Newspaper Page Text
VOL. V, NO. 38.
NEVADA DEMOCRAT, PUBIalHHBD KVKRT WKDKK8DAT 1IORXLVO, BT I. J. BOLFE ft CO. T. H. ROUTE, I. J. ROLFS, A. P. CHURCH. OFFICE—BROAD STREET, NEVADA, TEENIt For one year, in advance, 00 Six months, 3 00 Three months, 2 00 Single Copies. 25 eta. BUSINESS CARDS J. C. B1RP8KTK, J. C. BIRDSEYE ft C. N. CO ntLTOS. No. 30 MAIN STREET, NEVADA. PURCHASE GOIJl DUST AND Bl'IJJON, AT THE HIGHEST MARKET RATES. Advance* made on Gold Duet for Amy, or Coinage at the U. 8. Mint Sell CHECKS an San Francisco, Sacramento, and Marrarnie. Hr lie poo ten reeel <ed, CoReetieoi made, and tranaact a general Ranking business. Nevada. March 9th 1868 —23 tf CHARLES W. MTJLFORD, l At kta Old Stand, Main St., Nevada. GOLD DUST BOUGHT at the highest market rate*. SIQHT CHECKS on Sacramento and Sao Kranci*- eo AT PAH. OUST forwarded to the C. 8. Branch Mint for A***y or Coinage, and advances aaade on the same if required. Nevada Dec. lat 1S57.—t^-tT MORRIS ROSENHEIM, WATCHMAKER AMD JEWELER, AND UK A IRK IX Watches, Jewelry, Diamonds, Ate. MAIN STREET. NEVADA. W. YOUNG, CHAS. UKcricit'Kn or CALI FORM IA JEWELRY, WATCHMAKER, —ssn— DEALER IN FIXE WA1VHES, JEWEI.RF, DIA MO.XD WORK , dr. Junction of Main and Commercial Streets, Nevada. GEORGE H. LORING, MANUFACTURING JEWELER, Mext door Mote C. W. Young' I, Main Street. N. H.—Ali work pertaining to the Jewelry business neatly performed. Nevada. Jan. 8th 1858.—16-tf THOMAS MARSH. SIGN AMD ORNAMENTAL PAINTER. O.V COMMERCIAL STREET. 20-tf F. MANSELL, Sign and Ornamental Painter, Ali «<*rk promptly attended to, and in the bc»t style of the art. Commercial street, above line, Nevada. 445-tf 1IK.NKY MKKKTUTII, THOM AN r. HAW LEY. MEREDITH ft HAWLEY, Attorneys ft Counsellors at Law, OlHCR —lu Kidd k Knox’* Brick Building, Corner of line and Broad Street*, Nevada. Nevada, Jan. 10, 1K.SH. —14 dm hTANTOM nrntNKR, II IIJ90N IIILI., UDCK1ER Si IIHdld, A V|NG *4*ochitcd themselves together in the practice of the Ijitr, will attend promptly to all budne*< con fided to their care in Nevada and adjoining counties, Orncic—In K«l«*y’* Brick Building. Commercial atrect Nevada. July 2, 1S56.—13-tf J. U. M’CU.WKLL, — A. <*. JULB. MrCONNKfdld Si MILES. ATTORNEYS rf COUSELLORS AT LAW, Will practice in all the Court* of the 14th Judicial Pi* tret, and in the Supreme Court, Omni—Kidd’* Brick Building, up atair*. 4fl tf JAMKft CHURCHMAN, ATTORNEY 4- COUNSELLOR AT LAW , Will hereafter confine hini«clt solely to the practice of hi* profession—and will be found always at hi* office, ex eept when Absent on profc*aioual bukinc**. Omcr—’t'orner of Broad and Pine Street*. Nevada. 40-tf or*, wr. TA.VT, VATID HJU.HK.V ItELDKM Si YAMT, A T TO R X E YS A T L A W. Particular attention given to procuring t\ S. land War rant* for person* by Military aervice entitled to the name. Omc*.~*Xo. 4 Second atory of Alban** Brick Building Comer ltroad and line Street*. Nevada. fi tf. \Y M. F. AMDERMOM, TORNKY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW. In Alban'* Brick Building, comer of Broad and )rn< ie street*. Nevada. HENR Y L. JOAtUINHKN, JNVEYANCEK. COPYIST, AND Notary IPublio. imcK—On Main street, oue door below C. W. Mulford'* iking House, Nevada. 24 tf VX. J. KNOX, C. T. OVERTON. KNOX ft OVERTON, rnrsiciAMs tc surgeoms, OmcB—North ski* of Broad Street, 2d door above I*i»»e. Nevada Jan. 12th 1*6*.— H U D. & B. LACHMAJi, NO. 24 COMMERCIAL STREET, NEVADA. —DKSI.BR8 IX— Harwarc, Stove*. Tin- Ware, C'rofkrry, Air. Air. All kind* of Tin Ware made to order, "g3g Sept. 1856.—49 3m D. * B. I.ACHMAN. G. E. WITHINGTON, DEALKR IX French and American Paper Hanging,, WINDOW SHADES, Bran cornice, Gold «tiding* Paints, Ac Painting of all kind*, and papa L.r.g ng. executed in the best style, at shost notice. 49-tf No. 7 Broad Street, Nerada. COUNTY SURVEYOR’S OFFICE. (COURT HOUSE, NEVADA.) Johx L. > f G. F. DawntEN, County Purveyor, J ( Deputy. ALL persons are hereby cautioned again*t employing other Surveyors than such as may be deputised from Umj office. (Extract from Lara of California.) Chap. 20, S*c, 3 No survey or re-survey hereafter made tor any pvrrson except the County Surveyor or his deputy shall Se considered legal evidence in any Court writhin this State JOHN L. GAMBLE, 34-t/ County Surveyor. EMPIRE MARKET!! Junction of Main ft Commercial Sta. (Opgodte the American Exchange ) Amorloan Beef, PORK, VEGETABLES, Ate. ALWAYS on hand Fresh and in the heat possible con dition. The subscriber, feeling himself under the greatest obligations to his numerous customers for past (arors, is determined to merit, not only a continuance of present, but an increase of patronage. Noon, shall be •iisaatisSed. if the means of satisfaction is within his reach. Mjr Co rued Beef awl Perk, Sausage, Aa,, always on band and for sale. Cams and ace for Youreelvee. -%* JACOBS A VEIT, Proprletrna. Nerada, Marob 12th. 1858. HOUSE ft LOT FOR SALE. E HOUSE AWP LOT SITUATED AT >rks, East and West Broad StraeL-the House is 23 feat, two s tor lea high, with a good Cellar. For par - apply to J. M. HIXSON. a Way rada r 25th 1858—34 tf rriCE’S [BLANKS, CONSTANTLY ON HAND id for sale at this Offce. THE NEVADA DEMOCRAT. TRAVELING CALIFORNIA STAGE COMPANY. THE STAGES of this Company will leave their Office, at the ‘‘National Exchange,” Nevada, as follows: FOR SACRAMENTO. Leaves Nevada at 1 o'clock. A. M., and arriving at Sac mento in time for the 2 o’clock boats for San Francisco. Also, at 4 o'clock, A. M., running via Auburn, as an Ac commodation Line to Sacramento. FOR MARYKV11.I.B. leaves the above named Office every morning at seven o’clock, A. M., passing through Grass Valley, Rough & Ready, Empire Ranch, and Ixmg Bar, and arriving in M& rysvillc at 3 o’clock P. II. FOR FOKEKT OTT, DOWNHY1LLM, PATTKRSOX, WOLSBT’S, MOORR’R, AND ORLEANS FLATH. Leaves every morning at 6 1-2 o’clock A. M. JAMES HAWORTH, ]*res’t. C. S. Co. W. S. M< Rorxrto, Agent, Nevada. [tf NEVADA WASHINGTON STAGE LINE. ON AND AFTER JANUARY 1, 1856, the above Line will run as follows: leaving the office, at the National Exchange. Nevada, at 8 o’clock. A. M, passing by Mountain Spring House, Morgan’s, Cold Spring, White Cloud, Gold Hlu and Alpha, arriving at Washington by one o’clock in the afternoon. It is the nearest and best Route to Washington, Omega, Scotchman’s Creek, Poor Han’s Creek, and Eureka. Returning,—The Stages will leave the South Yuba Hotel. Washington, every morning at nine o’clock, and arrive at Nevada by one o'clock P. M.. connecting with the Cali fornia Stage Co’s Coaches for Auburn, Sacramento, Marys ville and Shasta. Office—South Yuba. Hotel, Washington. A. S. OUN, Proprietor. W. S. McRorkrto, Agent, Nevada. [34-tf EMPIRE LIVERY STABLE, Broad Street, Nevada, J. H. HELM, Proprietor. THE UNPERSH;NED WOUIJ1 INFORM HIS friends and the public generally, that he has become l*roprietor of the EMPIRE LIVERY STABLE, and as he designs keening constant ly on hand A Stock of Fast Hones, Would respectfully solicit the patronage of the Public. Bjr Horses kept by the Day or Week on the most rea sonable terms. 20-tf J. HARVEY HELM. L.1VKRY K SALE STABL.E. SPRING STREET. NEVADA. j, J. A. I .ANCASTER, FORMERLY OF THE Oriental Stables, would inform his friends and the public generally, that lie has added v- \ S \ extensively to his already large and Kle gant establishment of Horses. Buggies, Saddles. Harness, Ac Ac.—and is now prepared to furnish as fine turn outs as can lie found in the State. Well trained tb-et and easy Saddle Ilor-es. well equipped for ladle* or Gentlemen w ili be ready at all times. Along experience in the business and an earnest desire to retain the confidence of liis friends, leads him to be lieve lie will lie able to give general satisfaction. Particular attention pnl«l to Horses on Livery Carriages always in readiness with careful drivers for the use of Balls, Parties, Ac. Ac. The quality of my stock will permit me to say that those seeking pleasure, or engaged on business would do well to give me a call. J. A. LANCASTER. Nevada. Aug. ?0. 1 R.W—4fl-tf‘ AGENCY OF GEORGE THATCHER & CO’S. CELEBRATED CALIFORNIA WINES! THF Mn<Wpii|incd lutving been appointed sole Agent. In Nevada, for the Sale of the above Celebrated Wine*, would respectfully call the attention of those wishing to u*e the above excellent and healthful beverage, that they can have it at manufacture™' prices, with freight added, l»v calling on M. II. FUXSTON. Nevada April 27th, 1858 —30 tf STORAGE FORWARDING AND COMMISSION W H i* * II d> XU fcl JEiX y FIRE-PROOP BRICK BULDIBIO, Lately occupied by Harrington. Hazletine Ac Co., Lower Plaza, Marysville. <»oo«l* Received, Stored, and Forwarded to nil |mrt« of tlie Mine*. 89 tf W. T. ELLIR. NEW GOOES, At No. 26 COMMERCIAL STREET, I have just received at my Store, on Commercial street, the largest and Best Selected Stock #»f Groceries and I’rovlitioiis, EVER BROUGHT TO NEVADA, WHICH WII.I. BESOLD at the lowest possible rate*. The atteution of Country iVnler* i* called to my exten sire assortment of(»OOl»S. They will find it to their ad vantage to tilVE ME A CALL, before going below after their supplio.. HAILEY GATZKRT. Nevada May 18th 1858.—33-tr DENTISTRY. DR. A. CHAPMAN, Dentist, call* particular attention to hi* Toolli Anodyne, which, when applied, will stop the tooth ache in five inintea, and effectually destroy the nerve, leaving it in a fit condition to t»e filled without causing pain, where it would otherwise have to be extracted All Dental operation* perfonned in a neat and substan tial manner, and satisfaction guaranteed in all ca*ea. OmcK —In Kidd k Kuox Brick Building, corner Pine and Broad *treets, Nevada, where he intend* to remain |w*r« manently October Htli, 1858—2-11 Billiard Saloon.! Cokxkr or Hroat) and Pink Sth.. Formrri.y U. H. Hotel. 1IARRI1VGTON A PATTERSON, WOULD MOST RESPECTFULLY ANNOUNCE TO THEIR friend* and the public, that they have taken the New Brick Building, corner of Broad and Pine Streets, on the site of the old U. S. Hotel, and fitted it up ax a SA LOON, in a style unsurpassed for elegance and comfort, and are prepared for all who may favor them with a call. * Tin* Hilliard Tnblea will 1m* found equal to any in the State, and those who delight in this pleasant game, will find tliis Saloon weft adapted to enjoy it. The Bar will at all time* be supplied with the bent LIQUORS AND SUGARS Which the market of San Francisco can afford, and no ex pense or pains will be spared on the part of the Proprietors to make this a popular and agreeable place of resort. Nevada. Jsn’y. 13, 1857.—16-tf CIGARS f CIGARS!! CIGARS!!! Brick Store cm Main Street, appnnte Well s, Fargo d Co. and Junction of Main d Commercial Streets. H. dt M. HIR9CH18A1V TTTould respectfully announce that they have on hand, fV and are constantly receiving, by express and other conveyances, the largest and best assortment of Fine Havana Cigar*, Choice Brand* of Tobacco, Pipe*, Mafche*, Playing Card*, die. dir. die. Which will he sold lower than the same quality of articlea can be bought in any other house in this city. Our old friends and customers are invited to give u* a call and satisfy themselves in regard to the quality of our stock. Particular attention paid to oadrrs from the count Z-tr H. k M HIRSCHMAN. NOTICE TO MILL OWNERS!! WOULD CALL YOUR PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO A New and Superior article of LUBRICATING OIL, FOR ENGINES, id Machinery of all kind*. It will we»r without gum ag up. and will be a saving of 14 par cent over lard. Abo for mle a large .took of LioMod, lard. Polar and ker Oil* at has than ever before offered ia Nevada F OK lSH. GEO. 0. KILBOURXE. Nevada March 10th. 1858.—23 3m NEVADA DEMOCRAT 9B PRINTING OFFICE, BROAD STREET. KING fumiahed with a new and complete aaaortment of JOB TYPE, we are prepared to execute 'RENTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, manner that cannot fail to giro aa tie faction to all wbo i furor na with a call, hosa in want of udi, Circular*. Bill Ilrmda, Law BLanka, Poster.. Handbill#, Ball Tlaketa, Catalogue!, BlUa of Fore, Programme#, Hooka. Pamphlet#, Check#, Draft#, «fce. do well to giro us a call. Largo reduction* made from i California” price. NEVADA, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 23, 1858. The Nationut lnUlligtnctr publishes a long let ter from Dr. John Frederick May, giving an ac oount of Col. Benton’s malady, and of tbe man ner in which he met death. We append to much of the letter as is of general interest: A more careful examination confirmed me in the view we theu took of bis case, and of its hopeless nature, and 1 communicated that opin ion to himself and to his friends. He received it with perfect calmness and resignation, ex pressing only the wish that he might be allowed to live long euough to finish his work. Before he was relieved in the attack Just spo ken of, he bad given up all hopes of life, lie told me he was satisfied the hour of his dissolu tion was near at hand, that it was impossible for him to recover, and that his only regrets at parting with tbe world were in separating from bis children, and in leaving his great work uu fiuisbcd; that death had no terrors for him, for he bad thought on that satgect too long to feel any. * * * * 1 ascertained that in the intervals of my vis its to him at this time he repeatedly went to work and corrected the proof-sheets, which be was in the habit of receiving at short periods from bis publisher, Mr. Appleton, and I recollect on one occasion w hen 1 did not suppose he could stand, he suddenly arose from his bed, and, in face of all remoiistrauce, walked to his table at some distance off, and corrected and fin ished the conclusion of another work on which he was engaged, and of which be had shortly before received proofs from New York. Hi* unconquerable will, enabled him to do it, but w hen done, he was so exhausted 1 had to take the pen from hi* hand to give it tbe direction. ' As soon as he recovered from the immediate danger of this attack, he labored as he had done for years before, constantly at his task. Rising by daylight, and writing incessantly with the exception of the hour he usually devoted to his afternoon ride on his horse, the effect of which, though I feared from the position of his disease, he yet seemed to think was of benefit to him. And at this labor he continued from day to day until within aliout a week before his death; when no longer able to rise from weakness he wrote in his bed, and when no longer able to do that, dictated his views to others. Thus it may be truly said of him, he literally “died in harness ” battling steadily from day to day with the most formidable malady that afflicts humanity: his intellect unclouded, and his iron will sustaining him in the execution of his great national work almost to the last mo ment of his existence. [Corrf*|i<>ii(lcnc* of the IVnnxjlvania Knquircr.] An item of new* just now going the rounds, relates that a sailor who died recently in Texas confessed on his death bed that he was one of a crew of mutineers who some forty years ago took possession of a brig on its passage from Charleston to New York, und caused all the of ficers and passengers to walk the plank. For forty years the wretched man had carried about with him the dreadful secret, and died at last in an agony of despair. What gives thia story additional interest is the fact that the vessel referred to is the one on which Mrs. Theodocia Allston, the beloved daughter of Aaron Burr, took passage for Now York, for the purpose of meeting her parent in the darkest days of his existence, and which never having been beard of, was supposed to have been foundered at sea. The dying sailor professed to remember her well; said that site was the last who perished, and ihat he never forgot her look of despair as she took the last step from the fatal plank. On reading this account, I regarded it as a fiction; but on conversing to-day with an officer of the navy, he assures me of its probable truth, mid states that on one of bis passages home some years ago, his vessel brought two pirates in irons, who were subsequently executed ut Nor folk for recent offeucus, and who, before tbeir execution, confessed that they bad been mem bers of (bo same crew, and participated in the murder of Mrs. Allstoii and her companions. What chiefly caused my scepticism on the subject was the fact that Mr. I’urton, tho recent biographer of Durr, leaves the fats of the daugh ter enveloped in mystery, and closes the record of her noble and beautiful life with her embark ation on board the brig, which be bus never siuec heard from. 1 am at a loss now to understand, if the con fession alluded to hy my naval friend was made public, as it undoubtedly was, how Mr. Dal ton could have failed, among his extensive and in dustrious reseaiches, to discover the fact. — Whatever opinion may be entertained of the father, the memory of the daughter must ever be revered as one of the loveliest and most ex cellent of American women, and the revelation of her untimely fate can only servo to invest that memory With a more tender and melan choly interest. A Flockisiiino City in Ckntkal Aukkica.— The New Orleans Picayune has a wandering, traveling, gossiping and intelligent correspond ent traveling through the Central American States, who ti.ug brifjy notices one of the citiws that he entered on the 26tb of February : San Jose, after tbe city of Guatclarna, is probably the best built city of Central America, and contains about 15,000 inhabitants. It is situated in the beautiful valley of the same namo, every foot of whieh is cultivated like a garden. The climate is delicious, and is very even, tbe thermometer ranging, between morn ing and night, most of the year round, at C5 and 75 degrees. It scarcely ever rises above 80 in the hottest part of the day, or falls below Wf in the coolest. Tbe people of the city, like the great majority of the people of Costa Rica, are mostly pure Indian or a little Spanish mix ed. To one accustomed to the idleness of Pan ama, their industry appears extraordinary.— Every one is busy. In fact an idler is scarcely to be met. Gambling is prohibited by tbe laws, and iftberc are any tippling shops in the city they are hard to find. The laws ure mild and reasonable, but always enforced. The Po lice Courts have but little to do, and tbe jails are tenantless. So healthy is the climate that there ar* very few persons in the hospitals, and these ars mostly wounded or infirm persons.— Besides, tbe people are generally so thrifty that when sick but few feel obliged to appeal to public charity. Among the agriculturists, on tbe coffee and tobacco estates, labor commands about sixty cents per day, and it is not easy to bo had.— Tbe cost of living among the lower cln-oes, with tbeir few wants, temperate habits and frugal ways, is very cheap. The wealthy make no great display either in their houses, tables or clothing. Their town-houses are simply but comfortably furnished, and their farm-houses, in the valleys, where they spend the planting and harvesting seasons, are almost as roughly kept as soldiers’ barracks. And yet some of these planters send crops to market worth $50,- 000. Railroad Rascamtt in Tkxas.— The Galves ton News cf May Cth furnishes the following: We learn from parties, who have arivr ed from Houston, that the greatest excite ment prevailed there, on account of certain disclosures, connected with the issuing of three hundred and fifty thousand dollars worth of stock in the Central Railroad, with a view to control the election of tbe President and Board of Directors far tbe eneuing year. Col. Benton’* Lm) Hoar*. The I>a tighter of Aaron Uurr. This Tornado at the West.—The Chicago : Tribune has some partieulars of the tornado I which swept over Illinois, May 13th. The fol lowing is the acconut of the storm at 1’eoria: ‘■The hurricane struck the city about five o'clock in the evening. Iu the twinkling of an eye, fifteen or twenty houses were unroofed, every church spire in the city blown down, three canal boats loaded with lumber sunk, and the steamer Olin. with tweuty-onc passengers on board, made a complete wreck, her cabin being 1 entirely blown away. And what seems really miraculous, is the fact that but one life was lost in all this furious disorganization of matterand utter demolition of structures. It is said that a little child was lost from oft 1 the wrecked steamer. The lumber in the yards was blown all over the city, the gas lamps were all blown down, and the sigus were sent flying in every direction . windows and gable ends were smashed in, whole trains of cars were blown off'the track, and the beautiful College building upon the bluff utter ly demolished. Our informant was obliged to lake refuge in the Court House square, to avoid ! the general destruction which threatened the ! city, and to escape the flying signs, boards, box es and other missiles with which the air was filled.” The Chicago Journal of the 14th, contains some further particulars, which are as follows : The gale was accompanied by hail and rain- At Galesburg, the engine house of the Chicago’ Burlington and Quincy Railroad and also two churches, just completed, were blown down, ami a number of dwelling houses were unrooted. Three ears wore blown off the track and turned upside down. The amount of the damages is estimated at $40,000. At Oquawka two steam mills were ruined and ten houses unroofed, and ; damage altogether to the amount of $10,000 to $15,000 suffered. At Galva a two story dwell 1 ing house w as ruined, and a large church re moved from its foundations about a foot, be * sides other minor casualties. At Mendota the the railroad engine house took tire and was con sumed, together with a locomotive. No loss of life is reported at either place. A Mystki:y Explained—Soockiko Affair.— The Chicago papers contain full particulars of the arrest of llenry Jumpcrta, charged with the murder of a woman whose butchered body was sent to New York by railroad, and there discov ered in a whiskey barrel. Jumpertz makes a pretty full statement of tlie w hole affair. The whole matter discloses a sad picture of the im morality of all concerned. Eirst, the unfortu nate woman lived unhappily with her husband, by whom, it is said, she was maltreated. She sought refuge in another family ; and while I there, owing to an absence of proper conduct ! upon the part of those with whom she lodged, she was thrown into civil correspondence with ! Jumpertz. She then continued to live with the prisoner—a child being born to them ; and at j last, in utter despair, having abandoned her husband, and being as she thought., abandoned by her lover, she bung herself in the rooms of the latter. The prisoner, alarmed, resorted to sccrcsy: lie cut her body up, packed it in a bar rel and sent it off. With that consciousness which follows criminality, he had been expect ing to be nvrested for a long time, and, now that lie has been arrested, makes a confession voluntarily of what he says lias been his agency in the affair. The whole tiling is astounding. In one of the largest commercial liuildiings in Chicago, in the very heart of business, is a man living with a woman; she hangs herself, and for over a week her companion is engaged hacking her body to pieces, packing the liinhs away in a barrel, and no one is aware of what is a going on. Suicide it may have been, but, whether j suicide or murder, it was performed with tin-1 bounded sccrcsy and success ill a building ten- \ anted by perhaps fifty other persons. Dkatu ofKknatok Evans.-— Judge Evans, Sen ator from South Carolina, died at Washington, on the evening of May 7th. The cause of his death was disease of the heart. The Tribune’s correspondent says: He hud returned from dining with Gov. Ham mond in perfect health, smoked a cigar and re tired at 10. At lOJ o'clock lie oatne out of his chamber, called his servant and sent for Mr. McQueen, who, with Mr. Boyce lodged at the same house. Mr. McQueun came and found Mr. Evans sitting in a ehair, complaining of oppres sion of the heart. He requested Mr. McQueen to administer two spoonftills of ether, which had no effect. A physician was sent for. who at tempted to bleed him, but did not succeed, lie died in a quarter of an hour, peacefully and al most imperceptibly, llis last words were to Mrs. McQueen, who was bathing his head with cologne: ‘•You arc very kind, but it will do no good!” He was the oldest Senator, 74 years of age, and was eminent for the gentleness and purity ol bis character.” Singular Cask or Suspkndrd Animation. —A German woman, at Baltimore, who had been ill for some time, was supposed to have died about two o’olock in the morniug of May 14th. Her flesh becoming cold and her limbs rigid she was laid out and prepared for the grave. Tlioso who had the care of her then closed the room and retired to rest. At about (i o'clock the wo man’s husband beard some one calling from iiis wife’s room, and on opening the door saw her sitting up in bed. She asked him why her child which was crying in another room, was not qui eted, and upon the inmates of the house gath ering around her, she talked to them and drnnk some wine, a cup ol tea and a glass of water. She had a vague idea of what was going on while they were laying her out, but bad not the power to move or speak, and after returning to consciousness asked her husband what they had been doing with her after she fell asleep. She seemed much better than she had been for some days, but about 8 o'clock she died. Tub Oldest Inhabitant Gunk. —Mrs. Sarah Benjamin, of Mount Pleasant New York, died on the 20th of April, at the reported age of 114 years, 5 months and 3 days. Her exact age is uncertain, although reported to be known to a day. There is no record of her birth, and no memory of man runneth back a hundred years, hence the fa«t of her being just so many years, months and days old, is guess work. Judging from the age of her surviving daughter, Mrs. Benjamin was something over a hundred years old —but how much over that no one can ascer tain. Her maiden name was Sarah Matthews. She was born in Goshen, Orange county New York. She was thrice married. Her first husband was Mr. William Iteed. He aerved in the Revolu tionary army in the early part of the struggle, and died of a wound received in Virginia. Her second husband was Mr. Aaron Osbourne of Goshen, N. Y. He also was in the army of the Revolution, but survived the war. Her last husband was Mr. John Benjamin, with whom she settled in Mount Pleasant in 1821. He died four year* afterward. She bad five children, the youngest of whom is seventy years old. She baa left four generations of descendants. (She accompanied her husband in the army of the Revolution and was at the battle of Yorfc town. Bbe was never sick, and until the close of her life enjoyed a cheerful and lively dispo sition. ASTOCNDtKQ LEGISLATIVE COWHJPTIOS. — AO- j cording to a report of an investigating com mittee of the Wisconsin Legislature, a synop sis of which is published in the Madison (\Vis.) Journal, nearly the whole Wisconsin Legisla ture of 1856 was bought tip by the Lacrosse and Milwaukie Railroad Company, in order to obtain the passage of a land grant. Such a display of wholesale bribery is without a nat al- ; ltd in this country, and we hope ever will be. From the report of the committee it appears that eight Senators received $20,000 each, and one $25,000 Fifty-one Assemblymen received $5,000 each in stocks and bonds, eight received $10,000 each, and one $20,000. Sum total paid to the Legislature, $520,000! The Go vernor was paid $50,000. Lieut. Governor $10,- 000, Comptroller $10,000, private Secretary of of the Governor $5,000, “one Smith” $10,000, sundry officers of the Legislature $16,000 alto gether. A newspaper editor $10,000, and a number of other parties not connected with the State government $246,000. The sum total of those extraordinary bribes is upwards of $872,- OOO! In the Assembly only four members vo ted for the bill who were not paid, and in the Senate only six. There were but thirteen votes against it in both houses. What is Photer to he Written’ on a News paper.— A custom prevails to a very great ex tent of writing the name of the person sending, or some other communication, upon the margin of u newspaper, intending that it shall be sub ject to paper postage alone. The 1’. O. Depart ment d reels, whenever this is done and discov- ] ered, that letter postage shall he charged upon i such paper. In order that ignorance may not be alleged ns a plea in this case, we copy from tbc instructions of May 5, 1858, the following j instructions to Postmasters: ‘•Any iron! or communication, whether by print ing, writing, marks or signs, upon a newspaper, pamphlet, magazine, or other printed matter, or upon, the cover or wrapper thereof, other than the nnmc and address of the person to whom it is to bo sent, subjects the package to letter post age; and such postage should be, like all other letter postage, prepaid or the matter should not lie mailed. If. however, it reaches the office ot de ( livery unpaid, and the party addressed shall I refuse to pay letter postage thereon, further j proceedings should be waived, there being no j concealment or attempt at fraud, nnd the pack- J age placed with the other refused matter in the office. A pen or pencil mark, made for the sole I purpose of attracting the eye to a particular portion | or artipie of printed matter, does not subject such matter to letter postage/' Iowa Gout Mines. —Great excitement existed ; in Iowa, at last accounts from lliut region, in j regard to the newly discovered gold mines, of which we have already made mention. A cor-1 respondent of the N. V. Tribune, writing from Keokuk, under date of May 10th, says : ‘•Gold diggings have been discovered in Mad ison, Warren, Clark, Webster and l’olk conn- j ties. It seems that the mines in Folk county I were discovered last fall by a farmer; that he \ suppressed till within the Inst month, when he made it known. Since then, gold mines have j been discovered in the counties above men tioned. Warren county undoubtedly contains I tlte richest mines in the State, and although the j discovery has not been ujndo two weeks, there are over 400 men working tlte mines there, ma- ■ king from $5 to $15 per (lay. I saw a gentle man from the mines to-day. Tie states that ho has averaged $17 per day, and has been at work about a woek.' r Dlstuuhtino the Documents.— During the ) first five monthsof the present session, the mem* j bers of the U. S. Senate distributed 810,000 copies of speeches delivered in that body. Of [ these. 080,000 were circulated in the free States, and 130,000 in the slave States. The Lecomp ton Senators sent abroad 310.000 copies, nnd the nnti-Lecompton 530,000. Gwin sent 8,500, and Broderick 16,350; Douglas sent 198,600; Bright 100.700; Seward 68.000; Trumbull 27.- 000; Chandler 30.000; Stuart 39,000; Pugh 25.- 000; and none of the others sent above 17,000. These papers cost about $2 per hundred, so that Douglas must have paid $4,000 for his share. Fimb at Chicago—Loss ok Bike.—A tele graphic dispatch, dated at Chicago, May 18th, says : A fire occurred this morning in Wells street, between Van ltnren and Jackson streets. The buildings consumed were of little value, but there was a distressing loss of life. Nine per sons are known to have perished, and three others are missing. The names of the lost, as far as ascertained, are as follows: Harrison Burger, his wile and three children, William Reilley, Mrs. Johnson and her son. The origin of the fire is unknown, hut if is supposed fo have been the work of an incendi ary, as the building in which it commenced has been tired twice within a short time past. Governor Yen. The following is an extract from a private letter, dated Canton river, Feh. 26th : “In catching Yuli, we have not caught a Tar tar; ho is of pure Chinese blood, and rose to his i high position by great mental capacity. He first attracted the notice of the Emperor by an historical book he wrote, and since that period his rise became rapid. JI« took the highest Chinese degree when twenty-nine years old, ! and may now be called the second wrangler in the empire. He is very siinplcand regular in his tastes and ( habits ; highly courteous and polite in lilt man-1 ners ; does not drink as a general rule ; never j smokes opium ; never appears to evince the | slightest concern about bis fate ; is a Buddhist; | pray* regularly twice a day with his head east ward ; sleeps a good deal; talks little ; appears much esteemed by his attendants and the high er clusa of Chinese; of course is as obstinate as a pig, and hates us cordially. His food is chiefly rice, ducks, pork, salted eggs, and some other curious Chinese delicacies ; of course ho wont eat beef, His drink is chiefly hot weak tea. He has never tasted cold water in his life and swears a drink of it would kill him. I have twice had long chats with him, through the in terpreter of course." Latkii from Salt Lake.—By the arrival of the steamer Senator from the southern coast, we have Intelligence from Salt Lake to May 3d. The main body of the Mormons continued to move from the city to Provo. Some 800 inhab itants of Salt Bake met in convention and in formed Brigham Young in writing that they would not follow him, but would remaiu where they are under the protection of Gov, Cum mings, and some three hundred other tnen and women have asked Gov. Cummings to send them back to tbe Atlantic side. The main body of the Mormons are at Provo, where Gov. Cum mins visited them and asked them if they were willing he should be their Governor, but they answered in the negative, preferring as they said to stick by Brigham Young, because he had stuok by them. The Atlantic Telegraph. —On the Orst of May, the Niagara and Agamemnon, at Ply mouth, England, had nearly completed taking on board the telegraph cable. The Niagara had on board 1070 miles, and would take in all 1468, being 2J3 miles mere than last year. The Aga memnon bad on board 932 miles, and would take 1470, being 290 more than last year, WHOLE NO. 246. NEWS ITEMS. U. S. T hoops at San Bernardino.— -The troop* which the people at Sail Bernardino have no anxiously been waiting for, are at length ar rived. They are encamped on the river, *ix miles out, where they are to remain a day ar two to wash and refresh themsclve* after their weary march across the desert. There are 168 men, comprising two companies of the 2d Ar tillery, nnd they are to remain at San Bernar dino until further orders. Lieutenant Tyler i* in command of the troops. The post is In com mand of Captain Hardy. It is said the troops arc flush of cash, haring been recently paid off. This fact has given great joy to everybody.— [Southern Vineyard. Navigation ok Klamath Rived. — 1 Two men who had been living at Scott's liar, on Klamath river, says the Crescent City Herald, intending to visit the Frazer river mines, concluded to attempt what had never before been done—the descent of the Klamath. They accordingly built a boat at Scott's Bar, embarked with their traps, and made the entire voyage down the Klamath to Its mouth, and thence to Crescent City, In safety. The distance Is about onebun- J dred and seventy-ftvo miles by water. Escape op a Convict. —A man named John Knox, convicted of grand larceny, at Sacra mento. and sentenced to five years' imprison ment In the Slate Prison, effected his escape on the night of June 15th, from the steamer Eclipse just as she reached her wharf He ivas in the custody of a deputy of sheriff Manlove, of Sacramento. The oUlcer locked his prisoner in a state-room, but the latter, notwithstanding lie was hand untied, succeeded In opening the window without noise. Roovr Rtvicii Jonx.—It is stated that the wound in the leg of the son of old John has taken n malignant turn, and amputation will be necessary to save his life. The cause of the conduct of John on board the Columbin, it Is said, was a remark from a steerage passenger that he was to be hung on the arrival of tha steamer at Humboldt Bay. John, supposing it 1 to be the destination of the vessel, uttempted to escape. Shooting at Hoiinitas. —On Thursday, May 10th, a qunrrel took plnecat llornita 0 . between I George Hardin and James Stroops. The latter | commenced the fight bv tiring two shots, when Hardin drew a revolver and tired several times at Stronps, one of the shots taking effect in his left side. The wound will undoubtedly provo fatal. Hardin had nil examination before a magistrate, and was honorably acquitted. Fatai, Aithay.—A young tnan named David W. Major was killed recently at Mountain Springs, by a man named Samuel Shales. It appears that a difficulty about a milling claim or a company debt was the cause of the affray. It is stated that duriug the tight. Major receiv ed a kick in the neck, which dislocated it. The quarrel was of long standing, and it is said I hut Shales had previously threatened to kill Mt^jir, Bound ton Frazer. —The Red Bluff Beacon says that some of the best citizens of that plnou are selling out their property at a sacrifice, for the pm pose of going to Frazer river. A com pany is to start this week overland with pack mules, and others are going by water, Tho Frazer fever has also struck Tehama a violent blow, and the probability is that the most of it 1 will soon start for New Caledonia Vam'e ok a Thick. —Tho Big Tree Bulletin ; says that, within two miles of tho Big Tree I Grove, a gentleman realized $1,000 from a sugar pine tree, which he made into shingles, boards and pickets, and sold them at and in the vicinity of Murphy’s. The sugar pines in that vicinity are from four to eight feet in diameter, and one hundred and fifty to two hundred feet high. Srmiaini Mt'RDEKKTt AurtESTKO.—A corres pondent of tlie Stockton Argus, snys that the Dutchman who is the supposed murderer of Mr. S. Harris, near Tulare T.ake, has been arrested an i is now in the jail at Los Angeles, lie had shipped on board of a selmener, and was taken at a port about 100 miles down the coast. Tiik IiAt’ua Be van. —Hopes are entertained for flic safety of the schooner Laura Bovnn, although doors, etc., recognized as having be longed to her, have been found washed ashore, but it is supposed that they might have been carried olf by a sea, without destroying the vessel. The nope, however, is a very faint one. Vkhsei.8 kou the North. — There are now six steamers running regularly between San Fran cisco and i’uget Sound, and they are taking away, at a low estimate, three thousand pas sengers a week. There are also many sailing vessels engaged In the trade, which carry pas sengers. UxscccER8(Tb CHAgK.--Sheriff Poindexter, of Tulare county, has returned home, after a long but fruitless chase after some parties supposed to be connected with the gang that murdered Frank Lane. The Sheriff rode over six hun dred miles in eight days. Tuooi's kou the North. —The steamer Senator which recently arrived from the southern coast, brought up one hundred and forty-five soldiers, I composing companies A and G, 3d artillery. . They left for the north on the steamer Pacific, which sailed on Tuesday the 15!h iust. Sah. —At Tehama, on Monday, the 14th, a lit tle daughter of Dr. Nicholas Tartar, drew a coffee-pot of hot water from a store, when no one happened to he near, and so burned its breast and Iwidy that it died tlie next day. Tbc child was about ten monts old. Expeoitiocs Tanninq. —The California Par. mer says some samples of good harness leather were lately placed in tho workshops of Napa, ready far use, in just six weeks from the day the hides were taken off the bullocks, Coi.biaiox, —A collision took place in San Francisco Bay, June 11th, by the Chilean bark Eloise running against the Chilean bark Mata dor. The Matador lost her bowsprit and apor. tion of her foremast and rigging. A New Enemy. —The Yreka Curoniele says that crickets arc making their appearance in countless numbers in that vicinity. It adds that they, are far more destructive to the crops than grasshopper,s. Tice Soeano Herald. —B. b. Gorman, editor and proprietor of the Solano Herald, has sold that journal to Win. J. Hooton. Gorman gocB to Frazer river. Folsom.— One half the population of Folsom are troubled with the Frazer river fever, and will depart for the region of \\'hateoiu as soon as possible. Came Back Sake. — Dr. O. Harrgy, of Placer ville, who was on board the Central America, returned on the Sonora. Amador Sentinel. — Col. Itust, late editor of the State Journal, has purchased one half of the Amador Sentinel. AprLEs.—The bark Matador arrived at San Franeisco recently, from Chile, with 4,125 boxes of apples, in good order. Suspended. — The Sacramento Californian and Oroville Californian have been suspended. The Public Schools of San Francisco have been re opened.