
ing his horse one side, when one drew a pistol
and the others rushed upon him again. Instant
ly he drew his revolver from his legging, where
he carried it, and tired at the nearest man who
cried out as if shot and fell, at the same time
discharging his pistol, the ball from which pass
ed through Mr. Abell’s hat, and pulled the hair
on the top of his head. Seeing the others
approaching, he threw himself on the side of his
horse and fired again under its neck, and this
time too, he thinks, he hit his man, who also re
turned his tire and then run. Mr. Abell sent a
third shot after him, but this lie thinks did not
take effect.
HiuuwAT Homieky.-— On Tuesday the 23d inst.
on the road between Folsom and Auburn, a
teamster, named Mills, was accosted and robbed
by live men. He was driving slowly with a six
mule toain, when two persons in masks, sudden
ly appeared and demanded his money. The
teamster whipped up, notwithstanding threats
to shoot, but he was again arrested, a little fur
ther on, by three more men, who made another
demand. On assuring them he had no money,
they replied lie was a d—d liar, as they knew of
his receiving $150 for freight, lie then again
undertook to whip up, but after being shot at
two or three times, he concluded to halt, when
he was relieved of $105. It is highly probable
that these men are some of the remnants of Tom
Hell's gang.
Unwavering Democrat Answered. —The wri
ter iu the Sacramento Union, styling himself
‘‘Unwavering Democrat,” in one of his commu
nications, charged that Dr. (twin had promised
the Naval Office to Messrs. Mandeville,O'Meara
and Dameron, and the U. S. Marshalsliip to
Messrs, Solomon, Duel, and Geo. Pen Johnston,
in the event of his election to the U. S. Senate.
Mr. Johnston, iu a card published iu the San
Francisco Sun, on the part of himself and the
other gentlemen named iu connection with the
above offices, denounces the charge as a base
and infamous falsehood.
Appointments uv the Governor.—Commis
sions were issued on Friday by the Governor to
D. F. Fox, County Judge, and IJ. G. Lathrop,
County Clerk of San Mateo County. It will he
recollected that the Supreme Court, some time
since, declared the election held in San Mateo
last Slay illegal. Consequently the duty devolv
ed on the Governor of appointing a Judge and
Clerk ; but at the general cllection last Novem
ber, the present county officials each received at
one precinct some thirty votes, which, in the
opinion of the Attorney General, entitled them
to their offices, bnt that there may be no uncer
tainty about the matter, the Governor issued
commissions to the gentlemen above referred
Cost oe the Modoc War,— The Yreka Union
of Dec. 17 th, states that the Modoc war will cost
about a quarter of a million. This, when paid,
will cause a good time among our patriotic
mountaineers who served therein, and will also
have the effect of calling the attention of the
General Government to the importance of pay
ing some little heed to the growing wants and
interests of this portion of the mountain land of
Suspended.— We learn that the publication of
the Grass Valley Intelligencer bus been suspend
ed- One of the bands wbo lmd been working
for some time in the office, it appears has placed
an attachment upon the printing materials, to
recover the amount due him for work.
Monumental Hotel.— It will be seen by ad
vertisement, that S. W. Grusli has just opened
the Monumental Hotel, at the foot of Main St.,
on the site of the old Pacific Restaurant. The
building was erected expressly for a hotel, the
rooms are large, well finished and conveniently
arranged for the accommodation ot permanent
and transient custom. Mr. Grush has an envi
able reputation as a JamJlord, and we are con
fident that he will make the Monumental, one of
the best Hotels in the.placc. nis friends and
patrons are invited to be on hand at the Hotel
on New Years’ Evening.
Bodv D isixterued. —In Jackson, on the nijrht
of Dec. 22, the body of Cottle, the man who was
hung ou the Friday previous, was disinterred
and earned to parts unknown. It is supposed
that the physicians of Volcano had a hand in
Right* of* Married Women a* Sole Trader**
Judge Mo 11 son, of the Sacramento District
Court has recently rendered a decision, which,
if it should be sustained by the Supreme Court,
will seriously affect many married men in this
State who are carrying on business in the name
of their wives, under the act of 1852, to author
ize married women to carry on busines in their
own names as sole traders. The object and real
intention of this act was doubtless to protect
the honest and industrious wife against an idle
and improvident husband, and enable her to
educate and maintain her children. But the
law has been used, we fear in too many cases,
to enable the husband to carry on his business
in the name of his wife, in order to conceal his
property, and avoid the payment of his just
debts and liabilities. That an extensive system
of fraud has grown up under this statute there
cannot be a doubt, and we are glad to See this
first attempt of the courts to construe its pro
visions according to their real intent and mean
ing. Judge Monson, in the course of his de
cision in the case before him, says :
“The fact that a married woman declares her
intention of carrying on a business uncongenial,
unbecoming and unsuited to a woman, does of
itself afford prima facie evidence of some fraudu
lent intent. "Women are rather unsuited for
the hardware, blacksmith iug, carpentering, and
brickmaking business, yet we find, on reference
to our public newspapers, that they pretend to
be engaged in each and every one of these pur
suits and occupations, employing as their agent,
their husbands, who previously carried on the
same business in their own names.
“The law was not intended to aid and assist
' a man who had become unfortunate in business.
The law was not passed for the benefit of the
husband; it was not enacted for the purpose of
saving to him or to his wife hit earnings and the
proceeds of his labor. It was only intended to
enable the wife to save for herself or children
the results of her own industry, to enable her
to engage in business, to build it up by her own
energy, by her own labor and work, not by that
of her husband. If he aids and assists her in it
—if it was a business in which he was previously
engaged—if he manages, superintends and con
trols in the same manner as he did when he
carried it on in his own name, it affords strong,
if not conclusive, evidence of fraud? In my
opinion, for the purpose of preventing fraud,
the husband ought not to be permitted to inter
fere, to aid, assist, manage or control it in any
way or manner, the business which the wife is
conducting as a sole trader, no matter whether
it is a business in which the husband was pre
viously engaged or not; and I am not prepared
to say that such is not the law. If it is not, then
the act opens a wide door to fraud, and it should
be either repealed or amended. If the husband
can legally act as the agent of his wife and su
perintend and manage a business which she is
carrying on as a sole trader, a very convenient
way is afforded, and without much chance of
detection, for the husband to conceal his pro
perty and avoid the payment of his debts.
San Fuancisco Shekiiv.—On Saturday last,
Dec. 27th, thequestion of the Sheriffality of San
Francisco, between David Scuunell and Charles
Doane. came up before Judge Norton, of the
12th District Court, and was decided in favor
of Mr. Doane. It was argued by the counsel for
Mr. Scannell, that the San Francisco Consolida
tion act, was unconstitutional. Judge Norton
intimated that the act might be unconstitution
al for the following reason :
That the first article of that act abolished
the constitutional division of the State, which is
into counties, by merging the county heretofore
existing into a city government, under a new
name of "city and county.” Upon this point he
said, it presented a question of serious difficul
ty. particularly as the 8th section of the net of
1851, which designated the boundaries and cre
ated the county of San Francisco, was expressly
repealed. It was difficult for him to understand
how the mere addition of the words ‘‘and coun
ty” in the first section of Consolidation Act,
made this a county ; but still, as this case was
one ol vast moment, and would certainly go up
to the Supreme Court, he would not undertake
to pronounce the Act unconstitutional.
Judge Norton then said that, if the next term
of the Supreme Court were not so near, he
would order a rehearing on that point; but con
sidering the circumstances, he would decide that
Mr. Scannell should be ousted from the office of
Sheriff', and Mr. Doane installed into it.
Tuk Official Uetiuxs.—AVe loam from (be
t'nion, of Monday, that the complete returns of
the late election have not yet been made lo the
Secretary ol State Klamath county being yet
deficient. I he others are all in, This cannot,
of course, in any wise affect the result, although
should the returns of that county not he for
warded by Saturday next, her vote cannot be
included in the vote of the State. The forty
seventh section of the act regulating elections,
passed March 2:>d. 18.50, provides that the re
turns of all elections required to he transmitted
to the Secretary of State, shall be opened on the
sixtieth day alter the election, or as soon as the
returns shall have been received from all the
counties of the State, if received within that
time. The election this year having been de
ferred until November, on account of the Presi
dential election. which is fixed on the same day
throughout the Union the sixtieth day falls up
ou the Saturday immediately preceding the Mon
day upon which the Legislature convenes, and
hvo days after two of the officers elect—the
dork ol the Supreme Court and Superintend
ent of Public Instruction—arc required by law
to qualify and enter upon the discharge of
| heir official duties—the first of January.—
This contingency was scarcely anticipated by
oui law makers, anil we presume, in tiiis in
stance, as in case of the Presidential Electors,
certificates will be issued to the officers elect in
time to enter upon their duties as required by
law. on the basis of such returns as may be in
the* State depart men t. In this instance, such a
course can make no difference in the end ; but
w cic the contest a close one, this remissness on
the part of County Clerks might lie productive
of the most flagrant injustice, for it might cause
to be declared elected to the most important of
fices, persons actually defeated before the peo
ple. 1
lUssux I ass ports. —The Mospow correspon
dent of the Brussels Xord, says that the labor of
leaving Russia is one worthy of Hurcules. In
order to obtain a passport at St. l'etersbur'di.
he was compelled “1, to announce three times’
in the public journals; 2, to obtain n certificate
of the execution of this formality; 3. to entry
tins certificate to the police magistrate of the
quarter, who furnished me with a second certifi
cate ; 4, to betake myself to the bureau of Prince
Dolgorouki, where the certificate was changed
for a countermark; 5 to go to the Burecmd'
addresses, where another certificate was given
me; 6. to run to the Governor General, who 1
furnished me with a pasport; 7, to exhibit this
passport at the steam-packet office 1 Sore ob- i
t,lining a passage, I was perticularly Ifortu
natc for the accomplishment of the above form- j
alities took up only three days; many others
have been detained three weeks.’’ '
Lktann’ei r in Custody,—The Town Talk says
hat Letanueur, the principal witness against
nmantour, is held in custody on board the re
venue cutter W. L. Marcy.
Rewarded. We feqm that Nixon, the Vigi
lance hangman, lias been rewarded with a place
in the new Black Republican Vigilance Com
mittee police of San Francisco.
Tub Cabinet.— The eastern paper* nrc indul»
ing in speculations as to who will compose Mr
Buchanan’s Cabinet. The Lancaste!“(Pn.) p a
prm, after reviewing the whole ground, comer
to the conclusion that the Cabinet will stand
something like this:
Hon. Lewis Coss, of Michigan, Secretary of
Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, of Virginia, Secretary
of the Treasury. *
Hon. John Appleton, of Maine, Secretary of
the Interior.
lion. Howell Cobb, of Georgia, Secretary of
the Navy.
Hon. James A. Bayard, of Delcware, Secreta
ry of War.
Hon. Jesse D. Bright, of Indiana, Postmaster'
Hon. Josiali Randall, of Pennsylvania, Attor
ney General.
That the gentlemen above named will Ire ten
dered the places we have respectively assigned
them we have no doubt; whether they will all
accept is not so certain, though the probabilities
are that they will. The fact that Mr. Cass ac
companied Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Clayton's fu
neral yesterday, where they would meet Mr.
Bayard, may not be without its signification.
The friends of Gen. Cass rendered important
service to the President elect in the late contest,
and the presumption is natural that he will be
assigned the post of honor. Mr. Bayard render
ed very important services at Cincinnati, which
it would not do to overlook; while Mr. Randall,,
as the representative of the old line Whig influ
ence. performed similarly important services
on tin same occasion. Mr. Hunter will be se
lected as a compromise between the radicalism!
of Gov. Wise and the large class in the South,
who do not regard the extention of slavery a>
necessary to the security of the Union. The se
lection of Mr. Bright is due to Indiana, wtoentf
his labors and influence told effectively in the;
late canvass in that State.
Later from Valparaiso.— The ship Ilindos
tan, Capt. Bendixen, says the 8 P. Herald of
Tuesday, arrived yesterday, forty days from
Valparaiso. By her we learn that great pre
parations were making for the reception of the
President, who was expected to arrive Nov. loth.
In a long article in El Mercttrh, the editor calls
on the President of the Republic of Chile to call
a convention of the heads of all South American
governments, to oppose the grasping disposition
of the Americans, who, the editor says, want
Panama, Nicaragua, etc., and unless some cheek
is put upon them, there is no telling where it
will end. No other news of importance.
To he Contested. —The Alla learns that the
seat in the Assembly claimed by Gen. Estell.
for the county of Marin, will be contested by
Manuel Torres, who ran against him. The
Claim of Torres is that the General was not a
resident of the county.
In this city, Pec. 25th, at the residence of the bride's
father, by Rev. O. R. Stone, Mr. .John Jettison, .Agent of
Ijingtnn & Co's. Kx press. and Miss St k F. Kinmcnsov
daughter of Mr. Joseph Richardson, all ol tills place.
The* undersigned, proprietor of this now Hotel, would
respectfully invito the attendance of his friends and pat
rons on Now Year's Evening, from S to 10 o'clock I*. M.
Nevada, Doc. 31st, 1850. \\. tllU'Slf.
Nrvndn 11* A* C lin jitcr Xo. 0, holds its mootings
on Monday evening of each week, at Masonic Hall, Nevada.
All companions in good standing are invited to attend.
S. \Y. Borins;. Sec’y. T. II. CASWKI.L M. K. II. I\
Nevada Lo4gr, \o. 13, W \ BC, bold* its
moldings on Saturday evening of each week, at Masonic
Hall. Nevada. Stated meetings on the second Saturday of
each month. T. P. llAWl.EY, W. M.
,1. F. IU*noLi»n, Sec'v.
Id. Iv. Kauc Loilgr, Vo. ?:i, F ck A M, hnlil*
its meetings every Friday evening, at Ma-onic Hall, Neva
da. Stated meetings on the Fii lav evening proceeding the
full moon. C. C. tiUEEN, W. M,
.1. V. Watson, Si c'y.
rpilK SALE OF PUOI I BTY I Oil TAXES is isistpomd
X until the 20th dav nfJnnuarv. A. D. 1857.
I3-3w WM. Hi T1KRFIKJLD, shniii N. C.
_L l DAILY .lOL’KNAIS for 1S57. a variety of size* for the
p«K*ket and counting room, for sale hv
13-2w Corner of Bread and l ine streets.
Dissolution. —the le<;al < ■<lpahtneiiship
heretofore existing Im tween S, ||. ( HA"E and (iKO. S.
Hl’PP, K hv mutual cousent, tiiis day dissolved.
Al! persons indebted to said linn an* tiquested to make
immediate settlement with LEO. S. HITP, at his oftice itl
the *Tomncrnt Building.” on Broad Street.
Nevada. P<*c. 31st. 185b—13-4w
o BO. s. MUPl»,
Ckh'B—Front Boom, second story, of Democrat Building,
Broad street. Nevada. 13-tf
erected on the site formerly occupied by the Pa
cific Hestaunint, over tin Bridge, foot of Main St.
Nevada, will Ik* open for the reception of guests,
and accommodation of the public generally, on and after
January 1st 1857.
The proprietor would invito the attention of'the travel
ing portion of the community especially, to the fact of hav
ing spared neither trouble or exjwnso to build and furnish
his house in a manner oaleukited to meet the entire wants
of the public and having a most desirable location in the
business part of the city, in the immediate vicinity of tho
California Stage Co., Telegraph and Express oftices.
Having n Viiiubcr of Good Apart mints for
the* AccoinnioilntIon of Fmiillln,
And conducting his House on strict Temperance principles,
thus a Hording sumrior accommodations to those wishing a
He bogs leave to inform the citizens of Nevada and tho
public generally’, that every attention will be given to pro
mote the comfort and merit the patronage of those wIiq
may favor him with a call.
SAMCEL W. (iKl’SII, Proprietor.
Nevada. Din*. 31—13-tf
levying and fixing the amount of taxes on Beal Estate and
Personal Property in the City of Nevada, for the tiscaj
year, ending May 1st, 1857.
The Trustees of the Cfty of Nevada do ordain as follows:
Skctio.n1. There shall be, and hereby is, levied upon
the assessment of real estate, and personal and mixed pro
perty. for the fiscal year aiding May 1st, 1857, one dollar
on each one hundred dollars.
She. 2, There shall lie, and lierehv is, levied upon each
and every inale inhabitant of said cit y, of tw outv-one vears
ot age and upwards, the sum of one dollar, as a’poll tax.
Skc. 3. It shall lie anil it is hereby made the duty of
the (itv Marshal to proeeed and collect said taxes; aud" for
that puipose he is authorized to bring suit for and recover
the same in the name of the city, before any court of com-
I>eteut jurisdiction.
Ski . 4. It is hereby made the duty of the City Marshal
to keep a sojiarate aocouut ot all monies collected on the
property tax, and also a separate account of all monies
collected as a poll tax. together with the name of the per
sons paying the poll tax, and to pay the same over to the
( ity Ireasurcr at least once every week, taking his receipt
for the same.
Passed December *29th. 185t».
T H. Folfk, Clerk.
C. T. 0VEKT0N, President.
Notice— nip trusted of thk city ok Nevada
will meet at tlu« Democrat Building, on Broad street,
on Saturday, January 3ii. 1857,at 10o'clix*k a. m. ns a Board
or Equalizatsoij, to review the assessment roll of said city,
and will continue in session from day to dav until all busi
ness before them is disposed of. Persons* interested an
requested to cxAininc said roll, and present all errors ami
gi levauccs to said Board lbr adjustment.
By order of the Board,
M-lw T. II. R0LFE, Clerk.
ST0IJE, bpipg desirous of closing out their stock, in
consequence of one of the partners being about to leave for
Europe, offer their entire
at Cost Prices ! I
Notice— Parties indebted to, or who may have claim-1
against the Philadelphia Store, uro requested to call imme
diately and settle. STTEFEL & COHN.
No. 54 ltroad street. Nevada
Gift books : gift books i i
lor tile Holiday* just received at
DIARIES for 1S.>7, ran nova- be Iintl «t

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