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Geo. I. Lamraon, in our authorized agent tor this
city. Ho will deliver the Democrat to subscribers, and is authorired to receive subscriptions, advertisements, Ac., and collect and receipt for the same. OrUvIan Hoogs is our Agent for San Francisco, He is authorised to receive advertisements, and collect and receipt for the same. Geo. H. Isivegrove is our authorised Agent for Sacramento, to receive advertisements and collect for the same. NEVADA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 16, 1858. Democratic State Convention. At a meeting of the Democratic State Central Committee held in Sacramento, on the 10th day of May, 1858, the following resolutiona were adopted : Rksolvkp, That the next Democratic State Convention be held in the City of Sacramento, on Wednesday, the 4th day of August next, and that the basis of representation be as follows, vit: One delegate at large from each county, and one delegate for every two hundred Democratic votes east at the general election for any Democratic candidate on the State ticket nominated by the Democratic party ex clusively, and one delegate for every fraction of one hun dred or more votes cast for such Democratic candidate. Rhholvfx) by the Central Committee, that it is recom mended, that the Democracy in the different counties meet on the 20th day of July next, for ths purpose of elect lag delegates to the State Convention. Tlie Democracy of the State of California are hereby tified that a State Convention will be held in the City of Sacramento, on Wednesday the 4th day of August, 1858, and that the apportionment of representation therein, as settled upon by the State Central Committee, Is as follows : Alameda 6 I San Diego 2 Amador 9 | San Krancisco 24 San Joaquin 9 San Luis Obispo 2 San Mateo 2 Santa Rsrbara 3 Santa Clara, 8 Santa Crux 3 Shasta 8 Sierra 14 Siskiyou 13 Solano 9 Sonoma and Mendocino.. .11 Stanislaus 3 Sutter 4 Tehama 4 Trinity 6 Tulare 3 Tuolumne 17 Yolo 4 Yuba 13 Butte 14 Calaveraa 15 Colusa 3 Contra Coata 4 Del Norte 3 El Dorado 18 Fresno 2 Humboldt. 3 Klamath 3 Loa Angeles 8 Marin 3 Mariposa 7 Merced 1 Monterey 4 Napa 3 Nevada 17 Placer .11 Plumau 9 Sacramento 18 Jan Bernardino 3 324 V. E. GEIGER, Chairman State Central Committee. Jamies mndwson, Secretary pre. tern. Democratic County Convention. At a meeting of the Democratic County Central Commit tec held in Nevada ou Saturday Juue 12th, the following resolutions were passed: Restdveil, That a Democratic County Convention be hold en in the Court House in the City of Nevada, on Saturday the 10th ilsy of July next, for the purpois of nominating a candidate for the office ol Senator, live Assembly men, r County Judge, and three Supervisors, and also to elect sev enteen Delegates to the State Convention; and to transact ■ uch other business as may be properly brought before the Convention. Resolv'd, 1 hat tlie ratio of representation in said Conven tion bo as lollows, viz : One Deleguto for each Precinct and one Delegate for every titty votes cast, taking as a rule the vote for Wtato Printer. Resnlvetl, That in order to secure a just and fair repre sent*tion wo recommend the election ol Dt-iegates in their several Precincts, and thus deprecate the centralizing of entire Townships, as calculated to deprive, (on account of time and distance) numbers of tlie Democracy of a voice or vote in our Primary Meetings. Resolved, That all legally qualified voters who shall ac cept of, and endorse the principles contained in that incin nati Platform, adopted by tho National Democracy iu 1856 and are willing to aaaiat in carrying out the same in a spirit of fairness and honor, and also declare it to be their intention to support the nominees of tlie coining I lemocrat ic County Convention, are corulally invited to |iarticipate in our Primary Meetings. , , . Resolved, That tho Primary Meetings Tor (lie election of Delegate! be held on Saturday,.Inly at such hour as may bo appointed by tho members of the Committee hir each Townshsip. APPORTIONMENT OP DELEGATES. ' Nevada Towwsmr—18. Washington Townwiip—5. Nevada 14 Jefferson * Bine Tent 1 Washington } Gold Hill 1 Alpha J Meekers 2 Omega * Grahr Vallsy—15. Bear Valley 1 Crass Valley... 11 KuaiKATowWBir —17. Burrough’s Ranch 1 Eureka » Buena Vista 1 Mshawk Flat J Allison’s Ranch 2 South Fork 3 Rough A Kiadt—9. Poor Mali’s <'reck * Rough A Ready 4 Orleans Hat 3 Indian Springs 1 Moores Hat 2 Jones’ Plar 1 Woolley’s Hat 2 Deer Creek Croasing 1 Relief Kill 1 Industry Bar 1 Humbug • 3 Anthony House 1 Bmimmoiit Townhiiip— 12. Ijttli Yobk—fl. Hwectlands J Little York 1 French Corral 1 Remington Hill, 1 BirchvlUe 1 Red Dog 1 North San Juan 4 Walloupa 1 Montesuma 1 Pleasant Valley 1 Cherokee 2 Liberty Hill 1 Columbia Hill 1 On motion the Committee adjourned, I. N, DAWI.EY, Chairman, Thomah Hannah, Secretary, Ten Yearn Ago. Tho Sacramento StaUtman, of June 9th, re publishes an article from tbe California Star, of April let, 1848, entitled ‘‘Prospects of Califor nia,” written by Dr. Victor J. Fourgeaud. Tbo Star of the above date, was made up “expressly for circulation in ibe Atlantic States,” and al though published before tbe discovery of gold was generally known, it contained more infor mation in regard to the resources, climate, and commercial advantages of California, than any one paper which has since been published in the State. The papers were dipatebed overland to tbe East, by a special Express, under the charge of Mr. Nathan Ilauk, now a resident of Nevada, and the articles which were intended to stimulate immigration, were put in type by tho writer of this. Dr. Fourgcaud’s article was considered rather extravagaut at the time, yet even bia expectations have been more than re alized. A re-perusal of the article brought vividly to mind many of the incidents which were transpiring on this coast at tbe commence ment of 1848, and of the wonderful changes which have taken place in this State within the period which has since elapse . Ten years is a short time in the history of a State, yet it is no inconsiderable part of a life-time. If we look back to that time, without reflecting upon the intervening incidents, it seems but a day,; but when we think of the events wbieh have transpired around us, the peopling of a State, tbe magio growth of cities, the development of unbounded mineral wealth, the various ups and downs of the pioneers, who have alternately rolled in wealth and toiled in poverty, it seems as if an age bad passed since tbe announcement of tbe discovery of gold first excited tbe cupid ity of tbo iubabitants of San Francisco. In the spring of 1848, San Francisco contained about 800 inhabitants, and the total white population of California did not exceed 20,000. The pres ent population of San Francisco cannot be less than 60.000, and that of the State will reach half a million. Should the newly discovered gold fields of tbe north prove as extensive and valuable as there is reason to anticipate, a now impetus will be given to immigration, and the next tea years will bring around as many chan ges upon tbe Pacific coast as have tbe tec years which have just passed. Information W akted.— Newtou S. Reynolds, of Washington, D. C.. who came to California in 1849 or ’50, has not been heard from by his ■other In the last two yearB. Any information concerning him will be thankfully received, if addresied to ffm. F. Anderson, box 545, Ne vada city. Exchanges. —To Mr. Welch, agent of the Al ta Express, we are indebted, for State exoban gee, furnished regularly during the past week. The New El Denrfe. Since our last issue the steamer Senator has arrived from Puget Sound, bringing a volum inous quantity of intelligence from the northern mines, in the shape of letters from "reliable correspondents,” extracts from Washington Territory papers, etc., which was eagerly de voured by the public. The accounts gener ally give favorable reports of the prospects of the Frazer diggings, but on the whole they are more conflicting than the intelligence which had been previously received. In reality, all that is now known for a certainty, is, that gold exists on Frazer river and its tributaries, but as yet it has only been found on the river bars, and all accounts agree that these bars saanot be worked before th« middle of August, in consequence of high water. A few big strikes are chronicled, which may be regarded as au thentic. but every one acquainted with mining knows that little dependence can be placed in these accounts as indicating ths value of dig gings ; a few miners may be making money, while the most of them are not making enough to pay their exponses. If the gold should be found only on the bars, and in the bed* of the streams, as is the case in some of the diggings in the northern part «t this State, the mines will soon be exhausted. The prospect of mak ing a fortune by river m'ming, particularly iu a country where operations can be carried on but three or four months in the year, on ac count of high water, is scarcely sufficient to induce miners to abandon oven thg well-worked bill diggings of California. The existance of gold, however, in tho river beds is considered pretty good evidence that the surrounding bills, gulches and flats abound in the tame metal; and unless the mountains are very steep and rugged this supposition will doubtless prove correct in regard to the Frazer river country. At any rate, it is worse than folly for miners who arc making a living without having to work too hard for it. to rush to that country now. If the hills and flats prove to bo rich in gold, there will be time enough to go a year henee ; but if tho gold should be found only oa tbc river bars, it will scarcely pay te go at all. New Caledonia, as tho British territory on the Pacific is called, may prove a second Cali fornia ; it may prove another Kern river. In either ca«e, nothing will be lest, and much may be saved by waiting a few months, until reliable information can be obtained. Those who are out of employment, if they are inclined to try their fortunes in the northern mines, perhaps cannot do better than to start at onec. Stir ring times may be expected iu that section dur ing the present season, and a line prospect is open to the enterprising and adventurous men of this State. The Indians are reported as be ing troublesome and insolent, and it may be necessary to chastise thorn ; it may also be neces sary for the Americans to take some action in regard to the illiberal restrictions which the officers of the Hudson’s Bay Co. arc attempting to establish upon the trade of the Territory. These officers now refuse to allow American vesgels to ascend Frazer river, without a per mit from them ; but it is reported that a bend of this river extends south of the 49th degree of latitude, and consequently is in American territory. If such is tbe case, the Americans will have as good a right to navigate the river as the British, and provided enough of the for mer arc on tbe ground to protect their rights, they can compel tbe Company to compromise the matter, so as to open the river to the free navigation of the citizens of both countries. Di'Ki. near Marysville. —We learn from the Marysville Express that a duel nas fought near that city last Friday morning, between Albert D. Turner and Duncan II. Houser. The diffi culty originated about a law-suit, in which Mr. Turner was the defeated party. The duel was fought about six o'clock in the morning, near the hospital. The weapons were double-bar relled shot guns, with one bullet iu each barrel; distauce fifty paces. Some fifteen or twenty spectators were present. Four shots were ex changed by each without effect. At the fifth shot, the ball from Turner's gun struck Hou ser's arm just above the wrist, and shattered the bone. The wounded man was taken to Dr. Webber's hospital, and the affair thus ended. The wound 'ib a very severe one, but the Doc tor thinks be can obviate the necessity of am putation. Oregon Election. —The election for State officers and member of Congress, under the new Constitution, was held in Oregon, on Monday, June 7th. Two Democratic tickets were in the field, the '-Nationals” and the “Regulars,” or, tho “Bolters” and the “Salem Clique;” and at last accounts the contest betwoen the two wings was raging fiercely. It was expected that the Regulars would bavo a large majority in the southern part of the State, aud the Nationals were depending on the vote of the northern counties. The Crescent City Usrald, of June 9th, has intelligence from one of the southern precinots. A gentleman who left Kerbyville on the day of election, states that nearly all tho votes there were east for the Regular ticket. By another week we shall perhaps have return* sufficient to form a definite idea of the result. The Oregon Jargon. —The 5. F. Glob* and Bulletin, havo each published a vocabulary of the Oregon Jargon, for the benefit of the Frazer river emigrants—that being a kind of univer sal language among the races that inhabit Ore gon aud Washington Territories. An intimate acquaintance with that highly refined and ele gant lingo, acquired during a long residence iu Oregon, enables us to state that the above men tioned vocabularies will be of no servioe what ever to persons desiring of learning the “Chi nook wa-wa.” No combination of the letters of the Roman alphabet can give an American an idea of the proper pronunciation of the words. A man of ordinary capacity, however, can acquire a perfect knowledge of tho “lan guage” in a few days, by conversing with edu cated Chinooks. Sale of W mat. — One thousand bushels of wheat, raised this year in Yolo county, was sold last week, at Sacramento, at three coats a pound, or about $1 80 a bushel. . — Coming and Going.— During last week, 1267 Chinese arrived at San Francisco, and upwards of 2000 wbito men left there for Frazer river. The exchange, we fear, will not prove a profita ble one for California. Where la the Dut t The press of the State are very generally en gaged in crying down the Frazer river mines, and saying every thing which is likely to check the emigration that has fairly set in for the north. An idea suggested by the S. F. Heraid, has been eagerly seized upon by other papers as a convincing argument that the northern mines are a humbug. The Herald thinks if these mines are as rich as represented, that large quantities of gold should have been received long before this at San Francisco, in return for the goods which have been sent to that country; that every steamer should bring a long list ef specie, etc. Perhaps the writer in the Herald is not aware of the long time which elapsed after the diseovery of gold iu California, before the specie commenced pour ing into the Eastern States. As late as the summer of 1849, the Eastern journals were in the same manner deorytng the California mines because little or no gold had been received in return for the millions of dollars worth of goods which bad been sent here on speeulation; and even as late as 1850, we remember seeing an estimate in a leading New York paper, to the effect that California was indebted to that city alone to the amount of a hundred millions of dollars. It was not until the latter part of 1849 that rognlar specie lists were received at New York from California, and tbs stream of gold has been flowiug steadily into that city ever since, and it is now safe to estimate that the Eastern States arc several hundred mil lions in debt to California. Saa Francisco holds about tbo same relation , to the northern mines that New York did to tbs California mines. For a long time the city I must be the creditor of the mines, and mer chants who send goods to the north cannot ez peat to get retnrue under four or six months. The supplies have first to be transported from the sea-ports to the diggings, where they are j retailed out to customers, and the dust received in exchange, will And its way slowly to San Francisco, which must always be the financial center of the Pacific coast. Ee<.n if the mines are as rich as represented, we cannot expect that any considerable quantity of Hie gold will be received at San Francisco, until late in the fall. The most of that which has already been taken out by the miners, lias been paid to the Hudson’s Bay Co. for supplies, and all accounts agree that in consequence of high watui raining operations cannot be re-cornmenced until some time in August. The officers of tbe Company may for a time attempt to monopolise tbe trade of the mines, but they will soon find that all such efforts are futile; but should they even suececd for a time in retaining the trade, they would be compelled to draw the most of their supplies from San Francisco, for which the gold would be paid. Commerce must run in its na- j tural channels, regardless of political divisions; j and the towns and cities which grow up oil the northern coast, whether located on American or British soil, must in many respects be tribu- ; tary to San Francisco, and the ‘‘dust’’ will evcntunlly find its way to that city, as natural ly its water Quds its way into the ocean. l'trrfblr Fight on Board a Strainer. The steamer Columbia, which arrived at the Bay on Saturday morning, from the north, brought from Fort Vancouver, IV. T.. two Indi ans, one • chief, known as"Rogue River John,” and the other bis son. They were in charge of a sergeant of the army, and were being sent to Benicia, to be taken charge of by the command ing officer of the Pacific Division. It seems they have been very troublesome in Oregon, and are regarded as the best warriors on this coast. When placed on board the steamer they were heavily ironed, but the sergeant, in pur suance of orders, took the irous off, after the steamer got out to sea. On Friday June 11th, about three o'clock, a. ¥., while the steamer was at aachor on Humboldt Bar, the Indians put out all the lights in the steerage, and then commenced an attack on the sergenut who had charge of them, having first possessed them selves of his revolver and other weapons. The noise soon awoke the steerage passengers, some of whom rushed towards the cabin, crying "murder.” The officer of the deck, Mr. Lewis, called Mr. Nolan, the first mate, who jumped out of bed, and with Mr. Lewis and another jaraped into the steerage, where the Indians were beating the soldier in a most unmerciful manner. After a desperate conflict, in which several shots were exchanged on both sides, the Indians, finding they would bo overpowered, dropped dowu aud feigned dean. One passen ger was shot in the breast, and dangerously wounded, and three others were badly cut. The obief had an iron bar in bis hand, with which he struck the mate a severe blow on the shoulder; the blow was intended for his head. One wo man was badly cut in the face, and tbo Indian made au attempt to strike her babe, but she warded the blow off with her nrm, which was also severely cut. She then raised her child to the mattrass, and secured herself under it until the fracas was over, when she came on deck. Her husband received a slight blow. After the Iudiane were overpowered they were with much difficulty brought on deck, for the passengers were anxious to swing them at the yard-arms. They were badly hurt, both having a sabre out on the bead, and the son having a leg broken by a pistol ball. They were ironed together and put below, when they became very lively, and the old chief said if he bad had six or sev en more men he should have succeeded in ta king the ship. The above particulars we gather from the statement of a passenger, published in the/Juf- Utin. The Nevada papers notice, favorably and without een sure, a loot race, for $500 a side, which is to come off. to morrow, at Hughes' Race Course. Where is the Sunday Lawf-f?. V. TtUgraph Wo had always understood that the ohject of the Sunday law was to foree people to cease their ordinary avocations on that day, and give them au opportunity to enjoy themselves as tbeir inclinations prompted, and we have yet to learn that the Legislature intended to debar people from such amuseineus as foot raoing. If the Sunday law can be so construed as to pro hibit amusements, it must be amended. Better than the Mint. —We are informed that some of the employees of the Mint, fiuding the digging! there not so good as they were represented to bo tome time since, bare deter mined to throw up tbeir appointments and go off to Frazer river. The Mint roof sweepings having "gin out,” the officials contemplate a prospecting tour to better diggings. F. Call. ARRIVAL. OR THE STEAMER SONORA. Tbe mail stcamsr Sonora arrivod at the Bay on Monday, at 6 o’clock, p. m., with two weelu later news from tbe East. Tbe House passed tbe Senate bill 'for the ad mission of Minnesota into tbe Union, allowing I only two Representatives, while tbe people bad I elected three. The three members drew lots for j the two seats, whieh resulted in tbe success of Wm. W. Phelps and James M. Cavanaugh. The bill providing for the admission of Ore gon into tbe Union, was passed in the Senate by a vote of 36 to 17. It will no doubt pass the House at an early day. It is stated that the President has applied to 1 Congress for authority to contract a loan of $15,000,000. for a term not exceeding ten years. The Governor of South Carolina has appoint ed A. P. Ilayne United States Senator, in the | place of Judge Evans, deceased. Nine persons lost the’r lives by the accident that occurred on the Central Railroad, in New | York, on the 11th of May. A large number | were severely injured. The sentence of the Court Martial, in the ! case of General Twiggs, that he be reprimanded by tbe President, was approved by the Presi dent; but the punishment was remitted. A violent tornado passed over several towns ! in Illinois on the 13th of May. Houses were I demolished, and a number of persons were i killed. j General Persifer F. Smith, Commander of the : Utah army, died at Fort Leavenworth on the 10th of May. j The steamer City of Huntsville, sunk on Wednesday night, May 12th, at Palmyra Islnud in Cumberland river. Tennessee. It is a total i loss. Ten lives were lost. No particulars have j come to band. Recent operations of tbe British men-of-war in the Gulf, against our commerce, have crea ted an intense excitement at Washington. Di rections have been issued to Collectors to promptly report all cases of visit and search to the Government, and orders dispatched to pre pare reinforcements to the home squadron. The subject was brought up in both Houses of Con gress—in the Senate by a resolution inquiring whether any further legislation is necessary to enable the President to prevent the aggressions complnined of, and in the House by the adop tion of a resolution calling for information. That “Black Rwtbucan” Eximikssman.— Some smnll-eoulcd individual, writing to the Statesman. from Patterson, in this county, says that the Expressmen of that place are all Black Republicans, and will circulate no paper hut the Union. It seems that Thomas Hannah, at present Secretary of the Democratic County Committee, and whose stirring speeches for Buck and Breck, in 1856, will not soon be for gotten by the residents of Nevada, is one of the “Black Republicans” alluded to. If Hannah is not a good Democrat, we shonld be at a loss where to go to find the genuine article. The Statesman’> correspondent will have to try again. Mechanic'* Paib. —The Executive committee of the Mechanic's Institute, have announced their second annual exhibition, to t>e held at San Francisco, commencing oil Wednesday, Sept. 1st, and to continue opcu at least fifteen days. Daily Caukokma.n.— A Democratic paper, with the above title, was started at Sacramento last week. A paper devoted to the interests of the Democracy, and not to cliques and factions, has long been needed at Sacramento. Judge C. T. Botts states in a card in tbe Sac ramento Mercury, that he is not ail aspirant for the Supreme Judgeship. IIo declares himself content with the Judgeship of the Sixth Judi cial District, and intends to be » candidate for that position. Information Wanted of Henry Biachmnnn, Jr., formerly of Cincinnati. Obio. lie has passed by the sobriquet of “Cincinnati.’' Any infor mation concerning his whereabouts will be thankfully received by bis bereaved father, Henry Bracbmnnn, Cincinnati, Ohio. Navigation of Frazer River.—Gov. Doug lass, in his proclamation, requires that all for eign vessels shall take out a permit, or suiter ancc, from the Custom House at Victoria before they will be permitted to proceed up Frazer river. The following are the conditions at tached to each permit: 1st. That the owner of the boat docs bind himself to receive no other goods on board but such goods as belong to the Hudson Bay Co. 2d. That the said master or owner binds him self not to carry or import any powder, ammu nition, arms, or utensil of war, except from the United Kingdom. 3d. That he binds himself to receive no pas senger, except the said passengers produce a gold mining license and permit front the Gov ernment of Vancouver Island. 4th. That the said owner also binds himself not to trade with the natives. More of the Mariposa Fire. —The Mariposa Gazette Fays that by the late great fire in its town, nearly one hundred buildings were de stroyed, in the space of one hour and a half; of that number tifty-ive were business establish ments. The estimated damage amounts to $300,000. This loss is very heavy and mast be hard to bear. Of oarpenter's establisbincts but one has been left in the town. Of blacksmith, wagon, clothing, apothecary and butoher shops, uone was left—all were swept away. Only two Rrnvi&ion shops and one bukery were saved.— o lives were lost, and nobody was dangerous ly hurt. The citizens have bad a meeting as to the rebuilding of the town, and have adopted certain regulations as to widening the streets, on which new buildings arc already being erected. Accident at Grass Vali.ey.— Mr. Stephen DocStadter, one of the proprietors of the Wood pecker Sawmill, near this village, was the vic tim of a very severe casualty, on Thursday last while acting as chief Sawyer at said mill " One •f the laggings, by means of which a band wheel had been enlarged, became loose, and, while the mill was running at a rapid rate, flew off and struck Mr. D in the mouth, causing consid erable fracture of the upper jaw and the de struction of five front teeth. A large semi cir | cular portion of the right half of the lower jaw was also broken off together with four teeth be ; louging thereto. The lower lip was also badly | lacerated. The entire wound was a most fright ful one to look upon.— G. V. Telegraph. Indian Attack on Excursionists —Messrs. Huggins and Howeson, of Stockton, and other gentlemen were on an excursion a few days ago and. while encamped near the Yosemite Falls, a party of Indians came upon them for the pur pose of stealing their horses. A desperate en counter took place, in which Mr. Uiiggius was shot in the thigh. Mr. Howeson through the bat aud another gentleman in the neck with an ar row. Two of the Indians were shot and killed, and several others wounded. More of tue San Luis Murders.— The Santa Cruz Sentinel publishes a letter from San Juan, June 2d, which stales that another of the mur derers of the Barritere family has been captured. Jack Powers is said to have dictated the murder. Another of the murderers, named Pio I,snares, was tracked to bis house at San Luis, which was surrounded and sat on fire, when he rushed out amid a volley of pistol shots and made bis es cape. It Is expected the whole gang will be brought to justice. Climate of Kew Caledonia. The 8. F. Herald quote* tome extract* from • work entitled “The Oregon Territory,” pub lished in London in 1844, by John Dunn, who, previous to that time, had been eight year* in the employ of the Hudson 7 * Bay Company. Mr- Dunn gives a description of the country lying along both sides of Frazer's river, which cannot fail to prove interesting. He says: “The coun try along its lower section is hilly, and covered with white pine, cedar, and other evergreeu trees; and the soil is ge. crally well fitted for pasturage, and in many places for tillage. But aloug the other and more northern sections, the country is more ungenial and unproductive— being cut «p by mountains, ravines, toirents, lakes and marshes. Yet it is well wooded, yielding all the varieties of trees growing in that region—fir, spruce, pine, poplar, willow, cedar, cypress, birch and elder.” But in all probability the most im|>ortant information at this time, which Mr. Dunn furnishes, relates to the climate. On this subject he remarks: “The climate is very variable, and the transitions are. though periodically regular, remarkably sudden, if not violent. During the spring, which lasts from April till June, the weather and the face of the country are delightful. In June, there are almost incessant raius, drifted furious ly aloug by a strong south wind. In July and August the heat is intense ; and the ground, previously saturated with moisture, produce* myriads of annoying flies and iusects. This heat and glaring sunshine are succeeded in September by fogs of such palpable darkness that until noon it is seldom possible to distin guish objects at a longer distance than one hun dred yards. In November, the winter seta in speedily, freezing the lakes and smaller rivers. The cold, however, is not so intense as might be imagined in such a country and climate.” Next to the extent, and richnes of the new gold mines, the most important inquiry is as to the character of the climate. It must be confessed that Mr. Dunn does not draw a very flattering pictureof the country in that respect, and bis long resi dence there is a guaranty of the correctness of bis statements. It is ibe concurrent opinion »f all who have written from the new mines recent ly, that mining operations will have to be sus pended for a mouth or so, in consequence ot Ibe rising of Frazer’s river. The incessant rains, which, according to Mr. Dunn, occur in the month of June, will cause the river to rise much higher than it was at last dales. Intense heat will follow in July and August—dense fogs in September, and in November winter sots in and continues until the beginning of April. How many months out of twelve mining ope rations can lie caried on in such a climate, time alone can develop*. In this particular, the new El Dorado can never equal California. Here the miner, if he nas water, can work to advantage for very nearly eleven months out of the twelve ; but if he should l ave one hun dred and thirty or one hundred and forty work ing days, in the British Possessions, out of the whole year, it is probable that he will have rea son to he thankful. Pistols and ComcB.—Algernon Smith pub lishes a eard in the Morning Call, of Saturday, which he closes by “pronouncing Geo. Pen Johnston a paltroon, a liar and a scoundrel.” It seems that Smith was under some pecuniary obligation to Mr. Johnston, which the latter considered a good reason to refuse a challenge sent him by Smith. l'AOl’KltRKonTBS. —Those wanting pictures in the high st style oflhe art, alnmlit call at the tlallery of Mrs. J. K Rudolph, In the Pemoerat building, Broad street, Nevada, (ilass Pictures, or Anibrotypcs, also made for these who desire them. DIKD. At the County IT'-spitol in tbi< City, Juno Cth, Mr. John Smith. auH 2ft year*. MlMTmX & <OTI€ BALL. TlfK NEVADA RIFLES, will cclrb ate the next National anniversary of American Iudf | cmlvnce by a Military and Civic Ball, To bo given at the COURT HOOK in Nevada City, On Monday Evening, July 5th, 1858, Commencing at 9 o’clock !\ M. Carnage* will be in attendance for the accomn\o<Luion oj Ladies. Tiol&ots, 9X0. Committee of Arrnngtnieiits Capt. H. Shoemaker, Lieut. Geo. Story, J. B«*nce V;»n Hagen, Niles Searls, T. If. Caswell, J. T. Crenshaw, J. S. W>fl. T Klloard Bean 1 *, Wm. Maltman, A. Rosenheim. C. Wilson Hill, N. 1*. Brown. Henry Meredith, A. C. Niles, Jno Webber, Henry Pearson, (». I). Roberts. C. R. Edward*, C. J. Lansing, Jerry Job. Henry Arnold, Lieut. Phil. Moore, *• J. B. Moore, W. P Harrington, K. F. Burton, J,C. Birdseye, S. \X. Boring, A. W Riley, A. T. Laird, Geo. 8 Hupp, Geo Wood, J. A. I .an canter, J B. Van Hagan, J. R. McConnell, J. If. Helm. Waldo M. Allen, S. H Chase, James Findley, C. K Hotating, S. S. Lewis, Frank Wilder, K. Marcell us, 8. M. Gilhanv Committer on Invitations. Capt. R. Shoemaker, Wm. F. Anderson, Lieut. Gee. Story, J. B. Van Hagan, Niles Searls. CoMMrmcx on Rsckktion. Lieut, n.il Moore, I. J. Rolfe, H. B. Thompson, A. D. Allen, A. 11. HagAdorn. T. \Y. Sigourney, R. McMurray. CoMMlTTF.K ON MlYN. Thomas Marsh, Henry Knerr, Jno. Anderson, Reuben Moore. Committee on nxrRKNHMnrrN. George Lewis, W. P. Harrington, Haul. Bakor, George Wood, J. M. Levy. COMMITTER ON FlNANCR. Capt. R. Shoemaker. W. P. Harrington, I hi v id Bel den. Floor Managers. T. W. Sigourney, A. P. Allen. J. A. Lancaster. C. R. Edwards, S. P. Dorset, A. II. IIagadorn. DRUGS AND MEDICINES, Forfumerloa, tfco. EF. SPENCE, having pnrehaaed the Stock of • DRUGS belonging to Dr. Bailey, at Lark's old stand, 32 Main Street, I* now prepared to furnish hi* customer* with Al.l. THK ARTICLES (wholesale or retail) usually found in a well ordered Drug Store. On hand a large Supply of OILS, PA’NTS, Dye Stnfls, CAMPHENE, Fancy Article*, Varnish. Alcohol, Sash Tools, Red k White Lead, Quicksilver. Flavoring Extract*, Hope, Ac. Ire. Gold k Silver Bronx*, Turpentine, Paint Brushes, Burning Fluid, Acids, Plaster Paria, Tapioca. Sago. Cinnamon, kc. kc. kc. All Orders bv Express or otherwise, promptly attended to. A LIBERAL DISCOUNT made to the Trade. A3" Physicians Prescrijitions^Accuralely Compounded. u \C E, June 14, 1868 37-tf E. F. SPEJ No. 3*2 Main street. Nevada. ATTENTION, NEVADA RIFLES! YOU ARE HEREBY COMMANDED TO appear at your Armory every Kwetting, at eight o’clock, (Sundays excepted) in fa’igue dress, for drill. By order of CAPT. SHOEMAKER. J B Van Hack*. O. S. GEORGE H. LORING, MANUFACTURING JEWELER, Next door below C. IF. Young' t, Mow Street. N. B.—All work pertaining to the Jewelry business neatly performed. Nevada, Jan. 8th 1858 —16-tf CAUTION AI.I. PERSONS ARE HERE by cautioned against purchasing, nr in any manner ne gotiating a certain promissory note, bearing date either the 5th or 6th of June 1858. for sixty dollars, payable one month after date, drawn by L. I.. BAKD A CO,, and paya ble to A. Henderson. The note was dated at Walloupa, and waa fraudulently obtained. L. L. BARB A CO. Nevada June 14th, 1858.—87 3t* Pacific Kail Steamship Company's Li*. FOB PANAMA Connecting vi. PANAMA RAILROAD With the Steamer* of the U. S. Mail Steamship r party , at Atpinwall. p *•* FOR NEW YORK k NEW ORIJUNS DIRECT. Departure from V tile jo Street THE MAGKIFICEKT STEAMSHIP soisroRA, Will leave Vallejo street Wharf for Panama r _ Mall*, Passengers. and Treasure. * Monday, Jane 21st, at 9 o’clock a.a Pimotually, "* S3- Passengers by tlie P. M. S. Co's Line are |, their arrivals at Panama upon the wharf at the rail, 1 terminus, by the Company’s steam ferry boat ceed immediately by ’ Wo* Railroad Across the Intlinim To Aspinwall, where the steamer* of the L\ S. Mail a a Co. are always in readiness to convey them to V*„ vli* or New Orleans. ,#r * Passengers for New Or lean* proceed by direct itaami from Aspinwall. ***** Through tickets are furnished, Including the transit mi the Isthmus. •* Passengers are notified that all tickets for the at**., of the U. 8. Mail S. S. Co. must be presented to their at Aspinwall for registry and exchange, tw w.. 1 ”’ otherwise be available. $pg* Treasure for shipment will be received on board tk» steamer until 12 o'clock midnight. June 19th. * No merchandise or freight will be received on board af ter 3 P. M. on the 19th. and a written order must U »ra cured at the Comi>any’s office for its shipment. r For Freight or passage apply to Agents, sdorff its. Cor. Sacramento and Leidei A choice of berths on the Atlantio steamers is by the early purchase of tickets in San Francisco. NOTICE TO PRINTERS! ! ~ SEALED PHOI’OPOSALS will be recire.1 tip to th, Monday of August a. D. 1858, inclusive fur Printing and Advertising for the County of Nevada, for**, year from the 16th day of August 1868, the expiratiaasf the prevent contract. Said proposals to be made forth, printing of all the blanks needed by the county f#r all »* r . poses, and aho for all the advertising for the County * Nevada June 9th 1868. I. n. MITCH FIX, Chairman of the Beard orSui t„ lln , RUFUS SHOEMAKER, Clerk By J. S UltBflrr, Deputy. jy nHEHIFF’8 SALE-By virtue ofai^ii^. O tion to me directed and issued out of tlieilou IMstrta Court of the 14th Judicial District in and for the Ceuntv of Nevada and State of California, on a judgment ... said Court on the 18tb day of March, A It. i$5k s n of C. K. HOTAIJNG, and against J. H. MlTII and G C KING, for the sum of two hundred and seventy f.ve dolian debt, with interest ou the said sum of $2',5 00 from the l,t day of January 1858, at the rate of ten per cent per annum till paid, together with $i4.00 costs of suit: 1 have Uvi«] upon and seized the fV Uowng described property to wit • A certain House and lot on Mill street, in the town ofGia*s Valhy bounded on the south by King k > this, and on the io h b P Imrose ft Bronson’s, said house being me story frunje t adding, and lot being 30 feet front by 300 ds»J more or le»s, the above proj ert being n< w occupied br J. II. Smith as a »»ar room and dwelling home. Notice is hereby piven that I will expose at public sale to the h bidder for caah, in fiont of the G-uit Hens# door on TUESDAY the 6th day of July A. P ]*AK, U n abot e described property, between the hours of iO o'clock A. M. and 4 o’clock ]’. M. of said day, to satisfy and e»v said judgment. + 7 Given under mv hand, this 14th day of June n 1&3* 8. W. BOKIKU. Sherifl N. C. By J. IP Van Hacks, Under Sheriff. Smith k Mftslin, Attorneys for PlaiutitT. 37 td STATE OF (AUFOUMA, ConntyofXrva dn. In District Con t of the 14th Judicial District. t\ II.1.1 AM (jJI.I. vs. t ! . S. 1.01.BROOK. Notice is hereby given than William Oil! liis tiled his Complaint in said Court, nod prays judgment against said defe dant. and al so for f« recloaure of lien for work and labor upon the Quart/. Mill on the north bank of Deer creek, about a uiile below Nev..da known a* Holbrook a Mill, with so much ground as is necc>sary for tlie use of said mill. f«.r the sum of three hundred and fifteen dollars. All per-on* holding or claiming l wus on said pren foes, are notified to be and appear in said Court on MONDAY the 2d day of August 1838, tc exhibit then and there the proof of aid liens WI1X! AM 1*11.1., 11 intitr. by J. CU irchnun, Attorney. .Nevada Juue 3, 1S58.—37 ow (VI'VI'KOP CAUFOKMA, ( uuiity of >cv«- £3 da-—**- In Prubnte Court. In tl e Matter of the e»tate orj.JliN SMITH, deceased. Pursuant to an order of tint Court made t.ii* d;*y. notice is hereby given, that Thuiw'a.r the 1 .-t day of July A. D. 1*5*, at 10 o’clock A. M of day. at the Court room « f hi* Cot rt in the Ci v and Cm n ty ofNe.ala. h is Iweii ap|N»inte l for lieaHo* t «»spoilt * tiuB tf ( OHNKI U S McAUFK. | raying h t a 'ncuimnt now on tile in this < o ti l, pur) oitlng to be the l*«t Will and testament of JOHN’ fMlTH deceased, be itdmiited l* • ioha e. and that It t ers :e tin e itary ho issued thereout** the -«i*l Cornel us Me A Fee. at which time and j laee >11 per ons in'err 3.« d therein may apje r arid centest the iwthe. nm.' FIIOI..MAKFR, Clerk. By J. $. I amijekt. Pe a *uty. Nevada, Ju;ie I lth ?a.'»S— T-'.’w CTATEOF ( AhlFOItim,Coui 7y ofUern iJ < a. S3. In the M »l?er of the estate eft Hal LFS JACK deceased. L. f>. Wll.I.IAM-*. noting Executor ot the U-t M ill and ♦ edament of ('hail s J.iek. deceased. h.iiinp this day filed wit . t • Court hi* jetition j ravine hare to tell the n lain ; o • rv lleicin i an.ed belt u in. to >a id es tate. No c- is hereby given tv all je noi § interested in estate to Ip- and sipj.ei»r before the Probate Court et •aid county of Nevada, at the Court II m«e. in the Citr of Ncia-ia. on THURSDAY the Ut day of J ly 1F58, at H o’clock A. M. of su d day, end show ra* ae if an* - they baie or can, why the prayer of t-aid petition! r should not be granted. By order of the Court. Attest : KUiT'i f HOFMAKFR, Clerk. By J. B. 1.4MR.K1. Deputy. Nevada June lit)-. ISM, —ut fw STATE OF CALIFORNIA, Conidy of Nera da, as. In Probate Court. In the Muthrof the estate of J. N. NJCHOlXlN deceased. R*-M. K. M< rrow and F. F. Nicholson, administrator of the estae of J. X. Nirhol sou deceased, having this day filed with the (onrt hi- final statement of said estate ami petition for discharge. .No tice is hereby given to all persons interested in said esta'a to be and appear before this Probate Court **f *a ; d County of Nevada, at the Court House in the city of Nevada, on .MONDAY the 28th flay of June 1858. at 10 o’clock A. M. f t said day. and -how cause if any tiny have or can, why th* prayer of aaid petitioners si mild not be g ant'd and tl ey be dbohartei f.om ell further liibility on account of aaid estate. By order of the Court. Attest : RUFUS SIIOEMAKFR, Clerk By J. S. I.AMRKkT, Deputy. 37-td INSOLVENT NOTIC E—1»» Dlatitct ( oartil the 14th Judicial District, of the State of Califor. ia In the matter of the Petition of MARI IN SBKRRECK, •» Insolvent Debtor. Pursuant to an order of the Hon. Nile* Searls, Judge ol the said District Court, notice i* hereby given to all the creditors of .-aid insole* nt. M rtiu S|ebeek to be and appear before the Hon. Niles 'earls aforesaid, ia open Court, at the Court mom of said Court, in the city and County of Nevada, on the '2nd day of August a. l>. at 10 o’cl»»ck, a. m. of that day, then and there to show cause if any they can. why the praver of said insolvent -hould not be granted, and an assignment of hfs estate be : made, and he be discharge*! from his debts and liabilities in pursuance of th- statute in auch case made and provid ed ; and in the mean time all proceedings ngainat said in solvent be stayed. Witness my haud and the seal of said Court, thia 11th day of June A. D. 1858. Rl'FUS SHOEMAKER. Clerk. By Wm. Smith, Deputy. 37 $w* I. J. Caluwll, Att'y for Petitioner. Ordinance IVo. 4. An Ordinance providing for the licensing of Togs. Th* Trustees of the City of Nevada do ordain aa follow* : Sec. 1. From and after the first day of July a. d. 18W, it shall not be lawful for the owners or other peraons hav ing the charge of dogs to allow them to run at large withia the corporeal limits of t e towu of Nevada except a* pro* vided lor in this Ordinance. Sec. 2. Every owier or other person having the charge of dog* shall pay for a license for keeping each dog th* sum of five dollars per year, payable in advance at th* Marshal's office. Sec. 3. The Marshal shall provide for each peraon ap plying for a license under this ordinance a brass tag, stamp ed with a consecutive number, which tag shall be securely fastened upon ibe neck of the dog for which the license i* taken out. He shall also furnish to the person taking out the licence a receipt for the amount of money paid with the date of the license a receipt for the amount of money paid, with the date of the license. Sic. 4. It shall be the duty ot the Marshal and watch men to kill and remove all dogs found running at large, the owners of which shah not have complied with the pro visions of thia ordinance; and all persons o structing th* aforesaid officer* in the performance of their duties u»d*r this ordinance, upon conviction, may be fined in any sum not exceeding one hundred dollar or less thau ten dollars; or. in default of payment, by imprisonment nol more thap ten days in the city jail. Paaaod Jure 9th, 1858. H. H. FLAGG. President. A. H. Haraoif, Clerk. 37-3t Ordinance No. 5. An Ordinance to provide employment for persona confined in the City Prison. The Trustees of the City of N*vad* do ordain aa follows : Sic. 1. From and after the first day of July. a. d. 1W®* it shall be the duly of the Marshal to employ all mal* Pf 1 sons who may be seutenced io imprisonment in the civ prison, upon the public streets and roads wi bin the cor }»orate limits of the city, in improving the same, said *m ploy incut to continue duriug the term of their impn* 0 ** meut. . 5fBC. 2. The Marshal shall provide for the safe-keep 10 ! of said prisoners while at work, by securely fastening them with proper chain*, which he shall provide lor the purpoe* and take all other necessary measure* to guard again** •• capos. I'kucd June 8th, IMS. H H. FLAGG, Prwid«»‘ A. H. Ha.miiO!., Clerk. 37 St JOB PRINTING, OF ALL KIN DC-’, NEATLY EXE euted at this Office.