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J. W. OLIVER, Editor. Grass Voile}', California, October 20, 1853. Mr. Thos. Boyce is our sole Agent for the Grass Valley Telegravh, in San Francisco. He is empower ed to receive Advertisements and receipt forthe same. >lll Advertisements left with Mr. Boyce will receive prompt attention. CALIFORNIA. It is indeed a noble State embracing within its limits all the natural advantages for wealth and political importance, that the most ambitious could desire—all the richness and fertility of soil, of which the most fa voured can boast—possessing a climate, at once adapted to gigantic productions, lon gevity of life, and the high development of intellect and genius. Upon her broad sur face is unfolded a variety and beauty of sce nery, unsurpassed even by that of Switzer land, Greece, or the far famed Campanian hills and valleys of Italy, Such are the nat ural advantages of California, but her glory is still untold, —the climax—the crowning sheaf—4he monument to her undying fame is yet to appear, for ov.er all this floats in un sulli 'd purity, the Stars and Stripes of Con stitutional American Liberty, and this, in connection with all her natural resources, is a sure index of her future gr eatness. Even now California occupies no unenviable posi tion among the Nations of the Earth, as a hisrhly Commercial and AgricuUuwil Su.' Her merits are known, appreciated ami ar knowledge*! by all, white in ,Donato ion vi ih he: ' ’• Slates of the Atlantic, her r ail • iiiLu every Bay and harbour of the Civ ilized -World. Suet being the standing of' a country which a ew years ago was almost entirely unknown, what will bo her influ enc&v'considering her unlimited resources, in twenty.yeara to come? Is the qu • u z still asked m what does her superiority visf Wc answer in her inexhaustible mines, chc icj.il position which she occupi- ■ b< p Europe and Asia, the Atlantic State ,y %■ the vast resources of California. China , the Ja] vf Islands, which us soon as com, i y .cis lan ■ opened with these lasi conn-, ' i. V,as it undoublt >v will bo, wiil pou r in 1 ,merchandise and riches through tins y.Ntural channel, in such prof /Sion and • ’ as cannot fail to secure for ns ;!~..A imiiv n unsurpassed ’ > . 7'”h Are these * u< ■” nio- H-f* t#*/ r rK . ■ . ■ ••«••• V - hv • t r - v -.\ v y,' t? > same rut»o of •a , iß6:j & "• - , , ut o: ourin ' y <: >t would far 4%fv §%• / .m,v;lions! But it »l‘v. , ,' ’■ "v*!»F. s ' mposlerons! Let f bought ten—ah! -i'^ 0 Citiinornia could possibly V,, ' wed in so short a time at its pr esent fr r estate of prosperity? And when wc consideration our present advanta v yin connection w ith the increased facili a ■ for advancement which we will andoubt ?;t f possess and. these ail superintende< o' v instrumentality of American genius and derprise. We. may confidently look fbr ard to result? alike honorable to our con n try and to the Anglo-Saxon race. Float proudly ye loved Stais and Stripes over I he beautiful Bays and Harbors of San Francisco, > r under the blessing of kind Heaven, her fut ire history shall never dis grace you. * Tjoi, the glad word go up from every hill and valley of our favored country, for sure ly it is a land ‘flowing with mill', .ad honey” end in it- are to bo found all «Lo elements necessary to the happiness and contentment of a great and noble people. IMPROVEMENTS IN GRASS VALLEY. The spirit of our Grass Valley citizens is doubtless of the progressive order, as the late improvements which have been going or among us, will readily show ; for separati and apart from our improved Quartz mills, and our additional saw and planing mills, which have recently been erected, we have a new and handsome Church—a new house in which is the Post Office, and the Epicurean Saloon. This last, by the way, we consider after the most approved style. Together with these, we have a very neat little frame, on Main St., now occupied as a Jewellers shop. Nearly opposite, is an enlargement and im provement in a building which is to be occu pied conjointly as a Hotel and Grocery store. A little lower down on Main St, are several frame buildings in course of erection, one or two of which, when completed, will pass as quPe respectable biddings. So much for ib presen;; we however anticipate better things than this for the future. Several of our en terprising merchants have informed us, that it is their in fen lion, through the course of the coming winter and spring, to put up fire proof brick buildings, in order, more effectu ally, to secure themselves against tne chances ff fire- The Grass Vail vans are arousing * .i *ywcives to a sense of their interest, and it time they should, for although it has been ct.eadily advancing, yet she has never yet ten that stand in point of business impor tance and improvements, whichlier natural resources and local position will justify. Yet her day is dawning, The citizens are shaking off from their garments the dust of their negligence, and now we may confidently look forward to the lapse of a few years, for the accomplishment of improvements, which as an interior, and mining town, will he equal to any, and second to none in Califor nia, Dr. Trask, a gentleman well known in Californina, as ? having been employed by government for the last three years, in mak ing a geological survey of this State, is now with us. After having critically examined our mineral/esources, the Doctor gives it as his opinion, that Grass Valley possesses un mistakable evidences 'of permanency, in growth and rapid advancement, unsurpassed by that of any other portion of California. Dr. Trask visited r our village two years ago, but at that time hi - stay was of short dura tion. In this visit however he he had ample leisure to make a careful examination of Grass Valley and its vicinity, and the result of his investigation is as above stated. ESCAPE 0F t MITCHELL, the Irish Patriot ! His arrival m California with his family. From the' Commercial Advertiser, we take the following news, containing an account of the arrival of Johnj Mitchell, the Irish Pat riot and British exile. What lover of liberty will not rejoice at s escape? Where is that American to be found who will not inwardly greet him a cor dial welcome? Here he may not only find ■ Asylum from the cruel bonds of tyranny, but before fiim will open a field of action v here his liberal and generous soul may ex ; ud uncircumscribed by lav/ and bound on by the broad and glorious privileges of an . merman citizen.j By the arrival of the bark Julia Ann, Cant. Davis, 53 days from Sydney, .we have i 1 of the Sydney Morning Herald, to the iof August. We are indebted to Dr. J. B. I’hinney, who returned to this city on the Julia Ann, for late papers and other favors. By this arrival, we have the gratifying in telligence of the escape of the Irish patriot, John Mitchell, and his family, from their ex ile ia Van Dieman’s Land. Mr. Mitchell was on his parole at Van Dieman’s Land, where hi c friend J. P. Smyth, who was formerly an editor in Ireland,' and afterwards connected with the New York Tribune, and who had left this country to effect his escape, succeeded in accomplishing it in the following manner: Having procured fleet horses and guides in afferent parts of the Island, they Vent to .t flier to the Police Office, where Mr. Mitch ei delivered up his parole. The Police imme - - • - jr nHunu Ja/l +-*■» AT*. Smyth interfering, Mitchell mounted a horse, which was near at hand, and escaped to the moi mtains. Here he wandered about for near ly three months, subsisting on the bounty of the farmers in the vicinity, who. it seems, wore all his friends. Meantime, Mr. Smyth was seized, heavily ironed, and in this condi tion, marched fifty miles to Hobart Town, where, after a short confinement, he was re leased. At length, Mitchell succeeded in procuring % pas ?age to Sydney. Upon the same vessel, > v >ue aid of friends, his wife and six chil i a had also taken passage. Mitchell was a disguise, and during the passage to Syd ney iid not allow 7 himself to recognize any of ins mily. After remaining in Sydney about three Weeks, he left in the Orkney Lass for Honoiulo, under the assumed name of War ren. This vessel touched at Tahiti, was over taken by the American brig Julia Ann,bound for >i n Francisco, having on board Mrs, Mitch- T and children, under the care of Mr. Smyth The Orkney Lass -was to have left Tahß the day before the Julia Ann arrived, but v ts fortunately detained, so that Mr! Mitch ill was enabled to join his family and t - : er. When the English Consul at Tahiti learn-- i that Mitchell had been on the Island and as about to leave on the Julia Ann, be made every effort to capture him, but the bark hurried her departure and saved him the trouble. John Mitchell was banished to Yan Die man’s land about five years ago, having pre viously been confined on ship-board and at Bermuda for nearly two years. Mrs. Mitchell with her children joined him about three years ago. Mr. Smyth, who assisted his es cape, was also one of the Irish patriots who fled to New York, and from thence went ex pressly to rescue his friend. We congratu late him on his success, and the friends of lib erty every-where, that John Mitchell has thrown of! the shackles of British tyranny, and now enjoys the freedom which the United States has afforded so many of his country men. May Smith O’Brien soon follow him. Mixing News. —The reports from different portions of our mining districts are highly fa vorable. From the Placer diggings, we are informed that D. H. Thompson & Co., are av eraging from twelve to eighteen hundred dol lars weekly. We were invited on Tuesday last, to visit the diggings of Messrs. Hughs & Ragan, on P : ke Flat. In complying with their polite in - tation, we were well gratified with the un nj istakeahle richness of their claim, and judg ing from the golden specimen which we saw pr uned out, we do not hesitate in saying that this company will shortly realize their for tunes. The Quartz Mills are generally doing a handsome business. The Massachusetts Hill Mining Company, are realizing a splendid re muneration for their labors; they furnished u vith a specimen from their lead, which is as rich and beautiful as anything of the kind w 1 ch we have ever seen. The Helvetia Cora pany inform us, that recently, in nineteen hours crushing, they have received ten hun dred and three dollars. The Empire Compa ny still furnish us with highly favorable re ports. Out of seventy-four tons of rock, in three days crushing, they have realized the sum of $6,288 and 25 cts. Drift Sand. —The Calaveras Chronicle says:—We heard a very singular circumstance related this week, that the common light sand, washed down the river from day to day, is richly loaded with fine gold. An experiment was made last week, near Winters’ Bar, the sand thrown into a sluice, and in less than a day over $275 were thus obtained. This be coming known, attention was directed to it, and in every case with the most substantial proofs in the correctness of the rumor. Rich Diggings at Fiddle-town. —The Sac ramento Union learns by citizens of Fiddle town, that unusually rich diggings have been struck within the past week on Arkansas flat, which lies a short distance South of the town. The gold,is coarse and found about twenty feet below the surface, in a kind of cement, which seems to be tilled with it. Some months since, near the same place, this same lead was struck by a party of Frenchmen, in which they washed out as high as five hundred dol lars to the pan. Other flats in the neighbor hood pay nearly as well. A coiemporary imagines that gold will go on increasing until it becomes less valuable tbfin old iron. In less than twenty years he expects to see ten-penny nails take the place of breastpins, while the only jew el that a fashionable lady will tolerate, will consist of pewter ear-rings and copper-plated head bands. Gold in his opinion, is bound to be a drug, and in a century from now, will only be used for coal-scuttles and manure forks. — Exchange. , Well! it may be so, but Mathematical. —When we were a boy, we thought the extraction of the Cubic Root quite hard enough, but we have recently pro ven from experience that it is nothing , in comparison with the extraction of a moler tooth. This process however, may be greatly sim plified ; first, by skill in its extraction ; se condly, by gentility in its preliminaries and execution; and thirdly, by promptitude in having it cast up before the brain gets bewil dered in meditating upon the difficulties with which such calculations are usually attended. As a teacher in these scientific demonstra tions avc know of no one Avho is better quali **■ ■ t ‘"' * Avortay friend, hr. Cleveland, of Grass Val ley. We speak from experience. Good News.—A number of our business men in Grass Valley have informed us that .they intend inserting a “yard long 7 ’ adver tisement in our next weeks number. That is right, gentlemen, for besides patronizing your “town paper,” you will, in so doing, give evidence of an enterprising spirit, and this, of itself, will inspire confidence in your business capacities, AA’hich will undoubtedly redound to your actual benefit. TJ’-il" We are obliged to Adams & Co., for the unwearied exertions they make in keep ing our office constantly supplied with pa pers from all parts of the State ; also, the N. York Tribune and Herald by the regular mail. Mr. Adams & Co., have laid on our ta ble a late number of the Express Messenger, a weekly paper, published simultaneously in New York, Philadelphia and Boston. The Messenger is a handsome sheet, and it is with real satisfaction that we welcome it to onr ta ble as a regular visitant. Madam P. Rickmers will please ac cept our thanks for a full supply of late States papers; also, we are much obliged for the fol lowing Pictorials: Barnaul’s, Gleason’s, and the Illustrated London News, all of which she was kind enough to have placed on our table. It is with pleasure we learn, that Mrs. Waller, a lady both Known and addmired, is to visit Grass Yalley and Nevada, profession ally, in a few days. Mrs. Waller has ever been a favorite of our citizens, and we feel sure that her re-appearance in Grass Valley, will be hailed with real gratification by her numerous friends of this place. Educational Discourse.— Rev. Professor Banister, principal of the Santa Clara Semi nary, will deliver an address on Education, this evening, October 20th, at the Methodist Episcopal Church, at half past 7 o’clock. Itj is hoped, that all interested in this cause— will be present. We would call the attention of par ties, wishing to reside in Grass Yalley, to the sale of that most. dSMrable property, of Mr. Kelly’s, located on Main Street. For partic ulars, (See Advertisement.) fJSS' The Los Angeles Star says: It is pleasant to pass over a week so event ful as the past. No alarms, no excitements, no killings, no stabbings, nor floggings. May , many such weeks pass over our community. . "Written for the Grass Valley Telegraph. THE VALUE OF A DRINK. What is the value of a drink of liquor ? A bluff, corpulent man. at my elbow, whose face presents five large “ brandy blossoms,” says, that depends on the quality of the liquor!— But, I think, says another, it depends on its good or bad influence on one's health and happiness.—Pecuniary gain is the great pur suit of most men, in California, as a means of happiness; tho’ deprived of health, wealth cannot produce personal happiness and with it, I contend, only, as it enables us to contri bute to the happiness of others. Be this, as it may, all are striving to got rich, and Ictus see, how far this “ consuraation, so devoutly wished” is delayed, by the habit of liquor drinking. We i Ji men, here, indulge in a glass of li quor, at two bits, who, at home, would deny tho gratification of tho appetite, at three cts., from a feeling of rigid economy. The custo mary rate of interest on money, in Califor nia, has never been less than live per cent, per month, and is likely to continue so. Has any one, who indulges in even one glass per day, ever made an estimate of its cost, at the end of ten years, put at interest, at the abovo rate ? I advise some of our Yankee drinkers, who are good at “cyphering,”’ to make a kalkulashun, and I will risk the assertion, it will create surprise, if it produce no reforma tion in the habit. They will find, that the cost of a drink, at two bits, put at interest, for ten years, at five per cent per month, will produce the snug little sura of SB6 37. Thus, one month’s indulgence, at one glass per day, (which is a very low estimate, for a temperate drinker, even,) would cost a man, ten years hence, only $2591,10 ; and one years grati fication, at the same rate, the fortune of $31,- 525,05. In these calculations, the fractions are omitted, which would increase the amount. Is there any u forty-niner,'' who curses his ill-fortune, that ever thought, the four bit drink, he swallowed in October, 1819, with what would have.been its accumulated inter est, to this time, would amount to $26 81 ? enough to pay a months comfortable board: or purchase a suit of warm clothing! How many men of “elegant leisure,” do we meet, who profess to regard refusal to join in a social drink, as indicative of a spirit of meanness 5 and curse the inability, or un willingness of men, to pay an honest obliga tion, who have been induced to squander their means, in drinking and riot, by the example of their own habits!! These men too, de plore their ill-fortune, and envy the prosperi ty of others, without consulting causes. How many destitute, among us, might be relieved, , -now wan and sicklv, bn made to glow with health ; and families homo, des titute, be made glad, by the present value of a few social drinks, imbibed by the husband and father, the first week, or month of his so journ, in ..this country!! Wo have some among us, even now. whom sickness and mis fortune have visited, heavily ; and who have not wherewith to sustain life, even, unaided by the charity of strangers. Would not the consciousness of having relieved such suffer ing and destitution, produce sensations, more sweet, than was the taste of that glass of li quor? Let your own heart respond. Who will read the tale “ Hot Corn,” in yo. 3, of the Telegraph, and then hesitate between the agency of such scenes of misery, and the min istering spirit of relief and consolation? Who would swallow fortunes to gratify an acquired appetite, when so small a self-denial could, perhaps, restore to life happiness, and a joyous home, the innocent victims of this evil, and the prototypes of little Katy?” It has surprised me, that men, so wedded to money, as are thousands, who come to delve in pur mountains for gold, should yield such willing and complete submission to a habit, which appeals, so strongly, to the purse ; for, tho 1 many men will not yield to moral principle, their souls may lie reached through the pocket. Long observation has convinced me, that the confirmed habit of drinking liquor, is as tenacious as life ; and I could point to some most painful cases, among us, who, with even the first cost of this hab it, to say nothing of the accumulations of in terest, would render comfortable and happy, their wives and children, who “ cry for bread,” in a far distant home; and who sigh and plead for their return. And oh! what untold agony would pierce their souls, could they witness scenes, which are enacted before our eyes, by their sworn protectors! I am trespassing on space ; for I commenc ed, only, to give a result, in dollars and cents, which I had the curiosity to make ; but I cannot repress the word of caution, to the thoughtless; and the unfortunate victims and slaves of this ruinous habit, may be assured, they have the heartfelt pity, and tear of sym pathy of Americus. J&S* The Marysville Express announces the completion of the Magnetic Telegraph ine, between that city and Sacramento. The Exploring Party.— The Pacific Rail road exploring party, consisting of sixteen persons, were to have left Stockton on Thurs day. They will extend their survey from So nora East to Virgin river, which empties in to the Colorada, thence South to the latitude of King’s river, from which point they will return'crossing the Sierra near the head wa ter* oFThe Merced.— S. F. Ledger. PRETTY INCIDENT. What is more noble in human nature thai true and real affection. The Boston Journal?. ays:— We heard a very pretty incident the oth er day, which we cannot help relating. A young lady from the South, it seems, was wooed and won by a youthful physician, living in California. When the engagement was made the doctor was rich, having been very successful at San Francisco. It had not existed six months, however, when, by an un fortunate investment,he lost his entire “heap.’’ This event came upon him, it should be add ed, just as he was making ready to claim his bride. Y hat dogs he do?—Why, like an hon orable and chivalrous young fellow, as he is, lie sits down and writes the lady every par ticular of the unhappy turn which had taken place in his fortunes, assuring her, that if the fact produced any change in her feeling towards him, she is released from every pro mise he had made him. And what does the deaf, good girl do? Why, she takes a lump, of pure gold which her lover had sent to hen when in prosperity, as a keepsake, and havingi it manufactured into a ring, forwards it to him with the following bible inscription engraved in distinct characters on the inside : “ Entreat me not to leave thee or to return from following alter thee ; for whither thou goest will I go, aud where thou longest will I lodge ; thy people and thy God shall be my people aud my God ; where thou diest will I die, and there will I be buried ; tbe Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part thee and me.” The lover idolized his sweetheart more than ever when he received this precious evidence of her devotion to him, both in storm and sunshine. We may add that fortune again soon smiled upon the young physician, and that he subsequently returned to the North to wed the sweet girl he loved, and who lov ed him with such an undying affection. Nay, more, the happy bride and bride-groom pas sed through our city, not long since, on their way to the home of the latter in the golden State. Reader, this is all true. Young la dies who read the Bible as closely as tbe he roine of our incident seems to have done, are pretty sure to make good sweethearts, and better wives. To Wells Fargo & Co., we are indebt ed for the first delivery of the N. York Her ald of Sept. 20 th by the Cortez , together with their New York and California Express, a large and handsome sheet, embracing the news of the week, shipping list and business transactions of the Company. , JEST" The Emperor of Austria looks upon the Kostza affair as a clear “ violation of international lave, and as tantamount to a declaration of war. The last advices repre sent Captain Ingraham as enjoying himself on u Ith ' Cumberland in a dance with the Qu< n of Pied n-o.it,■and sc ‘ml :giy- quite u terril. 1 ' the ]; o;. iiY ai'on iho t\ a mor“ ... .. , i~-", " . A'".-'. J 0 'n -nliu- I -nrme, und r t > Mr. W- \ Obuii i ihe gent:tu a »• ;.iri ; ■ ■ accomm hui tion aiue oi bUtgtfc—bet ween G.v • V and Nevada. IV e understand that he inteifds extending this line on to Downieville. We wish him success in his new enterprise. Intelligence from China, announces another defeat of the imperial troops. Nine thousand eight hundred emi grants are now on the waters—coming fmra English ports to America. * ‘ The Chevalier Buenaventura, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from the Mexican Republic, has been present ed to Queen Isabella, and was favorably re ceived. -A hollow tooth.— Lon- Ax Aching Void. don Punch. A little mistaken Mr. Punch:—from expe rience, we know a hollow tooth to be full of pain. have been informed that anew paper is to make its appearance in Downie ville in a few weeks. The Yellow Fever is still making its ravages in most of the cities of the Southern States. DISCOURSES FOR THE TIMES. A Series of three or four discourses, will be dilivered in the M. E. Church, in this place, commencing on next Sabbath evening, Oct. 23, and to be continued weekly. Ist Lecture. Intoxicating Drinks not a proper beverage for man. Their use as such, a violation of the physical and mental organ ism, and persisted in. results in suicide or self-destruction. 2nd Lecture. The manufacture of and traffic in intoxicating liquors, as a beverage. 1 An immoral calling, accessory to, and main ly responsible for the multifarious evils of intemperance. 3d Lecture. The suppression of the manu facture and traffic, the only effectual means of removing the curse of intemperance, and legal suasion, the only effectual means of suppresssng the traffic. 4th Lecture. Objections to a prohibit* law (such as the Maine liquor Law) consid ered, and the justice and necessity of such a law in California. Should advertisers see any imperil tions in their advertisements they will please give us timely notice of the same, in which case their orders shall be promptly attend ed to. GR OCER Y AND PR O VISION S TORE. KEEPS CONSTANTLY on hand a supply suited to tba demands of customers. JOSEPH WILDE Graf* Valley. Sapt. 22, 1863. [tf] Boetcm Karina.