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J. W. OLIVER, Editor. Grass Valley, Cal., December, 15, 1853. Mr. Tlios. Boyce is our sole'Agent for the Brass Valley Telegraph, in San Francisco. He is empower ed to receive Advertisements and receipt for the same. All Advertisements left with Mr. Boyce will receive prompt attention. We take pleasure in informing our friends and citizens of Grass Valley that Mr. Geo. W. Woodworth, well known by all the citizens of our village as among its pioneers, is our regular authoized agent for the Telegraph, both in Grass Valley and the sur rounding country. To our Patrons and Subscribers. Dear friends, you will readily understand, by noticing the last number of our paper, that the first quarter of its existence has pass ed. In its infancy you have graciously smil ed upon it, and for this we thank you. Like good and careful mothers, you have not only furnished us with food necessary for the sus tenance of life, but you have also extended to us your warmest sympathies, for which wo are more than grateful. This we estimate as being of greater value than even the sustain ing bread of life, for the one is perishable, while the other is immortal. It is true, like our own organization of spiritual and physi cal, they are necessarily connected, and yet of the two, we regard that portion of public patronage which, even after the physical is laid aside, is still heard to echo from heart to heart, in the immortal language of the spirit, “ I still live.” But while we thus rejoice, we will not for get that we are still in our infancy, and as such only, are receiving your flattering ca resses. We are aware also that years will deprive us of childhood. We ask you, then, so to aid us, that in growing up to the years of manhood, we may grow also in your es timation, and that in losing your caresses, as a child, we may gain your admiration as a man. But what is now most necessary, is your pecuniary aid. Give us this and we feel confident of being able to render you a just equivalent for it. This shall be our study— this shall be our high aim. To those who ad vertise, the advertisements themselves, ap pealing to the business qualifications of the advertiser, will be more than a sufficient guarantee for profitable returns. To those who subscribe for the Telegraph , if at the end of the year, you are not satisfied, to the amount of seven dollars’ worth, we won’t charge you anytHtflg extra for that! And to sum up the whole matter, unless we have di rect orders to the contrary, we shall consider those who have been taking the paper during the first quarter, as yearly subscribers. Revolution in South California. —Many are the speculations which have been made concerning the late movements of Col. Walk er with his daring little company of only 49 in number, in effecting a change of govern ment in Southern California, and of estab lishing thereat an independent republic, in defiance of Santa Anna and Mexico, from whom it was sliced. But thus far it is only speculation, as the “end with them is not yet.” It was unquestionably a daring, wor thy the reputation of adventurers in the days of ancient chivalry. But it remains for chance to show whether it was a mad-cap ad venture of the brain, or a well-regulated and deep-planned conquest. If they fail in their undertaking, they will be remembered, if re membered at all, as disappointed fillibusters, who, prompted by selfish ambition, aimed at a position of which they were in the first place incapable of attaining with any possi bility of success, and in the second place, were such a thing considered possible of at tainment, they will have been thought incom petent for the undertaking. But on the oth er hand, should destiny crown them with suc cess, Col. Walker would be immortalized as the founder of a new and powerful Republic or State. Such a result as this, however, we think impossible. Indeed, however, praise worthy may have been their object, we look upon their plans as decidedly premature.— That they have a warm sympathy from a large portion of our citizens, is undoubtedly be yond dispute, but that even this portion of our citizens will give their active support, is not likely to be the case. We take the ground that as neither sympathy nor interest effected the acquisition of Cuba, under more favora ble circumstances than those attending the present enterprise, we cannot but believe that this undertaking will prove equally unfortu nate. Cuba was contiguous to a daring and powerful portion of the country, whore thou sands could have volunteered their services at a moment’s warning, had they been so dis posed, and yet their attempts proved a failure. How reasonable then the conclusion that a mere handful of men, remote from the imme diate possibility of material aid, in the face of a well organised army, headed by an am bitious and experienced General, should be unable to withstand the whole force of the Mexican Government. The addition to their forces of a few hundred men from California can effect them nothing, save a more disas trous overthrow. The United States, instead of rendering aid, as a government, is bound to throw her aid and influence in support of law and the Mexican Government. This be ing the case, our brave adventurers may look in vain for aid or succor in the time of thei r sorest trouble. As much as it may be regret ted, by some, the star of their glory is doomed to set in darkness. As Americans they pos sessed the germ of permanency and success, and by proper management, their radiating influences must have been both seen and felt, but through their eagerness for the prize, they “ let spring their triggers before they had secured the prey.” We may be mistaken, but if there is any thing in arriving at just deductions from nat ural reasoning, we are right. We await the developments of time. N. B. —Since writing the above article, we have received the Sacramento Union, con taining a telegraphic account of an engage ment by Capt. Walker and his.cojnpany w ith the Californians, in which the Americans w'ere defeated, and a number of them killed. The surviving portion of the company must ne cessarily have been left in very critical cir cumstances. News from China. —We see from late pa pers that the revolutionists in China arc rap idly reducing the imperialists to their last extremities. Shanghai has recently been ta ken, and the young conqueror is making pre parations for his advancement upon Peking. We presume there is no longer any doubt as to his ultimate success. China may yet be redeemed from her present sluggish and iso lated condition, in which case she will not only profit by it as a nation, but also as a people, while at the same time it will open a source of commerce by which Americans in particular will reap a golden harvest. Thus, through the mysterious workings of Provi dence, a nation will be at once thrown open to the healthful influence of an enlightened Christianity, while at the same time her work ing millions will be diffusing the products of their industry, to the good of mankind gen erally. Theatrical Favors. —For the last few weeks we have been favored with unusual theatrical displays, some of which have been highly satisfactory.' The Robinsons, a pleas ing and intelligent family, have permanently located themselves in our beautiful village. Mrs. "Waller has been with us also, with her songs and ballads, and though she is by this time far away on the bosom of the broad Pa cific, yet the music of her voice is still with us, as in the song of “Ben Bolt” we hear in imagination her warbling echoes to the mem ory of sweet Alice. To break off from our subject rather ab ruptly, Grass Valley must be a lovely place, in proof of which we give, the preference to this place above ail others, of the world-re nowned pantomime and danscuse, Madam Lola Montez. who, after having traveled the world over, has wisely come to the conclu sion that, as a private and romantic residence, as a mountain home, Grass Valley has no su periors, and acting upon these convictions she has planned and erected one of the neat est little cottages in this country, in which she now resides in quiet and peaceful retire ment. Railroads in Contemplation. —From pres ent appearances, California, in a few years, will be equal in her internal improvements to any of her sister States of the Atlantic ; for besides the great Pacific Railroad, which is to have its terminus with us, there is al ready a road under contract from San Fran cisco to San Jose. Another, we understand, is to run from Sacramento to Coloma and Placerville ; and the agent of an organized company has already gone to the States to procure the iron for a road between Sacra mento, Auburn, Grass Valley and Nevada, and perhaps on to Downieville. Surely this is a progressive age, and California is a pro gressive country. Excelsior is her motto, and her march is onward. Explanatory. —We are under obligations to Adams & Co. for a copy of the “ Miners’ Decree, or a New Version of the Ten Com mandments.” Through the earnest solicita tion of many of our subscribers, we give it a place in our columns this week, although we have much important editorial news that will be necessarily crowded out, as we received it too late to give it a place on the outside.— Subscribers will therefore hold us excusable for the scarcity of original matter in this week’s number. However we shall have both time and space to make ample reparation, as we shall come out with an enlarged sheet on the first of next January. We are indebted to Wells, Fargo & Co. for the first delivery on our table of the California Courier. It is both free and orig inal in its style, and we shall confidently look to it for something new and interesting. J7S&" We are indebted to Rhodes & Lusk’s Express, by way of Adams & Co., for the Mountain Herald. Correspondince of the Grass Valley Telegraph. Brooklyn, (Red Dog,) Dec. 13, 1853. Mr. been paying a visit to this and shall give you a few I have both seen and heur( Wsf^^!»^ f are turn i n g out the sort.” Many claims, which w^,^^*i , time since considered worthless; '•'* '.§& paying from 10 to 20 dol lars per day no the hand. The far-famed Per kins Claim, now worked by Messrs. Riggs & Co., are still turning out gold in astonishing quantities. The Wolverine Company are do ing well; also many other claims, both on the north gnd south side of the town, are exceeding ill expectation in point of rich ness. The village of Red Dog is improving rapidly. Large and splendid public houses and stores lave arisen as if by magic, in dif ferent portions of the town. There are some six or eight stores in the village, the most of which are veil supplied with goods suited to the wants of the country. There are also four or fivelarge hotels here, one of the best of which is the Brooklyn House, kept by Mr. Taylor, la stopping with Mr. Taylor, while in the village, we have come to the conclu sion that he is a gentleman, and well quali fied for the business in which he is engaged. Wo can recommend this house to travelers. Persons will find Red Dog a pleasant local ity to visit,‘having, in connection with its mining interests, a command of scenery at once beautful to the eye and captivating to the senses. The view of Chalk Bluffs of it self is well worth one’s attention. Eureka Slide.— We are informed that the Eureka Mining Company arc doing a very good business. They have a long and wmll built tuiuael, with extensive diggings at its tcrmimissfcud at the present time are work ing at a sire pay of $75 per week to the hand. Euicka Slide is known to be very rich, and preparations are being made for a more thorough "prospect” for its hidden treasures. There is uow a company engaged in sinking a shaft on the top of the Hill. They have commenced their work in the expectation of sinking a shaft over two hundred feet before reaching the pay dirt. Claims have been staked off on this hill to the extent of over a mile and a half in length, the owners of which will commence their labors in a very few days. From the reputation of this slide, we shall expect to hear of “rich strikes” be ing made within its bowels. Boston Ravine. —Among the business por tions of Crass Valley, Boston Ravine stands Xo. 1; that is, by taking into consideration, with other tilings, their cyiartz mining inter ims. which alone give vitality to all other de partments of their business operations. Bos ton Ravine is peopled with a class of men at once intelligent, energetic and industrious, and it is with no small degree of satisfaction that wo witness the improvements that are daily being made in that portion of our vil lage. Go on, gentlemen, and “don't sit down because you are at the right door.” Deadly Weapons. —The S. F. Sun conies out in an article editorial, against the carry ing of concealed weapons, and advocates the propriety of making it a penal offence, sub ject to the laws of our country. The Sun is right, as such a custom, in our opinion is con trary to the principles of a law-abiding pco- only so, but it is a cowardly, baAßfend uncivilized custom, having a tengffipsjfgffireatc disturbances and jeopard ise of adding to its security, as many are lead to suppose. Humors 0 f our Village B'hoys. — Frank. —Steve, what becomes of all the gold taken out of the mines ? Steve.—O, they run it into bars. Frank. —Bars ? What kind of bars? Steve. —What kind of bars, you jackanape ? Why, whiskey bars, of course! The editor of the Columbia Gazette, as a bachelor, laments his lonely condition! By the way, Mr. Gazette, as a source of amusement, would you not do Avell in procur ing a cat ? You know she might have kit tens, in which case you have a tolerable sub stitute for wife and family. It will be seen by noticing our adver tisements that the office term of Surveyor of the Mines will soon expire. A new election is called, and our well known friend, Capt. Day offers his name for re-election to that of fice. An appreciative community will doubt less give him their support. "Wells, Fargo & Co. have brought us under renewed obligations for their regular delivery of city and country exchanges. Al so we are much obliged for their Banking and Shipping Journal, by which we are happy to learntttmt their express business is greatly me ■ s & Co. have again brought us UI for their early delivery oi by way of steamer Panama. They have also furnished us with city ex changes, for which we are much obliged. The weather during the last week has been alternately sunshine and cloudy, with frosts and rain. MINERS’ DECREE; OR A Jfew Verse-lon of the Ten Commandments. BY GADEZ ORION'. PREAMBLE, Away “deown east” there dwelt a man, E’en State of Maine, Who had of tall pine trees wife to well maintain. But years rolled by and children came Around the little fire-side, And claimed a right to eat and drink, Xor could such wants be well denied. The pine trees grew and children too— Though in their manner far apart ; The trees grew thin, the children thick, And thus from Maine were doomed to part. “Old Zenas” to his wife did say— “ I'll move you all to Michigan, And California I will seek, And dig until a richer man.” Across the Plains he bent his And passed large droves of Wild horses, turkies, very fine, And tigers, jackalls, Indians, too. At times he hadn’t nary piece Of meat whereby to feed upon, for his thirst--- he saw the old lion. cflffhes in tatters hung Yiwlyis sore and weary form— Hisggsgffp of hopes” was soon unstrung, And fancied nigh the gathering storm. He mourned his lot and often wept To think he ever took the jaunt—® And then he’d rave, and swear he b’leaved He’s soon to see the Elephant ! And thus “Uncle Zenas” solilotoized:—“l onc’t lived in peace and away down in the State of Maine, and owned tew ceows, ten oxen and three shoats —besides dear Tolly, and Ike and Jake and Tabitba and Sarah Ann and Eliza Jane, together with the darling babe that was named Rachel, be cause she lifted up her voice and wrpt when I kissed her and departed for Californy!— Y-a-s, ’tis even /, ‘Old Zenas,’ that’s neow in California, and haint struck a single pocket nor crevice yet. and I’ve traveled e’en a’most as fur as ’tis tew hum. And here the road forks! Wonder which of these onlikely roads nears off to Han gtown? Helloa! I’m blaz ed ef here M jest the surkurastance I’m a looking for. by golly ! A guide-board, sar tin as preachin ! No ’taint, nuther—coz the fingers are pintin up, and it reads— “ Behold a new vers c-ion of the Miners' Ten Commandments, By-Laws and Decree ! Which read as follows : BY LAWS. One claim thou may’s! own, and thpre drive your stake, And cayote and crevice till you make or you break ; Always find the bed-rock, keep at work and pump out; Do anything!, rather than be running about. If the gold isn’t tlW’i’e, beep cool and don’t swear; Xor either get say You do»!t care. j Nor practice the aytm ''al'fing’your’Claini— 4 For by you’ll get a hard Climb out, very cool, with pick, pan and shovel. And don’t seek the cabin and pore over a novel— But mark a new claim and pitch in again, And never have doubts of striking a vein. Should you strike a rich pocket, a crevice, or lead, Don’t drink quite a barrel on the fortunate deed— But pocket your dust and go whistling away, Content to enjoy it some future day. Should you venture your luck in damming the rivers. And work in the water, getting colds, coughs, and shivers, Let ‘old rye’ alone with wisdom of thought, Sell out if you can, and bless him who bought. Wend your way to dry-diggings, purchase sluice-box or ‘ tom,’ And a claim too, if rich—judge of those you buy from— Hire eight or ten ‘ Coolies’—come the oooly at once, Thus showing the people you are not quite a dunce. By ‘ Johnny Celestial ’ make two dollars per day, On the labor of each, you see that will pay; Whereas, if you hire Uncle Sein’s sturdy son, You would pay more for labor, and hardly make one. And lastly, thus reads the Decree : Firstly —lt is decreed unto all the people of Califoruiß that ye observe all that is here in ye avoid some of the shoals and quiAsands of this life, and especially during your sojourn in California, where a lesson of warning cannot be given too soon. California is one vast amphitheatre—contain ing an assemblage of human beings from ev ery land and every clime. All classes, all colors, and all conditions, are each day be fore your gaze, and soon they are associated more or less with you all. And now, my dis ciples, this is why I publish this Decree, and give you this warning that ye may be prepar ed to meet fhe tempters. Secondly —lt is decreed, that I first publish unto you the the most numerous of any ot the tribes of California ; and I pray you will hearken un to me with an attentive ear. ye may be profited thereby. Ye are indeed mighty, and the wise men and the counsellors of ten, have abode to teach ye wisdom and —And thus it is decreed that thou shaß* Jrlabor to thine discomfiture and bod ily pain. Thou shal t labor as becometh good disciples, and shall not exceed ten hours each day. Thy food shall consist oflthat which is most wholesome and nourishing, and thy rai ment shall be of woolen, and r>t firm texture, and each week thou shalt JMne appa- Fourthly —ln default of thy bro ther miners shall take thee down, even unto Feather River, and there cleanse thee—appa rel, body and all together, until thou wilt lend thine own exertions to do it thyself. Fifthly —lf vermin infest thee or thy bianl kets, thou shalt be banished from the cabin, thee and thy raiment until thou shalt rid thy self of thine unwelcome visitors. And on the day—yea the hour —in which it shall ap pear that thou art ridden of all plagues,— then procession shalt thou be march ed brother miners even unto the cab in, and aggjeast sumptuously. Sixthly— lt is decreed that thou shalt not be made servants one to another, only as each serves the other in turn. Neither shalt thou forsake thy brother miner while on the couch of sickness and pain, but shall carefully watch over him, and administer unto every necessa ry want, until he shall be able to rise again, and proclaim himself well of his malady. Seventhly —lt is also decreed that thou, O miner, who hath a family in a distant country, shall, whenever in thy power, remit the avails of thy labors, to keep them in food and rai ment during thy sojourn here. Thou shalt not neglect thy wife and children, and go af ter strange women, who, with a Syrien s tongue and winning smiles, would lure thee to her snares of shame and degradation, and rob thee of thine honor, thy virtue and thy gold; and at last would despise and curse thee, and turn thee away empty handed. Be ware lest thou art overtaken in thy secret wanderings, and lose thy life, and thy friends' mourn thy untimely fate. Eighthly —And it is also decreed that thou, 0 man, who has left thy father’s house, ii the land of California, —even in the mines thereof —thou, too, I pray take heed. Remember the counsel of thy mother and sisters, and forget not thy solemn prom ises and pledges of affection. Nor shalt thou forget to pen an epistle each mail to thy kin dred. that they may know how fares the wan derer and when he is to return. Neither shalt thou forget that young and comely maiden who gave to you her warm and trusting af fections, while you vowed to remain true and never forget that starry night just on the eve of thy jk pprture. Remember all these prom ises, that in thy after life thou mayst be bless ed with future generations likened unto thee. Ninthly —It is decreed that tnou, O elors, shalt be banished for a season, working out thy salvation here in the mountains, even among the eternal snows of the Sierra Neva da, and here remain for a white until you come to the sage conclusion that thore is a more congenial atmosphere by the side of the gentler sex. If such is the result of thy ex perience, thou mayst take up thy bed and walk, leaving thy tools for thy kind. Ever after thy works shall be judged, and when a certain period of time shall expire, and thou has not employed the time profitably, and obeyed the Scriptures wherein it reads. “mul m and replenish the earth,” if you have failed in this thou shalt again and forever serve among the snows of the Sierras. There fore, ye bachelor miners, take warning. Tenth and last Decree —for the people —lt is now lastly decreed, that thou. Californians all, male and female, who cometh hither to better thy fortunes —thou art commanded to pay especial attention to this Decree. Thou —a certain class—journeyed hither to repair thy ruined circumstances, to pay off old debts which have hung like a heavy weight over the horizon of thy future happiness. Thou hast come hither, willing to brave the storms and tempests, both of nature’s warring ele ments, and also the “party feuds” and “polit ical gusts” that so often lend violent commo tion to this golden land. Thou. 0 Politician, who, in thy Atlantic home, didst crave office, and thy ambitious desires were not gratified —thou who labored so energetically for the “good of the people (and thyself, too)—thou, who w:ert beaten by thy political opponent, yjpou comest hither to retrieve thy fortunes, PSjfajiuld up. thy high minded hopes, to court ■flmflne Fortune’s smiles once more, and to raise up unto thyself a great name. But be ware, thou lofty aspirant of fame ; there are those here who art long before thee, who have their wires laid, and now have wealth on their side. Take heed—be wise—do thou go to one Bryant, and there select a pick, pun and shovel, and sojourn a while in the mountains, for there thou wilt have an equal chance among thy fellow laborers. And thou. O Speculator from Gotham, thinkest thou that in California, even in San Francisco, thou canst succeed, and have built up thy broken fortunes by thy schemes and thy small capi tal ? Thou, too, beware, for in San Francis co are speculators congregated from all coun tries, even of the shrewdest kind, and have studied and practiced all manner of devices. Take heed, therefore, and invest thy small capital in miners’ supplies, and flee to the mountains, or to some inland village, and there be content with health, good cold wa ter. and fair profits. And thou, pilgrims to the Eureka State, tarry not at the Bay, but pierce the Northern wilds and the mountain scenery; rush for pure air, health, wealth, and plenty of labor. Despair not in the hour af thy afflictions, but brave the storm manfully, and thou art safe. And thou, fair maidens, daughters of Eve, who hast braved the hardships and dangers of a voyage to our golden shores, and thou heroines and pioneer mothers, we greet thee —thrice welcome are ye all. Thou whom in memory we cherished—thou, whom we so rfuich wished for, who art so highly prized cherished in every land—thou art indeed here. And thou aged, though single maid ens, thou art here too ; nor will thou remain in single-blessedness long, for thou wilt not meet with so many fair competitors to bear * away the prizes from you, but will soon be heard explaiming, Eureka! Eureka ! And now, each and every one, take heed of this Decree, end all of ye, my disciples, shall say at the lasW-We have flowed thy pro-' cepts, and verify, we have found our reward^ Real Estate.—One of the best evidences of the prosperity of Sacramento, as well as the most gratifying, is the great advance that has taken place in Real Estate sinbe last win ter and spring. It proves that thoSe who know anything of the place, have confidence in it, and they evince it by investing in real property. As an evidence, w r e cite the Sale of property that was held yesterday at auction, of 3 lots, 80 by 160, unimproved, situated on M street, between 6th and 7th—the three brought $2,640. The same property cost the owner, twenty months ago, S7OO. and could have been purchased last winter for about $1,700. This advance is not extremely large it is safe.— State Journal . Bright Hours axd Gloomy.—Ah, this beau tiful world! Indeed, I know not what to think of it. Sometimes it is all grandness and sun shine, and heaven itself lies not far off • and then it suddenly changes, and the clouds, shut out the day. In the lives of the saddest of us there are bright days like this, when we feel as if w e could take the great world in> our arms. Then come the gloomy hours, when the fire will neither burn in our hearths, and all without and within is dismal, cold and dark. Believe me, every heart has its secret sorrows, which the world knows not; and oftentimes we call a man cold when he is only sad.— Longfellow.