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J 'V . 01 YER, Editor. iiivM r.tlJey, , al., October 6, 1853. g-'OKg:.T , Ti—TT-—i mi _iju».l-uii ■mlhiuhj., >lr. .1. »1 Cnnip mr sole Agent for the Grass Vaixiv TFi.a;BAr-i. in . r(Francisco. He Isempower €'• r> receive a > l -hs-i; xnts and receipt for the same. a v. i i with Mr. Camp will receive y?»v. pt attenti ' mALMURCE -F THE PRAIRIES. Sin> c the v. y (I began, a laud of Com i ace < gf eat< importance than that which is 7 ir- ateinplalion between this and the Atl>v. ’•■‘i. ’.us never existed. Consid er .■ under which they labor > d, rhe between Mexico and the AtUii c ■ m.. A’een the years 1820 and I s 12 ..us bei /remarkable, perhaps un equal d • *• 1 ng of the kind up to that tinv. Bn this c.aau matter of little consequence compared to the land trade which is now car ried on between the Western States and Cali fornia ; and no circumstance in the history of this continent ever more clearly elucidated the value and necessity of commerce, than does the uncompromising wants of each State, in respect to the relations they sustain, one with another, and this is equally appli cable between these of the Atlantic and Pa cific. Had it not been for the Western States, the people of this State could have scarcely sub sisted, and those on the other hand, would have found a sluggish outlet for their vast productions of Agriculture ; and the mone tary condition of the country for a great number of years must have remained exceed ingly poor and inadequate- Six years ago, cows in Missouri, that would not sell for five dollars in cash, will now’ command twen ty dollars, ready money ; and all other kinds of stock have increased in vaiue, in nearly a like proportion. In this space of time, too, land in Missouri has more than doubled in value. Thus, productions and property that at one time possessed only a nominal value, commanding scarcely any thing in money, is worth more than three times as much as it w r as, and will readily bring the cash. What can more strongly impress our minds with the beneficial effects w’hich California has brought about, than the reflection, for example, that the wealth of such States as Illinois, lowa and Missouri have more than doubled in con sequence and wealth since the discovery of California ; gold and California wealth. The following estimate of the land cnui. raerco (tween this State and the western border Missouri, will give the reader some idea o s value and importance. We make oar ca lation from the statistics given us ty He w. stern papers, and the information wc ha* ibtained from intelligent gentlemen that have crossed the plains this season, and likewise f”om the accounts that have been kepi at he different crossings and bridges in tervening. Then, rutting the live stock, composing caivi horses and mules, at 150,000 in num ber, to ray nothing of sheep, as well as wag ons, and other articles, in which money is in vested, the value of the Commerce of the Prairies this season, cannot be less than eight millions of dollars. This commerce, in point of profitableness, w r hen the extensiveness is taken into vicw r , as w r ell as the length of time it has been sustained, to say nothing of the future, is per haps unsurpassed by any thing known before. And in consequence of the vast amount of Beef consumed in California, and necessarily the high prices of the same, the stock trade is destined to be both lasting and profitable. How’ever, the number of cows driven across the plains this season justifies us in the opin ion that in six years from this time, wm shall raise our own cattle ; just as in the year 1854, wc will raise our own wheat—and grind our own flour. In this way, our State must even tually become the wealthiest iu the confede racy. Besides raising cattle in this country, tak ing ten years together, with 2000 cows, is a better business, as well as vastly a more plea sant and less hazardous one, than driving from the States. Young agriculturists can not do as well at any thing else, if they can but buy fifty cows, as to settle on a ranch and raise cattle. It is with feelings of pride that we contem plate the interest that is everywhere felt throughout our country in the sublime pros pect of placing in direct physical alliance all parts of this vast continent, by the construc tion of a National Railroad from the Atlan tic to the Pacific ocean. When that glorious period shall be at hand, when science and art shall stretch their magic wand over the western wilderness— when the hills shall be levelled, the mountains graded, and the monotonous plains taught the imperfections of their condition—when the iron ways shall be contrived and finished, and the Iron Horse equipped and caparisoned for the race. Then shall have been sccomplished the most gigantic and important enterprise of the age. Then shall the pulse of the Ameri can throb anew with pride and gratification as he beholds the accomplishment of an en terprise so sublime and grand in all its parts, that of itself, would be known and recognised as of American origin. Let us for a moment anticipate its completion ; let us imagine the noble train of cars as ready for the trip.— Listen ! do you not hear that shrill whistle as it echoes over the peaceful Bay of San Francisco, —look you ; do you not see that train of black and curling smoke as it seems to arise from a thing of life, while rushing through the narrow opening of the Sierras ? On it speeds, deserts appear and recede from view ; lovely velleys flash up as it were, to the enraptured gaze, amd then again are lost to view: bold mountains rear their eternal snow capped tops above, but for a moment and they too disappear,—on sweeps the noble tfkiu, while on every side may be witnessed a confused stampede of the wild inhabitants of the Plains. Bn t hold ! we are again in the land of our nativity! The genius of man has conquered, and in a few days we have been transported from the El Dorado of the IVest to the grand Emporium of the East. Commerce is thus greatly facilitated, and in consequence of quick trips and comperative ly low rates, the hearts of thousands are made joyful in the v.- mu embrace of friends with .whom they,.?. ,si:.ce given lip even the shadow of a hope of re-union. REASON WHY. We often hear men railing against Quartz | Mining, decrying it as a humbug, a swindle, good-for-nothing operation—but to sink mo : ney, and in proof, they point us to certain 1 magnificent failures in some parts of this ■ county. | We came across a letter the other day in an Atlantic paper, written some time in ’52. i giving an account of these failures, and as it sets forth the causes in few words, we give an I extract below: “About a year ago a man dropped down I at Nevada with a wonderful invention—noth ing less than extracting the gold from quartz |by heat. He could draw out all the gold, and consequently any quartz that would j yield a profit by an accurate assay, would also pay if tossed into his furnace. He suc ceeded in making a good many people be lieve that he had the ‘‘dead thing,” and thev went into the scheme, never once dreaming that his dead thing could by any possibility prove, their dead loss. Yet Vo it'has proved. The yellow drippings from Roger’s furnaces have never yet shown through the interstices of anybody’s pnrse, and I know that anathe mas are heaped upon the Professor's head vith all the that a hundred thousand dollars locked up in machinery by the side of a poor quartz-lead, can impart. Not far from this Roger’s Folly stands an other mill (stampers) silent. It‘has a double enormous boiler power, stamps nu ;ii r .'as and heavy enough to crush forty tons a day, and covered by a substantial frame. A company of men from below—good mer chants and good steamboat capitalists, good judges of the barley market—thought it want worth their while to ho dilly-dallying, but make their “pile” at once and bo off. So up they came to Nevada to erect a quartz mill. They found a lead and bought it for a song. A magnificent lead, too—six feet thick! Beautifully situated into the bargain—abut ting on a stream of water, and ready to be chucked under the big stamps almost without the intervention of pick or hammer. And up went the mill. It is currently reported that as.h'gh as $8 per ton has been saved in this mul from that vein. The wise old grey heads. It never once entered their capa cious noddles that SSOO or SIOOO would open the lead at different points, and pay the mill just above them tor crushing enough to show its capabilities. And now the mill is idle and can t be moved ; for the boilers are too heavy ever to be dragged up the hill that upset them as they went down. If such blundering should succeed, common-sense men had bet ter hang themselves forthwith; Yet such have been the causes of the failures at Nevady r'} ‘Y; A man in placer diggings prospects his claim carefully by panning before hePven toT?oVe h -n Tom ? r Sluice a hundred yards. These mill-men have torn to tatters the venerable adage—“Afool for luck!” We are glad to see that some of our coun trymen are manifesting an interest in the cultivation of flowers. Surely the love of nature in its purity is more ennobling in its influences than the constant craving for gold which seems the prominent, and characteris tic feature of the present day. Speaking of flowers, a correspondent of the Daily Pub lic Ledger says: “There is every indication around us, that ere long our pathway in this land of “Gold” will, indeed, be strewn with “Powers,” and Flowers, too, of the rarest kind. We had the pleasure to-day. of seeing sev eral plants of the “SpSrltus-SHnto,” in bloom, just received in this city, they were at the residence of one of our best and most enter prising citizens. The beautiful pendant cup, of nearly pure v mte, resembles indeed, the dwelling of s * inte d. spirit; and the form of the Uove, that is enshrined Avithin this beauti tul floral temple, is one of the most exquisite things in nature. If men would love gold less, and love the oeautdul things of earth more, life would be made more valuable, Society would be much improved, and the “ten thousand ills which es is heir to,” would, in a measure, pass aft ay from our midst; while as many joys would take their place.” From Deseret. —The latest news from Deseret represents the saints in great tribu lation. The Utah Indians, a bold and pow erful tribe, are in open hostilities, and keep the people in a constant state of appre hension. . Brigham Young has issued his proclama tion, warning the brethren to be in readiness against the time of need. COMPLIMENTARY NOTICES. We insert the following notices in our col umns, in order; according to the time they were laid on out table. The first number of a neat little pa per called the Grass Yalley Telegraph has been handed to us by Adams & Co. It is a spicy, modest sheet, filled with good edito rial and selected matter. Our best wishes attend Mr. Oliver and his partner in the en terprise.—JVeiyada Journal. Adams & Co. have again favored us with a new paper. The “ Grass Valley Telegraph ,” a small, but neat paper, comes to us from that beautiful mountain town. It is full of interesting matter, and located as it is in the richest and most beautiful mining portion of California, we may confidently look to it for something fresh and interesting. We almost envy the editors so cosily nestled in that beautiful town.— Marysville Express. Adams & Co., have just laid upon our table a copy of the Telegraph, a neat little paper just started at Grass Valley. - It is fil led with interesting matter, and promises well. We wish Messrs. Lilly & Oliver, its proprietors, all possible success. —Marysville Herald. We found on our table yesterday— laid there by Adams & Co., those untiring friends of the press—the first number of a new pap;r, called the Grass Valley Tele graph, »dikl by J. W Oliver. Esq. Tho TeMffaplYl s a neatly printed paper, about the size of the Calaveras Chronicle, and like it, is filled with well written articles and well selected paragraphs. We cannot pay the first number a better compliment than by sayitg that our scissors show evident signs of adesire to become intimate with it. We have but one fault to find—if it was not neu tral hit democratic, it would be perfect.— Tern. State Journal. Gaiss Valley Telegraph. —No better or more conclusive evidence of the prosperity of Ne’ada county need be adduced than the constantly increasing demand for local news paper. Before us, lies the Grass Valley Teleg-aph. an exceedingly creditable sheet, which is to be published weekly, by Lilley & Olivei. Mr. Oliver is the Editor, who in his saluta cry announces that his paper is to be neutral as regards politics. We hope that the “ Telegraph ” and “ Young America ” are ub only indices of the prosperity of Ne vada, tint of the State at large. The Jour nal of that county is, as we judge from its appeannee, a confirmation of the assertion made ii the first sentence of this notice.— Sac. Union Messrs, Adams & Co., laid upon our table last evening, the first number of the Grass Vvlley Telegraph , published by Lil ley & Oliver, at Grass Valley. The paper presents a very neat and workmanlike ap pearance. We hope the Valley may be mate rially beneited by the introduction of the “ press'’ into, its quiet precincts.— S. F, Ledg er, The Tellgraph is the name Of a new weekly, edited by Mr. J. W. Oliver, who late ly took an active part in Nevada county against the election of John Bigler. The Telegraph fe a sprightly little sheet, and evinces tact and ability in its editor. We wish him akmdant success and a useful ca reer for hislittle paper; may it expand with the country and become a reflex of its future prosperity.— S. F. Eve. Jour. The Spread of Light.—We have received the first number of the Grass Valley Tele graph, just started in the flourishing town of Grass Valley, in Nevada county. It is a handsome little sheet, and gives promise of a ca» eer of Usefulness. It is edited by Mr. J. W. Oliver. Nevada county must be fast set tling up with an intelligent population, as it now sustains three newspapers.—S. F. Her ald. A neat little paper called the Telegraph has made its appearance at Grass Valley, Nevada county. It is well edited and well printed.— Alta Cal New Paper. — We have received the first number of a new paper called the Grass Val ley Telegraph, published by Messrs. Lilley & Oliver. It presents a very creditable appear ance, and its columns are well filled with rea dable matter.— Placer Times Sf Transcript. The Grass Valley Telegraph. —This is the title of a new paper published in Grass Valley, by Messrs. Lilley & Oliver, and edited by the latter gentleman. It is about the size of our neighbor, the Sun, and in typographi cal appearance and editorial ability will com pare favorably with any paper in the State. We welcome the Telegraph into our ranks with the hope it may prosper and progress telegraphically. We are indebted to Adams & Co. for the first number. — Commercial Ad vertiser. The Telegraph is the title of a new and tasty sheet that has just made its debut, as a claimant for literary honors. It is edited by J. W. Oliver, Esq., and its first number gives evidence of its capacity to maintain the field. It is an honest paper, too, and gives credit for every thing it clips from other journals; we wish we could say the same for some other of bur contemporaries. Its typo graphical and editorial ability appearance is decidedly in its favor; We wish it lasting and honorable success. —5. F. Sun. t The Grass Valley Telegraph is the title of a new paper just started at Grass Valley. We have not had the pleasure of seeing a specimen of it, but from what we know of its editor, we think it can’t be otherwise than an excellent journal. . p s.—Since writing the above, Adams & Co. have placed the Telegraph upon our ta ble. It is a most creditable sheet in all its departments.— Golden Era. . Grass Valley Telegraph.— This is the title of an independent weekly newspaper, published at Grass Valley, by Messrs. Lilley & Oliver, the first number of which is before ns. It displays ability in its editorials, taste in its selections, and typographical neatness in its appearance. We wish it a telegraphic circulation, and all kinds of success.—Beni cia Vedette. Grass Valley Telegraph.—' This neat little paper for some time looked for, has appeared at last. It is under the editorial management of J. W. Oliver. As an auxiliary in develop ing the influence of our conntv and as evin cing the improvement of our sister town, we hail the Telegraph with pleasure.— Young America. l urougn the politeness of Adams <!tCo., we have been favored with a copy odh'e Grass Vallet Telegraph, an indopeient weekly newspaper, published by Messrs bil let & Oliver. Much ability is display! in the Editorial department, and neatness i its tipographical appearance. What can tore unmistakebly tell of the changes that ave taken place in California, and especiallyhat. portion of the State, Grass Valley, whin the last few years?— Santa Clara Regiter. Gentlemen and Editors :—Words aresn tirely inadequate to express that deep pd heartfelt gratitude, which we feel, on accont of your most favorable notices, attributale as we presume to our humble exertions. You. gentlemen, can doubtless apprecile our feelings,—you too , have felt that sa\e earnest hope, which we have indulged inl. yon too, have experienced that same thrill# joy, that we now' feel; and as you have gii. ciously extended the hand of friendship, A grasp it cordially, wdiile at the same time ve express a hope, that our acquaintance so fir vorably commenced, may continue in all hro thu iy kindness, until we shall have mutual ly Cschargcd our last earthly duties. As Editors, we occupy a truly responsible station, and consequently, are responsible for much of the £ao<l or «vii that Is our country. Let us therefore be careful, not only in our relations with one anpther. but also with the wmrld; exhibiting both by pre cept and example, such a spirit only, as shall have a tendency to elevate the human char acter, and hasten that glorious “ Milennium” which shall bring “ peace on earth, and good will to all mankind.” Once more gentlemen, accept our thanks. (A LEAF FROM THE DARK SIDE OF LIFE.) Surpassing Straxge, —Yes, we consider it strange indeed that a man should relinquish his Tight of manhood, for the bowl, —that he w T ould throw aw'ay his conscience for a dram, or barter his reason for madness, and yet this is often so. Ah! poor frale human nature— where is the end of thy duplicity and weak ness. “ Thou knowest that the way of the transgressor is hard,” but will not forsake it. On the one hand is the fair fields of virtue, covered with the sweet flowers of happiness and contentment; w-hile the pure streams of life, and love, wind gently through their fo liage ; but you heed them not, you see them not! Turning aside you trad your heedless way through the barren sands of crime and licentiousness; wdiile the burning sun of an upbraiding conscience is constantly pour ing its hot beams upon your defenseless head: feverish and excited—you stop at a broad and inviting streai to q ench your thirst and drown your sorrow’s ; but alas, its w aters are mixed with gall, and in it, is fouid the -üb tile poison of an ungovernable axd hellish passion; drink ii. and-iKnvill feelings oi the human soul; take but a quad’ and you will forget the sweet innocence of childhood days; drink again, and the kind admonitions of a fond mother are all forgot ten ! —alas for the unguarded flow'ers of inno cence that are found in your pathw’ay, for now' they will be doomed to fade. fair ones, your confidence has been mlsplacei, and you are now left to mourn the irrapara ble losses of a single hour; drink again, am the world is converted into a field of war fare. Friends, are no longer remembered but in every face, you behold an enemy, and in every word is detected a concealed—thougl burning reproach: lost to all feeling of hu man sympathy; blood and revenge is the on ly and all absorbing passion ; drink again ha! ha! ha! and the brain whirls as if forcet by the impetus of concentric rings while de vils incarnate, like foul birds of prey shriel their dread death notes before the final seiz ure of their victim. It is done! Father, be hold the fearful wreck of your degenerate son Mother! oh that agonizing look! Great God she faints! she sinks! she dies! and the colt earth closes over the grave of the broker hearted! Was all this necessary? No! It was th< voluntary work of one poor misguided Soi, of earth, w’ho commenced his career amid-' the blessings of parents and friends, but end ed it in depravity and in the delirium of A! coholic maniac. Strange indeed, but it vs nevertheless true. RICH DIGGINGS. Randolph’s Hill.—One of the partners in the Randolph Company, informed us that for one day’s w’ork, a week or two ago, six men washed out with the aid of one sluice, twen ty-six hundred and fifty dollars. He fur ther informs us, that it is no uncommon thing for the same company to take out five and six hundred dollars per day! The gold found here is of the finest quality; realizing from between seventeen and eighteen dollars per oz. Again; on last Thursday, by the same company, a large lump of gold was fount weighing over $4OO. Marriage Fete was given to tie rried of this place, by Mrs. Smith, ,lden Gate Saloon. Though ihe not large, yet it passed off very to all present. The supper was ex d served up in a style highly cred he Saloon. CHIT CHAT WITH “Grass Valle rl —We visited our boring city last week and found things about a as dry as usual.” We suppose you must have founu ‘ things rather ‘‘dry' 1 from the report onr friend Steve gave us, of your visit to the Golden Gate. “They have but one busy day in the week over there, the morning the Telegraph edimes out—then they all come out in front of their doors and read the news, enjoy the sun for awhile and then go back to sleep.” This shows that our citizens are capable of appreciating a goo.d paper. Don’t think the. Nevada people turn out on Wed morning, though the Young America blame for that. “Those eighteen stages are still run through there, all of which arrive twice day, except Bill Conners coach which a ' six times daily. John Montgomery’ bage wagon thrice a week.” f True enough, my young friend in ence to the stages; and as to the cfbtage wagon, Mr, Montgomery kmnttichcrg fo.ji-. ,u. a market, funding. _jV Atfc C t cs “The quartz mills are still have been invited down to se week and are goinjc—as this -laL'&eiaxa.v-liai 1 “ Whey afi me won quite a he p nue to nip I lability is that they will cent until their wealthy proprie « tear - down for the pt rposes of improvement. Tj > our young friend visited Grass Valley *;*s*■ er, instead of remaimng cooped up in K v u . H ? Vlth 1118 little ua^ mining would not have been such aUu him, '“We did not see either Pike or P.fke • As to Pike, he informs us that tr e Uve become Editor “you don’t know h 4 Aid as to Puke, we thought you had a w hen here last week, judging iVcm lc> ks of the side walks after Young Amer let ; - - Mr. Sarqeaxt, of the Nevada Jou has brought this office upder obligation j we shall not soon forgot. pset.— The stage running between this, I h lr ‘ e an(l Sacromento, was upset, on last ; Moday morning, seriously injuring seven** of tie passengers, among whom we are sorry tosjr, was Mr. Lilly, of ibis c filer. W*e lean that his foot was mangled in a sh<s ? cA ing aanner. Sonora is again in ashes. Found Dead.—John Price, formerly >.• Benton, Lafayette Co. Wisconsin, was laying in a stable yesterday morn : r»g csS It was thought by the ply s' -an* the. ►*. must have been dead,near thirty hours. 3 ’ had been sick with ftre some so 1 ’diifi month?, and after careful tsaminati ton physicians the jury declared it as their held ! that he came to his death by ca + reme debi ty. We are glad to inform his Mewk tig Rev. Mr. Simmons, together with several ■] our citizens, followed the deceased to grave yard, where he received a decent rial. It is expected that Rev. Mr. Speer of San I rancisco, will preach in the Ma onu Hall next Sabbath. Mr. S. was for sever;.i years a Missionary in China, and is now en gaged ir. Missionary labors among the Oh;, nese in California. Mr. Speer’s lectures k San Francisco have excited much intert i and from our personal knowledge of him > i Can promise his audience an unmiataka' feast. A Sensible Woman. —The Womans RigL i Association of Bedford, Mass., says a*n e"- .change piper, presented a Mr. CngsvAcU short time since, with a rag baby, as aLi moniaf of their respect for his ridicule. wife indignant at the ‘strong-minded worner the other day presented him with a ’toth , kind of baby, which she says is more Urn the women’s rights advocates can do. JSS" We ire informed that Mr. Robb an his talented Lady are about to become res mts of San Francisco. The San Fran else bofning Journal says: They enter upon the duties of host ani vostess of the Clarendon Hotel, recently pul ■based by f f 1 icxt Thursday morning. We wish tbef ' dntly as much popularity in their new avj. ■atiou, as the lady enjoys as a songitrw. | Tbe Herald says : “It is reported, on good authority, that! f'eutkman and his two son. living oath Stockton road, beyond San Joec, eaugbt tw rorse thieves, who were both hung by th eople, under lynch law. One of the thieve as a was a Mexican and the other an Anu fiioan ‘ Loss of the Bark OBioLE.—-The Portia Ttfines, Sept. 24tb, informs us of tbe loss the bstwk Oriole, on the Columbia river lives lost. x , The Immigration.— From Daniel Stewart an old Oregonian, who came across the plains, with cattle (this season, we learn that much stock has died. Out of his. drove of 200 he saved 150 li'ad. , The health of UiA immigration was good— 1 and he thinks there ’Skill be b, Ule in* among them, as cornered wltb He thinks the numbers for* Or are not much less than 8000 perrons.—. ■ ?