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The Nevada Democrat. [volume] (Nevada, Calif.) 1854-1863, June 16, 1858, Image 2

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Geo. I. Lamraon, in our authorized agent tor this
city. Ho will deliver the Democrat to subscribers, and is
authorired to receive subscriptions, advertisements, Ac.,
and collect and receipt for the same.
OrUvIan Hoogs is our Agent for San Francisco,
He is authorised to receive advertisements, and collect and
receipt for the same.
Geo. H. Isivegrove is our authorised Agent for
Sacramento, to receive advertisements and collect for the
Democratic State Convention.
At a meeting of the Democratic State Central Committee
held in Sacramento, on the 10th day of May, 1858, the
following resolutiona were adopted :
Rksolvkp, That the next Democratic State Convention
be held in the City of Sacramento, on Wednesday, the 4th
day of August next, and that the basis of representation
be as follows, vit: One delegate at large from each county,
and one delegate for every two hundred Democratic votes
east at the general election for any Democratic candidate
on the State ticket nominated by the Democratic party ex
clusively, and one delegate for every fraction of one hun
dred or more votes cast for such Democratic candidate.
Rhholvfx) by the Central Committee, that it is recom
mended, that the Democracy in the different counties
meet on the 20th day of July next, for ths purpose of elect
lag delegates to the State Convention.
Tlie Democracy of the State of California are hereby
tified that a State Convention will be held in the City of
Sacramento, on Wednesday the 4th day of August, 1858,
and that the apportionment of representation therein, as
settled upon by the State Central Committee, Is as follows :
Alameda 6 I San Diego 2
Amador 9 | San Krancisco 24
San Joaquin 9
San Luis Obispo 2
San Mateo 2
Santa Rsrbara 3
Santa Clara, 8
Santa Crux 3
Shasta 8
Sierra 14
Siskiyou 13
Solano 9
Sonoma and Mendocino.. .11
Stanislaus 3
Sutter 4
Tehama 4
Trinity 6
Tulare 3
Tuolumne 17
Yolo 4
Yuba 13
Butte 14
Calaveraa 15
Colusa 3
Contra Coata 4
Del Norte 3
El Dorado 18
Fresno 2
Humboldt. 3
Klamath 3
Loa Angeles 8
Marin 3
Mariposa 7
Merced 1
Monterey 4
Napa 3
Nevada 17
Placer .11
Plumau 9
Sacramento 18
Jan Bernardino 3
Chairman State Central Committee.
Jamies mndwson, Secretary pre. tern.
Democratic County Convention.
At a meeting of the Democratic County Central Commit
tec held in Nevada ou Saturday Juue 12th, the following
resolutions were passed:
Restdveil, That a Democratic County Convention be hold
en in the Court House in the City of Nevada, on Saturday
the 10th ilsy of July next, for the purpois of nominating a
candidate for the office ol Senator, live Assembly men, r
County Judge, and three Supervisors, and also to elect sev
enteen Delegates to the State Convention; and to transact
■ uch other business as may be properly brought before the
Resolv'd, 1 hat tlie ratio of representation in said Conven
tion bo as lollows, viz : One Deleguto for each Precinct
and one Delegate for every titty votes cast, taking as a rule
the vote for Wtato Printer.
Resnlvetl, That in order to secure a just and fair repre
sent*tion wo recommend the election ol Dt-iegates in their
several Precincts, and thus deprecate the centralizing of
entire Townships, as calculated to deprive, (on account of
time and distance) numbers of tlie Democracy of a voice or
vote in our Primary Meetings.
Resolved, That all legally qualified voters who shall ac
cept of, and endorse the principles contained in that incin
nati Platform, adopted by tho National Democracy iu 1856
and are willing to aaaiat in carrying out the same in a
spirit of fairness and honor, and also declare it to be their
intention to support the nominees of tlie coining I lemocrat
ic County Convention, are corulally invited to |iarticipate
in our Primary Meetings. , , .
Resolved, That tho Primary Meetings Tor (lie election of
Delegate! be held on Saturday,.Inly at such hour
as may bo appointed by tho members of the Committee hir
each Townshsip.
' Nevada Towwsmr—18. Washington Townwiip—5.
Nevada 14 Jefferson *
Bine Tent 1 Washington }
Gold Hill 1 Alpha J
Meekers 2 Omega *
Grahr Vallsy—15. Bear Valley 1
Crass Valley... 11 KuaiKATowWBir —17.
Burrough’s Ranch 1 Eureka »
Buena Vista 1 Mshawk Flat J
Allison’s Ranch 2 South Fork 3
Rough A Kiadt—9. Poor Mali’s <'reck *
Rough A Ready 4 Orleans Hat 3
Indian Springs 1 Moores Hat 2
Jones’ Plar 1 Woolley’s Hat 2
Deer Creek Croasing 1 Relief Kill 1
Industry Bar 1 Humbug • 3
Anthony House 1 Bmimmoiit Townhiiip— 12.
Ijttli Yobk—fl. Hwectlands J
Little York 1 French Corral 1
Remington Hill, 1 BirchvlUe 1
Red Dog 1 North San Juan 4
Walloupa 1 Montesuma 1
Pleasant Valley 1 Cherokee 2
Liberty Hill 1 Columbia Hill 1
On motion the Committee adjourned,
I. N, DAWI.EY, Chairman,
Thomah Hannah, Secretary,
Ten Yearn Ago.
Tho Sacramento StaUtman, of June 9th, re
publishes an article from tbe California Star, of
April let, 1848, entitled ‘‘Prospects of Califor
nia,” written by Dr. Victor J. Fourgeaud. Tbo
Star of the above date, was made up “expressly
for circulation in ibe Atlantic States,” and al
though published before tbe discovery of gold
was generally known, it contained more infor
mation in regard to the resources, climate, and
commercial advantages of California, than any
one paper which has since been published in
the State. The papers were dipatebed overland
to tbe East, by a special Express, under the
charge of Mr. Nathan Ilauk, now a resident of
Nevada, and the articles which were intended
to stimulate immigration, were put in type by
tho writer of this. Dr. Fourgcaud’s article was
considered rather extravagaut at the time, yet
even bia expectations have been more than re
alized. A re-perusal of the article brought
vividly to mind many of the incidents which
were transpiring on this coast at tbe commence
ment of 1848, and of the wonderful changes
which have taken place in this State within the
period which has since elapse . Ten years is
a short time in the history of a State, yet it is
no inconsiderable part of a life-time. If we
look back to that time, without reflecting upon
the intervening incidents, it seems but a day,;
but when we think of the events wbieh have
transpired around us, the peopling of a State,
tbe magio growth of cities, the development of
unbounded mineral wealth, the various ups and
downs of the pioneers, who have alternately
rolled in wealth and toiled in poverty, it seems
as if an age bad passed since tbe announcement
of tbe discovery of gold first excited tbe cupid
ity of tbo iubabitants of San Francisco. In the
spring of 1848, San Francisco contained about
800 inhabitants, and the total white population
of California did not exceed 20,000. The pres
ent population of San Francisco cannot be less
than 60.000, and that of the State will reach
half a million. Should the newly discovered
gold fields of tbe north prove as extensive and
valuable as there is reason to anticipate, a now
impetus will be given to immigration, and the
next tea years will bring around as many chan
ges upon tbe Pacific coast as have tbe tec years
which have just passed.
Information W akted.— Newtou S. Reynolds,
of Washington, D. C.. who came to California
in 1849 or ’50, has not been heard from by his
■other In the last two yearB. Any information
concerning him will be thankfully received, if
addresied to ffm. F. Anderson, box 545, Ne
vada city.
Exchanges. —To Mr. Welch, agent of the Al
ta Express, we are indebted, for State exoban
gee, furnished regularly during the past week.
The New El Denrfe.
Since our last issue the steamer Senator has
arrived from Puget Sound, bringing a volum
inous quantity of intelligence from the northern
mines, in the shape of letters from "reliable
correspondents,” extracts from Washington
Territory papers, etc., which was eagerly de
voured by the public. The accounts gener
ally give favorable reports of the prospects of
the Frazer diggings, but on the whole they are
more conflicting than the intelligence which
had been previously received. In reality, all
that is now known for a certainty, is, that gold
exists on Frazer river and its tributaries, but
as yet it has only been found on the river bars,
and all accounts agree that these bars saanot
be worked before th« middle of August, in
consequence of high water. A few big strikes
are chronicled, which may be regarded as au
thentic. but every one acquainted with mining
knows that little dependence can be placed in
these accounts as indicating ths value of dig
gings ; a few miners may be making money,
while the most of them are not making enough
to pay their exponses. If the gold should be
found only on the bars, and in the bed* of the
streams, as is the case in some of the diggings
in the northern part «t this State, the mines
will soon be exhausted. The prospect of mak
ing a fortune by river m'ming, particularly iu
a country where operations can be carried on
but three or four months in the year, on ac
count of high water, is scarcely sufficient to
induce miners to abandon oven thg well-worked
bill diggings of California. The existance of
gold, however, in tho river beds is considered
pretty good evidence that the surrounding bills,
gulches and flats abound in the tame metal;
and unless the mountains are very steep and
rugged this supposition will doubtless prove
correct in regard to the Frazer river country.
At any rate, it is worse than folly for miners
who arc making a living without having to
work too hard for it. to rush to that country
now. If the hills and flats prove to bo rich in
gold, there will be time enough to go a year
henee ; but if tho gold should be found only oa
tbc river bars, it will scarcely pay te go at all.
New Caledonia, as tho British territory on
the Pacific is called, may prove a second Cali
fornia ; it may prove another Kern river. In
either ca«e, nothing will be lest, and much may
be saved by waiting a few months, until reliable
information can be obtained. Those who are
out of employment, if they are inclined to try
their fortunes in the northern mines, perhaps
cannot do better than to start at onec. Stir
ring times may be expected iu that section dur
ing the present season, and a line prospect is
open to the enterprising and adventurous men
of this State. The Indians are reported as be
ing troublesome and insolent, and it may be
necessary to chastise thorn ; it may also be neces
sary for the Americans to take some action in
regard to the illiberal restrictions which the
officers of the Hudson’s Bay Co. arc attempting
to establish upon the trade of the Territory.
These officers now refuse to allow American
vesgels to ascend Frazer river, without a per
mit from them ; but it is reported that a bend
of this river extends south of the 49th degree
of latitude, and consequently is in American
territory. If such is tbe case, the Americans
will have as good a right to navigate the river
as the British, and provided enough of the for
mer arc on tbe ground to protect their rights,
they can compel tbe Company to compromise
the matter, so as to open the river to the free
navigation of the citizens of both countries.
Di'Ki. near Marysville. —We learn from the
Marysville Express that a duel nas fought near
that city last Friday morning, between Albert
D. Turner and Duncan II. Houser. The diffi
culty originated about a law-suit, in which Mr.
Turner was the defeated party. The duel was
fought about six o'clock in the morning, near
the hospital. The weapons were double-bar
relled shot guns, with one bullet iu each barrel;
distauce fifty paces. Some fifteen or twenty
spectators were present. Four shots were ex
changed by each without effect. At the fifth
shot, the ball from Turner's gun struck Hou
ser's arm just above the wrist, and shattered
the bone. The wounded man was taken to Dr.
Webber's hospital, and the affair thus ended.
The wound 'ib a very severe one, but the Doc
tor thinks be can obviate the necessity of am
Oregon Election. —The election for State
officers and member of Congress, under the new
Constitution, was held in Oregon, on Monday,
June 7th. Two Democratic tickets were in the
field, the '-Nationals” and the “Regulars,” or,
tho “Bolters” and the “Salem Clique;” and at
last accounts the contest betwoen the two wings
was raging fiercely. It was expected that the
Regulars would bavo a large majority in the
southern part of the State, aud the Nationals
were depending on the vote of the northern
counties. The Crescent City Usrald, of June
9th, has intelligence from one of the southern
precinots. A gentleman who left Kerbyville
on the day of election, states that nearly all
tho votes there were east for the Regular ticket.
By another week we shall perhaps have return*
sufficient to form a definite idea of the result.
The Oregon Jargon. —The 5. F. Glob* and
Bulletin, havo each published a vocabulary of
the Oregon Jargon, for the benefit of the Frazer
river emigrants—that being a kind of univer
sal language among the races that inhabit Ore
gon aud Washington Territories. An intimate
acquaintance with that highly refined and ele
gant lingo, acquired during a long residence iu
Oregon, enables us to state that the above men
tioned vocabularies will be of no servioe what
ever to persons desiring of learning the “Chi
nook wa-wa.” No combination of the letters
of the Roman alphabet can give an American
an idea of the proper pronunciation of the
words. A man of ordinary capacity, however,
can acquire a perfect knowledge of tho “lan
guage” in a few days, by conversing with edu
cated Chinooks.
Sale of W mat. — One thousand bushels of
wheat, raised this year in Yolo county, was
sold last week, at Sacramento, at three coats a
pound, or about $1 80 a bushel.
. —
Coming and Going.— During last week, 1267
Chinese arrived at San Francisco, and upwards
of 2000 wbito men left there for Frazer river.
The exchange, we fear, will not prove a profita
ble one for California.
Where la the Dut t
The press of the State are very generally en
gaged in crying down the Frazer river mines,
and saying every thing which is likely to check
the emigration that has fairly set in for the
north. An idea suggested by the S. F. Heraid,
has been eagerly seized upon by other papers
as a convincing argument that the northern
mines are a humbug. The Herald thinks if
these mines are as rich as represented, that
large quantities of gold should have been
received long before this at San Francisco, in
return for the goods which have been sent to
that country; that every steamer should bring
a long list ef specie, etc. Perhaps the writer
in the Herald is not aware of the long time
which elapsed after the diseovery of gold iu
California, before the specie commenced pour
ing into the Eastern States. As late as the
summer of 1849, the Eastern journals were in
the same manner deorytng the California mines
because little or no gold had been received in
return for the millions of dollars worth of goods
which bad been sent here on speeulation; and
even as late as 1850, we remember seeing an
estimate in a leading New York paper, to the
effect that California was indebted to that city
alone to the amount of a hundred millions of
dollars. It was not until the latter part of
1849 that rognlar specie lists were received at
New York from California, and tbs stream of
gold has been flowiug steadily into that city
ever since, and it is now safe to estimate that
the Eastern States arc several hundred mil
lions in debt to California.
Saa Francisco holds about tbo same relation ,
to the northern mines that New York did to
tbs California mines. For a long time the city I
must be the creditor of the mines, and mer
chants who send goods to the north cannot ez
peat to get retnrue under four or six months.
The supplies have first to be transported from
the sea-ports to the diggings, where they are j
retailed out to customers, and the dust received
in exchange, will And its way slowly to San
Francisco, which must always be the financial
center of the Pacific coast. Ee<.n if the mines
are as rich as represented, we cannot expect
that any considerable quantity of Hie gold will
be received at San Francisco, until late in the
fall. The most of that which has already been
taken out by the miners, lias been paid to the
Hudson’s Bay Co. for supplies, and all accounts
agree that in consequence of high watui raining
operations cannot be re-cornmenced until some
time in August. The officers of tbe Company
may for a time attempt to monopolise tbe trade
of the mines, but they will soon find that all
such efforts are futile; but should they even
suececd for a time in retaining the trade, they
would be compelled to draw the most of their
supplies from San Francisco, for which the gold
would be paid. Commerce must run in its na- j
tural channels, regardless of political divisions; j
and the towns and cities which grow up oil the
northern coast, whether located on American
or British soil, must in many respects be tribu- ;
tary to San Francisco, and the ‘‘dust’’ will
evcntunlly find its way to that city, as natural
ly its water Quds its way into the ocean.
l'trrfblr Fight on Board a Strainer.
The steamer Columbia, which arrived at the
Bay on Saturday morning, from the north,
brought from Fort Vancouver, IV. T.. two Indi
ans, one • chief, known as"Rogue River John,”
and the other bis son. They were in charge of
a sergeant of the army, and were being sent to
Benicia, to be taken charge of by the command
ing officer of the Pacific Division. It seems
they have been very troublesome in Oregon,
and are regarded as the best warriors on this
coast. When placed on board the steamer they
were heavily ironed, but the sergeant, in pur
suance of orders, took the irous off, after the
steamer got out to sea. On Friday June 11th,
about three o'clock, a. ¥., while the steamer
was at aachor on Humboldt Bar, the Indians
put out all the lights in the steerage, and then
commenced an attack on the sergenut who had
charge of them, having first possessed them
selves of his revolver and other weapons. The
noise soon awoke the steerage passengers, some
of whom rushed towards the cabin, crying
"murder.” The officer of the deck, Mr. Lewis,
called Mr. Nolan, the first mate, who jumped
out of bed, and with Mr. Lewis and another
jaraped into the steerage, where the Indians
were beating the soldier in a most unmerciful
manner. After a desperate conflict, in which
several shots were exchanged on both sides, the
Indians, finding they would bo overpowered,
dropped dowu aud feigned dean. One passen
ger was shot in the breast, and dangerously
wounded, and three others were badly cut. The
obief had an iron bar in bis hand, with which he
struck the mate a severe blow on the shoulder;
the blow was intended for his head. One wo
man was badly cut in the face, and tbo Indian
made au attempt to strike her babe, but she
warded the blow off with her nrm, which was
also severely cut. She then raised her child to
the mattrass, and secured herself under it until
the fracas was over, when she came on deck.
Her husband received a slight blow. After the
Iudiane were overpowered they were with much
difficulty brought on deck, for the passengers
were anxious to swing them at the yard-arms.
They were badly hurt, both having a sabre out
on the bead, and the son having a leg broken
by a pistol ball. They were ironed together
and put below, when they became very lively,
and the old chief said if he bad had six or sev
en more men he should have succeeded in ta
king the ship.
The above particulars we gather from the
statement of a passenger, published in the/Juf-
The Nevada papers notice, favorably and without een
sure, a loot race, for $500 a side, which is to come off. to
morrow, at Hughes' Race Course. Where is the Sunday
Lawf-f?. V. TtUgraph
Wo had always understood that the ohject of
the Sunday law was to foree people to cease
their ordinary avocations on that day, and give
them au opportunity to enjoy themselves as
tbeir inclinations prompted, and we have yet to
learn that the Legislature intended to debar
people from such amuseineus as foot raoing. If
the Sunday law can be so construed as to pro
hibit amusements, it must be amended.
Better than the Mint. —We are informed
that some of the employees of the Mint, fiuding
the digging! there not so good as they were
represented to bo tome time since, bare deter
mined to throw up tbeir appointments and go
off to Frazer river. The Mint roof sweepings
having "gin out,” the officials contemplate a
prospecting tour to better diggings. F. Call.
Tbe mail stcamsr Sonora arrivod at the Bay
on Monday, at 6 o’clock, p. m., with two weelu
later news from tbe East.
Tbe House passed tbe Senate bill 'for the ad
mission of Minnesota into tbe Union, allowing
I only two Representatives, while tbe people bad
I elected three. The three members drew lots for
j the two seats, whieh resulted in tbe success of
Wm. W. Phelps and James M. Cavanaugh.
The bill providing for the admission of Ore
gon into tbe Union, was passed in the Senate
by a vote of 36 to 17. It will no doubt pass
the House at an early day.
It is stated that the President has applied to
1 Congress for authority to contract a loan of
$15,000,000. for a term not exceeding ten years.
The Governor of South Carolina has appoint
ed A. P. Ilayne United States Senator, in the
| place of Judge Evans, deceased.
Nine persons lost the’r lives by the accident
that occurred on the Central Railroad, in New
| York, on the 11th of May. A large number
| were severely injured.
The sentence of the Court Martial, in the
! case of General Twiggs, that he be reprimanded
by tbe President, was approved by the Presi
dent; but the punishment was remitted.
A violent tornado passed over several towns
! in Illinois on the 13th of May. Houses were
I demolished, and a number of persons were
i killed.
j General Persifer F. Smith, Commander of the
: Utah army, died at Fort Leavenworth on the
10th of May.
j The steamer City of Huntsville, sunk on
Wednesday night, May 12th, at Palmyra Islnud
in Cumberland river. Tennessee. It is a total
i loss. Ten lives were lost. No particulars have
j come to band.
Recent operations of tbe British men-of-war
in the Gulf, against our commerce, have crea
ted an intense excitement at Washington. Di
rections have been issued to Collectors to
promptly report all cases of visit and search to
the Government, and orders dispatched to pre
pare reinforcements to the home squadron. The
subject was brought up in both Houses of Con
gress—in the Senate by a resolution inquiring
whether any further legislation is necessary to
enable the President to prevent the aggressions
complnined of, and in the House by the adop
tion of a resolution calling for information.
That “Black Rwtbucan” Eximikssman.—
Some smnll-eoulcd individual, writing to the
Statesman. from Patterson, in this county, says
that the Expressmen of that place are all Black
Republicans, and will circulate no paper hut
the Union. It seems that Thomas Hannah, at
present Secretary of the Democratic County
Committee, and whose stirring speeches for
Buck and Breck, in 1856, will not soon be for
gotten by the residents of Nevada, is one of the
“Black Republicans” alluded to. If Hannah is
not a good Democrat, we shonld be at a loss
where to go to find the genuine article. The
Statesman’> correspondent will have to try again.
Mechanic'* Paib. —The Executive committee
of the Mechanic's Institute, have announced
their second annual exhibition, to t>e held at
San Francisco, commencing oil Wednesday,
Sept. 1st, and to continue opcu at least fifteen
Daily Caukokma.n.— A Democratic paper,
with the above title, was started at Sacramento
last week. A paper devoted to the interests of
the Democracy, and not to cliques and factions,
has long been needed at Sacramento.
Judge C. T. Botts states in a card in tbe Sac
ramento Mercury, that he is not ail aspirant for
the Supreme Judgeship. IIo declares himself
content with the Judgeship of the Sixth Judi
cial District, and intends to be » candidate for
that position.
Information Wanted of Henry Biachmnnn,
Jr., formerly of Cincinnati. Obio. lie has passed
by the sobriquet of “Cincinnati.’' Any infor
mation concerning his whereabouts will be
thankfully received by bis bereaved father,
Henry Bracbmnnn, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Navigation of Frazer River.—Gov. Doug
lass, in his proclamation, requires that all for
eign vessels shall take out a permit, or suiter
ancc, from the Custom House at Victoria before
they will be permitted to proceed up Frazer
river. The following are the conditions at
tached to each permit:
1st. That the owner of the boat docs bind
himself to receive no other goods on board but
such goods as belong to the Hudson Bay Co.
2d. That the said master or owner binds him
self not to carry or import any powder, ammu
nition, arms, or utensil of war, except from the
United Kingdom.
3d. That he binds himself to receive no pas
senger, except the said passengers produce a
gold mining license and permit front the Gov
ernment of Vancouver Island.
4th. That the said owner also binds himself
not to trade with the natives.
More of the Mariposa Fire. —The Mariposa
Gazette Fays that by the late great fire in its
town, nearly one hundred buildings were de
stroyed, in the space of one hour and a half;
of that number tifty-ive were business establish
ments. The estimated damage amounts to
$300,000. This loss is very heavy and mast be
hard to bear. Of oarpenter's establisbincts but
one has been left in the town. Of blacksmith,
wagon, clothing, apothecary and butoher shops,
uone was left—all were swept away. Only two
Rrnvi&ion shops and one bukery were saved.—
o lives were lost, and nobody was dangerous
ly hurt. The citizens have bad a meeting as to
the rebuilding of the town, and have adopted
certain regulations as to widening the streets,
on which new buildings arc already being
Accident at Grass Vali.ey.— Mr. Stephen
DocStadter, one of the proprietors of the Wood
pecker Sawmill, near this village, was the vic
tim of a very severe casualty, on Thursday last
while acting as chief Sawyer at said mill " One
•f the laggings, by means of which a band wheel
had been enlarged, became loose, and, while
the mill was running at a rapid rate, flew off
and struck Mr. D in the mouth, causing consid
erable fracture of the upper jaw and the de
struction of five front teeth. A large semi cir
| cular portion of the right half of the lower jaw
was also broken off together with four teeth be
; louging thereto. The lower lip was also badly
| lacerated. The entire wound was a most fright
ful one to look upon.— G. V. Telegraph.
Indian Attack on Excursionists —Messrs.
Huggins and Howeson, of Stockton, and other
gentlemen were on an excursion a few days ago
and. while encamped near the Yosemite Falls,
a party of Indians came upon them for the pur
pose of stealing their horses. A desperate en
counter took place, in which Mr. Uiiggius was
shot in the thigh. Mr. Howeson through the bat
aud another gentleman in the neck with an ar
row. Two of the Indians were shot and killed,
and several others wounded.
More of tue San Luis Murders.— The Santa
Cruz Sentinel publishes a letter from San Juan,
June 2d, which stales that another of the mur
derers of the Barritere family has been captured.
Jack Powers is said to have dictated the murder.
Another of the murderers, named Pio I,snares,
was tracked to bis house at San Luis, which was
surrounded and sat on fire, when he rushed out
amid a volley of pistol shots and made bis es
cape. It Is expected the whole gang will be
brought to justice.
Climate of Kew Caledonia.
The 8. F. Herald quote* tome extract* from •
work entitled “The Oregon Territory,” pub
lished in London in 1844, by John Dunn, who,
previous to that time, had been eight year* in
the employ of the Hudson 7 * Bay Company. Mr-
Dunn gives a description of the country lying
along both sides of Frazer's river, which cannot
fail to prove interesting. He says: “The coun
try along its lower section is hilly, and covered
with white pine, cedar, and other evergreeu
trees; and the soil is ge. crally well fitted for
pasturage, and in many places for tillage. But
aloug the other and more northern sections, the
country is more ungenial and unproductive—
being cut «p by mountains, ravines, toirents,
lakes and marshes. Yet it is well wooded,
yielding all the varieties of trees growing in
that region—fir, spruce, pine, poplar, willow,
cedar, cypress, birch and elder.” But in all
probability the most im|>ortant information at
this time, which Mr. Dunn furnishes, relates to
the climate. On this subject he remarks: “The
climate is very variable, and the transitions
are. though periodically regular, remarkably
sudden, if not violent. During the spring, which
lasts from April till June, the weather and the
face of the country are delightful. In June,
there are almost incessant raius, drifted furious
ly aloug by a strong south wind. In July and
August the heat is intense ; and the ground,
previously saturated with moisture, produce*
myriads of annoying flies and iusects. This
heat and glaring sunshine are succeeded in
September by fogs of such palpable darkness
that until noon it is seldom possible to distin
guish objects at a longer distance than one hun
dred yards. In November, the winter seta in
speedily, freezing the lakes and smaller rivers.
The cold, however, is not so intense as might be
imagined in such a country and climate.” Next
to the extent, and richnes of the new gold mines,
the most important inquiry is as to the character
of the climate. It must be confessed that Mr.
Dunn does not draw a very flattering pictureof
the country in that respect, and bis long resi
dence there is a guaranty of the correctness of
bis statements. It is ibe concurrent opinion »f
all who have written from the new mines recent
ly, that mining operations will have to be sus
pended for a mouth or so, in consequence ot
Ibe rising of Frazer’s river. The incessant
rains, which, according to Mr. Dunn, occur in
the month of June, will cause the river to rise
much higher than it was at last dales. Intense
heat will follow in July and August—dense
fogs in September, and in November winter sots
in and continues until the beginning of April.
How many months out of twelve mining ope
rations can lie caried on in such a climate, time
alone can develop*. In this particular, the
new El Dorado can never equal California.
Here the miner, if he nas water, can work to
advantage for very nearly eleven months out
of the twelve ; but if he should l ave one hun
dred and thirty or one hundred and forty work
ing days, in the British Possessions, out of the
whole year, it is probable that he will have rea
son to he thankful.
Pistols and ComcB.—Algernon Smith pub
lishes a eard in the Morning Call, of Saturday,
which he closes by “pronouncing Geo. Pen
Johnston a paltroon, a liar and a scoundrel.”
It seems that Smith was under some pecuniary
obligation to Mr. Johnston, which the latter
considered a good reason to refuse a challenge
sent him by Smith.
l'AOl’KltRKonTBS. —Those wanting pictures in the high
st style oflhe art, alnmlit call at the tlallery of Mrs. J. K
Rudolph, In the Pemoerat building, Broad street, Nevada,
(ilass Pictures, or Anibrotypcs, also made for these who
desire them.
At the County IT'-spitol in tbi< City, Juno Cth, Mr. John
Smith. auH 2ft year*.
MlMTmX & <OTI€
TlfK NEVADA RIFLES, will cclrb ate the next
National anniversary of American Iudf | cmlvnce by a
Military and Civic Ball,
To bo given at the COURT HOOK in Nevada City,
On Monday Evening, July 5th, 1858,
Commencing at 9 o’clock !\ M.
Carnage* will be in attendance for the accomn\o<Luion
oj Ladies.
Tiol&ots, 9X0.
Committee of Arrnngtnieiits
Capt. H. Shoemaker,
Lieut. Geo. Story,
J. B«*nce V;»n Hagen,
Niles Searls,
T. If. Caswell,
J. T. Crenshaw,
J. S. W>fl.
T Klloard Bean 1 *,
Wm. Maltman,
A. Rosenheim.
C. Wilson Hill,
N. 1*. Brown.
Henry Meredith,
A. C. Niles,
Jno Webber,
Henry Pearson,
(». I). Roberts.
C. R. Edward*,
C. J. Lansing,
Jerry Job.
Henry Arnold,
Lieut. Phil. Moore,
*• J. B. Moore,
W. P Harrington,
K. F. Burton,
J,C. Birdseye,
S. \X. Boring,
A. W Riley,
A. T. Laird,
Geo. 8 Hupp,
Geo Wood,
J. A. I .an canter,
J B. Van Hagan,
J. R. McConnell,
J. If. Helm.
Waldo M. Allen,
S. H Chase,
James Findley,
C. K Hotating,
S. S. Lewis,
Frank Wilder,
K. Marcell us,
8. M. Gilhanv
Committer on Invitations.
Capt. R. Shoemaker, Wm. F. Anderson,
Lieut. Gee. Story, J. B. Van Hagan,
Niles Searls.
CoMMrmcx on Rsckktion.
Lieut, n.il Moore, I. J. Rolfe,
H. B. Thompson, A. D. Allen,
A. 11. HagAdorn. T. \Y. Sigourney,
R. McMurray.
Thomas Marsh, Henry Knerr,
Jno. Anderson, Reuben Moore.
Committee on nxrRKNHMnrrN.
George Lewis, W. P. Harrington,
Haul. Bakor, George Wood,
J. M. Levy.
Capt. R. Shoemaker. W. P. Harrington,
I hi v id Bel den.
Floor Managers.
T. W. Sigourney, A. P. Allen.
J. A. Lancaster. C. R. Edwards,
S. P. Dorset, A. II. IIagadorn.
Forfumerloa, tfco.
EF. SPENCE, having pnrehaaed the Stock of
• DRUGS belonging to Dr. Bailey, at
Lark's old stand, 32 Main Street,
I* now prepared to furnish hi* customer* with Al.l. THK
ARTICLES (wholesale or retail) usually found in a well
ordered Drug Store.
On hand a large Supply of
Fancy Article*,
Sash Tools,
Red k White Lead,
Flavoring Extract*,
Ac. Ire.
Gold k Silver Bronx*,
Paint Brushes,
Burning Fluid,
Plaster Paria,
kc. kc. kc.
All Orders bv Express or otherwise, promptly attended
to. A LIBERAL DISCOUNT made to the Trade.
A3" Physicians Prescrijitions^Accuralely Compounded.
u \C E,
June 14, 1868 37-tf
No. 3*2 Main street. Nevada.
appear at your Armory every Kwetting, at eight
o’clock, (Sundays excepted) in fa’igue dress, for drill.
By order of CAPT. SHOEMAKER.
J B Van Hack*. O. S.
Next door below C. IF. Young' t, Mow Street.
N. B.—All work pertaining to the Jewelry business
neatly performed.
Nevada, Jan. 8th 1858 —16-tf
by cautioned against purchasing, nr in any manner ne
gotiating a certain promissory note, bearing date either the
5th or 6th of June 1858. for sixty dollars, payable one
month after date, drawn by L. I.. BAKD A CO,, and paya
ble to A. Henderson. The note was dated at Walloupa,
and waa fraudulently obtained.
Nevada June 14th, 1858.—87 3t*
Pacific Kail Steamship Company's Li*.
Connecting vi. PANAMA RAILROAD
With the Steamer* of the U. S. Mail Steamship r
party , at Atpinwall. p *•*
Departure from V tile jo Street
Will leave Vallejo street Wharf for Panama r _
Mall*, Passengers. and Treasure. *
Monday, Jane 21st, at 9 o’clock a.a
Pimotually, "*
S3- Passengers by tlie P. M. S. Co's Line are |,
their arrivals at Panama upon the wharf at the rail, 1
terminus, by the Company’s steam ferry boat
ceed immediately by ’ Wo*
Railroad Across the Intlinim
To Aspinwall, where the steamer* of the L\ S. Mail a a
Co. are always in readiness to convey them to V*„ vli*
or New Orleans. ,#r *
Passengers for New Or lean* proceed by direct itaami
from Aspinwall. *****
Through tickets are furnished, Including the transit mi
the Isthmus. •*
Passengers are notified that all tickets for the at**.,
of the U. 8. Mail S. S. Co. must be presented to their
at Aspinwall for registry and exchange, tw w.. 1 ”’
otherwise be available.
$pg* Treasure for shipment will be received on board tk»
steamer until 12 o'clock midnight. June 19th. *
No merchandise or freight will be received on board af
ter 3 P. M. on the 19th. and a written order must U »ra
cured at the Comi>any’s office for its shipment. r
For Freight or passage apply to
sdorff its.
Cor. Sacramento and Leidei
A choice of berths on the Atlantio steamers is
by the early purchase of tickets in San Francisco.
SEALED PHOI’OPOSALS will be recire.1 tip to th,
Monday of August a. D. 1858, inclusive fur
Printing and Advertising for the County of Nevada, for**,
year from the 16th day of August 1868, the expiratiaasf
the prevent contract. Said proposals to be made forth,
printing of all the blanks needed by the county f#r all »* r .
poses, and aho for all the advertising for the County *
Nevada June 9th 1868.
I. n. MITCH FIX, Chairman
of the Beard orSui t„ lln ,
By J. S UltBflrr, Deputy. jy
nHEHIFF’8 SALE-By virtue ofai^ii^.
O tion to me directed and issued out of tlieilou IMstrta
Court of the 14th Judicial District in and for the Ceuntv of
Nevada and State of California, on a judgment ...
said Court on the 18tb day of March, A It. i$5k s n
of C. K. HOTAIJNG, and against J. H. MlTII and G C
KING, for the sum of two hundred and seventy f.ve dolian
debt, with interest ou the said sum of $2',5 00 from the l,t
day of January 1858, at the rate of ten per cent per annum
till paid, together with $i4.00 costs of suit: 1 have Uvi«]
upon and seized the fV Uowng described property to wit •
A certain House and lot on Mill street, in the town ofGia*s
Valhy bounded on the south by King k > this, and on the
io h b P Imrose ft Bronson’s, said house being me story
frunje t adding, and lot being 30 feet front by 300 ds»J
more or le»s, the above proj ert being n< w occupied br J.
II. Smith as a »»ar room and dwelling home.
Notice is hereby piven that I will expose at public sale
to the h bidder for caah, in fiont of the G-uit Hens#
door on TUESDAY the 6th day of July A. P ]*AK, U n
abot e described property, between the hours of iO o'clock
A. M. and 4 o’clock ]’. M. of said day, to satisfy and e»v
said judgment. + 7
Given under mv hand, this 14th day of June n 1&3*
8. W. BOKIKU. Sherifl N. C.
By J. IP Van Hacks, Under Sheriff.
Smith k Mftslin, Attorneys for PlaiutitT. 37 td
dn. In District Con t of the 14th Judicial District.
t\ II.1.1 AM (jJI.I. vs. t ! . S. 1.01.BROOK. Notice is hereby
given than William Oil! liis tiled his Complaint in said
Court, nod prays judgment against said defe dant. and al
so for f« recloaure of lien for work and labor upon the
Quart/. Mill on the north bank of Deer creek, about a uiile
below Nev..da known a* Holbrook a Mill, with so much
ground as is necc>sary for tlie use of said mill. f«.r the sum
of three hundred and fifteen dollars. All per-on* holding
or claiming l wus on said pren foes, are notified to be and
appear in said Court on MONDAY the 2d day of August
1838, tc exhibit then and there the proof of aid liens
WI1X! AM 1*11.1., 11 intitr.
by J. CU irchnun, Attorney.
.Nevada Juue 3, 1S58.—37 ow
(VI'VI'KOP CAUFOKMA, ( uuiity of >cv«-
£3 da-—**- In Prubnte Court. In tl e Matter of the e»tate
orj.JliN SMITH, deceased. Pursuant to an order of tint
Court made t.ii* d;*y. notice is hereby given, that Thuiw'a.r
the 1 .-t day of July A. D. 1*5*, at 10 o’clock A. M of
day. at the Court room « f hi* Cot rt in the Ci v and Cm n
ty ofNe.ala. h is Iweii ap|N»inte l for lieaHo* t «»spoilt *
tiuB tf ( OHNKI U S McAUFK. | raying h t a 'ncuimnt
now on tile in this < o ti l, pur) oitlng to be the l*«t Will
and testament of JOHN’ fMlTH deceased, be itdmiited l*
• ioha e. and that It t ers :e tin e itary ho issued thereout**
the -«i*l Cornel us Me A Fee. at which time and j laee >11
per ons in'err 3.« d therein may apje r arid centest the
nm.' FIIOI..MAKFR, Clerk.
By J. $. I amijekt. Pe a *uty.
Nevada, Ju;ie I lth ?a.'»S— T-'.’w
CTATEOF ( AhlFOItim,Coui 7y ofUern
iJ < a. S3. In the M »l?er of the estate eft Hal LFS JACK
deceased. L. f>. Wll.I.IAM-*. noting Executor ot the U-t
M ill and ♦ edament of ('hail s J.iek. deceased. h.iiinp this
day filed wit . t • Court hi* jetition j ravine hare to tell
the n lain ; o • rv lleicin i an.ed belt u in. to >a id es
tate. No c- is hereby given tv all je noi § interested in
estate to Ip- and sipj.ei»r before the Probate Court et
•aid county of Nevada, at the Court II m«e. in the Citr of
Ncia-ia. on THURSDAY the Ut day of J ly 1F58, at H
o’clock A. M. of su d day, end show ra* ae if an* - they baie
or can, why the prayer of t-aid petition! r should not be
granted. By order of the Court.
Attest : KUiT'i f HOFMAKFR, Clerk.
By J. B. 1.4MR.K1. Deputy.
Nevada June lit)-. ISM, —ut fw
da, as. In Probate Court. In the Muthrof the estate
of J. N. NJCHOlXlN deceased. R*-M. K. M< rrow and F.
F. Nicholson, administrator of the estae of J. X. Nirhol
sou deceased, having this day filed with the (onrt hi- final
statement of said estate ami petition for discharge. .No
tice is hereby given to all persons interested in said esta'a
to be and appear before this Probate Court **f *a ; d County
of Nevada, at the Court House in the city of Nevada, on
.MONDAY the 28th flay of June 1858. at 10 o’clock A. M. f t
said day. and -how cause if any tiny have or can, why th*
prayer of aaid petitioners si mild not be g ant'd and tl ey
be dbohartei f.om ell further liibility on account of aaid
estate. By order of the Court.
By J. S. I.AMRKkT, Deputy. 37-td
INSOLVENT NOTIC E—1»» Dlatitct ( oartil
the 14th Judicial District, of the State of Califor. ia
In the matter of the Petition of MARI IN SBKRRECK, •»
Insolvent Debtor. Pursuant to an order of the Hon. Nile*
Searls, Judge ol the said District Court, notice i* hereby
given to all the creditors of .-aid insole* nt. M rtiu S|ebeek
to be and appear before the Hon. Niles 'earls aforesaid, ia
open Court, at the Court mom of said Court, in the city
and County of Nevada, on the '2nd day of August a. l>.
at 10 o’cl»»ck, a. m. of that day, then and there to show
cause if any they can. why the praver of said insolvent
-hould not be granted, and an assignment of hfs estate be
: made, and he be discharge*! from his debts and liabilities
in pursuance of th- statute in auch case made and provid
ed ; and in the mean time all proceedings ngainat said in
solvent be stayed.
Witness my haud and the seal of said Court, thia 11th
day of June A. D. 1858.
By Wm. Smith, Deputy. 37 $w*
I. J. Caluwll, Att'y for Petitioner.
Ordinance IVo. 4.
An Ordinance providing for the licensing of Togs. Th*
Trustees of the City of Nevada do ordain aa follow* :
Sec. 1. From and after the first day of July a. d. 18W,
it shall not be lawful for the owners or other peraons hav
ing the charge of dogs to allow them to run at large withia
the corporeal limits of t e towu of Nevada except a* pro*
vided lor in this Ordinance.
Sec. 2. Every owier or other person having the charge
of dog* shall pay for a license for keeping each dog th*
sum of five dollars per year, payable in advance at th*
Marshal's office.
Sec. 3. The Marshal shall provide for each peraon ap
plying for a license under this ordinance a brass tag, stamp
ed with a consecutive number, which tag shall be securely
fastened upon ibe neck of the dog for which the license i*
taken out. He shall also furnish to the person taking out
the licence a receipt for the amount of money paid with
the date of the license a receipt for the amount of money
paid, with the date of the license.
Sic. 4. It shall be the duty ot the Marshal and watch
men to kill and remove all dogs found running at large,
the owners of which shah not have complied with the pro
visions of thia ordinance; and all persons o structing th*
aforesaid officer* in the performance of their duties u»d*r
this ordinance, upon conviction, may be fined in any sum
not exceeding one hundred dollar or less thau ten dollars;
or. in default of payment, by imprisonment nol more thap
ten days in the city jail.
Paaaod Jure 9th, 1858. H. H. FLAGG. President.
A. H. Haraoif, Clerk. 37-3t
Ordinance No. 5.
An Ordinance to provide employment for persona confined
in the City Prison. The Trustees of the City of N*vad*
do ordain aa follows :
Sic. 1. From and after the first day of July. a. d. 1W®*
it shall be the duly of the Marshal to employ all mal* Pf 1
sons who may be seutenced io imprisonment in the civ
prison, upon the public streets and roads wi bin the cor
}»orate limits of the city, in improving the same, said *m
ploy incut to continue duriug the term of their impn* 0 **
meut. .
5fBC. 2. The Marshal shall provide for the safe-keep 10 !
of said prisoners while at work, by securely fastening them
with proper chain*, which he shall provide lor the purpoe*
and take all other necessary measure* to guard again** ••
I'kucd June 8th, IMS. H H. FLAGG, Prwid«»‘
A. H. Ha.miiO!., Clerk. 37 St
euted at this Office.

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